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GSM
UMTS
LTE




GSM
UMTS
LTE




GSM
UMTS
LTE

. 1G

1G
NMT
1981

FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access

. FDMA
FDMA
Frequency Division Multiple
Access

F -

1
2
3
1

T -
.

. 1G

1G
NMT
1981

1G
AMPS
1983
FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access

. 1G

1G
NMT
1981

1G
TACS
1985

1G
AMPS
1983
FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access

. 1G

1G
NMT

1G
JTACS

1981

1987

1G
TACS
1985

1G
AMPS
1983
FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access

. 2G

1G
NMT

1G
JTACS

1981

1987

1G
TACS
1985

1G
AMPS

2G
DAMPS

1990
1983
FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access
TDMA Time Division Multiple Access

. TDMA
TDMA
Time Division Multiple Access

FDMA
Frequency Division Multiple
Access

2
3
1

T -
.

F -

F -

10

T -

-.

. 2G

2G
GSM
1991

1G
NMT

1G
JTACS

1981

1987

1G
TACS
1985

1G
AMPS

2G
DAMPS

1990
1983
FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access
TDMA Time Division Multiple Access

. 2G

2G
GSM
1991

1G
NMT

1G
JTACS

1981

1987

1G
TACS

1993

1985

1G
AMPS

2G
PDC

2G
DAMPS

1990
1983
FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access
TDMA Time Division Multiple Access

. 2G

2G
GSM
1991

1G
NMT

1G
JTACS

1981

1987

1G
TACS

2G
PDC
1993

1985

1G
AMPS

2G
DAMPS

1990
1983
FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access
TDMA Time Division Multiple Access
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access

2G
CDMA One
1998

. CDMA

T -
.

F -

F -

10

T -

-.

F -

1
2

CDMA
Code Division Multiple Access

TDMA
Time Division Multiple Access

FDMA
Frequency Division Multiple
Access

C -

T -


,
,
.

. 3G

2G
GSM
1991

1G
NMT

1G
JTACS

1981

1987

1G
TACS

3G
FOMA

2G
PDC

2001

1993

1985

1G
AMPS

2G
DAMPS

1990
1983
FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access
TDMA Time Division Multiple Access
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access

2G
CDMA One
1998

. 3G

2G
GSM
1991

1G
NMT

1G
JTACS

1981

1987

1G
TACS

3G
FOMA

2G
PDC

2001

1993

3G
CDMA2000

1985

1G
AMPS

2G
DAMPS

1990
1983
FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access
TDMA Time Division Multiple Access
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access

2G
CDMA One
1998

2001

. 3G

2G
GSM

3G
UMTS

1991

1G
NMT

2001

1G
JTACS

1981

1987

1G
TACS

3G
FOMA

2G
PDC

2001

1993

3G
CDMA2000

1985

1G
AMPS

2G
DAMPS

1990
1983
FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access
TDMA Time Division Multiple Access
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access

2G
CDMA One
1998

2001

. 3G

2G
GSM

3G
UMTS

1991

1G
NMT

2001

1G
JTACS

1981

1987

1G
TACS

3G
FOMA

2G
PDC

2001

1993

3G
CDMA2000

1985

1G
AMPS

2G
DAMPS

1990
1983
FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access
TDMA Time Division Multiple Access
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access

2G
CDMA One

2001

1998

3G
TD-SCDMA
2005

. 4G

2G
GSM

3G
UMTS

1991

1G
NMT

2001

1G
JTACS

1981

1987

1G
TACS

3G
FOMA

2G
PDC

2001

1993

3G
CDMA2000

1985

1G
AMPS

2G
DAMPS

1990
1983
FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access
TDMA Time Division Multiple Access
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
OFDM Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing

2G
CDMA One

2001

4G
WiMAX
2005

1998

3G
TD-SCDMA
2005

. 4G

2G
GSM

3G
UMTS

1991

1G
NMT

2001

1G
JTACS

1981

1987

1G
TACS

2G
PDC
1993

2G
DAMPS

1990
1983
FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access
TDMA Time Division Multiple Access
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
OFDM Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing

2009

2001

3G
CDMA2000

1985

1G
AMPS

4G
LTE

3G
FOMA

2G
CDMA One

2001

4G
WiMAX
2005

1998

3G
TD-SCDMA
2005

. 4G

2G
GSM

3G
UMTS

1991

1G
NMT

2001

1G
JTACS

1981

1987

1G
TACS

2G
PDC
1993

2G
DAMPS

1990
1983
FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access
TDMA Time Division Multiple Access
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
OFDM Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing

2009

2001

3G
CDMA2000

1985

1G
AMPS

4G
LTE

3G
FOMA

2G
CDMA One

2001

4G
WiMAX
2005

1998

3G
TD-SCDMA
2005

4G
TD-LTE
2011

. 4G

2G
GSM

3G
UMTS

1991

1G
NMT

2001

1G
JTACS

1981

1987

1G
TACS

2G
PDC
1993

2G
DAMPS

1990
1983
FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access
TDMA Time Division Multiple Access
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
OFDM Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing

2009

2001

3G
CDMA2000

1985

1G
AMPS

4G
LTE

3G
FOMA

2G
CDMA One

2001

4G
WiMAX
2005

1998

3G
TD-SCDMA
2005

4G
TD-LTE
2011

2G
GSM

3G
UMTS

1991

1G
NMT

2001

1G
JTACS

1981

1987

1G
TACS

2G
PDC
1993

2G
DAMPS

1990
1983
FDMA Frequency Division Multiple Access
TDMA Time Division Multiple Access
CDMA Code Division Multiple Access
OFDM Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing

2009

2001

3G
CDMA2000

1985

1G
AMPS

4G
LTE

3G
FOMA

2G
CDMA One

2001

4G
WiMAX
2005

1998

3G
TD-SCDMA
2005

4G
TD-LTE
2011




GSM
UMTS
LTE

GSM

GSM -

VLR

Abis

MSC
E

BS

HLR
AuC

Gs

BSC

GMSC

BS
Gb
Gr

BS

SGSN

Gn

GGSN

Gi

IP-

GSM -

VLR

BSS
A

Abis

MSC
E

BS

HLR
AuC

Gs

BSC

GMSC

BS
Gb
Gr

BS

BSS Base Station Subsystem

SGSN

Gn

GGSN

Gi

IP-

GSM -
NSS

VLR

BSS
A

Abis

MSC
E

BS

HLR
AuC

Gs

BSC

GMSC

BS
Gb
Gr

BS

BSS Base Station Subsystem


NSS Network Switching Subsystem

SGSN

Gn

GGSN

Gi

IP-

GSM -
NSS

VLR

BSS
A

Abis

MSC
E

BS

HLR
AuC

Gs

BSC

GMSC

BS
Gb
Gr

BS

BSS Base Station Subsystem


NSS Network Switching Subsystem
GPRS Core General Packet Radio Service Core

SGSN

Gn

GGSN

GPRS Core

Gi

IP-

GSM -

BS

BS

BS

BS Base Station

GSM -

BS:

BS

BS

BS

BS Base Station

.

.

GSM -

Abis

BS

BSC
BS

BS

BS Base Station
BSC Base Station Controller

GSM -
BSC:

Abis

BS

BSC

BS

BS

BS Base Station
BSC Base Station Controller

.

BS BSC.

BSC
.

BSC
.


().
/

GSM

VLR
MSC

Abis

BS

BSC
BS

BS

BS Base Station
BSC Base Station Controller
MSC Mobile Switching Center
VLR Visited Location Register

GSM

VLR

MSC:

MSC

Abis

BS

BSC

BS

BS

BS Base Station
BSC Base Station Controller
MSC Mobile Switching Center
VLR Visited Location Register


()

.

BSC,
,
.
/

GSM

VLR

VLR:

MSC

Abis

BS

BSC
BS


,

MSC (,
,
.)

.

BS

BS Base Station
BSC Base Station Controller
MSC Mobile Switching Center
VLR Visited Location Register

GSM

VLR
MSC

Abis

A
D

BS

BSC

HLR
AuC

BS

BS

BS Base Station
BSC Base Station Controller
MSC Mobile Switching Center
VLR Visited Location Register
AuC Authentication Center

HLR Home Location Register

GSM

HLR:

VLR
MSC

Abis

A
D

BS

BSC

HLR
AuC

BS

BS

BS Base Station
BSC Base Station Controller
MSC Mobile Switching Center
VLR Visited Location Register
AuC Authentication Center

HLR Home Location Register


( MSC/VLR,
,

.)



MSC/VLR
.


.

GSM

AuC:

VLR

MSC

Abis

A
D

BS

BSC

HLR
AuC

BS

BS

BS Base Station
BSC Base Station Controller
MSC Mobile Switching Center
VLR Visited Location Register
AuC Authentication Center

HLR Home Location Register

GSM
VLR

MSC

Abis

BS

BSC

HLR
AuC

GMSC

BS

BS

BS Base Station
BSC Base Station Controller
MSC Mobile Switching Center
VLR Visited Location Register
AuC Authentication Center

HLR Home Location Register


GMSC Gateway MSC

GSM
VLR

MSC

Abis

BS

HLR
AuC

BSC

GMSC

BS

GMSC:

BS

BS Base Station
BSC Base Station Controller
MSC Mobile Switching Center
VLR Visited Location Register
AuC Authentication Center

HLR
MSC/VLR .

.

HLR Home Location Register


GMSC Gateway MSC

GSM

VLR

MSC

Abis

BS

HLR
AuC

Gs

BSC

GMSC

BS
Gb

Gr

BS

BS Base Station
BSC Base Station Controller
MSC Mobile Switching Center
VLR Visited Location Register
AuC Authentication Center

SGSN
HLR Home Location Register
GMSC Gateway MSC
SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node
GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node

Gc

Gn

GGSN

Gi

IP-

GSM

SGSN:

GGSN:



.


(, ).

.


.



.

IP .
IP
.

RADIUS
.

,
.

GSM

VLR

MSC

Abis

BS

HLR
AuC

Gs

BSC

GMSC

BS
Gb

Gr

BS

BS Base Station
BSC Base Station Controller
MSC Mobile Switching Center
VLR Visited Location Register
AuC Authentication Center

SGSN
HLR Home Location Register
GMSC Gateway MSC
SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node
GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node

Gc

Gn

GGSN

Gi

IP-

GSM
VLR

MSC

Abis

BS

HLR
AuC

Gs

BSC

PC

GMSC

BS
Gb

Gr

BS

BS Base Station
BSC Base Station Controller
MSC Mobile Switching Center
VLR Visited Location Register
AuC Authentication Center

SGSN
HLR Home Location Register
GMSC Gateway MSC
SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node
GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node
OSS Operation Support System

Control
IP
Network
Gn

Gc

GGSN

PC

OSS
Gi

IP-

() 7 (SS7, 7). 1.

GSM
VLR

MSC

Abis

BS

HLR
AuC

Gs

BSC

PC

GMSC

BS
Gb

Gr

BS

BS Base Station
BSC Base Station Controller
MSC Mobile Switching Center
VLR Visited Location Register
AuC Authentication Center

SGSN
HLR Home Location Register
GMSC Gateway MSC
SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node
GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node
OSS Operation Support System

Control
IP
Network
Gn

Gc

GGSN

PC

OSS
Gi

IP-

() 7 (SS7, 7). 1.

GSM
VLR

MSC

Abis

BS

HLR
AuC

Gs

BSC

PC

GMSC

BS
Gb

Gr

BS

BS Base Station
BSC Base Station Controller
MSC Mobile Switching Center
VLR Visited Location Register
AuC Authentication Center

SGSN
HLR Home Location Register
GMSC Gateway MSC
SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node
GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node
OSS Operation Support System

Control
IP
Network
Gn

Gc

GGSN

PC

OSS
Gi

IP-

() 7 (SS7, 7). 1.

GSM
VLR

MSC

Abis

BS

HLR
AuC

Gs

BSC

PC

GMSC

BS
Gb

Gr

BS

BS Base Station
BSC Base Station Controller
MSC Mobile Switching Center
VLR Visited Location Register
AuC Authentication Center

SGSN
HLR Home Location Register
GMSC Gateway MSC
SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node
GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node
OSS Operation Support System

Control
IP
Network
Gn

Gc

GGSN

PC

OSS
Gi

IP-

() 7 (SS7, 7). 1.

GSM
VLR

MSC

Abis

BS

HLR
AuC

Gs

BSC

PC

GMSC

BS
Gb

Gr

BS

BS Base Station
BSC Base Station Controller
MSC Mobile Switching Center
VLR Visited Location Register
AuC Authentication Center

SGSN
HLR Home Location Register
GMSC Gateway MSC
SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node
GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node
OSS Operation Support System

Control
IP
Network
Gn

Gc

GGSN

PC

OSS
Gi

IP-

() 7 (SS7, 7). 1.

GSM
VLR

MSC

Abis

BS

HLR
AuC

Gs

BSC

PC

GMSC

BS
Gb

Provider

BS

BS Base Station
BSC Base Station Controller
MSC Mobile Switching Center
VLR Visited Location Register
AuC Authentication Center

Gr

SGSN
HLR Home Location Register
GMSC Gateway MSC
SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node
GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node
OSS Operation Support System

Control
IP
Network
Gn

Gc

GGSN

PC

OSS
Gi

IP-

() 7 (SS7, 7). 1.

GSM.
VLR

MSC

Abis

BS

HLR
AuC

Gs

BSC

PC

GMSC

BS
Gb

Provider

BS

BS Base Station
BSC Base Station Controller
MSC Mobile Switching Center
VLR Visited Location Register
AuC Authentication Center

Gr

SGSN
HLR Home Location Register
GMSC Gateway MSC
SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node
GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node
OSS Operation Support System

Control
IP
Network
Gn

Gc

GGSN

PC

OSS
Gi

IP-

() 7 (SS7, 7). 1.

UMTS

UMTS
Nb

MGW

MGW

Iub

SGW

RNC

Mc

Mc
Iur

VLR
Nc

NodeB

Iu-CS

Iub

MSC-S
RNC

NodeB

C
Gs

Iu-PS

GMSC
Server

HLR
AuC

Gr

Gc
Gn

NodeB

SGSN

Gi

GGSN

IP-

UMTS
RAN

Nb

MGW

MGW

Iub

SGW

RNC

Mc

Mc
Iur

VLR
Nc

NodeB

Iu-CS

Iub

MSC-S
RNC

NodeB

C
Gs

Iu-PS

GMSC
Server

HLR
AuC

Gr

Gc
Gn

NodeB

RAN Radio Access Network

SGSN

Gi

GGSN

IP-

UMTS
RAN

Nb

MGW

MGW

Iub

SGW

RNC

Mc

Mc
Iur

VLR
Nc

NodeB

Iu-CS

Iub

MSC-S
RNC

NodeB

C
Gs

Iu-PS

GMSC
Server

HLR
AuC

Gr

CS Core
Gc

Gn

NodeB

RAN Radio Access Network


CS Core Circuit Switched Core

SGSN

Gi

GGSN

IP-

UMTS
RAN

Nb

MGW

MGW

Iub

SGW

RNC

Mc

Mc
Iur

VLR
Nc

NodeB

Iu-CS

Iub

MSC-S
RNC

NodeB

C
Gs

Iu-PS

GMSC
Server

HLR
AuC

Gr

CS Core
Gc

Gn

NodeB

RAN Radio Access Network


CS Core Circuit Switched Core
PS Core Packet Switched Core

SGSN

Gi

GGSN

PS Core

IP-

UMTS

Iub

RNC
Iur

NodeB
Iub

RNC
NodeB

NodeB
NodeB 3G Base Station
RNC Radio Network Controller

UMTS
NodeB:
Iub

RNC
Iur

.

.

NodeB
Iub

RNC
NodeB

NodeB
NodeB 3G Base Station
RNC Radio Network Controller

UMTS
RNC:
Iub

RNC
Iur

NodeB

Iub

RNC
NodeB

.

NodeB RNC.

RNC Core Network.

NodeB
-.

NodeB
NodeB 3G Base Station
RNC Radio Network Controller

UMTS
MGW
Iub

RNC

Mc

Iur

VLR

Iu-CS

NodeB
Iub

MSC-S
RNC

NodeB

NodeB
NodeB 3G Base Station
RNC Radio Network Controller
MSC-S MSC Server
VLR Visited Location Register
MGW Media GateWay

UMTS
MGW
RNC

Mc

Iur

VLR

Iu-CS

NodeB
Iub

MSC-S:

Iub

MSC-S

RNC
NodeB

NodeB
NodeB 3G Base Station
RNC Radio Network Controller
MSC-S MSC Server
VLR Visited Location Register
MGW Media GateWay

,
.
-
(MGW).

RNC,
,
.


()

UMTS
MGW
RNC

Mc

Iur

VLR

Iu-CS

NodeB
Iub

MGW:

Iub



MSC-S.

MSC-S
RNC

NodeB

NodeB
NodeB 3G Base Station
RNC Radio Network Controller
MSC-S MSC Server
VLR Visited Location Register
MGW Media GateWay

UMTS
MGW
Iub

RNC

VLR

Iu-CS

NodeB
Iub

Mc

Iur

VLR:

MSC-S
RNC

NodeB


,

MSC-S (,
,
.)

.

NodeB
NodeB 3G Base Station
RNC Radio Network Controller
MSC-S MSC Server
VLR Visited Location Register
MGW Media GateWay

UMTS
MGW

Nb

MGW

Iub

SGW

RNC

Mc

Mc
Iur

VLR

Iu-CS

NodeB
Iub

Nc

MSC-S

GMSC
Server

RNC
NodeB

NodeB
NodeB 3G Base Station
RNC Radio Network Controller
MSC-S MSC Server
VLR Visited Location Register
MGW Media GateWay
GMSC Gateway MSC

SGW Signaling GateWay

UMTS
MGW

Nb

MGW

Iub

SGW

RNC

Mc

Mc
Iur

VLR

Iu-CS

NodeB
Iub

Nc

MSC-S

GMSC
Server

RNC
NodeB

GMSC-Server:

NodeB
NodeB 3G Base Station
RNC Radio Network Controller
MSC-S MSC Server
VLR Visited Location Register
MGW Media GateWay
GMSC Gateway MSC

SGW Signaling GateWay

HLR
MSC-S/VLR .

MSC-Server.
- (MGW).

UMTS
MGW

Nb

MGW

Iub

SGW

RNC

Mc

Mc
Iur

VLR

Iu-CS

NodeB
Iub

Nc

MSC-S

GMSC
Server

RNC
NodeB

SGW:

NodeB
NodeB 3G Base Station
RNC Radio Network Controller
MSC-S MSC Server
VLR Visited Location Register
MGW Media GateWay
GMSC Gateway MSC

SGW Signaling GateWay


,
.

()
.

UMTS

Nb

MGW

MGW

Iub

SGW

RNC

Mc

Mc
Iur

VLR

Iu-CS

NodeB
Iub

Nc

MSC-S
RNC

NodeB

D
C

HLR
AuC

GMSC
Server

NodeB
NodeB 3G Base Station
RNC Radio Network Controller
MSC-S MSC Server
VLR Visited Location Register
MGW Media GateWay
GMSC Gateway MSC

SGW Signaling GateWay


HLR Home Location Register
AuC Authentication Center

UMTS

Nb

MGW

MGW

Iub

SGW

RNC

Mc

Mc
Iur

VLR

Iu-CS

NodeB
Iub

Nc

MSC-S
RNC

NodeB

HLR
AuC

GMSC
Server

HLR:

NodeB
NodeB 3G Base Station
RNC Radio Network Controller
MSC-S MSC Server
VLR Visited Location Register
MGW Media GateWay
GMSC Gateway MSC

SGW Signaling GateWay


HLR Home Location Register
AuC Authentication Center



( MSC-S/VLR, ,
.)

MSC-S/VLR
.

.

UMTS

Nb

MGW

MGW

Iub

SGW

RNC

Mc

Mc
Iur

VLR

Iu-CS

NodeB
Iub

Nc

MSC-S
RNC

NodeB

HLR
AuC

GMSC
Server

AuC:

NodeB
NodeB 3G Base Station
RNC Radio Network Controller
MSC-S MSC Server
VLR Visited Location Register
MGW Media GateWay
GMSC Gateway MSC

SGW Signaling GateWay


HLR Home Location Register
AuC Authentication Center

.

.

UMTS

Nb

MGW

MGW

Iub

SGW

RNC

Mc

Mc
Iur

VLR

Iu-CS

NodeB
Iub

Nc

MSC-S
RNC

NodeB

Gs

Iu-PS

GMSC
Server

HLR
AuC

Gr

Gc

SGSN

NodeB
NodeB 3G Base Station
RNC Radio Network Controller
MSC-S MSC Server
VLR Visited Location Register
MGW Media GateWay
GMSC Gateway MSC

Gn

Gi

GGSN
SGW Signaling GateWay
HLR Home Location Register
AuC Authentication Center
SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node
GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node

IP-

UMTS

SGSN:

GGSN:



.
.


(, , ).
.

.


.

IP .
IP .

RADIUS .
,
.
HLR
SGSN
.


SGSN.

UMTS

Nb

MGW

MGW

Iub

SGW

RNC

Mc

Mc
Iur

VLR

Iu-CS

NodeB
Iub

Nc

MSC-S
RNC

NodeB

Gs

Iu-PS

GMSC
Server

HLR
AuC

Gr

Gc

SGSN

NodeB
NodeB 3G Base Station
RNC Radio Network Controller
MSC-S MSC Server
VLR Visited Location Register
MGW Media GateWay
GMSC Gateway MSC

Gn

Gi

GGSN
SGW Signaling GateWay
HLR Home Location Register
AuC Authentication Center
SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node
GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node

IP-

UMTS
Nb

MGW

MGW

Iub

SGW

RNC

Mc

Mc
Iur

VLR

Iu-CS

NodeB
Iub

Nc

MSC-S
RNC

NodeB

Gs

Iu-PS

GMSC
Server

HLR
AuC

OSS

Control
IP
Network

Gr

PC

Gc

SGSN

NodeB
NodeB 3G Base Station
RNC Radio Network Controller
MSC-S MSC Server
VLR Visited Location Register
MGW Media GateWay
GMSC Gateway MSC

Gn

Gi

GGSN
SGW Signaling GateWay
HLR Home Location Register
AuC Authentication Center
SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node
GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node
OSS Operation Support System

IP-

UMTS
Nb

MGW

MGW

Iub

SGW

RNC

Mc

Mc
Iur

VLR

Iu-CS

NodeB
Iub

Nc

MSC-S
RNC

NodeB

Gs

Iu-PS

HLR
AuC

OSS

Control
IP
Network

Gr

PC

Gc

SGSN

Gn

NodeB
NodeB 3G Base Station
RNC Radio Network Controller
MSC-S MSC Server
VLR Visited Location Register
MGW Media GateWay
GMSC Gateway MSC

GMSC
Server

Gi

GGSN
SGW Signaling GateWay
HLR Home Location Register
AuC Authentication Center
SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node
GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node
OSS Operation Support System

IP ATM.

IP-

UMTS
Nb

MGW

MGW

Iub

SGW

RNC

Mc

Mc
Iur

VLR

Iu-CS

NodeB
Iub

Nc

MSC-S
RNC

NodeB

Gs

Iu-PS

HLR
AuC

OSS

Control
IP
Network

Gr

PC

Gc

SGSN

Gn

NodeB
NodeB 3G Base Station
RNC Radio Network Controller
MSC-S MSC Server
VLR Visited Location Register
MGW Media GateWay
GMSC Gateway MSC

GMSC
Server

Gi

GGSN
SGW Signaling GateWay
HLR Home Location Register
AuC Authentication Center
SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node
GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node
OSS Operation Support System

IP ATM.
IP/SCTP.

IP-

UMTS
Nb

MGW

MGW

Iub

SGW

RNC

Mc

Mc
Iur

VLR

Iu-CS

NodeB
Iub

Nc

MSC-S
RNC

NodeB

Gs

Iu-PS

HLR
AuC

OSS

Control
IP
Network

Gr

PC

Gc

SGSN

Gn

Gi

NodeB
NodeB 3G Base Station
RNC Radio Network Controller
MSC-S MSC Server
VLR Visited Location Register
MGW Media GateWay
GMSC Gateway MSC

GMSC
Server

GGSN
SGW Signaling GateWay
HLR Home Location Register
AuC Authentication Center
SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node
GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node
OSS Operation Support System

IP-

IP ATM.
IP/SCTP.
SS7 IP SIGTRAN.

UMTS.
Nb

MGW

MGW

Iub

SGW

RNC

Mc

Mc
Iur

VLR

Iu-CS

NodeB
Iub

Nc

MSC-S
RNC

NodeB

Gs

Iu-PS

HLR
AuC

OSS

Control
IP
Network

Gr

PC

Gc

SGSN

Gn

Gi

NodeB
NodeB 3G Base Station
RNC Radio Network Controller
MSC-S MSC Server
VLR Visited Location Register
MGW Media GateWay
GMSC Gateway MSC

GMSC
Server

GGSN
SGW Signaling GateWay
HLR Home Location Register
AuC Authentication Center
SGSN Serving GPRS Support Node
GGSN Gateway GPRS Support Node
OSS Operation Support System

IP-

IP ATM.
IP/SCTP.
SS7 IP SIGTRAN.

LTE

LTE -

2G/3G

HSS
eNodeB

MME

PCRF

eNodeB

SGW
eNodeB

PGW

IP

LTE -

2G/3G

RAN
HSS
eNodeB

MME

PCRF

eNodeB

SGW
eNodeB

RAN Radio Access Network

PGW

IP

LTE -

2G/3G

EPC

RAN
HSS
eNodeB

MME

PCRF

eNodeB

SGW
eNodeB

RAN Radio Access Network


EPC Evolved Packet Core

PGW

IP

LTE eNodeB

eNodeB

eNodeB

eNodeB

eNodeB Evolved NodeB

IP .

LTE eNodeB
eNodeB:

eNodeB

eNodeB

.

.
.

eNodeB Core.

eNodeB
-.

eNodeB

eNodeB Evolved NodeB

IP .

LTE (SGW)
(MME)

2G/3G

eNodeB

MME

eNodeB

SGW
eNodeB

eNodeB Evolved NodeB


MME Mobility Management Entity
SGW Serving GateWay

IP .

LTE (SGW)
(MME)

2G/3G

eNodeB

MME:

MME

eNodeB


.
.

.
.
SGW PGW.

SGW
eNodeB

eNodeB Evolved NodeB


MME Mobility Management Entity
SGW Serving GateWay

IP .

LTE (SGW)
(MME)

2G/3G

SGW:

eNodeB

MME

eNodeB


.

eNodeB.

.


PCRF.

SGW
eNodeB

eNodeB Evolved NodeB


MME Mobility Management Entity
SGW Serving GateWay

IP .

LTE

2G/3G

eNodeB

MME

eNodeB

SGW

PGW

eNodeB

eNodeB Evolved NodeB


MME Mobility Management Entity
SGW Serving GateWay
PGW Public Data Network GateWay

IP .

IP

LTE

2G/3G

PGW:

eNodeB

MME

eNodeB

SGW


.

.
IP
.

.
PGW

eNodeB

eNodeB Evolved NodeB


MME Mobility Management Entity
SGW Serving GateWay
PGW Public Data Network GateWay

IP .

IP

LTE

2G/3G

eNodeB

MME

PCRF

eNodeB

SGW

PGW

eNodeB

eNodeB Evolved NodeB


PCRF Policy and Charging Rules
MME Mobility Management Entity
Function
SGW Serving GateWay
PGW Public Data Network GateWay

IP .

IP

LTE

.
,
.

.
,
.

.


.



.


( QoS).

LTE

2G/3G

eNodeB

MME

PCRF

eNodeB

SGW

PGW

eNodeB

eNodeB Evolved NodeB


PCRF Policy and Charging Rules
MME Mobility Management Entity
Function
SGW Serving GateWay
PGW Public Data Network GateWay

IP .

IP

LTE

2G/3G
HSS
eNodeB

MME

PCRF

eNodeB

SGW

PGW

eNodeB

eNodeB Evolved NodeB


PCRF Policy and Charging Rules
MME Mobility Management Entity
Function
SGW Serving GateWay
HSS Home Subscriber Server
PGW Public Data Network GateWay

IP .

IP

LTE

HSS:

,
.
,
.

.
.
.
.

LTE.

2G/3G
HSS
eNodeB

MME

PCRF

eNodeB

SGW

PGW

eNodeB

eNodeB Evolved NodeB


PCRF Policy and Charging Rules
MME Mobility Management Entity
Function
SGW Serving GateWay
HSS Home Subscriber Server
PGW Public Data Network GateWay

IP .

IP




GSM
UMTS
LTE

1.
GSM + UMTS

2.
GSM + UMTS + LTE

1.
GSM + UMTS

2.
GSM + UMTS + LTE

1. GSM
/

VLR

BSC
BS

MSC

BS
GMSC

HLR
AuC

2. GSM
/

VLR

BSC
BS

MSC

MGW

BS
BS

GMSC
BSC

VLR

BS
MSC-S

HLR
AuC

3. (GPRS)
/

VLR

BSC
BS

MSC

MGW

BS
BS

GMSC
BSC

IP-

VLR

BS
MSC-S

SGSN

HLR
AuC

GGSN

4. UMTS
/

VLR

BSC
BS

MSC

MGW

BS
BS

GMSC
BSC

BS
MSC-S

NodeB

NodeB

RNC

IP-

VLR

SGSN

HLR
AuC

GGSN

4. GSM + UMTS
/

GERAN
VLR

BSC
BS

MSC

MGW

BS
BS

GMSC
BSC

BS
MSC-S

NodeB

NodeB

RNC

IP-

VLR

SGSN

HLR
AuC

GGSN

4. GSM + UMTS
/

GERAN
VLR

BSC
BS

MSC

MGW

BS
BS

GMSC
BSC

BS
MSC-S

NodeB

NodeB

UTRAN

RNC

IP-

VLR

SGSN

HLR
AuC

GGSN

4. GSM + UMTS
/

GERAN
VLR

BSC
BS

MSC

MGW

BS
BS

GMSC
BSC

BS
MSC-S

NodeB

NodeB

UTRAN

RNC

IP-

VLR

SGSN

HLR
AuC

GGSN

4. GSM + UMTS.
/

GERAN
VLR

BSC
BS

MSC

MGW

BS
BS

GMSC
BSC

BS
MSC-S

NodeB

NodeB

UTRAN

RNC

IP-

VLR

SGSN

HLR
AuC

GGSN

1.
GSM + UMTS

2.
GSM + UMTS + LTE

1. GSM
MGW

MGW
SGW

BS
BSC

VLR

BS
MSC-S

GMSC
Server
HLR
AuC

2. (GPRS)
MGW

MGW
SGW

BS
BSC

VLR

BS
MSC-S

GMSC
Server

HLR
AuC
GGSN

SGSN
IP

3. UMTS
MGW

MGW
SGW

BS
BSC

VLR

BS
MSC-S

NodeB

GMSC
Server

HLR
AuC
GGSN

NodeB

RNC

SGSN
IP

4. LTE
MGW

MGW
SGW

BS
BSC

VLR

BS
MSC-S

NodeB

GMSC
Server

HLR
AuC
GGSN

RNC

NodeB

SGSN
IP

eNodeB

MME

HSS
PCRF

eNodeB
SGW

PGW

4. GSM + UMTS + LTE


GERAN

MGW

MGW
SGW

BS
BSC

VLR

BS
MSC-S

NodeB

GMSC
Server

HLR
AuC
GGSN

RNC

NodeB

SGSN
IP

eNodeB

MME

HSS
PCRF

eNodeB
SGW

PGW

4. GSM + UMTS + LTE


GERAN

MGW

MGW
SGW

BS
BSC

VLR

BS
MSC-S

NodeB

GMSC
Server
HLR
AuC

UTRAN

GGSN
RNC

NodeB

SGSN
IP

eNodeB

MME

HSS
PCRF

eNodeB
SGW

PGW

4. GSM + UMTS + LTE


GERAN

MGW

MGW
SGW

BS
BSC

VLR

BS
MSC-S

NodeB

GMSC
Server
HLR
AuC

UTRAN

GGSN
RNC

NodeB

SGSN
IP

eNodeB

MME

HSS
PCRF

eNodeB E-UTRA

SGW

PGW

4. GSM + UMTS + LTE


GERAN

MGW

MGW
SGW

BS
BSC

VLR

BS
MSC-S

NodeB

GMSC
Server
HLR
AuC

UTRAN

GGSN
RNC

NodeB

SGSN
IP

eNodeB

MME

HSS
PCRF

eNodeB E-UTRA

SGW

PGW

4. GSM + UMTS + LTE


GERAN

MGW

MGW
SGW

BS
BSC

VLR

BS
MSC-S

NodeB

GMSC
Server
HLR
AuC

UTRAN

GGSN
RNC

NodeB

SGSN
IP

eNodeB

MME

HSS
PCRF

eNodeB E-UTRA

SGW

PGW

4. GSM + UMTS + LTE.


GERAN

MGW

MGW
SGW

BS
BSC

VLR

BS
MSC-S

NodeB

GMSC
Server
HLR
AuC

UTRAN

GGSN
RNC

NodeB

SGSN
IP

eNodeB

MME

HSS
PCRF

eNodeB E-UTRA

SGW

PGW




:
spuzankov@ptsecurity.ru

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