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REFD 970703G3


HFC-134a

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1

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HFC-134a ...................................................................................... 5

HFC-134 ................. 6

,
HFC-134a .............................................................. 7

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5-1

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5-2

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5-3

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5-4

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5-5

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5-6

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5-7

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5-8

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5-9

HFC-134a ................... 20

5-10

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5-11

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5-12

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5-13

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............. 28


Matsushita Electric Industrial Co., Ltd.
Matsushita Refrigeration Company

National/Panasonic

-1-

1

1.
, , ,
.. .
2.
, , . ,
,
.
3.
, , .
, .

-1-



CFCS

( )

( )

( )
2

(/ )

CFC-11

CFC-12

CFC-115

HCFC-141b

HCFC-142b

HCFC-22

HCFC-134a

-1

1--1,1

1,1,1,2-

CCl3F

CCl2F2

CClF2-CF3

CH3CCL2F

CH3CCLF2

CHCIF2

CH2FCF3

137.37

120.91

154.47

116.95

100.50

86.47

102.03

23.8

-29.8

-38.7

32.0

-9.7

-40.8

-26.2

-111

-158

-106

-103.5

-131

-160

-101

198.0

112.0

80.0

207.8

137.1

96.2

101.15

44.6

42.1

31.8

44.7

42.0

50.86

41.452


(ODP) *

1.0

1.0

0.6

0.07-0.11

0.05-0.06

0.05


(GWP) *

1.0

2.8-3.4

7.4-7.6

0.084-0.097

0.34-0.39

0.32-0.37

0.24-0.29

: * CFC-11, 1.
-2-

120

40

15

-3-

,
.

,
..


.

( CFC-12)



.



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(Cl)

.
3,
.

, .

.

-4-

2
HFC-134a
1. HFC-134a
.
(a) .
,
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(b) .
, ,
, .
2. HFC-134a
, .
HFC-134
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.


1. ,
c HFC-134.
2. 30 .

30
:

( );
:
,

).
3. , .
CFC-12, CFC-113, HCFC-22, HCFC-141b, R-502
4.

HFC-134a.

5. (, ),
c CFC-12.

-5-

3
HFC-134

(*3)

,
*

(, CFC-12)
: 1.

.....
..... ,
/ , .
* , ,
.

2. CFC-12 HFC-134a, CFC12 ,


.
3. .

-6-

4 ,

,
HFC-134a

CFC-12
FC-134, HFC-134a (19 1,5 )
.

,
CFC-12, HFC-134a.


, HFC134a. .

() ,

HFC-134a,
HFC-134a.

() ,
CFC-12, CFC-12,
CFC-12.

-7-



: 4 ( )


(6,35 )



CFC-12/HFC-134a


: 6,33 ( )



HFC-134a


(4 )

CFC-12


( CFC-12/HFC-134a)

-8-



(.11)


(-)


()

HFC134a .
HCFC-141b, HCFC-22.

30


30



.

.




HFC-134a

,
HFC-134a
(CFC-12, HCFC-22, CFC-113, HCFC-141b,

R-502).



-9-

5-1
:




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(70x50)

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3.

4.
,

HFC-134.

- 12 -

20
- 10

hfc-134

(*3)

,
*

(, CFC-12
: 1.

.....
..... ,
/ , .
* , ,
.

2. CFC-12 HFC-134a, CFC12 ,


.
3. .

- 13 -

5-6

HFC-134a .
, , CFC-12,
HCFC-22, CFC-113, HCFC-141B, R-502.

, .

(
.)
1.
, .
2. ,
.
3.
.


1.

9.

10. ( HFC-134a)

11.

2. ( HFC-

12. ,

134a) .

3.
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13.

5. ,

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,

( 1020 ).

4. .

6.

14.

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( ).
15.

16.

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8.


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- 14 -

HFC-134a


(4)

- 15 -

5-7

30
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, HFC-134a.

1.
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- 16 -

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- 17 -

5-8
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HFC-134a. .

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HFC-134a ( ).

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5.

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3.

HFC-134a.

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0,5 ,

60

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(
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(
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(
134)

5-9
HFC-134a

,

HFC-134a .

.
1. HFC-134a
.
2.

HFC-134a .
3. HFC-134a

, .
.
4. HFC-134a (
HFC-134a
).
5.
.
6. HFC-134a

,
HFC-134a.


. ,
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1. HFC-134a ,
,

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2.


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3.
, HFC-134a

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4.

HFC-134a.

- 20 -


HFC-134a

HFC-134a

5-10
1.

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2. ,


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HFC-134a,

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3.

HFC-134a.
4.

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5.

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6.




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7.

- 21 -

5-11

1.


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3.
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HFC-134a.

- 22 -

5-12

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1.


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4.

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- 23 -

5-13
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- 24 -

- 25 -

6
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astm

0,5

1,5

2,5

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0,5 0 8 . ,
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- 26 -

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