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"-"

Windows 2000 Windows XP

36

2005

2
.

( ) "-",
Wndows 2000/XP
.
,
,
"-".
"-"
, ..
.
,
- "-"
.

.................................................................................................................................... 2
.................................................................................................................................... 2
1. "-"........................................................................................................... 4
1.1. "-"............................................................................ 4
1.1.1. .................................................... 4
1.1.2. ......................................................................................... 4
1.1.3. ..................................................................... 5
1.1.4. ......................................................................................... 6
1.2. "-"........................................................................................ 10
2. .............................................................................. 11
2.1. "-"....................................................................................................... 11
2.1.1. "-".............................................................................. 11
2.1.2. Guardant, ruToken......................................................................... 11
2.1.3. ......................................................................................................... 11
2.1.4. ................................................................................. 12
2.2. "-"............................................................................................................... 16
2.2.1. .............................................. 16
2.2.2. ..................................... 25
3. "-"
......................................................................... 26
4. ..................................................................................................... 27
4.1. ............................................ 27
4.2. ............................................................. 27
4.3. ................................................................................................. 28
4.3.1. .............................................................................................. 28
4.3.2. ................................................................................................... 29
4.4. .................................................................................................... 29
4.4.1. ............................................................................... 30
4.4.2. .............................................................. 31
4.4.3. ................................................................................. 31
4.5.
MBRtool........................................................................................................................................ 32
4.5.1. ................................................................. 32
4.5.2. ................................................................. 32
............................................................................................................... 35
............................................................................................................... 35

1. "-".
"-"
.

, .

1.1. "-".
,
NTFS.

1.1.1. .
:
- Windows 2000 Professional SP4;
- Windows Professional SP2.
:
- Pentium II 350 ;
- 64 mb (RAM) ,
;
- DE SATA 2 , 50 mb
;
- "";
- - DVD;
- , VESA 4 .
:
- Windows XP ( /
/) " ";

1.1.2. .
1.1.2.1. .

:
1) ;
2) , ,
EFS, ;
3)
.

1.1.2.2. .
:
1) /
NTFS;
2) ,
Windows .
5 - 10 ,
;
3) ().

1.1.3. .
, ,
,
.
,
Acronis Disk Director Suite 9.0 , :
1) , ,
Windows ;
2) ;
3) ,
;
4) . .
Acronis Disk Director Suite 9.0
(),
.
, NTFS
, ,
.
,
NTFS ,
Convert.
:
CONVERT : /FS:NTFS [/V] [/CvtArea:_] [/NoSecurity] [/X]
( )
.
/FS:NTFS : NTFS.
/V .
/CVTAREA:_ -
NTFS.
/NoSecurity -
.
/X ( ).
.

6

(Service Pack). Windows XP Windows 2000
. Windows 2000 - SP4, Windows XP
SP2.
"-" ,
.

1.1.4. .
1.1.4.1..
Memory Usage 256
System Cash. 256 ,
Programs. Windows
, Windows :

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session
Manager\Memory Management:
1)

ClearPageFileAtShutdown
Windows ( ). 1,
, 0,
,
.

2) DisablePagingExecutive (
..) . 0.
256 , 1,
.

1.1.4.2. Prefetch.
128 (
256 ), Prefetch ,
1. Prefetch
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session
Manager\Memory
Management\PrefetchParameters EnablePrefetcher ,
0.

1.1.4.3. .
Microsoft ,
. /prefetch:1
1

256 ,
, .

7


/prefetch:1 (
).

1.1.4.4. .

HungAppTimeout HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Desktop
( 5000 ).
2000. WaitToKillServiceTimeout WaitToKillAppTimeout,

( 20000).
5000.
AutoEndTasks ( 0),
. , 1.
, ,
.

1.1.4.5. .
Windows XP
Windows.
. XP
,
, , .
, ,
, .
(Appearance)
, ,
(Properties).
(Effects) ,
, Microsoft ClearType.
, ClearType ,
. , ClearType,
.

(System Properties). (Control
Panel) (System)
(Properties).
(Advanced) (Settings)
(Performance).
, ,
.
(Advanced)
(Performance Options) ,

8

, .
. Windows
XP .
HKEY_CURRENT_USER -> ControlPanel -> Desktop
MenuShowDelay. 400,
, . 0.

1.1.4.6. .
, ,
Windows XP.
.

:
1)

2)

3)

Run ()
HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run;

4)

Run ()
HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run;

5)

6)

win.ini. , 16- Windows


Load= Run= ;

1)

RunOnce RunOnceEx. ,
, .
:
HKLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce;

KLM\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnceEx;
HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnce;
KCU\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunOnceEx;
2)

. (
).
-> Windows -> -> ->
(Computer configuration -> Administrative Templates ->System ->Logon)
-> Windows ->
-> -> (User configuration -> Administrative
Templates ->System ->Logon);

3)

. :
-> Windows -> > Windows -> ( );

9
Windows XP
(System Configuration Utility) Msconfig.exe,
.

1.1.4.7. hiberfil.sys.
Hibernate,
, ,
.
,
,
. ,
, hibernate
hiberfil.sys .
XP, ,
hibernate . ,
hibernate. Control Panel Power Options,
Hibernate. Enable hibernation, ,
hiberfil.sys .

1.1.4.8. .
: System Properties -> System Restore -> Turn off System Restore
for all drives. , System Restore,
System Volume Informatin.

1.1.4.9. .
,
.
Auto 0 HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE -> SOFTWARE ->
Microsoft -> Windows NT -> CurrentVersion -> AeDebug. , , ,
. , Dr.Watson,
-. , ,
AeDebug .

1.1.4.10. CD-ROM.
: : [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ SYSTEM \
CurrentControlSet \ Services \ CDRom] pp: Autorun : REG_DWORD :
(0=, 1=).

10
1.1.4.11. pagefile.sys.
[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ SYSTEM \ CurrentControlSet \ Control \ Session Manager \
Memory Management]
"ClearPageFileAtShutdown"=dword:00000001
, , .. ,
. Local Security Policy Administrative
Tools, Local Policies, Security Options, Shutdown: Clear virtual memory pagefile when
system shuts down.

1.1.4.12. .

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Session
Manager\Memory Management ]. DisablePagingExecutive (dword)
( ..) .
0. 256 ,
1

1.1.4.13. .
. " ",
"".
"
". .
"" "" , ,
.
(
),
. , NTFS.

1.2. "-".
.
:
en.nls, LICENSE.en, LICENSE.ru, ru.nls, setup.exe, setup.idx, setup.zip, WELCOME.en,
WELCOME.ru.

11
2.
"-"
, .
.
.
.
, "-".

2.1. "-".
2.1.1. "-".
, :
- , 1.1.1"
";
- , ,
, ..;
- "-" ;
- ;
- .

2.1.2. Guardant, ruToken.


! "-"
Guardant "\Guardant\drivers",
instdrv.exe.
Guardant,
!!!
!
1. "-"
ruToken \ruToken\Drivers,
SetupDrv.exe. ruToken
-, !!!
2. ruToken
ruToken USB!!!

2.1.3. .
:
en.nls, LICENSE.en, LICENSE.ru, ru.nls, setup.exe, setup.idx, setup.zip, WELCOME.en,
WELCOME.ru, NOVEX32.DLL.

12

2.1.4. .
"-" "
" .
, CD-ROM .
.
! "-"
Guardant.
!
Guardant USB Setup.exe,
.
,
(. . 1).
"", .
"".

. 1. "-".
""
(. . 2) "Spectr-2000"
":\".

13

. 2. "-".
, ,
:
"< >:\ < >".
,
Browse (),
(. . 3).

. 3. -. .

14
"Accept" ("")
. "Cancel" ("") ,
. .
""
, "" .
"".

(. . 4).

. 4. "-".
""
(. . 5).

15

. 5.

Windows (.
. 6).

. 6.

16

, .
, .
: .
"",
.
,
"".
.
.
Administrator,
.

2.2. "-".
"-" ,
, ,
"-".
"-"
( , ,
).
"-".
:
- ;
- ;
- .
"-".
"-" :
1) ;
2) .
.

2.2.1. .
! -
USB- Guardant " "
( ) (. . 7).
, - .

17

. 1. Windows
" "
" -"
"" (. . 2).

18

. 2.
"" ( "Uninstall.exe").
!
novex32.dll,
, .
,
, (. . 3).

19

. 3.
,
.
,
( ).
(. . 4).

20

. 4.

.
(. . 5).

21

. 5.

(. . 6).

. 6.
,
(. . 7).

22

. 7.
, "-"
.

"". ,
, Windows,
.
, ,
,
,
(. . 8, . 9).

. 8.

23

. 9.

,
, , Windows
, ,
"". (. .
11).
(. . 10).

24

. 10.
, "-",
(. . 11), .
.
: .
"". , "".

25
. 11.
,
, , ,
,
. Windows.

2.2.2. .

USB- Guardant, "-"
"Uninstall.exe". ,
.
" ".

26

3. "-"
.
"-" ,
, :
1) ;
2) Windows (
);
3) ,
Norton Ghost ( );
4) : HDD, HDD, DVD, .;
5) ;
6) "-";
7) ,
(.
).
;
8) .

27

4.

"-"
"-".
.
,
.
, .
, ,
,
.
, ,
.
, ,

, .

4.1. .
,
, :
- ;
- ;
- ( ,
Windows : ntldr, boot.ini, ntdetect.com ..;
- ;
- ;
- %systemroot%;
- .
,
, , , , .
, :
Windows , . XP ,

. , ,
, .

4.2. .

: Norton Ghost 2003 Symantec
(http://www.symantec.com), PowerQuest Partition Magic 8.02 PowerQuest
Corporation (www.powerquest.com), Acronis Disk Director Acronis (www.acronis.ru).

.
.

28
Norton Ghost
, , . ,
.
Partition Magic Acronis Disk Director
, , , /.

: , Norton Ghost,
,

.
,
, ,
.

, .
.

4.3. .

. ,
( ), .
,
, .
(MBR) . ,
- (, ),
, .
MBR
.

4.3.1. .

(, USB-),
.
.

.

4.3.1.1.Norton Ghost.
( DOS), ,
MS-DOS Windows 2000/XP.
.

:

29
""/ "options" "Image/Tape"/ "", ,
,
. ,
"Image Disk"/ " ".
, "Local"/""
"Disk"/ "" "To Disk". - (
) ( ).


.

4.3.2. .
,
.

, . ,
"D:", "E:", , ,
.
"E:" .
.

4.3.2.1.Norton Ghost.

:
""/ "Options" "Image/Tape"/ "",
,
"Image All"/ " ".
, "Local"/""
"Partition"/ "" "To Image"/ " ". ( ) (
). ,
.
"gho". ,
: ghs, img, raw.


.

4.4. .

, ,
( ). ,
Partition Magic

30
Acronis Disk Director. ,
Norton Ghost.
, , -

.

4.4.1. .


.
/.
- .

4.4.1.1.Acronis Disk Director.



.
.
. "",

.
(
), "Disk"/ "" "Format"/
"".

.


.

4.4.1.2.Partition Magic.
.
"Partition"/
"" "Format".
( NTFS).

,
"General"/ "" "Apply Change"/ " ".


.

31

4.4.2. .
,
. "-".

4.4.2.1.Norton Ghost.

:
""/ "Options" "Image/Tape"/ "",
,
. ,
"Image Disk"/ " ".
, "Local"/""
"Disk"/ "" "To Disk". - (
) ( ).


.

4.4.3. .
,
, .
, MBR, .

4.4.3.1.Norton Ghost.

:
""/ "Options" "Image/Tape"/ "",
,
"Image All"/ " ".
, "Local"/""
"Partition"/ "" "From Image"/ " ". ( )
.


.

32

4.5.
MBRtool.
DOS .
, .

4.5.1. .
, (.
).

. 12
2 ("perform automatic
backup of all MBRs to file"). MBR Mbr_back.128,
,
(Mbrtool.exe).
, ,
:
1) , MBR;
2) , MBR.
, 4 ("work with a MBR
(backup, restore, display etc.)"). MBR ,
.

4.5.2. .
,
.

33
1) Mbrtool.exe.
2) (. ) 4 (("work with a MBR (backup, restore,
display etc.)") "Enter".
3) "MBR action" (. ) ("restore").
"2" Enter.

. 13 "MBR action"
4) ( ) ,
.

. 14
, ,
"0", Enter.
5) , .
"F"(. ) , MBR .
"Enter".

34

. 15
6) , MBR.
"MBRBCKUP". .

. 16 MBR
, , ,
. , MBR
.

35

()



"-"

"

- (

"


.
"-"
API
Application Programming Interface
Bios
Basic Input-Output System
CD-ROM
Compact Disk Read-only Memory
DLL
Dynamic-link Library
EFS
Encrypting File System
GINA
Graphical Identification and Authentication
HDD
Hard Disk Drive
Lsass
Local Security Authentication Subsystem
MBR
Master Boot Record
NTFS
New Technology File System
PCMCIA
Personal Computer Memory Card International Association
USB
Universal Serial Bus