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3ds Max 2008 100 % (+DVD)

100%

.
.
C.
. , .
.

32.973-018.3
004.92

. .
35

3ds Max 2008 100 % (+DVD). .: , 2008. 416 .: . (


100%).

ISBN 978-5-388-00114-6
3ds Max 2008
3D-. (). DVD, .
, , - 3ds Max 2008.

, 2008
.
.
, , , . , ,

, .

ISBN 978-5-388-00114-6

, 198206, -, , 73, . 29.


20.02.08. 70100/16. . . . 33,54.
3500. 0000.
CtP
. . . .
197110, -, ., 15.


..................................................................................... 9
1. .............................................. 13
2. ......................................... 77
3. ....................................................... 136
4. ............................................. 174
5. ............................................................... 229
6. ................................................................. 252
7. . reactor, Hair and Fur Cloth ....... 309
8. ........................................................... 345
............................................................................ 392
1. 70 3ds Max .............. 393
2. 3ds Max 2008 ... 409
3. DVD, ..... 414


......................................................................................................... 9
.............................................................. 9
................................................................................... 10
.................................................................................... 12

1. ........................................................ 13
1.1. ............................................................................ 14
...................................................................................... 16
File () .................................................................................. 16
Edit () .............................................................................. 17
Tools () .................................................................. 19
Group () ................................................................. 23
Views () ................................................................................. 24
Create () ...................................................................... 27
Modifiers () ........................................................ 29
reactor ........................................................................................ 32
Animation ()................................................................ 33
Graph Editors ( )................................... 35
Rendering () ......................................................... 36
Customize () .............................................................. 38
MAXScript ................................................................................... 39
Help () ........................................................................... 40
.......................................................................... 41
..................................................................................... 46
............................................................................... 48
1.2. .......................................................................... 59
1.3. ........................................................................... 61
.................................................... 62
........................................ 69

2. .................................................. 77
2.1. 3ds Max 2008 ........................................................................ 78
- ..................................... 78
.................................... 79
.............................................................................. 81
..................................................................................... 82
...................................................................... 83
............................................................................ 84
NURBS- .................................................................................... 85
.................................................................. 86
.................................................................. 87
...................................................................... 88
............................................................ 88
2.2. ...................................................................... 89
........................................................................ 90
.......................................... 91
............................................................................... 91
.................................................................. 92
..................................................................................... 97
.......................................................... 102
............................................................... 106
................................................................................. 109
2.3. ................................................................... 111
Lathe ( ) ............................................................ 112
Extrude () .................................................................... 114
Bend () ....................................................................................... 116
Twist () ........................................................................... 117
Edit Mesh ( ) ........................................ 119
Noise () ........................................................................................ 120
2.4. . ..................................................... 122

3. .................................................................... 136
3.1. ................................................. 137
............................................................................ 138
................................................................ 139
3.2. ............................................ 145
3.3. . ! ............................. 153
3.4. . ..................................................... 165

4. ....................................................... 174
4.1. Material Editor ( ) ....................................... 175
........................................................... 175
Material Editor ( ) .................. 177
Material/Map Browser (
) ............................................................................ 179
Material/Map Navigator (
) ............................................................................................ 181
4.2. Standard () .............................................. 182
Shader Basic Parameters
( ) Basic Parameters
( ) ...................................................................... 182
............................................................................. 185
............................................................. 186
4.3. ........................................................... 188
Top/Bottom (/) ...................................................................... 189
Blend () ....................................................................... 190
Multi/Sub-Object () ........................................... 191
Matte/Shadow ( /) .......................................... 192
Raytrace () ................................................................... 193
4.4. .......................................................... 197
............................................... 197
.................................................................. 201
................................................................ 206
................................................................... 210
4.5. . .................................. 212
4.6. . ...................... 218

5. ............................................................................. 229
5.1. ......................................... 230
5.2. . ........................... 241
5.3. . .............................................. 245

6. ................................................................................ 252
6.1. ................................. 253
6.2. .................................................................................. 271
6.3. . ........................... 276
6.4. .
UNIVERSAL ................................................................. 283
6.5. . , ! ............................................... 293

7. . reactor, Hair and Fur Cloth ......... 309


7.1. 3ds Max .............................................. 310
7.2. . ............................................. 311
7.3. . ..................................... 314
7.4. . .......................................................... 316
7.5. . ........................................... 319
7.6. . ................. 323
7.7. . ................................................ 327
7.8. . ........................... 329
7.9. .
Cloth () .............................................................. 335

8. ........................................................................ 345
8.1. ................................................................. 346
8.2. .................................................................... 347
Common Parameters ( ) ......................................... 349
Default Scanline Renderer ................................................................... 352
8.3. ................................................................. 354
8.4. RAM Player (RAM-) .................. 355
8.5. .................................................. 357
Common Parameters ( ) ......................................... 357
Exposure Control ( ) Logarithmic
Exposure Control Parameters (
) ....................................................................... 358
Atmosphere () ................................................................... 358
.................................................. 359
......................................................................... 366
8.6. Video Post () ....................................................... 374
Video Post () ............................. 375
..................................................................... 376
................................................... 377
8.7. . ! ................ 379
8.8. . ................................... 386
................................................................................................. 392
1. 70 3ds Max .................................. 393
............................................................. 394
.............................................................................. 395
................................................................................. 398
........................................................................................... 403

....................................................................... 405
................................................................ 405
..................................................................................... 407
................................................................................................ 408
2. 3ds Max 2008 ..................... 409
...................................................................... 410
Editable Mesh
( ) ........................................................... 411
Editable Poly
( ) .................................. 412
NURBS- ......................... 412
3. DVD, .......................... 414




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3ds Max.

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, 3ds Max.
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3ds Max
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3ds Max.


3ds Max 2008 100 % , 
.

10

3ds Max 2008 , 


, .
, 
, .
, 3ds Max,
. 
, Adobe Photoshop, Corel PHOTOPAINT, Adobe Illustrator CorelDRAW,
Adobe After Effects combustion,
3ds Max. 
.
,
3ds Max.
.


.


1 
, 
3ds Max 2008. 
,
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2
3ds Max. ,

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3 , 
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4 , ,
Material Editor ( ) . 

. ,
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5 , 
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6 
3ds Max.
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7 . reactor, Hair and Fur Cloth


, , .
reactor. 

, . 
,
, , .
3ds Max 2008 Hair and Fur
Cloth.

8 ,
, 3ds Max. 
, ,
, . 
, . 
, 
Video
Post ().

1 70 3ds Max 
, 3ds Max. ,
,
.

2 3ds Max 2008


,
, , .

.

3 DVD, 
DVD, .

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, , 
dgurski@minsk.piter.com ( , ).
 http://www.piter.com 
.






14

1.

?
. , 
, 
, , 
.
3ds Max ,
.
, , 
. . , 
.
3ds Max 
.

3ds Max 2008, , 
.
, .

1.1.
, 3ds Max 2008,
(. 1.1).
,
. , 
, 
. , 
.
.


Main Menu ( ). 
3ds Max 2008. 
.

Main Toolbar ( ).
, 
. 
.

1.1.

. 1.1. 3ds Max 2008

Viewports ( ). 
. Top
(), Left (), Front () 
Perspective ().

Command Panel ( ). 
. 
.
.

Lover Interface Bar ( ).


. , 
,
.

15

16

1.


Welcome Screen ( ).
Quick Time, , 
.




. : File
(), Edit (), Tools (), Group (), Views (),
Create (), Modifiers (), reactor, Animation (), Graph
Editors ( ), Rendering (), Customize (
), MAXScript Help (). , 3ds Max
, .
, .
,
. , ,
,
.
.
, . , ,
Group (),
, .

File ()
File () 3ds Max
(. 1.2).
: New (), Open (),
Save () , 
; Open Recent ( )
; Reset () ; XRef Objects (
XRef) XRef Scene ( XRef)
; Merge () 
.

1.1.

File () Import (
) Export () 
.
Set Project Folder ( )
Publish To DWF ( DWF) 
,
3ds Max,
Autodesk DWF Viewer.
Load Animation (
) Save Animation (
) XAF, 

. Asset Tracking ( 
) ,

, 
, .
Archive ()
, ,
. 
. 1.2. File
Summary Info (),
()
File Properties (
). , 
. View Image File ( )
,
. 
Exit () File ().

Edit ()
Edit () (. 1.3) Undo ()
Redo (), 
.
Hold () 
, . 
, .

17

18

1.


, Fetch ().
Edit () Delete
(),
. Clone ()
Clone Options ( ) 
.
Edit ()
3ds Max 2008, 
: Move ()
, Rotate (
) 
, Scale () 
. Transform Type-In
. 1.3. Edit ()
( ), 
F12,
Transform Type-In ( ). 
, 
. ,
Select and Uniform Scale ( 
),
Scale Transform Type-In ( ).
Edit () Select All (
), Select None ( ), Select Invert ( ),
Select Similar ( ). Select By ( )
: Color () , Name () Layer (). 
Select From Scene ( ), 
, H.
, 
. Display (
).
Selection Region ( ) Edit ()
. Edit Named Selection Sets (
) , 
, .
Object Properties ( ) ,
.

1.1.

Tools ()
Tools () (. 1.4) 
.

.

,
.
.


, Tools
(), 
, Scene Explorer ( 
). , ,
3ds Max
, , 
, . .
Open Explorer: (
: ) , 
. 
,
.

. 1.4. Tools
()

New Scene Explorer ( )


. .
Manage Scene Explorer ( ) 
,
, 
, .
Saved Scene Explorers ( )
.
Display Floater ( )
, ( Hide ()),

19

20

1.

(Freeze ()) ,
( Object Level ( )).
Layer Manager ( )
, , ,

.
Light Lister ( ) 
, .
Multiplier (), 
, / 
.
Manage Scene States ( ) 
(, , , )
.
Mirror ( ), 
, 
.
: No Clone ( ), Copy ( ), Instance
() Reference ().
Array () ,
( ),
.
(,
) 
. ( 
), ( ) (
).
, Array (), Preview
().
,
, Align () ( Ctrl+A)
. Align Selection (
), 
, ,
.

1.1.

Quick Align ( )
, 
.
Snapshot ()
, 
.
Spacing Tool ()
,
,

. ,
, .
Clone and Align ( )

.
( ),
, 
. Align Parameters ( 
) Clone and Align ( ) 
,
Clone Parameters ( ) , 
.
Normal Align ( ),
Alt+N, , 
. 
, 

.
Align Camera ( )
. 
,
.
Align to View ( )
( ) Z 
. Align to View ( )

21

22

1.

, 
Z .
Place Highlight ( ),

. ,
.
Isolate Selection ( ), 
Alt+Q, ,
. 
.
Exit
Isolation Mode ( ),
.
Rename Objects ( ) 
, .
, 
, . 
,
Pick Objects to Rename (
), Rename Objects
( ) Pick ().
Assign Vertex Colors ( ), Color Clipboard (
) Camera Match ( )
, Utilities () .
Grab Viewport ( )

.
Measure Distance ( ), 
, .
Channel Info ( ) Map Channel Info (
), ,
. 
, , , , 
, , .
, , .

1.1.

Group ()
Group () (. 1.5) 
,
.
, 

.
, ,
Group () Group (
)
. , 
, .

. 1.5.
Group
()

Ungroup () Group
() , .
, , , 
.
Open () , 
, ,
. 
.
, , Close (),
Group ().
Attach () 
( ).
Detach (),
, 
.
Explode () Ungroup ()
, 
.
Assembly () , Group
(), , , ,
head object (
).

23

24

1.

Views ()
Views () (. 1.6) 
, 
.


Undo View Change ( 
), 

Shift+Z. , 
, 
.
Redo View Change ( 
) 

, 
.
. 1.6. Views ()

, , ,
.

Save Active View ( ) 


.
.

,
.


Restore Active View ( 
). , , 
.

1.1.

Grids ( ) ,
: Show Home Grid ( ), Activate Home Grid
( ), Activate Grid Object ( 
) Align Grid to View ( ).

, .
Viewport Background ( ), 
Alt+B, ,

.
.
Update Background Image ( )

, .

Reset Background Transform
( ).
Show Transform Gizmo ( )

.
Show Ghosting ( )

.
() .
Show Key Times ( ) 
,
, .
Shade Selected ( ),

.
, .
Show Dependencies ( ) 
,
.

25

26

1.

Create Camera From View ( ), 


Ctrl+C, 
.

Perspective
(). , ,
.

Add Default Lights to Scene ( 


), 
Lights ( ). 
.
Redraw All Views ( ) 
. 
,
.
Global Viewport Rendering Setting (
), 3ds Max 2008,
Activate All Maps ( ) Deactivate All
Maps ( ),
. 
.

, .
Standard Display ( ), Standard Display with
Maps ( ), Hardware Display (
), Hardware Display with Maps ( 
), , 
.
Update During Spinner Drag ( 
) 
,
.
Adaptive Degradation ( )
.

1.1.

:
, ,
3ds Max 
. .
Diagnose Video Hardware ( )
, ,
(, 
).
Expert Mode ( ) 
, , , , 
, . .
.

Create ()
Create () (. 1.7)
.
Create () 

.
Standard Primitives ( )
(
),
. 
Box (), Cone (), Sphere (), GeoSphere
(), Cylinder (), Tube (), Torus (), Pyramid
(), Teapot (), Plane ().

. 1.7.
Create ()

Extended Primitives ( )
, , Hedra (), Torus Knot
( ), Chamfer Box ( ), Chamfer Cylinder (
), Oil Tank (), Capsule (), Spindle (), L-Extrusion
(L ), Gengon ( ), C-Extrusion (C ),
RingWave ( ), Hose (), Prism ().
AEC Objects ( ) 
, .

27

28

1.

, .
: Wall (), Railing (), Windows
(), Doors () Stairs ().
Compound () , 
. 

(, ). : Morph
(), Scatter (), Conform (), Connect (
), BlobMesh (), ShapeMerge ( ), Boolean (),
Terrain (), Loft (), Mesher (), ProBoolean (Pro )
ProCutter (Pro ).
Particles () , Spray
(), Snow (), Blizzard (), PArray ( ), PCloud (
), Super Spray ().
Patch Grids ( ) 
: Quad Patch ( ) Tri Patch ( ).

.
NURBS1 :
CV Surface (CV) Point Surface ( ), 
: CV Curve (CV) Point Curve ( ).
Dynamics () Damper (
) Spring (), 

.
Shapes () : Line (),
Rectangle (), Circle (), Ellipse (), Arc (), Donut (
), NGon (), Star (), Text (), Helix () Section
(). 
, .
Extended Shapes ( ).
, WRectangle (W), Channel (), Angle (),
Tee ( ) Wide Flange ( ).
1

NURBS Non Uniform Rational BSplines, B.

1.1.

Lights ( )
, . Standard
Lights ( ) Photometric Lights ( 
), Daylight System ( ).
Cameras () : Free Camera (
) Target Camera ( ).
Create Camera From View (
).
Helpers ( )
,
.
Dummy (), Grid ( ), Point (), Tape Measure
(), Protractor (), Compass () .
SpaceWarps ( ) 
: Forces (), Deflectors (),
Geometric/Deformable ( ), Modifier-Based ( 
) Particles & Dynamics ( ).
, Geometric/Deformable
( ) FFD(Box) (
()), Wave (),
Bomb () . .
Systems ( )
Bones IK Chain ( ), Daylight System ( 
) Biped ().

Modifiers ()
Modifiers () (. 1.8) 
, Modify (
) .
,
3ds Max
(,
).

,

. 1.8.
Modifiers
()

29

30

1.

. ,
.
Modifiers () , 
.
, Modifiers (),
16 .
Selection () , 
,
. FFD Select (
), Mesh Select ( ), Patch
Select ( ), Poly Select ( ), Select By Channel
( ), Spline Select ( ), Volume Select (
).
Patch/Spline Editing ( /)
: Cross Section ( 
), Delete Patch ( ), Delete Spline ( ), Edit Patch (
), Edit Spline ( ), Fillet/Chamfer (
/), Lathe ( ), Normalize Spline (
), Renderable Spline Modifer ( ), Surface
(), Sweep () Trim/Extend (/). ,
Sweep () 
, AutoCAD, 3ds Max
. Loft (
), Sweep () 
, .
Mesh Editing ( ) 
.
Cap Holes ( ), Delete Mesh ( 
), Edit Mesh ( ), Edit Normals ( 
), Edit Poly ( ), Extrude (), Face Extrude
( ), MultiRes ( ), Normal Modifier
( ), Optimize (), Smooth (), STL
Check (STL), Symmetry (), Tessellate (), Vertex Paint (
) Vertex Weld ( ).
Conversion () , 
: Turn To Mesh (

1.1.

), Turn To Patch ( ), Turn To Poly


( ).
Animation () 16 ,
. Skin (),
Morpher (), Flex (), Melt (), Patch Deform (
), Path Deform ( ), Surf Deform ( 
) . .
Cloth () : Cloth () Garment Maker ( ). 
, , ,
, 
. .
Hair and Fur ( ) , 

, , . ,

.
UV Coordinates (UV) ,
, :
Camera Map ( ), MapScaler ( ), Projection
(), Unwrap UVW ( UVW), UVW Map (UVW
), UVW Mapping Add ( UVW), UVW Mapping Clear (
UVW) UVW XForm ( UVW).
Cache Tools ( ) 
: Point Cache ( ) 
Point Cache (WSM) ( (WSM)).
Subdivision Surfaces ( ) 
, : HSDS1 Modifier (HSDS
), MeshSmooth ( ) TurboSmooth ( 
).
Free Form Deformers ( )
FFD 222 ( 222), FFD 333
1

HSDS Hierarchical SubDivision Surfaces, 


.

31

32

1.

( 333), FFD 444 ( 444),


FFD Box ( ()), FFD Cylinder
( ()).
Parametric Deformers ( )
22 , .
: Affect Region ( ), Bend (),
Displace (), Lattice (), Mirror ( ), Noise
(), Physique (), Push (), Preserve (), Relax
(), Ripple (), Shell (), Slice (), Skew (), Stretch
(), Spherify (), Squeeze (), Twist (
), Taper (), Substitute (), XForm () Wave
().
Surface () : Disp
Approx ( ), Displace Mesh (WSM) (
(WSM)), Material () Material By Element ( ).
NURBS Editing ( NURBS) 
, NURBS.
Disp Approx ( ), Surf Deform ( 
) Surface Select ( ).
Radiosity ( ) : Subdivide
(WSM) ( (WSM)) Subdivide ().
Modifiers () Cameras () 
Camera Correction ( ).

reactor
reactor (. 1.9)
.
Create Object ( ) 21 ,
reactor. : Rigid
Body Collection ( ), Cloth Collection (
), Soft Body Collection ( ),
Rope Collection ( ), Wind (), Water (),
Constraint Solver ( ), Car-Wheel Constraint
( ) .

. 1.9.
reactor

1.1.

Apply Modifier ( ) 
: Cloth Modifier ( ), Soft Body Modifier (
), Rope Modifier ( ).
Open Property Editor ( )
, reactor.
Utilities () ,
: Analyze World (
), Convexity Test ( ), View Stored Collisions ( 
), Reduce Keys (Selection) ( ()),
Reduce Keys (All) ( ()), Delete Keys (Selection) ( 
()), Delete Keys (All) ( ()).
Preview Animation ( ) 
reactor Real-Time Preview (
).
Create Animation ( ) 
reactor, , .

Animation ()
Animation () (. 1.10) , 
.
IK Solvers (IK) 
( ,
(, ) ): HI Solver (HI
), HD Solver (HD), IK Limb Solver (IK ) SplineIK
Solver ( IK).
Constraints () 
: Attachment Constraint (
), Surface Constraint ( ), Path Constraint (
), Position Constraint ( ), Link Constraint
( ), LookAt Constraint ( ), Orientation Constraint ( ).
Transform Controllers ( ) 
: Link Constraint ( ), Position/Rotation/
Scale (//) Script ().

33

34

1.

Position Controllers ( )
15 , Audio (),
Bezier (), Linear (), Noise (), Script (
), Path Constraint ( ), Position Constraint ( ), Surface Constraint
( ) .
Rotation Controllers ( )
11 , Audio (),
Linear (), Noise (), Script (), Smooth
(), LookAt Constraint (
), Orientation Constraint ( 
).
Scale Controllers ( 
) 10 , Audio
(), Bezier (), Expression (), Linear
(), Noise (), Script ().
Parameter Editor ( ) Pa- . 1.10. Animation
()
rameter Collector ( )
, 
.
, , 
.
Wire Parameters ( ) : Wire
Parameters ( ) Parameter Wire Dialog (
), 
.
Animation Layers ( ) 
, , ,
.
Reaction Manager ( ) , 
Reaction Controllers ( 
), , 
.
Bone Tools ( ) , 
.

1.1.

, .
Set as Skin Pose ( ), Assume Skin Pose ( 
) Skin Pose Mode ( ).
Animation () Make Preview (
), View Preview ( ) Rename Preview (
) , 
, 
. 
.
Toggle Limits ( )
.
Delete Selected Animation ( )
.

Graph Editors ( )
Graph Editors ( ) (. 1.11)

3ds Max 2008.

: Track View Curve Editor ( 
) Track View Dope Sheet ( 
).
New Track View ( ) 
Graph Editors (
).

. 1.11. Graph
Editors (
)

Delete Track View ( ) 


Curve Editor ( ) Dope Sheet ( 
).
Saved Track Views ( ) 
.
New Schematic View ( ) 
, 
.

35

36

1.

Delete Schematic View ( ) 


.
Saved Schematic Views ( 
), .
Particle View ( ) 
, .
Motion Mixer ( ), 
, , , 
Character Studio.

Rendering ()
Rendering () (. 1.12)
, 
.
Render (), 
F10,
Render Scene ( ).

, ,
, , 
,

.
. 1.12. Rendering
Environment ( 
()
) Environment and Effects
( ), ,
, 
.

Effects ()
Environment and Effects ( ),
Effects ().
Advanced Lighting ( ) , 
. 

1.1.

: Light Tracer ( ), Radiosity ( ), Exposure


Control ( ) Lighting Analysis ( ).
Render To Texture ( ) ,

. .
Batch Render ( ) 
()
.
Raytracer Settings ( )
Render Scene ( ) Raytracer (). 
.
Raytrace Global Include/Exclude ( / 
) ,
.
mental ray Message Window ( mental ray), 
, mental ray.
Material Editor ( ),
M, , 
.
Material/Map Browser ( ) 
, .
Video Post (), 
Video Post (), 
.
Show Last Rendering ( )
.
Panorama Exporter ( ) 
.
Print Size Wizard ( ) ,
.
RAM Player (RAM)
.

37

38

1.

Customize ()
Customize () (. 1.13) , 
, ,
, . .
Customize User Interface (
) 
,
: ,
, , .
Save Custom UI Scheme (
) Load Custom UI
Scheme ( 
) ,

, .
Revert to Startup Layout (
)
, .

. 1.13. Customize
()


Revert to Startup
Layout ( ) Customize ().

Custom UI and Defaults Switcher (


) , 

, .
Show UI ( )
, / 
: Show Command Panel ( ), Show Floating Toolbars
( ), Show Main Toolbar (
) Show Track Bar ( ).
Lock UI Layout ( ) 

.

1.1.

Configure User Paths ( )


,
, ,
, , , . . Configure System Paths ( ),
, ,
, .
Units Setup ( ) ,
.
Grid and Snap Settings ( )
, 
, .
Viewport Configuration ( ),
,
.
Plug-in Manager ( ),
, 
, , ( 
), .
Preferences () , 
3ds Max. 
, , , ,
.

MAXScript
MAXScript (. 1.14) , 

MAXScript.
New Script ( )
(Untitled) MAXScript 
.
Open Script ( )
Open File ( ),
.

. 1.14.
MAXScript

39

40

1.

Run Script ( ) Choose Editor File


( ). .
MAXScript Listener ( MAXScript), 
MAXScript, 
.
MAXScript Editor ( MAXScript) 
, 3ds Max,
, XML .
Visual MAXScript Editor ( MAXScript) ,

.
Debugger Dialog ( ) 
3ds Max.

Help ()
Help () (. 1.15) 

3ds Max.
Welcome Screen ( ) 
,
, 3ds Max. 

. 
,

.
Autodesk 3ds Max Help ( Autodesk 3ds
Max) MAXScript Reference ( MAXScript)

3ds Max.
Microsoft Compiled HTML Help.

. 1.15. Help
()

Tutorials (), ,
.

1.1.

Data Exchange Solutions ( ), Subscription e-Learning


Catalog ( ), Create Support Request (
), View Support Requests ( ),
Edit Subscription Center Profile ( ) 
.
Customer Involvement Program (, 
) , 
3ds Max
. ,
, OK.
HotKey Map ( ) , 
.
Additional Help ( )
, 
.
3ds Max on the Web (3ds Max ) , 
, 
, . .
Activate 3ds Max ( 3ds Max)
, .
About 3ds Max ( 3ds Max) ,
, , . .



.

,
, .
3ds Max
(16 16 ) (24 24 ) 
.

41

42

1.

,  
.
.

, , .

, CustomizePreferences (). Preference Settings (


), General ().
UI Display ( ) Use Large Toolbar
Buttons ( ) OK.
.
(. 1.16). 
( ) 
.
. 

.

. 1.16.

,
. 
, 

.


.
Undo () (Ctrl+Z) 
.
Redo () (Ctrl+Y) , .

1.1.

Select and Link ( )


.
Unlink Selection ( )
.
Bind to Space Warp ( )
.
Selection Filter ( ) , 
, .
Select Object ( ) (Q) .
Select by Name ( ) (H) 
.
Rectangular Selection Region ( ),
Circular
Fence Selection Region (
Selection Region ( ),
Lasso Selection Region ( ),
),
Paint Selection Region ( ) (Ctrl+F) 
.
Window/Crossing (/ ) , 
: .
Select and Move ( ) (W) .
Select and Rotate ( ) (E)
.
Select and Uniform Scale ( ),
Select
Select
and Non-uniform Scale ( ),
and Squash ( ) (R) 
.
Reference Coordinate System ( ) 
, ,
.
Use Pivot Point Center ( ),
Use Selection
Use Transform Coordinate Center (
Center ( ),
) 
.
Select and Manipulate ( ) 
.
Keyboard Shortcut Override Toggle ( 
)

43

44

1.

, Editable Mesh (
), Track View ( ), NURBS (NURBS) . .
Snap Toggle 2D ( ),
Snap Toggle 2.5D ( 
),
Snap Toggle 3D ( ) (S)
.
Angle Snap Toggle ( ) (A) 
.
Percent Snap Toggle ( ) (Shift+Ctrl+P)
.
Spinner Snap Toggle ( )
.
Edit Named Selection Sets ( ) 

. Named Selection Sets (
),
.
Mirror ( ) 
.
Align () (Alt+A),
Quick Align ( ),
Normal Align ( ) (Alt+N),
Place Highlight (
) (Ctrl+H),
Align Camera ( ),
Align to View (
) ,

, , .
Layer Manager ( ) .
Curve Editor (Open) ( ()) 
.
Schematic View (Open) ( ())
.
Material Editor ( ) (M) .
Render Scene Dialog ( ) (F10)
.
Render Type ( ) , 
.

1.1.

Quick Render (Production) ( ()),


QuickRender
(ActiveShade) ( ()) 
.


CustomizeShow UIShow Floating Toolbars (
 
), : reactor, Layers (),
Animation Layers ( ), Snaps (), Render Shortcuts (
), Axis Constraints ( ), Extras
() Brush Presets ( ).
Layers () ,
, ,
. Snaps () 
,
. Axis Constraints ( )
. Extras
() 
, , , 
. Brush Presets
( ) 
, . reactor 
.
Animation Layers ( ) 
, .
.
Snaps () (. 1.17)
.
Render Shortcuts (
)
,
(. 1.18).
Shift, A, B C, 
.
.

45

46

1.

. 1.17. Snaps ()

. 1.18. Render Shortcuts ( )


. 
: .
,

.
3ds Max : 
(). 
,

. 3ds Max , 
, , , . ,
, .
.
, .

1.1.

, Viewport
Configuration ( ) (. 1.19),
CustomizeViewport Configuration (
).
.

. 1.19. Viewport Configuration ( )

,
Views (). Camera (
) Spotlight () ,
.

. ,
Schematic View ( ), Track View ( ), Asset Manager
( ) MAXScript Listener ( MAXScript).

(. 2).

. , ,
, ,
. ,

47

48

1.

. 
.
.
Zoom () (Alt+Z, [, ]) 
.
Zoom All ( ) 
.
Zoom Extents ( ) (Ctrl+Alt+Z),
Zoom Extents Selected (
) ( )
.
Zoom Extents All ( ) (Ctrl+Shift+Z),
Zoom Extents
All Selected ( ) (Z)
( ) .
Field-of-View ( )
Perspective (),
Zoom Region ( ) (Ctrl+W) 
.
.
Pan View () (Ctrl+P) , .
Walk Through () ( ) 
, .
Arc Rotate () (Ctrl+R),
Arc Rotate Selected ( ),
Arc Rotate SubObject ( )
. .
Maximize Viewport Toggle ( ) (Alt+W)
.


3ds Max 2008, ,
: Create (), Modify (), Hierarchy (), Motion
(), Display () Utilities (). 
(
).
(. 1.20).

. ,

1.1.

. 1.20.

(. 1.21).
, 
( +, 
). .
( ) ,
.

. 1.21.

49

50

1.

Object Type ( ) Name and Color ( ) .


.
. ,
, 
.
, , , 
.
,
( ).

.
,
. , 
.
, ,
. , , 
.

Create ()
Create () 3ds Max:
Geometry () (, Box (), Sphere () . .),
Shapes (), Lights ( ), Cameras (), Helpers (
), Spae Warps ( ) Systems (
) (. 1.22). 
.

, 3ds Max, Create ().

, 

. , , 
Parameters ().

1.1.

. 1.22. Create ()


Object Type ( ) Name and Color ( ). 
, Create (), ,
, .
. ,
.
Parameters () Creation Method ( ). ,
, ,
. ,
.
Box ().
.
1.

Geometry () Create () 
.

2.

Standard
Primitives ( ), Object Type ( )
.

3.

Box (), 
, :
Creation Method ( ), Keyboard Entry ( ) Parameters ().

51

52

1.

:
Keyboard Entry ( ) 
.
.
1.

Perspective () , 
, , 
.

2.


.

3.

4.

,
Parameters ().

,
, Bend () Noise (), 10 (
).

.
Hedra (), RingWave ( 
) Hose (). Creation Method ( )
Keyboard Entry ( ),
.

Modify ()
, Create (
) ,
. 
Modify ()
(. 1.23). ,
.
, Modify ()

. 
.

1.1.

. 1.23. Modify ()

Modify () 
, 
Modifier List ( ), 
, .

, Modifiers () (. ).

Modify () 

.
, , 
, . , 
,
, 
.
, 
. Pin Stack ( ), Show end result on/off
toggle ( /), Make unique ( 
), Remove modifier from the stack ( ), Configure
Modifier Sets ( ).

53

54

1.


Bend ().
1.

Box () ,
.

2.

, Parameters (
) Create () 
Height Segs ( ) 20.

3.

Modify ()
Bend ().

4.

Parameters ()
Angle () Direction (), 
.

. 1.24, Box (),


Bend (), . 1.24,
Modify ()
Bend ().

. 1.24. Box (), Bend


() (), ()

Hierarchy ()
Hierarchy () (. 1.25)
.

1.1.


Pivot () , 
(Pivot Point) .

(Pivot Point) , , , . .


IK (Inverse Kinematics) ( ) , 

. ,
.

Link Info ( ) ,
, 
. .

. 1.25. Hierarchy ()


.
1.

, (,
, ).

2.

Hierarchy ()
Pivot ().

55

56

1.

3.

Adjust Pivot ( ) Affect Pivot Only


( ), 
.

4.

Move () , 
.

5.

Affect Pivot Only ( ),


.

Motion ()
Motion () (. 1.26) ,
: Parameters () Trajectories (
).

. 1.26. Motion ()

Parameters () ,

(Controllers) (Constraints).
, 
, 

1.1.


(, ).
,
Assign Controller ( ),
, Animation (),
.
Trajectories () ,
.
Box () 
.
1.

Box ().

2.

Motion ()
Parameters ().

3.

Assign Controller ( ) 
Scale: Bezier Scale (:
).

4.

Create Key ( ) PRS Parameters ( //


) Scale (
)
.

5.


Scale (),
PRS Parameters (
//). 
Key Info (Basic) (
) 
(. 1.27).

6.



.

7.

,
,
, 
.

. 1.27.


Box
()

57

58

1.

8.

Create Key ( ) PRS Parameters ( 


//) Scale (
). .

9.

10.


Play Animation ( )
, 
.

Display ()
Display () 

(. 1.28).


. , 
,
Hide () Freeze ().

. 1.28. Display
()

Display Color
( )

Display Floater ( ),
Object Properties ( ).

Utilities ()

Utilities () (. 1.29).
Utilities ()
: Asset Browser ( ), Camera
Match ( ), Collapse (), Color Clipboard ( ), Measure (), Motion Capture ( ), Reset XForm ( 
), MAXScript reactor.
, 
More (), 
.

. 1.29.
Utilities ()

1.2.

, 
Utilities ()
( ).

1.2.
(PlugIn) , 
3ds Max . 3ds Max

. MAXScript Software Developer's Kit (SDK) ( 
) 
.
, 
, 3ds Max.
,
.
(, 
, , ).
DLO, DLM,
DLU DLE. ,
. , DLE 
, DLU , 
.
,
3ds Max 2008\plugins 3ds Max. 
, ,
, plugins.ini,
3ds Max 2008.
, . 
, Modify (), Helpers ( )
Utilities () Create () .
.
help, , 
3ds Max 2008.
HelpAdditional Help ( ).

59

60

1.


FileSummary Info (), Summary
Info (). Plug-In Info ( 
), 
(. 1.30).

. 1.30. PlugIn Info ( )

Plug-in
Manager ( ) (. 1.31),
CustomizePlug-in Manager (
).

, , , , 
, .
, loaded (),
. Status (). 
deferred () 
, , unloaded (),
Status ().
,
,

1.3.

. 1.31. Plugin Manager ( )

, , 
.

1.3.
?
, , 
.

.

, , 

.
3ds Max ,
. 

Preference Settings ( ) Customize
User Interface ( ).
.

61

62

1.


Preference Settings ( )
CustomizePreferences (). 11 : General
(), Files (), Viewports ( ), Gamma and LUT ( 
), Rendering (), Animation (), Inverse Kinematics ( ), Gizmos ( ), MAXScript, Radiosity ( ) mental ray (. 1.32).

. 1.32. Preference Settings ( )

General ()
General ()
:


Scene Undo ( ) 
;

Ref. Coord. System ( )


;

1.3.


Plug-In Loading ( ) ,
, ;

Sub-Materials () ,
;

Scene Selection ( ) , 
, ;

Spinners () 
;

Command Panel ( )
;

Vertex Normal Style ( ) 


, ;

UI Display ( )
. , ,
, Use Large Toolbar
Buttons ( ) Fixed Width Text Buttons (
);

Layer Defaults ( ) ;

Texture Coordinates ( ) 
Real-World Map Size ( 
) , 
.

Files ()
Files () Preference Settings ( ) 
, , 
. 
.

Viewports ( )
Viewports ( ) 
(. 1.33).
Viewport Parameters ( ) 
,
.

63

64

1.

. 1.33. Viewports ( ) Preference Settings ( )

Ghosting () 
.
, .
Mouse Control ( )
, 
.
Display Drivers
( ), Choose Driver ( ).
OpenGL Direct3D, 
.

Gamma and LUT ( )


Gamma and LUT ( ) 
  
.

1.3.

Rendering ()
Rendering () Preference Settings (
) ,
(. 1.34).

. 1.34. Rendering () Preference Settings ( )

Rendering () :


Video Color Check ( ) , 


3ds Max
;

Output Dithering ( ) 
;

Field Order ( )
, ;

Super Black ()
;

65

66

1.


HotSpot/Falloff ( / )
HotSpot ( ) Falloff ( 
) ;

Background () , 
;

Default Ambient Light Color ( )


,
;

Output File Sequencing ( )


, ;
Nth Serial Numbering ( ) 
;

Render Termination Alert ( ) 


;

GBuffer Layers ( G) 


G, (
1 1000);

Bitmap Pager ( ) 

;

Multi-threading () 
, .

Animation ()
Animation () (. 1.35) .
Animation () :


Key Bracket Display ( ) ,


, , ;

Animate () , 
;

MIDI Time Slider Control ( MIDI) 


MIDI;

Sound Plug-In ( ) ,
;

1.3.

. 1.35. Animation () Preference Settings ( )

Controller Defaults ( )

;

Auto Key Default Frame ( ) 


(0 1 ) 
.

Inverse Kinematics ( )
Inverse Kinematics ( ) Preference Settings (
)
. 
, .

Gizmos ( )
Gizmos ( ) 
.

67

68

1.


.
Transform Gizmos ( ) 
/ .

.

.
Move/Rotate Transforms ( /) 
, 
.

MAXScript
MAXScript MAXScript.
Startup ( )
.
MAXScript Windows ( MAXScript)
( ), .
Macro Recorder ( ) 
3ds Max ,
.

Radiosity ( )
Radiosity ( ) , ,
, 
Material
Editor ( ) 
.
.

mental ray
mental ray ,
mental ray. , 
.

1.3.


3ds Max
. Customize User Interface
( ) (. 1.36).

. 1.36. Customize User Interface ( )

, CustomizeCustomize User Interface (


 ). 
: Keyboard (), Toolbars ( ), Quads (),
Menus () Colors ().
.

Keyboard ()
Keyboard () 
.

69

70

1.

,
.
1.

Group () , 
.

2.

Category () ,
.

3.

Action () . 
, Shortcut ( ).

4.

Hotkey ( ) 
( ).
, , ,
Assigned to ( ).

5.

Assign ()
.

6.

, Save (), 
.

Toolbars ( )
Toolbars ( )
3ds Max (. 1.37).
,
.
1.

Toolbars ( ) New (),



.

2.

New Toolbar ( ) 
OK,
.

3.

,
Action () .
, ,
.

4.


, Delete
Button ( ).

1.3.

. 1.37. Toolbars ( ) Customize User Interface (


)

5.

Save () 
.

Quads ()
Quads () 
, 
(. 1.38).
.
1.

New (),
.

2.

New Quad Set ( )


OK.

3.

Label () , 
, 
.

71

72

1.

. 1.38. Quads () Customize User Interface (


)

4.

, Quads (
), End of Menu ( ), ,
.

5.

,
Action () End of
Menu ( ).

6.

Separator (), 
.

7.


. Quad Shotcut (
) , .

1.3.

8.

, Save (), 
.

Menus ()
Menus () Customize User Interface ( 
) 
3ds Max (. 1.39).

. 1.39. Menus () Customize User Interface (


)

Menus () 
. , 
.
1.

New (),
.

2.

New Menu ( )
OK.

73

74

1.

3.

, ,
Action () End of
Menu ( ).

4.

Separator (), 
.

5.

Main Menu Bar ( )


, .

6.

Menus ()
,
,
.

7.

, Save (),

.

Colors ()
Colors ()
, 
(. 1.40).
Elements () 
. , 
Color Selector
( ) .

, 
.
, Apply Colors Now
( ), , , 
, Save ().
, 
3ds Max 2008,
. , ,
, , 
.

1.3.

. 1.40. Colors () Customize User Interface (


)

, 
.



, .
, .
.

,
.


, .

75

76

1.


, 
, 
.

, 

.

Expert Mode (
).

 3ds Max 2008




 .

78

2.

, ,
3ds Max , 
( ).
.
, , ,
.
3ds Max , 
, , , , 
, .
:
Create () Create () 
,
.

2.1. 3ds Max 2008


-
3ds Max 2008  , ,
, . ,
. , ,
. , ,
, .
 ?
. ,
. 
Pick Operand B ( ) 
,
. , 
, 
.
.
, ,
. 
,
.  .

2.1. 3ds Max 2008


3ds Max 2008
: .
3ds Max , ,
,
. ,
( Parameters () ). 
. 
.
Sphere ().

(. 2.1).

. 2.1. () ()


.
3ds Max ,
Create (). 
, 
.

79

80

2.


, , 
. , :
,
Editable Mesh ( ).
(,
, , ) . :
Editable Spline ( ), Editable Mesh ( 
), Editable Poly ( ), Editable Patch
( ) NURBS (NURBS). 
Editable (
). NURBS, NURBS Surfaces
(NURBS).

Editable Mesh ( ) (. 2.2).

. 2.2. () Selection () ()

. 
.
,
.

2.1. 3ds Max 2008

.
(, Editable
Mesh ( ))
. 
, , 
.


Create ()
Compound Object
( ). , ,
. 
,
.
(. 2.3).

. 2.3. () ()


, , .
,
.

81

82

2.

3ds Max
.  
, .


3ds Max 
, .
, ,
.
: 
. .
Create ()
, Shapes () 
. ,
, . 
Length () Width (), 
, , .
NGon () 50 
, 6 (. 2.4).

. 2.4. NGon () () ()

2.1. 3ds Max 2008

.
.


, ,
. Editable Mesh (
), .
Editable Poly ( ).

Editable Poly ( ),
Edit Poly ( ) Poly
Select ( ).
, 

(. 2.5).

. 2.5. Editable Poly ( ) ()


Selection () ()

, ,

. .

83

84

2.


Editable Mesh (
).


, Collapse (
).

NURMS Subdivision (NURMS), 



. 
.

Editable Mesh (
).


Patch Grids ( ) (. 2.6), 
( ) (), 
, .

. 2.6. , (), Selection


() ()

Create () 
, Editable Patch
( ).

2.1. 3ds Max 2008


:


, 
;

() ,
;

, 
.

:



, (
, );

, 
.

NURBS-
NURBS , 
. . 2.7 , 
NURBS Surfaces (NURBS).

. 2.7. () () ,
NURBS

85

86

2.

NURBS
, .

: , 
,
.
NURBS 
, , , . .


.
, , 
.
(. 2.8) ,
(, , . .)
, 
( , . .).

. 2.8.

. 
, , .

2.1. 3ds Max 2008

( ) : (
) . , , 
, .
, , . 
, .
.

,
. , , .

( , 
mental ray).


,
, (. 2.9).

. 2.9. : Dummy (), Grid ( )


Compass ()

87

88

2.

: Standard (),
Atmospheric Apparatus ( ), Camera Match ( ),
reactor, Assembly Heads ( ), Manipulators (), Particle
Flow, VRML97.
. ,

, 
.


,
, ,
. Particle Flow
. ,
,
.
: Forces
(), Deflectors (), Geometric/Deformable ( 
), Modifier-Based ( ), reactor Particles & Dynamics
( ).


Systems ( ) 
, , 
. ,
. . 2.10 :
Sunlight ( ) Daylight ( ).
Systems ( ) 
: Bones (), Sunlight ( ), Biped (), Ring Array (
) Daylight ( ). , Biped () , 
.
, Biped (), 

.

2.2.

. 2.10. System ( ): Sunlight


( ) Daylight ( )

2.2.
. 
, ,
. , 

.
3ds Max . 
,
. 
.
1.

(
 ).

2.

, .

3.

: 
.

89

90

2.


.
,

. 

. , Sphere () Plane (),

.

Ctrl , Box () Plane (), , , , .

(, Sphere
() ).
, Create (
)
. Create ()

.

, .
Modify ()
.

.
, 
. , 
, .
, Sphere (), GeoSphere (), Torus (),
Hedra (), ,

.

2.2.



.
, 

. Keyboard Entry (
) (. 2.11), Create
() .

Keyboard Entry ( )
,
X, Y Z.
, 
Create () 
.


,
. 2.11.
, 
Keyboard Entry (
, )
Box ()
Grid ( ).
,
, .
, 
, . 
Box ()
AutoGrid ().
1.

CreateStandard PrimitivesSphere
( ).

2.

Top (C) 
.

3.

(
Parameters () 
Modify () ).

91

92

2.

4.

Box ()
Geometry () Create ()
Standard Primitives (
).

5.

Object Type ( ) Box ()


AutoGrid ().

6.

Perspective ()
. Z, 
, .

7.

,
Ctrl,
. 
.

8.

,
Parameters () Modify () 
.

. 2.12 .

. 2.12. ,


3ds Max 2008
.
.

2.2.


.
( Standard Primitives (
)) 3ds Max .


Box ()
.

Sphere () .
,
.

Cylinder () ,
.

Torus () . 
.

Teapot () , 3ds Max.


, .

Cone () , ; 

.

GeoSphere () , 
,
.
, .

Tube () , ,
. 
.

Pyramid () ( )
.

Plane () . 
, .

( Extended Primitives ( 
)) .


Hedra ()
.
.

93

94

2.


ChamferBox ( )
. Box () 
ChamferBox ( ) 
.

OilTank ()
.
.

Spindle () , 
.

Gengon ( ) .

RingWave ( ) , 
.

Prism () 
.

Torus Knot ( ) ,
. ,
.

ChamferCyl ( ) , 

, 45.

Capsule () , 
.

L-Extrusion (L ) L 
.

C-Extrusion (C ) , L-Extrusion (L 


), , .

.

Hose () ,
. Hose ()
, 
.


, . 
, 

2.2.

. , Modify
() .

GeoSphere () ChamferBox ( ).
GeoSphere () .
1.

Geometry (
) Create () 
Standard Primitives ( ).

2.

GeoSphere () Object
Type ( ). 

(. 2.13).

3.

Creation Method ( 
) Diameter () Center ()
, , 

( ) , .

4.



GeoSphere ().

5.

Radius ().

6.

Segment (
), 
.

7.

Geodesic Base Type ( ) 


, :

. 2.13.
GeoSphere
()

Tetra () (. 2.14, );

Octa () (. 2.14, );

Icosa () (. 2.14, ).

8.

Hemisphere () 
.

9.

Base to Pivot ( ), 
.

95

96

2.

. 2.14. GeoSphere (), : Tetra ()


(), Octa () (), Icosa () ()

ChamferBox ( ) 
.
1.

CreateExtended PrimitivesChamferBox ( 
).

(. 2.15).

2.

X, Y Z 
.

3.

Length (), Width


(), Height () Fillet ().

4.

Create () 
.

5.

, Parameters (
),

.

6.


Smooth () (. 2.16).

. 2.15.
ChamferBox
(
)

2.2.

. 2.16.



. . 3ds Max

( 
), , . .
, .
Shapes () Splines (),
NURBS Curves (NURBS) Extended Splines ( ).
.
? , , 
.
(Vertices), (Segments) (Splines) 
.
, 
. .


Smooth () ,
.

97

98

2.


Corner () , 
.

Bezier () ,
.
, 
, 
.

Bezier Corner ( ) Bezier (), 


, Bezier () 
.

. 2.17 .

. 2.17.

,
. 
, Steps ( 
) Adaptive ()
. :


Line () ;

Curve () , 
.

2.2.

, .
(
). :


Line () ;

Curve () ;

, , ,
, .

3ds Max 2008 11 :




Line () , 
, ;

Circle () 
;

Arc ()
, ;

NGon () 
;

Text ( ) 
: , , 
. .;

Section () , 
;

Rectangle ()
;

Ellipse () ;

Donut () 
;

Star ()
;

Helix () ,
, , 
.

Splines () Create (
) (. 2.18).

99

100

2.

: Star (
) Text ( ). 
.
1.

Create () 
Shapes () 
Splines ().

2.

Object Type ( ) Star


().
.

3.

,
, ,
, , 
. 
, .

4.


.
(. 2.19).

. 2.18. Splines
()
Shapes ()

. 2.19. Star ()

5.

Points ( ) Parameters () 
.

2.2.

6.

Distortion ()
.

7.

Fillet Radius 1 ( 1) Fillet Radius 2 ( 


2)
.

, 
. 
, ,
.
.
1.

Create () Shapes
() Splines ().

2.

Object Type ( ) Text


( ).

(. 2.20).

3.

Parameters () .

4.

,
.

5.

: Align Left ( 
), Align Center ( ), Align Right ( 
) Justify ( ).

6.

Size (), Kerning ()


Leading () ,

.

7.

,
.

8.

,
.

9.

. 2.20.
Parameters
()
Text (
)

. 2.21 , 
.

101

102

2.

. 2.21. Text ( ) ,


(Compound Objects) 3ds Max 2008
Geometry () Create ()
. , , , 
( ).
(,
) (, 
).
.


Morph () , 

.

Conform () 
. ,
, . .

BlobMesh () , 
. 
, .

2.2.


Boolean () , , 
.

.

Loft () ,
,
.

Scatter () , 
.
, , . .

Connect () , 
.

ShapeMerge ( ) ,

. 
.

Terrain () , 
, 
, .

Mesher () , 
(, 
) ,
.

ProBoolean (Pro ) 
Boolean (), 

, 
.

ProCutter (Pro ) 
, 
.

. 2.22 Object Type ( ) 


.

: .

. 2.22.
Compound Objects
( )
Geometry
()
Create ()

103

104

2.


.
1.

Top () : Circle (),


, NGon () 
 , .

2.

Front () Line (),


(. 2.23).

3.

,
.

4.

Geometry () Create
() Compound Objects (
).

5.

Loft () Object Type ( ).


,
.

6.

Creation Method ( ) Get Shape (


) Perspective () 
.

7.

Path () Path Parameters ( ) 


20.

8.

Get Shape ( ) Perspective (


) .

9.

Path () Path Parameters ( ) 


20,01.

10.

Get Shape ( )
Perspective () .

11.

Path () Path Parameters ( ) 


95.

12.

Get Shape ( )
.

13.

Path () Path Parameters ( ) 


100.

14.

Get Shape ( ) Perspective


() .

2.2.


(. 2.24).

. 2.23.


. 2.24. ,



. .
1.

Create () Geometry
() Dynamics Objects
( ).

2.

Object Type ( ) Spring (). 


.

3.

Top () Spring () 
, ( ) 
, .

4.

Spring Parameters ( ) Turns (


) Height () 
. 
(CCW ( )).
Segs/Turn ( ) Common
Spring Parameters ( ) 4060,
Smoothing () Sides (
).

5.

Wire Shape ( ) 
Rectangular Wire ( ) Rotation
() , 45.

105

106

2.

,
(. 2.25).
6.

Geometry () Create (
) Compound Objects ( ).

7.

Object Type ( ) Boolean (), 



, .

8.

Pick Boolean
( ) Pick Operand B ( ).

9.

Perspective (). 

, (. 2.26).

. 2.25. ,

. 2.26. ,


3ds Max.
, 
. 3ds Max : 
. 
.
,
.
3ds Max 2008 
, , mental ray,
.

2.2.

.


Omni () , 

. , 
.

Target Direct ( ) ,
.
, 
. Target (),
. 
, .

Free Direct ( ) 
.
.

Target Spot ( ) Target


Direct ( ), , 
, , 
.

. ,
.

Free Spot ( ) Target Spot (


), . Free Direct ( 
),
.

Skylight ( ) , .
, , Skylight ( )
, .
,
. ,
Light Tracer ( )
( Advanced Lightning ( ) Render
Scene ( )).

( Photometric () 
Lights ( ) Create () )
,

107

108

2.

, , 
. , 
, .
.


Target Point ( ) 

. 
.

Free Point ( ) .

Target Linear ( ) , 
.

.

Free Linear ( ) Target Linear ( 


), . 
.

Target Area ( ) , 
, 
.
.
.

Free Area ( ) Target Area ( 


) .
.

IES Sun ( ) IES Sky ( ) , 


.
,
.

,
, .
3ds Max
,
.
Target Spot (
).

2.2.

1.

Create () Lights
( ) Standard
().

2.

Target Spot ( ) Object Type (


).

3.



,
,
,
(. 2.27).

4.

General Parameters (
) On
() Shadows (
), 
.

. 2.27. Target Spot


( )

5.

Intensity/Color/Attenuation
(//) Multiplier ()
.
, Decay ()
.

6.

Near Attenuation ( )
Far Attenuation ( )
.

7.

Spotlight Parameters ( ) 
Hotspot/Beam ( /) Falloff/Field ( /) 
.

8.

Shadow Parameters ( )
: Color () Dens ().


3ds Max .


Target ()
(Target Point), . 
, , .

109

110

2.


Free () , 
( ). 
1
Z. 
.

(
Y ), Z 2 .
Top () 

. , 
, ,
.
,
. 
Z,
. , ,
Top (), , , 
Left (), .
, , 
: FOV (Field of View) ( ) Target Distance ( 
). , 
Field of View ( ) Target Distance (
) . Field of View ( ) 
(,
).
:
.
Perspective () 
ViewsCreate Camera From View ( )
Ctrl+C.
1

X ,Y , Z 
.
.

, 
, .

2.3.

.
1.

Create () Cameras
().

2.

Object Type ( ) 
Target ().

Parameters ().

3.





(. 2.28).

4.


Parameters
().

. 2.28.

2.3.
3ds Max Modify
(). ,
.

. , .

,
. 
.
, ,
.
,
. , , 
, , 
.
WORLDSPACE MODIFIERS (
) OBJECTSPACE MODIFIERS ( ).

111

112

2.


,
WSM (World Space Modifiers),
.
3ds Max 2008 . 
16 , 
.
Gizmo ( ) 
.

, .
.
, UVW Map (UVW
) , 
.

, 
.

Lathe ( )
Lathe ( ) 
. 
.
, , , 
, . .
Lathe ( )
.

Y . 
. 
:


Spline ()
;

(Pivot Point) Adjust Pivot (


), Hierarchy () .

2.3.

.
1.

Front () ,
(. 2.29).


.
,
.

. 2.29.

2.

Modify () 

Lathe ( ). 
,
Parameters () 
(. 2.30).

3.

, , 
, . 
,
,
. , 

, Min (
), Align ()
Parameters (). 
, . 2.31.

4.


, (. . 2.31).
, 
Weld Core ( ).

5.

Segments ( )
, ,
.

. 2.30.
Parameters
()
Lathe
( )

113

114

2.

6.

Flip Normals ( ).

7.

, Output (
) : Patch (), Mesh (
) NURBS (NURBS).

Degrees
() ,
, Capping ( )
Cap Start ( ) Cap End (
) (. 2.32).

. 2.31.
Lathe ( )

. 2.32. ,
, 360 (),
270 ()

Extrude ()
Extrude () 
. 
Loft (), 
,
. Extrude (
) , ,
.
, 
, .
, ,
.
NURBS.

2.3.

Extrude () , Bevel ( ).
(, ).

Extrude () 
.
1.

Top () Star ()
.

2.

Star () ,
. Convert ToConvert to Editable
Spline ( ).

3.

Geometry () Star () 
Attach () Top () 
Star
(). 
, (. 2.33).

4.

Modify () 


Extrude ().

, 
Parameters () 
(. 2.34).

5.

Amount (
)
(. 2.35).

. 2.33.

6.

Segments ( ),
,
, 
Editable Mesh ( ).

7.

, 
, Cap Start ( 
) Cap End ( ).

115

116

2.

. 2.34.
Parameters
()
Extrude
()

8.

. 2.35.

, Output (
) .

Bend ()
Bend () 
.
.
Bend ()
Cylinder ().
1.

Top () .

2.

Height Segments ( ) 
10 20 .

3.

Modify () 
Bend (). Parameters
() (. 2.36).

4.

Angle () .

5.

,
Direction ().

2.3.

6.


Bend Axis ( ) : X, Y Z.

7.

Limits () 
.

8.


.
( Gizmo ( 
)) (Center ()).

. 2.37 Bend ().

. 2.36.
Parameters
()
Bend
()

. 2.37.
Bend ()
90 ()
,
()

Twist ()
Twist () 
.
: , , , , . .
(. 2.38). 
.
Twist ().
1.

Top () Box (),


5 , 150 . Height Segs (
) , 100.

117

118

2.

2.

Modify () 
Twist (). Parameters () (. 2.39).

3.

Angle ()
.

. 2.38. ,
Twist ()

. 2.39.
Parameters ()

Twist ()

4.

, Z,
.

5.

Limits () 
.

6.




. 

( Gizmo (
))
(Center ()).

. 2.40, , 
Twist . 2.40.
Twist () ()
() 
,
Bend () ()
(. 2.40, ),
Bend () 
, 360.

2.3.

Edit Mesh ( )
Edit Mesh ( ) 
,
. 

.
Edit Mesh
( ).
1.

Top () Sphere
() , 45.

2.


Modify ()
Edit Mesh ( ).

3.

Selection () 
, Vertex (
).

4.

Perspective ()
.

. 2.41. Soft
Selection (
)

5.

Soft Selection ( )
,
. 2.41 ( 

).

6.

Select and Move ( ), 


, Front ()
(. 2.42), 
.

7.

Front () , 
( , 
). , Ctrl, 
Left (C). ,
, 
.

8.

,
, (. 2.43).

119

120

2.

. 2.42.

. 2.43. ,
,

,
Edit Mesh ( ).
, ,
, 
.

Edit Mesh ( ) , Editable Mesh ( ).

Noise ()
, Edit Mesh ( 
), , 
. Noise () 
, .
Noise ()
.
1.

, Edit
Mesh ( ).

2.

Modify () 
Noise (). Parameters () 
(. 2.44).

2.3.

3.

X, Y Z Strength ( 
) 
.

4.

Noise () 
Scale () 
. 
,
. Seed ( )

.

5.

Fractal (
)
. Roughness (
) Iterations ( )


.

. 2.44.
Parameters ()
Noise
()

Noise
() , 
, Cylinder () 
Bend () Taper (), 
(. 2.45).
, 
,



.

, 

, 
.
,

!

. 2.45.

Noise ()

121

122

2.

2.4. .
,
, ,
. ,
, , , 
.

3ds Max. . 2.46
, , 
.

. 2.46.

, ,

. 
. 
, , ,
Lathe ().
. 
. .
1.

CreateShapesLine ()
Front () (. 2.47).

2.4. .

. 2.47.


, , ( Refine ())
. , , .
,
, .

2.

Lathe (),
ModifiersPatch/Spline EditingLathe (
/).

3.

Align () Parameters ()
Min (),
.

, ,
, .

4.

Segments ( ) Parameters ()
30 40, 
.

123

124

2.

5.


, Show end result on/off toggle ( 
/), 
, ,
(. 2.48).

. 2.48. , Lathe ()

, .
, 
. Sphere () 
, 
.
Noise ().

Lathe (), 
. .
1.

Front () 
(. 2.49).

2.

Lathe (). Parameters


() , 
, .

2.4. .

. 2.49.

3.

4.

Noise ()
, Modify (
) Noise ().

5.

Parameters () Noise () 
Scale () , 100, X, Y Z 
Strength () 175, 140 135 (. 2.50).

.
1.

Cylinder (), CreateStandard


PrimitivesCylinder ( ) 
Top () .

2.

Front () Select and Move


( )
, .

3.


Parameters (). , 
.

4.

Parameters () Height
Segments ( c ) , 10.
.

125

126

2.

. 2.50. Noise ()

5.

Taper ().

6.

Bend ()
(. 2.51).

. 2.51.

, .
. FFD Box ( 
()) ,
.

2.4. .

1.

, 
, Shift, Top () 
. Clone Options ( 
) Copy ().

2.

FFD Box (
()), 
ModifiersFree Form DeformersFFD Box (
 ()).

3.

Dimensions () FFD Parameters ( 


) Set Numbers Of Points (
) Set FFD Dimensions (
)
, 5.

4.


Set Volume ( ) ,
, 
Select and Uniform Scale ( )
,
(. 2.52).

. 2.52. () FFD
Box ( ()) ()

5.


Control Points ( ) 
, .

127

128

2.

6.

Select and Move ( )


, 
,
(. 2.53).

. 2.53.

7.



(. 2.54).

. 2.54.

2.4. .

( ),

.

- , ,
Noise () FFD Box ( ()) .

. ,
: , 
Lathe () , , 
Noise () FFD Box ( 
()) (. 2.55).
. 
, .
.
1.

Top () Sphere ().

, , .
.
.

2.

Select and Uniform Scale ( 


)
, , 
(. 2.56). 
, .

3.

Front () ,
 ,
(. 2.57).

4.

Top () ,
, Create
ShapesCircle ().

129

130

2.

. 2.55.

. 2.56. ,

5.

( ) CreateCompoundLoft ( ).

6.

Creation Method ( ) Get Shape (


) .

7.

Modify () Deformations () Scale (),


Scale Deformation ( ).

2.4. .

. 2.57. 

8.

, 
(. 2.58).

. 2.58. Scale Deformation ( )

, . 2.59.
, , 
2025 .
, , .
.
 ,

131

132

2.

. 2.59.

, . 
, .
1.

Top () ,
.

2.

Front () ,
CreateShapesNGon (
).

3.

Sides ( ) Parameters () 
, 6 (. 2.60).

4.

, 
CreateCompoundLoft ( 
).

5.

Creation Method ( ) 
Get Shape ( ) 
.

6.

Deformations ()  Modify
() Scale (). 
Scale Deformation ( ).

7.

,
(. 2.61). ,
.

2.4. .

. 2.60.

. 2.61. Scale Deformation ( )

8.

, 
Relax (), 
Modify ().

9.

Parameters () Relax ()
Relax Value ( ) Iterations ( ),
(. 2.62).

.
, :
, , , .
Select and Uniform
Scale ( ), 
, Hemisphere
() Parameters () , 0,5.

133

134

2.

. 2.62. , (),
()

, , 
Edit Mesh (
).
, , .
. 2.63 , 
.

. 2.63.

2.4. .

, , 

.
, ,
.

DVD Examples\ 02\Fruits


fruits.max.

135



 . !
 .

3.1.


, . 
. ,
, , 
.
, 
.
, , NURBS.
.

3.1.
, . ?
. 
, , , , ,
. . , ,
. , 
.
. ,
.
3ds Max .


Corner () (. 3.1).

Smooth () 
(. 3.2).

. 3.1. Corner ()

. 3.2. Smooth ()

Bezier () ,
. 

137

138

3.

( ). , 
,
,
(. 3.3).


Bezier Corner ( ) , Bezier (), 


,
(. 3.4).

. 3.3. Bezier ()

. 3.4. Bezier Corner


( )


.
:



Corner ();


Smooth ();


, Bezier ();

Bezier Corner ( )
, ,
(, 
, ).


, . Shapes ()
Create () 
Splines (). Object Type ( ) 
. , , Rectangle (), NGon (), Helix (), Text (),

3.1.

Ellipse () . ., , Line (), 


.
, Object Type ( )
. 
: Rendering (), Interpolation (), Creation Method
( ), Keyboard Entry ( ), Parameters ().
Rendering () Enable In Renderer ( ), 
, Thickness (), Sides (
) Angle (). ,
,
.
Creation Method ( ) :
Edge (), , Center ( ). Line ()
Creation Method ( ) ,
. Arc () ( 
, , ,
).
Interpolation ()
,
Steps ( ),
Optimize (), 

.


:


, , ;


Modify ()
.

139

140

3.

Editable Spline ( ).
, Convert ToConvert to Editable Spline ( ). ( , ,
, . .), .


, 
. 

Attach () Geometry (),
.
. , .
.

.
.
Selection () Vertex ()

: 1, 2 3.

, 
( , ).
.
1.

(
, ).

2.

3.

: Bezier Corner (
), Bezier (), Corner () Smooth ().
.

, (
Geometry () ):


Connect ()
;

3.1.


Break (), , ,
, ;

Refine (),
( 
, , 
);

Insert () 
, ;

Weld (), 
, , 
Weld (), ,
.

Delete.

, ,
, , .

, Segment ()
Selection (). 
. . 
.
, : Line ()
Curve (). . Break
() Geometry (),
.
, , Refine (
) Geometry ().
Detach (), , 
. 

Divide (). , 
Divide (), . Delete (
) , Insert ()
, .
, ,
. Selection
.
() Spline ()
.

141

142

3.

? Outline (),
.
. .
,
.
, .
1.

Attach () Geometry ().

2.

3.

Union ()
Boolean ().

4.

, ,
.

Subtraction ()
.
)

Intersection (

Mirror ( ) 
Mirror ( 
).
. Copy ( ) 
. Reverse (
) .
, 
.
.
.
1.

Front () 
(, 10 000 3000 ). CreateShapesRectangle () 
Front ().

2.

Start New Shape ( ), 


.

3.

: .

4.

Spline ()
.

Modify () 

3.1.

5.

, Shift
Mirror ( ) 
Copy ( ).


, . 3.5.
,
, .
. .
1.

Detach (
) Geometry (), Copy (
).

2.

OK.
.

3.

Select by Name (
.
)

4.

Modify () Spline ()
Selection ().

5.

, Geometry ()
Outline () , 60 (
, ).

,
.
, ,
.
, Attach ()
. , , . 3.6.
, .
. 
Attach ().

143

144

3.

. 3.5. ,

. 3.6. ,

Spline () Modify ()
. Attach () Geometry
(). Front ()
.
, 
. Spline () .
Subtraction () Boolean (
), . 
.
. 
, Trim () (
, ). Trim ()
Front () 
.
.
Front () Weld (
), Geometry (),
Extrude () (. 3.7).
.
ModifiersMesh EditingExtrude (
). Amount () 
300.
, ,
.

3.2.

, . 
, ,
. 3.8.

. 3.7.

. 3.8. ,
Extrude
()

,
, Box () 
.

3.2.
3ds Max
. , ,
, 
. 3ds Max , 
, . 
, .
.

. 
. 3ds Max 
. :


,
Edit ();

145

146

3.

, ,
.
. 
. ,
Edit (),
. , 
.
,
,
.
, .
, .


Save Selected ( ) File (). , . , . ,
Merge () File () .


, , Bend (), Taper (), Twist
() Extrude (). 
, , 
. ,
.
,
:



,

3.2.

. 

, .

. 
, 
Editable Mesh (
) , 
.
,  , , 3ds Max
.
: (, , 
. .) .

. ,
, . 
.
3ds Max .
.


Vertex () .
, 
(. 3.9). 
, . 
. , ,
. 3ds Max 
,
.

Face () (. 3.10). 
, . 
, , 
. ,

. ,
.
.

147

148

3.

. 3.9. Vertex
()

. 3.10. Face ()

Edge () , . 
, (. 3.11).
, . , 
, ,
. , 

. 
, . 
, 
.

.

Polygon () (. 3.12).
,
, . 3ds Max

.
. 3ds Max
, 
. 

.

Element () (. 3.13).
3ds Max 
. , ,

3.2.

. 3.11. Edge ()

. 3.12. Polygon
()

. , , 
, , , .
, .
, 
.
, , 
, 
. , , 
, .
. 
, 
.


Object () , ,
(. 3.14).
, .
. 

(, , ). 
, ,
, .


.
.
Tube (). .

149

150

3.

. 3.13. Element
()

. 3.14. Object
()

1.

CreateStandard PrimitivesTube (
).

2.

Top (),
, 
. 
.

3.

Parameters ()
, . 3.15.

4.


Editable Mesh (
).

Convert ToConvert to Editable Mesh
( 
).

5.

,
Vertex ()
Selection (). Front ()
2, 4 9, 11 . 3.16.

6.

Tube

()
Select and Uniform Scale ( 
)
. . 
Scale Transform
Type-In ( ).

. 3.15.

3.2.

Offset: World (: ) 80 %.
Front () , . 3.17.
7.

, Polygon
()
Selection (). Perspective
() (. 3.18). 
Wireframe () Edged Faces
( ).
.

8.

Bevel ( ) Edit Geometry


( ) 
(. 3.19).

9.

, Delete
.

. 3.16.

. 3.17.

. 3.18. ,

. 3.19. ,
Bevel ( )

151

152

3.

10.

, 
, Vertex ()
Selection
(), Top () 
. Weld () Edit
Geometry ( ) ( 
Selected ( )), 20,
Selected ( ).

11.

,
Polygon () Edit Geometry (
) Create ().
. 
. , , , 
.
Flip () Normals () Surface Properties (
).

12.

,
(. 3.20).

, . 
ModifiersSubdivision SurfacesMeshSmooth (
 ). Subdivision Amount
( ) Iterations (
) 2.
,
. 3.21.

. 3.20.

. 3.21.

3.3. . !

, car_disk.max, DVD Examples\ 03\


ar_disk, .

3.3. .
!
, (. 3.22)
, 
.

,

.
,
, , 
Lathe
( ) . 
, 
,
.
. 3.22.


: 
, , .
, , , 
. ,
. .
. ,
. , 
. :


700 ( ,
450500 );

153

154

3.


400450 ;

5070 .

. Chamfer Cylinder (
). .
1.

CreateExtended PrimitivesChamfer Cylinder (


 ).

2.

Top (), 
, 
.

3.

Parameters () 
, . 3.23.

Cylinder
(), CreateStandard PrimitivesCylinder ( 
), : Radius (
) 30 Height () 550 .
, Radius (
) 20 Height () 100 . 
Radius () 25 Height
() 70 , Taper
(). ModifiersParametric DeformersTaper (
) 0,6
Z (. 3.24).

. 3.23.
Chamfer
Cylinder (
)

, , .
.
,
. 3ds Max 
:


Extrude () Loft
();


Cross Section ( ) Surface ();

3.3. . !


NURBS;

,
. .
, 
Top (). 
. 
.
1.

CreateShapesRectangle (
).

2.

Top ()
.

3.

Parameters ()
Length () , 700 , Width () 350 .

.
.
1.

, 
, Convert ToConvert to
Editable Spline ( ).

2.

Vertex () Selection () 
, , 
Top () .

3.

Fillet (), Geometry ()


Fillet () 80
Enter.

, . 3.25.
. 
Extrude (), ModifiersMesh Editing
Extrude ( ). 
Parameters () Amount () 30 (
).

.

155

156

3.

. 3.24. ,

. 3.25.

Convert ToConvert to Editable Mesh (


 ).
Bend (), 
, , 
, . , 
. .
.

1.

Vertex ()

2.

Edit Geometry ( ) Slice


Plane ( ).

3.


, . 3.26.
56 ( 10), 
.

Bend () 
, . 3.27.
Bend (), , 
. 3.28.
,
. 3.29.

.
1.

Top () Plane (),


. 350 30 .

3.3. . !

. 3.26.

. 3.27.
Bend ()

. 3.28.
Bend ()

. 3.29. ,
Bend
()

2.

. 

Convert ToConvert to Editable Poly ( 
).

3.

Front () . 
CreateShapesLine () , 
, 
. . 3.30
Perspective ().

4.

, 
Selection () Polygon ()
.

5.

Edit Polygons ( ) Extrude Along


Spline ( ), , ,

157

158

3.

,
. ,
(. 3.31).

. 3.30. ,

. 3.31.

.
.
1.

Vertex (
). Front ()
.

2.

Soft Selection ( )
Use Soft Selection ( 
).

3.

, . 3.32.

4.

Select and Uniform Scale (


)

Y .
(. 3.33).


, 
Loft (). 
.
1.

, 
CreateShapesRectangle (
).

. 3.32. Soft
Selection (
)

3.3. . !

2.

Parameters () 
Length () , 350 , Width ()
30 .

3.

. CreateShapesLine
() , 
, (. 3.34).

. 3.33. ,

. 3.34. ,
Loft
()

4.

Geometry () 
Compound Objects (
).

5.

Loft (), 
.

6.

Creation Method ( ) Get Path (


) .
.

. Deformations
(), Modify
() . Deformations ()
Scale () Scale Deformation(X) (
X). Insert Bezier Point ( 
)
( , Insert Corner Point
( ) ),
. 
Move Control Point ( )

159

160

3.

,
. 3.35.

. 3.35. Scale Deformation(X) ( X)


.

Surface (). , , 
,
, .
, , 
(. 3.36).
30 , 
. 
,
. 
Cross Section ( ). 
.
1.

Geometry ()
Attach ().

2.

3.

ModifiersPatch/Spline EditingCross Section (


 / )
Parameters () Linear ().

, , . 3.37.

3.3. . !

. 3.36. ,
Surface
()

. 3.37.
Cross Section (
)

.
1.

Edit Spline ( ),
ModifiersPatch/Spline EditingEdit Spline (
/ ).

2.

, Vertex
()
.

3.

Geometry () Connect ().

4.

Perspective () , 
, , , 
, . 
, .
, .

5.

, ,
(. 3.38).

Surface () , 
. ModifiersPatch/Spline Editing
Surface ( /).
NURBS.
.
1.

Geometry () Create () 
NURBS Surfaces (NURBS) 
CV Surf (CV).

161

162

3.

2.

Top () , 
. 3.39.

. 3.38.

. 3.39.
NURBS

3.

,
Modify () ,
NURBS Surface (NURBS) 
Surface CV (CV).

4.

Selection () CV Column of CVs (


)
.

5.

Front () , 
.

6.

Selection () CV Single CV (
)
.

7.

Left ()
. . 3.40
Perspective ().

8.


.
Create Offset Surface ( )

NURBS.

9.

.
.

10.

, Offset Surface ( 
) Flip Normals ( ) 
Offset () , 30 .

3.3. . !

11.

Create Blend Surface ( )


NURBS.

12.

Perspective () 
, , . 
,
, 
.

13.


Blend Surface ( ) ,
. 3.41.

. 3.40. NURBS

. 3.41. Blend
Surface (
)

.
,
(. 3.42).
, ,
,
.
. 
. ,
. .
1.


, Rectangle
() (. 3.43).

163

164

3.

. 3.42. ,

2.

. 3.43. ,


Loft (), 
:
1) (
) Geometry ()
Compound Objects ( );
2) Loft (), 
;
3) Creation Method ( ) Get Path (
) ,
(. 3.44).

, 
, (. 3.45).

. 3.44. ,
Loft ()

. 3.45.

3.4. .

, barnyi stul.max, Examples\ 03\Barnyi stul


DVD.

? 
. , ?
, ,
. , 
, . 
, , 
.

3.4. .
.

.

. . 3.46 
.

, 

,
. 
,
.

, 
. 
,

.

. 3.46.

, 
, 
(. 3.47).

165

166

3.

, 
,

, 
. .


1.


Background () 
Front () Right (
).
. 3.47.
ViewsViewport Bakground (
). ,
Aspect Ratio () Match
Bitmap ( ), Lock Zoom/Pan (
/) Display Background ( ). 

.

. .
1.

CreateStandard PrimitivesPlane ( 
).

2.

Front () Plane () 
, .
115,3 83,4.

3.

. Top (), 
Shift, 90
Copy ( ).

4.

, , 
( 83,4
58,2).

5.

, 
.

( ),
( Plane ()) 
.

3.4. .

, , 
. .
1.

Material Editor ( ) .

2.

Maps ( ) Diffuse Color (


).

3.

Material/Map Browser ( )
Bitmap ( ).

4.

Select Bitmap Image File ( )


.

5.

Go to Parents ( ).

6.

Shader Basic Parameters ( ) 


Self-Illumination ( ) 100.

7.

, .

, Material Editor ( ) Show Map in Viewport (


)
, Front () Right () Smooth+Highlights ( ).



(. 3.48).


.
Right () 
CreateShapesLine (
).

.


. 3.48.

,
( ), ,
.

167

168

3.


, 
, ,
.

, Smooth ()
Bezier Corner ( ), 1/3 ,
. .



. , ,

, .

. , 
. ,
.
. 3.49 

.

, .


, ,
.

. 3.49.
,
. , 
Line01 ( ) 
. .
. 
Snaps Toggle ( 
) .

. .
, 

3.4. .

Front () , .
Top () .
, ,
(. 3.50).
,

.
, , ,
, . , 
,
.
.
, 
, (Peter Vatje),
Surface (),
Surface. ,
3ds Max 2008.
, ,

. : 
Surface (). .
1.

Shift, ( 
) 
Reference ().

2.

Surface (). 
ModifiersPatch/Spline EditingSurface (
/).

3.

X, ToolsMirror
( )
Instance ().

4.

Perspective ().

,
.

169

170

3.


,
. 3.51.

. 3.50.

. 3.51.
Surface
()

Examples\ 03\Sobachka DVD.


sobachka_1.max.

, 
.
,
, .
.


, , , 
Hide (), 
Geometry ().

Viewport Clipping ( )
,
.
,  
. ,
, . 

3.4. .

Viewport Clipping ( ),

.


. 
, ,
, .

. , 
, (. 3.52).
, 
. , , , 
( , ).
, , 
.
, ,
, .
, ,
(. 3.53).

. 3.52. ,

. 3.53.

3ds Max ,
. 
, . ,
Surface ()
Remove Interior Patches ( ).

171

172

3.

( , ) , .
Surface ()
, . . 
( 
Surface ()
, , , 
), 
.
Reverse () ( Geometry ()
Edit Spline ( )).
. 3.54 , 
Surface ()
, ,
.
, ,
. 
.
1.

Surface ()
, , .

2.

X,
ToolsMirror ( ),
Instance ().

3.

.
Attach () Geometry (),
.

4.

, Weld
() Geometry ().

. 

.
, . 
, 
Surface (). 
(. 3.55).

3.4. .

. 3.54.

. 3.55.

DVD Examples\
03\Sobachka. sobachka_2.max.

173


 Material Editor ( )
 Standard ()


 .
 .

4.1. Material Editor ( )

, 3ds Max, 
, , , , 
, , .
Material Editor (
).

4.1. Material Editor ( )


Material Editor ( )
, , 

. 
, 

.
Material Editor ( )
, RenderingMaterial Editor (
),
Material Editor ( )

.
Material Editor ( )
, 

(. 4.1).



Material Editor ( )
. 4.1. Material Editor (

)
.
. ,
, .

.

175

176

4.

Material Editor ( ) 24 . 
. ,

. Options
() ( Material Editor ( )) 
OptionsOptions ()
Material Editor Options ( ) 
Slots () 3 2, 5 3 6 4.
, 3ds Max,
: , .
, , ,
, , (. 4.2).

. 4.2. : (), () ()


.
Make Material ( ) 
. ()
, , . 
.
,
.

() . ,

.

, 
. Assign Material to Selection
( ), 

4.1. Material Editor ( )

, MaterialAssign to Selection (
 ).
: , 
.
,
, .
, .

, ,
Material/Map Browser ( ) Browse From ( ) Scene ().


.

Material Editor ( )
Material Editor ( ) 
, :
Sample Type ( ) 
(, , );
Backlight ( ) (L)
;
Background () (B) 
, ;
Sample UV Tiling ( UV)
(1 1, 2 2,
3 3, 4 4);
Video Color Check ( ) 
PAL NTSC ;
Make Preview ( ) (P),
Play Preview ( ),
Save
Preview ( ) ,
;
Options () (O) Material
Editor ( );

177

178

4.

Select by Material ( ) , 
, Select Objects (
) ;
Material/Map Navigator ( )
Material/Map Navigator ( ), 
;
Get Material ( ) (G) Material/Map
Browser ( )
;
Put Material in Scene ( )
, ( 
);
Assign Material to Selection ( ) 
;
Reset Map/Mtl to Default Settings ( / 
) , 
;
Make Material Copy ( ) 
,
;
Make Unique ( ) ,
;
Put to Library ( ) 
; ,
;
Material ID Channel ( )
15 (ID) 
;
Show Map in Viewport ( ) 
. ,

Show Standard Map in Viewport
( ) Show Hardware Map in
Viewport ( ).
,
;

4.1. Material Editor ( )

Show End Result ( ) 


( , 
);
Go to Parent ( )
;
Go Forward to Sibling ( )
, 
;
Pick Material from Object ( ) 
;
Material drop-down list ( )
;
Type () ;
Material/Map Browser ( ).

, .

Material/Map Browser (
)
Material/Map Browser ( ) (. 4.3),
, 
:


Type ()
;

Get Material ( ).

Material/Map Browser ( ) 
, . ,
MAT.
Material/Map Browser ( )
, .
, 
, , Material Editor ( ),

179

180

4.

.
Browse From (
) 
:


Mtl Library ( )

.


File () 
, 
, 
;

Mtl Editor ( )

, 
Material Editor (
); 
24 ;

Active Slot ( ) 

;

. 4.3. Material/Map Browser (


)

Selected ( ) 
, ;

Scene ()
, , Material Editor ( 
) ;

New ()
, .

Show () Material/
Map Browser ( ),
:


Materials () ;

Maps ( )
;

4.1. Material Editor ( )




Incompatible () 
, ,
mental ray
Incompatible () ;

Root Only ( )
;

By Object ( ) ,
.

, Material/Map Browser (
), 
.

Material/Map Navigator (
)

,
.

, ,

Material/Map
Navigator ( 
) (. 4.4),

Material Editor ( 
).
Material/Map Navigator (
)
Material Editor ( )
. 4.4. Material/Map Navigator

( )
. Material/Map
Browser ( ), ,
.
Material Editor ( ) 
. .

181

182

4.

Material/Map Navigator ( ), Material/


Map Browser ( ), ,
, .

4.2. Standard ()
3ds Max, 
, ,
Standard ().
, , 
. 
.
:


Shader Basic Parameters ( );

Basic Parameters ( ), 
;

Extended Parameters ( );

SuperSampling ();

Maps ( );

Dynamics Properties ( );

DirectX Manager ( DirectX).

DirectX.

, .

Shader Basic Parameters


( ) Basic Parameters
( )
Shader Basic Parameters ( ) Basic Parameters
( ) (. 4.5) 
, , 
.

4.2. Standard ()



Shader Basic Parameters ( ).
,
,
Standard (). 
()

.

Standard ().


Ambient ( ) 
. 4.5. Shader Basic
, .
Parameters (
) Basic Parameters (

)
, 
, 
.

Diffuse ( ) , . 
, .
, .

Specular ( ) . 
.
, (
) (). ,
, 
Specular Level ( ).

, , 
.
.

Diffuse ( ) Ambient ( ) , ,
. Ambient ( ) ,
Diffuse ( ),
.

183

184

4.


Specular Highlights ( ).
, Highlight
(). .


Specular Level ( ) .

Glossiness () .
,
.

Soften () .
, 
, .

, , 
.


Wire () , , 
(. 4.6, ). 
, .
, . .

Face Map ( )
(. 4.6, ).

2-Sided ()
. 
,
, (. 4.6, ).

Faceted () 
(. 4.6, ).

. 4.6. : Wire () (), Face Map ( ) (), 2Sided


() () Faceted () ()

Basic Parameters ( ) SelfIllumination ( ) Opacity ().

4.2. Standard ()

Self-Illumination ( ) 

, Ambient ( ).
Self-Illumination ( ) 
, . 
( Self-Illumination (
) 100), , , 
.
100 %. 
, . 
, Opacity (),
.


, () 
, .
, 
Shader Basic Parameters ( ).


Blinn ( ) (. 4.7, ), Oren-Nayar-Blinn ( 


) (. 4.7, ), Phong ( ) (. 4.7, ) 
,
.
, 
, , . . 
, 
.
, 
,
(, ).

Metal () (. 4.8, ), Strauss ( ) (. 4.8, )


(, 
, . .).
Diffuse ( ) .

Phong ( ),
. 
.

185

186

4.

. 4.7. Blinn ( ) (), OrenNayarBlinn (


) () Phong ( ) ()

Anisotropic (), Multi-Layer () 



(. 4.9).
. 
.
Anisotropic () Multi-Layer () 
(
), , . .

. 4.8. Metal () ()
Strauss ( ) ()

. 4.9. Anisotropic
() () MultiLayer
() ()

Translucent Shader () (. 4.10) 


, 
.
, 
.
,
(,
).

. 4.10.

Translucent Shader
()



, Extended Parameters ( 

4.2. Standard ()

), SuperSampling () Dynamics Properties ( 


), , , 
.
Extended Parameters (
) 
(. 4.11): Advanced Transparency ( ),
Wire () Reflection Dimming (
).
Falloff () Ad. 4.11. Extended Parameters
vanced Transparency ( 
( )
)

: In () Out (
). Amt (). 
, , 
, .
Type () 
: Filter (), Subtractive ()
Additive (). ,
,
,
, , .
Index of Refraction ( ) 
, .
Size () Wire ()
. In ()
,
:


Pixels () (
);

Units () , (
).

Reflection Dimming ( )
, 
.

187

188

4.

SuperSampling () (. 4.12)
: Adaptive Halton ( ),
Adaptive Uniform ( ), Hammersley () Max 2.5 Star
( 2,5 ).

.
3ds Max 
. SuperSampling () 
, .

. 
SuperSampling ()
,
.
Dynamics Properties ( ) 

, (. 4.13).

. 4.12. SuperSampling
()

. 4.13. Dynamics Properties


( )

: Bounce Coefficient
( ), Static Friction ( ) Sliding Friction
( ).

4.3.
Standard () , 3ds Max
, 
. Standard () 
.

4.3.

, Type ()
Material Editor ( ).
Material/Map Browser ( ) 
. .

Top/Bottom (/)
Top/Bottom (/)
. , ,
Z
.
Top/Bottom (/) .
1.

Type () Material Editor ( )


Material/Map Browser ( ).

2.

Top/Bottom (/).
, : Discard old material? ( 
?) Keep old material as sub-material? ( 
?).

3.

OK.
Material Editor
( ) 
Top/Bottom Basic Parameters (
/)
(. 4.14),
:

Top Material ( 
) Bottom Material (
)

;

. 4.14. Top/Bottom Basic


Parameters (
/)

Swap (), 
;

Blend (), 
0 100;

Position (), 
( 0 100, 
, 100 ).

189

190

4.

Blend ()
Blend ()
. 
, , , , ,
.
Blend () .
1.

Type () Material Editor ( )


Material/Map Browser ( ).

2.

Blend ().
, : Discard old material? ( 
?) Keep old material as sub-material? ( 
?).

3.

OK.
Material Editor
( ) 
Blend Basic Parameters (
) (. 4.15).

4.


:
1) Material 1 ( 1) Material 2
( 2), 
. 4.15. Blend Basic Parameters

( )
.
,
;
2) , 
, ;
3) Interactive () 
, ;
4) Mask (), Material/Map
Browser ( )
, 
;
5) Mix Amount ( ) 
 0 100. , 0, 

4.3.

Material 1 ( 1), 100 Material 2 (


2);
6) 
Mixing curve ( ).

Multi/Sub-Object ()
Multi/Sub-Object ()
. 
Material ID ( 
). Mesh Select (
), ,
.
Multi/Sub-Object () 
.
1.

Type () 
Material Editor ( 
) Material/Map
Browser (
).

2.

Multi/
Sub-Object ().

, :
Discard old material? (
?) Keep old material as
sub-material? ( 
?).

3.

OK.
Material Editor
( ) 
Multi/Sub-Object Basic Parameters
( 
) (. 4.16).

4.

. 4.16. Multi/SubObject Basic


Parameters (
)

:
1) Set Number ( ) 
.

191

192

4.

,
;
2) Add ()
Delete (), 
;
3) ID ( ), 
;
4) Name () 
;
5) Material # (Standard) ( ())
. 
;
6) , , 
, , Diffuse ( ) 
;
7) 
On/Off (/).
Multi/Sub-Object (), 
, Edit Mesh
( ) (
).
Surface Properties ( ) 
.

Matte/Shadow ( /)
Matte/Shadow ( /) 

. ,
, .

, .
Matte/Shadow ( /) 
.
1.

Type () Material Editor ( )


Material/Map Browser ( ).

4.3.

2.

Matte/
Shadow ( /). 
, 
: Discard old
material? ( ?)
Keep old material as sub-material?
(
?).

3.

OK.
Material Editor
( ) 
Matte/Shadow Basic Parameters (
/
) (. 4.17).

. 4.17. Matte/Shadow Basic


Parameters (
/)

4.

Matte ( ) Opaque
Alpha ( ) , 
 .

5.

Apply Atmosphere ( 
) Atmosphere (),

. Atmosphere ()
. , 
, :

6.

At Background Depth ( )
;

At ObjectDepth ( ) 
.

Shadow () Receive Shadows (


), .
Affect Alpha ( ) 
 , 
Shadow Brightness ( ) Color () 
.

Raytrace ()
Raytrace () , 
,

193

194

4.

.
.
, , 
, 
Raytrace ().
, Fog (
), Color Density ( ), Translucency () Fluorescence
().
Raytrace () 
.
1.

Type () Material Editor ( )


Material/Map Browser ( ).

2.

Raytrace (). 
, : Discard old material? (
?) Keep old material as sub-material? ( 
?).

3.

OK. Material Editor


( ) 
Raytrae Basic
Parameters ( 
) (. 4.18), Extended Parameters (
), Raytracer Controls (
) SuperSampling
().

Raytrae Basic Parameters (


)

,
, 
Raytrae (
).

. 4.18. C Raytrae Basic Parameters


(
)

, (
Diffuse ( )) 
, 0 100,
.

4.3.

, . Ambient ( 
) . 
Raytrace () 
.
Diffuse ( ) Ambient ( ) 
.
Reflect () .
100 % ,
.
, , ,
.
Luminosity () Self-Illumination (
) 
. Self-Illum (
)
0 100.
Transparency () , 
( Filter ()
Opacity () ).
, , 
.
Raytrae Basic Parameters ( 
) Environment (
) Bump (). Maps ( 
):


Environment ( ) 
, Environment and Effects (
); 
( ,
0);

Bump () .

Extended Parameters ( ) (. 4.19) 


Raytrace ().
Extra Lighting ( )
.

195

196

4.

, 
Radiosity ( ) (
,
).
Translucency (
)
, 

. ,
,
.
. 4.19. Extended Parameters
Fluo( )
rescence ()
. Fluor. Bias
( ) 0 1.

Advanced Transparency ( )
.


Transp. ( ) 

.

Density Color ( ) Density Fog ( ) 


,
. Start () End ()
, Amount ()
. 
.

Reflections () ,
: Default () Additive ().
Gain ()
0 1.
Raytracer Controls ( ) (. 4.20) 

.
Local Options ( ) ,
/ Enable Raytracing (

4.4.

), 
Raytrace Atmospherics (
),
Enable
Self Reflect/Refract ( 
),

G (Reflect/
Refract Material ID (/
)).
. 4.20. Raytracer Controls
Raytracer
( )
Enable ( )

.

Local Exclude ( ) , 
,
.
Bump Map Effect ( )
.
Ray Antialiasing Globally ( 
) , 
.

4.4.


. 3ds Max 
, .
, (, Bump () Raytrace (
)) , 
, .
, Maps ( 
) , 
. , ,

197

198

4.

,
.
.
, 

. RGB 
.
, , , 
. 24
3 , 3072 2048
Kodak CDROM 25 .
( 
), 1
Pyramidal ( ) 12 
Summed Area ( ).

, , , Self-Illumination ( ), Opacity (),


Bump () ., .
, .


, 
.
UVW, U , V , W 
. UVW
. UVW 
.
U V UV
. , 
Angle () Bitmap ( 
).
Parameters (
) Generate Mapping Coords. ( 
), . ,

4.4.

Box ()
.
, 
,
. UVW Map
(UVW), 
, , 
.

: , , UVW Map
(UVW) Unwrap UVW ( UVW
), 
.
3ds Max,
,
. ,

. 

.

UVW Map
(UVW-)
UVW Map (UVW)


.
UVW Map (UVW
) ,
. Modifiers
UV CoordinatesUVW Map (UV 
UVW). 
UVW Map (UVW), 
(. 4.21). 

,
.

. 4.21.
Parameters
()

UVW Map
(UVW)

199

200

4.

UVW Map (UVW).




Mapping () :

Planar ()
;

Cylindrical () ,
;
, ;

Spherical ()
; (, , );

Shrink Wrap ()
, 
;

Box ( ) 
; 
, 
;

Face ()

;

XYZ to UVW (XYZ UVW) ,


.

Length (), Width () Height ()


.

U Tile ( U), V Tile ( V) W Tile (


W) .

Channel () 
( 99 
).

Alignment ()
: Fit (), Center (), Bitmap Fit
( ), Normal Align ( ), View Align (
), Region Fit ( ), Reset () Acquire
().

Display () 
, Gizmo (
).

4.4.


 , ( 
UV).
.
: Bitmap ( ), Checker ( ), Gradient
Ramp ( ) Gradient Type ( ).

Bitmap ( )
Bitmap ( )
. ( ) ,
. 3ds Max 
.
Bitmap ( )
.
Bitmap ( ) 
Material Editor ( ): Coordinates (
), Noise (), Bitmap Parameters ( ), Time
() Output ().
Coordinates () (. 4.22) Mapping (
) UVW Map (UVW)
.
.


:
Texture () Environ () 
.
, (
).

, (Texture (
) Environ ()), 
:

Texture () Explicit Map Channel ( ), Vertex


Color Channel ( ), Planar from Object XYZ ( 
), Planar from World XYZ ( );

Environ () Spherical Environment ( ), Cylindrical


Environment ( ), Shrink-wrap Environment (
) Screen ().

201

202

4.


Offset () Tiling ()
U V.
.

Mirror ( ) Tile (
) .

Angle ()
U, V W. Rotate (), 
Rotate Mapping Coordinates ( 
).

, 
Blur () Blur offset ( ).

, 
, UV, VW WU.

Noise () Bitmap ( )

(. 4.23).

. 4.22. Coordinates ()
Bitmap (
)

. 4.23. Noise ()
Bitmap ( )

Noise () :


On () 
;

Amount (),
;

Levels () 
;

Size (), ;

4.4.


Animate (), 
;

Phase ()
.

Bitmap Parameters ( 
)
Bitmap ( ) 


(. 4.24).
Bitmap Parameters (
)
.


Bitmap
( )
, 


.

. 4.24. Bitmap Parameters


( )
Bitmap (
)

Filtering () :

Pyramidal ( )
;
1 
;

Summed Area ( )
12 
;

None () .

Cropping/Placement (/) 
, 
. 
.

Mono Channel Output ( )


, : RGB
Intensity ( RGB) Alpha ().

203

204

4.


Alpha Source () : Image


Alpha ( ), RGB Intensity ( RGB)
None (Opaque) ( ()).

RGB Channel Output ( )


.
:

RGB ;

Alpha as Gray ( )  
.

Time () Bitmap ( )

(. 4.25).
Time () 
:


Start Frame ( ) 
, 
;

Playback Rate ( 
) 
;

End Condition (
) 
: Loop (), Ping Pong (
) Hold ().

. 4.25. Time ()
Bitmap (
)

Output ()
Bitmap ( ) 

(. 4.26).
Output () 
.


Invert ()
,
.

. 4.26. Output ()
Bitmap (
)

4.4.


Clamp ( )
RGB Level ( RGB).

Output Amount ( ) .

RGB Level ( RGB)


.

Bump Amount ( ) 
Bump (
).

Checker ( )
Checker ( )
, .
Coordinates () Noise ()
Checker ( ) 
Checker
Parameters ( 
) (. 4.27).
Checker
( ) 
.

. 4.27. Checker Parameters


( )
Checker ( )

1.

Soften () 
.

2.

, 
Color Selector ( ).

3.

, 
Maps ( ) Material/Map
Browser ( )
.

4.

Swap (),
.

Gradient Ramp ( )
Gradient Ramp ( ) 
.

205

206

4.

, 
, Gradient
Ramp ( )
Gradient Ramp Parameters
( 
) (. 4.28).
Gradient
Ramp ( )
.
1.



. 4.28. Gradient Ramp Parameters
( )
. 
Gradient Ramp
( )
,
Color Selector (
).
.
.

2.

Gradient Type ( ) 
, Interpolation () 
.

3.

Noise () .
: Regular (
), Fractal () Turbulence ().

4.


Amount () Size ().


, 
: U, V W.

, 
.
: Cellular (), Dent (), Falloff (), Noise
(), Smoke (), Stucco (), Waves (), Wood () .

4.4.

Dent ()
Dent ()
. 
.
Coordinates (),
, Dent (
) Dent Parameters (
) (. 4.29).
Dent
() 
.

. 4.29. Dent Parameters


( ) Dent
()

1.

Size (),

.

2.

Strength ( ) 
, .

3.

Iterations ( ),
.

4.

, 
Color Selector ( ).

5.

, 
Maps ( ) Material/
Map Browser ( ) 
.

6.

Swap (),
.

Falloff ()
Falloff () , 
,
.
Falloff Parameters ( ) (. 4.30), Mix Curve ( ) Output
(), .

207

208

4.

Falloff () 
.
1.

Falloff Type
( )
: Toward/Away ( 
/ ), Perpendicular/
Parallel (/
), Fresnel ( ), Shadow/
Light (/) Distance Blend (
).

2.


, 
Color
Selector ( ).

. 4.30. Falloff Parameters


( ) Falloff
()

3.


.

4.

.
None ()
Material/Map Browser ( )
.

5.


,
, .

Mix Curve ( )
(. 4.31) 
, 
Falloff
(). 

.

. 4.31. Mix Curve (


) Falloff ()

Noise ()
Noise () 
() .
Diffuse ( ), Ambient ( ) Bump

4.4.

() 
.
Noise () : Coordinates (), Output () ( ) Noise Parameters ( ) (. 4.32).
Noise
() .
1.

, 
,
: Regular (
), Fractal ()
Turbulence ().

2.

( ) Noise
High (
()
) Low ( 
) Noise Threshold (
) , 
.

3.

Levels (),
.

4.

Phase ()
.

5.

Size () 
.

6.

, 
Color Selector ( ).

7.

Maps ( )
. None () 
Material/Map Browser ( ) 
.

. 4.32. Noise Parameters

Stucco ()
Stucco () Noise () 
.
Noise () ,
.

209

210

4.

Stucco (
) : Coordinates
() Stucco Parameters (
) (. 4.33).
Stucco
() 
.

. 4.33. Stucco Parameters


( )
Stucco ()

1.

Size ()
.

2.

Thickness (),
.

3.

Threshold () 
.

Maps ( ) 
.



. : Composite (),
Mask (), Mix () RGB Multiply (RGB).
.

Composite ()
Composite (
)

 .

Composite Parameters (
) (. 4.34).

Composite () 
Set Number ( )

. 4.34. Composite Parameters


( )
Composite ()

4.4.

Set Number of Maps (


) .
None () 
Material/Map Browser ( )
. ,
, .

Mask ()
Mask () 
. 
, , 
.
Mask ()
Mask Parameters ( ) (. 4.35).
Map ( 
). None
()
Material/Map Browser
( ).
,
.

. 4.35. Mask Parameters


( ) Mask
()

,
,
Mask (). , 
, . 
.
Invert Mask ( ) 
.

Mix ()
Mix ()
, ,
.
Mix () Mix Parameters (
) (. 4.36).

211

212

4.

Color #1 ( 1) Color #2
( 2) .
Maps (
)

,
.
Mix Amount ( ) 

.
Mixing curve ( 
) 
.

. 4.36. Mix Parameters (


) Mix
()

4.5. .

, 
. 
, .
, 
. ?
, , 
: , ,
.
: ( )

.
, , 
, . ,
Box ()
, ChamferBox ( ).
,
3ds Max 2008.

4.5. .

, , , .
.
1.

CreateExtended PrimitivesTorus Knot (


 ).

2.

Top (C) Torus Knot (


).

3.

Torus Knot
( ). , .

4.

, , 
CreateStandard PrimitivesPlane ( 
).

5.

Top (C)
, 
(. 4.37).


.
Gradient Ramp
( ) 
. 
, 
, :


, 
;

, , 
;

, (
).

. 4.37. Torus Knot


( ) Plane
()

 , 
Gradient Ramp (
). , .
1.

Material Editor ( ),
, 
, Rendering Material
Editor ( ).

213

214

4.

2.


.

3.

Maps ( 
), None
() Reflection ().

4.

Material/Map
Browser (
) Gradient
Ramp ( 
).

5.

,
. 4.38.


. 4.38. Gradient Ramp
. 
( )
Gradient Type (
) Linear (), Interpolation ()
Solid (). : (
). 
Color Selector ( ) 
. 1:2, 
, .
90, W Angle () 90, Mirror
( ) U.
, Blur ().
Noise (), 
. Coordinates ()
, Environment ( ),
Mapping (), 
, Spherical Environment ( ),
. . 
, 
. 4.39.

Raytrace (), 
. 
.

4.5. .

1.


Gradient Ramp (
).

2.

Material/Map Browser
( )
Raytrace (
).

3.


Gradient Ramp
( ) 
.

Maps ( )
Reflection ()
Raytrace ().

. 4.39. Gradient
Ramp ( )

, Raytrace ().
Raytrace () Raytrace () 
, 
. Raytrace ()
.
1.

Material Editor ( )
.

2.

Standard () .

3.

Material/Map Browser ( 
) Raytrace ().

4.

Gradient Ramp ( ),
Gradient Ramp ( ),
, Copy (
).

5.

Raytrae Basic Parameters ( 


) Raytrae ()
Environment ( )
Paste (Copy) ( ()).

6.

Raytrace () ,
. 4.40.

215

216

4.


Index Of Refr (
). 
Shading ()
Metal () 
,
,
.

Reflect (), 

.
 
( 
).
(. 4.41).

. 4.40.
Raytrace ()

,
Bump () Text (). . 4.42.

. 4.41.

. 4.42.

Area Shadow ( )

, 
3ds Max 2008 , 
, .
Area Shadow
( ).

4.5. .


, . ,
.
.
.
, HDRI (High Dy
namic Range Images ) 
.
, 
VRay. . 4.43 , 
VRay ,
.
, , 

, . 

.
. 4.44 Torus Knot ( )
.

. 4.43. ,
VRay

. 4.44. Torus Knot


( )

Swirl ()
Noise (). ,
.

217

218

4.

Examples\ 04\Chrom DVD chrom.max.

4.6. .

.
,
.
3ds Max 2008.

. 2 . fruits_start.max,
DVD Examples\ 04\
Fruits.

, , 
, ,
. ,
( 
Parameters () Generate Mapping
Coords. ( )), , 
(, Loft ()), 
, ( , 
).
.
,
Noise (). 
.
1.

Material Editor ( ) 
.

2.

Blinn Basic Parameters ( )


Diffuse ( ) 
.

4.6. .

3.

Color Selector: Diffuse Color ( : 


) RGB: Red () 230,
Green () 130 Blue () 50.

4.

Specular Highlights ( ) Blinn Basic Parameters


( ) Specular Level
( ) 30, Glossiness () 10 (. 4.45).

5.

Maps ( ) None ()
Bump ().

6.

Material/Map Browser ( )
Noise ().

7.

Noise Parameters ( ) Noise () 


Size () 2.

8.

Go to Parent ( ) Maps (
) 
50 (. 4.46).

. 4.45. Blinn Basic Parameters


( )

. 4.46. Maps ( )

Select by Name (
)
Select
From Scene ( ) Orange_00 Orange_01.
Assign Material to Selection (
)
.

. 
,

219

220

4.

Blend (). 
.
1.

Standard () 
Material/Map Browser ( ) 
Blend (). 
Keep old material as sub-material? (
?).

2.

Blend Basic Parameters ( )


, 
Copy ().

3.

 


.

4.

Noise
().

. 4.47
Blend ()
.

. 4.47. Blend
(),

fruits_end.max, DVD Examples\ 04\Fruits, .

, 
, 
, ,
.
.

, , . 
.
1.

Select by Name (
)
, AppleYellow.

4.6. .

2.

Isolation Mode ( ),
Alt+Q, , 
.

3.

GroupOpen (),
.

4.


UVW, ModifiersUV Coordinates
UVW Map (UVUVW).

5.

Mapping ( ) Parameters (
) Spherical ().

, 
. 
.
1.

Material Editor ( ) .

2.

Diffuse Color ( ) Maps


( ).

3.

Material/Map Browser ( )
Bitmap ( ).

4.

Select Bitmap Image File ( )


. DVD
AppleYellTex.jpg Examples\ 04\Fruits.

5.

,
, 
Assign Material to Selection (
)
, Material Editor (
).


,
.

Gradient Ramp ( ). 
.
1.


UVW, ModifiersUV CoordinatesUVW Map (UVUVW).

221

222

4.

2.

Mapping ( ) Parameters (
) Cylindrical
(), .

3.

Alignment () X
Fit () 
.

4.

Material Editor ( ) .

5.

Diffuse Color ( ) Maps


( ).

6.

Material/Map Browser ( )
Gradient Ramp ( ).

7.

Coordinates () W
Angle () 90.

8.

Gradient Ramp Parameters ( ) 


. 
, Color Selector (
).

9.

: Red () 112, Green (


) 122 Blue () 0.

10.



RGB: Red () 79, Green (
) 35 Blue () 0.

11.

Interpolation ()
Ease In () 


(. 4.48).

12.


,

.

. 4.48. Gradient Ramp Parameters


( )

. 
, ,
(. 4.49).

4.6. .

. 4.49.

, .
.
1.

2.

Shader Basic Parameters ( )


Metal ().

3.

Specular Highlight ( ) Metal Basic Parameters


( ) Specular Level
( ) 80, Glossiness () 70.

4.

Diffuse Color ( ) Maps


( ).

5.

Material/Map Browser ( )
Noise ().

6.

Noise Parameters ( ) Noise ()


Noise Type ( ) Fractal (
).

7.

Size () , 15; 
Noise Threshold ( ) High () 
, 0,8, Low () 0,4 (. 4.50).

8.

Color #1 ( 1) Color
Selector ( ) RGB: Red

223

224

4.

() 85, Green () 57
Blue () 44.
Color #2 ( 2) 
.
9.


,
Go to Parent ( 
)
.

. 4.50. Noise Parameters


( )

10.

Maps ( ) 

Diffuse Color ( ) , ,
Noise () Bump (),
Instance ().

11.

, Maps ( ) , 
15.

12.

Reflection ()
Material/Map Browser ( ) 
Gradient ().

13.

Coordinates () Gradient () 
Environ () Shrinkwrap Environment ( ).

14.

Gradient Parameters ( ) , 
Color #1 ( 1), Material/Map
Browser ( ) Noise (
).

15.

,
(. . 8). Go to Parent (
)
.

16.

Color #1 ( 1) Color #3 ( 3)
(. 4.51).

17.

Go to Parent ( )
Reflection () 50.

18.

Vase.

, 
.

4.6. .

, , 

Plane ()

.


.
1.

Material Editor ( 
) 
.

2.

Diffuse
Color ( )
Maps ( ).

3.

Material/Map
Browser (
) Bitmap (
).

4.

Select Bitmap
. 4.51. Gradient ()
Image File ( 

)
. DVD Grapes.jpg 
Examples\ 04\Fruits.

5.

Maps ( ) Opacity (
) Material/Map Browser ( 
) Bitmap ( ).

6.

Select Bitmap Image File ( )


. 
DVD GrapesMask.jpg Examples\ 04\Fruits.

7.

Shader Basic Parameters ( )


2-Sided (), , , 
.

8.

Grape_Leaf.

, 
(. 4.52).

225

226

4.

. 4.52.

.
: . ,
,
.
1.

Material Editor ( ) .

2.

Standard () Material/Map
Browser ( ).

3.

Raytrace ().

4.

Raytrace Basic Parameters ( 


) 2-Sided ().

5.

Diffuse ( ) 
.

6.

Color Selector: Diffuse ( : )


: Red () 108, Green (
) 107 Blue () 10.

7.

Reflect () 
.

8.

Color Selector: Reflect ( : )


: Red () 42, Green () 42
Blue () 42.

4.6. .

, ,
, , . , .

9.

Transparency () 
.

10.

Color Selector: Transparency ( : )


: Red () 60, Green (
) 60 Blue () 60.

11.

Specular Highlight ( ) Raytrace Basic Parameters


( ) Specular
Level ( ) 78, Glossiness () 52.

12.

Environment ( )
Material/Map Browser ( ) Bitmap
( ).

13.

Select Bitmap Image File ( 


)
Lake_mt.jpg
Examples\ 04\Fruits.

14.

Go to Parent (
)
.

15.

Extended Parameters (
) 

RGB Translucency () Fluorescence (): Red (
) 140, Green () 140
Blue () 35.


Raytrace ()
, . 4.53.


. 4.53. Raytrace
()

227

228

4.

. 
.
. 4.54.

. 4.54.

, , 
.


fruits_end.max, Examples\ 04\Fruits DVD.


 .
 .

230

5.

5.1.

.
,
.
, 
. 
, .
,
() .

, ,
, .
.
, , , ,
, .
.
: (). 
,
.
.
: , (
).
. 
. , ,
.
, , 
, .
.

, , . . .

5.1.

, 
. ,
, 

. ,
, , ,
(. 5.1).
, , . ,
,
.

.

. 5.1.


, 
. , ,

231

232

5.

, 
. , .

: , .

, . ,
, .
, .
, 
(. 5.2) (. 5.3) 
.

. 5.2.

. 5.3.

,

, 
.

, .
, .
. 
, .
, . 
. 
(. 5.4).
, .
, , 

5.1.

, ,

,
( , 
). 
() 

, 
.


.

. 5.4.

, . 
Plane () Teapot (). 
, . 5.5 5.6.

. 5.5.
Top (C)

. 5.6.
Front ()

,
.
: 
, 
.
, .
CreateStandard PrimitivesPlane (
) Top () 
.

233

234

5.

Teapot () CreateStandard
PrimitivesTeapot ( ).
. ,
.

, Create
() .

. CreateCameras
Target Camera ( ). 
, , 
.
, , 
Environment and Effects (
), 
.
,
. 80 % 
, .
( ).
, , ,
. . 5.7 ,
.
Target Spot ( ) , 
, ( 
, , 
). CreateLightsStandard LightsTarget
Spotlight (  
).
, ,
, (
, ).
. Shadows
() General Parameters ( )
On (). 
(. 5.8).

5.1.

. 5.7. ,

. 5.8. ,

, .
, .
. 
Target Spot ( ) ( . 5.5 5.6 
). , ,
,
.
,
, Multiplier (): 
0,52, 1,3.
,
Specular ( ), Advanced Effects (
). ,
, . 
,
.
, ,
(. 5.9).
,
.
, , , 
. , 
, (
, ). ,

235

236

5.

, Intensity/Color/Attenuation (//) (. 5.10).

. 5.9.

. 5.10. , ,


DVD.

,
. 
. . 
, 
.

Omni (). 
CreateLightsStandard LightsOmni ( 
).
.
, ,

. , 
, Specular
( ).
(. 5.11).
.
.

5.1.


.
: 
. ,
, , a Shadow Map (
)
. , 
, . ,
,
.
Shadow Map ( ).
,
.
Ray Traced Shadows ( ), ,
Shadow Map ( ),
. Area Shadows ( ) 
.
Shadow Map ( ) Area Shadows (
) , 
, Area
Shadows ( ) .
, 

. , ,
.
, , , , ,
. ,
Multiplier () 
Projector Map ( ).
, 
, (, Left (C))
.
, (. 5.12), 
( Spot01), 
ViewsSpot01 ( Spot01).

237

238

5.

. 5.11.

. 5.12.

, ,
(. 5.13).
, 
. : Plane ()
Teapot (), .
, .
1.

2.

Object Properties (
). .

3.

Renderable () Rendering Control


( ).

4.

OK .

.
. Hide Selection (
).

, 
, 800 600.
, 
(, TIFF).

5.1.

, Adobe
Photoshop, , , . 
,
( , ,
. 5.14).

. 5.13.
Spot01

. 5.14.

, 
. ,
Photoshop, ,
. , 
( , 
) (. 5.15).
, 
3ds Max.
, , 
( ). 
.
1.

, .

2.

EditClone ()
Clone Options ( )
, Copy (
).

3.

Clone Options ( ) 
, ,
shadow.

239

240

5.

( ) 
Advanced Effects ( ), Projector
Map ( ) (. 5.16).

. 5.15.

. 5.16. Advanced Effects


( )

Intensity/Color/Attenuation (//)
Multiplier () (
1,25). ( ,
). General Parameters ( 
) Exclude () Exclude/Include
(/) (. 5.17).

. 5.17. Exclude/Include (/)

5.2. .

(. 5.18).

. 5.18.

, ,
(
). 
, 
.

Examples\ 05\Base_light DVD


, base_light.max.

5.2. .


, , .

3ds Max.

241

242

5.

. 
Teapot (), CreateStandard PrimitivesTeapot ( ) , 
. 5.19.
, ,

Target Direct (
).


Cylinder (), .

, , .
1.

CreateLightsStandard LightsTarget Directional (  


).

2.

Top (C) , 
Teapot ().
.

3.

Intensity/Color/Attenuation (//) 
Modify ()
Multiplier () 5, 
(Red () 255; Green () 0; Blue () 0) (. 5.20).

. 5.19. Parameters
()
Teapot ()

. 5.20. Intensity/Color/Attenuation
(//)

5.2. .

4.

Directional Parameters ( ) 
Hotspot/Beam ( /) 0,5, Falloff/Field
( /) 2,5.

(, Shift+Q),
. ,
, ,
, Teapot (). 

Multiplier (),
, .

. , , , , ,
Teapot (), Plane ().

. 5.21
.
.
Direct01 Atmospheres & Effects ( )
Modify ()
Add (). Add Atmosphere or Effect ( 
) Volume Light ( )
OK (. 5.22). Atmospheres & Effects (
) Volume Light ( ).

. 5.21.

. 5.22. Add Atmosphere


or Effect ( )

243

244

5.

Volume Light (
) Atmospheres & Effects (
) Setup (), Environment and Effects ( ).
Volume () Volume Light Parameters (
) Environment and Effects ( )
Density () 12 (. 5.23).
, , 
, , Noise
().
. Noise
() . ,
.
1.

Noise () Volume Light Parameters ( 


) Noise On ( ).

2.

Turbulence (
).

3.

Levels () 6, Size () 15.

(. 5.24).

. 5.23.

. 5.24.

.
,

5.3. .

, . , 
, , , 
.

Examples\ 05\Laser DVD , laser_beam.max.

5.3. .
 
.
Volume Light ( ).
, , , 
, 
, .
.
, 
, .
. .
,
.

vitre ,
, , .
- , .


stainglass.jpg, 
DVD Examples\ 05\Volume_light.
.
Box () , , 
.

245

246

5.


DVD , Examples\
05\Volume_light. volume_light_start.max.

, CreateStandard PrimitivesBox
( ). ,
, 
( 
). ,
. , , EditClone (
) Clone Options ( ) 
Copy ( ). ,
, Select and
Uniform Scale ( ) .
. , 
.

, , Shift,
. Clone Options ( ),
.

, 
Normal ().
Modify () . Parameters ()
Flip Normals ( )
(. 5.25).
.
Utilities () 
Collapse (). Collapse (),
Collapse Selected ( ).

, Utilities (), Collapse (),


More () Collapse ()
.

5.3. .


, 
, .
. Create (
) , Geometry
(),
Compound Objects ( )
ProBoolean (Pro ). 
(. 5.26).
Pick Boolean ( )
Start Picking () , 
.
.

. 5.25.
Normal
()

,
(, Omni (
)).
. Target Spot (
),
, , ,
(. 5.27).
,
Plane (), 
.

.

, . 

.
1.

Material Editor ( )
.

2.

Diffuse Color ( 
) Maps ( ).

. 5.26.

247

248

5.

3.

Material/Map
Browser (
)
Bitmap ( ).

4.

Select Bitmap
Image File ( 
)
.

5.

,
Go to Parent (
).

6.

. 5.27.

Filter Color (
) Maps ( 
) . 3,
4 5.


,

, , ,
.

7.

2-Sided (
) Shader Basic
Parameters ( 
).

8.

Opacity (
) 50,

(. 5.28).


. 5.28.
, 
, , .
,

5.3. .

, Ray Traced Shadows (


).
,


. RenderingEnvironment (
).
Environment and Effects (
), Common
Parameters ( ) 
Environment ( )
. 5.29. Common Parameters (
(. 5.29)  ) Environment (
)
.
, . 
, 
(. 5.30).

. 5.30.

249

250

5.

.
: Projector Map ( ) 
Volume Light ( ).
Projector Map ( ), Direct01
( ) Advanced Effects ( )
, 
Map ( ). Material/Map Browser (
), Bitmap ( 
) .
( ) (. 5.31).
.
RenderingEnvironment (),
Environment and Effects ( ). Atmosphere
() Environment () Add (
) Add Atmospheric Effect ( 
) Volume Light ( ). 
, . 5.32.

. 5.31. Advanced Effects


( )
,

. 5.32.
Direct01

(. 5.33).

Examples\ 05\Volume_light DVD


, volume_light_end.max.

5.3. .

. 5.33.


. , Noise (), 
, 
.

251



 .
 .
UNIVERSAL
 . , !

6.1.


. 3ds Max 2008
.
, , , .

.

6.1.

.
.
, ( 3ds Max
, , , 
), , ,
.

, 
.
, .


(Key) , 
.

(Keyframe) , .

(Auto Key) ,
.

, 
, 
, 
, .

(Track Bar) , 
.

(Function Curve), ,

.
Track View Curve Editor ( ).

253

254

6.

, 
,
3ds Max.

, 
. 
.
Go to Start ( ) .
Previous Frame ( ) 
.
Play Animation ( ) 
.
Stop Animation ( ), 
.
Next Frame ( ) 
.
Go to End ( ) .
Key Mode Toggle ( )
. Previous Frame ( ) Next Frame
( ) Previous Key ( ) Next Key
( ). 
.
Current Frame ( ) . 
, ,
.
Time Configuration ( ) 
, ,
, (fps).

. . 
,
. .
Set Keys ( )
.

6.1.

Auto Key () , 
( Set Key Filters
( )).
Toggle Set Key Mode ( ).
Toggle Auto Key Mode ( 
) / 
. 
(, , ),
, .
,
. 
, 
Toggle Auto Key Mode ( 
).
Selection Sets drop-down list ( )
,
Named Selection Sets ( ), 
. 
.
Toggle Set Key Mode ( )
, , 
Set Key Filters ( ).
Default In/Out Tangents for New Keys ( ) 
, 
.
Open Filters Dialog ( )
Set Key Filters ( ), 
, .
.
.
1.

Top () Plane (
), CreateStandard PrimitivesPlane ( ).

2.

Modify () Parameters () Length () 120,


Width () 500.

255

256

6.

3.

Top (),
Sphere (), Create
Standard PrimitivesSphere ( ).

4.

Modify () Parameters () Radius () 


, 10, Base To Pivot ( ).

5.

Select and Move ( 


)
Absolute:World (
: ) Move Transform Type-In ( 
) Z , 100
(. 6.1).

6.

,
Auto Key (),

. 

, ,
.

7.


20 .

8.

Move Transform Type-In


( 
), Select and Move (
)
, Z Absolute:World
(: ) , 0.
: , 20 
.

9.

, Auto Key
().

10.

. 6.1. Move Transform TypeIn


(
)

Play Animation ( )
.

,
100 , ( )
20 , ( Z) (. 6.2).

.

6.1.

. 6.2. Sphere () 10

: 
. 
,
(. 6.3).
,

,
,
,


.

. 6.3. ,
20

.

. .
, , , , ,
, , ,

257

258

6.

, . ,
. 
, , , . 
20 .
1.

20
Sphere01: Z Position (01:
Z).

2.


In () 

(. 6.4).

3.

,
Play Animation ( )
.

,
, , , ,
.

, , , . 
, FFD
222 ( 222)(Box) (
()), 
(Control Points). 
.
1.


.

2.

FFD 222 (
222),
ModifiersFree Form DeformersFFD 222 (
 
222).

3.

Modify ()

FFD 222 (
222) . 
Control Points ( ) (. 6.5).

. 6.4.

. 6.5.

Sphere01

6.1.

4.

, Auto Key (
)
.

5.

22 .

6.

,
Select and Move ( )
.

7.

Front ()
3 (. 6.6).

. 6.6. , FFD 222


( 222)

, , 
.

.
, . ,
(Soft Selection) .
.
, FFD (Box) ( ()).

259

260

6.

,
. ,
. .
1.

18 .

2.

Select and Move ( ), 


Z 6 .

3.

Select and Uniform Scale


( )

80 % (. 6.7).

. 6.7. 18

4.

, Auto Key (
).

5.

. ,
, .

6.

, 
. 
. ,
, , Shift, 
40 . ,
.

6.1.

, ,
. ,
.

, ,
40 , 
, 20 28 
(
Plane01). 
,
. 
. 
20
(. . 6.3)
Sphere01: Z Position (01:
Z). 
Out () 

(. 6.8).

. 6.8.

, 
. ,
.
1.

, , , 
Shift, 24 .

2.

Z. , 
, Sphere01: Z Position (01:
Z) Value () 0.


, .

3.

, 
In ()

, Out ()

(. 6.9).

261

262

6.

4.

, 

Play Animation ( 
)
.


FFD 222 (
222) ,
. 30

80 %. ,

.

. 6.9. Sphere01:
Z Position (01:
Z)

24

, 
, , 
, 
.
, 
Auto Key (), Track View (
). 
. Graph
EditorsNew Track View (  )
Curve Editor (Open) (
()). Track View (
) : Dope Sheet ( 
) Curve Editor ( ). Track View Dope Sheet ( 
), . 6.10, :

, .
Track View Dope Sheet ( )
: Edit Keys ( )
Edit Range ( ). . 6.10 Track View Dope Sheet
( ) Edit Keys (
).
Track View ( ),
.

6.1.

. 6.10. Track View Dope Sheet ( )

.
World (),
.


Sound () , ; 
: WAV.

Video Post () 
Video Post ().

Global Tracks ( ) 
, .

Biped () , 
, 
.

Anim Layer Control Manager ( ) , 


, 
.

263

264

6.


Environment ( ) , 
.

Render Effects ( ) , 
RenderingEffects (
).
,
.

Render Elements ( ) , 
Render Elements (
) Render Scene ( ).

Renderer ()
. , 
.

Global Shadow Parameters ( ) , 


, .

Scene Materials ( ) 
, .

Medit Materials ( ) 24 ,
.

Objects () .
, Select From Scene (
).

Track View ( ) 
.
.
.
Filters () , 
.
Move Keys ( ) ( )
. Shift, 
.
Slide Keys ( ) ,
, ,
.
Add Keys ( ) .

6.1.

Scale Keys ( ) ,

.
Lock Selection ( ) 
.
.
Snap Frames ( ) 
.
Show Keyable Icons ( )
.
, 
.
Filter Selected Tracks Toggle ( )
, 
.
Filter Selected Objects Toggle ( 
) , 
.
Filter Animated Tracks Toggle ( 
) , .
Dope Sheet ( )
.
Edit Keys ( )

.
Edit Ranges ( ) 
, ,
.
Select Time ( ) 
.
Delete Time ( )
, .
Reverse Time ( )
.

265

266

6.

Scale Time ( ) 
.
Insert Time ( ) 
.
Cut Time ( ) 
. , 
, .
Copy Time ( )

.
Paste Time ( ) 
.
Modify Subtree ( )
,
.
Modify Child Keys ( ) Modify Subtree ( ), , 
, 
.
Curve Editor ( ) (. 6.11).

. 6.11. Track View Curve Editor ( )

6.1.

Scale Values ( ) 
.
Draw Curves ( )
.
Reduce Keys ( ) 
, 
. Draw Curves
( ) .
Set Tangents to Auto ( ) 

.
Set Tangents to Custom ( )
. Show
Tangents ( ) .
Set Tangents to Fast ( )
. 
, 
.
Set Tangents to Slow ( )
. 
, 
.
Set Tangents to Step ( ) 

. ,
. 
.
Set Tangents to Linear ( )
()
. 
, .
Set Tangents to Smooth ( ) 
.
,
.
.

267

268

6.

Parameter Curve Out-of-Range Types (



) 
, 
,

. 
Param Curve Out-of-Range
Types ( 
),
. 6.12. 

.

. 6.12. Param Curve OutofRange


Types (
)

Constant ()
. ,

. .

Cycle () ,
.

Loop () ,

.

Ping Pong ( ) 
.

Linear () 

.

Relative Repeat ( ) ,
.
.

Show All Tangents ( )


,
.
Show Tangents ( )
.
Lock Tangents ( )
.

6.1.

Show Biped Position Curves ( ) 


Biped ().
Show Biped Rotation Curves ( )
Biped ().
Show Biped X Curves ( X ) /
X .
Show Biped Y Curves ( Y ) /
Y .
Show Biped Z Curves ( Z ) /
Z .

Track View ( ). , 
, ball.max, Examples\
06\Ball DVD.
, 
. 
. 
.
1.

,
Graph EditorsTrack View Curve Editor ( 
).

2.

Track View Curve Editor ( ) 


Filters ()
, 
(. 6.13).

3.

Show Only ( ) Filters ()


Animated Tracks ( ), 
OK.
.

4.

Track View Curve Editor ( 


) Show Keyable Icons (
)
. 
.

5.

, 
, 
(. 6.14).

269

270

6.

. 6.13. Filters ()

. 6.14. Track View Curve Editor ( )


6.

Parameter Out-of-Range Curves Types (


)
.

7.


, , 
Cycle ().

8.

OK .

6.2.


,
. , .
,
, 
, .

6.2.
(Particle System) 
,
. .
, 
, , . 

. 
, , , .
, ,
, Emitter Icon ( ).
, .
, . 
( ).

.
3ds Max .


Particle Flow Source ( ) , 


Particle View ( )
(Actions) (Events).

Spray () , , . .
Drops (), Dots () Ticks (
). 
.

Snow () . 
Spray (), 
.

271

272

6.

Snow () 
(Flakes ()).


Blizzard () Snow (),



(, . .).

PArray ( ) 
:


;

PCloud ( ) ,
, . 
, ,
, . .

Super Spray () Spray (


), .

3ds Max :


CreateParticles (
);

Particle Systems ( )
Geometry () Create (
) (. 6.15);

Particle View ( ),
Graph
EditorsParticle View ( 
).

, 
(, Spray (), Snow (),
Blizzard ()),
. 6.15.
, 

, , 

. 
, (. 6.16).
,
.

6.2.

. 6.16. Snow ()

, 
,
.
, 
.
Particle Flow Source
( ), Super Spray (). ,
, , , 
, , .
PArray ( )
PCloud ( ). 
. PArray ( )
. PCloud ( ) ,
, (. 6.17).

.
Particle View ( )
(. 6.18).

273

274

6.

. 6.17. PCloud ( )

Particle View ( ) .


, , 
.

, 
. 
,
.


.

, 
.
:

, 
(Events), 
. Particle View ( )
.
, 
;

6.2.

. 6.18. Particle View ( )

,

.

;

275

276

6.

, ,
. 
Empty Flow ( ) Standard Flow ( ),
.

,
.

Particle
View ( ).

6.3. .

,
. 
, 
, .
, 
.
Star (
). , CreateShapes
Star (), 
Top (C),
, ,
. 
, 
. Modify (
) . Parameters ()
,
. 6.19.

. 6.19.

, 
.
Select and Move ( ) 
, Shift, 
. Clone
Options ( ),

6.3. .

Copy ().
(. 6.20) (. 6.21) .

. 6.20.

. 6.21.

,
. 
, .
. 
(. 6.22).

. 6.22. Top (C)

Extrude (
). 
ModifiersMesh EditingExtrude ( 
). Parameters ()

277

278

6.

Amount (), 
, 4. 
. (. 6.23).

. 6.23. Extrude ()

, .

Examples\ 06\
Shesterenki DVD. Shesterenki_start.max.

, 
, 
. 
. .
1.

( Star01).

2.

Graph EditorsTrack View Curve Editor ( 


 ).

3.

Track View Curve Editor (


) .

6.3. .

4.


Z ( Top (C)) (. 6.24).

. 6.24. Track View Curve Editor ( )


Z Star01

5.

Add Keys ( )

Track View Curve Editor ( ).
.

6.

, 
. 
, .
, 
. , 
Move Keys ( )
,
Track View Curve Editor ( 
), , .
, , 0
, , 0 , 
. ,
, (. 6.25).

7.


, 50 ( ,
, ), 360
. , 50 
. 
.

279

280

6.

. 6.25. Track View Curve Editor ( ),


. Key
Info ( ),
.

8.


, 
.
Set Tangents to Linear
( )
.
(. 6.26).

. 6.26. Set Tangents to Linear (


)

6.3. .

, , 
1 50
. ,
Parameter Curve Out-of-Range Types ( 
)
Track View Curve Editor (
). , 
,
, . 
Relative Repeat (
),
,

(. 6.27). ,

.
,
, 
, 

.


,
0. , 
Alt,


Freeze Rotation ( 
) (. 6.28).

. 6.27. Param Curve OutofRange Types


( )

. 6.28. Freeze Rotation


( )

. , 
50 . 
. .
( ). 
AnimationWire ParametersParameter Wire Dialog (
 ), Parameter
Wiring ( ).

281

282

6.

, 
Z.
, .
( Star02). 
Z.
, control direction ( ).
,
.
, ,
-Z_Rotation*4, Connect ().
Z
, , , 
, , (. 6.29).

. 6.29. ,

, . , 
,
. 4 , ,
, (40 / 10 = 4),
,
. ,
,
(9 36 ).

6.4. .

, Play Animation (
)
, ,
, .
, ,
, ,
, , : -Z_Rotation/2.
2,
, , .

DVD Examples\ 06\Shesterenki. Shesterenki_end.max.


, , Video\ 06 stars.avi.

6.4. .

UNIVERSAL
, , 
. , , 
.
, ,
. , , .
, , , .
,
UNIVERSAL. ,
,
. .
.

.
, 30 ,
(

283

284

6.


). 
, .
Time Configuration (
), 

.
(. 6.30).
.


Frame Rate ( )
NTSC (
30 )

,

.

Time Display ( 
) Frames (
), .

Speed () Playback (), 


1, , 
.

( 900) 30
( NTSC) 30 , ,
.

. 6.30. Time Configuration


( )

. 
.
1.

2.


.

3.

, .

4.

,
.

6.4. .

.
(. 6.31).

. 6.31.

, 
. , 
, , 
, .
.
. 
CreateStandard PrimitivesSphere (
). , 
, , 
( ), .

. 
CreateCamerasTarget Camera ( ).
Top (C)
.
, 
(. 6.32).
. 
.
1.

RenderingEnvironment (
) 8.

285

286

6.

2.

Common Parameters ( ) Environment


and Effects ( ) None (
). Material\Map Browser ( 
).

3.

Bitmap ( ), 
, .

4.

Use Map ( ).

:
.
. , 
, (. 6.33).

. 6.32.

. 6.33.

.
1.

CreateShapesHelix ().

2.

Top (C), (
) .

3.

Parameters () Turns (
) 1,5.

4.

ModifiersPatch\Spline EditingEdit Spline (


 \ ) 
.

, , 
, (. 6.34).

6.4. .


.
1.

, .

2.

AnimationConstraintsPath Constraint (
 ).

3.

Path Constraint ( )

. 
.

. 6.34.

( )
: PathDeform ( ) ( ).

Play Animation ( ), 
,
900 . (. . 6.31) 
200 . ,
, 900 ,
( ) 900 200.
, ,
. :


( , 
);

Top (C).

. 
.
1.

200 (
200 ).

287

288

6.

200 Enter. 
.
2.

Auto Key (
), , , 
.

3.

Top (C) 360. 


Z 200 .

4.

Auto Key (), 


.

, , 
, ( 
).
. . 

, .
, 
.
,
Curve Editor (Open) ( ()), 
, Graph EditorsTrack View Curve Editor (
 ). 
Track View Curve Editor ( ).
( Z Rotation
( Z)), Parameter Curve Out-of-Range Types
, 
( )
. ,
, , 
. Cycle (), 
.
,
200 .
, Track
View Curve Editor ( ) Set
.
Tangents to Linear ( )

6.4. .

.
1.

CreateShapesText ().

2.

Text () Parameters () ,
.

3.

Bevel ( ).

4.

,
.
PathDeform (WSM) (
(WSM)). Parameters ()
Pick Path
( )
, .
Move to Path (
) (. 6.35), 
.
, 

90 (, , :
, ).
, 
, .

PathDeform (WSM) ( (WSM)),
.
, .

. 6.35.

PathDeform (WSM)
(
(WSM))

1.

500 (
).

2.

Auto Key (
), , , 
.

3.

Parameters () PathDeform (WSM) (


(WSM)) Percent () 100.
0 500 .

289

290

6.

4.

0 200 (
).

5.

Auto Key (), 


.

, . 6.36.
.
, , , ,
.
X, Y Z. 
, 
, .
.


, (
) .
Auto Key () , 
.
. ,
,
. , 
.

, 
. ( )
, . , 
. : 
Morpher (), Target
(), Bend ().

. , 
,
. Bend ()
.
.
, , 
PathDeform ( ). 
, ,
, , . 
. 

6.4. .

( ) ToolsSnapshot
().
Bend (). 
, 
, Gizmo ( )
, . 6.37.

. 6.36. ,

. 6.37.
Bend ()

, ,
Easy Render. 
, Visibility ()
, 
. , ,
. 
Object Properties ( ), 
.
Visibility () 0 OK
(. 6.38).
501 ( 
) , Auto Key
(), .
Object Properties ( )
. Visibility ()
, 1, . 

, , 
500.

. 6.38.
Rendering Control
( )
Object Properties
( )

291

292

6.

500 ,
501 .
, , , 
, , 500 Visibility
() 1 ( ), 501 0 ( ).
, .
.
.
1.

700 ( 

).

2.

Auto Key (
), .

3.



,
(. 6.39).

4.

Bend
. 6.39.
()
190 (. 6.40). 
, ,
.

5.

Auto Key (), 


,
, .

6.

, 
, 500
( , ).

: 
. Text ()
(, 
 ). 
Extrude () Bevel (
) 
(. 6.41).

. 6.40.
Bend
()

6.5. . , !

, 
, 
Visibility (),
(
720) .
Easy Render 
, 
,
. 
,
Easy Render,
.

. 6.41.

1.

2.

Auto Key (), .

3.

720 .

4.

Visibility () 0.

5.

6.

850 , 
.

. . . 
. 
,
, , 
.

DVD Video\
06, zastavka.avi. Examples\ 06\Zastavka
Zastavka.max.

6.5. . , !
,
,
, .

293

294

6.

, , 
, ,
() . , 
, 
.
3ds Max 2008, 
, , . 
fountain_start.max Examples\ 06\
Fountain DVD. 
, , 
: (ground), (fountain), , 
(tube), (water) (. 6.42).

. 6.42. ,

, , . , (,
20 , 20 ) -, , .

6.5. . , !

,
. .
1.

CreateSpaceWarpsGeometric/DeformableRipple (
  ).

2.

Top () ,
,
Ripple (). , 

.

3.

water ( )
. Bind
to Space Warp ( )
,

. , 
(. 6.43).

. 6.43.

4.

Parameters ()
Ripple01.

295

296

6.

Ripple01 Parameters () , Ripple01 (, Select From Scene ( ))


Modify () .

5.

Ripple () Amplitude 1 ( 1) Amplitude 2 ( 2) , 15 , Wave Length (


) 200 .
, Decay (),
0,001. 
. 6.44.

. 6.44. Ripple ()

. 
.
1.

Auto Key ().

2.

400 . 
, , 
400500.

6.5. . , !

3.

Ripple () Parameters () Ripple01


Phase () 60.

4.

, Auto Key
().

, 
. Play Animation ( )
.
, ,
.
, . 
.
1.

Create () ,
Geometry ()
, 
Particle Systems ( ) PF Source (
).

PArray ( ), Super Spray () Blizzard (). ,


.

2.

Top () 
.

3.

Select and Rotate ( 


),
, , 
, .

4.

Emission () 
PF Source 01
Icon Type ( ) Circle (
).

5.

Diameter () 
, ,
. 
50 (. 6.45).

. 6.45.
PF Source 01
(
)

297

298

6.

6.

Select and Move ( ),


PF Source 01 , , 
, .

,
.
, , . 
CreateSpaceWarpsForcesGravity ( 
 ) Top ()
Gravity ( ).
, ,
. UDeflector (U
).

, ,
POmniFlect ( ) Deflector ().

CreateSpaceWarpsDeflectors
UDeflector ( U
) Top () .
, . CreateSpaceWarps
ForcesWind ( ), 
Left () , 
(. 6.46).
.
PF Source 01. Modify () , 
Setup () Particle View ( ),
. Birth 01
( 01).
. Emit Stop ( 
) , 
( 400), Rate
() (. 6.47).

6.5. . , !

. 6.46. Perspective ()

. 6.47. Particle View ( )

299

300

6.

, 
.
, ,
.
Particle View ( 
) . 
Speed 01 ( 01).

Particle View ( ),
, Graph EditorsParticle View
(  ).


Speed () , 
50 
. 1800. 
Variation () 200, Divergence () 5.

(. 6.48).

. 6.48. 50

6.5. . , !

.
, , 
. .
1.

Particle View ( )
Event 01 ( 01) Append
OperatorForce ()
(. 6.49).
Force 01 ( 01).

. 6.49.

2.

.
Particle View ( ) Force 01 ( 01) 
By List ( ).

3.

Select Force Space Warps (


) Gravity01 OK.

301

302

6.

Select Force Space Warps ( ) Gravity01, Display


() Display Space Warps ( ).

, , 
, , . 
, . , 
.
1.


Gravity01 ( ).
Modify () Parameters (
) Strength (),

. 0,45.

2.

Particle View ( ) By List


( ) Force Space Warps ( 
) ( Wind01).

3.

Parameters
() Strength (), 
. 0,02.

, Play Animation (
), , 
. . 6.50 200 .
, ,
, . 
, .
UDeflector01, .
1.

Particle View ( ) 
Collision ()
(. 6.51).

2.

Collision 01 ( 01) 
Particle View ( 
). By List ( ).

3.

Select Deflectors ( ) 
UDeflector01, .

6.5. . , !

. 6.50. 200

. 6.51. Collision ()

303

304

6.

,

, 
. ,
, 
,
. ,

.

, 
.
Plane (),

water,
(. 6.52).
.

. 6.52.
,

1.

UDeflector01 Modify
() .

2.

Basic Parameters ( ) Pick Object


( ) ( 
) Plane01.

3.

Particle Bounce ( ) Bounce (


) 0,2,
.

4.

Plane01 , Hide Selection (


) . ,
, .

. , ,
, 
, . 
, .
, .
, Delete (),
Particle View ( ). Delete 01 (
01) By Particle Age ( 
), Life Span ( ) 180 (. 6.53).

6.5. . , !

. 6.53. Delete 01 ( 01)

Birth 01 ( 01) Noise (), . Spawn ()


, . ,
.
,
.

.
(Ticks),
(Tetra). 
:


BlobMesth (), 
(, , ) ;

,
.

, .
Particle View ( ),
Shape Facing ( ) Shape 01 ( 01)

305

306

6.

, .
Shape Facing 01 ( 01)
None ().
Camera01 , Select by
Name ( ). Units () 50
( ), W/H Ratio (
) 2,5 (
). , 
, Orientation ()
Align to Speed Follow ( ) (. 6.54).

. 6.54. Shape Facing ( )

, ,
, Display 01 ( 01)
.
.

, , 
. Material
Dynamic ( ), 
Collision (). ,
Material Dynamic 01 ( 01) None (
). Material/Map Browser ( )
Browse From ( ) Mtl Editor
( ) Blobs (. 6.55).

6.5. . , !

. 6.55. Material/Map Browser ( )

PF Source (
) , . 6.56.

. 6.56. Material Dynamic


( )

307

308

6.

. . 6.57 
285
Motion Blur ( ).

. 6.57.

Examples\ 06\Fountain DVD fountain_end.max . Video\ 06 fontain.avi .

.
reactor, Hair and Fur
Cloth
 3ds Max
 .
 .
 .
 .
 .
 .
 .
 .
Cloth ()

310

7. . reactor, Hair and Fur Cloth

7.1. 3ds Max


, 
. , , 

.
3ds Max ,
, 
, . 3ds Max 
.


(Space Warps)
.
, , ,
.
, 
. 
, ,
,
.

, , , , , . .

(Dynamics Objects) 
: Damper () Spring ().
, , ,
, 
.
,
(, Spring () , , 
. .).

reactor , Havok. 
.
, 
, reactor 
, . 3ds Max
.
(, , , 
. .),

7.2. .

(, . .) () (, 
). reactor 
.
( 
)
.
,
reactor.
, , 
Hair and Fur, , 
Cloth, .

7.2. .

.
, 
.
, .
reactor.
, , , . 
. 
Cylinder () 600 30 
20 40. Plane ()
1500 1500 , 30.

, , ,
3000 , .

, ( ), 
( , 
, ). , 
Top
() . . 7.1
Perspective ().

311

312

7. . reactor, Hair and Fur Cloth

, 
. .
1.

Create () Helpers
( )

reactor.

2.

RBCollection ( )
( 
).

3.

, ,
CLCollection ( ) 
.

,
(. 7.2).

. 7.1. ,

. 7.2.


RBCollection ( ) Pick ()
RB Collection Properties ( )
Modify () . , 
, 
.
, Plane
(), Modify ()
reactor Cloth ( reactor). Properties (

7.2. .

) reactor Cloth ( reactor) 


Force Model () Complex Force Model ( ).
Damping () , 0,01. 
ClCollection ( ) . Properties ()
Modify () Pick (
) .
.
Utilities () reactor.

reactor, More () Utilities (), Utilities


(), reactor.

, Preview & Animation ( ) Preview in Window ( 


). , , 
, reactor Real-Time Preview (
reactor). P
.
,  ,  
.
, Preview & Animation ( ) 
Create Animation ( ).
, . 
OK.
,
(. 7.3).
reactor 
Update Viewports (
),
.

,
Play Animation ( 
).

. 7.3. ,
reactor

313

314

7. . reactor, Hair and Fur Cloth

DVD Examples\ 07\Cloth Cloth.max. Video\ 07 Cloth.avi


.

7.3. .

3ds Max 
Wind (). , 
, .
, 
, , curtain_start.max,
Examples\ 07\urtain 
DVD (. 7.4).
, 

Plane
(), 
, reactor Cloth (
reactor) . 
.
1.


, Modify (
) 
reactor
Cloth ( reactor).

. 7.4. ,
reactor

2.


Vertex (), .

3.

Constraints ()
Fix Vertices ( ). 
reactor
.

4.

Properties () Mass () 0,5.

5.

, . 14 .

7.3. .

, 
. .
1.

Create () Helpers
( )

reactor.
2.

CLCollection ( ),
(
).

3.

Modify
() , Properties () 
Pick () .
.

4.

Create ()
Helpers ( ). 
Wind (), Left () 
. 
: .

5.

Properties () Wind ()
Wind On ( ). Ripple (), 
Left/Right (/).
, .


(. 7.5).

.
Utilities ()
reactor. Preview & Animation ( )
Create Animation (
), 
.


()
.

. 7.5.

315

316

7. . reactor, Hair and Fur Cloth

. 7.6
.

DVD Examples\ 07\Curtain urtain_end.max.


Video\ 07 Curtain.avi.



reactor. 

.

. 7.6. ,

7.4. .
, 
, , ,
. , . 
bowling_start.max Examples\ 07\
Bowling DVD .
.
1.

,
. Rectangle ()
.

2.

Extrude () ,
56 .

3.

Left () Select and Rotate (


) ,
(. 7.7).

. Sphere ().
, .
1.

Front () , 
.

7.4. .

2.

Lathe ( ).

3.

, EditClone (),
Clone Options ( )
Copy ( ).

. 7.8 , .

. 7.7.

. 7.8. ,


. .
1.

Create () Helpers
( )

reactor.

2.

RBCollection ( ) 

( ) (. 7.9).

3.

RBCollection ( ) .

4.

RB Collection Properties ( )
Modify () Pick ()
.

, ,
.
1.

2.

Utilities ()
reactor.

317

318

7. . reactor, Hair and Fur Cloth

3.

Properties () 
Mass () 3.

4.

5.

Properties () 
Mass () 2.

6.


0. , 
. ,
Properties () 

. 7.9.
Simulation Geometry (

) Concave Mesh
( ). ,
, , , .

,
. .
1.

, 
.

2.

Auto Key () 
. , ,
.

3.

5 .

4.

, .

5.

Utilities (
)
reactor. Preview & Animation ( ) 

( Start Frame
( ) 5) 
Create Animation (
).
. . 7.10

.

. 7.10. ,

7.5. .

DVD Examples\ 07\Bowling


bowling_end.max. Video\ 07 Bowling.avi, .

7.5. .


. board_start.max,
Examples\ 07\Board DVD. , 
( Extrude (
)), Cylinder (
) Torus () (. 7.11).

,
.
,
, , 

.
.
1.

Select and Link (


) 
.

2.

Front () ,
,
.

3.

,
. .

4.

. 7.11. ,

, 
. , , ,
. 
, EditUndo (
).

319

320

7. . reactor, Hair and Fur Cloth

reactor .
1.

Create () Helpers
( )

reactor.

2.

RBCollection ( ) 
( )
.

3.

Modify
() RB Collection
Properties ( )
Add ().

4.

Select rigid bodies ( 


) 
, (. 7.12).

5.

reactor
Helpers ( )
Create () .

. 7.12.

6.

Hinge () 
Front () Hinge ().

7.

Object Type ( ) reactor PointPoint ( ) Front ()


Point-Point ( ).

8.

Object Type ( )
CSolver (
)
Front (),

(. 7.13).

9.


CSolver01 
Modify ()
Add
().

10.

Select new constraints to add (

. 7.13. Front ()

reactor

7.5. .

) (
reactor).
11.

Properties () None ()
RBCollection ( ). . 
.

12.

Deactivation Threshold ( ) 
.

reactor . 
Hinge () Point-Point ( ).
1.

Hinge () Properties (
) Modify () Parent () 
None (), . 
.

2.

, ,
Hinge ().

3.

None () Child (),


.

4.


Hinge ().

5.

Align Spaces To ( )
Parent Body ( ), ,
.

6.

Hinge (),
, .

Point-Point ( ), .
1.

Point-Point ( ). Properties () Modify () Parent


() None (), . 
.

2.


Point-Point ( ).

3.

None () Child (),


.

321

322

7. . reactor, Hair and Fur Cloth

4.


Point-Point ( ).

5.


Point-Point ( ) 
Child Space ( ).

6.

Gizmo ( ) ,
.

7.

Point-Point (
), (. 7.14).

. 
.
1.

Utilities ()
reactor.

2.

. Properties (
) Mass () 5.

3.

. Properties (
) Mass () 8.

4.

, 
(. 7.15).

. 7.14.

. 7.15. ,

, Preview & Animation (


) Create Animation ( ).
reactor ,
Play Animation ( )
,
, , .

7.6. .

reactor ,
board_end.max Examples\ 07\Board
DVD. Video\ 07 Board.avi.

7.6. .


reactor. 
reactor :
Motor () Toy Car (
).
. 
car_start.max, Examples\ 07\Car
DVD. , 
: , .
, 
. .
1.

reactorCreate ObjectRigid Body Collection


(reactor  ) 
(
).

2.

RBCollection01 Modify (
) RB Collection Properties (
) Add ().

3.

Select rigid bodies ( )


, . 
rigid bodies ( ) RB Collection Properties (
) (. 7.16).

Toy Car ( )
. .
1.

reactorCreate ObjectToy Car (reactor


 ) Top
().

323

324

7. . reactor, Hair and Fur Cloth

2.

Toy Car01 
Modify () Toy
Car Properties ( ) 
None () Chassis (
). Top () 
( CarBody).
Toy Car01 .

3.

Toy Car Properties ( 


) Add ().

4.

Select Wheels ( )
Wheel
.

5.

Toy Car Properties ( 


) Suspension () 
0,1. 
.

. 7.16. RB
Collection Properties
(
)

6.

Internal Substeps ( ) 
25 
.

7.

Spin Wheels ( ) Top ()


. , Toy
Car01, (. 7.17).
, Select and Rotate (
) .

8.

Spin Wheels ( ) Velocity ()


100, Gain () 5 (. 7.18).

Toy Car Properties ( ) , , .

,
. .
1.

Utilities ()
reactor.

7.6. .

. 7.17. Toy Car01

2.

(
CarBody).

3.

Physical Properties ( ) 
Properties () Mass ()
1000.

4.

5.

Physical Properties ( ) 
Properties () Mass ()
20, Friction ( ) 1,
.

6.

Gravity ( ) Havok 1 World


(Havok 1 ) Z
1000. World Scale ( ) 
200.


. ,
, .

. 7.18.
Toy Car
Properties (

325

326

7. . reactor, Hair and Fur Cloth

100 
, .
1.

3ds Max Time Configuration ( )


.

2.

Animation () Time Configuration (


) End Time ( 
) 400.

3.

Utilities () 
reactor. Timing () Preview & Animation (
) End Frame ( ) 400, 
Frames/Key (/) 5.

. Preview & Animation ( 


) Create Animation ( ).
reactor , Play
Animation ( )
,
, , , 
(. 7.19).

. 7.19.

7.7. .

Examples\ 07\Car DVD car_end.max. Video\ 07


Car.avi.

7.7. .
reactor .
, .
, , .
: Teapot () Plane (),
(. 7.20).
reactor. 
: Water () SpaeWarps ( ) RBCollection (
). 
.
1.

Create () Space
Warps ( )

reactor.

2.

Object Type ( ) Water (),


.

3.

Top () Water () 
, Plane ().
, Water () reactor
Plane ()
.

4.

. Create (
) Helpers ( 
)
reactor.

5.

RBCollection ( ) 
( 
).

6.

RBCollection01 Modify (
) RB Collection Properties (
) Add ().

327

328

7. . reactor, Hair and Fur Cloth

7.

Select rigid bodies ( )


.

, . 7.21.

. 7.20. ,

. 7.21.
reactor


. .
1.

Utilities ()
reactor.

2.

Teapot () . Properties (
) Mass () 5.

3.

Water (). 
Modify ()
Properties () 
. 7.22 ( Size X (
X) Size Y ( Y) ).

. 
Utilities ()
reactor. Preview & Animation
( ) Create Animation
( ). reactor 
,
Play Animation ( )
, 
, ,
, .

. 7.22.
Water
()

7.8. .

reactor Water (), 


. Plane (
). .
1.

Plane () .

2.

Bind to Space Warp ( 


)
.

3.

Select by Name ( )
.

4.

Select Space
Warp ( 
)
Water01 Bind (
).

Plane ()

Water ().

. . 7.23
.

. 7.23. ,

, water.max, Examples\ 07\Water DVD. Video\ 07


Water.avi.

7.8. .

, Hair
and Fur ( ). 
, 
DVD Examples\ 07\Hair. hair_start.max.
,
.

329

330

7. . reactor, Hair and Fur Cloth

.
Head , , 
Hide Unselected ( ). 
, .
Mesh Select ( ),
, .
, ,
. 
, .
, ,
:


( ) (
);

Hair and Fur ( )


, 

;

, 
, 
.

, CreateShapes
Line (). 
(. 7.24).


.


.

7.8. .

. 7.24. ,

,
10 15 (. 7.25).

. 7.25.

331

332

7. . reactor, Hair and Fur Cloth

, 
. 
(
), .
1.

,
.

2.

Geometry () Attach (),


.

3.

Top ()
, .

.

Hair and Fur (WSM) ( (WSM)).
, ,
.

Hair and Fur ( )


Target Spot ( )
Free Spot ( ), .

, 
.
1.

Tools () Hair and Fur ( )


Render Settings ( ),
Environment and Effects ( ).

2.


hair_shadow ( 
).

3.

Hair and Fur ( ) Environment and Effects (


) Add hair properties (
), 
Hair Light Attr ( ).

4.

, Shadows () General Parameters


( ) On

7.8. .

(), Hair Light Attr ( 


) Light Hair (
).
Resolution (), 
(. 7.26).
Hair and Fur (WSM)
( (WSM)). 
General Parameters ( ),
(Hair Count ( 
)), (Hair Segments
( )), (Root Thick (
) Tip Thick ( )) . .
Interpolate () 
, 
(. 7.27).
Material Parameters ( ) 
,
. Tip Color ( )
Root Color ( )
. Hue Variation
( ) ,
. 
Specular ( ) Glossiness (
) .
Self Shadow ( )
Material Parameters ( ) (. 7.28).

. 7.26. Hair
Light Attr (

)

. 7.27.
General Parameters
( )

Hair and Fur (WSM)
( (WSM))

Frizz Parameters (
) Kink Parameters ( ) 
.

Multi Strand Parameters ( ), 
, 
.
(Count ()), 
(Root Splay ( ))
(Tip Splay ( )), 
(Randomize ( )) (. 7.29).

. 7.28.

333

334

7. . reactor, Hair and Fur Cloth


,
.
. ,
.

. 7.29.
Multi Strand Parameters
( )

,
(, ).
Interpolate () General Parameters ( 
) , Multi Strand Parameters
( ).
. 7.30 .

. 7.30.

,
Hair
and Fur ( ) Styling (). ,
Load () Presets () Tools (),
,

7.9. . Cloth ()

Save () . 

.

Examples\ 07\Hair DVD


hair_end.max .

7.9. .
Cloth ()
Cloth ().
reactor,
.
,
, ,
Cloth () ,
. , : .
,
: . 
Box () (CreateStandard Primitives
Box ( )). 
Rectangle () (CreateShapes
Rectangle ()). 
Top (). 
X Y (. 7.31).


Plane () (, 50),
: (, ), . .

Rectangle () . 
.

335

336

7. . reactor, Hair and Fur Cloth

.
Garment
Maker ( ). ,

ModifiersClothGarment Maker ( ).
, .
, ,
.
(
Rectangle ()), Modifier List
( ) Edit Spline (
) (. 7.32).

. 7.31.

Vertex
(), Edit Spline (
) Vertex () Selection ()
1. ,
Geometry () Break ().
,
Vertex (), Garment Maker (
).

7.9. . Cloth ()


.
Main Parameters ( )
Garment Maker (
) Mesh It! ( )
Density () 2.

. 7.32.
Edit Spline
(
)

, , .

.
Density () 1.

, , 
. . 7.33,
Garment Maker (
) , . 7.33, .

. 7.33. () ()

337

338

7. . reactor, Hair and Fur Cloth

Cloth (), 
ModifiersClothCloth (). 
.
1.

Object () Cloth ()
Object Properties ( ).

2.

Object Properties ( )
( Rectangle01) 
Cloth ().

3.

Cloth Properties ( ) Presets


() Default () (. 7.34).

. 7.34. Rectangle01

4.

(
), Object Properties

7.9. . Cloth ()

( ) Add Objects ( ). 
Add Objects to Cloth Simulation ( 
) Box01 Add (
).
5.

Box01 Collision Object (


) , (. 7.35).

6.

OK Object Properties ( ).

. 7.35. Box01

. , 
Simulation () Object ()
Simulate () Simulate Local ( 
) ( 
).

339

340

7. . reactor, Hair and Fur Cloth

, Garment Maker ( ). (
) Erase Simulation
( ) Object ().

. 7.36 .

. 7.36. Cloth ()

DVD Examples\ 07\Table-cloth


table-cloth.max, .

Cloth (): 
. 
,
Force ().
, .
: Plane (), , Wind (), 

7.9. . Cloth ()

(
, Cloth (), 
).
Front () 
CreateStandard PrimitivesPlane (
). Parameters ()
Length Segs
( ) Width Segs ( )
2025. .
, ,
CreateSpaceWarpsForcesWind (
) Top ()
, (. 7.37).

. 7.37.

.
ModifiersClothCloth
(). .
1.

Cloth (),
,
, Group ().

341

342

7. . reactor, Hair and Fur Cloth

2.


Make Group ( )
Group ().
Make Group ( ),
. 
,
.

3.

Drag (
) Group ().
(. 7.38).

4.

,
Cloth
().

5.

Object () Cloth
Forces (, ).

6.

Forces () 
Wind01 >, 
Wind01 Forces in Simulation ( ).

7.

Object () 
Cloth () Object
Properties ( ).

8.

Object Properties ( )
Plane01 Cloth ().

9.

Cloth Properties ( ) 
Silk (). , Plane () 
(. 7.39).

10.

. 7.38. Group
()

OK.

, 
.
Parameters () 
Strength () 5. 
, Cloth () Object
() Simulate ().
. 7.40 , Cloth
().

7.9. . Cloth ()

. 7.39. , Plane01

. 7.40. , Cloth ()

343

344

7. . reactor, Hair and Fur Cloth

, 
Cloth (). 
. 


.

DVD Examples\ 07\Flag


flag.max,
.




 RAM Player (RAM-)

 Video Post ()
 . !
 .

346

8.

, , 
, , . 
. , ()
,
, , , 
. .
3ds Max Default Scanline Renderer, 
, , 
, . , 
Render Scene ( ),
.

8.1.
3ds Max Rendering (
) ,
,
(. 8.1).
.
Render Scene Dialog ( 
) 
, 
Render Scene ( ).


( ).

. 8.1.

,

Render Type ( )
, .

View () .

Selected ( )
. 
, 
.

Region () 
, 

8.2.

. 
. 
, , , 
.

Crop () , , , 
, .

Blowup () , Region (), 


.

Box Selected ( )
.
,
.

Region Selected ( ) , 
,
.

Crop Selected ( ) Region Selected (


) , , 
, .

Quick Render (Production) ( ()) 


, 
Render Scene ( ).
Quick Render (ActiveShade) ( ( ))
,
ActiveShade ( ). , 
, 
, Multiplier ().

.

8.2.
Render Scene
( ) (. 8.2), RenderingRender
() Render Scene Dialog
( ), 
.

347

348

8.

Render Scene (
) 

.


Common () 
, 
,
(, Brazil r/s VRay).

Renderer () 
(
Default Scanline Rende
rer).

Render Elements ( 
) 
(
, , ,
. .)


.

. 8.2. Render Scene (


)

Raytracer () 
,
, 
( ,
). , 
.

Advanced Lighting ( )
:

Light Tracer ( ) 
;

Radiosity ( )
,
,
.

Render Scene (
).

8.2.

Common Parameters ( )
Common Parameters ( ) Common () 
(. 8.3).

.
1.

Time Output (
)
:

Single () 
;

Active Time Segment ( 


) 
,
;

Range () 
, 
, ;

Frames ()
, , ()
, (
, 1, 5, 10100 , 
1, 5 10 100 ).


:

2.

. 8.3. Common
Parameters ( )
Common ()
Render Scene (
)

Every Nth Frame ( 


)
, Active
Time Segment ( ) Range () ( 
);

File Number Base ( ) ,


.

Output Size ( ) 
:

, ,
, 

349

350

8.

Custom (), Aperture


Width (mm) ( ), Image Aspect ( )
Pixel Aspect ( );

3.

, 
Width () Height ();

Options () :

Atmospherics ( ) /
(, 
);

Effects () / 
(, Blur ());

Displacement () /
;

Video Color Check ( ) /



PAL NTSC;

Render to Fields ( ) 
, 
;

Render Hidden Geometry ( ) /


,
;

Area Lights/Shadows as Points ( / 


) , 
, (
);

Force 2-Sided ( ) / 
( ; 

);

Super Black () /
( ).

8.2.

4.

Advanced Lighting ( ):

Use Advanced Lighting ( ) 


/ 
;

Compute Advanced Lighting when Required (


) / 
(

).

5.

Bitmap Proxies ( ) ,

. Setup () Global
Settings and Defaults for Bitmap Proxies (
), 
, .

6.

Render Output ( ) 
:

Files () Render Output File (


) ;

Save File ( )
;

Devices () 
(, 
);

Rendered Frame Window ( )



;

Net Render ( ) 
, ;

Skip Existing Images ( ) 


/ 
.

3ds Max 2008 


Image File List ( ), 
.

351

352

8.

Put Image File List(s) in Output Path(s) (


), , 
, (Autodesk ME Image Sequence File (.imsq)
Legacy 3ds max Image File List (.ifl)) Create Now ( ).

Default Scanline Renderer


Default Scanline Renderer Renderer ()
, 3ds Max (. 8.4).


.


Options () :

Mapping ( ) 
/ 
;

Shadows ()
;

Enable SSE ( SSE) 


SSE 
;

AutoReflect/Refract and Mirrors (


/ 
) 

;

Force Wireframe ( )

( Wire Thickness ( ) 
).

Antialiasing () 
:

. 8.4. Default Scanline


Renderer Renderer
() Render Scene
( )

Antialiasing () ;

Filter () 12
;

8.2.

Filter Maps ( )
( , 
, );

Filter Size ( )
.

Global SuperSampling ( ) :

Disable all Samplers ( )


,
;

Enable Global Supersampler ( ) 


, .

Object Motion Blur ( ) Image Motion Blur (


) 
, :

Apply () ;

Duration (frames) ( ()) ,


( , 1,
);

Samples () ,
;

Duration Subdivisions ( )
;

Transparency () ,
; , ;

Apply To Environment Map ( ) ,


.

Auto Reflect/Refract Maps ( /) 


Rendering Iterations ( ), 
, 
/ .

Color Range Limiting ( ) 



:

Clamp ( )
0 1;

353

354

8.

Scale () 
,
1.

Memory Management ( ) , 
Conserve Memory ( ), 
.

8.3.

Rendered Frame Window ( ), 
(. 8.5).

. 8.5. Rendered Frame Window ( )

, Rendered Frame Window


( ), :
Save Bitmap ( ) 
;
Copy Bitmap ( ) 
Windows

8.4. RAM Player (RAM-)

(,
Photoshop);
Clone Rendered Frame Window ( )
( 
);
Enable Red/Green/Blue Channel ( // )
,
;
Display Alpha Channel ( ) 
;
Monochrome () 
;
Clear () .
3ds Max Rendered Frame Window ( 
)
.
FileView Image File ( ).

.

8.4. RAM Player


(RAM-)
RAM Player (RAM) (. 8.6)


(fps). , RenderingRAM
Player (RAM).
RAM Player (RAM) (Channel A ( A)
Channel B ( )) 
,
.

.

355

356

8.

. 8.6. RAM Player (RAM)

RAM Player (RAM) 


:
Open Channel ( )
Channel A ( A) Channel B ( );
Open Last Rendered Image in Channel (
) 
;
Close Channel ( ) 
;
Save Channel ( )
,
;
Horizontal/Vertical Split Screen ( /)

;
Frame Rate Control ( )
;
Double Buffer ( ) 
.

8.5.

8.5.
Environment ( ) Effects ()
, . 
, , ,
, . .
Environment and Effects (
) 


(. 8.7).

, 
RenderingEnvironment (
 ). 
Environment and Effects
( )
Environment ( 
). 
.

. 8.7. Environment (
) Environment and Effects
( )

Common Parameters ( )
Common Parameters ( ) (. . 8.7) Environment
( ) .


Background () .

Color () .

Environment Map ( )
None () Material/Map Browser (
)
. 
() 
Material Editor ( ),
Instance () .

Use Map ( ) / 
.

357

358

8.


Global Lighting ( ) 
.

Tint () , 
, Ambient ( ).

Level () , 
, Ambient ( ) ( , 
1, ).

Ambient ( ) ,
.

Exposure Control ( ) Logarithmic


Exposure Control Parameters (
)
Exposure Control ( 
)


, 

(. 8.8).
, , 

. 

, 

Logarithmic Exposure Control Parameters (
).

. 8.8. Exposure Control


( ) Logarithmic
Exposure Control Parameters
(
)

Atmosphere ()
Atmosphere () (. 8.9) 
: Fire Effect ( ), Fog (), Volume Fog ( 
) Volume Light ( ).

8.5.



Atmosphere () 
.
1.

Add ().

2.

Add Atmospheric
Effect ( )

. 8.9. Atmosphere ()
Environment ( )
OK
Environment and Effects (
.
)

Effects ().
.

3.

Effects ()
Delete ().

4.

Active () 
.

5.

Move Up ( ) Move Down (


) 
. , ,
, 
.

6.

Merge () 
, .

7.

Name (), .


, 
, , , , , . .
, , 
.

: , , 
. Fire Effect ( ) Volume

359

360

8.

Fog ( ), 
. ,
. 

Helpers ( ) Create (
) 
Atmospheric Apparatus ( )
(. 8.10).
Object Type ( )
:
BoxGizmo ( ), SphereGizmo ( 
) CylGizmo ( ).

. 8.10.


, .

Fire Effect ( )
Fire Effect ( ) Effects ()
Atmosphere () Environment and Effects (
) Fire Effect Parameters
( ) Environment ( ) Environment and Effects ( ) (. 8.11).
Fire Effect Parameters ( ) 
.


Gizmos ( )
( Pick Gizmo ( )) (
Remove Gizmo ( )).

Colors ()
: Inner Color ( ), Outer Color (
) Smoke Color ( ).

Shape () ,
:

Flame Type ( ), :
Tendril () ,
, . .; Fireball ( ) 
, ;

8.5.

Stretch ()

;

Regularity ()
,
.

Characteristics () 
:

Flame Size ( ) 


( 


15 30);

Flame Detail ( 
) 

;

. 8.11. Fire Effect Parameters


( )
Environment ( )
Environment and Effects (
)

Density () 

;

Samples () .

Motion () :

Phase () ( 
Explosion (), Phase () 
, 0 300);

Drift () Z 
.

Explosion () :
Explosion () , , 
Phase ();

Setup Explosion ( ) Setup Explosion Phase


Curve ( ),
;

361

362

8.

Smoke () ,
Phase ();

Fury ( ) .

Fog ()
Fog () Environment Ranges (
) .


. 
Fog ()
Fog Parameters ( )
(. 8.12).
Fog Parameters ( ).


Fog ()
:

Color ()
;

Environment Color Map (


)


;

. 8.12. Fog Parameters


( ) Environment
( ) Environment and
Effects ( )

Environment Opacity Map ( )



;

Fog Background ( ) / 
;

Type () : Standard (
) Layered ().

Standard () :

Exponential () 
;

8.5.

Near () Far () 
, .

Layered () :

Top () ;

Bottom () ;

Density () ;

Horizon Noise ( ) 
, ;

Size ()
;

Falloff () 
: Top (), Bottom () None (
);

Angle () 
;

Phase () .

Volume Light ( )
Volume Light ( )
(, , . .). 
Volume Light Parameters ( )
(. 8.13) Effects ()
Atmosphere () Environment and Effects ( 
).
Volume Light Parameters ( )
.


Lights ( ) ( Pick Light


( )) ( Remove Light
( )).

Volume () :

Fog Color ( ) Attenuation Color ( ) 


, ,
;

363

364

8.

Exponential () 


;

Density () 
;

Max Light ( )

, 
;

Min Light ( )

;

Atten. Mult. ( )
;

Filter Shadows ( )

. 8.13. Volume Light Parameters
( )

Environment ( )
; 
Environment and Effects (
)
: Low (), Medium
(), High () Use Light Smp Range (
).

Attenuation () , Start
() End () ( 
).

Noise () :

Noise On ( ) / ;

Amount () (
0 ( ) 1 ( );

Link To Light ( )
;

Type () : Regular (
), Fractal () Turbulence ();

8.5.

Invert () 
;

Noise Threshold ( )
(Low ( )) (High ( ))
;

Uniformity () ;

Levels () ;

Size () ;

Phase ()
;

Wind Strength ( ) ;

Wind from the: ( :)


.

Volume Fog ( )
Volume Fog ( ) 
. Volume Fog Parameters (
) (. 8.14).
Volume Fog Parameters (
) 
.


Gizmos ( ) 

( Pick Gizmo
( ))
( Remove Gizmo (
)). Soften Gizmo Edges (
)
0 1, 

.
0,
,
.

. 8.14. Volume Fog Parameters


( )
Environment ( )
Environment and Effects (
)

365

366

8.


Volume () Color (), Exponential


() Density (), 
. , :

Step Size ( )
;

Max Steps ( )
;

Fog Background ( ) 
.

Noise ()
.


, 
.
Effects () Environment and Effects
( ) (. 8.15).
Effects (
) .
1.

Add (). Add


Effect ( ), 
: Hair and Fur ( ), Lens Effects ( ), Blur (
), Brightness and Contrast ( ), Color Balance (
), Depth of Field ( ), File Output ( ), Film Grain
() Motion Blur ( ).

2.

Add Effect ( ) 
OK . 
Effects ().
.

3.

Effects ()
Delete ().

4.

Active (),
.

8.5.

5.

Move Up (
) Move Down (
) 

.

6.

Merge () 

,
.

7.

Name (), 

.

8.

Preview () 
, 
:

Effects
. 8.15. Effects ()
Environment and Effects (
() 
)
: All () 
Current () 
;

Interactive (), 
;

Show Original ( ) 
;

Update Scene ( )

;

Update Effect ( ) 
, Interactive (
).

Lens Effects ( )
Lens Effects ( ) 

. ,

367

368

8.

: Glow (), Ring (), Ray (), Auto Secondary (


), Manual Secondary ( ), Star (
) Streak ().

Effects (
) Lens Effects ( 
). Environment and Effects (
) Lens Effects
Parameters ( )
(. 8.16).


>. 
.


.

. 8.16. Lens Effects Parameters


( )
Effects () Environment
and Effects (
)


Lens Effects
Globals (
) (. 8.17).
Parameters () Lens
Effects Globals ( 
) 
:

. 8.17. Lens Effects Globals


( )
Effects ()
Environment and Effects (
)

Load () 
;

Save () Save Lens Effects file ( 


), 
;

Size () ,
( );

Intensity () 
;

8.5.


Seed ( )
;

Angle ()
;

Squeeze () ,
( )
( );

Lights ( ) : Pick Light (


), , Remove (
), .

Scene () Lens Effects Globals ( 


)
, . 
,
Z ( ) 
.
.
, Lens
Effects ( ), Glow (). 

. ,
,

. Glow
()
Glow Element ( ) (. 8.18)
.
Glow Element ( ) 
: Parameters (
) Options ().
Parameters ()
.
1.

On
() ,

. 8.18. Glow Element (


) Glow ()

369

370

8.


.
2.

, Size ().

3.

Intensity ()
.

4.

Glow Behind ( ),
.

5.

Occlusion (), ,
Lens Effects (
) Scene ().

6.

Squeeze (), 
, Lens Effects ( )
Parameters ().

7.

Use Source Color ( )



Radial Color ( ) Circular Color (
). , 0, , 
, , 100, .
.

8.

Radial Color ( )
:

None (),
;

Falloff Curve ( ), 

.

9.

Circular Color ( ) 
,
. Mix () 
Circular Color ( ). 
Radial Color ( ).

10.

Size Curve ( ) Radial


Size ( )

8.5.

, .
None () 
.
. 8.19 Options (
) Glow Element ( 
).
Options () 
.
1.

Apply Element To (
)
:

2.

Lights ( ) 
,
Lights (
) Lens Effects
Globals ( 
) Parameters
();

. 8.19. Options ()
Glow Element ( )

Image () 
Image Sources (
);

Image Centers ( ) (
) Image Filters ( 
).

Image Sources ( ) 
:

Object ID ( ) 
G-Buffer (G). G
, Rendering Control ( ) Object Properties (
), Properties ()
.
G Object ID
( );

371

372

8.

3.

Material ID ( ) , 

Material Editor ( ) Material ID Channel
( ), , 
Material ID ( );

Unclamp ( ) ,
( , 255). Unclamp (
) , 
.
, 1,
, 255;

Surf Norm ( )
, 
, Surf Norm (
);

Whole ( ) , 
Image Filters ( ).

Alpha () 
;

Z Hi ( Z) Z Lo ( Z) 
,
, 
.

,
Image Filters ( ):

All () ;

Edge () , 
;

Perim Alpha ( )
, ;

Perim () , , 
, , 
;

Bright () ,
;

8.5.

4.

Hue ( ) ,
.

Additional Effects ( )
(, Noise
()). Apply () 
, Radial Density ( ) 
Radial Falloff ( ).

, Add Effect ( ), 
.


Blur () :
, , ,
. Blur
() :

Uniform () 
;

Directional () ,
, ;

Radial () , 
.

Brightness and Contrast ( )


. 
.

Color Balance ( ) 
.

Depth of Field ( ) 
. 
Focal Parameters (
), 
. 
.

File Output ( ) 
,  
, .

Film Grain () 
.

373

374

8.


Motion Blur ( )
, 
.

Hair and Fur ( ) . 



, , .
Hair and Fur
Hair and Fur ( ).

8.6. Video Post ()


Video Post () 
,
, ,
.
Video Post () RenderingVideo Post (). (. 8.20).

. 8.20. Video Post ()

Video Post () 
(VP Queue ( )),
(VP Timeline ( )), 
.

8.6. Video Post ()

Video Post ()
Video Post () :
New Sequence ( )
;
Open Sequence ( )
;
Save Sequence ( )
;
Edit Current Event ( ) , 
;
Delete Current Event ( ) ;
Swap Events ( ) 
;
Execute Sequence ( )
, ;
Edit Range Bar ( )
;
Align Selected Left ( )
;
Align Selected Right ( ) 
;
Make Selected Same Size ( )
;
Abut Selected ( )
;
Add Scene Event ( ) 
;
Add Image Input Event ( ) 
;
Add Image Filter Event ( ) 
;
Add Image Layer Event ( ) 
, ;

375

376

8.

Add Image Output Event ( )



;
Add External Event ( ) ,
;
Add Loop Event ( ) 
.


, Video Post (
), ,
. , 
, . . 8.21
, 
.
1.

( Camera01).

2.

goodyear.jpg ( ).

3.

goodyear.jpg Lens Effects Glow


( , ) ( ).

4.

goodyear.jpg 
, 
Alpha Compositor () ( 
).

5.


Outpute.jpg ( )
(. . 8.21).

,
. 8.21.
.

,
. 
, .
, , 
, .

, .

8.6. Video Post ()


Video Post ()
.


Scene Event () , 


. 
:

(, 
, , . .);

,
, . .;

Image Input Event ( ) 


. 
,
.
,
3ds Max. 
.

:

, ;


.

Image Filter Event ( )


 . 

, .
:

Contrast ()
Image Contrast Control ( 
);

Fade () 
.
;

377

378

8.

Image Alpha ()  ,


, , 
. , . 
.

;

Lens Effects ( ) , 
: Flare () 
; Focus () , 
; Glow ()
, ; Highlight (
) ;

Negative () ; 
;

Pseudo Alpha ( )  
, , (
). ,
, .
, ;

Simple Wipe () 
.
/.
Alpha Compositor (
) 
;

Starfield ( ) 
. 
.

Image Layer Event ( ) , 


. 
, ,
, . 

, Mask (). 
:

Adobe Premiere Transition Filter ( Adobe Pre


miere) 

8.7. . !

Adobe Premiere.
Adobe Premiere Transition Filter Setup ( 
Adobe Premiere);

Alpha Compositor () ,


 
;

Cross Fade Transition ( ) ,


.
;

Pseudo Alpha ( ) 
,
;

Simple Additive Compositor ( ) , 


Cross Fade Transition ( ),

. , ;

Simple Wipe () / 
, . 
.

External Event ( ) , 
, .

Loop Event ()


. 
.

Image Output Event ( )



. , 
3ds Max. 

.

8.7. .
!
,
. .

379

380

8.


, 
. ,
. , ,
.
, , ,
(. 8.22).

. 8.22.

,
,
.
.
Adobe Photoshop Custom
Shape ( )
,
.

, ,

All ().

. 
(. 8.23).

8.7. . !

3ds Max.


. .
1.

ViewsViewport Background (
).

2.

Background Source ( )
Viewport Background ( )
Files ().

3.

Select Background Image ( 


) , 
.

4.

Aspect Ratio () 
Match Rendering Output ( ).

5.

Display Background ( ) Lock


Zoom/Pan ( /).

6.

, ,
Viewport ( ) Perspective (
) (. 8.24). OK.

. 8.23.

,

Adobe Photoshop

Perspective () 
. .
, .
1.

RenderingEnvironment (
).

2.

Common Parameters ( ) Environment and Effects ( ) None


().

3.

Material/Map Browser ( )
Bitmap ( ).
Select Bitmap Image File ( ).

4.

Open (
).

5.

Environment and Effects ( ).

381

382

8.

. 8.24. Viewport Background ( )


. 
. , .
RenderingRender (
), Render Scene ( ). 
Output Size ( ) Common Parameters ( )

.
, (. 8.25) 
, . 8.22.
Perspective (),
, 

Show Safe Frame ( ). , 

.

8.7. . !

. 8.25.

Top () Plane ().


CreateStandard PrimitivesPlane (
). , 
, 
Adobe Photoshop.
. 
Target Camera ( ).
CreateCamerasTarget Camera ( ), 
Top () 
.
, 
, (
, . .). , ,
, 
(. 8.26).
, , 
.
1.

Material Editor ( ), RenderingMaterial Editor ( ) 


M. .

383

384

8.

. 8.26.

2.

Maps ( ) None ()
Diffuse Color ( ). Material/Map Browser
( ) Bitmap (
).

3.

Select Bitmap Image File ( )


Open (
) .

4.

Coordinates ()
Environ ( ), Mapping (
) Screen (), 
,
(. 8.27).

5.

Go to Parent (
).

6.


Bump (),


Coordinates ()
Tiling ()
,

(. 8.28).

. 8.27. Coordinates
()
Diffuse Color
( )

8.7. . !

. 8.28. Perspective ()

Maps ( ) 100.

.
. Target Direction Light
( ).
.
Multiplier () 
. ,
. 2,05,
.
(. 8.29).

(. 8.30).
.
, , 
.

DVD Examples\ 08\


Sledy. Sledy.max.

385

386

8.

. 8.29.

. 8.30.

8.8. .

Video Post Postproduction


,
, , .
Video Post () 3ds Max
, Adobe After Effect combustion 
Autodesk. Video Post () .
, 
, , ,
.

8.8. .


( ).
, Teapot (
), Plane () (. 8.31),
. .

. 8.31. , Teapot () Plane ()


. 
Video Post ().
.
1.

Top () .

2.

3.

Auto Key ()
.

4.

Select and Move ( ) 


.

5.

6.

Auto Key ()
.

Video Post (), 


RenderingVideo Post ().

387

388

8.

Video Post () : Queue


(), Edit ().
(Queue ()) .
.


, . 
: ,  .

.
.

.
, 
.
.
. .
.
, 

1.

Add Scene Event ( )


.

2.

Add Scene Event ( )


View ()
.

3.

OK .

4.

(. 8.32).

. 8.32. Video Post () 


, ( 100 ), 
. 

8.8. .

. , ,

,
1015 .
,
. , 
, , 
0 40 , 25 80 
65 100 (. 8.33).

. 8.33. Video Post ()



, .
.
1.

,
(
).

2.

Add Image Output Event ( 


)
.

3.

Add Image Output Event ( 


) Files ()
.

4.

AVI (), 
OK
.

5.

Ctrl, 
.

389

390

8.

6.

Add Image Layer Event (


).

7.

Add Image Layer Event (


) Cross Fade
Transition ( ) OK.

8.

Queue () Cross Fade Transition ( 


) .

9.

Add Image Layer


Event ( ) 
(. 8.34).

. 8.34. Video Post ()

10.


,
25 40 , 65 80 (. 8.35).

. 8.35. Video Post ()

, 
Execute Sequence ( )
, 
Video Post (). Execute Video Post (

8.8. .

)
, Render (
) .

DVD ( videopost.avi Video\ 08),


videopost.max, Examples\ 08\
Videopost.

Video
Post ().
, . .
Video Post () 
.

391


8 , ,
. , ,
, . ,
, .

.
, 
.
. , ,

. ,
, .
. 
, , . ,
,
.
! ,
.

1. 70
3ds Max
, ,
,
. , ,
3ds Max .
, , 
( , ,
. .).
.

. ,
:
. ,
. 
, 
( ) , 
.

, , 
.
,  .
, ,
, ,
, ,

394

1. 70 3ds Max

. .
, :
, .
, 3ds Max.


1. 
. . 
,
( 2).
, 
, , 
.
2. , 
, .

.
3. .

I.
4. Ctrl, Alt Shift,
, , 
.
5.
.
, . Ctrl, Alt
Shift (
, Shift, 
).
6.
. ,
, Expert Mode ( ), 
Ctrl+X. 
.

1. 70 3ds Max

7. , 
,
Schematic View ( ) (. 1.1),
Schematic View (Open) ( 
()) .

. 1.1. Schematic View ( )


8. 3ds Max 2008, ,
, , .
, ,
, . .,
.
9. 
. 
(  , ),
maxstart.max scenes
3ds Max, Reset ()
.
10. , ,
, 
. ,

395

396

1. 70 3ds Max

.
(plugin.ini) 
(
, ).

3dsmax -p < plugin.ini> (. 1.2).

. 1.2. 3ds Max 2008


11. , ,
(, 
). Incremental Save ( ),
. , 
Auto Backup ( ) ( 
), ,
(. 1.3).
12.
,
3ds Max (FileArchive ()).
,
.

1. 70 3ds Max

. 1.3. Preference Settings ( )

13. Save Viewport Thumbnail Image ( 


) Preference Settings ( ) (. . 1.3).
, .
14. Summary Info (
) File (). 
, , 
. .
.
15.
Merge () XRef Objects (
) File () .
16. , 
. . Asset Browser ( )
(. 1.4).
, ,

397

398

1. 70 3ds Max

, , 
.

. 1.4. Asset Browser ( )

17. EditHold (
) , Undo
() (, Collapse ()).

18.  
, r , 
. , r50, 50
( 20 70).
19.
Ctrl+N, , 
, 
.
20. 
. , (
, ).
21.
, , 
, Backspae.

1. 70 3ds Max

22. (Snaps) ,
.
23. 
. , ,
Shift , 
, .
24. 

.
,
, 
. 
( 

Snaps Toggle ( )) 
Use Axis Constraints (
) (. 1.5).
. 1.5. Options
() Grid and Snap
Use Transform
Settings ( )
Coordinate Center ( 
) 
. 
(,
).

25. , 
, , . 

, 
.
,
.
, , .
.
26. (, , . .)
Ignore Backfacing ( ). 

. , , 
.

399

400

1. 70 3ds Max

. 1.6. Preference Settings ( )


27. 
, Ctrl, 
( Selection ()
Polygon ()), , 
. 
.
28. , , 
 ,
Constraints () Edit Geometry (
) Edge ()
Face () .
29. 
, ,
, .

1. 70 3ds Max

30. , 
23 .
, 
. , , 
, 
1015 .
31. ,
, 
Edit Spline ( ) Edit Mesh ( 
). Editable Spline (
) Editable Mesh ( ).
.
32.
. ,

(Diffuse) (Opacity).
33. 
Renderable Spline ( ) 
. 
.
,
Rendering () (. 1.7),
Enable In Renderer (
) Thickness ().
34.
,
, Box25.
35. 
, 
. 1.7.
Rendering
. 
()
? . , ,

24 ( 
), 32, , 24 
. ,

401

402

1. 70 3ds Max

. ,
.
36. , 
. ., ( ) 
. , .
37. , 
.
,
, , 
. ,
,
Collapse () , 
STL Check (STL). 
EditHold ()
.
38. 3ds Max NURBS 
, , , Rhino Avid Studio Tools, , 
, NURBS
(,
Lathe ()).
39.  ,
Gizmo ( ) 
XForm (). ,

.
40. , 
. , 
Symmetry (). 3ds Max
Mirror ( ), 
( Attach ()), 
.
41. ,
Instance () Reference (). 

.

1. 70 3ds Max

42.
,
, Isolation Mode
( ) ( 
Alt+Q). 
( 
Alt+X).
43.
, ( Hide
Selected ( ) Display (
)) , .

.
44. NURMS Subdivision (NURMS
) MeshSmooth ( 
) Editable Poly (
),
, 
(. 1.8). 
, 
.

. 1.8.
Subdivision Surface
(
)

45. , 
,
Point Cache (
). 
. ,
.
46. ,
Create Key ( ), 
.
47. , Shift,
, ,
.

403

404

1. 70 3ds Max

48. Key Mode Toggle (


) ,

.
49. , Make
Preview ( ) Material Editor ( )

.
.
50.
(ViewsShow Ghostings ( )). 
(. 1.9).

. 1.9. Front ()

51. , 
, 
.
52. Make Preview ( ) Animation ().

.

1. 70 3ds Max


53. 
, . ,

, , 
.
, , .
54. 
Blur () 0,01,
Blur offset ( ) (. 1.10).
55.
,
( , 
, ).

, 

.
56.
, 
. 1.10.


( ,
, ).
57. ,
, (Customize
Preferences (), Rendering ()) 
Bitmap Pager ( ) On ().
58.  
, , 
UVW Remove ( UVW).


59. Area Shadows ( ) Ray Traced Shadows
( ) ,

405

406

1. 70 3ds Max

. 
, 
. 
.
60. Clipping Planes ( ) 
. 
,
.
.
61. , 
,
. 
(. 1.11)
ViewsAdd Default Lights to Scene (
).

. 1.11. Viewport Configuration


( )

62. Shadow Map ( )


Size () Shadow Map Params
( ). 

1. 70 3ds Max

, . 
Sample Range (
) .

63. Raytrace, 
( Maximum
Depth ( ) Raytracer Global Parameters (
) Render Scene ( )), 
9. ,

. , ( 
,
).
64.
32 768 32 768 ( 3ds Max 2008),
Video Post (), 
99 999 99 999 . 
.
65.
.
, .

Backburner, 3ds Max .
66. 
, .


(, RPManager).

, ,

.

Video Post ().


Add Scene Event ( ) Add Image
Output Event ( ), 

(. 1.12).

407

408

1. 70 3ds Max

. 1.12. Video Post ()


67.
, . 
. 
, 
3ds Max .
68. 
(Microsoft Windows Vista
Microsoft Windows XP Professional) 
(Service Pack 2 ).
69. .
, , 
3ds Max 2008 
.
70.
.
, ,
3ds Max,
.

2.
3ds Max 2008
, 
.

HelpHotKey Map ( 
). (. 2.1).

. 2.1. 3ds Max 2008

, ,
.
Flash.

410

2. 3ds Max 2008

,
.

, Customize
Customize User Interface ( )
Keyboard ().
.

Align ()

Alt+A

Angle Snap Toggle ( /)

Background Lock ( )

Alt+Ctrl+B

Change to Bottom View ( )

Change to Camera View ( )

Change to Front View ( )

Change to Isometric User View (


)

Change to Left View ( )

Change to Perspective User View (


)

Change to Top View ( )

Cycle Subobject Level (


)

Insert

Disable Viewport ( )

Display Grids Toggle (/


)

Select by Name ( )

Expert Mode Toggle (/ )

Ctrl+X

Material Editor ( )

Maximize View Toggle (/ )

Alt+W

Move Mode ( )

Open File ( )

Ctrl+O

2. 3ds Max 2008


Quick Rendering ( )

Shift+Q

Redo Scene Operation ( )

Ctrl+Y

Render Last ( )

F9

Render Scene ( )

F10

Rotate Mode ( )

Save File ( )

Ctrl+S

Scale Mode ( )

See-Through Display Toggle ( /)

Alt+X

Select Mode ( )

Selection Lock Toggle ( )

Shade Selected Faces Toggle ( /)

F2

Snap Toggle ( /)

Undo Scene Operation ( )

Ctrl+Z

Zoom Mode ()

Editable Mesh
( )

Bevel Mode ( )

Ctrl+V, Ctrl+B

Chamfer Mode ( )

Ctrl+C

Cut Mode ( )

Alt+C

Detach ()

Ctrl+D

Edge Subobject Mode ( )

Element Subobject Mode ( )

Extrude Mode ( )

Ctrl+E

Face Subobject Mode ( )

Polygon Subobject Mode ( )

Vertex Subobject Mode ( )

Weld Selected ( )

Ctrl+W

Weld Target Mode ( )

Alt+W

411

412

2. 3ds Max 2008

Editable Poly
( )

Bevel Mode ( )

Shift+Ctrl+B

Chamfer Mode ( )

Shift+Ctrl+C

Connect ()

Shift+Ctrl+E

Cut ()

Alt+C

Edge Subobject Mode ( )

Element Subobject Mode ( )

Extrude Mode ( )

Shift+E

Border Subobject Mode ( )

Grow Selection ( )

Ctrl+Page Up

Hide ()

Alt+H

Meshsmooth ( )

Ctrl+M

Object Level ( )

Polygon Subobject Mode ( )

Repeat Last Operation ( )

Select Edge Loop ( )

Alt+L

Unhide All ( )

Alt+U

Vertex Subobject Mode ( )

Target Weld ( )

Ctrl+Shift+W

NURBS-

CV Constrained Normal Move (


)

Alt+N

CV Constrained U Move (
U)

Alt+U

CV Constrained V Move (
V)

Alt+V

Display Curves ( )

Shift+Ctrl+C

Display Lattices ( )

Ctrl+L

2. 3ds Max 2008

Display Shaded Lattice (


)

Alt+L

Display Surfaces ( )

Shift+Ctrl+S

Display Trims ( )

Shift+Ctrl+T

Lock 2D Selection ( 2D-)

Switch to Curve CV Level (


)

Alt+Shift+Z

Switch to Curve Level ( )

Alt+Shift+C

Switch to Point Level ( )

Alt+Shift+P

Switch to Surface Level ( )

Alt+Shift+S

Switch to Top Level ( )

Alt+Shift+T

413

3. DVD,

DVD.
.


Examples , . 
,  .
,
3ds Max 2008. ,
, .

Images JPG , 
.
, .

Video , 
, . 
Windows Media Video (WMV),
Windows Media, 
.
Microsoft .

,
.
, Programs DVD 32 64
3ds Max 2008, 30 
.