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!"#$%& (&)%*+&,&#- (&*+.

/#0 1*2
u n l L 3 : C h e m l c a l 8 e a c L l o n s
345)/0&6 1he purpose of Lhls acuvlLy ls Lo deLermlne whlch meLals are mosL reacuve and Lo creaLe an
order from mosL reacuve Lo leasL reacuve.
3*5- 76 (&*+./#0 8"-9 :;4&/40 !/%4./#0
!"#$%&"'()
MeLals:
Copper
Lead
Zlnc
Magneslum
Sllver
Calclum

Soluuons:
Copper (ll) sulfaLe
Sllver nlLraLe
Lead (ll) nlLraLe
Zlnc sulfaLe
Magneslum nlLraLe
*%+,$-.%$(
1. uslng a well plaLe and Lhe chemlcal glven, deLermlne whlch reacuons wlll occur beLween Lhe meLals
and Lhe soluuons.
2. Add Lo each of Lhe wells a small plece of Lhe approprlaLe meLal whlch has rsL been cleaned wlLh sand
paper. noLe: ?our Leacher wlll provlde Lhe calclum when you are ready for lL.
3. CreaLe a daLa Lable Lo record your observauons of before and aer reacuons.
4. Cbserve and record any evldence of a replacemenL reacuon (l.e. a Lhln coaung appears on Lhe surface
of Lhe meLal) occurrlng each of Lhe LesL Lubes. lf no change ls vlslble wlLhln ve mlnuLes, record Lhls as
no reacuon"
3*5- 776 (&*+./#0 8"-9 :+"<0
!"#$%&"'()
MeLals: Soluuon:
Copper hydrochlorlc acld
Magneslum
Zlnc
Sllver
Lead
Calclum
*%+,$-.%$()
1. ueLermlne where P
+
should be placed on an acuvlLy serles by comparlng Lhe relauve amounL of
bubbllng when added Lo meLals.
2. CreaLe a daLa Lable and record your resulLs.
3*5- 7776 =&,/#0-5*./#
?our Leacher wlll demonsLraLe Calclum meLal ln acld. WrlLe down your observauons
s/aq CuSO4 Mg(NO3)2 ZnSO4 Pb(NO3)2 AgNo3 HCl
Cu
Mg
Zn
Pb
Ag
Ca
NR NR NR NR slight
black
NR
turn black NR zz, black turn black black zz black
turn black NR NR turn black black slight
black
NR NR NR NR black NR
NR NR turn
slightly
white
NR NR NR
turns milky
blue
white,
cloudy
white,
cloudy
white
cloudy
black white
cloudy
="0+400"/# >4&0./#0
1. lrom arL l: Whlch of Lhe meLals gave
(a) four reacuons Magneslum
(b) Lhree reacuons Zlnc
(c) Lwo reacuons
(d) one reacuons copper, lead, sllver
(e) no reacuon
(f) ve reacuons calclum
use Lhe answers from above Lo llsL Lhe ve meLals ln order of decreaslng reacuvlLy.
calclum
magneslum
zlnc,
copper, lead,
sllver
2. lrom arL ll: uescrlbe Lhe order of meLals from Lhose LhaL bubble mosL Lo Lhose LhaL bubble leasL, or
noL aL all. LlsL Lhe ve meLals ln decreaslng order of reacuvlLy. lace hydrogen lnLo Lhe llsL.
calclum
magneslum
zlnc
hydrogen
copper, lead, sllver
3. Compare Lhe order of reacuvlLy of meLals from arL ll wlLh all of Lhe meLals ln arL l and descrlbe any
relauonshlps you can dlscover. CreaLe a nal llsL of reacuvlLy ln order of decreaslng reacuvlLy.
Lhe Lwo llsLs are preuy much Lhe same.
calclum
magneslum
zlnc
hydrogen
copper, lead, sllver
4. lrom arL lll: place calclum ln your llsL of reacuvlLy.
(see quesuon above)
3. Compare Lhls order wlLh LhaL of Lhe reacuvlLy serles from your noLes. CuLllne slmllarlues and
dlerences. SuggesL several reasons for whaL mlghL explaln any dlerences.
l goL Lhe order of Lhe rsL one correcL, whlch are calclum, magneslum, zlnc.
l puL hydrogen above lead because our lead dldn'L reacL wlLh PCL, so l assumed lL was lower on Lhe
reacuvlLy llsL. Copper ls supposed Lo be more reacuve Lhan sllver, buL l puL Lhem on Lhe same level
because Lhey boLh reacLed one ume.
6. WrlLe neL lonlc equauons for all Lhe reacuons LhaL occurred (hlghllghung Lhe ones LhaL were supposed
Lo occur LhaL you may noL have observed)
Cu
(s)
+ 2Ag
+
(aq)
--> Cu
2+
(aq)
+ 2Ag
(s)
Copper solld ls oxldlzed (reduclng agenL), and sllver lon ls reduced (oxldlzlng agenL)
b
(s)
+ Mg
2+
(aq)
--> n8
no redox reacuon occured
7. lor each of Lhe reacuons, deLermlne whlch subsLances has been oxldlzed and whlch one has been
reduced as well as whlch ls Lhe oxldlzlng agenL and whlch ls Lhe reduclng agenL.
(see quesuon above)
8. A meLal was found ln Lhe lab LhaL was mlsslng lLs labellng Lape. ln order Lo deLermlne Lhe ldenuLy of Lhe
meLal several reacuons were performed. When Lhe meLal was placed ln hydrochlorlc acld, lL bubbled.
no reacuon was nouced when placed ln a soluuon of calclum nlLraLe. A reacuon was observed when
placed ln a soluuon of zlnc chlorlde. WhaL could Lhe meLal posslbly be? WhaL furLher LesL could you run
Lo deLermlne Lhe ldenuLy of Lhe meLal?
lf Lhe meLal was one of Lhe ones we used ln Lhls lab, lL would be magneslum. Cr else, lL could also be
sodlum or alumlnum. ln order Lo nd ouL whaL Lhls meLal ls, we need Lo do Lwo more experlmenLs. llrsL,
reacL lL wlLh magneslum. lf lL does reacuon, lL ls sodlum. lf lL doesn'L lL's elLher magneslum or alumlnum.
1hen reacL lL wlLh alumlnum. lf lL does reacuon, lL ls for sure magneslum. lf lL doesn'L, lL ls alumlnum.
?/#+%40"/#: We found ouL Lhe order of Lhe reacuvlLy serles of meLals by conducung slngle replacemenL
reacuons.