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Physics 2010 HW7

1) A quarterback claims that he can throw the football a


horizontal distance of 183 m (200 yd). Furthermore, he claims
that ,he can do this by launching the ball at the relatively low
angle of 25
0
above the horizontal. To evaluate his claim,
determine the speed with which this quarterback must throw the
ball. Assume that the ball is launched and caught at the same
vertical level and that air resistance can be ignored. For
comparison, a baseball pitcher who can accurately throw a
fastball at 45 m/s (100 mph) would be considered exceptional.
48.4 m/s
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Physics 2010 HW7
2) A diver runs horizontally with a speed of 1.18 m/s off a
platform that is 11.6 m above the water. What is his speed just
before striking the water?
15.1 m/s
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Physics 2010 HW7
3) You are traveling in a convertible with the top down. The car is
moving at a constant velocity 24.1 mIs, due east along flat
ground. You throw a tomato straight upward at a speed of 10.7
m/s. How far has the car moved when you get a chance to catch
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52.6 m a;:; ( o ~ - ~ )
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Physics 2010 HW7
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4) The drawing shows an exaggerated view of a rifle that has
been "sighted in" for a 82.4-meter target. If the muzzle speed of
the -bullet is Vo = 426 mis, what are the two possible angles 8
1
and 8
2
between the rifle barrel and the horizontal such that the
bullet will hit the target? One of these angles is so large that it is
never used in target shooting. (Hint: The following trigonometric
identity may be useful: 2 sin 8 cos 8 = sin 28.)
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Physics 2010 HW7
5) Two cars, A and B, are traveling in the same direction,
although car A is 218 m behind car B. The speed of A is 29.4 m/s,
and-the speed of B is 18.6 m/s. How much time does it take for A
to catch B?
20.2 s "
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Physics 2010 HW7
6) The escalator that leads down into a subway station has a
length of 33.5 m and a speed of 1.9 m/s relative to the ground. A
student is coming out of the station by running in the wrong
direction on this escalator. The local record time for this trick is
11 s. Relative to the escalator, what speed must the student
exceed in order to beat the record?
4.95 m/s
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Physics 2010 HW7
7) On a pleasure cruise a boat is traveling relative to the water at
a speed of 5.3 m/s due south-, Relative to the boat, a passenger
walks toward the back of the boat at a speed of 1.3 m/s.
(a) What is the magnitude and direction of the passenger's
velocity relative to the water?
4 m/s south
(b) How long does it take for the passenger to walk a distance of
27 m on the boat?
20.8 s
(c) How long does it take for the passenger to cover a distance of
27 m on the water?
6.75 s
Physics 2010 HW7
8) A person looking out the window of a stationary train notices
that raindrops are falling vertically down at a speed of 6.1 m/s
relative to the ground. When the train moves at a constant
velocity, the raindrops make an angle of 22 when they move
past the window, as the drawing shows. How fast is the train
moving?
)( 2.46 m/s
Physics 2010 HW7
9) The 1994 Winter Olympics included the aerials competition in
skiing. In this event skiers speed down a ramp that slopes
sharply upward at the end. The sharp upward slope launches
them into the air, where they perform acrobatic maneuvers. In
the women's competition, the end of a typical launch ramp is
directed 60 above the horizontal. With this launch angle, a skier
attains a height of 13 m above the end of the ramp. What is the
skier's launch speed?
)( 18.4 m/s
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Physics 2010 HW7
10) Two objects are fired into the air, and the drawing shows the
projectile motions. Projectile 1 reaches the greater height, but
projectile 2 has the greater range. Which one is in the air for the
greater amount of time?
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