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Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Storage Administration Guide Deploying and configuring single-node storage in Red

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Storage Administration Guide

Deploying and configuring single-node storage in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Edition 2

Jacquelynn East Josef Bacik Doug Ledford David Wysochanski

Red Hat Subject Matter Experts

Kamil Dudka

Daniel Novotny Nathan Straz

Contributors

Hans de Goede

Michael Christie

Sachin Prabhu

Rob Evers

David Howells

David Lehman Mike Snitzer

Jeff Moyer

Eric Sandeen

Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Storage

Administration Guide

Deploying and configuring single-node storage in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Edition 2

Josef Bacik Server Development Kernel File System jwhiter@redhat.com Disk Quotas

Kamil Dudka Base Operating System Core Services - BRNO kdudka@redhat.com Access Control Lists

Hans de Goede Base Operating System Installer hdegoede@redhat.com Partitions

Doug Ledf ord Server Development Hardware Enablement dledf ord@redhat.com RAID

Daniel Novotny Base Operating System Core Services - BRNO dnovotny@redhat.com The /proc File System

Nathan Straz Quality Engineering QE - Platf orm nstraz@redhat.com

GFS2

David Wysochanski Server Development Kernel Storage dwysocha@redhat.com

LVM/LVM2

Michael Christie Server Development Kernel Storage mchristi@redhat.com

Online Storage

Sachin Prabhu Sof tware Maintenance Engineering sprabhu@redhat.com NFS

Rob Evers Server Development Kernel Storage revers@redhat.com Online Storage

David Howells Server Development Hardware Enablement dhowells@redhat.com FS-Cache

David Lehman Base Operating System Installer dlehman@redhat.com Storage conf iguration during installation

Jef f Moyer Server Development Kernel File System jmoyer@redhat.com Solid-State Disks

Eric Sandeen Server Development Kernel File System esandeen@redhat.com ext3, ext4, XFS, Encrypted File Systems

Mike Snitzer Server Development Kernel Storage msnitzer@redhat.com I/O Stack and Limits

Red Hat Subject Matter Experts

Contributors

Edited by

Jacquelynn East Engineering Content Services jeast@redhat.com

Legal Notice

Copyright 2011 Red Hat Inc. and others. This document is licensed by Red Hat under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. If you distribute this document, or a modified version of it, you must provide attribution to Red Hat, Inc. and provide a link to the original. If the document is modified, all Red Hat trademarks must be removed. Red Hat, as the licensor of this document, waives the right to enforce, and agrees not to assert, Section 4d of CC-BY-SA to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law. Red Hat, Red Hat Enterprise Linux, the Shadowman logo, JBoss, MetaMatrix, Fedora, the Infinity Logo, and RHCE are trademarks of Red Hat, Inc., registered in the United States and other countries. Linux is the registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States and other countries. Java is a registered trademark of Oracle and/or its affiliates. XFS is a trademark of Silicon Graphics International Corp. or its subsidiaries in the United States and/or other countries. MySQL is a registered trademark of MySQL AB in the United States, the European Union and other countries. Node.js is an official trademark of Joyent. Red Hat Software Collections is not formally related to or endorsed by the official Joyent Node.js open source or commercial project. The OpenStack Word Mark and OpenStack Logo are either registered trademarks/service marks or trademarks/service marks of the OpenStack Foundation, in the United States and other countries and are used with the OpenStack Foundation's permission. We are not affiliated with, endorsed or sponsored by the OpenStack Foundation, or the OpenStack community. All other trademarks are the property of their respective owners.

Keywords

Abstract

This guide provides instructions on how to effectively manage storage devices and file systems on Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6. It is intended for use by system administrators with basic to intermediate knowledge of Red Hat Enterprise Linux or Fedora.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

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Preface

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1. Document Conventions

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1.1. Typographic Conventions

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1.2. Pull-quote Conventions

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1.3. Notes and Warnings

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2. Getting Help and Giving Feedback

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2.1. Do You Need Help?

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2.2. We Need Feedback

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Chapter 1. Overview

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What's New in Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6

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File System Encryption (Technology Preview)

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File System Caching (Technology Preview)

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I/O Limit Processing

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ext4 Support

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Network Block Storage

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Part I. File Systems

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Chapter 2. File System Structure and Maintenance

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2.1.

Why Share a Common Structure?

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2.2.

Overview of File System Hierarchy Standard (FHS)

 

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2.2.1. FHS Organization

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2.2.1.1. Gathering File System Information

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2.2.1.2. The /boot/ Directory

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2.2.1.3. The /dev/ Directory

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2.2.1.4. The /etc/ Directory

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2.2.1.5. The /lib/ Directory

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2.2.1.6. The /media/ Directory

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2.2.1.7. The /mnt/ Directory

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2.2.1.8. The /opt/ Directory

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2.2.1.9. The /proc/ Directory

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2.2.1.10. The /sbin/ Directory

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2.2.1.11. The /srv/ Directory

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2.2.1.12. The /sys/ Directory

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2.2.1.13. The /usr/ Directory

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2.2.1.14. The /var/ Directory

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2.3. Special Red Hat Enterprise Linux File Locations

 

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2.4. The /proc Virtual File System

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2.5. Discard unused blocks

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Chapter 3. Encrypted File System

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3.1. Mounting a File System as Encrypted

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3.2. Additional Information

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Chapter 4. Btrfs

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4.1.

Btrfs Features

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Chapter 5. The Ext3 File System

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2.

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Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 Storage Administration Guide

5.1. Creating an Ext3 File System

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5.2. Converting to an Ext3 File System

 

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5.3. Reverting to an Ext2 File System

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Chapter 6. The Ext4 File System

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6.1. Creating an Ext4 File System

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6.2. Mounting an Ext4 File System

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Write Barriers

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6.3. Resizing an Ext4 File System

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6.4. Other Ext4 File System Utilities

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Chapter 7. Global File System 2

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Chapter 8. The XFS File System

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.3.8.

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8.1. Creating an XFS File System

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8.2. Mounting an XFS File System

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Write Barriers

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XFS Quota Management

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Setting Project Limits

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8.4. Increasing the Size of an XFS File System

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8.6. Suspending an XFS File System

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8.7. Backup and Restoration of XFS File Systems

 

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xfsrestore Simple Mode

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xfsrestore Cumulative Mode

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Interactive Operation

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