Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 24

Surfer

Surfer

:
Omid.bissadi@gmail.com

Surfer

:
Golden Software
.
Surfer
...
. ...
. ...
. .
.

Windows
.

Surfer

!"#$ %

& #' %(' ! ) *!+,& -#.

& /

Surfer

:
:
. x
z,y x y,z
.
:
new worksheet new .
( )
xls txt .
. import

. excel
: '!0
#4/0 #40 *& 4' 546 & %@#4A folder 34 546 478$ #4' 9) 4" :;< =' !>"#$ =7" & =? 0)
(& " * >AB - -) & & & .> =7A#6 #' >C & =' % #8( #

. *.dat .
. save
ASCII DAT, , xls(Excel)
AUTOCAD DXF file , Microsoft SYLK files , , Lotus (WKx) Data Files TXT
Windows Picture (Enhanced)
JPEG Compressed Bitmap JPG Windows Bitmap BMP AutoCAD DXF, EMF
. ESRI Shapefile SHP
. export file
.

Surfer

:

. grid

( ) -
.
. ( ).
:
. grid > data .
.
.
.

.

view ) (data cloumns)
(statics) (data
.
.

.
. ok

Surfer

grid report .
.

:
grid method
grid .
.

.

:
: Inverse Distance to a Power.
.
: Kriging.
.
. : Minimum Curvatur.

: Modified Shepard's Method.
Inverse Distance to a Power .

: Natural Neighbor.
.
: Nearest Neighbor.
grid
. : Polynomial Regression.
: Radial Basis Function.
.
. : Local Polynomial.
. : Data Metrics.
Moving Average
grid data Breakline :H 'G0

berakline and faults Advanced option


Berakline .

:

Surfer

Inverse Distance to a Power


Kriging
Minimum Curvature
Nearest Neighbor
Radial Basis Function
Moving Average
Data Metrics
Local Polynomial

USGS [.DEM], GTopo30 [.HDR], SDTS [.DDF], :I ' G0


grid and Digital Terrain Elevation Model (DTED) [.DT*]

Surfer


:

:
contur map map .

grid .
()
ok
.
.
viwe fit


.
map properties .



: levels

.
.

.
level

interval
.

.
line .

label .

Surfer

:view

.
: scale
x
proportional ). y
( . xy scaling
$ !C ) $ 7/>7 #6 # L+ M N =$
) *!" U#V7 preference =+ R file O +

& #, =.K #/0 & J#>K 5<& : 'G0


! #$ - P Q0 O $ =' !"#$ % !C )
.!>,& >>X0 !C ) Y Q0 draw =R $

: limit
y x

Surfer

:
Wireframes
. grid
y x Wireframes
. . .

:Wireframes

.
wireframes map
wireframe grid
. wireframe open

Wireframes
. select .
trackball map .
,
viwe Properties
. ,
.

10

Surfer

Wireframes
. select .
scale Properties .
.
$ !C ) $ 7/>7 #6 # L+ M N =$
) *!" U#V7 preference =+ R file O +

& #, =.K #/0 & J#>K 5<& : 'G0


! #$ - P Q0 O $ =' !"#$ % !C )
.!>,& >>X0 !C ) Y Q0 draw =R $

Wireframes
.
. color zone Properties
line
.
color scale x,y,z
.

11

.
.
.
.

Surfer

:
:Post map
.

.

: post map
windows plot post map
:
open file .
. *.srf
post map map .
. new post map
.
.
. post map open .

12

Surfer

post map
:
object viwe object manger .
. manger
post plot .
. Properties
. general .
.
worksheet cloum .
.

:
post map
. object manger
:
Object Manager Post Map .
. Properties
worksheet cloumn for lable labels .
position relative to
. symbol

post
: contur map map


surfer )

. (


:
select edit .
. all
map .
Overlay Maps

.

object
. manager
13

Surfer

:

Break Apart Overlay map

:
object manager
.
= #6 , %_`a O#, =.K+ !+ # #, =.K =>K$ -& ' !? ) b>' 0 =' !>" #$ =7" & =? 0) :^8 'G0
^/Q0 :$#< > e & N#+a #/0 & %dV &
O $ ) & $ !, A M N >/, =$ > O & $) ")
(.56

14

Surfer

:(Image map)


. ..
.
surfer .
. ) (
. *.clr

:
map image map .
grid .

:

. properties
.( ) .

(shaded relief map)


grid
.
surfer .
.
. .

:

:
map shaded relief map .
grid .

:

properties
.
) .
: .(

15

Surfer

Input Grid File :General


: Light Position Angles

: Shading Methods
. :simple.

: Peuckers Approximation.
.
: Lambertian Reflection.
.
. : Lommel-Seeliger Law.

. :view *

g /Q *! R h>i O#8e

") = #6 O#, =.K ) %_`a O#, =.K =>80 &: 'G0


!+7_, 78$

:(vector map)
grid ,
. .
2-grid vector map . 1-grid vector map map
grid
. Cartesian

:(base map)

surfer .

:
base map map
. import

16

Surfer

:%_`a =.K 3 =$ M#k7V -& & j#k7A


Map > Base Map
Image Coordinates base map properties

. :Digitize
Digitize map

.
.

17

Surfer

:
:
:
plot document new .

surface map .

grid
.
open
.

:

.
Mesh .
Frequency y x .
. ok .

:

.
.

:

:( map axe) .
. grid xy


.
object manager

:
object manager

18

Surfer

properties
.
. scaling
.
:General Page - Axis Properties

. plane
:Ticksl Page - Axis Properties
ticks
. length
.
:Axis Scaling Page - Axis Properties

Automatic Scaling .
.
. major interval
:Grid Lines Page - Axis Properties
.
.
.

: Scale Bar



)




.

19

Surfer

.
scale bar .

scale bar map .


Number of cycles
.
. cycle spacing
label increment





cycle
. spacing
scale track
y x


z .
axis
wireframes map
surface map
.

Stack .
:Maps


Overlay Maps
.
: 'G0
, view Properties
poly line

20

Surfer



:(text)
.
file
. Preferences> Drawing
text drawing


ok
.

:(Polygon)

drawing . ( )
. polygon
.

Enter
ESC .
.

:

edit
. reshape
.

dy dx x,y


.
: PolyLine

. polyLine draw


.
. . enter

21

Surfer

:

. ..... ()
symbol draw

.

:
Rectangle draw


.
. ESC
. Rounded Rectangle Rectangle draw
status bar
.

:
Ellipse draw



status bar . . ESC

.
:
view Drawing Grid
.
. preferences file

22

Surfer


:
. grid Residuals
.


.(
:
. . worksheet .
y x
Residuals grid plot window .


.
worksheet
.

:
,
.
)
.(
.

.
grid
Grid > Volume.
upper surface grid
grid Lower Surface
ok .
.

:
surfer
the .
.number of grid lines in the grid file
.
surfer . .
z x,y
.
23

Surfer

:
grid> volume
.
volumne grid . grid
grid .
Upper Surface . grid Lower Surface
Z = box z Constant
)
.(
. ok
. file > save,save as
.

-# #i

24

Вам также может понравиться