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Farsi Phrases English Greeting Hi! Good morning! Good afternoon! Good evening! Welcome!

(to greet someone) Hello my friend! Ho are yo!" (friendly) Ho are yo!" (#olite) %&m fine' thank yo!! And yo!" (friendly) And yo!" (#olite) Good +ot so good ,ong time no see % missed yo! What&s ne " +othing ne )hank yo! (very m!ch)! .o!&re elcome! (for /thank yo!/) (y #leas!re $ome in! (or0 enter!) (ake yo!rself at home! Farewell Expressions Have a nice day! Salam Sobh bekheir Baad az zohr bekheir Asr bekheir Khosh amadid Salam dooet e man Hal e shoma chetoor ast $hetoori (an khoobam 'mersi )! chetoori *a shoma Khoob +a kheili khoob Kheili vaghte ke too ra nadidam -elam barat tang shoodeh $heh khabar Hich khabar (ersi'mamnoon'(kheili mamnoon) Khahesh mikonam Ba kamale meil Bia too! %n1a khaneh shomast Estelahate rayej baraye khodahafezi 2ooze khoobi dashteh bashid Farsi Phrases Salam va ashnai

English Good night! Good night and s eet dreams! See yo! later! See yo! soon! See yo! tomorro ! Good bye! Have a good tri#! % have to go % ill be right back! Holidays and Wishes Good l!ck! Ha##y birthday! Ha##y ne year! (erry $hristmas! Ha##y 4id Ha##y +o rooz $ongrat!lations! 4n1oy! (or0 bon a##etit) Bless yo! ( hen sneezing) Best ishes! $heers! (or0 to yo!r health) Acce#t my best ishes How to "ntrod#!e $o#rself What&s yo!r name" (y name is (5ohn -oe) +ice to meet yo!! Where are yo! from"

Farsi Phrases Shab bekheir Shab bekheir va khabhaye shirin Baadan shoma ra bebinam Bezoodi shoma ra bebinam 3arda shoma ra bebinam Khodahafez (osaferate khoobi dashteh bashid (an bayad beravam Barmigardam araye kasi !hizi arezoo kardan (oafagh bashid )avaloodat mobarak Sale noo mobarak Krismass mobarak Sale noo mobarak 4ide shoma mobarak )abrikat +ooshe1an Afiat bashad Ba behtarin arezooha Be salamati Behtarin arezoohayemara be#azir %hetoorkhoodra moarefi konid 4sme shoma chist 4sme man 666ast Azdidane shoma khoshhalam Ko1ai hastid(ahle kodam keshvarhastid)

English %&m from (the 76S8 %ran) %&m (American8 %ranian) Where do yo! live" % live in (the 76S8 %ran) -o yo! like it here" %ran is a bea!tif!l co!ntry What do yo! do for a living" %&m a (teacher8 st!dent8 engineer) -o yo! s#eak (4nglish8 :ersian)" 5!st a little % like :ersian %&m trying to learn :ersian %t&s a hard lang!age %t&s an easy lang!age <h! )hat&s good! $an % #ractice ith yo!" % ill try my best to learn Ho old are yo!" %&m (t enty one' thirty t o) years old %t as nice talking to yo!! %t as nice meeting yo!! (r6668 (rs6 6668 (iss666 )his is my ife )his is my h!sband Say hi to )homas for me

Farsi Phrases (an ahle 9(!6s6a8iran) hastam (an amrikai8#arsi hastam Ko1a zendegi mikonid (an dar(!6s6a) zendegi mikonam Aya an1a ra doost darid" %ran keshvarezibai ast Shogle shoma chist" Shogle man (moalem'danesh1oo'mohandes)ast Aya englisi #arsi sohbat mikonid 3aghat yek kam (an zabane #arsi ra doostdaram (an saay mikonam #arsi yadbegiram ;abane sakhti ast An zabane asani ast Ah!khoob ast Aya mi tavanam ba shoma tamrin konam (an say mikonam ke yad begiram Shoma chand sal darid" (an (bist o yek saleh'si o doo saleh)hastam Sohabat bashoma 1alebbood(azsohbat ba shoma khoshhal shodam) Az didane shoma khoshhal shodam Aghaye 666'khanome666'dooshizeh %n hamsar e (zan e )man ast %n shohare man ast Az tarfe man betomas salam

English beresanid &oman!e and 'ove Phrases Are yo! free tomorro evening" % o!ld like to invite yo! to dinner .o! look bea!tif!l! (to a oman) .o! have a bea!tif!l name $an yo! tell me more abo!t yo!" Are yo! married" %&m single %&m married $an % have yo!r #hone n!mber" $an % have yo!r email" -o yo! have any #ict!res of yo!" -o yo! have children" Wo!ld yo! like to go for a alk" % like yo! % love yo! .o!&re very s#ecial! .o!&re very kind! %&m very ha##y Wo!ld yo! marry me" %&m 1!st kidding %&m serio!s

Farsi Phrases

Eshg Aya farda asr vaght darid (an mayelam shoma ra be sham davat konam Shoma khoshgel (ziba) hastid ! baraye zan Shoma esme zibai darid (ishavad bishtar az khodetan begooid Aya ezdeva1 kardehid" (an mo1arad hastam (an moteahel hastam Aya mitavanam shomareh tele#hone shoma ra dashteh basham" Aya mitavanam e=maile shoma ra dashte basham Aya a>i az khodatdari" Aya farzanddarid" -oost darid ba ham ghadam bezanim" Shoma ra doost daram(#olite form)t! ra doost daram (an asheghe shoma hastam Shoma kheili makhsoos hastid Shoma kheili mehraban hastid (an kheili khoshhalam Aya meil darid ke ba man ezdeva1 konid Shookhi mikonam 5edi migooyam

English (y heart s#eaks the lang!age of love Solving a (is#nderstanding Sorry! (or0 % beg yo!r #ardon!) Sorry (for a mistake) +o #roblem! $an yo! re#eat #lease" $an yo! s#eak slo ly" $an yo! rite it do n" -id yo! !nderstand hat % said" % don&t !nderstand! % don&t kno ! What&s that called in :ersian" What does that ord mean in 4nglish" Ho do yo! say /thanks/ in :ersian" What is this" (y :ersian is bad -on&t orry! % agree ith yo! %s that right" %s that rong" What sho!ld % say" % 1!st need to #ractice .o!r :ersian is good % have an accent .o! don&t have an accent )sking for *ire!tions

Farsi Phrases Ghalbam ba zabane eshgh sohbat mikonad Hale yek soetafahom Bebakhshid Bebakhshid (ohem nist Aya mitavanid tekrar konid Aya mitavanid yavash sohbat konid Ayamitavanid an ra benevisid" Aya moteva1eh shodid (oteva1eh nemishavam +emidanam Be farsi che mishavad An kalameh be englisi che mishavad" )hank yo! &be farsi che mishavad %n chist" 3arsi man bad ast +egaran nabash (an ba shoma movafegham Aya an dorost ast" Ayaan eshtabah ast" $he bayad begoyam" (an faghat niaz be tamrin daram 3arsi e shoma khoob ast (an lah1eh daram(manzoor in ast ke shoma nemitavanid begooid ke man irani hastam Shoma lah1e nadarid(manzoor0lah1eh shoma shabihe mast) *ar khaste komak va rah

English 4>c!se me! (before asking someone) %&m lost $an yo! hel# me" $an % hel# yo!" %&m not from here Ho can % get to (this #lace' this city)" Go straight )hen )!rn left )!rn right $an yo! sho me" % can sho yo!! $ome ith me! Ho long does it take to get there" -o nto n (city center) Historic center (old city) %t&s near here %t&s far from here %s it ithin alking distance" %&m looking for (r6 Smith <ne moment #lease! Hold on #lease! ( hen on the #hone) He is not here Air#ort

Farsi Phrases porsidan Bebakgshid (an gom shodeham Aya mitavanid be man komak konid" Aya mitavanam be shoma komak konam" (an ahle in1a nistam $he tor mi tavanambe(in mahal'in shahr )beresam" (ostaghim beravid Baad az zohr bekheir Be cha# be#ichid Be rast be#ichid Aya mitavanid be man neshan dahid (itavanam neshan daham! Ba man bia(friendly form)'ba man biaid(#olite form) $heghadr tool mikeshad ta be an1a beresam" (arkaze shahr (arkaze tarikhi An nazdike in1ast An door az in1ast Aya #iadeh mitavan be an1a resid" (an be donbale aghaye esmith migardam .ek lahzeh lotfan ,otfan khat ra negah darid <o in1a nist 2oroodgah

English B!s station )rain station )a>i +ear 3ar Emergen!y S#rvival Phrases Hel#! Sto#! 3ire! )hief! 2!n! Watch o!t! (or0 be alert!) $all the #olice! $all a doctor! $all the amb!lance! Are yo! okay" % feel sick % need a doctor Accident 3ood #oisoning Where is the closest #harmacy" %t h!rts here %t&s !rgent! $alm do n! .o! ill be okay! $an yo! hel# me" $an % hel# yo!"

Farsi Phrases %stgahe a!tob!s %stgahe gatar )ksi +azdik -o!r +rgen!e va ebarate lazem baraye ebgha Komak Sto#! Atash! -ozd! Bedo! (oazeb bash! :olice raseda konid! -oktor ra seda konid! Amb!lance ra seda konid Haletan khoob ast" (an mariz hastam (an be doktor niaz daram )asadof (asmo!miate ghazi +azdiktarin daro!khaneh ko1ast %n1a dard mikonad %n fori(!rgence)ast Aram shoo )! kho!b khahi shod Aya mitavani be man komak koni" Aya mitavanam be shoma komak konam"

English Hotel &esta#rant ,ravel Phrases % have a reservation (for a room) -o yo! have rooms available" With sho er 8 With bathroom % o!ld like a non=smoking room What is the charge #er night" %&m here on b!siness 8on vacation -irty $lean -o yo! acce#t credit cards" %&d like to rent a car Ho m!ch ill it cost" A table for (one 8 t o) #lease! %s this seat taken" %&m vegetarian % don&t eat #ork % don&t drink alcohol What&s the name of this dish" Waiter 8 aitress! $an e have the check #lease" %t is very delicio!s! % don&t like it Sho##ing 4>#ressions Ho m!ch is this" %&m 1!st looking % don&t have change )his is too e>#ensive

Farsi Phrases Ebarat e marbo#t be safar va hotel va resta#rant (an yek(otagh) reserve kardeham Aya otaghe amadeh darid' Ba do!sh8ba hamam (ayelam yek otaghe gheir sigari begiram Kerayeh otagh shabi cheghadr ast (an baraye kar in1a hastam8man baraye tatilat in1a hastam Kasif )amiz Aya carte credit ghabo!l mikonid (ayelam yek machin e1areh konam Hazineh an cheghadr ast" .ek miz baraye yek8do nafar Aya in sandali ra gereftehand" (an giahkhar hastam (an khook nemikhoram (an alkol nemino!sham 4sme in gaza chist" Garson8khanom garson Aya mitavanim men! ra bebinim" %n besiar khoshmazeh ast (an in ra doost nadaram 4baratemarbo!t be kharid %n cheh gheimat ast 3aghat mikhaham negah konam (an #oole khoord nadaram %n besiar geran ast

English 4>#ensive $hea# *aily Expressions What time is it" %t&s ? o&clock Give me this! Are yo! s!re" )ake this! ( hen giving something) %t&s freezing ( eather) %t&s cold ( eather) %t&s hot ( eather) -o yo! like it" % really like it! %&m h!ngry %&m thirsty He is f!nny %n )he (orning %n the evening At +ight H!rry !#! %#ss Words -polite. )his is nonsense! (or0 this is craziness) (y God! (to sho amazement) Geran Arzan

Farsi Phrases

Ebarate moorede estefadeh Saat cheghadr ast" Sa'at ?ast %n ra be man bedahid Aya motmaen hasti"hastid(#olite)" %n ra begirid Havayakh zadeh Hava sard ast Hava garm ast Aya an ra do!st dari" (an vagha'an an ra do!st daram! (an gorosneh hastam (an teshneham <! khandehdarast Sobhvaght *aghte asr *aghte shab A1ale kon

%n bimani ast! Khodaye man

What&s rong ith yo!" Are yo! crazy" Get lost! (or0 go a ay!)

Shoma ra cheh mishavad" Aya divaneh hasti' Gom shoo!

English ,eave me alone! %&m not interested! Writing a 'etter -ear 5ohn (y tri# as very nice )he c!lt!re and #eo#le ere very interesting % had a good time ith yo! % o!ld love to visit yo!r co!ntry again -on&t forget to rite me back from time to time Short Expressions and words Good Bad So=so (or0 not bad not good) Big Small )oday +o )omorro .esterday .es +o 3ast Slo Hot $old )his 5ohn e aziz

Farsi Phrases (an ra tanhabegzar! (an alaghemand nistam!

(osaferate man besiarkhoob bood 3arhang va mardom besiar 1aleb bo!d (an vaghte khoobi ba shoma dashtam -o!st daram keshvaretan ra doobareh bebinam 3aramoosh nakon keh bazi vaghtha beh man nameh bedahi Ebarat va estelahate kootah Khoob Bad +a khoob'na bad Bozorg Ko!chak 4mro!z Hala 3arda -irooz Baleh +a khoob'na bad )ond'sari .avash Garm Sard %n besiar geran ast

English )hat Here )here (e (ie6 Who did this" = (e) .o! Him Her 7s )hem 2eally" ,ook! What" Where" Who" Ho " When" Why" ;ero <ne ) o )hree 3o!r 3ive Si> Seven 4ight

Farsi Phrases An door az in1ast %n1a dard mikonad An1a (an (bist o yek saleh'si o doo saleh)hastam )o! <! khandehdarast <! khandehdarast (an (bist o yek saleh'si o doo saleh)hastam Anha *aghean +egah kon! $heh" Ko1a" Ki" $hetor" Key"cheh vaght" $hera" Sefr .ek -oo Seh $hahar :an1 Shesh Haft Hasht

English +ine )en 'ang#age 'earning ,ips +oh -ah

Farsi Phrases

/verview0 %magine a lang!age as a living thing here vo!ab#lary is the body #arts' grammar is the brain' lang#age reso#r!es are the m!scles' and motivation is the energy hich makes that living thing ork hard or not6 )o be able to !se a lang!age' yo! need a body' a brain' some m!scles' and energy6 *ocab!lary is hat most of the lang!age is made of' yo! ill need lots of that (aro!nd ?@@@ ords is fair)6 )o be able to !se the vocab!lary' yo! need grammar' hich is the brain that allo s yo! to !se and mani#!late yo!r vocab!lary6 .o! need some m!scles0 lang!age reso!rces s!ch as a!dio lessons' e>ercises' and #ractice can s#eed !# yo!r learning #rocess6 3inally yo! need motivation' itho!t it' any lang!age co!ld seem diffic!lt to learn6 Belo are A of the most im#ortant elements in learning a lang!age' ith an e>#lanation to hy that is6 %f yo! think other factors sho!ld be incl!ded too' #lease comment at the bottom6 0. 1o!ab#lary0 -id yo! kno that a native s#eaker of most lang!ages of the orld only !ses abo!t 2333 to 4333 ords" What&s more' a native s#eaker !ses only abo!t 233 to 433 ords on a daily basis' hich are re#eated over and over again6 )hat means' if yo! memorize aro!nd ?@@@ ords' yo! ill be able to say rite and !nderstand more than BCD of the general conversations6 %f yo! memorize ?? ords #er day' in ? months yo! o!ld have memorized ?@@@ ord6 5. Grammar0 )his #o erf!l tool allo s yo! to mani#!late the vocab!lary yo! already memorized6 With it' yo! can str!ct!re the vocab!lary to make #ro#er sentences' b!t it can also hel# yo! m!lti#ly the n!mber of ords yo! already kno 6 With a co!#le h!ndreds of ords and a dozen grammar r!les yo! can form tho!sands of sentences sim#ly by changing the order or adding #refi>es and s!ffi>es6 2. 'ang#age reso#r!es0 )he more adeE!ate tools yo! have available to yo!' the faster and better yo! learn6 3or e>am#le' if yo! listen to a!dio lessons' #ractice yo!r s#eaking and riting by chatting ith native s#eakers every day is better than sim#ly

learning from a book6 .o! need to diversify yo!r methods of learning6 2eading' listening' riting' all can hel# yo! #ractice and remember more6 6. (otivation0 %t is the energy that drives the hole #rocess' itho!t it' yo! ill feel like s imming against the c!rrent' and yo! ill give !# event!ally6 (otivation can hel# yo! set goals and achieve them6 %f yo! say % sho!ld memorize F@ ords a day for the ne>t ? months' then' all yo! need is motivation' beca!se it&s not an im#ossible goal' it&s only a matter of #assion for learning6 %n short' yo! needs lots of vocab!lary' a good n!mber of grammar r!les' adeE!ate lang!age reso!rces and motivation6 .o! can im#rovise ith the rest de#ending on the lang!age yo!&re learning6 ,he Easiest 'ang#age to 'earn According to the 76S6 State -e#artment ho gro!#s lang!ages for the di#lomatic service' the /easiest/ lang!ages for 4nglish s#eakers' are the ones !s!ally reE!iring G@@ ho!rs of class ork for minimal #roficiency6 %n this case theyHre the 'atin and Germani! lang!ages gro!#6 Ho ever' German itself reE!ires more time' BC@ ho!rs to be e>act' beca!se of its com#le> grammar6 English is also considered easy beca!se it has no cases' no gender' no ord agreement' and arg!ably has a sim#le grammar6 )he lang!age is every here and can be heard' absorbed and !sed any here6 %t has short ords' and verbs change only in the third #erson6 +ative s#eakers are very forgiving of mistakes as so many #eo#le s#eak it as a second lang!age6 )his makes 4nglish one of the easiest foreign lang!age to learn6 "talian is easy to learn as ell since it has no cases' ith easy clear #ron!nciation' its vocab!lary is derived from ,atinI therefore the vocab!lary has congr!encies thro!gho!t the %ndo=4!ro#ean ,atin infl!enced orld6 Spanish is one of the easiest foreign lang!ages to learn6 (!ch of its vocab!lary is similar to 4nglish' and ritten S#anish is almost com#letely #honetic6 %t is closely similar to %talian' and therefore is also easy beca!se its grammar and #ron!nciation are relatively easy' also !biE!ito!s' every here6

Fren!h is not diffic!lt to acE!ire since most of its ords are also in the 4nglish vocab!lary6 )he availability to !se and st!dy 3rench also make it seem an easy lang!age to learn6 Esperanto is also easy6 %t is ritten #honetically' as in S#anish6 %t is a constr!cted or invented lang!age and therefore has an advantage over nat!ral lang!ages hen it comes to ease of learning6 <ne disadvantage to 4s#eranto is the small n!mber of s#eakers com#ared to nat!ral lang!ages like 4nglish' 3rench' and S#anish6 <ne advantage is the friendliness that #eo#le sho hen they find yo! kno a lang!age that is s#ecial to them6 Fa!tors to be !onsidered0 other factors can make a lang!age easier for yo! #ersonally to learn and therefore yo! sho!ld consider them to hel# yo! decide' here they&re0
1. Similarity to yo#r mother tong#e0 a lang!age closely related to yo!r o n'

and shares many grammatical and vocab!lary common gro!nd sho!ld be easier' beca!se yo! get free advantage6 3or e>am#le' a :ersian s#eaker might find Arabic easier to learn than S#anish' even tho!gh Arabic is considered to be a hard lang!age to learn6 2. Passion towards learning0 %f yo!&re enth!siastic' any lang!age co!ld look easy' or at least f!n to learn6 )his in ret!rn makes memorization easier' and allo s for E!ick im#rovement6 3. &eso#r!es available to yo#0 With the right tools' yo! can make E!ick #rogress and therefore E!ick res!lts6 )hat incl!des a!dio lessons' grammar and vocab!lary reso!rces' #ractice ith the natives and so on and so forth6 .o! can also check o!r other articles abo!t the (ost -iffic!lt ,ang!age to ,earn and the Best ,ang!age to ,earn' or other im#ortant reso!rces in many lang!ages here0 ,earn ,ang!ages6 -on&t forget to bookmark this #age6

%omments7

Scandinavian lang!ages ain&t as easy to learn as ! think! if !&re a beginner and think this hen learning a lang!age ! are only !nderestimating it6 +ever !nderestimate a lang!age!! bt ' %&m from nor ay' so for me danish and s edish seems 1!st like a dialect for me' so % can s#eak' rite and !nderstand most of it itho!t any st!dy I: b!t if !&re ne to these lang!ages' 1!st ait for the more advanced #art6 +or egian isn&t even a &com#lete develo#ed& lang!age! it&s 1!st a mi>6 even native s#eaker can have a hard time since there so B%G differences bet een #ron!ncing ord and ritten ords' #l!s there many many dialects66 like ater is vann' in a dialect it&s vatn (and that&s 1!st a minor difference! some ords doesn&t even resemble each others!)66 a ord can easily be mis!nderstood by the ay ! #rono!nce it66 any ay >) the sim#licity of a lang!age de#ends' of co!rse' on !r mother tong!e6 so for me it o!ld be s edish and danish and other lang!ages in the germanic gro!#6 B7) % find english even easier than my o n native lang!age! >- hehe :osted by 'ine on 3ri' 3ebr!ary A' J@FF B0AG0?J :( Ans er at :a!l0 S edish is not so easy to learn' believe me' % am S edish' so % s#eak S edish fl!ently6 F6 )here is t o ords for the 4nglish an and a' en and ett6 And there is millions of r!les abo!t hat is en and hat is ett' and it&s im#ortant beca!se there is no S edish ord for the' yo! add =en or =et in the end instead like0 a girl = en t1e1' the girl = t1e1en6 And it&s im#ortant to kno beca!se its #l!ral in the other form666 J6 S edish grammar is very hard' beca!se there is ords in the grammar that doesnt e>ist in english' like0 som' att' man666 b!t some grammar #arts is really easy to6 ?6 And the hardest of them all' the melody' and thats very im#ortant beca!se it can mean different things' like0 tKmtLn= the santa cla!s' and tMmtLn= the garden (the accent marks ment high toneNO' lo tone NP6 B!t if yo! can master the s edish then yo! are good666 :osted by Gordon Spiegel on )!e' 5an!ary FQ' J@FF F@0?@0AQ :( % am mainly st!dying S edish right no ' and % have to say that it&s a very sim#le lang!age6 <nce yo! get !sed to basic grammar r!les' it& easy to form sentences6 %t&s es#ecially easy if yo! kno ho to s#eak 4nglish6 :osted by %inna on Sat' 5an!ary FC' J@FF G0@J0@J A( 4nglish is easy to learn to s#eak badly6 %t&s hard to learn to s#eak it ell' beca!se it has so many e>ce#tions and irreg!larities that yo! 1!st have to memorize6 :re#ositions are es#ecially arbitrary' and the s#elling is com#le>6

:osted by *avid W on 3ri' 5an!ary B' J@FF J0AC0FA :( 4asiest sho!ld be +or egian and S edish6 As ith the *ikings 4nglish got lots of Scandinavian ords and are also Germanic lang!ages like 4nglish sharing the same core ords6 <n to# of that its verbs' no!ns and ad1ectives are in fact easier than in 4nglish6 )hey have not the diffic!lt ay of making E!estions or saying no in 4nglish ith the verb to do that is diffic!lt to foreigners6 All verbs ork like /1eg er' d! er' han er666/' that is' /% am' yo! are' he is666/6 Some so!nds can be ne to 4nglish s#eakers' b!t they also e>ist in many other lang!ages like German or 3rench th!s making it more likely that yo! have heard them before and kno ho to say them6 )he only #roblem co!ld be the t o tones' b!t there are only a fe ords made different by tones that at the same time are easily ke#t a#art by their conte>t like bRnder and bRnner6 )here are also lots of books' movies' co!rses' channels and more to hel# yo! learn them6 :osted by Pa#l on Wed' +ovember F@' J@F@ FF0C?0AS :( $reole (Haiti&s /lang!age/) is easy beca!se it is a #atois or slang hich by nat!re o!ld mean it as a very basic form of comm!nication6%f yo! have the time to learn $reole do yo!rself a favor and learn 3rench instead 'it ill hel# yo! interact ith a lot more #eo#le in the long r!n=!nless the only #eo#le yo! ill be dealing ith are Haitians from the lo er classes since $reole is all some of them can !nderstand6 :osted by (oni!a on 3ri' Se#tember JA' J@F@ S0@?0?@ :( Haitian is a very easy lang!age to learn beca!se it is ritten the same ay it&s read' and also has sim#le grammar and short vocab!lary6 :osted by (osamba on @B8FC8F@' B0@S :(

(ost *iffi!#lt 'ang#age ,o 'earn <vervie 0 )rabi!8 %antonese8 9apanese are said to be the hardest' based on the a##ro>imate learning e>#ectations com#iled by the 3oreign Service %nstit!te (3S%) of the 7S -e#artment of State6 Finnish' H#ngarian' and Estonian are also among the

hardest beca!se of the co!ntless no!n cases6 )he :ron!nciation is even harder than in Asian lang!ages as they !s!ally have long tong t isting consonants6 Ho ever the list doesn&t sto# there6 )his is a list of the F@ candidates' ith an e>#lanation hy they made it to this list6 %f yo! think other lang!ages sho!ld be incl!ded too' #lease comment at the bottom6 0. %hinese0 (any factors make $hinese very diffic!lt to learn6 3or e>am#le the characters (Hanzi) !sed in the riting system seem to be archaic and obsc!re6 4very ord is a different symbol and it&s not #honetic so it gives yo! no cl!es as to ho it is #rono!nced6 )he tone system also is a #ain beca!se (andarin has fo!r tones6 <ne other reason is' (andarin has a large n!mber of homo#hones6 3or e>am#le' the #ron!nciation /shT/ is associated ith over thirty distinct mor#hemes6 Some #eo#le try to learn this lang!age for that s#ecific reason' being diffic!lt and different6 5. )rabi!0 )he first challenge is the scri#t6 (ost of the letters have fo!r different forms' de#ending on here they stand in the ord' also' vo els are not incl!ded hen riting6 )he so!nds are to!gh' b!t the ords are to!gher6 An 4nglish=s#eaking st!dent learning a 4!ro#ean lang!age ill r!n across many familiar=looking ords' b!t 4nglish=s#eaking Arabic st!dents are not so l!cky6 Arabic is a *S< lang!age' hich means the verb !s!ally comes before the s!b1ect and ob1ect6 %t has a d!al n!mber' so no!ns and verbs m!st be learned in sing!lar' d!al' and #l!ral6 A #resent= tense verb has thirteen forms6 )here are three no!n cases and t o genders6 )he other #roblem is dialects6 Arabic s#oken in (orocco is as different from Arabic s#oken in 4gy#t and from (odern Standard as 3rench is from S#anish and ,atin6 2. ,#y#!a0 a lang!age of the eastern Amazon6 )!y!ca has a so!nd system ith sim#le consonants and a fe nasal vo els' so is not as hard to s#eak6 Ho ever it is heavily aggl!tinating6 3or e>am#le one ord' /hKabUsiriga/ means /% do not kno ho to rite/6 %t has t o ords for / e/' incl!sive and e>cl!sive6 )he no!n classes (genders) in )!y!caHs lang!age family (incl!ding close relatives) have been estimated at bet een fifty and FA@6 (ost fascinating is that )!y!ca reE!ires verb=endings on statements to sho ho the s#eaker kno s something6 -iga a#e= i means that /the boy #layed soccer (% kno beca!se % sa him)/6 4nglish can #rovide s!ch information' b!t for )!y!ca that is an obligatory ending on the verb6 4vidential lang!ages force s#eakers to think hard abo!t ho they learned hat they say they kno 6

6. H#ngarian0 3irst of all' H!ngarian has ?C cases or no!n forms6 )hat fact alone makes it a candidate in this list6 H!ngarian is f!ll of very e>#ressive' idiomatic ords' and s!ffi>es6 )he high amo!nt of vo els and their dee#=in=the throat so!nd makes it very hard to s#eak as ell6 %t takes more effort to learn it and maintain hat yo! learned then most other lang!ages6 4. 9apanese0 <ne main reason hy 5a#anese is so hard is that the ritten code is different from the s#oken code6 )herefore' yo! can&t learn to s#eak the lang!age by learning to read it' and vice versa6 What&s more' there are three different riting systems to master6 )he kan1i system !ses characters borro ed from $hinese6 St!dents need to learn F@'@@@ to FC'@@@ of these characters thro!gh rote memorizationI there are no mnemonic devices to hel#6 Written 5a#anese also makes !se of t o syllabary systems0 katakana for loan ords and em#hasis' and hiragana for s#elling s!ffi>es and grammatical #articles6 )he State -e#artment allo s its st!dents three times as long to learn 5a#anese as it does lang!ages like S#anish or 3rench6 :. ;avajo0 )his fascinating lang!age can be the most diffic!lt as ell6 -!ring World War %%' the lang!age as !sed as a code in the :acific War by biling!al +ava1o code talkers to send sec!re military messages over radio6 )his had the advantage of being an e>tremely fast method of encry#ted comm!nication6 )he code as never broken by the 5a#anese' ho ere mystified by the so!nds they interce#ted6 +ava1o as not chosen as a code lang!age only beca!se it is very hard b!t also beca!se there as no #!blished grammar or dictionary of the lang!age and beca!se native s#eakers ere readily available6 +early everything that a lang!age m!st do is done differently by +ava1o than by 4nglish6 3or e>am#le in 4nglish' e only mark one #erson on the verb==third #erson sing!lar' #resent tense (% read ==V he reads) ith a s!ffi>6 +ava1o marks all of the #ersons ith a #refi> on the verb6 <. Estonian0 )his lang!age makes the list too6 4stonian has a very rigid case system6 /$ase/ is a grammatical system !nder hich ords inflect based on their grammatical f!nction in a sentence6 )here are t elve cases in 4stonian' more than t o times the n!mber of cases that e>ist in most Slavic lang!ages6 A#art from the fact that 4stonian has many cases' this lang!age is also hard beca!se it has many e>ce#tions in grammar r!les' also' many ords mean several different things6 =. as>#e is also !# on to# based on a st!dy made by the British 3oreign <ffice6 )he BasE!e lang!age has JA cases6 %t is im#ossible to link BasE!e ith any %ndo=4!ro#ean

lang!age6 BasE!e is #robably the oldest kno n s#oken lang!age in 4!ro#e6 BasE!e is called an aggl!tinative lang!age' meaning it likes to !se s!ffi>es' #refi>es and infi>es' so ne ords are freE!ently formed by adding a common tag onto the end or the beginning or in the middle of a sim#ler ord6 BasE!e is synthetic' rather than analytic6 %n other ords' BasE!e !ses case endings to denote relationshi#s bet een ords6 BasE!e doesn&t 1!st change the end of the verb' it changes the beginning too6 %n addition to the %ndo=4!ro#ean lang!ages moods' BasE!e also has a fe more moods (e>6 the #otential) and' finally' BasE!e has a com#le> system of denoting s!b1ect' direct ob1ect and indirect ob1ect = all of hich are crammed into the verb itself6 ?. Polish0 )his lang!age has seven cases and :olish grammar has more e>ce#tion than r!les6 German for e>am#le has fo!r cases all of hich are logical6 :olish cases ho ever seem to need more time and effort to learn the logical #attern (if any) or r!lesI yo! might have to learn the entire lang!age6 :olish has seven cases and :olish grammar has more e>ce#tion than r!les6 German for e>am#le has fo!r cases all hich are logical' :olish cases seem to have no #attern or r!lesI yo! have to learn the entire lang!age6 3!rthermore :olish #eo#le rarely hear foreigners s#eak their lang!age' so ith no accent or regional variation' #ron!nciation m!st be e>act or they ill have no idea hat yo! are talking abo!t6 03. "!elandi! is a very hard lang!age to learn beca!se of its archaic vocab!lary and com#le> grammar6 %celandic ke#t all the old no!n declension and verb con1!gations6 (any %celandic #honemes don&t have e>act 4nglish eE!ivalents6 )he only ay yo! can learn them is by listening to recordings or to native s#eakers6 B!t here is something yo! sho!ld kno 6 )he more different a lang!age is from yo!r o n (in terms of characters' grammar 666) ' the harder it might seem to yo! to learn it6 <ne more element sho!ld be considered in deciding hich lang!age is the most diffic!lt0 hether a lang!age follo s a logical #attern in its grammar' for e>am#le' in 4nglish' there is a general r!le for creating #l!rals' adding /s/ or /es/6 %n Arabic on the other hand' the #l!ral is irreg!lar most of the time and non=native st!dents s#end m!ch of their time learning ho to !se it6 3inally' one thing is certain' no matter ho hard a lang!age is' yo! really need three things that are essential for learning it0 adeE!ate and a##ro#riate learning reso!rces' !nderstanding of the ay yo! learn' and #assion of learning6

.o! can also check o!r other articles abo!t the 4asiest ,ang!age to ,earn and the Best ,ang!age to ,earn' or other im#ortant reso!rces in many lang!ages here0 ,earn ,ang!ages6 -on&t forget to bookmark this #age6

%omments7

5a#anese sho!ldn&t be on that list! %t&s not that hard! A lang!age is as hard as ! ant it to be I- saying a lang!ages is hard itho!t kno ing the lang!age itself is rong! even if a #art of a lang!age takes more time than other #arts to learn' doesn&t mean it&s hard666 >) % think korean then sho!ld s a# #laces ith 1a#nese66 korean reading and riting is easy' b!t orally s#eaking and !nderstanding can be hard' hile 1a#anese is 1!st the o##osite! I: :osted by 'ine on 3ri' 3ebr!ary A' J@FF B0??0CF :( When considering hich foreign lang!age o!ld be easier or more diffic!lt for yo!rself' yo! m!st also remember that lang!age is not only #ron!nciation b!t the hole #attern of thinking and form!ling tho!ghts6 )herefore for e>am#le a #erson from 4stern 4!ro#e may find more diffic!lt to learn assian or african lang!ages' hereas it ill be easier ith arabic family666% myself o!ld #!t +e#ali !# tehre as Hannah said666and :olish = do not get #!t off6 % am s!re if yo! ill try and get it rong everybody ill !nderstand6 )here are many different accents in :olish and once yo! learn ho to read' yo! are one third ay there! 0) :osted by (aya on Sat' 5an!ary JJ' J@FF F@0?A0JB :( % think that ,ith!anian lang!age is also one of the hardest to learn' es#ecially for native 4nglish s#eakers6 3irst of all' s#elling and #ron!nciation is diffc!lt6 4ven tho!gh the lang!age is mostly #honemic' it takes a really long time to #rono!nce its ords correctly' it has many silent letters' also many r!les and even more e>ce#tions to s#elling6 ,ith!anian has a #itch accent and free' mobile stress in ords6 )he grammar is diffic!lt as ell6 Word order is free in the sentence' and the same idea can be e>#ressed in many different ays6 +o!ns' ad1ectives' and #rono!ns have seven cases6 ,ith!anian declension system is one of the most com#licated systems among modern %ndo=4!ro#ean and modern 4!ro#ean lang!ages6 )he verb has A tenses' ? con1!gations' ? moods' active and #assive voice and the ger!nd6 )he lang!age retains

a rich system of #artici#les' F? altogether ( hile 4nglish has only J)6 Ad1ectives have C degrees of com#arison6 )here are many more com#licated feat!res that make ,ith!anian hard to learn' not only for the foreign s#eakers b!t also for the natives6 :osted by &enata on (on' +ovember JS' J@F@ B0CF0@Q :( % really dis#!te the fact that a lang!age can be the &hardest& to learn6 %sn&t it all relative" -oes it not de#end on yo!r mother tong!e" .es' lang!ages like 5a#anese might be diffic!lt for an 4nglish s#eaker6 Here it says one of the reasons for the diffic!lty is the riting systems' #artic!larly the !se of kan1i= tr!e' an 4nglish s#eaker might str!ggle ith it6 B!t o!ld it be s!ch a str!ggle for say' a $hinese st!dent ho has already got kno ledge of these letters8symbols thro!gh their native tong!e" %t also says :olish is diffic!lt d!e to a case system (#ersonally as a st!dent of a cased lang!age' % disagree ith cases being /diffic!lt/= % adore them!)6 Ho ever' a s#eaker of another cased lang!age o!ld again' not find it as diffic!lt6 And also' o!ld :olish not be easier for a s#eaker of another Slavic lang!age s!ch as $zech to learn than even 4nglish ( hich' !ns!r#risingly on this site' scored to# in the &easiest& lang!ages to learn)6 4stonian= a 3inn o!ld find this easier to learn than #erha#s an %ndo=4!ro#ean lang!age6 -o % need to contin!e" (y #oint= )here is no s!ch thing as the hardest lang!age! :osted by Gabriella on Wed' +ovember JA' J@F@ S0JA0?G :( % have to agree that BasE!e is diffic!lt' b!t also beca!se it has ergative hich changes the hole ay e b!ild sentences6 All the $a!casian lang!ages native to the $a!cas!s (not im#osed from o!tside) are also as diffic!lt as 3innish' H!ngarian and 4stonian by having many cases in several of them' #l!s s#ecial consonants' some can have si> ord classes (as #refi>) for verbs and on to# of that both s#lit ergativity ( hich is even harder than in BasE!e) and one meets so many ne ords that are not related to other lang!ages6 )he %n!it (#revio!sly 4skimo) lang!ages like many native lang!ages from the Americas can have also s#ecial so!nds' different feat!res ith lots of s!ffi>es that are ne like their ords that are !s!ally !nrelated to any other lang!age and diffic!lt to #rono!nce as in +ava1o and again ergativity6 )he lang!ages from other ethnic gro!#s that have lived on their o n for tho!sands of years can be hard for o!tsiders to learn like aboriginal A!stralian and +e g!inean lang!ages' Andaman islands' B!r!shaski (in :akistan) or even the Khoisan lang!ages from Africa ith their clicks6 .o! can try on yo!r o n any of these lang!ages % listed here % be #re#ared to face real challenges! Any %ndo=4!ro#ean lang!age (like S#anish'

3rench or 2!ssian) is really easy hen com#ared to any of these e>otic lang!ages that !s!ally lack good learning books' ne s#a#ers' $-&s radio or )* channels to hear or read them6 :osted by Pa#l on Wed' +ovember F@' J@F@ FF0?S0@? :( % think +e#ali is also one of the hardst lang!ages beca!se there are many e>e#tions and vo els to learn6 .o! can rite one symbol at least F@ ays!!! So % really think that sho!ld be !# there6 :osted by Hannah on Wed' +ovember ?' J@F@ FF0@@0AQ :( What abo!t $zech and 7klrainian " )hey also have seven cases6 %f yo! think :olish is diffic!lt' try to learn Sinhalese ! :osted by 9erzy on S!n' Se#tember FJ' J@F@ A0?@0@F :( % think *#t!h sho!ld also be in the hardest F@ since e have n!mero!s e>ce#tions6 Also is it hard to form verbs correctly as e ork ith =d' =t or =dt6 -!tch is a very diffic!lt lang!age :osted by Hanne on Wed' A!g!st JC' J@F@ FJ0J@0?G A( 9apanese #eo#le are e>#ected to learn a bit more than J@@@ kan1is (the 1o!yo! kan1is) before leaving high school' and many forget the least !sed ones6 ?@@@ kan1is is the level of kno ledgeable 5a#anese #eo#le6 G@@@ is the best level of the 5a#anese kan1is test and is only for kan1is e>#erts ho like reading medieval 5a#anese or something6 4ven $hinese #eo#le do not need to read F@@@@ or FC@@@ kan1is! :osted by '#ke on Sat' A!g!st JF' J@F@ FJ0AQ0FQ A( )here are a fe remaining Bolivians fl!ent in @allawaya' a mysterio!s lang!age linked to the #ractice of healing rites6 %t is #assed do n c!lt!rally from ad!lts to teen healers6 %f yo! are not a ling!ist' yo! #robably haven&t heard of it6 %f yo! are anything b!t a chosen healer' yo! ill never get to !se it' or even need it6 :osted by &eg on 3ri' A!g!st J@' J@F@ ?0?F0F? :( %f taken literally' the hardest lang!ages for o!tsiders to learn o!ld be those that are c!rrently !nkno n by o!tsiders' for e>am#le' Sentinelese6 Sentinelese is com#letely !nattested' and no Sentinelese have had significant contact ith o!tsiders for several cent!ries' so it cannot be learned any here b!t on +orth Sentinel %sland6 Ho ever' it is illegal for anyone to visit the island' and fishermen accidentally visiting have been killed by the Sentinelese6

W% recommended the list above ho ever6 :osted by ;athan on @B8FC8F@' F@0@S A(