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# Sub: Environmental Engineering

## Topic : Sludge disposal

MODULE- 82B
Sludge disposal, effluent discharge standards.
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Bulking sludge refers to having (a) F / M < 0.3 / d (b) 0.3 / d < F / M < 0.6 / d (c) F / M = zero (d) F / M > 0.6 / d Match the following Group I Group 2 P. Thickening of sludge 1. Decrease in volume of sludge by chemical oxidation Q. Stabilization of sludge 2. Separation of water by heat or chemical treatment R. Conditioning of sludge 3. Digestion of sludge S. Reduction of sludge 4. Separation of water by flotation or gravity (a) P-4,Q-3, R-1, S-2 (b) P-3, Q-2, R-4, S-1 (c) P-4, Q-3, R-2, S-1 (d) P-2, Q-1, R-3, S-4 Setting test on a sample drawn from Aeration Tank liquor of ASP (MLSS = 2800 mg/I) was carried out with 1 litre sample. The test yielded a settled volume of 200 ml. The value of Sludge Volume Index shall be (a) 14.0 (b) 34.2 (c) 71.4 (d) 271 The sludge from the aeration tank of the activated sludge process (ASP) has solids content (by weight) of 2%. This sludge is put in a sludge thickener, where sludge volume is reduced to half. Assume that the

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amount of solids in the supernatant from the thickener is negligible, the specific gravity of sludge solids is 2.2 and the density of water is 1000 kg/ . a) What is the density of the sludge removed from the aeration tank? (A) 990 kg/ . (B) 1000 kg/ . (C) 1011 kg/ . (D) 1022 kg/ . b) What is the solids content (by weight) of the thickened sludge? (A) 3.96% (B) 4.00% (C) 4.04% (D) 4.10%

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