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_2__

:
_635_;
_50 .
. .
- 14-81

- ..
:
1
2
3
4
5

________
________
________
________
________

________

2012

1
129 ( B/H = 4/3).
( ). 3 ,
, 5 .
.
(100 % 2.5 ).
.
;
- (5 5) 5 . , SECAM
3B, :
: ( ),
, , ;
, ,
.

;
.
SECAM3B:
: 100%, 53 %, 6 %, 0 %,
30%; : T = 64 , T = 12 , T. .. = 1.5 ,
T. . = 6.0 , T . = 4.5 .
: ) = 0.18; = 0.08.
:
. 1.
. . ,
.

. ( 3.5 )
,
.
52
0.5 = 1.083
24
52
=
1 = 2.166
24
1
1
Fmax =
=
= 0.308
+ (1.083 + 2.166) 106

. 1.
.
2
:
: Z = 635
3

: f = 50
:
2.1 :
) , , :
():
1
1
T . =
=
= 20
f 50
T. =

T . 0.02
=
= 31.496
Z
635

():
1
1
T . =
=
= 40
0.5 f 0.5 50
T. =

T . 0.04
=
= 62.992
Z
635


, ( .) ,
SECAM3B.
:
. . .SECAM 64 16
=
=
=
=
T . T . T .SECAM 12 3
. 31.496 106
=
= 5.905
16 / 3
16 / 3
.
62.992 106
=
=
= 11.811
16 / 3
16 / 3

T . =
T .

:
. . .SECAM 4.5 3
=
=
=
=
T .
T .
T .SECAM
12 8
T . = T . 3 / 8 = 5.905 106 3 / 8 = 2.214
T
= T . 3 / 8 = 11.811 106 3 / 8 = 4.428
.
:
. . .SECAM 1.5 1
=
=
=
=
T . T . T .SECAM 12 8
. = T . 1/ 8 = 5.905 10 6 1/ 8 = 0.738
T. = T . 1/ 8 = 11.811106 1/ 8 = 1.476
:

. . .SECAM
6 1
=
=
= =
T .
T . T .SECAM 12 2
. = T . 1/ 2 = 5.509 106 1/ 2 = 2.953
. = T . 1/ 2 = 11.811 106 1/ 2 = 5.509
) , , :
,
:
f . = f . . = f . = f = 50
:
f . = f .. = f . = f Z = 50 635 = 31.75
:
f
50
f . = =
= 25
2
2

:
f / = f . / = f . / = f = 50
, :
f
= f .. = f . = f . Z = 25 635 = 15.875
.
2.2
:
) :
N . = Z 2 = 6352 4 / 3 = 537633
N . = Z = 635 4 / 3 = 846
) :
N . = N . (1 ) (1 ) = 537633 (1 0.18) (1 0.08) = 405590
N . = N . (1 ) = 846 (1 0.18) = 694
2.3 , .2.2,
( ):
( ).
,
.
:
t1. =
t1. =

T.
N .
T.
N .

T. (1 ) 31.496 106 (1 )
=
=
= 37.2
N .
694
T. (1 ) 62.992 106 (1 )
=
=
= 74.4
N .
694

. . :
T = 2 t1. = 2 37.2 109 = 74.4
T = 2 t1 . = 2 74.4 109 = 148.8

f . =
f . =

1
T
1
T

1
= 13440833.3 = 13.44
74.4 109

1
= 6720416.7 = 6.72
148.8 109

:
= f . f = 13440833.3 50 = 13440783.3

= f . f = 6720416.7 50 = 6720366.7

2.4
( 16).
.2.1,
; ,
.

:

. 2.
: ) ;
) .
:

( 31.496 5.905 ) 10 = 3.198 ;


T
T
1 = . . =
8
8
( 62.992 11.811) 106 = 6.397 .
T
T
1 = . . =
8
8
6

:
f1 =
f1 =

1
1

1
= 312.615 ;
3.198 106

1
1
=
= 156.308 .
1 6.397 106

2.5 ()
: = 40 = 30 :
( ) :

0.4
R max =
=
= 576.1
k Z (1 ) 4 635 (1 0.18)
3
( ) :
H
0.3
RH max =
=
= 513.5 .
Z (1 ) 635 (1 0.08)
2.6 ;
, , SECAM-3B:
, SECAM-3B,
.
. 50 ,
(48100) .

.
3
( )
( ).
:
) imax = imax = 1.0;
) 10 15;
) : = 15 , = 3.0 ;
) :
N = z/5N, z ; N ;
: Nz1 Nz2 .
i = f(t) i = F(i):
) ;
) : i - i - .
:

. 3. .
:
Z
635
N =
=
= 63.5
5 N 5 2
1
1
I K = =
= 1.575 10 3
Z 635
I K = I K N = 1.575 103 63.5 = 0.1
I K = I K ( N 1) = 1.575 10 3 (63.5 1) = 0.098

. 4. ( 15 , 3- 4 )

:
1
1
I = =
= 3.15 103
Z 635
2
2
1 :
I 1 = 1.0
I 1 = 1.0

1
1
= 1.0
= 0.998
Z
635

2 :
I 2 = 0
I 2 = 0 +

1
1
= 0+
= 1.575 103
Z
635

. 5.
( 15 , 3- 4 )

4
.
1.


:
,

,
. ,
=
+
0.25
=
0.02 .
2. : = f(
,
), ,

, , 4.406 4.25 ,
=
1.25
= 1.52 4.756 3.9 .
,

,
.
,
).
3.
f
fo
1 + i16 F
F=

K (F ) =
0.23
fo f , f0 = 4.286
1 + i1.26 F
f = 2.75.9 :
,
;

K (F ) [] ,
, []
. 1.
:
1. ( 5)

ER-Y,

EB-Y,

DR , DB , ,

1 ()
2 ()
3 ()
4 ()

0
0.11
-0.7
-0.59

0
-0.89
0.3
-0.59

0
-0.209
1.33
1.121

-0.02
-1.355
0.43
-0.905

0
-1.335
0.45
-0.885

0.25
0.041
1.58
1.371

FR ,

FB ,

ER ,

EB ,

4.49
4.43
4.84
4.79

4.25
3.95
4.55
4.05

0.4
0.25
0.78
0.76

0.28
0.62
0.4
0.58

5 ()
6 ()
7 ()
8 ()

0.59
0.7
-0.11
0

0.59
-0.3
0.89
0

-1.121
-1.33
0.209
0

0.885
-0.45
1.335
0

-0.871
-1.08
0.459
0.25

0.865
-0.47
1.315
-0.02

4.06
4.01
4.53
4.49

4.65
4.16
4.78
4.25

0.58
0.57
0.42
0.4

0.6
0.4
0.65
0.28

(. 6-9).

,
. .
1 2 (. . 6):

. 6.
1
( ) 2 (- ) .
3 4 (. . 7):

. 7.
3
( ) 4 (- ) .

5 6 (. . 8):
10

. 8.
5
( ) 6 (- ) .

7 8 (. . 9):

. 9.
7
( ) 8 (- ) .

11

K (F ) =

1 + i16 F
0.23
1 + i1.26 F

. 10. .
, ,
[] .
. 1.
5
,
. 11, 8 EY,
ER-Y , EG-Y EB-Y ,

. ( SECAM-3B)
.
( ); ( , ,
). :
:
;
:
;
;
.

12

. 11. 8

,
,


2. ,

,
2.
2.

1

1
0
0
0
DR
0.25
DB
-0.02

0.89
0.11
-0.89
0.11
0.041

0.7
-0.7
0.3
0.3
1.58

0.59
-0.59
-0.59
0.41
1.371

0.41
0.59
0.59
-0.41
-0.871

0.3
0.7
-0.3
-0.3
-1.08

0.11
-0.11
0.89
-0.11
0.459

0
0
0
0
0.25

-1.355

0.43

-0.905

0.865

-0.47

1.315

-0.02

. 12. .

13

. 13. ER-Y

. 14. EB Y

. 15 EG-Y

. 16. DR

. 17. DB
14


1.
2.
3.
4.

/ . . . . .: , 2002. 640 .
/ . . . . .: , 1979. 432 .
. . . : , 1988. 215 .
. . : . : , 1995.
100 .
5. . ., . . , : .
/ : - , 2008. 76 .
6. .. . : , 1994.
380 .

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