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js ogkfc;kg

igyk ,Mh'ku ebZ 2012

dher
35 :0

ys[kd
vk;rqYykg l;nqy myek
l;n vyh ud+h ud+oh
Published by :

Yadgar-e-Husaini
Lucknow (U.P.) India

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jkCrk djsa %
tujy lsdjsVh
;knx+kj&,&gqlSuh
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bZ&esy % yzdgarehusaini@gmail.com

[kqyklk o bt+gkjs r'kDdqj


t+sjs ut+j fdrkc ^^jn~nsogkfc;k** njvLy vjch fdrkc ^^d'kQqy
udkc** dk mnwZ ,Mh'ku gSA
vkSj d'kQqy udkc og ukfnj o uk;kc jkst+xkj fdrkc gS tks
ljdkj l;n my myek en~nftYygw vkyh* us vius t+eku,s rkfycs
bYeh esa [k+kds l;nq'k'kqgnk vkSj jkSt+,s utQ+ v'kjQ esa d;ke Qjekdj
rgjhj QjekbZ Fkh] fdrkc fdruh eqLrun o tkE; gS bldk QSlyk [kqn
vgys bYe o vgys ut+j Qjek;sxsA
bt+gkj cw,s eq'kd xt+kyksa ds lkeusA
ml uk;kcs t+ekuk fdrkc dk ,d uqL[k+k eqEcbZ esa vkdk, jt+h
en~nft+Yygw is'k uekt+ efLtn bjkfu;ksu vYek:Q ck eqxy efLtn
ds ikl ekStwn Fkk tks ekSlwQ us esjs dgus ij tukc eqgEen lkfnd ds
t+fj;s bl [+okfg'k ds lkFk eq>s ejger Qjek;k fd bl dh b'kkvr mnwZ
ds vykok vjch t+cku esa nksckjk gksA

(3)

vkSj tc esjh [+okfg'k vkSj ft+n ds is'ksut+j ljdkj l;n my


myek en~n ft+Yygw us bt+kjkgs ryRrqQ o [+qkjn uokth+ viuh vnheq
vy&QqlZrh] ihjkuk lkyh vkSj uklkt;h fet+kt ds ckotwn vjch elkSns
ij ut+j lkuh Qjekdj vkSj mnwZ fdrkc dks vt+ljsukS rjrhc nsdj vkSj
rsgjku esa eqdEey Qjekds eq>s buk;r Qjek;k rks eSus vjch eru dh
,d ft+jkDl dkih vkdk, jt+h ds ikl Hksth rkfd og vkdk vygkt
l;n eqgEen ewloh odhy vk;rqYyk vy[kqbZ en~n ftYygw vy vkyh
eqdhe eqEcbZ ls vius [kklqY[k+kl jokfle ds fcuk ij bldh b'kkvr ds
fy;s enn ysa] ysfdu vkdk ewloh us cj&fcuk;s elfygr ] ;k cj cuk;s
etcwjh ;k cj&fcuk;s ^^ukdkfcys v'kkvr** mldks nj [kksjs ,sruk u
le>k] gykafd ^^d'kQqvUudkc** og fdrkc gS ftl ds nyk;y o cjkghu
dk eqrkysvk Qjek dj [kqn vkyes nkSjkus vk;rqYyk vy[k+qbZ en~nftYygw
vy vkyh us blds igys ,sfM'ku ij rdjht+ rgjhj Qjek;h gS] cgjgky
;g vD+l ewloh lkgc ds ikl vc rd ekStwn gSA
xks fd eSus bu fdrkcksa dh rckvr o b'kkvr dk csM+k rus&rugk
mBk;k Fkk ysfdu ckn esa ljdkj l;n my myek en~nftYygw ds ckt+
ijLrkjksa vkSj eqgsCchu us Hkh bl dkjs [k+Sj esa f'kjdr dk bt+gkj Qjek;k
rks eSa badkj u dj ldkA
pqukups esjs 'kqf;s ds eqLrfgd gSaA
vygkt dkt+h l;n eksgEen vgen lkgc ftUgksaus lge beke
vy;fgLlyke esa ls ikp gt+kj :i;s dh [k+rhj jd+e ejger Qjek;hA
tukc lyker fjt+oh ftUgksaus mnwZ fdrkc dh fdrkcr Qjek;h
vkSj ,d iSlk crkSj mtjr ugha fy;kA

(4)

tukc ehj vgen vyh fjt+oh vkSj tukc ljQjkt+ gqlSu NCcj
dk ftUgksaus fdrkc dh rnohu o rckv+r dh ft+Eesnkjh vius lj yhA
tukc ,e-,e- xqyke gqlSu vkSj tukc xqyke gqlSu t+Snh dk
ftUgksaus mnwZ fdrkc dh rlgh; esa rvkmu fd;k vkSj tukc ekSykuk
l;n glu lkgc fdCyk en~nftYygw dk ftUgksaus bu gj nks gt+jkr dh
rlgh; ds flyflys esa enn QjekbZA
vc jgk loky gt+jr lS;n vy&myek en~nftYygw vyvkyh
ds 'kqf;s dk rks esjs ut+nhd ;g tlkjr cstk vkSj ,d fdLe dh [kqn
uqek;h gSA
;g ckr nksigj ds lwjt dh rjg jkS'ku gS fd et+gc gD+dk bluk
v'kj ij tks geys de vt+de bl lnh ds nkSjku gq, gSa mudk eqlfdr
vkSj nunkuf'kdu fnQk vDlj lS;n&vy&myek gh Qjekrs jgs gSa]
blds fy, eSa rks D;k lkjh f'k;k d+kSe ljdkjs vkyh ds t+sjs ckj ,glku
jgsxh] vkSj tc&tc bl fdLe ds geys nqfu;k, f'k;r ij fd;s tk;saxs]
vtukc gh ds rgdhdkr o fuxkj'kkr ds gfFk;kjksa ls mudk eqdkcyk
gksrk jgsxk vkSj mudh dkV dh tkrh jgsxhA
esjh nqvk gS fd [kqnkoUn&vkye c&rqQSy eksgEen o vkys eksgEen
mudks ran:Lr o rokuk j[ks vkSj mudk lk;k gekjs ljksa ij ckdh j[ksA
^vkehu*
Qdhj njs vgyscSr
tkQj vyh vlhy

(5)

eqdne,s ukf'kj
jn~ns ogkfc;k ds flyflys esa ljdkj l;n my myek dh ;g
evjdk vkjk fdrkc tSlk fd bl ds vly fdrkc ds vly fnckp; ls
t+kfgj gksxk utQ v'kjQ+ bjkd+ esa fy[kh x;h Fkh] vkSj ogh vkt ls
fuLQ lnh ls T+;knk igys rcv gqbZ Fkh] blfy;s t+jQs edku vkSj t+jQs
teku nksuksa dh nwjh dh otg ls vc og feLy dyeh fdrkcksa ds tks xSj
ercqvk gks de;kc ugha cfYd uk;kc gks x;h Fkh] blfy;s geus ljdkj
eqlfUuQ nke ft+Yygw ls bLrnk dh fd og bl ij nksckjk ut+js lkuh
Qjekdj b'kkvr ds fy;s ejger Qjek nsa vkSj pwfd vLy fdrkc vjch
t+cku esa gS ftlls fgUnqLrku vkSj ikfdLrku ds vQjkn meweh rkSj ij
bLrsQ+knk ugha dj ldrs] blfy;s og bUgsa equkflc bt+kQksa ds lkFk mnwZ esa
Hkh rgjhj QekZ nsa pqukups! gekjh [kq'k ulhch ls gekjs ;g nksuksa ekjwt+s
ik;s dqcwy rd igqps vkSj vc vykok vjch fdrkc dh nksckjk b'kkvr ds
fy;s ;g mnwZ fdrkc Hkh ge eUt+js vke ij ykus dh lvknr gkfly dj
jgs gSaA
oLlyke

(6)

is'k yt+ vt+&eqlfUuQ


fcfLeYykgh&vj&jgekfujZghe]
vYgenqfYykgh jfCcy vkyehu oLlykrq vyk lS;nqy eqlZyhu o
vkfygh vRrkfgjhu
fuLQ fdrkc dk ils eUt+j %&
ejsk y[ku eas okdbZ cpiu rks ugh]a vkxkt+ tokuh dk nkSj Fkk
ftl eas vkneh dks gekjs fgUnqLrku ds vQZ vke eas ^^cPpk** gh dgk tkrk
gS] tc fgtkt+ eas lnh lYrur dk;e gqbZ vkSj ogkch rlOoqjkr ijwh
f'kn~nr ds lkFk eUtj+s vke ij vk;s vkSj mu ds bYeh eqt+kfgjkr ;w gq, fd
igys tUurqyeqvYyk eDd
+ k ekv
s Tt
+ e+k ds ekgsrje etk+jkr equgfne
fd;s x;s vkSj fQj dkth+ my&dqtk+ utn bCu cyhn us ,d uqek;'kh
bLrQr+k ds lkFk ctk+fgj myek, enhuk ds Qros ls tUurqycdh ds
etk+jkrs eqdn~nlk felekj djk;]s ftl ls vkyes bLyke ds cMs+ fgLls eas
vkSj nqfu;k;s r'kh; eas dqy;ru rykrqe gks x;k] blfy;s fd ;gk f'k;kas ds
pkj beke gtj+r beke glu vySfgLlyke] beke tS+uy
q vkcnshu
vySfgLlyke] beke ekgsEen ckdj vySgh vLlyke vkSj beke tkQj
lkfnd vySgh vLlyke ds jkSts+ Hkh Fks vkSj buds vykok gtj+r lS;n mu
fulk;s vkyehu Qk+rek tg+jk lykeqYyk vySgk dh dczs eqrkgj Hkh Fkh vkSj
nl
w js dqcwj Hkh ,l
s s Fks ftuls nl
w js eqlyekukas dh okcLrxh gSA
fgUnqLrku esa 'kkg oyhmYykg nsgyoh ds oDr ls ,d tekvr
utnh vd+k,sn dh ijLrkj jgh Fkh] exj ;g tekvr eqlyekuksa esa ?kqyh
feyh gqbZ Fkh] vc fgtkt+ ds bUdykc ds ckn mlus [kqydj bCu ln dh
fgek;r 'kq: dj nhA t+Qj vyh [kk dk e'kgwj v[k+ckj t+ehunkj
(7)

ykgkSj bl tekvr dk [k+kl vkjxu Fkk] e'kk;[k lwfQ;k vkSj y[ku


ds myek, fQjaxh egy f'k;ksa ds lkFk feydj bl tekvr ds eqdkcys esa
lQ vkjk gq,] pq%ukups fQjaxh egy esa vUtqeu ^^[kqn~nkew&vygjeSu**
dk;e gqbZ ftlds ljijLr bl oDr ds ljcjkg vkojnkg fQjaxh egy
ds vkye ekSykuk d;keqn~nhu eksgEen vCnqy ckjh lkgc Fks vkSj vky
bf.M;k f'k;k dkUQzsUl y[ku ds t+sjs lk;s vUtqeu ^^rg+Qtw ekvkljk
eqrcjjdk** dk;e gqbZA
fcyk rQ+jdk; f'k;k o lqUuh fjQkgs vke y[ku esa tyl,s
vke gqvk vkSj fQj dSljckx esa fgtkt+ dkaQzsUl equvfdn gqbZ] ftlesa
vykok mYek;s f'k;k vkSj mYek;s fQjaxh egy ds reke fgUnqLrku ds
vdkfcj mYek o e'kk;[k vkSj dqN vge~ yhMj eqlyekuksa ds 'kjhd gq,A
muesa ftu 'k[kfl;rksa ds uke vkSj lwjrs eq>s ;kn gSa og ekSykuk vCnqy
ekftn cnk;wuh] 'kkg Qkf[k+j bykgkcknh vkSj ekSykuk et+gjqn~nhu ,sfMVj
vy&veku vkSj lc ls is'k&is'k ekSykuk eksgEen lqyseku Qqyckjfo FksA
eqlyeku e'kgwj yhMjksa esa vyh cjknjku 'kq: esa bCu ln ds
gkeh Fks vkSj vD+lj okD;kr dks >qBykrs jgrs Fks] ysfdu tc mUgksaus [k+qn
tkdj fgtkt+ ds gkykr ns[ks rks mu ds joS;s esa rCnhyh iSnk gqbZ vkSj
fgtkt+ dkasUl esa oks Hkh 'kjhd gq,A
bl tyls us mYek;s f'k;k esa ls tukc uTe my feYyr vkSj
tukc ukflj my feYyr vkSj nhxj mYek ds lkFk mYek;s vgys lqUur esa
ls ekSykuk vCnqy ckjh lkgc oxSjg ds bRrsQkds jk; ls vYrok;s gt+ dh
rgjhd is'k gqbZ vkSj gt+jkr mYek ds vykok Q[kjs dkSe ekSyoh lS;n
dYcs vCckl lkgc us bldh rkbZn esa /ku xjt rdjhj dh vkSj tgk rd
;kn gS et+g:n~nhu lkgc ,sfMVj vy&veku us Hkh rkbZn dh] exj vyh
cjknjku ekSykuk 'kkSdr vyh vkSj ekSykuk eksgEen vyh tkSgj us bl
rtoht+ dh eq[kkfyQ+r dh vkSj ekSykuk eksgEen vyh us viuh L;klh
(8)

lw>&cw> t+kfgj djrs gq, ;g feljk i<+k %&


^^mez xqt+jh gS blh n'r dh l;kgh esa**
mudh rdjhj [k+Re gksrs gh 'kkg eksgEen lqyseku lkgc
Qqyokjoh [kM+s gq, vkSj mUgksaus mudh jn~ djrs gq, dgk fd flQZ fl;klh
lw>&cw> dksbZ pht+ ugha mlds lkFk nhuh clhjr dh Hkh t+:jr gSA eSa bl
feljs dks vdsyk ugha i<+wxk] eq>s gd gS fd eSa bldk nwljk feljk i<+wA
^^ikpoh iq'r gS 'kCchj dh ennkgh esa!**
pq%ukups rtoht+ dljrs jk;s ls eatwj gqbZA
pwfd nhxj mYek ds lkFk bl ftgkn esa gekjs okfyn cqtqxZokj
tukc eqerkt+ my&mYek lS;n vcqy glu mQZ eqUuu lkgc fdCyk
vky&vYykg edkegw cM+s tks'k o [kjks'k ds lkFk 'kjhd FksA blfy, eSa
ftlds vUQokus 'kckc ds lkFk tkSykuh dye dk nkSj FkkA vius dye
dks fy;s bl esa mrj iM+k] ftlesa igyh ejrck fcyk rQjhd f'k;k o
lqUuh vkyes bLyke ls eqrvfjQ+ gqvk] bl ts+y esa pwfd lcls vg~e elyk
^^bekjrs dqcwj** dk Fkk blfy;s v[k+ckj ^^t+ehunkj** ds ,d et+ewu dh jn
esa ^^vycSrqy ekewj dh bekjfrydqcwj** fdrkc fy[kh tks ml oDr ds
eqErkt+ 'ks;h erck ^^uw:&vyerkc;** esa 'kk; gqbZ vkSj c&dljr bLykeh
tjk;sn esa bl ij rcfljs 'kk; gq, vkSj nwj&nwj ls bldh ekx vk;h vkSj
;g fdrkc cgqr de vjls ds vUnj vrjkQ+s eqYd esa eqUrf'kj gks x;hA
fQj v[k+ckjksa us c&dljr et+kehu ds vykok vYrok;s gt ds elys ij
f'k;k vkSj lqUuh nksuksa ds uqDr, ut+j ls cgl djrs gq, ,d clhr et+ewu
fy[kk ftls bnkjg ^^[kqnnkeqvy gjeSu** us dqN nwljs gt+jkr ds et+kehu
ds lkFk 'kk; fd;k] tukc uTeqy feYyr vky&vYykg edkegw ds ikl
bZjkd o 'kke oxSjg ds mYek ds tks eUlwj bl ekSt+w ij vk;s Fks muds gqDe
ls mudk mnwZ rtZqek vkSj viuh rjQ ls vkyes bLyke ds uke ,d vjch
vihy rtZqes ds lkFk 'kkfey djds ^^Qj;kns eqlyekukus vkye** ds uke

ls ,d dkWye vjch vkSj nwljs igyw ds dkye esa mnwZ bl rjg ,d


eteqvk eqjRrc fd;k ftls vUtqeu ^^eqcS;nqy mywe** enjlrqy
ok,t+hu y[ku us 'kk; fd;kA
vc eSus bl ekSt+w ij vjch esa ,d eqdEey fdrkc fy[kus dk
bjknk fd;k ftlesa ogkfc;r dh rkjh[k+ vkSj utfn;ksa ds reke vdk;n
ij lsj gkfly rcfljk gksA blfy;s ek[k+t+ksa dh ryk'k esa eq[+rfyQ
fdrkc[k+kuksa dh lSj djuh iM+h] vkSj dkQh eokn eqdEey gokyksa ds lkFk
Qjkg~e gks x;kA ysfdu vHkh bl dh rjrhc ds lkFk tek vkojh vkSj
fdrkc dh rgjhj dk dke 'kq: ugha gqvk Fkk fd 'kkcku 1345 fgtjh esa
rdehys bye ds fy;s esjk bZjkd dk lQj gks x;k] bRrsQ+kd ls blh fnu
lS;n my Q+qd+gk tukc eq+rh lS;n vgen vyh fdCyk e,
eqRvYydhu t+;kjr vrckr vky;kr ds fy;s jokuk gq, vkSj jsy vkSj
tgkt+ nksuksa esa mudk lkFk jgkA dcZyk;s eqvYyk esa gjes gqlSuh ds djhc
,d edku rkt egy ejgwek dk Fkk] ftlesa vD+lj fgUnqLrkuh t+k;jhu
Bgjrs Fks] ;gk d;ke gqvkA
fQrjh rkSj ij tks 'k[+l T+;kjr dks tk;sxk exj jokuxh ds oDr
tc iwNk tk;s dgk tk jgs gks\ rks dgsxk ^^djcyk;s eqvYyk** vkSj tks
'k[+l rglhy bYe ds fy;s tk jgk gks] og Hkh vxj ps% bu reke eq'kkfgn
eq'kjZQk dh T+;kjr djsxk exj bl ls tc iwNk tk, dgk tk jgs gks\ rks
dgsxk ^^utQ+s v'kjQ** pq%ukupk tukc eqrh lkgc fdCyk pwfd T+;kjr
ds fy, x;s Fks rks dcZyk igqpdj mudk ,glkl ;g Fkk fd efUt+ys
edlwn ij igqp x;s] fygkt+k dqN eqn~nr ds fy;s ogk jg x;s vkSj
nks&pkj fnu ogk eq'kjZQ jg dj utQs v'kjQ pyk x;kA vkSj pUn fnu
[k+kfne ds ;gk d;ke djds enjl;s fgUnh esa tks ykgkSj ds [k+kunku
dft+yck'k dk cuok;k gqvk Fkk blfy;s ^^enjlk uokc** dgykrk Fkk]
eqdhe gks x;kA bZjkd o bZjku esa enjls ds ekus gksrs gSa cksfMZax gkml ;kuh

(9)

(10)

ryck ds fy;s nk:yvdkek] ojuk nlZ rks efLtnksa esa ;k mYek ds


edkukr ij gksrs gSA
vc igqp rks x;s exj rnjhl dk dke vHkh 'kq: u gks ldrk Fkk
D;ksafd ekg jet+ku dh otg ls nlZ cUn gks pqds Fks] vkSj 9 'kOoky rd
NqV~Vh Fkh fygkt+k geus bl njfe;kuh eqn~nr dks ck eljQ+ cukus ds fy;s
;s dke gkFk esa fy;k fd jn~ns ogkfc;k dk og eokn tks fgUnqLrku esa tek
fd;k Fkk mls fdrkch 'kDy esa vjch esa fy[kuk 'kq: dj fn;kA bl
bfYrt+ke ds lkFk fd nl lQs jkst+ elwns ds fy[ks tk;s pq%ukUpk nl fnu
esa lkS lQgkr dh fdrkc dk elwnk rS;kj gqvk vkSj blh bfYrt+ke ds lkFk
nl fnu esa mls lkQ fd;kA
ut+Q v'kjQ esa ,d tyhyqydnj lkfgcs bYe o bRyk] vykok
mywes nhfu;k ds vjch ds cqyUn ik;k vnhc o 'kk;j vkSj xSjr nhuh o
,glkls bLykeh j[kus okys vYykek ehjt+k eqgEen vyh vkSjncknh Fks
vkSj og cxSj t+jkZ Hkj eqfYd o dkSeh rvLlqc ds [k+kfyl bYeh vkSj nhuh
bd+nkj ds t+cjnLr dnjnk FksA bUgsa u ekywe D;ksadj esjk gky ekywe gks
x;k vkSj og iwNrs gq, blh bfCrnk;h nkSj esa enjls ds gqtjs esa esjs ikl
igqp x;s] vkSj ,d ne mUgsa eq>ls ,lh eksgCcr iSnk gqbZ ftlesa bt+kQk
gksrk pyk x;k] vkSj ckn esa gekjh bl ^^,d tku nks dkfyc** okys
bfRrgkn esa vYykek lS;n eksgEen lkfnd cgj my&mywe 'kjhd gks
x;s rks ge fcyk r'kchg ^^vdkyhe lyklk** ,Sls gks x;s fd esjs iwjs
t+eku,s d;ke utQ esa gekjk bfRrgkn felkyh gSfl;r bf[+r;kj dj
x;kA ckn esa tc ge yksx ftLekuh rkSj ij eqrQfjZd gks x;s rc Hkh
dych bfrZckr ge yksxksa dk x+k;ckuk rkSj ij cjdjkj jgkA
cgjgky igyh eqykdkr ds ckn rdjhcu gj jkst+ vYykek
vkSjncknh vkus yxs vkSj ftruk&ftruk ;g dke gksrk x;k og ml ij
eqRryk gksrs jgs vkSj mUgksaus ut+Qs v'kjQ ds bYeh gYds esa mldk ppkZ

'kq: dj fn;k] bl rjg rluhQ eqdEey gksus ds igys ,d ekus esa utQs
v'kjQ esa bl fdrkc dh b'kkvr gks x;h] vkSj vc ge 'kcs&dnj dh
e[k+lwlh esa T+;kjrs dcZyk;s eqvYyk ds fy;s x;s rks ;g fdrkc lkQ 'kqng
'kDy esa lkFk ekStwn FkhA
pwfd tukc eq+rh lkgc eq> ij [k+kl 'k+d+r Qjekrs Fks] blfy;s
eSa bl nQk Hkh mUgha ds ikl rktegy esa tkdj Bgjk vkSj muds ikl
dnheh rvYyqdkr ds fcuk ij dcZyk;s eqvYyk ds myek o vQ+kft+y
r'kjhQ+ yk;k djrs Fks] vc eSa ekStwn Fkk rks gj egfQ+y esa gkft+j jgrk Fkk
vkSj tukc eq+rh lkgc rvkjZqQ+ esa esjh blh rluhQ+ dk ft+ Qjekrs FksA
pwfd ogkch et+kfye vkSj ogkch ut+j;kr dk ppkZ gj txg
f'kn~nr ds lkFk Fkk blfy, eqrvfn~n gt+jkr jn~ns ogkfc;k esa fdrkc
fy[k jgs Fks] vkSj esjs flu o lky dks ns[kdj bl fdrkc dk ft+ lqurs
gq, eqrvfTtckuk rkSj ij mlds ns[kus dk bf'r;kd t+kfgj Qjekrs FksA
vc eSa gj ,d dks ;g rgjhj ns[kus ds fy, dgk nsrk i<+dj lqukus yxrk
FkkA ftlls mUgsa ethn eqanjtkr fdrkc ds lqUus dk 'kkSd iSnk gksrk Fkk] ;w
pUn exfjcSu ds ckn dkQh jkr rd esjk ,d eqLrfdy e'kxyk fdrkc
[okuh dk gks x;k] vkSj jkst+ mu gt+jkr ds lkFk dqN u;s vQ+jkn ftu
rd ;g rt+fdjk igqprk Fkk eq'rkd gksdj r'kjhQ ykrs FksA t+kfgj gS fd
ogk ds fygkt+ ls eSa ml oDr bfCrnk;h ntsZ dk rkfycs bYe Fkk vkSj ;g
gt+jkr ogk ds rYck ugha cfYd myek dh gSfl;r j[krs Fks exj mudh
oqlvrs D+yc Fkh fd gj ,d us bl ekSt+w ij bl fdrkc dks ,d ukfnj
pht+ le>k] ;gk rd fd vkd+k 'ks[k eksgEen vyh d+qEeh tks bl oD+r ds
vdkfcj myek dcZyk;s eqvYyk esa Fks lkB lky ls ct+kfgj mej
eqrktkfot+ Fkh vkSj fdQk;k ij mudk gkf'k;k nks ftYnksa esa utQs v'kjQ
esa rck gqvk ckn esa tc eSa bjkd gh esa Fkk rks og bZjku r'kjhQ ys x;s rks
vk;rqYyk vYmt+ek gkt 'ks[k+ vCnqy djhe ;tnh gk;jh ds ckn dq+e esa

(11)

(12)

l+Qs vOoy ds myek esa mudk 'kqekj gqvk] og Hkh pwfd jn~ns ogkfc;k esa
,d fjlkyk rgjhj Qjek jgs Fks] rks bl fdrkc dk ft+ lqudj og
r'kjhQ yk;s vkSj [+okfg'k Qjek;h fd og nks rhu fnu ds fy, mls lkFk
ys tk;sa eSus mudh tykyr o cqt+qxhZ ls eqrkflj gksdj bl fdrkc dks
mUgsa ns nsuk Xkokjk dj fy;k] og mls vius lkFk ys x;s vkSj gLc oknk
rhu fnu ckn r'kjhQ ykdj mls okil dj fn;k pqukUps mlds ckn
eEnwg dk fjlkyk bl ekStw ij 'kk; gqvk vkSj nwljh fdrkc vYykek 'ks[k+
eksgEen vyh lud+jh dh ftl dk uke Fkk ^^vy&e'kkfgnqYeq'kjZQkfr oy
ogkfc;wu** rhljh fdrkc gqTtrqy bfLyke vkdk lS;n glu dt+ohfu
dh fudyhA
gekjs ewfjls vkyk gt+jr xqQ+jku evkc rkc ljkg ds mLrkn
lfgcs fj;kt+ dh vkSykn esa vkdk lS;n eksgEen vyh rckrckbZ ,d cM+s
xS+jr nhuh j[kus okys gLlkl cqt+qxZ Fks tks ljdkj vkdk fet+kZ eksgEen
rd+h 'khjkt+h vkSj vkd+k;s 'kjh;r oxSjk dh ljdjnxh esa igyh taxs
vt+he ds ckn vaxzst+ksa ds rlYyqr ls bjkd+ dks vkt+kn j[kus ds ftgkn esa
'kjhd jg pqds Fks] mUgsa esjh fdrkc ls bfUrgkbZ fxjohnxh iSnk gks xbZ vkSj
eSa pUn jkst+ ds ckn utQs v'kjQ okil gqvk rks vYykek vkSjncknh us
vius gYd;s vgckc esa utQs v'kjQ+ ds vUnj vkSj vkd+k lS;n eksgEen
rckrckbZ us dcZyk;s eqvYyk esa ;g rgjhd pykbZ fd bl fdrkc dks
Niuk pkfg;s pqukUps] erck gSnj;k utQs v'kjQ+ esa ;g fdrkc rck gqbZA
bl t+ekus esa [kqn esjh t+gfu;r joknkjkuk u Fkh blfy, fdrkc
dk uke j[kk x;k %&
^^lkSrs vt+kck vyk bfRrckbZ bCu vCnqyog~gkc** tks eq>s cgqr
ilUn Fkk exj rckvr ds oDr bu gt+jkr us dgk fd ;g uke cgqr l[+r
gS vkSj cnyokdj ^^d'kQqUudkc vu vdkbn bCu vCnqy oggkc** uke
j[kus ij etcwj fd;k ftldk ml oDr cgqr nq[k gqvk fQj vkf[kj

fdrkc esa ,d bf[rrkeh rfCljk Fkk og mu yksxksa us fudyok fn;k fd


mldk yc o ygt+k cgqr l[+r gS] bl eqYd dh fQt+k bldh] eqrgfEey
ugha gS] etcwju og Hkh fudky fn;k vkSj flQZ pUn lRjksa dk bt+kQk dj
ds [k+Re dj fn;kA ftl dk ethn lnek gqvkA
blds ckn j+rk&j+rk esjh t+gfu;r [kqn joknkjkuk gks x;h
ftldh fgUnqLrku esa lt+k Hkqxruh iM+hA
bl fdrkc ds eqlfOons ds bfCrnk;h lQs ij esjs bl oD+r ds
bfCrnk;h mLrkn vljs gkft+j ds etsZ+ rDyhn vk;qrqYyk vygkt lS;n
vcqydkfle [kksbZ nke ftYygw us tks ml oD+r nlZ lrgh ds eqnfjZl Fks
pUn lrjs Hkh crkSj rdjht+ fy[kh Fkh] fQj Nius ds ckn fdrkc vrjkQ o
vdukQ esa eqUrf'kj gks x;h] rks fgUnqLrku ds cqt+qxZ erZck vkye ekSykuk
lS;n tqgwj gqlSu lkgc fdcyk us ,d vjch rdjht+ fy[kdj Hksth vkSj
vgys lqUur ds cqt+qxZ vkye vkSj 'ks[k+s rjhd+r ekSykuk 'kkg eqgEen
Qqyokjoh us ut+e vkSj ulj vjch esa rdjht+s Hksth vkSj t+ckuh ,Sls
vYQkt+ Qjek;s tks okfyn vYyke eqErkt+qy mYek rkc ljkg us vius
bt+kts esa tks esjs fy, pUn lky ckn fy[kk Fkk ntZ Qjek;sA
'kke ds cqt+Zx erZck vkye tukc lS;n eksgflu vehu vkyeh
rkc ljkg us tks e'kgwj cM+h fdrkc ^^vk;kuq'kf'k;k** ds eqlfUuQ Fks nks
lky ckn ,d t+[khe fdrkc bl ekSt+w ij ^^d'Qqybjfr;kck** rgjhj
QjekbZ rks esjh bl fdrkc ds nks lQs bl rjg v[k+t+ Qjek;s ftles
d+gjh rkSj ij ,d cM+s elkegs dh lwjr iSnk gks x;h vkSj og ;g fd eSus
^^rkjh[k+ utn** bCu vykywlh ls ogkch rgjhd ds bfCrnk;h u'koksuqek ds
gkykr fy[ks gS] rks QqV uksV esa fy[k fn;k gS fd udyukgkfcekugkfeu
rt+kbZQk rkjh[k+ utn bCu vy&vywlh] bl dk eryc ;g gS fd bckjr
rkjh[k+ utn esa fdlh txg ugha gSA ekSlwQ us bl uksV vkSj bl e+gwe ij
roTtks ugha Q+jek;h vkSj bl bckjr dks rkjh[k+s utn bCu

(13)

(14)

vy&vkykywlh ds gokys ls ntZ Qjek fn;kA gkykfd og bckjr esjh gS]


bCu vkyklwlh dh ugha gSA vc vxj dksbZ ryk'k djs rks rkjh[k+s utn esa
fdlh txg Hkh og bckjr ugha fey ldrh] tc ;g fdrkc esjh ut+j ls
xqt+jh rks eSus ,d [k+r ds t+fj, eenwg dks bl elkegs dh rjQ+ roTtks
fnyk;h] eqfEdu gS ut+js lkuh esa ekSlwQ bl dh bLykg Q+jek nsrs exj
tgk rd eq>s bYe gS og fdrkc nksckjk rck ugha gqbZA
esjh fdrkc ^^d'kQqUudkc** pwfd vYykek vojncknh ds ,greke
ls Nih Fkh rks bl dk ejdt+ rckvr ds ckn mu dk edku gh jgk] ogha ls
Q+jks[+r gqbZ vkSj tks gt+jkr mYek bjku ox+Sjg ls vkrs Fks mUgsa rksgQ+k Hkh
nsrs Fks] fgUnqLrku esa flQZ pUn dkfi;k vk;h Fkh tks eSus dqN mYek;s
vkye dks rksgQk Hksth Fkh] esjs ikl flQZ ,d dkih Fkh tks y[ku ds
fQjdkokjkuk Qlkn ds t+sy esa tks pUn lky dCy psgYyqe 20 lQ+j ds
fnu gqvk Fkk esjs edku vkSj dqrqc[k+kus dh vkfr'k t+nxh esa usLr o ukcwn
gks xbZA
vc gchc eksgrje tukc tkQj vyh vlhy lkgc cEcbZ us tks
ml dh nksckjk rckvr dk [+;ky t+kfgj fd;k vkSj mnZw esa Hkh bl dh
b'kkvr ds fy;s dgk rks esjs fy;s bldh rkehy eqefdu u Fkh exj ekSlwQ
us [kqn cEcbZ esa ryk'k djds ,d dkih nLr;kc dh vkSj ml dk vD+l esjs
ikl Hkst fn;k] t+kfgj gS fd blds ckn eq> ij gqTtr reke gks x;h
ftlds ckn vxj eSa igyq rgh d: rks bl vezs [k+Sj ds vUtke ikus esa esjh
rdlhj ln~jkg djkj ik;s fygkt+k ckotwn 'knhn eokus vkSj el:fQ;rksa
ds dkQh rk[k+fj ds lkFk lgh] eSa bl edln ds fy;s ^^dye ckux'r** gks
x;k] vkSj vc brus vjls esa [kqn fgUnqLrku esa bl ekStw ij tks ethn
eokn Qjkge 'kqng esjs ikl ekStwn Fkk] ml esa dqN tks vjch ds fy;s ekSt+w
Fkk mldk vLy vjch esa Hkh bt+kQk dj fn;k vkSj tks fgUnqLrku gh ds
fy;s ekSt+w gS] mls ml mnZw fdrkc esa 'kkfey dj jgk gw D;ksafd mu

'kf[l;rksa ls ftu ds rjko'kkr dyeh ls dke fy;k x;k gSA fgUnqLrku


gh ds bLykeh gyds gh erkjqQ gSA ust+ tks eqdnek fy[kk tk jgk gS
mlds Hkh dqN et+kehu eqlYekukus fgUn ls rvYyqd j[krs gSa fygkt+k
mudks Hkh vjch esa 'kkfey ugha fd;k x;kA bl rjg esjk vUnkt+k ;g gS
fd mnwZ fdrkc dk gte vjch okyh fdrkc ls dqN T+;knk gksxk] blfy,
etew;h rkSj ij mls vjch fdrkc ^^d'kQqUudkc** dk rtZqek ugha dgk tk
ldrk] cfYd bl ds iwjs rtZqes ij eq'krfey mnwZ esa mls ,d eqLrfdy
rluhQ dh gSfl;r gkfly gSA
oLlyke

(15)

(16)

vyh udh vy&udoh


10 thdknk 1404 fgtjh
vyhx<+

[kqyklk fnckpk vjch d'kQqUudkc


fcfLeYykfg&vjjgekfujZghe]
ckn gEn [kkfyd+s eqrkvky oLlykrq oLlyke cj eksgEen o vky %
;g fdrkc ^^d'kQqUudkc** vu vdk;n bCu vCnqy ogkc vyh
udh vy&udoh ds dye ls ekfjts tqgwj esa vk jgh gS bl oD+r tc
rkSQhd bykgh us ljt+ehu utQ v'kjQ ij igqpus dh lvknr vrk
Qjek;h gS cl lkeku lQj efUt+ys d;ke ij mrkjus ds ckn tks vlsZ ls
esjs t+gu esa [;ky Fkk fd fdrkc ,Slh rgjhj gks ftl esa ogkch tekvr ds
vdk;n dk t+jk rQlhy ds lkFk c;ku gksA blfy, fd cgqr ls vQjkn
bl fQjds ds vdk;n ls iwjs rkSj ij okfdQ ugha gSA pqukUps cgqr de
fnuksa esa bldh rdehy gks xbZ vkSj bl fdrkc dks eSus ,d eqdnes vkSj
pUn vcokc ij rdlhe fd;k gS &
eqdn~nek %& rkjh[k+ bCu vCnqy ogkc vkSj mudh u'koksuqek vkSj rjDdh
dh dSfQ;rA
igyk ckc %& mudk vdhnk gt+jr vd+nls bykgh ds ckc esaA
nwljk ckc %& mudk vdhnk gt+jr iSxEcjs [k+qnk lYyYykgq vySgh o
vkfygh olYye ds ckjs esaA

(17)

rhljk ckc %& mu dk v+d+hnk vkSfy;k o Lokfyghu ds ckjs esaA


pkSFkk ckc %& mu dk vd+hnk reke :;s t+ehu ds eqlyekuksa ds ckjs esaA
ikpok ckc %& mu dk vd+hnk vafEc;k o Lokfyghu ds et+kjkr vkSj dqCcksa
ds ckjs esaA
NBk ckc %& mu vgknhl o v[k+ckj esa tks vgys utn ds ckjs esa jlwys
[k+qnk lYyYykgq vySgh o vkfygh o lYye ls okfjn gq,
gSaA
lkrok ckc %& ogkch tekvr dh bYeh ljxjfe;k blds uqek;k gksus ds
oDr ls t+ekuk;s gkWy rdA

uksV %
bl mnwZ fdrkc esa et+dwjg vuknhu ls igys nks muoku ftUgsa
bl mnwZ fdrkc dk eqdn~nek le>uk pkfg, 'kq: esa bt+kQk fd;k tk jgk
gSA
1eqlyekuksa esa eweu vkSj f'k;ksa esa [kqlwlu fgUnqLrku o ikfdLrku
ds vUnj y+t+ ogkch dh bLrykgA
2fgUnqLrku esa ogkfc;r dk Qjksx vkSj mldh eq[+rfyQ 'kDysaA

(18)

eqlYekuksa esa eweu vkSj f'k;ksa esa


[kqlwlu gekjs ;gk dh bLrykg
vLy ^^ogkch** rks bCu vCnqy og~gkc dk iSjks] ogh fgtkt+ dk
cjljs bd+frnkj fxjksg gS tks utn dk ckf'kUnk gSS] vkSj bl fy, mudk
ik;k r[+r vc Hkh utn ds bykds esa 'kgj fj;kt+ gS] ;g fQ+d+k ds fygkt+
ls gUcyh gS ;kuh beke vgen fcu gEcy dh fQ+d+k ds iSjks gS vkSj mlwy
vdk;n esa muds is'k: bCu rSfe;k vkSj mudk 'kkfxZn bCu dSf;e vkSj
bCu vCnqy gkn oxSjg gSA
bUgha bCu rSfe;k oxSjg ds rlOoqjkr dks eksgEen fcu vCnqy
og~gkc us viukdj pwfd ckjgoh lnh ds vokf[k+j vkSj rsjgoh lnh ds
vkxkt+ esa bykdk utn ds ,d fgLls ds ml oDr ds lnh [k+kunku ds
jkl&nj&jbZl eksgEen fcu ln dh enn ls QSyk;k ftldh rkjh[k+ bl
fdrkc ds vjch eqdn~nes ds rtqZes esa c;ku gksxh] blfy, vxj ps% muds
cki vCnqy ogkc muds lkFk eqRrgn u Fks cfYd vkf[k+j esa cki&csVs dh
eq[k+kfyQr cgqr uqek;k gks x;h Fkh exj og elyd csVs ds uke ij ugha
cfYd cspkjs cki ds uke ij tks mlds f[k+ykQ Fks eulwc gksdj ^^ogkch**
dgyk;kA
vkSj fQj pwfd mudh rkyhe dk vge tqt+ nxkZgksa vkSj jkSt+ksa ij
gkt+jh dh eq[k+kfyQ+r vkSj vofy;k o eqdjZchu ckjxkgs bykgh vkSj
fcY[kqlwl jlwy o vkys jlwy l0 ls roLlqy dks f'kdZ djkj nsuk vkSj
ut+j o U;kt+ vkSj Qkfrgk oxSjg ls eqekfu;r Fkh] fygkt+k fgUnqLrku vkSj
ikfdLrku ds vUnj vg~ys lqUur esa ;g bLrykg gks x;h fd cjsyoh
gt+jkr tks bu ckrksa ds dk;y gS] og vius dks ^^lqUuh** dgrs gSa vkSj
nsocUnh gt+jkr dks tks vD+lj bu pht+ksa ds equfdj gS ^^ogkch** dgrs gSaA
(19)

pq%ukUpk dqN cjsyoh eqdjZjhu vkSj ckt+ lkgcs dye Hkh tc nsocUnh
gt+jkr dk ft+ djrs gSa rks elyu ;w dgrs gSa fd ekSyoh uEcj 24 us ;w
dgk pwfd ^^ogkch** ds vn~n pkSchl gSaA
fgUnqLrku ds f'k;ksa dk ;g eqgkojk gks x;k gS fd og vg~ys lqUur
ds bl rcds dks tks bu ckrksa dk dk;y gS vkSj vD+lj f'k;ksa ds lkFk
joknkjh dk crkZo djrs gSa ;k vt+knkjh oxSjg esa 'kjhd gksrs gSa ^guQh*
dgrs gSa] vkSj bu mewj ds equdjhu vkSj fcY[kqlwl vt+knkjh beke gqlSu
vySfgLlyke ds eq[k+kfyQ vQjkn dks ogkch dgrs gSa] gkykfd okD;k ;g
gS fd nsocUnh gt+jkr elyd fQdgh ds fglkc ls guQh gSa] ogkfc;ksa ds
ge elyd ;kuh gEcyh ugha gS vkSj f'k;ksa ds bLrykg esa ^ogkch* lqfUu;ksa
dh tks lc ls cM+h felky gks ldrh gS elyu ekSyoh vCnqj 'kdwj lkgc
vius oD+r ds eqnhjqUut+e og Hkh elydu guQh Fks ogkfc;ksa dh rjg
gUcyh ugha FksA
gekjh bl fdrkc dk uke tks ^^jn~ns ogkfc;k** gS blesa gekjk
ulcqy ,Su mlh [k+kl fxjksg dh jn~ gS] tks bCu vCnqy ogkc dk iS: gS]
ysfdu cgSfl;r ekSt+w tcfd roLlqy oxSjg eqckgl ij QSLykdqu cgl
dh tk;sxh rks tks mu yksxksa ds bu rlOoqjkr esa ge elyd gksa lc dh jn
gks tk;sxh pkgs og fdlh Hkh ekus esa ^ogkch* djkj ikrs gks ;k ughaA

(20)

fgUnqLrku esa ogkfc;r dh nj vken vkSj mldk bjrdk


tgk rd ges ekywe gS fgUnqLrku esa ogkch rlOoqjkr dh nj vken
tukc 'kkg oyh mYykg eqgfn~nl nsgyoh ds t+fj;s ls gqbZ og pkgs
dqfYy;ru bu vdk;n ds vyEcjnkj u gks ftldh rk;hn bl ls gksrh gS
fd og [k+qn rlOoqQ+ ds dk;y gSaA cfYd mudk e'kk;[k+ lwQh esa 'kqekj gS
vkSj muds lkgctknxku tukc 'kkg vCnqy vt+ht+ nsgyoh eqlfUuQ
rksgQ;s bLuk v'kj;k oxSjg bl ckc esa uqek;k ugha gq,] exj muds ckn
'kkg bLekbZy ftuds uke ds lkFk meweu ^^'kghn** dh y+t+ bLrseky
gksrh gS bl elyd ds cM+s vyEcjnkj cu x;s] vkSj bl tekvr ds
ljxjnk lS;n vgen gq, fd muds uke dk Hkh rdjhcu tqt+ y+t+
^^'kghn** gSA
myek;s nsocUn vxj ps% tSlk fd igys vk pqdk guQh gS vkSj
rlOoqQ+ ds Hkh dk;y gS vkSj blds flyflyksa esa equlfyd gSa] exj muds
bYeh gSfl;r ls ewfjls vkyk ekSykuk eksgEen dkfle ukuksroh ds ;gk
bl fdLe ds rlOoqjkr bruh f'kn~nr ds lkFk gSa fd muds vyQkt+ ls
'kku fjlkyr ekvkc l0 esa xqLrk[k+h ds igyw iSnk gksrs gSa] cgjgky ;s yksx
fcYdqy ogkch gks ;k u gks exj buls ogkfc;r dks rd+oh;r t+:j gqbZA
ckt+ vQjkn ftu esa ekSykuk vCnqy dyke vkt+kn is'k&is'k gS tks
;dhuu ogkch elyd ds iSjks ugha Fks] vkSj u rax ut+jh o vlfc;r dk
f'kdkj Fks ;gk rd fd bfEr;kt+h ut+fj;k ^^rcZjk** dh fgek;r esa ^^roYyk
o rcjkZ** gh lq[khZ ls og ,d ,Sls et+ewu ds [k+kfyd gS ftls] bekfe;k
fe'ku y[ku us f[k+ykQr o beker ds fdlh fgLls dk tqt+ cukdj
'kk; fd;k bl et+ewu esa [kqlwfl;r ds lkFk pUn vYQkt+ rks brus
ekuh[kst+ vkSj fny vkost+ gSa fd fg+t+ djus ds dkfcy gSa] og ;g gS]
^^vxj ge ;g mlwy cuk ysa fd cqjks dks Hkh vPNk dgsaxs rks tks okdbZ vPNs
(21)

gSa muds fy, gekjs ikl D;k jg tk;sxk \**


exj bYeh rkSj ij og 'ks[k+ bCu rSfe;k ds ,Sls en~nkg gS tSls og
mudh tykyrs bYeh ls bfUrgk;h ejc o eqrkflj gSa] muds ckn ls tSls
lokn vkt+e ds lfgcs dye vQjkn dh ot+k cu x;h gS fd og bCu
rSfe;k dh rkjhQ+ t+:j djsa tks ct+kfgj rdyhnh gSfl;r j[krh gS] ;kuh
mu yksxksa us tukc bCu rSfe;k dh rlkuhQ dh lwjr Hkh ugha ns[kh gSA
cgjgky bl ls Hkh fcYokLrk ogkch [+;kykr dks rdoh;r gkfly gksrh gS]
vkSj vc lnh gqdwer vxj cSuyvdokeh ncko ls et+gch rkSj ij cgqr
gn rd ^^rd+;k** esa gS] vkSj ;g ^^rd+;k** 'kq: gh ls ^^dqCc,s ucoh** dh
cdk esa rks jgk gh gS tks fd muds uqDr;s ut+j ls evkt+ vYykg
^^luesvdcj** gksus dh otg ls T+;knk eqLrfgd bfUgnke FkkA blds
vykok eqlyekukus vkye ;gk rd fd ge f'k;ksa dks gt ls ugha jksdrs]
cfYd cgqr gn rd lgwyrs Qjkge djrs gSa] tc fd muds et+gc dh :
ls mu lcdk eq'kfjdhu esa nkf[k+y gksus dh fcuk ij efLtns gjke ds
djhc tkuk utk;t+ gS] exj bu ckrksa esa r'kn~nqn ds de gksus ds ckotwn
vc mudh nkSyr tks rsy dh cnkSyr bfUrgk;h vQjkr ls gkfly gks x;h
gS eekfyds bLykfe;k esa ogkfc;r dh rcyhx ij f'kn~nr ds lkFk lQZ gks
jgh gS ftlls t+guh rkSj ij f'k;ksa dks rks cl vt+h;r gks ldrh gS exj
mudk vl+j eksvrfd+nkr ds fygkt+ ls vg~ys lqUur dh vd+lfj;r ij
iM+uk u xqt+hj gSA

(22)

eqdn~nek
bCu vCnqy ogkc dh rkjh[k+ ft+Unxh vkSj u'koksuqek dh dSfQ;r
bCu vCnqy ogkc dk uke o ulc eksgEen fcu vCnqy ogkc fcu
lqyseku rSeh gSA mudh u'koksuqek bykdk;s utn ds 'kgj ,Sfu;k esa gqbZ
vkSj mUgksaus gacyh fQ+d+k vius okfyn ls i<+h vkSj t+eku;s flx+j fluh gh
ls og feYyr bLykfe;k ds vke jqtgku ds f[k+ykQ ckrs dgus yxs vkSj
cgqr lh ckrksa ij tks eqlyekuksa esa jk;t Fkha ,rjkt+ djus yxs exj vlsZ
rd mUgsa dksbZ ge uok ugha feyk mlds ckn mUgksaus eDdk&,s&eqvT+t+ek
dk lQj fd;k vkSj fQj enhuk&,s&equOojk x;s] vkSj 'ks[k+ vCnqYyk fcu
bcjkghe fcu lSQ ds 'kkfxZn gks x;s vkSj ogk mUgksaus jkSt+k, jlwy l0 ij
nqvk, djus ij f'kn~nr ls cgZeh dk bt+gkj fd;k fQj utn x;s ogk ls
'kke ds bjkns ls cljk x;s vkSj ;gk 'ks[k eksgEen etew;h ls nlZ fy;k]
vkSj vc cljk ds eqlyekuksa dh ckrksa ij ,rjkt+ djus yxsA rks ogk ds
eqlyeku cjvQ+jks[k+rk gks x;s ;gk rd fd mUgsa clwjrs Q+jkj ogk ls
fudyuk iM+k fcy vkf[k+j og utn ds 'kgj gjhek igqps tgk muds
okfyn dk d+;ke Fkk vkSj vlsZ rd muls rkyhe gkfly djrs jgs exj
;gk mUgksaus vgys utn ds vDlj vQvky o vkeky ij ^^f'kdZ&f'kdZ**
dh vkokt+s cqyUn dh] vkSj muds okfyn us mudks blls euk fd;k rks og
mudh ckr Hkh ekuus ds fy, rS;kj ugha gq, cfYd muls cjljs tax gks x;s
vkSj dqN yksx mudh ikVhZ esa 'kkfey gks x;s ftlls muesa vkSj vg~ys
gjhek esa tax o ftnky dh ukScr vk;hA vc muds okfyn 'ks[k vCnqy
ogkc dk 1153 fgtjh esa bfUrdky gks x;k rks mUgksaus vkSj T+;knk f'kn~nr
ds lkFk vius vdk;n dk ,Syku 'kq: dj fn;k ftlds ckn vgy gjhek
muds dRy ij rS;kj gks x;s rks ogk ls vuh;k dh rjQ eqUrfdy gks x;s]
;gk dk gkfde ml t+ekus esa mLeku fcu eksgEen fcu ekej Fkk ftls bCu
(23)

vCnqy ogkc us og lCt+ ckx fn[kk;k fd og vxj mudk lkFk ns rks


reke utn dk gqdejka gks tk;sxk mlus mudh enn dk csM+k mBk;k vkSj
vc ml eknnh rkdr dk lgkjk ysdj mUgksaus t+ksj o 'kksj ds lkFk viuh
rcyhx tkjh dj nh vkSj tc vuh;k ds dkQh vkneh muds lkFk gks x;s
rks mUgksaus t+Sn fcu [k+Rrkc ds et+kj dk dqCck tks bl uokg esa Fkk eqgafne
djk fn;k exj ;g [k+cj vglk vkSj drhQ ds gqdejk lqyseku bCu
eksgEen fcu vt+ht+ gehnh dks igqph rks mUgksaus cM+k l[+r ukjkt+xh dk
[k+r vuh;k ds gkfde mLeku ds ikl Hkstk fd ml 'k[+l dks dRy djk nks
mLeku dks bCu vCnqy ogkc ls fxjohnxh rks Fkh exj lqyseku okyh
vglk ds eq[k+kfyQr dh rko u Fkh] blfy, mlus [k+qfQ;k rjhds ij bCu
vCnqy ogkc ds ikl iSxke fHktok;k fd vki QkSju ;gk ls pys tkb;s
mUgksaus mls cgqr ikenhZ dh nkor nh vkSj iwjs utn dk gqdejk cuus dh
mEehnsa fnyk;h exj og muds dgus esa ugha vk;s vkSj l[+rh ds lkFk
QkSju pys tkus dh rkdhn dh] etcwju 1160 fgtjh esa og ogk ls fudy
dj njf;;k igqps] ;g ljt+ehu ges'kk ls 'kSrkuh rgjhdksa dk ejdt+ cuh
jgh Fks] ;s ogh ;ekek dh ljt+eh gS tgk ls eqlyek dTt+kc mBk Fkk vkSj
mlus ucwor dk nkok fd;k Fkk] ;gk dk gqdejk ekStwnk lnh gqdwer dk
eksjls vkyk dchy;s vuht+k esa ls eksgEen fcu ln FkkA
bCu vCnqy ogkc us fdlh t+fj;s ls mldh choh ls jkCrk dk;e
fd;k vkSj mls reke utn dh gqD+ejkuh dk [+okc fn[kk;k] ;g eksgEen
fcu ln mudh ckrksa esa vk x;k vkSj ru&eu&/ku ls mldk lkFk nsus ij
vkeknk gks x;k vkSj eqlyekuksa dks eq'kfjd d+jkj nsdj cuke ^^ftgkn**
muds tku o eky vkSj bT+t+r ds vrykQ ds fy, bCu vCnqyogkc ds
gkFk ij cSvr dj yhA eksgEen fcu ln ls vgn o iSeku dh rdehy
ds ckn eksgEen fcu vCnqy ogkc 'kgj ds vUnj nkf[k+y gq, vkSj bCu
ln us ,d cgqr cM+k y'dj eqrZc djds vrjkQ o tokfuc ds et+kjkr
dks equgfne djus vkSj tks eqlyeku ln~nsjkg gks mudk [k+wu cgkus ds
(24)

fy, Hkst fn;k ftUgksaus iwjh rkSj ij bl gqDe dh rkehy dh vkSj d+Ry o
x+kjr dk ckt+kj f'kn~nr ds lkFk xje dj fn;kA
tc ;gk iwjh dke;kch gkfly gks x;h rks vrjkQ o tokfuc ds
gqDdke ds ikl vrkvr o bufd;kn ds fy, [kqrwr fy[ks ftuesa ls ckt+ us
ejc gksdj c&vklkuh brkv+r dqcwy dj yh vkSj ftUgksaus roTtksg ugha
dh] njbZ;k ds yksxksa dks muls tax djus ij ekewj fd;k x;k pqukUps
vrjkQ utn vkSj mlds vkxs c<+ dj vglk esa [k+wujst+ evdsZ gq, ftuds
ckn iwjh utn vkSj mlds reke dchyksa ij d+gj o x+Ycs ds lkFk vkys
ln dh gqDejkuh gks x;h] ;gk rd fd 1206 fgtjh esa eksgEen fcu
vCnqy ogkc us viuh tku tkus vkQjh ds lqiqnZ dh exj vkys ln uLy
nj uLy ml elyd dh b'kkvr esa vldjh rkdr ds lkFk el:Q jghA
pqukUps eksgEen fcu ln ds ckn mldk csVk vCnqy vt+ht+
gqvk ;g Hkh vrjkQ o tokfuo esa QkSth eqfges Hkstrk jgk vkSj vCnqy
vt+ht+ ds ckn ln gqvk] ;g vius cki ls T+;knk l[+r Fkk] mlus
eqlyekuksa dks gt ls jksd fn;k vkSj lqYrku rqdhZ ds f[k+ykQ [kq:t fd;k
exj mlds ckn ljxjfe;k T+;knkrj bykdk utn esa egnwn Fkh] ;gk rd
dh tc taxs vt+he esa gqdwer rqdhZ teZuh dk lkFk nsus dh otg ls vaxzst+ksa
ds xSt+ o xt+c dk f'kdkj cuh vkSj teZuh dh f'kdLr ls det+ksj Hkh gks
x;h rks igys vaxzst+ksa us 'kjhQ eDdk gqdwer rqdhZ ds f[kykQ+
[kqn&eq[krkjh dk vye cyUn djk;k fQj 'kjhQs eDdk ls ukjkt+ gksdj
ml oD+r ds lnh gqDejk ls ftldk uke Hkh vCnqy vt+ht+ Fkk eDdk ij
geyk djkds 'kjhQ eD+dk dks tt+hjg dcjl esa ys tkdj ut+jcUn dj
fn;k vkSj fgtkt ij Hkh vkys ln dk dCt+k djk fn;k ftlds ckn ls
vc rd lnh gqDejkuksa dk nk:y lYrur vxj p% utn esa gS exj og
eD+dk eqvT+t+ek vkSj enhuk equOojk lesr reke fgtkt ds gqdejk gSaA

(25)

igyk ckWc
eksgEen fcu vCnqy ogkc dk vdhnk tukc ckjh
vTtk blek ds ckWc esaA
lc dks ekywe gS fd ogkch gt+jkr eweu vius is'kok dh iSjoh
esa [kkfyl rkSghn ds nkosnkj gSa vkSj vius flok reke eqlyekuksa dks
eq'kfjd le>rs gSaA ysfdu tc [kqn bCu vCnqy ogkc dh fdrkcksa ij ut+j
Mkyh tkrh gS rks irk pyrk gS fd ;g 'k[l [k+kfyd eqrkvky ds ckjs esa
vius is'kjo bCus rSfe;k dh iSjoh esa ,Slk vd+hnk j[krk gS ftlls [k+kfyd
dk tyky o deky et:g gksrk gS vkSj mldh ;drkbZ tks rkSghn
gdhdh dk rdkt+k gS] et:g gks tkrh gSA og bl rjg dh dqvkZu ethn
ds og vk;kr ftuds ckt+ vYQkt+ vius t+kfgjh ,d yqxoh ekus ds
fygkt+ ls ftfLe;r dk rlOoqj iSnk djrs gSa] tSls %& ;nkgqeclqrrku**
ftlds ,d y+t+h ekus ;g gSa fd mlds nksuksa gkFk [kqys gq, gSa] vkSj ^^vyk
v'khZlrok** ftldk ,d eQgwe ;g gS fd og v'kZ ij lh/kk gks ds cSBkA
buesa myek;s gd dk elyd ;g gS fd pwfd mudk ;g eQgwe 'kkus
bykgh ds f[k+ykQ vkSj vD+yu mlds fy, xSj eqefdu gS blfy, mudk
,Slk eQgwe le>uk pkfg, ftldk egkojkr vjch ds fygkt+ ls mu
vYQkt+ esa xqatkb'k Hkh gS] vkSj og 'kkus bykgh ds f[kykQ Hkh ugha tSls ;n
ds ekus dqnjr vkSj bLrok ds ekus xyck o bfDrnkj] exj bCu rSfe;k
vkSj muds iSjks ftu ds is'k: vc vkf[k+j esa ;gh 'ks[k bCu vCnqy ogkc gq,
mu lc vYQkt+ dks muds t+kfgjh yqxoh ekus ij eqgfEey djrs gSa] vkSj
muesa ls fdlh esa Hkh rkohy ds eq[k+kfyQ gS bl rjg mudk rlOoqj ;g gS
fd og okdbZ v'kZ ij cSBk gS mlds gkFk gS] iSj gS] igyw gS] vk[ksa gS] psgjk
(26)

gS] t+cku gS] uQl gS vkSj ;g lc pht+s gdhdru] og vkokt+ ds lkFk ckr
djrk gS vkSj p<+rk] mrjrk] vkrk] tkrk] glrk] jksrk gSA
;g fcYdqy og rtlhe gS ftlds dqj gksus ij mEerqy
eqfLyehu eqRrfQ+d+ gSa] exj mu myek;s ogkfc;k dh fdrkcsa bu ckrksa ls
Hkjh iM+h gSa] pqukUps] [kqn bCu vCnqy ogkc dh ,d fdrkc gS] ^^vRrkSghnh
vYyt+h gqvy gDdqYykgh vyy cbZn** blesa bl vk;r dqvkZu ds t+Sy es
fd% gRrk bt+kQqfTtvk vu dqywfcfge dkywektk dky cqdqe dkyqy gd
ogqoy vfy;qy dchj** fy[kk gS lwj,s glck vk;r&23
^^chloh ckr %& lQkr ;kuh t+cku] ngu vkSj vYQkt+ ds lkFk
dyke oxSjg dk lqcwr gS] fQdkZ v'kkbjg eqlYekuksa dh vDljh;r tks
rkrhy ;kuh ml rjg ds flQkr dh uQh dk dk;y gS] blds f[k+ykQ
gS** 'kjg us blds tsyh gkf'k;s Q+qV uksV esa fy[kk gSA
^^;g v'kkfj;k fQdkZ vcqyglu v'kvjh dh rjQ eulwc gS vkSj
bl fQdsZ us vD+lj flQkr dk badkj fd;k gS tSls vYykg dk pk gksuk
vkSj reke vius e[k+ywd ls vyx gksdj v'kZ ij cSBuk vkSj mldk
eksgCcr djuk vius canks ls vkSj mldk jge mu ij vkSj mldh jt+keUnh
muls vkSj mldk xt+c oxSjg oxSjg] eq[k+kfyQr esa bldh tks mu pht+ksa
ds ckjs esa jlwys [kqnk vkSj muds vlgkc vkSj nhxj vlykQ lkfyghu ls
okfjn gqvk gSA**
blds ckn vkf[k+j fdrkc esa ,d ckc gS bl eryc ij mu
vgknhl ls bLrnyky ds fy, ftuls muds elyd dh eqokfQdr le>
esa vkrh gS pqukUps fy[kk gS&
^^;g ckc mu vgknhl esa gS tks bl bj'kkns bykgh ds eqrkvfYyd
gS fd mUgksus vYykg dh vly 'kku dks ugha le>k gS vkSj reke t+ehu
mldh eqB~Bh esa gksxh d;ker ds fnu**
bCu eln dh fjok;r gS fd ,d ;gwnh vkfye jlwys [kqnk ds

ikl vk;k vkSj dgk ^^,S eksgEen] ge viuh fdrkcksa esa ,Slk ikrs gSa fd
vYykg reke vklekuksa dks ,d mxyh esa ysxk vkSj t+ehuksa dks ,d mxyh
esa vkSj nj[+rksa dks ,d mxyh esa vkSj ikuh dks ,d mxyh esa vkSj t+ehu dks
,d mxyh esa vkSj ckdh reke e[k+ywd dks ,d mxyh vkSj mu lc dks
bl rjg ysdj dgsxk eSa vLy ckn'kkg gw**
bl ij iSxEcj l0 glus yxs ,Slk dh nk<s+ rd vkidh uewnkj gks
x;ha] bl ;gwnh vkfye dh ckr dh rlnhd ds rkSj ij fQj vkius ;g
vk;r i<+h! oek dn:Yykgk gDdk dnfjgh oy vt+wZ tehvu dctrqgw
;kSey d;ker rk vkf[kj vk;r lwj,s jEt+ vk;r&67
eqlfye dh ,d fjok;r esa ;g gS fd igkM+ vkSj nj[k+r ,d mxyh esa fQj
og mu lc dks tqfEc'k nsdj dgsxk eSa ckn'kkg gw] eSa vYykg gwA
cq[k+kjh dh ,d fjok;r esa gS fd vklekuksa dks ,d mxyh ij] ikuh
vkSj t+ehu dks ,d mxyh ij vkSj nhxj reke e[k+ywd dks ,d mxyh ij
mls nksuksa cq[k+kjh o eqlfye us ntZ fd;k gS vkSj eqfLye dh fjok;r bCu
mej ls gS fd vYykg vklekuksa dks jkst+s d;ker yisV nsxk fQj mUgsa
vius ck;s gkFk esa ysxk fQj ogh dgsxk eSa ckn'kkg gw] dgk gSa ljd'k
yksx\ dgk gS viuh cM+kbZ t+kfgj djus okys\ vkSj bCu vCckl ls jok;r
gS fd lkrksa vkleku vkSj lkrksa t+ehus [kqnk dh gFksyh ij ,Slh gksxh tSls
jkbZ dk nkuk rqe esa ls fdlh ds gkFk esa vkSj
bCu t+jhj dk c;ku gS fd eq> ls ;wuql fcu oghc us
c;ku fd;k og dgrs gSa fd vcq tS+n us dgk fd eq> ls esjs okfyn us c;ku
fd;k] dgk fd jlwys [kqnk us Qjek;k fd lkrksa vkleku dqlh esa cl ,Sls
gSa tSls lkr fnjge pknh ds flDds fdlh lij <+ky esa vkSj vcq t+Sn us
;g Hkh dgk fd eSus iSxEcj [kqnk dks Qjekrs lquk fd dqlhZ v'kZ ds vUnj

(27)

(28)

uksV % t+ehus rks ,d mxyh esa vk pqdh gSa] vc ekywe ugha ;g dSlh t+ehu
gS tks ,d vkSj mxyh esa gS \

,Slh gS tSls yksgs dk NYyk ,d cM+s taxy dh iq'r ij yqM+d jgk gks vkSj
bCu eln ls fjok;r gS fd vkleku nqfu;k vkSj mlls feys gq,
vkleku ds njfe;ku ikp lkS cjl dh jkg gS vkSj blh rjg ij vkleku
dk Qklyk ikp lkS cjl dh jkg dk gS] vkSj fQj lkros vkleku vkSj
dqlhZ ds njfe;ku ikp lkS cjl dh jkg vkSj dqlhZ vkSj ikuh ds njfe;ku
ikp lkS cjl dh jkg vkSj v'kZikuh ds ij gS vkSj vYykg v'kZ ij gSA
fQj Hkh rqEgkjs vkeky esa ls dqN ml ij iks'khnk ugha jgrk bldh bCu
esganh us jok;r dh gS fgekn fcu eqfLyek ls mUgksaus vkfle ls mUgksus t+j
ls mUgksus vCnqYyk fcu eln ls vkSj blh ls feyrh tqyrh jok;r dh
gS eln us vkfle ls mUgksus vcq ok;y ls mUgksus vCnqYyk ls gkfQt+
t+gch us dgk gS fd ;g gnhl dbZ rjhds ls okfjn gqbZ gSA vkSj vCckl fcu
vCnqy eqErfyc jth0 ls jok;r gS fd jlwys [kqnk us Qjek;k %&
rqe tkurs gks vkleku vkSj t+ehu ds njfe;ku fdruk Qklyk gS]
yksxks us dgk fd vYykg vkSj mldk iSxEcj T+;knk okfdQ gS] Qjek;k
muds njfe;ku ikp lkS cjl dh jkg gS vkSj gj vkleku dk nwljs
vkleku ls Qklyk ikp lkS cjl dk gS] vkSj gj vkleku dh t[k+ker
ikp lkS cjl dh jkg ds cjkcj gS vkSj lkros vkleku vkSj v'kZ ds
njfe;ku ,d leqUnj gS mlds uhps vkSj ij dh lrg ds njfe;ku oSlk
gh Qklyk gS tSlk vkleku vkSj t+ehu ds njfe;ku gS vkSj vYykg rkyk
mlds ij gS] vkSj fQj Hkh ml ij vknfe;ksa ds vkeky esa dksbZ ckr
iks'khnk ugha jgrh gSA
bldh vcq nkn us r[kjht+ dh gS vkSj bl esa pUn elys gSa %&
igys bl vk;r dh rQlhj dh %& ^^oy vt+Z tehvu dct+ru
;kSey fd;kek** te+hu lc mldh eqB~Bh esa gksxh d;ker ds fnuA
nwljs ;s fd ;s vkSj ,Sls gh ekywekr mu ;gwfn;ksa ds ikl ckdh Fks
tks gt+jr l0 ds t+ekus esa Fks u mUgksaus mUgs xyr le>k Fkk vkSj u mudh

rkohy dh FkhA
rhljs ;s fd ml ;gwnh vkfye us tc iSxEcj l0 ds lkeus mldk
ft+ fd;k rks vkius mldh rl+nhd Qjek;h vkSj dqvkZuh vk;r mldh
eqrkfcdr esa ukft+y gqbZA
pkSFks ;gwnh vkfye ds bl cM+s bYe dks c;ku djus ds ckn iSxEcj
[kqnk l0 dk glukA
ikpos ljkgr nksuksa gkFkksa dh vkSj ;s dh vkleku nkfgus gkFk esa
gksxs vkSj t+ehus ck;sa gkFk esaA
egewn 'kdjh vkywlh tks [kqn ogkch elyd Fks ^^rkjh[k+ utn**
esa nhu vgys utn vkSj muds vQvky o vkeky ds t+sy esa fy[kk gS fd
og lQkr ;kuh gkFk] ewg oxSjg okys vk;kr vkSj vgknhl dks muds
t+kfgjh eQgwe ij cjdjkj j[krs gSa vkSj muds eryc dks vYykg ds
gokys djrs gSaA
ysfdu vxj og eryc dks vYykg ds gokys djrs rks muds
t+kfgjh eQgwe ij cjdjkj jgus dk QSlyk u djrsA
xkSj djus ds ckn gj lkgcs olhjr 'k[+l eglwl dj ldrk gS
fd mu vYQkt+ dks t+kfgjh eQgwe ij egewy djuk bLykeh rkyhe ls
eqrkfcdr ugha j[krk blfy, dh blls [k+kfyds+ eqrkvky dh ftfLe;r
ykft+e vkrh gS vkSj eqtLlek ds dqQj ij reke eqlyeku eqRrfQd gS
blfy, fd og mlwys rkSghn ds f[k+ykQ gS] bekeqy bykghu gt+jr vyh
fcu vch rkfyc vySfgLlyke ugt vycykxk ds igys gh [kqRcs esa
Qjekrs gSaA
rkSghn dk eqdEey gksuk ;g gS fd mlls flQkr dh uQh dh
tk; blfy, dh gj ekSlwQ bldk xokg gS fd og flQr ds vykok dqN
gS vkSj gj flQr mldh xokg gS fd og ekSlwQ ds vykok dqN gS rks
ftlus mlds volkQ ekus mlus mls ,d ls T+;knk eku fy;k vkSj ftlus
mls ,d ls T+;knk ekuk mlus mlds vt+t+k eku fy,**

(29)

(30)

t+kfgj gS fd vxj [k+kfyd ds fy, vt+t+k eku fy, tk;as rks og


vt+t+k ;k okftcqy otwn vkSj dnhe gksaxs] ;k gkfnl] vxj gkfnl gksa rks
[k+kfyd dh t+kr gkfnl gks tk;sxh] blfy, dh gkfnl pht+ksa ls eqjDdc
pht+ ykt+eu gkfnl gksxh vkSj vxj okftcqy otwn ekus rks okftcqy
otwn vkSj dnhe fcT+t+kr gksus esa [kkfyd ds gelj nwljs gks tk;sxs] tks
f'kdZ gSA blds vykok okftcqy otwn dk gksuk vkykr vkSj vtt+k dh
rjQ ykft+e vk;sxk vkSj eksgrkt gksus dk ykt+ek gqnwl o bedku gSA
jg x;s og vk;kr o vgknhl ftuls bl xyr vd+hns ij
bLrnyky fd;k tkrk gS rks t+kfgj gS fd gj t+cku esa vkSj fcY[kqlwl
vjch esa ,d&,d y+t+ ds dbZ&dbZ ek;us gksrs gSa] fygkt+k gj y+t+ ds og
ek;us djkj fn;s tkuk pkfg, tks vD+y o uD+y ds fygkt+ ls lgh djkj
ikrs gks elyu! bLrok dh y+t+ dk ,d lrgh eQgwe lh/ks cSBus dk gS
ysfdu ugy ds fygkt+ ls ml dk fcYdqy nq:Lr eQ+gwe dqnjr o xycs
ds lkFk dk;e o cjdjkj gksuk gS tks fcYdqy mlwy eqgkojk ds eqrkfcd
gS] vkSj 'kk;ku'kkus bykgh blh rjg ^otgq* ds ekus og vklkjs dqnjr gS
tks ekfjQrs bykgh dk t+fj;k gksrs gS] ftl dh ut+hjsa dykes vjc esa
cdljr gSA ;wgh ;n ds ekus rlYyqr o vf[+r;kjs dkfey ds gSaA
og ;gwnh vkfye okyh jok;r tks c;ku dh x;h gS nj gdhdr
bl vdhns ds xyr gksus dh nyhy gS ml jok;r esa ;gwnh ds dkSy ij
gt+jr l0 ds glus ds lkFk ;g tqeyk gykafd ^^ml ;gwnh dh ckr dh
rlnhd ds rkSj ij** ;g u dksbZ jlwy l0 dk dkSy gS] u vey ftls tqts+
gnhl le>k tk, cfYd ;g bl jok;r ds c;ku djus okys dk rlOoqj gS
tks mldh ukQgeh dh nyhy gS] djhus vD+y ;g gS fd gt+jr l0 bl
;gwnh dh fgekdr ij bruh f'kn~nr ds lkFk gls vkSj ;g vk;r mldh
jn esa i<+h fd mUgksaus vYykg dks ml dh gdhdh 'kku ds lkFk ugha le>k]
dk;ukr lc jkst+s d;ke+r mlds dCt+;s dqnjr esa gksxh] u ;g dh

dk;ukr dh ,d&,d pht+ dks og viuh ,d&,d mxyh ij ysdj mls


gjdr nsus dk djrc fn[kk,A
bl [;ky vkSj blds vykok nwljs [;kykr esa ftudk ckn esa
ft+ vk;sxk] bCu vCnqy ogkc ds eqDrnk vcqy vCckl vgen fcu
rSfe;k gjkZuh eqrwQ+h 28 fg0 gS ftUgksaus lcls igys mu ckrksa ij t+ksj fn;k
vkSj bl ckjs esa eqLrfdy fjlkys fy[ks] tSls vdhn;s gewfc;k vkSj
oklfr;k oxSjg vkSj muds 'kkfxnZ bCu dSf;e tksft+;k vkSj bCu vCnqy
gkn oxSjg muds dne cdne pys] mYek;s bLyke us buds dqQj dk
Qrok lkfnj fd;k vkSj ckt+ us muds tokt+ dRy dk gqDe fn;k rkge
og ,d rohy eqn~nr rd dSn jgsA
bl egy ij t+:jr eglwl gksrh gS fd bCu rSfe;k ds ckjs esa tks
ogkch vd+k;n ds ckuh eqckuh gS mYek;s bLyke ds rljhgkr ntZ fd;s
tk;s ftu ls irk pys fd tc is'kok dh gSfl;r ;g gS rks iSjoksa dh
gSfl;r D;k gks ldrh gS\
vYykek bCu gt+j eDdh us viuh fdrkc ^^tkSgjs eUte dh
T+;kjrs dc:uuchf;y eqdjZe** esa fy[kk gS fd %
bCu rSfe;k dh yxft+'k ,Slh gS ftldk rnk:d ugha gks ldrk
vkSj ,Slh eqlhcr gS fd ftldk ocky&toky ithj ugha] bl 'k[+l dks
uQlkuh [+okfg'k us vkeknk fd;k fd og vyes btfrgkn cqyUn djds
reke mYek;s lYQ ds f[k+ykQ cgqr ls elk;y esa muds btek dh
eq[k+kfyQr djs vkSj is'ko;kus nhu ;gk rd [kqyQk;s jk'knhu ij jdhd
,rjkt+kr djs] ;gk rd fd ckjxkgs bykgh esa Hkh xqLrkf[k;k djs] blus
[kqnk dh 'kku] tyky o tc:r dks lnek igqpk;k fd voke ds lkeus
ckyk;s feucj lkQ&lkQ mlds ftLe gksus vkSj flErs [k+kl esa gksus dk
,Syku fd;k vkSj tks bldk budkj djs ^mls xqejkg djkj fn;k] ;gk rd
fd reke mYek;s t+ekuk us eqRrfQd gksdj ckn'kkg oD+r dks mlds dRy

(31)

(32)

;k dS+n djus ij etcwj fd;k pq%ukUpk mlus vkf[k+j mez rd dSn gLrh ls
fjgk gksus rd mls dSn j[kk vkSj mlds ckn ;g vkx t+jk [kkeks'k gqbZ vkSj
va/ksjs NV x;s exj fQj dqN mlds gkeh oDru Q&oDru iSnk gksrs jgs
ysfdu mUgs dksbZ rkdr gkfly ugh gqbZ cfYd ges'kk tyhy o jqlok vkSj
xt+c bykgh esa fxj+rkj jgsA**
mUgksaus viuh nwljh fdrkc ^^v'kjQqy olk;y byk Qgeh'k
'kek;y** esa fy[kk gS vekes dks nksuksa dkU/kksa ds chp yVdkus ds ckjs esa fd
bCu dSf;e us vius mLrkn bCu rSfe;k ds fy, dgk gS fd mUgksaus ,d
ukfnj ckr dgh gS vkSj og ;g fd tc vkagt+jr l0 us vius ijojfnxkj
dks viuk gkFk muds dka/kksa ds chp esa j[ks gq, ns[kk rks ml txg dks ;g
bfEr;kt+ vrk fd;k] bjkdh us dgk fd gesa bldh dksbZ vLy ugha feyh]
eSa dgrk gw fd ;g bu nksuksa bCu rSfe;k vkSj bCu dSf;e ds nwljs
[+;kykr dh rjg dh pht+ gS tks ecuh gS ml rlOoqj ij tks mudk gS]
vkSj ftlds lkfcr djus esa mUgksaus cgqr rwy dyke ls dke fy;k gS] vkSj
vg~ys lqUur ij rku o r'kuh; dh gS fd og blds equdj gSa vkSj vYykg
ds fy, ftgr vkSj ftLe dk rtoht+ djuk gSA
ckyk rj gS mldh t+kr mu t+kfyeksa ds [;kykr ls vkSj muds
;gk bl edke ij bruh [kjkc vkSj cn ,srdknh dh ckrsa gSa] ftuls dkuksa
dks vft+;r gksrh gS vkSj QSlyk ;gh gksrk gS fd ;g xyr] >wB] xqejkgh
vkSj cqgrku dh ckrs gSaA vYykg mudk cqjk djs vkSj cqjk mldk tks muds
vdoky dk eksrfdn gks vkSj beke vgen fcu gacy vkSj muds elyd
ds cqt+qxZ ejrck myek bl cqjkbZ ds nkx ls cjh gS vkSj D;w dj ,Slk u gks
fd ;g cgqr lksa ds ut+nhd dq gSA**
;g tqt+ xSj ;dhuh gS blfy, fd eSa ckn esa ,d nwljs eqlfUuQ dk C;ku
vk;sxk fd nksckjk og fjgk gq, vkSj ckn esa tku cgd rLyhe gq,A

gekjs y[ku ds ekSykuk vCnqy gyhe fQjaxh egyh


**gYyyevkfdn gkf'k;k 'kjgk vdk,n** fy[krs gSa fd %A
^^rdh;qn~nhu bCu rSfe;k gacyh 'k[+l Fkk exj og gn ls vkxs c<+
x;k gkSj ,Slh ckrksa ds lkfcr djus dk nj is gqvk tks vt+er o tyky
[kqnk oUn vkye ds f[k+ykQ gS fd mlds fy, flEr ftgr vkSj ftLe eku
fy;k vkSj cgqr ls ml 'k[+l ds gQokr gS elyu gt+jr mLeku ds fy,
dgk fd og eky ls eqgCcr j[krs Fks vkSj gt+jr vyh ds fy, dgk fd
mudk beku nq:Lr u Fkk] blfy, fd cpiu esa beku yk;s Fks vkSj vgys
cSr iSxEcj l0 ds fy, ,Slh ckrsa dgh tks dksbZ eksfeu t+cku ij ugha yk
ldrkA gkykafd lgh vgknhl muds equkfdc esa dqrqc lgkg esa okfjn gq,
gSa vkSj ,d tylk fdyk;s tchy esa gqvk vkSj ogk vdkfcj mYek ml
oDr ds tek gq, ftuds jkl o jbZl dkthby dqtk tSuqn~nhu ekydh Fks]
vkSj ogk bCu rSfe;k dks Hkh gkft+j fd;k x;k vkSj rwykuh xqrxw ds ckn
dkthy dqtkr us mls dSn djus dk gqD+e fn;k vkSj ;g 705 fgtjh dk
okD;k gSA fQj nfe'd oxSjk esa ,Syku gqvk fd tks 'k[+l bCu rSfe;k ds
vdhns ij gqvk mldk tku o eky gyky gS vkSj mldk ft+ ejkry
ftuka;kQ;h esa ekStwn gS] fQj mlus rkSck dh vkSj 707 fgtjh esa dSn ls
fjgk;h ik;h vkSj dgk eSa ^^v'kvjh** elyd dk ikcUn jgwxk fQj ml
vgn dks rksM+k vkSj vius vdk;n dk bt+gkj fd;k rks nksckjk dSn l[+r
dh lt+k gqbZ fQj rkSck dh vkSj dSn ls fjgkbZ gqbZ vkSj 'kke esa d;ke fd;k
ogk cgqr ls okD;kr bl flyflys esa is'k gq, tks dqrwcs rkjh[k+ esa et+dwj
gSa**
vYykek bCu gt+j eDdh us ^^nnZdkeuk** ftYn vOoy esa vkSj
t+gch us viuh rkjh[k+ esa blds vd+oky o gkykr dk rt+fdjk fd;k gS
;g c;ku rks njfe;ku esa fteuu vk x;k] vLy eryc ;g gS fd bCu
rSfe;k us pwfd [kqnk dh ftfLe;r dks vf[+r;kj fd;k fygkt+k dgk fd

(33)

(34)

blds fy, edku gS blfy, fd gj ftLe ds fy, edku t+:jh gS] vkSj
pwfd d+qvkZu esa gS ^^vjZgeku vyy v'khZ blRok** blfy, dgk fd v'kZ gh
bldk edku gS vkSj pwfd [kqnk oUn vkye vt+y ls gS vkSj vkye ds
reke vtt+k gkfnl gS blfy, bls etcwju dguk iM+k fd ftUl v'kZ
vtyh vkSj dnhe gS ysfdu bldh yk eqrukgh 'kf[l;rsa ,d ds ckn
nhxj otwn esa vkrh jgrh gSa rks edku esa gksus dh flQ+r [kqnk dh dnhe gS
edku ds rS;qukr gkfnl gSA
ejkr vy&tuku ;kQbZ esa bCu rSfe;k ds fQ+rus ds ft+ esa gS fd
felz esa tks mu ij bYt+ke vk;n gqvk og ;g fd og dgrs gSa fd [+kqnk
gd+hd+ru v'kZ ij cSBk gS vkSj og gq:Q+ vkSj vkokt+ ds lkFk dyke djrk
gS vkSj blh ds ckn nfe'd oxSjg esa ,Syku fd;k x;k fd tks bCu rSfe;k
ds vdhns ij gks mldk tku o eky gyky gSA
vcqy fQ+nk us viuh rkjh[k+ esa 705 fgtjh ds gkykr esa fy[kk gS
fd blesa rd+h;qn~nhu vgen bCu rSfe;k dks nfe'd ls felz cqyk;k x;k
vkSj ,d tylk gqvk ftlesa cgl eqckfgls ds ckn r; gqvk fd og bu
,srd+knkr ds lcc tsy esa Mky fn;k tk, blfy, fd og ftLeh;r dk
d+k;y gSA
blds vykok gekjh ut+j ls bl b'kfrgkj dh dqN bckjrsa Hkh
xqt+jh gS tks ckn'kkg dh rjQ ls bl 'k[+l ds ckjs esa 'kk; fd;k x;k Fkk
mudk [kqyklk ;g gS fd bl cnulhc bCu rSfe;k us bl eqn~nr esa vius
dye dh t+cku dks c<+k j[kk Fkk vkSj vius vYQkt+ dh ckx <hyh dj
j[kh Fkh vkSj dqvkZu bykgh ds elk;y esa cglsa mBk;h vkSj vius dyke esa
cgqr lh xyr ckrksa dh ljkgr dh vkSj ,Slh ckrksa esa xqrqxw dh ftu ls
lgkck o rkcsbZu us [kkeks'kh bf[+r;kj dh vkSj og ckrsa t+cku ij yk;k tks
lYQs lkfyghu ds fy, ukdkfcys dqcwy Fkh] vkSj og ,srdknkr t+kfgj
fd;s ftUgsa vbEek bLyke us xyr djkj fn;k gS] vkSj ftuds f[k+ykQ+

reke myek;s bLyke dk bteka gS] vkSj vrjkQs eqYd esa blds ,Sls Qroksa
dh b'kkvr gks jgh gS ftuls voke xqejkg gks jgh gS] vkSj bl ckjs esa mlus
reke myek;s vlj vkSj Qqdgk;s 'kke o felz dh eq[k+kfyQr dh gSA tc
ge rd ;g [k+cjsa igqph vkSj ekywe gqvk fd ,d fxjksg mldk Hkh iS: gks
x;k gS vkSj og yksx vYykg ds ckjs esa gq:Q vkSj vkokt+ vkSj ftfLe;r
dh ljkgr djrs gSa] rks ge blds f[kykQ [kM+s gksus ds fy, etcwj gq,**
;g eUlwj dkQh rwykuh gSa ftlds dqN tqeyksa dk eryc fy[kk
x;k gSA
bl lc ls ekywe gqvk fd bl rjg flQkrs bykgh vkSj ftfLe;r
dk ,srdkn og gS ftlds dq gksus ij mYek;s bLyke eqRrfQd gSA vc
blls bCu vCnqy ogkc vkSj muds iSjqvksa ds eqrkfYyd jk; dk;e dh tk
ldrh gS tks bUgha ckrksa ds dk;y gSaA
lkfcd esa tks dqN ntZ gqvk gS og vg~ys lqUur ds rljhgkr Fks
vkSj mYek;s f'k;k ds rljhgkr eqtLlek ds dqQj ds eqrkfYyd 'kjg
yEvk ^^fj;kt+qy elk;sy] elkfyd vkSj tkSgjs dyke rdjhcu reke
fQdk tkQjh dh fdrkcksa esa ns[ks tk ldrs gSaA bl rjg iwjh mEer dk
bT+ek muds dqQj ij lkfcr o ergfDd gks tkrk gSA

(35)

(36)

oYykgq vnqRoq fyydkfQjhu

nwljk ckc

ogkch vdhnk jlwys [kqnk lYyykgq vySgh


o vkfygh olYye ds ckjs esa
bCu vCnqy ogkc vkSj muds iS: ;g vdhnk j[krs gSa fd jlwys
[kqnk l0 nqfu;k ls mB tkus ds ckn viuh dcz esa feLy vke ejus okyksa ds
gks x;s fd u lqurs gSa vkSj u tokc ns ldrs gSa] u vkidks bldk vf[+r;kj
gS fd e'kfjd o exfjc esa tgk pkgs tk, vkSj blds vykok vkidh dcz
eqrgj dh ft+;kjr ds fy, lQj djds tkuk buds ut+nhd gjke gS vkSj
vkids lkFk roLlqy vkSj vki dh dcz ds ikl nqvk ekxuk tk;t+ ugha gS
vkSj ;k jlwy vYykg dgdj iqdkjuk f'kdZ gSA tks oQkr ds ckn vkils
eq[k+kfrc gksdj dksbZ gktr ryc djs og eq'kfjd gSa fd mldk tku o
eky gyky gS] mldks c[+;ky [kqn lkfcr djus ds fy, og vk;kr o
vgknhl ls bLrnykr djrs gSa] tks njgdhd+r bl ij nykyr ugha djrs
vkSj reke eqLyeku eqRrfQd gSa fd gt+jr l0 ckn oQkr ft+Unk gSa] u
,Slh ft+Unxh tks cuLls dqvkZu 'kksgnk ds fy, Hkh lkfcr gS cfYd mlls
cnjtgk T+;knk eqdEey ft+UnxhA
;g rlOoqj fd gt+jr l0 dh dcz eqrgj dh T+;kjr ds fy,
lQj djuk eEuq gS] bldh cqfu;kn ,d gnhl ij gS tks vgys lqUur ds
;gk okfjn gS fd iSxEcj [kqnk lYyyykgq vySgh o vkfygh olYye us
Qjek;k fd flok rhu efLtnksa ds fdlh txg ds fy, f'kn~ns fjgky

;kuh lQj djds tkuk tk;st+ ugha gS] bls tks vius ed+ln dh
(37)

nyhy cukdj is'k fd;k tkrk gS ;g xyr gS blfy, fd t+jk Hkh tks
vjch ls okfdQ gS o le> ldrk gS fd bl gnhl dk eryc ;g gS
fd efLtnksa esa cl ;g rhu efLtnsa gS ftuds fy, [kkl rkSj ij lQj
djuk pkfg, blfy, fd eqlrluk eqg dk eqlrluk dh ftUl ls
gksuk ,d [kqyh gqbZ ckr gS] elyu vxj dksbZ dgs fd eSus mej Hkj esa
cl og efLtn ns[kh gS mlds flok dksbZ ugha rks gj ,d ;gh
le>sxk fd efLtn dksbZ vkSj ugha ns[kh] ;g FkksM+h fd dksbZ bekjr
nwljh ;k dksbZ pht+ nwljh ugha ns[kh] blh rjg blls fd flok rhu
efLtnksa ds vkSj fdlh ds fy, lQj u fd;k tk,] efLtnksa esa
bufgtkj lkfcr gksxk] fygkt+k ;g urhtk fudkyuk nq:Lr ugha fd
jkSt+;s jlwy ds fy, lQj djuk tk,t+ ugha gS] ojuk fQj ,d 'kgj
ls nwljs 'kgj frtkjr oxSjg ds fy, Hkh lQj tk;st+ u gksuk pkfg,
ftldk xyr gksuk t+kfgj gS vkSj dbZ erZck [kqn iSxEcjs [kqnk l0 us
cflyflyk frtkjr 'kke dk lQj Qjek;k vkSj bldk lcwr feyrk
gSA beke vgen fcu gacy dh jok;r dk et+ewu ;g fd fdlh
efLtn dh rjQ tgk ft+s bykgh gksrk gSA lQj djds tkuk ugha
gksxk flok rhu efLtnksa ds] bls lS;n eqLrQk uw:n~nhu gqlSuh us
viuh fdrkc ^^[kqyklkrqy fedky Qh f'kn~nhjfjgky** esa ntZ fd;k
gS] vkSj gdhdr ;g gS fd gnhlksa us ,d nwljs dh r'kjhg djrh gSa]
vkSj gqDe eqryd dh ot+kgr eqdS;n ls gksrh gS vkSj cjkcj reke
eqlyeku vkSj gj nkSj ds mYek jkSt+;s jlwy dh ft+;kjr ds fy,
lQ+j djrs jgs gSa] vkSj fdlh us Hkh ml ij ,srjkt+ ugha fd;k blls
reke eqlyekuksa dk btek o bfRrQkd lkfcr gksrk gS] vkSj ftu
yksxksa us ckn esa blds eq[k+kfyQ jkg vf[+r;kj dh og tekvr ls
fudy x;s vkSj btek;h jkLrs ls equgfjQ gks x;sA
(38)

ckt+ vgknhl ls Hkh T+;kjrs ds fy, lQj dk lqcwr feyrk gS]


tSlk fd vyh fcu cjgkuqn~nhu 'kkQ;h dh fdrkc ^^balkuqy;wu**
esa gS fd tc tukc jlwys [kqnk l0 dh oQkr gks x;h rks fcyky
jth0 vUgk 'kke dh rjQ pys x;s vkSj dgk vc jlwy lYyykgq
vySgh o vkfygh olYye ds ckn enhus dh lwjr ugha ns[kwxk] vlsZ
rd ogk jgs exj ,d 'kc jlwyYykg l0 dks [+okc esa ns[kk fd
Qjekrs gSa fd ,S fcyky! rqeus gekjk tokj NksM+ fn;k vkSj 'kke esa
d+;ke dj fy;k rks D;k vc gekjh T+;kjr ds fy, Hkh ugha vkrs\ cl
twgh og csnkj gq, mUgksaus lQj dh rS;kjh dj nh vkSj enhuk vk;s
vkSj dcz iSxEcj l0 dh ft+;kjr ds fy, gkft+j gq,A**
vkSj ;g vgknhl lgkg ls lkfcr gS fd ftlus jlwy vYykg
l0 dks [+okc esa ns[kk mlus gt+jr l0 gh dks ns[kk gS blfy, fd
'kSrku gt+jr l0 dh lwjr esa ugha vk ldrk] blls lQj djuk
ft+;kjrs dczs jlwy l0 ds fy, [kqn gqDes jlwy ls lkfcr gks tkrk gS]
ftlls bUdkj dh fdlh dks xqatkb'k ugha gSA
bCu vCnqy ogkc us bl dkSy dks Hkh vius is'k: bCu rSfe;k
vkSj bCu dS+f;e ls fy;k gS fd bu nksuksa us lcls igys ;g lnk
cqyUn dh vkSj bls lkfcr djus esa rwy dyke ls dke fy;k vkSj
mYek;s bLyke us mldh jn esa eqLrfdy fdrkcsa rgjhj dh
tSls&f'kQkmLldke Q+h ft+;kjrh [kS:yvuke** tks vkBoha lnh ds
dkthydqtkr 'ks[k+ gkfQt+ rdh;qn~nhu glu lcdh dh rluhQ gS
vkSj ^^tkSgjs equTte Q+h ft+;kjrsa dcz uchf;y eqdjZe** vt vYykek
bCu gtj eDdh gSReh vkSj ^^equrgy edkyh Qh 'kjg gnhlh yk
r'kn~ny fjtky** vt eq+rh lnjqn~nhu vkSj ^^[+kqyklrqy fed+ky

Qh 'kfnnj fjtky** vt+ lS;n eqLrQk uq:n~nhu gqlSuh


oxSjg&oxSjgA
;gk dqN bu fdrkcksa ds bdfrcklkr vkSj dqN nhxj myek
ds bj'kknkr tks fteuu nwljh fdrkcksa esa bl ekSt+w ls eqrkfYyd gSa
ntZ fd;s tkrs gSa] vYykek lCdh us viuh fdrkc ds eqdn~nes esa
fy[kk gS fd ckjxkgs bykgh esa rdj:c ds csgrjhu vlckc esa ls
gt+jr ljojs dk;ukr l0 dh dcz eqrgj dh ft+;kjr vkSj vrjkQs
vkye ls blds fy, lQj gS tSlk fd 'kdZ o xoZ ds reke eqlyekuksa
esa lkygklky ls tkjh o lkjh gS vkSj bu ckrksa esa tks 'kSrku us bl
t+ekus esa ckt+ cnulhcksa ds t+qcku ij tkjh dh gSA blesa 'kd iSnk
djuk gS vkSj ;g 'kd muds fny esa gfxZt+ ugha vk ldrk tks lPps
eqlyeku gksa] vkSj ;g ,d ololk gS ,Sls cnulhc dk iSnk fd;k
gqvk ftldk ocky ml ij vk;sxk vkSj ml ij ogh vg~dke tkjh
gksaxs tks dkuwus bykgh us lkQ rkSj ij ,Sls v'k[k+kl ds fy, ukfQt+
fd;s gSa vkSj ckfry 'kqCgs Quk gksdj jgrs gSaA
nwljh txg bl fdrkc esa fy[kk gSA
^^bCu rSfe;k ds ikl bldh dksbZ nyhy ugha vkSj nhuh mlwy
vkSj blykQs lkyhghu dh lhjr ls ekywe gksrk gS fd og cgqr ls
usdksdkj o ijgst+xkj veokr ds vklkj dks eqrcfjZd le>rs jgs gSa
ps tk;ds vfc;k o eqjlyhu vkSj tks bldk nkok djs fd vfc;k ds
eqdn~nl dqcwj vkSj vke eqlyekuksa dh dczs ;dlk gSa mlus bfUrgk;h
xyr nkok fd;k ftlds ckfry gksus dk ge ;dhu j[krs gSaA vkSj
blesa jlwys [kqnk l0 ds ejrcs dks vke eqlyekuksa dh lrg rd
?kVkuk gS vkSj ;g ;dhuu nkf[k+ys dq gSA blfy, fd tks jlwy l0

(39)

(40)

ds ejrcs dks mldh 'kk;kus'kku lrg ls fxjk;s og dkfQj gS vkSj


vxj og dgs fd ;g ekuuk ugha gS cfYd muds equkflc ntsZ ls
mudh vt+er dks c<+kus ls jksduk gS rks ;g Hkh ftgkyr vkSj
xqLrk[k+h gS vkSj gesa ;dhu gS fd iSxEcj [kqnk blls Hkh T+;knk rkt+he
o rdjhe ds eqLrgd gSa] ft+Unxh esa Hkh vkSj viuh oQkr ds ckn Hkh
vkSj blesa 'kd ugha dj ldrk og ftlds fny esa t+jk Hkh bZeku gks**
vYykek bCu gtj tkSgj equTte esa fy[krs gSa %&
vxj rqe dgks fd ge ft+;kjrs dcz eqrgj vkSj blds fy,
lQj ds eqrkfcd 'kjg gksus ij btek D;ksadj eku ldrs gSa gkykafd
gacyh tekvr esa ls bCu rSfe;k bl lcds eokfQd 'kjk gksus ds
equfdj gSa tSlk fd lqcdh us C;ku fd;k gS vkSj dgk gS fd bCu
rSfe;k us bl ij cgqr rqykuh bLrnyky fd;k gS] cfYd mUgksaus ;s
nkok fd;k gS fd lQj bl ft+;kjr ds fy, btekvu gjke gS] vkSj
blesa uekt+ dlz u gksxh vkSj ;g ftruh gnhls bldh Qt+hyr esa gSa
lc ot;h gSa vkSj ckn esa Hkh dqN mYek us bl dkSy dh iSjoh dh gSA
rks eSa dgwxk fd bCu rSfe;k dkSu gS ftldh rjQ ut+j Mkyh tk,
vkSj nhu ds ekeykr esa ls fdlh esa ml ij Hkjkslk fd;k tk, vkSj og
rks tSlk fd ,d tekvr us tSls xj fcu tek] mlds vdoky vkSj
csdher nyk;y dk tk;t+k fy;k gS vkSj blds roksgqekr vkSj
xyfr;ksa dk bt+gkj fd;k gS] ,d ,Slk 'k[+l gS ftls vYykg us
xqejkgksa esa nkf[k+y fd;k gS vkSj mls jqlokbZ dh pknj m<+k nh gS vkSj
gykdr dk eqlrfgd djkj fn;k gS vkSj bfUrgk;h vQt+k ijokt+h
vkSj njksx C;kuh ls mlus vius fy, og txg cuk;h gS tks mldh
lqcdh vkSj jgers [kqnk ls eg:eh dk lcc gS vkSj 'ks[kqy bYyke

rdh lqcdh us ftudh cqt+qxhZ] btfrgkn] ijgst+xkjh vkSj is'kok;h


eqlYye gS mldh jn esa ,d eqLrfdy fdrkc rgjhj dh gS vkSj
mlesa eqLrgde nyk;y ls lgh jkLrs dks okt+sg fd;k gSA**
eqrh ln~:n~nhu us equrgy edky esa fy[kk gS fd %&
cqt+qxZ erZck vkfye eqrcfgj] eqgn~nlhu ds egy bLrukn
'ks[k+ eksgEen cjslh us viuh fdrkc ^^bRr,gyQqy bjQku c:;ry
vafc;k oy eykbdytku** esa fy[kk gS fd bCu rSfe;k gacyh us tqjkr
o tlkjr ls dke fy;k gS vkSj nkok fd;k gS fd gt+jr iSxEcj [kqnk
l0 dh dcz eqrgj dh ft+;kjr ds fy, lQj gjke gS vkSj ;g fd
uekt+ bl lQj esa dlz u gksxh] blfy, fd ;g lQjs ekfl;r gS
vkSj blesa ,Sls rwy dyke ls dke fy;k gS ftlds lquus ls dku
badkjh gS vkSj rchvrs eqrufQj gksrh gS vkSj bl dyke dh ugwlr
mlds 'kkfeys gky jgh ;gk rd fd mldh tlkjr ckjxkg vt+tks
tyky gt+jr ckjh rd igqp x;h vkSj blus vt+ers [k+kfyd ds ijns
dks f'kxkQrk dj fn;k vkSj ,slh ckrksa dks lkfcr djus dh dksf'k'k
dh tks mldh 'kus vt+er o deky ds f[kykQ gSa fd [kqnk ds fy,
flEr tsgr vkSj ftfLe;r dk nkok fd;k vkSj tks mls u ekus mls
xqejkg vkSj xqugxkj djkj fn;k vkSj bldk feEcjksa ij ,syku fd;k
vkSj bldk ppkZ gj rjQ QSyk vkSj mYek;s eqtrfgnhu dh tks blds
igys gq, gSa cgqr ls elyksa esa eq[k+kfyQr dh vkSj [kqyQk;s jkf'knhu
ij ypj vkSj iksap ,srjkt+kr fd;s ftldk urhtk ;g gS fd og
'k[+l bl nkSj ds reke myek dh ut+j ls fxj x;k vkSj voke o
[+okl lcdks ml ij vxq'kr uqekbZ gqbZ vkSj myek us mlds xyr
vD+oky dk tk;st+k fy;k vkSj mlds nyk;y dh jn dh vkSj mldh

(41)

(42)

yfXt+'kksa dks uqek;k fd;k vkSj mlds roksgqekr vkSj xyfr;ksa dks
okt+sg fd;kA**
vgen fcu 'kgkcqn~nhu [kQ+kt+h us ^^ulheqfjZ;kt 'kjgq
f'kQkvdkth v;kt+** esa bl gnhls jlwy l0 ds ntZ djus ds ckn fd
vYykg ykur djs ;gwnh o ulkjk ij fd mUgksaus vius vafEc;k dh
dczksa dks egYys ltnk cuk fn;k** fy[kk gSA
^^ekywe gksuk pkfg, fd bl gnhl dh otg ls bCu rSfe;k
vkSj mlds rkcbZu tSls bCu dS+f;e us viuk og jqlok;s t+ekuk
rlOoqj d+k;e fd;k ftldh otg ls lcus mUgsa dkfQj djkj fn;k
vkSj lqCdh us ,d eqLrfdy fdrkc ml ij fy[kh vkSj og ft+;kjrs
dcz jlwy l0 vkSj mlds fy, lQj dks eeuw djkj nsuk gSA mUgksaus
c[+;ky [kqn rkSghn ds igyw dk rgQqt+ fd;k ,Sls eqgfeykr ds
lkFk ftudk ft+ Hkh equkflc ugha gS D;ksafd og fdlh lkgcs vD+y
dh t+qcku ij ugha vk ldrs pstk;sds ds fdlh Qkft+y vkneh dh
t+qcku ijA
eqYyk vyh dkjh us 'kjgf'kQk dh nwljh ftYn esa fy[kk gS fd %&
gacfy;ksa esa ls bCu rSfe;k us rQjhr ls dke fy;k fd
ft+;kjrs jlwy l0 ds fy, lQj dks gjke djkj fn;k ftl rjg
nwljksa us vQjkr ls dke fy;k fd mUgksaus dgk fd ft+;kjr dk
nkf[k+y bcknr gksuk t+:fj;krs nhu esa ls gS vkSj bl ds equdj ij
gqDe dq+ tkjh gS vkSj xkfycu ;g nwljk rlOoqj gdhdr ls T+;knk
djhc gSA blfy, fd ftl pht+ ds eqLrgc gksus ij btek;s mYek gks
bldk gjke dguk dqQZ gksxk blfy, fd ;g ckyk rj gS bldh
fdlh eqrrfQdk rkSj ij eqckg pht+ dks gjke dgk tk;s ftlds dqQZ

gksus ij bfRrQkd gSA**


d'kQqTuquwu esa gS fd mYek us bCu rSfe;k ds ckjs esa cM+s
bQjkr ls dke fy;k gS fd ljkgru fy[kk gS fd
^^tks bCu rSfe;k dks 'ks[kqy bLyke** dgs og Hkh dkfQj gS**
bu reke bckjrksa ls ekywe gqvk fd cgqr ls mYek bCu rSfe;k ds dqQZ
ij bl dkSy dh otg ls eqRrfQd gSaA
'ks[k+ bCu gtj eDdh us ^^nnZ dkeuk** esa fy[kk gS fd %&
^^yksx bCu rSfe;k ds ckjs esa dbZ fdLe ds gSaA dqN rks mls eqtLleksa esa
nkf[k+y djrs gSaA pwfd vdhnk gewfe;k vkSj okLrh;k oxSjg esa fy[kk
gS fd gkFk vkSj iSj vkSj fi.Myh vkSj psgjk lc gdhdru vYykg ds
fy, lkfcr gS vkSj og ctkr [kqn v'kZ ij cSBk gqvk gS dgk fd blls
edku [k+kl esa gksuk vkSj bldk vtt+k ij rDlhe gksuk ftLe ds
[kqlwfl;kr esa ls gS rks dgk x;k fd cgjgky ;g 'k[+l [kqnk dks
ykedku ugha ekurk vkSj blds fy, tqT+cs edku dk dk;y gS vkSj
dqN yksx mls csnhu blfy, ekurs gSa fd mldk dkSy gS fd iSxEcjs
[k+qnk lYyykgq vySgh olYye ls Qj;kn ugha dh tk ldrh] blesa
jlwy [kqnk lYyyykgq vySgh o vkfygh olYye dh rudhl gS vkSj
vki dh rkt+he ls jksduk gSA lcls T+;knk r'kn~nqn bl ckjs esa uwj
cdjh dks Fkk fd tc bl ckjs esa bfTrek gqvk rks ckt+ gkt+jhu us dgk
fd bl 'k[+l dks rkt+hj ykft+e gS rks mUgksus dgk fd blds dksbZ
ekus ugha blfy, fd vxj mlls jlwy l0 dh rUdhl gksrh gS rks
gqDe dRy gksuk pkfg, vkSj vxj rUdhl ugha gksrh rks gqDe rkt+hj
Hkh D;ksa gks\ dqN yksx equkfQd dk gqD+e tkjh djrs gSa gt+jr vyh ds
ckjs esa ;g dgus ls fd mUgksaus ft/kj Hkh :[k+ fd;k og ukdke o

(43)

(44)

ukeqjkn jgs vkSj mUgksaus dbZ nQk f[k+ykQr gkfly djus dh dksf'k'k
dh exj ugha ik lds vkSj mUgksaus taxs flQZ bfDrnkj ds fy, dh] u
fd nhu ds fy, vSj og bfDrnkj ds [+okfg'k ean Fks vkSj mleku ekys
nqfu;k ls cM+h eksgCcr j[krs Fks] vkSj mldk ;g dkSy gS fd vcw&cdj
cw<+s Fks] le>rs Fks D;k dg jgs gSa] vkSj vyh cpiu esa bZeku yk;s vkSj
cPps dk bLyke dkfcys dqcwy ugha] vkSj nq[+rj vcq&tsgy dh
[+okLxkjh ds flyflys esa tks dqN dgk gSA bl lc esa gt+jr vyh
vyS0 ds f[k+ykQ rku o r'kuh; gS vkSj iSxEcj [kqnk lYyYykgq
vySgh o vkfygh olYye dh gnhl gS tks gt+jr vyh ls eq[k+krc
gksdj bj'kkn Qjek;h Fkh fd rqEgs nq'eu ugha j[ksxk dksbZ flok
equkfQd dsA
dqN yksx [+;ky djrs gSa fd ;g 'k[+l bekes mEer cuus dk
[+okc ns[krk Fkk blfy, fd og bCu rksejkr dk cgqr ft+ djrk Fkk
vkSj mldh rkjhQs djrk Fkk bu lc ckrksa dh otg ls o rwykuh
eqn~nr rd dSn esa j[kk x;k vkSj bl flyflys esa cgqr ls okD;kr gS
tks e'kgwj gSa vkSj og tc dk;y fd;k tkrk Fkk rks dg nsrk Fkk fd
esjk ;g eryc ugha Fkk] esjk eryc nwljk Fkk vkSj fQj ,d cgqr nwj
njkt+ dk eQgwe C;ku dj nsrkA**
bu reke mYek ds vDoky ls lkfcr gks x;k fd ft+;kjrs
jlwy l0 ds fy, lQj ds bLrsglku ij eqlYekuksa dk bRrQkd o
btek gS] vkSj tks bldk equdj gS og t:fj;krsnhu esa ls ,d pht+
dk equdj gSA

cgls roLlqy
roLlqy jlwys [kqnk l0 ds t+fj;s ls vYykg dh ckjxkg esa blds
(45)

fy, dqvkZu ethn ls Hkh lqcwr ekStwn gS vkSj cdljr vgknhl Hkh gS
vkSj lgkck o rkcbZu ds vklkj Hkh vkSj fQj rcs rckbZu vkSj reke
mEers bLykfe;k dk vyEnjvken Hkh gS ftuesa ls gj ,d ;ds ckn
nhxjs t+Sy esa ntZ gSA

dqvkZu ethn ls roLlqy dk lqcwr


jlwy l0 ls f[krkc djds dqvkZu ethn esa bj'kkn gt+jrs vgnh;r
gS fd ^^D;kas ugha gqvk ,Slk fd tc mUgksaus xqukgksa ds bfrZdkc ls
vius ij tq+Ye fd;k Fkk rks og vki ds ikl vkrs vkSj vkdj
vYykg ls ex+fQjr ryc djrs vkSj iSxEcj muds fy, vLrxQkj
djrs rks vYykg dks rkSck dqcwy djus okyk esgjcku ikrs** vk;r
vc gj 'k[+l le> ldrk gS fd vxj iSxEcj ls roLlqy
erywc u gksrk rks ctk; [kqn mudk vLrxQ+kj dkQh Fkk] ;g gqDe
u fn;k tkrk fd og jlwy l0 ds ikl tk;sa vkSj vkids ikl vkdj
vLrx+Qkj djsa vkSj bldh t+:jr u gksrh fd jlwy l0 muds fy,
vLrxQkj djsa] t+kfgj gS fd [kqnkoUn vkye ctkrs [kqn
^^rkSokcqjZghe** gS exj ;gk mlus vius rkSokcqjZghe gksus dh 'krZ ds
lkFk e'k:r dj fn;k gS] blls c<+dj roLlqy ds erywc bykgh
gksus dh nyhy D;k gks ldrh gS \

v+gknhl o vklkjs lgkck o rkcbZu


1

tukcs vkne dk roLlqy


bldk ft+ eqrvfnn vgknhl esa gS] feutqeyk muds og gS
(46)

ftls gkfde us eqLrnfjd esa ntZ fd;k gS vkSj mls lgh djkj fn;k gS
fd tc gt+jr vkne vySfgLlyke ls ^^rdZ vkSyk** gqvk rks mUgksaus
dgk ijojfnxkj! eSa rq>ls eksgEen eqLrQk l0 ds gd dk okLrk
nsdj loky djrk gw fd rw eq>s c[+'k ns] bj'kkns bykgh gqvk fd ,S
vkne! rqe us mUgsa D;ksadj igpkuk\ vt+Z fd;k fd bl otg ls fd
tc rwus eq>s [k+Yd fd;k rks eSus v'kZ ij ut+j Mkyh rks mlesa fy[kk
gqvk ns[kk ^^yk&bykgk bYyYykg eksgEenqj jlwyqYykg** mudk uke
eSus rsjs uke ds lkFk ns[kk rks le>k fd og reke [k+Yd esa rq>s lcls
T+;knk egcwc gSaA
2

vkSj bCu vch 'kSck us ,Slh gh jok;r tkfcj dh t+ckuh udy


dh gS vkSj blh rjg bCu vCnqycj us bCus vCckl ls vkSj vcq ubZe us
gqfYy;krqyvofy;k esa vul lsA
bu reke jok;r dk ft+ gkfQt+ lq;wrh us tke; dchj esa
fd;k gsA
;g t+kfgj gS fd jlwy [kqnk lYyYykgq vySgh o vkfygh
olYye dks [kqn roLlqy dh t+:jr u Fkh exj viuh mEer dks bl
rjhds ds bf[+r;kj djus dh rkyhe nsuk FkhA
3

crkSj uewuk vey [k+qn jlwy [kqnk l0 dk roLlqy

vEes jlwy l0 gt+jr vcq rkfyc jth0 us gt+jr l0 dks


lkFk ys tkdj ryc ckjk fd;k QkSju ckjkus jger vk x;k] bl ij
mUgksaus ,d dlhnk dgk ftl ds nks 'ksj bl et+ewu ds Fks fd %&
og xksjk fpV~Vk ftlds psgjs ds t+fj;s ls vcj ls ckfj'k
gkfly dh tk;s] og ;rheksa dk tk;s iukg vksj jkaMksa ds fy, lccs
fgQkt+r gSA iukg ysrs gS bldh rjQ cuh gkf'ke ds rckg gky
vQjkn rks mlds ikl ,glkukr esa f?kjs jgrs gSaA**
bu v'kvkj dks gt+jr iSxEcj [kqnk l0 us bruk ilUn
Qjek;k fd ckn esa mu v'kvkj dks vkSj muds uT+e djus okys
vcqrkfyc dks ;kn Qjek;k ftls gkfQt+ tyky lq;wrh us [klkbZls
dqcjk esa ntZ fd;k gS
4

rcjkuh dh jok;r gS ekste dchj vkSj volr esa ^ust+ bCu


g;ku vkSj gkfde us lgh gksus dh rlnhd ds lkFk vul fcu ekfyd
dh t+ckuh ntZ fd;k gS fd tc tukc Qkfrek fcUr vln jth0 dh
oQkr gqbZ ftUgksaus gt+jr jlwy [kqnk l0 dh ijofj'k dh Fkh rks
gt+jr l0 muds ljgkus cSBs vkSj dgk vYykg dh jger vkids
'kkfey gky gks ,S esjh eka ds ckn esjh ekA blds ckn tc ygn cukus
dk oD+r vk;k rks vius gkFk ls mls [kksnk vkSj mldh feV~Vh vius
gkFk ls fudkyh vkSj ygn rS;kj gks x;h rks gt+jr l0 [k+qn mlesa
ysVs vkSj dgk ^vYykg tks ft+Unk djrk gS vkSj ekSr nsrk gS vkSj og
[kqn ft+Unk gS ,Slk ftls ekSr ugha ijojfnxkjA esjh ek Qkfrek fcUr
vln dh exfQjr Qjek vkSj muds egy esa oqLvr vrk QjekA rq>s
okLrk vius iSxEcj l0 vkSj mu iSxEcjksa dk tks esjs igys Fks rw
reke jger okyksa esa lcls T+;knk jger okyk gSA**
(47)

jlwy l0 ds okLrs ls tukc vcq rkfyc jth0 dk rycs ckjk %&

gt+jr l0 ds rycs ckjk ij ,d 'kk;sj ds v'kvkj


lq;wrh us [k+qn gt+jr l0 ds rycs ckjk ds ckn ckfj'k gksus ds
(48)

ft+ esa fy[kk gS fd dchyk dukuk ds 'kk;j us bl flyflys esa


v'kvkj i<+s vkSj og v'kvkj lq;wrh us ntZ fd;s gSa] buesa ml 'kk;j us
tukc vcq rkfyc ds v'kvkj dk Hkh gokyk fn;k gS vkSj dgk gS fd
iSxEcj ds psgjs ds t+fj;s ls gesa ckfj'k ulhc gqbZ vkSj og oSls gh
lkfcr gq, tSlk fd muds ppk vcq rkfyc us muds ckjs esa dgk Fkk
gt+jr l0 us ml 'kk;j dh rkjhQ Qjek;h vkSj bl rjg mlds mu
vYQkt+ dh rlnhd Qjek;h fd iSxEcj ds psgjs dh cnkSyr ckfj'k
ulhc gqbZA
5

,d ukchuk dks jlwy l0 dh rkyhe

og esjh bl gktr dks iwjk djs ijojfnxkj rks bu dh flQkfj'k dks


esjs ckjs esa dqcwy Qjek] tc ml 'k[+l us ,Slk gh fd;k rks mldh
vk[ks jkS'ku gks x;hA
6

lokn fcu dkfjc ds v'kvkj


rCjkuh us eqvTte dchj esa lokn fcu dkfjc dk okD;k
fy[kk gS mlesa gS fd mUgksaus iSxEcj [kqnk l0 ds lkeus viuk dlhnk
i<+k ml esa Fkk fd reke iSxEcjksa esa vki dk olhyk vYykg ds ;gk
lc ls T+;knk djhc gS vkSj fQj ;g fd vki esjh 'kQkvr dhft,xk]
muesa ls fdlh Hkh ckr ij gt+jr l0 us ,rjkt+ ugha Qjek;kA
7

cq[k+kjh us viuh rkjh[k+ esa vkSj cSgdh us nyk;y esa lsgr dh


rlnhd djrs gq, vkSj vcq ubZe us fdrkcqy ekfjQr esa mleku fcu
guhQ ls jok;r gS fd ,d uchuk iSxEcjs [kqnk l0 ds ikl vkdj
dgus yxk fd vYykg ls nqvk dhft, fd og eq>s chuk;h vrk
Qjek;s vki l0 us Qjek;k! pkgks rks lcz djks nqvk u djkvks vkSj
pkgks rks nqvk dj nwA
bCu ektk dh jok;r esa ;w gS fd pkgks rks vYykg ls nqvk d:
vkSj pkgks rks lcz djks fd og rqEgkjs fy, csgrj gSA
cgjlwjr bl us dgk vki nqvk dj nhft, gtjr l0 us
Qjek;k! vPNk rks fQj iwjh mEnxh ds lkFk ot+w djks] fQj nks jdkr
uekt+ i<+ks vkSj mlds ckn mu vYQkt+ ds lkFk nqvk djks fd
ijojfnxkj! rq> ls loky djrk gw vkSj rsjh rjQ eqroTtk gksrk gw
rsjs iSxEcj eksgEen ds okLrs ls tks jger ds iSxEcj gSa vkSj ,S
eksgEen eSus vkids okLrs ls :[k+ fd;k gS vius vYykg dh rjQ fd

bekeqn~nhu vkejh dh fdrkc ^^cgtrqy egkfQy** esa gS fd


vgy enhuk 'knhn dgr esa eqcfryk gq, rks mUgksaus tukc vk;'kk ls
f'kdk;r dh] mUgksasus dgk %&
^^iSxEcjs [kqnk lYyYykgq vySgh o vkfygh olYye dh dcz
eqrgj ij Nr esa ,d jkS'kunku djk nks fd mlds vkSj vkleku ds

(49)

(50)

[k+yhQk vOoy vcq&c dk roLlqy


'kjg nyk;y vy [kSjkr esa gt+jr vcw&c ds eqrkvfYyd gS fd og
gt+jr iSxEcj [kqnk lYyYykgq vySgh o vkfygh olYye dh dcz ij
vk;s vkSj dgk %&
^^,S eksgEen eSa vki ls roLlqy djrk gw**
8

mEeqy ekseuhu vk;'kk dk roLlqy

chp esa dksbZ pht+ gk;y u jgs] yksxksa us ,Slk gh fd;k rks 'knhn ckfj'k
gqbZ fd uckrkr vkSj gSokukr lc ij mldh lsjkch dk [kq'kxokj
vlj gqvkA**
9

[kyhQk lkuh mej dk roLlqy

[kqnk eDdk eqvT+t+ek ds yksxksa dks lsjkc djuk mudk dke Fkk vkSj
vkt og bl ckjkus jger ds uqt+wy dk lcc cudj gje jlwy ;kuh
enhus ds lsjkc djus okys lkfcr gSaA fygkt+k mudks lc ^^lkfdvy
gjeSu** dg jgs Fks ysfdu fdlh us mu yksxksa dk ewg cUn ugha fd;k
fd ;g f'kdZ+\ bldk ft+ bCu vlhj ttjh us ^^vlnqy xk;ka** esa
fd;k gS fy[kk gS fd bl ckjs esa gLlku fcu lkfcr us v'kvkj dgs
ftuesa gS fd ^^yksxksa us dgr lkyh dh f'kn~nr esa loky fd;k rks
vCckl ds psgjs ds okLrs ls vcj us ckjk ls lsjkc fd;kA
bl 'ksj esa roLlqy Hkh gS vkSj lsjkc djus dh fuLcr [k+qnk dh
rjQ ugha\ vcz dh rjQ gS ogkch uqDrk;s ut+j ls f'kZd gSA
fQj dgk gS ^^budh cnkSyr vYykg us bu 'kgjksa dks ft+Unk
dj fn;k vkSj pkjksa rjQ 'kknkch ut+j vkus yxhA**
,d jok;r esa gS tks tukc bCu vCckl fjt+okuqYykg vySg
dh t+ckuh gS fd gt+jr mej us dgkA
[k+qnkoUnk %& ge rq>ls vius iSxEcj l0 ds ppk dk okLrk
nsdj lsjkch ryc djrs gSa vkSj bu dh lQsn nk<+h dks flQkfj'k ds
fy, yk, gSaA mlds ckn ckfj'k gqbZA
10

gkfQt+ vcq ubZe vlQgkuh us ^^nyk;y ucwor** esa vul dh


t+ckuh fy[kk gS gt+jr mej rycs ckjk ds fy, fudys vkSj bCu
vCnqy eqRrfyc ds t+fj;s ls rycs ckjk djrs gq, dgk %&
^^[kqnkoUn % igys tc dgr iM+rk Fkk rks ge rsjs iSxEcj ls
roLlqy djrs Fks vkSj vc ge vius iSxEcj ds ppk ds t+fj;s ls rq>
ls bfYrtk djrs gSa fd gesa ckfj'k ls lsjkc QjekA**
pq%ukUpk ckfj'k gqbZ!
bl okD;s dks tkfgt us ^^vyC;ku o crh;hu** esa nks txg
ntZ djus ds ckn fy[kk gS fd dkcy vgckj us gt+jr mej ls dgk
fd cuh bljkbZy tc dgr esa eqcfryk gksrs Fks rks iSxEcjksa ds finjh
fj'rsnkjksa ds t+fj, ls rycs ckjk djrs Fks muds bl dgus ls gt+jr
mej us tukc vCckl fcu vCnqy eqRrfyc ds t+fj, ls rycs ckjk
fd;kA
rkjh[k+ esa gS fd tc ckfj'k gqbZ rks yksx tukc vCckl jth0
ls eqreLlg djus yxs] gkFk muds ftLe ls yxkdj vius psgjs ij
Qsjus yxs vkSj dgrs Fks eqckjd gks vki dks ,S gjeSu eDds vkSj
enhus dks lsjkc djus okys] pwfd tukc vCckl nkSjs bLyke ls dCy
vkSj fQj ckn bLyke lkdh;qy gTthg ;kuh eDdk eqvT+ekk ds
gTtkt dks ikuh fiykus ds bfUrt+ke ds ft+Eesnkj Fks] bl rjg gjes

bLrsvkc bCu vCnqycj esa gS fd t+eku;s mej esa ,d nQk tks


dgr iM+k rks eqlyekuksa esa ls ,d 'k[+l cSgd+h us fy[kk gS fd og
vlgkcs jlwy l0 esa ls fcyky fcu gkfjl Fks] ;s dcz jlwy [kqnk
lYyYykgq vySgh o vkfygh olYye ij vk;s vkSj dgk ;k jlwy
vYykg % viuh mEer ds fy, rycs ckjk dhft, fd ;g gykd gks

(51)

(52)

dcz jlwy l0 ij tkdj jlwy l0 ls Qj;kn

jgs gSaA ml ij fdlh us ,rjkt+ ugha fd;kA


11

ukcxSt+knh dh dczs jlwy l0 ls Qj;kn


[k+yhQk lkse mleku ds t+ekus esa vEeky gqdwer us
ukcxkt+knh ds lkFk r'kn~nqn ls dke fy;k rks ukcxk us dqN v'kvkj
ut+e fd;s gSa ftuesa dgk gS fd&
^^,S iSxEcj vkSj muds nksuksa lkfFk;ksa dh dcz% ge vki ls
Qj;kn dj jgs gSaA**
vkSj ;g ukcxk gt+jr jlwy lYyYykgq vySgh o vkfygh
olLyye ds cqt+qxZ ejrck lgkch gSaA
12

vCnqYykg fcu mej dh jlwys [k+qnk l0 ls Qj;kn


f'kQk;s dkt+h v;kt+ esa gS fd vCnqYykg fcu mej ds iSj esa
,d nQk [k+kl rdyhQ gks x;h] fdlh us dgk tks lc ls T+;knk vki
dk egcwc gks] mls iqdkfj;s] mUgksaus dgk

^^ok eqgEenkg**
cl ;g dgrs gh muds iSj dh rdyhQ nwj gks x;hA
13

mleku fcu guhQ dh roLlqy ds fy, fgnk;r

tkdj ot+q djks] fQj efLtn esa tkdj nks jdkr uekt+ i<+ks] fQj
dgks [kqnkoUn! eSa rq>ls loky djrk gw vkSj rsjh rjQ :[k+ djrk gw]
rsjs iSxEcj eksgEen l0 uch jger ds t+fj, ls] ;k eksgEen! eSa vki
ds t+fj, ls vius ijojfnxkj dh rjQ :[k+ djrk gw fd esjh ;g
gktr iwjh gks] blds ckn viuh gktr dk bt+gkj djuk] pqukup%
blus ,Slk gh fd;k vkSj fQj tukc mLeku fcu v+Q+ku ds njokt+s
ij x;k rks njcku vk;k vkSj og mls mLeku ds ikl ys x;s mUgksaus
mldks ,stkt ds lkFk cSBk;k vkSj dgk crkvks! rqEgkjh D;k t+:jr
gS\ vkSj ml t+:jr dks iwjk dj fn;kA
14

iSxEcj ds olhys ls rycs f'kQk


lgh eqfLye esa vLek fcUr vcw&c ls jok;r gS fd mUgksaus
iSxEcj [k+qnk lYyYykgq vySgh o vkfygh olYye dk tqCck fudky
dj fn[kk;k vkSj dgk ;g vk;'kk ds ikl Fkk vkSj iSxEcj [k+qnk
lYyYykgq vySgh o vkfygh olYye bls igurs FksA vc ge bls
/kksdj ejht+kas dks ikuh fiykrs gSa vkSj blds t+fj;s ls f'kQk gkfly
djrs gSa] bls ogkch tekvr ds eqdrnk bCu d+Sf;e us Hkh viuh
fdrkc ^^tknqy evkn** esa ntZ fd;k gSA
15

vCnqYykg fcu t+qcSj dk roLlqy

cSgdh us vkSj vcq ubZe us fdrkc vYekfjQr esa ntZ fd;k gSA
lqgsy fcu guhQ dk c;ku gS fd ,d 'k[+l [k+yhQk lkse mLeku ds
ikl fdlh t+:jr ls tkrk Fkk vkSj og mldh rjQ roTtksg u
djrs Fks] mlus mLeku fcu guhQ ls bldk ft+ fd;kA mUgksaus dgk

bCu [k+ydku us viuh rkjh[k+ esa 'kkch dh jok;r ntZ dh gS


fd eSus ,d vthc okD;k ns[kkA ge yksx lgus dkck esa cSBs Fks] eSa vkSj
vCnqYykg fcu mej vkSj vCnqYykg fcu t+qcSj vkSj elvc fcu t+qcSj

(53)

(54)

vkSj vCnqy efyd fcu ejoku] uekt+ ds ckn lc yksxksa us dgk fd


,d 'k[+l rqe esa ls mBs vkSj :Dus ;ekuh dh rjQ tk;s vkSj mls
idM+dj [k+qnk ls nqvk djsA viuh gktr ryc djs rks og t+:jr
iwjh gksxh vkSj fQj lcus dgk fd rqe ,S vCnqYykg fcu t+qcSj mBks fd
rqe fgtjr ds ckn lcls igys ek ds isV ls iSnk gksus okys 'k[+l gksA
bl ij og mBs vkSj mUgksaus :D+us ;ekuh dks idM+dj dgk %
[kqnkoUn! rw cqt+qxZ gS] gj cM+h ls cM+h ckr ds fy, rq> gh ls
mEehn okcLrk dh tk ldrh gSA eSa rq> gh ls loky djrk gw rsjh
v'kZ dh gqeZr ds okLrs ls vkSj rsjs psgjs dh gqeZr ds okLrs ls] vkSj rsjs
iSxecj dh gqeZr ds okLrs ls fd rw eq>s nqfu;k ls u mBkuk ;gk rd
fd eSa fgtkt+ dk gqDejk gw vkSj eq>s [k+yhQk dgdj lyke fd;k
tk,A**
et+dwjk ckyk roLlqy ds 'kokfgn esa dqN rks gt+jr l0 dh
oQ+kr ds ckn ls eqrkvfYyd gSa fygkt+k ;g ugha dgk tk ldrk fd
ft+Unxh esa gt+jr l0 ds olhys ls nqvk esa dksbZ gtZ ugha ckn oQkr
ugha gksuk pkfg,A blds vykok ,d rks mlwyu tks f'kZd+ esa nkf[k+y
gks blesa fdlh dh g;kr vkSj ekSr dk Q+dZ dksbZ ekus ugha j[krk vkSj
fQj ;s jlwy l0 dh oQkr gdhdru oSlh ekSr ugha tks vke veokr
dh gksrh gS cfYd vki l0 bl t+kfgjh ekSr ds ckn Hkh gd+hdru
lqurs vkSj tokc nsrs gSa bldh rQlhy dk ;s ekSdk ugha gS exj
eqteyu bruk vt+Z gS fd g;kr 'kqgnk ucl dqvkZu ls lkfcr gSA
vkSj iSxEcj [k+qnk lYyYykgq vySgh o vkfygh olYye dk erZck is'k
[k+qnk gdhdru nwljs 'kksgnk ls cnjtgk ckykrj gS vkSj vcq nkn
dh jok;r gS fd jlwys [k+qnk l0 us Qjek;k fd jkst+s tqek eq>ij

dljr ls nq:n Hkstk djks fd bl fnu Qfj'rs gkft+j gksrs gSa vkSj
dksbZ 'k[+l eq>ij Hkh nq:n ugha Hkstsxk exj ;g fd og ml dk
nq:n esjs lkeus is'k gksxk jkoh dgrk gS eSus dgk fd vki dh oQkr
ds ckn Hkh\ Qjek;k gk esjh oQ+kr ds ckn Hkh] ;dhuu vYykg us
t+ehu ij gjke fd;k gS fd og iSxEcjksa ds ftLe dks [kk;sa vkSj
iSxEcj ft+Unk jgrk gS] mls fjT+d vrk gksrk gSA
gkfQt+ bCu ekt+k us vius luu esa bldh jok;r dh gS vkSj
bl et+ewu dh dbZ gnhlsa gSa tks [klk;sl dqcjk lq;ksrh esa vkSj
nyk;y vUucwork gkfQt+ vcq ubZe vLQgkuh esa vk;h gSaA vkSj
eqgfn~nl lunh us vius gkf'k;s esa tks lquu bCu ekt+k ij gS] bl
gnhl dh 'kjg esa fy[kk gS fd bl esa 'kd+ ugha gksuk pkfg,A blfy,
fd ;g ckr 'kksgnk ds ckjs esa rks dqv+kZu esa vk;h gS rks fQj iSxEcjksa dk
D;k ft+\ vkSj [k+kl vafc;k ds ckjs esa Hkh dqN gnhls ekStwn gSaA buesa
ls ;g gS fd v&gt+jr l0 us tukc ewlk vyS0 dks ns[kk fd og viuh
dcz esa uekt+ i<+ jgs gSaA
vc tc fd g;krs jlwy l0 lkfcr gks x;h rks vkidh bl
ft+Unxh esa rks roLlqy dh gnhls gSa] og lc bl oD+r Hkh roLlqy ds
lgh gksus dh nyhy gSA
dLrykuh us ^eokfgcq ynhfu;k* esa fy[kk gS fd gt+jr l0
dh ft+Unxh esa vkSj ust+ oQkr ds ckn gt+jr l0 ls roLlqy ds
'kokfgn brus T+;knk gSa fd mudk vgkrk ugha fd;k tk ldrk]
eqgfn~nlhu lYQ gt+jr l0 dh dcz eqrgj ij tkdj nqvk dks
dkfcys ,srjkt+ ugha le>rs Fks pqukup% vYykek 'kElqn~nhu tt+jh us
^^uglus glhu** esa cgqr vPNs vYQkt+ esa fy[kk gSa fd&

(55)

(56)

^^vxj iSxEcj [k+qnk lYyYykgq vySgh o vkfygh olYye dh


dcz eqrkgj ij nqvk dqcwy u gks rks vkSj dgk dqcwy gksxh\**
vkSj 'kkg vCnqy gd+ nsgyoh us viuh fdrkc
^^tt+cqydqywc** esa fy[kk gS fd edkfln ds gqlwy vkSj vthc o xjhc
Qk;nksa ds eqjRrc gksus esa tks okfd;kr gt+jr ljojs dk;ukr l0 dh
dcz 'kjhQ+ ij Qj;kn vkSj ryc gktr ls eksgrktksa vkSj xjhcksa ds
lkeus vk;s gSa] cdljr gSaA
dkt+h v;kt+ us f'kQk esa beke ekfyd dk edkyek [k+yhQk
vCcklh vcq tkQj ealwj nokfud+h ds lkFk ntZ fd;k gS fd [k+yhQk
us muls iwNk fd eSa fdcyk dh rjQ :[k+ d: ;k psgjs eqckjd dh
rjQ :[k+ djds [kM+k gw+\ beke ekfyd us dgk fd vki gt+jr l0
dh rjQ ls eqg D;ksa dj eksfM+;sxk tc fd og vkids Hkh olhyk gSa
vYykg dh rjQ ls vkSj vki ds cki vcqy c'kj gt+jr vkne ds HkhA
gekjs Qkft+y ge vlz lS;n bczkghe jkoh fjQk;h us
^^vojkds cxnkfn;k** esa jcyh ls uD+y fd;k gS] mUgksaus vknkcs T+;kjr
esa fy[kk gS fd fQj dcz 'kjhQ+ ij vk;s gt+jr l0 ds lj eqckjd dh
rjQ :[k+ vkSj fdCys dh rjQ iq'r fd;s gq, vkSj pkj gkFk ds djhc
dh nwjh ij [kM+k gks vkSj ft/kj :[k+ gks] mlds uhps ds fgLls ij ut+j
j[ksa vkSj lyke is'k djsa D;ksafd gnhl gS fd tks eq>s lyke djsxk] eSa
mldk tokc nwxk] vkSj lyke esa vkokt+ cqyUn u djs tSls gt+jr
l0 dh ft+Unxh esa gqDe Fkk] fQj vkf[k+j esa gt+jr l0 ds psgjs
eqckjd dh rjQ vkdj gt+jr l0 ls roLlqy djsa vkSj vkils
ijojfnxkj dh ckjxkg esa f'kQkvr dk [kokgk gksA
xqft+'rk 'kokfgn esa ls ckt+ ls lkfcr gks tkrk gS fd gt+jr

iSxEcj [k+qnk l0 dh rjQ fuLcr j[kus okyh gj pht+ ls cjdr


gkfly djuk lgkck o rkcbZu vkSj lYQ lkfyghu ds ut+nhd
eqlYye jgk gSA
vCnqYykg fcu mej dh fuLcr c;ku gS fd og vklkj
iSxEcj [k+qnk l0 dh tqLrqtw esa fQjrs Fks vkSj tgk gt+jr l0 us
uekt+ i<+h gks] pkgs mez esa ,d nQk] ogk tkdj uekt+ i<+rs Fks vkSj
mUgha txgksa ij fQj efLtn dh rkehj gqbZA bldk legwnh us oQ+k esa
ft+ fd;k gSA
bcuqy d+kS;e us viuh fdrkc ^^tknqy fevkn** esa tukc
bLekbZy vkSj gkt+jk ds ft+ esa greh rkSj ij fy[kk gS fd ^^bczkghe
vyS0 vkSj muds Qjt+Un bLekbZy dk oru ls nwj gksuk vkSj rUgkbZ
vkSj dqckZuh ds fy, vkeknxh] bl lcdk urhtk ;g Fkk fd buds
vklkj vkSj buds dneksa ds fu'kkukr egy bcknr cu x;sA eksfeuhu
ds fy, vkSj eukfld gt esa nkf[k+y gks x;s D;ker rd ds fy,A**
vc tc tukc bLekbZy vkSj gktjk ds vklkj bl otg ls fd
mUgksaus jkgs [k+qnk esa bt+k,sa mBk;ha] blds eqLrfgd gq, fd og egy
bcknr cu tk,s] rks tks t+kr vafc;k esa vQt+y gks vkSj ftldk
bj'kkn gks fd fdlh uch dks og bZt+k;s ugha igqph tks bZt+k;s eq>s
igqph gSa vki l0 ds vklkj fd;k blds eqLrfgd ugha gksaxs fd mudh
rkt+he o rdjhe dh tk;s\ vkSj ;g dqfYy;k gS fd fdlh cqyUn
t+kr dh rjQ fuLcr ls nwljh pht+ esa vt+er iSnk gks tkrh gS
pqukup% [klk;l dqcjk lq;ksrh esa esjkt ds gky esa iSxEcj [k+qnk l0
dh t+ckuh gS fd&
eSa pyk vkSj esjs lkFk ftcjbZy Fks] ,d txg igqp dj mUgksaus

(57)

(58)

dgk lokjh ls mrfj;s vkSj uekt+ if<+;s] eSus ,Slk fd;k rks mUgksaus
dgk vki tkurs gSa\ vkius dgk uekt+ i<+h\ ;g rS;ck gS tgk vki
fgtjr djds tk;sxsA blds ckn eSa pyk rks fQj mUgksaus dgk mrfj;s]
;gk uekt+ if<+;s] ;g rwjslsuk gS tgk vYykg us ewlk ls dyke
fd;kA fQj eSa pyk] vkSj mUgksaus dgk mrfj;s] uekt+ if<+;s] ;g
cSryg~e gS tgk bZlk vyS0 iSnk gq, Fks**
vc gj lkgcs t+ehj QSlyk dj ldrk gS fd bZlk vyS0 dh
foyknr dk ed+ke bl yk;d gks fd ogk uekt+ i<+h tk;s rks D;k
gt+jr [k+kreqy vafc;k l0 dk edkus foyknr bldk eqLrfgd Fkk
fd og equgfne dj fn;k tk;s tSlk dh ogkfc;ksa us fd;k\
blds vykok gt+jr l0 dh rkt+he o rdjhe vkSj gt+jr
dh rjQ fuLcr j[kus okyh pht+ksa dk ,grjke o bdjke vkSj mudks
eqrcfjZd le>uk] blds cdljr 'kokfgn vklkj lgkck o lYQ
lkfyghu esa ekStwn gSaA
vcq mej 'kSckuh dh fjok;r gS fd eSa bCu eln ds ikl ,d
lky mBrk cSBrk jgk] ftl oD+r og d+kyk jlwyYykg dgrs Fks]
muds ftLe esa FkjFkjh iM+ tkrh FkhA
'ks[k+ cn~:n~nhu fcu bczkghe fcu lnqYykg bCu tekvk
dukuh erwQ+h 733 fgtjh dh fdrkc ^^rt+fdjrqLlke;
oyeqrdfYye** ercqvk nk;jk rqyevkfjQ gSnjkckn 1353 fgtjh esa
gS fd beke tkQj lkfnd vyS0 ds lkeus tc gt+jr iSxEcj [k+qnk
l0 dk ft+ gksrk Fkk rks vkidk psgjk t+nZ gks tkrk FkkA
blh fdrkc eas beke ekfyd ds fy, fy[kk gS fd tc gtj+r
ix
S Ecj [knq+k lYyYykgq vygSh o vkfygh olYye dk muds lkeus

ft
+ gkrsk Fkk rks mudk jx
a erqxjS;j gks tkrk Fkk vkjS og >d
q tkrs FkAs
vCnqy djhe levkuh dh fdrkc ^^vncqybeyk o
oyblfreyk ercwvk cjh 1953 bloh esa ;g;k fcu cdhj ls
jok;r gs tc eqvRrk etewvk vgknhl iSxEcj l0 dh gnhlksa dks
i<+&i<+dj ekfyd eqdkcyk djkrs Fks rks iwjk fyckl vekes ds lkFk
igurs Fks vkSj lj >qdk;s jgrs Fks vkSj tc rd mu vgknhl dks
fy[kokdj Qkfjx ugha gksrs Fks lj oxSjg dks [kqtkrs Hkh ugha Fks] u
ukd fNudrs Fks] ;g dSfQ;r mudh bj'kknkrs iSxEcj l0 dh
rkt+he o rdjhe ds fygkt+ ls gksrh FkhA
blh fdrkc esa evu fcu bZlk cjkZd dk c;ku gS fd ekfyd
tc vgknhl c;ku djus cSBrs Fks rks xqLy djrs Fks vkSj [kq'kcw yxkrs
Fks] gkft+jhu etfyl esa ls dksbZ vkokt+ cqyUn djrk rks [k+Qk gksrs Fks
vkSj dgrs Fks fd [k+kfyd us bj'kkn Qjek;k gS fd iSxEcj l0 dh
vkokt+ ij vkokt+ cqyUn u djks] vkt jlwy [k+qnk l0 dh gnhl
c;ku gksrs oD+r dksbZ vkokt+ cqyUn djs rks og ,Slk gksxk tSls fd
mlus vki l0 dh vkokt+ ij vkokt+ cqyUn dhA
vykok nwljs gt+jkr ds uokc fln~nhd glu [kk dUukSth us
Hkh fy[kk gS fd %& beke ekfyd enhus esa i;knk pyrs Fks fd 'kk;n
muds ftLe ls [k+kd dk dksbZ og tqt+ eqRrfly gks tk;s ftlij
jlwy [k+qnk lYyYykgq vySgh o vkfygh olYye jkLrk pys gSa vkSj
gt+jr l0 dh rkt+he ds lcc og enhus ls lokj gksdj ugha pyrs Fks
vkSj dgrs Fks fd eq>s 'keZ vkrh gS fd eSa lokjh ij pyw ml [k+kd ds
ij tgk jlwy lYyYykgq vySgh o vkfygh olYye nQ+u gSaA
rkt+he dh ,d fdLe ;kuh ckslk ysukA blds f[k+ykQ ogkch

(59)

(60)

elyd ds gt+jkr cgqr r'kn~nqn ls dke ysrs gSa] exj blds fy,
[k+qn gt+jr iSxEcj [k+qnk l0 dk jt+keUnkuk lqdwr gh ugha cfYd
ljhg btkt+r Hkh ekStwn gS vkSj vki ds ckn lYQ lkfyghu dk
vey Hkh tkjh gSA pqukUpk% ^^vncqy beyk o yfLreyk** esa vCnqj
jgeku fcu dkc fcu ekfyd dh jok;r gS vius okfyn ls fd eSa
gt+jr dh f[k+n~er esa vk;k rks gt+jr l0 ds gkFkksa vkSj nksuksa ?kqVuksa
dk ckslk fy;k vkSj 'ks[k+ eqgj;qn~nhu bCu vjch dh fdrkc
^^eqgkftjrqy vcjkj** esa bCu ;thn dh jok;r gS vius okfyn ls fd
,d ,sjkch jlwy l0 ds ikl vk;k vkSj ,d eksftt+s dh [+okfg'k dh]
ml eksftt+s dks ns[kus ds ckn dgk ;k jlwy vYykg! eq>s btkt+r
nhft, fd eSa vkids gkFkksa vkSj iSjksa dk ckslk ywA vki l0 us bldh
btkt+r ns nhA fQj mlus dgk fd vc eq>s btkt+r nhft, fd eSa
vkidks ltnk dj yw] gt+jr l0 us Qjek;k ugha] fdlh dks fdlh dk
ltnk ugha djuk pkfg,A
ckslk cut+j rkt+he Hkh gksrk gS vkSj cut+j eksgCcr Hkh]
cgjgky bldks f'kdZ+ dguk ;k eeuw djkj nsuk] nksuksa xyr gSaA
vlkck gkfQt+ bCu gt+j esa gS fd [kqn iSxEcj [k+qnk l0 us
mLeku fcu et+u fjt+okuqYykg vySg dh yk'k dk ckslk fy;k vkSj
ml oD+r vki dh vk[ksa Hkhxh FkhaA
ckn oQkr iSxEcj [k+qnk l0 gqtj;s ucqoh;k vkSj jkSt+;s
eqdn~nlk vkSj nwljs ealwckr dks Hkh ckslk ysus ij eqlyekuksa dk vey
jgk vkSj mYek blls eqRrfQd jgs] pqukup% beke vgen fcu gacy
ds ,d eqlkfgc [k+kl bczkghe gjch ds fy, 'ks[k+ ealwj gacyh us
gkf'k;k bduk esa fy[kk gS fd mUgksaus dgk ^^gqtj;s uch l0 dk ckslk

ysuk eqLrgc gS**


esgnh vCcklh ds ikl ,d 'k[+l ukySu yk;k] bl bnnvk ds
lkFk fd ;g jlwys [k+qnk l0 ds ik;s eqckjd rd igqph gSA vkSj
gt+jr l0 dh iguh gqbZ gS] rks ckotwn ;g fd [k+qn ckn esa dgk eq>s
;dhu gS fd ;g 'k[+l xyr dgrk gSA jlwy l0 ds ik;s eqckjd ls
;g uky Nw Hkh ugha x;h gSA fQj Hkh bl fy, [kM+s gksdj ckslk fy;k
vkSj vk[kksa ls yxk;k fd vke eqlyeku eq> ij cs&vnch dk bYt+ke
yxk;saxs fd esjs ikl jlwy [k+qnk l0 dh ukySu yk;h x;h vkSj eSus
mldh rkt+he o rdjhe ugha dhA ;g okD;k 'ks[k+ bCu vjch us
^^eqgkftjrqy vcjkj** esa ntZ fd;k gSA blls t+kfgj gS fd ealwckr
iSxEcj [k+qnk l0 dh rkt+he tEgwjs feYyr bLykfe;k ds fny o
fnekx esa eqrZfdt+ FkhA
rkt+he o rdjhe vkSj rglhy cjdr gh dh ,d lwjr el
djuk Hkh gS] [+okg vius gkFk dks jlwy l0 ds ftLe eqckjd rd
igqpkdj ;k vki l0 ls [+okfg'k djuk fd vki ml ij gkFk Qsj
nhft, bu nksuksa ckrksa dk odw jlwy [k+qnk l0 dh btkt+r vkSj [k+qn
vki l0 ds vey ls lkfcr gSA
gkfQt+ bCu gt+j vLdykuh us vlkck esa fy[kk gS fd cuh
cdkj dk oQn gt+jr iSxEcj [k+qnk l0 dh f[k+ner esa vk;k] buesa
evkfo;k fcu lksj fcu bcknk cgSfl;r ljnkj ds Fks] ftu dh ,d
lkS cjl dh mez Fkh] ;g lc eqlyeku gq, vkSj :[k+lr gksrs oD+r
ekfo;k us gt+jr l0 ls [k+okfg'k t+kfgj dh fd eSa vkids ftLe
eqckjd dks vius gkFk ls el djds cjdr gkfly djuk pkgrk gw]
gt+jr l0 us bldh btkt+r nhA fQj mUgksaus dgk esjk ;g csVk cq'kj

(61)

(62)

cM+k lvknr eUn gS] blds psgjs ij gkFk Qsj nhft,] gt+jr l0 us
mlds psgjs ij gkFk Qsj fn;kA
gt+jr l0 ds eqgk;s eqckjd dh rdlhe ds fy, lggk vgys
lqUur ls irk pyrk gS fd og [k+qn gt+jr l0 ds gqDe ls gqbZ FkhA
tSlk fd lghg eqfLye esa gS fd gt+jr l0 us vcq rygk vUlkjh ls
ftUgksaus lj eqckjd ls ckyksa dks lkQ fd;k Fkk Qjek;k mUgsa yksxksa esa
rDlhe dj nksA
^^egkftjrqy vok;sy** esa gS fd bu ckyksa dks vcq rygk us
jlwys [k+qnk l0 ds gqDe ls rd+lhe fd;k vkSj vki l0 ds eqgk;s
eqckjd blfy, rd+lhe fd;s x;s Fks fd og lgkck ds ikl cjdr ds
fy, ckdh jgsA
^^tek cSullghgSu** esa vCnqYykg fcu ekSfgc dh jok;r gS
fd esjs ?kj okyksa us eq>s jkSt+;s jlwy l0 tukc mEeslyek jth0 ds
ikl ikuh ds ,d I;kys ds lkFk Hkstk] og pknh dk ,d t+QZ yk;ha
ftl esa iSxEcj [kq+nk l0 ds dqN eqgk;s 'kjhQ Fks] muesa ls dqN cky
mUgksaus ml I;kys esa Mky fn;s] vkSj tc dksbZ chekj gksrk Fkk rks og
mlh t+QZ ls fudky dj dqN cky Mky nsrh FkhaA vkSj og chekj ml
ikuh dks ihrk Fkk] jkoh dk c;ku gS fd eSus >qddj ml cjru esa
ns[kk rks dqN lq[kZ jax ds cky FksA
dkt+h v;kt+ us f'kQk esa gt+jr l0 ds eksftt+kr o cjdkr esa
fy[kk gS fd gt+jr l0 ds eqgk;s eqckjd esa ls pUn cky [k+kfyn fcu
oyhn dh Vksih esas Fks ftudh otg ls og gj tax esa Qrg ikrs FksA
cq[k+kjh dh jok;r bCu lhjh ls gS fd mUgksaus mcSnk ls dgk
fd gekjs ikl dqN eqgk; eqckjd gS tks gesa vul ;k muds ?kj okyksa

ls feys gSaA mUgksaus dgk vjs muesa ls ,d cky esjs ikl gks rks og esjs
fy, nqfu;k oekQhgk ls csgrj gSA
blh rjg tks 'kS t+jk Hkh jlwy [k+qnk l0 ls rkYyqd j[krh gks]
mls ges'kk eqrcfjZd o eqdn~nl le>k x;k] pqukUp% f'kQk;s dkt+h
v;kt+ esa gS fd vCnqYyk fcu mej feEcj jlwy l0 ds ml egy ij
tgk jlwy l0 r'kjhQ Qjek gksrs Fks] gkFk j[krs Fks vkSj mls rcjZqdu
vius eqg ij eyrs FksA
vlkck gkfQt+ bCu gt+j esa gS fd ;thn fcu vlon ds tc
,gfrt+kj dk oD+r Fkk rks lgkch jlwy l0 oklyk fcu vldk muds
ikl vk;s rks mUgksaus mudk gkFk ysdj vius eqg ij eyk vkSj lhus ij
j[kk vkSj dgk ;g og gkFk gS tks jlwy l0 ds nLr eqckjd ls el
gqvk gSA
eqluns vgen esa gS mEes lyhe ls jok;r gS fd gt+jr l0 us
,d e'd ls tks muds ;gk Fkh ikuh uks'k Qjek;k Fkk rks ml e'd
dk ngkuk tks gt+jr l0 ds ngu eqckjd ls el gqvk Fkk tqnk djds
gqlwy cjdr ds fy, j[k fy;k x;k] vkSj ,Slk gh okD;k bCu ekt+k
vkSj frjfeth us dc'kqy vUlkfj;k ds eqrkvfYyd ntZ fd;k gS vkSj
frjfeth us gqlu lghg fy[kk gSA
tek cSuqylghgsu us lgy fcu lkn lgkch ds eqrkvfYyd
jok;r gS fd mUgksaus iSxEcj [k+qnk l0 ls ,d pknj vkidh ekax dj
gkfly dh vkSj tc yksxksa us blds eqrkvfYyd iwNk rks mUgksaus dgk
fd eSus bls blfy, gkfly fd;k fd og esjk dQu gks vkSj bl rjg
eSa vt+kcs dcz ls egQwt+ jgwA
f'kQk;s dkth+ v;kt+ eas gS fd lgkc;s ix
S Ecj [knq+k vkids vklkjs

(63)

(64)

ecqkjd dks vki l0 ds ckn cMh+&cMh+ dherkas ij gkfly djrs FkAs


ljs nLr brus 'kokfgn is'k dj fn;s x;s gSa tks vlckr
eryc ds fy, dkQh o okQ+h gSaA
ckotwn ;gfd ogkch gt+jkr vius dks vg~ys lqUur esa
nkf[k+y djrs gSa vkSj muds ge [+;ky tks fgUnqLrku esa gSa] og vD+lj
vius dks ^^vg~ys gnhl** dgrs gSa exj mudk elyd tks iSxEcj
[k+qnk l0 ls roLlqy dh eq[k+kfyQr vkSj vki l0 ds vklkj o
ealwckr dh rkt+he o rdjhe ds f[k+ykQ gS] lqUur ds Hkh f[k+ykQ vkSj
gnhl dh jkS ls Hkh xyr gSA

(65)

rhljk ckc
ogkch vd+hnk vofy;k o lkfyghu ds ckjs esa
bCu vCnqy ogkc dks mudh cqt+Zqxh vkSj fdlh bfEr;kt+ ls
f'kn~nr ds lkFk badkj gS] vkSj mudk ,srdkn ;g Fkk fd muesa ls
fdlh ls Hkh roLlqy vkSj [k+kfyd dh ckjxkg esa f'kQkvr dh
nj[kkLr mUgsa [kq+nk le> ysuk gS vkSj bcknr esa mlds lkFk nwljs dks
'kjhd djuk gS] mls mUgksaus vkSj muds rkcbZu us cM+s rwy&rohy
c;kukr ds lkFk rgjhj fd;k gSA ftuesa ls ckt+ bckjrksa dk et+ewu
muds uqDr;s ut+j ds iwjs rkSj ls uqek;k djus ds fy, is'k fd;k tkrk
gS] fQj muds eqanjtkr dks ,d&,d djds ckfry fd;k tk;sxkA
[k+qn bCu vCnqy ogkc us viuh fdrkc ^^vRrkSghn** esa mu
vk;kr dqvkZu ds ntZ djus ds ckn tks rkSghn ds ckjs esa vkSj nwljs
[kqnkvksa dh bcknr djus okys eq'kfjdhu dh jn esa fy[kk gSA
^^;g f'kdZ tks bu vk;rksa esa vkSj ,Slh gh nwljh vk;rksa esa
edlwn gS] blesa nkf[k+y gS dczksa dks iwtus okyksa vkSj vafc;k vkSj
eyk;dk vkSj usd canxku bykgh dh bcknr djus okyksa dk f'kdZ
;gh vjc ds vgys tkfgfy;r dk f'kdZ Fkk ftlds [k+Re djus ds
fy, gt+jr eksgEen eqLrQk l0 dh cslr gq;h Fkh fd og muls
nqvk,sa ekaxrs Fks vkSj mudh rjQ iukg ysrs Fks vkSj muls loky djrs
Fks] [k+qnk ds ;gk buds rdjZqc dks viuk olhyk djkj nsrs Fks tSlk fd
dqvkZu ethn dh cgqr lh vk;rksa esa bldk ft+ gSA gkykafd og mUgsa
(66)

vkleku] t+ehu ;k fdlh ,d t+jsZ dk Hkh dk;ukr esa ls [k+kfyd ugha


le>rs Fks] exj pwfd budh bcknr djrs Fks fygkt+k og eq'kfjd
djkj ik;s rks blh rjg ;g yksx tks vkSfy;k o lkfyghu dk okLrk
nsrs gSa vkSj muls nqvk, ekaxrs gSaA**
blesa cqfu;knh xyrh ;g gS fd ft+;kjrs dqcwj djus okyksa
vkSj vkSfy;k o eqdjhZchu dh rkt+he o rdjhe djus okyksa dh] mudh
bcknr djus okyksa dh y+t+ ls rkchj dh x;h gSA blds fy, ;g
le>us dh t+:jr gS fd bcknr ds D;k ekus gSa\
^^bcknr** nj gdhdr fdlh [k+kl dke dk uke ugha gS cfYd
;g og dke gS tks fdlh dks [k+qnk le>us dh uh;r ls vkSj bl uh;r
ds rdkt+s ls fd;k tk,] blh fy, vkSykn dk vius ek cki ds lkeus
>qduk vkSj tkfgy dk vkfye ds lkeus >qduk] ,d mEerh dk
lknkr ds lkeus >qduk] fdlh Hkh NksVs dk vius cM+s ds lkeus >qduk
bcknr ugha gS] ysfdu etwfl;ksa dk vkx ds lkeus >qduk] vkSj cqr
ijLrksa dk cqrksa ds lkeus >qduk bcknr gSA blls t+kfgj gS fd f'kZd
fdlh dke dh ukSb;r ls okcLrk ugha cfYd ,rdkn mygwfg;r ls
okcLrk gS] gks ldrk gS fdlh dks ltnk fd;k tk;s exj og bcknr
bldh djkj u ik;s vkSj gks ldrk gS fd flQZ vk[k dk b'kkjk gks
vkSj og bcknr dk feLnkd gksA
eq'kfjdhu pwfd vius cqrksa dks [k+qnk le>rs Fks fygkt+k dgrs
Fks fd ge bu dh bcknr djrs gSa ek ukcqnwgqe bYyk y;djcwuk
byYykgh tqYQh ysfdu eqlyeku tks jlwy l0 ;k fdlh rdjjqc
bykgh dh rkt+he o rdjhe djrs gSa] muls iwNk tk, rks og dgsxsa
fd ge budh bcknr ugha djrs] bcknr vYykg dh djrs gSaA gk ge

mudh rkt+he rdjhe djrs gSa ;gha ls mu eqlyekuksa esa vkSj mu


eq'kfjdhu esa Qd+Z t+kfgj gSA
bl rjg dh rkt+he o rdjhe f'kd+Z ugha gks ldrh tcfd
okfynSu ds fy, [k+kfyd us [k+qn gqDe fn;k fd ^^buds lkeus vius
dks rt+yqy o vktt+h ds lkFk >qdk;s jgk djks** ;g rkt+he dk gqDe
ugha rks vkSj D;k gS\ vkSj bj'kkn Qjek;k fdA
^^tks 'kvk;js bZykfg;k dh rkt+he djs rks ;g rdok o
ijgst+xkjh dk ,d tqt+ gS** vkSj bl rjg vYykg dh gqjerksa dh
rkt+he ds fy, Qjek;k vkSj gt+jr iSxEcj [k+qnk lYyYykgq vySgh o
vkfygh olYye dks gqDe fn;k fd %
^^vius ckt+w >qdkb;s blds fy, tks eksfeuhu esa ls vki dk
iwjk eqrCcs gS** lcls ckykrj ;g fd gd+ rkyk us eyk;dk eqdjZchu
dks gqDe fn;k fd og vcqy c'kj tukc vkne vyS0 dks ltnk djsa
vkSj bCyhl dks ltnk u djus ij er:n o ejnwn djkj fn;k vkSj
lwjg ;wlqQ esa gS fd gt+jr ;qlwQ+ vyS0 us [+okc ns[kk fd X;kjg
flrkjs vkSj pkn lwjt mUgsa ltnk dj jgs gSa vkSj fQj mldh rkchj
;w o+dw esa vkbZ fd mUgksaus vius cki dks tks uch [k+qnk gt+jr ;kdwc Fks
vkSj viuh okfynk dks cqyUn r[+r ij cSBk;k rks mu nksuksa us vkSj
reke HkkbZ;ksa us tks X;kjg Fks] mUgsa ltnk fd;kA
'kjh;r bLyke esa vYykg ds flok fdlh ds fy, ltns dk
jok u gksuk ,d gqDe 'kjbZ gS ysfdu lkfcd 'kfj;rksa esa bl dk
tk,t+ gksuk vkSj odw esa vkuk bldh rks nyhy drbZ gS fd og f'kZd
ugha gS D;ksafd mlwy nhu esa reke vafc;k eqRrfgn gSA tks 'k;
nkf[k+ys f'kdZ gks og fdlh Hkh 'kjhvr esa tk,t+ ugha gks ldrhA

(67)

(68)

bl lc ls ;g vez ik;s lqcwr rd drbZ rkSj ij igqp tkrk


gS fd gj rkt+he bcknr ugha gS bcknr dh cqfu;kn [k+qnk le>us ij
gS vkSj tks eqlyeku vafc;k o vkSfy;k o eqdjZchu dh rkt+he djrs
gSa] muds t+gu esa gjfxt+ muds [k+qnk gksus dk rLooqj ugha gksrk cfYd
og ;dhuh rkSj ij flnd fny ls tkurs gSa fd ;g vYykg ds cUns gSa
ftUgksaus viuh iwjh mej ml dh bcknr vkSj brkvr esa lQZ dh gS
vkSj mldh jkg esa mUgksaus dqckZfu;k nh gSaA blh fy, og gekjh
rkt+he o rdjhe ds eqLrfgd gSa rks ;g rkt+he nj gd+hd+r vYykg
dh rkt+he gS tks ,Su rkSghn gS vkSj ;g rkt+he xS:Yykg dh tks
vYykg dh rjQ fuLcr [k+kl ds is'k ut+j gS] rkt+he bu vQjkn dh
gS ysfdu og bcknr budh ugha gS] cfYd mldh bcknr gS ftldh
rjQ bfUrlkc ls budh rkt+he gks jgh gSA
vkSj nqvk og cjkgs jkLr buls ugha gksrh fd ge mUgsa gktr
cjkjh ds fy, [k+qnk ls csfu;kt+ gksdj dkQh le>rs gks cfYd eryc
;g gksrk gS fd ;g tks ckjxkg bykgh esa mldh brkvr o bcknr dh
otg ls dqcZ gkfly fd;s gq, gS] gekjs fy, mldh ckjxkg esa gktr
cjkjh ds fy, nqvk djsa vkSj ;g vke eksehuhu ds fy, vkil esa okfjn
gqvk gS fd ,d dh nqvk nwljs ds ckjs esa clk vodkr eqLrtkc gksrh gS
vkSj pwfd ge mUgsa ft+Unk le>rs gSa tSlk fd 'kqgnk ds ckjs esa
ljkgru dqvkZu esa gSA rks ge muls eq[k+kfrc gksdj Hkh enn ds fy,
tks dgrs gSa] bldk Hkh eryc ;g gksrk gS fd og vYykg dh ckjxkg
esa gekjs fy, vtZ o ekjwt+ djsa ;k et+hZ ckjh ds ekrgr blds btu ls
[k+qn enn dj nsa] vkSj bl rjg vYykg ds Qsy dh fuLcr xSjqYykg
dh rjQ dqvkZu ethn ls lkfcr gS] tSls oQkr dk nsuk vYykg dk

dke gSA bj'kkn gqvk gS fd vYykg uqQwl dks oQkr nsrk gS] mudh
ekSr ds oD+r vkSj nwljh txg bldh fuLcr eydqyekSr dh rjQ gSA
bj'kkn gqvk gS %& dfg, fd rqEgs oQkr nsrk gS ekSr dk Qfj'rk vkSj
rhljh txg mldh fuLcr bu Qfj'rksa dh rjQ nh x;h gS tks
eydqyekSr ds ekrgr gSA
bj'kkn gqvk fd og ftUgsa Qfj'rs oQkr nsrs gSa nj gykfd
og vius uqQwl ij flr~e <kus okys gSa] blh rjg vrk;s fjT+d ;k
vkSykn dh fuLcr fdlh dh rjQ gks rks mlesa dksbZ gtZ ugha tcfd
dgus okyk vd+hnk ;gh j[krk gks fd vLy vrk djus okyk [k+qnk
oUn vkye gS vkSj og vxj vrk djsaxs rks blds gqD+e ls ;k [k+qn
mldh ckjxkg esa flQkfj'k ds t+fj;s lsA
lquu vcq nkn esa [k+chj fcu erve dh jok;r gS fd ,d
,sjkch us gt+jr l0 ds ikl vkdj dgrlkyh dk gkWy c;ku fd;k
vkSj ed+lwn bldk ;g Fkk fd gt+jr l0 rycs ckjk Qjek,sa exj
mlus ;g dgk fd ge vYykg ls flQkfj'k djkrs gS vki ds ;gk vkSj
vki dh f'kQkvr pkgrs gSa vYykg dh ckjxkg esa] igys tqeys ij
gt+jr l0 us dbZ nQk rlchg bykgh Qjek;h vkSj bj'kkn Qjek;k
fd mldh t+kr cjrj gS blls fd mldks fdlh ds ikl f'kQkvr ds
fy, is'k fd;k tk;sA blls t+kfgj gS fd vki l0 us bl fQdjs ij
vki ckjxkg bykgh flQkfj'k dhft, dksbZ ,rjkt+ ugha Qjek;kA
gk tks 'k[+l bu gt+jkr dks vYykg dk evkt+ vYykg
cjkcj le>s vkSj vYykg ds eqdkcys esa mUgsa gktr jok vkSj
dkjlkt+ ekus mls ge Hkh eq'kfjd le>rs gSaA
bCu vCnqy ogkc dk dkSy gS fd&

(69)

(70)

^^tks dqN eqlyekuksa dk vkSfy;k o lkfyghu ds lkFk vey


gS] ;gh cl eq'kfjdhu vjc dk vey FkkA**
;g vtjq, dqvkZu nq:Lr ugha gS D;ksafd dqvkZu ethn ls
lkfcr gS fd og vius vluke dks ^^vYykg** dgrs Fks ;kuh [k+qnk
le>rs Fks vkSj blfy, og [k+qnk dh bcknr ls vius dks csfu;kt+
le>rs Fks] pqukup% dqvkZu esa gS fd ^^mUgksaus iSxEcj ds fy, dgk fd
;g gesa gekjs [kqnkvksa ls xqejkg fd;s nsrk gSA**
lwjg% lkQkr esa gS fd og dgrs gSa fd ^^D;k ge ,d fnokus
'kk;j dh [k+kfrj vius [kqnkvksa dks NksM+ nsa\**
lwjg% Lokn esa gS fd mudh tokuh jlwy ds fy, fd mlus
cgqr ls [kqnkvksa dks ,d [kqnk cuk fn;k] ;g vthc ckr gSA**
lwjg% 'kksvjk esa gS vgys nkst+[k+ dh t+ckuh fd ^^og vius
ekcwnksa ls dgsaxs fd ge [kqyh gqbZ xqejkgh esa Fks] rqEgsa ijojfnxkj
vkyE;k ds cjkcj djkj nsrs FksA** blls t+kfgj gS fd og vius ekcwnksa
dks vYykg ds cjkcj djkj nsrs FksA
lwjg% vgdkQ esa gS fd mUgksaus dgk ^^rqe vk;s gks fd gesa
gekjs [k+qnkvksa ls gVkvksA**
lwjg% uwg esa gS fd og eq'kfjdhu dgrs gSa fd vius [kqnkvksa
dks dHkh u NksM+uk] ndqvk] lqok dw] ;kxkSl vkSj ;md vkSj ulj dks**
;g lc muds cqrksa ds uke gS ftUgsa og lkQ&lkQ [k+qnk dg jgs gSa
lwjg% gwn esa gS fd ^^ge gjfxt+ bu [kqnkvksa dks ugha NksMs+xsa]**
fQj gS fd ^^ge le>rs gSa fd gekjs [k+qnkvksa esa ls fdlh us rqEgsa dqN
uqdlku igqpk fn;k gSA** vkSj [k+qn [k+qnkoUn vkye us bj'kkn
Qjek;k gS fd ugha Qk;nk igqpk;k mUgsa muds [k+qnkvksa us ftUgsa og

vYykg dks NksM+dj iqdkjrs Fks dqN HkhA**


vkSj lwjg% gtj esa gS fd ^^ge us vki dks cpk;k mu et+kd
mM+kus okyksa ls tks vYykg ds flok nwljk [k+qnk cukrs gSaA**
vkSj lwjg% cuh bLjkbZy esa gS fd ^^vxj mlds lkFk vkSj [k+qnk
gksrs tSlk fd og dgrs gSa rks bl oD+r og v'kZ ds ekfyd ds eqdkcys
esa dksbZ lwjr fudky ysrsA**
vkSj lwjg% ej;e esa bj'kkn gqvk gS fd ^^bu yksxksa us vYykg
dks NksM+dj cgqr ls [k+qnk cuk fy;s gSa rkfd og muds fy,
ckblx+Yck gks] gjfxt+ ugha] cgqr tYn og mudh bcknr ls badkj
djsaxs vkSj [kq+n muds Qjhd eq[k+kfyQ gksaxsA**
vkSj lwjg% vafc;k esa budh t+ckuh bj'kkn gqvk gS fd ^^D;k
;gh og 'k[+l gS tks rqEgkjs [k+qnkvksa dk ft+ fd;k djrk gS\**
fQj gS tc gt+jr bczkghe us cqrksa dks rksM+ MkykA
mUgksaus dgk fd fdlus gekjs [k+qnkvksa ds lkFk ;g lqywd
fd;k\ ;dhuu og t+kfyeksa esa ls gSA**
fQj gS
^^mUgksaus bczkghe vyS0 ls dgk D;k rqeus gekjs [k+qnkvksa ds
lkFk ;g lqywd fd;k gS ,S bczkghe**
^^fQj bj'kkn gqvk fd mUgsa vkx esa Mky nks vkSj vius [k+qnkvksa
dh enn djks**
vkSj lwjg% Qqjd+ku esa gS]
mUgksaus mls NksM+dj ,Sls [k+qnk cuk;s gS tks fdlh pht+ dks
[k+Yd ugha dj ldrs vkSj og [k+qn [k+Yd fd;s x;s gSaA**
bl lc ls t+kfgj gS fd og eq'kfjdhu vius cqrksa dks fcyk

(71)

(72)

rdYyqQ bykg ;kuh [k+qnkvksa dh y+t+ ls rkchj djrs FksA blds


cjf[+kykQ fdlh eqlyeku ls tks iSxEcj vdje lYyYykgq vySgh
o vkfygh olYye ;k vkSfy;k o eqdjZchu esa ls fdlh dh rkt+he
djrk gS iwNk tk;s fd rqe mUgsa [k+qnk le>rs gks vkSj budh bcknr
djrs gks\ rks og gjfxt+ bldk bd+jkj u djsxk cfYd f'kn~nr ds
lkFk badkj djsxk] blh ls mu eq'kfjdhu vkSj eqlyekuksa esa QdZ
t+kfgj gks tkrk gSA
eqlyekuksa ds fy, ;g dguk ^^mudk uekt+ jkst+k oxSjg lc
voke dks /kks[kk nsus ds fy, gS vkSj vius f'kdZ dks bLyke ds nkeu esa
Nqikuk gS] blds eqdkcys esa dksbZ 'k[+l brus gh cqyUn vkgUx ds lkFk
;g dg ldrk gS fd utnh ogkfc;ksa dk uekt+] jkst+k vkSj gt oxSjg
lc uqek;'kh gS vkSj bldk gd+hd+r ls dksbZ okLrk ugha gSA tc fd
og ml jlwy l0 dh vt+er ds eqUdj gSa ftudh cnkSyr budks ;g
lc ckrsa ;kn gqbZ gSaA
t+kfgj gS fd bl rjg ,d nwljs dks dguk dksbZ bYeh cgl
dk vUnkt+ ugha j[krk blfy, bl ij T+;knk fy[kuk rt+h; vodkr
gSA

(73)

(74)

pkSFkk ckc

ogkch yksx vius flok reke nqfu;k ds eqlyekuksa dks dkfQ+j


o eq'kfjd le>rs gSA vkykslh us rkjh[k utn esa ,d vge ogkch
vkye 'ks[k vCnqy yrhQ fcu vCnqjZgeku bCu eksgEen fcu vCnqy
ogkc utnh dh ,d rwy rohy bckjr udy dh gS& ftlls ekywe
gksrk gS fd reke eqlyekukus vkye ij muds D;k bYtkekr gS ftu
esa ls cgqr lh ckrsa >wB gSa vkSj ckt lp gS exj budks xyr dguk
xyr gS elyu ;g fd og vYykg ls eqgCcr ds ctk; xSjqYykg ls
eqgCcr djrs gSaA gkyfd jlwy l0 vkSj vkys jlwy ;k nhxj vofy;k
o eqrdjZchu ls tks yksx eqgCcr djrs gSa og vYykg ds eqdkcys esa
eqgCcr ugha gS cfYd vYykg dh [kkfrj gS ;k ml ds fy, fd mUgksaus
ml ds nhu ds [kkfrj dkjukesa vUtke fn, gSA ml dh jkg esa
dqckZfu;ka is'k dh gSA ,slh eksgCcr ,d Qjht+k nhuh dh gSfl;r
j[krh gSaA pqukUps t+kfcy d+qckZ dh eksgCcr dks vk; eon~nr esa vtjs
fjlkyr dg ds ryc fd;k x;k gSA rks ftlus bl eqgCcr ls
bUgjkQ fd;k] mlus jlwy l0 dk gd vnk ugh fd;k vkSj ,d
txg bj'kkn gqvk fd og tks beku vkSj vey lkysg j[krs gSa] muds
fy, vYykg ,d eksgCcr djkj nsrk gSA ;kuh ml eqgCcr dks Qt+Z
djkj nsrk gS vkSj gtjr bcjkghe vyS0 dh tckuh gS fd&
ijojfnxkj! eSaus viuh vkSykn esa ls dqN dks rsjs ?kj ds ikl
j[kk gSA ijojfnxkj ! blfy, fd og uekt+ dk;e j[ksa rw dqN yksxksa
ds fnyksa dks mudh rjQ >qdk ns fd muls eksgCcr djsaA

vkSj lwjg cjkr esa gS fd


vxj rqEgkjs cki] nknk] vkSykn& oxSjg&oxSjg [kqnk vkSj
jlwy l0 ls T;knk rqEgsa egcwc gksa rks vtkc ds eqUrft+j jgksA
;gka [kqnk ds lkFk edke eqgCcr esa jlwy l0 dk uke fy;k
gSA
vul dh jok;r gS fd iSxEcj [kqnk lYyYykgq vySfg olYye us
Qjek;kA
rqe esa ls dksbZ eksfeu ugha gks ldrk tc rd fd eSa mls
mlds cki] csVs vkSj reke yksxksa ls T+;knk egcwc u gwA
bldh cq[k+kjh vkSj eqfLye nksuksa us r[kjht dh gS vkSj luu
bCuektk esa vCckl fcu vCnqy eqRrfyc ls jok;r gS fd
jlwy [kqnk lYyYykgq vySfg o vkyhgholYye us Qjek;k
fd ck[kqnk fdlh ds fny esa beku nkf[ky ugha gks ldrk tc rd esjs
vgys cSr ls eqgCcr us djs] vYykg dh [kkfrj vkSj esjh d+jkcr ds
fygkt ls vkSj gtjr l0 us gtjr vyh vyS0 ds fy, jkst [kScj
Qjek;k fd eSa dy mls vye nwaxk] ftlls [kqnk vkSj jlwy eqgCcr
j[krs gSa vkSj og [kqnk vkSj jlwy ls eqgCcr j[krk gSA
mls Hkh cq[kkjh o eqfLye nksuksa us ntZ fd;k gSA ust [kqn
gtjr vyh vyS0 ls f[krkc dj ds Qjek;k!
,S vyhA rqEgkjh eqgCcr bZeku vkSj rqe ls cqxt dqQj o
fuQkd gSA vkSj ,slh gh cdljr gnhlsa gSaA
vc ;g yksx tks eksgCcrs jlwy cxSjk dks vlckc f'kdZ esa
nf[k+y dj jgs gSa] rks cnhgh rkSj ij ;g tkfgj gS fd buds fnyksa esa
tjkZ Hkj jlwy vkSj vkys jlwy dh eqgCcr ugha gSA ftl ds ckn

(74)

(75)

ogkch vd+hnk reke vRjkQs+ vkye ds eqlyekuksa ds ckjs esa

cuLls jlwy l0 bZeku dh nkSyr ls eg:e gksuk tkfgj gSA ysfdu


tks okdbZ lkgcs bZeku gS] og budh eksgCcr dk ijojfnxkj vkye
dh rjQ ls ,d Qjht+k le>rs gSaA
vkSj bCu vCnqy ogkc dh fdrkc vRrkSghn ds 'kkjg dk ;g
dguk gS fd ;g bu ls vYykg ls T;knk eksgCcr djrs gSa vkSj ;g bu
dh jkg esa bruk [kpZ djrs gSa ftldk v'kjs v'khj Hkh vYykg ds fy,
lQZ ugha djrs] fcYdqy xyr gS cfYd ;g bu ls eksgCcr vYykg dh
eksgCcr ds lcc ls djrs gSa vkSj tks dqN buds uke ij [kpZ djrs gSa
og Hkh vYykg dh [kq'kuwnh ds fy, djrs gSaA
vthc ckr gS fd ;g yksx veokr ds dqcwj dh T;kjr vkSj
mudh rjQ ls [kSj [kSjkr vkSj roLlqy dh fcuk ij eqlyekuksa dks
dkfQj d+jkj nsrs gSa vkSj buds cgqr cM+s beke Q[k+jqn~nhu jkth bu
phtksa dks mu ckrksa esa djkj nsrs gSa ftu ij reke et+kfgcs vkye ds
vQjkn eqRrfQd gS vkSj tks vke fQrjrs bUlkuh dk rdkt+k gS
pqukup% o rQlhj dchj esa bl vk;r ds rgr esa fd yksx vkils :g
ds ckjs esa nj;kr djrs gSa] cdk, :g ds nyk;y ds t+sy esa fy[krs
gSaA
nloha nyhy ;g gS fd fgUnw vkSj jkse vkSj vjc o vte
reke nqfu;k ds vgys etkfgc] ;gwnh gksa ;k uljkuh ;k etwlh ;k
eqlyeku lc vius vEokr dh rjQ ls [kSj [kSjkr djrs gSa] muds
fy, [kSj djrs gS vkSj mu dh dczksa dh T;kjr dks tkrs gSA vxj ;g
lc ;g u le>rs gksrs fd ejus ds ckn Hkh og fdlh u fdlh rjg dh
ftUnxh j[krs gS rks mudk ;g Qsy vcl gksrk bu lc dk eqRrkfQd
gksuk bl [kSj [kSjkr ij bldh nyhy gS fd ;g fQrjh rkSj ij fcyk

bf[+rykQ ;g ekurs gSa fd vly bUlku bl ftLe ds vykok dksbZ


tqt+ gS vkSj og tqt+ bl ftLe ds eqnkZ gksus ds lkFk eqnkZ ugha gks
x;kA
vgknhl iSxEcj [kqnk l0 ls Hkh bl dk lqcwr feyrk gS
pqukUp% lghg eqfLye esa ;g jok;r gS fd
cM+k gqlu vey ;g gS fd viuh uektksa ds lkFk vius eka
cki ds fy, uektsa i<+ks vkSj vius jkst+ksa ds lkFk vius ek cki ds fy,
jksts+ j[kksA
bl gnhl ds eqrkfYyd bczkghe fcu bZlk rkydkuh us
vCnqYykg fcu eqckjd ls nj;kr fd;k rks mUgksaus dgk fd bl
gnhl dh lun eas rks uqdl gS exj vEokr dh rjQ ls rlnnqd esa
bf[+rykQ dksbZ ugha gSA
egkftjrqyvCjkj bCu vjch eks nks txg ftYn vOoy o
ftYn nkse esa vul fcu ekfyd dh jok;r ;g gS fd%
fdlh eS;r dh rjQ ls tks [kSjkr dh tkrh gs] mls us,es
bykgh dh lwjr esa Qfj'rs ysdj mldh dcz ds ikl tkrs gSa vkSj
iqdkj dj dgrs gSa ;g rsjs fy, rksgQk Hkstk x;k gSA
ogkch rlOoqj fd ;g yksx [kqnk le> dj eksgCcr djrs gSa
vkSj >qdrs gS vksj mEehn okcLrk djrs gS] blesa igyk tqt+ fd og
[kqnk le>rs gS] fcYdqy xyr gSA gk eksgCcr djrs gSa ftl ds
eqr+kvfYyd r'kjhg gks pqdh gS vkSj ;g fd og >qdrs gS] nq:Lr gS
ysfdu og [kqnkoUnh fuLcr ds is'k ut+j j[kus dh otg ls >qduk]
gdhdru vYykg ds fy, >qduk gS] u fd t+kru bu v'k[kkl vkSj
bu phtksa ds fy, vkSj mEehn vYykg ls gS] buds olhys ls] u fd

(76)

(77)

tkru mu lsA [kkSQ o jt+k ;kuh Mj vkSj mEehn ds ckjs esa beke vcq
guhQ+k ukseku fcu lkfcr dh r'kjhg fdrkc vyvkfye
oyeqrvkfYye esa gS% eqrvfYye dk loky ;g gS fd tks fdlh ls
[kkSQ djs ;k mEehn okcLrk j[ks rks D;k og dkfQ+j gS\ bl dk tokc
tks vfye us fn;k gS] og ;g gS fd%
jtk vkSj [kkSQ ;kuh mEehn vkSj Mj dh nks lwjrsa gS ,d ;g
fd dksbZ 'k[+l fdlh ls mEehn djs ;k mlls Mjs ;g le>rs gq, fd
og [kqn vYykg dks NksM+ dj fdlh t+jj fjlkuh ;k uQk fjlkuh dh
dqnjr j[krk gS rks ;g 'k[l dkfQ+j gS vkSj nwljh lwjr ;g gS fd
fdlh ls mEehn j[krk gks ;k fdlh ls Mj jgk gks [kSj dh mEehn ;k
vtekb'k ds [kkSQ dh otg ls vYykg dh rjQ ls fd 'kk;n
vYykg blds tfj, eq> rd [kSj igqapk,] ;k bl ds gkFkksa eq> ij
dksbZ eqlhcr ukft+y djs ;k fdlh user dks lYc djs rks ,slk 'k[+l
dkfQj ugha gksxk] blfy, fd cki Hkh csVs ls mEehn j[krk gS fd og
mls Qk;nk igqapk,xk vkSj dksbZ 'k[+l viuh lokjh ds tkuoj ls
mEehn j[krk gS fd og mls efUt+y rd igqapk,xk vkSj ckn'kkg ls
mEehn j[krk gS fd og mldh nknjlh djsxk vkSj bu ckrkas ls dqQ+j
ykft+e ugh vkrkA blfy, fd blds t+gu esa ;g gS fd vly
ejdt uQk o t+jj vYykg gS exj og 'kk;n bl csVs ds tfj, ls
esjh enn djkns ;k ml ckn'kkg ds gkFk esjh nknjlh djkns] blfy,
,Slk 'k[l dkfQj ugha gSA blh rjg [kkSQ+] d+qjvku et+hn esa gtjr
ewlk vyS0 dh t+qckuh gS fd eq>s Mj gS fd dgha ;g yksx eq>s dRy u
djsa] ekywe gqvk fd vlckc t+kfgjh dh fcuk ij fdlh ls [kkSQ+ Hkh
ckvls ls dqQ+j ugha gSA

;g dguk fd yksx [+kqnk dks NksM+ dj nwljksa ls nqvk ekaxrs gS


rks ;g igys c;ku gks pqdk gS fd nwljksa ls t+kru nqvk ugha ekaxrs
cfYd eryc ;g gksrk gS fd og vYykg dh ckjxkg esa buds fy,
nqvk djsa ;k og btkt+r ns rks bldh nh gqbZ rkd+r [kqn bldh enn
djs] bl ds vykok buds olhys ls [+kqnk oUn vkye dh ckjxkg esa
nqvk ekxrs gSa vkSj roLlqy dks 'kokfgn iSx+Ecj [kqnk l0 ds ckjs esa
ogkch vdhnksa ds ckc esa ntZ gks pqds gSaA dqN et+hn 'kokfgn ;gk ntZ
fd, tk jgs gS]
lquu bCuektk esa vcq lbZn [+knjh ls jok;r gS fd%
gt+jr iSx+Ecj [+kqnk l0 us Q+jek;k fd tks vius ?kj ls
uekt+ ds fy, fudys ;g dgs] [+kqnkoUn! eSa rq>ls loky djrk gw bu
vQ+jkn ds gd+ dk okLrk nsdj tks rsjh ckjxkg ds lk;y gSa vkSj
rq>ls loky djrk gq vius bl jkLrk rS djus ds gd+ ls tks rsjh
rjQ+ gS blfy, fd eSa u fdlh uQlkfu;r dh otg ls fudyk gw] u
'kj vkSj Q+lkn ds fy,] u fn[kkus vkSj lqukus ds fy,] eSa fudyk gq
flQZ rsjh ukjkt+xh ls cpus ds fy, vkSj rsjh [kq'kuwnh dh ryc esa rks
eSa rq> ls loky djrk gw fd eq>s vkfr'ks nkst+[+k ls iukg esa j[k vkSj
esjs xqukgksa dks ekQ+ Q+jek fd flok rsjs dksbZ ugha tks xqukgks dks ekQ+
djs
bls gkfQ+t+ tykyqn~nhu lq;wrh us tke; dchj esa Hkh ntZ
fd;k gSA vkSj gkfQ+t+ vcq x+;fe vlQgkuh us veyqy;kSe oYy;y
esa vcqlbZn [+knjh ls jok;r ntZ dh gS fd
gt+jr jlwy [+kqnk l0 tc uekt+ ds fy, cjvken gksrs Fks
rks dgrs Fks fd [+kqnkoUn eSa rq>ls loky djrk gw rq>ls loky djus

(78)

(79)

okyksa ds gd+ dk okLrk nsdj vkSj vius ed+ln ls fudyus ds gd+ ds


okLrs ls fd eS t+krh gok o gol ls ugha fudyk gw] u fn[kkus vkSj
lqukus ds fy, eSa fudyk gw rsjh [kq'kuwnh dh ryc esa vkSj rsjh
ujkt+xh ls cpus ds fy, rks eSa rq> ls loky djrk gw fd eq>s vkfr'ks
nkst+[+k ls egQwt+ vkSj eq>s cgs'kr esa nkf[k+y Qjek
vkSj lq;wrh us Hkh fdrkc vnkokr esa vcq lbZn [+kqnjh ls
bldh jok;r dh gSA
cqtqxksZa dk vey Hkh eqrd+Zjchu ls roLlqy ij tkjh jgk
pqukUps gkfQ+t+ bCugtj vLd+ykuh us viuh fdrkc [kSjkrs fglku
Qh eukfd+c beke vcq guhQk ukseku esa iPphloha Q+ly esa ntZ
fd;k gS fd
beke 'kkQ+bZ tc cx+nkn esa Fks rks beke vcq guhQk dh
t+jhg ds ikl vkrs Fks] mUgas lyke djrs Fks vkSj viuh gktr ds iwjk
gksus ds fy, mu ls roLlqy djrs FksA
vYykek bCu gtj eDdh us beke 'kkQ+;h ds v'kvkj ntZ
fd, gS tks mUgksaus vgyscSr jlwy l0 dks eq[+kkfrc djds dgs Fks
ftudk et+ewu ;g gS fd &
vkys jlwy l0 esjk t+jh;k gS vkSj og bl ckjxkg esa esjk
olhyk gSA mUgha ds okLrs ls eq>s mEehn gS fd Q+nkZ;s d+;ker esa esjs
nkfgus gkFk esa esjk ukek, vkeky fn;k tk,xkA
iSx+Ecj [+kqnk lYyYykgq vySgh olYye ds lkFk roLlqy dh
cgl esa [kyhQ+k nkse mej dk tukc vCckl vEe jlwy l0 dks rycs
ckjku ds fy, ys tkuk c;ku gks pqdk gSA
;gka bl esa dqN bt+kQk fd;k tkrk gS fd bCu vlhj tt+jh

us vlnqy xkck esa fy[kk gS fd


mej fcu [kRrkc us dgrlkyh dh f'kn~nr esa vCckl ds
t+fj, ls rycsckjk fd;k vkSj [+kqnk cUn vkye us ckjkus jger
ukft+y fd;k rks mej us dgk c[+kqnk ;g olhyk gSa vYykg dh rjQ+
vkSj ;g ed+ke o erZck gS mldh ckjxkg esa vkSj gLlku fcu lkfcr
us bl et+ewu ds v'kvkj dgas fd ^^tc eqlYly dgrlkyh jgh rks
lcus [kqnk ls loky fd;k vkSj ckny us vCckl ds psgjs dh cjdr ls
lsjkch vrk dh] jlwy l0 ds ppk vkSj muds okfyn ds HkkbZ vkSj og
tks nwljs yksxksa dks NksM+dj vkids okfjl gSa bUgha ds t+fj, ls vYykg
us bu 'kgjksa dks ftUnk fd;k vkSj og [+kq'd gksus dh gkyr ds ckn
rjksrkt+k gks x, vkSj tc ckfj'k gqbZ rks yksx vCckl ds gkFkksa dks el
djds vius eqag ij eyus yxs vkSj dgrs Fks eqckjd gks vkidks ,S
gjeSu ds lSjkc djus okys] vkSj gkfQt+ bCu gtj dh fjok;r esa tks
bCu vCckl jt+h0 dh t+ckuh gS fd mej us nqvk esa dgk [+kqnkcUn% ge
rq> ls rycs ckjk djrs gSa vius iSxEcj ds ppk ds t+fj, ls vkSj
mudh lQ+sn nk<+h dks 'kQ+kvr ds fy, is'k djrs gSaA
blls ekywe gksxk fd mudks tks usdwdkj vkSj ijgst+xkj
v'k[k+kl vkSj eqd+jhZchuk bykgh ls roLlqy djsa bl vk;r dh t+n esa
ykuk fd ftUgsa eq'kfjdhu iqdkj jgs gS] [kqn vYykg ds ;gk fdlh
olhys dh fQ+ esa gS ftls bCu vCnqy ogkc us fdrkc vyrkSghn esa
ntZ fd;k gS vkSj dgk gS] blesa mu eq'kjhfdu dh jn gS tks usd
vknfe;ksa ls nqvk djrs gSa vkSj ;g cgqr cM+k f'kdZ gSA gkykafd blds
eqd+kcys ls lwjg ek;nk esa [k+kfyd dk [kqn gqDe ekStwn fd vYykg ds
;gka ds fy, olhyk] gkfly djksA mls ut+j vUnkt+ djds olhyk

(80)

(81)

vyhfcu vejq dkfrc us drZck esa c;ku fd;k fd eq> ls vcqy


d+kfle bCu c'doky eqgnfnl us ;g v'kvkj vcq lbZn fcu
Q+kfty ds lquk, vkSj mudh d+cj d+rZck esa blh rjg gktrksa ds iwjs
gksus esa e'kgwj gS tSls ek:Q+d[+khZ dh dcz cx+nkn esa vkSj eq+rh
eksgEen jt+k lkgc vUlkjh us viuh fdrkc ckuh nlZfut+keh esa
eqYyk fut+keqn~nhu fQ+jUxh egy ds gky esa rgjhj dh gS fy[kk gS fd
ekSykuk buk;r vYykg fQjUxh egy us fy[kk gS %
d+czs eqckjd bl oDr Hkh eqQ+hns [kkl o vke vkSj [+kkl dj
ejht+kus bYe ds fy, uqL[k+,s f'kQk gS] e'kgwj gS fd ftldks eryc
fdrkc dk le> esa u vkrk gks] fdrkc [kksydj et+kjs vdnl ij
gkftj jgsa vkSj :qgkfu;r gt+jr ls roTtksg djs QkSju eryc le>
esa vk tk,xk ^^ogqok eqtfjZc
rt+fdjk mYek, fQ+jUxh egy ercwvk lu~ 181

vf[+r;kj djus dks f'kdZ djkj nsus dk urhtk ;g gS fd mej Qk:d


d+kfQ+j vkSj eq'kfjd gksa vkSj vius bl dkSy dh otg ls tks mUgksaus
tukc vCckl jth0 ds fy, dgk fd ;g c[+kqnk vYykg ds ;gk ds
fy, olhyk vkSj blds ;gk efUt+y vkSj ejrck gSA gdhdr ;g gS
fd eq'kfjdhu dh et+Eer olhyk cukus ij blfy, gqbZ gS fd og
,Slh phtksa dks olhyk cukrs Fks tks roLlqy ds yk;d ugha gS ;kuh
cstku iRFkjksa ds cqr dks tcfd [+kqnkcUn vkye us mudh rkt+he vkSj
blls roLlqy dk gqDe ugha fn;k gS blfy, ckt+ txg gS fd ;g
,Slksa dks iqdkjrs gS ftuds fy, vYykg us dksbZ nyhy ugha mrkjh gS
ysfdu bldh ckjxkg esa vius gqLus vey vkSj vrkvr vkSj bcknr
ls dqcZ gkfly djus okys] mudh rkt+he o rdjhe dh [kqn vYykg
dh rjQ+ ls fgnk;r gS] fygkt+k muls roLlqy f'kdZ D;ksa dj gks
ldrk gS\ pqukup% eqlyekuksa eas gj nkSj esa lkfyghu o eqd+Zjhfcu ds
lkFk roLlqy vkSj muds d+qcwj ij gkft+jh vkSj nqvk dks gktr cjkjh
dk t+fj;k le>uk lyQ+ lkfyghu esa cjkcj tkjh jgkA
vlkck gkfQt bCu gtj esa vCnqjjgeku fcu jchv fcu
dvc ds ft+ esa gS fd mUgsa [+kyhQk lkuh mej us ckc o vcokc ij
vkfey cuk;k vkSj rqdksZa ls tax ds fy, Hkstk vkSj og ogha rqfdZLrku
esa nQ+u gq, vkSj ogka ds yksx vkt rd mudh d+cz ds t+fj, ryos
ckjka djrs gSaA
vkSj ;t+hn fcu vlon ds ft+ esa gS fd lyhe fcu vkfej
dk C;ku gS % nfe'd+ esa dgr iM+k] ekfo;k us ;thn bCu vlon ds
okLrs ryos ckjka fd;k ftl ls ckfj'k gqbZA
'ks[k bCu vjch us ^egkftjryq vcjkj* essa fy[kk gS fd

f'k;ksa esa meweu vkSj ckt+ vgys lqUur dk Hkh vey gS fd


fxjus yxrs gS rks ;k vyh dgrs gSaA vkSj laHky tkrs gSa] eSus tSlk
fd lQ+jukek gt+ esa fy[kk gS eq>s enhuk equOojk esa ;g eq'kkfgnk
gqvk fd pyus esa eq>s Bksdj yxh vkSj fxjus yxk rks ,d nqdku ij ls
vkokt vk;h ;k jlwy vYykg vkSj eSa laHky x;kA
gd+hd+r ds fygkt+ ls ;k jlwyvYykg vkSj ;k vyh dgus
esa dksbZ Q+dZ ugha gSA ogkch elyd ds fygkt+ ls nksuksa gh f'kdZ gSA
vgys lqUur ds ,d cM+s rcds esa ;k 'ks[k vCnqy d+kfnj dk fjokt
gS] eqQ+rh eqgEen jt+k vUlkjh us blh fdrkc esa ;g c;ku fd;k gS fd
eqYyk fut+keqn~nhu us dqN yksxksa dks tks muds ikl bfYrekl ds fy,

(82)

(83)

gkft+j gq, Fks dgk fd rqeesa ls tks 'k[l T+;knk nhunkj gks ;k 'k+s[k
vCnqy d+kfnj 'kw;kYykg ftl dnj eqefdu gks fonZ djs] fQj ml
ij Q+qV uksV esa fy[kk gS %
bl fonZ ds tokt+ vkSj vne tokt+ ds ckjs esa mYek esa
,[kfrykQs jk;s gSA ckt mYek blds i<+us dh eqekfu;r djrs gSaA
dksbZ lkS lky igys bl flyflys esa ,d lkgc us ftu mYek ls
bLrQrk fd;k Fkk muesa ekSykuk j'khn vgen ukUxksjh nsocUnh Hkh Fks]
mUgksaus Hkh dqyfy;ru bl fonZ dks eeuw ugha d+jkj fn;k gSa bu mYek
ds tokckr fdrkch 'kDy esa 'kk; gq, gSA fdrkc dk uke gSA ^^Qrok
tokt+ ;k 'ks[k vCnqy dkfnj 'k;Yykg ekSykuk v'kjQ+ vyh Fkkuoh
us Hkh bl dh btktr nh gSA budh rgjhjh btkt+r ekSykuk eqgEen
okfld+ vy;d+hu lTtknk u'khu dqlhZ ftyk ckjkcadh vkSj ekSykuk
eqgEen ukflj fQjaxh egy gQhn eqYyk futkeqn~nhu ds ikl eSaus
[kqn ns[kh gSA
;g dguk fd ;g eqlyeku dcjksa ij vdwQ djrs gSa ;kuh
ogka tedj cSBrs gSa rks ;g t+kfgj gS fd ;g te dj cSBuk vxj
frykor dqvkZu vkSj rlchg o equktkr vkSj usd vkeky ds y, gks
;k mu yksxksa dh enn ds fy, tks bl d+cj dh ft+;kjr ds fy, vkrs
gSa rks bl esa gtZ D;k gS\ og dkj[kS+j esa ,vkur dh gSfl;r j[krk gSA
mu bYt+kekr esa ls tks [+kq'k vdhnk eqlYekuksa ij gSA ,d
cM+h f'kn~nr ds lkFk is'k fd;k tkrk gS fd og bu ckjxkgksa dh
pkS[kV dk ckslk ysrs gSa exj bl ds d+qQ+j f'kdZ gksus ij dksbZ nyhy
ugha gS tc fd rkt+he 'kk;sj bykfg;k dk gqDe meweh ekStwn gS vkSj
;g ckslk Hkh vdlkes rkt+he esa ls gS ftldk gqDe gtjs vlon ds

fy, ekStwn gS vkSj blds vykok fdlh pht dks ckslk ysus dh
eqekfu;r ugha gS rks ;g rkthe ds mewewh gqDe esa nkf[+ky jgsxk vkSj
igys vk pqdk gS mEeqy eksfefuu vk;'kk dk c;ku gS fd jlwy [+kqnk
l0 us mLeku fcu et+u dh yk'k dk ckslk fy;k vkSj eSusa ns[kk fd
gt+jr l0 ds vklw jq[+klkj gk;s eqckjd ij tkjh gSA bldk 'ks[+k
lqyseku cy[+kh dUnjksth us ia;auko;vyeonRr esa ft+ fd;k gS
vkSj bCu vCckl vkSj vk;'kk nksuksa dh jok;r gS fd [+kyhQk vOoy
vcqcdj us i+SxEcj [kqnk l0 dh oQ+kr ds ckn vki dh yk'k dk ckslk
fy;k]mls bCu ekt+k us vius lquus esa ntZ fd;k gS vkSj dcj dk ckslk
ysus ds fy, gt+jr iSx+Ecj [+kqnk l0 dh gnhl fdQk;k 'kkch vkSj
Qrkok;q xjk,sc vkSj erkfycqy eksfeuhu vkSj [ktkurqjZok;k esa gS
fd vius ek cki dh d+cz dk ckslk ysus esa dksbZ gtZ ugha gSA blfy,
fd ,d 'k[l iSx+Ecjs [+kqnk l0 ds ikl vk;k vkSj dgk fd ;k jlwy
vYykg! eSaus d+le [+kkbZ gS fd eSa cgs'r dh pkS[kV vkSj gwjSu dh
is'kkuh dk ckslk ywxk] vc eSa fd;k d:a\ gt+jr l0 us Q+jek;k fd
ek ds iSj vkSj cki dh is'kkuh dk ckslk ys yksA mlus dgk fd ;k
jlwy vYykg! vxj esjs ek cki ft+Unk u gksa\ Q+jek;k mudh d+cj
dk ckslk ys yks] blus dgk vxj mudh d+cj u ekywe gks\ Q+jek;k
fd nks ydhjs [khpksa ] ,d ek dh d+cj ds [;ky ls vkSj nwljh cki dh
d+cj ds [+;ky ls mu nksuksa dk ckslk ysyks] rqEgkjh d+le iwjh gks
tk,xhA
relg ds ek;us gS gkFk el djds vius eqg ij ey ysukA
mls ogkch yksx :Dus ;ekuh ds fy, tk,t+ o eqLrglu le>rs gSA
blds ckn nwljs eqd+kekr ij Hkh mewe gqde rkthe vkSj lhjr lYQ+

(84)

(85)

lkfyghu vkSj vne lcwr euk 'kjbZ dh fcuk ij mls tk,t+ o


eqLrglu le>uk pkfg, vkSj igys bl fdrkc esa vk pqdk gS fd tc
mej us vCckl ds okLrs ls rycs ckjk fd;k vkSj ckfj'k gqbZ rks yksx
vCckl ds lkFk relg dj jgs Fks vkSj dg jgs Fks fd eqckjd gks
vkidks ,S gjeSu dks lsjkc dj us okysA
vkSj f'kQ+k, dkt+h v;kt+ esa gS fd vCnqyk fcu mej dks ns[kk
x;k fd mUgksaus gkFk j[kk feaEcj ds ml egy ij tgk ij jlwy [+kqnk
lYyYykgq vySfg o vkyhgh olYye cSBrs Fks vkSj fQj ml gkFk dks
viuh is'kkuh ls yxk;k rks vxj relg dq gks rks mu reke lgkck
o rkcbZu dks dkfQ+j le>uk iM+sxkA
;g dguk fd ;g yksx vius dks mu vofy;k o edjZchu dk
eksgrkt le>rs gS rks fcyk 'kqcg gj [kqnk ds cUns ds fy, ykft+e gS
fd vius dks eksgrkt le>s vkSj tks vius dks csfu;kt+ le> ys og
dkfQ+j gS tcfd d+qvkZu esa lqjg vgt+kc esa gS fd ,s bUlkuks! rqe
vYykg dh ckjxkg esa eksgrkt gks vkSj vYykg cl gS csfu;kt+ gS vkSj
dkfcys rkjhQ
vkSj lwjg eqgEen esa gSA
vYykg xuh gS vkSj rqe lc eksgrkt gks
vkSj vkSfy;k o lkfyghu dh rjQ ,gfr;kt+ blfy, gS fd
og vYykg dh ckjxkg esa gekjs fy, nqvk djsa vkSj eksfeuhu nwljs
eksfeu dk nqvk, [+kSj ds fy, eksgrkt gS fpt+k;ds vofy;k o
eqd+jZchu vkSj vfUc;k o eqlZfyu vkSj vbEek rkghjhu dh rjQ ;g
dguk fd buds t+fj, ls ckfj'k ryc djrs gSa rks blds eqrvkfyd
'kokfgn igys vk pqds gS fd enhuk esa d+gr iM+k vkSj tukc vk;'kk

ls f'kdk;r dh x;h rks mUgksaus rjdhc crkbZ fd d+cz iSx+Ecj [+kqnk


l0 dk ,d fgLlk ts+j vkleku dj nks] pqukupk ckfj'k gqbZ vkSj
gt+jr mej us gt+jr vCckl vEe jlwy ds t+fj, ls ckfj'k ryc
dhA
;g fd gkSyukd taxyks esa mUgsa enn ds fy, iqdkjrs gSa blds
fy, jlwy [+kqnk l0 dh fgnk;r ekStwn gS ftls frcjkuh us ntZ fd;k
gS fd gtjr l0 us Qjek;k tc rqeesa ls fdlh dh pht+ [kks tk;sa ;k
,Slh txg gks tgk dksbZ ennxkj ugha gS] rks dgs] ,S canxkus [+kqnk
esjh enn djksA ,d jok;r esa gS fd esjh Q+j;kn dks igqpks blfy,
fd vYykg ds dqN cans ,Sls gSa ftUgsa rqe ugha ns[krs gksaA
;g dguk fd ;g yksx yM+fd;ksa dh 'kknh oxSjg ds fy,
buls bfYrtk djrs gSaA cM+s&cM+s elyksa esa bu ij Hkjkslk djrs gS rks
cs'kd ;g ml gn rd nq:Lr gS fd ;g mu ls mu ed+kfln esa vius
fy, nqvk ds rycxkj gksrs gSA vkSj bl ek;us ls muls enn gkfly
djuk pkgrs gSa exj blds fy, ;g dguk fd ;g muls xqukgksa dh
cf[+'k'k ds rkfyc gksrs gSaA ,d tlkjr vkest+ >wB gSA dksbZ eksfeu
xqukgks dh ekQ+h dh bfYrtk [+kqn muls ugha djrk cfYd mudh
f'kQ+kvr dk mEehnokj gksrk gS] vkSj vYykg lqCgkugw dh ckjxkg esa
muds okLrs ls rkfycs ex+fQ+jr gksrk gSA cs'kd og ,frdkn j[krs gSa
fd bu vbEek rkfgjhu vkSj eqd+jZchu bykgh ds nkeu ls okcLrk
budh rjQ jgers bykgh dks eqroTtk djsxh tSlk fd vgys cSr
vySfgLlyke ds ckjs esa gnhl jlwy gS fd
esjs vgys cSr dh felky d'rh uwg dh lh gS tks ml ij
lokj gqvk mlus futkr ik yhA

(86)

(87)

vkSj vLrx+Qkj ds fy, tSlk fd jlwy l0 ls roLlqy dh


cgl esa c;ku gks pqdk gS [+kqnkcUn vkye us d+qvkZu esa gqDe fn;k gS
fd jlwy l0 dh ckjxkg esa gkft+j gksa vkSj ogka vkdj vLrxQ+kj djsa
vkSj fQj jlwy l0 muds fy, [+kqnk ls vLrxQ+kj djs rks fQj
eqxfQ+jr bykgh dk mUgsa mEehnokj gksuk pkfg, vkSj [+kqn jlwy dks
gqDe fn;k fd vki eksfeu o eksfeukr ds fy, vLrxQ+kj dhft,]
vkSj lwjg ;wlqQ+ esa ;kd+wc vyS0 ds Q+jt+Unksa dh t+ckuh gS fd mUgksaus
vius okfyn cqtqZ+xokj ls dgk fd gekjs fy, ckjxkg bykgh esa
vLrxQ+kj dhft,] vkSj mUgksaus oknk fd;k fd eSa rqEgkjs fy,
vLrxQ+kj d:axk vkSj gt+jr bczkghe vyS0 us vius eqg cksys cki ls
oknk fd;k fd eSa vkids fy, vLrxQ+kj d:xk vkSj fQj ml okns
dh fcuk ij vLrxQ+kj fd;k Hkh vkSj dq+vkZu ethn esa lwjg uwg esa
tukc uwg vyS0 dh nqvk gS fd tks eksfeu esjs ?kj esa vk, mldh
exfQ+jr Q+jekA
;g dguk fd mu eqlyekuksa ds fny eas tks vofy;k bykgh
ls nqvk ekaxrs gS] [kqnk dk rlOoqj fcYdqy ugha gksrk eksfeuhu ds lkFk
lw;st+u cfYd b+rjk vkSj cqgrku gS bl 'k[+l dks muds fny dk
gky D;wa dj ekywe gS\ ;d+huu t+jk Hkh clhjr j[kus okyk gj lkfgcs
bZeku tkurk gS fd vly ed+Zt gkt+kr vYykg lqcgkugw gS vkSj ;g
reke vofy;k o lkfyghu blh dh bcknr vkSj brkvr ls bl erZcs
rd igqaps gSA blds f[kykQ+ vkSj blds flok gjfx+t dksbZ nwljk
rlOoqj ugha gksrk gSA
cs'kd vke lwfQ+;k ds eqrvfYyd gesa t+krh rkSj ij dksbZ bYe
ugha gSA u ge mudh rjQ+ ls odkyr djus ds ekSfd+Q esa gSA exj

[k+;ky ;g gS fd og Hkh vius ihjks eqf'kZnkas vkSj vofy;k ds


eqrvfYyd ;g rlOoqj ugha j[krs gSa fd og [+kqnk ls csfu;kt+ gksdj
t+kru uQ+k vkSj uqdlku igqpkus ij d+kfnj gSA ysfdu utnh vkfye
us mudk d+kSy c;ku fd;k gS fd vYykg us gj oyh ds lkFk ,d
Q+fj'rk eqd+jZj fd;k gS tks loky djus okys dh gktr dks iwjk djs
rks mls ,d cscqfu;kn ckr rks le>k tk ldrk gS ysfdu dq ;k
f'kd+Z dk ewftc djkj ugha fn;k tk ldrk gS tcfd ;g fcYdqy lgh
gS fd [+kqnkcUn vkye us dk;ukr esa eq[+krfyQ dkeksa ds fy, Qfj'rs
eqd+Zjj fd, gS elyu ftcjbZy vehu ogh gS bLjkQ+hy ds ftEes lwj
Qwduk gSA ekfyd [ktkuknkj tgUue gSA fjt+oku [kktu tUur gSA
bLjkbZy eydqyekSr gS oxSjk&oxSjk] rks vxj fcYQt+Z vYykg dksbZ
Qfj'rk yksxksa dh gktr cjkjh ds fy, fdlh egy [+kkl ij eqd+jjZj
dj ns rks blesa D;k [+kjkch gS\ vkSj ;g mu vk;krs d+qvkZuh ds
fcYdqy f[+kykQ+ ugha gS ftu dk et+ewu ;g gS fd vYykg gktr
cjkjh djrk gSA tSls igys vk pqdk gS fd oQ+kr nsuk vYykg dk dke
gS ysfdu [+kqn d+qvkZu esa ,d txg bldh fuLcr eydqy ekSr dh
rjQ+ nh x;h gS vkSj dbZ txg Q+fj'rksa dh rjQ+A
lcls T+;knk mu ogkch;ks dks 'kkd+ vgyscSr rkfgj vyS0 ds
vRckrs vkfy;kr dh tks bjkd esa gSA ejth;r o ejdt+h;r gS
ftlesa bl bukn dk n[k+y gS tks ckn jlwy l0 ,d rcd+s dks vgys
cSr iSx+Ecj l0 ls gks x;kA bl flyflys esa ;g yksx gokfy;ku
vgys cSr vyS0 ij rksger rjk'kh o cqgrku rjkt+h dh bfUrgk dj
nsrs gSa gkykafd tks 'k[+l lkQ+ fny vkSj csykSl fu;r ds lkFk bu
jkStks ij vk,] mls [k+kfyds djhe dh ckjxkg eas [kqtw o [kq'k vkSj

(88)

(89)

mldh tukc esa v[+kykl o bcknr ds og uewus ut+j vk,axs ftu dh


ut+hj fdlh nwljs eqd+ke ij u feysxh] vkSj buds lyke o ft+;kjr
dks lqus rks budh gj yQ+t ls rkSghn bykgh vkSj mldh vt+er dk
bd+jkj uqek;ka gksrk gSA elyu vehjqyeksfeuhu gt+jr vyh vyS0 ds
jkSt+s ij igys gh tks bT+us nq[+kwy i<+k tkrk gS mlesa gSA
dksbZ [+kqnk ugha flok vYykg ds og vdsyk gS mldk dksbZ
'kjhd ugha vkSj eSa xokgh nsrk gw fd eqgEen l0 mlds cUns vkSj
jlwy gS tks mldh rjQ ls gd+ dks ysdj vk,] vkSj mlds iSx+Ecjks
dh rlnhd+ dh rk vkf[+kj et+ewu
,sls gh vYQkt+ reke T;kjrksa vkSj nqvkvks esa gS tks bu
eq'kkfgn eqdn~nlk esa i<+s tkrs gSa vkSj T+;kjr ds ckn tks nks jdr
uekt i<+h tkrh gS] mlds ckn dgk tkrk gS%
[+kqnkcUn% eSus ;g nks jdr uekt+ i<+h gS gn;k djus ds fy,
vius ekSyk] rsjs oyh [kkl] rsjs jlwy ds HkkbZ] vehjqyeksfeuhu
vyhfcu vcq rkfyc ds fy,] [kqnkcUn rw nq:n Hkst eqgEen o vkys
eqgEen l0 ij vkSj bl uekt+ o T;kjr dks eq>ls dq+cwy Q+jek vkSj
eq>s bl ij og tt+k vrkdj tks gqlus vey j[kus okys dks vrk
gksrh gSA ,S [+kqnk! eSaus rsjs fy, gh uekt+ i<+h gS vkSj rsjs fy, gh :dw
fd;k gS vkSj rq> gh dks ltnk fd;k gS rw ,d vdsyk gS] rsjk dksbZ
'kjhd ugha] blfy, fd uekt+ vkSj :dw o lqtwn cl rsjs gh fy, gks
ldrk gS D;ksafd flok rsjs dksbZ [kqnk ugha] [kqnk oUnA eq>s esjk
ed+ln vrk Q+jek cokLrk;s eqgEen o vkys eqgEenA
vkSj ,Slk gh reke e'kkfgn eqd+nlk ij gksrk gSA
blls t+kfgj gS fd bu e'kkfgn eq'kZjQ+k ij gkft+j gksus ls

rkSghn dh cqfu;kn T;knk eqLrgde gksrh gSA eqlyekuksa dh 'khjkt+k


cUnh gksrh gS vkSj dq o bYgkn ds rlOoqjkr dk bLrsglky gksrk gS]
blds f[kykQ+ tks t+gj vQ'kkuh vkSj cqgrku rjkt+h gksrh gS mldh
lgh iknk'k [+kqnkcUn vkye ds gkFk esa gSa tcfd bl cscqfu;kn
rlOoqj ls fdrus csxqukgksa dk [+kwu cgk;k tkrk jgk gS vkSj mudh
gRrd gqjer dh tkrh jgh gSa tks ogkch fdjnkj ds eqrkvfYyd
crokfrj lkfcr gSA
uokc flnnhd+ glu [+kk dUukSth us vctnqy mywe esa
fy[kk gS fd 'ks[k eqgEen gkt+h 'kkfxZn vYykek 'kksdkuh us bCu
vCnqy ogkc ds fy, fy[kk gS fd bCu vCnqy ogkc dh fdrkcksa esa
ckt ckrs dkfcys dqcwy gS vkSj ckt jn dj nsus ds dkfcy gS vkSj
lcls T;knk e'kgwj budh nks [kqlwfl;rsa gSA
1- ,d reke jw;stehu ds eqlyekuksa dks dkfQ+j le>uk]
2- nwljk eqlyekuksa dk cx+Sj lqcwr vkSj xokg ds [+kwu cgkukA
nwljh txg gS fd ogka ds tkfgy vjcksa dks mUgksaus le>k;k
fd iSx+Ecj ;k fdlh vkfye ls tks roLlqy djs] og eq'kfjd gks tkrk
gSA vkSj vkxs c<+ dj mUgksaus reke jw;s t+ehu ds eqlyekuksa dks
dkfQ+j d+jkj ns fn;k pqukup% eqgEen fcu bLekbZy vuvk;h tks dh
cgqr cM+s vkfye Fks] igys mUgksaus bCu vCnqy ogkc ds eqrkvfYyd+
dqN feys gq, bRrykvkr dh fcuk ij eng esa d+lhnk dgk Fkk
ftldh bfCrnk utn vkSj vgys utn ij lyke ls dh Fkh ckn esa
tc eksrcj t+jk; ls ogk ds et+hn gkykr ekywe gq, rks mUgksaus nwljs
v'kvkj igys d+lhns ij i'ksekuh vkSj rkSck ds etewu ds dgs vkSj
bl rjg ,syku fd;k fd eSa vius mu v'kvkj dks tks eSaus eng esa dgs

(90)

(91)

Fks okil ysrk gw fd vc eq> ij lwjrs gky mlds f[+kykQ+ t+kfgj gks
x;h gS vkSj [+kqn vius mu nwljs v'kvkj dh 'kjg fy[kh ftldk uke
j[kk egoy gS crk Qh ljgh vC;kfrr rkSck ;kuh xqukg dk feVkuk
rkSck okys v'kvkj dh 'kjg esa] blus fy[kk gS fd igys ,d utnh
vkfye us vdj vCu vCnqy ogkc dh cM+h rkjhQ o rkSlhQ+ dh Fkh
ftldh fcuk ij eSaus og d+lhnk dgk ysfdu ckn esa eq>s bCu vCnqy
ogkc dh cgqr lh d+kfcys ,rjkt+ ckrs ekywe gqbZ tSls [+kwu jst+h vkSj
ywVekj vkSj /kks[kk nsdj [k+kl&[k+kl vQ+jkn dh tku ysuk vkSj reke
:;s t+ehu ds eqlyekuksa dks d+kfQ+j d+jkj nsuk bl esa mUgksaus reke
eqlyekuksa ds d+kfQ+j gksus ds c[+k;ky [+kqn nyk;y rgjhj fd;s gS rks
geus bu ds gky dks ,Slk ik;k fd tSls dksbZ 'k[+l FkksM+k bYe
'kjhvr dk gkfly djs exj blus xkSj o fQ+ ls dke u fy;k gks
vkSj u fdlh ,sls mLrkn ls i<+k gks tks mls lgh jkLrk fn[kk,] cfYd
blus crkSj [+kqn 'ks[+k bCu rSfe;k vkSj muds 'kkfxnZ bCu dSf;e
tkSft+;k ds dqN rlkuhQ dk eqrkyk fd;k vkSj csle>s gq, mudh
rd+yhn dj yh gks gkykadh [+kqn og nksuksa rd+yhn dks gjke djkj
nsrs gSaA
lS;n eqgEen vehu fcu mejs ek:Q ckfcu vkfcnhu us
viuh fdrkc js eq[k+rkj dh rhljh ftYn esa cxkr ds ft+ ds
tSr esa fy[kk gSA
tSlk fd bl t+ekus esa bCu vCnqy ogkc ds rkcbZu esa gqvk
ftUgksaus utn ls [+kqjwt fd;k vkSj gjeSu eDdk o enhuk ij dCt+k
dj fy;k ;g yksx gacyh gksus ds nkosnkj Fks ysfd+u mUgksaus ;g
vd+hnk bZ[+kfr;kj fd;k fd cl og eqlyeku gSA vkSj muds

eq[+kkfyQ ftrus gS lc eq'kfjd gS vkSj bl rjg vgys lqUur vkSj


muds mYek ds dRy dks eqckg le>k] ;gka rd fd [+kqnk us budh
rkd+r dks rksM+k vkSj muds 'kgjksa dks cjckn fd;k vkSj 1233 fg0 esa
eqlyeku mu ij x+kfyc vk,A
[+kqn ogkch vkfye lqyseku fcu vCnqYyk fcu eqgEen fcu
vCnqy ogkc us viuh fdrkc rkSt+hg esa fy[kk gS fd
vgys rkSghn ds fy, mu eqlyekuksa ds veoky vkSj vkSjrsa
lc gyky gS vkSj og mUgsa x+qyke o duht+ cuk ldrs gSaA
;g njgdhdr buds igys [+okfjt ugjoku dk et+gc jgk
gS ftUgksaus tukc vfejqy eksfeuhu vyh fcu vch rkfyc vS0 vkSj
muds lkFk reke eqlyekuksa dks dkfQ+j djkdj fn;k vkSj muds tku
o eky dks eqckg le>k vkSj x+kSj dh fuxkg ls ns[kk tk;s rks cgqr
ckrksa esa ;g ogkch yksx bUgha [+kokfjt ds ge+elyd gSa] tSls og ukjk
yxkrs Fks fd gqDe cl vYykg ds fy, gS
;g tqeyk gd+ Fkk exj ed+ln mu dk ckfry Fkk] mlh rjg
budk ukjk gS fd rkt+he flQZ vYykg ds fy, gS nqvk cl vYykg ls
ekaxh tk;] eqgCcr cl vYykg ls j[kh tk;] ;g lc tqEys nq:Lr gS
exj ed+lwn blls x+yr gSA tc rkjh[+k dk eqrkyk fd;k tk; rks
irk pyrk gS fd [+kokfjt dh vge 'kf[+lvras lc utnh Fkh] pqukUps
mudk fliglkykj tax esa 'kcl fcu jch vkSj ,d cM+k ljnkj
elvj fcu Q+nd+h nksuksa rSeh Fks vkSj bCu vCnqy ogkc dk d+chyk Hkh
cuh rehe gS vkSj ogkch tekvkr ds fQd+sZ [+okfjt esa ls gksus dk
bfUd'kkQ 'ksjs eqgEnkn fcu ;wlqQ e'kgwj cydc dkQh us viuh
fdrkc vyglu oy tUurk vyk vd+hnrk vgysLluk esa dgk gSA

(92)

(93)

og fy[krs gSa%
vkt dy ;g t+gsuh;r py iM+h gS fd vofy;k;s bykgh ds
djkekr dk bUdkj fd;k tkrk gS vkSj muds d+qcwj dh T+;kjr dks euk
fd;k tkrk gS vkSj muds lkFk vYykg dh ckjxkg ls roLlqy ls
bUdkj fd;k tkrk gSA ;g vly esa vrjkQ+ cx+nkn esa ckt [+okfjt
dk et+gc Fkk mudk vd+hnk ;g Fkk fd ftlus fdlh d+cz dh T+;kjr
dh og ,Slk gS tSls mlus fdlh cqr dh ijfLr'k dh vkSj ;g lc
ckfry gSA blfy, fd [+kqn jlwy [+kqnk l0 d+czfLrku dh T+;kjr ds
fy, r'kjhQ+ ys tkrs Fks vkSj reke mEer dk bl ij btek jgk gSA
,Sls yksxksa ls cgl djuk fcYdqy csdkj gSA
vkykslh eqlfUuQ rkjh[+k utn vxj p% [+kqn ogkfc;r dh
rjQ+ ek;y gS tks muds vUnkt+s rgjhj ls t+kfgj gS ysfdu dqN u
dqN gd+ ckr muds d+ye dh tq+cku ij Hkh tkjh gks x;h gSA mUgksaus
ln fcu vCnqy vt+ht+ ds gky esa fy[kk gS fd mUgksaus vius y'dj
gj rjQ Hksts vkSj reke cM+s&cM+s jks lk;s vjc dk lj muds lkeus
>qd x;k exj ;g fd mUgksaus gt jksd fn;k vkSj [+kfyQkrqy
eqlfyehu ds eqd+kcys esa [+kqjwt fd;k vkSj vius eq[+kkfyQ eqlyekuksa
dks dkfQ+j djkj nsus esa x+qyw ls dke fy;k vkSj dqN gqDeksa esa cM+k
r'kn~nqn fd;k vkSj mUgkasus vD+lj ckrksa dks tSls [+kqnk ds gkFk] psgjk]
vk[ksa ox+Sjkg t+kgjh eQgwe ij egywy fd;k] gk nwljs yksx budh
eq[+kkfyQr esa Hkh gn ls c<+ x, vkSj bUlkQ dk rd+kt+k gS fd
njfe;kuh jkLrk bZf[+r;kj fd;k tk, u bruk r'kn~nqn gksuk pkfg,
tSlk mYek, utn vkSj muds voke esa gS fd eqlYekuksa ls tax dk
uke og ftgkn j[krs gSa vkSj gt dks jksdrs gS vkSj ;g ml rlkgqyh

ls dke ysuk pkfg, tks vke rkSj ij 'kke vkSj bjkd+ ds ckf'kanks esa gS
fd x+Sj [+kqnk dh d+le [kkrs gS vkSj cM+h lksus vkSj pknh ls vkjkLrk
vkSj jax fcjax dh equDd'k bekjrs lkfyghu o eqdZjchu ds d+qcwj ij
cukrs gSa vkSj mu ds fy, ut+j djrs gSa vkSj ,Slh gh ckrsa ftuls 'kkjs
us euk fd;k gSA [kqyklk ;g gS fd nhu ds ckjs esa vQ+jkr o rQ+jhr
dksbZ :[k eqlyekuksa dh 'kku ds yk;d+ ugh gS cfYd equkflc ;gh gS
fd lYQ lkfyghu dh iSjoh dh tk;s vkSj ,d nwljs dks dkfQ+j
dguk xt+c bykgh dk ckbZl gSA
tc ;g lkfcr gks x;k fd ;g yksx reke eqlyekukus
vkfye dks dkfQ+j dgrs gS rks vc jlwy [+kqnk l0 dh ;g gnhl
nsf[k;s tks lgh cq[+kkjh esa gS fd %
tks fdlh dks dkfQ+j dgs rks ml dh tn esa mu nksuksa esa ls
,d t+:j vk,xk ;kuh vxj og eqlyeku ftls dkfQ+j dgk gSA
okfdvu dkfQ+j ugha gS rks ykft+eu dkfQ+j dgus okyk is'k [+kqnk
dkfQ+j d+jkj ik,xkA
blds vykok ;g igys vk pqdk gS fd ;g yksx eqtLleg esa
nkf[ky gS vkSj eqtLlek dks reke mYek;s bLyke dkfQ+j dgrs gSaA
fQj vgyscSr jlwy vyS0 ls nq'keuh ftls iSx+Ecjs [+kqnk l0 us dq
dk feLnkd+ d+jkj fn;k gS] fQj [+kokfjt ds dq ij mYek, bLyke
eqRrfQd+ gS ;gk rd fd bCu vCnqy ogkc dh fdrkc vRrkSghn ds
'kkjg us Hkh fy[kk gS
jlwy [+kqnk l0 us [+kokfjt ds fy, xokgh nh gS fd og
dljr ls uekt+ ^jkst+k vkSj frykors d+qvkZu ds dke vUtke nsrs
gksaxsA vkSj ykbykgkbYyYykg dk dYek i<+rs gksaxs vkSj blds

(94)

(95)

ckotwn og egdwe cdq+ gS vkSj gtjr l0 us Qjek;k fd vxj eSa


bl tekus esa gwa rks mUgsa d+Ry dj nks tSlk dh ^lghgSu* esa gSA
fQj tSls [+okfjt mu vk;kr dks tks dqQ+Qkj o eq'kjdhu ds
ckjs esa gS eqLyhehu o eksfeuhu ij earcd djrs Fks] blh rjg ;g
ogkch gtjkr reke vk;rksa dks tks eq'kfjdksa ds ckjs esa gS] eqlyekukus
vkye ij earcd djrs gSA tSlk fd bCu vCnqy ogkc dh ml bckjr
ls ftls vkykslh us ud+y fd;k gSA ekywe gks x;k vkSj bCu vCnqy
ogkc us bl ckjs esa eqLrfd+y fjlkyk fy[kk gS ftl dk uke gS
d'kQq'k'kqcgkr Qhr'kdhdk fcYeqr'kkfcgkr ftl esa cM+h
rQ+lhy ds lkFk mu f'kdZ okyh vk;rksa dks eqlyekuksa ij earcd
djus dh dksf'k'k dh gS vkSj bldh bRryk Hkh jlwy [+kqnk l0 us nsnh
Fkh tSlk dh cq[+kkjh us viuh lghg esa vCnqyk fcu mej ls jok;r dh
gS [+kokfjt ds oLQ+ esa fd mUgksaus mu vk;rksa dks tks dkfQ+jksa ds ckjs
esa gS] eksfeuhu ds ckjs esa d+jkj ns fn;k vkSj ,d jok;r esa bCu mej
dh ftls cq[k+kjh ds vykok nwljksa us ud+y fd;k gS gtjr l0 us
Qjek;k%
lcls T;knk eq>s viuh mEer ds fy, tks ijs'kkuh gS og ml
'k[l ls tks dqvkZu dh vk;rks dks csegy lQ+Z djs
bldk dk bCu ngyku us ft+ fd;k gS vkSj ftl rjg
[kokfjt us eqlyekuksa dk [kwu eqckg le> fy;k Fkk vkSj ukgd+
eksehuhu dh [+kwujst+h tk;t+ lk>h Fkh] blh rjg bu ogkch;ksa us bu
cs'kqekj eqlyekuksa dks rg rsx+ fd;kA pqukup% d'krqyvkckc esa gS
fd muds gkFkksa tks eqlyeku dRy gq, mu dh rknkn ,d yk[k ls
T;knk gS vkSj rk;sQ esa veku nsus ds eqvkfgns ds ckn mUgksaus d+Ry

vke fd;kA gkykafd bj'kkn bykgh gS fd%


tks fdlh ,d eksfeu dks dRy djs] og ,Slk gS fd mlus
reke bUlkuksa dks d+Ry fd;kA
p% tk;dk og yksx ftUgksaus gt+kjksa] yk[kksa eqlyekuksa dks
d+Ry dj fn;k gks vkSj jlwy [+kqnk l0 us Qjek;k%
eqlyeku dks xkyh nsuk fQ+Ld+ gS vkSj mls d+Ry djuk dq
gSA bls bCu ektk us vius lquu esa ntZ fd;k gS] ust bj'kkn bykgh
gS fd %
tks ,d eksfeu dks dRy djsxk mldh lt+k nkst+[+k gS ftlesa
og ges'kk ges'kk jgsxk vkSj vYykg ml ij xt+cukd gksxk vkSj ml
ij ykur djsxk vkSj mls cM+k vt+kc djsxkA

(96)

(97)

&&&&&&&&&&

ikpok ckc
ogkch vd+hnk vafc;k o lkfyghu ds d+qcwj ds ckjs esa

equgfne dj fn;k rks ;g et+kjkr Hkh tks bekjrs gS D;ksadj dkfcys


bfUgnke u gksxh vkSj usd dke ds f[kykQ dksbZ oDQ lgh ugha gS]
vkSj og efLtn Hkh tks fdlh dcz ij gks eqUgfne dj nsuk pkfg,
ftl rjg ml e;r dks tks efLtn esa nQu gks dcj [kksndj
fudky nsuk pkfg, D;ksafd nhu bLyke esa efLtn vkSj dcj nksuksa
bdB~Bk ugha gks ldrs cfYd tks igys gks] og lgh gS vkSj tks ckn esa
gS] mls euk fd;k tk,xkA
vc bl egy ij equkflc ekywe gksrk gS fd utn ds d+kth
d+t+kr bCu cYghn ds bfLrQrk vkSj ml tokc dks tks mYek enhuk
dh rjQ ealwc dj ds bfUgnke tUurqy cd+h; ds ekSd+s ij 'kk; gqvk
Fkk] ;gk ntZ fd;k tk; ftl ls mu dk vd+hnk bl flyflys esa
fcYdqy t+kfgj gks tk,xk] ckn esa ge mu nksuksa ds eqanjkt+kr dh
dkQ+h o okQ+h jn djsaxs] vQ'kj

mudk et+gc ;g gS fd d+qcwj ij dksbZ bekjr cukuk gjke gS


vkSj u muds fxnZ dksbZ bekjr cukuk pkfg, vkSj ogka nqvk ekxuk
vkSj uekt+ i<+uk] ;g lc ckrsa gjke gSA cfYd bu lcdk bufgnke
vkSj budk feVk nsuk okftc gSA ;gka rd fd gt+jr [+kkreqy vafc;k
l0 dh dcz eqckjd] bldk Hkh ;gh gqDe gSA bCu vCnqy ogkc vkSj
muds rkcbZu ds ut+nhd ;g e'kkfgn vkSj dqcwj lc feLy cqrksa ds gSa
vkSj jlwy l0 dks og evkt+ vYykg lcls cM+k cqr le>rs gSA
bu reke vd+oky esa Hkh buds is'kok] ogh bCu rSeh;k vkSj
muds 'kkfxnZ bCu dS;ae gSA pqukUps bCu d+S;ae us viuh fd+rkc
tkny fevkn Q+h gnh [kSjqybckn esa rljhg dh gS fd bu jkSt+ks dk
tks dqcwj ij cus gq, gS] tgka rd dqnjr gks] fxjkuk okftc gS vkSj
budk ,d fnu Hkh ckdh j[kuk gjke gS] blfy, fd ;g ykr vkSj
mT+t+k vluke ds feLy gS] cfYd muls c<+dj ;gka f'kdZ gksrk gS
vkSj gkfde oDr ij ykft+e gS fd mu vEoky dks tks jkSt+ksa ds fy,
yk, tkrs gSa] ysdj nwljs elkfjQ+ esa lQ+Z dj nsA tSlk fd jlwy us
ykr cqr ds vEoky ds lkFk fd;k FkkA blh rjg bu bekjrks dks
fxjkuk okftc gS ;k ;g fd Qjks[+r djds mudh d+her eqlyekuksa ds
eQ+kn ds dkeksa esa lQZ djs] blh rjg bu vod+kQ+ dks tks muls
eqrvfyd+ gSaA blfy, fd oDQ bu ij ckfry gS vkSj ;g eky gS vkSj
tks t+k;k gks jgk gS mls lQZ dj nsuk pkfg, eqlyekuksa ds dkeksa esa]
vkSj ftYn nkse esa fy[kk gS fd jlwy vYykg us efLtn ft+jkj dks

d+kSy gS mYek;s enhuk equOojk dk [+kqnk mudh le> vkSj


bYe esa T+;knrh djs dczkas ij bekjr vkSj mUgas efLtn cuk ysus ds ckjs
esa] ;g tk;st+ gS ;k ugha\ vkSj tcfd og uktk;st+ gS cfYd mldh
l[+rh ls eqekfu;r gS rks fd;k mudk fxjkuk vkSj muds ikl uekt+
i<+us dks jksduk okftc gS\ vkSj tc og bekjr ,d oDQ+h t+ehu ij gks
tSls cd+h; vkSj og eku; gks ml fednkj esa Qk;nk mBkus ls ftl ij
bekjr gS rks fd;k ;g xlc gS ftl dk [kRe djuk t+:jh gS rkfd
nwljs eqLrgd+hu ij tqYe u gks vkSj mu ds gqdwd ekjs u tk;saA
;k ;g okftc ugha gS\ vkSj tks dqN tkfgy yksx bu t+jhgksa
ds ikl djrs gSa fd muls reLlqg djrs gSa vkSj vYykg ds lkFk&lkFk

(98)

(99)

bLrQrk

bl loky esa ,d cM+h x+yr c;kuh ekStwn gS fd cd+h; dh


t+ehu oDQ+h gS vkSj ;g bekjrs gd+nkjksa dks muds gd+ ls jksdrh gSA
blfy, mudk gVkuk okftc gSA vkSj bldh rkbZn bl eQwjts+ ij
'kkQbZ ds dkSy ls gksxh fdrkc vyvke esa fd d+cz dh bekjr vxj
oD+Q+h t+ehu ij cukbZ x;h gks rks bldk fxjkuk okftc gS ;g x+yr
blfy, gS fd dqrqc rkjh[k o lhj dk eqrkyk crkrk gS fd cd+h; dh
bekjrs fdlh oD+Q+h t+ehu ij ugha gS cfYd reke eeywdk t+ehuksa ij
cuh gS pqukUps lkfgcs oQ+k myoQ+k esas bczkghe Q+jt+an iSxEcj l0 dh
d+cz ds ckjs esa fy[kk gS fd ;g ,d ?kj Fkk tks ckn esa eqgEen fcu t+Sn
fcu vyh dh feYdh;r esa vk;k] fQj blh d+cz ds igyw esa mleku
fcu et+u vkSj fQj ;gha vCnqj jgeku fcu vkSQ+ dh dczsa cuhA ;g
lc ,d dqCcs es Fks blls t+kfgj gksrk gS fd ;g dqCck eeywdk tehu
esa Fkk] fQj vt+okts jlwy dk d+qCck] og feYdh;r Fkk] vd+hy bCu
vch rkfyc dh] bldk Hkh ft+ oQ+k my mQ+k esa gS] vc jgk vbEek
vgys cSr vyS0 dk d+qCck rks dqrqcs lhj ls t+kfgj gS fd ;g t+ukc

vCckl fcu vCnqy eqRrfyc dk dqCck Fkk pqukup% lokbd+ esgjd+k


vYykek bCu gtj eDdh esa beke eqgEen ckfd+j vyS0 ds gky esa gS
fd og vius finj cqtqxZokj ds igyw esa nQu gq,] beke glu vyS0
vkSj vCckl ds dqCcs esa tks cd+h; esa gSA vkSj vCckl ds dqCcs ds fy,
ck[+kcj eqlfUuQhu us fy[kk gS fd vd+hy ds edku ds xks'ks esa Fkh]
pqukup% 'kkg vCnqy gd+ eksgfnl nsgyoh us viuh fdrkc tt+cqy
d+qywc byk fn;kfjy egcwc esa fy[krs gSa fd%
^^vCckl fcu vCnqy eqRrfyc dks Hkh Qkrek fcUr vln fcu
gkf'ke ds dqCcs ds utnhd eqd+kfcj cuh gkf'ke ds 'kq: esa tks vd+hy
ds edku ds xks'ks esa gS nQu fd;kA**
blls lkfcr gqvk fd d+qCck Hkh eeywdk tehu esa Fkk vkSj
vYykek lS;n bczkghe jkoh fjQk;h us viuh fdrkc vojkd+s
cx+nkfn;k esa fy[kk gS fd beke 'kkQ+bZ dk d+qCck bCu vCnqy gde ds
?kj esa Fkk] jg x;h cd+h; dh lj t+ehu bldk oD+Q gksuk lkfcr ugha
gSA
vykok mu rljhgkr ds tks igys bl t+ehu ds eeywd gksus
ds eqrvfYyd vk pqds gSaA xqft+'krk lfn;ksa esa cjkcj mYek;s bLyke
dk bl ij ,rjkt+ u djuk Hkh crkrk gS fd muds ut+nhd bu dqCcksa
esa dksbZ 'kjbZ egtwj u Fkk vkSj eqlyekuksa dk gj nkSj esa budh rkehj
o nqjqLrh dh rjQ eqRoTtk jguk buds ut+nhd muds bLrsglku dh
nyhy gS vkSj vxj ogkch;hu bfUrgk;h /kku/kyh ls dke ysdj mu
rkjh[+kh rLjhgkr dks d+qcwy u djsa tks mu dh t+ehu ds eq[k+rfyQ
v'k[k+kl dh feyfd;r gksus dks crkrs gS gkykafd ;g bUlkQ ls cgqr
nwj gSA blfy, fd rkjh[+kh okfd+;kr esa vgys rkjh[+k ds C;ku ij

(100)

(101)

muls nqvk ekaxrs gS vkSj d+lns d+qcZr djrs gSa ml lkgcs dcz ls vkSj
ml dh ut+j ekurs gSa vkSj ogka jks'kuh djrs gSa ;g lc tk;st+ gS ;k
ugha\ vkSj tks ;g yksx gqtjg jlwy l0 ds ikl djrs gSa fd nqvk
oxSjkg ds oDr m/kj dk jq[k+ djrs gSa vkSj rokQ djrs gSa vkSj ckslk
ysrs gSa vkSj relqg djrs gSa blh rjg tks efLtn 'kjhQ esa djrs gSa fd
rjghe vkSj rt+dhj djrs gSa vt+ku vkSj bd+ker ds chp esa vkSj
uekt+ tqes ds igys] D;k ;g 'kjk esa okfjn gS ;k ugha\

bl loky dh x+yrh cfYd xyr c;kuh

,sRekn ds flok pkj;s dkj ugha gSA fQj Hkh tc gnhl vkSj rkjh[+k esa
bldk irk ugha gS fd ;g t+ehu igys fdl dh fefYd;r Fkh vkSj
mlus mls oD+Q+ fd;k rks le>uk gksxk fd og bfCrnk;h gkyr ij
ckd+h gS fd reke t+ehu feYd [+kqnk gS vkSj reke [+kYd ds fy,
eqckg gS vkSj mldk gqDe ;g gS fd tks dksbZ d+rvk tehu dks egnwn
cukdj ml ij dksbZ bekjr cuk ysa] og mlls e[+klwl gks tk,xh]
fQj fdlh nwljs dks bldk eqUgfne djuk tk;st+ u gksxkA
;g Fkh og x+yrh vkSj x+yr c;kuh tks vly loky esa Fkh
vkSj og loky mYek ls pwafd fdlh vkeh tkfgy dk u Fkk cfYd ,d
cM+h ogkch 'k[klh;r ;kuh muds dkt+hmy dqtkr dk Fkk fygkt+k
bl ij ut+j Mkyuk t:jh Fkk] vc ml tokc dks tks mYek;s enhuk
dh rjQ ealwc djds utnh gqdwer us 'kk; fd;k FkkA og eqykfgt+k
gks %

jlwy l0 us ykur dh u vkSjrksa ij tks dczksa ij T;kjr ds fy, tk;s]


vkSj bu yksxksa ij tks ogk efLtns cuk;s vkSj pjkx+ jkS'ku djsa] bldh
vgys lquu us jok;r dh gS] tkfgy yksx tks t+jhgksa ds lkFk relg
djrs gSa vkSj cdlns dqcZr tkuoj t+cg djrs gS vkSj ut+jas nsrs gSa
vkSj vYykg ds lkFk bu lkfgckus d+qcwj ls nqvk ekaxrs gS] ;g lc
gjke gS vkSj 'kjvu eeuw gS ftldk djuk fcYdqy tk;st+ ugha gS
vkSj nqvk ds oD+r gqtj;s iSxEcj l0 dh rjQ eqag djuk] mls Hkh
csgrj gS fd jksdk tk; tSlk fd e'kgwj o ek:Q et+gch eksrcj
fdrkcksa esa ntZ gS vkSj reke flErksa ls csgrj flEr dkck gS vkSj rokQ+
vkSj relg vkSj rjghe vkSj rlyhe et+dwjk vodkr esa] ;g lc
ckn dh bZtkn dh gqbZ phtsa gS tks esjh ukfd+l le> esa vk;k gSA og
;g gS vkSj gj lkfgcs bYe ls ckyk rj ,d cM+k vkfye gSA
25 jetku 1344 gh0

tokc

tokcs et+dwj dh jn

d+czkas ij bekjr cukuk btekvu eeuw gS blfy, fd bldh


eqekfu;r esa tks vgknhl gS] og lgh gqLlun gS fygkt+k cgqr ls
mYek us Q+rok fn;k gS fd mudk fxjkuk okft+c gS vkSj blesa og
lun is'k djrs gSaA gt+jr vyh dh gnhl dh fd vkius vcqyy;kt+
ls Qjek;k fd eSa rqEgsa bl eqfge ds fy, Hkstrk gw ftl ds fy, jlwy
l0 us eq>s Hkstk Fkk fd tks ewjr rqEgsa feys mls feVk nks vkSj tks d+cj
aph feys mls cjkcj dj nksA bldh eqfLye us jok;r dh gS vkSj
d+cjksa ij efLtns cukuk vkSj ogka uekt i<+uk eqryd+u eeuw gS vkSj
ogk pjkx+ tykuk Hkh eeuw gSA bCu vCckl dh gnhl dh otg ls fd

mYek, enhuk ds bl Q+ros dh jn vYykek lS;n glu


lnj vkSj vYykek 'ks[+k tokn cykxh oxSjkg ,Sls cqtqZx mYek us dh
gS exj ;gka mlds ,d tqt+ dh eqdEey jn~ fy[kh tkrh gSA
ekywe gksuk pkfg, fd dqcwj ij rkehj dk tokc fdrkc
bykgh vkSj lqUur eqLrQ+oh vkSj eqlyekuksa ds vey njvken lcls
lkfcr gSA
fdrkcs bykgh esa bl ekSds ds ft esa tc yksxksa dks bfRryk
gqbZ vkSj og yksx ml xkj ds ikl vk;s tgk vlgkos dgQ+ egos
vkjke FkssA ;g vk;r gS fd]

(102)

(103)

mu lcus dgk fd mu ij ,d bekjr d+k;e djks] mUgksaus


tks buds flyflys esa x+kfyc vk;s] dgk fd ge mu ij efLtn
rkehj djsaxs
vUnkt+s C;ku ls t+kfgj gS fd vYykg us eqlyekuksa ds bl
QSlys dks tks mUgksaus fd;k clwjrs bLrsglku ntZ fd;k gS vkSj t+kfgj
gS fd d+qvkZu ethn esa vafc;k;s eklYQ+ vkSj mees lkcd+k ds gkykr
flQ+Z rQ+jhg rck; ds fy, ntZ ugha gksrs cfYd blfy, fd muls
bl mEer dks nlZ gkfly gks rks vxj bekjr cukuk d+cj ij vYykg
ds utnhd bl mEer ds fy, d+kfcys et+Eer vej gksrk rks og bl
okfd++;k ds ntZ djus esa ml ij eqruCck Q+jekrk rkfd bl mEer ds
vQ+jkn mlls ijgst djsa] tc ,Slk ugha gqvk vkSj mlus bl okD;s
dks bl vankt+ esa c;ku Q+jek;k rks blls bldh rkbZn gqbZ vkSj ;g
t+kfgj gqvk fd ;g QSlyk mldh et+hZ ds f[kykQ ugha gqvk vkSj og
bl yk;d gS fd bl mEer ds vQ+jkn bldh iSjoh djsa vkSj gdhdr
;g gS fd bl vk;r ds vykok vxj bl eqk ds fy, dksbZ nyhy u
gksrh rks cl ;g vk;r mlds lqcwr ds fy, dkQ+h Fkh] exj pwafd ;g
ogkfc;ksa ds vdhns ds fcYdqy f[kykQ gS blfy, bCu vCnqy ogkc
dh fdrkc ^vRrkSghn ds 'kkjg us bls ntZ djus ds ckn fy[k fn;k gS
fd
;g bldh nyhy gS fd tks muds ekeykr esa xkfyc vk,
og dkfQj Fks] blfy, fd vxj og eksfeu gksrs rks ;g QSlyk u
djrs fd usd vkeky v'k[kkl dh dcjksa ij efLtn cuk;s tcfd
gekjs iSxEcj l0 us ,Slk djus okys ij ykur dh gSA
;kuh mUgksaus vius elyd dks vly djkj nsdj dqvkZu dks

viuk rkc; cukuk pkgk gS vkSj blds fy, gtkjksa eqlyekuksa ij dq


ds Qroksa dk lSykc mudk bruk c<+k fd xqft+'rk nkSj ds lPps
eqlyekuksa ij Hkh og Qrok;s dq yxkus yxs exj vOoy rks iwjh
vk;r if<+, rks irk yxsxk fd bekjr cukus ij nksuksa Qjhd
eqRrfQd Fks] b[rykQ cl ;g Fkk fd bekjr fdl rjg dh gks\ rks
vxj fcYQt+Z xkfyc vkus okys dkfQj gksa] rks Hkh dksbZ QdZ ugha
iM+sxk] fQj ;g fd eqQfLljhu rljhg djrs gSa fd xkfyc vkus okys
yksx eksfeu Fks pqukup% eqvkfyeqkUthy cxoh esa gS fd%
eqlyekuksa us dgk ge bu ij efLtn dh rkehj djsaxs ftlesa
ijojfnxkj vkye;ku ds fy, yksx uekt i<+sA
[kktu us yokcqRrkohy esa fy[kk gS fd!
bCu vCckl us bl bekjr ds ckjs esa Qjek;k fd eqlyekuksa
us dgk ge bu ij efLtn cuk,axs ftl esa yksx uektsa i<+sa] blfy,
fd ;g gekjs nhu ij FksA
blh rjg ds vYQkt rQlhj tykySu vkSj d'kkQ vkSj
rQlhj vcqlln esa gS& vkSj ruohjqy edckl bCu vCckl esa gS
fd tks xkfyc vk,] og eksfuu Fks] mUgksaus dgk fd ge bu ij
efLtn cuk,axs fd ;g gekjs nhu ij Fks
vkSj us'kkiwjh us xjk;scqydqvkZu esa fy[kk gS fd
tks xkfyc vk, og eqlyeku tekvr Fkh vkSj mudk
ckn'kkg eqlyeku Fkk] blfy, mUgksaus ogk efLtn cuk;h ftlesa
eqlyeku uekt i<sa vkSj muds bl egys d;ke ls cjdr gkfly
djsa vkSj bUgha dks T;knk gd Fkk mu dwcwj dh fgQktr ds fy,
bekjr cukus dks bl lc ds ckn D;k bl 'k[l dk dguk nqjqLr gks

(104)

(105)

uwjn~nhu legwnh us oQk my oQk esa fy[kk gS fd eqgEen


fcu dqnkek dh fjok;r gS fd muds cki ds t+fj, muds nknk ls fd
tc jlwy [kqnk l0 us mleku fcu et+u dks nQu fd;k rks gqDe
fn;k fd mudh dcj ds ljgkus ,d iRFkj j[k fn;k tk;s dqnkek dk
C;ku gS fd tc vlsZ ds ckn ge odh; x, rks ml iRFkj dks ns[kk
vkSj le>s fd ;g mleku fcu etu dh dcj gSA
nwljh jok;r esa gS fd
gtjr l0 us Qjek;k fd ;g iRFkj esa blfy, j[kokrk gw

fd esjs HkkbZ dh dcj dk mlls bYe gks vkSj mlds ikl vius vt+ht+ks
esa ftldk bfUrdky gks] mls eSa nQu d:aA
vkSj t+kfgj gS fd fdlh gqDe ;k vey ds lkFk tc otg crk
nh tk; rks og otg ftl lwjr ls T;knk gkfly gks] og gqDe ogk
cntkZ voyk tkjh gksxk gtjr la0 us iRFkj j[kus dh otg ;g
crkbZ fd blls dcj dk bYe gks vkSj mlls mlds ikl nwljh dqcwj
cuk;s tk ldsa] tkfgj gS fd tjhg ;k dqCck cukus dk eDln Hkh ;gh
gksrk gS tks mlls cntkZ vre iwjk gksrk gS rks vey gtjr iSxEcj
[kqnk l0 dk mlds blrsglku dk lqcwr gksxkA
gj 'k[l le> ldrk gS fd gt+jr l0 ds lkeus cgqr ls
lgkck dh oQkr gqbZ] exj fdlh ds fy, gt+jr l0 us ;g ,gfreke
ugha Qjek;k] blls lkfcr gksrk gS fd lc nQu gksus okys ;dlk
ugha gksrs vkSj blh fygkt ls lc dcjs ;dlk ugha gksuh pkfg, cfYd
ckt dks bfEr;kts [kkl gksrk gSA [okg lCdr bZekuh dh otg ls ;k
nhuh ,tkt dh otg ls vkSj og bfCrnk;h bLyke dk nkSj
csljkslkekuh dk Fkk] tks vke es;kjs ft+Unxh iSxEcj [kqnk l0 vkSj
fQj nwljs eqlyekuksa dk Fkk] mlds fygkt+ ls tfjg vkSj dqCcs oxSjk
dh rkehj eqefdu u Fkh] fygkt+k ml oD+r ds fygkt+ ls bfEr;kt+h
vyker tks gks ldrh Fkh] mldk mleku fcu et+u ds fy, jlwy
[kqnk l0 us bfUrtke dj fn;k vkSj tc vke es;kjs ft+Unxh
eqlyekuksa dk pk gks x;k rks blh fygkt+ ls vafc;k o vofy;k ds
dqcwj ds fy, bfEr;kth fu'kku ds rkSj ij bekjrksa esa rjDdh gksus
yxh] tks gksuk pkfg, Fkh] vkSj ftruk ejrck ftl dk T;knk gks
blds fygkt ls blesa bt+kQk gksuk pkfg,A

(106)

(107)

ldrk gS fd og xkfyc vkus okys evkt+ vYykg dkfQj Fks tcfd


brus cM+s eqQfLljhu ftuesa rjtqekuqy dqvkZu tjk vYvekr%
vCnqYyk fcu vCckl Hkh gS] mUgsa vgys bLyke o vgys bZeku ls crk
jgs gSaA
blds ckn vkb, lqUur ij utj Mkysa] ekywe gksuk pkfg, fd
gekjh xqQrxw ;gk bl tekvr ds eqdkcys esa gS ftuds ;gka es;kj
lqUur esa ,d rks og pht gS tks gekjs vkSj muds njfe;ku eq'krfjd
gSA ;kuh lqUur iSx+Ecj [kqnk la0 ftlesa vkidk d+kSy] Q+sy] vkSj
rd+jhj nkf[+ky gSA vkSj ,d ckr esa og gels vyx gS ;kuh og
lgkck jlwy dh iSjoh Hkh tjwjh le>rs gSa vkSj ml gnhl dks ekurs gSa
fd esjs vlgkcs feLy flrkjksa ds gS ftldh iSjoh djksxs fgnk;r
ikvksxs rks vc gesa ykfte gS fd dcjksa dh rkehj ds flyflys esa igys
lqUurs jlwy dks is'k djsa] fQj lhjrs lgkck o rkcbZu fd ;g lc
gqTtr dk;e gksus ds fy, dkQh gSA
1

mleku fcu et+u dh dcz ds fy, jlwy dk vey

bczkghe Qjt+ans iSxEcj l0 dh dcz ij bekjr


mlh fdrkc oQk myoQk esa bCu tckyk dh jok;r gS
lS;n fcu eqgEen fcu tchj ls fd mUgksaus bczkghe Qjt+Un iSxEcj
[kqnk l0 dh dcz ns[kh t+njk ds ikl] vCnqy vthc fcu eqgEen us
dgk ;g og ?kj gS tks ckn eas tSn bCu vyh dh fefYd;r esa vk;kA
vxj bekjr dk gksuk dcz ij tk,t+ u gksrk rks jlwy [kqnk
l0 vius Qjt+Un bczkghe dks ?kj ds vUnj D;ksa nQu djrs vkSj
vxj ge fcYQtZ ;g ekusa fd dcz lgu esa Fkh] tc Hkh nhokjs lgu
dh rks dcj ds fxZn gksxh] gkykafd og yksx mls Hkh eeuw le>rs gSaA
3

gt+jr [kkrwu tUur dh lhjr

dcz get+k dh cjkcj ejEer djrh jgrh Fkh] vxj mldh cdk
t:jh u le>rh rks oDru Qodru mldh [k+cj D;ksa ysrha vkSj tc
fgQkt+r dcz dk eqLrglu gksuk bl vey ls t+kfgj gks x;k rks dqCcs
dh rkehj djuk tks bl edln dks iwjk dj ldrk gS D;ksa eqLrglu
u gksxk\
4
dczs jlwy ds fy, gtjr vyh vkSj reke vgys cSr o lgkck dk vey
gj 'k[+l le> ldrk gS fd vxj dcz ij bekjr cukuk
eeuw gks rks bl ls dksbZ QdZ ugha iM+rk] igys ls gks vkSj mlesa dcz
cuk;h tk;s ;k dcz igys gks vkSj ml ij bekjr rkehj dh tk,]
D;ksafd es;kj nksuksa esa ,d gS vkSj og ;g gS fd yksx T+;kjr ds fy;s
vk;sa vkSj og bekjr muds fy, ckbls vkjke gksxh] vc vxj ;g
pht eeuw gks rks [kqn gt+jr iSxEcj [kqnk l0 dks gqtj;s vk;'kk eas
D;ksa nQu fd;k tk;s ftl ij ;dhuh rkSj ij Nr Fkh [kqlwfl;r ds
lkFk vehjqyeksfeuhu gtjr vyh fcu vch rkfyc vyS0 bl ij
bdnke D;ksa djrs tcfd ogkfc;ksa ds dkSy ds eqrkfcd mUgh dks
gt+jr iSxEcj [kqnk l0 us dczksa dh bekjr dks felekj djus ds fy,
Hkstk Fkk blls tkfgj gS fd vgys cSr vkSj lgkck lc eqRrfQd Fks fd
dcz ij bekjr gksus esa dksbZ eqtk;dk ughaA
5

oQk myoQk esa beke eqgEen ckfdj vyS0 dh jok;r gS fd


ftxj xks'kk jlwy [kqnk l0 gtjr Qfrek t+gjk bLykeqmYykg
vySgk tukc get+k fjtokuqYykg dh dcz dh T+;kjr dks tkrh Fkh
vkSj mldh ejEer djrh Fkh vkSj nqjqLr djrh Fkh vkSj mUgksaus Hkh
mldh 'kuk[r ds fy, ,d iRFkj j[k fn;k FkkA
ekywe gksuk pkfg, fd ;g vey gtjr Qkfrek tgjk vyS0
dk vius okfyn cqtqxZokj ds nkSjs g;kr esa Fkk vkSj tkfgj gS fd
gtjr ljojs dk;ukr l0 ds bYe esa Fkk] blfy, og rdjhj jlwy esa
nkf[ky gksdj tqt lqUur jlwys [kqnk l0 djkj ikrk gSA vkSj ;g
fcYdqy ogkch utfj;s ds f[kykQ gS blfy, fd og [kkl rkSj ij
[+okrhu ds fy, dcz dh T;kjr dks drvu eeuw le>rs gSa vkSj fQj
dqcwj ds bfEr;kt+ dks eqrydu euk djrs gSa exj tukc Qkfrek l0

oQk my oQk legksoh esa gS fd iSxEcj [kqnk l0 ds gqtjs dh


Nr igys nj[+rs [+kqjek dh Nky ls cuh gqbZ Fkh] lcls igys ftlus
bVksa okyh Nr cuok;h og [kyhQ+k nkse mej fcu [kRrkc FksA

(108)

(109)

oD+ru QoD+ru jkSt+;s jlwy ds rtnhn o bLrsgdke dh dksf'k'k

t+kSt;s jlwy mEes gchck dh dcz ij bekjr

blds ckn tSlk uksnh us 'kjg lghg eqfLye us fy[kk gS %


tc eqlyekuksa dh dljr gqbZ vkSj lgkck vkSj rkcbZu dks
efLtn jlwy l0 dh rkSlh dh t:jr gqbZ vkSj ;g rkSlh vt+okts
jlwy ds edkukr rd igqap x;h ftlesa gqtj;s vk;'kk Hkh Fkk rks bu
gt+jkr us dcjs jlwy l0 ds fxnZ nk;js dh 'kDy esa aph nhokjs
cuok nh rkfd efLtn eas bl rjg uqek;k u gks fd voke bldh
rjQ jq[k dj ds uekt i<+us yxs fQj nks nhokjsa dcj ds nks 'kqekyh
xks'kks ls feykdj cuk;h rkfd dksbZ dcj dh rjQ jq[+k djds uekt+
i<+ gh u ldsA
blls t+kfgj gS fd dcz ij ;k dcz ds fxnZ bekjr esa dksbZ gtZ
ugha] cl dcz dh rjQ jq[+k djds uekt+ u gksuh pkfg,A
blds cjkcj jkSt+;s jlwy dh cdk vkSj rtnhn esa ,gfreke
gksrk jgk ;gk rd fd cq[+kkjh us lghg ls jok;r dh gS g'kke fcu
mjok ls vkSj mUgksaus vius cki mjok fcu tqcSj ls fd!
tc oyhn fcu vCnqy efyd ds tekus esa gqtj;s jlwy l0
dh pkj fnokjh fxj x;h vkSj mldh rkehj 'kq: gqbZ rks ,d iSj ckgj
fudy vk;k ftlls ;g [+;ky djds yksx ?kcjk x, fd ;g jlwy
vYykg l0 dk d+nes eqckjd u gks vkSj dksbZ ,Slk u feyk tks bl ds
eqrkvkfYyd fdlh vius bYe dk bt+gkj djsaA cl mjok fcu tqcSj
us ns[k dj dgk fd ;g c[kqnk jlwy vYykg l0 dk ik;s eqckjd ugha
gS] gks u gks ;g mej dk iSj gSA
vkSj ekywe gksuk pkfg, fd oyhn dh f[k+ykQr 86 fg0 ls
96 fg0 rd Fkh] bl t+ekus rd lgkck esa ls ckt+ vQjkn ekStwn FksA
6

vYykek evkflj lS;n bczkghe jkoh fjQk;h us vojkSds+


cxnkfn;k eSa fy[kk gS fd%
tc eqlyekuksa us 'kke vkSj cSrqy eqdn~nl dks Qrg fd;k
rks vafc;k dh dcjksa ij bekjrs ns[kh] mUgs equgfne ugha fd;k vkSj
lcls T;knk e'kgwj og bekjr gS tks tukc bCjkghe [kyhy vYykg
dh dcj ij gS vkSj mls [kyhQk nkse mej fcu [kRrkc us ns[kk vkSj
mls equgfne ugha fd;k] vkSj 'ks[k rdh;qn~nhu bCurSfe;k us viuh
fdrkc fljkrs eqLrdhe esa bl bekjr ds otwn dk tukc bczkghe
dh dcz ij Qrwgkr ds nkSj esa ft fd;k gS exj dgk gS fd 400 fg0
rd bl bekjr dk njokt+k cUn FkkA
ge dgrs gS fd lgkck dk ftuesa [kyhQk nkse mej Hkh Fks]
bl bekjr dks ckdh j[kuk bldh nyhy gS fd dcz ij bekjr ds
gksus esa muds utnhd dksbZ gtZ ugha Fkk] vkSj bCu rSfe;k dk ;g dkSy
fd njoktk bldk 400 fg0 rd cUn FkkA ,d bn~nvk gS ftldk

(110)

(111)

legwnh us fy[kk gS fd tS+n fcu lk;sc dh jok;r gS vius


nknk dh tckuh fd%
tc vdhy fcu vch rkfyc jth0 us vius ?kj esa ,d dqvk
[kqnok;k rks ,d equDd'k iRFkj fudyk ftl ij fy[kk Fkk fd ;g
mEes gchck nq[krj fcu gjc dh dcj gS rks vdhy us dqvk dks iVok
fn;k vkSj ml ij bekjr cuok nh] bCu lk;sc dk c;ku gS fd eSa ml
bekjr esa nkf[ky gqvk rks eSaus og dcz [kqn ns[khA
7

bekjkrs dqcwjs vafc;k fcY[kqlwl gt+jr bczkghe vyS0

dksbZ lqcwr ugha cfYd rkjh[k+ dk c;ku blds f[+kykQ+ gS vkSj irk
pyrk gS fd pkSFkh lnh ds igys Hkh yksx gt+jr bczkghe vyS0 dh
T+;kjr dks tkrs Fks pqukUps lS;nk uQhlk ftudh oQkr nwljh lnh
fgtjh esa gS gj uekt ds ckn nqvk djrh Fkh fd&
[kqnkcUn% eq>s vius [kyhy bczkghe dh dcz dh T+;kjr
ulhc djA
bldk ft+ mLeku fcu ennks[k 'kkQ;h us viuh fdrkc
vy vnyq'k 'kkfgn Qh rgd+hdqy eq'kkfgn esa fd;k gSA

fn;k ml efLtn ds vUnj dh tehu ij ftls vc dcsz Qkfrek dgk


tkrk gSA
legwnh dgrs gS fd ;g dguk tukc eqgEen guhQk dk fd
ml efLtn ds vUnj dh txg esa cryk jgk gS fd ml oDr mudh
dcj ij efLtn Fkh ftl esa dcj dk vkerkSj ij yksxksa dks bYe Fkk]
eqgEen guhQk dh oQkr 81 fg0 esa gSA blfy, tukc eqgEen guhQk
dh ;g jok;r crk jgh gS fd igyh gh lnh esa tukc Qkfrek fcUr
vln dh dcj dh rkehj gks x;h FkhA

tukc Qkfrek fcUrs vln dh dcz ij bekjr

tukc getk jth0 dh dcj ij bekjr

xqft+'rk 'kokfgn ds ckn gh bekjrs dqcwj ds tokt esa dksbZ


'kd u jguk pkfg, tcfd jlwy [kqnk l0 dk vey vkSj rdjhj vkSj
fQj vgys cSr vkSj lgkck o rkcbZu dk vey [kSjqydq:u vkSj mlls
feyh gqbZ lfn;ksa esa cjkcj tkjh jgk vkSj tks 'k[l ethn tqLrqtw
djs] mls vkSj T;knk irk pysxk fd igyh gh lnh esa dqCcs dh rkehj
gksus yxh Fkh] pqukup% legwnh us oQk myoQk esa fy[kk gS fd%
Qkfrek fcUr vln eknj gtjr vyh fcu vch rkfyc dh
dcj ds eqrvfYyd vCnqy vtht dh jok;r gS% ftldh lun
eqgeen guhQk bCu vyh fcu vch rkfyc rd igqaprh gS] fd tc
Qkfrek fcUr vln dh gkyr ejt esa [kjkc gqbZ vkSj iSxEcj [kqnk
l0 dks bldk bYe gqvk rks Qjek;k fd bfUrdky gks tk;s rks QkSju
eq>s bRryk nsuk pqukup% tc oQkr gks xbZ rks gtjr l0 dks bRrsyk
nh x;h] QkSju gt+jr r'kjhQ yk;s vkSj mudh dcz [kksnus dk gqDe

oQk my oQk esa gS fd vCnqy vt+ht us dgk fd T+;knk xqeku


gekjs ;gk ;g gS fd elvc fcu meSj vkSj vCnqYykg fcu gt'k
nQu gq, gS ml efLtn ds uhps tks get+k jth0 dh dcz ij cuh gqbZ
FkhA
vkSj ;g vCnqy vktht nwljh lnh ds 'k[l gS ftldh
ljkgr legwnh us blds igys dh gS vkSj fy[kk gS fd vkbUnk Qly
esa getk dh dcj ds ft esa vCnqy vtht fcu ejoku dh tckuh
vk,xk fd dnhe tekus ls getk dh dcj ij efLtn Fkh vkSj ;g
nwljh fgtjh dk ft gSA

mYykek bCu gtj eDdh us lok;d egjdk esa beke eqgEen ckfd+j

(112)

(113)

10

tukc vCckl jth0 vkSj beke glu vyS0 dh dcz dk dqCck

vyS0 ds gky esa fy[kk gS fd%


vki dh oQkr 117 fg0 esa 58 cjl dh mej esa feLy vius
okfyn cqt+qxZokj ds t+gj ls gqbZ Fkh] vkSj vkidh okfynk muds okfyn
ds ppk beke glu dh csVh Fkh vkSj vki cki vkSj ek nksuks rjQ ls
gtjr jlwy l0 dh vkSykn esa gS vkSj vki Hkh vius okfyn ds ikl
beke glu vyS0 vkSj tukc vCckl ds dqCcs esa tks tUurqy cdh; esa
Fkk nQu gq, blls tkfgj gS fd vCckl dh dcz ij dqCck 117 fg0 esa
ekStwn Fkk vkSj eqgfn~nl [oktk ikjlk cq[kkjh us viuh fdrkc
Qtyqy f[krkc esa beke tSuqy vkfcnhu ds gky esa fy[kk gS fd%
vki dh oQkr enhus esa 95 fg0 esa gqbZ vkSj vkidh mez 54
cjl dh Fkh vkSj vki bl dqCcs esa nQu gq, ftlesa vCckl vkSj vkids
ppk glu nQu FksA fQj blesa vkids Qjt+Un eqgEen ckfd+j vyS0
vkSj muds Qjt+Un tkQj lkfnd+ vyS0 nQu gq,A
vkSj bCu [kYdku us vkids gky esa fy[kk gS fd%
vkidh oQkr 94 fg0 esa gqbZ vkSj vkids ppk beke glu
vyS0 ds ed+cjs esa bl dqCcs esa nQu gq, ftlesa vCckl dh dcj FkhA
blh rjg beke eqgEen ckfdj vyS0 ds gky esa fy[kk gSA
blls ekywe gksrk gS fd igyh lnh ds vkf[kj esa vCckl dh dcj ij
dqCck ekStwn FkkA
blds ckn ;g dguk fd ;g fcnvr rkcbZu ds ckn iSnk gqbZ
gS gdhdr vej ls cs[kcjh ;k rtkgqy dk urhtk gS cfYd utn ds
dkth dqtk vCnqYykg bCu lqyseku fcu oyghn us bl ij rqjjk dj
fn;k gS fd vius etewu esa tks mEeqydqjkA ds 'kqekjk jksttqek 4
teknh vLlkuh 1345 fg0 esa 'kk; gqvk gS fy[kk gS fd%

[kSjqydq:u esa lqUus esa ugha vk;k fd ;g fcnvr iSnk gqbZ gks
cyfd fcnvr ikp lfn;ksa ds ckn otwn esa vk;h gSA
;g fugk;r vthc bnnvk gS ftls rkjh[k+ fcYdqy >wB
lkfcr djrh gS D;ksafd rkjh[k ls ikp lnh ds cgqr dcy ls dqCcks
dk otwn vkids lkeus vk pqdk gS vkSj lgewnh us oQk myoQk esa
fy[kk gS fd%
iSxEcj [kqnk l0 dh dcj eqrgj dh bekjr dh nhokjsa uhph
FkhaA vCnqYykg fcu tqcSj us fugk;r bLrsgdke ds lkFk mUgsa pk
djok fn;kA fQj vcqy c[krjh us tks gk:u j'khn dh rjQ ls
enhus dk xojuj Fkk 193 fg0 esa ml gqtjs dh Nr rkehj djok;h]
fQj eqrofDdy us gjeSu ds xojuj bLgkd fcu lYeg dks 242 fg0
esa gqDe fn;k fd og bl gqtjs dks laxejej ls etcwr cuok nsA
vkSj bCu [kYdku us beke ewlk dkft+e vyS0 ds gkykr esa
[krhc cxnknh ls udy fd;k gS tks 392 fg0 esa iSnk gq, gS fdA
ewlk dkft+e vyS0 edkfcj dqjS'k esa dqCcs ls ckgj nQu gq,
vkSj mudh dcz ogk e'kgwj gS vksj T+;kjr xkgs [kYd gSA vkSj bl ij
jkSt+k cuk gqvk gS vksj dUnhys ogk vkost+k gS vkSj rjg&rjg ds
lkeku vkSj cs bfUrgk Q'kZ Qqjks'k gSA
blesa ;g vYQkt+ fd dqCcs ls ckgj nQu gq, ;g crkrs gS
fd ,d dqCck ogka vkids nQu gksus ls igys ekStwn Fkk vkSj beke
ewlk dkft+e vyS0 dh oQkr 183 fg0 esa gqbZ gS vkSj bl oD+r edkfcj
dqjS'k esa dqCck ekStwn Fkk] vkSj fQj ewlk dkft+e vyS0 dk jkSt+k [krhc
ds t+ekus ls igys cu pqdk Fkk rks T+;knk ls T+;knk mls pkSFkh lnh
fgtjh ds njfe;ku esa ekuuk iMs+xkA

(114)

(115)

vkSj tekyqn~nhu bCu vuh;k us mEnrqrrkfyr esa fy[kk gS


fd gkjwu j'khn us gtjr veh:y eksfeuhu vyhfcu vchrkfyc
vyS0 dh doj ij dqCck rkehj djk;k FkkA
vkSj ,Slk gh gchc vylhj vkSj dkfey bCu vlhj oxSjkg esa
gS vkSj gqlSufcu gTtkt 'kk;j ftudh oQkr 327 fg0 esa gS muds
,d dlhns dk eryk bl et+ewu dk gSA
,S utQ esa pedrs gq, dqCcs okysA tks vkidh dcz dh T+;kjr
djs vkSj f'kQk ryc djs] og f'kQk ik,xkA vkSj bCu [kYdku us
vcqreke gchc fcu vksl rkbZ 'kk;sj ds gkykr eas fy[kk gS fd
mudh oQkr 230 fg0 esa gqbZ vkSj mudh dcz ij ug'ky fcu gehn
rwlh us dqCck rkehj fd;kA
blh rjg cksjku fcUr glu fcu lqgSy ds dqCcs dk ft+
fd;k gS ftudh oQkr 271 fg0 esa gqbZ gSA blh rjg xqlnqynkSyk
nSyeh ds gky esa fy[kk gS ftudh oQkr 271 fg0 esa gqbZ gS fd!
og igys vius ?kj esa nQu gq,] fQj beke ewlk dkft+e
vyS0 ds gje dh rjQ eqUrfdy fd, x, tks edkfcj dqjS'k esa gSA
bCu odh; 'kk;sj ds gky esa fy[kk gS ftudh oQkr 393 fg0
esa gqbZ fd og cM+s dczLrku esa nQu gq, ml dqCcs esa ftldh rkehj
ogk muds fy, gqbZA
vkSj mleku fcu en~nw[k 'kkQbZ us viuh fdrkc
vyvnyqjk'kfgnQh rgdhfdyeq'kkfgn esa lS;n bCjkghe gqlSu ds
jkSts ds ckjs esa fy[kk gS fd%
;g jkSt+k dkfgjk ls ckgj [kUnd ds djhc gS mlds vkSj
erfj;k ds chp esa vkSj efLtn rcjkyk [k'khnh ds uke ls e'kgwj gS

blfy, fd mUgksaus mls lS;n bczkghe et+dwj dh dcz ij cuok;k gS


fQj fy[kk gS fd rcjk [k'knh dh oQkr 360 fg0 esa gqbZ
jkStrqllQk ls irk pyrk gS fd ekewu [kyhQk vCcklh us
vius cki gk:u j'khn dh dcz ij d+qCck cuok;k Fkk vkSj ;g 203
fg0 ds dcy dh ckr gSA pqukUps beke jt+k vyS0 ds gky esa
vcqLlYykr gjoh dh jok;r ntZ gS] mudk c;ku gS fd %&
eSa ,d fnu beke jtk vyS0 ds ikl Fkk] vkius Qjek;k ml
dqCcs dh rjQ tkvks ftlesa gk:u j'khn dh dcz gS vkSj FkksM+h lh
feV~Vh ogk dh ys vkvks] mu dk c;ku gS fd eSa x;k vkSj ys vk;k rks
vkius mls lwa?kk vkSj fQj Qsad fn;k Qjek;kA cgqr tYn og oDr
vkus okyk gS fd esjs fy, ogha dcj [kksnh tk;A
lcdks ekywe gS fd ;g [kyhQk ekewu vYvCcklh [kqn vgys
bYe esa ls Fkk tSlk fd lq;wrh dh rkjh[k vy[k+qYQk esa gS fd ekewu
vny o bUlkQ dk ikcUn] bYe fQdk dk ekfgj vkSj cM+s mYek esa
bl dk 'kqekj Fkk] fQj nwljs mYek Hkh bl t+ekus esa cdljr ekStwn Fks
ftu esa beke 'kkQ;h] vgen fcu gacy vkSj lqQ;ku fcu vuh;k ,Sls
yksx Fks exj fdlh us dqCcs dh rkehj esa bt+gkj bf[+rykQ ugha fd;k
gSA
bl eq[+krflj fdrkc esa brus 'kokfgn dk ntZ djuk dkQh gS
tks 'k[+l iwjs rkSj ij ryk'k djs mldks ethn 'kokfgn blds
cdLjr feysaxsA
^btek*] ;gk ge ml blfrykg ds eqrkfcd mls ns[ksaxs tks
vgys lqUur dh gS ;kuh eqlyekuksa dh ,d dlhj tekvkr dk
bfRrQkd jk;A ;g dqcwj dh rkehj dh eokfQ+dr vkSj eqlyekuksa dh

(116)

(117)

jk; vke bu bekjrksa ds cdk vkSj ,gfrjke ij eqRrfQd jgh bldk


lqcwr blls feyrk gS ftls gkfQt+ tykyqn~nhu lq;wrh us rkjh[k+
vy[k+qYQk esa fy[kk gS fd tc eqrofDdy us beke gqlSu vyS0 ds
jkSts dks equgfne djk;k vkSj blls Hkh ;g t+kfgj gS fd rhljh lnh
esa vki dh dcz ij bekjr Fkh vkSj blds fxnZ vkSj Hkh bekjrsa Fkh ftUgsa
eqrofDdy us equgfne djkds [ksrh djk nh vkSj yksxksa dks T;kjr ls
jksd fn;k vkSj eqrofDdy dk uklch ;kuh nq'keu vgys cSr gksuk
vke rkSj ij e'kgwj Fkk rks eqlyekuksa dks blls cM+k lnek igqpk vkSj
cxnkn ds ckf'kUnksa us mlds f[kykQ ukjs nhokjksa ij fy[k fn, vkSj
'kqvjk us mldh et+Eer esa v'kvkj dgs ftuesa ls ckt+ lq;wrh us
udy Hkh fd, gSA blls t+kfgj gS fd vke eqlyeku ftUgsa
tegwjsmEer dguk pkfg,] bl bekjr ds ,gfrjke ij eqRrfQd Fks
vkSj vDlj mYek us blds eqrkfcd rljhg dh gS pqukUps] lkgc njsZ
eq[+rkj us fy[kk gS fd%
bekjr cukus esa ,[kfrykQ gSA gekjk eq[krkj ;g gS fd bls
dksbZ eqtk;dk vkSj eqYyk vyh dkjh us 'kjg fe'kdkr esa fy[kk gS
fd%
lYQ lkfyfgu us eqLrglu le>k gS bekjr cukus dks
e'kk;s[+k vkSj e'kgwj mYek dh dczksa ij rkfd yksx budh T+;kjr dks
tk;sa vkSj bu bekjrksa esa Bgjdj vkjke ik;saA
vkSj ,Slk gh eqgfn~nl eqgEen rkfgj fQruh us etek
vycgkj esa fy[kk gS vkSj nwljs mYek ds vdoky Hkh blh ds eqrkfcd
gSA
blds ckn mYek;s enhuk dk ;g dkSy xyr gks tkrk gS fd

dqcwj ij bekjr cukuk bTekvu eeuw gS blfy, fd og vgknhl tks


mls jksdrs gSa lghgqLlun ugha exj ekywe gks x;k fd bTek vkSj mu
vgknhl dk vnnvk fcYdqy cscqU;kn gSA
mudk ;g dguk fd vdlj mYek us QRok fn;k gS fd bu
bekjrksa dks eqUgfne djuk okftc gSA gtjr vyh vyS0 dh gnhl
dh fcuk ij fd vkius vcqyyg;kt ls ;w Qjek;k] ge tgk rd
fdrkcksa ij utj Mkyrs gSa] gesa ;g mYek utj ugha vkrs] ekywe gksrk
gS fd ;g reke mYek flQZ utn dh ljt+ehu ls rvYyqd j[krs gSaA
ckdh gj tekus ds mYek rks reke rsjg lnh;ksa esa bu bekjrksa dks
ns[krs jgs vkSj dHkh muds eqUgfne djus dk Qrok ugha fn;k] flok
bCu rkSfe;k vkSj bCu dSf;e ds tks tegwj mYek dh eq[k+kfyQr dk
fu'kkuk jgs vkSj jqlok, t+ekuk gq,A blds cjf[k+ykQ reke mYek ds
lqdwr vkSj rkbZn ds lkFk reke eqlyeku bu bekjrksa dh rtnhn
vksj blrsgdke dh rjQ eqroTtk jgsA vcqyygkt okyh gnhl ls
tks ;g yksx bLrukn djrs gS] og ckfry gS dbZ otwg lsA
1- vOoy ;g fd ;g gnhl dqQkj o eq'kfjdhu ds dqcwj ls
eqRvkfYyd gS ftuds otwn ls dksbZ nhuh Qk;nk ugha cfYd eqt+jZr
dk vans'kk gS] ysfdu vafc;k o lkfyghu ds dqcwj dh cd+k esa nhuh
Q+ok;n gS tks ilUnhnk [kkfyd gSA tSls T;kjr bu dqcwj dh ftlds
fy, gqDe Hkh gqvk gS fd dczksa dh tkdj T+;kjr djks fd muls
vkf[k+jr dh ;kn rjks rkt+k gksrh gS vkSj fQj mu dkjukeksa dh ;kn
rkt+k gksrh gS tks bu gt+jkr us b'kkvrs nhu vkSj [kqnk dh jkg esa
fd;s Fks vkSj dqcwj dq+Qkj ls bl gnhl ds rvYyqd gksus dk djhuk
[kqn gnhl esa ekStwn gS] blfy, fd ,d lkFk nks phtksa ds ego djus

(118)

(119)

dk gqDe gqvk] ,d ewfrZ;k vkSj nwljh ph dczsa vkSj t+kfgj gS fd ;g


ewfrZ;ka eqlyekuksa dh rkehj djnk ugha Fkh cfYd eq'kfjdhu dh fcuk
djnk Fkh] rks ;g dczsa Hkh mUgha dh gksaxh vkSj ;g njk;ru Hkh t+kfgj
gS D;ksafd eqlyeku ml nkSj esa ekyh gSfl;r ls dgk brus eqrebu Fks
fd og dczksa ij bekjrsa rkehj djkrs vkSj lgkck 'kQZ lqgcr ds
fygkt ls lc cjkcj dh gSfl;r j[krs FksA fygkt+k muesa dqN
vQjkn dks ,Slh bfEr;kth [kqlwfl;r gkfly u Fkh fd budh dczksa
ij bekjr rkehj gksrh fygktk og dqcwj ftuds feVkus dk gqDe gqvk
Fkk gjfxt eqlyekuksa dh dczsa u Fkh ojuk mu ij lkfcd [+kqYQk ds
nkSj esa bekjrsa D;ksa rkehj gksrh tks vc tukc vehj vySfgLlyke dks
muds eqUgfne djkus dh t:jr gksrh vkSj fQj jlwy [kqnk l0 ds
gqDe dk vkius gokyk fn;k fd eq>s bl eqfge ds fy, Hkstk Fkk rks
jlwy vYykg l0 ds nkSj esa eksfeuhu ds dqcwj ij ;g bekjrs D;ksa dj
cu x;h vkSj [kqn gtjr l0 dks coDr rkehj [kcj u gqbZ tks ckn esa
muds fxjkus ds fy, gtjr vyh vyS0 dks Hkstk\
vc ;g fd og vafc;k lYQ dh dczsa gksa rks ,Slk Hkh ugha FkkA
,d rks og enhuk vkSj mlds vrjkQ esa u Fkha cfYd 'kke o
fQyLrhu esa Fkh ;k bZjkd esa Fkh vkSj fQj vxj mu dczksa ds bfUgnke
dks Hkstk Fkk rks og ckn esa ckdh D;ksadj jgk tks reke vrjkQs vt+Z eas
equrf'kj gS tSls tukc nkfu;ky vyS0 dh dcz 'kkslrj esa vkSj tukc
gwn vyS0 vkSj lkysg vkSj tukc ;wuql vkSj ftydQy vkSj ;w'kk ds
dqcwj utQ vkSj ljt+ehu ckcqy esa vkSj cgqr ls vafc;k ds dqcwj 'kke
vkSj fQyLrhu esaA
vkSj lquh,!

jlwy vYykg l0 dh eknjs fxjkeh tukc vkeuk fcUr ogc


dh oQkr dc gqbZ Fkh\ tc gtjr l0 dh mej eqckjd 6 cjl dh
Fkh vkSj pkyhl cjl dh mez esa gtjr l0 ecml cfjlkyr gq, ;g
pkSrhl gks x,] fQj rsjg cjl ds ckn fgtjr gqbZA vc gq, lSrkyhl
47 cjl] fQj 8 fg0 esa Qrg eDdk gqbZA ;g ipiu 55 cjl ;kuh
vk/kh lnh dk t+ekuk xqt+j x;k vkSj ml oD+r rd tukc vkeuk dh
dcz uqek;ka Fkh] exj jlwy [kqnk l0 us mls fxjkus ;k feVkus dk gqDe
ugha fn;k cfYd [kkfyd ls mudh dcz dh T+;kjr ds fy, btkt+r
gkfly Qjek;h vkSj [kqnkoUn vkye us gt+jr l0 dks bldh
btkt+r nh vkSj vki dqN lgkck dh e;h;r esa ogk T+;kjr ds fy,
r'kjhQ+ ys x,] ljgkus cSBs vkSj ljeqckjd dks bl rjg tqfEc'k ns
jgs Fks tSls dqN ckrsa dj jgs gks vkSj fQj fxfj;k Qjek;k ftl ij
reke gkft+j oD+r eqlyeku tks lc lgkck Fks fxfj;k djus yxsA
bldk ft+ lghg eqfLye esa Hkh gSA
fQj bldk Hkh ft+ igys gks pqdk gS fd vki l0 ds Qjt+Un
tukc bczkghe dh dcz Hkh edku ds vUnj Fkh vkSj og dcz [kqn
gt+jr l0 ua cuok;h FkhA ;g edku Hkh gt+jr l0 ds nkSj esa vkSj
blds ckn cjkcj ckdh jgkA
blds ckn [kqn gt+jr l0 dh dcz eqckjd bekjr ds vUnj
gqbZ ftls [kqn gt+jr vyh fcu vch rkfyc vkSj nhxj vgys cSr vkSj
lgkck us cuok;k vkSj og bekjr Hkh cjkcj ckdh jgh cfYd mlds
Lrsgdke vkSj bekjr dh 'kku esa bt+kQk fd;k tkrk jgk vkSj blds
ckn tukc vCckl vEes jlwy l0 dh dcz ij dqCcs dh rkehj Hkh blh
nkSj esa gqbZ tks gt+jr vehj vyS0 ds nkSj gqdwer ds dcy dk Fkk vkSj

(120)

(121)

;g dqCck Hkh blds igys vkSj blds ckn cjkcj dk;e jgkA
bl lcls t+kfgj gS ;g eqUgfne djus dk gqDe vxj Fkk rks
og drvu dqQkj o eq'kfjdhu ds dqcwj ls eqrkvkfYyd Fkk vkSj
eqdjZchu o lkfyghu ds dqcwj esa bfEr;kt [kkl dk gksuk ejrdtkr
uqQwl vgys bLyke esa ls Fkk pqukupk vlkck gkfQt+ bCu gtj esa
eqgEen fcu 'kjthy ds gky esa gS fd [kqn mudk c;ku gS fd %&
eSaus lkvn fcu evkt+ dh dcz dh FkksM+h lh [k+kd eqV~Bh esa
ysdj lwa?kh rks blesa ls eq'kd dh [kq'kcw eglwl dhA
vc tcfd og gqDe bfUgnke nj lwjr ;g fd ml gnhl ds
ekus ;gh gks] dqQkj vkSj eq'kfjdhu ds dqcwj ls eqrvfYyd Fkk rks
mlls vbEek nhu vkSj eksfeuhu lkfyghu ds dqcwj ds bfUgnke ij
bLrnyky djuk fcYdqy xyr gSA nwljh ckr ;g gS fd tks dcz
ph ns[kks mls cjkcj dj nks blds ekus ;g fudyrs gSa fd [kqn dcz
ph gS tSls blkb;ksa dh dczsa gksrh gSa ;k [kqn eqlyekuksa ds ,d rcds
esa dksgkus 'kqrj dh rjg ij mBh gqbZ dczsa cuk;h tkrh gS rks mu
dczksa dks ij ls eqUgfne djds cjkcj dj nsus dk gqDe gks fygkt+k
bl gqD+e dh t+n mu ij ugha iM+rh tks eqlrg cuk;h x;h gksa ysfdu
buds fxnZ bekjr cuk nh x;h gks ;k dqCcs dh rkfej dh x;h gks tSlk
fd vbEek nhu vkSj lkyhghu o eqdZjchu ds dqcwj gksrs gSaA gnhl dk
rvYyqd mu dqcwj ls ugha gSA
gdhdr ;g gS fd [kqn dqcwj dh lk[+r esa bf[+rykQ gSA
vgys lqUur dh vDljh;r dksgku 'kqRj dh rjg ph cukrh gS
ysfdu fQdk bekfe;k esa ftldh fcuk vbEek vgys cSr vyS0 ds
rkyhekr ij dk;e gS tks vius tn~ns cqtqxZokj gt+jr iSxEcj [kqnk

l0 ds igqapk, gq, 'kjg bykgh ds vgdke ls T;knk okfdQ Fks vkSj


ust fQdk 'kkQ;h esa dcz dks eqlRrg cukuk pkfg,A ;g gnhl blls
eqrvfYyd gSA blfy, gekjs ,d cM+s eqgfn~nl 'ks[k+ gqj vkeyh
vyS0 us gnhl dh viuh cM+h eclwr fdrkc olk;syq'kf'k;k esa mls
rlrhgdcz ds ckc esa ntZ fd;k gS vkSj eqgfn~nl uch us Hkh tks cM+s
mYek vgys lqUur esa ls gSa ;gh eryc le>k gSA pqukUps 'kjg lghg
eqfLye esa bl gnhl dh 'kjg esa fy[kk gS fd%
lqUur ;g gS fd dcz t+ehu ls T+;knk ph u gks vkSj mls
dksgku 'kqrj dh rjg dk u cuk;k tk; cfYd cl ,d ckfy'r ph
j[kh tk; vkSj ;gh 'kkQ;h vkSj muds ge [k;ky mYek dk elyd
gSA
vkSj fdLrykuh us Hkh 'kjg lgh cq[kkjh esa mls dczksa ds
eqlRrg cukus ds nyk;y esa ntZ fd;k gS vkSj dgk gS fd ml gnhl
esa dqcwj ds cjkcj djus ds ek;us ;g ugha gS fd mUgsa t+ehu ds cjkcj
dj fn;k tk; cfYd mldk eryc ;gh gS fd mUgsa eqlRrg dj fn;k
tk;A
gdhdr ;g gS fd lOofr;k dh y+t+ tks rlOo;rk ls gS]
blds lkFk vxj fdlh pht dk uke fy;k tk; rks ek;us ml 'kS; ls
cjkcj djus ds gksaxs ysfdu tc fdlh nwljh pht+ dk uke u fy;k
tk; rks mlds ek;us ;g gksaxs fd cl viuh txg ml 'kS; dks
eksrfny vkSj eqlRrg cuk fn;k pqukup% QS;rkseh us fel ckgqyeqfuj
esa fy[kk gS fd bLroyedku ds ekus ;g gS fd ;g txg eksr fny o
eqrokftu gks x;h vkSj lOo;rk ds ekus gS fd eSaus mls eksrfny o
eqrokftu cuk fn;k bl rjg dkewl esa gS] vxj og ekus gksrs rks

(122)

(123)

lOo;rk fcy vtZ dgk tkrk tSls dkewl us dgk gS fd lRo;rk fcgh
rlfj;rk vkSj lRo;rk cSu gqek vkSj lkoS;rk voljh;rk fcgh] bl
lcds ekus ;g gS fd eSaus mldks nwljs ds cjkcj dj fn;k] ;gk flQZ
lo;rk gS rks blds ekus ogh gS fd tks mYek us le>s gSa fd dcj dh
chp okyh pkbZ dks [kRe djds mls eqlRrg dj fn;k tk;A
vxj dcz dks t+ehu ds fcYdqy cjkcj djus dk gqDe gksrk rks
iSxEcjs [kqnk l0 us mleku fcu eLmu dh dcz dks t+ehu ls t+jk
pk D;ksa j[kk ftldh ljkgr gnhl esa ekStwn gS vkSj ,d gnhl
vHkh vk,xh ftlesa gS fd jlwy [kwnk l0 us ,d 'k[l dks ns[kk fd
dcz ls rfd;k yxk, cSBk gS vkSj rfd;k yxuk eqefdu gh ugha tc
rd fd dcz t+ehu ls dqN u dqN ph u gksA
bl rkehj ds 'kksvcs ls eqrvfYyd ,d pht gS dcz ij lk;k
djuk ftl dh eqekfu;r Hkh dqN ogkch vQjkn dh t+ckuh xks'k t+n
gqbZ gS gkykafd bldk Hkh od+w mlh nkSj esa tks [kSjqydq:u Fkk utj
vk;k gSA pqukUps vlkck gkfQt+ bCu gtj esa lkyck fcu ekfyd dh
jok;r gS fd%
gde fcu vchy vkl dh nkSjs f[kykQrs mleku esa ekSr gks
x;h vkSj xehZ ml fnu f'knnr ls Fkh rks dcz ij ,d [ksek ulc
fd;k x;k dqN yksxksa us bl ij psesxksbZ djuk 'kq: dh rks tukc
mleku us dgk fd mej ds tekus esa tSuc fcUr gt'k dh dcz ij
[ksek yxk;k rks ml oD+r fdlh us ,srjkt ugha fd;kA
gde dh ekSr 32 fg0 esa gqbZ FkhA
blds vykok rQlhj jwgyevkuh esa gS fd tukc eqgEen
gufQ+;kk jth0 us tukc bCu vCckl jth0 dh dcz ij [ksek yxok;k

vkSj lghg cq[kkjh esa gS fd tc glu fcu glu vyS0 dh oQkr gqbZ
rks mudh tkStk eqdZjek Qkfrek fcUr gqlSu us mudh dcj ij [ksek
ulc fd;k vkSj ogk ,d lky d;ke fd;kA
;g dguk fd dcjks dks efLtn cukuk vkSj muesa uekt] ;g
Hkh eeuw gS bldk eqLrun 'kk;n jlwy[kqnk l0dh ;g gnhl gks fd
vYykg ;gwn vkSj ulkjk ij ykur djs fd mUgksaus vius vafc;k dh
dcjksa dks efLtn cuk;k exj bl gnhl dk lghg eryc og gS
ftls eqgfnnl rkfgj fQruh us et+ek vycgkj esa fy[kk gS fd%
^^og yksx bu dczksa dks fdcyk cukdj mudh rjQ gj uekt+
esa feLy cqrksa dks ltnk djrs FksA
vkSj gkfQt l;wrh us viuh fdrkc tgdZjck esa bl gnhl
dh 'kjg esa fy[kk gS fd!
tc buesa dksbZ usd vkneh ejrk Fkk rks bldh dcz ij
efLtn cukrs Fks
cStkoh us fy[kk gS fd%
pwfd ;gwn o ulkjk vius iSxEcjksa dh dczksa dk ltnk djrs
Fks vkSj mUgsa fdcyk cuk dj mudh rjQ jq[k+ djds uekt+ i<+rs Fks
vkSj mUgsa cqr cuk fy;k Fkk blfy, mu ij ykur dh x;h vkSj
eqlyekuksa dks jksdk x;k fd og ,Slk u djs ysfdu vxj dksbZ 'k[+l
fdlh usd vkneh dh dcz ds ikl efLtn cuk, flQZ gqlwy cjdr ds
fy, vkSj bldh rjQ jq[+k djds uekt+ u i<+s rks blesa nkf[+ky u
gksxkA
vYykek lunh enuh gkf'k;k lquu fulbZ esa fy[krs gS fd%
gt+jr l0 dk edlwn ;g Fkk fd viuh mEer dks Mjk,

(124)

(125)

ml ls tks ;gwnh o ulkjk us vius iSxEcjksa dh dczksa ds lkFk fd;k Fkk


fd mUgsa efLtn cuk fy;k rks bl rjg fd mUgha dks lTnk djus yxs
;k mUgsa fdCyk cuk fy;k fd uekt+ oxSjkg esa mUgha dh rjQ jq[k+
djus yxs ysfdu vxj tokjs dcz esa gqlwy dcz ds fy, efLtn cuk,
rks og eeuw ugha gSA
igys blh fdrkc esa dcz ij efLtn dh rkehj ds 'kokfgn
ntZ gks pqds gS tSls vlgkcs dgsQ+ ij efLtn dh rkehj vkSj Qkfrek
fcUr vln dh dcz ij efLtn dk tukc eksgEen gufQ;k ds lkeus
otwn vkSj nwljh lnh esa tukc get+k dh dcz ij efLtn dk ekStwn
gksuk vkSj ;gk ethn bt+kQk bl ij ;g gS fd dqutwy gdk;sd
euknh esa nS;yehdh jok;r gS fd %&
efLtn [+kSQ esa lRrj uch nQu gSA
vkSj ,d eqdke ij bldh jok;r frcjkuh ls gSA blls bCu
dS+f;e ds bl nkos dh jn gks tkrh gS fd nhu bLyke esa efLtn vkSj
dcz ;dtk ugha gks ldrs cfYd tks ckn esa gks] mls jksd fn;k tk;
vkSj igys okys dks ckdh j[kk tk; vkSj lcls cM+h felky nksuksa ds
;dtk gks tkus dh efLtn&,&gjke dh gS vUnj gqtjs bLekbZy esa
tukc bLekbZy vkSj gktjk dh dcz dk otwn gSA
,d vkSj ek;us ml gnhl ds ;gwn vkSj ulkjk us vius
vafc;k ds dqcwj dks efLtn cuk fy;k og gS tks beke cq[kkjh us le>s
gS] og ;g fd ;gwn vkSj ulkjk us vius vafc;k dh dqcwj dks [kksn
Mkyk vkSj mudh txg ij efLtnsa cuk nh rks jlwy l0 us mu ij
ykur dh gSA iSxEcjksa dh rkSghu dh otg ls pqukUps mUgksaus viuh
lghg esa mUoku dk;e fd;k gS fd eq'kfjdhu tkfgfy;r dh dcjksa

dks [kksn Mkyk tk; vkSj mudh txg ij efLtnsa cuk nh tk;aA
blds lcwr esa mUgksaus ;g gnhl ntZ dh gS fd jlwy l0 us ;gwn o
ulkjk ij ykur dh bl ckr ij fd mUgksaus iSxEcjksa dh dcjksa dks
efLtn cuk;k] lkgc drgqyckjh us bldh 'kjg esa fy[kk gS fd %&
bl gnhl ls dqQkj ds dqcwj dks efLtn cukus ij
bLrnyky bl fcuk ij gS fd jlwy l0 us mu ij ykur Qjek;h
ftUgksaus vafc;k ds dqcwj dks efLtn cuk;k vkSj vafc;k ds lkFk bl
gqDe esa muds rkcbZu 'kjhd gSa tks eksfefuu lkfyghu gS ysfdu nwljs
yksx ;kuh eq'kfjdhu] muds dczLrkuksa dks [kksn dj efLtn cuk;k
tk ldrk gSA
gnhl dk eQgwe ;g gks rks og ogkch uqDr;s ut+j ds
fcYdqy f[kykQ+ gS blfy, vafc;k ds dczLrkuksa dks [kksndj efLtn
cukus ij ykur tc vafc;k dh rkSghu dh fcuk ij gqbZ gS rks cxSj
efLtn cuk, gq, fcyk otg crkSj tqYe o Qlkn mu ds edcjksa dk
[kksnuk tks ;dhuu mudh rkSghu gS] D;ksa dj ewfjns ykur u gksxkA
edcjksa esa uekt] blds gjke gksus ij dksbZ nyhy ugha gSA tEgwj
mYek djkgr ds dk;y gSaA ogkfc;ksa dk tks uqDr;s ut+j gSaA mlds
f[kykQ+ vgys cSr djke vkSj lgkck dk vey ekStwn gS pqukUps
xt+kyh us vg;k mymywe esa beke tkQj lkfnd vySgfgLlyke dh
jok;r fy[kh gS fd gt+jr Qkfrek t+gjk vyS0 tukc getk jth0
dh dcz dh T+;kjr dks tkrh Fkh vkSj ogk uekt i<+rh Fkh vkSj jksrh
FkhaA blds vykok gqtjs bLekbZy esa tukc bLekbZy vkSj gktjk dh
dczksa ds gksrs gq,] ogk uekt+ dh Qt+hyr okfjn gqbZ vkSj bCu vlhj us
fugk;k esa fy[kk gS fd %&

(126)

(127)

edcjksa esa uekt+ dh eqekfu;r blfy, gqbZ gS fd ogk dh


[+kkd esa vDlj eqnksZa ds ftYn ls fudyh gqbZ jrwcrs feyh gqbZ gksrh gSa]
ojuk vxj fdlh ikd lkQ txg uekt+ i<+sa rks dksbZ gtZ ughaA
,Slk gh eqgfnnl fQRuh us etevycgkj esa fy[kk gS vkSj
bruk bt+kQk fd;k gS fd%
;g eqekfu;r e[+klwl gS mu dczksa ls tks [kqnh gqbZ gksaA
blds vykok dczksa ds ikl uekt+ dh eqekfu;r esa vxj bl
gnhl ls bLrnyky fd;k tk; fd dczksa dks efLtn ugha cukuk
pkfg, rks blds eQgwe ij dkQh cgl gks pqdh gS vkSj bldk lcwr
bCus gcku dh lghg ls Hkh gksrk gS fd mlesa ;g gS fd jlwy l0 us
dczksa dh rjQ uekt+ i<+us ls eqekfu;r Qjek;h gS vkSj beke vgen
fcu gacy us iSxEcjs [kqnk l0 ls jok;r dh gS fd vkius Qjek;k
dczksa ij cSBks ugha vkSj dczksa dh rjQ uekt+ u i<+ksA
blds ckn mu vgknhl ds eQgwe esa 'kd o 'kqcg ckdh ugha
jgrk vkSj usd vkeky vQjkn dh dczksa ds ikl uekt+ gqlwy cdZr ds
fy, cjkcj lYQ lkfyghu ds tkjh o lkjh jgh ftldh rdoh;r
bl gqDe dqvkZuh ls gksrh gS fd %&
bczkghe ds [kM+s gksus dh txg dks viuh uekt+ dk egy
cukvksA vkSj vCnqYykg fcu mej gt+jr iSxEcj [kqnk l0 ds vklkj
dh tqLrqtw djrs Fks vkSj ogk uekts+ i<+rs Fks vkSj bCu rSfe;k gacyh us
^fljkrs eqLrd+he* esa fy[kk gS tSlk fd vojkfd+ cxnkfn;k esa udy
gqvk gS fd lunh [kokjteh dk C;ku gS fd %&
geus beke vgen fcu gacy ls nj;kr fd;k fd dksbZ
'k[+l bu eqrcfjZd eqdkekr ij tks cus gq, gSa tk,] bl ckc esa vki

D;k Qjekrs gS\ mUgksaus dgk bCu mEes edrwe dh gnhl gS mUgksaus
iSxEcj [kqnk l0 ls nj;kr fd;k fd og vius ?kj esa uekt+ i<+k djsa
fd og ,d ejdt uekt+ dk gks tk, vkSj bCu mej dk vey fd og
iSxEcj [kqnk l0 ds Bgjus ds edkekr ij tkdj uekt+sa i<+rs Fks] bu
nksuksa jok;rksa dh fcuk ij bu eqrcfjZd edkekr ij Hkh tkdj uekt
i<+us esa dksbZ eqtk;d+k ugha gS exj yksxksa us blesa bQjkr ls cgqr
dke fy;k gS vkSj blesa cgqr T+;knrh dj nh gSA
blh rjg vgen fcu dkfle us muls udy fd;k gS fd
muls iwNk x;k bu edkekr eqrcfjZdk ij tkus ds eqrvfYyd tks
enhuk rS;ck esa gS rks mUgksaus dgk fd bCu edrwu dh gnhl vkSj
vCnqYyk fcu mej ds vey dh fcuk ij tks og jlwy vYykg l0 ds
r'kjhQ ys tkus ds edkekr ij uekts+a i<+rs FksA bles dksbZ gtZ ugha
gS vkSj mldh btktr gSA
fdrkc vyvkyke yk vyke cSrqyykfgy gjke esa tukc
[knhtk jth0 ds edku dk ft+ djus ds ckn fy[kk gS fd mls
vd+hy fcu vch rkfyc us ys fy;k] fQj muls ekoh;k fcu vch
lq;ku us [kjhnk vkSj mls efLtn cuk fn;k fd blesa uekt+ i<+h
tk,A
ekywe gqvk fd vafc;k vkSj lkfyghu ds jkStksa ij uekt+
i<+uk 'kvZu tk;t+ gSa vkSj bldh gqjer ij dksbZ nyhy ugha gS cfYd
lhjr bLykQs lkfyghu mlds bLrsglku dk irk nsrh gSA
;g dguk fd pjkx tykuk dczksa ij eeuw gS bCu vCckl dh
jok;r dh fcuk ij fd jlwy [kqnk l0 us ykur dh dczksa dh T+;kjr
djus okfy;ksa vkSj mUgsa efLtn cukus okyksa vkSj pjkx tykus okyksa

(128)

(129)

ij] blds eqrvfYyd vtZ+ gS fd pjkx tykuk vxj cxSj fdlh lgh
eD+ln ds gks rks bldh eqekfu;r gks ldrh gSA ysfdu vxj og
t+k;jhu dh lgwfy;r vkSj frykors dqvkZu djus okyksa] vf;k o
T+;kjkr i<+us okyksa ds fy, gS rks og vvkur vyy [kS+j gSA bu ij
gjfxt+ jlwy [kqnk l0 dh ykur eqroTtk ugha gks ldrh] vkSj
T+;kjr dqcwj okyh eqekfu;r ds eqRvfYyd rksgQrqy ckjh vkSj
bj'kknh,lkjh oxSjkg esa gS fd og ckn esa ealw[k gks x;h vkSj dqcwj ds
efLtn cukus ds eQgwe ij cgl igys gks pqdh gSA reLlqg vkSj
nqvk ds ckjs esa 'kokfgn Hkh igys vk pqds gS] ethn cjk ;g gS fd bCu
rSfe;k us fljkrs eqLrdhe esa fy[kk gS fd vcqc vlje us jok;r
dh gS fd %&
eSaus vgn fcu gacy dh dczs jlwy l0 ds lkFk reLlqg ds
ckjs esa iwNk mUgksaus dgk eq>s blds eqrvfYyd dksbZ bYe ugha fQj
feEcj ds fy, nj;kr fd;k] mUgksaus dgk blds fy, jok;r vk;h gS
fd vCnqYykg fcu mej feEcj ls relg djrs Fks vkSj lbZn fcu
eql;c dk vey Hkh c;ku gqvk gSA
blls t+kfgj gS fd beke vgen fcu gacy us Hkh dczs jlwy ds
fy, ;g tqjkZr ugha dh fd mlls reLlqg dks gjke djkj nsaA cl
viuh ykbYeh dk btgkj fd;k gkykafd gj 'k[l le> ldrk gS
fd tc feEcj ls reLlqg dk 'kkfgn fey x;k rks dczs jlwy l0 rks
feEcj ls T;knk dkfcys ,gfrjke gS vkSj dcz ds ckjs esa tks budk
dkSy c;ku fd;k x;k gS fd eq>s mlds eqrvfYyd bYe ugha gSA ;g
ct+kfgj bl jkoh dk lgw gS ;k ;g fd ;g 'k[+l dfcys ,srekn u Fkk]
blfy, beke vgen us mlls [kqydj xqrxw ugha dh blfy, fd

tSlk vYykek lS;n glu lnj rkc ljkg us vius fjlkys esa udy
fd;k gS beke vgen fcu gacy ds csVs vCnqYykg fcu vgen us
ftudk dkSy t+kfgj gS fd vius okfyn ds ckjs esa T;knk eksrcj gS
fdrkcqy vyy oLlqvkykr esa fy[kk gS fd %&
eSaus vius okfyn ls bl 'k[+l ds eqrvfYyd iwNk tks feEcjs
jlwy dks rcjqZdu Nq, vkSj mldk ckslk ys vkSj ,Slk gh dcz eqckjd
ds lkFk djs bl mEehn es fd mls lokc feysxk] mUgksaus Qjek;k
dksbZ gtZ ugha gSA
ust bCu rSfe;k us ;g;k fcu lbZn dh fjok;r ntZ dh gS fd
tc og bjkd dh rjQ tkus yxs rks feEcj jlwy dh rjQ vk, vkSj
mls gkFk ls Nqvk vkSj nqvk ekaxh] vkSj beke ekfyd ls udy gqvk gS
fd og feEcj jlwy0 l0 ls cjdr gkfly djrs Fks vkSj lcdh us
dgk gS fd dcjs jlwy l0 ls reLlqg ls eqekfu;r ij dksbZ btek
ugha gS vkSj bl jok;r ls bLrnyky fd;k gS fd ejoku fcu gde us
ns[kk fd ,d 'k[l dczs jlwy ls fyiVk gqvk gS rks ejoku us mldh
xnZu idM+h vkSj dgk fd ;g rqe D;k dj jgs Fks\ mlus dgk fd eSa
iRFkjksa vkSj baVksa dh rjQ ugha vk;k gw] eSa jlwy l0 dh f[kner esa
vk;k gw vkSj ;g 'k[l tukc vcq v;qc valkjh Fks vkSj ,Slk gh
fcyky eqvfTtus jlwy l0 ds eqRvfYd vk;k gS fd mUgksaus viuk eqg
dcj jlwy l0 dh feV~Vh ls eyk vkSj ;g vey lnjs bLyke ls
cjkcj eqlyekuksa esa jk;st jgkA ft+cg vkSj ut+j cs'kd vxj [kqnk
dk uke ysdj u gks vkSj dln dqcZr bykgh ls u gks rks ge Hkh ml
ft+cg dks gyky ugha le>saxsA vkSj u ut+j dks nqjqLr le>saxs ysfdu
vxj vYykg dk uke ysdj fdlh jkSts+ ds t+k;jks ij rD+lhe djsa rks

(130)

(131)

djrk rks ,Slk gh gt+jr l0 dh dcz dh T+;kjr ds oDr gksuk pkfg,A


rokQ vkSj reLlqg vkSj ckslk ysus ds fy, tks dqN dgk x;k
gSA ml ij cgl igys vk pqdh gS vkSj vCnqYykg fcu vgen fcu
gacy dh t+ckuh [kqn beke vgen fcu gacy ftudh rjQ bCu
vCnqy ogkc vkSj reke utnh gtjkr vkSj muds eqdrnk;ku bCu
rkSfe;k vkSj bCu dSf;e lcdk bafrlkc gS mudk bj'kkn vk pqdk gS
fd dcjs jlwydk ckslk ysus esa gjt ugha gS vkSj tkfgj gS fd ekSr ds
ckn dcj dk ckslk ysuk oSlk gS tSls ftUnxh esa gkFkksa ;k iSjksa dk ckslk
ysuk D;ksafd es;kj nksuksa dk ,d gh gS vkSj og bT+t+r o ,gfrjke gSA
vkSj lquu vcqnkn esa vCnqYykg fcu mej dh tqckuh gS fd ge
yksx jlwy l0 ds ikl x;s vkSj vkids gkFkksa dk ckslk fy;k vkSj mEes
vcku fcuk okt; fcu t+jk, dh jok;r gS vius nknk t+kj, ls tks
dchyk vCnqy dSl ds oQn esa vk, Fks tc ge igqps rks vius ejdcks
ls tYnh&tYnh mrj ds jlwy l0 ds gkFkksa vkSj iSjksa ds cksls ys jgs FksA
blds vykok rkt+he jlwy l0 ds flyflys esa ckslk ysus ds nwljs
'kokfgn igys vk pqds gSaA

blesa dksbZ [kjkch ekywe ugha gksrh vkSj blh rjg vxj vYykg ls
utj djs mls jkSt+s ds tk;jhu dh dqN f[kner ds eqrvfYyd rks
blds Hkh gjke gksus dh otg dksbZ ugha gSA
;g dguk fd nqvk ds oD+r jkSts+ jlwy l0 dh rjQ jq[+k djus
dks jksduk csgrj gS vkSj reke flErksa esa lcls vQt+y flEr fdcyk
gSA ;g iSxEcj [kqnk l0 ds ejrcs ls ukokd+fQ+;r ;k p'eiks'kh dk
urhtk gSA
jlwys [kqnk l0 ds ckjs esa tks lghgqy vdhnk mYek gS tSls
vyh fcu cqjgkuqn~nhu 'kkQ+bZ bUlkuqy m;wu vkSj gkfQt
tykyqnnhu lq;wrh [klk;sls dqcjk esa ljkgru fy[krs gS fd%
dcjs jlwy l0 dh ljtehu btekvu reke drvkr vtZ
;gka rd fd dkcs dh tehu ls Hkh vQt+y gS vkSj ckt+ us dgk gS fd
vkleku ds Hkh gj edke ;gk rd v'kZ ls Hkh vQt+y gSA
vkSj roLlqy dh cgl esa dkt+h v;kt+ dh jok;r vk pqdh gS
fd ealwj nokfud+h us beke ekfyd ls iwNk fd eSa fdcyk jq[k+ nqvk
ekaxks fd dczs jlwy l0 dh rjQ jq[k+ djds\ rks mUgksaus dgk fd %&
viuk pgjk vki jlwy [kqnk l0 dh rjQ ls D;ksa eksfM+;s
gkykfd og vkidk Hkh olhyk gS vkSj vkids cki gt+jr vkne dk Hkh
olhyk gSA
vkSj vYykek bCu gtj eD+d+h us tkSgjs equTte esa bl ij
;g nyhy dk;e dh gS ge lc eqRrfQd gSA bl vej ij fd %&
gt+jr l0 viuh dcz esa ft+Unk gSa] vkSj gt+jr l0 vxj
gekjh vk[kksa ds lkeus ft+Unk cSBs gksrs rks vkids ikl eqykdkr ds
fy, vkus okyk ykt+eu vkidh rjQ jq[+k vkSj fdCys dh rjQ iq'r

mYek;s enhuk dh rjQ ealwc 'kqnk Qros ds reke vttk ds


iM+k[kps mM+ pqds gS vkSj lkfcr gks x;k gS fd dqcwj ij dqCcksa dh
rkehj vkSj mudh rkt+he o rkSdhj ds gjke ;k f'kZd gksus dh dksbZ
otg ugha gS cfYd lhjr jlwy] lhjr lgkck o rkcbZu vkSj reke
eqlyekuksa ds vey njvken ls tks 'kq: ls vc rd jgk] tks bu
bekjrksa dks eqagfne djs ;k bl bufgnke dk gkeh gks] og cbfLrykg
vgys lqUur [k+kfjt vt tekvr gksus ls [k+kfjt vt nhu gSA

(132)

(133)

vc cgEnqfyYykg

NBk ckc

featqeyk muds lghg cq[kkjh us gtjr iSxEcjs [kqnk l0 ds


fy, okfjn gS fd gt+jr l0 feEcj ds igyw esa [kM+s gq, vkSj Qjek;k
m/kj ls fQruk gksxk tgk ls 'kSrku dk lha?k cjken gksxkA
;k Qjek;k fd lwjt dh 'kqvkcjvken gksrh gSA
nwljs yt+ksa esa rks fcYdqy lkQ gS fd gtjr l0 dk bj'kkn
feEcj gh dh rjQ Fkk] gk igyh lwjr esa vYQkt gnhl ds eqcge gSA
irk ugha pyrk fd gt+jr l0 dk b'kkjk fdl rjQ Fkk\ exj bldh
r'kjhg nwljh gnhl ls gks tkrh gS tks vCnqYykg fcu mej ls gS fd
mUgksaus jlwy [kqnk l0 dks lquk tcfd vki e'kfjd+ dh rjQ jq[+k
fd, gq, Fks fd vki Qjek jgs Fks ekywe gksuk pkfg, fd fQruk m/kj
ls mBsxk ft/kj 'kSrku dk lha?k gSA blls irk py x;k fd gt+jr
l0 dk bj'kkn e'kfjd+ dh rjQ Fkk vkSj ;g lcdks ekywe gS fd
enhus ls e'kfjd+ dh rjQ ljt+ehu utn gSA
nwljh gnhl lghg eqfLye esa gS fd %
fnyksa dh l[+rh vkSj csoQkbZ e'kfjd+ esa gS vkSj bZeku vgys
fgtkt esa gSA gtjr l0 us bu gnhlksa esa lkQ crk fn;k fd vgys
fgtkt fulcru lkfgcs beku gksrs gSa vkSj utn ds yksx l[+r fny
vkSj csjge gksrs gSa exj bu ogkfc;ksa us mYVk gqDe yxk fn;k gS fd
utnh gh flQZ lkfgcs bZeku gS vkSj reke nqfu;k ds eqlyeku dkfQ+j
o eq'kfjd+ gSaA fQj vxj fdlh dks 'kd jgs bl esa fd e'kfjd+ ls
eqjkn utn gS cfYd [;ky djrk gks fd dksbZ vkSj eqYd eqjkn gSA gk

,d vkSj gnhl esa tks lghg cq[kkjh esa gS bl bteky dks fcYdqy nwj
dj fn;k x;k gSA ;g bCu mej dh fjok;r gS fd%
gtjr iSxEcj [kqnk l0 us dgk ijojfnxkj gekjs 'kke esa
cjdr vrk Qjek vkSj gekjs ;eu esa cjdr vrk QjekA yksxksa us
dgk ;g Hkh Qjek nhft, fd gekjs utn esa cjdr vrk QjekA
gt+jr l0 us fQj ogh nksuksa tqeys dgs fd gekjs 'kke esa cjdr vrk
Qjek vkSj gekjs ;eu esa cjdr vrk Qjek yksxksa us dgk ;k jlwy
vYykg l0 vkSj gekjs utn esa HkhA jkoh dk c;ku gS fd eq>s [;ky gs
fd rhljh ejrck gtjr l0 us tokc fn;k fd ogka rks tytys gSa
vkSj fQrus vkSj ogka ls 'kSrku dk lha?k cjvken gksxkA
bl gnhl ls tgka ;g lkfcr gksrk gS fd ljtehu utn
'kSrku ds xycs dk ejdt gSA ogka ;g lkQ tkfgj gS fd og [kqnk
vkSj jlwy dks ukilan gSA blfy, fd jlwy [kqnk l0 us ckotwn
bljkj ds mls viuh nqvk, [k+Sj esa 'kjhd ugh fd;k vkSj blls ekywe
gksrk gS fd jgers [kqnk bl ljt+ehu ls ges'kk ds fy, nwj gSA ;g
gnhl dqrqcs vgys lqUur esa Hkh gS tSlk fd gokyk vkids lkeus vk;k
vkSj gekjs mYek esa ls vYykek uwjh us Hkh eqlrnfjdqy olk;sy esa mls
ntZ fd;k gSA
bu vgknhl esa duZfu'k'kSrku dh yt+ gS ftlds yt+h
ek;us rks ogh gq, tks geus rjtqes esa fy[ks gSa] ;kuh ^^'kSrku dk lha?k**
blds fy, ^^dkewl** esa gS fd dfuZ'k'kSrku vkSj dfuZ'k'kSrku ;kuh
'kSrku dk lha?k vkSj 'kSrku ds nksuksa lha?k blds ekus gS mldk fxjksg
vkSj bldh jk; ds iS: ;k bl dh rkdr vkSj mldk xyck o
rlYyqr] xks;k vgys utn 'kSrku ds gR;kjksa dh gSfl;r j[krs gS fd

(134)

(135)

dqN vgknhl vkSj v[+kckj tks vgys utn ds ckjs esa gS

mUgha ds t+fj, ls og geykoj gksrk gS vkSj vius ed+kfln gkfly


djrk gSA
fQj ,d gnhl iSxEcjs [kqnk l0 dh gS fd %&
beku enhus dh rjQ iukg ysrk gSA
bls bCu vlhj tt+Zjh us ugk;k esa ntZ fd;k gS vkSj gt+jr
l0 dk ;g Hkh bj'kkn gS fd%
'kSrku uk mEehn gks pqdk gS fd vc tt+hjrqy vjc eas
mldh bcknr ugha gksxhA
ftlls eDds vkSj enhus dk eqjkn gksuk dnjs eqRrdhu dh
gSfl;r j[krk gS cfYd bCu vlhj us ugk;k esa beke ekfyd dk dkSy
ntZ gS fd ;gka tkft+jrqy vjc ls [kqn enhuk equOojk eqjkn gSA rks
blds ckn fdruk rvttqc[kst+ ;g rlOoqj gS fd ftl lj t+ehu
dks jlwys [kqnk l0 us 'kSrku dk ejdt+ dgk gks] ogk ds yksx nkosnkj
gks fd ge eksfeuhu gS vkSj lPps eqlyeku vkSj ftu 'kgjksa ds fy,
Qjek;k gks fd og beku dk ejdt gS vkSj ogka 'kSrkuh iSjoh vc
ugha gks ldrh] mUgsa le>k tk; fd og lc dkfQj o eq'kfjd gSA
gSjr vaxst lq[ku ijojh dk dfj'ek ;g gS fd utnh gt+jkr
vk;krs dqvkZu vkSj ckt+ vgknhl dh rkohy ls tks ekdwy otwg ij
Hkh eacuh gks] f'knnr ds lkFk bUdkj j[krs gSa vkSj mUgas bl ij bljkj
gS fd vYQkt dks muds tkfgjh eQgwe ij egewy djuk pkfg,
ysfdu tc ;g gnhls is'k dh tkrh gS rks og bfUrgkbZ nwj njkt
rkohyks ls dke ysdj /kkU/kyh djds crkrs gSa fd blls lj tehu
utn eqjkn ugha cfYd lj tehu bjkd+ eqjkn gS blfy, fd og
fgtkt ls ph lrg ij okd; gSA ysfdu yqx+r vkSj tqxjkfQ;k

vkSj v'kvkjs vjc lc ij utj djus ls ;g ckr cbZn vt gdhdr


ekywe gksrh gS vkSj irk pyrk gS fd utn dh yQt tc fcyk fdlh
dSn ds cksyh tk;s rks mlds ;gh ljt+ehu eqjkn gksrh gS tks fgtkt
ds ikl mlls ph gSA blfy, utn dgykrh gS vkSj blds
eqdkfcy esa frgkek gS blfy, fd og mlls uhps gS vkSj mls xkSj Hkh
dgrs gSaA tks eqdkfcy utn gksrk gSA
Q+hjkst+ vkcknh dkewl esa utn ds ek;us vkSj mlds gqnwn esa
fy[krs gSa fd mlds vkxs frgkek vkSj ;eu gS vkSj mlds b/kj m/kj
bjkd vkSj 'kke gS vkSj fgtkt dh rjQ ls og tkr vdZ ls 'kq: gks
tkrk gS vkSj tkSgjh us flgkg esa fy[kk gS fd utn vjc ds 'kgjksa esa ls
gS vkSj og xkSj ds eqdkfcy gS vkSj xkSj ls eqjkn frgkek gksrk gS vkSj
frgkek ls bjkd rd chp esa ftruk pk fgLlk gS og utn gS vkSj
Q;weh us ^felckgqy equhj* esa yQt utn dh r'kjhg esa fy[kk gS fd
utn e'kgwj eqYd gS lj tehu vjc esa ls bjkd ls feyk gqvk vkSj
og fgtkt dk tqt ugha gSA vxjpk tthjrqyvjc eas nkf[ky gSA
rgthc esa gS fd tks [kUnd dljk us bjkd dh ljgn ij [kqnok;h
Fkh] ml [kUnd ds vkxs ftruk fgLlk gS og utn gSA tgk rd fd
gjZg dh rjQ eqM+ks] tc ml rjQ eqM+ tkvks rks fgtkt esa nkf[ky gks
x,A
vkSj egewn 'kdqjh vkywlh us rkjh[k+ utn esa rdjhcu nl
dkSy utn dh gn cUnh esa ntZ fd, gS tks lcds lc bl ckr ds
'kkfgn gS fd ljtehu bjkd utn ls [kkfjt gSA
'kksvjk;s vjc us Hkh utn dh yt+ ls blh ljt+ehu dks
eqjkn fy;k gS uk ds ljt+ehu bjkd dks] cfYd bjkd dk uke utn

(136)

(137)

ds eqdkcys esa fy;k gS og v'kvkj geus viuh vjch fdrkc esa ntZ
fd, gSaA bl mnqZ fdrkc esa muds udy djus ls dksbZ Qk;nk ugha gSA
dkewlqy vyeqdUurk oy cdk esa gS fd utn ds 'kgj]
fgtkt+ ds e'kkfjd esa okd; gS vkSj muds nks fgLls gSA utn fgtkt
vkSj utn vkfjt vkSj bl ljtehu ls djkerk us [k:t fd;k vkSj
eqlfyek dTtkc ogha ls mBk vkSj ogkch yksx ogha ls cjken gq, vkSj
mudk ik;sr[r 'kgj fj;kt gS ftldh ejnqe 'kqekjh rhl gt+kj
dh gSA blls lkQ t+kfgj gS fd utn dh ljt+ehu ogh gS tks
ogkfc;ksa dk ejdt+ gS vkSj ;g fgtkt+ ds e'kfjd esa gS ftlds ckn
mu vgknhl ds eryc ij dksbZ ijnk ugha jgrkA
feu tqeyk mu vgknhl ds ,d og gS ftls vgen fcu tSu
nkyku us [kqyklkrqy dyke esa ntZ fd;k gS fd%
gtjr iSxEcj [kqnk l0 us Qjek;k utn ls ,d 'kSrku
tkfgj gksxk ftlds fQrus ls tthjrqy vjc esa rgydk iM+ tk,xkA
,d vkSj gnhl mUgksaus ;g ntZ dh gS fd%
e'kfjd dh rjQ ls fudysaxs ,Sls tks dqvkZu bl lwjr ls
i<+saxs fd og muds xys ls vkxs ugha c<+sxk] og nhu ls bl rjg
fudy tk;axs tSls rhj deku ls fudyrk gSA og nhu esa fQj okil
ugha vk,axs tc rd fd rhj deku esa okil ugha vkrk] mudh [kkl
vyker lj dk eqM+k, gq, gksuk gSA vkSj ,sls gh etewu dh nwljh
jok;rs Hkh gSaA
[kqyklkrqy dyke ea bu reke jok;rksa ds udy djus ds
ckn fy[kk gS fd ;g tks gt+jr l0 us bj'kkn Qjek;k fd budh
[k+kl vyker lj dk ?kqVokuk gSA ;g ljkgru ml tekvr dks

t+kfgj dj jgk gS tks e'kfjd+ ls fudyh vkSj og eksgEen fcu vCnqy


ogkc dh iSjw gSA vkSj bCu vCnqy ogkc dh rkdhn Fkh fd og lj dks
bl rjg ?kqVok;s fd t+jk lk fu'kku Hkh cky dk u jg tk;s vkSj dksbZ
vk tkrk rks mls mBdj tkus ugha fn;k tkrk Fkk tc rd fd mldk
lj eqUM u tk;s vkSj bruh ikcUnh bl dh bl tekvr ls igys
fdlh Hkh fxjksg esa ns[kh ugha x;h vkSj vCnqjjgeku eqrh tqcSn dk
dkSy Fkk fd bCu vCnqy ogkc dh jn esa fdlh fdrkc ds fy[kus dh
t:jr ugha] cl gt+jr l0 dk ;g bj'kkn dkQh gS fd bl tekvr
dh vyker lj dk eqM+okuk gSA blfy, fd fdlh fcnvrh fxjksg us
Hkh dHkh bl ij bruk t+ksj ugha fn;k vkSj eksgEen fcu vCnqy ogkc
dh rjQ ls bldh ,Slh ikcUnh Fkh fd og vkSjrsa Hkh tks bl elyd
dh iS: gks] mUgsa Hkh lj eqaMokus dh fgnk;r gksrh FkhA
feUtqEyk mudh ,d gnhl gekjs cqyUn ik;k eqgfn~nl
vYykek etkfylh us cgkjqy vuokj dh ftYn Qru esa vcq lbZn
[kqnjh jt+h dh fjok;r ls ntZ gSA
gtjr vyh vyS0 us tcfd og ;eu esa Fks rks gtjr iSxEcjs
[kqnk l0 ds ikl dkQh fednkj esa dherh lkeku Hkstk rks gtjr l0
us mls pkj vkneh;ksa ij rdlhe dj fn;k bdjk fcu gkful vkSj
,Sfu;k fcu cnj Qtkjh vkSj vydek fcu vydk vkejh vkSj
tSnfcu [kSy rkbZ rks dqjS'k vkSj vUlkj dks bl ij xqLlk vk;k vkSj
dgus yxs fd ;g utn ds cM+s&cM+s vknfe;ksa dks nsrs gSa vkSj gesa NksM+
nsrs gSaA vki l0 us Qjek;k fd mUgsa eSa rks rkyhQ dYc ds fy, nsrk
gwA blds ckn ,d 'k[l vk;k ftldh vk[ksa /kalh gqbZ Fkh vkSj is'kkuh
dh nksuksa rjQ dh gfM~M;k ph FkhA nk<+h ?kuh Fkh vkSj jq[+klkj Qwys

(138)

(139)

gq, Fks vkSj lj eqaMk gqvk FkkA blus gtjr l0 dk uke ysdj iqdkjk
vkSj dgk vYykg ls Mfj;sA vki l0 us Qjek;k eSa vYykg dh uk
Qjekuh d:xk rks mldh brkvr djus okyk dkSu gksxk\ og eq> ij
reke nqfu;k tgk ds yksxksa ds ckjs esa Hkjkslk fd, gq, gS vkSj rqe yksx
eq> ij Hkjkslk ugha djrs gks] eqlyekuksa esa ls ,d 'k[+l us tks esjk
[+;ky gS [k+kfyn fcu oyhn Fks] gt+jr l0 ls mls dRy djus dh
btkt+r ekxh rks vki l0 us btkt+r ugha nh vkSj tc og pyk x;k
rks vkius Qjek;k fd mldh vLy uLy ls ,d fxjksg og gksxk fd
dqvkZu i<+sxs bl rjg fd muds xyksa ls uhps ugha mrjsxk] og bLyke
ls ;w fudy tk;saxs tSls rhj deku ls fudyrk gSA og eqlyekuksa dks
dRy djsaxs vkSj cqr ijLrksa dks NksM+s jgsxsA eSa vxj mudks ik rks
dRy djw bl rjg tSls dchyk vkn ds fdlh vkneh dks dRy gksuk
pkfg,A
nwljh jok;r esa gS fd fdlh us iwNk fd mudh vyker D;k
gS\ Qjek;k
mudh vyker lj dk eqaMokuk gSA blds fy, ^rgyhd* dh
yt+ Qjek;h ;k ^rlehn* dh rks tc mUgsa ns[kuk rks mUgsa [+okcs exZ
dk et+k p[kkukA
^ugk;k* esa bl gnhl ds ckt vtt+k ds gyyqryqxkr esa
fy[kk gS fd ^tqft;w* ds ekus ^vLy uLy* ds gSA vkSj ^rlehn* muesa
vke gksxhA ^rlehn* ds ekus lj eqaMokus ds gSA bl rjg fd cky
fcYdqy usLrukcwn gks tk; ,d jok;r esa gS fd ;g 'k[l tfoy[kks
llhjk rSeh FkkA bl gnhl ls nks ckrsa lkfcr gSa ,d ;g fd utn
okys ,Sls eq[k+kfyQhu bLyke esa Fks fd muesa ls tks nk;jk bLyke eas

nkf[ky gks] muds fy, ml rjg rkyhQ dYc dh t:jr gksrh Fkh
tSls vcq lqQ;ku oxSjg dh tks eqvYykQfry dqywc dgykrs FksA
nwljs vcqy [kc ;slhjk rSeh ds fy, ;g Qjek;k fd bldh
vLy uLy ls ,sls yksx gksaxs vkSj bCu vCnqy ogkc dk rSeh gksuk
igys ekywe gks pqdk gSA blfy, ;g lkfcr gqvk fd lc vykekr
bl tekvr esa ogh gS ftudk jlwy [kqnk l0 us irk fn;k FkkA
eqlyekuksa dk [+kwu cgkuk] xSj eqfLye cqr ijLrksa ds f[kykQ dHkh
ryokj u mBkuk] ljkas dk ?kqVk j[kuk] ;g lc mewj eq'kkfgns ls
rvYyqd j[krs gSaA bUgha ls vkneh mu vkSlkQ dks le> ldrk gS tks
vk[k ls ns[kus ds ugha gSA tSls dqvkZu dk xys ds uhps u mrjuk vkSj
bLyke ls bl rjg [+kkfjt gksuk tSls rhj deku ls fudyrk gSA ,slh
gh vkSj gnhl ryk'k ls fey ldrh gS tks fcYdqy utnh gt+jkr ij
eqarfcd gS vkSj ftUgsa gt+jr iSxEcj l0 dk ,d eksftt+k Hkh le>uk
pkfg,A

(140)

(141)

&&&&&&&&&&&&&

lkrok ckc
ogkfc;ksa dk djrwr bfCrnk ls nkSjs gkft+j rd
ekywe gksuk pkfg, fd ;g yksx 1160 fg0 esa tkfgj gq, vkSj
tc ls lkeus vk;s eqlyekuksa dh [kw jst+h budk f'kvkj jgh vkSj
muds ml oD+r ds gkfde eqgEen fcu eln us eksgEen fcu vCnqy
ogkc ls cSvr blh ij dh Fkh fd og bl eLyd ds eq[+kkfyQhu ls
tax djsxsaA vkSj jkgs [kqnk esa ftgkn ds uke ls mudk [kwu cgk;sxkA
rks vc ,Slh tekvr dk iwNuk D;k ftlds et+gc dh cqfu;kn gh
eqlyekuksa ds [kwu cgkus ij gks rks ftruk budk bfDrnkj et+cwr
gksrk tk;] mUgsa bl vej ls dksbZ pht ekus; ugha gks ldrh FkhA
blfy, ftruh&ftruh muds bfDrnkj esa et+cwrh iSnk gqbZA budh
[kwujst+h esa bt+kQk gksrk x;k vykok [+kwu cgkus ds fdrus gh ukewlksa
dh csgqjerh gqbZ] fdruh vkSjrksa dks dSn fd;k vkSj mUgsa duht cuk;k
fdrus gh cPpksa dks dRy fd;k vkSj ;g reke et+kfye eqlyekuksa ij
gq, vkSj vius bf[+rnkj dh iwjh mez esa mUgksus xSj eqfLye vknfe;ksa esa
ls fdlh dk [kwu ugha cgk;kA
tc utn ds tkfgyksa esa mudk flDdk cSB x;k rks muds
tqYe o rvknh dk dne vkxs c<+k vkSj ln fcu vCnqy vtht fcu
eksgEen fcu elwn ds nkSj esa dbZ ejrck bjkd ij geyk fd;kA
pqukUps cqtqxZ ejrck f'k;k vkfye lS;n eksgEen tOokn vkeyh us
viuh fdrkc feQrkgqy djke esa fteku vkSj f'kQkvk vkSj
odkyrk dbZ ftYnksa ds vkf[kj esa bu etkfye dk p'enhn
rt+fdjg fd;k gSA
(142)

vkSj blh t+ekus esa ;g gjeSu 'kjhQSu esa nkf[k+y gq, vkSj
'kjhQs eD+dk vkSj mu esa 1205 fg0 ls 1220 fg0 rd eqlyly tax
gqbZ ftlesa 'kjhQs eD+dk dks f'kdLr gqbZ vkSj mUgksaus gjeSu 'kjhQSu
dks nkjqy gcZ djkj nsdj ogk dRy o xkjr dk ckt+kj xje fd;k
vkSj gqtj;s ucoh esa ftrus vEoky vkSj tokfgjkr dks mUgsa ywVdj
viuh ethZ ls lQZ dj MkykA bldk rQlhyh ft+ rkjh[k+
vtk;cqy vlj tcjrh esa gSA gkykafd] eq[+rfyQ edkekr ls
t+kfgj gksrk gS fd ;g eqlfUuQ [kqn ogkfc;r dh rjQ eSyku j[krk
Fkk vkSj eqlyekuksa dks gt ls jksd fn;k vkSj ekSle gt esa ,Syku
fd;k x;k fd ,s lkfgcku beku eqf'jdhu uftl gSA rks og bl lky
ds ckn efLtn gjke ds djhc u vk,] ;g urhtk gqvk fd 1221 fg0
ls 'kke o felz ds gkft;ksa dk vkuk cUn gks x;k ftldk ft+
[kqyklrqy dyke vgen fcu tSuh ngyku esa ekStwn gSA
vkSj 1223 fg0 esa ml oDr ds bCus ln us eDds okyksa ls
dgk fd dqCcs ftrus gSa og fxjk fn, tk;sxsa vkSj bu cqrksa dks [k+Re
fd;k tk;s rkfd flok vYykg ds dksbZ ekcwn u jgs pqukUps nwljs fnu
yksx QkoM+s fy, gq, b/kj m/kj eqrcfjZd vklkj vkSj dqckas dks fxjkus
ds fy, jokuk gks x;sA pqukUps lcls igys tUurqyeqvYyk ds dqCcs
fxjk;s tks cM+h rknkn esa FksA fQj eksfyns iSxEcj [kqnk l0 vkSj edke
foyknr vcq&c vkSj et+kj tukc [knhtk jth0 ds dqCcs fxjk;s vkSj
reke mu edkekr dks feLekj fd;k tks vklkj eqdfn~nlk dh
gSfl;r j[krs FksA vkSj og fxjkrs oD+r jtt+ i<+ jgs FksA vkSj <ksy
ctk jgs Fks vkSj xk jgs Fks vkSj vgys dqcwj dks xkfy;k ns jgs Fks vkSj
dg jgs Fks fd ;g lc og ekcwn gS tks yksxksa uss rjk'ks gSA bl lc dk
(143)

ft+ vYykek bCu ngyku us viuh rkjh[k+ [kqyklrqydyke esa


fd;k gSA
blh rjg enhus dh dczksa dks eqUgfne fd;k x;k flok dqCck
ucoh ds blds vykok reke dqcwj eqdfnnlk vkSj vklkj eqrcfjZdk
dks [kqlwfl;r ds lkFk tUurqy cdh ds etkjkr dks eqUgfne fd;k
;g muds gjdkr cjkcj tkjh jgsA ;gk rd fd felz dh QkStsa vk;h
vkSj mUgksaus mudks ;gk ls fudyus ij etcwj fd;k vkSj bl
flyflys esa tax cM+h f'kn~nr ls tkjh jgh ;gk rd fd fcyk vkf[+kj
utnh QkSt dks f'kdLr gqbZ vkSj eqlyekuksa dk y'dj Qrg;kc gqvk
vkSj 'kkcku 1234 fg0 esa eqgEen vyh ik'kk gkfde felz dk gqDe
utn esa felz QkSt ds lkykj bczkghe ik'kk ds ikl igqpk] tks njb;k
rd igqp pqds FksA fd 'kgj njb;k dks felekj dj nks pqukUps felzh
QkSt us rst+h ds lkFk bl 'kgj dks felekj dj fn;k vkSj vkx yxk
nh vkSj ogk ds ckf'kUns lc b/kj m/kj eqrkf'kj gks x;s ysfdu gt+jr
vehjqy eksfefuu vyh fcu vch rkfyc vyS0 us [kokfjt ds fy,
igys [kcj nh Fkh ;g fcYdqy [k+Re dHkh ugha gksxsA tc ,d 'kk[k+
budh d+rk gksxh] nwljh 'kk[k+ cj vken gks tk,xh] pqukUps dqN
eqn~nr xqt+jus ds ckn fQj mUgksaus lj mBk;kA
fQj bjkd vk, vksj djcyk;s eqvYyk eas 'kgj ds vUnj
nkf[k+y gks dj gt+kjks eksfeuhu dks rgsrsx fd;k vkSj gje vdnl
dh rkSghu dhA fcYdqy mlh rjg tsls eqfLye fcu mdck ;thnh
QkSt ds vQlj us ekjd, gqjZg ds ckn gje enhus ds vUnj fd;k Fkk
fd ogk utklrks dk vackj dj fn;k x;k blds vykok tjhg
vdnl dks m[kkM+ Mkyk vkSj tks dqN gje vd+nl dk [kt+kuk Fkk

lc ywV fy;kA cl utQ v'kjQ esa nkf[ky ugha gks lds gkykafd
dbZ fnu rd ogk eqgkfljg j[kk exj dqnjr dh rjQ ls mUgs
udkeh dk lkeuk djuk iM+k vkSj cgqr ls vknfe;ksa ds brykQs tku
ds ckn og ukeqjkn okil gq,A
blds ckn rdjhcu ,d lnh rd og T;knk lj ugha mBk
ldsA cl vius utn ds 'kgjksa esa egnwn jgsA ;gk rd fd vc
vkf[kj esa vaxzstksa dh cnkSyr mUgsa vkxs c<+us dk ,Slk ekSdk feyk fd
utn dk gkfde lqyrku utn o fgtkt vkSj okyh gjeSu gks x;kA
vkSj vc mUgksaus og tqYe flre fd;k vkSj 'kvkjsbykgh dh csgqjerh
dh ftlls bLyke vkSj eqlyekuksa ds fnyksa eas ?kko iM+ x, gSA bl
odr ds vCnqy vtht vky ln us cjlj bdfrnkj vkdj igys
rks rk;sQ esa dRy vke fd;k vkSj rtqZekuq dqvkZu]
bekeqyeqQlfljhu] [kSjqy bekek vCnqYykg fcu vCckl jth0 ds
dqCcs dks eqUgfne fd;k fQj eDdk eqvTtek esa ftrus dqCcs Fks lcdks
fxjk fn;k ftuesa iSxEcj [+kqnk ds tnns vetn tukc vCnqy
eqRrfyc dk dqCck Fkk vkSj vki l0 ds vEe ukeqjkn tukc vcqrkfyc
dk dqCck vkSj vkidh tkStk rkfgjk mEeqy eksfeuhu tukc [knhtk
dk dqCck vkSj vkidh eknj fxjkeh tukc vkeuk fcUr ogc dk
dqCck] bu lcdks felekj dj fn;kA
bu gt+jkr ds tkrh Qt+k;sy o ejkfrc ds vykok bl
gSfl;r ls ns[kk tk; fd muesa vdlj ljcj vkojng dchyk dqjS'k
ds vQjkn Fks ftuds ckjs esa [kqn bu utfn;ksa ds is'kok beke vgen
fcu gacy us eqLrun esa gnhl gS fd%
gt+jr jlwy [kqnk l0 us Qjek;k fd ftlus dqjS'k dh

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(145)

rkSghu dh] mldh [kqnk rkSghu djsxkA


vkSj bl esa dqN 'kd ugha gks ldrk fd dcz dk felekj
djuk lkfgcs dcz dh rkSghu gS] vkSj gt+jr iSxEcj [+kqnk l0 us ,d
'k[+l dks ns[kk fd og ,d dcz ls rfd;k yxk;s cSBk gSA gtjr l0
us Qjek;k lkgc dcz dks vt+hvr u igqpkvks vkSj bCu vch 'kSck us
vCnqYykg fcu eln ls udy fd;k gS fd mUgksaus dgk eksfeu dks
vt+h;r nsuk mudh ekSr ds ckn feLy vt+hvr nsus ds gSA mldh
ft+Unxh esa vkSj geas mUgksaus eksfeu dks vt+hvr igqpkus ls eqekfu;r
dh gSa vc gj 'k[+l vUnkt+k dj ldrk gS fd fdlh dk ?kj fxjk
fn;k tk; rks ft+Unxh esa mls vt+hvr gksxh ;k ugha\ rks blh lwjr ls
dcz ij QkoM+s pyk, tk; rks ;dhuu ml eS;r dks btk gksxh
ftldh og dcz gS vkSj tc ;g vk;r if<+, fd %&
^^tks yksx eksfeuhu vkSj eksfeukr dks fcyk tqeZ o [k+rk bZtk
igqpk;s mUgksaus cM+s xqukg dk cks> mBk;kA**
rk;sQ vkSj eDdk eqvTtek esa muds ;g vQvky
eqlyekukus vkye esa cspSuh iSnk djus ds fy, dkQh gh Fks fd fQj
enhuk equOojk ds reke ekvklj o vklkjs eqdnnlk dks eqUgfne
fd;k vkSj tUurqy cdh; ds reke d+qCcks dks felekj fd;k ftuesa
vt+okts jlwy] vd+jck;s jlwy vkSj vlgkcs jlwy dh dczs Fkh tSls
mleku fcu et+u ftUgsa [+kqn jlwy [kqnk l0 us nQu fd;k Fkk
vkSj mudh dcj ds uqek;k djus esa ,gfreke Qjek;k Fkk ftldk
ft+ bl fdrkc esa igys gks pqdk gS vkSj iSxEcjs [kqnk l0 ds okfyn
cqtqxZokj tukc vCnqYykg vkSj gtjr l0 ds Qjt+Un tukc bczkghe
vkSj vki l0 ds ppk vCckl fcu vCnqyeqRrfyc vkSj ppktknHkkbZ

tukc vd+hy vkSj lgkch vCnqYykg fcu eln vkSj vCnqjZgeku


fcu vkSQ oxSjk vkSj lcls c<+dj gtjr [kkrwu tUur tukc
Qkfrek tgjk lykeqYykg vySgk dk et+kj eqckjd tgk cgqr ls
mYek, vgys lqUur tSls eksfeu lqcyUth uwjyvclkj esa vkSj
eqgEen fcu lcku vl vkQqjhfxchu esa vkSj vcqy vCckl vgen
fcu ;wlqQ nfe'kdh v[kckjnnkSy vkSj vklkjqysvOoy esa vkSj
vyh fcu cqgkZuqnnhu 'kkQbZ bUlkuqym;wu esa vkSj bCu vCnqycj
fdrkcqy blrs vkc esa vkSj nwljs eqlfUuQhu gtjr lS;nk dh
dcj gksus ds dk;sy gS ftuds fy, iSxEcjs [kqnk l0 dh lkQ gnhl
lghg cq[kkjh esa ekStwn gS fd
ftlus budks vthvr igqpkbZ mlus eq>s bZtk igqpkbZ
vkSj ;g gnhl igys vk pqdh gS fd%
tks ckn ekSr bZt+k igqapk,] og ,Slk gh gS tSls ftUnxh esa bZt+k
igqpk;sA rks blds ckn dqvkZu dh ;g vk;r i<+uk pkfg, ftldk
etewu ;g gS fd tks vYykgk vkSj mlds jlwy l0 dks bZt+k igqpk;s]
mu ij vYykg dh ykur gS nqfu;k vkSj vkf[kjr esa vkSj muds fy,
cgqr cM+k vt+kc gS bl lcds vykok ml dqCcs dks eqUgfne fd;k
ftlesa vbEek vgys cSr vyS0 esa ls ls pkj gfLr;k
1- flCrs vdcj gtjr beke glu vyS0
2- tSuqy vkcnhu beke vyh fcu vy gqlSu vyS0
3- ckfdjqy mywe vOoyhu oy vkf[kjhu beke eqgEenfcu vyh
vyS0A
4- lkfnd+ vkys eqgEen beke tkQj fcu eqgEen vyS0
;g lc gt+jkr enQwu Fks ftuds eukfd+c o Qt+k;sy eksrcj

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dqrqc vgys lqUur esa Hkh ekStwn gS vkSj ;g dqcck ftlesa ;g gtjkr
nQu Fks] reke eqlyekuks ds ut+nhd [k+kl ,gfrjke o rdn~nql
j[krk FkkA pqukUps vYykek bCu gtj eD+dh lok;sd eqgjfjd+k esa
fy[krs gSa beke tkQj lkfnd vyS0 ds gky esa fd%
vki Hkh ml dqCcs esa nQu gq, rks D;k dguk ml dqCcs dk
fdruk cqtqxZ erZck vkSj eqrcfjZd vkSj 'kjhQ gSA
vkSj eksgfl eqgEen ikjlk cq[kkjh us Qlyqyf[krkc esa
beke tSuqy vkcnhu vyS0 ds gky esa fy[kk gS fd%
vki ml dqCcs esa nQu gq, ftlesa blls igys jlwy ds ppk
vCckl vkSj [kqn vkids ppk beke glu nQu gks pqds FksA vkSj
vkids ckn blesa vkids Qjt+Un eksgEen ckfdj vkSj fQj muds csVs
tkQj lkfnd nQu gq, rks D;k dguk bl dqCcs dk fd fdruk cqtqZx
vkSj lkgcs 'kjkQr ;g dqCck gSA
,sls gh vkSj mYek ds dYekr Hkh gSA
vkSj bl dqCcs ds bfUgnke ls fcyk rQjhd f'k;k o lqUuh
eqlyekuksa dks fdruk jat igqpk] mldk vUnkt+k [+oktk glu lkuh
futkeh ds glc tsy rklqjkr ls gks ldrk gSA tks mUgksaus ekgukek
euknh ubZ nsgyh ds fnlEcj 1968 fg0 ds 'kqekjs esa bjku o bjkd
ds T;kjkr ukes esa jkSts beke jtk vyS0 ds gkykr ntZ djus ds ckn
fy[ks gSA
;gk ds dSfQ;kr ds lkFk enhuk equkSoojk dk rLooqj ca/k
tkrk gSA vk[kkas ds lkeus odh; dk dcjLrku vk tkrk gSA lc
f'kdlrk lc cs lk;k u xqacn] u dcj iks'k] u Qwy] u fdlh nj[+r
dh Nko] u ?kkl dh nks ifk;kA

esjh vD+y gSjku gS fd tc jlwy l0 gqtjs esa vkjke Qjek


ldrs gS tc jlwy l0 dh vkjkexkg ij xqEcn cu ldrk gS] tc
gtjr vcq cdj vkSj gtjr mej gqtjs esa enQwu gks ldrs gS vkSj
mudks ogk nQu djus okys lgkck] og lgkck ftUgksaus jlwy dh
vk[ksa ns[kh] ftUgksaus bLyke dks bLyke ykus okys ls cjkgjkLr lh[kk
buesa ls dksbZ Hkh gqtjksa ds vUnj] bekjrksa ds uhps] nQu gksus esa dksbZ
cqjkbZ ugha ns[krk rks fQj vkt edcjks dks <kus vkSj feLekj djus dk
gd fdlh dks dSls igqp tkrk gS\ D;k ;g dcj f'kdu lgkck ls
T;knk nhu dks le> ldrs Fks\ [kkfde cngu D;k lgkck fdjke bu
yksxksa ds eqdkcys esa de nhunkj Fks\ ut fcYykg feu t+kfyd
ckr vly esa ;g gS fd [kSj o 'kj vkSj gd vkSj u gd dk
eqdkcyk dHkh gy ugha gksrkA eDdk vkSj rk;sQ+ dh bt+k jlkfu;k
cnj mgn dh p<+kbZ;kA
fl+Qhu o djcyk ds evkjds]
flyflyk nj flyflyk vkt Hkh ekStwn gSA eqgEen vkSj
eqgEen okyksa dks vyS0 nqfu;k dh vktekb'k xkgksa esa gj rjg lcz o
lckr dk uewuk fn[kkuk gSA tc Hkh fn[kk;k] vc Hkh fn[kk jgs gSaA
vYykg enhus ds lCt xqEcn dks lyker j[ks] vxj bl dk
cuuk vkSj lyker jguk tk,st gSA rks D;k bl nq[k dk dksbZ
vUnktk dj ldrk gS tks bl lCt xqacn ds edhu dks viuh ykMyh
csVh Qkfrek vkSj vius pghrs uokls glu vkSj nwljs fdrus gh I;kjks
dh f'kdLrk dcjks vkSj cslk;k etkjks ij gksrk gksxkA
vYykg rkyk ml fnu dh lqcg fdlh eqlyeku dks ulhc u
djs ftl fnu ml ds dkSy o Qsy ls jlwy l0 dks nq[k igqpsA
reke'kqn

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(149)

byfrekl lwj;s&Qkfrgk
fcfLeYykg&fgj&jgekfuj&jghe

cjk, blkys lokc

vt+sZgky
bnkjk ;knxkj gqlSuh dh ;g nwljh is'k d'k gSA bl nkSj esa tc
et+gch bfUrgkilUnh ds urhts esa vt+knkjh ds tqywlks] mlZ ds
bfTtrekvkr] t+k;jhu ds dkQyks ij geys fd, tk jgs gks ;g tkuuk
t+:jh gS fd ,Slh gjdrksa dh fQdjh [k+cjsa dgk QSyh gqbZ gSA
ljdkj lS;nqy mYek dh ;g ekjdqr vkjk rluhQ+ gd+hdr dh
inkZ dq'kkbZ djrh gSA
bl fdrkc ds v'kkvr esa gekjs cgqr ls eksfeuhu us rvkmu fn;k
gS exj mUgkasus viuk uke ^lhx+, jkt esa j[kus dh [okfg'k dh gS dk;jhu
ls xqtkfj'k gS fd reke gd xks vkSj gd uokt eksfeuhu dh vjokg ds
fy, lwj;s&Qkfrgk dh frykor Qjek,] Qd+rA
eqgEen vCckllnj
glu ;wlqQ uk;sc lnj
0522&2404714
9956739935
vtht gSnjtujy lsdjsVh 'kknkc vkCnh lsdjsVh u'kj o b'kkr
0091&9565772492
9532432488
ehle ud+oh [k+kft+u
9918577502
jkCrk dk;e djsa %&
l;n gkfen gqlSu rokrokbZ
lkfnd vCckl eqEcbZ
0935353554
91&7505438285
nrj%& 'kfj;r dnk ekSykuk glu ud+oh ejgwe
efLtn eeksyk iqy fQjaxh egy] foDVksfj;k LVhV] y[kuA
uksV% bnkjg dk vdkmUV bykgkckn cSad pkSd y[ku esa gSA psd
;knxkjs gqlSuh ds uke ls nh tk ldrh gSA
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vki gt+jkr ls xqt+kfj'k gS fd gqlSfu;r ds ed+ln dks


Qjksx+ nsus dh bl eqfge esa f'kjdr ds lcc ,d ejrck lwj;s gEn
vkSj rhu ejrck lwj;s rkSghn dh frykor Q+jek;saA
123456789-

lS;n gchc vlx+j ud+oh ejgwe


csxe o gdhe lS;n eqgEen ;wlqQ
o lS;n eksgEen ;kehu ejgwe
fet+kZ gSnj gqlSu o fet+kZ x+t+uQj gqlSu ejgwe
lS;n t+Ookj gqlSu ejgwe
fet+kZ bQ+fr[+kkj gqlSu ejgwe o ejgwek vkt+e tgka csx+e
o tqeyk ekseuhu o eksfeukr
fetkZ jkgr gqlSu o fetkZ lbZn bQfrdkj ejgwe
vygkt t+Q+j gqlSu ejgwe vyhdks bUthfu;j
l;n vcqy glu o gkfn;k csx+e ejgwek
vfr;k vCckl rokrokbZ

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