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2
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--

2014

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373.167.1:51
22.172
444
20

20

..
. 2. . / .. . /: ,
2014. 248 . : . ( ).

ISBN 978-5-222-21731-3
800
2 , 150
.

, ,

.

.

.
, , , .

ISBN 978 -5-222-21731-3

373.167.1:51
22.172

.., 2013
, , 2013

- www.phoenixbooks.ru



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2. ,

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, ,
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.


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, , - , ,
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700 , ,
.

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, ,
.

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

. 2

,

.

: .
. 1011 , 2013;

. 711 , 2012; .
, . 711 , 2013.

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

I.

I



XXI

.

.


. : , , . .
( ) .
.

:
1) ;
2) .

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

. 2

,
, : , , . ., :
, ; :
, , .

.
, , , . .
, .
, , .
, ,
, .
.

, .
, , ,
.
.
360.

1.
(. 1) , ABCDE A1B1C1D1E1 ( ) , ( AA1B1B;
BB1C1C . .) , ( AA1, BB1 . .).

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

18

. 2

II

1.

AD1 :
1. AC BD;

10. A1C AD;

2. CC1 AD;

11. A1B AC;

3. AA1 B1C;

12. AC B1D1;

4. BB1 A1C;

13. A1B CB1;

5. A1C DC1;

14. B1C BD1;

6. AD1 A1B;

15. AB CA1;

7. DC1 D1B1;

16. BA1 B1D1;

8. AD1 BD;

17. AB1 BD1;

9. A1C1 B1C;

18. AB DB1.


ABCA1B1C1,
1, :

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

II.

19. A B1C1;
20. AA1 B1C;
21. AC BC1;
22. AC1 A1B;
23. A1C1 B1C;

19

24. AB1 A1C;


25. AM CN, M
N A1C1 B1C1;
26. AB CA1;
27. AB1 BC1.


AF 1,
1, :
28. BB1 F1E1;

41. BE1 AB1;

29. AA1 D1E;

42. AC1 BE1;

30. CC1 FE1;

43. A1C AD1;

31. AA1 E1C;

44. AD1 CF1;

32. AE1 EE1;

45. FD1 CE1;

33. CC1 BE1;

46. FC AD1;

34. A1B E1C;

47. AD CF1;

35. AB1 D1C;

48. AB FE1;

36. AF1 DE1;

49. AB1 BC1;

37. AB1 F1D;

50. AB1 DC1;

38. F1C AB1;

51. AB1 BD1;

39. A1B AD1;

52. BA1 DB1.

40. AD1 F1D;

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20

. 2


MABC:
53. AB CM;
54. MO
BD MBC;
55. D CM.
BC AD.


MABCD,
1:
56. MO BE,
E AM;
57. E MC.
MA BE.


MABCDEF:
58. 1,
MA BD;
59. 1,
MB AD;
60. 1,
2,
MC BD;
61. 1,
2,
MC AD;

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II.

21

62. 1,
2,
ME CD.

2.

AD1 :
63. A1B BCC1;
64. AB1 ABC1;
65. AB1 ACC1;
66. BB1 A1BC;
67. DD1 A1BC1;
68. A1B ACD1;
69. AC1 BB1D1;
70. A1C BCC1;
71. AB1 BC1D;
72. BD1 BCC1;
73. AB CB1D1;
74. A1D1 ACB1;
75. DD1 ACB1;
76. AC BCD1;
77. AA1 BC1D.


ABCA1B1C1,
1, :

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

22

. 2

78. BB1 AB1C1;


79. AA1 AB1C1;
80. BC ACC1;
81. BC1 ACC1;
82. AC AB1C1;
83. CC1 ACB1.


AF1, 1, :
84. CC1 ABC;
85. AF1 ABC;
86. A1C ABC;
87. CF1 ABC;
88. BB1 ABD1;
89. AB1 ABD1;
90. EE1 FCD1;
91. CC1 ACD1;
92. AB1 ABC1;
93. AA1 BD1F;
94. AB1 ACE1;
95. BC1 BDE1;
96. CD ABB1;
97. FF1 AED1;
98. AA1 BCE1;
99. BC1 AFF1;
100. FC1 BCE1.

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

II.

23


MABC,
1:
101. MD ABC;
102. MC
ABC;
103. D BM.
AD ABC;
104. BD MBC
MAB.


MABCD,
1, :
105. AE MBC, E MD;
106. BD MBC;
107. , D AC.


MABCDEF,
1,
2, :
108. AF MBC;
109. BC MAB;
110. MF MAB.

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

24

. 2

3.

AD1 :
111. ABC ACC1;

118. ABC1 BB1D1;

112. ACC1 BDD1;

119. BDC1 ADD1;

113. ABC CDD1;

120. AB1D1 BA1C1;

114. ABC1 ABC;

121. ABC DA1C1;

115. ABC ACD1;

122. ABC1 BCD1;

116. ABC AB1D1;

123. BA1C1 BA1D1.

117. ABC1 AB1C;


ABCA1B1C1,
1, :
124. ACC1 BCC1;

127. AB1C A1BC1;

125. ACC1 ABC;

128. ABC A1CB1.

126. ABC A1BC;


AF1, 1, :
129. AFF1 DD1E1;

133. ACC1 AEE1;

130. ABB1 AFF1;

134. BFF1 DEE1;

131. ABC DEE1;

135. ABC ABD1;

132. BFF1 BCC1;

136. ABC AB1D1;

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

II.

137. ABC BCD1;

141. ABC DB1F1;

138. ABC BED1;

142. BCC1 AFF1;

139. BCD1 FED1;

143. AFF1 BDD1;

140. ABC FBD1;

144. ABC BFE1.

25


MABCD,
1:
145. MAD MBC;
146.
MAD AMB;
147. ABC MCD;
148. E MC.
ABC BDE.


MABCDEF,
1,
2, :
149. MFE MAB;
150. MAF MCD;
151. ABC MBC.

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

IV.

89

IV

1.
4. , BB1 A1C AA1 A1C. AA1C = ,
AA1
,
A1AC (A1AC = 90 ) cos
A1C

AA1 = 1, A1C .
,

A1C2 = AB2 + BC2 + AA12 ,


A1C =

a2 a2 a2 =

cos

3a2 a 3 3, a = 1.

1
1
, arccos
.
3
3

: arccos

1
.
3

10. A1C AD A1C BC, BC = AD = 1 AD || BC.


A1CB = 1. A1B
AA1B1C, A1BC,
A1BC = 90,
BC
cos
.
A1C

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

90

. 2
D1

C1
B1

A1

D
A

,
A1C2 = AB2 + BC2 + BB12 , A1C2 = 3,
A1C 3.
, cos
: arccos

1
.
3

C1
D

B1

A1

1
1
, arccos
.
3
3

21.
AC BC 1
BC 1 A 1 C 1 .
A 1C 1B = .
, A1B = C1B

(
1). , A 1 BC 1
. BD.

BDC1 DC1 =
A

1
1
A1C1 = .
2
2

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IV.

C1B1B

BC12 = 1 + 1 = 2; BC1 =

cos =

91

2.

DC1 1/2
1
2
2

, arccos
.
BC1
4
4
2
2 2

: arccos

2
.
4

24. ABCA1B1C1 .
ABC , ABCD ,
AD BC .
D1

C1
B1

A1

B1D , AB1 A1C AB1D = .


AB1D

AB1 = B1D =

AO = AB cos 30 =

2. AOD OAB = 30 ,

3 /2, , AD = 2 AO =

,
AD2 = AB12 + B1D2 2AB1 B1D cos ,
3 = 2 + 2 2 2 2 cos ,
cos

1
1
, arccos .
4
4

1
: arccos .
4

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

3.

92

. 2

35. AB 1 D 1C
CD1E = . D1E = D1C (
), ED1C .
D1

E1
F1

A1

C1

B1
D

F
B

EDD1 ED1 =

C
E

1 1 2. CE

DEC, DE = DC = 1, EDC = 180 (6 2) : 6 = 120


(. ), EDM = 60.
3
EMD ME = DE sin 60 =
,
2
EC = 2

3
3.
2

ED1C
CE2 = D1E2 + D1C2 2 D1E D1C cos ,
3 = 2 + 2 2 2 2 cos , 4 cos = 1,
cos =

1
1
, arccos .
4
4

1
: arccos .
4

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

93

IV.

36. AF1 CE1


M A D. AF1E1D , AMD .
E1

D1

F1

M
C1

A1
E

B1

F1

E1

C
A

AMD = AF1
DE1.
1, F1E1 = 1, AD = 2.
F 1 FA, AF = FF 1 = 1,
AF1 2.
, AMD ~ MF 1 E 1 , ,
MF1 MA
x x 2

, MF1 = ME1 = x,

, F1E1 AD
1
2
x 2. AMD, AM = MD = 2 2,
AD = 2,
AD2 = AM2 + MD2 2AM MD cos ,
4 = 8 + 8 16 cos , 16 cos = 12,
3
3
cos , arccos .
4
4
3
: arccos .
4
54. BD MBC,
1
MD = DC = a, a .
2

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

94

. 2
M
D
C
A

E
O
B

D DE ABC, OE = EC
a
.
. AB = a = R 3, OC =
3
MO MOC: MO =
= a2

MC2 OC2 =

a2
2
1
1 2
a
a . DE =
MO =
a
(
3
3
2
2 3
6

MOC). BE =

1
a 3
BC 3
.
2
2

BDE =
DE a

: BD ; BD = BM 2 MD2 =
BD, cos =
BD
6
2

a 3
1
= a a
, , cos =
2
2
2

a
2
2

=
6 a 3 3 2

2 2
2
2

, = arccos
.
32
3
3
: arccos

2
.
3

- www.phoenixbooks.ru

IV.

95

56. E AM EK ABCD. EK AOM. MO (ABC)


MO || EK, EK (ABC), , EK BK.
M

E
D
K
A

C
O
B

MO || EK, MO BE
KEB = . 1
1 ( ), ABE, AB = 1, AE = ,
2
BE =

1
3

.
4
2

AOM AO = MO, AO2 + MO2 = AM2,


2AO2 = 1,
1
1
1
1
, KE = MO =
.
AO2 = , AO = MO =
2
2
2
2 2
EKM:
KE
1
3
2
1
cos =

:
=

,
BE 2 2 2
2 2 3
6
= arccos

1
.
6

: arccos

1
.
6

- www.phoenixbooks.ru


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4.
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1. ..........................................................13
2. ...............................................................14
3. .................................................................15

II. ..... 18
1. ............................. 18
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2. ...................... 21
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3. ......................... 24
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4. .......................... 26
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5. ...................... 28
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6. .................... 30
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7. ..................... 32
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8. ... 39
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9.
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10. ............. 47
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III. ......................................50
11. .............................................. 50
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...64
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12. .......................................... 70
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..................................77

13. .................................. 78
14. ......................... 87

IV. ............89
1. ............................. 89
2. ...................... 97
3. ........................106

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248

. 2

4. .........................114
5. .....................120
6. ...................127
7. ....................134
8.
............................................................144
9. ...............148
10. ............156
11. .............................................160
12. .........................................182
13. ........................196
13.1. ......................... 196
13.2. ................. 205
13.3. .................... 211
13.4. ..................... 215
13.5. ................. 218
13.6. ............... 221

............................................................... 224
1. ......................... 224
2. ................. 225
3. .................... 227
4. ..................... 228
5. ................. 230
6. ................ 231
7. ................ 233
8.
............................................. 234
9. ............ 235
10. .......... 236
11. ........................................... 236
12. ....................................... 239
13. ............................... 240
14. ...................... 242

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15.05.2013. 20.08.2013.
84 108 1/32. 2.
SchoolBook. .
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344082, . --, . , 80.
www.phoenixrostov.ru
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344019, . --, . , 57.

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