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AUTOCAD 2005

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AUTOCAD

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30.2-5-057
681.3(075)

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ISBN 5-469-00630-1
AutoCAD ,

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, 2005

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: 1. AutoCAD 2005.
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@ 150, 0
6 2
@ 0, 80

@ 60, 60 4
0, 60
5
Close

/ I

55

,
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Line /"

LINE Specify first point:


Specify next point or [Undo]:
Specify next point or [Undo]:
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:

240, 20
/ 1
150 < 0
2
80 < 90
3
85 <-135 b 4
60 < 90
5
Close

.J

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AutoCAD .

56

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57

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58

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59

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UCS (. 2.4).

. 2.4. UCS

UCS . :
Enter an option [New/Move/orthoGraphic/Prev/Restore/Save/Del/
A p p l y / ? / W o r l d ] <World> : [////////?/] <>
Display UCS Dialog
UCS (. 2.5);
UCS Previous . ;
World UCS ;
Object UCS ;
Face UCS
;
View UCS ,
XY, ( , );

60

2.

| Origin DCS ;
ZAxis Vector DCS ;
3Point DCS X
;
: X Axis Rotate UCS X;
:

Axis Rotate UCS Y;

Z Axis Rotate DCS Z;


Apply UCS .

. 2.5. DCS
,
UCSFOLLOW;
.
,
.
:
Q UCSXDIR, UCSYDIR X . ;
Q UCSNAME ;
Q WORLDUCS 1, , 0 ;
Q UCSORG .

61

jjj DDUC S,
Tools > Named DCS.... Named UCSs
UCS, DDUCS, .
, Named UCSs
UCS,
. . 2.6 Named UCSs . , Set Current.

. 2.6.


Delete.
Details UCS Details,


(. 2.7).

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. 2.7. DCS Details

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62

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, Unnamed . . World Previous


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AutoCAD : , ,
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.

63

.
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( X , ).
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Ucs1-Ucs3 4.

UCS1

Tools
New UCS
Origin
Current UCS name: WORLD*
Enter an option [New/Move/orthoGraphic/Prev/Restore/
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Specify new origin point <0,0,0>:

ucs k!

Tools
- New UCS
-3 / t
Current UCS name: *WORLD*
Enter an option [New/Move/orthoGraphic/Prev/Restore/
Save/Del/Apply/?/World] <World>: _3
Specify new origin pojnt <0,0,0>: 1
Specify point on positive portion of Xaxis 2 ( )
Specify point on positive-Y portion of the UCS XY plane ( Of)

64

* 2.

ucs t>*

TOO/S

Current UCS name:

New

UCS

(Ucs3
World

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Enter an option [New/Move/orthoGraphic/Prev/Restore/


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Layer Properties Manager, . 3.1.
Format > Layer... Layer Properties Manager
Layers.

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Q Color ;
Q Linetype , , ;
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68

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Q Plot style ;
Q Plot / ;
Q Description .
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Layer (Alt+N), Layer Properties
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Layerl. Layer2, Layers . .
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69

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Layer Properties Manager U-teIJ .


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70

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Layer Properties Manager, . 3.1, -

* 71
(. . 3.2) Lock .


Layer Properties
Manager, . 3.1, Color . Select
Color, (. 3.3).
, ACI (AutoCAD Color Index). 1 7.

. 3.3.
, ByLayer ByBlock. ByLayer ,
, . ByBlock ,
, . , .
( Color Books),
, .


. .
, . , , . .

72

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Properties Manager. Linetype
. Select Linetype, . 3.4, .

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73

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Layer Properties Manager.
Lineweight
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74

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. 3.6.


.
,
ByLayer, ByBlock Default. ( ).
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.

.
Default Lineweight
Settings, . 3.7.
LWT Settings... ,
Lineweight Settings... User Preferences
Options, LWEIGHT.

()

75

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. 3.7.

LWUNITS. ( ), . LWDEFAULT Default.


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76

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77

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Properties, . 3.8, , .
40 ,
AutoCAD. PROPERTIES, Modify > Properties, Properties (Ctrl+1)
.
Properties , . , , , ,
, .

78
. . .*. .3-

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Modify
- Properties
.
Properties Color.

.
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Yellow.


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79

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\///\ '///////


Properties 'L.

Modify
^-Properties
.

Properties
6
Contents

NEW TEXT
J u s t i f y

Left
Layer

Style

(?
V ^

Select polyline:
Enter an option [Close/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/
/Decurve/Ltype gen/Undo]: W
Specify new width for all segments: 3
Enter an option [Close/Join/Width/Edit vertex/Fit/Spline/
/Decurve/Ltype gen/Undo]: Enter

81

Q
Q
Q

83

AutoCAD
. ,

. ,
, ,
; . , .

,
, . AutoCAD , .
,
,
(. 4.1,4.2).

. 4.1.

. 4.2.

84 : 4.
_ , . AutoCAD , ,
/ .
ZOOM, View > Zoom, . 4.3, (. 4.4)
Zoom.
>

. 4.3.
lillfpiieillpll

. 4.4.
ZOOM:

Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or n X P ) , or


[All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window/Object] <real
time>: , .
ZOOM .
.

.;.

85

; Zoom Realtime
.
ZOOM real time
.
.
View > Zoom > Realtime (. . 4.3),
Zoom Realtime (. . 4.4), ZOOM real
time. ZOOM. Enter
. ,
.
,
100 %, .
, . , , , .
, Enter Esc.
,

. ,
( ) .
,
.

(+) ,
.
( ) (-). .
Zoom Window . .

. , .
ZOOM Window :

86

: 4.

Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or n X P ) , or


[All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window/Object] <real
time>: _W
Specify f i r s t c o r n e r : ;
Specify opposite corner: .
| Zoom Dynamic .
. ZOOM Dynamic
, .
.
; . , X, , .

. Enter , , . ,
. , ,
( ).
1 Zoom Scale . , . :
Q ;
Q ;
Q .
ZOOM Scale :
Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or n X P ) , or
[All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window/Object] <real
time>: _S
Enter a scale factor (nX or n X P ) : .
, . , 1, . .
.
2, , 1,
0.5, .

.;.

87

. , 2, 0 . 5. 1
.
Zoom Center
. ZOOM Center
:
Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or n X P ) , or
[All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Sca-le/Window/Object] <real
time>: _C
Specify center p o i n t : ;
Enter magnification or h e i g h t : .
.
.
, .

.
Zoom Object , . ZOOM Object , , :
Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or n X P ) , or
[All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window/Object] <real
time>: _0
Select objects: .
Zoom In . ZOOM 2 :
Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or n X P ) , or
[All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window/Object] <real
time>: 2x
Zoom Out . ZOOM . 5 :
Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or n X P ) , or
[All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window/Object] <real
time>: .5x

88

4.

) Zoom All ,
. ZOOM A l l
. ,
. . , .
.
Zoom Extents , . ZOOM Extents
, . ;
. , ZOOM
, .
Zoom Previous . , .
ZOOM Previous. , .
AutoCAD 10 .
, , , .
Z1-Z3 2.



Zoom

Z1

Window ^. View - Zoom

Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or nXP), or


[All/Center/.../Previous/Scale/Window] <real time>: _w
Specify first corner: 1
Specify opposite corner: 2
Zoom PreVIOUS *



Zoom All

89

Z2

Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or nXP), or


[All/Center/.../Scale/Window] <real time>: _all



Zoom Realtime LJ
Specify corner of window, enter a scale factor (nX or nXP), or
[All/Center/Dynamic/Extents/Previous/Scale/Window] <reaf timeX
Press ESC or ENTER to exit, or right-click to display shortcut menu.
, .
Una , .

1&" Exit u/iu

CSC

Pan Realtime .
PAN . . Pan Realtime
,
View > Pan > Realtime.

PAN.
, ,
. -

90

: 4.

, . -.
;
Enter Esc.
1 2.

Pan Realtime ^

Press ESC or ENTER to exit, or right-click to display shortcut menu.



, .
{&*- Exit Esc


Aerial View, . 4.5, View > Aerial
View. . Aerial View , ,
.

. 4.5.

* 91
AutoCAD , . Aerial
View
AutoCAD.
.
. .
Aerial View, , , , . AutoCAD .
Aerial View
. , . .
. .


,
.
, ,
( ) . , , .

. AutoCAD , .
REDRAWALL .
View > Redraw.
REGEN, View > Regen View > Regen All.


. , .
, .

92

4.

DRAWORDER, Modify II Draw Order,


. 4.6, 4.7, Tools > Draw Order > Bring to Front
Tools > Draw Order > Send to Back. .

. 4.6. Modify II

. 4.7. Draw Order

Bring Above Object Send Under Object


.


Q
G
G

Q
Q
Q

94

5.


,
, .
, , ,
.
, AutoCAD . . ,
.
,
:
Q , ();
Q , .

Object Snap (. 5.1).

. 5.1.

,
Shift.
;
, .


Iff Temporary Tracking Point .
,
. , AutoCAD . Temporary Tracking Point
AutoCAD ORTHO

, . , ( ).

95

, ( )
, .
, ; .
Enter AutoCAD ,
, .
Temporary Tracking Point .
, Temporary Tracking Point , .
Temporary Tracking Point

.
AutoCAD
, Enter.
.

| Snap From .
From , .
, ,
.


Snap to Endpoint (, . .).
, , .
E n d p o i n t
, , () .
L5 2.

96

* 5.
( L5

Line
LINE Specify first point: . ENDpoint /

Specify next point or [Undo]: . ENDpoint ^ 2


Specify next point or [Undo]: Enter


Snap to Midpoint (, . .).
. . Midpoint , .
, ,
. Midpoint .
L6 2.

(L6

Line /"
LINE Specify first point:

. MIDpoint

Specify next point or [Undo]:

. MiDpoint / 2

Specify next point or [Undo]:

Enter

97

Snap to Intersection (,
, , . .).
Intersection
, .
,
.
, .
, ( ), ,
.
.
, .
Intersection . , AutoCAD
,
.
Extended Intersection
Intersection.
L8 2.

(|_8

Line /
LINE Specify first point: . INTersection

X I

Specify next point or [Undo]: . INTersection vv 2


Specify next point or [Undo]; Enter

4 . 1039

98

: 5.


:| Snap to Apparent Intersection .
Apparent Intersection , .
, . , Intersection.
Apparent Intersection : Apparent
Intersection Extended Apparent Intersection.
, .
A p p a r e n t Intersection
, , . , AutoCAD , .
Extended Apparent Intersection .
, AutoCAD ,
.
Extended Apparent Intersection Apparent Intersection; ,
. , .
L9 2.

L9

Line /
LINE Specify first point: . Apparent intersection . 1,2
Specify next point or [Undo]: .& Apparent Intersection
Specify next point or [Undo]: Enter

X, . 3.4

99


! Snap to Extension .
, , . Apparent Intersection
, . (+)
. . Apparent Intersection,
.


Snap to Center , .
Center ,
, .
, . , .
L7 2.

()

Line /
LINE Specify first point: . CENter 1
Specify next point or [Undo]: . CENter (g 2
Specify next point or [Undo]: . CENter : 3
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: Close

| Snap to Quadrant (,
0, 90, 180 270 ) , .
. , , , .

100 *

5.

1 Snap to Tangent , ,
, .
Tangent , ,
, .
,
Tangent
Deferred Tangent,
, ,
.
Deferred Tangent . , ,
,
, .
Tangent , ,
, . , .
From Tangent
, , , .
L12 2.
1-.


1
Line /
LINE Specify first point:

. NODe

Specify next point or [Undo]:

. TANgent

Specify next point or [Undo]:

Enter

2
(urn 3j

* 101

Snap to Perpendicular , .
Perpendicular , , , , .
Perpendicular , , . -
, AutoCAD , , .
, , ,
. , .
, Perpendicular .
. ,
.
L13 2.

Line /
LINE Specify first point: . NODe

" 1

Specify next point or [Undo]: . PERpendicular _)_ 2


Specify next point or [Undo]: Enter

^U/HJ ^

Snap to Parallel .
,
.

102 : 5.
. .
, . , . .

, Intersection Apparent Intersection.


Snap to Insert , , , ( ) ( ).
, , AutoCAD
, . , ,
, ,
.


( Snap to Node , POINT.
, ,
.
L11 2.

/ /\

V^ ' J/

Line /
LINE Specify first point: . NODe ; '".'
Specify next point or [Undo]: . NODe :>
Specify next point or [Undo]: . NODe

Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: . NODe |


Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: . NODe '>
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: Close

'

'

, ?

1'

3
4
5

- / -\
I

.3

1
2

I'"
.-1

.;. 103


Snap to Nearest ,
.
L10 2.


Line. /
LINE Specify first point: . NEArest ^ I
Specify next point or [Undo]: . NEArest /?'. 2
Specify next point or [Undo]: . NEArest js? }
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]: Enter


|jf Snap to None .


JUJJ Object Snap Settings Object Snap Drafting Settings (. 5.2). Tools > Drafting Settings...
, OSNAP
Settings...

(, ),
. , From .
, AutoSnap,
.
:
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;

104 *

5.

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,
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. 5.2.

Drafting Settings OSNAP ( Ctrl+F F3).


, Drafting
Settings.
: , .
Autosnap Settings Drafting Options, Options... Drafting Settings
Toots > Options... (. . 1.25).
, AutoCAD , . , , , .
, Tab. , Q u a d r a n t Center,

* 105

, Tab
: .

AutoTrack
.
.
.
, .
:
.
POLAR OTRACK .
Drafting Options, Toots > Options....
AutoTrack Settings :
Q Display polar tracking vector . , ;

Display full-screen tracking, vector


. , ;

Display AutoTrack tooltip , .


( ),
.

Alignment Point Acquisition:
Automatic .
, Shift;
Q Shift to acquire Shift
, .
TRACKPATH POLARMODE .

106 : 5.


. ,
. , .
. ,
Shift.
,
. :
Q ,
,
Perpendicular, Endpoint Midpoint;
Q , ,
Tangent
Endpoint;
Q

. ,
_ . (+).
,
. ( );

Q , .
;
Q Drafting Options Automatic Shift to acquire.
.
Shift.


, ,
. , , 45, , 45 . ,
, .

* 107
, : 90, 45, 30, 22,5, 18, 15, 10 5. ,
.

F10 POLAR .
, ,
,
, .
90. ,
,
.
Intersection
Apparent Intersection.
ORTHO , , X
. , . ORTHO.
Polar
Tracking Drafting Settings (. 5.3). Tools > Drafting Settings... , POLAR Settings....

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. 5.3.

108 *

5.


AutoCAD ,
, , . , Draw
. , -,
.

| POINT , Draw Point


Point Draw.
(. 2). POINT:
Current ppint modes:
;

PDMODE=33 PDSIZE=10.0000

Specify a point: .
, ,
. , .
PDMODE, PDSIZE. PDSIZE , , ,
.
.

Pont

. 5.4.

* 109

PDMODE PDSIZE
Point Style, . 5.4. Format > Point Style.... Point Size:.
, Set Size Relative to Screen,
, Set Size in Absolute
Units, .


AutoCAD .
, ( ),
(), . ,
, (, ), .

LINE , Draw > Line


Line Draw.
.
,
. ,
; ,
, .
.
LINE:
Specify f i r s t point: ;
Specify 'next point or [Undo] : .
Specify next point or [Undo]:
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
LINK . ,
. .
. . Enter
Specify next point or [ Close/Undo ]:.
Enter (. 5.5).

'

110 *

5.

. 5.5.

LINE:
Q Close ;
Q Undo .
LINE L1-L13 2
(. ).
L1-L13 1 2. .

^L
.

*:;^ 4
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: 111


AutoCAD 2005 ,
. .
.
. , .
, ,
. ,
.
|| XLINE , Draw > Construction Line Construction Line
. Draw.
.
. , . .
XLINE:
Specify a point or

[Hor/Ver/Ang/Bisect/Offset]:

Specify through point:


Specify through p o i n t :
XLINE:
Q , ;
Q Ver , ;
Q Ang .
. , ( ,
) , . ;
Q Bisect , . , - .
;
Q O f f s e t . , - . , , , .
||| RAY, , Draw > Ray
Ray .

112 : 5.
. , . ,
, .
. ,
, .
RAY:
Specify start p o i n t : ;
Specify through p o i n t : , .

~|| PLINE, ,
Draw > Polyline Polyline Draw.
.
, , . , .
. , , .
, , .
PLINE:
Specify s t a r t p o i n t : ;
Current line-width is 0 . 0000 0.0000;
Specify next point or
;

[Arc/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:-

Specify next point .or

[Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:

PLINE .
Enter . Enter . PLINE:
Q Arc ;
Q Close .
, . , . ;

* 113
Half width , ;
Q L e n g t h ,
;
Q Undo ;
Q Width . AutoCAD .
.
. ; ,
,
.
PLINE :
Specify next point or [Ar/HaIfwidth/Length/Undo/Width3: ARC
;
Specify endpoint of arc or [Angle/Center/Close/Direction/
Halfwidth/Line/Radius/Second p t / U n d o / W i d t h ] :
PLINE :
Q Angle .
. , ;
CEnter ;
Q CLose ;
Q Direction ;
Q Half width ;
Q Line ;
Q Radius ;
Q Second pt . , ;
Q Undo ;
Q Width .
, , ARC (.
). , , ,
. , ,
, .

114 : 5.
1-4 3 2.

Pline

( P1

Draw
- Polyline
Specify start point: 230,10 1
Current line-width is 0.0000 ( )
Specify next point or [Arc/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Widlh]: w

Specify starting width <0.0000>: 1

Specify ending width <1.0000>: 1

Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 290,30 2
Specify next joint or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: w

Specify starting width <1.0000>: 20


Specify ending width <20.0000>: 0
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Widthj: 380,60 3
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Widthj: <Enter>
'.!!>.

V """

^^^'

Pline

J5

Specify start point:


Current line-width is 0.0000
Specify next point or [Arc/Holfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
Specify starting width <0.0000>:
Specify ending width <1.0000>:
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfidth/Length/Undo/Width]:
Specify endpoint of arc or
[Angle/CEnter/CLose/.../Second pt/Undo/Width]:
Specify included angle:
Specify endpoint of arc or [CEnter/Radius]:
Specify center Mint of arc:
Specify endpoint of arc or
[Angle/CEnter/CLose/.../Second pt/Undo/Width]:
Specify endpoint of arc or[Angle/CEnter/CLose/.../Second pt/Undo/Width]:

X.

( 2

230,10 1
( )
w


0

15

Arc

Ang
70
Cen
270,60

350,10 4
<Enter>

: 115

Pline J>
Specify start point: 300,10 1
Current line-width is 0.0000 ( )
Specify next point or [Arc/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Widthj: w

Specify storting width <0.0000>: 2

Specify ending width <1.0000>: 2

Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: Arc

Specify endpoint of arc or
[Angle/CEnter/CLose/.../Second pt/Undo/Width]: Center
Specify center point of arc: @0,30
Specify endpoint of ore or [Angle/Length]: @0,30 2
Specify endpoint of arc or
[Angle/CEnter/CLose/.../Second pt/Undo/Width]: Close

( P4
Pline _
Specify start point: 230,60 1
Current line-width is 0.0000 ( )
Specify next point or [Arc/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: w

Specify starting width <0.0000>: 2

Specify ending width <1.0000>: 2

Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Holfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 260,60 ?
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Holfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: Arc

Specify endpoint of arc or
[Angle/CEnter/CLose/Direction/.../Second pt/Undo/Width]: Dir
Specify the tangent direction for the start point of arc: 270

Specify endpoint of the arc: 360,60 3


Specify endpoint of arc or
[Angle/CEnter/.../Line/Radius/Second pt/Undo/Width]: Line

Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: 390,60 <
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Halfwidth/Length/Undo/Width]: <Enter>

116 * 5.
_

0,8

MLINE, ,
Draw > Multiline Multiline .
,
(. 5.6). ,
. ( ).
; . , , .

. 5.6.

* 117

MLINE:
Current settings: J u s t i f i c a t i o n = Top, Scale = 2 0 . 0 0 , Style =
STANDARD : , , ;
Specify start point or [Justification/Scale/STyle]: ;
Specify next point: ;
Specify next point or [Undo]:
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
Specify next point or [Close/Undo]:
MLINE:
Q J u s t i f i c a t i o n :
, Zero , Bottom . , ;
Scale . , Offset, ;
Q Style .
Multiline Styles, Format > Multiline Style... (. 5.7). Load... ; Save...,
Add. Name:. STANDARD.

' :

: [STANDARD
.'Ill

. 5.7.

118 : 5.
Element Properties (. 5.8):
Offset ;
Q Linetype...
;
Q Color...
.

Add ;[:;!'-i0.ele>.'::

liiEj'li
S L&,, ; :':;
.^.;.;.v:;:y:.^.;..^^j

,:-,,

|0,5

MOT

. 5.8.

Multiline Properties (. 5.9):


Fill On
;
Q Caps ;
An-gle .
acad.mln.

. 5.9.

CMLSTYLE .

* 119

! POLYGON, , Draw > Polygon


Polygon Draw.
;
3 1024 . ,
, ,
. ,
.
POLYGON:
Enter number of sides < default > : ;
Specify center of polygon or [Edge} : .
POLYGON:
Q Edge .
POLYGON :
Specify f i r s t endpoint of edge: ;
Specify second endpoint of edge: .
POLYGON :
Enter an option [Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle] <I>: ;
Specify radius of circle: ,

:
Q Inscribed in circle , ;
Q Circumscribed about circle , .
,
.
. .
Pg1-Pg3 Re 1 2.

120 * 5.

Polygon

Draw

Enter number of sides <4>:


Specify center of polygon or [Edge]:
Specify first endpoint of edge:
Specify second endpoint of edge:

- Polygon



1
2

Polygon
Enter number of sides <4>: 5

Specify center of polygon or [Edge]: 310,60 1
Enter an option [Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle] <l>: i

Specify radius of circle: 50

R50

Polygon
Enter number of sides <4>: 3

Specify center of polygon or [Edge]: 310,60
1
Enter an option [Inscribed in circle/Circumscribed about circle] <l>:

Specify radius of circle: 30

R30



Rectang !

* 121

Re1

Draw- Rectangle

Specify first corner point or


[Chamfer/Elevation/Fillet/Thickness/Width]: 1
Specify other corner point: 2

SKETCH, ,
.
. , . , .
. ,
. .
. ; .
SKETCH:
Record increment <default>: ;

Sketch. Pen eXit Quit Record Erase Connect.


,
CELTYPE Continuous. ,
, ,
.
, ORTHO
SNAP, .
Sk1 2.

122 * 5.

Sketch
Record increment <1.0000>:
1

Sketch. Pen eXit Quit Record Erase Connect.
<Pen down>

<Pen up>

8 polylines with 275 edges recorded.

<Enter>

SPLINE , Draw > Spline Spline Draw.


,
. AutoCAD
- NURBS. NURBS ,
. , .
,
.
, . , ,
, .
SPLINE:
Specify f i r s t point or [ O b j e c t ] : ;
Specify next p o i n t : ;
Specify next point or

[Close/Fit tolerance]

<start tangent>:

Specify next point or

[Close/Fit tolerance]

<start tangent>:

.
; ,

* 123

. ,
, , .
, ; .

1 CIRCLE, ,
Draw > Circle Circle Draw.
.
.
, . . ,
, , (
).
CIRCLE:
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius) ] : ;
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter] : .
CIRCLE:
Q 3 , . CIRCLE :
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan r a d i u s ) ] :
3P ;
Specify f i r s t point on circle : ;
Specify second point on c i r c l e : ;
Specify third point on circle : .
2 , . CIRCLE :
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius') ] :
2P ;
Specify f i r s t end point of c i r c l e ' s diameter: ;
Specify second end point of c i r c l e ' s diameter:
.

124 * 5.
Q Ttr .
CIRCLE :
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)] :
TTR ;
Specify point on object for f i r s t tangent of circle :
, ;
Specify point on object for second tangent of circle:
, ;
Specify radius of circle <default>: .
1-8 2 2.
(1
Circle

Draw

"- //

Specify center point for circle


or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter]:

320, 90 6' 1

60

Circle
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:
Specify first end point of circle's diameter:
Specify second end point of circle's diameter:

2P

320,30

320,150

Circle :
Specify center point
Specify first end
Specify second end
Specify second end

for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 3P


point of circle's diameter: 320,30
1
point of circle's diameter: 380,90
2
point of circle's diameter: 320,150 3

Circle
Specify
Specify
Specify
Specify

center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: TTR


point on object for first tangent of circle: 1
point on object for second tangent of circle: 2
radius of circle: 15

5)

Circle
Specify
Specify
Specify
Specify

center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: TTR


point on object for first tangent of circle: 1
point on object for second tangent of circle: 2
radius of circle: 50

* 125

126 * 5.
, (6
Circle G)
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr]: V;
oo. INTersection <\
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter]: ^. 2
. TANgent

Circle

Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]: 2P


Specify first end point of circle's diameter:
/" 1
oS. ENOpoint
Specify second end point of circle's diameter:
/ 2
. ENDpoint

J
(8

Circle
Specify center point for circle or [3P/2P/Ttr (tan tan radius)]:
o5. CENter @ 1
Specify radius of circle or [Diameter]: 50

.> 127

POST

RIO

jjj ARC, , Draw > Arc


Arc Draw.
. : , . , , , . , .
.
ARC:

Center ;
End ;
Q Angle ;
chord Length ;
Direction ;
Q Radius .
ARC.
Q 3Point , . ARC:
Specify start point of arc or [CEnter] : ;
Specify second point of arc or [CEnter/ENd] :
;
Specify end point of arc: .

128 : 5.
Q Start, Center, E n d , . . :
Specify start point of arc or
;

[CEnter] :

Specify second point of arc or [CEnter/ENd] :


;
Specify center point of arc: ;
Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord L e n g t h ] : .
Start, Center, A n g l e , .

; , . :
Specify start point of arc or
;

[CEnter] :

Specify second point of arc or


;

[CEnter/ENd]:

Specify center point of arc: ;


Specify end point of arc or
;

[Angle/chord L e n g t h ] : A

Specify included angle: .


Q Start, Center, Length ,
. , ( , 180). , . :
Specify start point of arc or
;

[CEnter] :

Specify second point of arc or [CEnter/ENd] :


;
Specify center point of arc: ;
Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord L e n g t h ] :
;
Specify length of c h o r d : .

* 129

Q Start, End, Angle ,


. , , . :
Specify start point of arc or [CEnter] : ;
Specify second point of arc or [CEnter/ENd] : E
' ;
Specify end point of arc: ;
Specify center point of arc or [ A n g l e / D i r e c t i o n / R a d i u s ] :
;

Specify included: .
Q Start, End, Direction ,
. :
Specify start point of arc or [CEnter] : ;
Specify second point of arc or
;

[CEnter/ENd]:

Specify end point of arc: ;


Specify center point of arc or [ A n g l e / D i r e c t i o n / R a d i u s ] :
;

Specify tangent direction for the start point of arc:


.
Q Start, End, Radius ,
. . :
Specify start point of arc or
;
Specify second point of arc or
;

[CEnter] :
[CEnter/ENd]:

Specify end point of arc: ;


Specify center point of arc or [Angle /Direction / R a d i u s ] : R
;
Specify radius of arc: .
Q Center, Start,
. :
5 . 1039

End ,

130 *

5.

Specify start point of arc or [CEnter] : ;


Specify center point of arc: ;
Specify start point of a r c : ;
Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length] : .
Q Center, Start, Angle , .
:
Specify start point of arc or [CEnter]: ;
Specify center point of arc: Specify start point of a r c : ;
Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length]: A
;
Specify included angle: .
Q Center, Start, Length ,
. :
Specify start point of arc or [CEnter]: ;
Specify center point of arc: ;
Specify start point of arc: ;
Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length]: L
;
Specify length of chord: .
Q ArcCont:
.

.
, . :
Specify start point of arc or [CEnter] : ;
Specify end point of arc: .
1-5 2.


'?*'. Draw

~ Arc

Specify start point of arc or [CEnter]:

- J

Points

320,130 1
380,70

Specify end point of arc: 260,70

Specify second point of arc or [CEnter/ENd]:


,
Arc ..

St,C,Ang

Specify start point of arc or [CEnter]:


Specify second point of arc or [CEnter/ENd]:
Specify center point of arc:
Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length]:
Specify included angle:

240,70 1

300,70 2
a
270

,
Arc f~

St.C.Len

Specify start point of arc or [CEnter]:


Specify second point of arc or [CEnter/ENd]:
Specify center point of arc:
Specify end point of arc or [Angle/chord Length]:
Specify length of chord:
L = - > 180
L= 100 < 180 -

290,80 I

350,80 2
L
100

* 131

132 *

5.


Arc

(4

St,E,Rad

Specify start point of arc or [CEnter]: 290,70 1


Specify second point of arc or [CEnter/ENd]: e
Specify end point of arc: 370,120 2
Specify center point of arc or [Angle/Direction/Radius]: r
Specify radijs of arc: 60

R=-60 dyza > 180


R= 60 < 180

(5
Arc

St.E.Dir

Specify start point of arc or [CEnter]: 270,60 1


Specify second point of arc or [CEnter/ENd]: e
Specify end point of arc: 350,110 2
Specify center point of arc or [Angle/Direction/Radius]: d
Specify tangent direction for the start point of arc: 60

D=-60 no
D- 90
2

jfl

ELLIPSE, ,
Draw > Ellipse Ellipse
Draw.

, , -
.

, .
, .
.

* 133

ELLIPSE:

Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center] : ;


Specify other endpoint of a x i s : ;
Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]: .
ELLIPSE:
Q Center . :
Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center] : ;
Specify center of ellipse: ;
Specify endpoint of axis : ;
Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]: .
Q Arc . ,
, . .
.
ANGDIR. 0, ; 1 .
, . , . :
Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center] : A ;
Specify axis endpoint of elliptical arc or [Center] :
;
Specify other endpoint of axis : ;
Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]: ;
Specify start angle or [Parameter] : ;
Specify end angle or [Parameter/Included a n g l e ] : .
EH 2.

134 *

5.

Ellipse

Draw- Ellipse

Specify axis endpoint of ellipse or [Arc/Center]: 250,30

Specify other endppint of axis: 360,100 2


Specify distance to other axis or [Rotation]: 20

< DONUT , Draw > Donut


Donut.

. . , .
, .
Enter. , .
DONUTID, DONUTOD.
FILLMODE.
DONUT:
Specify inside diameter of donut <default>:
;
Specify outside .diameter of donut < d e f a u l t > :
;
Specify center of donut or <exit>: ;
Specify center of donut or < e x i t > : ;
Specify center of donut or <exit>:
Enter.
DO1 2.

135

()
Donut @

DfOW ~- Donut

Specify inside diameter of donut:

40

Specify outside diameter of donut:.

50

Specify center of donut or <exit>:

290,40

Specify center of donut or <exit>:

<Enter>


AutoCAD .
, ,
, , .
, . , . , Standard,
.
|
Text Style, Format > Text Style... (. 5.10).

;
;
2

|
|

i*K:.

k^,

^|||

IllllSil

lliibsffiiil!
. 5.10.

136 *

5.

New...
New Text Style, . 5.11.
. , Text Style , , .

. 5.11.

Font Font Name: , (, simplex.shx).


SHX- AutoCAD,
TrueType. (, ).
Rename...,
Rename Text Style.
Effects :
d Upside down 180
;
Q Backwards 180
;
rj Vertical ,
;
Q Width Factor: / ,
;
Oblique Angle:
, , , .
85.
Preview.
Height:
. ,
Height: . , 0.
Text Style. , . ,
.

* 137


, , .
, ,
. ,
. , , DTEXT TEXT .
.
DTEXT, , Draw > Text > Single Line Text
Single Line Text.
DTEXT ,
. Enter.
,
.
DTEXT:
Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 2 . 5 ;
Specify start point of text or
;

[ J u s t i f y / S t y l e ] : -

Specify height <de f au lt>: ;


Specify rotation angle of text <0>: ;
Enter t e x t : ;
Enter text: ;
Enter text: Enter .
Specify height <default>:
,
.
.
.
,
.
, . , . .
, ,
.

138 : 5.
DTEXT:
Q Style ;
rj J u s t i f y . Justify DTEXT
:
Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 2 .5000 ;
Specify start point of text or [ J u s t i f y / S t y l e ] : J .
Enter an option [Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/
MR/BL/BC/BR]:

:
Q Align ,
. ,
.
A l i g n DTEXT :
Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 2 . 5 ;
Specify start point of text or [ J u s t i f y / S t y l e ] : J ;
Enter an option [Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/
MR/BL/BC/BR] : A ;
Specify f i r s t endpoint of text baseline:
;
S p e c i f y second endpoint of text baseline:
;
Enter text: ;
Enter text: ;
Enter text: Enter .
Q Fit , . , . Fit DTEXT :
Current text s t y l e : "Standard" Text height: 2 . 5 ;

.;. 139
Specify start point of text or [ J u s t i f y / S t y l e ] : J ;
Enter an option [Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/MR/
BL/BC/BR] : F ,
;
Specify f i r s t endpoint of text baseline:
;
Specify second endpoint of text baseline:
;
.'
Specify height <2 .500 0> : ;
Enter text: ;
Enter text: ;
Enter text: Enter .
D Center . Center DTEXT :
Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 2 . 5 ;
Specify start point of text or [ J u s t i f y / S t y l e ] : J ;
Enter an option [ A l i g n / F i t / C e n t e r / M i d d l e / R i g h t / T L / T C / T R / M L / M C /
MR/BL/BC/BR] : ;
Specify center point of text: ;
Specify height <2 . 500 0>: ;
Specify rotation angle of text <0> : ;
Enter text: ;
Enter text: ;
Enter text: Enter .
Q Middle .
, , ,
, , . , , . Middle DTEXT :

140 : 5.
Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 2 . 5 ;
Specify start point of text or [ J u s t i f y / S t y l e ] : J ;
Enter an option [Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/
MR/BL/BC/BR]: M ,
;
Specify middle point of text: ;
Specify height <2 . 50 00>: ;
Specify rotation angle of text <0>: ;
Enter text: ;
Enter t e x t : ;
Enter text: Enter .
Right . Right DTEXT :
Current text s t y l e : "Standard" Text height: 2 . 5 ;
Specify start point of text or [ J u s t i f y / S t y l e s ] : J ;
Enter an option [Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/TC/TR/ML/MC/
MR/BL/BC/BR] : R , ;
Specify right endpoint of text baseline:
;
Specify height <2 . 500 0>: ;
Specify rotation angle of text < 0 > : ;
Enter text: ;
Enter text: ;
Enter text: Enter .
Q TL , ;
Q , ;
Q TR , ;

* 141

ML , ;
Q , ;
Q MR , ;
Q BL , ;
, ;
BR , .
1-7 2.

_

Utext t\l
Current text style:

__ Single Line Text

"

Text height:

5.0000

Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]: 240, 40 1


Specify height <5.0000>: 20


Specify rotation angle of text <0>: 0
Enter text:
Enter text:
Enter text: <Enter>

,.


Dtext A!
Current text style: "1 Text height:
5.0000
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]: Jus
Enter an option
[Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/.../BC/BR]: Align
Specify first endpoint of text baseline:

240,40

Specify second endpoint of text baseline:


390,40
2
Enter text:

Enter text:

Enter text: <Enter>

142 *

5.

, (J3

Dtext !
Current text style: "" Text height:
5.0000
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]:
Jus
Enter an option
[Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/.../BC/BR]: Center no
Specify center point of text: 310,40 7
Specify height <5.0000>: 15

Specify rotation angle of text <0>: 0

Enter text:
Enter text:
Enter text:


<Enter>

,_

, ^4

Dtext Al
Current text style:
""
Text height: 5.0000
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]: Jus

Enter an option
[Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/.../BC/BR]: Fit
no
Specify first endpoint of text baseline:
240,40
1
Specify second endpoint of text baseline: 380,40
2
Specify height <5.0000>: 10

Enter text: ,
Enter text:
Enter text: <Enter>

/ --
* '

Dtext
Current text style:
""
Text height:
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]:
Enter an option

5.0000
Jus

[Align/Fit/Center/Midd!e/Right/TL/.../BC/BR]: Middle no
Specify middle point of text: 310,40
1
Specify height <5.0000>: 10

Specify rotation angle of text <0>: 0

Enter text: ,
Enter text:
Enter text: <Enter>

7
,

,
Dtext ;A[
Current text style;
''
Text height:
Specify start point of text or [Justify/Style]:
Enter an option

* 143

5.0000
Jus

[Align/Fit/Center/Middle/Right/TL/.../BC/BR]: Right

Specify middle point of text: 310,40


1
Specify height <5.0000>: 10

Specify rotation angle of text <0>: 0

Enter text: ,
Enter text:
Enter text: <Enter>

,

J


Style

Format -Text Style...

Text Style 1""'"<-. "" I


Style Name:
Font Name : simplex. shx
Oblique Angle ( ) : 15
Height () : 0 ( III)
Dtext , .

\


.
, . .
, .
. , , , , , , .
, .
,

144 *

5.

;
, , .
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:
Current text style: "Standard" Text height: 10.0000
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Specify f i r s t c o r n e r : ;
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Multiline Text
. 5.12.

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Q Text Height
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* 145

Bold . , TrueType;
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. 5.14. ;

146 : 5.

. 5.13.
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Top Left ;
Middle Left ;
Bottom Left ;
Top Center ;
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Q Find and Replace... Replace, ;
Select All ;
Q C h a n g e Case . , : UPPERCASE Ctrl+Shift+U lowercase Ctrl+Shift+L;
Q AutoCAPS . .
,
Change Case;

* 147

Q Remove Formatting ,
;
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* 149

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150 : 5.
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.
> BLOCK . Draw > Block > Make...
Make Block Draw.
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Q Name: ;
Q Objects Select objects , . .
Enter, . QuickSelect,
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Q Objects
:
Retain ;
Convert to block ;
Delete ;
Base point Pick point ;

* 151

Q Description
;
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Create icon from block geometry , , .
.
, AutoCAD, WBLOCK. Write Block (. 5.16),
:
Q Block: , ;
Q Entire drawing ;
Q Objects , ;
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Q Select objects Objects ;
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Insert units: , AutoCAD.
.

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152 * 5.
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Block

Draw
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Specify insertion base point: 1
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Select objects:
Select objects: Enter

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INSERT Insert > Block...
Insert Draw.
Insert (. 5.17).

. 5.17.

Name:.
Insertion point, Scale Rotation
Specify On-screen, INSERT :
Specify insertion point or [ S c a l e / X / Y / Z / R o t a t e / P s c a l e / P X / P Y / P Z /
PRotate ] : ;

Enter X scale factor, specify opposite corner, or


<1>: X;

* 153

[Corner/XYZ]

Enter Y scale factor <use X scale factor>: ;


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EXPLODE Modify > Explode
Explode Modify.
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154 *

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Select internal point: ;
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Selecting everything v i s i b l e . . .
;
A n a l y z i n g the selected data. . .
;
A n a l y z i n g internal i s l a n d s . . . ;
Select internal p o i n t : ;
A n a l y z i n g internal islands . . . ;
Select internal p o i n t : Enter
.

* 159

, Enter.
AutoCAD , , Boundary Definition Error .
Select objects.
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Normal, Ignore Outer Island detection style


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160 * 6.

. 6.7.
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Boundary Hatch Pattern: [J .


Hatch Pattern Palette ANSI.
ANSI ANSI31.
. Boundary Hatch Scale: 2.

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Boundary Hatch .



Hatch "

: 161

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8 Boundary Hatch Pattern: .


6 . Hatch Pattern Palette Other Predefined.
Other Predefined ESCHER.
. Boundary Hatch Scale: 1.
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Boundary Hatch .


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* 163

I
. 6.13. Dimension

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AutoCAD , , .
DIMLINEAR ,
. Dimension > Linear
Linear Dimension
Dimension.
DIMLINEAR:
Specify f i r s t extension line origin or <select object>:
;
Specify second extension line origin: ;
Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/
Vertical/Rotated] : ;
Dimension text = .
Enter, DIMLINEAR :
Specify f i r s t extension line origin or <select object>:
Enter ;
Select object to d i m e n s i o n : ;
Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/
Vertical/Rotated] : ;
Dimension text = .
DIMLINEAR:
Q Mtext .
;
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Enter dimension text < >:
.
Q Angle . :

* 165

Specify angle of dimension t e x t :


.
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X;
Q Vertical , ;
d Rotated , .
:
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Dimension text = 130

130 .
3
' 2



Dim linear |~-

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Specify first extension line origin or <select objectX
/
Specify second extension line origin: 2
Specify dimension line location or
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Enter dimension text <70>: 230
Specify dimension line location or
[Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/Rotated]:

Dimension text = 70

166 * 6.

Dim linear hi

Dimension

~-Linear

Specify first extension line origin or <select object>: 1


Specify second extension line origin: 2
Specify dimension line location or
[Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/Rotated]: R
Specify angle of dimension line <0>: 135
Specify dimension line location or
[Mtext/Text/Angle/Horizontal/Vertical/Rotated]:
Dimension text = 42


JU DIMALIGNED , ; .
, .
D i m e n s i o n > A l i g n e d
Aligned Dimension Dimension.
DIMALIGNED:
Specify f i r s t extension line origin or <select. object>:
;
Specify second extension line origin:
;

Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle] :


;
Dimension text = .


. ,
.
.
, .
DIMBASELINE .
Dimension > Baseline Baseline Dimension Dimension.

* 167

DIMBASELINE:
Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>: ;
Dimension text = ;
Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>: ;
Dimension text = ;
Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select]
lect>: ;

<Se-

Dimension text = ;
Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>: Enter;
Select base dimension:
Enter .

Enter, ,
. :
Select base dimension: .
DIMBASELINE.

DIMDLI.
R4-R5 2.


Dima/igned 'V
Dimension Aligned

(R4

Specify first extension line origin or <select objectx 1


Specify second extension line origin: 2
Specify dimension line location or
[Mtext/Text/Angle]:
Dimension text = 139

168 : 6.

R5)

Dimbaseline ~
Dimension,*-Baseline

Select base dimension: 1


Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>: 2
Dimension text = 130
Specify second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>:
Dimension text = 170
Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>: Enter
Select base dimension: Enter

7 70

130
80

80


JH DIMCONTINUE .
Dimension > Continue
Continue Dimension Dimension.
DIMCONTINUE:
Specify second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>: ;
Dimension text = ;
Specify second extension line origin or- [Undo/Select] <Select>: ;
Dimension text = ;
Specify second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>: ;
Dimension text = ;
Specify second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>: Enter;
Select continued dimension: Enter .
*


Enter, ,
.

* 169
:
Select continued dimension: .
DIMCONTINUE.
R6 2.



Dimcont/nue ~"|

Dimension
"~ tinue
Select continued dimension: 1
Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>: 2
Dimension text = 50
Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>:
Dimension text = 40
Specify a second extension line origin or [Undo/Select] <Select>: Enter
Select continued dimension: Enter

40
5

50

80

80


DIMDIAMETER . Dimension > Diameter Diameter Dimension Dimension.
DIMDIAMETER:
Select arc or circle: ;
Dimension text = ;
Specify dimension line location or [ M t e x t / T e x t / A n g l e ] :
.
0.

.
, , , , , .
- .
R7 2.

170 * 6.

R7

Dim diameter >S'


Dimension Diameter

Select arc or circle: 1


Dimension text = 108
Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]: 2

jjj DIMRADIUS, ,
Dimension > Radius Radius Dimension Dimension.
DIMRADIUS DIMDIAMETER.
R.
R8 2.

R8

Dimradius ()
Dimension
Select ore or circle:

-~RadiuS
1

Dimension text = 54
Specify dimension line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]:


jjj DIMANGULAR . Dimension > A n g u l a r A n g u l a r Dimension Dimension.

* 171

DIMANGULAR:
Select arc, circle, line, or <specify vertex>: ,,
;
Select second line: ,
, ;
Specify dimension arc line location or
;

[Mtext/Text/Angle]:

Dimension text = .
Enter,
DIMANGULAR :
Specify angle vertex: ;
Specify f i r s t angle endpoint: ;
Specify second angle e n d p o i n t : ;
Specify dimension arc line location or
;

[Mtext/Text/Angle]:

Dimension text = .
. .
, . , AutoCAD
. 180.
R9 2.

Dimongular -^
Dimension
Angular
Select arc, circle, line, or <specify vertex>: 1
Select second line: 2
Specify dimension arc line location or [Mtext/Text/Angle]:
Dimension text = 118

172 *

6.



(, ). ,
.
. X X,
Y. ,
AutoCAD , . .
, . .
- - , ORTHO.
DIMORDINATE . Dimension > Ordinate Ordinate Dimension Dimension.
DIMORDINATE:
Specify feature location: ;

Specify leader endpoint or [ X d a t u m / Y d a t u m / M t e x t / T e x t / A n g l e ] : , ;


, ;
Dimension text = .


Ji^ QLEADER, ,
Dimension > Leader Quick
Leader Dimension.
QLEADER:
Specify f i r s t leader point, or [Settings] <Settings>: ;
. . . . - '
/
Specify next p o i n t : ;
Specify next p o i n t : ;
Specify text width <0>: ;

* 173

Enter f i r s t line of annotation text <Mtext>:


;
Enter next line of annotation text:
;
Enter next line of annotation t e x t : Enter .
,
, . , .
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Enter f i r s t line of annotation text <Mtext>:
.
, - ,
Leader Settings:
Q Annotation, . 6.14, , . , , , . Copy an Object
, .

;
Q Leader Line & Arrow, . 6.15, : Straight Spline. Arrowhead , Angle Constraints
.
, Number of Points
;

6.

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Leader Settings
Dimension > Leader, Enter.
R11 2.


Qleader ^
DimensionLeader
Specify first leader point, or [Settings]<Settings>:
Specify next point:
Specify next point:
Specify text width <0>:
Enter first line of annotation text <Mtext>:
Enter next line of annotation text:
Enter next line of annotation text:

1
2

Enter

Enter

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|


QDIM .
Dimension > QDIM Quick
Dimension Dimension.
QDIM:
Select geometry to dimension: ;
Select geometry to dimension: ;
Select geometry to dimension: Enter
;
Specify dimension line position, or [Continuous/Staggered/Baseline /Ordinate/Radius/Diameter/datumPoint/Edit/SeTtings]<Continuous>: .
QDIM , , .
R10 2.

176 * 6.

Dimension

R10

Quick Dimension

Select geometry to dimension:


Select geometry to dimension:

Select geometry to dimension:
Select geometry to dimension: Enter
Specify dimension line position, or
[Continuous/Stoggered/Baseline/Ordinate
/Radius/Diameter/datumPoint/Edit]<Continuous>:

40
I

50
2

1
2

80
4

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, .
DIMSTYLE
Dimension Style Manager (. 6.17).
Dimension > Style... Dimension Style
Dimension.
:
Q ;
;
Q ;
Q ;
;
Q ;
Q ;
Q .
. .
:
Q , -,
;
Q , ;

* 177
Q

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on Style Manager

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. 6.17.

AutoCAD . ISO-25 (International Standards Organization),


.
STANDARD ANSI (American National Standards
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Dimension Style Manager New.... Create New Dimension Style (. 6.18).

. 6.18.

178 * 6.
New Style Name:
New Dimension Style, . 6.19.

B^:.$^-|tftow$-|^s{t::::<|:
,L<r,M-"-*r7v''"":

, Lin 1

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. 6.19. :

New Dimension Style :
Lines and Arrows . . 6.19 :
Dimension Lines,
Dim Line 1 Dim Line 2
Suppress:;
Extension Lines,
Ext Line 1 Ext Line 2 Suppress:, a
Extend beyond dim
lines: Offset from
origin:;
Arrowheads,
/ 1st: 2nd:,
Arrow size:;
Center Marks for Circles, : Size:;
Q Text : , ,
, . . (. 6.20):
Text style: Text Appearance , .

* 179

, , ,
Text Style;
Text color: Draw frame around text;
,
, Text height:. , Text,
0;
Text Placement , .
. , Vertical:.
Centered , ; Above . X . Outside ,
X ; JIS , . .

Horizontal:. Centered ; At Ext Line 1
; At Ext
Line 2 ; Over Ext Line 1 ; Over Ext
Line 2 ;

. 6.20. ,

6.

180 *

Fit ,
(. 6.21).
:
Fit Options ,
;
Text Placement
. ,
. . .
;
Scale for Dimension Features Use overall scale of: , , ,
. , , . 1.0.
,
. Scale dimensions to layout
(paperspace), ;
Fine Tuning :
Place text manually when dimensioning ; Always draw dim line between ext lines ,
, ;

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* 181
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. 6.22. ,

Linear Dimensions , , , ,
:
Unit format: : , , ,
, Windows. ;
Precision
;
Fraction format: :
, ;
Decimal separator: : ,
. , Windows, AutoCAD , ;
Round off:
. , . , ;
Prefix: , . ,

182 * 6.
AutoCAD .
;
Suffix: , .
;
Measurement Scale :
Scale factor: (, ,
, , , , ) ;
Apply to layout dimensions only:
, ;
Primary Units ;
Alternate Units , (. 6.23).
, , . [ ]
. Display alternate units.

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. 6.23. ,

* 183
, , , , , .
:
Multiplier for alt units: .
0,03937, ;
Placement
. Below primary value
, .
Tolerances
, ,
(. 6.24):

. 6.24. ,

Tolerance Format :
Method: . None .
, Simmetrical,
Deviation. Limits . Basic, ,
;

184 * 6.
Precision ;
Upper value:
. AutoCAD ;
Lower value:
;
Scaling for height: ;
Vertical position:
. , Middle,
Bottom.
RS1-RS6 4 2.

Dim style

'.

(RS1

Dimension
Dimension Style Manager
Lines and Arrows Arrowheads
1st: 2nd: :
Arrow size: .
3 :
1. Closed Filed ( 10)
3. Architectural Tick ( 7)
2. Dot ( 5)
< Datum Triangle ( 12)

160

760
760
760


Dimstyle ^ Dimension *-Sty/e...
Dimension Style Manager 65 .
Lines and Arrows 6 Center Marks for Circles
Type: Size: .
:
1. Line (. 50)
2. Mark ( 10)
jj

Dim ens/on *- ter Mark

Select arc or circle:

.;. 185


Dimstyle *& Dimension Style.
Dimension Style Manager '-- Qve"^''J .
Lines and Arrows 8 Extension Lines
Suppress: ()
Ext Line 1 Ext Line 2 7-0 2- .
.

140

140

(R11

Dimstyle ^ Dimension ~~Style. . .


Dimension Style Manager L4sSt,-J .
8 Lines and Arrows Arrowheads
8 1st: None.
8 2nd: Closed Filed.
.

110

RS5!

Dim style :,,^ Dimension~-Style...


Dimension Style Manager LftafeJ.
J. 6 Text 8 Text Placement
6 Vertical: Above.
6 Text Alignment ISO Standard.
.
2. Text Text Placement
Vertical: Centered.
S Text Alignment Aligned with dimension line
.

R30

186 *

6.

RS|

Dimstyle ^ Dimension
Dimension Style Manager
Text Text Appearance
fi Text style: .
Text height: 10.
6 Text Placement Offset from dim line:
5.
.

120

4
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7; /

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R38

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188 : 7.


AutoCAD . . , , , .
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. :
Select o b j e c t s : .
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,
, .
. . , ,
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:
Q Add .
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Q ALL , , , ;
AUto ', .
,
;
Q BOX .
, Window,
Crossing;
Crossing ,
. Select o b j e c t s :
, . , .
:
Select objects :
;

* 189

Specify f i r s t corner: ;
Specify opposite corner: .
CPolygon Crossing Wpolygon
,
. , . ; , ,
. . :
^
Select objects: CP ;
First polygon point: ;
Specify endpoint of line or [ Undo ] : ;
Specify endpoint of line or [Undo] : ;
Specify endpoint of line or [Undo] : Enter .
Fence , . , .
, . :
First fence point: ;
Specify endpoint of line or [Undo] : ;
Specify endpoint of line or [ Undo ]: ;
Specify endpoint of line or [Undo] : Enter .
Q Group ;
Q Last , ;
Multiple .
,
Enter ;
Q Previous ;
Q Remove ;
Q Single .
,
;

190 *

7.

Q Undo () ;
Q Window , . Select ob j ects : ,
;
Q WPolygon Window, , , .
PICKDRAG , .
PICKDRAG ( ),
.
,
. ,
Ctrl:, , , .



, (. 7.1).

. 7.1.

,
.
,
.

.;. 191

, .
, , , , .
Esc. , , - Shift .
GRIPBLOCK.
1, , , ,
.
DDGRIPS. Selection Options, . 1.26.
Tools > Options....
:
Q Grip Size .
;
Q Grips :
Unselected grip color:
;
Selected grip color: ;
Hover grip color: ;
Enable grips
;
Enable grips within blocks
;
Enable grip tips: .
,
.
: Move, Mirror, Rotate,
Scale Stretch.

, Enter. ,
Stretch S Enter ,
Stretch.
Command:, X Esc.

(. 7.2), .

192 : 7.

. 7.2.


Shift,
, Stretch

^ ^

Enter


ERASE () . Modify > Erase Erase
Modify.
ERASE:
Select o b j e c t s : ;
Select o b j e c t s : ;
Select objects : - Enter .
-

, ^
1- 3.

Erase -^
Modify
- Erase
Select objects:
1
Select objects:
2
Select objects:
3
Select objects: Enter
UOpS () - .

, Delete .

\2

...

Erase .

Select objects:
1
Specify opposite corner:
2
Select objects:
Enter
,
Window.
, .
,
Select objects: W.

k 7.

, ,

Erase .

Select objects:
7
Specify opposite corner:
2
Select objects: Enter
,
Crossing.
, .
,
Select objects: .


7 . 1039

) )

.;. "| 93

194 * - 7.


|||| MOVE . Modify > Move Move
Modify.
MOVE:
Select o b j e c t s : ;
Select objects : Enter ;
Specify base point or displacement: ;
Specify second point of displacement or <use f i r s t point as
displacement: .
1 2 3.


Move

"" Modify - *- Move


Select objects: 1
Specify opposite corner:
2
Select objects: Enter
Specify base point or displacement: >
3 Center $
Specify second point of displacement or
<use first point as displacements 4 <*
Intersection ^S .


Command: 6 1.
, 6 ( 2).
** STRETCH **
Specify stretch point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]: 320, 50 3
Command: 4.
85 . ( 5).
** STRETCH **
Specify stretch point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]: 320, 50 3
.
Esc.

* 195


|| ROTATE . Modify > Rotate Rotate Modify.
ROTATE:
Current positive angle in UCS: ANGDIR=counterclockwise ANGBASE=0
;
Select obj ects : ;
Select objects: Enter ;
Specify base point: ;
Specify rotation angle or [Reference] : .
Reference .
:
Current positive angle in UCS: ANGDIR=counterclockwise ANGBASE=0
;
Select objects: ;
Select ob j ects: Enter ;
Specify base point: ;
Specify rotation angle or [Reference]: R
;
Specify the reference angle <0>: ;
Specify the new angle: .
Ro1-Ro3 3.

Rotate

Modify*- Rotate

Current positive angle in DCS: ANGDIR=counterclockwise ANGBASE=0


Select objects:
1

Select objects:

Enter

2
,v>:
Intersection >.
Specify rotation angle or [Reference]: 45

X.

Specify base point:

196 * 7.


Rotate
Current positive angle in UCS: ANGDIR=counterclockwise ANGBASE=0
Select objects:
7
Select objects:
Enter
Specify base point:
2 ^>;
Intersection /V
Specify rotation angle or [Reference]: R
Specify the reference angle <0>: 2 5.
Specify second point: 5.
Specify the new angle: 4 5.

Ro3

Command: .
, ( 1).
** STRETCH **
Specify stretch point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]: Ro
** ROTATE **
Specify rotation angle or [Base point/Copy/Undo/Reference/eXit]: 45
Esc.


|| COPY . Modify >
Modify.
:
Select obj ects : ;
Select ob j ects : Enter ;
Specify base point or displacement, or [Multiple]: ;
Specify second point of displacement or <use f i r s t point as
displacement: .

1 97

Multiple .
, ,
.
. Enter.
1 2 3.



Modify
Select objects: 1
Select objects: Enter
Specify base point or displacement, or [Multiple]:
2
Specify second point of displacement or
<use first point as displacements
- 3.

2 L '

Ld

ij
1

L3

,


Select objects:
1
Select objects:
Enter
Specify base point or displacement, or [Multiple]:
Specify base point: 2
Specify second point of displacement or
<use first point as displacements
Specify second point of displacement or
<use first point as displacements
Specify second point of displacement or .
<use first point as displacements

2,

M

4
Enter

Hri


l| ARRAY . Modify > Array...
Array Modify.
Array, :

198 : 7.
Q Rectangular Array (. 7.3):
Rows: Columns: ;
Offset distance and direction, Row offset:, Columns offset: Angle
of array: ,
. , Pick Both Offset , Pick Row offset Pick Column offset
;

Cctanoltet

I Hi

. 7.3.
Q Polar Array (. 7.4):
Center Point:, X: Y: . , Pick Center Point;
Method:
: Total number of items & Angle to fill , Total n u m b e r of items & A n g l e between items
Angle to fill & Angle between items ;

: Total number of items: , Angle to fill:
, Angle between items: ;
Rotate items as copied . ,
More;
Select objects ;

* 199

Q , Preview< .

jj

. 7.4.


MIRROR . Modify > Mirror
Mirror Modify.
MIRROR:
Select objects: ;
Select obj ects : Enter ;
Specify f i r s t point of mirror l i n e : ;
Specify second point of mirror line: ;
Delete source objects? [Yes/No] < N > : :
.
, . - , .

7.

200 *


, MIRRTEXT 0. . ,
, .
MIRROR , . MIRRTEXT
, TEXT,
DTEXT, , ,
.
,
, , MIRRTEXT.
-13 3.

Mirror $
Modify
~~!
Select objects: 1
Select objects: Enter
Specify first point of mirror line:
2,

Specify second point of mirror line: ,

Delete source objects? [Yes/No] <N>: Enter

2-

,.,.

Q~

/"

\Mi2,

Mirror .
Select objects: 1
Select objects: Enter
Specify first point of mirror line:
2.

Spec fy second point of mirror 1 ne: 3,

Delete source objects? [Yes/No] <N>: Y

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* 201



Command: 6 .
, ( 1).
** STRETCH **
Specify stretch point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]: Mi

** MIRROR **
.
Specify second point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]: 2

Esc.


OFFSET ()
. Modify > Offset
Offset Modify.
, , , , , , , . , , ,
, . ,
, .
OFFSET:
Specify o f f s e t distance or [Through] <Through>:
;
Select object to o f f s e t or <exit>: ;
Specify point on side to of f set: , ;
Select object to o f f s e t or <exit>: Enter .
Through . :
Specify o f f s e t distance or [Through] <default>: ;
Select/object to o f f s e t or <exit>: ;
Specify through p o i n t : ;

202 *

7.

Select object to o f f s e t or <exit>: Enter .


OFFSETDIST.
OFFSETGAPTYPE ,
.
Of 1 3.
( )
Offset <;

Modify

*-Off Set

Specify offset distance or [Through] : 10


Select object to offset or <exit>: 1 (5)
Specify point on side to offset: 2 ()
Select object to offset or <exit>:

3 (,
()
Specify point on side to offset: 2 ()
Select object to offset or <exit>: 1 ()
Specify point on side to offset: 4 ()
Select object to offset or <exit>: Enter


jfj SCALE .
Modify > Scale Scale
Modify.
Scale:
Select obj ects : ;
Select ob j ects : Enter ;
-.i
Specify base p o i n t : ;
Specify scale factor or [Reference] : .
X . , , .
, , . , -

.> 203
. .
, ,
.
Reference
.
:
Select o b j e c t s : ;
Select obj ects : Enter ;
Specify base p o i n t : ;
Specify scale factor or [Reference]:
;

Specify reference length < 1 > : ;


Specify new length: .
Reference
. , ,
(, ) SCALE,
, Reference, , , . .
Sd-Sc3 3.

Scale

Scl}

Modify

Select objects:

Select objects: Enter

Specify base point:


Specify scale factor or [Reference]: 5

1 ()
2

204 *

7.

(Sc2

Command: 5 6 .
, ( 1).
** STRETCH **
Specify stretch point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]: Sc
** SCALE **

Specify scale factor or [Base point/Copy/Undo/Reference/eXit]: 5

Esc.


Scale nj

Enter

Select objects:
Select objects:
Specify base point:
Specify scale factor or [Reference]: R
Specify reference length <1>:
Specify second po nt:
Specify new length:
m

^4*7

-3

far^
v 3

1 ()
2
1
4
5

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STRETCH ,
.
Modify > Stretch Stretch Modify.
STRETCH:
Select o b j e c t s to stretch by c r o s s i n g - w i n d o w or .crossingpolygon . . .
;
Select o b j e c t s : ;

* 205

Select o b j e c t s : Enter ;
Specify base point or displacement: ;
Specify second point of displacement or <use f i r s t point as
displacement: .
Crossing Cpolygon. , , STRETCH
, MOVE. , , , , : .
,
( ) . STRETCH , .
, , ,
. ,
. ,
(
STRETCH, ), ,
.
STRETCH ,
, , , .
St1-St3 3.

(St1

Stretch Ok
Modify
~~Stretch
Select objects to stretch by crossing-window or crossing-polygon...
Select objects:
1 ( )
Specify opposite corner:
2
Select objects:
Enter
Specify base point or displacement:

Specify second point of displacement or <use first point as displacement: 4

206 * 7.

(St2

Command: 6 .
, ( 1)
** STRETCH **
Specify stretch point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]:

( 2)
Esc.

St3

Command: 8 .
, . ( 1).
** STRETCH **
Specify stretch point or [Base point/Copy/Undo/eXit]:

( 2)
Esc.


EXTEND,
, Modify > Extend
Extend Modify.
EXTEND:
Current s e t t i n g s :
;

Projection=UCS Edge=None

Select boundary edges . . . ;


Select o b j e c t s : ;

* 207

Select objects : Enter


;
Select object to extend or shift-select to trim or
Edge/Undo] : ;

[Project/

Select object to extend or shift-select to trim or [ P r o j e c t /


Edge/Undo ] : Enter .
.
, , .

. 90,
, , . ,
. ,
0.
, . ,
, .
, . . , , , ,
.
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:
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Q ;
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Q .
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,
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.
EXTEND:
Q Project :

208 *

7.

None ,
;
Ucs XY , ;
View , ;
Q Edge :
Extend ;
No 'extend .
, ,
. ,
.
1 3.


Extend -/
Modify
Extend
Current settings: Projection=UCS Edge=None
Select boundary edges ...
Select objects: 1
Select objects:
Select object to extend
Select object to extend
Select object to' extend
Select object to extend

Enter
or shift-select
or shift-select
or shift-select
or shift-select

to
to
to
to

trim
trim
trim
trim

or
or
or
or

Project/Edge/Undol:
Project/Edge/Undo]:
Project/Edge/Undo]:
Project/Edge/Undo]:

2
3
^
Enter


! BREAK, , Modify > Break Break Modify.
BREAK:
Select ob j ect: ;
Specify second break point or [First point] :
.

* 209


, , , , , , .
, , , .
1 3.


Break CJ

/" ^

(1
v^ ^

Modify-~-Break ,
Select objects: ^

Specify second break point or [First point]:


TRIM, , Modify > Trim Trim Modify.
TRIM:
Current settings: Projection=UCS Edge=None ;
Select cutting edges ... ;
Select ob j ects: , ;
Select objects : Enter
;
Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or .[Project/
Edge/Undo] : ;
Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or [ P r o j e c t /
Edge/Undo] : Enter .

210 > 7.
, , , , , , , . ,
, .
, .
. TRIM:
Q Project :
None ,
;
Ucs , ;
View , ;
Q Edge :
Extend ;
No extend , .
1 3.

Trim ^~
Modify
*-1
Current settings: Projection=UCS Edge=None
Select cutting edges ...
Select objects: 1
Select objects:

Enter

Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or [Project/Edge/Undo :


Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or [Project/Edge/Undo :
Select object to trim or shift-select to extend or [Project/Edge/Undo]: Enter

2
3


EXPLODE . Modify > Explode Explode Modify.

* 211
EXPLODE:
Select obj ects : ;
Select ob j ects : Enter
.
, , . , ,
, .
, , . EXPLODE
, , , ,
:
Exploding this polyline has lost width information.
The UNDO command will restore it.
EXPLODE
. , ,
.
, .
,
X, Y Z, .
.
, .
1 3.
()
Erase

"*

Select objects: ompe3KOO ( 7 2).
? 5,
. .
, .
.
Explode ^,
Select objects:

Select objects:

Modify
*~Explode
6

Enter

212 : 7.


CHAMFER . Modify > Chamfer
Chamfer Modify.
CHAMFER:
(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Distl = 1 0 . 0 0 0 0 , Dist2 = 1 0 . 0 0 0 0 , ;
Select f i r s t l i n e o r [ P o l y l i n e / D i s t a n c e / A n g l e / T r i m / M e t h o d /
multiple] : ;
Select second l i n e : .

, .
, , .
,
.

, .
,
, , .
,
.
. , .
, , .
CHAMFER:
Q Polyline , . , . , ;
Distance , , . ,
,

* 213
. . ,
, . . . Distance :
(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Distl = 0 . 0 0 0 0 , Dist2 = 0 . 0 0 0 0 , ;
Select f i r s t line or [ P o l y l i n e / D i s t a n c e / A n g l e / T r i m / M e t h o d /
multiple ] : D ;
Specify
;

first

chamfer distance

<default>:

Specify second chamfer distance <default>:


.
Angle ;
Q Trim , .
, ,
. , . ;
Q Method :
, .
Ch1 2 3.

Chamfer'f

.Chi

Modify^-Chamfer

(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Dist! = 0.0000, Dist2 = 0.0000


Select first 'line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method]: D
Specify first chamfer distance <0.0000>:
10
Specify second chamfer distance <10.0000>: Enter

Chamfer

(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Dist! = 10.0000, Dist2 = 10.0000


Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method/mUltiple]: 1
Select second line: 2
.

214 * 7.

Chamfer Y
(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Distl = 10.0000, Dist2 = 10.0000
Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method/mUltiple]: P

Select 2D polyline:
12 lines were chamfered


[) FILLET () .
Modify Fillet Fillet Modify.
FILLET:
Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 10 . : , ;
Select f i r s t object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim/ntUltiple] :
;
Select second obj ect: .

. AutoCAD . ,
. .
, . , ( ) , , ,
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.
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,
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. -

> 215
, .
, , . ;
.
FILLET:
Q Polyline , . . :
Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 0 . 5 0 0 0 : , ;
Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim/mUltiple]: P ;
Select 2D polyline: .
Q Radius , ,
. 0,5000 . , . :
Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 0.5000 : , ;
Select f i r s t object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim/mUltiple]: R ;
Specify f i l l e t radius <default>: .
Fi1-Fi3, 5-7 3.
()
Fillet I
Modify
^-Fillet
Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 0.0000
Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim/mUltiple]: R
Specify fillet radius <0.0000>: 20

Fillet

Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 20.0000


Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim/mUltiple]: 1
Select second object: 2
.

216 *

7.

()

Fillet
Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 30.0000
Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim/mUltiple]: P
Select 2D polyline:
6
8 lines were filleted
1 was parallel
3 were too short:

()

Fi3

Fillet

Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 50.0000


Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim/mUltiple]: / 1 ( 3)
Select second object:
2 ( 4)

Fillet

Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 50.0000


Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim/mUltiple]: 5
Select second object:
6

5
1.
, .
2. 0.8.
3. ,
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4. DASHED.

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218 *

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1. NEW,
File > New... New .
2. Create New Drawing
Use a Wizard (. . 1.35). Select a Wizard:
Quick Setup.
3. Quick Setup Units Decimal (. . 1.3). Area 210 ,
2 97 . .
4. GRID F7.
5. ZOOM, View > Zoom > All (. . 4.3) Zoom All (. . 4.4). . Z2 ( 2).
6. 5 Drafting Settings (. . 1.36),
Tools > Drafting Settings... Settings... ,
SNAP . Snap
Snap X spacing: Snap Y spacing:.
7. QSAVE,
File > Save Save
.
8. 4 ( , ). INSERT, Insert > Block... Insert Block Draw.
Insert (. . 5.17). . Inl ( 3).
9. Layer Properties Manager (. . 3.1), Format > Layer... Layer Properties Manager Layers. . La ( 2). 4 :
1) ;
2)

3) ;
4 ) .
10. Layer Properties Manager : 0 . 8 ; , ,
0 . 3. Center2.
.

AutoCAD

* 221

11. Text Style (. . 5.10),


Format > Text Style.... Font Font Name: s implex. shx;
Oblique Angle: 15; Height:
0 (). . 7 ( 2).
12. .
. DTEXT,
Draw > Text > Single Line Text Dtext . Fit DTEXT. . 4 '( 2).
13. , . . Testl ( 2).
14. SNAP
F9.
15. RECTANG CIRCLE
.
LINE . . Cl, Rel, L4 ( 2).
16. LINE .
17.
, Draw > Hatch...
Hatch Draw.
Boundary Hatch and Fill (. . 6.1),
, Pattern: ANSI31; Scale: 2; Angle: 0. . HI ( 2).
18. . . R1-R11 ( 2). , DIMSTYLE
Dimension Style Manager (. . 6.17).
Dimension > Style...
Dimension Style Manager Styles. . RS1-RS6
( 2). : Arrow size:, 5;
Offset from origin: 0,
; Text style: ; Text height: 3 . 5,
Offset from dim line: 1. 3,
.
19. ()
LWT , (. . 1.12).
20. .


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* 223

AutoCAD , , .
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Layout,
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Layout AutoCAD (. . 8.2).
, . .

Display Options. ,
Page Setup Manager.
: , .
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Layout New layout.
Layout Rename.


. Create Layout, . 8.3, Tools > Wizards > Create Layout...
LAYOUT/WIZARD .

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(. 8.6).

* 231

.
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232 *

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View > Named Views... Named Views View.

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New...
New View, . 8.8, View Name:.

[ 2

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* 233
, , Current Display, ,
Define Window, .


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. VPORTS View > Viewports > New Viewports...
Display Viewports Dialog
Viewports.

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234 *

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236 : 8.
; . , Properties Tools > Properties.
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Ob j ect , . View > Viewports > Object.
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: AutoCAD , ,
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.;. 237
Polygonal
-.
, .
View > Viewports > Polygonal Viewport.
,
.
Vpr1-Vpr3 9 4.

Vpr1

- Vports

View - - Viewports
Specify corner of viewport or

Viewport

[ON/OFF/Fit/Hideplot/Lock/Object/Polygonal/Restore/2/3/4]
(
Specify opposite corner: 2
Regenerating model.


+ Vports

Vpr2

View - Viewports~ New Viewports..

Viewports 6
Standard viewports Tree: Above
Specify first corner or [Fit] <Fit>:
( 1)
Specify opposite corner: 2
Regenerating model.

238 * 8.


ports ;

View '-~ Viewports - Polygonal

Vpr3
Viewport

Specify corner of viewport or


[ON/OFF/Fit/Shodeplot/Lock/Object/Polygonal/Restore/2/3/4] <Fit>: _p
Specify start point:
\
Specify next point or [Arc/Length/Undol:
2
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Length/Undo]: Arc
Enter an arc boundary option [Angle/CEnter/CLose/Direction/Line/
Radius/Second pt/Undo/Endpoint of arc]<Endpoint>:

Enter an arc boundary option [Angle/CEnter/CLose/Directron/Une/
Radius/Second pt/Undo/Endpoint of arc]<Endpoint>: Line
4
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Length/Undo
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Length/Undo
5
Specify next point or [Arc/Close/Length/Undo Close

"

1. 6 .
2. .
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4. ,

& .
.
1

240 * 9.
,
,
, :
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Q ;
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Q ;
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* 241

: , , . .
,
() ().
.
,
, ISOLINES. FACETRES .
, :
Q . , , , (), , , . : ,
, , .
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242 : 9.
, ,
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,
: , ( , );
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.
, ,
. (, ), (, ), , . BOX,
WEDGE, CONE, CYLINDER, SPHERE, TORUS
, .
, EXTRUDE, REVOLVE.
.
Draw > Solids
Solids.

BOX (, ). XY . Draw > Solids > Box


Box Solids.
BOX:
Specify corner of box or [CEnter] < 0, 0, 0 > : ;
Specify corner or\[Cube/Length] : ;
Specify Height: .
:
LJ ;
Q ;
.
BOX:
Q Center ,
. :

* 243

Specify corner of box or [CEnter] < 0 , 0 , 0 > : ;


Specify center of box < 0, 0, 0>: ;
Specify corner or

[Cube/Length] : ;

Specify height: .
Q Cube , , .
:
Specify corner of box or [CEnter] <0, 0, 0 > : ;
Specify corner or [Cube/Length]: ;
Specify length: .
Q Length ( X),
( ) ( Z) . :
Specify corner of box or [CEnter] <0, 0, 0>: ;
Specify corner or [Cube/Length]: L ,
;
Specify length: ;
Speci f width: ;
Specify height: .
1 4.
()

Box

DrO W

Solids

Specify corner of box or [CEnter] <0,0,0>:


Specify corner or [Cube/Length]:
Specify height:

(1

Box

100, 100
330, 200
80

3Dorbit.

244 * 9.

Ijjjj WEDGE, , Draw > Solids > Wedge Wedge Solids.


WEDGE:
Specify f i r s t corner of wedge or [CEnter] < 0 , 0 , 0 > : ;
Specify corner or [ Cube/ Length] : ;
Specify height: .
XY
;
.
,
Z. WEDGE
BOX.
Wed1 4.

(Wedj)


Wedge
Draw - Solids

Wedge

Specify first corner of wedge or [CEnter] <0,0,0>: 100, 100


Specify corner or [Cube/Length]: 330, 200
Specify height: 80
3Dorbit.

CONE , ( ) XY , Z. Draw > So-

* 245

lids > Cone Cone


Solids.
CONE:
Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=10 ;
Specify center point for base of cone or [Elliptical] < 0 , 0 , 0 > :
;
Specify radius for base of cone or
;

[Diameter] :

Specify height of cone or [Apex] : .


CONE:
Q Elliptical . , AutoCAD :
Current wire frame density: I SOL INES=10 ;
Specify center point for base of cone or [Elliptical] <0,0,0>:
E ;
Specify axis endpoint of ellipse for base of cone or [Center] :
;
Specify second axis endpoint of ellipse for base of cone:
;
Specify length of other axis for base of cone:
;
Specify height of cone or [Apex] : .
Q Axis endpoint ,
.
;
Center ,

;
Q Apex ,
;
d Height , . , : + ()
Z, - ()
Z;
Q Center point ;

246 * 9.
Q Radius ,
;
Diameter .
,
, , EXTRUDE Z.
, , SUBTRACT,
, .
1 2 4.

Cone
Draw

'- So/ids

Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=20


Specify center point for base of cone or [Elliptical] <0,0,0>: 200,150
Specify radius for base of cone or [Diameter]: 140

Specify height of cone or [Apex]: 250

3Dorbit

Cone 4i

Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=20


Specify center point for base of cone or [Elliptical] <0,0,0>: E
Specify axis endpoint of ellipse for base of cone or [Center]: 50,50
Specify second axis endpoint of ellipse for base of cone: 350, 250
Specify length of other axis for base of cone: 70
Specify height of cone or [Apex]: 200
3Dorbit

* 247

CYLINDER, ,
Draw > Solids > Cylinder
Cylinder Solids.
CYLINDER:
Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=10 ;
S p e c i f y center point for base of cylinder or
<0, 0, 0>: ;

[Elliptical]

Specify radius for base of cylinder or [Diameter] : ;


Specify height of cylinder or
.

[Center of other end]:

, , , , CYLINDER CONE.
, Z
, Apex Center of other end.
(, ),
PLINE
, , EXTRUDE,
Z
11 4.

Cylinder

^ ,.,


~ ,. ,

Draw
Sol/ds
Cylinder
Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=20

Specify center point for base of cylinder or [Elliptical] <0,0,0>: 200,150


Specify radius for base of cylinder or [Diameter]: 140
Specify height of cylinder or [Center of other end]: 250
3Dorbit

248 * 9.

!| S PHERE (). . , 2 . Draw > Solids > Sphere


Sphere Solids.
SPHERE:
Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=10 ;
Specify center of sphere <0, 0, 0>:' ;
Specify radius of sphere or [Diameter] : .
, ,
SUBTRACT, .
, , , REVOLVE,
Z.
Sph1 4.

Sph1


Sphere |
Draw

-So/ids

-Sphere

Current wire frame density:


Specify center of sphere <0,0,0>:
Specify radius of sphere or [Diameter]:

ISOLINES=20
200,150
150

3Dorbit

Top
| TORUS , . -

* 249

,
. XY . Draw > Solids > Torus
Torus Solids.
TORUS:
Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=10 ;
Specify center of torus < 0, 0, 0 > : ;
Specify radius of torus or [Diameter] : ;
Specify radius of tube or [Diameter] : .
,
(,
-2, 0, +2, 0).
,
( ).
.
, .
, .
1- 4.


Torus

Draw

-Solids

Current wire frame density:

TorUS
ISOLINES=20

Specify center of torus <0,0,0>:


200,150
Specify radius of torus or [Diameter]:
100
Specify radius of tube or [Diameter]: 30
3Dorbit

250 : 9.

Torus
Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=20
Specify center of torus <0,0,0>:
200,150
Specify radius of torus or [Diameter]:
70
Specify radius of tube or [Diameter]:
65
3Dorbit

Torus
Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=20
Specify center of torus <0,0,0>:
200,150
Specify radius of torus or '[Diameter]:
150
Specify radius of tube or [Diameter]:
200
3Dorbit


EXTRUDE ( ).
Draw > Solids > Extrude
Extrude Solids.
EXTRUDE:
Current wire frame d e n s i t y : I SOL INES=4 ;
Select objects: ;
Select objects : Enter ;
Specify height of extrusion or [Path] : ;
Specify angle of taper for extrusion <0>:
.

* 251

, , , , , , , ( 500 ).
. .
EXTRUDE ,
. , , , , .
, EXTRUDE
PEDIT, .
, .
:
, .

. Z , Z
,
EXTRUDE:
Path
. :
Select extrusion path: .
Ext1-Ext3 4.

Extrude "3

Draw

Solids-

Current wire frame density:


Select objects:
Select objects:
Specify height of extrusion or [Path]:
Specify angle of taper for extrusion <0>:

Ext1

Extrude
ISOLINES=20

Enter
100
Enter

252 * 9.
(Ext2
^.

Extrude

~|

Current wire frame density:


Select objects:
Select objects:
Specify height of extrusion or [Path]:
Specify angle of taper for extrusion <0>:

ISOLINES=20

Enter
100

10

Ext3

Extrude 31
Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=20
Select objects: .
Select objects:
Enter
Specify height of extrusion or [Path]:

no

P .

Select extrusion path:


Path was moved to the center of the profile.


HJJ REVOLVE X
. Draw > Solids > Revolve
Revolve Solids.
REVOLVE:
Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=20 ;
Select obj ects : ;
Select ob j ects: Enter ;
Specify start point for axis of revolution or d e f i n e axis by
[Object/X ( a x i s ) / Y (axis) ] : ;

253

Specify endpoint of a x i s : ;
Specify angle of revolution <3 6 0>: .
, .
EXTRUDE, REVOLVE , , ,
. , PEDIN, . REVOLVE
: , , , , , . , EXTRUDE,
. ,
, . REVOLVE:
Q Ob j ect ,
. (),
, . . :
Select an ob j ect: .
Q X X ;
Q Y .
Rev1 4.

Rev1

Revolve^

DrOW
-So/ldS
ReVOIVe
Current wire frame density: ISOLINES=20
Select objects:

Select objects: Enter
Specify start point for axis of revolution or
define axis by [Object/X (axis)/Y (axis)]:

Specify endpoint of axis:
Specify angle of revolution <360>: Enter


, , , :

254 *

9.

UNION ,
;
Q SUBTRACT , . , , ;
Q INTERSECT , , . .
Modify Solids Editing
Solids Editing.


UNION .
, (
). Modify > Solids
Editing > Union Union l
Solids Editing.
UNION:
Select o b j e c t s : ;
Select o b j e c t s : ; .
Select ob j ects : Enter .
Uni1 4.
( Uni1
Union
Modify
Select
Select
Select
Select

So/ids Ed/ting

Un/

objects:

objects:

objects:

objects: Enter

* 255

SUBTRACT . .

.
. Modify > Solids Editing > Subtract Subtract Solids Editing.
SUBTRACT:
Select solids and regions to s u b t r a c t ' f r o m . . , ;
Select obj ects : ;
Select objects : Enter ;
Select solids and regions .to subtract
;

Select o b j e c t s : ;
Select ob j ects : Enter .
Sub1 4.

Sub trOC t 8D

Modify

f Sub1

Solids Editing-Subtract

Select solids and regions to subtract from ..


Select objects:

Select objects: Enter
Select solids and regions to subtract ..
Select objects:
Select objects:

Select objects: Enter


INTERSECT
.

256 :

9.

Modify > Solids Editing > Intersect Intersect Solids Editing.


INTERSECT:
Select ob j ects : ;
Select objects: ;
Select objects: Enter .
Int1 Int2 4.
( Int1
Intersect QD
Modify

So/ids Editing

Select objects:
Select objects:

Intersect

Select objects: Enter

Intersect
Select objects:

Select objects:
Select objects: Enter

10

9 . 1039

258 * 10.
, MOVE,
, ROTATE, MIRROR ARRAY, . , ,
-: , , ,
, .



ROTATE
; .
.
: , , (X, Z) . ROTATE, ROTATE 3D.
ROTATE 3D,
, Modify > 3D Operation > Rotate 3D.
ROTATE 3D:
Current positive a n g l e : ANGDIR=counterclockwise ANGBASE=0 ;
Select o b j e c t s : ;
Select obj ects : Enter ;
Specify f i r s t point on axis or define axis by
[ O b j e c t / L a s t / V i e w / X a x i s / Y a x i s / Z a x i s / 2 p o i n t s ] : ;
Specify second point on axis : ;
Specify rotation angle or [Reference] : .
ROTATE 3D:
Q Ob j ect .
, , ;
Last , ;
Q View ,
;

* 259
Xaxis, Y a x i s , Zaxis ,
X, F, Z ;
Q 2point , .
Rot1 4.

RotateJd

Rot1

Modify- 3D Operation - Rotate 3D

:urrent positive angle: ANGDIR=counterclockwise ANG8ASE=0


Select objects:

Select objects: Enter
Specify first point on axis or define axis by [Object/Last/
/View/Xaxis/Yaxis/Zaxis/2points]:

Specify second point on axis:

Specify rotation angle or [Reference]: 30


MIRRORSD, , Modify > 3D Operation > Mirror 3D.
MIRROR3D:
Select pbj ects: ;
Select o b j e c t s : Enter ;
Specify f i r s t point of mirror plane (3 p o i n t s ) or [Object/Last/
Z a x i s / V i e w / X Y / Y Z / Z X / 3 p o i n t s ] <3points>: (3 );
Specify second point on mirror p l a n e : ;
Specify third point on mirror plane:
;
Delete source objects?
.

[Yes/No] <N>: -

260 : 10.
MIRROR3D:
Q Obj ect : ,
, ;
Q Last , ;
Q Zaxis , ,
, ;
Q View , ;
Q XY, Y Z , ZX
(XY, YZ ZX), ;
Q 3point , .
:
;
Q , (XY, YZ XZ) ;
Q , .
Mir1 4.
( Mir1
Mirror3d

Modify

-3D Operation-Mirror 3D

Select objects:

Select objects: Enter
Specify first point of mirror plane (3 points) or [Object/Last/
/Zaxis/View/XY/YZ/ZX/3points] <3points>:
/
Specify second point on mirror plane:
2
Specify third point on mirror plane:

3elete source objects? Yes/No] <N>: Enter


3DARRAY ' . ,

* 261

, ,
, , (
Z) ,
,
. 3DARRAY Modify > 3D Operation > 3D Array. 3DARRAY:
Select objects : ;
Select ob j ects : Enter ;
Enter the type of array [Rectangular/Polar] <R>: ;
Enter the number of rows

) < 1 >: ;

Enter the number of columns (I I I) <1>:


;
Enter the number of levels
;

(...)

Specify the distance between rows


;

<1>:
(

Specify t h e distance between columns


;

) :
( I I I ) :

Specify the distance between levels ( . . . ) : .


Polar.
:
V.

;_,

Select ob j ects : ;
Select ob j ects : Enter ;
Enter the type of array [ R e c t a n g u l a r / P o l a r ] <R>: R ;
Enter the number of items in the a r r a y : ;
Specify the angle to f i l l
;

(+=ccw, -=cw) < 3 6 0 > :

Rotate arrayed objects? [ Y e s / N o ] < Y > : , ;


Specify center point of array: ;
Specify second point on axis of rotation:
.

262 : 10.


, : .
(), PRO JMODE EXTEDGE : XY
, .
, , () XY
.
TRIM EXTEND,
,
, Project, /.


AutoCAD ,
, Z .
:
Q , , ;
Q ,
, . ; Z .
, , .
: (0,0,5,0,8) (0, -0,5, -0,8)
. (0, 0,5, 0,8).


: , , ,
.

* 263

.
, , FILLET CHAMFER.
, , ACIS-, , , , , . ( )
.
; , , .
. , .


CHAMFER () , .
Modify > Chamfer Chamfer
Modify. ,
(. 10.1).

. 10.1.
CHAMFER:
(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Distl = 1 0 . 0 0 0 0 , Dist2 = 1 0 . 0 0 0 0 , ;
Select f i r s t line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method]:
;
Base surface selection. .. ;
Enter surface selection option [Next/OK ( c u r r e n t ) ] <OK>: Enter, .
, N, ,
Enter;

264 > 10.


Specify'base surface chamfer distance < 1 0 . 0 0 0 0 > :
;
Specify other s u r f a c e chamfer distance < 1 0 . 0 0 0 0 > :
;
Select an edge or [Loop] : ;
Select an edge or [Loop] : ;
Se/lect an edge or [Loop] : Enter
.
,
Loop .
Chaf Cha2 4.

f: , Modify
Chamfer
(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Dist! = 10.0000, Dist2 = 10.0000
Select first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method/mUltiple]: 1
Base surface selection...
Enter surface selection option [Next/OK (current)] <OK>: Enter
Specify base surface chamfer! distance <10.0000>:30
Specify other surface chamfer distance <10.0000>:3Q
Select an edge or [Loop]:
Select an edge or [Loop]: Enter


Ch am fer

'p*~

(TRIM mode) Current chamfer Dist! = 10.0000, Dist2 = 10.0000


elect first line or [Polyline/Distance/Angle/Trim/Method/mUltiple]:
.
3ase surface selection...
Enter surface selection option [Next/OK (current)] <OK>: Enter
Specify base surface chamfer distance <10.0000>: 70
Specify other surface chamfer distance <10.0000>: 70
Select an edge or [Loop]:
Select an edge or [Loop]: Enter

* 265


|| FILLET () ,
.
: -, , ,
.
. , ,
. Modify > Fillet
Fillet Modify. FILLET:
Current s e t t i n g s : Mode = TRIM, Radius = 10 . : ;
Select f i r s t object or [ P o l y l i n e / R a d i u s / T r i m ] :
;
Enter f i l l e t radius < 10 . > : ;
Select an edge or [Chain/Radius] : ;
Select an edge or [ C h a i n / R a d i u s ] : ;
Select an edge or [Chain/Radius] : Enter .
I
Enter Select an edge or:,
, .
. , Radius, , Chain. . 10.2
.

. 10.2.

266 : 10.
Fill F1I2 4.

/""
() ( Fill
Fille t fP?
Modify
Fill61
Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 5.0000
Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim/mUltiple]:

Enter fillet radius <5.0000>: 20
Select an edge or [Chain/Radius]:
Select an edge or [Chain/Radius]:
Select an edge or [Chain/Radius]: Enter

() ( FN2
Fillet |
Modify
-Fillet
Current settings: Mode = TRIM, Radius = 5.0000
Select first object or [Polyline/Radius/Trim/mUltiple]:

Enter fi"et radius <5.0000>: 50
Select an edge pr [Chain/Radius]:

Select an edge or [Chain/Radius]: Enter


SECTION
.
(. 10.3). SECTION
Modify > Solids > Section
Section Solids.
SECTION:

'

Select o b j e c t s : ;
Select ob j ects : Enter ;

* 267

Specify f i r s t point on Section plane by [ O b j e c t / Z a x i s / V i e w / X Y /


YZ/ZX/3points] <3points>: ;
Specify second point on p l a n e : ;
Specify third point on plane: .

. 10.3.

.
, , Z
(XY, YZ XZ). AutoCAD .
, , , ,
.
Sec1 4.

4- '
Section

Sec1

'
Draw

_ Solids - Section

Select objects:

Select objects:
Enter
Specify first point on Section plone by [Object/
/Zaxis/View/XY/YZ/ZX/3points] <3points>:
)
Specify second point on plane:
2
Specify third point on plane:
3
_

268 *

10.


SLICE - (. 10.4).
Modify > Solids > Slice
Slice Solids.

. 10.4.

SLICE:
Select objects : ;
Select ob j ects : Enter ;
Specify f i r s t point on slicing plane by [ ' O b j e c t / Z a x i s / V i e w / X Y /
Y Z / Z X / 3 p o i n t s ] <3points>: ;
Specify second point on plane: ;
Specify third point on plane: ;
Specify a point on desired side of the plane or
sides ] : .

[keep Both

. , .
, , ( ) .

.;. 269

, , Z
(XY, 722).
SLICE:
Ob j ect : ,
, , , , ;
Q Zaxis , ,
;
Q View ,
;
Q XY, Y Z , ZX , XY,
YZ ZX ;
3points , ;
keep Both sides .
SIM 4.

SH1

Slice |
|

Draw
So/ids
Slice
Select objects:

Select objects:
Enter
Specify first point on slicing plane by [Object/
/Zaxis/View./XY/YZ/ZX/3points]<3points>:
1
Specify second point on plane:
2
Specify third point on plane:

Specify a point on desired side of the plane or [keep Both sides]:
.

(, . 10.5) :

270 : 10.

. 10.5.

1. NEW,
File > New..., New .
2. Create New Drawing
Use a Wizard (. . 1.35). Select a Wizard:
Quick Setup.
3. Quick Setup Units Decimal (. . 1.3). Area 420 , 297 .
4. GRID F7 .
5. ZOOM, View > Zoom > All (. . 4.3) Zoom All (. . 4.4). . Z2 ( 2).
6. QSAVE,
File > Save Save
.

.;. 271
7. ISOLINES 20, , .
!-

8. BOX CYLINDER .
. Boxl Cyll ( 4). ,
View 3DORBIT, View > 3D
Orbit 3D Orbit . . Vptl, Orbl Orb2 ( 4).
9. . UNION,
Modify > Solids Editing > Union Union
Solids- Editing.
SUBTRACT,
Modify > Solids Editing > Subtract Subtract Solids Editing. . Unil Subl ( 4).
10. HIDE,
View > Hide Hide Render.
11. . UCS, Tools > New
UCS > 3 Point.
12. Layout. . Spal Spa2 ( 4).
13. .
Create Layout, . 8.3,
Tools > Wizards > Create Layout....
14. A3 ( , ). INSERT,
Insert > Block... Insert Block
Draw. Insert (. . 5.17).
. Inl ( 3).
15. Text Style (. . 5.10),
Format > Text Style.... Font Font Name: simplex. shx;
Oblique Angle: 15; Height:
0 (). . 7 ( 2).
16. .
. DTEXT,
Draw > Text > Single Line Text Dtext . Fit DTEXT. . 4 ( 2).

272 *

10.

17. (. 10.6),
SOLVIEW, Draw > Solids > Setup > View.
:
_solview
Enter an option [Ucs/Ortho/Auxiliary/Section]: U ;
Enter an option [Named/World/?/Current] <Current>: <Enter>;
Enter view scale <1>: 0 . 5 ;
Specify view center: ;
Specify view center <specify viewport>: <Enter>;
Specify f i r s t corner of v i e w p o r t : ;
Specify opposite corner o f ' v i e w p o r t :
;
Enter view name : Front .
:
UCSVIEW = 1 UCS w i l l be saved with view
Enter an option [Ucs/Ortho/Auxiliary/Section]: ;
Specify side of viewport to p r o j e c t : ;
Specify view center: ;
Specify view center <specify viewport>: <Enter>;
Specify f i r s t corner of v i e w p o r t : ;
Specify opposite corner of v i e w p o r t :
;
Enter view name: Gor iz on t .

:
UCSVIEW = 1 UCS will be saved with view
Enter an option [ U c s / O r t h o / A u x i l i a r y / S e c t i o n ] : ;
Specify side of viewport to project:
;

.> 273
Specify view c e n t e r : ;
Specify view center <specify viewport>: <Enter>;
Specify f i r s t
;

corner of v i e w p o r t :

Specify opposite corner of viewport:


;
Enter view name: Prof il .
:
UCSVIEW = 1 UCS will be saved with view
Enter an option [ U c s / O r t h o / A u x i l i a r y / S e c t i o n ] : S ;
Specify f i r s t point of cutting plane: CEN
;
Specify second point of cutting plane: CEN
;
Specify side to view from:
( );
Enter view scale <0 . 5>: <Enter>;
Specify view center: ;
Specify view center <specify viewport>: <Enter>;
Specify f i r s t corner of viewport: ;
Specify opposite corner of v i e w p o r t :
;
Enter view name: Section ;
UCSVIEW = 1 UCS will be saved with view
Enter an option [Ucs/Ortho/Auxiliary/Section] : <Enter>
.
18. (< >-) HIDDEN. SOLDRAW,
Draw > Solids > Setup > Drawing. Select
obj ects : .
19. VPORTS, .
20. .

274 : 10.

. 10.6.

40
01

100

. 10.7.

21. < euda>-DIM


(. 10.7).

11

Q
Q

Q

276 *

11.

AutoCAD
, .
, . ,
,
,
, .
. , . ,
, , .
, - . ,
, .
,
. () ,
.
- . AutoCAD , . , , ,
, .
.
:
Q VPOINT ;
Q DDVPOINT Viewpoint
Presets;
Q PLAN
;
DVIEW ;
Q 3 DORBI .
I
:
VPOINT, DVIEW PLAN. -

* 277

. AutoCAD :
** Command only valid in Model space **


3 DORBI .
. , . View > 3D Orbit 30 Orbit 3D Orbit.
, , . , .
3DORBIT , , . ( )
. , .
, . , .
,
.
, .
, .
, :
Q , -. .
, ,
, . , ;
Q , -. , .
,
, .

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278 > 11.


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314 *

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22.11.04. 70x100'/,,,. . . . 25,8. 4500. 1039
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