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5 (10) 2003

120-

..

5 (10) 2 0 0 3

-

120-

" "
..

12

26

68

74
84

2003

( 120- )

. I. , . .
Sevastopol. Fleet being inshore when Emperor Nicolas the First has a looks at it. 1852. Fragment from lithography by painter Ayvazovskiy. Central Naval Museum

In second quarter of XIX cen

XIX ,

tury Black Sea Fleet had been

created on South marine bor

ders. Russian Navy on Black

18531856 .

Sea took the deserving place

, ,

among best Europe Fleets. It

, , ,

was a short period in Russian

wooden shipbuilding, but it

.. (17881851)

also was as the heyday of ma

. -

rine engineering to have been

120- (1841 ), (1849 )

interrupted by Crimean War

(1852 ), , 12 ,

18531856. When admiral

M.P.Lazarev was as Commander-

in-Chief, 120-guns three-decks

, ,

Men-of-War constructed accord

ing to new technologies, were the

3040 XIX .

same as its English ships.

Twelve Apostles was a flag ship

. , , ,

of admiral Lazarev. The ship was

large, handsome and had beared


high-power bomb guns. Twelve

B.C. ,

Apostles is a masterpiece of Rus

- ,

sian and world shipbuilding.

( 2 )

29 1802
I,

(, )
...2.

..,

1. ,

(18251855)

. XX ..

, ,

II,

; ,

. ,

3. 1828

, I ...

- 18281829

...

..

Black Sea Fleet at Feodosia.

...

, , -

Fragment from picture of Ayvazovskly

( )

( 120- )
,
,

, ,

, , -

...6.

1830-

, 31 1834 ,

. , 1834

120- 110-

4. -

7.

18231827 -

- . (

.)

, ,

I
Emperor Nicolas the First

120-
Waterloo" 1833
English 120-guns ship Waterloo.
1833

...

.. .

, -

. 1832

..

33

.., ,

8.

: ...

10 ,

18-

18531856 .

Ville de Paris, 1807 ,

1855 ,

Jena 1814, Jupiter 1816, Henri IV

1829 9. 1833
..:
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11 ,
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, . ""
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... "", ,
,
- !!
, ... ""
, ""
... . ,
6
...10.
25 1834 ..
..

( 4 )

( )

. ,

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No admittance for strangers,

...

16.

11

, ... .

26 1835 I

69 : 120--

, ..

; 84- 12;

60- ; 44-

; ; ( )

10; ; ;

17 1836

2,5 .,

12

1,9 , 60- 1,4 .

1836 .-

Admiral MP. Lazarev

20 .. .

. 21 1836

, , ,

.
13

17 1834

..

- ..

6 ., 2

Covered slipway 4 in Nicolaet/s

- -

Admiralty

,
4 14.
,

, 15 .,

, ,
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15.
1830-
.
, ,
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. ()
-

( 5 )

( 120- )
.

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... ,

17.

- ()

1834

(30 )

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( ;

, ...)

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18361839 ,


()

Saws. Slender vertical trihedral


(upper) and round saws

,
1841
View at Nicolaev City. 1841

( 6 )

, ..,

, .

, ,

.. ,

. , ..

, ,

( )
:
.,

1821 (

)
Various methods used for attaching:
Left according to Sir Robert
Seppings sistem; Right according
to old Russian sistem before 1821.
Both are taken from original model
of the ship Twelve Apostles.
Central Naval Museum

.. I

, ,

...18.

1813 -

19 -

.. .., -

.. .

.. ,

: ,

. ,

(John Fincham) ,

, (Joseph Peack)

. ,

(Isaak Blackburn)

20.

. 27

1821 21. , 1832 -

, -

. 18351837

., -
1813
1832
Sir Robert Seppings, Surveyor of
British Navy in 18131832

( 7 )

( 120- )

: ,

, 1/6

...24.

, , ,
22.

., -

, . ,

, ,

, .

..

, .

..: ...

120- 84-

25.

.. .,

1832
1847
Sir William Symonds, Surveyor
of British Navy in 18321847

( 8 )

1836

1837 .

18371838

. 21 1836

, ,

() :

. ,

(dry rot)

- ...

. ,

. .. , ...

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...23.

; , ,

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... ..

- -

..

, ...26.

1836 .

( )

120-

. ..

.- .

. 1839

5 1839

120-guns ship Rossiya launching.

120- ,

1839

..

28

4 1838

120-

. ,

, 28

29.

27.-

1838

.., ..

. ,

, (

, , ,

).

, .

, . XVIII

, 6 ,

, ..

, , ,

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( 9 )

( 120- )

110-
Queen 1839
English 110-guns ship Queen.
1839

Queen 1839 ,

30

. ,

..

, -

. 11 1845 ,

31.

Queen, : ,

1837 ,

. 1833

110--

...32.

Queen,

, ..

Queen -

120-
110- Queen


, :


, ()
, ():


- , ()
-, ()
, ()
, ():

, ()
-, ()
- , ():

( 10 )

Queen

15 1841

15 1839

4789,98
2848,40
2112(64,36)

5246,40
3104,00
2074 (63,20)

5710(17,63)
596 (18,14)
276 (8,38)
2089 (63,63)
1939 (59,06)

5927, (18,05)
600 (18,29)
246 (7,47)
2040 (62,24)
16651/2 (50,74)*

259 (7,85)
246 (7,47)
13 (0,38)
66(1,98)

256 (7,80)
245 (7,44)
11 (0,33)
66(1,98)

207 (6,27)
153 (4,65)

1811 (5,77)
143 (4,34)

( )
"
.
..
The ship Twelve Apostles on
slipway. Lithography by .. Prohorov

. .,

1841 ,

(1849 )

(1853 ),

. , 1840 ,

, ..

..: ...,

-.

1841

...33.

: ...

: ,

...34.

1821 , ,

1838 , . .

, .

, ,

. ,

, .

...

, ..

...

Queen.

...35.

( 11 )

( 120- )

.


Fixing of keel's parts. Vertical
and horizontal scarph joint

,

Scarphs to have been applicated
in the wooden shipsbuilding

( 12 )


36;

. 1833 ,

. 1112

, -

(
).

. ,

XIX (
).

-,

1838 ,

.;

, ,

, -

Systems of attaching used in wooden

33 ( 10 )

Right: fixing of stern at W. Symonds'

, , , , ,

method

shipbuilding in XIX century.


Lett: Russian system before 1838.

.
,
,
.
,
.

: -
1 9 (0,53 ), 25
(0,64 ), 1 4
(0,41 ), 38 (0,97 ),
1 6 (0,46 ), 32
(0,81 ).

6 (152 ) ,

. -

Sagging of the frames

41/2 (114 ),

9 (2,74 ), 1 (25,4 )

( 13 )

( 120- )

.
( ).
,
,
.

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,
.

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,

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Costruction of Rudder

3 (76,2 ) ,

2 (50,8 ).

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, .

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5 (127 ).

( 14 )

, /8

/4 .

35.

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( )
.

Bow and stern deadwoods.
The frames fitting

. ,

. .

, ,

. , -

. () ,

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frames making instrument, cokes.

, , -

Frames rising and fittings

.
, , .

Frame costruction. Wooden joints,

( 15 )

( 120- )
.

, -

Floor-timbers. Methods of floor-

timbers' joint

31/2 (88,9 )
21/2 (63,5) . ,
12 ,
:

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,
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Main and filling frames. Futtocks

:

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.

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.

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Sagging. Wooden girder

( 16 )

( )

,

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.

, .
.

Filling frames

, 39.

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),

. -

- .

- ..

- ..

-, -.

1 1837

37

. , .. :


Bow hawsepieces

...

... ,

--

, ,

1821

.,

.


38.

,
,

Wooden breasthooks in hold

( 17 )

( 120- )

, ,

. - ..

1/4

6 ,

. -

Iron knee riders in hold.



.

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Scupper pipes

, , ,

( 18 )

( )

.
Ceiling of surface part
, ,

1838
(),
.
()
Left Seppings iron forked knee and
clamps used before 1838. Right:
Symonds iron forked knee and
rubbing band.

,
.

..
18361837 ,


.
:
,
,
... .
,
...40. . ,
, .,
, .

,
.
,


. ,
,

.

ab ,
.
f i , .

,
-41.


,

. :

, ,

, .

Beam to be fitting with side

of the ship. Beam of three timbers.

( 19 )

( 120- )
,

1838
Iron forked knee used before 1838



.


1840
..
.
.
84-
,
.

.
, -


.
Various aspects of Symonds iron
forked knee contruction


..

Beam to be fitting with side of the
ship according to Symonds. Ceiling

,
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, :
... .
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...

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( 20 )

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5 2 ( 127 51 )
5 7 ( 127 178 ).


.
:
, ,
,
;
, .

Deck costruction. Hatch. Topside view

Skin. Fixing a bulwark rail

( 21 )

( 120- )


24 ;

, ,

, .

. ,

I, ,

, .

. 6

7 (152178 )

, ,

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120- ,

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. -

Lett: Method of skin position. Right-

Steam box

. --

. -

ca 1/2

, .

(),

. - -

- ,

. - -.

, .

, -


()
Left: Position of steamy timber with
handy tools. Right: Two-wheel
and ordinary jacks

( 22 )

( )

.

.
-

(102 ), 14 (356 )

1/3.

1/16 (1,6 ).

106 /2 (38 ).

. ,

XVII ,

1761

Alarm. 1790-

43

(),

. ,

23 1781 , , 1782

, ,

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(),

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Constituents of head knee and its

. -

- -

rising




D ( ,
)

. -

. -

: ,

, - -

, ,

-. - -

, -

( 23 )

( 120- )
. .


,

.
.
,
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: +
+ .

,
. -
-.
-
-.
,
,

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-,
,
.

Latrine construction

, ,

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:
(),
. (
),
. ()
Stern development: left: straight stem;
centre: Seppings apple stern; right:
Symonds elliptical stern

( 24 )

( )

()

120-

- ()

Stem development: left: straight stem;

centre: Seppings apple stern; right:


Symonds elliptical stern of model

(,

-Twelve Apostles. 1841

).

353 . , 100 .

, 1800 , 4000 ,

120-

14 000 , 300 -

After catwalks and 120-guns ship's

, 700 , 5300

model Twelve Apostles aft thread.

, 180

1841

, 120 , 30 , 1200
, 400 .

, , , ,

520 -

44.

( 25 )

( 120- )

50

Royal William 1719 ,

1757 1792 !

, , ,

. 1817

, , -

. , -

.. ,

45.

, 1830- ,

. ,

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. 18371839

, .

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Timber preparing

Victory -

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,
.
46.

, . ,
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,
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...
...
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,

( 26 )

.

,

Chatam City on English engraving.


1830-years

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...47.

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, , 48.

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(,

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49.

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( 27 )

( 120- )
...

...

, (

. . .),

....

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50

52.

. (W.N.Glascock)

. (914 )

. -

. 7

1834 .. :

, .

51.

...

.. ,

....

.,

Covered slipway 7. Water-colour

by L. Premazzi

53.
- .
1841
:
( . ..)...
,
,
.

...

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(dry rot) ,
...
,
!...

( 28 )

( , )
,

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..."54. ,

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very excellent , .

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, 1851

: " ".

.
55

... .


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( 6 ),

21/2

) ,

, - 39,2

- -

1,07

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1 ,

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( 29 )

( 120- )
()

Left: bowsprit fool step. Right: mast


hole

( 30 )

3/10 ,

-,

11/6

-, -.

, 1/10

, .

(-),

. ,

9 .

-. ,

()

, .

-.

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18

54 45

: 4

- 4 .

2024 . ,

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( 120- )
9

; (

-,

18 ,

); 9 -

3336 .

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1/3 7/8

, -,

1 / 2 .

11/2 ,

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11/2 2

, 3

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1 .

,
2/5
.


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-, ,
,

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-, .

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3 /2

. -

: 1/2

, 2/3 ,

, /8

6 .

. :

. ,

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/2 , ,

7/8 (6/8 1/8 ).


1/3

1/2 .

-, , ,

,
9

/10, /10

( 32 )

-
, :

. 810

1/3 5/8

4 . -

( 120- )
-, 2/3

-. -

1/3 ,

- , --

. -

1/8 ,

1/6 . -

. ,

5/6 ,

, ,

5/9.

-,

2/5

12 ,

, 41/2

, 21/2 .

-.

-,

4 .

, .

. 1/2

,
.

( 34 )

9/13

. ,

, 20/21,

5/9 .

-,

. -

( 120- )
-, ,

-.

3 , 3/4 .

-,

, .

, .

40/41, 9/10

/4 .

-,

251/2

-;

1/3 .

- .

, ,

- 1/2

. 78 ,

, 1 7 / 8

75, 1/2

, /9 .

; 3/11

-,

/5 .

/6 ,

-.

-- .

, - 2/3

- .

- . -,

22/5 , ,

, 3/4

; 5/8

, 1/6

-;

- ,

11/2 1/7

, -- 1 /2

11/2

1/16 .

--.
-

( 36 )

,
.

-.

( 120- )
81 (24,3 ). ,

2/3 .

- .

, 5

, 1/10 .

. /6

-. , 7/8

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, 1

-. - 1/4

, .

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, .

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1/2 -

, 1/4 ,

2 ,

. -

--

7/8 21/2

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. , 1/4 ,

-.

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.
1

- /12

. 1/4

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2/3

- .

, .

1/7 ,

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-. --

, /12 ,

- .

- .

1/3

. -- /4 -

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( 38 )

2/3

-.

3/4,

( , )
-,
-. -
1/60 .
-
, 1/2
. -
1/3, 2/9 -.
-
2

/3 , 1/66

,
3/4, 2/3
.

,
.
--.
2/9 .

.
- ,

Double and single capstan

construction

. /3
- .

-,

-,

-.

3/4 ,

, .

3 . ,

-.

---

. -

- -

- -,

-.

- .

/12 .
1/30

. ,

1840

--. -

, -.

/5

, 1/60

, .

2 /4 ,

, ,

1/66 .

( 39 )

( 120- )
2. - , 1/3
:
1/6 ,
.
4
, .
3. 1/2 ,
.
4. 1/2 ,
.
5. -- ,
1/2 ,
, .
,
,
-, .
:
1.
, ,
1/2 , 11/2,
.
2. , 1/5

, ,

, ,

, 6

Chainwales. Fixing a lower shrouds

4000 2, ,

... , , , ,

3. -- .

4. - 1/2 ,

1 /2 .
3

--,

108 116,

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, , , ,
, , , ,
, 3 ,
68 72 .

5. 1/2 ,
-
.
6. 1/2 ,
.

7. -- ,

: 5 4 , -

, 1/3

2 .

: 5 1 / 2 ., 5 ., - 5 .,
- 5 ., 4 .

,
, .
,
,

-,

, ,

68 72 :

, .

:
1.
.

( 40 )


1/3
.

( , )

, , ,

30-40 XIX

, 6 .

, -

--
:
.
4- - --
1

/2

-
,
. ,
, 50 :
1 3 / 4 ,

3/4 .

, 6, 3 .

81/2 , 21/2 ,

--

111/2 .

, , .

- 1/3
, -,



, .

, ,

, 4 .

, , ,

, -, -

been used in British Navy. 30 - 40


years of XIX cent

, ,

Drawing of masting and sails to have

( 41 )

( , )
,
,
,
.
,
, 1/7
, - 1/9.
, ,
1/10
,
, ,
3

/4 .

.
, ,
,
1250 6- ...56.


. ,
.
,

.. ,

, -

Flags, masthead flags, burgees

. 1834 ..

58.

. 29 1833

. ,

..-

.. : ,

) . 4

1834 .. ..

: ,

: ...

... ,

... ,

, ,

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...59.

57

,
....

,
,

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( 45 )

( 120- )

( 46 )

, 1806 . ,

, 1849

, , 1840 ,

, ,

, , ,

, 1849 ,

120-

. . :

, (

, 84-

. ..) ,

, (

- ..

) .

...62.

1806

1847

(, , -, ),

(,

, ). 17 1830

..

..

, 1841

: ,

. ..

, , -

... : ...

1840

, --;

..., ...

60.

...

, 1840 ,

, ,

..

...63.

17 1849 I

On masting ships and mast-making,

. 1840

1829 61.

, .

( , )

. ,

..

, , , - --

: - -

. - -

. -

- .

64.

, .

, , ..

65

. ,

, 9

1850

., ,

.. ..

66.

..,

. ,

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. . . :

" "

, 92- Rodney 84--

...

Asia

, ,

. : Rod

, ,

ney 205 6 , 54

...67.

6 ; Asia 196 52 1

28 144 . 27 576 .-

, 28 100 . .

24

..

, , -

. ,

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( 63 )

( 120- )
3 1838 ,
, ..
50 , ,

, ,

. ...
...





.
..
I : "

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...70.


Twelve Apostles internal member.
Marble fireplace

, 900

1000 ; 20 000

2 .

, 68.

, ,

( 64 )

..

1841

1832

, .

. ,

.., ..

: ...

, ,

Sir Rob. Seppings,

(),

, 61/2 ,

...69.

( , )

..,

, ,

XIX

Wood ship launching gear. Middle of

XIX cent

- .

, -,

15 1841 ,

: 38- ,

, ,

1841

, ,

, -

1837 ,

( 65 )

( 120- )
, .

. , .

.. : ...,

1839 1841 .

, ,

1839 ,

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( )

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, 72.

5 , . :

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...71.

, .-

...

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...73.

. , :



.
..
Portsmouth, one from major centre
of England shipbuilding.
Engraving is taken from Leonid
Amirhanov's collection

( 66 )

... "

" ,

...

.,

1858

. ,

, .

, -

( , )

.
.
Plymouth, one from the famous
British Shipbuilding Centre.
Engraving is taken trom Leonid
Amirhanov's collection

, ,

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.
: ,

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74.

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... 14 1842

..

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SO- ...

1839 , , ,

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....

( 67 )

( 120- )

..

. ,

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: ... 68-

17/29 1835

( )

, ,

68-

...76. ,

.. ,

75

. 1836

..

" "

.. 6 1836

68- , ,

, , ,

...77.

68-

Drawing of English 68-pounds bomb
gun

( 68 )

, 1839 ,

(4 1838 )

68-

78. .

(214 ), 8 8,61

1 237

(2,66 ), 8,27 (210 )

(505,7 ), 0 1 3 9 (296,6 ).

68- ,

14 2,6 .

, 11 1839 I

32 68-

, 1839

, ,

1844 .

, .

, , .

, ,

.. ,

. , ,

, ..

. 1840

, .

, ,

9 1839

Medea

, ,

...

, ,

. 68-

8 (203 ) ,

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80. , 68-

Russian 68-pounds bomb gun on gun

8,42

..., -

carnage

, 8 .

, ,

32

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1841 .

68- -

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, 174

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( 70 )

( )
120-
:
68-
; 36-
; 36-
; 36- ; 24-
-
Twelve Apostles guns:
68-pounds bomb gun;
36-pounds long gun;
36-pounds shortgun;
36-pounds carronade;
24-pounds carronade

1842 ,

, 18-

32

-, .

, , -


120-
,

68-

8,00

7,85

83,75

12,47

1840

51,75

5530

0,303

36-

6,80

6,65

91

16

1942

43,50

4200

36-

6,80

6,65

711,33

14

1682

43,50

3530

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6,80

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611,33

12,25

1422

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3800

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5,95

5,80

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12,25

962

29,00

2534

( 71 )

( 120- )
36-

36-pounds long gun's non-action
position


.
-


Angle of gun high and gun carriage
construction. Carronade carriage were
different from gun's one only with a
screw existance instead of wedge


1839 .

. 36- -
, , ..
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,
.
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.


. ..

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20
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07,16
03,88
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, Royal Albert

; 34 32-

Queen, : 32 -

; - 6

; 34 32-

14 32- .

( 73 )

( 120- )

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1837 ;

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Black Sea Fleet Ships. From picture
by IK. Ayvazovskiy Old Fleet

( 74 )

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11/4

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Sevastopol. 1846. From a picture by
Bogolubov

; ,

..

1850-, ,

New naval barracks in Sevastopol.

! , -

From picture by I.K. Ayvazovskiy

,
-
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Vice-admiral V.A.Kornilov

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Great Prince Konstantin Nicolaevich

... , ,

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),

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Sevastopol. 1854

( 79 )

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Sevastopol. 1854

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1854



Dry docks complex in Sevastopol

( 81 )

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.

. 18

1854 ..

18 1853 .

1854

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15 1854

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Agamemnon - .-

102.

13 14 1855

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Piece of French chart of Sevastopol's

, ,

, .

reinforsings marked Twelve

, ,

Apostles position

. -

...

( 82 )

( )

.
.
Deluging of Black Sea Fleet. From
picture by I.A. Vladimirov

1861 .

5000

..,

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( 83 )

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120-



1840
(
)*

42

208

2,268

,
..

1848 ,
..

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4211
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1,305

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350

121/4

350

121/4

0,629

---
( )

234

238

0,419

118

119

0,210

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1094

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92

1090

26

90

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135

0,388

44

0,246

30

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-- ( )

806

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135

806

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510

101/4

43

520

--- ( )

3510

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71/4

30

366

40

188

1,911

-:


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586
435
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22

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3110

---
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210

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106

221/2

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119

706

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4410

39

450

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0,216

--- ( )

314

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314

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486
2810
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27

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522

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76 /2

536

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78

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252

259

91/4

0,304

---
( )

1610

173

0,152

86

86

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806

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160

806

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160

0,261

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( 84 )

356

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1
,
..

1848 ,
..



1840
(
)*

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51/2

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256

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262
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563

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---
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766

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563

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49

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50

---

548

---

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11

546

11

309

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359

30

---

403

403

---

230

262

21

---

479

91/2

479

91/2

---

2811

326

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27

353

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236

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---

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1

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638

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3110
213

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213

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27
19

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500
440
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10
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( ):

324
363
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36
36
70

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( )

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10

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262

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506
226

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14-103/4
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09

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12
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79
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( 85 )

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,
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..

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213
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274
2011
248
170
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11 1 / 2

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41/4
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1561/3
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6
6
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156
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31

60

40
37 1 / 2
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1543/4
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1410
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-:

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610
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183/4
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242
282
220
259
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100



1840
(
)*

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282
219
256
1710
200

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( 86 )

327
320

309
231
174
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365

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9

461/2

31

211/4

15

20

--

--

--

---

---

--

--

---

-:

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464

241/4

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666

351/2

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53

366
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558
558
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231/2

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5 (10) 2003

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--

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( 90 )

.: 136
: 380

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: 410

.: 410
: 400

.: 406
: 240

11/2

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471/3

3
28

3
211/2

:
-
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-

550

420

451/2

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14103

17 1830

1806 , ,
, .
, , ,
, ,
. ,
, 1824
. . . , , ,
, , , ,
...

:
1. , , 3- , 75
, .
2. 4/5 , 4/5
, .
3. 7/25 . , , 67 ,
67 7/25 = 18,76. 7/25 .
4. 7/26 , 7/26 . ,
34 , 34 7/26 = 9,154.
5. . 2/3 ,
, 1/5 .
6. 1/11 1/24 .
7. , , , . , , ,
, .
3-

2-

, ,

-
-
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--

2,290
1,280
0,670

0,450

0,540
0,409
0,260

0,170

2,340
1,340
0,670

0,450

0,550
0,415
0,260

0,170

2,360
1,410
0,784
0,588

0,560
0,422
0,260
0,170
0,119

-
-
--
--

1,170
0,580

0,390

0,461
0,351
0,223

0,146

1,200
0,600

0,400

0,471
0,356
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0,146

1,250
0,709
0,531

0,490
0,371
0,227
0,151
0,106

-
-
--
--

0,960
0,480

0,320

0,351
0,260
0,170

0,130

1,005
0,502

0,335

0,356
0,260
0,170

0,130

1,010
0,563
0,422

0,371
0,260
0,170
0,119
0,083

1,390
1,000

0,351

0,351
0,219

1,370
1,000

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0,356
0,222

1,420
1,060

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0,371
0,232

:
1. , , , , . : 3-
50 , 50 2,23 =111,5 -. 50 0,67 = 33,5 .
2. , , , . : 2- 175 . 175 0,55 = 96,25
-. 175 0,471 =82,425 -. 175x0,146 = 25,55 -- ..

( 92 )

( )
6


1840 103
,

-,

-,

-,

73,3
67
53

1,3
32,87
25,6

80,6
70,8
55

50,8
45,4
35,3

69
62,3
49

32,87
29,4
23,25

77,6
67,75
59,7

48,6
43
33,1

84-

69
62,3
50,8

32,87
29,4
24,5

77,6
67,75
59,7

50,8
43
33,1

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57,5
50,8
41,25

27,7
24,5
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61,3
55
42,5

38,7
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41,25
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23,25
23,25

42,5
42,5

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27,2

60
53
44

29,4
25,6
21,2

67,75
61,3
46,4

41,5
38,7
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50-

( 93 )

( 120- )

1840

**

(
, -
)

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****

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,


****
,


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- ***

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( )

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( )
(
)

2
3
3
3
3
3
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2
2
2
2
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14
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7
110
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4
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17

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1
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14

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( )


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66
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4
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52
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7
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4
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2
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7
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20

2
2
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12
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73
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87
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1
2
2
2
2
2
2
2
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19

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69
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2
2
2
2
2
2
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34
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19
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26
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8
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18
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16
58
8
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28
9
9
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231/4
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16
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62

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2
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2
2
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1
1
1
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22
6
55
22
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31

303/4

2
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1
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1
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67
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12
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13
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11

10
12
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42

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12
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8
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16
10

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52
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54
16

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14

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20

14
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20
9
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10
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4
11

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6

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51/4

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51/4
31/4

21/2
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33/4

41/4

33/4
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41/2
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2
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68
13

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2
2
2
2
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2
2
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8
84
4

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2
2
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2
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9
9
55
8
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6
6
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--

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. - . ., 19091910.
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1852 ( ) // .
1900. 3. .1055.
8
. .243. .1. .3182. .9, 9 .
9
. .205. .1. .1090. .1,1 .
10
John Fincham. A History of Naval Architecture. London. 1851. P.405, 406.
11
. .315. .1. .775. .. ... .28, 29.
12
. .243. .1. .3182. ., 3 .
13
. .283. .1. .3508. .243. .1. .3182..126 .
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16
. .410. .1. .180. .12,12 .
17
. .158. . 1. .1155. .26 .
18
. .243. .1. .3183. . .
19
An outline of shipbuilding. By Jonh Fincham, Esq., master-shipwright of Her Majesty's
dockyard, Portsmouth; Author of A History of Naval Architecture and other works. London,
1852.P.16,17.
20
.
21
John Fincham. A History of Naval Architecture. London. 1851. P.199206.
22
. .243. .1. .1320. .1.
23
. .158. .1. .1155. .22.
24
. .243. .1. .3604. .1.
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28
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29
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30
. .283. .1. .4470. .4.
31
An outline of shipbuilding. By Jonh Fincham, Esq., master-shipwright of Her Majesty's
dockyard, Portsmouth;... London, 1852. Part I. P.74, 75, Part II. P.184,185.
32
Ibid. Part I. P.4650.
2

33
Memoirs of the Life and Services of Real-Admiral Sir W.Symonds..., Surveyor of the
Navy from 1832 to 1847. London. 1858. P.673.
34
lbid. P.337. . .327. On.2. .55.
Queen. .327. .1. .221. . '

.
35
. .1049. .1. .225. .8.
36
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37
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39
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40
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41
. .243. .1. .3760. .1012.
42
. .161. .1. .1211. .7 .8 .
43
An outline of shipbuilding. By Jonh Fincham, Esq., master-shipwright of Her Majesty's
dockyard, Portsmouth;.London, 1852. Part III. P.62.
44
. .243. .1. .4230. .36, 37.
45
A Treatise containing the results of numeruos experiments on the Preservation of
Timber from Premature Decay and on the preventon of the progress of rottenness, when
already commenced in ships and building. By W.Chapman. London, 1817. P.9,5759,66.
46
An Epitome, historical and statistical, descriptive of the Royal Naval Service of
England, by E. Miles. London, 1841. P.78.
47
. .8. .4. .78. .1 ., 2.
48
An outline of shipbuilding. By Jonh Fincham, Esq., master-shipwright of Her Majesty's
dockyard, Portsmouth; Author of A History of Naval Architecture and other works. London.
1852. Part III. P.1216
49
lbid. PI618.
50
. .158. .1. .1155. .1617 ., 18.
51
. . ., 1839. . 154156.
52
. .243. .1. .3160. .3435.
53
. .205. .1. .1579. .12 .
54
Memoirs of the life and servises of real-admiral sir William Symonds, KT, .,
FRS, Surveyor of the navy from 1832 to 1847: with correspondence and other papers relative
to the ships and vessels constructed upon his lines. London, 1858. P.283, 285, 286.
55
. .19. .1. .285. . 2123 .
56
. . 1840.
57
. -,
, .
58
. .205. .1. .1441. .79 .
59
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(103)

60

. 3.
.
62
Memoirs of the life and servises of real-admiral sir William Symonds...London, 1858.
P.283.
63
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64
. .243. .1. .5022. .38, 38 .
65
. 4.
66
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67
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68
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18411842 .
69
. .. ... .315. .1. .775. ..
67 2
.
70
. .19. .1. .224. .16.
71
. 1883. .. .388, 389.
72
Memoirs of the Life and Services of Real-Admiral Sir W.Symonds.., Surveyor of the
Navy from 1832 to 1847. London, 1858. P.219.
73
Memoirs of the Life and Services of Real-Admiral Sir W.Symonds.., Surveyor of the
Navy from 1832 to 1847. London, 1858. P.220.
74
30 31 1838
. ,
.
75
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76
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77
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79
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80
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81
. .1048. .1. .179. .202.
82
. .1242. .1. .120.
61

83

W.Kennish. A method for cocentrating the fire of a broadside of War, with an Appendix.
London, 1837.
84
. .1048. .1. .179. .1.
85
. .243. .1. .4360. .1, 2.
86
Memoirs of the life and servises of real-admiral sir William Symonds, KT, .,
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relative to the ships and vessels constructed upon his lines. London, 1858. P.281, 282.
87
. .19. .2. .121. .. ... .61.
88
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, -.
89
... . .:
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90
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, .
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99

.
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103
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104
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1958 .
(
); .
- XVIIIXIX ,
. : -
3050 XIX - (
).
: ,
"" . 19141918 , ..
, .., ,
18531856 . .

: 1 ..,
.., .., .., ..; .., ;
, ..
: 1- . , ..; 2- . 120- " ",
..; 3- . , ..;
4- . 120- " ", ...

-
-, 5 (10) 2003

120-

ISBN 5-85875-001-X

.., 2003
. .., 2003
-
. .., 2003

. .., 2003

20.11.2003
60 84/8
Helios
.
. 320

: .., ..
: ..
: ..,
..

04631 26.04.2001

193024, -, / 71
E-mail: chumak@comset.net

84- , 1836 () 120- , 1849


84-guns ship , 1836 (upper) and 120-guns ship , 1849

92- Rodney, 1833 () 110- Queen, 1839


English 92-guns ship Rodney, 1833 (upper) and english 110-guns ship Queen, 1839

2 0 0 3 :
..
. .
..
..
..
..

""
""
" "
""
120- " "

:
..

""