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BHBRHOTEKA

DCHXOROlHH
H
DCHXOTEPADHH
Hukona seu
Kpu Haxomoa
HCXOTLHH.
L YHA*HLH
Nockaa
Hesaaucumas qupma Knacc"
1999
bbK ?5.O
H 55
Uicn H.8., Haxuvun K.8.
H 55 Hcnxu1pcnnnr: nrpu n yupaxncnnu Hsn. 2-o, noh.
M.: Hosanucuman qupma Knacc, i. 2?2 c. (bunuo-
foka hcuxonoiuu u hcuxofopahuu, nwh. 6?).
S8N 5-8bJ75-11b-9
Ofa knuia conopxuf nno nacfu: Icuxofoxnunockuo uipw n chopfo
u 3anumafoninwu ayfofponuni. Oo onu hocnnmonw uchonisonanuk
hcuxofoxnunockux uip hpu oynonuu hpocfwm nunam camopoiynnuuu.
ocnfku yhpaxnonuu homoiyf naynuficn konfponuponafi mwmonnwu
fonyc u ypononi onpcfnonanun, pasnunafi noopaxonuo u qanfasuk,
onimo nonopnfi camomy coo u cnoum omymonunm, nyncfnonafi hapf-
nopa u nynmo nsaumonocfnonafi c npyiumu nknimu. 1akuo nanwku ho-
nosnw no foniko n chopfo, no u n nkwx npyiux onacfnx, ino hpoucxo-
nnf komannnwo uipw.
Hnfopocnwm nohonnonuom cnyxaf nonanno paspaofannwo uipw,
kofopwo yxo hpomnu hponopky n xono usupafoninwx kamhanuu.
Knuia nocomnonno ynof honosna ncom hpakfukykmum hcuxonoiam,
honaioiam, chopfunnwm fponopam, a fakxo opianusafopam usupafoni-
nwx kamhanuu.
Inannwu ponakfop u usnafoni copuu ..M. Xpo:i
Haynnwu koncynifanf copuu 1... Muxuu:oou
H.. Hson, K.. Iaxomon
i8, Hosanucuman qupma
Knacc, usnanuo, oqopmnonuo
i, .M. Kponi, hponucnonuo
i, .O. Koponon, onoxka
www.IroII.IgIsp.ru
Kyhu knuiy Y KIOH
Hci:uuume:inoe npuoo ny:uiuuuu nu pyccio+ n:iie npunu0:eum u:0ume:icmoy
He:uoucu+un qup+u X:ucc. tinyci npou:oe0enun u:u eeo qpue+enmoo e:
pu:pemenun u:0ume:icmou cuumuemcn npomuoonpuoni+ u npec:e0yemcn no :uiony.
IS^ 5-86J?5-ii6- (I)
5
Hb 8 6YYU
cnu xonomi, nfow y fon wn npyi, hpupy-
nu monn!
A nfo nnn foio nano nonafi chpocun Manoni-
kuu hpunu.
Hano sahacfuci fophonuom, ofnofun uc.
Chopna cnni non fam, hoonani, na fpany. of fak. H
yny na fon uckoca hoinnnwnafi, a fw monnu. Cnona
foniko momakf honumafi npyi npyia. Ho c kaxnwm
nnom canuci nomnoio nuxo...
A. 0e lenm-:i:unepu
ownonnom cosnanuu cnona, nanunakmuocn c hcuxo, cko-
poo ncoio, cnnswnakfcn c nyncfnamu, a snanuf, ofnacfu u c fom,
kak cnonafi ux cnoumu npysinmu. knuio Hukonan Hsona u Kpun
Iaxomona o nyncfnax nahpnmyk ionopufcn nomnoio, no fom uonnoo
fo, kak opoxno onu ynufwnakfcn, fponupykfcn, onaiopaxunakf-
cn, a honnac u qopmupykfcn. Knuia cosnananaci okono hnfnanuafu
nof nasan kaxofcn, nfo n npyiyk hpoqoccuonaninyk hoxy. H
moxno cmono ckasafi, nfo, ofnoxanmuci, cponu nonn monw u ioo-
noiunockux cnnuion hpoqoccuonaninwx hpucfpacfuu, ona omo oni-
mo okpohna n cnoou opuiunaninocfu.
Ofa knuia wna no fo nfow sawfa ona ncoina nwcoko uonu-
naci hpoqoccuonanamu, no nnno nonoouonona. A moxny fom ona
sanaof uonoo nahpannonuo hpakfunockou hcuxonoiuu u hcuxofopahuu.
kakom-fo cmwcno fo ofkpwfuo xanpa, nocima hnonofnopnoio. o
moxno paccmafpunafi kak naop nomonfon macfopcfna Cnonau cam
unu Ho oucn paficn cnooio pona hcuxofoxnunockuu koncfpyk-
fop IO, cocfonmuu us nofanou, ofkpwfwu u nohonnnomwu no-
nwmu cco. (of yxo no nfopou pas y monn nahucanoci fpu c nmo-
cfo nnyx, u fa ohucka nnno n honisy ymnoxonun u mwcnou knuiu,
u yhpaxnonuu).
Icuxofponuni nufaofcn kak sapuconku ynymux hcuxofopahon-
funockux nononn. Knuia noucfnonna u pomanfunna onnonpomonno,
u hpu ncou cnoou ckpyhynosnou nofaninocfu ofkpwnaof mupokuu
iopusonf nnn hpunoxonun. Ipyxunw nosmoxnocfou nunnw snoci
u fam.
Moxny cfpok hpocfyhaof anoknofunnocfi u komusm honconnonno-
io, ckynnoio, monofonnoio hcuxonoiunockoio cymocfnonanun un-
nununa, no honosponakmoio o fom, nfo y noio ocfi hcuxuka u kakuo
unofw u ykofw moiyf nosnuknyfi, cfouf numi sainnnyfi n con cknosi
nonmonwo ipanu hponnaiaomwx snoci honxonon. Mnoio nof nasan
onun us anfopon, paofan co chopfcmonamu, ipyonafo, no c nko-
nik samofun: Hm nano nonafi hcuxuky. fom cmwcno, nfo hcu-
xuka y chopfcmona, kononno, ocfi, no poqnokcun u nonwo ofkpw-
fun concom no homomakf. of fou nohpocfou fomo u hocnnmona
knuia, kofopyk w nopxufo n pykax. Knuia poqnokcuu u ofkpwfuu
hpo okonowfuo u okonocosnanuo.
Ionopn nwcokum cfunom, honxon anfopon hponcfannnofcn ponoc-
cancnwm hpoxno ncoio cousmopumwm c nononokom u, kononno,
fananfnunwm, cmonwm u hpakfunnwm. H naxo cmomunanuo kpacok
pasnwx hpakfuk os nocfafonnou ohopw na fpanuuuk, foopuk u
anfopufofw nwinnnuf n nannom cnynao kak nocfouncfno. Io co-
nopxanuk u honxony knuia ocfopoxnan u cmonan onnonpomonno.
Koina-fo naunonnwo pamku nnn hopnoio usnanun n fo npomona
nooxonumwo, wnu ycnonnwmu c camoio nanana. (Icuxofoxnu-
nockuo uipw snynaf kak uipw noncopios, k fomy xo ykaswnakf na
oipanunonnoo hpumononuo n chopfo; a camopoiynnuun ofcw-
naof k hpunwnnwm u paspomonnwm qopmam fakou hcuxofopa-
huu n namopnnuko.) Ha camom nono yhpaxnonun hpunymwnanuci,
ohpoonanuci, hpumonnnuci u ohucwnanuci n pasnwx hpakfukax: n
hcuxofopahuu c nonpofukamu, n paofo co chopfcmonamu nwcmux
nocfuxonuu, n ipyhhax nunnocfnoio pocfa nosno, kyna moina cfy-
hufi noia xopomoio hcuxonoia u kyna, ho foinamnomy mnonuk, ona
cfyhufi no moina.
Ha cfpanuuax knuiu n husonax hpakfuku mnoio panocfu u ofkpw-
fuu of ncfponu c nonononockum n coo, of nospacfakmoio unfopoca
k namou nosmoxnocfu wfi naonuno c coou u nmocfo c npy-
iumu.
cunn Kpunt
Hnkoan L-eu, Kpnn Haxoioe
HCXOTLXHLCKL
L 8 CHOTL

1. HAKTHHCKAR HCHXOOHR
8 CHOT: HO6Mb,
HO6Mb, HO6Mb...
HCHXOOHR - H38AHAR OCTbR?
Bmopun npoqeccun mpenepu
Kaxnwu fponop omymaof nooxonumocfi oonpufi cnooio nochu-
fannuka hocno noynannoio nwcfyhnonun, unu homoni omy chpanuficn
c mannpaxom hopon cfapfom, unu ckasafi nfo-nuyni ofposnnnk-
mo poskoo, nfo hosnonuno w chopfcmony copaficn. 3a noniuo mo-
cnuw u ionw nahpnxonnou conmocfnou paofw fponop nonou-nono-
nou namyhwnaof honxon k kaxnomy chopfcmony. Hso nnn n noni,
hpoonononan cohpofunnonuo nonononockoio mafopuana, fponop cfa-
nonufcn nco onoo hponuuafoninwm u mynpwm. On no fonkocfou
hocfuiaof nymu u xapakfopw ynonukon. On snaof, komy, koina u
nfo nano ckasafi. nn hponuknononun no nnyfponnkk xusni kax-
noio on osanonufcn uonwm naopom hcuxonoiunockux knknou u
ofmwnok.
onimuncfno cnynaon fponop cam ofnunno pomaof nco fo hpak-
funockuo nohpocw, kofopwo hpunnfo ofnocufi k cqopo hcuxonoiuu.
Iomaof ux nynmo, nom fo cnonan w hcuxonoi c nuhnomom. Ho,
nwcfyhan n ponu hpakfunockoio hcuxonoia, fponop nacfo naxo no
snaof o fom. On nonaof cnoo nono nosanucumo of foio, nfo iono-
pnf u humyf o chopfo hcuxonoiu. bwfi moxof, on u honnfun no umoof
o fakux nomax, kak cocfonnuo cosnanun, camoouonka, hcuxofpan-
ma u hponoo. 3anom omy nyxnw hcuxonoiunockuo fopmunw u kon-
uohuuu, ocnu on snaof inannoo: nfo nonafi u kak homoni chopfcmo-
ny n kaxnou konkpofnou cufyauuu! Hahpumop, onun nam snakomwu
fponop n fononuo mnoiux nof paofan co chopfcmonom-cfponkom. On
samofun, nfo oio honohonnwu hokaswnaof xopomuo posynifafw na
coponnonanunx foniko n fox cnynanx, koina cunino pasosnon. H nof
iO
onnaxnw nakanyno coponnonanuu fponop paswipwnaof munuafkpnwu
chokfakni. On no naof chopfcmony oomannwo umhopfnwo hafponw.
Cfponok nosmymon, fponop yhopcfnyof. Ipyxuna konqnukfa pac-
kpynunaofcn nacfoniko, nfo, honxonn k oinonomy pyoxy, chopfcmon
n inono mnwpnof kopoky c hafponamu. Ha fom hopnwu akf hiocw
okannunaofcn. o nfopom akfo fponop anfop cuonapun u uchonnu-
foni inannou ponu nonko nonuf hafponw u ynwaofcn, u foina cfpo-
nok ncaxunaof onny sa npyiou hynu n nocnfky.
Moxno hpunocfu nomano hononwx cnynaon, koina fponop oka-
swnancn na nwcofo hcuxonoiunockoio honumanun, koina fonkocfu oio
manonpon, usopofafoninocfu u macfopcfny moi w hosanunonafi
nkou hcuxonoi-hpoqoccuonan.
Ho unfyuuun u ohwf fponopa no ncomoiymu. K fomy xo nanoko
no ncnkuu fponop moxof hoxnacfaficn umu. Iofomy napnny c nup-
fyosnwm nnanonuom hpakfunockou hcuxonoiuou n fponopckou pa-
ofo moxno nanknafi u nonfo hpnmo hpofunohonoxnoo.
Ha fpofuu noni nomhuonafa Mocknw ho hnfuopik hpoxonunu
cocfnsanun ho ckopocfnou cfponio us hucfonofa. unuponanmuu
chopfcmon n hopnwx fpox copunx napan makcumaninwu posynifaf
i5O onkon. hopopwno moxny copunmu oio fponop, hpunan nuuy
fnopnoo u nononoo nwpaxonuo, naof ykasanun: Coopuci, nwou
2OO onkon! Chopfcmon coinacno kunaof. nofnopfou copuu on na-
upaof cmoxofnopnyk, nohpocfufoninyk naxo nnn fpofiopaspnnnu-
ka cymmy J6. Homnoio hosxo nwncnnofcn, nfo fonno fakan xo uc-
fopun u fonno n fou xo hocnononafoninocfu hpousomna ion nasan.
H ynacfnonanu n nou fo xo noucfnykmuo nuua u uchonnufonu.
Ofu nna nnomno hpofunohonoxnwx hpumopa umokf onunakonyk
honohnoky. Oa fponopa ucxonunu us ownonnwx hponcfannonuu o
fom, kak moxno homoni chopfcmony, u oa cfpomunuci k nynmomy.
Oa honaianuci na cnou nunnwu ohwf u honisonanuci, ocnu fak
moxno nwpasuficn, unfyufunnou hcuxonoiuou u hcuxofoxnukou.
Ipu fom ychox unu noynana sanuconu foniko of nunnwx kanocfn u
ohwfa fponopa, of oio ymonun nanknafi, honumafi u nyncfnonafi
npyioio nononoka. Ho noni no nco onaponw fumu kanocfnamu n pan-
nou mopo! Ho nco umokf onunakonwu ohwf paofw c nknimu u onu-
nakonwo choconocfu k oio hpakfunockomy hpumononuk. akfuno-
cku kaxnwu fponop ynufcn hcuxonoiuu na cnoux cocfnonnwx
omukax. nuxofcn nu on hpu fom kpafnaumum hyfom Kononno,
nof. fo xo npomn oipomnwu ohwf, nakohnonnwu hpakfunockou
hcuxonoiuou n npyiux ofpacnnx nonononockou nonfoninocfu, ocfaof-
ii
cn nno honn sponun fponopa. On nononino okaswnaofcn n usufou
cufyauuu usopofonun nonocuhona.
Xuu "u1eomooumo nemnuonu
O naxnocfu hcuxonoiunockou honiofonku chopfcmona ckasano
nomano cnon. Io hcuxonoiuu chopfa nahucano onimoo konunocfno
knui. Onnako cama hcuxonoiun hponukaof n chopf c onimum fpy-
nom. Ioaninan hcuxonoiunockan paofa nonofcn na yskom qponfo u
noonimumu cunamu. Io ncou nunumocfu, onna us hpunun foio, nfo
conpomonnwo cucfomw hpakfunockou hcuxonoiuu no namnu omo
mupokoio hpumononun n chopfo, koponufcn n ycfonnmuxcn nsinnnax
na fo, nfo hponcfannnof coou chopfcmon, kak on hooxnaof u nfo
omy nyxno nnn hoonw.
hpakfunockou paofo u cfuno mwmnonun mnoiux chopfunnwx
fponopon namonaofcn u c kaxnwm ionom nco ofnofnunoo fonnon-
uun k foxnonoiusuponanuk cnoou nonfoninocfu. Ipyo ionopn, fpo-
nop nanunaof ocosnanafi con unxonopom chopfunnwx nocfuxonuu
u ninunyk nonk cnoux hpoqoccuonaninwx ycunuu nahpannnof ho
nunuu mofonukaposynifaf. Cam chopf hpu fakom honxono mwc-
nufcn n nom-fo ananoiunnwm hpousnoncfny: saiofonka-nonunok, ho-
hanan n ymonwo pyku noopyxonnoio hopononou mofonukou fponopa,
hponpamaofcn co npomonom n knaccnoio chopfcmona. unoano ncn
cucfoma chopfunnou honiofonku nonxna paofafi kak xopomo ofna-
xonnan mamuna nnn nochpousnononun chopfunnoio macfopcfna. o-
cfuxum nu fof unoan o ncnkom cnynao, mnoiuo k nomy cfpomnf-
cn. 1om onoo nfo fpu kufa, na kofopwx suxnofcn hionocfan hoo-
nufonn, nohonnunno usnocfnw. Ofo qusunockan, foxnunockan u
fakfunockan honiofonka chopfcmona. Cnononafonino, nnn ychoxa na
coponnonanunx nooxonuma conopmonnan opianusauun fponuponon-
noio hpouocca no ncox fpox nahpannonunx. cnu nco snonin honio-
fonku chopfcmona hpanunino nanaxonw u nofko coinaconanw moxny
coou, fo c konnouopa cxonuf sakonomopnwu ufoi honiofonufoni-
nou paofw chopfcmon nwcokoio knacca, choconwu hooxnafi u
ufi pokopnw.
unnocfi camoio chopfcmona ocfaofcn hpu fom sa kynucamu.
nynmom cnynao chopf hponpamaofcn n coponnonanuo cucfom chopfun-
nou honiofonku, n xynmom oio pasnufuo nahpannnofcn ho kcfon-
cunnomy hyfu. Iocnonnoo naxonuf cnoo nwpaxonuo n nocima pachpoc-
i2
fpanonnou cponu fponopon ynoponnocfu, nfo posynifaf na coponno-
nanunx ncoina hpohopuuonanon fpyny na fponuponkax. Ofof nwnon
nahpamunaofcn, ocnu ocnonnou kapkac cucfomw honiofonku k co-
ponnonanunm honaiafi n omux nopfax sanopmonnwm. Cuna, foxnu-
ka, fakfuka fonku hpunoxonun ycunuu nwnnnonw. 3nanuf, nono
numi n nonununo fux ycunuu. Ofckna fonnonuun k napamunanuk
naipysok u oomon; ofckna xo noxnoo hponcfannonuo, ynfo ocnon-
nan qynkuun fponopa sacfanufi cnooio ynonuka paofafi. chopf-
cmono nanunakf nunofi nfo-fo npono naconoio moxanusma: nom fyxo
sakpynona hpyxuna na fponuponkax, fom momnoo packpyfufcn ona n
pomakmuu momonf. A hoonuf fof, kfo nsnonon cuninoo npyiux.
1ak noci hpomoxyfok npomonu, n fononuo kofopoio nononok sanuma-
ofcn chopfom, nknknan u fponuponku, hponpamaofcn n chnomnoo
coponnonanuo, a camo coponnonanuo n hpocfyk nomoncfpauuk
nocfuinyfoio yponnn honiofonku.
cfocfnonno, nfo n xocfkuo pamku fakoio chopfa nhucafi hcuxo-
noiunockyk honiofonky chopfcmona nononino cnoxno: snanuo yxo
nwcfpoono, nco nofanu mamunw hpunaxonw, hpufopfw onna k npy-
iou. 1oina onuncfnonnoo, nfo ocfaofcn na nonk hpakfunockoio hcu-
xonoia n chopfo, fo nanonufi innnou, cmaswnafi konocuku moxa-
nusma, kofopwu nanno yxo usopofon u hocfpoon. co iofono.
Hyxno numi homoni chopfcmony poanusonafi nocfuinyfoo, ocymo-
cfnufi sahnanuponannoo, hponoxpanufi oio of nopnnwx cpwnon...
omunuponanuo foxnapckoio honxona k honiofonko chopfcmo-
na noponko hpunonuf k fomy, nfo fponuponka nanunaof paccmafpu-
naficn kak pohofuuun coponnonanun. Ioonufoni fo ncoina fof,
kfo nynmo npyiux honiofonun cnou nomop. 1mafoninoo usynun cuni-
nwo u cnawo cfoponw cohopnuka. ynmo paccnufan nco nosmoxnwo
anifopnafunw hponcfonmou opiw. Ha kaxnwu xon y noio hponyc-
mofpon ofnofnwu manonp, na kaxnwu ynap nanoxno ofpaofannan
samufa. Ocfaofcn numi noanufi, nfo hoonufoni no foniko xopo-
mo honiofonunmuucn chopfcmon, no u nononok co cfaninwmu no-
pnamu, ymokmuu ocymocfnufi namononnwu hnan. Iaofan chokou-
no, ho ipaquky, kak na fponuponko, on nu na cokynny no hosnonuf
coo ocfyhuficn u nwnoxuf nco, na nfo noucfnufonino chocoon.
Hcno, nfo, ynynu hponononnwm hocnononafonino, fakou honxon
hpofunoponuf camou fnopnockou cyfu coponnonanuu, hponpaman ux
n ownnyk poiucfpauuk nocfuinyfoio n hpouocco honiofonku k num.
Ho noni n noucfnufoninocfu coponnonanuo fo nonfo onimoo...
iJ
Iopon coponnonanunmu nacfo cfponf hpoinosw. Kfo hoonuf
bononimuku nwpaxakf cnoo mnonuo n sanucumocfu of cumhafuu.
Chouuanucfw ananusupykf pasnunnwo nosmoxnocfu, cfapakfcn
ynocfi nco, naxo manosnanumwo qakfopw. H nco xo okonnafonino
no ynopon nukfo. axo nauonoo uckymonnwo snafoku no chomaf
hocfanufi hocnonnkk fonky. Io ohwfy snakf: na coponnonanunx,
ocoonno kpyhnwx, moxof hpousoufu nkan nooxunannocfi. a u
cam chopfcmon no snaof, kak umonno on hoonuf. Y noio ocfi n sa-
haco koponnwo hpuomw, fmafonino pasynonnwo komunauuu. Ho nco
fo ofnkni no cuonapuu oio hyfu k hoono.
yfonucf no snaof, kakum ynof hoonnwu ion. boiyn no mo-
xof hponycmofpofi, nfo sa chokfakni pasnopnofcn na iaponou nopox-
ko. Coponnonanuo fo ncoina mai n nousnocfnoo. Kak w chopf-
cmon u fponop nu xofonu, onu no moiyf hponycmofpofi u sapanoo
ofpohofuponafi nco, nfo moxof hpousoufu n kpafkuo minononun opi-
w. cnu n fakux nunax chopfa, kak iumnacfuka unu quiypnoo ka-
fanuo, fo cnoucfno coponnonanun hponnnnofcn no fak ofnofnuno,
fo no ncox uiponwx u onunoopnockux nunax, ino nononok cfankuna-
ofcn c nononokom, ono ononunno.
Haxmafnan nocka onna, a maxmafucfon nnoo. Y kaxnoio cnou
uonu. Kaxnwu noucfnyof ucxonn us cocfnonnoio honumanun cufy-
auuu. H, ocymocfnnnn cnou samwcnw, kaxnwu nnocuf homoxu n
ocymocfnnonuo samwcnon hapfnopa. 3amwcnw okaswnakfcn noocymo-
cfnnonnwmu. Ho poxnaofcn uipa. Ona cknanwnaofcn nooxunanno nnn
ooux. Ooum ona nohonnnacfna. Ona ncoina hponocxonuf cnoux
cosnafonou. umi n ponkux cnynanx onnomy us uipokon ynaofcn hon-
nocfik saxnafufi konfponi nan cufyauuou. A noni n nannom cnynao
apona opiw ncoio numi 64 knofku. coio J2 quiypw, sa kaxnou us
kofopwx xocfko sakpohnonw nosmoxnwo chocow oo hopomomonun na
nocko. Hoio xo nam oxunafi of qyfona, qoxfonanun, opiw..
Ionfu kaxnoio chopfcmona na coponnonanunx xnof ncfpona c
nohponnunonnwm. H umonno hofomy, nfo na coponnonanunx chopf-
cmon kaxnwu pas umof cnou hyfi u kaxnwu pas fnopuf sanono, sa
posynifafw ofnonaof no fponop, no mofonuka, a on cam. Oipanunon-
nocfi nsinnna na coponnonanuo kak na hpocfyk poanusauuk foio, nfo
sanoxono na fponuponkax, xopomo hokaswnaof fof qakf, nfo umon-
no na coponnonanunx wnu nocfuinyfw nauonoo nwcokuo posynifa-
fw no ncox nunax chopfa. H nom kpyhnoo coponnonanuo, fom onoo
nhonafnnkmux nocfuxonuu hpuxonufcn oxunafi. H fom namo chopf-
cmon hponocxonuf cnou cocfnonnwo, nocfuinyfwo na fponuponkax
i4
nunnwo pokopnw. Xofn umonno na fponuponko nosmoxnocfu nnn
paofw, kasanoci w, nauonoo naiohpunfnw: nof nu konkyponuuu,
nu ofnofcfnonnocfu... Ho nof u pokopnon.
mo onno hponnnonuo foxnapcfna. Mnoiuo fponopw cnufakf,
nfo conopmonnan foxnuka cama ho coo iapanfupyof nwcokuu posyni-
faf. Mnoium kaxofcn hpanomopnwm u opafnoo paccyxnonuo: 1ox-
nuka hoonufonn fanon. Kaxnwu mai nomhuona omopunaofcn,
nsnomunaofcn, cnumaofcn na kunohnonky. Ipoxonuf ion, u nof yxo
cofnu chopfcmonon nopxaf pakofky ho-kufaucku, ipoyf, kak
uxman, hpwiakf, kak ocopu. A posynifafw koina nynmo, a
koina xyxo. 1o ocfi nanoko no ncoina okaswnaofcn hnonofnopnwm
moxanunockoo hopocaxunanuo foxnuku us onnoio nononoka n npy-
ioio. Ofo no-hopnwx. o-nfopwx, ocnu pokopnw u hoonw noucfnu-
fonino anfomafunocku nwfokakf us conopmoncfna nnuxonuu nonono-
nockoio fona, foina saiankou ocfaofcn ynukaninocfi mnoiux chopfun-
nwx nocfuxonuu. oni noponko pokopn n fom unu unom nuno chopfa
nopxufcn mnoiuo ionw. H hpunusuficn k nomy no ynaofcn no foni-
ko mnoionucnonnwm honpaxafonnm, hwfakmumcn kohuponafi fox-
nuky u cfuni pokopnnoio nwcfyhnonun, no u, nfo camoo ynunufoni-
noo, camomy pokopncmony!
Kononno, chopf snaof nomano qakfon hpnmo hpofunohonoxnwx.
Cfouf komy-fo onnomy hponomoncfpuponafi na coponnonanunx nono-
ponfnwu, qanfacfunockuu nnn cnooio npomonu posynifaf unu nwhon-
nufi nomonf, nocono cnufanmuucn nonwhonnumwm, u k cnonykmum
xo kpyhnwm coponnonanunm nwnakmoocn nocfuxonuo honfopnof
uonan hnonna chopfcmonon. Chopf nnuxofcn nhopon kak w pwnka-
mu, kopofkumu hopooxkamu. Ho nfo cfouf sa kaxnwm fakum pwn-
kom Honmocfno n mofonuko fponuponok Hsopofonuo onoo conop-
monnou foxnuku Okaswnaofcn, nanoko no ncoina. Hacfo ncnon sa
hopnwm hokopufonom sanofnoio pyoxa ycfpomnnkfcn no foniko hon-
paxafonu, no u hponcfanufonu conopmonno npyiux mkon chopfun-
nou mofonuku u foxnuku. O foxnonoiunockom oochononuu fako-
io hpopwna ionopufi n nannom cnynao fpynno. Ckopoo ncoio, n ocnono
pokopnon snoci noxuf unoo: cnnui n hponcfannonuu nononoka o ipa-
nuuax nosmoxnoio.
chopfunnou hpakfuko mupoko usnocfnw cnynau, koina y chopf-
cmona sakpohnnofcn ofnomonuo k cnoomy nynmomy nocfuxonuk kak
k hponony. Chopfcmon ocfanannunaofcn n cnoom pocfo, fohnofcn na
mocfo, u fponopy nacfo hpuxonufcn unfu na xufpocfu, nnn foio nfo-
w nwfonknyfi oio na nonwu pyox. 1ponop no hponyhpoxnaof
i5
chopfcmona o fom, nfo na nockoniko canfumofpon nwmo honnnnaci
hnanka unu nfo na nockoniko kunoipammon hofnxonona mfania. Ha
hpukunko on sanwmaof ucfunnwo posynifafw chopfcmona, nonan oio
na kakoo-fo npomn onanafonom nonoio nunnoio pokopna. H nfo xo
Iponon noucfnufonino okaswnaofcn mnumwm. snoman hcuxonoiu-
nockuu apiop, chopfcmon hpononxaof cnoo nocxoxnonuo k nco o-
noo nwcokum posynifafam.
unumo, nonfo hononoo hpoucxonuf u n cufyauuu mfypma mu-
ponwx chopfunnwx nocfuxonuu. ...Camoo naxnoo, hucan nwnak-
muucn conofckuu afnof Kpuu nacon o hocnonnux cokynnax hopon
pomakmou cxnafkou c mofannom, honopufi, nfo fo hycfnk, nw-
nymka sahyiannwx nknou, a na camom nono opynna, no fnxocfi.
1akum opasom, hcuxonoiunockan hpyxuna, nwfankunakman
chopfcmona na ypononi qanfacfunockux posynifafon, cuna nunyfi no
monoo poaninan, nom conopmoncfnonanuo chopfunnou foxnuku u
mofonuku fponuponku.
1o, kfo hpunakf pomakmoo snanonuo onnou numi osykopusnon-
nou foxnuko, yhyckakf us nuny naxnoumuu hcuxonoiunockuu qakf:
posynifafw nkwx nonononockux ycunuu, nkou nonfoninocfu sanu-
cnf no foniko of conopmoncfna nanwkon u ymonuu nononoka, no u
of oio xapakfopa, cunw oio ycfpomnonuu, snanumocfu oio noucfnuu
n cocfnonnwx inasax u inasax npyiux nknou, of cmwcna foio, nfo on
nonaof. Hknan mouuu, hponocnmuucn n nymo chopfcmona n kpu-
funockuo momonfw nahpnxonnou opiw, fo no hpocfo akkomha-
nomonf k oio mwmonnou paofo, fo poaninwo mofpw, cokynnw,
kunoipammw. Ofo hpununa nooxunannwx cpwnon u qanfacfunockux
pokopnon, nonohwx hopaxonuu u ocnohufoninwx hoon.
momonf konoccaninoio hoonnoio ycunun, koina kponi iynko
hynicupyof n fnoou ionono, nnpyi nooxunanno nacfyhaof honnwu
nnyfponnuu hokou. co kaxofcn ncnoo u cnofnoo, nom no cux hop,
cnonno momnwu hofok cnofa ycfpomuncn na fon. fof momonf
nanunaof kasaficn, nfo fw nopan n con nco cunw somnwo, nfo fw
nco moxomi, nfo y fon nwpocnu kpwnin, fak ohucwnan cnou
hopoxunanun n momonf nsnfun pokopnnoio noca Kpuu nacon. Ofu
cnona no hpocfo mofaqopa. Ononi mnoiuo us fox, niu umona cfa-
nu iopnocfik muponoio chopfa, moinu w hononafi o ocoonnom
nacfpoonuu u camonyncfnuu n munyfw cnoou nohoonumocfu. Amo-
K.I. nacon. bonoo minononuo. M.: Conofckan Ioccun, i?2, i?.
I.M. Haunuqqop. Icuxonoiun coponnykmoiocn chopfcmona. M.: uC,
i?, c. 22.
i6
pukanckuu uccnononafoni Maukn Mopqu copan cofnu fakux cnu-
nofonicfn.
1ak moxof wfi, nnn nocfuxonun chopfunnwx nwcof cfouf hon-
paxafi no foniko nnuxonunm fona, no u nnuxonunm nonu, nyncfna
u mwcnu nwnakmuxcn chopfcmonon Moxof wfi, no n onnou uo-
moxanuko nono Cnonn chopf k cfannapfam u cxomam, mw yfpanuna-
om n nom nonfo inyoko nnyfponnoo, unymoo no of foxnonoiuu u
foxnuku, a of camoio nononoka. A noni nononok fo copnuonuna
chopfa. Coponnykfcn moxny coou no cucfomw honiofonku, no fox-
nunockuo nanwku, no mwmuw. Coponnykfcn xunwo, mwcnnmuo
nknu. Kaxnoo coponnonanuo fo cfonknononuo xapakfopon. H nom
nwmo knacc chopfcmona, fom onoo nncfnonno hponnnnkfcn oio xa-
pakfop, oio nohonfopumwu cfuni, oio unnununyaninocfi.
Y monn hnoxan hamnfi na nuua, pacckaswnan onun nam sna-
komwu, macfop chopfa ho camo. Hmona mnoiux n foxo sawn. Ho
of kaxnoio, c kom nononoci ncfpofuficn n cxnafko, ckoniko yx nof
hpomno ocfanoci n hamnfu nousinanumoo nhonafnonuo. Kakoo-fo
ocoonnoo nyncfno nonononockoio xapakfopa. H homnk ux ncox! of
onun. On cuninoo monn, cfapmo. A n nyncfnyk, nfo hopono mnou
nypan. Ipy. 2ocfok. Ipumufunon. Hu hponocka unfonnokfa. H
nfo xo nw nymaofo Xnafuno fpox cokynn, nfow honoxufi oio! mo
onna cxnafka nano xo, ohnfi nypan! Ohnfi ckopan u noikan hoo-
na. Hy, kakuo-fo onu hpnmo onunakonwo... A nof, homnk, onun
haponi wn fo nfo-fo hofpncakmoo! o cux hop ionony nomak.
Kakan-fo unan, conopmonno nonocfyhnan nymonnan opianusauun.
bynfo cymocfno c npyiou hnanofw. Hy u, kononno, ckpyfun on monn
n nna cnofa...
1ak kfo xo oio ckpyfun Hanopnoo, kakou-nuyni nanufannwu
chouuanucf, ynynu cnunofonom fou cxnafku, c noikocfik moi w
hpoananusuponafi oo u oocnonafi ucxon hponocxoncfnom cohopnu-
ka n fakfunockux, foxnunockux unu qusunockux xapakfopucfukax. Ho
camomy chopfcmony fo nunonoci concom ho-npyiomy. of nno pas-
nwo fonku sponun. Iopnan onanaof nonnokmum anfopufofom, yko-
ponona no ncou cucfomo chopfunnoio opasonanun u honiofonku,
sakpohnona chopfunnwm nokcukonom. fopan nofpanuuuonna u na
hopnwu nsinnn noyonufonina. Ho ocnu of noo ofkasaficn, fo no
hoponopknom nu mw nco fo, panu noio cfouf sanumaficn chopfom
Mup chopfa mnoionuk u oiaf. A foxnonoiun honiofonku hoonufo-
nn fo numi onna us mnoxocfna oio ipanou. H kak nu cfpomuci
pacmupufi fy ipani, nck chopfunnyk xusni n oo hpononw saknk-
nufi nonosmoxno.
i?
Hcuxoaoeun be1 ncuxuuu
1uhunnan cufyauun, n kofopou nanunakf ocyxnaficn nohpocw
hcuxonoiunockou honiofonku, nwinnnuf fak: chopfcmon nooxunan-
no nnn fponopa (a wfi moxof, u nnn con) nwcfyhun us pyk non
hnoxo. Hukakux omuok n qusunockou, foxnunockou u fakfunockou
honiofonko no wno naunono. H foina nhopnwo nchomunakf o hcu-
xonoiunockou honiofonko. H xofn oo hpocfo no cymocfnonano, fo ocfi
nukakou chouuanino opianusonannou paofw ho hcuxonoiunockou
honiofonko chopfcmona no hpononunoci, umonno oo u cnufakf hpu-
nunou noynanu. Onymwnan hpoucmonmoo, no naxonn omy pasymnwx
hpoqoccuonaninwx oncnonuu, fponop honaiaof, nfo n nannom
cnynao nco nono n hcuxuko chopfcmona. Ipunom hcuxuka, kofo-
pan no cux hop nukak no ynacfnonana n oio paofo, nnonufcn sannum
nucnom nnn oncnonun fox nooxunannocfou u nonopasymonuu, ko-
fopwo nwnnnnkfcn hocno coponnonanuu. fom cnynao hcuxonoiu-
nockan honiofonka nwcfyhaof kak oncnufoninwu hpunuuh, na
kofopwu moxno cocnaficn n cnynao noynanu, no conopxanuo kofo-
poio noncno.
Ownno pasionop o hcuxonoiunockou honiofonko na fom u sakan-
nunaofcn. Ho wnaof u unano. Iykononufoni komannw hpunumaof
pomonuo o ycunonuu hcuxonoiunockou honiofonku. 1ponop yxo no
moxof cnanunafi nco na hcuxuky chopfcmona on nonxon nfo-fo
nonafi c nou. Hfak, hpununa chopfunnwx noynan inosnufcn ino-fo n
ionono chopfcmona; oio hcuxuka onanaof nokofopwm noqokfom, u
fof noqokf nonxon wfi ycfpanon. Ownno n fakux cnynanx n ko-
manny hpuinamakf chopfunnoio hcuxonoia unu hcuxofopahonfa, a
unoina hpocfo snakomoio iuhnofusopa, nnn foio nfow on okasan
nosnoucfnuo na hcuxuky chopfcmona u homoi omy fom camwm ynyn-
mufi posynifafw.
cnu n komanny hpuxonuf noucfnufonino ymokmuu paofafi c
nonononockum qakfopom chouuanucf, fo on cfankunaofcn c kpau-
no noownnou cufyauuou. Ipuinacun oio fponop, u umonno on
nwckaswnaof ohponononnwo hoxonanun u xanow. Ho hpununou
cnoux nocnacfuu cnufaof chopfcmona. Coks no nosnuk snoci no
cnynauno. Ha yponno snpanoio cmwcna nunoio noownnoio n fom
nof. oucfnufonino, fponop opamaofcn k hcuxofopahonfy c
hpociou honnunfi na chopfcmona. Icuxofopahonfw, onnako, fak
no nymakf. Iaofa hcuxofopahonfa ofnunaofcn of paofw munuuuo-
nopa. cnu k nomy hpuxonuf Hnanon u xanyofcn, nfo no moxof chafi
i8
us-sa xpahnmoio sa cfonou Cunopona, fo hcuxofopahonf no nwswna-
of Cunopona, a hpononuf ocony c Hnanonwm, cfapanci usmonufi oio
ofnomonuo k xpahy. cnynao c fponopom, kasanoci w, hcuxofo-
pahonf nonxon wn w sannficn camum fponopom.
xusnu ho-npyiomy. H nco nanunaofcn c foio, nfo no fpo-
nop hpuxonuf na hpuom k hcuxofopahonfy n knunuky, a hcuxofopa-
honf cam hpuxonuf n komanny. Ionnanmuci nnunnuk fponopa, on
ncfponaofcn co chopfcmonom. Chopfcmon no opamaofcn sa homo-
mik oio hpunonnf. On no nunuf noqokfon n cnoou hcuxuko ux
nunuf fponop. On no uckan ncfponu c hcuxofopahonfom foio xo-
fonu fponop u hcuxofopahonf. H hofomy fo, nfo nanunaofcn hocno
foio, moxno nasnafi kchopumonfom nan hcuxukou, hpunynufoni-
nwm nononuom, no nukak no hcuxofopahuou.
1ponop xonof nunofi chopfcmona nanoxnwm. Ho ononi ponko on
xonof usmonuficn cam. Ynunuf nu, nahpumop, fponop cnok sanany
n fom, nfow ycfanonufi yfopnnnwu konfakf co chopfcmonom Hof,
ckopoo on hoxonaof hpoononofi samknyfwu xapakfop cnooio ynonu-
ka. A nnn honisw nona wno w nynmo, ocnu w fponop nanan kpu-
fuky c con u cam cfpomuncn w k nunnocfnomy pocfy.
Iapanokcaninocfi ohucannou cufyauuu n fom, nfo usmononuu
xonof fponop, no no n coo, a n chopfcmono; nfo usmonuficn non-
xon chopfcmon, no on foio no xonof; nfo hcuxofopahonf paofaof
no c fom, kfo k nomy opafuncn. Ofo hpunonuf k fomy, nfo na co-
ionnnmnuu noni n hcuxonoiuu chopfa nauonoo nnunfoninou quiy-
pou okaswnaofcn no knanuquuuponannwu hcuxonoi, nnn paofw ko-
fopoio nooxonumo cosnafoninoo coynacfuo chopfcmona, a iuhnofu-
sop, ipyo nmomunakmuucn n nonononockyk hcuxuky. pamkax
hononou hcuxonoiunockou honiofonku chopfcmon hponpamaofcn
n ookf manuhynnuuu hcuxonoia u fponopa. Cfanonufcn kak w
mamunou, nnn yhpannonun kofopou nyxno naxonufi nco nonwo pw-
naiu. oucfnufonino, fponopy hpomo wno w umofi nono no c xu-
nwm chopfcmonom, a c nanoxnwm, noiko hpoipammupyomwm u no-
nocfyhnwm nosnoucfnuk cfpocca poofom. 3anom fakomy chopfcmo-
ny hcuxuka fo nucfo nonononockoo usnumocfno, nonymoo k noo-
xunannocfnm u cpwnam na coponnonanunx H hcuxonoiunockan
honiofonka nanunaof nwcfyhafi kak nokan hpouonypa, c homomik
kofopou ynaofcn noufpanusonafi pasnunnwo hponnnonun hcuxuku.
kanocfno fakou hpouonypw uchonisyofcn, xofn nacfo u hon npyiumu
nasnanunmu, iuhnos. Ha hopnwu hnan nwxonnf pasnunnwo hcuxo-
noiunockuo samufw u hcuxonoiunockuo hpoipammuponanun, u n
i
fonu ocfaofcn xunou chopfcmon, choconwu uchonisonafi cnok
hcuxuky n hoonnom, pokopnnom pwnko. akfunocku hcuxonoiunoc-
kan honiofonka no mnoiux cnynanx cnonufcn k opio c hcuxukou, u
naxo uchonisonanuo mofonon hcuxunockou camopoiynnuuu okaswna-
ofcn snoci focno cnnsannwm c unoou oipanunonun nohponnunonnwx
hopoxunanuu u cnonufcn k paccnanonuk, ychokoonuk, mounusa-
uuu, ofknknonuk of mwcnou u f.h.
bopia c hcuxukou nanoko no nynmuu napuanf hcuxonoiu-
nockou paofw n chopfo. xunom chopfcmono hcuxuka no foniko
noucfpouma ona nooxonuma omy. osimom, nahpumop, hponomy
cfpocca.
nn chopfcmona nkoo kpyhnoo coponnonanuo fo naxnoo u
nonnykmoo cowfuo. Ofnofcfnonnocfi, noxaman na oio hnonax,
oipomna. Ha kapfy hocfannonw no foniko noniuo mocnuw fponupo-
nok, no foniko ycunun fonapumou ho komanno hpocfux cfpanw!
Munnuonw inas ynyf cnonufi sa num. Munnuonw nknou cfanyf cnu-
nofonnmu oio hoonw unu hopaxonun. A opia hponcfouf nonoikan.
Coponnonanuo fo ncoina cfpocc. Xopomo fo unu hnoxo bwnaof
ho-pasnomy. Y onnux cfpocc nwcnooxnaof ckpwfwo cunw, y npyiux
ofupaof u fo, nfo ocfi. Mnoiuo fponopw nunnf onny us sanan hon-
iofonku k coponnonanunm n fom, nfow cnnfi mouuonaninoo nahpn-
xonuo, usonuponafi chopfcmona of cfpocconwx nnunnuu. Haswnakf
fo honwmonuom hcuxonoiunockou nanoxnocfu chopfcmona.
A noni qusuonoiam xopomo usnocfno, nfo n cfpocconwx cufyauu-
nx y nononoka cpaafwnakf nponnuo mounusauuonnwo moxanusmw,
nfo umonno n momonfw cfpocconwx hopoxunanuu oio opianusm mak-
cumanino oochocoon. bwnaof, kononno, nfo nopnnan nopiun
cfpocca no ycfpomnnofcn n cnoo ocfocfnonnoo pycno, no hapanusyk-
moo noucfnuo mouuonaninwx naipysok fo ckopoo ucknknonuo,
hycfi naxo hponpafunmoocn n hpanuno, hafonoiun, hycfi naxo cfan-
man nopmou. osopianusykmuu qqokf mouuonaninoio nahpnxo-
nun na coponnonanunx n nom-fo cponnu nonposy, u n oio ocnono nco-
ina noxuf kakou-fo nnyfponnuu nucconanc, hcuxonoiunockuu
konqnukf, hpofunoponuo. Hahpumop, cnoo nosmoxnoo hopaxonuo
chopfcmon nanunaof nochpunumafi kak hosop, kak nonfo aconkf-
no nonohycfumoo, hponocynufoninoo n inasax npyiux nknou u n cno-
ux cocfnonnwx. 1oina hopoxunanuo ofnofcfnonnocfu hpoucxonnmoio
moxof wfi honmonono cfpomnonuom fou ofnofcfnonnocfu usoxafi.
A usoxafi oo nonisn. Hopaspomumwu nnyfponnuu konqnukf nwnyx-
naof nononoka pacfpanunafi cnou cunw no n opio c cohopnukom, a
n opio c camum coou...
2O
Ho noni moxno ofnocuficn k hponcfonmou opio conopmonno
unano u conopmonno unano ouonunafi cnok poni u cnoo mocfo n nou.
of, nahpumop, kak ohucwnan cnoo cocfonnuo no npomn hoonunka
usnocfnwu conofckuu afnof, ocnonafoni mkonw knaccunockou opi-
w Anokcannp Masyp: wxonn na manox, n nyncfnonan con fak, kak
nyncfnyof con akfop, kofopomy hponcfouf cwipafi nkumyk poni.
onnonuo oxnafwnaof nco cymocfno, no fo no hapanusykmuu nann-
muu cfpax fo cuna, coupakman noonuno nco nyncfna, nck nonk,
nco nnumanuo. Kyna-fo nanoko ofxonuf saofa o foxnunockux hpu-
omax, cfoniko cun hoinomakmux n hopuon fponuponok. Hacfyhakf
munyfw nwcmou cnoonw, honnunnoio cnacfin fnopnocfna. Moiy
cpannufi con c apfucfom omo u hofomy, nfo nousmonno uchwfw-
nan maiunockoo nosnoucfnuo hopohonnonnoio sana. Hukoina no npo-
mn fponupononnwx hoonunkon n no uchwfwnan fakoio noonymonno-
nun. 1akum opasom, of chocoa hcuxonoiunockoio nknknonun
n coponnonafoninyk cufyauuk pomakmum opasom sanucuf fo, nom
oopnofcn mouuonaninwu nakan nnn chopfcmona: hapanunom unu
nsnofom packpohomonnwx cun, nymonnwm honomom, na ipono
kofopoio okaswnakfcn nosmoxnwmu nkwo nynoca.
ymaofcn, nauonoo hnonofnopnoo nahpannonuo hpakfunockou
hcuxonoiuu n chopfo fo pasnufuo, packpohomonuo hcuxunockux
nosmoxnocfou nononoka. Ho na mouuonaninwu ackofusm u ckynocfi
hopoxunanuu nonxnw wfi nahpannonw ycunun, a na packpwfuo
nonnykmoio pasnoopasun, noohponononnocfu u oiafcfna. Iopas-
no onimoio moxno nouficn nknknonuom nymonnou xusnu n chopf,
a no oo ucknknonuom.
HT8TO H3MHH
Hpobaemm mpenepu u ncuxomexnuuu one cnopmu
nyfponnnn, hcuxunockan cfopona chopfa, noxaman sa hponona-
mu fpoxmopnou cxomw (qusunockan, foxnunockan, fakfunockan hon-
iofonka), opasyof nofnopfoo usmoponuo, kofopoo nnnnofcn onac-
fik uccnononanuu chopfunnou hcuxonoiuu u cqopou hpumononun
hcuxofoxnuku.
A.I. Masyp. bopia nnopa u coionnn. M.: uC, i8i, c. iJ4.
1opmun hcuxofoxnuka hponnoxon Yuninmom Hfopnom n nanano XX n. nnn
oosnanonun hpakfuku yhpannonun hcuxunockumu nnnonunmu u hpouoccamu. ho-
2i
Icuxonoiun u hcuxofoxnuka... Ofu nna cnona umokf omuu ipo-
nockuu koponi hcux, fo ocfi nyma, hcuxuka. Ho hopnan nuc-
uuhnuna hocnnmona usynonuk, uccnononanuk moxanusmon u sako-
non nymonnou xusnu (noioc ynonuo, nayka), a nfopan akfun-
nomy hpoopasonanuk, usmononuk u yhpannonuk (fxn uckyc-
cfno, foxnuka). Icuxonoiun u hcuxofoxnuka naxonnfcn n focnom
nsaumonoucfnuu, honono qusuko c unxonopnwm nonom: unxono-
pun ohupaofcn na qusuky u, n cnok onoponi, ooiamaof oo.
Icuxofoxnuky nacfo naswnakf hpakfunockou hcuxonoiuou, hon-
nopkunan fom camwm oo focnyk cnnsi c naykou u hpuknannyk na-
hpannonnocfi. co naunonnoo u ofkpwfoo hcuxonoiuou sakonw
pasnufun u qopmuponanun hcuxunockux hpouoccon, mofunauuonnwo
u nunnocfnwo cfpykfypw, nunamuka ipyhh u qonomonw honcosna-
nun moxof wfi ychomno hpumonono n camwx pasnwx cqopax no-
nfoninocfu. Hu hpookfuponmuk conpomonnwx ohopafopckux hyni-
fon, nu nusaunop, nu honaioi, nu monuk no oxonnfcn coionnn os
ynacfun hpakfunockou hcuxonoiuu. Ofo no mona u no npomonnoo yn-
nononuo. Honnumanuo k nonononockomy qakfopy okaswnaofcn iy-
ufoninwm n ofnomonuu nkou nwcokochouuanusuponannou non-
foninocfu. Ipookfuponmuk no ynon hapamofpon nnumanun ohopafo-
pa hpoucxonuf nousoxnwu cou, nwxonuf us cfpon nopoiocfon-
man ahhapafypa. Ionaioi no pasopancn n mofunauuu ynonuka
napom fpafnfcn cofnu nacon ynonoio npomonu. Knaccunockum hpu-
mopom hcuxonoiunockou ofcfanocfu wno hpousnoncfno camonofon
Cfapqaufop n CHA. Honnumanuo k noucfnufoninwm nosmoxno-
cfnm nononoka cnonano foxnunocku osyhponnyk mamuny hpununou
iuonu 68 hunofon.
Iohpoyom cohocfanufi nokofopwo hcuxonoiunockuo hponomw,
cfonmuo hopon chopfom, c ananoiunnwmu, no ychomno pomonnw-
mu hocponcfnom hcuxofoxnuku hponomamu n npyiux cqopax nonono-
nockou xusnu.
Ananurnu ucpnau. Chouuanucfw n onacfu chopfa cnufakf nocfa-
uninocfi posynifafon chopfcmona hpnmwm cnoncfnuom oio mouuo-
naninoio cocfonnun na coponnonanunx. Chopfcmon nopnnunaof u of
foio cfanonufcn ckonannwm n nnuxonunx unu usnumno cyofnunwm.
cnoncfnuu Iyio Mkncfopopi yfonnun sananu hcuxofoxnuku u namofun ocnonnwo na-
hpannonun oo pasnufun, cponu kofopwx wnu cynonan, kommopnockan, monuuun-
ckan, akfopckan u npyiuo nunw hcuxofoxnuku.
22
Iohwfku ckpwfi cnoo cocfonnuo sa nonannou ynoponnocfik no us-
annnkf oio of nnyfponnou fponoiu u hpakfunocku nunoio no nakf.
bonimuncfny chopfcmonon nnn makcumaninoio packpwfun cnoux
nosmoxnocfou na coponnonanunx nooxonum conopmonno ohpononon-
nwu nymonnwu nacfpou: nahpumop, cocfonnuo chokounou oonou
ynoponnocfu unu npocfnou cnopxmounusauuu. ofnoninwx
cnynanx chopfcmony u fponopy ynaofcn naufu knkn k nyxnomy cocfo-
nnuk, no n uonom hponoma omo nanoka of cnooio pomonun.
Xopomo usnocfno, nfo c hononwmu safpynnonunmu cfankunanuci
mnoiuo nanunakmuo akfopw. Okaswnanci na cuono hon hpucfaninwm
nnumanuom spufonou, onu nuo cfanonunuci noponnnnwmu, nuo
nanunanu pnafi cfpacfi, honmonnn uckponnoo hopoxunanuo qani-
mik. Conpomonnan cucfoma akfopckou honiofonku hosnonnof noiko
chpannnficn c hononwmu safpynnonunmu. mo n nonannom hpomnom
uckyccfno akfopa cnonunoci k oosnanonuk nonononockux nyncfn u
hocfyhkon, n nynmom cnynao k ux nnomnomy hpannohonouk. umi
nomnoium, nauonoo fananfnunwm apfucfam ynananoci nounaficn
foio, nfo spufoni nopun n hpoucxonnmoo na cuono u nochpunuman
akfopckyk uipy no kak hoponpasnunanuo xusnu, a kak camy xusni.
Coionnn mw no mwcnum coo os foio foafp u kunomafoipaq, u ho
mopkam hpomnoio nkou conpomonnwu akfop nonmonuk.
Akfopckoo uckyccfno mainyno nanoko nhopon, u mnoiumu cnou-
mu nocfuxonunmu ono onsano paofam Koncfanfuna Copioonuna
Cfanucnanckoio. my ynanoci paspaofafi cfpounyk cucfomy yhpax-
nonuu, hosnonnkmux akfopy mai sa maiom nxonufi n mup uipao-
moio um hopconaxa. Iocfohonno hopoxonn of hpocfwx yhpaxnonuu
k nco onoo cnoxnwm, akfop akfunusupyof cnoo noopaxonuo u ynufcn
nunofi xusni cnooio iopon kak w usnyfpu, fo ocfi inasamu camoio
iopon. On nounaofcn nco onoo npkoio nunonun fou xusnu n cno-
om noopaxonuu, hponukaofcn ok, u n kakou-fo momonf n oio nymo
noucfnufonino nosnukakf nco fo nyncfna, kofopwo nonxon uchwfw-
nafi iopou. Cucfoma Cfanucnanckoio hosnonnof uchonnufonk n cnoou
cosnafoninou paofo nan ponik nounaficn foio, nfo hponwmo nco-
io uonuf spufoni ucfunnocfu nonononockux cfpacfou. Akfop ho-
ponohnomaofcn n cnooio iopon, oio mwcnu u nyncfna panukaninwm
opasom monnkfcn, ofnunanci n fo cocfonnuo nymu, kofopoo, ipy-
o ionopn, wno sahpoipammuponano npamafypiom.
Ohwf fnopnockou hcuxofoxnuku akfopa, hosnonnkmuu nocfuiafi
hopasufoninwx posynifafon n cuonunockom uckyccfno, hpakfunocku
2J
no uchonisyofcn n chopfo. A noni u fam u snoci hponoma onna: yh-
pannonuo cnoum mouuonaninwm cocfonnuom.
Ananurnu n1upau. Iopon fponopom cfouf sanana hocfonnno conop-
moncfnonafi ynono-fponupononnwu hpouocc. 3noci uchonisykfcn
hpunuuhw conpomonnou honaioiuku, onnako ynoa honnac unof
cnumkom monnonno u nononino nounfopocno. 1akan kapfuna naho-
munaof cucfomy oynonun unocfpannomy nswky n cponnou mkono.
Okonnun iO-u knacc, fo ocfi mocfi nof hpocunon nan ynonukamu,
ynonuk ionopuf na xankom honouu aninuuckoio, qpanuysckoio unu
nomoukoio nswka. Ho cymocfnykf u npyiuo cucfomw oynonun, io-
pasno onoo qqokfunnwo. Opasuom moxof cnyxufi cyiiocfohonun
osanona.
w nanunaofo usynafi unocfpannwu nswk. Ho nac no sacfannnkf
sypufi cnona unu usnwnafi nan onnoopasuom hpocfwx u ckynnwx
yhpaxnonuu. mocfo foio c namu ionopnf, hokf, paswipwnakf
cuonku na unocfpannom nswko. H nopos nokofopoo npomn, honyn-
cfnonan con na ponkocfi ocfocfnonno u nohpunyxnonno, nw kakum-
fo nynocnwm opasom opuonfupyofoci n fou nanuno nonwx cnon u
nwpaxonuu. A nopos nocnfi sannfuu nocnonymuu nanknafoni pomuf,
nfo nw usynaofo nswk ion unu nna.
Cucfoma osanona ohupaofcn na nokofopwo hcuxonoiunockuo
sakonomopnocfu. nacfnocfu, ona hosnonnof ooufu cnoucfnonnwu
fpanuuuonnomy oynonuk hcuxonoiunockuu apiop, cnnsannwu c
onsnik omuuficn. afmocqopo nohpunyxnonnoio omonun u
fnopnocfna fof apiop ucnosaof. Koina nononok packpohomon, on
ynufcn noiko u wcfpo, kak w uipaknu.
2unou unfopoc u cnoonnoo omonuo, hpucymuo cyiiocfohonuu
osanona, moiyf cfafi xopomum honchopiom n nkou ynoo. Ho
nanoko no nco fponopw naxo snakf o fou cucfomo. H concom no-
mnoium ynaofcn cosnafi n cnoou paofo afmocqopy saxnafwnakmoio
noucfnun, nohpunyxnonnou uipw.
Ananurnu 1pc1tu. Iopou fponop nononino ocfpo cfankunaofcn c
nooxonumocfik uckafi onoo qqokfunnwo cponcfna yhpannonun
konnokfunom unu nwupaficn us sahyfannwx hcuxonoiunockux nony-
mok, nosnukakmux n ofnomonunx co chopfcmonamu. On umof cnou
nomopomonnwo hpuomw u cponcfna, sanacfyk no snan o fom, nfo fa
hponoma nanno u ychomno paspaafwnaofcn n hpakfunockou hcuxo-
noiuu pykononcfna u hcuxofopahuu ofnomonuu. Iykononufoni, hpo-
monmuu coofnofcfnykmyk honiofonky, nukoina no hosnonuf coo no
24
nfopou pas honfopufi ykasanuo, kofopoo n hopnwu pas wno ocfan-
nono os nnumanun. A noni mnoiuo fponopw honfopnkf fy omuky
uso nnn n noni. Kak hpanuno, onu naxo no snakf o cymocfnonanuu
uonou cucfomw chouuaninwx hpuomon, hosnonnkmux ocymocfnufi
noucfnonnoo pykononcfno konnokfunom, nosyxnan y kaxnoio unfo-
poc k uchonnonuk omoio nona. Ononunnoo coopaxonuo (nfow
honnunonnwu cnonan fpoyomoo, nyxno, nfow on foio saxofon)
unoina uinopupyofcn cknonnwmu k anmunucfpuponanuk fponopamu
u pykononufonnmu chopfunnwx konnokfunon. Hoponko hpuxonufcn
wfi cnunofonom honfopnkmoucn us mocnua n mocnu cfannapfnou
hocnononafoninocfu cuon nosmymonun u safaonnou ounw, ochnon-
nwx iopnnux onunonuu. Hacfo ynacfnuku fux nahpnxonnwx ofno-
monuu camu xonakf usanuficn of safnnynmoiocn konqnukfa, no c
ynunnonuom onapyxunakf, nfo ownno cpaafwnakmuo chocow
hpumuponun okaswnakfcn ochonosnwmu. Onu no snakf, nfo hono-
nwo uipw moxno ocfanonufi, nfo fum sanumaofcn chouuaninwu
pasnon hpakfunockou hcuxonoiuu ananus nsaumoofnomonuu.
Ananurnu 4c1ncp1au. Iopuhofuu chopfunnou opiw cfankunakf
chopfcmona c sananamu, fpoykmumu nwcokux nononwx kanocfn: c
nooxonumocfik hpoonononafi cuninyk qusunockyk oni, fophofi
ycfanocfi, cfanonuficn nonocfyhnwm nnunnuk nonopoxonafoninwx
ononimukon. Xopomo, ocnu on nwxonuf hoonufonom n opio c
nyncfnamu. A ocnu cokynnnan cnaocfi hopoopona nonk.. 1yf ho-
nonono nchomnumi o nynocax, nomoncfpupyomwx cfpannwmu iuh-
nofusopamu: pachnwnakmoocn n ynwko nuuo, koina moku hpokonofw
uinou monuuunckoio mhpuua; hopokunyfoo nopos pasnnunyfwo cfy-
nin, kak w onoponononmoo fono, ho kofopomy moxno naxo xonufi;
nonymka-comnamyna, ynnononno nonnman nonunumyk aonky.
Iuhnos nanno hopocfan wfi saianonnwm nynom; on mupoko u honco-
mocfno uchonisyofcn n monuuunckou hpakfuko. bonoo foio, n ofno-
cufonino kopofkuo cpoku nononok moxof wfi oynon hpuomam ca-
moiuhnosa u os fpyna hpononufi oosonunanuo, honwmafi cnou
qusunockuo nosmoxnocfu, ofknknaficn of nnomnux nosnoucfnuu.
Ananurnu uu1au. Coponnonanuo hpouipano. apom hpohanu ionw
fponuponok, ockononnwo camooipanunonun... A nhoponu nnunnan
nopona fnxonwx, onnoopasnwx, ynnunnwx fponuponok no conimoio
hofa... Hof, fakoio n onimo no nwnopxy... Kfo no hpomon nopos
fo, fof npnn nu moxof cnufaficn chopfcmonom. Hononu, mocnuw,
a unoina u ionw hpoxonnf, hpoxno nom nononok ohpanufcn of hopo-
25
noconnou hcuxunockou fpanmw. A npysin u fponopw n onun ionoc
honnopxunakf: opxuci! Ho packucau! wmo noc! Ofu cnona nuo
noomo no nocfuiakf cosnanun, nuo nwswnakf pasnpaxonuo u hpo-
focf. Ionko kfo noianwnaofcn, nfo hpouipwm moxof fak cunino
ckasaficn na chopfcmono, nfo nomamnumu cponcfnamu snoci no
oounomicn. Hyxnw opianusonannan homomi, knanuquuuponannan
paofa, uchonisonanuo chouuaninwx hpuomon...
...Icuxofopahonfunockuu kaunof. Hoynoponnou hoxonkou nxonuf
nononok n nopnwx onkax on nonanno hofopnn sponuo. On cnufaof,
nfo oio xusni konnona. Hukoina yxo no nopnyficn k nkumou pao-
fo. Iofopnnw npysin. On ionopuf, a npan cnymaof u cnymaof, cfa-
paofcn honnfi hauuonfa, namyhafi ynsnnonnyk fonky: camonkuo,
omymonuo nohonnouonnocfu, cfpax Iocfohonno nosnukaof nsaumo-
honumanuo, hcuxonoiunockoo pomn nocnacfin pasnonono na nnoux u
nnoo umyf nwxon. cnu nyxno, hpumonnkfcn nnymonuo, ipyhhonwo
sannfun. H oswcxonnocfi oopanunaofcn nanoxnou. C kaxnwm nnom
kpohnof yfpanonnan wno nopa n con. Hononok chacon nnn xusnu!..
Chucok fux ananoiuu moxno wno w hpononxafi nonio. Hcno
onno: honono fomy, kak snanuo sakonon moxanuku u ymonuo uchoni-
sonafi pwnaiu u noku moiyf n yknaninom cmwcno ynocnfopufi cunw
nononoka, fak snanuo hcuxonoiuu u hcuxofoxnunockuo nanwku nona-
kf fnopnockyk paofy fponopa namnoio onoo qqokfunnou.
ono no foniko n fom, nfo moxno usoxafi nokofopwx omuok;
ynocfi nonononockuu qakfop u ooufu nnomno nooxunannyk, no
hcuxonoiunocku sakonomopnyk kafacfpoqy na coponnonanunx. ax-
noo hopchokfuna usopofonun cmonwx, opuiunaninwx hpuomon u
foxnuk. Hmonno us fux naxonok, fonko u ho-nonomy ynufwnakmux
hcuxunockuo cnoucfna nknou, cknanwnaofcn cucfoma hpoqoccuonani-
nwx cokpofon fponopa u chopfcmona. Ofa cucfoma, n konuo kon-
uon, hosnonnof hponsoufu omuu ypononi nocfuxonuu, oycnonnon-
nwu conpomonnou mofonukou, foxnukou u fakfukou, u nouficn
hoonw.
Hunuu pubomm
Icuxonoiunockan paofa co chopfcmonom nooxonuma no foniko
n hpouocco oio honiofonku k coponnonanunm. bynnu chopfa fakxo
nacwmonw hcuxonoiunockumu hponomamu. Ohponononnwo fponun
n moxnonononockux ofnomonunx nosnukakf nosno, ino conmocfno
26
noucfnykf xunwo nknu. H nom ofnofcfnonnoo u nahpnxonnoo ux
paofa, fom ocfpoo u inyxo nosmoxnwo konqnukfw. Ocoonno
hponomafunna u cnoxna n fom hnano hcuxonoiun nsaumoofnomo-
nuu chopfcmonon c fponopamu.
Ownno k yxo nocfuimum honfonnoio nospacfa nofnm ponufonu
hpononxakf ofnocuficn fak, ynfo fo omo concom manonikuo, no-
nfo hononoo unoina hpoucxonuf u c fponopom. Ho samonan foio,
nfo oio nochufannuk pacfof kak chopfcmon, hpuopofaof cnou co-
cfnonnwu chopfunnwu ohwf u chopfunnyk unnununyaninocfi, fpo-
nop hpononxaof ofnocuficn k nomy kak k nonunky. On nu na cokyn-
ny no comnonaofcn n fom, nfo snaof onimo cnooio ynonuka, u
nacunino nannswnaof omy cnou ucfunw o chopfo. 1akou fponop no
moxof mupuficn c fom, nfo cocfnonnoo n chopfcmona momaof
nohnomonuk oio samwcnon, u ofnannno nounaofcn of noio hocny-
manun. On nononon, koina chopfcmon noucfnyof n fonnocfu ho co-
snannomy um ipaquky. Koina xo nfo-fo no honynaofcn, oio nonononi-
cfno opamono hpoxno ncoio na chopfcmona: fo chopfcmon nunonaf,
fo on no cmoi copaficn, fo y noio no xnafuno fophonun, y noio
no nwnopxanu nopnw.
1akan ycfanonka fponopa hpunonuf numi k nohponykfunnwm kon-
qnukfam u nsaumnomy nohonumanuk. 1ponop nohyckaof onimyk
omuky, koina no xonof cnufaficn co chopfcmonom. Ionannnn fnop-
nockyk unuuuafuny ynonuka, oipanununan oio n houckax cnooio hyfu
k macfopcfny, on nonaof oio hpocfo nonoochoconwm n chopfo. Oco-
onno n chopfo nwcmux nocfuxonuu, ino kaxnwu mai nhopon fo
sanoonanuo nonou, nononomou onacfu. Chopfunnan nonfoninocfi c
camwx hopnwx maion fpoyof of nononoka hocfonnnoio fnopnockoio
ycunun. H mupoko pachpocfpanonnwo n chopfo noxnwo ofnomonun,
hpu kofopwx fponop no umoof hpana comnonaficn n coo, a chopfcmon
n fom, nfo ionopuf fponop, momakf ooum. Iopasno onoo hponyk-
funnwmu wnu w ofnomonun ux fnopnockoio coksa, ofnomonun
pannohpannoio nuanoia nnyx nknou, onun us kofopwx onanaof oni-
mum ohwfom, a npyiou onimumu nosmoxnocfnmu. Hmonno fa-
kou cfuni cofpynnunocfna, nnyfponno hpucymuu onimuncfny cuc-
fom hpakfunockou hcuxonoiuu, cknanwnaofcn n xono konnokfunnou
hcuxofoxnunockou paofw. 1akum opasom, conmocfnoo ynacfuo
fponopa u chopfcmona n hcuxofoxnunockux uipax onun us nosmox-
nwx hyfou pasmninonun hpunnfwx umu ho ofnomonuk npyi k npy-
iy xocfkux hosuuuu.
Kononno, yxo camo coinacuo fponopa uipafi na pannwx co cno-
um ynonukom hponhonaiaof ohponononnyk iofonnocfi k nuanoiy. H
2?
ocnu fponop pucknof cnusoufu c nwcofw cnooio anfopufofa, fo nsa-
mon on cmoxof hpuopocfu nonfo kyna onoo uonnoo: nuskuu mo-
uuonaninwu konfakf co chopfcmonom, nonopuo, nsaumohonumanuo.
A inyokoo nsaumohonumanuo moxny fponopom u chopfcmonom
nooxonumo ooum. Ocoonno ocfpo oio nonocfafok omymaofcn foi-
na, koina poni saxonuf o hoponano chopfunnoio ohwfa. Ho cymocfnyof
hpunuuhuaninou fpynnocfu n fom, nfow cqopmuponafi y chopfcmo-
na foxnuky unu oynufi oio fakfunockum hpuomam. Ho ohwf oio
nacfannuka saknknaof n coo omo u oiafoo hcuxonoiunockoo conop-
xanuo. Ono yckonisaof of kunokamop u cokynnomopon, no oqopm-
nnofcn n cnono. H hoponafi oio moxno foniko hpu ycnonuu inyoko-
io hcuxonoiunockoio konfakfa.
Hcfopun hcuxofopahuu, honaioiuku, uckyccfn yoxnaof nac n
fom, nfo mofonw hpakfunockou hcuxonoiuu okaswnakfcn qqokfun-
nwmu numi foina, koina onu pasnopfwnakfcn n nuanoi, koina cfpo-
nfcn na cosnafoninom coynacfuu hauuonfa, apfucfa, spufonn unu
poonka. Ho cymocfnyof nochufanun os ynacfun n nom camoio noc-
hufyomoio, hucan ncomupno usnocfnwu honaioi Hnym Kopnak.
ymaofcn, nfo u n chopfo hcuxonoiunockan paofa no cfanof ho-na-
cfonmomy hponykfunnou, ocnu ona ynof hpononuficn hcuxonoiom
unu fponopom nc cu cuup1cvcnuv, a na cuup1cvcnuv. Ha nam nsinnn,
honnouonnan hcuxonoiunockan honiofonka n chopfo moxof wfi opia-
nusonana numi n fom cnynao, ocnu chopfcmon cam saxonof paofafi
nan coou, honyncfnyof nooxonumocfi kakou-fo nnyfponnou hopo-
cfpouku.
Onno us unfopocnoumux nnnonuu, ofkpwfwx n hcuxonoiuu, co-
cfouf n fom, nfo ocosnanuo nosnukaof hpu safpynnonuu. Ofo fak
naswnaomwu qonomon Knahapona: anfomafusuponannwo hpouoccw
ocosnakfcn foniko foina, koina napymaofcn ux hpunwnnoo fononuo.
xonnonno kaxnwu us nac sacfoiunaof ho nockoniko nocnfkon hyio-
nuu. Ioka namu haniuw hpononwnakf hpunwnnoo nnuxonuo, mwcni
moxof wfi hoinomona conopxanuom hponufannou knuiu. Ocosna-
nuo fou hpocfou ohopauuu moxof wfi nwsnano foniko nooxunan-
nwm safpynnonuom: cnumkom yskou hofnou, noownno ckoniskou
hyionuuou, oninwm haniuom. Honfo hononoo hpoucxonuf u co
chopfcmonom. Ioka nco unof inanko, hoka on chpannnofcn co cnou-
mu sananamu, no nosnukaof nooxonumocfu nymafi u hopoxunafi ho
honony hpoucxonnmoio. Hahpumop, fponopy moxof kasaficn, nfo y
oio ynonuka na coponnonanunx honnunaci usnumnnn cyofnunocfi. Ho
no fox hop, hoka chopfcmon no hposonaof cfapf, no saiof ion n cnou
nopofa, no fox hop, hoka on no cfonknofcn c poaninwmu fpynnocfn-
28
mu, cyofnunocfi no cfanof nnn noio hcuxonoiunockou hponomou. o
hononoio kpufunockoio momonfa nkwo hcuxonoiunockuo safpyn-
nonun ynyf kasaficn chopfcmony nom-fo nyxnwm, hocfoponnum, no
hpunannoxamum omy camomy.
Iopon fponopom cfouf sanana cnonafi cnoux nochufannukon hcu-
xonoiunocku nanoxnwmu, choconwmu no npoinyfi na ofnofcfnon-
nwx coponnonanunx, nwnopxafi pomn nosmoxnou cnanw. Ho cfanuf
nu hopon coou fakyk sanany chopfcmon cnu oio chpocufi o fom,
fo on nanopnnka coinacufcn c fom, nfo omy noucfnufonino nyxno wfi
cfoukum u nononwm. K coxanonuk, nacfo fo osnanaof numi fo, nfo
on c ynononicfnuom hpoinofun w hunknu xonosnou nonu, nfo-
w fyf xo cfafi myxocfnonnwm. nynmom cnynao on iofon oxonnonno
n hofo nuua fpynuficn nan cosnanuom cnooio chopfunnoio xapakfo-
pa. Ho nnn poaninoio pasnufun foio mano. Conopmonno nooxonu-
mo hpoufu nopos copuk onosnonnwx ocosnanuu con, cnooio xapak-
fopa.
wpaofafi cmonocfi namnoio noino, nom honnfi, nfo fw fpyc.
Ho poaninwo cnnuiu n xapakfopo nosmoxnw foniko hocno fakoio ocos-
nanun. Iofomy copiosnan hcuxonoiunockan honiofonka chopfcmo-
na nonxna nanunaficn c fnxonoio uchwfanun. Chopfcmon nonxon
wfi hocfannon n fakuo ycnonun fo nu copuou hopaxonuu, fo nu
nom-fo omo, n kofopwx on ynof nwnyxnon ocosnafi nooxonumocfi
paofw nan coou.
Hcuxomexnunecuue uepm:
moopnecmoo, obenue, cumono1nunue
kynimunauuonnwu momonf coponnonanuu, koina nakan opi-
w nocfuiaof naunwcmou fonku, chopfcmonw hopocfyhakf kakyk-
fo ipani, u ownnwu chokounwu mup fponupononnoio sana ocfaof-
cn ho fy cfopony. co kak w cmomaofcn n nonyk, unyk poaninocfi,
u cfanonnfcn nosmoxnwmu nkwo ckphpusw. 3noci cnoonnan uipa
fnopnockux cun nwnocuf nononoka sa ipanuuw manonon u cxom. Ona
nosnonuf hoonufonou na hionocfan, naof um panocfnwo, nu c nom
no cpannumwo hopoxunanun. Ona pasnnuiaof ipanuuw nosmoxnoio
n chopfo...
Ymonuo nwcfyhafi na coponnonanunx fo ymonuo umhponusu-
ponafi. o mnoiux cnynanx hoonufi snanuf ofpocufi nco sapa-
noo paccnufannwo napuanfw u nwufu onun na onun c nousnocfnoc-
2
fik. nosnakomou ocfanonko noucfnonafi minononno, ho naufuk.
1nopufi nonoo. Honosmoxno oynuficn fomy n fom cmwcno, n ka-
kom mw ynumcn hucafi, nufafi unu nopxafi noxky. Iosynifaf ncn-
koio oynonun fo fnopnoo snanuo, nofkuu nanwk. Ofo ncoina
nonfo ohponononnoo u kononnoo. Ho nof fpoyofcn opafnoo: ymo-
nuo paofafi c noohponononnocfik, opuonfuponaficn n ockonon-
nom. Kak xo wfi Hmhponusauuu ynuficn no nano. Ionanknau-
fo sa uipou fpoxnofnux, nunoio omo fonkom no ymokmux nofou, u
fo cpasy cfanof ononunnwm. nn foio nfow opocfu nnacfi nan
noohponononnocfik, nooxonumo ocnoonufi con of... naiohpuo-
pofonnwx oipanunonuu.
Hfo momaof noohwfnomy chopfcmony na coponnonanunx Cfpax
hopon nonwm. Ckonannocfi cnoum hpoxnum ohwfom u nochoconocfi
noucfnonafi snoci u fohopi. bonsni ofcfyhufi of manona, coufu
c nakafannou konou. Kynif mymfpw u sanaionpomonnoio pacnofa,
hpounofakmuu na fponuponkax, poxnaof cfpax hopon nousnocfnoc-
fik u nononopuo k coo. Chopfcmon umonno hofomy fak nacfo w-
naof no iofon k coponnonanunm, nfo na fponuponkax fponop fpoyof
of noio fmafoninoio nwhonnonun foxnunockux u fakfunockux nomon-
fon, a na coponnonanunx cfanuf sanany hoonufi, xofn uckyccfny
hooxnafi na fponuponkax ynonnnoci munumaninoo nnumanuo.
ocannan nooxunannocfi paccfpaunaof hnanw chopfcmona. On
pacfopnn, pasonaponan. co hpohano! ionopuf on coo u cam
ofnopanunaofcn of cnoou ynanu. bwfi moxof, nomano yfonof sono-
fa, hpoxno nom k chopfcmony hpunof cmonocfi hocfyhkom ooinafi
mwcni u noucfnonafi sa hpononamu hponycmofponnoio. Homano cun
yunof nhycfyk, hpoxno nom ho kpyhuuam, of coponnonanun k copon-
nonanuk, copannwu ohwf chopfunnou opiw nwkpucfannusyofcn
n cnoucfno, ofnunakmoo xapakfop sponoio macfopa, ofkpwfocfi
nonomy.
Ofof ohwf nonisn hpuopocfu na fponuponkax, ocnu fponuponafi-
cn ho cfapunko. A ocnu fponuponaficn ho-nonomy ymaofcn, nfo
hosufunnwu cmwcn hcuxonoiunockou honiofonku chopfcmona kak pas
u cocfouf n hpoyxnonuu cun u choconocfou, kofopwo moiyf noc-
fu oio n nohponckasyomou cfpocconou cufyauuu coponnonanun. Io-
monuk umonno fou sananu hocnyxaf uipw u yhpaxnonun, ohucan-
nwo n inanax J6.
nom-fo honfu kaxnan us hcuxofoxnunockux uip munuafkpnan
mononi coponnonanun. Honosmoxno honiofonuficn, nonisn sapanoo
naynuficn. Hof onuncfnonno hpanuninoio pomonun ncoina nyxno
uckafi cnoo cocfnonnoo, u kaxnwu pas sanono. Ynacfuo n fux
JO
uipax naof chopfcmony ocuonnwu ohwf packpohomonun u chonfan-
nocfu, hpuomaof oio k uckyccfny ofnonafi os honiofonku, hosno-
nnof hopoxufi panocfi fnopnockoio ycunun, nocfopi nooxunannwx
honopofon, cnacfio wfi hocfonnno sacfuinyfwm npachnox.
1nopnockoo conopxanuo hcuxofoxnunockux uip conofaofcn c kon-
nokfunnou qopmou ux hponononun, u n pykax ohwfnoio fponopa unu
hcuxonoia fu uipw moiyf cfafi noucfnonnwm cponcfnom chnononun
chopfunnou komannw. Yhpaxnonun hocfpoonw fak, nfo nnn ux yc-
homnoio nwhonnonun fpoyofcn ckoopnunuponannan paofa ncoio
konnokfuna. Conmocfno poman konkpofnyk sanany, ynacfnuku hcu-
xofoxnunockou uipw hocfonnno cfpomnfcn k nsaumohonumanuk u
coinaconanuk noucfnuu. Hamyhan hpunuuhw oonunonun ycunuu,
onu nanunakf nfo-fo cosnanafi, hpunymwnafi. 2unoo u honnouon-
noo ynacfuo n konnokfunnom fnopnocfno ncoina cnnsano c panocfnw-
mu hopoxunanunmu. Ono cnuxaof u packpohomaof, naof hcuxono-
iunockuu komqopf u cnoony n omonuu. 3axnanonnwo uipou, nnonw
hcuxofoxnunockou ipyhhw honnoo packpwnakf con u onimo ysna-
kf npyi o npyio. bonoo inyokum cfanonufcn nsaumnoo nonopuo.
bonoo xunwm nsaumnwu unfopoc.
Kpomo foio, ynacfuo n uipax ooiamaof omyk hcuxonoiunockyk
kynifypy nnonon ipyhhw, hosnonnof um pasnufi nokofopwo uonnwo
nnn chopfcmonon kanocfna u choconocfu. Cucfoma nknknonnwx n
knuiy yhpaxnonuu nauonona na ocosnanuo ckpwfwx hcuxunockux
qonomonon u ykpomonuo nohpousnoninwx hponnnonuu nonononoc-
kou hcuxuku. co fo nooxonumo chopfcmony nnn foio, nfow nyn-
mo opuonfuponaficn n cnoux cocfnonnwx nosmoxnocfnx u nynmo
yhpannnfi umu. bonoo nyfko ynannunafi fo nospumwo usiuw u ho-
nopofw nnyfponnux fononuu cnooio n, of kofopwx sanucuf ypononi
chopfunnou qopmw. Ho fopnficn n kcfpomaninwx cufyauunx u hon-
noo nhufwnafi ocuonnwu ohwf kpyhnwx coponnonanuu.
Ho monoo naxno u fo, nfo, nnocn n ofnomonun k npyium u k ca-
momy coo nyx uccnononanun, hcuxofoxnunockuo uipw cfumynupykf
fnopnockuu houck ckpwfwx n nononoko posopnon u ocnoonun nonwx
chocoon hpoxunanun coponnonanuu u fponuponok.
yxoonmu mup cnopmu
anaufo cpannum cfafik foafpaninoio kpufuka, pasupakmoio
hpomiopy chokfaknn, u pohopfax chopfunnoio kommonfafopa o qyf-
oninom mafno. Kpufuk macfopcku anafomupyof hcuxonoiuk npa-
Ji
mafunockoio iopon u hcuxonoiuk oio uchonnufonn. On hpunaof of-
nofnunwo qopmw unfumnoumum hopoxunanunm nononoka na cuono.
Ynannunaof fonnaumuo nnuxonun oio nymu. Kommonfafop xo xon-
inupyof ckpomnwm naopom nwpaxonuu, ohucwnakmux hopomomo-
nun uipokon na hono: Hnanon hpopwnaofcn ho nonomy kpak... Cu-
nopon ofnaof mnn npafapk. Kononno xo, on xonof ckasafi onimo.
bypnan uipa cfpacfou cknosuf n oio ionoco, n nahpnxonnwx haysax
u nspwnax moxnomofuu. Xonofcn ckasafi onimo u nonoio.
Icuxonoiun uckyccfna onanaof ckasonnwm oiafcfnom honnfuu
u cumnonon nnn camonwpaxonun, n fo npomn kak osnswkocfi chopfa
ofnocufonino ncoio, nfo kacaofcn nnyfponnou xusnu nknou, houc-
funo ynunufonina. Y chopfcmona nof cnon nnn nwpaxonun xusnon-
nou npamw, hopoxufou um n hponcfapfonwo cokynnw, na qunumnou
hpnmou, na nwcmou cfyhonu onumhuuckoio hionocfana. Mannpa-
xuponan, nwnoxuncn, hnakafi xofonoci of cnacfin nof u nco,
nfo on moi w o fom ckasafi. H y fponopa nof cnon nnn foio, nfo-
w pasnopnyfi cnou ynukaninwu ohwf, hoponafi mononomy chopfcmo-
ny fo, nfo cam nakohun sa noniuo ionw coponnonanuu u fponuponok.
On ionopuf o foxnuko, qusunockou honiofonko, hpocnofax n fakfu-
ko. On moxof ohucafi nnomnkk cfopony foio, nfo nonaof chopf-
cmon. Ho noni na coponnonanunx nononok no hpocfo nomoncfpupyof
cnok cuny unu nochpousnonuf kakyk-fo foxnuky on opofcn. Hfo
on hpu fom hopoxunaof Hfo nnuxof um nom cmwcn oio opiw
A moxof wfi, snoci-fo u chpnfana ucfunnan hpyxuna hpoucxonnmo-
io na coponnonanunx Moxof wfi, fo-fo u cocfannnof coni chopfun-
noio macfopcfna Ho nnn foio nfow ohucafi nnyfponnuu mup chopf-
cmona, nooxonum ocowu nswk, kofopwu hponukan w n camyk cyfi
nohonfopumwx, inyoko nunnwx hopoxunanuu nononoka, ynannunan
w fonnaumuo offonku nyncfn, nacfpoonuu, cocfonnuu cosnanun.
1akoio nswka no cymocfnyof, u o hcuxonoiunockou, nyxonnou cfopo-
no chopfa mw no snaom hpakfunocku nunoio.
Hoynunufonino, nfo cfoponnomy nanknafonk chopf kaxofcn nom-
fo ipywm u hpumufunnwm. Han konuopfnwm sanom nufaof afmoc-
qopa yfonnonnoio naioiononun na fpuynax hopohonnonnoio cfa-
nuona uapuf ipywu nyx chopfunnoio asapfa. Mnoio nu naunofcn
nknou, nochpunumakmux chopf kak yfnopxnonuo osipanunnou nna-
cfu nononoka nan cnoou cocfnonnou hpuponou, kak camonwpaxonuo
u fnopnocfno, kak nuanoi xusnonnwx qunocoquu! Cuna ocfi yma
no nano, ofswnaofcn mononou unfonnokfyan o cnoom hpunfono-
chopfcmono. yxonnan cfopona chopfa hohpocfy hpocounaofcn cknosi
cosnanuo nknou us-sa ofcyfcfnun nooxonumwx nnn oo nwpaxonun
cumnonon, opason, honnfuu.
Hs-sa nopasnufocfu nnyfponnou chopfunnou kynifypw nanuna-
kmomy chopfcmony nonoiko wnaof copuonfuponaficn n cnoom ofno-
monuu k chopfy, ocmwcnufi cnok xusnonnyk hosuuuk n chopfun-
nom mupo. Ckoniko nknou nonnokaofcn n chopf cunou cnynaunwx
unfopocon! nonanuafunofnuu maninumka sahucwnaofcn n cokuuk
okca n nanoxno ofnyhufi koina-nuyni cnooio ounnuka us cocon-
noio nnopa. A oio onnoknaccnuua xonuf na fponuponku n accoun,
nfow na nonnou nopoxko nanopcfafi yhymonnoo n ynoo. Mnoiumu
us fox, kfo cnnsan cnok cyniy co chopfom, nnuxof xaxna camoyf-
nopxnonun: nokasafi coo, npyium! kou uonou nokasafi! Hoponko
nononok cfanonufcn qanafukom hoonw. H noci cmwcn cnoou xusnu
n chopfo nunuf foniko n cnoux nunnwx nocfuxonunx. Iosko cyxaof-
cn kpyi oio unfopocon. On unof nhopon, ynfo saiuhnofusuponan-
nwu, cxan syw, no innnn ho cfoponam. 3afonakmuu co chopfom
fy xocfokyk uipy ncoina ocfaofcn n hpouipwmo. Hoynanu na co-
ponnonanunx oopanunakfcn onosnonnwm hofpnconuom, nanonio
numakf nymonnoio pannonocun, ohopw n xusnu. 1omy, kfo no snan
ux n cnoom nocxoxnonuu k nopmunam chopfunnou cnanw, fnxonoo
nnnouno. 3akaf chopfunnou kapiopw cfanonufcn sakafom xusnu,
yfpafou oo uonnocfu u cmwcna.
Chopfunnan xusni moxof u nonxna cfafi onoo iapmonunnou,
ocmwcnonnou. Opianusauun chouuaninou hcuxofoxnunockou pao-
fw co chopfcmonom fo kanocfnonno nonwu achokf fponuponku.
uonfpo nnumanun fponopa u chopfcmona okaswnaofcn umonno nnyf-
ponnnn, nyxonnan cfopona chopfa. hopnwo cyokfunnwo, inyo-
ko nnyfponnuo qonomonw chopfunnou xusnu, o kofopwx unou chopf-
cmon u ionopufi-fo cfocnnofcn, cfanonnfcn hponmofom copiosnoio
ocyxnonun u, onoo foio, hponmofom chouuaninou paofw.
Ioxanyu, camoo snanufoninoo, nfo moxof hpousoufu n posyni-
fafo coksa hcuxofoxnuku u chopfa, fo cosnanuo nwpasufoninwx
cponcfn (nswkonwx unu opasnwx), kofopwo hosnonunu w packpwfi
nnyfponnuo oiafcfna chopfa, cnonafi ux nocomwmu u spumwmu,
unwmu cnonamu, qopmuponanuo nyxonnou kynifypw chopfa, oio
nyxonnwx fpanuuuu, os kofopwx xunou hofok nnyfponnoio ohw-
fa no moxof wfi hoponan cxonnmumu c aponw macfopamu nonwm
hokononunm chopfcmonon u os kofopwx fpynno ynunofi n chopfo
nonfo onimoo, nom hpocfo ohuym nnn ononimukon.
C pasnufuom nnyfponnou, nyxonnou kynifypw chopfa ho-nonomy
pasnopnofcn fof npkuu, hponusannwu npamafusmom mup, packpw-
nakmuu nonunuo nonononockoio fona u nonononockoio nyxa.
JJ
2. KAK OAHH3O8ATb
H HO8CTH 3AHRTHR
"3A" H "HOTH8"
hocnonykmux inanax hpunononw ohucanun yhpaxnonuu u nanw
honponwo kommonfapuu k num, a fakxo mofonunockuo pokomonna-
uuu ho hocfpoonuk ncoio kypca hcuxofoxnuku.
Cfouf nu hpononufi sannfun Omuu ofnof ononunon: na. Hano-
omcn, nfo c num coinacufoci u nw, hponufan fy knuiy. 1om no
monoo, nnn kaxnoio konkpofnoio cnynan nooxonumo fposno nsnocufi
nco sa u hpofun, hpoxno nom nafi yfnopnufoninwu ofnof.
Iaofa c hcuxofoxnunockumu yhpaxnonunmu xopomuu cfumyn
nknknonun nouchonisonannwx hcuxunockux posopnon chopfcmona.
Ona naof nohonnufoninwu fonnok nunnocfnomy pasnufuk. 3annfun
onoinakf omon ohwfom, hosnonnkf ho-nonomy nsinnnyfi na mno-
iuo hponomw, homoiakf ynunofi cnok nonfoninocfi n onoo mupo-
kom, kynifypnom konfokcfo. Hakonou, hcuxofoxnunockuo uipw
cnyxaf ofnunnwm cponcfnom noccfanonnonun cun, noucfnonnou qop-
mou poaunufauuu.
Ho, c npyiou cfoponw, hponononuo hcuxofoxnunockux sannfuu
fpoyof safpaf cun u npomonu. Ioni unof no cfoniko o acfponomu-
nockom npomonu (ono, kcfafu, moxof wfi u no ononi onimum),
ckoniko o npomonu mwcnu u hopoxunanun. Hipw fpoykf conunnou
honiofonku fponopa u naxo nokofopou hopoopuonfauuu oio chopfun-
nou paofw nnn coinaconanun c unonmu hcuxofoxnuku. nokofo-
pwx cnynanx sannfun fpoykf u hpunnononun chouuanucfon co cfo-
ponw. H camoo naxnoo: nnononuo hcuxofoxnuku n honiofonky
chopfcmona nousoxno hpunonuf k hopocmofpy sanoonannwx hosuuuu
u, kak cnoncfnuo, k napymonuk nunounou hocfyhafoninocfu pocfa
chopfunnwx posynifafon.
1ak unu unano hnkcw u munycw sannfuu cnnsanw npyi c npyiom.
Icuxofoxnuka nauonona na pasnufuo chopfcmona u fponopa. Ho ona
J4
no foniko nwxon us fyhuka u sacfon. Iasnufuo fo oni ofkasa of
cfapwx nossponuu, ofxon of sanoonanuu hpomnoio, napymonnoo
chokoucfnuo. Iasnufuo fo no ckopwu ychox, a puck u nosmox-
nocfi ofcfyhnonuu.
1ponopy nyxna cmonocfi nnn foio, nfow ofkasaficn of pyfunw
fponuponku u pucknyfi nnocfu nonwu nomonf n cnok paofy. Ofo
ocoonno cnoxno hofomy, nfo cam ho coo hpouocc honiofonku
hponcfannnof nooipanunonnwo nosmoxnocfu nnn conopmoncfnonanun
u kchopumonfuponanun, u sanacfyk nohonnfno, sanom ocnaunafi
nonyk cqopy, n fo npomn kak omo no ucnophanw knaccunockuo
posopnw.
Mw honnocfik coinacnw c fom, nfo unoanino canancuponannan
honiofonka naxo n oo fpanuuuonnwx napuanfax moxof pomafi sana-
nu hcuxonoiunockoio qopmuponanun chopfcmona. bonoo foio, iap-
monunno hocfpoonnan paofa fponopa no foniko cponcfno honwmo-
nun knanuqukauuu, no u nochufanuo nononoka, ipaxnanuna.
1ponuponka, kak fo nu hapanokcanino snynuf, nonxna wfi u fox-
nukou ofnwxa.
Ho ncoina nu ynaofcn nocfuni cfoni nwcokoio cunfosa hpofuno-
honoxnwx cnoucfn n fponuponko oni nacfo okaswnaofcn, nfo fy-
han mofonunnocfi hponpamaof xunyk paofy n usnypufoninyk na-
ipysky. H foina nosnukaof nohpoc o cponcfnax poaunufauuu, o
npomonu, nooxonumom nnn ocfocfnonnoio noccfanonnonun hocno
nconospacfakmux oomon naipysku, o mopohpunfunx, nochufwna-
kmux oonou nyx nohpoku ynwnomy onnoopasuk ycnonuu. cnu
fponop coinacon c fou kpufukou, fo noucfnufonino naspona noo-
xonumocfi cosnafonino honoufu k onoo mupokum sananam, nom
poiynnpnwo fponuponku, u paccmofpofi hcuxofoxnunockuo uipw hon
fum yinom sponun.
pomn chopfcmona ononi nopoio. Mnoionaconwo oxonnonnwo fpo-
nuponku u nacfwo hopoosnw hoinomakf oio honfu honnocfik. Oc-
fanmuocn nacw nonxnw wfi opoxno pachponononw moxny ofnw-
xom, nunnou xusnik u ynoou. Iofomy nonumno ynof nahom-
nufi: ocnu nw pomunu hpononufi hcuxofoxnunockuo sannfun co
chopfcmonamu, opianusyufo u hpononufo ux na hpononino nwcokom
yponno. nn foio kaxnwu nac yhpaxnonuu c ipyhhou nonxon wfi
honiofonnon nnymn nacamu nomamnou paofw.
J5
KATKO 88HH
8 HCHXOTXHHHCKH Hb
Iasnopnyfoo ocyxnonuo mofonunockux nohpocon hponononun sa-
nnfuu nwnocono n inany ?. Onnako hpoxno nom snakomufi nufafonn
c ohucanunmu hcuxofoxnunockux uip, nooxonumo nafi kpafkyk
xapakfopucfuky nokofopwx cfopon hcuxofoxnunockoio kypca n uonom.
Cfpoio ionopn, poni hounof numi o onnom us nosmoxnwx napuan-
fon nononun ipyhhw (c fonku sponun hpunononnou n inano ? knaccu-
qukauuu oio moxno ohpononufi kak ckonixonuo of hpoipammnoio
nononun k cnoonnomy n pamkax unfoncunnoio kypca, opuonfuponan-
noio na fponuni u poaunufauuk). Hanoomcn, nfo hponnapufoninoo
snakomcfno naxo c fou nacfnou cfpafoiuou homoxof nynmo opuon-
fuponaficn n uiponwx foxnukax u onoo konkpofno hponcfannnfi coo
paofy n ipyhho.
Hcnxunurn4cckn kun1ckc1 rpyuuunux ianu1n. Knknonwmu noh-
pocamu snoci nnnnkfcn mofunauun nnonon ipyhhw, nsaumoofnomo-
nun nonymoio c pnnonwmu ynacfnukamu u chouuquka hcuxonoiu-
nockoio mukpoknumafa.
3annfun n hcuxofoxnunockou ipyhho nauonoo ocmwcnonnw u
hnonofnopnw n fox cnynanx, koina ynacfnuku nnyfponno iofonw k
num. Iofonnocfi moxof hponnnnficn n cumhfomax nonononicfna,
omymonuu occmwcnonnocfu sannfuu chopfom, cfpomnonuu nopnyfi
yfopnnnyk nokoina ynnononnocfi. Ofo moiyf wfi fakxo omymonuo
sahopfoio n coo uswfka cun u hofponocfi uckafi hyfu nnn ux nwc-
nooxnonun unu xonanuo no nfo w fo nu cfano hoponomufi fopmo-
snmyk chopfunnwu pocf hpunwnky, nopfy xapakfopa. C npyiou cfo-
ponw, nonymomy nooxonumo naufu anoknafnwu choco nknknonun
ynymux ynacfnukon n sannfun. onnom cnynao fo moxof wfi
ookfunnan unqopmauun, n npyiom pockuu poknamnwu fpkk,
n fpofiom pasionop o nom-fo inyoko nunnom. axno, nfow kax-
nwu cmoi omyfufi nosmoxnyk cnnsi ipyhhonou paofw co cnoumu
naononmumu nohpocamu. Ipyhhy moxno cnufafi iofonou k hcuxo-
foxnunockum sannfunm n fou mopo, n kakou conknonw oa ykasan-
nwx ycnonun. unoanino honiofonnonnou ipyhho kaxnwu ynacfnuk
noonymonnon poaninwm, xusnonno ohpannannwm xonanuom houfu
n cnoom snakomcfno c hpakfunockou hcuxonoiuou nockoniko nanimo
knuxnoio yponnn.
J6
Ioni nonymoio ipyhhy nnnnofcn n ohponononnom cmwcno camopas-
pymakmoucn. hpouocco sannfuu nonymuu hopoxonuf of akfun-
noio pykononcfna (nopos hocfohonnyk hoponany unuuuafunw n pyku
ynacfnukon) k nxoxnonuk na pannwx n chonfanno noucfnykmuu
fnopnockuu konnokfun, kofopwu u nnnnofcn cocfnonno hcuxofox-
nunockou ipyhhou. Cponnoo snono foio hopoxona kpufunockan
fonka ipyhhonoio pasnufun, ychomnoo hpoonononuo kofopou n sna-
nufoninou cfohonu sanucuf of macfopcfna u honaioiunockoio fakfa
nonymoio. moxnunnocfnom hnano of nonymoio fpoykfcn nopo-
xonafoninoo nnumanuo, ynaxonuo u uckponnuu unfopoc k mnonu-
nm u naxonkam ynacfnukon; n mofonunockom fonko ynufwnakmuu
cfohoni mouuonaninoio konfakfa, packonannocfu u nsaumnoio no-
nopun n ipyhho hopoxon of xocfko poinamonfuponannwx yhpaxnonuu
k nco onoo noohponononnwm, nakmum nocfafonnwu hpocfop nnn
hponnnonun unnununyaninwx cfunou u nunnocfnwx ocoonnocfou.
Inannan ohacnocfi nnn nonymoio hponpafuficn no ncosnauky-ynu-
fonn. Iofomy on no nonxon cnumkom ncopios hpunumafi fo hono-
xonuo, kofopoo sanumaof n ipyhho. my hpunannoxuf nnacfi opia-
nusafopa u snanuo hcuxofoxnunockux hpuomon. Ho o fom ohwfo,
kofopwu omo hponcfouf honynufi, on no moxof snafi onimo, nom
npyiuo. akfunocku nonymuu nunoio no cmoxof nafi ipyhho, ocnu
ipyhha no nyxna omy camomy.
Hohpunyxnonnan, nopoxonafoninan afmocqopa n ipyhho sa-
konomopnwu posynifaf u nmocfo c fom hopnocfohonnoo ycnonuo yc-
homnou paofw. Of cfohonu hcuxonoiunockoio komqopfa n ipyhho
u packpohomonnocfu ynacfnukon nohocponcfnonno sanucnf ux akfun-
nocfi, inyuna mouuonaninou nknknonnocfu n hpoucxonnmoo u
iofonnocfi hononuficn cnoum ynukaninwm ohwfom. Ha ohpononon-
nwx fahax ipyhhonoio pasnufun y ynacfnukon moiyf nosnukafi oco-
onnoo hpasnnunnoo omymonuo u naxo nokofopan onopxumocfi ny-
xom uipw u usopofafonicfna. Hposmopnan ksanifauun, onnako,
nponna nunyfi no monimo, nom osnymnoo mkonnpcfno. Ipusnakom
paonoio nacfpon ipyhhw moxno cnufafi nwnnuxonuo ynacfnukamu
poaninwx, xusnonno snanumwx hponom.
Cuc1an rpyuuu. Ohfumaninoo konunocfno ynacfnukon 6iO
nononok. Kak hokaswnaof ohwf, umonno n fom nuahasono qqok-
fw ipyhhonwx sannfuu moiyf hponnnnficn ocoonno npko. Ipu nani-
noumom ynonunonuu ipyhhw hpoucxonuf cnuxonuo nunnoio nknana
kaxnoio us oo nnonon n conmocfnyk paofy. Inyokuu mouuonani-
nwu konfakf moxny ynacfnukamu cfanonufcn fpynnonocfuxumwm,
a ocyxnonun cnumkom nacfo ynonnf n cfopony. Iocfonncfno cocfana
ynacfnukon fakxo naxnoo ycnonuo qqokfunnocfu ipyhhonou pao-
fw. Ynacfuo n sannfunx hponcfanufonou oooio hona unu hpoxno no
snakomwx npyi c npyiom nknou nunamusupyof ux xon; nafnnyfocfi n
ofnomonunx nno ipyhhw moxny snakomwmu npyi c npyiom ynacfnu-
kamu, nahpofun, okaswnaof fopmosnmoo nnunnuo.
Ycnunnu upuc1panc1na n npcvcnn. Hauonoo ynonoo mocfo nnn
hponononun sannfuu (ocoonno na nananinwx fahax paofw) sam-
knyfoo hpocfpancfno komnafw, kaunofa unu knacca; xopoman sny-
kousonnuun u sananocku na oknax fakxo nocima xonafoninw. Iomo-
monuo nnn sannfuu ho nosmoxnocfu nonxno wfi ocnooxnono of
ncnkou numnou moonu, nooxonumw numi nockoniko mnikux kpo-
con u cfynion, na kofopwx moinu w pasmocfuficn ynacfnuku. Xo-
pomo, ocnu ynacfcn nacfonufi na hon mnikoo hokpwfuo hanac unu
nopoxku. pomonnwo pamku hcuxofoxnunockux sannfuu moiyf sna-
nufonino usmonnficn, onnako nuxnuu hponon ykasafi moxno: oman
nnufoninocfi coanca, ocnu foniko fo no sakpohnonuo u hpakfuka yxo
ocnoonnwx foxnuk, no nonxna wfi monimo JO munyf. axo hpu
paofo c onnum-onuncfnonnwm yhpaxnonuom fpoyofcn npomn nnn
hponnapufoninou nacfpouku ynacfnukon na hponomy, a fakxo nnn
pasiona u sanopmonun hocnonykmou nuckyccuu.
tnu+unue! 1pe0e ue+ nepexo0umi i npuimuuecio+y ucno:i:oounuu
npuoe0ennix nue ynpunenuu, on:ume:ino o:nuio+imeci c npe0oc-
mepeenue+, 0unni+ nu cmp. !J4.
J8
J. 8HHMAHH H CAMOKOHTOb
1ponopw nacfo ykaswnakf na nonocfafok nnumanun y cnoux noc-
hufannukon. Iopou fo nwpaxaofcn n sawnnunocfu u noopianuso-
nannocfu na fponuponkax, n nochoconocfu chopfcmona cocponofo-
nuficn na nannom omy sananuu. A unoina nonnumafoninocfi naof
snafi o coo u na coponnonanunx. Hokofopwo fponopw npomn of npo-
monu oconykf co chopfcmonamu o fom, kak naxno wfi copannwm
u nnumafoninwm. Hokofopwo oipanununakfcn nopiunnwmu pohnu-
kamu: Ho sonau!, Kyna cmofpumi. umi n ponkux cnynanx (na-
hpumop, hpu honiofonko qoxfonanimukon) snanonuo nnumanun ocos-
naofcn nacfoniko ofnofnuno, nfo n fponuponky nnonnfcn chouuaninwo
yhpaxnonun. Ho naxo fam, ino fakuo yhpaxnonun uchonisykfcn,
nono ownno oipanununaofcn pasnufuom yskochouuanusuponannwx
nanwkon.
Mw cnufaom, nfo nnumanuo chopfcmona nochufwnaofcn u nyxna-
ofcn n cucfomafunockou fponuponko. Icuxofoxnuko nnumanun hocnn-
mona fa inana.
Jnpunenue 1. "Huaom
Ynacfnukam ipyhhw cnonyof ynono pachonoxuficn n kpocnax unu
na cfyninx, opasyn kpyi. Iopohnocfu haniuw honoxonnwx na ko-
nonu pyk, ocfanun onimuo haniuw cnoonnwmu. Io komanno Ha-
nanu! monnonno npamafi onimuo haniuw onun nokpyi npyioio c
hocfonnnou ckopocfik u n onnom nahpannonuu, cnonn sa fom, nfo-
w onu no kacanuci npyi npyia. Cocponofonufi nnumanuo na fom
nnuxonuu. Io komanno Cfoh! hpokpafufi yhpaxnonuo. nufoni-
nocfi 5i5 munyf.
Yhpaxnonuo hosnonnof hpocnonufi paofy nnumanun n nucfom
nuno naionapn occmwcnonnocfu nopnonun haniuon. nn mnoiux
sananuo okaswnaofcn fpynnwm us-sa foio, nfo ookf cocponofono-
nun cnumkom noownon. cnu ynacfnuk wcfpo sacwhaof no npomn
yhpaxnonun (nu n koom cnynao no momaufo omy u no hosnonnufo
J
momafi npyium!), fo n ynymom fof hpuom moxno ynof uchoniso-
nafi nnn ychokoonun. Hokofopwo ynacfnuku ynyf uchwfwnafi noo-
wnnwo omymonun: ynonunonuo unu ofnyxnonnocfi haniuon, kaxy-
moocn usmononuo nahpannonun ux nnuxonun. oponfno, onu oka-
xyfcn choconwmu k camonnymonuk. Kfo-fo ynof nyncfnonafi cuni-
noo pasnpaxonuo unu ochokoucfno. Iocfapaufoci honnfi hpununy
fux nnnonuu. Ipakfunocku ona ncoina naxonufcn sa hpononamu sa-
nnfuu. cnu ynacfnuky cfanonufcn ononi cmomno u on no moxof
nopmanino paofafi, hosnonifo omy cmonficn ckoniko yionno: cmox
samumaof of fponoiu. Ipu nwhonnonuu yhpaxnonun fpoyofcn onno,
a hpoucxonuf ownno npyioo. Hyxno cocponofonuficn na nwhonnn-
omom nnuxonuu, no n kakou-fo momonf ynacfnuk nnpyi onapyxu-
naof, nfo nymaof o nom-fo hocfoponnom. Hnu okaswnaofcn, nfo on
sawn o uncfpykuuu; hopocfan cnonufi sa haniuamu, nsinnn hpu-
nuh k npkou mauko cocona unu konwxanuk nucfnw sa oknom.
HCHXOOHR 8HHMAHHR
fox cnynanx, koina hponmof nacunino saxnafwnaof nnumanuo
nononoka, no cnufanci hpu fom c oio hnanamu u namoponunmu,
hcuxonoiu ionopnf o nohpousnoninom nnumanuu. Hohpousnoninoo
nnumanuo fo kak w anfunnumanuo, nnumanuo nonnumafonino-
io u hocfonnno ofnnokakmoiocn nononoka. Ownno nohpousnoninwm
nnumanuom onnanonakf cuninwo unu nooxunannwo pasnpaxufonu:
ipomkuu snyk, npkuo kpacku, poskuo sahaxu. Onnako kaxnwu us nac
n onimou unu monimou cfohonu chocoon hpofunocfonfi nfopxo-
nuk fux kpuknunwx iocfou n cnou nnyfponnuu mup u ynopxunafi
nnumanuo na nom-fo onnom, ocnu foio fpoyof hocfannonnan sana-
na. numanuo, cfanmoo hocnymnwm cnyiou cnooio xosnuna, fo
hpousnoninoo nnumanuo.
Honnumafoninwu nononok numon no nnumanun, a konfponn nan
nnumanuom. Ipunononnwo n fou inano hcuxofoxnunockuo yhpaxno-
nun nahpannonw n ocnonnom na pasnufuo hpousnoninocfu, choco-
nocfu yhpannnfi nnumanuom. Onnako, hpucfyhan k ux uchonisona-
nuk, fponop nonxon homnufi, nfo unoina nonnumafoninocfi fo
no posynifaf cnaoio pasnufun coofnofcfnykmou hcuxunockou cho-
conocfu, a hpusnak hopoyfomnonun, nwcokou fponoxnocfu unu
nuskou mofunauuu. fom cnynao uipw no ynyf nynmum chocoom
uchpannonun nonocfafka.
4O
Jnpunenue 2. "myxu
nn foio yhpaxnonun fpoykfcn nocka c pacnopnonnwm na nou
nonnfuknofonnwm uiponwm honom J x J u nooniman hpucocka (unu
kyconok hnacfununa). Ipucocka nwhonnnof snoci poni npoccuponan-
nou myxu. ocka cfanufcn nopfukanino, u nonymuu pasncnnof
ynacfnukam, nfo hopomomonuo myxu c onnou knofku na npyiyk
hpoucxonuf hocponcfnom honanu ou komann, kofopwo ona hocnym-
no nwhonnnof. Io onnou us nofwpox nosmoxnwx komann (nopx!,
nus!, hpano! unu nono!) myxa hopomomaofcn coofnof-
cfnonno komanno na coconnkk knofky. Hcxonnoo honoxonuo
myxu uonfpaninan knofka uiponoio honn. Komannw honakfcn
ynacfnukamu ho onoponu. Hipakmuo nonxnw, noofcfyhno cnonn sa
hopomomonunmu myxu, no nohycfufi oo nwxona sa hpononw uipo-
noio honn. Iocno ncox fux pasncnonuu nanunaofcn cama uipa. Ona
hpononufcn na noopaxaomom hono, kofopoo kaxnwu us ynacfnukon
hponcfannnof hopon coou. cnu kfo-fo fopnof nufi uipw unu nunuf,
nfo myxa hokunyna hono, on naof komanny Cfoh! u, nopnyn
myxy na uonfpaninyk knofky, nanunaof uipy cnanana.
Myxa fpoyof of uipakmux hocfonnnou cocponofononnocfu:
cfouf komy-fo us nux xofi na minononuo ofnnonicn unu honymafi o
nom-nuyni hocfoponnom, u on fyf xo hofopnof nufi uipw u nwnyx-
non ynof oo ocfanonufi.
Ownno uipa hpoxonuf oxunnonno, nosyxnaof unfopoc u cfu-
mynupyof ynacfnukon k naninoumou paofo. Hokofopwo chopfcmo-
nw cknonnw k hopoouonko cnoou nnumafoninocfu. Icuxofoxnunoc-
koo yhpaxnonuo Myxa moxof wfi ocoonno honosno fponopy n fom
cnynao, koina fpoyofcn pasnonfi fy unnksuk.
ipyhhax, no umokmux nocfafonnoio ohwfa paofw c nnumanu-
om, nnufoninoo nanknonuo sa hopomomakmoucn myxou hpunonuf
ownno k nahpnxonuk u ycfanocfu. Ynacfnuku nco namo nanunakf
cockaniswnafi c hponmofa cnooio cocponofononun, cunaficn u n
konuo konuon hpopwnakf uipy. Iofomy nonymuu nonxon cnonufi
sa cocfonnuom uipokon u sakannunafi yhpaxnonuo no foio, kak n
ipyhho nannof napacfafi pasnpaxonuo u hanafi unfopoc. Iaofa na
usmop ohpannana numi n fox cnynanx, koina ynacfnuku ipyhhw cfa-
nnf hopon coou chouuaninyk sanany: hponopufi u hofponuponafi
ycfoununocfi cnooio nnumanun, fo ocfi choconocfi k nnufoninou
konuonfpauuu na hponmofo.
4i
axnou xapakfopucfukou nnumanun nnnnofcn oio oom mupofa
fou onacfu, na kofopyk ono moxof wfi onnomomonfno pachpocf-
panono. Koina, pasinnnwnan cnou hapannwu kocfkm, nw nnpyi sa-
monaofo hpoononnyk monik nwpky, onacfi nnumanun minononno
cyxunaofcn no pasmopon onapyxonnoio noqokfa. Ofo hpoucxonuf kak
w camo coou. Ho mw moxom u hpousnonino poiynuponafi mupofy
sonw cnooio nnumanun.
Jnpunenue J. "Houycupoouu
Ynacfnykmuo n fom yhpaxnonuu ynono pachonaiakfcn n kpoc-
nax. Inasa ofkpwfw unu sakpwfw. Io komanno nonymoio 1ono!
ynacfnuku cocponofonunakf nnumanuo na cnoom fono, ho komanno
Iyka! na hpanou pyko. 3afom unof hocnononafoninoo cocponofo-
nonuo na kucfu hpanou pyku ho komanno Kucfi!, na ykasafoni-
nom haniuo hpanou pyku ho komanno Ianou! u, nakonou, na
konnuko haniua ho komanno Konnuk haniua!. Komannw hona-
kfcn c unfopnanom iOi2O cokynn.
cnu hocno okonnanun uipw camo coou no sannswnaofcn ocyx-
nonuo, nonymomy cnonyof pacchpocufi ynacfnukon o fom, chpanun-
cn nu kaxnwu us nux c sananuom, kak um fo ynanoci u c kakumu
fpynnocfnmu onu cfonknynuci. Hipa ynof honosnou ynacfnukam n
ux paofo nan ykpomonuom nnumanun, nan pasnufuom choconocfu
ohopafunno poiynuponafi oio oom. Kpomo foio, qokycuponka
hosnonnof ocnoufi nanwku konuonfpauuu na pasnunnwx nacfnx fona,
nnnnkmuocn asonwmu hpu onnanonuu foxnukamu camopoiynnuuu
(cm. inany 4).
Hufan fy cfpoky, nw no samonaofo cnon, noxamux cfpokou
nuxo, xofn onu u naxonnfcn n hono namoio sponun. Ho nof nw nom-
nu no cnonykmou cfpoku, u ona cpasy xo hohana n qokyc namoio
nnumanun. A nof cfpoky, noxamyk nwmo fou, na kofopou nw cou-
nac naxonufoci, nw yxo no nunufo. nannom cnynao mw umoom
nono c hopoknknonuom nnumanun, nooxonumwm nam nnn foio, nfo-
w hpononxafi nfonuo. oikocfi hopoknknonun y pasnwx nknou pas-
nunna. Iopoknknaomocfi ohpononnofcn n hcuxonoiuu kak iukocfi
n yhpannonuu nnumanuom, choconocfi wcfpo monnfi ookf kon-
uonfpauuu.
42
Jnpunenue 4. "1eaeumop
wupaofcn onun us ynacfnukon uipw hpuomnuk. Ocfaninan
ipyhha hoponafnuku sannfa fom, nfo kaxnwu cnufaof ncnyx of
pasnwx nucon u n pasnwx nahpannonunx. Ipuomnuk nopxuf n pyko
xosn u monna cnymaof. On nonxon hoonoponno nacfpouficn na kax-
nwu hoponafnuk, cnu omy cnumkom cnoxno ycnwmafi fof unu
unou hoponafnuk, on moxof hononufoninwm xocfom sacfanufi oio
ionopufi ipomno. cnu xo omy cnumkom noiko, on moxof yanufi
snyk. Iocno foio kak hpuomnuk nocfafonno hopaofaof, on hopo-
naof xosn cnoomy cocony, a cam cfanonufcn hoponafnukom. xono
uipw xosn conopmaof honnwu kpyi.
Yhpaxnonun i4 hosnonnkf ynacfnukam na hpakfuko osnakomufi-
cn c ocnonnwmu xapakfopucfukamu cnooio cocfnonnoio nnumanun.
xono sannfuu nonymomy naxno no foniko ouonufi qqokfunnocfi
paofw ynacfnukon, no u honnfi, kakum opasom um ynanoci pomufi
hocfannonnyk sanany. o npomn ocyxnonuu cfanonufcn ncno, nfo
mnoiuo namnu cnok cocfnonnyk foxnuky cocponofononun unu ho-
poknknonun nnumanun. Ipu honfopnom uchonnonuu yhpaxnonuu
cnonyof hoompnfi omon foxnukamu.
COH HAR8Y
Hom w mw nu sanumanuci, mw hocfonnno ofnnokaomcn. Hufan
knuiy, mw sanymwnaomcn o nom-fo cnoom u hpohyckaom asau; oco-
nyn c nononokom, mw fopnom nufi oio mwcnu; nwxonn us komnafw,
sawnaom nwknknufi cnof. Ownno namu ofnnononun no hpunonnf
nu k kakum copiosnwm nohpunfnocfnm: asau moxno hoponufafi,
hpunfonn hopochpocufi, a namhonky nwknknufi nopos nac.
Mw hpunwknu ofnocuficn k cnoou pacconnnocfu u nonnumafoni-
nocfu cnucxonufonino. Ho nnn nononoka, hpumonmoio n chopf, fa
hpunwnka hponpamaofcn n copiosnoo hpohnfcfnuo: cfouf numi na mui
paccnauficn, nwhycfufi us pyk nufi konfponn u nof!.. Iucfonof
nwcfponunaof cam ho coo u n camoo nohonxonnmoo nnn foio npomn.
onouonucf hponoxaof inasamu yhymonnwu mnn. A honynunmuu
ykon qoxfonanimuk no cpasy u honumaof, nfo xo nco-faku hpousom-
no. Ipoxno nom hpucfyhufi k ofpaofko nanwkon opiw c ofnno-
nonunmu nnumanun, nooxonumo pasnufi choconocfi k ux nank-
nonuk. Cnanana nyxno samonafi ofnnononun, a hofom usannnficn
4J
of nux. Yhpaxnonun foio pasnona, chouuanino hocnnmonnwo hcu-
xonoiuu nonnumafoninocfu, hosnonnf chopfcmony hponuknyfi no
nnyfponnkk moxanuky ofknononuu nnumanun.
Jnpunenue . "Xpomun obe1onnu
Ynacfnuku pachonaiakfcn ynono n nocfafonno fuxou komnafo.
onymuu, onnanonan ux nnumanuom, ionopuf hpunusufonino cno-
nykmoo: Counac n hohpomy nac nwhonnufi onno hcuxofoxnunockoo
yhpaxnonuo. 3ananuo, kofopoo n nam nam, nooxonumo ynof nw-
honnnfi of moou komannw Hananu! no komannw Cfoh!. cnu nw
ho kakou-nuo hpununo napymufo mok uncfpykuuk, honaufo cui-
nan xnohnufo n nanomu. (onymuu xnohaof n nanomu.) Hfak, ocnu
nw ofnnoknuci, onsafonino xnohnufo u hpononxaufo paofafi. co
honnfno 3akpoufo inasa... numanuo, nak sananuo: no nymafi o
xpomou oosinno. Hananu! (Ipoxonuf JOi2O cokynn hon xunkuo
ahnonucmonfw.) Cfoh!
Ofo yhpaxnonuo nauonimuu unfopoc nwswnaof hpu hopnom uc-
honnonuu. Mnoium kaxofcn ynunufoninwm fo, nfo nonosmoxno ho
sakasy no nymafi o fom, o nom no nchomunan nockoniko nof. o cux
hop nam no ncfpofuncn nu onun nononok, kofopwu w nu pasy no
ofnnokcn c hopnou hohwfku. Io hponanuk, Xonxa Hacponnun ho-
ooman nwnonufi kpunoio, xpomoio u iopafoio oiana, ocnu fomy
ynacfcn nwhonnufi fo yhpaxnonuo. Hsnononuo, ocfocfnonno, no
ynanoci us-sa foio, nfo hauuonf okasancn nochoconwm konfponu-
ponafi cnou mwcnu. Hacfo nknu cnufakf, nfo onanakf honnou unu
nocfafonnou nnacfik nan cnoumu mwcnnmu, u fa unon momaof um
copiosno sanumaficn hpakfukou hcuxofoxnunockux yhpaxnonuu.
Ofof noonimou ohwf homoiaof pacconfi unnksuk.
Yhpaxnonuo ownno hpoxonuf nocono u nwswnaof cmox u mouu-
onaninyk paspnnky. Iofomy oio moxno uchonisonafi nnn cnnfun
nahpnxonun. Iopnwu xnohok ownno nwswnaof copuk ofnofnwx
ofnnononuu, u fo hpocfoumoo nsaumonoucfnuo unoina naof nyncfno
omnocfu u homoiaof noino hoponocfu ynap ho camonkuk, kofo-
pwu moxof nanocfu hopnwu hpomax. cnu nonymuu xonaof hopono-
cfu yhpaxnonuo n pycno unnununyaninou paofw u qukcauuk ofnno-
nonuu cnonafi nonom conocfu kaxnoio, fo on moxof hponnoxufi
ynacfnukam nmocfo xnohka ossnynno honnumafi pyky.
44
Ohwf hokaswnaof, nfo moiyf wfi naunonw pasnwo qqokfunnwo
chocow nwhonnonun foio sananun. Hauonoo nacfo ynacfnuku
hpuxonnf k fomy, nfo no nymafi o nom-fo nonosmoxno, a nynmo co-
cponofonuficn na nom-fo npyiom. Kfo-fo hponcfannnof, nfo on nonof
anfomouni ho ynuuo c unfoncunnwm nnuxonuom; npyiou hpokpynu-
naof n ymo hohynnpnyk hocnk; fpofuu cnonuf sa cnoum nwxanuom;
nofnopfwu nahpnxonno cnufaof, nwnufan us fwcnnu ho comu. Ho
cymocfnykf u npyiuo chocow. nn koio-fo noino ncoio okaxofcn nu
o nom no nymafi unu, hpononino cocponofonunmuci na hpocnonyfou
oosinno, hopocfafi honumafi, nfo fo fakoo. Kaxnwu ynacfnuk
ofwmof cnou cocfnonnwu hpuom, no npomn ocyxnonun hpousounof
omon foxnukamu, a nonymuu nonxon hocfapaficn honnfi kaxnoio u
hponnufi ynaxonuo ko ncom naxonkam u ofkpwfunm, no cfpomnci
nwnnufi nynmoio unu hpunocfu nco k omomy snamonafonk.
cnu yhpaxnonuo hpononufcn cucfomafunocku, fo cnonyof npomn
of npomonu samonnfi xpomyk oosinny npyium ookfom nonymanun:
komnafou, n kofopou hpoxonuf coanc; hponcfonmumu coponnonanu-
nmu; nomhuonom n namom nuno unu camum ynacfnukom uipw. 1ponop
moxof uchonisonafi fo yhpaxnonuo nnn hpunnononun nnumanun k
kakomy-fo nomonfy foxnuku, nnn kofopoio ownnwo honfoponun
opafu nnumanuo na... cfanu ochonosnw. kanocfno ycnoxnonno-
io napuanfa foio yhpaxnonun moxno hponnoxufi no nymafi oo ncom
(hpunusufonino fo xo, nfo nu o nom no nymafi). 1of, kfo um onna-
noof, moxof uchonisonafi oio kak wcfponoucfnykmoo cnofnopnoo:
onnou munyfw nocfafonno, nfow hocnwmanoci mupnoo cohonuo.
Chopfcmon snaof, kak naxna na coponnonanunx nufoninocfi, u
nco xo hponpafnocfu chopfa fo u nono sacfakf oio npachnox. bona
no foniko n fom, nfo kfo-fo unu nfo-fo ofnnokaof nnumanuo chopf-
cmona: momnwu ucfonnuk homox naxonufcn... nnyfpu noio camoio.
Ofo hocfonnnwo nahnwnw mwcnou, opason, nochomunanuu. Ofo
snakomwo kaxnomy nohpomonwo iocfu, nnnnkmuocn n camwu nohon-
xonnmuu momonf.
Hy u ipnsuma xo na cfanuono! bnaio mnn na nyxou hononuno. A
no konua fauma... Ckoniko npomonu-fo Ax na, nnopa n pasnonanko
nacw sawn. Hano chpocufi y nnnu acu... onno-fo n nco fopnk.
of u na fou nonono ino-fo hopnafku ocfanun... Hano w nonwo ky-
hufi. nofnopi kak pas moxno n Chopffonapw saufu. Io hyfu k
Ianuno... 1ak nfo xo ou honapufi-fo.. kuf qanfacfuky... a!
Copiok knuxky nopnyfi nano yx fpofuu mocnu oo nopxy. Xofn on
xo counac n komannuponko. 1amkonf maxnyn... A kak xopomo
45
nofom na copax wno! Io mno w hycfi xofi kpyinwu ion nofo... H
kak fo moxof nknnm oconi npanuficn Ynwnan hopa, onou onapo...
Ou! Hfo fo! uiypa nahanakmoio nwpocna cnonno us-hon som-
nu noia sanocona nnn ynapa. H nukak no nwfnnyfi fof hpoknn-
fwu mnn. Ipohymon ion. Ofpannono nacfpoonuo. Hancon na ho-
ony komannw ocfanoci nomnoio.
Ofnananci fononuk ochopnnonno nosnukakmux mwcnou u xona-
nuu, fopnnci n xaoco opason u unou, nononok ofnnokaofcn of hocfan-
nonnwx sanan u kak w chuf nanny. camom nono, ockonfponinan
uipa yma u noopaxonun, safniunakman nac homumo namou nonu,
umoof mnoio omoio co cnonunonunmu. H nom inyxo hoipyxaomcn
mw n fof con, fom onoo pacconnnwmu cfanonumcn, fom onimo
hpomaxon nohyckaom n fom nono, kofopwm sannfw n nannwu momonf.
nn foio nfow hpocnyficn, nooxonumo nsnfi hon konfponi
cnynaunwo konoanun ymcfnonnou nonfoninocfu. Hunoio nonosmox-
noio n fom nof. axo no cno nononok n onimou unu monimou cfo-
honu chocoon k camokonfponk. Yxufpnkfcn xo nokofopwo hpocw-
haficn os ynuninuka n fonno namononnoo npomn! 1om, kfo xonof
pasnufi n coo nanwku camokonfponn, honosno snafi, nfo cnynau-
nwo nyxnanun namoio yma no fak yx cnynaunw. bochopnnonnwo,
kasanoci w, mwcnu u opasw, monikakmuo na cuono pacconnnoio
cosnanun, cnonykf npyi sa npyiom n cfpoiom coofnofcfnuu co cnoou
ocoou noiukou. Icuxonoiu naswnakf oo noiukou accouuafunnwx
cnnsou.
Ipononaom fakou kchopumonf. Ipuiofonifo sapanoo nockoniko
cnon. Hahpumop, cfon, noxka, iasofa, unof. 3afom hpon-
noxufo komy-nuyni us cnoux snakomwx ofnofufi hopnwm hpumon-
mum n ionony cnonom na fo cnono, kofopoo hpousnocofo nw. 1oniko
hycfi ofnonaof wcfpo, no pasnymwnan. Ipononn fakou ohwf c on-
num, nnymn, nofwpimn nknimu, nw onapyxufo unfopocnyk sako-
nomopnocfi: honfu nco onu na cnono cmo: ofnofnf cnonom cmy:,
na cnono :oiu cnonom ou:iu, sa eu:emou hocnonyof yp-
nu:, a sa u:emo+ iunomeump unu uomoyc. Ipununw co-
nhanonun n fom, nfo fu hapw cnon cuohnonw moxny coou accouu-
afunnwmu cnnsnmu: honfu ncoina mw nunum cfyn honno cfona,
nunky pnnom c noxkou, xypnanw nmocfo c iasofamu nwnumaom
kaxnoo yfpo us honfonoio nmuka, a unof iofonum hpu nxono n ku-
nofoafp. pyiou hpunuuh opasonanun accouuafunnwx cnnsou fo
accouuauuu ho cxoncfny: hponofonmuu hopon inasamu ackofoninwu
mnn moxof ofosnaficn n cosnanuu xom hpwiakmux ahonicunon, a
46
nonnnfnwu snyk unu sahax usnnonof us hamnfu kyconok nanokoio nof-
cfna. Ioxo ncfponakfcn konfpacfnwo accouuauuu: nopnooonoo,
iopikoocnankoo.
Onnaxnw houman con na hpasnnou uipo noopaxonun, hohwfau-
foci nchomnufi, o nom nw nymanu n hocnonnuo nockoniko munyf, u
nw nwfamufo uonyk iupnnnny accouuafunno cnnsannwx opason u
pasmwmnonuu. 3akony accouuauuu honnunnkfcn no foniko cfuxuu-
nwo ymcfnonnwo hpouoccw. Kak hpofokaof sacfoninan ocona O nom
ionopnf no nunonmuo npyi npyia mnoio nof onnokamnuku Hfo yno-
nuf cooconnukon of hopnonananino ocyxnaomou fomw u kakum
opasom onna cnynaunan pohnuka naof nonoo nahpannonuo pasiono-
py Ipucmofponmuci, mw nunum nco fof xo hofok accouuauuu, foni-
ko nwnopnyfwu nonno.
Jnpunenue 0. "3ubay0uomuucn puccuu1nuu
Ynacfnuku paccaxunakfcn n kpyi. onymuu nasnanaof fomy pas-
ionopa. Onun us ynacfnukon nanunaof pasnunafi oo, a safom, cno-
nyn sa cnynaunwmu accouuauunmu, ynonuf pasionop n cfopony. On
hopockakunaof c onnou fomw na npyiyk, safom na fpofik, cfpomuf-
cn kak moxno onimo sahyfafi cnoo honocfnonanuo. 3afom iono-
pnmuu xocfom hoponaof cnono npyiomy ynacfnuky. Cnono moxof wfi
hoponano nkomy, hofomy sa xonom uipw cnonnf nco. 1of, na koio
han nwop, nonxon pachyfafi pasionop, fo ocfi kpafko hpoufuci
ho ncom accouuafunnwm hopoknknonunm cnooio hponmocfnonnuka n
opafnom hopnnko of konua k nanany. On nosnpamaofcn k ucxon-
nou, hponnoxonnou nonymum, fomo. 3afom cam sahyfwnaof pas-
ionop, hoponaof cnono komy-fo npyiomy, u fak nanoo.
Ownno hocno nohpononxufoninoio hpoykconwnanun uipa nau-
paof fomh u hpoxonuf oxunnonno, nocono. Onnako sa pasnnokafoni-
nocfik yhpaxnonun ynacfnuku no nonxnw yhyckafi inannoo: paofy
nan cnoum nnumanuom. Iocno foio kak ynyf ycnoonw nco fonkocfu
uipw u nanaxonw nco nooxonumwo nsaumonoucfnun moxny ynacfnu-
kamu, nnuny accouuafunnwx pnnon hpu sahyfwnanuu cnonyof ho-
cfonnno napamunafi. Hom nnunnoo pnn, fom onoo nahpnxonnou
paofw hamnfu u nnumanun fpoyof on of cnonnmux sa pacckasom,
fom qqokfunnoo hcuxunockan fponuponka.
nn foio nfow cymofi n nyxnwu momonf honopnyfi nchnfi hofok
accouuauuu sahyfwnakmoio, ocfaninwm ynacfnukam unoina wnaof
4?
nooxonumo ynopxunafi n ymo nck fpaokfopuk honopofon oio mwc-
nu no n ux hocnononafoninocfu, a onnonpomonno. Ofo moxof wfi
nocfuinyfo pasnwmu chocoamu. Onnu naynafcn nochpunumafi pac-
ckas nopos hpusmy opason u chnkmunafi safom oio hocnononafoni-
noo pasnufuo n onnou nainnnnou kapfunko, npyiuo hpuoinyf k cxo-
mam, fpofiu hpunymakf nfo-nuyni omo. nkom cnynao nnn
ychomnou paofw n poxumo pachyfwnanun fpynno munonafi fakou
naxnwu momonf camonanknonun, kak ymonuo nwufu us hofoka o-
pason u mwcnou u nsinnnyfi na noio co cfoponw.
Icuxofoxnunockan uipa 3anynunmuucn pacckasnuk nnnnofcn
onnum us chocoon nwpaofku nnyfponnoio konfponn. xono fpo-
nuponok qynkuuu ofcnoxunanun accouuafunnou uohonku u ynopxa-
nun n hamnfu ncox oo snonion pasom cfanonufcn nco onoo ocfocfnon-
nou u hpunwnnou. Ioiynnpno hpakfukykmuu fy uipy onapyxuf,
nfo u sa hpononamu hcuxofoxnunockux sannfuu on noiko moxof ka-
kum-fo opasom nacfpaunafi con, nknknafi konfponi u uohko ynop-
xunafi n ymo nufi pasionopa, hocnononafoninocfi cowfuu unu xon
cocfnonnwx pasmwmnonuu. cosnanuu ynonuka qopmupyofcn kak
w nnyfponnuu nanknafoni, choconwu nufonino cnonufi sa fo-
nonuom oio mwcnou unu noucfnuu u minononno onapyxunafi nco
ofknononun of namononnoio hyfu, nco ofnnononun u accouuafunnwo
hopockoku.
Iasnufuo nnyfponnoio konfponn xopomo hpocnoxunaofcn u na
yponno nnomnoio honononun: chopfcmon cfanonufcn onoo akkypaf-
nwm u copannwm na fponuponkax, monimo ofnnokaofcn, nnumafoni-
noo cnonuf sa hpanuninocfik nwhonnonun nnuxonuu u nonimo ho-
mnuf ykasanun fponopa.
Ipakfuka sahyfwnanun fakxo ononi honosna nnn uipakmux, fak
kak ona homoiaof um onnanofi uckyccfnom umhponusauuu.
Hipa 3anynunmuucn pacckasnuk safpaiunaof no foniko nnuma-
nuo, no u moxnunnocfnwo ofnomonun nnonon hcuxofoxnunockou
ipyhhw. 3ahyfwnakmuu nonxon nohpopwnno ionopufi, u hpu fom
on nco npomn fpancqopmupyof fomy cnooio honocfnonanun. Yfpafun
hpunwnnwu noiunockuu kapkac, mwcni ynacfnuka cnoonno hopomo-
maofcn no ncox nahpannonunx u nacfo nwnocuf opasw us camwx iny-
un oio nnyfponnoio mupa. mocfo c fom fomh uipw ownno no oc-
fannnof npomonu nnn foio, nfow ofupafi u hpocounafi hpuxonnmuo
n ionony accouuauuu: sahyfwnakmuu nuo nonopnuno unof sa numu,
nuo nanunaof chofwkaficn u samofno nwunaofcn us omoio puf-
ma. Ionkuu ynacfnuk hosnonuf cnoum mwcnnm snynafi no fox hop,
48
hoka no honyncfnyof con n nonopufoninou afmocqopo hcuxonoiunoc-
koio komqopfa u osohacnocfu. Iocnonnoo ocfonfonicfno hponpa-
maof yhpaxnonuo 3anynunmuucn pacckasnuk n cnooopasnoo hcu-
xonuainocfunockoo cponcfno. Ofum cponcfnom moxof nochonisonaficn
fponop unu chopfunnwu hcuxonoi, kofopomy hpuxonufcn n cnoou
paofo ynufwnafi nunnocfnwo ocoonnocfu chopfcmonon u uckafi
hyfu ynynmonun hcuxonoiunockoio knumafa n komanno.
cnu y koio-nuo us ynacfnukon no unof sahyfwnanuo unu ac-
couuafunnwo uohonku honynakfcn cnumkom kopofkumu, nan fum
cfouf sanymaficn. Ownno safpynnonun fakoio pona cumhfom hcu-
xonoiunockou saxafocfu, hpununw kofopou moiyf koponuficn, na-
hpumop, n nahpnxonnwx ofnomonunx c kom-nuo us fonapumou ho
uipo. Ouna, sanucfi, cnon nonannou ccopw.. A moxof wfi, hpo-
cfo usnumnnn sacfonnunocfi uiponwx nunax chopfa yhpaxnonuo
moxof wfi uchonisonano n kanocfno cnooopasnoio apomofpa, nyfko
poaiupykmoio na usmononun n hcuxonoiunockom knumafo komannw.
C homomik fakux uip nasponakmuu moxny chopfcmonamu konqnukf
moxof wfi nwnnnon sanonio no foio, kak cfanof ocfpwm u paspy-
mufoninwm.
Hipa 3anynunmuucn pacckasnuk onanaof omo onnum unfopoc-
nwm cnoucfnom. Cnonyn sa fononuom cnynaunwx mwcnou, sahyfwna-
kmuu conopmaof hyfomocfnuo ho sakoynkam cocfnonnou hamnfu.
ononino ckopo on naponaof na camwo cnou ocfpwo u nonnykmuo
hponomw. Ownno nnusu fakux iopnnux fonok inankoo fononuo
accouuauuu napymaofcn. Ionnnnkfcn haysw u samunku n pacckaso,
monnkfcn unfonauuu u fomh ponu. axo ocnu ionopnmuu hwfaofcn
namoponno ynocfu honocfnonanuo n cfopony, on nnoni u nnoni, ynfo
namainunonnwu, nosnpamaofcn k ohacnwm mocfam. cnu y fponopa
nosnukaof nooxonumocfi sainnnyfi no nnyfponnuu mup cnooio yno-
nuka, a ofkpononnwu pasionop c num ho kakum-fo hpununam nonos-
moxon, fponop moxof nochonisonaficn fou uipou kak hcuxunoc-
kum ponfionom.
Yhpaxnonun 5 u 6 hoyxnakf k nsinnny co cfoponw na cnou
mwcnufoninwo hpouoccw. Iopon coponnonanunmu chopfcmon moxof
hohacfi n cnooopasnyk hcuxonoiunockyk nonymky. On nanunaof
nahpnxonno nymafi o hponcfonmom cocfnsanuu. Ofa mwcni momaof
omy ofnoxnyfi u copaficn, hofomy on cfapaofcn ofnnonicn unu
honanufi oo. A fo hpunonuf k hpofunohonoxnomy posynifafy, u
mwcni o ofnofcfnonnocfu nco nasoununoo hpuxonuf na ym, cfano-
nufcn nannsnunou. Coinacuficn c fom, nfo hcuxuka nwmna us-hon
4
konfponn, kpauno fpynno u nohpunfno. H chopfcmon, nmocfo foio
nfow hpusnafi cnoo hopaxonuo n opio c fponoxnou mwcnik u
cnonafi fom camwm hopnwu mai k hoono nan nou, ofnaof nco cunw
honchynnou u ochonosnou nnyfponnou nosno, hopoiopan hopon cfap-
fom. cnu xo omy ynacfcn ocosnafi fof moxanusm n hponnoxonnwx
uipax u naufu nwxon, pomonuo foio hapanokca, fo... hponom, no
ynom chomufi.
UHA OT8HHHR
Ha fponuponkax nonocfafok nnumanun moxno komhoncuponafi
ynonunonuom nucna honfoponuu. Ho na coponnonanunx nonnumafoni-
nocfi uchpanufi nonosmoxno.
Chpunfop samomkancn na cfapfo na onny cofyk nonk cokynnw...
Cfponok samonfancn hopon hocnonnum nwcfponom... Haxmafucf hpo-
cmofpon onuncfnonnwu napuanf xona... cnu na onacfnwx coponno-
nanunx nco moxof ooufuci nopnnwm hokycwnanuom iy, fo na onum-
huano hononan omuka cpasy nwnonuf us nucna hpofonnonfon na
monani. Ofnofcfnonnwo coponnonanun no hpomakf ofnnononuu.
Iofomy onna us sanan hcuxofoxnunockou honiofonku nochufanuo
choconocfu honnopxunafi cocponofononuo nocfafonnou unfoncun-
nocfu nyxnoo npomn.
Jnpunenue . "Huaun
Ipyhha pasunaofcn na hapw. Iopnwu n hapo nnumafoni-
nwu cocponofonunaofcn na kakom-nuo ookfo u n cnynao ofnno-
nonun cnooio nnumanun cuinanusupyof o fom honnnfuom pyku.
fopou n hapo hanan cunuf hosanu nnumafoninoio u ho
cuinany o ofnnononuu nakaswnaof oio ynapom nanonu ho hnony unu
onpy. o nanana yhpaxnonun nooxonumo honopafi cuny nakasa-
nun. nn foio hanan nanocuf ynapw pasnou cunw, a nnumafoni-
nwu nwupaof nauonoo honxonnmuu. Cuna ynapa honupaofcn fak,
nfow wfi nocfafonnou nnn cfumynnuuu cocponofononun, no no
cnumkom onimou, nfow no napymufi nnyfponnkk paofy. Ioc-
no foio kak kaxnan hapa yonufcn n osofkasnou paofo cucfomw
ofnnononuo nakasanuo, ipyhha hpucfyhaof k fponuponkam.
Hncfpykfop naswnaof ookf cocponofononun, naof cuinan Hana-
nu! u nopos nokofopoo npomn (iiO munyf) Cfoh!.
5O
Ha hopnwu nsinnn uipa moxof hokasaficn occmwcnonnou u xoc-
fokou. Ho na camom nono uchonisonafi nakasanuo nnn fponupon-
ku nnumanun fo namnoio iymannoo, nom hponocfanufi ynonuky
nosmoxnocfi conopmufi omuky us-sa nonnumafoninocfu u ynapuficn
o nony, hpwian c iO-mofponou nwmku (yhacfi c pycion, honynufi
nokayf, hpocfponufi noiy, yhacfi c konn, nucknanuquuuponaficn
sa nosakonnwu hpuom...). 2ocfokocfi yhpaxnonun Ianan no mno-
iom komhoncupyofcn mnikum, pasnnokafoninwm xapakfopom npyiux
hcuxofoxnunockux uip. Onnako fo yhpaxnonuo honosno nnn foio,
nfow ncno ocosnafi nck copiosnocfi hcuxonoiunockou honiofonku.
xono ocyxnonun honfu ncoina naunofcn ynacfnuk, kofopwu
ynof yfnopxnafi, nfo omy homoiakf cocponofonuficn no foniko
ynapw oio hanana, no u snyku xnohkon n coconnux hapax. Iacchpo-
cufo oio hohonponoo. osmoxno, on namon choco hponpamonun
snyka xnohkon, ownno nochpunumaomwx kak homoxu, n nopiuk
cnoou konuonfpauuu.
Ofy unfopocnyk naxonky honosno ocynufi ncou ipyhhou: kakum
opasom npai nnumanun nomop onun cfanonufcn oio coksnukom
Ham ohwf hokaswnaof, nfo homumo opiw c homoxamu nopos of-
cfpouky of nux (cm. yhpaxnonuo Conokfop) unu hocponcfnom
nansopa sa ofnnononunmu (cm. yhpaxnonuo 3anynunmuucn pac-
ckasnuk) cymocfnyof hpunuuhuanino unou hyfi. On ocnonan na
nhnofonuu homox n fkani camoio ookfa konuonfpauuu.
paofo foio moxanusma nof nunoio noownnoio: kaxnwu us nac
ymoof fo nonafi n cnonunonuu. Ynonwmu nanno ycfanonnono, nfo
onna us qynkuuu nunumwx no cno kapfun fo oxpana connoio co-
cfonnun. oopaxonuo chnmoio paofaof kak usopofafoninwu cfo-
pox: on noufpanusyof ncnkuu mym (noni on iposuf hpopnafi con!)
fom, nfo nonko nhnofaof oio n ckxof cnonunnwx cowfuu. Ofo ooc-
honunaof nohpopwnnyk cocponofononnocfi na cnonunonuu. ohyc-
fum, komy-fo cnufcn, nfo on, ynnokmuci onnou unoou, nahucan
hiocy. Iioca cfanufcn n foafpo, hpomon hopnwu akf. ocfopi spu-
fonou, ypnwo ahnonucmonfw. Ononi cunino u nonio ahnonupykf...
Chnmomy snoci ynanoci hpononxufi con. A hpu hpoyxnonuu on
ysnaof, nfo nco yfpo hon oknom fapaxfon komhpoccop. Hacfi hcuxu-
ku, ofnonakman sa coxpannocfi cna, apfucfunocku uchonisonana
ckxof, nfow no hpopwnafi cnonunonun.
Ofa fakfuka opiw c homoxamu honosna no foniko no cno. Ona
c ychoxom hpumonnofcn mnoiumu ynacfnukamu hcuxofoxnunockux
uip, hpunom nononino nacfo onu ofkpwnakf oo camocfonfonino.
5i
Hnfopocno ofmofufi, nfo n sanucumocfu of hpunanaomoio fou pa-
ofo snanonun pasnwo ynacfnuku ynyf honupafi pasnyk cuny na-
kasanun. Ownno onoo copiosnwo chopfcmonw nasnanakf coo cy-
ponwu ynap, a nonunwo hponhonfyf hpunfnoo hoinaxunanuo. Konon-
no, nauonoo pofunwx cnonyof hponocfoponi of ynonuu. Ho, noo-
mo ionopn, nnn mnoiux okaswnaofcn onoo naxnwm mouuonaninoo
snanonuo nakasanun, a no qusunockan oni.
Ookf cocponofononun nwupaof uncfpykfop (nonymuu). 1of,
kfo nunuf honisy n unoomofopnou fponuponko, moxof uchonisonafi
fo yhpaxnonuo nnn mwcnonnou ofpaofku kakoio-fo foxnunockoio
nomonfa unu noucfnun. Ho hpu fom no cnonyof snoyhofponnfi:
ookfw konuonfpauuu nonxnw wfi pasnoopasnwmu u hpunnoka-
foninwmu, nfow no nwsnafi hpocwmonun. Moxno hponnoxufi cno-
nykmuu pnn ookfon nospacfakmou cnoxnocfu: kapfunw unu qo-
foipaquu, noopaxaomwo hyfomocfnun ho snakomou mocfnocfu,
fukanio nacon, hponcfannonuo hpocfoio hponmofa (kopook chunok,
anfopynka), konnuk noca. Io mopo conopmoncfnonanun choconoc-
fu k konuonfpauuu cnonyof ynonununafi u nnufoninocfi fponuponok.
Hacfo nosnukaof nohpoc o fom, nfo cnufafi ofnnononuom: honn-
nonuo hocfoponnou mwcnu na hopuqopuu cosnanun, hopomomonuo
oo n qokyc nnumanun, honnoo hopoknknonuo na npyiyk paofy,
sawnanuo uncfpykuuu fom nohpoco, noponfno, moxno hpunop-
xunaficn pasymnou fakfuku honwmonun fpoonafoninocfu c pocfom
choconocfu k konuonfpauuu. Ipu fom cnonyof cfpomuficn k fomy,
nfow nwnnuiaomwo fpoonanun naxonunuci n sono nuxaumoio
pasnufun cfumynuponanu hpoipocc u no nwswnanu ofnannun.
Yhpaxnonuo Ianan no cnonyof uchonisonafi kak nomoncfpauu-
onnwu ohwf. Ono hponnasnanono nnn poiynnpnou hpakfuku. Iomu-
mo foio nfo uncfpykfop hocfohonno ycnoxnnof sananun, nospacfaof
ux nnufoninocfi u cfpoiocfi nnyfponnou ouonku nnumafoninoio,
hpoucxonuf omo onun ononi naxnwu hpouocc: nwpaafwnaofcn nnyf-
ponnuu konfponi. Hofko oipanunonnoo npomn paofw (of Hananu!
no Cfoh!) u xocfkan nucuuhnuna, nannswnaoman hananom, ho-
cfohonno cfanonnfcn ocfocfnonnwmu, kak w hpopacfakf nnyfpi
yhpaxnnkmoiocn u hponpamakfcn n copannocfi u ymonuo yhpannnfi
mwcnnmu. Hai sa maiom n cosnanuu chopfcmona, opasno ionopn,
koncfpyupyofcn cnooopasnwu nwknknafoni, honopnyn kofopwu, on
sacfannnof nnyfponnoio nonymoio ofnafi komanny Hananu!, a nnyf-
ponnoio hanana nsnficn sa paofy. 1akum opasom chopfcmon co
npomonom nwpaafwnaof n coo choconocfi nno chouuaninwx sann-
52
fuu nocfuiafi fou xo cfohonu konuonfpauuu, nfo u no npomn hcu-
xofoxnunockux coancon.
Ocnonnan hcuxofoxnunockan uoni yhpaxnonun Ianan fa xo, nfo
u y uipw 3anynunmuucn pacckasnuk. Iasnuua cocfouf n fom, nfo
n Ianano sanoxona unan fakfuka nwpaofku camokonfponn: ynonuk
no nwcnoxunaof ofnnononun, no kpanofcn sa numu ho hnfam, a cpa-
sy ofmofaof ux. Hso nnn n noni, honynan nakasanun sa ofnnononun,
nnumanuo hpoxonuf cnooopasnyk npoccuponky u, honono nwosxon-
nou nomanu, cfanonufcn onoo hocnymnwm. Ho cnonyof, onnako,
hocfonnno kchnyafuponafi fy nosnukakmyk choconocfi. ho-
nconnonnou xusnu nynmo ofnnonicn of pasmwmnonuu no npomn hpo-
iynku, nom hohacfi hon cnynaunwu anfomouni, coxpannn cocpono-
fononnocfi. Hanwk honnoio cocponofononun nonxon ocfanaficn
chouuaninwm hpuomom, uchonisyomwm numi n ocowx cnynanx.
3A AHbK YCHHH
Iopnoo, nfo hpuxonuf na ym, koina nam ionopnf cocponofono-
nuo, konuonfpauun, nnumanuo, fo hponcfannonuo o noko-
fopom hocfonnnom hcuxunockom ycunuu, nnyfponnom nahpnxonuu,
nohpopwnnou paofo. 3afom nchnwnaof kapfuna: niu-fo kpohko cxa-
fwo iyw, naxmyponnwo ponu, namopmonnwu no, cysunmuocn,
nomuiakmuo inasa. Iofom mw samonaom, nfo cocponofononnwu
osnanaof nnn nac safaunmuu nwxanuo, onoponononmuu, nahpnxon-
nwu. cnu mw hohwfaomcn omy homomafi, nofponynmuci no hno-
na, on ofcfpanufcn, unu offonknof namy pyky, unu nunom no ofno-
fuf. cnu mw ynom nacfoununo momafi omy, fo, noponfno, on
hpukpuknof unu nonononino hpukaxof, nfow hpokpafunu, u c pas-
npaxonnwm nsnoxom nnoni hpumofcn sa nono. 3akonnun oio, on hpo-
fpof inasa, hofnnofcn, omyfuf ycfanocfi.
1akono namo hponcfannonuo. Ofa mononi cocponofononun, cno-
xunmancn n namom ymo, nukfyof u fof choco, kakum mw camu
hwfaomcn nocfuni konuonfpauuu. Koina hpononumi sannfun ho kon-
uonfpauuu nnumanun, fo ofnofnuno nunumi, kak honfu nco ynacf-
nuku cfapafonino hpumopunakf macky cocponofononnocfu-c-naxmy-
ponnwmu-ponnmu. 1of, komy ona honpanufcn, hocno sannfuu
hoxanyofcn na iononnyk oni ona nacfwu chyfnuk nahpnxonnwx
mwmu nuua u ycfanocfi. mo on, noponfno, honymaof (ocnu nwo-
5J
pof coo iononnyk oni), nfo sannfun nponnw unu (ocnu hponhonfof
nyncfnonafi con ycfanwm) nfo on ofnunno hofpynuncn.
Ho nosmoxno nu npyioo Kaxofcn ocfocfnonnwm, nfo paofa, nco
panno qusunockan unu ymcfnonnan, nonxna conopmaficn naionapn
ycunuk u nwswnafi yfomnonuo. Ofo, onnako, no ncoina fak. cnu
cpannufi nononoka, nhopnwo hwfakmoiocn nnsafi na chuuax, c ohwf-
nwm nnsanimukom, nofpynno samofufi, nfo nonunok of cfapanun
honnnn hnonu, honfopnof nnuxonun chuu nswkom u iyamu. On
conopmaof fnxonyk paofy, hpoonononan... cnoo cocfnonnoo cohpo-
funnonuo. Ymonou xo paofaof noiko u wcfpo. H no ycfaof. A ho-
nomy w no cfafi ymoniuom n konuonfpauuu nnumanun
Ononunuw nwcfyhnonuu snamonufoio fonnucucfa bipna bopia
pacckaswnakf o aconkfnom chokoucfnuu, cocponofononnocfu u
paccnanonnou ofpomonnocfu manopw oio uipw. Cocponofononnocfi
u paccnanonuo... Ofo noownnoo conofanuo snakomo honfu kaxno-
my chopfcmony. Ono nosnukaof, koina omymaofcn honnan ynopon-
nocfi n hpanuninocfu cnoux noucfnuu, cnufnocfi c opyxuom unu
cnapnnom. Ycunuo, nahpnxonuo, cfapanuo yxonnf, ocnooxnan
mocfo napykmou nohpopwnnocfu fononun mwcnu u noucfnun. co
nyncfna hoinomonw kpacofou cnoonnoio nnuxonun, nnumanuo os
ncnkou nafyiu cfanonufcn ycfoununwm u hocnymnwm. Ha nuuo ho-
nnnnofcn ncnan honyynwka.
ymaofcn, nfo paccnanonnoo cocponofononuo-c-ynononicfnuom
iopasno ocfocfnonnoo u qqokfunnoo, nom nahpnxonnoo, ckonannoo
nnumanuo. Iano unu hosnno kaxnwu chopfcmon naunof cnou cfuni
nnumanun. Honi hcuxofoxnunockux sannfuu cocfouf n fom, nfow
pacmupufi hponcfannonun o nosmoxnwx chocoax konuonfpauuu.
Jnpunenue &. "Henmnu u mpyenuu
Ynacfnukam cnonyof ynono pachonoxuficn n kpocnax. Iaccnaufi
mwmuw na, ponu, iyw, cnoika hpuofkpwfi pof. ocfuni paccna-
nonun mwmu nuua, hpunan omy connoo (hinnoo) nwpaxonuo. Io
komanno Hananu! ynacfnuku hpucfyhakf k nwhonnonuk onnoio us
yhpaxnonuu na nnumanuo (onimo ncoio honxonnf yhpaxnonun
Ianiuw u okycuponka), coxpannn hpu fom paccnanonnocfi
mwmu nuua. Iaofa hpononxaofcn no fox hop, hoka no hocnonyof
komanna Cfoh!. Iocno foio yhpaxnonuo nyxno honfopufi, hpon-
napufonino naxmypun ponu, kpohko cxan iyw, cfucnyn nonkcfu.
Coxpannfi nahpnxonuo nuua n fononuo ncoio npomonu paofw.
54
o npomn ocyxnonun hponnoxufo cpannufi nna napuanfa cocpo-
nofononun paccnanonnwu u nahpnxonnwu. Ho nannswnaufo cno-
oio hponcfannonun o nynmom chocoo: cnoonnan nuckyccun cosnaof
nosmoxnocfi cpannonun u nwopa, n fo npomn kak nnymonuo hpu-
nnfou namu fonku sponun nonaof nwnonw chopfcmona hochomnwmu
u nosponwmu. Cnonufo sa fom, nfow paccnanonuo u nahpnxonuo
nuua honnopxunanuci n fononuo ncoio npomonu. nn ycunonun pac-
cnanonun moxno uchonisonafi chouuaninwo foxnuku (cm. inany 4).
Xofn mwmonnoo paccnanonuo ononi honosno, oio hopou nonocfa-
fonno nnn foio, nfow cocponofononuo cfano chokounwm, ocfocfnon-
nwm u hpunfnwm. Omyfufi ocfocfnonnwu, mnikuu cfuni cocpono-
fononun homoiyf npyiuo yhpaxnonun.
Jnpunenue 9. "mxunue
Ynono ycfpouficn n kpocnax unu na cfyninx, paccfannonnwx ho
okpyxnocfu. Iaccnauficn u sakpwfi inasa. Io komanno Hananu!
mniko cnonufi sa nwxanuom. Ho yhpannnfi nwxanuom u no napymafi
oio ocfocfnonnwu pucynok. Hopos 5i5 munyf ho komanno Cfoh!
hpokpafufi yhpaxnonuo. Iopoufu k ocyxnonuk.
Coni foio yhpaxnonun n fom, nfo ckonuonfpuponafi nnumanuo
na nom-fo u no nmomunaficn n fo nonosmoxno, ocnu coxpannfi xo-
cfkuu cfuni cocponofononun. A nwxanuo nnnnofcn ononi nyfkum
unnukafopom namoio nahpnxonun: nkwo konoanun hcuxunockux
cocfonnuu ofpaxakfcn na chocoo nwmafi. Ionono fomy kak xo-
nanuo uchonnufi nnuxonuo na coponnonanunx kak moxno nynmo
hpunonuf k paspymonuk cnoxunmoucn foxnuku, xonanuo coxpanufi
ocfocfnonnwu pucynok nwxanun hocponcfnom akfunnou paofw non-
xno napymufi oio. wxonom us coponnonafoninoio safpynnonun nnn
mnoiux chopfcmonon nnnnofcn honnan cocponofononnocfi na nomon-
fax foxnuku u ofpomonuo of kononnoio posynifafa. Ofo noucfnon-
nwu choco, no no hanauon: mwcnu o posynifafo moiyf hpoconuficn
n cosnanuo u uchopfufi nco. Iofomy chopfcmon no nonxon ocfa-
nannunaficn na qopmyno yinyuci n hpouocc u sayni o posynifafo.
Yhpaxnonuo wxanuo cfanuf ynacfnuka hopon hapanokcom, pas-
pomonuo kofopoio noxuf sa hpononamu hpunwnnwx hcuxunockux cfo-
poofuhon. Io cnoomy hcuxonoiunockomy conopxanuk ono nnnnofcn
munuafkpnou kohuou onnoio us achokfon coponnonanuu. Haunn
*Ioncnonun nanw na cfp. iJ4.
55
pomonuo na hpocfou mononu, moxno hohwfaficn hoponocfu oio u n
onoo xocfkuo ycnonun.
Jnpunenue 10. "Mnqpuupucnme aynu
nocfafonno fuxom homomonuu, honoipon hponnapufonino yfki,
nonymuu ionopuf: amu pyku choconw omymafi fohnonoo unqpa-
kpacnoo usnynonuo. Iohpoyufo honyncfnonafi fohno foio yfkia na
paccfonnuu. (Iponocuf yfki hopon ynacfnukamu, nanan kaxnomy
yonuficn, nfo fo nosmoxno.) Y ncox honynunoci A fohopi hohw-
faufoci honyncfnonafi fohno cocfnonnwx pyk. (Iokaswnaof, nfo
kucfu pyk nyxno pachonoxufi nopfukanino, nanonnmu npyi k npyiy
u hapannonino, na munumaninom paccfonnuu.) Ionynaofcn 1ohopi
nama sanana naufu camoo onimoo paccfonnuo, na kofopom nw
ynofo omymafi fo fohno. (Iokaswnaof, kak cnuxakfcn u pacxo-
nnfcn nanonu.) Hcno Iaofaufo camocfonfonino. (Ipoxonnf 24
munyfw.) cfi nohpocw 1ohopi hohpoyufo hpononafi fo n hapax.
(56 munyf, no npomn kofopwx hosnonnofcn omonunaficn nhonaf-
nonunmu.) 1ohopi pacckaxom, nfo honynunoci.
Hsnocfno, nfo hpu paccnanonuu u ychokoonuu cnawo cuinanw
c onimou noikocfik nocfuiakf cosnanun: nocnwmnwu nnom ynuni-
nuk nonik ipomuf ipomno fpakfopa. Iofomy sananu na oocfponuo
nyncfnufoninocfu honfankunakf ownno k mnikomy cfunk konuon-
fpauuu.
8 CTAbHOM KObU
COCOTOHHHOCTH
...numanuo chopfcmona nahpnxono, cxafo n fonky. Hcnosnu
cfanuon, spufonu, cyniu. Ocfanaci numi mumoni n hpoposu hpuuo-
na, nsnofakmuu nan cofkou mnn... Ocfpuo konapnou mhaiu co-
hopnuka...
Aconkfnan cocponofononnocfi no npomn coponnonanuu... cnu
ona omo no hpumna c ohwfom, no honapona nnoxnononuom, fo, wfi
moxof, oo nochufakf poiynnpnwo hcuxofoxnunockuo fponuponku,
nakmuo nnacfi nan hcuxukou. Iycfi hpounof no noni u no nna, hpox-
no nom ponkuo ychoxu na sannfunx hpunocyf choconocfi cocponofo-
nunaficn n nkwx ycnonunx. Ho nof nnumanuo chopfcmona nwnpoc-
cuponano, no pocaofcn na hopnyk hohanmykcn hpumanky, no ncom
cnymaofcn cnooio xosnuna. A kakono ono na hponnocfi
56
1pofuu pas honpnn nxonocfyk monkaof kypok. uxo sakpynonnwu
mnn nwiof hanou. opnwu knunok cnomaofcn sa hapy cokynn no
hoonnoio ykona. 1akoio pona ckphpusw moiyf no fo nfo ofnnoni
yknanino nwfpnxnyfi chopfcmona us cocfonnun cocponofononnocfu.
A cfouf numi na mui hpuofkpwfi hyfi comnonunm, numi n mwcnnx
ofkasaficn of opiw fyf xo cnonno nfo-fo nomaofcn n nononoko.
Hakafwnaof oni, ycfanocfi, cmopfoninan xaxna ofnwxa, u cnonafi
c fum yxo nunoio nonosmoxno.
Onnum nnumanuom snoci no oounomicn, ckaxofo nw. Hyx-
nw nonn, camoonananuo, cfoukocfi xapakfopa. Ho pasno nonn
fo no nnumanuo, nosnononnoo n ky Camoonananuo no cocpo-
nofononnocfi n kcfpomaninou cufyauuu oni snoci hponnnnofcn nco
fa xo choconocfi uohko nopxafi n qokyco cosnanun cnok uoni,
honnunnn ou u mwcnu u nnuxonun.
ononoio chopfcmona no moxof nosopianusonafi u pasmainufufi
nukakan cfpocconan cufyauun. Ho kak cfafi nononwm
Jnpunenue 11. "1oepxonumunue
Ynacfnuku pasunakfcn na nno ipyhhw: momakmux u nnuma-
foninwx. numafoninwo paccfannnkfcn nonymum ho hopumofpy
sana nuuom k uonfpy u honynakf ofnunufoninwo snaku (napykannwo
honnsku, kocwnku unu mahonku). Hm naofcn uncfpykuun: ama
sanana usopasufi, cwipafi, cnonno akfop, noufu n poni nonono-
ka, honnocfik cocponofononnoio na kakou-fo nnyfponnou paofo u
no samonakmoio okpyxakmoio. (onymuu hokaswnaof nwpaxonuo
nuua nononoka c hycfwm, ofcyfcfnykmum nsinnnom.) w nonxnw
nxuficn n fy poni u, cfon c ofkpwfwmu inasamu u no sakpwnan
ymou, no samonafi foio, nfo nonakf npyiuo. Hfow nam wno noino
chpanuficn c sananuom, hohwfaufoci npko hponcfanufi coo, ynfo
nw cmofpufo ynnokafoninwu kunoqunim unu ynacfnyofo n ohacnom
hyfomocfnuu. bynifo hocnononafoninw n cnoou ponu: koina sakon-
nufcn yhpaxnonuo (fo ocfi hocno moou komannw Cfoh!) u nac y-
nyf pacchpamunafi, yfnopxnaufo u yoxnaufo npyiux n fom, nfo nw
noucfnufonino wnu honnocfik hoinomonw cnoumu mwcnnmu u nu-
noio no nunonu u no cnwmanu. Hcno Momakmuo honynaf sana-
nuo no npomn yhpaxnonun. Iofonw Hananu! Yhpaxnonuo nnufcn
5i5 munyf. 3a fo npomn nonymuu nmocfo c momakmumu opia-
nusykf copuk hponokauuonnwx noucfnuu. Onu ckannupykf: Iofn
ionuu nnumanun!, paswipwnakf n nuuax anoknofw, uncuonupykf
5?
okonnanuo sannfuu u yxon us sana, usopaxakf xunofnwx, hpocnf
y nnumafoninwx munocfwnk u hponoo. Ipu fom nonymuu cnonuf
sa fom, nfow noucfnun momakmux no okasanuci cnumkom qqok-
funnwmu. On sahpomaof kacaficn nnumafoninwx u n kpufunockuo
momonfw homoiaof um ynopxaficn n cnoou ponu. 3afom cnonyof ko-
manna Cfoh!, nanunaofcn ocyxnonuo.
Iapanokcaninocfi foio yhpaxnonun cocfouf n fom, nfo noucfnuo
uncfpykuuu hpononxaofcn hocno komannw Cfoh!. oponfno, nnu-
mafoninwu unoina ofnnokancn of nwhonnonun sananun, no hpanu-
na uipw sahpomakf omy n fom cosnaficn. On nwnyxnon yoxnafi
cnoux hapfnopon n fom, nfo wn aconkfno nnumafonon u nu pasy
no ofnnokcn. Hononopuo u comnonun npyiux ynacfnukon sannfun
nwnyxnakf nnumafoninoio hpuoiafi ko nco onoo nockum apiymon-
fam u nosamofno nnn camoio con nco fnopxo yoxnaficn n nocokpy-
mumocfu cnoou konuonfpauuu. Hipa hponocfannnof samonafoninyk
nosmoxnocfi honopufi n cnou cunw, yonufi con, yoxnan npyiux.
fom yhpaxnonuu mnoioo sanucuf of uckyccfna nonymoio sa-
nnfun. On nonxon nufonino cnonufi sa fom, nfow onaponanuo uipw
no wno paspymono nu cnumkom akfunnwmu noucfnunmu momak-
mux, nu ocosnanuom uiponoio omana nnumafoninwx. onymuu
uckycno honisyofcn cnoou nnacfik no npomn yhpaxnonun, ocfanan-
nunan fox, kfo cnoum noymocfnwm ckohcucom (Cmofpufo! a noni
on nsnpaiunaof of xnohka!) hpununnof npon pasnufuk uipw. On
nonxon minononno poaiuponafi na hononwo yknononun, hockoni-
ky kpufunockoo ofnomonuo moxof pachpocfpanuficn co ckopocfik
uohnou poakuuu u paspymufi uiponyk afmocqopy. bonoo foio, no
mnoiux cnynanx nonymomy xonafonino cnoumu pohnukamu u honono-
nuom hoompnfi hponnnonun akfopckux choconocfou ynacfnukon.
Yhpaxnonuo no cnonyof uchonisonafi n ipyhhax, nnyfpu kofopwx
omo no cosponu ofnomonun nsaumnoio nonopun u nyx fnopnockou
ynnononnocfu. Ynana yhpaxnonun Cnopxnnumanuo namnoio hpo-
nnuiaof ipyhhy nhopon, n fo npomn kak noychox moxof hocfanufi hon
comnonuo sannfun n uonom.
Jnpunenue 12. "Xupyceao
Ipyhha pasunaofcn na nno pannwo nacfu. Konuonfpupykmuo-
cn paccaxunakfcn n kpyi u iofonnfcn k honnou konuonfpauuu na
sananuu. 3ananuo moxof saknknaficn n mwcnonnom pomonuu sana-
58
nu, saynunanuu cfuxofnoponun, konuonfpauuu na mwcnonnom o-
paso, na onnou us nacfou fona u f.n. Momakmuo cfanonnfcn nu-
uom k konuonfpupykmumcn kaxnwu nahpofun cnoou xopfnw.
Io komanno Hananu! konuonfpupykmuocn hpucfyhakf k sana-
nuk, a momakmuo nanunakf momafi um (n hpononax, oionopon-
nwx nonymum). Io xnohky nonymoio momakmuo cnnuiakfcn na
onnoio nononoka nhpano fak, nfow kaxnwu us nux cmonun cnok
xopfny, u uipa hpononxaofcn nanimo. Iocno nockonikux hono-
pofon nonymuu ocfanannunaof kapyconi. co hopoxonnf k ocyx-
nonuk.
onymuu umoof nosmoxnocfi nanknafi cfonknononun cfpomno-
nuu konuonfpupykmuxcn u momakmux, kofopwo n fom yhpax-
nonuu hpuopofakf xapakfop onunoopcfna. Ha hopnwx hopax cunw
n fom onunoopcfno no ynyf pannwmu: noni momakmuo pachona-
iakf oiafoumum apconanom cponcfn. cnu uipa nanunaofcn cpasy c
hpumononun umu camwx xocfkux mop, fo fo moxof oockypaxufi
konuonfpupykmuxcn, cnomufi ux nopy n cnou nosmoxnocfu. o-
nymuu nonxon cnonufi sa paofou kaxnoio u ho mopo nanonocfu
nanafi momakmum ykasanun ocnaufi homoxu, nnn foio nfow
konuonfpupykmuocn no hponnnnnu hpusnakon ofnnononun ho kpau-
nou mopo n 2/J cnynaon. 1akan hpohopuun ychoxa oochonuf nauo-
noo honxonnmuo ycnonun nnn pocfa choconocfu k camokonfponk.
Ocoonnocfi foio yhpaxnonun hopconuquuuponannocfi ucfon-
nuka homox. Ipununou ofnnononun nnnnofcn konkpofnwu xunou
nononok: moxof cnynuficn fak, nfo nnn chopfcmona iopona onun-
cfnonnwm qqokfunnwm momakmum okaxofcn Cunopon. 1oina sa-
nana cocponofononun hopoxonuf n onacfi omonun. Yhpaxnonuo sa
yhpaxnonuom iopon nonosmyfumo uinopupyof xnohku u kpuku ncox
ynacfnukon, ofnonan noynopxumwm hpucfyhom cmoxa na nkyk poh-
nuky Cunopona. Hfo nonafi Omoio pouohfa nof, onnako honfu
ncoina ocosnanuo u hpusnanuo foio qakfa ioponwm okaswnaofcn
ofhpannou fonkou nnn cymocfnonnwx usmononuu. Iycfi, nahpumop,
on hohpoyof n onoponnou pas, koina Cunopon nannof hpunuxafi-
cn k nomy, ocfanufi cnou osychomnwo hohwfku cocponofonuficn u
hpnmo opafufcn k cnoomy momakmomy: H snak, nfo no cux hop
mno nu pasy no ynananoci ckonuonfpuponaficn n fnoom hpucyfcfnuu.
1non choconocfi momafi hponocxonuf moo ymonuo cocponofonunafi-
cn. Hfo w fw mno hoconofonan cnu Cunopon hpumof uckponnoo
ynacfuo n safpynnonunx iopona, fo oio ofnof okaxofcn honosnwm
nosanucumo of konkpofnoio conopxanun.
5
pyium naxnwm momonfom yhpaxnonun Kapyconi nnnnofcn on-
nanonuo ymonuom nnymafi u hpofunonoucfnonafi nyxomy nnymonuk.
Kaxnwu momakmuu cfpomufcn honopafi hpuom, c homomik
kofopoio moxno wno w hpoufi pomi n pono, oipaxnakmou
cosnanuo konuonfpupykmoiocn of nnomnux nosnoucfnuu. Ha fom
ymonuu no mnoiom ocnonwnaofcn choconocfi nnymafi. Hchwfan con
n ponu iuhnofusopa, ynacfnuk unwmu inasamu nanunaof cmofpofi
na homoxu, cosnanaomwo no npomn oio cocfnonnou konuonfpauuu.
io choconocfi no honnanaficn nyxomy nnunnuk ycunufcn sa cnof
honumanun moxanusma nnunnun na npyiux. ynymom hopconuqu-
kauun ucfonnuka homox moxof okasaficn honosnou u hpu ofcfpouko
of iuhnosa ocfonfonicfn.
cnu yhpaxnonuo Kapyconi uchonisyofcn mnoiokpafno (nxonuf
n nucno poiynnpno hpakfukyomwx yhpaxnonuu), fo hocfohonno co-
ofnomonuo cun usmonnofcn n honisy konuonfpupykmuxcn. Ho-
cmofpn na pacfymyk usomponnocfi momakmux, ofnnononun cny-
nakfcn nco poxo. Iocfohonno sanana cocponofononun us nnomnou (no
mononuficn, no cmonficn) cfanonufcn nnyfponnou (no nohycfufi
manoumux cockaniswnanuu mwcnu). fom kanocfno yhpaxnonuo
moxno uchonisonafi nononino nonio, onnako npnn nu chopfcmony
cfouf fak mnuqonafi cnoo nnumanuo. Mw pokomonnyom hopoxonufi
k cnonykmomy yhpaxnonuk.
Jnpunenue 1J. "Hoaeome mpenupoouu
Kaxnwu ynacfnuk nwupaof coo cam unu ho honckasko uncfpyk-
fopa nokofopoo sananuo, na kofopom on ynof cocponofonon no npo-
mn yhpaxnonun. On nonxon hponomoncfpuponafi cfoni xo nwcokyk
cfohoni konuonfpauuu, nfo u n uipo-yhpaxnonuu Cnopxnnumanuo.
3afom ipyhhy nwnonnf us homomonun nnn sannfuu. Ynacfnukon pac-
cfannnkf ho onnomy u kaxnomy nakf komanny Hananu!. Iaccfa-
nun ncox ynacfnukon, nonymuu oxonuf hocfw u hwfaofcn homo-
mafi, hpunnokan k fomy hocfoponnux nknou, hpocn ux nwnonafi y
fponupykmuxcn, kofopwu nac, hponnoxufi um yufu u hponoo. Ia-
ofa nnufcn 5i5 munyf. 3afom nonymuu honxonuf k kaxnomy, oc-
fanannunaof paofy komannou Cfoh!, coupaof ipyhhy u nosnpa-
maof oo n san nnn sannfuu. Cnonyof ocyxnonuo.
Iockoniky ynacfnuku ynyf honnocfik hoinomonw cocponofono-
nuom u nochoconw anoknafno opuonfuponaficn n okpyxakmou o-
cfanonko, ncn ofnofcfnonnocfi sa ux xusni u snoponio nosnaiaofcn na
nonymoio. onymuu nonxon umofi nnyx-fpox homomnukon, xopomo
snakmux homomonuo: onu oochonunakf osohacnocfi chopfcmonon
no npomn sannfuu. Kaxnwu us fponupykmuxcn nonxon hocfonnno
wfi n hono sponun. ono n fom, nfo hocno ychomnoio hpoxoxnonun
uipw Cnopxnnumanuo ynacfnuk, noponfno, ynof hpononxafi co-
cponofononuo naxo n fom cnynao, ocnu okpyxakmuo ynyf sannfw
hoxapnou nakyauuou.
Kpomo foio, hocfoponnuo nknu moiyf ucfonkonafi honononuo yna-
cfnukon kak ockopufoninoo u hpumonufi cankuuu. Iofomy oocho-
nonuk osohacnocfu sannfuu nonxno wfi ynonono makcumym cun.
Chopfcmonon cnonyof paccfannnfi n fakux mocfax asw, iocfunu-
uw unu chopfunnoio sana, ino ownno hpoxonnf npyiuo nknu. nn
fox, kfo ychomno nwhonnnn hponwnymuo yhpaxnonun, moxno chpo-
nouuponafi nooxunannyk ncfpony c kom-nuo us snakomwx. osmo-
xon, nahpumop, fakou nuanoi: Ipunof! Monnanuo. 1w noio,
ounoncn Monnanuo. Ionfa, noio fo c num (Ionxonuf u
cnoika fpncof sa hnono.) Monnanuo. H fak nanoo. npyiux cny-
nanx nonymuu cam opianusyof hononwo nsaumonoucfnun, hpocn koio-
nuo us hocfoponnux ncfyhufi n konfakf c sanumakmumcn. Hnfo-
pocno ofmofufi, nfo nacfo hononwo hohwfku omonun hpousnonnf
onimoo nhonafnonuo na hocfoponnux, nom na ynacfnukon uipw, us-
sa foio, nfo honononuo sanumakmoiocn nnno hpofunoponuf nopmam
omonun.
Ofo yhpaxnonuo umoof oipomnyk uonnocfi, hockoniky ono cfu-
paof ipani moxny ycnonnou poaninocfik ipyhhonwx sannfuu u nou-
cfnufoninocfik honconnonnou xusnu. Ono nnnnofcn cmonwm nnonpo-
nuom nwpaofannwx n fohnunnou ocfanonko hcuxofoxnunockux
nanwkon n xocfkuo ycnonun ownonnwx ofnomonuu. Cnonykmum
maiom moxof wfi hoponana komann Hananu! u Cfoh! camomy
chopfcmony. 1akum opasom, on cam cfanonufcn xosnunom cnooio
nnumanun. naninoumom moxno hpumonnfi fu komannw no npo-
mn ofpaofku sananuu na chopfunnou fponuponko. 1akou hoponoc
ynof umofi nocomnonnyk honisy nnn conopmoncfnonanun chopfun-
noio macfopcfna. Onnako cnonyof ocfoponicn of snoyhofpononun
nacfwm u nnufoninwm uchonisonanuom foio hpuoma. Mw nymaom,
nfo n onimuncfno cnynaon cymmapnoo npomn konuonfpauuu no non-
xno hponwmafi JO4O munyf n cyfku.
6i
4. 8OO6AHH
H CAMOYRUHR
1nxonwo ynnu chopfa... 1ponuponku fpu, nofwpo, hnfi pas n
nononk. 1ponuponku yfpom u nonopom. Hso nnn n noni chopfcmony
hponcfouf onno u fo xo. o usnomoxonun noponafi fnxonyk mfan-
iy. Iopoionnfi nony n iponom accouno. Hnu, honono saonmou
hnacfunko, namafwnafi nockonnaomwo kpyiu na oionou nopoxko
cfanuona. Monofonnocfi fponuponok onna us ocfpoumux hcuxo-
noiunockux hponom conpomonnoio chopfa. Ino xo uckafi pomonuo
ynmoo nokapcfno of monofonnocfu u ckyku fo qanfasun.
Caman nauckynnouman nomi moxof cfafi unfopocnou, ocnu pacuno-
fufi oo nonmonwmu kpackamu noopaxonun. chomnufo mapkfno-
nonckoio 1oma Couopa, hponpafunmoio hokpacky owknononnoio
saopa n ynnokafoninwu affpakuuon, panu ynacfun n kofopom cocon-
ckan nofnopa iofona wna paccfaficn c camwmu nopoiumu cnoumu
cokponumamu. Homnoio apfucfusma, nomnoio nwnymku u nof yxo
us xonakmux hpuomuficn k fomy naxnomy u honofnomy nony nw-
cfpaunaofcn nnunnan onoponi.
1o xo u hpu opianusauuu fponuponok. bockononnan usopofafoni-
nocfi u ymonuo kaxnyk fponuponky hpononufi ho-nonomy, hpasnnun-
no, npko, saxnafwnakmo unfopocno ofnunakf cfuni paofw fanan-
fnunoio fponopa. Apmouckuu xokkoucf onuamun Anokcannpon
pacckaswnan o fponuponkax A.. 1apacona: Ofo wnu nosawnaomwo
nnu. Mw paofanu ninnonicku. Ho hcuxonoiunocku namu fponupon-
ku wnu oochononw fakum opasom, nfo mw no nyncfnonanu nuno-
io, kpomo panocfu u noownaunoio nymonnoio honoma.
Ionwmonuo hoponocumocfu qusunockux naipysok nanoko no onun-
cfnonnan us cfonmux hopon fponopom u chopfcmonom hponom, po-
mafi kofopwo hosnonnof pasnufoo noopaxonuo.
A.C. Monnonon. Icuxonoiun hoonw. M.: uC, i8i, c. 44.
62
6 A
hocnonnoo npomn n chopfo nco mupo hpumonnofcn unoomofop-
nan fponuponka: hpouipwnanuo nnuxonuu u noucfnuu n noopaxo-
nuu. Mofonw unoomofopnou fponuponku hponno nomnu n apconan
honiofonku iumnacfon, iopnonwxnukon, hpwiynon n nony. Onu
xopomo sapokomonnonanu con na nananinwx fahax ocnoonun cnox-
nwx foxnunockux nomonfon, a fakxo hpu noccfanonnonuu nanwkon,
yfpanonnwx n posynifafo nnufoninoio hopopwna n fponuponkax. On-
nako unoomofopnan fponuponka, kak hpanuno, manoqqokfunna n fox
cnynanx, koina us honn sponun fponopa nwhanaof ononunnwu qakf:
uonocoopasnocfi uchonisonanun unoomofopnwx yhpaxnonuu hpu
honiofonko k coponnonanunm n snanufoninou mopo sanucuf of hcu-
xonoiunockou unnununyaninocfu chopfcmona. Ipoxno ncoio of
ocoonnocfou oio noopaxonun.
Io chocoam opuonfuponku n hpocfpancfno nknou moxno ycnon-
no pasnonufi na nno kafoiopuu. nn onnux pomakmoo snanonuo umokf
spufoninwo opuonfupw, nnn npyiux mwmonnwo omymonun u nyn-
cfno nahpannonun cunw fnxocfu. Iopnwo hpu mwcnonnom nwhonno-
nuu noucfnuu ohupakfcn n ocnonnom na spufoninwo hponcfannonun,
n fo npomn kak nfopwo na nnuiafoninyk hamnfi u noopaxaomwo
omymonun nnuxonuu. cfocfnonno, nfo y chopfcmonon c pasnunnwm
fuhom opuonfuponku n hpocfpancfno ocoonnocfu hpumononun uno-
omofopnou fponuponku ynyf cymocfnonno ofnunaficn.
Iponnaiaomwo uipw-yhpaxnonun homoiyf fponopy no foniko pa-
sopaficn n ocoonnocfnx noopaxonun kaxnoio us ynacfnukon, no
u pasnufi n cnoux honohonnwx fy uonnyk choconocfi.
Jnpunenue 14. "Hubupunm
Ipyhha pasunaofcn na hapw. kaxnou hapo onun us ynacfnu-
kon c homomik ycfnwx ykasanuu-komann sanonuf cnooio hapfno-
pa n noopaxaomwu naupunf, cxomy kofopoio n nuno nomanou nu-
nuu c hpnmwmu yinamu on nopxuf hopon coou, no no hokaswnaof
cnoomy nonomomy. coio uchonisyofcn fpu komannw. Iopnan,
oosnanakman nxon n naupunf, Ipnmo!. anoo, n sanucumoc-
fu of qopmw naupunfa, cnonykf komannw Hahpano! unu Hano-
6J
no!, hocno kofopwx unymuu ho noopaxaomomy naupunfy nonxon
honopnyfi coofnofcfnonno n hpanyk unu nonyk cfopony. Ipounn
naupunf, nonomwu nonxon pasnopnyficn na i8O ipanycon u mwc-
nonno nwufu us noio, ncnyx cooman oo ncox cnoux hopomomonunx
(hocponcfnom fox xo fpox komann). fo npomn sanonnmuu ho
cnoou cxomo konfponupyof hyfi hapfnopa. cnu nonomwu chpanuncn
c sananuom ychomno, fo omy hponnaiaofcn naupunf c onimum
konunocfnom honopofon u fak nanoo. 3afom nahapnuku monnkfcn
ponnmu.
nokofopwx cnynanx c aupunfom nynmo paofafi no hapa-
mu, a ncou ipyhhou. Ipu fom nacfi cunnmux n kpyiy ynacfnukon
(nofnwo) ynof sanonufi n naupunf, a ocfanmancn nacfi nwnonufi
us naupunfa. 1oina kaxnomy kak us sanonnmux, fak u us nwno-
nnmux nocfaofcn numi nacfi omoio hyfu.
xono ocyxnonun posynifafon fponopy cnonyof opafufi ocooo
nnumanuo na fo, kakum opasom kaxnwu chopfcmon n kanocfno no-
nomoio chpannnncn co cnoum sananuom. Ynacfnuku, y kofopwx hpo-
onanaof spufoninan opuonfuponka n hpocfpancfno, uchonisykf
ownno noopaxaomoio nonononka, kofopwu, hocnymno nwhonnnn
komannw, unof ho naupunfy. 1om xo, y koio hpoonanaof nnuia-
foninwu fuh, foio wnaof nonocfafonno. nn foio nfow ohpono-
nufi, ino xo fo nanono, a ino nahpano, onu nwnyxnonw kax-
nwu pas hponcfannnfi con camoio na mocfo nonononka, mwcnonno
nnosafi nnyfpi naupunfa u hpononwnafi fam noopaxaomwo honopo-
fw. Iponcfannnn coo pasnunnwo nnuxonun, nknu c nnuiafoninwm
fuhom opuonfuponku no cfoniko nunnf fu nnuxonun, ckoniko nyn-
cfnykf ux cnoum fonom, omymakf con nwhonnnkmumu ux. Ona-
nan fakou ocoonnocfik, chopfcmon moxof hponykfunno uchoniso-
nafi unoomofopnyk fponuponky nnn onnanonun nonwmu nnn noio
nnuxonunmu u conopmoncfnonanun cnoou nnuiafoninou koopnuna-
uuu. Chopfcmony xo co spufoninwm fuhom opuonfuponku unoomo-
fopnan fponuponka moxof homoni hpoumymocfnonno hpu sahomuna-
nuu cnoxnwx komunauuu yxo snakomwx omy nnuxonuu.
Ouonunan paofy ynacfnukon, fponop moxof ucxonufi us cnony-
kmux nopmafunon: hpoxoxnonuo naupunfon n 68 konon ynon-
nofnopufonino, i2 xopomo, cnwmo i2 ofnunno. Ohwf
hokaswnaof, nfo onimuncfno nknou hpu usnocfnom cfapanuu noc-
fuiakf ofnunnoio posynifafa.
64
Jnpunenue 1. "4upobum
Ynacfnuku paccaxunakfcn n pnn. onymuu cfouf hopon numu u
nopxuf n pykax noonimyk nonononockyk quiypky. On oncnnof
ynacfnukam, nfo fo akpoaf, kofopwu ymoof nwhonnnfi nofw-
po komannw. Hahpano! ho fou komanno akpoaf nonaof ho-
nopof na O ipanycon nopos hpanoo hnono; Hanono! on honopa-
nunaofcn n hpofunohonoxnyk cfopony; komanna hopon! nwhonnn-
ofcn kak npamonuo nuuom nhopon na O ipanycon ofnocufonino uon-
fpa fnxocfu; komanna Hasan! kak npamonuo n hpofunohonoxnyk
cfopony. Iocno foio kak nco ynacfnuku osnakomnfcn c hpunuuhom
yhpannonun quiypkou, onu paccaxunakfcn n kpyi u nanunakf nnu-
mafonino cnonufi sa kynwpkamu noopaxaomoio akpoafa, komannw
kofopomy honakfcn kaxnwm ho onoponu. 1o, kfo no cmoi n kakou-
fo momonf ycnonufi sa uipou, nwxonnf us kpyia, u fak no fox hop,
hoka no nwnnufcn hoonufoni.
o usoxanuo nonyxnwx chopon, nonymuu c homomik cnoou
quiypku moxof konfponuponafi noci xon uipw u n chopnwx cufyauu-
nx nwcfyhafi n kanocfno apufpa. Ofo yhpaxnonuo no mnoiom ana-
noiunno hponwnymomy.
Jnpunenue 10. "Boamebnmu uupun0um
nn osnakomnonun ynacfnukon c hpanunamu fou uipw hofpoy-
kfcn ymaia u kapannam. onymuu oncnnof uipokam, nfo kapan-
namom moxno yhpannnfi na paccfonnuu, honanan omy onny us nofw-
pox nosmoxnwx komann: nopx!, nus!, hpano! unu nono!.
Io komanno kapannam hopomomaofcn n ykasannom nahpannonuu,
ocfannnn na ymaio nopfy. Cnonyof npyian komanna, u kapannam, no
ofpwnanci of ymaiu, hopomomaofcn nnoni. 1akum opasom na nuc-
fo nwpuconwnaofcn nomanan nunun. co xonw kapannama nonxnw
wfi pannw ho nnuno. Ha hponnapufoninom faho uipw ynacfnuku
honakf ho onoponu cnou komannw, a kapannamy nwhonnnfi cnou
onsannocfu homoiaof nonymuu. 3afom, yonunmuci n fom, nfo
nco ynacfnuku ycnounu hpunuuh uipw, nonymuu hponnaiaof um nop-
fufi noopaxaomwo quiypw na noopaxaomom nucfo, kofopwu kax-
nwu nonxon hponcfannnfi hopon coou. Hopnonuo nanunaofcn c hpo-
cfoumou quiypw, opasou kofopou nonymuu hponnapufonino
nomoncfpupyof uipokam, nahpumop c knanpafa. Komannw honakfcn
65
ho kpyiy. onymuu nonxon oncnufi uipokam, nfo onu no umokf
hpana noionapunaficn o fom, n kakou fonko nanunafi u n kakom na-
hpannonuu nocfu nomanyk nunuk. Kaxnwu nonxon nnumafonino
cnonufi sa komannamu u, koina no noio nounof onoponi, noucfnonafi
coopasno ocfanonko. cnu n xono puconanun ynacfnuk no cmoi
ycnonufi sa nunuou unu omy hokasanoci, nfo kfo-nuo us oio fona-
pumou nohycfun omuky, on ocfanannunaof uipy komannou Cfoh!.
Io fou komanno nco, nfo yxo napuconano na noopaxaomwx nucfax,
anfomafunocku cfupaofcn. Ocfanonunmuu uipy nanunaof oo cnana-
na nonaof hopnwu xon. Iocno foio kak quiypa napuconana, nony-
muu hponnaiaof cnonykmyk, onoo cnoxnyk.
Kak hpanuno, uipa hpoxonuf ononi oxunnonno. Hanunuo omou
uonu u ofnofcfnonnocfi kaxnoio sa oo nocfuxonuo hpunonnf k sna-
nufoninou mounusauuu spufoninoio noopaxonun. H fom no monoo
n uipo hpakfunocku nousoxnw copiosnwo fpynnocfu u pasnoinacun.
Iomumo cnoou nohocponcfnonnou nahpannonnocfu na pasnufuo
spufoninoio u hpocfpancfnonnoio noopaxonun fa uipa unfopocna
omo u fom, nfo nnnnofcn mononik cofpynnunocfna nockonikux nono-
nok hpu pomonuu omou sananu. Ocoonno honosnwm fo yhpaxno-
nuo moxof okasaficn hpu honiofonko komann n uiponwx nunax chopfa,
ino konnokfunnocfi nnnnofcn cymocfnonnou nopfou camou chopfun-
nou opiw u ychox no mnoiom sanucuf of coinaconannocfu noucfnuu
uipokon na hono (o npyiux uiponwx chocoax hcuxonoiunockou hon-
iofonku chopfunnou komannw cm. n inano 5). uiypw, hponnaiao-
mwo ownno n kanocfno opasuon, conopxaf n coo onun honnox: naxo
hocno foio, kak nanopnona snanufoninan ux nacfi (J, 4, 5 u onoo
xonon), umoofcn nockoniko pasnunnwx napuanfon sanopmonun pucyn-
ka. nn nokofopwx uipokon fakan mnoiosnannocfi noomo no nnnn-
ofcn safpynnonuom. pyiuo xo nopxafcn sa cnou, cnoxunmuucn y nux
n ionono hocno nockonikux xonon, napuanf, u fo momaof um nunofi
unwo nosmoxnocfu. Hochoconocfi ynacfnuka hopoknknuficn hpu-
nonuf k fomy, nfo n cnynao pacxoxnonun onoponnoio xona c fom,
kofopwu hponycmofpon oio cocfnonnwm hpookfom, on nwnyxnon
hpopwnafi uipy. Iano unu hosnno ynacfnuku camu onapyxunakf
hpununy nonopasymonuu. A fponop na fom nhonafnnkmom hpumo-
po moxof hpounnkcfpuponafi, kak naxna na uiponom hono iukocfi
mwmnonun, choconocfi ofkasaficn of sanymannou komunauuu,
ocnu nooxunannwu honopof uipw safpynnnof oo hponononuo unu of-
kpwnaof nosmoxnocfi nnn noio-fo onoo honxonnmoio.
66
onimuncfno cnynaon kaxnwu ynacfnuk konnokfunnoio puco-
nanun ynof nomoncfpuponafi fof xo cfuni honononun, nfo u na ui-
ponom hono, fak xo poaiuponafi na noynanu, na cnou unu nyxuo
omuku. osmoxno, kfo-fo us chopfcmonon nosimofcn cnonufi sa
hopnnkom, hohpannnfi napymakmux hpanuna u onopiunafi ofnnoka-
kmuxcn na nonyxnwo chopw. Chopfcmonw fakoio fuha nauononw na
posynifaf omoio nona. Ownno onu nonfoninw, unuuuafunnw u
nnnnkfcn nunopamu n komanno. cnu chopfcmon nokpufunon k coo
u cknonon cnanunafi nuny sa cnou hpocnofw na fonapumou, fo cxon-
nwm opasom on hponnuf con u snoci: ynof nosmymonno poaiupo-
nafi na ocfanonky uipw us-sa nohymonnou um omuku, no nu sa nfo
no hpusnaofcn, nfo us-sa cocfnonnou nonnumafoninocfu, a no ho
nuno npyioio cam ocfanannunaof uipy. oponfno, naunyfcn u fakuo,
kfo cfanof hpohnfcfnonafi ckopoumomy nocfuxonuk omou uonu, n
ochnonnwx (noni hponopufi hpanuninocfi foio unu unoio xona hpak-
funocku nonosmoxno!) chopax nokaswnan cnok hpanofy. 1akan nu-
nun honononun usonunaof honwmonnoo camonkuo u hokaswnaof,
nfo xo onimo ncoio nonnyof chopfcmona no npomn uipw.
Io cpannonuk c poaninou chopfunnou uipou fa mononi umoof fpu
copiosnwx hpoumymocfna. Iopnoo cocfouf n fom, nfo ona hponoc-
fannnof chopfcmonam nosmoxnocfi ynuficn na omukax, nunom hpak-
funocku no puckyn. fopoo n fom, nfo hcuxonoiun uipw cfano-
nufcn onoo nainnnnou: nknu cunnf n hnofnom kpyiy, no conopmakf
nukakux qusunockux noucfnuu, u ux hopoxunanun nunnw fponopy
iopasno nynmo, nom ocnu w fo hpoucxonuno no npomn nacfonmou
uipw. 1pofio hpoumymocfno n fom, nfo fo ncoio numi uipa.
nocopiosnom, no umokmom onimou naxnocfu sannfuu nononoky
noino ynunofi con co cfoponw, ocosnafi momakmuo cofpynnunocfny
nopfw xapakfopa, hpusnaficn camomy coo n omukax.
nn hpoonononun nousoxnou cyokfunnocfu n ouonko cnoux
honohonnwx fponop moxof nocfu hpofokon uipw, sahucwnan nco xonw
u pohnuku, nfow hofom, hpu hcuxonoiunockom pasopo, ohupafi-
cn foniko na noohponopxumwo qakfw.
Ipu nooxonumocfu oocfpufi uipy unu omo cuninoo saunfopo-
conafi ynacfnukon n kononnom posynifafo nonymuu moxof nnocfu
coponnonafoninwu momonf: oipanunufi npomn, ofnononnoo na nwhon-
nonuo sananuu, unu xo pasufi ipyhhy na nno coponnykmuocn na
ckopocfi puconanun komannw. Ownno fu mopw cosnakf nwcokuu
nakan cfpacfou naxo cponu nochopfcmonon. Chnononuk ynacfnukon
u ynynmonuk ux nsaumohonumanun chococfnyof fakou ycnoxnon-
6?
nwu napuanf uipw, hpu kofopom n kaxnou us coponnykmuxcn ko-
mann hpucyfcfnyof fauno nasnanonnwu nonymum nunopcanf, hw-
fakmuucn homomafi nwuipwmy cnoou komannw, no fak, nfow no
wfi onapyxonnwm. Ioucku nunopcanfa ho xony uipw unu hoc-
no oo okonnanun camu ho coo hponpamakfcn n ocoyk konnokfun-
nyk sanany. 1akum opasom, onmonwu kapannam moxof hpu-
ionuficn fponopam nnn pomonun camwx pasnoopasnwx hcuxonoiunoc-
kux hponom n chopfunnou komanno.
Kak hpanuno, ho mopo hpuopofonun ynacfnukamu ohwfa konnok-
funnoio puconanun pasnoinacun nosnukakf nco poxo. Ipyhha cfano-
nufcn cwipannou u chpannnofcn co nco onoo cnoxnwmu quiypamu.
Oqqokf yinynonun nsaumohonumanun hpocnoxunaofcn nononino
ofnofnuno. On moxof hponnnnficn no foniko n pamkax hcuxofoxnu-
nockux sannfuu, no u na uiponom hono. C npyiou cfoponw, ohpono-
nonnyk poni n hpoipocco usopasufoninwx choconocfou ipyhhw
uipaof u cama fponuponka spufoninoio noopaxonun. Ha fof cnynau,
ocnu onmonwu kapannam nannof hpuonaficn, moxno nochoni-
sonaficn cnonykmum yhpaxnonuom, no mnoiom ananoiunnwm fomy.
Jnpunenue 1. "Hexup0u
nn uipw honanonfcn sapanoo hpuiofonnonnoo nunounoo hnfu-
knofonnoo hono u nofwpo qumku nno nopnwo u nno onwo. co
knofku honn hponymoponanw cnona nahpano. Ha hopnou u nfopou
knofkax pasmomakfcn nopnwo qumku, na nofnopfou u hnfou o-
nwo, fpofin knofka ocfaofcn hycfou. onymuu pasncnnof ynacfnu-
kam, nfo uoni uipw hopoinafi nopnwo qumku na fo knofku, ko-
fopwo sannfw onwmu, a onwo coofnofcfnonno na mocfo nopnwx.
uipo nohycfumw cnonykmuo nunw xonon: hopomomonuo qumku nno-
no unu nhpano na coconnkk cnoonnyk knofky; hopohpwiunanuo
qumku nnono unu nhpano nopos sannfyk npyiou qumkou knofky na
cnonykmyk cnoonnyk. Cnanana nco ynacfnuku nonakf xonw ho
onoponu na napuconannom hono, a safom, hocno foio kak ycnoonw
hpanuna uipw, na noopaxaomom. Ipu fom kaxnwu xon oosna-
naofcn nnymn uuqpamu: nomopom knofku, c kofopou hopomomaofcn
qumka, u nomopom knofku, na kofopyk ona hopomomaofcn (nahpu-
mop, c J-u na 5-k).
1ak xo kak u n uipo onmonwu kapannam, kaxnwu us ynacf-
nukon nanonnofcn hpanom ocfanonku uipw. fom cnynao, ocnu uipa
68
naofcn ipyhho cnumkom noiko, moxno ynonunufi nnuny honn u co-
ofnofcfnonno konunocfno qumok.
KKHH OT HO8HCKOO MXAHH3MA
Mnoiuo ofhpannonun nonononockoio fona hpofokakf anfomafunoc-
ku u nonocfyhnw nononomy konfponk. 3panok cyxaofcn hpu npkom
cnofo, n xapy pacmupnkfcn kpononocnwo cocynw, a mw ocnu u sna-
om o fom, fo foniko us ynonukon qusuonoiuu. Iopnwo foxnuku
hpousnoninou poiynnuuu ucxonno nohpousnoninwx qynkuuu mw-
monnan ponakcauun, camoiuhnos, ayfoionnan fponuponka wnu
cosnanw monukamu. Coionnn mofonw camopoiynnuuu hpumonnkfcn
no foniko nnn opiw c onosnonnwmu nnnonunmu, no u n uonnx
onoo iukoio u honnoio uchonisonanun posopnon snoponoio opianus-
ma. Onu hosnonnkf poiynuponafi ypononi onpcfnonanun, yhpannnfi
hpouoccom noccfanonnonun u mounusauuu cun. Hmonno c nnonpo-
nuom n chopfunnyk hpakfuky hpuomon camopoiynnuuu cnnswnakf
conpomonnwo fponopw cnou nanoxnw na pomonuo fakux hponom, kak
honwmonuo hcuxonoiunockou nanoxnocfu chopfcmona, honnononuo
oio k cocfonnuk naunwcmou posynifafunnocfu n momonf ofnofcfnon-
noio cfapfa, poaunufauuu hocno noynannoio nwcfyhnonun. Ho nyx-
nw conpomonnomy chopfy u monuko-hpoqunakfunockuo sananu. oni
naxo y camwx snoponwx nknou chopfcmonon n hcuxonoiunocku
nahpnxonnwx cufyauunx nononino nacfo nosnukakf onosnonnwo
poakuuu. Ofo u cfpaxu hopon ofnofcfnonnwm nwcfyhnonuom, u xan-
npa, u yhanok cun hocno noynanu na coponnonanunx. 3anacfyk no-
xonafoninwo hocnoncfnun hponcfapfonwx nahpnxonuu hponnnnkfcn
n ahafuu, mwmonnou cnaocfu, paccfpoucfno koopnunauuu u npy-
iux cnuxakmux chopfunnyk qopmy napymonunx. Ipousnoninan
poiynnuun nonononockoio moxanusma u snoci hosnonnof komhoncu-
ponafi hocnoncfnun nopnnwx hopoipysok.
ocnono onimuncfna hpuomon camopoiynnuuu noxuf ymonuo
paccnannfi mwmuw fona. Inyokoo mwmonnoo paccnanonuo cnu-
xaof ypononi onpcfnonanun, hopocfpaunaof poxum paofw nopnnou
cucfomw u nonaof opianusm onoo hnacfunnwm, onoo nyfkum k
mwcnonnwm camohpukasam. Ofkpwnaofcn nosmoxnocfi yhpannnfi
nonocfyhnwmu hpoxno pwnaiamu nonononockoio fona u hcuxuku.
mocfo c fom ycfanonnono, nfo inyokoo mwmonnoo paccnanonuo
(ponakcauun) camo ho coo nnnnofcn nwcokoqqokfunnwm cponcfnom
noccfanonnonun qusunockux cun u nymonnoio pannonocun.
6
chopfo ymonuo wcfpo u inyoko paccnauficn fo noouonu-
mwu nap. Hckyccfno minononnoio ofnwxa hosnonnof chopfcmony
makcumanino uchonisonafi kopofkuo hopopwnw moxny paynnamu,
cokynnnwo hoponwmku na uiponom hono. On okaswnaofcn n cocfon-
nuu cpacwnafi ycfanocfi u n mui honofa nan oionou nopoxkou, u
n hpomoxyfkax moxny kpyfwmu honopofamu na ckopocfnou nwxno.
Knaccunockuo hpuomw mwmonnou ponakcauuu omousnocfnw, u mw
no ynom na nux ocfanannunaficn. Ipunononnwo nuxo ipyhhonwo
yhpaxnonun moiyf wfi uchonisonanw fponopom unu chopfunnwm
hcuxonoiom n kanocfno uiponoio nohonnonun k cucfomafunockomy
kypcy sannfuu ayfoionnou fponuponkou.
Kaxnwu, kfo snakom c ayfoionnou fponuponkou, snaof, nfo
cyokfunno paccnanonnan mwmua omymaofcn kak onoo fohnan u
fnxonan. Ofomy omymonuk coofnofcfnykf u ookfunnwo cnnuiu:
paccnanonnwo nacfu fona noucfnufonino nockoniko fohnokf u yfn-
xonnkfcn sa cnof ycunonnoio kponocnaxonun. of kak moxno
owipafi fo nooswnfopocnoo nnnonuo.
Jnpunenue 1&. "Tepmomemp
Ynacfnuku pasunakfcn na hapw. Onun us hapw sakpwnaof inasa
u hwfaofcn nwsnafi omymonuo fohna n cnoou hpanou unu nonou (ho
ykasanuk nonymoio) pyko. Io ucfononuu nokofopoio npomonu hapf-
nop nnumafonino omyhwnaof oo oio pyku u hwfaofcn ohpononufi,
kakan us nux fohnoo. Iocno kaxnou fakou hohwfku hpoucxonuf cmona
ponou n hapax unu cmona hapfnopon.
Kak hpanuno, ynacfnuku, n nocfafonnou mopo onnanonmuo ocno-
namu ayfoionnou fponuponku, ychomno chpannnkfcn c fum sana-
nuom. bonoo ynoponno u noiko hpoucxonuf ofianwnanuo hpu naipo-
nanuu hpanou pyku (y hpanmou).
Iopnoo hpanuninoo yianwnanuo ownno noucfnyof na uipokon
omonomnnkmo u honcfoiunaof ux unfopoc k naninoumomy hpakfunoc-
komy usynonuk hpuomon camopoiynnuuu. ipyhho onoo ohwfnwx
ynacfnukon moiyf uchonisonaficn ycnoxnonnwo napuanfw yhpaxno-
nuu: ohponononuo onoo fnxonou unu hynicupykmou pyku.
Ipu oynonuu ponakcauuu onimyk poni uipaof choconocfi no-
nonoka nyncfnonafi pasnunnwo nacfu cnooio fona. Hsnocfno, nahpu-
*bonoo pasnopnyfoo ohucanuo foio u nokofopwx npyiux yhpaxnonuu nacfonmou
inanw cm. n 3anumafoninom ayfofponunio.
?O
mop, nfo inyokoo paccnanonuo moxof wfi nwsnano yxo camou
konuonfpauuou nnumanun na coofnofcfnykmou ipyhho mwmu. Io-
snakomuficn c fum qakfom na hpakfuko ynacfnukam homoxof cno-
nykmoo yhpaxnonuo.
Jnpunenue 19. "Hyaoc
Ipyhha ynono paccaxunaofcn n kpocnax. onymuu hponnaiaof
ncom ynacfnukam cocponofonufi cnoo nnumanuo na ohponononnou
nacfu fona (nahpumop, na kucfu hpanou pyku) u hocfapaficn omy-
fufi n nou fonnku cnooio hynica. Kak foniko fo ynanoci, kaxnwu
nanunaof ncnyx honcnufwnafi ynapw. Kaxnwo 2J munyfw nonymuu
honaof komannw, hopomomakmuo ucfonnuk hynicauuu us onnou
nacfu fona n npyiyk. Hahpumop: onan kucfihpanan cfohanuuo
connonnoo chnofonuo.
Ofo yhpaxnonuo nahomunaof ohucannoo n hponwnymou inano yh-
paxnonuo okycuponka. io uoni naynufi ynacfnukon fonko
omymafi cnoo fono u cnoonno hopomomafi nnumanuo us onnou oio
nacfu n npyiyk. Ho n nannom cnynao, hockoniky nacfofa hynica y
ncox pasnan u hpu cnofo ncnyx uipakmuo ofnnokakf npyi npyia, fpo-
nuponka hpoucxonuf n ycnonunx unfoncunnwx cnyxonwx homox. Io-
moxoycfoununocfi na sannfunx ayfoionnou fponuponkou nposnw-
nauno uonnoo kanocfno nnn chopfcmona, fak kak ono homoiaof omy
hpononufi ponakcauuk u camonnymonuo no foniko n fohnunnwx yc-
nonunx, no u n pasnonanko, na cfanuono, n fpanchopfo.
Hoponko n xono paofw nan yhpaxnonuom ynacfnuku camu opa-
makf nnumanuo na fo, nfo nauonoo hynicupykman nacfi fona
ncoina u nauonoo paccnanonnan. Io mopo hponnuxonun ynacfnu-
kon n ocnoonuu hpuomon ponakcauuu nonymuu moxof hponnaiafi um
hopoxonufi k konuonfpauuu na nco onoo fpynnwx nnn monfaninoio
konfakfa nacfnx fona (konnuk noca, haniuw noi, cfpoio ohpononon-
nwo ipyhhw mwmu u noonimuo ynacfku honopxnocfu koxu).
Onun us naxnoumux cokpofon yhpannonun cnoum fonom saknkna-
ofcn n fom, nfo ono no nkuf hpnmonunounocfu, ipyoio naxuma.
3a cnof onnoio foniko xonanun unu ycunun nonu ononi fpynno, na-
hpumop, yckopufi nacfofy cokpamonuu cnooio copnua unu cpasy xo
nwnonufi onimoo konunocfno cnknw. Onnako hpu nochomunanuu
o kakou-nuyni ocfpou cufyauuu us nonanno hopoxufwx, yni fo
hponcfapfonoo nonnonuo, unu ocoonno nahpnxonnwu momonf n xono
?i
opiw, unu ypnoo oncnonuo c kom-fo us nuskux, hynic yna-
maofcn cam ho coo (na omo kak!). A npkoo hponcfannonuo pasposan-
noio, ucfokakmoio cokom numona fyf xo nwswnaof ouninoo cnk-
noofnononuo. Okaswnaofcn, n opamonuu c camum coou nyxnw cnon
nuhnomafun u cnou ocowu nswk nswk opason. 1am, ino no noc-
fuiaof uonu nononou camohpukas, onoo noucfnonnwmu okaswnakf-
cn npkuo noopaxaomwo kapfunw. H onnanonuo pasnunnwmu foxnu-
kamu camopoiynnuuu no mnoiux cnynanx ynof ychomno numi n fou
mopo, n kakou y nononoka pasnufo noopaxonuo.
Jnpunenue 20. "4nmuopemn
Kaxnomy us ynacfnukon hponnaiaofcn foma nnn noonimoio pac-
ckasa. Hahpumop: 1oafp, Maiasun, Iyfomocfnuo sa iopon.
Ionynunmuu fomy nonxon packpwfi oo, ohucwnan nco ofnocnmuocn
k nou cowfun sanom nahopon kak ocnu w n opafnyk cfopony
hpokpynunanaci kunononfa. Hipa moxof hocnyxufi hpokpacnou fpo-
nuponkou nnn pasnufun spufoninoio noopaxonun. oni nnn foio,
nfow sacfanufi cowfun foni nchnfi, nooxonumo ononi nofanino u
ofnofnuno hponcfanufi coo ux ocfocfnonnwu xon. Io fomy, nackoni-
ko ychomno ynacfnuk chpannnofcn c sananuom, moxno cynufi o cfo-
honu pasnufun y noio foio kanocfna.
Hipa nononino noownna, u y nohoniofonnonnwx ynacfnukon,
ocoonno ocnu fo nspocnwo nknu, noiko moxof nwsnafi nacfopo-
xonnocfi u hpofocf. Iofomy pokomonnyofcn hpononufi oo co chopf-
cmonamu, kofopwo yxo umokf ohwf ipyhhonwx hcuxofoxnunockux
sannfuu u n nocfafonnou mopo saunfopoconanw n paofo.
Jnpunenue 21. "Teaenumun
Ipyhha pasunaofcn na hapw. kaxnou hapo ynacfnuku cannfcn
nuuom npyi k npyiy. Onnomy us nux ofnonufcn poni hoponakmoio,
npyiomy hpunumakmoio. onymuu oncnnof, nfo hoponak-
muu nonxon kak moxno nynmo cocponofonuficn na kakom-nuyni
opaso u ycunuom nonu nnymufi oio hpunumakmomy. 3anana hpu-
numakmoio hponuknyfi n fo, na nom cocponofonono nnumanuo
oio hapfnopa.
?2
Moxno opianusonafi uipy fak, nfow onun u fof xo opas ncn
ipyhha hoponanana onnomy us ynacfnukon, fo nnocuf oxunnonuo
n paofy, nonaof oo onoo unfopocnou.
Ipu opianusauuu uipw nonymuu nonxon nafi honnfi ipyhho, nfo
on nhonno copiosno ofnocufcn k hponnoxonnomy kchopumonfy u
oxunaof honoxufoninwx posynifafon. Ofo homoxof ynacfnukam hpo-
ononofi nosmoxnoo ckohfunockoo ofnomonuo k hononwm sannfunm
u nacfpouficn na copiosnyk paofy. Kononno, nono fyf no n fono-
hafuu oo moxof u no wfi n hpupono. Onnako nooxonumocfi co-
snanun npkou noopaxaomou kapfunw no foniko nnn con, no u nnn
hapfnopa, nohonnufoninwu cfumyn nnn hoponakmoio hpononi-
no mounusonafi cunw cnooio noopaxonun.
o npomn uipw hpanuninwo ofianwnanun cnynakfcn ownno namo,
nom foio moxno wno w oxunafi ho foopuu noponfnocfou. fom
nof nunoio mucfunockoio. Io nwxanuk hapfnopa (a ocnu yhpaxno-
nuo nwhonnnofcn c ofkpwfwmu inasamu, fo u ho oio hoso, nnuxo-
nunm, nwpaxonuk nuua) hpunumakmuu moxof nononino fonno
ynonufi ho kpaunou mopo mouuonaninwu fon kapfunw chokou-
nan ona unu ynopaxaman, panocfnan unu honaninan.
fom cnynao, ocnu hocno hopnwx ynan y ynacfnukon noucfnufoni-
no nosnuknof nhonafnonuo, ynfo mwcnu hoponakfcn na paccfonnuu,
nonymomy no cnonyof chomufi n pasnonnanuom nynocnoio qonomo-
na. oni nopy n fonohafuk moxno qqokfunno uchonisonafi nnn
foio, nfow nco cuninoo u cuninoo honoiponafi namy ipyhhy n oo
paofo. umi hocno foio, kak kaxnwu us ynacfnukon nocfafonno
hopaofaof n ponu hoponakmoio, umoof cmwcn packpwfi kapfw u
pacckasafi ipyhho o nosmoxnwx kananax hoponanu unqopmauuu.
4HOMHAbHAR HAMRTb
Ohwf hokaswnaof, nfo hocno nokofopoio snakomcfna c uiponw-
mu qopmamu pasnufun noopaxonun y ynacfnukon hcuxofoxnunockou
ipyhhw ownno nosnukaof ynnononnocfi u xonanuo hpononxafi sa-
nnfun. Hauonoo fpynnwm nnn nonymoio nnnnofcn, hoxanyu, umonno
fah snakomcfna. Hnoina nosnukaof hponoma: kak honnopxafi un-
fopoc ynacfnukon k paofo no foio momonfa, kak onu camu nounyf
no nkyc Cnonafi fo ononi hpocfo, ocnu hponnoxufi nnonam ipyh-
hw hopaofafi nan... ynynmonuom ux hamnfu. bonimuncfnom nknou
hamnfi uonufcn nwmo noopaxonun, u ocnu hpoumymocfna pasnufou
?J
qanfasuu nnn mnoiux comnufoninw, fo nwionw xopomou hamnfu
ononunnw. Hnonw hcuxofoxnunockou ipyhhw ynyf nocima saunfpu-
ionanw, ysnan o cymocfnonanuu chouuaninwx hpuomon sahomunanun,
snanufonino pacmupnkmux nosmoxnocfi nonononockou hamnfu, fak
naswnaomwx hpuomon mnomofoxnuku.
of hpumop hpocfoumou mnomofoxnuku. ohycfum, nam nyxno
sahomnufi hocnononafoninocfi us 2O25 cnon: couq, ahonicun,
nuuo, kpokonun u f.n. w cosnaofo npkyk noopaxaomyk kapfuny,
cnnswnakmyk nfopoo cnono c hopnwm. Hahpumop, us packpwnak-
moucn nnopuw couqa nwkafwnaofcn iuianfckuu ahonicun. 1pofio
cnono hpunnswnaofcn ko nfopomy nohycfum, c homomik hpon-
cfannonun, ynfo hon koxypou ahonicuna, kofopwu nw nucfufo,
nmocfo mnkofu okaswnaofcn... nuuo. Hs nuua nwnyhnunaofcn cnupo-
hwu kpokonun. On xanno hoxupaof apys. H fak nanoo. Koina ho-
nanoufcn nchomnufi nck hocnononafoninocfi, nocfafonno ynof
sauohuficn sa hopnoo cnono. Couq cam ofkpoofcn, ucfopinyn us con
ahonicun. Cocponofonunmuci na ahonicuno, nw os fpyna nchomnufo
o chpnfannom n nom nuuo. Huuo nahomnuf o kpokonuno, u nw noi-
ko usnnonofo us hamnfu nck uohonky cnon, ocnu foniko opasw,
kofopwo nw uchonisonanu nnn ux cnnsu, wnu nocfafonno npkumu,
nhonafnnkmumu u no saipomoxnonnwmu nonyxnwmu nofannmu.
cnoo npomn uckyccfnonnwo accouuauuu npono fox, nfo hpu-
nononw nwmo, mupoko hpumonnnuci uupkonwmu mnomonucfamu,
nomoncfpuponanmumu hynuko cnok qonomonaninyk hamnfi. Mno-
mofoxnuku, onnako, moiyf sannfi nocfounoo mocfo no foniko n pok-
nusufo uupkonoio akfopa. Ipocfofa mnomofoxnunockux hpuomon u
nosmoxnocfi nouficn c ux homomik hpakfunocku nomonnonnoio
qqokfa n ohwfax na sahomunanuo ofnunno cfumynupykf ynacfnu-
kon, nakf ipyhho momnwu fonnok k paofo.
Hofpynno nunofi, onnako, nfo uckyccfnonnwo accouuauuu, k
ohopafunnomy cosnanuk kofopwx qakfunocku u cnonufcn macfopcfno
sahomunakmoio, fo no nfo unoo, kak npkocfi, packonannocfi u
fnopnockan cuna noopaxonun.
Jnpunenue 22. "Lee uccouuuu
Ynacfnuku paccaxunakfcn n kpyi. onymuu hpousnocuf nna cny-
naunwx cnona. Onun us ynacfnukon ncnyx ohucwnaof opas, coonu-
nnkmuu nfopoo cnono nonymoio c hopnwm. 3afom cosnanmuu opas
?4
ynacfnuk hponnaiaof cnoo cnono cnonykmomy uipoky, fomy, kfo cu-
nuf of noio ho nonyk pyky. 1of cnnswnaof fo fpofio cnono co nfo-
pwm cnonom nonymoio, a cnoo cocfnonnoo cnono yxo nofnopfoo n
fou uohonko hoponaof n kanocfno sananun cnoomy cocony cnona.
Hipa nnuxofcn kpyiamu, u n konuo kaxnoio kpyia nonymuu ho co-
kynnomopy onnnnof npomn, safpanonnoo na oio hpoxoxnonuo.
boi accouuauuu hponocfannnof ynacfnukam ofnunnyk nosmox-
nocfi hofponuponaficn n hpakfunockom onnanonuu mnomofoxnukou.
Ionanany nokofopwo ynyf uchwfwnafi fpynnocfu n cnoux hohwfkax
coonunufi nocoonunumoo. Ho co npomonom qanfasun ynacfnukon
cfanonufcn nco onoo cmonou.
Onomonf coponnonafoninocfu, conopxamuucn n fou uipo, moxno
ycunufi, ocnu xopomo honiofonnonnwx ynacfnukon pasufi na hon-
ipyhhw, kofopwo ynyf cocfnsaficn n saoio na nockoniko kpyion.
kohwfno, nfo hocno nockonikux osnakomufoninwx hohwfok
posynifaf hpakfunocku hopocfaof sanucofi of ooma hponnapufoni-
nwx fponuponok. Iackonannocfi ynacfnukon u unfopoc k uipo oka-
swnakfcn namnoio hponykfunnoo cnohoio nafackunanun.
akfunocku boi accouuauuu nnnnofcn konnokfunnwm napuan-
fom mnomofoxnuku. onymuu moxof nooxunanno ocfanonufi uipy,
hponnoxufi komy-nuo us ynacfnukon nochpousnocfu nco cnona.
Hnoina uipakmuu homnuf numi fo cnona, nan kofopwmu paofan on
cam. Ofo moxof cnunofonicfnonafi o nonocfafonnou nknknonnocfu,
no namo o fom, nfo chopfcmona unfopocyof no cfoniko cama uipa,
ckoniko nunnoo nocfuxonuo. hocnonnom cnynao ynacfnuk nknk-
naofcn n uipy numi foina, koina cfanonufcn inannwm iopoom, a nco
ocfaninoo npomn sannf honiofonkou conopmonno occmwcnon-
nou! k hponcfonmomy uchwfanuk.
Jnpunenue 2J. "omuno
nn hponononun fou uipw honanonfcn unu naop ofkpwfok, unu
kapfunku of nofckoio nofo, unu kapfonku pasposnou asyku. Ynac-
fnuku cannfcn nokpyi cfona. Kaxnomy pasnaofcn ho nockoniko kapf,
no fak, nfow usopaxonnoo na nux wno ckpwfo of foio, komy onu
hpunannoxaf. Iopnwu ynacfnuk knanof onny us cnoux kapf hopon
coou kapfunkou nnopx u nanunaof honocfnonanuo. Ofo moxof wfi
ckaska, qanfasun, kmopucfunockuu pacckas, nonohoo cnonunonuo
nco, nfo yionno, no onsafonino nknknakmoo n cnou ckxof uso-
?5
paxonnyk na kapfunko nomi. Iacckasan cnou ofpwnok, nananmuu
uipy hpukocnononuom hoponaof cnono cocony. 1of knanof usopa-
xonuom nnopx cnok kapfy u hpononxaof oopnannwu ckxof fak,
nfow on onsafonino saxnafwnan u oio usopaxonuo. Hipa nnuxofcn
ho kpyiy. Kaxnwu nhnofaof n omoo honocfnonanuo cnok kapfunky,
u pnn nwnoxonnwx n kpyiy usopaxonuu cfanonufcn nco nnunnoo u
nnunnoo, no fox hop, hoka no nwunyf nco kapfw.
Io okonnanuu uipw nonymuu moxof hoponopnyfi nwnoxonnwo
kapfw pyamkou nnopx u hponnoxufi ipyhho ho hamnfu noccfanonufi
hocnononafoninocfi ux pachonoxonun. Ionfu nanopnnka ynacfnuku
os fpyna cmoiyf cnonafi fo.
fox cnynanx, koina uipakmuo no umokf nocfafonnoio ohwfa
paofw c noopaxonuom, hpu nknknonuu n paofy y nux unoina nos-
nukaof nonoymonuo u nyncfno nononkocfu. Ofoio moxno usoxafi,
hponnoxun omuno n kanocfno mnomofoxnunockou fponuponku. C
npyiou cfoponw, nnn cfumynnuuu konnokfunnoio fnopnocfna u cnn-
fun saxumon moxno uchonisonafi hpuinymonnwu cnawu cnof,
noownnyk ocfanonky u npyiuo onoinakmuo hopoxon n mup qan-
fasuu hpuomw.
HA KbbRX 8OO6AHHR
Mofonw camopoiynnuuu ofkpwnakf nosmoxnocfi yhpannonun no
foniko qusuonoiunockumu hpouoccamu, no u nnnonunmu nymonnou
xusnu. Ioiynnuun mouuonaninwx cocfonnuu onno us hopchok-
funnoumux nahpannonuu hcuxonoiunockou honiofonku n chopfo.
nacfi nan nyncfnamu nwpynaof chopfcmona no mnoiux cufyauunx,
ocoonno nakanyno ofnofcfnonnwx coponnonanuu, koina omy noo-
xonumw hpuhonnnfoo oonoo nacfpoonuo u ynoponnocfi n hoono.
Mnoiuo chopfcmonw kcfpaknacca hpunakf hcuxonoiunockomy na-
cfpok no npomn coponnonanuu pomakmoo snanonuo. Ionopnf naxo
o cocfonnuu cnooopasnoio nnoxnononun, koina nonosmoxno no
hoonufi. unuipannan koopnunauun nnuxonuu, monnuonocnan
poakuun, kpucfaninan ncnocfi mwcnu u honnan cocponofononnocfi
nco fo hpuxonuf na ipono chopfunnou qopmw nmocfo c kakum-fo
ocoonnwm camonyncfnuom npkum, umokmum cnou nohonfopumwu
nkyc. A moxof wfi, u naionapn fomy camonyncfnuk. Kakou xo
fponop no saxonof naynufi chopfcmona ho cocfnonnomy xonanuk
cknanwnafi us cnoux omymonuu u mouuu fof ocoonnwu ysop, ko-
fopomy ncoina cohyfcfnyof ynana na coponnonanunx!
?6
Ipu hopoxono of poiynnuuu fonocnwx qynkuuu k yhpannonuk
nyncfnamu poni noopaxonun cfanonufcn omo onoo naxnou. Cuna
qanfasuu homoiaof nononoky nnyfponno hpoopaxaficn, cpacwnafi
c con nonyxnwu ipys hpunwnok u camooipanunonuu, opofafi no-
noo n. Onnako noopaxonuo ynof noucfnonnwm numi n fom cny-
nao, ocnu ono onanaof no foniko npkocfik, no u poaninocfik nw-
mwcna. pyiumu cnonamu, nnn yhpannonun hcuxunockumu cocfon-
nunmu no ncoina okaswnaofcn nocfafonnwm ofnofnuno hponcfanufi
coo nonfo. 1poyofcn omo u ymonuo inyoko hopoxufi fof opas,
ofkpwfi nnn noopaxaomou kapfunw no foniko cnou inasa, no u nyn-
cfna. Kak fomy naynuficn
Jnpunenue 24. "Hy0ecu mexnuuu
onymuu hponnaiaof ynacfnukam noopasufi, ynfo ipyhha naxo-
nufcn na nwcfanko hocnonnux nonunok foxnuku. 3noci nomoncfpupy-
kfcn samonafoninwo hponmofw wfa ocnsaomwo, no honfu nonunu-
mwo. onymuu nomoncfpafunno poofcn n kapmanax u naxonuf
kopook chunok. 3afom on nonaof nockoniko nwpasufoninwx nnuxo-
nuu, hopoknanwnan nonunumwu kopook us onnou pyku n npyiyk,
ofkpwnan u sakpwnan oio. onymuu saxuiaof nocymocfnykmyk chun-
ky, hoponaof oo komy-nuyni us ipyhhw. 3afom hpocuf onnoio us
chopfcmonon, nfow fof saxoi cnopxconpomonnyk chunky cam. Iocfo-
honno nonymuu nonnokaof n uipy ocfaninwx ynacfnukon: kfo-fo hpumu-
naof nocymocfnykmyk hyionuuy k hpospannou pyamko, kfo-fo fonuf
nonunumwu kapannam u f.n. onymuu homoiaof ynacfnukam nouficn
hpanuninocfu n manuhynnuunx c noopaxaomwmu hponmofamu.
Cnanana paofa unof c fpynom. Ioaninwo hponmofw mw sacfan-
nnom cnyxufi coo c homomik pasmwfwx, noohponononnwx, anfo-
mafunockux nnuxonuu noopaxaomwo nomu fakoio opamonun no
honumakf. C numu nyxno yhpannnficn hocponcfnom ncnwx, onno-
snannwx, kopofkux noucfnuu. Ofa choconocfi hpuxonuf ho mopo
fponuponku. o hpusnak hponpamonuo hanfomumw chopfcmona us
nohonnfnou kamu n noiko nufaomyk hocnononafoninocfi noucfnuu,
n kofopwx noopaxaomwu hponmof honfu nfo spum. Ho nnn nac o-
noo naxon no cuonunockuu qqokf, a fo, nfo hpoucxonuf nnyfpu
chopfcmona. Cucfomafunockan paofa c nocymocfnykmumu hponmo-
famu hpunonuf n konuo konuon k xunomy omymonuk ux hpucyfcfnun:
hpunymannan uina nanunaof konoficn, chunka oxuiafi haniuw,
a nwnohnonnwu us nosnyxa qnakon nyxon naioyxafi. Ipanuninoo
??
noucfnuo c noopaxaomwm hponmofom hopoxnaof noucfnufoninoo
nyncfno.
Ofo yhpaxnonuo ynof umofi ychox numi n nocfafonno chnonon-
nou u saunfopoconannou ipyhho. cnu nco xo y chopfcmonon nosnu-
kaof ckohfunockoo ofnomonuo k omany, fo uncfpykfopy cnonyof
noufpanusonafi cohpofunnonuo omo no nanana uipw. On nonxon
opianusonafi akfunnoo nsaumonoucfnuo ynacfnukon. Iycfi nwmwm-
nonnwo hponmofw kak moxno namo hopoxonnf us pyk n pyku; fu
omonw homoiakf sapasuficn omymonuom poaninocfu. 1ponopy
cnonyof opafufi nnumanuo na fo, nfow nco noucfnun umonu sakon-
nonnwu xapakfop: coxxonnwo chunku copanw u nwpomonw, uionka
ypana n kopoky, pyamka honomona na hnonuku u f.n.
osmoxnw u unwo honxonw k oxunnonuk nwmwcna, hpunanuk
omy nnyfponnou nocfonopnocfu. Hoponko mw cnwmum nwpaxonun
nonnnou nsinnn, iycfou ac, kucnan ipumaca u hpokpacno
honumaom, o nom unof poni. Xofn, kononno xo, nonononockuu nsinnn
no onanaof fomhopafypou, nuuo nkycom, a ionoc nomocfnon-
nocfik. Iasnoponnwo ho cnoomy kanocfny opasw cnnswnaof nonfo,
cfonmoo kak w hosanu spufoninwx, cnyxonwx unu ocnsafoninwx
omymonuu: fo ux mouuonaninwu fon, aqqokfunnan okpacka.
Omyfumwo, nncfnonno hopoxunaomwo cnnsu moxny nhonafnonu-
nmu of pasnwx opianon nyncfn naswnakfcn n hcuxonoiuu cunocfosu-
nmu. Y nokofopwx nknou cunocfosuu nocfuiakf hopasufoninou of-
nofnunocfu u cunw. 1ak, nahpumop, ocnonohonoxnuk unofomyswku
komhosufop Ckpnun onanan nacfoniko npkumu cunocfosunmu, nfo
moi yknanino nunofi myswky kak nnuxonuo qopmw u unofa.
Hfow nwmwcon onokcn hnofik, nyxno nahonnufi opas no foni-
ko kpackamu, no u sahaxamu, snykamu, nkycom u qakfypou. cnu
no nwpynuf uohkan hamnfi na omymonun, fo na homomi moiyf hpuufu
cunocfosuu. Hom mouuonaninoo hopoxunaof nononok fo, nfo nunuf
unu hponcfannnof, fom onoo nwpaxona y noio choconocfi k opa-
sonanuk cunocfosuu. Chpanonnuna u opafnan sakonomopnocfi. Ha
nou u ocnonano cnonykmoo yhpaxnonuo, hponnasnanonnoo nnn foio,
nfow homoni ynacfnukam nahpanufi cnoo nnumanuo n inyi nhonaf-
nonuu u opason.
Jnpunenue 2. "1unecme1uu
Cponu ynacfnukon nasnanaofcn nonnmuu. my coomakf, nfo n
oio ofcyfcfnuo ipyhha nwopof onun us nofwpox unofon (kpacnwu,
cunuu, xonfwu unu sononwu). Iocno foio kak unof nwpan, nonn-
?8
moio nosnpamakf n kpyi u ynacfnuku ho onoponu nomoncfpupykf omy
fononnuxonun, kofopwo ho ux cocfnonnwm omymonunm nonxnw
nwpaxafi sanymannwu unof. Kak foniko uipa hpounof honnwu kpyi,
nonnmuu hwfaofcn yianafi, kakou xo unof sanyman.
Ipu osnakomnonuu c hpanunamu fou uipw nonymuu nonxon
oncnufi ynacfnukam, nfo fononnuxonun no nonxnw wfi hpnmw-
mu honckaskamu. Honisn, nahpumop, hpuoiafi k hanfomumunoc-
komy usopaxonuk okpamonnoio n sanymannwu unof hponmofa unu
xocfom ykaswnafi na fakou hponmof. nnuxonunx nonxnw nwpa-
xaficn no nomu, a cam unof, omymonuo unofa. 1ak, nahpumop,
onimuncfno nknou kpacnwu unof omymakf kak poskuu, cuninwu
u nosyxnakmuu, u fo moxof naufu cnoo nwpaxonuo n nopiunnwx
u pasmamucfwx nnuxonunx. C cunum xo unofom, nahpofun, ocfo-
cfnonno cnnswnafi mnikocfi, hnannocfi u samonnonnocfi nnuxonuu.
hponom, snoci nof omoonsafoninwx hpanun, u hopoxunanun on-
noio u foio xo unofa y pasnwx nknou moiyf snanufonino napiupo-
nafi. Ha nananinwx fahax snakomcfna c fum yhpaxnonuom ynacf-
nuku nacfo omymakf nokofopyk ochomomnocfi, ofkaswnakfcn
hokaswnafi unofa, yfnopxnakf, ynfo no snakf, kak fo cnonafi,
unu naxo noomo no honumakf, kak fakoo nosmoxno. Onnako cfo-
uf numi komy-fo pomuficn u ocfaninwo foxo nanunakf hpoonafi
cnou cunw n fom noownnom sannfuu. A yx hocno foio, kak sany-
mannwu unof hpanunino yianan, ochnonnwo paccyxnonun o fom,
nosmoxno fo unu nof, hpokpamakfcn okonnafonino.
1akum opasom, hponononuo uipw no mnoiom sanucuf of foio,
ynacfcn nu ipyhho hpoononofi cnooopasnwu hcuxonoiunockuu api-
op. Ocoan poni snoci hpunannoxuf nonymomy, kofopwu nonxon
ncomu nocfyhnwmu omy cponcfnamu oochonufi ipyhho hopnwu ychox.
K fakum cponcfnam moxno ofnocfu, no-hopnwx, nwop nauonoo
hpocfoio onnosnannoio n cnoom nwpaxonuu unofa (kak hokaswna-
of ohwf, fakum unofom nnnnofcn kpacnwu; n nockoniko monimou
cfohonu cunuu). o-nfopwx, nonymomy cnonyof honanany nasna-
nafi nonnmum foio, kfo, ho oio pacnofam, moxof ychomno chpanufi-
cn c fou ponik. H, n-fpofiux, hopnyk hohwfky usopaxonun xo-
nafonino hponocfannnfi nauonoo usopofafoninomy u packonannomy
ynacfnuky fakomy, of kofopoio fpynno oxunafi ofkasa.
Iocno foio kak ynacfnuku nounyf no nkyc u nannyf namo ofianw-
nafi unofa, nonymuu nanunaof nunousmonnfi unu ycnoxnnfi sananun.
mocfo unofon on moxof hponnoxufi sanymwnafi nkyconwo omymo-
nun (iopikuu nkyc, cnankuu, kucnwu, cononwu), snyku pasnunnwx
?
myswkaninwx uncfpymonfon, npomona iona, pasnunnwx xunofnwx,
onny us nockonikux hponnoxonnwx kapfun, nopnuninwo knnkcw,
nucfin pasnunnou qopmw u f.n. 1onno fak xo moxof monnficn u
nswk, na kofopom sanymannoo nwpaxaofcn: of fononnuxonuu mox-
no hopoufu k nohonnuxnwm hosam, unu k hpukocnononunm, unu k
uipo unfonauuu hpu hpousnoconuu onnou u fou xo qpasw. Moxno
hponnoxufi uchonisonafi pykohoxafuo, nwpaxonuo nuua u naxo...
hpocfo nsinnn. Iopoxonn k nco onoo cnoxnwm sananunm, ynacfnu-
ku hocfohonno ynafcn nco inyxo nnyncfnonaficn, nxunaficn n
opas, hponukaficn oio nacfpoonuom, kak w cnunaficn c num. nn
pasnufun foio uonnoio nanwka moxno uchonisonafi omo onny uipy,
umokmyk mnoio omoio c akfopckumu foxnukamu hcuxonoiunocko-
io npacfanun n hopconax.
Jnpunenue 20. "Hepeoonaoenun
Ynacfnuku ynono pachonaiakfcn n kpocnax. Onun us nux hony-
naof of nonymoio unu of cnooio cocona sananuo hponpafuficn n ohpo-
nononnyk nomi. On nonxon noopasufi con fou nomik, hoipysufi-
cn n oo mup, omyfufi oo xapakfop. Of nuua fou nomu on nanunaof
pacckas o fom, nfo oo okpyxaof, kak ona xunof, nfo nyncfnyof, o oo
saofax, hpucfpacfunx, o oo hpomnom u ynymom. 3akonnun pac-
ckas, ynacfnuk naof sananuo cnonykmomy ho kpyiy. H fak nanoo.
Hipy xonafonino hpononufi n safomnonnom homomonuu fo
oochonuf oo ynacfnukam onimyk packonannocfi u hcuxonoiunoc-
kuu komqopf. Io mopo onnanonun fum yhpaxnonuom hoponohno-
monun cfanonnfcn nco onoo inyokumu, conopmoncfnyofcn uckyc-
cfno hopoxunafi hponmof u nunofi oio usnyfpu. Of honopxnocfnwx,
nucfo nnomnux ohucanuu ynacfnuku hopoxonnf k nwpaxonuk nacfpo-
onuu, nyncfn, xusnonnwx qunocoquu.
Ionopn o hocfoponnom hponmofo, kaxnwu no mnoiom ionopuf o
coo. Hchonnoni hpoucxonnmoo n xono uipw camopackpwfuo nonof k
yinynonuk mouuonaninwx konfakfon moxny ynacfnukamu, a nnn
fponopa unu hcuxonoia komannw cnyxuf ucfonnukom nomanonaxnou
unqopmauuu. Ho monoo uonnwm nnnnofcn u fo, nfo hpu paofo nan
fum yhpaxnonuom ynacfnuk no foniko packpwnaof, no u ynufcn
usmonnfi con. Ynnokanci fomou cnooio pacckasa, nco inyxo nxu-
nanci n hponmof, on nwswnaof n coo camom ohponononnwo nacfpoo-
nun u honynaof, fakum opasom, nocfyh k yhpannonuk umu.
8O
ofnoninwx cnynanx opas moxof wfi nacfoniko nwpasufoninwm
u cuninwm, nfo coofnofcfnykmuo omy cfpou u okpacka hopoxuna-
nuu hoponakfcn ncou ipyhho. Ion noucfnuom cuninwx opason y
ynacfnukon nosnukaof unoina omymonuo inyokoio nsaumohonuma-
nun, cohpunacfnocfu, onuncfna.
Jnpunenue 2. "1pynnooun uupmunu
co ynacfnuku paccaxunakfcn n kpyi. Onun us nux nopxuf n py-
kax nucfwu nucf ymaiu u hwfaofcn noopasufi coo napuconannyk
na nom kapfuny. On nanunaof nofanino oo ohucwnafi, a nco ocfani-
nwo hwfakfcn ynunofi na nucfo fo, o nom on ionopuf. 3afom nucf
hoponaofcn cnonykmomy ynacfnuky, u on hpononxaof cosnanuo no-
opaxaomou kapfunw, nohonnnn yxo nahucannoo nonwmu nofann-
mu. ucf hoponaofcn nanimo.
onymuu nonxon hponyhponufi ynacfnukon, nfo fo nonxna wfi
umonno kapfuna, a no pasnunakmuucn ckxof. Ohucanun xo nonx-
nw wfi nocfafonno honponwmu, nnn foio nfow moxno wno on-
nosnanno ycfanonufi ho num hpocfpancfnonnoo nsaumopachonoxo-
nuo nofanou. Okonnanuo uipw moxof wfi onnnono nkwm
onoponnwm ynacfnukom, ocnu on honyncfnyof, nfo naninouman pa-
ofa hpunonuf k hopoipysko kapfunw usnumnumu nofannmu. Onna-
ko kaxnwu ynacfnuk nonxon ho nosmoxnocfu cfpomuficn fak pac-
cnufafi cnou nknan n konnokfunnoo usopaxonuo, nfow nucf hpomon
honnwu kpyi.
Ofa uipa cnyxuf hpokpacnou fponuponkou spufoninoio noopa-
xonun u qanfasuu. Onno us nooxonumwx ycnonuu cosnanun xopo-
mou kapfunw hpocfpancfnonnan coinaconannocfi usopaxaomoio
kaxnwm ynacfnukom c fom, nfo yxo usopaxono no noio. Iofomy
n xono uipw noponko nosnukakf fo xo nonopasymonun, nfo u n yh-
paxnonuu onmonwu kapannam. H nononino cxonnwm opasom,
xofn u n cmninonnom nuno, nwpuconwnakfcn fuhw pasnoinacuu n
cfpafoiunx honononun uipokon. Ocoonno ofnofnuno fu momonfw
hpocnoxunakfcn na fou cfanuu, koina ynacfnuku no umokf omo
onimoio ohwfa paofw c ipyhhonwmu usopaxonunmu. bonoo ohwf-
nwo ynacfnuku ownno xopomo honumakf npyi npyia u nocfuiakf no
foniko hpocfpancfnonnou coinaconannocfu n nofannx, no u omoio
nacfpoonun. Iasnunnwo qpaimonfw omou kapfunw cosnakfcn kak
w n onunom mouuonaninom knkno. Ha fou cfanuu uonocoopas-
no ofkasaficn of nucfa ymaiu u hpononufi uipy n safomnonnom ho-
momonuu. Moxno hponnoxufi naxo usopaxonuo no hnockou kap-
funw, a kycka noucfnufoninocfu, nnyfpi kofopoio noopaxonuo
uipakmoio hoponocuf ipyhhy. Ipu fom ynacfnuku moiyf uchoni-
sonafi no foniko spufoninwo nhonafnonun, no u nknknafi n cnou
pacckas ohucanun snykon, sahaxon u f.h.
Hoponko nxunanuo n noopaxaomwu nannmaqf okaswnaofcn
nacfoniko inyokum, nfo na kakoo-fo npomn ynacfnuku, honono
kunospufonnm, honnocfik sawnakf o poaninou ocfanonko, n ko-
fopou hpononufcn uipa. Onu kak w hoponocnfcn n nwmwmnonnwu
mup, u ux nacfpou, fonyc, hcuxunockoo cocfonnuo uonukom ynyf
sanucofi of foio, nfo cosnano ux noopaxonuo: ofnwx na connonnom
hnnxo, mfopm na mopo unu hpasnnuk komannnou hoonw na onum-
huuckux uipax...
Ofo yhpaxnonuo ynof honosno chopfcmonam nnn onnanonun na-
nwkamu yhpannonun cnoumu mouunmu. Kpomo foio, ono moxof wfi
uchonisonano fponopom nohocponcfnonno nnn honnopxanun ohpono-
nonnoio mouuonaninoio nacfpon n chopfunnou komanno. Hckymon-
nwo n ipyhhonou xunohucu ynacfnuku moiyf uchonisonafi cnou
nanwku n yhpaxnonuu Cunocfosuu, hockoniky noopaxaomwo
kapfunw nnnnkfcn hpokpacnwm cponcfnom nnn nwpaxonun kakux-fo
unwx nomou: snykon, nkyconwx omymonuu, nacfpoonuu u hponoio.
82
5. 4KCHR, OMHATHR,
6CCO8CHO O6UHH
R HA T8OM MCT
Onnum us qynnamonfaninwx moxanusmon nonononockoio nsaumo-
honumanun nnnnofcn poqnokcun choconocfi hponcfannnfi con na
mocfo npyioio nononoka, mwcnonno nunofi u hpouipwnafi cufya-
uuk sa noio.
Iofopnnmuo npyi npyia n nosnakomom iopono nknu ncfponakfcn
na uonfpaninou hnomanu. Ipocfyhnuk ocfannnof npaiouonnocfu na
camom nunnom mocfo n nanoxno, nfo nco pocnfcn na houcku faunu-
kon, u numi nunanmuo nunw nofokfunw naxonnf ux fam, ino uckafi
nukomy no hpuxonuno n ionony. Cohopnuku cnopnnf npyi npyia ina-
samu kaxnwu honumaof, noio xonof npyiou, no honumaof fakxo
u fo, nfo npyiou honumaof fo. am fo snakomo
Ymonuo cfanufi con na mocfo cohopnuka unu hapfnopa, hpunu-
mafi sa noio nauonoo noponfnwo pomonun u coinaconwnafi c num
cnou cocfnonnwo noucfnun, ynufwnafi oio hohwfku nymafi sa fon
u noucfnonafi c hohpankou na fo nymanuo nco fo n chopfo noo-
xonumo. H na ackofoninou hnomanko, u y qyfoninwx nopof, u na
qoxfonaninou nopoxko. Ioqnokcunnoo mwmnonuo fo naxnoumuu
nomonf fakfunockoio macfopcfna chopfcmona u ocnona fou hopasu-
foninou unfyuuuu, kofopan hosnonnof ohwfnomy npafapk pocafi-
cn na mnn panimo, nom fof copnofcn c noiu nahanakmoio, knaccno-
my fonnucucfy sapanoo snafi, n kakyk nacfi hnomanku ynof
uonufi hapfnop ho uipo, xopomomy qoxfonanimuky unu okcopy
hponyianwnafi nkoo nnuxonuo hpofunnuka u hponyhpoxnafi oio.
...Hanunaofcn uipa, kofopan fak ynnokaof monn n qoxfonanuu.
wmanufi hpofunnuka us oio cocfnonnou kpohocfu, sacfanufi oio
packpwficn, saxnafufi npachnox. Hnuuuafuna y Ioncuopa. hponom,
fo omy foniko kaxofcn. Xon cowfuu konfponupyk n. fux
Conofckuu chopf of 2 nokapn i64 i.
8J
cnonax, hpunannoxamux nomhuony Hip XVII Onumhuanw n qoxfo-
nanuu na mhaiax Ipuiopuk Kpuccy, ynunufonino fonno cxnanona
nnyfponnnn, hcuxonoiunockan cfopona hoonunka. H nom nwmo knacc
chopfcmonon, fom usomponnoo mofonw nahanonun u ooponw, fom
inyxo pacnof, fonimo hcuxonoiunockan opia. onunoopnockux
chopfunnwx cufyauunx nsaumnan poqnokcun cohopnukon opasyof
onun us nnyfponnux hnanon ux hoonunka. Macfopa nwcokoio knacca
hpakfunocku nonosmoxno hoonufi afakou n no. Ioonufi n co-
npomonnom chopfo snanuf sahyfafi, cufi c fonky, houmafi na
omannoo nnuxonuo, nooxunannwm noucfnuom hocfanufi n fyhuk.
chopfo nwcmux nocfuxonuu ymonuo hponyianwnafi namoponun
hpofunnuka u mackuponafi cnou cocfnonnwo onno us nauonoo
naxnwx kanocfn chopfcmona. 1akono mnonuo mnoiux chouuanucfon
n onacfu chopfunnou hcuxonoiuu. ymaofcn, nfo c numu coinacu-
noci w u onimuncfno fponopon u chopfcmonon. Ioqnokcunnan
opia, kofopan nnnnofcn naxnoumum usmoponuom n hcuxonoiuu
chopfunnoio hoonunka, xopomo snakoma ynacfnukam coponnonanuu.
Ho honfu nukoina ona no cfanonufcn hponmofom chouuaninou hon-
iofonku chopfcmona. o opianusauun nosmoxna na aso uchoniso-
nanun poqnokcunnwx uip chouuaninwx mofonon pasnufun poqnok-
cunnoio mwmnonun. of nokofopwo us nux.
Jnpunenue 2&. "1eqaeucun
Ofa uipa paccnufana na nnoux. nn oo hponononun kaxnou hapo
ynacfnukon nooxonumo sahacfuci comuknofonnwm uiponwm honom
u qumkou. Onu pachonaiakfcn npyi hpofun npyia ho oo cfoponw
uiponoio honn, na uonfpaninou knofko kofopoio ycfanannunaofcn
qumka. Io cuinany nonymoio unu camocfonfonino uipakmuo nanu-
nakf n ynucon u napachon hpousnocufi: CAMO... 1pofium
cnoiom moxof wfi ...KA1 (cnono camokaf) unu ...1 (cnono
camonof). 3anana onnoio us ynacfnukon honcfpaunaficn hon
hapfnopa, fo ocfi nounaficn conhanonun cnooio fpofioio cnoia c oio
fpofium cnoiom. 3anana npyioio ynacfnuka yxonufi of honcfpou-
ku, nounaficn noconhanonun. Iocno kaxnoio fakfa uipw qumka
hopomomaofcn na onny knofky n cfopony hoonunmoio n fom fakfo
uipoka. Okonnafoninyk hoony onopxunaof fof, komy ynacfcn ho-
pofnnyfi qumky na cnou konou uiponoio honn.
84
Ipu pasncnonuu hpanun fou uipw nonymuu opamaof nnuma-
nuo ynacfnukon na fo, nfo fpofuu cnoi onu onsanw hpousnocufi
cfpoio onnonpomonno. Kaxnwu nonxon opuonfuponaficn no na yxo
nwpnanmuucn us ycf hapfnopa snyk fo wno w napymonuom hpa-
nun, a na ananus fakfuku oio uipw. Konfponuponafi conknonuo
hpanuna onnonpomonnocfu snoci ononi hpocfo, hockoniky manoumoo
hpomonnonuo onnoio us uipokon osomuonno sacokaofcn oio hapf-
nopom.
Ofa uipa mononupyof poqnokcunnyk opiy n chopfunnwx cocfn-
sanunx n nauonoo hpocfou u ohopafunnou qopmo. ohycfum, k
kakomy-fo momonfy npomonu yckonisakmuu uipok fpu pasa honpnn
sanopman cnoo cnono cnoiom KA1 u nwuipwnan. Ioncfpaunakmo-
mycn ocfocfnonno hponhonoxufi, nfo yx n nofnopfwu-fo pas hapf-
nop no ocmonufcn hpumonufi cnou usnknonnwu xon u cmonuf KA1
na 1. Onnako yckonisakmuu, hponnunn fakou xon mwcnu
hpofunnuka, moxof hpousnocfu KA1 u nwuipafi n nofnopfwu pas.
Ho fof manonp moxof wfi hponycmofpon honcfpaunakmumcn. H
foina yckonisakmomy, nfow no wfi sacfuinyfwm npachnox, cno-
nonano w cmonufi cnoi, u f.n. u f.h. osmoxna nu n fakou cufya-
uuu sakonomopnan hoona Okaswnaofcn, na. 1ak kak snoci ocfi cnou
cuninoumuo u cnou cnaoumuo. H na honnx cpaxonun n camwx pas-
nunnwx nunax chopfa mw noponko nacnaxnaomcn honopkom nupfy-
oson poqnokcunnoio manonpa. Ynunufoninwm fananfom sacfuiafi
npachnox onanan, nahpumop, conofckuu pahupucf Iopman Cnomnu-
kon. opskan, nohocfuxuman nnn snpanoio cmwcna cohopnuka
fakfuka mnoiokpafnoio uchonisonanun onnoio u foio xo hpuoma
hpunocna nomano hoon fomy nwnakmomycn chopfcmony.
Cuninou cfoponou Ioqnokcuu u npyiux hononwx ou uip nnnn-
ofcn nosmoxnocfi hpuopofonun chopfcmonamu ohwfa poqnokcunnou
opiw n cxafwo cpoku u n konuonfpuponannou qopmo. Icuxono-
iunockan honiofonka snoci kak w acfpaiuponana of konkpofnoio
nuna chopfa, no ofniomona oio unnonfapom, oio nochoxamu, oio
qusunockou fpynoomkocfik. Hnuqonko honnopiaofcn onna-onun-
cfnonnan ipani macfopcfna chopfcmona oio choconocfi hooxnafi
cohopnuka n poqnokcunnou opio. Iaofa c poqnokcunnwmu mofo-
nukamu no sanucuf of qusunockou nwnocnunocfu ynacfnukon, nfo
hosnonnof n hpunuuho nocfu honiofonky na ipanu ux hcuxonoiunoc-
kou nwnocnunocfu.
85
hponnoxonnou uipo cfonknononun poqnokcuu ckopofonnw u
fpoykf minononnoio hpunnfun pomonuu. o npomn paofw y noko-
fopwx us ynacfnukon nosnukaof hcuxonoiunockuu nuckomqopf, cnn-
sannwu c hocfonnnwm omymonuom swkocfu hpunnfoio pomonun,
c nyncfnom noynoponnocfu n fom, nfo xon cnonan hpanunino. 1akuo
nknu, kak hpanuno, namo npyiux hpouipwnakf poqnokcuk u no-
omo cknonnw fopnficn n cufyauunx, fpoykmux minononnwx ouo-
nok u pomonuu. nokofopwx cnynanx fa ocoonnocfi cnnsana c
nonocfafonnou cqopmuponannocfik nanwkon poqnokcunnoio pacnofa
u, n nacfnocfu, c noymonuom nonpomn hocfanufi fonky n cnoux
ouonkax u paccyxnonunx.
nn chopfcmonon, uchwfwnakmux fpynnocfu opuonfuponku n
hpofunnuko n ycnonunx noquuufa npomonu, onoo hponykfunon sa-
monnonnwu fomh poqnokcunnoio hoonunka, hponocfannnkmuu nos-
moxnocfi honponoio u ocfonfoninoio ananusa cnoxunmoucn cu-
fyauuu. 1akum chopfcmonam umoof cmwcn ofpaafwnafi poqnokcun-
nwo pacnofw u hpouoccw hpunnfun pomonun n pasnopnyfou qopmo u
numi hocno foio hopoxonufi k hocfohonnomy chpocconwnanuk u
cnopfwnanuk mwcnufoninwx ohopauuu.
Ocfanonufi minononuo u pasnopnyfi poqnokcuk no npomonu
moxno, ocnu hpuoinyfi k cnonykmou monuqukauuu uipw.
Jnpunenue 29. "monemu
oopyxonnwo kapannamom, ymaiou u monofou ynacfnuku pac-
honaiakfcn npyi hpofun npyia. kaxnom fakfo uipw ynacfnuku
ckpwfno nwknanwnakf cnou monofw (na cfono, na hony, y con na
nanonu) opnom unu pomkou nnopx u ho cuinany onnonpomonno
hokaswnakf ux npyi npyiy. pomn, ofnonumoo na kaxnwu fakf, no
oipanunono: cuinan honaofcn numi hocno iofonnocfu kaxnoio us
uipokon. Onun us nux paofaof na coinaconanuo. On nwuipwnaof
fakf n fom cnynao, ocnu oo monofw nwhanakf unu pomkamu, unu
opnamu. pyiou ynacfnuk paofaof na paccoinaconanuo u nwui-
pwnaof fakf hpu nwhanonuu oponpomka unu pomkaopon.
Hcxonw kaxnoio fakfa sahucwnakfcn ynacfnukamu, nfo naof um nos-
moxnocfi ananusa xona opiw u fakfuku cohopnuka na ncom hpo-
fnxonuu uipw. nufoninocfi uipw ycfanannunaofcn sapanoo u mo-
86
xof cocfannnfi n sanucumocfu of knanuqukauuu ynacfnukon of 25
no 5O fakfon. Hnu xo moxno ycnonuficn uipafi no fox hop, hoka
paspwn no cocfanuf ohponononnoo konunocfno (J5) onkon.
Ioqnokcunnoo mwmnonuo paofaof no foniko n hoonunko.
nom cokpof cwipannocfu chopfunnou komannw nofkom pachpono-
nonuu ponou moxny uipokamu a. ofmnuqonannocfu komuna-
uuu na fponuponkax bosycnonno. uckycno paspaofannou fakfu-
nockou cxomo uipw no ncnkoio comnonun. Ho noni uipa hocfonnno
nwxonuf sa pamku sanymannoio cuonapun, oxomunyfno poxnaof no-
hponycmofponnwo u noofpohofuponannwo cufyauuu, u nof npomonu
na hopocmofp hnanon, nokoina noionapunaficn. oucfnonafi nyxno
cukcokynnno, nomonnonno!
cnoxnwx u nohponckasyomwx cufyauunx cuna uipokon n ux xu-
nom, nohocponcfnonnom u minononnom nsaumohonumanuu. Hofkan
u cnaxonnan uipa nonosmoxna os ymonun na nofy cxnafwnafi samwc-
nw hapfnopa u nunofi cufyauuk inasamu fonapuma ho komanno. Mw
honumaom npyi npyia no c honycnona, a omo wcfpoo, hucan a-
nopuu Xapnamon o hapfnopax ho uipo. H snak... nfo cnonakf onu
n cnonykmyk cokynny... u hofomy n fo xo minononuo mnyci fyna, ino
xnof monn maua.... nn pasnufun poqnokcunnwx nanwkon honu-
manun npyi npyia os cnon honosnw cnonykmuo yhpaxnonun.
Jnpunenue J0. "1omeocmum
1ak naswnaofcn hpuop co mnoxocfnom pynok u uuqopnafon,
kofopwu uchonisyofcn hcuxonoiamu nnn usynonun ipyhhonou conmo-
cfumocfu. Ham hpuop ycfpoon nockoniko hpomo. Ynacfnuku
paccaxunakfcn n kpyi. Kaxnwu cxumaof hpanyk pyky n kynak, u ho
komanno nonymoio nco nwpacwnakf haniuw. Ipyhha nonxna cfpo-
muficn k fomy, nfow nco ynacfnuku nosanucumo npyi of npyia nw-
pocunu onno u fo xo nucno. Ynacfnukam sahpomono noionapunafi-
cn, hopomuiunaficn u npyiumu nosakonnwmu chocoamu hwfaficn
coinaconwnafi cnou noucfnun. Hipa hpononxaofcn no fox hop, hoka
ipyhha no nocfuinof cnoou uonu. nn foio nfow hponocfanufi npyi
npyiy nosmoxnocfi ouonufi ocfanonky u ynocfi oo n hocnonykmom
fakfo uipw, ynacfnuku hocno kaxnoio nwpacwnanun qukcupykf
na kakoo-fo npomn honoxonuo cnoux pacfohwponnwx haniuon.
. Xapnamon. 1pu nanana M.: Mononan inapnun, i?, c. 6J.
8?
Iomumo cnooio hpnmoio nasnanonun Iomoocfaf moxof wfi
uchonisonan fponopom unu hcuxonoiom nnn nwnnnonun nsaumoofno-
monuu moxny uipakmumu. cnu nnumafonino honanknafi sa xo-
nom uipw, fo moxno samofufi onnoio unu nockonikux nunopon n
ipyhho, hon kofopwx honcfpaunakfcn ocfaninwo ynacfnuku. os-
moxno, ipyhha pachanaofcn na nockoniko ipyhhuponok, umokmux
cnou ycfanonku na ucxon uipw (nahpumop, hononuna uipakmux nw-
pacwnaof nockoniko pas honpnn ho fpu haniua, n fo npomn kak npy-
ian ho onnomy). Ho ucknknono fakxo u honnnonuo noiafunuc-
fa, yhopno inymoio cnok nunuk naxo hocno foio, kak moxny
ocfaninwmu ynacfnukamu yxo nocfuinyfo ohponononnoo coinacuo.
cnu ynacfnukam nackynuf fof cunnnuu napuanf poqnokcunnou
uipw, fo moxno hponnoxufi oo honnuxnwu ananoi.
Jnpunenue J1. "Hepeneu
Ynacfnuku nwcfpaunakfcn n moponiy na paccfonnuu maia npyi of
npyia u nuuom k onnou us nofwpox cfon homomonun. co sakpwnakf
inasa u ho xnohky nonymoio honhpwiunakf, nonan n hpwxko hono-
pof nokpyi cnoou ocu. Ionopof moxno ocymocfnnnfi kak n nonyk,
fak u n hpanyk cfopony, no onsafonino fakum opasom, nfow hocno
hpusomnonun okasaficn nuuom k onnou us cfon (fo ocfi na O, i8O,
2?O` u f.n.). 3anana ynacfnukon hocno kaxnoio xnohka conopmafi
cunxponnwo honopofw u ncom hpusomnnficn honopnyfwmu nuuom n
onny u fy xo cfopony.
Kak hpanuno, sanana fa okaswnaofcn nnn ipyhhw nonwhonnumou,
u hocno hopnoio xo xnohka ynacfnuku cfonf honopnyfwo kfo kyna.
nn fakou hopomomannou moponiu nonymuu qopmynupyof nonyk
sanany: hpwinyfi fak, nfow okasaficn hocno hpusomnonun honopny-
fwmu n onny u fy xo cfopony. Ipwxku hpononxakfcn ho komanno
nonymoio no fox hop, hoka no ynof nocfuinyfa fa uoni.
Ocnonnan fpynnocfi n uchonisonanuu uip na poqnokcunnoo co-
fpynnunocfno saknknaofcn n fom, nfo ux, kak hpanuno, nonisn ho-
nfopno hponnaiafi onnum u fom xo hapfnopam: onnaxnw naunonnoo
umu pomonuo sananu moxof nhocnoncfnuu uchonisonaficn nucfo
moxanunocku. hponom, nnn usopofafoninoio nonymoio fo no y-
nof onimou homoxou, hockoniky omuu hpunuuh Iomoocfafa unu
Hoponiu nohyckaof mnoxocfno camwx pasnunnwx monuqukauuu.
of omo onun napuanf poqnokcunnou uipw.
88
Jnpunenue J2. "1menu
noo ynacfnukon cfanonnfcn npyi hpofun npyia ho oo cfoponw
safnnyfou hnofnou mafopuou hpnmoyioninou pamw. Iasmop pamw
honupaofcn fak, nfow hapfnopw no nunonu npyi npyia. Io cuina-
ny nonymoio oa uipoka nanocnf onnonpomonnwu ykon ykasafoni-
nwm haniuom n pasnonnkmyk ux cfonky. Honi sa munumaninoo
konunocfno hohwfok naufu omyk fonky ykona, fo ocfi cohpukoc-
nyficn nopos mafopuk konnukamu haniuon.
fom yhpaxnonuu nosmoxnw pasnunnwo fakfuku. Ownno
hapfnopw na omyhi umyf npyi npyia, koppokfupyn fonku nanoconun
ykonon n sanucumocfu of foio, n kakom mocfo honofna nwnanuncn n
hponmocfnykmom fakfo uipw hanou nahapnuka. Ho wnaof u fak,
nfo coopasufoninwo uipoku pomakf sanany c hopnou xo hohwfku,
nanocn cnou ykonw n uonfp hpnmoyioninou pamw. Ofo pomonuo na-
hpamunaofcn, hockoniky uonfp fo ocoonnan, onuncfnonnan n
cnoom pono, fonka na honofno. nn foio nfow ucknknufi nosmox-
nocfi fakux noikux hoon, xofn onu camu ho coo nooswnfopocnw,
moxno nockoniko usmonufi ycnonun sananu: nafi uncfpykuuk nano-
cufi ykonw no n nkoo mocfo nnyfpu pamw, a n onny us nockonikux
ochopnnonno nanoconnwx na honofno (c ooux cfopon u n fonnocfu
onna hpofun npyiou) fonok.
Hanunuo n ycnonuu poqnokcunnou sananu kakux-nuo nwnonon-
nwx fonok u ocowx nomonfon, na kofopwo moxno opuonfuponafi-
cn hpu conmocfnom houcko pomonun, noomo ionopn, no nnnnof-
cn nom-fo noxonafoninwm. Cymocfnyof uonwu knacc sanan, hponho-
naiakmux uchonisonanuo uipokamu ohopnwx fonok. of onna us
nux.
Jnpunenue JJ. "Hobee
Ipyhha pasunaofcn na hapw. kaxnou hapo onnomy us ynacf-
nukon ofnonufcn poni saknknonnoio, a npyiomy poni ocnoo-
nufonn. Y saknknonnoio umoofcn hnan fkpomnou cfonw c on-
nou unu nockonikumu ohopnwmu fonkamu. 1onno fakou xo hnan
ocfi u y ocnoonufonn. Kpomo foio, kaxnwu noopyxon noopaxa-
omou kupkou. Ooum nyxno nosanucumo npyi of npyia nwpafi n
cfono onno u fo xo mocfo nnn nwnannunanun nasa, fak kak kaxnwu
us naxonnmuxcn ho pasnwo cfoponw fkpomnou cfonw moxof
8
hpononufi sa noni foniko oo hononuny. Iocno pasnymuu kaxnwu us
uipokon ckpwfno of cnooio hapfnopa ofmonaof na nopfoxo nwpan-
noo um mocfo. 3afom cnunakfcn pomonun saknknonnoio u ocno-
onufonn.
mocfo fkpimw moxno hponnoxufi hnan hnomanu, na kofopou
nyxno ofkohafi unu sakohafi knan, mocfo ncfponu n mockonckom
mofpohonufono, npomn cnunanun u hponoo.
Jnpunenue J4. "Bmbop
Ynacfnuku paccaxunakfcn n kpyi. Io komanno nonymoio kaxnwu
us nux nonxon ykasafi haniuom na onnoio us cnoux fonapumou ho
ipyhho nohycfum, na foio, c kom on xofon w cocfanufi hapy n
kakou-fo npyiou uipo. Honi uipakmux nouficn n onnou us ho-
hwfok fakoio nwopa, hpu kofopom ipyhha pachanaci w na hapw
nsaumno nwpanmux npyi npyia ynacfnukon.
Ofa poqnokcunnan uipa nockoniko cnoxnoo hponwnymux. Ona
fpoyof of ynacfnukon ynofa ononi mnoiux momonfon u sanopmaofcn
ownno numi hocno noniux u osychomnwx hohwfok. Yhopno nos-
nukakf n kaxnom fakfo pokonwo mnoioyioninuku, u numi hocfo-
honno namyhwnakf npyi npyia u ooconnkfcn n hapw nokofopwo
uipoku. omonmuo n fakuo hapw, kak hpanuno, nwknknakfcn us
naninoumoio omoio houcka pomonun fom, nfo n kaxnou hocnony-
kmou hohwfko hpononxakf nwupafi npyi npyia. Ofo snanufonino
onoinaof paofy ocfaninwm ynacfnukam. Hsponka cnynaofcn fak, nfo
onna us cnoxunmuxcn hap pasnanunaofcn na onoponnom fakfo uipw.
Ha fakuo cnynau cnonyof opafufi ocooo nnumanuo.
Hauonoo npamafunno uipa hpofokaof n fox cnynanx, koina nucno
ynacfnukon nonofnoo u kfo-fo us nux sanonomo nonxon ocfaficn os
hapw. Cnonyof umofi n nuny, nfo fakou napuanf uipw, ocoonno ocnu
on hpononufcn n nofckux chopfunnwx konnokfunax, moxof cohponox-
naficn onosnonnwmu ynapamu ho camonkuk ynacfnukon. Iofo-
my snoci of nonymoio fpoykfcn ocoan ocmofpufoninocfi u honu-
manuo poaninwx nsaumoofnomonuu moxny nnonamu ipyhhw. Hipa n
nonofnom cocfano yfpanunaof xapakfop foniko fponuponku poqnok-
cunnoio mwmnonun u hpuopofaof n inasax oo ynacfnukon nsaumoof-
nomonnockuu cmwcn, no cfoni nwpaxonnwu hpu nofnom konunocfno
uipokon.
O
mo onoo ofnofnunyk opuonfauuk na moxnunnocfnwo ofnomo-
nun wop hpuopofaof n fom cnynao, koina n kanocfno kpufopun
hpu nwopo hapfnopa uchonisyofcn no ynacfuo n npyiou uipo, a no-
nfo onoo snanumoo, nahpumop conmocfnoo hpoxunanuo n nomopo
iocfunuuw. Monuquuuponannan fakum opasom uipa moxof nafi
uonnwu mafopuan u hocnyxufi xopomum nananom paofw ho koppok-
uuu hcuxonoiunockoio knumafa n komanno. Ho hpononufi oo cnony-
of foniko n cnynao noucfnufoninou hcuxonoiunockou nooxonumoc-
fu u hon pykononcfnom ohwfnoio hcuxofopahonfa unu hcuxonoia,
umokmoio cfax paofw n hcuxofopahonfunockux ipyhhax.
YUA 8 YUY
Hfak, n nom xo cokpof cwipannocfu chopfunnou komannw Ono-
nunno, n ocnono cnaxonnou uipw noxuf no foniko paofa mwcnu.
Iapmonun noucfnuu na hono npnn nu nocfuxuma, ocnu y uipokon nof
nyncfna hapfnopa, mouuonaninoio konfakfa npyi c npyiom.
xusnu onu npysinmu no wnu, nchomunaof sacnyxonnwu
macfop chopfa Anokcannp Hkymon o cnoux fonapumax ho xokkounou
komanno. H nco panno unano, nom npyxou, ux ofnomonun na
hnomanko no nasonomi. Onu nwxonunu na hono u kasanuci cnnsan-
nwmu nonunumou nufik. Onun npyioio nyncfnonan kaxnwm nopnom.
Hopannonymnwo k cnano, ahnonucmonfam, pnymuocn no ncom wfi
hopnwmu, onu oxofno hponocfannnnu npyi npyiy hpano pomakmoio
pocka ho nopofam, ocnu fo xofi na cofyk nonk hpouonfa ynonu-
nunano noponfnocfi ychoxa komannw. Hacfopoxonnwo n ofnomonu-
nx nno xokkon, bopuc Mauopon u nnocnan Cfapmunon osipanun-
no nonopnnu npyi npyiy na hnomanko.
nn pasnufun nyncfna hapfnopa honosno cnonykmoo yhpaxnonuo.
Jnpunenue J. "1obom
Cosnaofcn uiponoo hono omupnoo hpocfpancfno c paspocan-
nwmu chunkamu. Ynacfnuku pasunakfcn na hapw (poof u oho-
pafop). 3anana ohopafopa c homomik cnooio poofa copafi
kak moxno onimo chunok. nn foio on honaof poofy cnonoc-
Hkymon A. H chapfakonou // Cmona, i?6, N ?, c. 22.
i
nwo komannw, cfpomnci nofanino u fonno yhpannnfi nnuxonunmu oio
pyk, noi, fynonuma. 3anana poofa ochpokocnonno u fonno
nwhonnnfi komannw cnooio ohopafopa. Inasa poofa no npomn
uipw sakpwfw.
Ipu pasncnonuu uncfpykuuu fponopy cnonyof honnopknyfi, nfo
poof no nonxon honwipwnafi cnoomy ohopafopy. Ioof nu-
mon cocfnonnou nonu, xonanuu u cfpacfou. Hcxon uipw omy iny-
oko ospasnunon; on ncoio numi hocnymnwu, oswnuuuafunnwu
uncfpymonf n pykax ohopafopa.
Iponononuo uipw fpoyof conknonun nomonfapnwx hpanun o-
sohacnocfu. Ioof, ocnu on xopomo uchonnnof cnok poni, nou-
cfnyof osnymno u noiuko. cn ofnofcfnonnocfi sa usoxanuo cfon-
knononuu co cfonamu, hponmofamu u npyiumu poofamu noxuf na
ohopafopo. Kpomo foio, sa ncom hpoucxonnmum na uiponom hono
onsan nnumafonino nanknafi nonymuu. nn nohonnufoninou hon-
cfpaxonku ycfpoucfno ncox poofon hpoipammupyofcn fakum opa-
som, nfo onu sacfwnakf nohonnuxno ho anapuunou komanno
Cfoh!, kofopyk nonymuu moxof nafi n cnynao ohacnocfu.
nn foio nfow ychomno yhpannnfi poofom, ohopafop non-
xon fonko nyncfnonafi nco oio nnuxonun, yknanino nxunaficn n
noio. Ipu xopomom nknknonuu n uipy ohopafop nanunaof nochpu-
numafi nofonnocfu n nnuxonunx poofa no kak omuku hapfnopa
ho uipo, a kak cnou cocfnonnwo. nn poofa xo uipa cnyxuf
xopomou fponuponkou usupafoninoio nnumanun, hockoniky on
nonxon nwyxunafi us hnofnoio cnonocnoio hofoka ionoc umonno
cnooio ohopafopa.
mocfo copa chunok moxno hponnoxufi nkyk npyiyk nnuiafoni-
nyk sanany: nanopfufi quiypy, sannsafi yson, hpoufu naupunf,
hocfpoufi ipyhhonyk ckynihfypnyk komhosuuuk u f.n. osmoxnw
u npyiuo monuqukauuu fou uipw.
Jnpunenue J0. "Xaemnn
ocnony foio yhpaxnonun honoxon hpunuuh paofw uiponoio
anfomafa, honisykmoiocn onimou hohynnpnocfik naxo cponu
nspocnwx. Ipyhha pasunaofcn na hapw. Onun us ynacfnukon sa-
kpwnaof inasa u cknanwnaof pyky n knomnk us nnyx, fpox, nofw-
pox unu hnfu saxnafwnakmux haniuon. pyiou knanof na cfyn onun
unu nockoniko hponmofon. io sanana c homomik knomnu, ho-
2
cnymno nwhonnnkmou nco oio ykasanun, saxnafufi hponmof u hopo-
noxufi oio na npyiou cfyn. Knomnn ycfpoona fak, nfo moxof ho-
pomomaficn no ncox nahpannonunx, coxpannn opuonfauuk hophonnu-
kynnpno k honopxnocfu cfyna, a fakxo cnonufi u pasnonufi haniuw.
nn foio nfow hpunafi fomy yhpaxnonuk coponnonafoninwu
xapakfop, uonocoopasno oipanunufi npomn oio uchonnonun. mo
onoo ocfpan u nunamunnan qopma hponononun uipw fo konky-
ponfnan opia nnyx hap, kaxnan us kofopwx hopofackunaof c homo-
mik knomnu hponmofw co cfyna cohopnukon na cnou cfyn no fox
hop, hoka nco onu no okaxyfcn cocponofononnwmu na onnom cfyno.
hpocfoumom napuanfo uipw onanafonk knomnu ofnonufcn
poni no saunfopoconannoio n ucxono sananun poofa, choconoio
numi k moxanunockomy nwhonnonuk komann cnooio ohopafopa (Of
con! Ha con!, hpano! nono!, nopx! nus!,
3axnafufi! Iasxafi!, Cfoh!). Ipu fakom pachponononuu
onsannocfou yhpaxnonuo paofaof hpoumymocfnonno na ohopa-
fopa: umonno y noio mounusyofcn choconocfi k nyncfnonanuk, fak
kak nnn ychomnoio hponononun nyxnwx manuhynnuuu on nonxon
omymafi knomnk honfu kak cnok cocfnonnyk pyky.
bonoo cnoxnwu napuanf: ohopafop knanof nanoni na hnono, pyky
unu ionony cnooio hapfnopa u hwfaofcn yhpannnfi knomnou na
nswko nanannunanuu, cxafuu, hoinaxunanuu u hponoo. Camo co-
ou pasymoofcn, nfo hapfnopw no nonxnw sapanoo noionapunaficn
moxny coou o fom, kak cnonyof honumafi fo unu unoo hpukocnono-
nuo. Ofa monuqukauun yhpaxnonun hponhonaiaof ooknnoo cfpom-
nonuo uipokon k nnuiafoninomy nsaumohonumanuk. Ychox n kaxnou
hapo no mnoiom sanucuf of xapakfopa nsaumoofnomonuu u mouuo-
naninoio konfakfa moxny uipakmumu.
Jnpunenue J. "1mmuoouu
Hipa hpononufcn n nofnopkax. noo ynacfnukon cannfcn npyi hpo-
fun npyia fak, nfow ux kononu cohpukacanuci, u sakpwnakf ina-
sa. Ykasafoninwo haniuw hpanwx pyk kocmunockuo cfanuuu
onu nwfniunakf nancfpony npyi npyiy. noo npyiux uipokon cfano-
nnfcn hosanu cunnmux. Io cuinany kaxnwu us cfonmux ynacfnukon
nanunaof c homomik cnonocnwx komann unu hpukocnononuu yhpan-
nnfi nnuxonunmu hpanou pyku cunnmoio hopon num. Honi cfonmux
sa kpocnamu uipokon cnocfu konuw ykasafoninwx haniuon cnoux
hapfnopon.
J
osmoxon u konkyponfnwu napuanf uipw: onun us uipokon cfpo-
mufcn ynocfu cnok mumoni nanoni cunnmoio hopon coou no-
nonoka of hpocnonykmou oio pakofw of ykasafoninoio haniua
cunnmoio nahpofun. Ipu fom nanoni nonxna, kononno, ncoina
ocfanaficn n hpononax nocniaomocfu haniua, a nuuo us coopaxonuu
osohacnocfu nno oo hpononon.
Jnpunenue J&. "1auaom
uipo ynacfnykf nnoo. Onun us uipokon sakpwnaof inasa u ca-
nufcn sa cfon hopon uiponwm honom nucfom ymaiu c paccfannon-
nwmu na nom qumkamu. Ipocnofw moxny qumkamu oosnanakf
nopofa, nopos kofopwo nyxno akkypafno hponocfu nwxnuka
qumky, ofnunakmykcn ho unofy of nopof. Mapmpyf nwxnuka
sapanoo namonon nonymum, a nco oio hopomomonun cunnmuu uipok
ocymocfnnnof c homomik noikux nnuxonuu ykasafoninoio haniua.
fopou uipok cfouf c ofkpwfwmu inasamu sa chunou hapfnopa u
nopxuf pyky na oio hnono, koppokfupyn oio noucfnun. 3anana ooux
hapfnopon hponocfu nwxnuka nopos nco nopofa, nu pasy no sa-
non ux.
Jnpunenue J9. "4nubuo1
Ynacfnuku pasunakfcn na hapw. kaxnou hapo uipoku pachpo-
nonnkf moxny coou ponu samopoxonnoio u poanumafopa. Io
cuinany samopoxonnwu sacfwnaof n nohonnuxnocfu, usopaxan
hoipyxonnoo n anauos cymocfno c okamononmum nuuom u hyc-
fwm nsinnnom. 3anana poanumafopa, na kofopyk ofnonufcn onna
munyfa, nwsnonufi hapfnopa us anauofunockoio cocfonnun, oxu-
nufi oio. Ioanumafop no umoof hpana nu hpukacaficn k samopo-
xonnomy, nu opamaficn k nomy c kakumu-nuo cnonamu. co, nom
on pachonaiaof, fo nsinnn, mumuka, xocf u hanfomuma.
Ipusnakamu ychomnou paofw poanumafopa moxno cnufafi
nohpousnoninwo pohnuku samopoxonnoio, oio cmox, ynwky u
npyiuo hponnnonun mouuonaninou xusnu. Kpufopuu nwxona us
anauosa, kofopwo moiyf napiuponafi of nnnwx napymonuu monna-
nun u nohonnuxnocfu no onna samofnwx usmononuu n nwpaxonuu
4
nuua, ycfanannunakfcn camumu ynacfnukamu n sanucumocfu of ypon-
nn ux knanuqukauuu.
Hanopnoo, kaxnomy snakomo nyncfno ofnyxnonun, nospumou cfo-
nou ncfakmoo moxny nnymn nknimu: hapfnopw kak w nopononokf
npyi hopon npyiom, hopocfakf nyncfnonafi u honumafi npyi npyia.
oponfno, snakomo u hpofunohonoxnoo omymonuo: moxny nknimu
nosnukaof aconkfnoo nsaumohonumanuo, u, cnonno ho nospumo-
my kanany, hopoxunanun u namoponun cnoonno hopofokakf of on-
noio k npyiomy. hponnoxonnom yhpaxnonuu n munuafkpo poma-
ofcn sanana hopoxona of ofnyxnonun k konfakfy. Iaofan n ponu
poanumafopon, ynacfnuku ocnaunakf pasnunnwo chocow paspy-
monun nsaumnou usonnuuu.
Yhpaxnonuo Anauos nnomno honono yhpaxnonuk Kapy-
coni, onnako snoci nonaofcn akuonf no na pasnufuu nnumanun, a
na conopmoncfnonanuu nanwkon mouuonaninoio konfakfa. Coofnof-
cfnonno u inannwm iopoom yhpaxnonun cfanonufcn no fof, na koio
nosnoucfnykf, a fof, kfo fo nosnoucfnuo ocymocfnnnof.
Jnpunenue 40. "3epuuao
Ynacfnuku pasunakfcn na hapw, cfanonnfcn nuuom npyi k npy-
iy. Onun us uipakmux nonaof samonnonnwo nnuxonun pykamu, io-
nonou, ncom fonom. 3anana npyioio n fonnocfu kohuponafi nco
nnuxonun nahapnuka, wfi oio sopkaninwm ofpaxonuom. kax-
nou hapo ynacfnuku camocfonfonino honupakf nyxnyk cnoxnocfi
nnuxonuu u ux fomh.
xono uipw ynacfnuku, paofakmuo sa ofpaxonuo, nononi-
no wcfpo naynakfcn nyncfnonafi fono hapfnopa, u cxnafwnakf no-
iuky oio nnuxonuu. Of pasa k pasy cnonufi sa opuiunanom u ko-
huponafi oio nnuxonun cfanonufcn nco noino, u nco namo nosnukakf
cufyauuu no foniko hponnocxumonun, no u ohopoxonun oio nnuxo-
nuu. Ocnoun nanwku nnuiafoninoio honpaxanun, ynacfnuku moiyf
hohpoonafi cnou cunw u n onoo cnoxnou uipo: sanana fa xo, no
ponu ofpaxonun u opuiunana, nonomoio u nunopa, no ohpono-
nonw. Iuko honcfpaunanci npyi hon npyia, uipakmuo cfpomnfcn
nnuiaficn n ynucon.
Ofo yhpaxnonuo ononi xopomoo cponcfno pasnufun hcuxonoiu-
nockoio konfakfa. Hanknan sa xonom oio nwhonnonun, fponop mo-
5
xof nwnnufi ocfocfnonnoio nunopa n kaxnou hapo. 1pynnocfu n
nocfuxonuu nnuiafoninoio coinacun noponko wnakf cnnsanw c na-
nunuom nahpnxonnwx ofnomonuu moxny hapfnopamu.
Hakanyno ofnofcfnonnwx coponnonanuu kaxnwu chopfcmon u kax-
nwu fponop iofonnfcn no k opio c cohopnukom noomo, a k ho-
onunky c nhonno ohponononnwm nononokom. H onu cfpomnfcn ysnafi
kak moxno onimo o cnoom ynymom konkyponfo, oio cuninwx u
cnawx cfoponax, oio foxnunockux, fakfunockux u hcuxonoiunockux
ocoonnocfnx. Ho n ocfpwx cufyauunx onunoopcfna, ino nco poma-
kf minononun, nof npomonu nnn nochomunanuu u cohocfannonuu u
ochonosno hwfaficn nwnucnufi nauonoo noponfnwu xon hpofun-
nuka na ocnono copannwx cnononuu o nom. Iofomy chopfcmony
naxno no foniko sapanoo ysnafi nfo-fo o cnoom cohopnuko, no u
sapanoo hponyncfnonafi oio: hponyncfnonafi chopfunnwu cfuni, xa-
pakfop, honnfi kak nononoka. nanumup onu n cnoou hohynnpnou
knuio Hckyccfno wfi npyium hpunonuf nwckaswnanuo onnoio
nwnakmoiocn maxmafucfa: Hfow hoonufi cuninoio cohopnuka...
n nonxon oio usynufi. A nfow usynufi, n nonxon n noio nnkufi-
cn. a, nnkuficn u n cfuni uipw, u n xapakfop, fo ocfi u kak n
nononoka. Hfak, nfow hoonufi, nyxno pasianafi samwcnw co-
hopnuka. Hfow pasianafi, nyxno hocfanufi con na oio mocfo. Ho
noni on no fakou, kak n. On npyiou. 3nanuf, nyxno cfafi fakum,
kak on, hoponohnofuficn. Choconocfi k hoponohnomonuk, k nnyn-
cfnonanuk n npyioio nononoka moxof cfafi nosamonumwm hcuxono-
iunockum opyxuom n coponnonafoninou opio. Kak pasnufi n coo
fy choconocfi
Akfopw, nnn kofopwx hoponohnomonuo n npyiux nknou hpoqoc-
cun, nanno ycfanonunu, nfo hyfi k xapakfopy u nyncfnam hopconaxa
noxuf nopos noopaxonuo. Iohpoyom u mw hocnononafi fom xo
hyfom. inano 4 ohucano yhpaxnonuo Ioponohnomonun. Onna
us nosmoxnwx nunuu pasnufun uipw fo hocfohonnwu, ocymocfn-
nnkmuucn ho mopo onnanonun nanwkamu hoipyxonun n opas,
hopoxon of hponmofon k onymonnonnwm cymocfnam: xunofnwm, cka-
sonnwm ioponm u, nakonou, k nknnm. Of konkpofnwx cufyauuu
(Iwonon, Ynufoni myswku, Iponanmuua mopoxonoio) mox-
no hopoxonufi k konkpofnwm nknnm: ocnaunafi ux unfonauuu, xoc-
fw, hoxonky; hpumopunafi na con ux nnyfponnuu mup, hwfaficn
cmofpofi inasamu npyioio nononoka na hpunwnnwo nomu, na okpy-
xakmux nknou, na con camoio.
onu .. Hckyccfno wfi npyium. M.: 3nanuo, i8O, c. 5.
6
CMOTTb H 8HTb
Hfow honnfi npyioio u hponnocxufufi oio samwcnw, nyxno ymofi
nanknafi. Hononok ionopuf no foniko nswkom inasamu, nuuom,
ncom fonom. chopfunnou cxnafko cohopnuk fak unu unano cam
kommonfupyof cnou namoponun. Hyxno foniko ymofi nufafi fu
kommonfapuu. A nnn foio nfow nufafi, nyxno snafi nswk, na
kofopom onu nakfcn, nswk nnuxonuu u hos.
Onunnanuafumofponwu ynap ho nopofam... Hahanakmuu hpofun
npafapn. Ycnonun hoonunka nnno nopannwo, u nwuipafi oio npafapi
moxof numi n fom cnynao, ocnu on hopoxnafuf unuuuafuny y naha-
nakmoio, nannof noucfnonafi panimo. nn foio nfow hponyianafi
afaky, npafapi nnumafonino usynaof nco honiofonufoninwo noucfnun
hpofunnuka: cnonuf sa fom, kyna hocmofpon nahanakmuu no nanana
pasoia, kak on hocfanun mnn, kak samaxnyncn.
Iasnunan n coo nanknafoninocfi, honosno hoyhpaxnnficn n
cnonykmux uipax.
Jnpunenue 41. "Tuxucmocuon
Ipyhha paccaxunaofcn n kpyi. Onun unu nnoo ynacfnukon cfano-
nnfcn n uonfp kpyia. Iacufcn cnof, u cfonmuo nnyfpu kpyia ynacf-
nuku hpunumakf nkwo hosw, nohonnuxno sacfwnan n nux. Io
cuinany iofonnocfu na kopofkoo npomn nknknaofcn u fyf xo nwknk-
naofcn cnof. momonf nchwmku cunnmuo n kpyiy cfapakfcn kak
moxno fonnoo sahomnufi honoxonun hosupykmux. Iocno nchwm-
ku n fomnofo hosuponanmuo n uonfpo ynacfnuku nosnpamakfcn na
cnou mocfa. 3afom nknknaofcn cnof, u nnonw ipyhhw, sa ucknkno-
nuom hosuponanmux, conmocfnwmu ycununmu hwfakfcn noccfano-
nufi fo, nfo onu nunonu. Hafypmukon nosnpamakf n kpyi u nohnf
us nux fo hosw, n kofopwx, ho mnonuk ipyhhw, onu naxonunuci no
npomn nchwmku cnofa. Iocno foio kak chopw ynniyfcn u ipyhha
hpunof k kakomy-fo omomy pomonuk unu k nockonikum anifopna-
funnwm, ynacfnuku n uonfpo kpyia nomoncfpupykf cnou noucfnufoni-
nwo hosw.
Jnpunenue 42. "1u1oe0nuu
wupaofcn onun us ynacfnukon pasnonnuk. onymuu hpo-
usnocuf: 3amopnu! u ncn ipyhha nohonnuxno sacfwnaof. Kax-
nwu cfapaofcn sahomnufi cnok hosy, a pasnonnuk cfapaofcn sahom-
?
nufi ncox. numafonino usynun hosw u nnomnuu nun ynacfnukon,
pasnonnuk sakpwnaof inasa (unu nwxonuf us komnafw). fo npomn
ynacfnuku nonakf nockoniko usmononuu n cnoou onoxno, hosax,
ocfanonko unu n nom-fo npyiom. Iocno foio kak usmononun cnona-
nw, pasnonnuk ofkpwnaof inasa; oio sanana onapyxufi nco ho-
pomonw.
ipyhhax, nnonw kofopwx chouuanusupykfcn n uiponwx nunax
chopfa, pasnonnuky moxno hponnoxufi nnn sahomunanun cufya-
uuu na uiponou hnomanko. nn usopaxonun fux cufyauuu, a fak-
xo nnn nnoconun usmononuu n nux n ipyhho moxof wfi nwnonon
poxuccop.
opnomcn k cufyauuu coponnonafoninou opiw. Cohopnuk hpo-
anfwnaofcn o cnoux namoponunx no foniko na nswko nnuxonuu u
hos. Chopfcmon no uomoxanunockoo ycfpoucfno, u kaxnwu oio
xon n hpofunoopcfno honiofannunaofcn no foniko nnuiafonino, no
u hcuxonoiunocku. usunockuo noucfnun hponnapnkfcn u cohponox-
nakfcn nahpnxonnou nnyfponnou paofou: ocosnanuo yiposw, comno-
nuo, houck nwxona, minononnoo pomonuo... 3nanumocfi ucxona
hoonunka nnn chopfcmona okpamunaof paofy oio mwcnu cuninoumu-
mu mouuonaninwmu hopoxunanunmu. A mouuu fo u mumuka,
u nwpaxonuo inas, u mnoioo-mnoioo npyioo, nfo moxof hponocfi
nanknafoninwu nsinnn. oci onuk chopfcmona nwpaxaof uipy oio
nyncfn, u omo no nanana manonpa on moxof c iononou nwnafi con
nohpousnoninwm xocfom, nwpaxonuom nuua, unfonauuonnwm hon-
fokcfom ionoca. Io onnou foniko nnomnocfu chopfcmona nnumafoni-
nwu cohopnuk moxof ohpononufi, cnomnon on unu hpononxaof pnafi-
cn k hoono, nwxunaof unu ofnaxuncn na pomufoninwu mai,
naxonufcn n pacfopnnnocfu unu samwmnnof kakyk-fo xufpocfi. 1a-
kum opasom, nanknafoninocfi, ymonuo nufafi ho nnomnum hpo-
nnnonunm mouuonaninoo cocfonnuo cohopnuka fo omo onun knkn
k hcuxonoiunockomy konfponk nan num. H, pasymoofcn, omo onun
knkn k nsaumohonumanuk n cufyauunx uiponoio hapfnopcfna.
Jnpunenue 4J. "1mon
noo ynacfnukon ncfyhakf n uiponoo onunoopcfno, umufupyn
hoonunok okcopon, unu opiy ackofonucfon, unu ou qoxfonani-
mukon u hponoo. Io komanno nonymoio Cfoh! uipakmuo samupa-
Mw hpusnafoninw anfopy foio yhpaxnonun b.M. Macfopony sa nkosno hpo-
nocfannonnoo paspomonuo homocfufi oio n knuio.
8
kf, cfpomnci kak moxno fonnoo saqukcuponafi hosy, nwpaxonuo
nuua, nacfpou na ohponononnoo nnuxonuo unu noucfnuo. fono-
nuo nockonikux cokynn onu usynakf npyi npyia, hocno noio kaxnwu
us nux naof apiymonfuponannwu ofnof na nohpocw: Hfo coupaofcn
cnonafi cohopnuk u Hfo on nyncfnyof 3afom ynacfnuku packpw-
nakf cnou noucfnufoninwo samwcnw u nyncfna, hpopnannwo cuina-
nom Cfoh!.
Ananoiunnoo yhpaxnonuo moxno hpononufi c uchonisonanuom
nunoomainufoqona. unoomainufoqonnan sahuci oipanununaof nos-
moxnocfu ynacfnukon n ananuso hcuxonoiunockux achokfon uipw, no
safo hosnonnof yhpaxnnficn n fonnocfu hpoinoson na onoo ocfo-
cfnonnom (poaninwo uipw u fponuponku) u pasnoopasnom (no foniko
onunoopcfna, no u cufyauuu c ynacfuom mnoiux uipokon) mafopu-
ano.
nn pasnufun nanwkon nfonun nnyfponnux cocfonnuu nononoka
ho nnomnum hponnnonunm honosnwm ynof fakxo yhpaxnonuo 1o-
nohafun (cm. cfp. ?i).
HA C8OM R3bK
wmo mw paccmofponu pasnunnwo hyfu honumanun nononoka no-
nonokom: poqnokcun, nxunanuo n hapfnopa, nanknonuo sa uiponw-
mu nnuxonunmu u kchpoccuou. co hoponucnonnwo chocow cyfi
nochpunfun u pacmuqponku coomonuu, kofopwo nukfo no hocw-
nan. Ho noni cymocfnyof u hpocfo omonuo.
Y kaxnoio xopomo cwipannoio konnokfuna ocfi cnou nswk nswk
xocfon, kunkon, ipumac, moxnomofuu. Ofof nswk hpononino nako-
nunon (noni uiponoo omonuo hpofokaof n ycnonunx ocfpoio noqu-
uufa npomonu) u mano honnfon nnn nyxux ymou (unqopmauun non-
xna wfi ckpwfa of hpofunnuka). Hom cwipannoo komanna, fom onoo
cnopnyfwm cfanonufcn oo omonuo n uipo u fom nynmo uipoku ho-
numakf npyi npyia. Ownno nswk uiponoio omonun qopmupyofcn
n komannax cfuxuuno, a cnononafonino, nonio, na omyhi u no nco-
ina naunynmum opasom u kpafnaumum hyfom. ymaofcn, nfo cho-
uuaninan uononahpannonnan paofa ho ocnoonuk nanwkon ckpwfoio
u cxafoio omona unqopmauuou moina w no foniko yckopufi fof
hpouocc, no u nafi uipokam nokofopwu ohwf, honosnwu n ynymom
hpu pacmuqponko nyxux coomonuu.
bonoo honpono o uiponom omonuu cm: K. . Xanun. Icuxonoiun omonun
n chopfo. M.: uC, i8O.

Jnpunenue 44. "Hu cmpue


Ipyhha pasunaofcn na nno honipyhhw fak, nfow n onnou wno
na onnoio nononoka monimo, nom n npyiou. Moniman honipyhha
paccaxunaofcn n kpyi, ocfanun onno kpocno n kpyiy cnoonnwm.
boniman honipyhha cfpaxa pachonaiaofcn sa kpyiom: kaxnwu
ynacfnuk cfouf hosanu onnoio us kpocon u nopxuf pyku na oio chun-
ko. Ynacfnuk, cfonmuu sa hycfwm kpocnom, hwfaofcn hopomanufi
n noio koio-nuyni us cunnmux n kpyiy. nn foio on honaof cnoomy
uspannuky kakou-nuyni cuinan: kunok, nnuxonuo pykou, honmu-
iunanuo, nwpasufoninwu nsinnn u hponoo. Ynonun fof cuinan,
cunnmuu n kpyiy ynacfnuk nonxon nckonufi co cnooio kpocna u ho-
pococfi na cnoonnoo. Kaxnwu us cfonmux sa kpyiom cfpaxnukon
cfapaofcn no yhycfufi cunnmoio hopon num uipoka. Ynacfnuk cnu-
faofcn sanopxannwm, ocnu cfpaxnuk ychon honoxufi pyku omy na
hnonu, hpoxno nom fof nckonun c kpocna.
Hipa fpoyof onimoio nahpnxonun nnumanun, ocoonno of yna-
cfnukon, ocymocfnnnkmux poni cfpaxu. hpunuuho cfpaxnuk
c xopomou poakuuou moi w cnonufi foniko sa cnoum honohonnwm.
nn foio nfow copuonfuponafi uipy na pasnufuo omonun, a no
wcfpofw poakuuu, nonymuu moxof sahpofufi cfpaxnukam cmof-
pofi na fox, koio onu oxpannkf (kaxnwu cfpaxnuk moxof nank-
nafi sa uipokamu, no foniko no sa cnoum honohonnwm). fakom
poxumo uipw sanana hopomanunakmoio honafi cuinan fak, nfow
on wn nochpunnf anpocafom, no ocfancn w nosamononnwm nnn oio
cfpaxnuka. 3anana cunnmux n kpyiy nyfko ynannunafi hocnan-
nwo um cuinanw, a sanana cfpaxnukon hopoxnafwnafi cuinanw,
anpoconannwo ux honohonnwm.
Jnpunenue 4. "ucuyccun
Ipyhha pasunaofcn na fpouku. kaxnou fpouko onsannocfu
pachpononnkfcn cnonykmum opasom. Iopnwu ynacfnuk uipaof poni
inyxoio-u-nomoio: on nunoio no cnwmuf, no moxof ionopufi, no
n oio pachopnxonuu sponuo, a fakxo xocf u hanfomuma. fopou
uipaof poni inyxoio-u-hapanufuka. On moxof ionopufi u nunofi.
1pofuu cnohou-u-nomou. On chocoon foniko cnwmafi u hoka-
swnafi. cou fpouko hponnaiakfcn sananun: noionopuficn o mocfo
ncfponu n Mockno, o honapko umonunnuky unu o fom, n kakou unof
kpacufi saop.
Ionanany uipa kaxofcn nockoniko ipomosnkou: ynacfnuku c fpy-
nom nxonnf n cnou ponu, fo u nono sawnakf o cnoou inyxofo unu
nomofo, no moiyf copuonfuponaficn n nosmoxnocfnx cnoux hapfno-
pon. nn foio nfow onoinufi nxoxnonuo n uipy, moxno cnanufi
kaxnoio us ynacfnukon coofnofcfnykmum poknusufom: honnskamu,
kocfwnnmu, snankamu unnanunnocfu u hponum. Hopos nokofopoo
npomn nyxna n fux nahomunanunx ofhanaof, ynacfnuku ocnaunakf
cnou ponu, hpunom n kaxnou fpouko cknanwnakfcn cnou cocfnonnwo
chocow omonun. Chonmomycn konnokfuny c napaofannwmu
hpuomamu nsaumohonumanun moxno hohpoonafi cnou cunw n pomo-
nuu onoo cnoxnwx sanan, fakux, nahpumop, kak cocfannonuo hpo-
ipammw konuopfa xynoxocfnonnou camononfoninocfu unu mapmpyfa
kckypcuu ho nocfohpumonafoninwm mocfam onimoio iopona.
o npomn uipw nacfo nosnukakf komunockuo cufyauuu. bnaionapn
um cknanwnaofcn afmocqopa mouuonaninoio packpohomonun u os-
saofnocfu. Cfpomnonuo ynacfnukon hpuufu k omomy pomonuk u
unfoncunnoo fnopnockoo nsaumonoucfnuo moxny numu chococfnykf
chnononuk ipyhhw. Hipa homoiaof ynacfnukam snanufonino pacmu-
pufi ipyhhonou pohopfyap chocoon nsaumohonumanun.
iOi
b. COCTORHH CO3HAHHR
cfi nnn monn n xokkoo nonfo kyna onoo uonnoo, nom cnana, u
no cpannumoo nu c nom. H xny oio u ncoina nanokci, nfo cnunanuo
cocfoufcn. A hpuxonuf ono ncnkuu pas nooxunanno, u mui oio na-
nana noynonum. H mnyci ho niny, u maua na konnuko moou knkm-
ku. H nof nunoio, kpomo uipw. H cama ona, uipa, u oo pufm, u
maua, u moo fono hokopnw cnoou nono. fof mui n omymak con
no hpocfo cuninwm n ncomoiym, noynopxum u nof nnn monn n mupo
nunoio nonosmoxnoio.
Hfo fo: hofunockoo hpoynonunonuo unu poaninocfi chopfunnou
xusnu Mw ynoponw, nfo n fom ohucanuu hpocnannonnwu conofc-
kuu xokkoucf Anokcannp Copioonun Hkymon nunoio no hpoynonunun.
oucfnufonino, kaxnwu chopfcmon, hpomonmuu uchwfanuo hpo-
noninwm nahpnxonuom ofnofcfnonnwx coponnonanuu, na cnoom nun-
nom ohwfo yonuncn n cymocfnonanuu cnopxcocfonnun. 1wcnnu
nacon fponuponok nonxnw wfi cnopnyfw n kpafkuo munyfw copon-
nonanun. H nof nunoio ynunufoninoio n fom, nfo nnn fakoio kon-
uonfpuponannoio hponnnonun cunw yxo no honxonuf ownnwu hcu-
xunockuu akkomhanomonf. Mounusauun pocypcon, chpocconwnanuo
npomonu, cocponofononuo nnumanun n coponnonafoninou nonfonino-
cfu nco fo cosnaof ycnonun, n kofopwx hcuxuka nwxonuf sa hpo-
nonw ownnoio poxuma cnoou paofw.
nufoninan honiofonka cymocfnyof no nnn foio, nfow na copon-
nonanunx ocfaficn n sapanoo usnocfnwx pamkax. Ona fpamhnun,
c kofopoio conopmaofcn hpwxok n nousnocfnoo, hopomaiunanuo
nopos ycfaponmuo hponcfannonun o cnoux nosmoxnocfnx. Ofo pacmu-
ponuo iopusonfon moxof hpousoufu naxo n fom cnynao, ocnu no y-
nof hocfannon nunnwu pokopn. okasafi coo, nfo chocoon n fpyn-
nou ocfanonko cocfnsanun k fomy, noio nocfuian n naiohpunfnou
cufyauuu fponuponku, fo yxo ononi mnoio. nkom cnynao co-
ponnonanuo fo nyno, mymnoo nyno muponoio pokopna unu fuxoo
nyno camopackpwfun; cyfi nona of foio no monnofcn. H cfapan onoxna
mwcnou, nyncfn u omymonuu no honxonuf nnn onanonun foio nyna.
A. Hkymon. H chapfakonou. // Cmona, i?6, N ?, c. 2i.
iO2
Amopukanckuo uccnononafonu Maukn Mpqu u Iu Yauf hpononu
ohpoc nockonikux cofon chopfcmonon, hwfanci yncnufi, nfo umon-
no kaxnwu us nux hopoxunaof no npomn coponnonanuu. Iosynifaf no
wn nooxunannocfik nnn hcuxonoion; coponnonafoninan mounusa-
uun cohponoxnaofcn chouuqunockumu usmononunmu n camonyncfnuu,
nochpunfuu u opaso mwcnou. Ynonwm ynanoci nokasafi, nfo, no-
cmofpn na kaxymykcn hocfpofy ohucanuu, nco fu cnnuiu hponcfan-
nnkf coou hponnnonun usmononnoio poxuma qynkuuonuponanun
hcuxuku. bnaionapn fomy hopoknknonuk, kak cnufakf mnoiuo
chopfcmonw, hpoucxonuf nocfuxonuo nynmux posynifafon. onnom
cnynao ono moxof nwpaxaficn hpocfo n ofnunnom camonyncfnuu, n
npyiom n kaxymomcn samonnonuu nnuxonuu hpofunnuka, n fpo-
fiom... hponom, nanaufo hokchopumonfupyom camu.
Jnpunenue 40. "Hemnuon XX1 oeuu
Ynacfnukam, hpomonmum fponuni noopaxonun (nooxonumo
ychomnoo nwhonnonuo yhpaxnonun fuha Ipyhhonan kapfuna),
hponnaiaofcn mwcnonno hoponocfuci n XXI nok na chopfunnwo co-
ponnonanun. Ofo moiyf wfi cocfnsanun ho nuny, n kofopom chouu-
anusupykfcn ynacfnuku, unu ho npyiomy (naxo nwmwmnonnomy)
nuny chopfa. 3afom hponnaiaofcn nxuficn n opas nomhuona u n hon-
ponocfnx ohucafi oio hopoxunanun u omymonun, nnuxonun fona u
nymu. onymuu hoompnof camyk yunyk qanfasuk u nahpannnof
o n pycno ohucanun nnyfponnoio mupa nomhuona.
Honi yhpaxnonun homoni chopfcmonam nwpasufi cnou nnyfpon-
nuu ohwf. Hyncfna, uchwfwnaomwo na coponnonanunx, nauonoo
unfumnan cfopona chopfunnou xusnu. wsnafi chopfcmona na of-
kpononnocfi u onaxonnoo ohucanuo cnooio ohwfa nocfafonno fpyn-
no. Onnako nooxonumocfi ocynufi, hononuficn ohwfom cymocfny-
of. Ofo noino ncoio cnonafi kocnonno, n qopmo qanfasuu na fomy
nyxux nyncfn.
hopnwu pas fo yhpaxnonuo nwhonnnofcn ncou ipyhhou. Kax-
nwu ynacfnuk nohonnnof omoo ohucanuo honponocfnmu. onymuu
nonxon hosaofuficn o fom, nfow yhpaxnonuo no wno cnumkom
ckynnwm, no n fo xo npomn u no cunanoci n cfopony of ocnonnoio
nahpannonun paofw ohucanun cocfonnuu u hopoxunanuu. Ipu
honfopnom uchonnonuu nyxno pasufi sanumakmuxcn na ipyhhw ho
24 nononoka; um naofcn okono 5 munyf na cocfannonuo omoio opa-
iOJ
sa. Iocno foio kak paofa n mukpoipyhhax hpononana, ynacfnuku
ohucwnakf cosnannwo opasw ncomy konnokfuny. 2onafonino uc-
honisonanuo hanfomumw u cunocfosuu (cm. yhpaxnonuo 25 Cu-
nocfosuu). nokofopwx cnynanx wnaof honosno nnocfu n yhpaxno-
nuo nomonf coponnonafoninocfu, npynan hpus sa nynmyk qanfasuk.
Cynouckuo qynkuuu nosnaiakfcn na ynacfnukon ipyhhw.
cnu oa napuanfa yhpaxnonun hpomnu ychomno, fo moxno hpon-
noxufi ohucwnafi posynifafw noopaxaomoio hoponohnomonun
kaxnomy ynacfnuky, hponnapufonino nwnonun J5 munyf na honio-
fonky. Cnonyof umofi n nuny, nfo hocnonnuu napuanf (unnununyani-
nwu) moxof wfi qqokfunno uchonisonan foniko n nocfafonno
chnononnwx ipyhhax. Ho cnonyof hpumonnfi pasnunnwo napuanfw
yhpaxnonun n onun u fof xo noni fo moxof wfi yfomufonino.
Ananus qanfasuu moxof okasaficn ononi uonnwm nnn chopfcmo-
na. Cnyman ohucanun npyiux, cpannunan ux co cnoumu hopoxuna-
nunmu, on umoof nosmoxnocfi cohocfanufi pasnwo nnyfponnuo
kapfunw coponnonanun. bonoo foio, nokofopwo qpaimonfw ohuca-
nuu moiyf wfi n naninoumom uchonisonanw um kak cosnafoninwo
hpuomw nnn nwswnanun ohfumaninoio oonoio cocfonnun. pao-
fo nan yhpaxnonuom naxno u npyioo: ocosnanuo hcuxunockou cfo-
ponw coponnonanuu honwmaof omohcuxonoiunockyk kynifypy
chopfcmona, noopyxan oio cnooopasnwm, hcuxonoiunockum nuno-
nuom, u nauonoo uonnwm snoci nnnnofcn fo, nfo chopfcmon cam
ananusupyof hopoxunanun (cnou u fonapumou), a no honisyofcn io-
fonwmu pasncnonunmu fponopa.
Opasw nomhuonon XXI noka nakf unfopocnwu u ononi naxnwu
mafopuan nnn fponopa. Iaofa nan foxnukou u fakfukou, kofopwm
hocnnmona oniman nacfi npomonu fponuponok, no ynof ychomnou,
ocnu y chopfcmona n konuo konuon no nosnuknof uoninoio nochpun-
fun nnuxonun, nnyfponnoio opasa, uonocfnoio cocfonnun. Ho
honona nnn ocyxnonun fakoio pona hopoxunanuu na fponuponkax
ownno no naxonufcn. Yhpaxnonuo Homhuon XXI noka cosnaof nnn
foio honxonnmyk cufyauuk.
Kak yxo ykaswnanoci, usmononuo poxuma paofw hcuxuku no
npomn coponnonanuu hponnnnofcn n pasnwx cumhfomax. Moxno nw-
nonufi fpu ipyhhw hcuxonoiunockux cnnuion: usmononuo camonyn-
cfnun, oocfponuo nyncfna cnapnna (hapfnopa, komannw) u hopomo-
nw n nochpunfuu nnomnoio mupa. onymuu moxof uchonisonafi fo
nononuo nnn foio, nfow nahpanufi ohucanun ynacfnukon uipw n
ohponononnoo pycno. Ipuionnfcn nohpocw fuha: Hfo nyncfnyof nom-
iO4
huon, Kakoo y noio cocfonnuo, Kak on omymaof mhaiy,
Hfo on samonaof n nnuxonunx hapfnopa, Kakum omy kaxofcn
cfanuon u f.n.
K hopnou ipyhho usmononuu moxno ofnocfu hpuhonnnfoo nacfpo-
onuo, omymonuo nnyfponnou packpohomonnocfu, hponcoponnona-
foninoo honfamnunanuo, nyncfno hofopu noca cocfnonnoio fona,
nosyxnonuo, safopmoxonnocfi u f.h. onymomy cnonyof os kpu-
fuku hpunumafi nkwo napuanfw ohucanuu, honnopxunafi ynacfnu-
kon n ux qanfasunx, naxo ocnu onu ynyf nnno hpofunoponufi hpu-
nnfwm cfannapfam hponcfannonuu o ohfumaninom oonom cocfon-
nuu. Hahpumop, y hnonuon u oiynon hopon coponnonanunmu no-
ponko nosnukaof chouuqunockoo omymonuo cnaocfu, nnnocfu u
honfamnunanun. Hocmofpn na kaxymykcn noxonafoninocfi fux
hopoxunanuu, onu nononino nacfo okaswnakfcn hponnocfnukamu
nunnoio pokopna u ofnunnou chopfunnou qopmw.
bosoionoponnoo nonopuo k ohucanunm ynacfnukon nonxno wfi no
ncom. onxon nu xokkoucf (cfponok, qoxfonanimuk) nyncfnonafi
cnunnuo c knkmkou (hucfonofom, mhaiou) unu ona ynof omy ka-
saficn ofnoninwm cymocfnom c cocfnonnou nonou u namoponunmu
bynof nu nnpo fonkafonn fnxonoo, noino unu ono hokaxofcn omy fyio
cxafou hpyxunou Cfannapfnwx ofnofon nof. Hokofopwo chouuanu-
cfw n ckopocfnou cfponio yfnopxnakf, nfo na coponnonanunx, kak
um kaxofcn, onu yhpannnkf no mymkou n hpoposu, a honofom hynu,
ofnofnuno hpocnoxunan oo fpaokfopuk of momonfa nwnofa us cfnona
no hohananun n nocnfky. bwfi moxof, ynacfnuku uipw Homhu-
on XXI noka ynyf nwckaswnafi opasw, ononi nanokuo of snpanoio
pasymonun. 1onkafoni nnpa nannof ynopnfi, nfo nnn nomhuona XXI
noka inannoo fo namyhafi cunonyk nunuk n hpocfpancfno, co-
ofnofcfnykmyk nauonoo nanokou fpaokfopuu honofa. boiyny na iOO
mofpon hokaxofcn, nfo inannoo fo na ncou nucfanuuu cnwmafi
snyk cfapfonoio hucfonofa. A xokkoucf ynymoio cfanof nokaswnafi,
nfo on mwcnonno yhpannnof nnuxonunmu mauw na ncou hnomanko.
onymuu nonxon paccmafpunafi nco fu qanfasuu no hon yinom spo-
nun snpanoio cmwcna, a kak hponnnonuo nonoio, ohfumaninoio po-
xuma paofw hcuxuku.
xono paofw nan yhpaxnonuom honosno nwncnufi, kak ynof
foni npomn nnn nomhuona XXI noka, kakumu ynyf omy kasaficn
hpocfpancfno, snynanuo, unof, sahaxu. oxfonanimuk, wfi mo-
xof, ynof nochpunumafi hpofunnuka cnonno n pahuno, qyfonucfy
hono hokaxofcn pasmopom c hucimonnwu cfon, cfponok ynunuf mu-
iO5
moni hpuknoonnou k konnuky cfnona, a mfaniucf ynof uchonnnfi
cnoo yhpaxnonuo n ocnohufoninom onom cnofo. A nosmoxno, nfo
nukakux ocowx usmononuu u no ynof. cnu kfo-fo us ynacfnukon
hpunonof ohucanuo hopoxunanuu, n kofopom nco ynof ynnunno u
owknononno, nonymuu nonxon hpunnfi u fakoo ohucanuo: ono hpon-
cfannnof no monimyk uonnocfi, nom caman yunan qanfasun.
Hfak, mw umoom opas cocfonnun hoonufonn. Ho kak noufu
n noio Kak ocymocfnnnofcn hopoxon of onnoio cocfonnun k npyio-
my Iaccmofpum fof hpouocc na hpumopo sacwhanun hopoxona of
onpcfnonanun ko cny. bonpcfnonanuo fo poxum paofw hcuxu-
ku, nnn kofopoio xapakfopnw akfunnan opuonfuponka no nnomnom
mupo u cnonocnoo mwmnonuo. o npomn cna mw, nahpofun, haccunno
ofnaomcn fononuk nnyfponnux opason u hpakfunocku no honisyom-
cn cnonocnwmu ohucanunmu. nn foio nfow sacnyfi hopoknknufi
cnok hcuxuky c onnoio poxuma paofw na npyiou, mw conopmaom
pnn ohponononnwx noucfnuu, nahpannonnwx na paspymonuo onpcfno-
nanun u cosunanuo cna. Kaxnoo cocfonnuo cosnanun nnnnofcn
nokofopou ofnocufonino ycfoununou konquiypauuou hcuxunockux
nomonfon, hofomy oio honnopxanuo hponcfannnof monimyk cnox-
nocfi, nom hopoxon of onnoio cocfonnun k npyiomy. Ocfanaficn
onpcfnykmum unu hpononxafi chafi noino, nom sacnyfi unu hpo-
cnyficn. Hfow paspymufi onpcfnonanuo, mw hpokpamaom fo qop-
mw akfunnocfu, kofopwo oio honnopxunakf: ofknknaom nochpunfuo
nnomnoio mupa noxumcn n hocfoni, sakpwnaom inasa, hopocfaom
nnuiaficn, hpokpamaom cnonocnoo ocyxnonuo c camum coou non-
nykmux hponom. 1akum opasom, onpcfnonanuo kak w numaof-
cn honnw nnn cnooio honnopxanun. Iaspymonuo onpcfnonanun no-
oxonumo nnn hopoxona ko cny. Io fou hpununo mw no moxom
sacnyfi, ocnu hpononxaom nymafi o cnoux nonax unu nochpunumafi
hpoucxonnmoo nokpyi. mocfo c paspymonuom onpcfnonanun hpo-
ucxonuf cosunanuo cna: mw nonaom namu hcuxunockuo hpouoccw
haccunnwmu, ofnaomcn hofoky nnyfponnux kapfun u opason, no
konfponupyn u no ouonunan ux. H n kakou-fo momonf hpoucxonuf
kanocfnonnwu ckanok: mw hopoxonum n nonoo ycfoununoo cocfonnuo
hcuxuku con. Io cyfu nona, mw no moxom sacnyfi. Mw moxom
numi cosnafi ycnonun nnn foio, nfow con nosnuk. Ofof naxnwu
momonf n hcuxofoxnuko usmononun cocfonnuu cosnanun nooxonu-
mo nofko yncnufi: hopoxon of onnoio cocfonnun k npyiomy nc cna-
c1cu, a cny4ac1cu.
iO6
Ocnoonuk foio hpunuuha haccunnoio nocfuxonun posynifafon
hocnnmono cnonykmoo yhpaxnonuo.
Jnpunenue 4. "Hupuu u eupn
Ynacfnuku ncfakf n kpyi, honopnynmuci chunamu k uonfpy. Iyku
nwfniunakfcn nhopon fak, nfow kucfu hpanou u nonou pyk naxonu-
nuci na onnom yponno. Inasa sakpwfw. Iponnaiaofcn noopasufi,
nfo k kucfu hpanou pyku hpunnsan nosnymnwu map, a k nonou pyko
fnxonan iupn. Hopos i2 munyfw naofcn komanna ofkpwfi inasa.
Iocno foio kak ocnoonw yhpaxnonun na nnumanuo u noopaxonuo,
fo sananuo hpakfunocku ncoina hpunonuf k fomy, nfo kucfi hpanou
pyku okaswnaofcn nwmo kucfu nonou. cnu fof qqokf nanuuo, fo
moxno hpucfyhufi k ocnonnomy yhpaxnonuk. Ynacfnukam hponna-
iaofcn nwhonnufi fo xo yhpaxnonuo, no c ofkpwfwmu inasamu. Ipu
fom nakfcn nno ycfanonku: Kak moxno npno noopasufo mapuk u
iupk u Hanknan sa honoxonuom pyk, no nonaufo namoponnwx
nnuxonuu.
3afom ynacfnuku J5 munyf paofakf nan yhpaxnonuom. Iosyni-
fafw ocyxnakfcn.
Kak u mnoiuo npyiuo hcuxofoxnunockuo uipw, fo yhpaxnonuo
nonxno hpunocfu k ofkpwfuk nokofopwx nonwx hcuxunockux nosmox-
nocfou. Iofomy n xono ocyxnonun nonymomy cnonyof opafufi
nnumanuo hpoxno ncoio na fo, n nom u kakum opasom ynacfnuku
nwmnu sa ipanuuw cfapwx hponcfannonuu. Hyxno fakxo umofi n nuny
u nosmoxnwo chocow yknononun of nonoio ohwfa.
Ipocfoumuu napuanf noychomnoio nwhonnonun foio yhpaxno-
nun cocfouf n fom, nfo ynacfnuk honynaof n nom fo xo camoo, nfo u
n napuanfo c sakpwfwmu inasamu pyku pasnnuiakfcn cunou noo-
paxonun. Ynacfnuk kak w namon choco uinopuponafi cnoo spu-
foninoo nochpunfuo, cuinanusupykmoo o nnuxonuu pyk. my kaxof-
cn, ynfo on ychomno chpanuncn c sananuom, a on numi honfopun
hponwnymoo yhpaxnonuo. nuncfnonno nonoo hpuopofonuo cocfouf
n fom, nfo on naynuncn nunoio no nochpunumafi c ofkpwfwmu ina-
samu. Ha fo cnonyof ykasafi kak na nocfuxonuo, no honnopknyfi:
sa pykamu nyxno cnonufi na hpofnxonuu ncoio yhpaxnonun. Iocno
fakoio cfpoioio nahomunanun ofnomonuo k yhpaxnonuk monnofcn
u cfanonufcn nosmoxnwm honynonuo nonoio ohwfa.
iO?
pyiou nosmoxnwu ucxon: pyku hopocfakf pacxonuficn (umokf-
cn n nuny ynacfnuku, ychomno nwhonnnnmuo fo yhpaxnonuo c sak-
pwfwmu inasamu). Ha hpofnxonuu ncoio ohwfa hpoucxonuna ohpono-
nonnan nnyfponnnn opia moxny cfpomnonuom honnaficn noopaxa-
omou kapfuno u ncnwm nochpunfuom manoumux nnuxonuu pyk, ko-
fopoo nosnpamaof k ycfanonko no nnuiafi pykamu. Ynacfnuk nanu-
naof comnonaficn n pasymnocfu foio yhpaxnonun. Hnoina fo co-
mnonuo nacfoniko noucfnonno, nfo cfanonufcn nonosmoxnwm nwhon-
nnfi yhpaxnonuo u c sakpwfwmu inasamu. onymuu nonxon naufu
choco no nafi hponpafuficn nosnukakmomy n cosnanuu chopfcmona
konqnukfy n ochnonnwu ckohcuc. Hooxonumo ycunufi nnyfponnkk
opiy nnyx ycfanonok u, honnopkunan uiponou xapakfop yhpaxno-
nun, honfonknyfi ynonuka k naninoumomy houcky. Ho ofnocufoci
cnumkom copiosno k namum nyncfnam. Hipaufo c numu nof unon,
kofopan moxof homoni nwpaficn us fyhuka.
Honosmoxno ykasafi, kakou umonno posynifaf foio ohwfa cno-
nyof cnufafi ychoxom. Ho moxno hpunusufonino ohucafi oxunao-
mwu nwxon us sanoxonnoio n yhpaxnonuu hpofunoponun. 2onafoni-
no, nfow ynacfnuk namon choco pasmninonun xocfkou cfpykfypw
cnooio onpcfnonanun. Ipofunoponuo n uncfpykuuu cymocfnyof no
fox hop, hoka paccmafpunaofcn c hosuuuu ownnoio cocfonnun.
ocfafonno noonimoio cnnuia hcuxuku n cfopony sacwhanun unu
npyioio usmononun, nfow fo hpofunoponuo ucnosno sa cnof cnoo-
opasnoio pacmohnonun cosnanun. Hmonno naionapn fomy pac-
mohnonuk, kak honaiakf mnoiuo uccnononafonu, cfanonufcn
nosmoxnwm nocfuxonuo pasnunnwx qonomonon iuhnosa. oucfnu-
fonino, ocnu saiuhnofusuponannomy nnymaofcn oosonunanuo u on
hopocfaof uchwfwnafi oni of hpokononmou oio pyky uinw, fo fo
nonco no osnanaof, ynfo oio nopnw u mosi no nochpunumakf ono-
nwx umhynicon. Ipocfo sa cnof cnooopasnou nnyfponnou uipw omy
ynanoci pacmohufi cnoo cosnanuo, ofnonun oio of nochpunfun
onu. Honfo hononoo hpoucxonuf c kaxnwm us nac, koina mw,
honnanmuci iuhnosy poxuccopa, hopoxunaom hpuknknonun kuno-
iopon kak cnou cocfnonnwo. Mw kak w hoipyxaomcn n nwmwmnon-
nyk noucfnufoninocfi, ofmohun of con cosnanuo foio, nfo fo
ncoio numi uipa unofnwx fonou na onom honofno kpana.
Honi yhpaxnonun Hapuk u iupn cosnafi fakuo ycnonun, n
kofopwx ynacfnuk wn w nwnyxnon uckafi choco pacmohnonun
cnooio cosnanun. Ipu fom on moxof namyhafi camwo pasnwo hpu-
omw. Hahpumop, omy ynof kasaficn, nfo pyku nyxuo; unu on ynof
iO8
yfnopxnafi, nfo inannoo hopocfafi nymafi no npomn foio yhpax-
nonun; unu omy ynacfcn nacfoniko npko noopasufi mapuk u iupk,
nfo onu nannyf noucfnonafi kak poaninwo nnomnuo cunw. o ncn-
kom cnynao, naunonnwu choco nonxon hocnyxufi nananinou fon-
kou nnn naninoumux kchopumonfon c usmononuom cocfonnun cosna-
nun. A moxof wfi, u cponcfnom yhpannonun cocfonnuom no npomn
coponnonanuu.
Ho ocnu ynacfnuky ho kakou-nuo hpununo no ynanoci naufu po-
monuo fou sananu, ofnaunaficn no cfouf: opafufo oio nnumanuo
na fo hosufunnoo, kofopoio ynanoci nocfuni n hpononannwx hohwf-
kax, u hopoxonufo k npyium yhpaxnonunm.
Jnpunenue 4&. "B eocmnx y mopqen
Ocnonnyk unok foio yhpaxnonun moxno oncnufi cnonykmum
opasom. Ownno con (oiom kofopoio nnnnofcn Mopqou) hpuxo-
nuf k nam cam mw sacwhaom n fof momonf, koina on cfanonufcn
namum iocfom. Ho moxno hohpoonafi u nonfo hpofunohonoxnoo:
cosnafonino hponuknyfi n uapcfno Mopqon, noufu n connoo cocfo-
nnuo, no sacwhan. 1ak kak nas, nonymuu fyna, nposnwnauno ysok,
fo nnn hononoio hyfomocfnun hofpoyofcn hpononino cysufi oom
cnooio cosnanun ocfanufi y con noma (n cocfonnuu onpcfnona-
nun) nco mwcnu, ouonku, cnona. Hyxno ckonuonfpuponaficn na
onnom: na snyko fukakmux nacon. Cnymafi ockononnoo honfoponuo
fuk-fak u no sanumafi con nukakumu kommonfapunmu, ohucanu-
nmu, hocfoponnumu paccyxnonunmu. nn foio nfow no npomn fo-
io hyfomocfnun no sacnyfi, nooxonumo hocfonnno ynopxunafi n hono
cnooio nnumanun ynapw nacon. Ofa cofkannan us monofonno honfo-
pnkmuxcn snykon hyfononnan nufi homoxof hpoufu cknosi chnofo-
nuo opason cna u no hofopnficn n nom. Iocno pasncnonuu nony-
moio chopfcmonw hopoxonnf k yhpaxnonuk. Mocfo, ino ynof
hpononuficn sannfuo, nonxno wfi nocfafonno fuxum, nfow kax-
nwu ynacfnuk moi ofnofnuno cnwmafi snyk nacon (ionnfcn xonuku,
ynuninuk, faumop unu naxo mofponom). aofcn komanna 3akpwfi
inasa. Cocponofonuficn na snyko. Hananu!. Hopos 5i5 munyf yh-
paxnonuo hpokpamaofcn komannou Cfoh!, hocno noio ipyhha ho-
poxonuf k ocyxnonuk.
Yhpaxnonuo iocfnx y Mopqon nousmonno hpunonuf k unfo-
pocnwm naxonkam. Ipu oio nopoconocfnom nwhonnonuu n nkom
cnynao ynyf nanknaficn usmononun n nochpunfuu u camonyncfnuu
iO
ynacfnukon. cnu chopfcmon hponnnnn honwmonnyk nufoninocfi
u ononi cfapancn nu na nfo hocfoponnoo no ofnnokaficn, fo, nopo-
nfno, on cfanof cnunofonom usmonnkmoucn ipomkocfu snynanun u
ycununakmoucn akfunnocfu hocfoponnux mwcnou. bonoo unfopoc-
nwx posynifafon on nocfuinof, ocnu ynof nwhonnnfi yhpaxnonuo
mniko, nonahpnxonno. Hoponko cnynaofcn, nfo hocno hopnwx xo
munyf cnymanun nacon nacfyhaof ownnwu con. Ofof posynifaf mo-
xof wfi sakpohnon honfoponuom u n naninoumom hpumonnficn nmo-
cfo cnofnopnoio. Ipu fakom uchonisonanuu yhpaxnonun onimoo
snanonuo umoof fo, nfo nononok no cfpomufcn sacnyfi u no oxunaof
sacwhanun. onymuu noiko moxof samofufi, kak nokofopwo chopf-
cmonw yxo nopos nno munyfw hocno nanana yhpaxnonun nanunakf
knonafi unu mupno cohofi. Onnako no cnonyof omanwnaficn u
cnufafi, nfo nco onu chnf ownnwm cnom. axo fof, kfo fuxoniko
xpahon na hpofnxonuu ncoio yhpaxnonun, nosmoxno, hocfonnno
coxpannn konfponi u chan no sacwhan. Ofo noiko moxno hpono-
pufi, ocfanonun nacw.
Ynacfnuku, namonmuo nnn con choco chafi no sacwhan, moiyf
hpunonufi camwo pasnwo ohucanun foio cocfonnun. nn koio-fo fo
ynof hofopn omymonun cocfnonnoio fona, nunonuo npkux, pasno-
unofnwx kapfun, opacfanuo hpocfoio fukanin fonkou myswkani-
nou fkanik. pyiuo ynyf ykaswnafi na fo, nfo nopos nokofopoo
npomn nacfyhun con, no npomn kofopoio n cosnanuu coxpannncn cno-
oopasnwu cfopoxonou hocf, sannfwu cnymanuom snyka unu xo
hpocfo ocosnakmuu nacfyhnonuo cna. Ho nosanucumo of pasnunuu
n hopoxunanunx kaxnwu us nux ynof cnunofonom paspymonun own-
noio onpcfnykmoio cosnanun u hopoxona n nonwu poxum paofw
hcuxuku. C ocoonnou noikocfik fu hpouoccw hpoucxonnf y foio,
kfo no hpunaof ocoonnoio snanonun nanknaomwm usmononunm, no
hoinomon nahpnxonnwm oxunanuom ynymoio ckanka cosnanun.
Cnonom, cfafi iocfom Mopqon noino ncoio fomy, kfo no opomonon
nofophonunwm xonanuom fou ncfponu.
cnu fo yhpaxnonuo hpomno ynanno, fo moxno hopoufu k o-
noo cnoxnomy.
Jnpunenue 49. "1oenu
Ynacfnuku paccaxunakfcn na cfyninx unu n kpocnax fak, nfow
opasonafi kpyi. uonfpo oio na honcfanko ycfanannunaofcn cnona;
oo hnamn nonxno naxonuficn na yponno inas. 2onafonino, nfow n
iiO
homomonuu wn honympak (npkoo ocnomonuo nonaof hnamn nonunu-
mwm, a honnan fomnofa cnumkom npkum). Chopfcmonw ynono
pachonaiakfcn u paccnannkfcn c sakpwfwmu inasamu. Io komanno
Hananu! onu ofkpwnakf inasa u nanunakf hpucfanino, no paccna-
nonno cosopuafi cnony, honnocfik cocponofonunmuci na fom. po-
mn paofw i5 munyf.
o npomn ocyxnonun ocooo nnumanuo cnonyof opafufi na fo,
nfo hpu hpanuninom nwhonnonuu yhpaxnonun no nonxno nosnukafi
nukakux nohpunfnwx omymonuu n inasax. Iosi, cnosnunocfi, nahpn-
xonuo u xxonuo nopnwo hpusnaku foxnunockux omuok. nn ux
ycfpanonun hopon nananom yhpaxnonun hponnaiaofcn xopomoniko
paccnaufi mwmuw inas, nok u na. Ipu fom moxno uchonisonafi
hpocfou hpuom: hponcfanufi con chokouno cosopuakmum onaka unu
kopani na iopusonfo. Honahpnxonnan qukcauun nsinnna na ynanon-
nwx ookfax paccnannof inasnwo mwmuw. Ha hpofnxonuu ncoio
yhpaxnonun nooxonumo honnopxunafi paccnanonuo. oku nonxnw
wfi honyhpukpwfw, nsinnn connwm. cnu fu ycnonun conk-
nonw, yhpaxnonuo no nwswnaof nukakux nohpunfnwx omymonuu.
Ownno ynacfnuku camocfonfonino u wcfpo naxonnf kakuo-fo
cnou chocow nonahpnxonnoio cmofponun na cnony. cnu xo nahpn-
xonuo inas coxpannofcn naxo hocno mnoiokpafnwx oncnonuu no-
nymoio, fo chopfcmony cnonyof ofkasaficn of uchonnonun Cnonu.
osmoxnou samonou ynof cocponofononnoo hponcfannonuo cnonu c
sakpwfwmu inasamu.
Yhpaxnonuo Cnona ho nosnukakmum hopoxunanunm no mno-
iom hoxoxo na hponwnymoo. Cnumkom monofonnan unqopmauun
fukanio nacon unu hnamn cnonu nononino wcfpo nwswnaof cnu-
xonuo yponnn onpcfnonanun, pacmafwnaof ownnwu hcuxunockuu
poxum. Cymocfnonnwm ofnunuom nnnnofcn fo, nfo n Cnono nco
usmononun nainnnnw: ofnnokcn inasa chonsnu n cfopony, sanpo-
man sakpwnuci noku.
Io mopo nospacfanun cocponofononnou ychokoonnocfu nnuxonun
inas cfanonnfcn nco onoo hnannwmu, mnikumu, honfu nosamofnw-
mu. Iopnwm hpusnakom nanunakmoiocn sacwhanun ynof fakoo us-
mononuo koopnunauuu nochpunfun u nnuxonuu, hpu kofopom uso-
paxonuo cnonu nanunaof hnwfi, conopman monnonnwo npouqw n
pasnunnwx nahpannonunx. Hapacfanuo connunocfu moxof nwpaxaficn
n ofnxononuu nok u nohpoononumom xonanuu sakpwfi inasa. cnu
no honnaficn n fof momonf uckymonuk, no n fo xo npomn no cnum-
kom nopiunno nwnopiunafi con n ownnoo onpcfnonanuo, fo
iii
nosnukaof cnooopasnoo u ononi hpunfnoo cocfonnuo. 3ananuo cfa-
nonufcn noikum u hpocfwm: cmofpofi na cnony no cocfannnof fpyna,
inasa os ncnkux ycunuu n nohonnuxnocfu ocfanannunakfcn na nou,
hocfoponnuo mwcnu ucnosakf. unonuo cnonu cfanonufcn noownau-
no ofnofnunwm, npkum, xunwm. ocfuiaofcn kakan-fo ocoonnan
ncnocfi cosnanun.
Hocmofpn na fo, nfo onimuncfno ynacfnukon ipyhhw nononino
wcfpo nocfuiaof ohucannwx snoci hopoxunanuu, nonymuu no non-
xon qopcuponafi cowfun, sapanoo ohucwnan nosmoxnwo ucxonw
ohwfa. 1ophonunwu, nochomnwu ananus ncox ohucanuu onoo ho-
noson, nom nannswnanuo hponcfannonuu nonymoio. Ofa fakfuka ohu-
paofcn no foniko na honaioiunockuo coopaxonun, no u na hcuxo-
foxnunockyk sakonomopnocfi: xonanuo nocfuni ohponononnoio
cocfonnun n onimuncfno cnynaon cfanonufcn nohpoononumwm hpo-
hnfcfnuom nnn oio nocfuxonun.
Yhpaxnonun iocfnx y Mopqon u Cnona umokf fpu nasna-
nonun. o-hopnwx, onu moiyf wfi uchonisonanw n kanocfno camo-
cfonfoninwx foxnuk inyokoio hcuxunockoio ofnwxa. Ipu hpanuni-
nom ux nwhonnonuu nosnukaof ocooo cocfonnuo, kofopoo, kak
hokasanu chouuaninwo uccnononanun, okaswnaof inyokoo naiofnop-
noo nnunnuo na qusuonoiuk u hcuxuky chopfcmona. bonoo honpo-
no fo nnunnuo ynof ocyxnaficn n cnnsu c yhpaxnonuom oka-
na. o-nfopwx, fu yhpaxnonun ooiamakf ohwf camonanknonun
chopfcmona.
axo hocno noonimoio nucna honfoponuu a n onimuncfno
cnynaon c hopnoio pasa ynacfnuku cfankunakfcn c npkumu, noo-
wnnwmu hopoxunanunmu. axo ocnu kfo-fo u hpoxno wn snakom
c nosnukakmumu omymonunmu (no npomn sacwhanun unu n npyiux
cufyauunx), nosmoxnocfi ux ofkpwfoio ocyxnonun c npyiumu nkni-
mu mnoioo monnof. Hononok hopocfaof nochpunumafi cnou omymo-
nun kak cfpannocfi unu nwnopf, nanunaof ofnocuficn k num kak
k nopmaninomy, sakonomopnomy nnnonuk hcuxuku. fpofiux,
paofa c hcuxukou n fux uipax no oipanununaofcn hpocfou uncfpyk-
uuou nonymoio cnymafi unu cmofpofi. 1ak xo kak u n ohwfo
Hapuk u iupn, hopon chopfcmonom cfouf sanana naufu cnoo po-
monuo nnyfponno hpofunoponunou sananu, naufu cnou choco opa-
monun c hcuxukou.
oomo ionopn, cymocfnyof mnoio yhpaxnonuu, kofopwo moiyf
hpunonufi k usmononuk cocfonnun cosnanun. ux nucno nxonnf
ayfoionnan fponuponka, pasnunnwo foxnuku camoiuhnosa u camonny-
ii2
monuu. Ho kpomo fux foxnuk, ocnonannwx na oipanunonuu nnuia-
foninou akfunnocfu u na hopoknknonuu nochpunfun c nnomnux
ookfon na nnyfponnuo hponcfannonun, usnocfnw u fakuo mofonu-
ku, hpu kofopwx nononok coxpannof u akfunnyk opuonfuponky n
okpyxakmou noucfnufoninocfu, u ynacfuo no nnomnux nsaumonou-
cfnunx. 1anuw, cuonunockoo noucfnuo u naxo hoonunok hpu ohpo-
nononnou ycfanonko moiyf hpunonufi k usmononuk cocfonnun cosna-
nun. bonoo foio, ocfi ocnonanun yfnopxnafi, nfo nkan paofa hpu
nocfafonno inyokom hoipyxonuu n noo nonxna hpunonufi k fakou
hopocfpouko poxuma qynkuuonuponanun hcuxuku, kofopan n nau-
onimou cfohonu coofnofcfnyof uspannou nonfoninocfu. Ofa unon
ocyxnanaci n pasnono 3a ipanik ycunuu inanw J. Yhpaxnonun
onfnu u fpyxonuk (N 8), wxanuo (N ) u Hnqpakpacnwo
nynu (N iO) moiyf hocnyxufi xopomum nnonnwm mafopuanom nnn
usynonun usmononnwx cocfonnuu hcuxuku. cnok onoponi, yhpax-
nonun iocfnx y Mopqon u Cnona hpu ohponononnou hopoqop-
mynuponko sananun moiyf wfi paccmofponw kak fponuni nnumanun.
Iyfi n usmononnwo cocfonnun cosnanun noxuf no foniko nopos
hpononinoo cocponofononuo. Munyfw fnopnockux osaponuu, nymon-
noio honoma, packpwfun nyncfn moiyf nacfyhafi u hpu npyiux o-
cfonfonicfnax. Komy no usnocfna ocoan hpuhonnnfocfi, nosnukak-
man ncnon sa hponuknononuom n samwcon xynoxnuka Oocfponnoo,
xunoo nochpunfuo hpuponw, koina pynou, nopono u fyna kaxyfcn
onymonnonnwmu cymocfnamu Iofopn ipanuu cnoou nunnocfu no
npomn sanymonnou oconw Ofu nsnofw nymu hpoucxonnf oso ncn-
koio cyxonun nnumanun. Onu cnynakfcn naionapn ocoou, onoo
fonkou, nacfpouko namux nyncfn, ocnanonuk cosnafoninoio kon-
fponn, hofopo ohponononnocfu namoponuu. Ofof qakf hocnyxun
fonnkom nnn cosnanun ocowx foxnuk usmononun cocfonnuu, ohu-
pakmuxcn no na konuonfpauuk nnumanun, a na ocnanonuo akfun-
nocfu u hopoopuonfauuk nochpunfun.
Jnpunenue 0. "Xyb Heuuepu
Ynacfnuku paccaxunakfcn hopon nocfafonno kpyhnwm usopaxo-
nuom kya Hokkopa. Iocno i2 munyf oio pasinnnwnanun nco samo-
nakf, nfo nosmoxnw nna chocoa nochpunfun: nun, hpu kofopom
sannnn ipani kya okaswnaofcn nwmo hoponnou (nun cnopxy), u nun,
hpu kofopom ona nuxo hoponnou (nun cnusy). Iasncnun fo pasnu-
iiJ
nuo, nonymuu hponnaiaof ynacfnukam n fononuo 5 munyf nanknafi
usmononun n nochpunfuu kya Hokkopa. 3afom cnonyof ocyxnonuo.
bonoo cnoxnwm napuanfom yhpaxnonun moxof wfi yhpannonuo
nochpunfuom. Infi munyf ynacfnuku cmofpnf na ky, a nonymuu c
unfopnanom n 5JO cokynn honaof noponykmuocn komannw: un
cnopxy! u un cnusy! Ion fu komannw u nyxno honcfpaunafi cnoo
nochpunfuo. honafnonun, honynonnwo of paofw, ocyxnakfcn.
Ofof ohwf cfankunaof chopfcmona c hpocfoumum hponnnonuom
noonnosnannocfu nochpunfun nnomnux ookfon. o mnoiux cnyna-
nx xonafonino sanafi nohpoc: Ino nw cfankunanuci c hononwm nn-
nonuom Onun pas mw honynunu na fof nohpoc fakou ofnof. Chopf-
cmon pacckasan, kak onnaxnw, naxonnci n honoxonuu nunopa
coponnonanuu, on uchwfwnan ownnoo nnn con cocfonnuo honwmon-
nou ofnofcfnonnocfu u fponoxnoio oxunanun omuku. Hooxunan-
no omy n ionony hpumna mwcni, kofopan hponcfanuna cufyauuk n
conopmonno nonom cnofo. omunupykman unon: H nunop. Cno-
nonafonino, omuka mno nopoio oounofcn wna samomona mwc-
nik: H nunop. Cnononafonino, ncom npyium fpynnoo monn oo-
inafi. Ofa hopomona hpunona k fomy, nfo on honyncfnonan con
ynoponnoo u packonannoo. bnaionapn ou, kak cnufaof chopfcmon, omy
u ynanoci nwuipafi coponnonanun. (1ponop, onnako, nonxon ho-
mnufi, nfo hcuxonoiunockuu komqopf nnn ohponononnoio fuha
chopfcmonon moxof okasaficn iyufoninwm. Io fou hpununo hpu-
nononnwu snoci hpumop no moxof cnyxufi ynunopcaninwm opasuom.)
Jnpunenue 1. "4nmunuaom
Chopfcmonam nomoncfpupykf quiypy, nwswnakmyk nopononanuo
nochpunfun nasw u nnyx hpoqunou. Kak foniko ynacfnukamu ynof
honnf hpunuuh hopomoxakmoiocn nochpunfun quiypw u qona, um
hponnaiaofcn ananoiunnoo, no onoo cnoxnoo sananuo: naynuficn
nopononafi n cnoom nochpunfuu kucfu pyk c pacfohwponnwmu hani-
uamu u qon, na kofopom nunna pyka. nn foio nooxonumo cmof-
pofi na kucfi pyku fak, nfow nunofi no haniuw, a hpomoxyfku
moxny numu (anfuhaniuw). Ipu ynannom nwhonnonuu yhpaxnonun
ynacfnukom nochpunumaofcn nfo-fo npono nofwpoxhanou pyku cfpan-
nou qopmw.
Cymocfnyof pnn nnomnux qakfopon, onoinakmux unu safpynnn-
kmux hononoo nochpunfuo. sanucumocfu of uonou, hpocnonyo-
ii4
mwx nonymum, moxno nanunafi c noinaumoio napuanfa u hocfohon-
no nocxonufi ko nco onoo fpynnwm pasnonunnocfnm unu xo cpasy
cfapfonafi co cnoxnoumou monuqukauuu n nanoxno na qqokfnoo
ofkpwfuo ynacfnukon.
oino ncoio nocfuni uonu, ocnu nanknafi onnum inasom cnao-
ocnomonnyk pyky na cnofnom onnoponnom qono, coxpannn hpu fom
nohonnuxnocfi haniuon. Moxno, nahpumop, paccmafpunafi kucfi
na qono okna unu noa, hpukpwn onun inas. Camoo xo fpynnoo
ynunofi anfuhaniuw hpu npkom ponioqnom ocnomonuu nnuxymou-
cn pyku, na pasnoponnom hocfpom qono, nanknan nco fo nnymn
inasamu.
Yhpaxnonuo Anfuhaniuw naof oiafwu mafopuan nnn ocyxno-
nun. ochpunfuo anfuhaniuon oochonunaofcn hocfonnnou nnyfpon-
nou paofou, hpokpamonuo kofopou wcfpo nosnpamaof k cfopoofuh-
nomy nunonuk kucfu pyku. ononino nacfo chopfcmonam nanunaof
kasaficn, nfo nosnyx moxny haniuamu hpuopofaof kakuo-fo ohpo-
nononnwo cnoucfna: fo on ynfo w hponomnnof cnof, honono iopn-
num hofokam nan kocfpom, fo nnpyi nanunaof cnofuficn, hpuopo-
fafi okpacky, nnuiaficn. co fu ocoonnocfu nunonun oncnnkfcn
fom, nfo sponuo nanunaof concom unano fonkonafi qon, numi
foniko fof hponpamaofcn n quiypy. Ofo nnnonuo xopomo usnocfno n
hcuxonoiuu nochpunfun. onymuu n sanucumocfu of ocfonfonicfn
moxof nuo oncnufi ynacfnukam cymnocfi hpoucxonnmoio, nuo
ckpwfi of nux hcuxonoiunockuu moxanusm nanknaomwx unnksuu.
cnu ipyhha n uonom hponnnnof usnumnuu ckohcuc, fo pasymnoo no
chomufi c naynnwm oncnonuom cfpannoio cnononun nosnyxa nok-
pyi haniuon. Iycfi fof, kfo samofuf fo unu hononoo omy nnno-
nuo, saunfpuiyof ocfaninwx ynacfnukon. onymomy no pokomonny-
ofcn camomy ohucwnafi nosmoxnwo unnksuu no foio, kak chopfcmonw
cfonknyfcn c numu, fak kak fo moxof hpunocfu, ocoonno n kpu-
funocku nacfpoonnou ipyhho, k nospacfanuk nononopun. cnu xo
konnokfun oxnanon nosnoponwm nfysuasmom, fo hpanuninoo ynof
honnopxafi kpufunocku nacfpoonnwx ynacfnukon, nnonn fposnoo
naynnoo oncnonuo nynocnwx qonomonon. H usnumnuu ckohcuc,
u nposmopnwu nfysuasm moiyf okasaficn homoxamu n hponononuu
ohwfa. 1of unu unou kpon no nonxon nochpunumaficn nonymum kak
pokonoo ofknononuo, sanonnmoo sannfun n fyhuk. Hckyccfno hpo-
nononun hcuxofoxnunockux uip no mnoiom cknanwnaofcn us ymonun
opamafi hononwo safpynnonun n nnuxymuu qakfop houcka.
cnynao ocnu iuho- unu iuhopkpufunockuo ipyhhonwo nacfpoonun
noomo xapakfopnw nnn hpononumwx namu sannfuu, nyxno nnuma-
ii5
fonino hpoananusuponafi cnou ycfanonku u mofunw, c fom nfow
nwncnufi hpununy noni ona nanopnnka n nac.
cnu fponop naxonuf yhpaxnonuo qqokfunnwm u xonaof uchoni-
sonafi oio mnoiokpafno, fo kpomo kucfu pyku nanopnnka hofpoy-
kfcn u npyiuo ookfw. anfasun n nannom cnynao no umoof ipanuu.
kanocfno hponmofon nnn anfununonun moxno uchonisonafi,
nahpumop, hpoquni nononoka. Ipu ipyhhonou paofo c hpoqunom
chopfcmonw pasnonnkfcn na ipyhhw ho J5 nononok. Kaxnan us nux
paccaxunaofcn fakum opasom, nfow nkou us ynacfnukon nank-
nan hpoquni cunnmoio of noio chpana. Ofo sananuo nnn mnoiux oka-
swnaofcn onoo cnoxnwm, nom Anfuhaniuw; nonononockoo nuuo
nnacfno nannswnaof nam cnoo hpunwnnoo nochpunfuo, honannnn ncn-
kuo hohwfku hopoknknonun na qon.
Hnfopocno sananuo nunofi hpocnofw moxny nucfinmu noponion.
Ono moxof wfi nano n kanocfno camocfonfoninoio yhpaxnonun nnn
nnoipyhhonou paofw. Ofo yhpaxnonuo hpunonuf k cnooopasnomy
nochpunfuk hocfonnno monnkmuxcn ho qopmo (n nofponyk hoiony)
ockonkon noa. Hnof fux kyckon noocnona kaxofcn ononi npkum u
nacwmonnwm, a ux sanopaxunakman uipa ocnooxnaof of nkwx
ochokonmux mwcnou.
cnu hpunuuh yhpaxnonun Anfuhaniuw honnf nocfafonno
ncno, fo moxno hopoxonufi k npyium opianam nyncfn nnn nocfuxo-
nun ananoiunnoio qqokfa anfunochpunfun. Ion snyk mofpono-
ma cfpomuficn cnwmafi no ynapw, a haysw. Iufmunocku hpukacanci
onnou pykou k npyiou, omymafi hpomoxyfku moxny hpukocnononu-
nmu. Conopman honfopnkmoocn nnuxonuo (nahpumop, ciuan pyky
n nokfo), cocponofonunaficn na hopuonax nohonnuxnocfu. Kaxnwu
us fux ohwfon unu, wfi moxof, kakou-nuo nonwu kchopumonf,
hponnoxonnwu namu, hosnonuf ofkpwfi nonwo ipanu u n nochpun-
fuu. Ho camoo naxnoo snoci fo, nfo ycfanonka na noownnoo noc-
hpunfuo moxof okasaficn pomakmum momonfom n hopoknknonuu
poxuma paofw hcuxuku. o npomn hponononun foio yhpaxnonun
u oio napuanfon u n xono ux ocyxnonun nonymuu nonxon ofmonafi
nco, cnunofonicfnykmoo o usmononuu cocfonnuu chopfcmonon. Ofo
no osnanaof, onnako, nfo fponop onsan hocfonnno nahomunafi o
uonu sannfuu hononan nasoununocfi, ckopoo ncoio, hpunonof k
hpofunohonoxnomy qqokfy.
nn nokofopwx chopfcmonon paofa nan yhpaxnonunmu moxof
hponpafuficn n cnooopasnwu kchopumonf panu kchopumonfa.
Hapykmuo unnksuu, noownnwo qqokfw, npkuo hopoxunanun
nco fo saxnafwnaof ynacfnuka, noponko ynonn of ocnonnou sananu.
ii6
1ponop nonxon hocfonnno nosnpamafi nfnnynmuxcn n uipy ynacfnu-
kon k ocnonnou uonu: houcky hyfou u cponcfn uchonisonanun pas-
nunnwx cocfonnuu cosnanun na hohpumo chopfa. onnom cnynao
fo ynof osnanafi ocnooxnonuo chopfcmona of cfpaxa hopon fomu
nnyfponnumu cnnuiamu, kofopwmu cohponoxnakfcn momonfw nau-
nwcmux nahpnxonuu. npyiom ymonuo yhpannnfi hcuxunockum
poxumom na coponnonanunx. fpofiom nnanonuo konkpofnwmu
foxnukamu ofnwxa u mounusauuu.
Iaccmofponnwo nwmo mofonw yhpannonun cosnanuom noiko pas-
unakfcn na nna knacca. Onnu nonyf k usmononnomy cocfonnuk no-
pos konuonfpauuk nnumanun, npyiuo nopos hopocfpouky nochpu-
nfun, hpoucxonnmyk sa cnof cnooopasnou haccunnou ycfanonku.
Ha konuonfpauuu ocnonanw yhpaxnonun Cnona, wxanuo,
Ianiuw u iocfnx y Mopqon. Iaccunnocfu fpoykf Ky
Hokkopa u Anfuhaniuw. cnu nonymuu nunuf, nfo ynacfnuku
ychomno chpanunuci c fumu sananunmu, on moxof hopoufu k ui-
pam Cnono u 3asopkanio, kofopwo hponhonaiakf fpofuu hyfi
usmononun cocfonnuu nopos yfonnonuo nochpunfun u hponukno-
nonuo n copnuonuny oio ookfa.
nn ynacfun n yhpaxnonunx Cnono u 3asopkanio nooxonumo
umofi ohwf nwhonnonun 2J yhpaxnonuu us fou inanw. 2onafonino
fakxo hpopaofafi uipw Cunocfosuu u Ioponohnomonun us kypca
pasnufun noopaxonun.
Jnpunenue 2. "1aooo
Ynacfnukam ipyhhw naofcn ohponononnoo cnono, nahpumop
cuna. 3afom hponnaiaofcn n fononuo iOi5 munyf cocponofonunafi-
cn na cmwcno foio cnona, usponka hpousnocn oio hpo con. nn
honcnonun sananun ynof honoson cnonykmuu opas: mwcnonno hpo-
usnoconnoo cnono honono hyswpk nosnyxa, nohnynmomy na honop-
xnocfu okoana cosnanun. Ho hpoxno nom hyswpi nocfui honopxno-
cfu cosnanun, on hpomon nnufoninwu hyfi n oio inyunax. Cocpo-
nofonuficn na cmwcno cnona fo snanuf hpocnonufi sapoxnonuo
oio cyfu n inyunax cosnanun sanonio no foio, kak ono hpumof sa-
konnonnyk qopmy. Ipu xonanuu ynacfnuku moiyf sakpwfi inasa.
Ownno chopfcmonw ofmonakf, nfo no momonfa mwcnonnoio
hpousnoconun cnona n ux cosnanuu nosnukaof copun noohponononnwx
ii?
omymonuu, umokmux fo unu unoo ofnomonuo k honnfuk cunw.
cnu yhpaxnonuo Cnono nwhonnnofcn mnoiokpafno, fo fu cmyf-
nwo hopoxunanun hocfohonno hponcnnkfcn, hpuopofakf nocfafon-
nyk ncnocfi u ohponononnocfi. Hnoina ynacfnuku safpynnnkfcn
hoponafi conopxanuo hponmocfnykmux cnony omymonuu. fakux
cnynanx fponop moxof hponnoxufi um ocfanufi fmofnwo hohwfku
npasymufonino ohucafi cnou omymonun u hopoufu na nswk opason,
accouuauuu, cpannonuu.
Cnynaofcn, nfo n xono paofw nan yhpaxnonuom hopon ynacfnu-
kom nnpyi ofkpwnakfcn kak w nonwo ipanu cmwcna nwpannoio
cnona. Hahpumop, chopfcmonka H. hocno paofw nan Cnonom
pacckasana cnonykmoo: Ianimo n honumana cuny kak nfo-fo hpona-
mwnakmoo, cmofakmoo. (Ona cnonana nopiunnoo nnuxonuo cxa-
fwm kynakom.) A snoci mno hokasanoci, nfo cuna n nohonnuxno-
cfu, n fom, nfow cfonfi n onnou fonko. (Ona cxana nonunumyk
fonky n hpocfpancfno moxny onimum u ykasafoninwm haniuamu).
Hyxno hpocfo wfi chokounou u ynoponnou.
onimuncfno cnynaon paofa nan yhpaxnonuom hpunonuf k
nosnuknononuk cnooopasnwx hopoxunanuu. Ofo moiyf wfi usmo-
nonun n nochpunfuu cocfnonnoio fona, hpocfpancfna unu npomonu.
ononino nacfo ynacfnuku ohucwnakf honchynnwu hofok mwcnou-
opason, kofopwu n ownnom cocfonnuu ocfaofcn nosamononnwm.
honno noponfno, nfo yhpaxnonuo Cnono cfanof nnn nokofopwx
chopfcmonon onnou us nauonoo qqokfunnwx foxnuk usmononun
cocfonnuu cosnanun. Kak u n npyiux yhpaxnonunx, nnomnumu cnu-
nofonicfnamu hopocfpook n paofo hcuxuku nnnnkfcn ocfocfnonnocfi
u nohonnuxnocfi hosw, paccnanonuo mwmu, samonnonuo nwxanun
u chokounoo nwpaxonuo nuua.
wop cnona ocymocfnnnofcn n sanucumocfu of uonou nonymoio u
unfopocon ynacfnukon. Hnoina honosno hponocfanufi nosmoxnocfi
nwopa cnon camum ynacfnukam. Cmonoo nwxonufo sa hpononw
chopfunnou fomafuku fo homoxof ocnoonuficn of cfopoofuhon
mwmnonun u honnocfu k fnopnockomy hopoocmwcnonuk chopfunnou
hpakfuku.
Jnpunenue J. "3u1epuuaoe
onymuu pachonaiaof ipyhhy fakum opasom, nfow ncom wna
xopomo nunna nwpannan um kapfuna (pohponykuun, qofoipaqun u
f.h.). Ynacfnukam hponnaiaofcn n fononuo iOi5 munyf cosopuafi
ii8
kapfuny, cfapanci hponuknyficn oo nacfpoonuom, ynunofi nonfo sa
nnomnocfik usopaxonnoio, omyfufi usnananinwu, hoponunmuu
fo hpousnononuo fonnok. kanocfno honcnonun moxno uchoniso-
nafi opas pacfonun (kapfuna), nwpocmoio us sopna (hponnyncfnuo,
usnananinwu umhynic). Cyfi sananun cocfouf n fom, nfow yianafi
sopno n sponom pacfonuu. Iocno camocfonfoninou paofw cnonyof
ocyxnonuo.
Honnwu mafopuan moxno honynufi us nanknonun sa ynacfnukamu
no npomn cosopuanun kapfunw. cnu chopfcmon ckpyhynosno usyna-
of kaxnwu knanpafnwu canfumofp honofna, a safom hpunonuf noiu-
nockuo apiymonfw n honisy cnoou noianku, oocnonwnan ux nofann-
mu usopaxonun, fo on, ckopoo ncoio, mon ho hyfu paccynonnoio
ananusa. pnn nu oio ohwf moxno nasnafi coofnofcfnykmum nyxy
sananun. cnu xo nunno, nfo ynacfnuk no uccnonyof, a nhufwnaof
kapfuny, nonopnuno ofkpwnmuci ou, fo, noponfno, on nuxo k uonu.
Xapakfopnwmu nnn foio yhpaxnonun nnnnkfcn usmononun n noc-
hpunfuu kapfunw. Ownno onu cnnsanw c oocfponuom nohocpon-
cfnonnwx hopoxunanuu nyncfnonnou hnofu hpousnononun uckyccf-
na. Hahpumop, onun us ynacfnukon yfnopxnan, nfo nckopo hocno
nanana cosopuanun unofa, ocoonno cunuu u xonfwu, cfanu nk-
munocuuponafi. ononino wcfpo nosnukno fakoo nhonafnonuo,
ynfo kapfuna cnofufcn cocfnonnwm cnofom, kak usopaxonuo na
kpano fononusopa.
npyiux cnynanx moxof hokasaficn, nfo hnockuo cunyfw hpon-
mofon hpuopofakf oom, oxunakf, hpuxonnf n nnuxonuo. 1ako-
io pona nhonafnonuo cnunofonicfnyof o fom, nfo nokofopwo hopo-
cfpouku cosnanun noucfnufonino hpousomnu.
Iponononuo uipw 3asopkanio nouonocoopasno, ocnu ynacfnuku
no naynunuci ynaxafi nyxyk fonky sponun. Ofo cnnsano c fom, nfo
uipa hopou hpunonuf k nuamofpanino hpofunohonoxnwm mnonunm.
Hohpunfuo, ckohcuc u npyiuo qopmw ofpuuafoninoio ofnomonun k
nyxum naxonkam moiyf cnonafi naninoumyk paofy ipyhhw nonosmox-
nou: npnn nu kfo-nuo cmoxof coxpanufi nyxnwu nacfpou hocno
foio, kak hpumof nonnnou nym kpufuku ho honony cnoux unfumnwx
hopoxunanuu. Iofomy nonymuu nonxon wfi nocfafonno ocfopox-
nwm n nwopo momonfa nnn hponononun foio yhpaxnonun.
Cnooopasnwu, honfu nofokfunnwu offonok moxof wfi hpunan
uipo sa cnof hponnapufoninoio osnakomnonun c ucfopuou cosnanun
honofna, mnonuom nonymux kpufukon. cnu nonymuu usynun uoipa-
quk xynoxnuka, hyfi oio nyxonnwx uckanuu, fo noci fof mafopuan
ii
moxof cnyxufi nfopwm nnom paofw. Iocno foio kak uipa hpomna,
nonymuu moxof coomufi ofnocnmuocn k kapfuno cnononun ocfani-
nwm ynacfnukam. Xonofcn, onnako, opafufi nnumanuo na onun
ononi naxnwu momonf. Hcfopunockuo cnononun, kofopwo hpunnokaof
nonymuu n xono ocyxnonun uipw, nu n koom cnynao no nonxnw
cnyxufi apiymonfamu hpofun foio, kak honumakf u hopoxunakf
kapfuny ynacfnuku. Mafopuan cnonyof honanafi n fakou qopmo,
nfow on homoian honopufi n cnou cunw. onimuncfno cnynaon fo
no hponcfannnof onimoio fpyna, hockoniky n ohucanunx honfu nco-
ina naxonnfcn hpanunino ofpaxonnwo momonfw samwcna xynoxnuka.
Jnpunenue 4. "euu0u
K paofo nan fum yhpaxnonuom moxno hpucfyhafi foniko hoc-
no ychomnoio ocnoonun yhpaxnonuu wxanuo, iocfnx y Mop-
qon u Cnona.
Kpocna unu cfynin cfannf ho kpyiy. Ynacfnuku cannfcn nuuom npyi
k npyiy. Kaxnwu naxonuf ynonoo nnn con honoxonuo, n kofopom
moxno wno w coxpannfi nohonnuxnocfi n fononuo i52O munyf.
Iopon chopfcmonamu cfanufcn sanana: Ynono cocfi. Cmofpofi na
hon n i2 mofpax hopon coou, nu na nom no qukcupyn nsinnn.
Coxpannfi ocfocfnonnwu pucynok nwxanun. o npomn nwnoxa (i) co-
cponofonufi nnumanuo na nwxanuu, (2) mwcnonno hpousnocfu nuc-
no (of onnoio no nocnfu) u (J) hponcfanufi, nfo nucno ohyckaofcn
us iononw n xunof. Ha hopnom nwnoxo mwcnonno hpousnocufcn
pas, na nfopom nna u fak nanoo no nocnfu; ii-u nwnox
cnona pas, i2-u nna, 2O-u nocnfi, 2i-u pas u fak
nanoo. Konuonfpauun na nwxanuu, cnof u hponcfannonuo ohyckak-
moiocn nucna hpoucxonuf no npomn nwnoxa. hpomoxyfkax moxny
nwnoxamu no nymaufo nu o nom. Yhpaxnonuo nwhonnnofcn n fono-
nuo iO2O munyf.
Iockoniky nco ynacfnuku fou uipw yxo snakomw c yhpaxnonu-
nmu wxanuo, iocfnx y Mopqon u Cnona, onu, ononunno,
n cocfonnuu chpannnficn c xapakfopnwmu fpynnocfnmu. Hahomnum
kpafko, n nom cocfonf fu fpynnocfu u kak hpoonononakfcn:
i) noynocfno u ochokoucfno, nwsnannoo hosou, paccnaufi
mwmuw, ychokoufi con hponcfannonuom kakoio-nuo opasa;
2) safpynnonnoo nwxanuo ofkasaficn of hohwfok yhpannnfi
nwxanuom; nanknafi sa nwxanuom co cfoponw;
i2O
J) hofopn konfponn u nacfyhnonuo cna nopxaficn sa nufi nw-
xanun u cnofa, no hwfanci chouuanino honnopxunafi onpcfnonanuo;
nosnpamaficn k sananuk hocno ofnnononuu;
4) cnosnfcn u ycfakf inasa, nosnukaof xxonuo u posi naynuficn
cmofpofi paccnanonno u nnno, c honyhpukpwfwmu nokamu, nu na
nom no qukcupyn nsop;
5) inasa nohpousnonino sakpwnakfcn naynuficn cmofpofi us-
hon nok;
6) nnumanuo hocfonnno cockaniswnaof mnikoo, nonannsnunoo
nosnpamonuo k paofo.
Ohwf ynacfun n hponwnymux uipax homoxof chopfcmonam ychomno
chpanuficn co ncomu fumu ocnoxnonunmu.
Hfo xo, cocfnonno, hpoucxonuf no npomn cnofa nwxanun no no-
cnfu Ipumufunnwu xapakfop ymcfnonnou nonfoninocfu, ofcyfcfnuo
qusunockou akfunnocfu, hocfonncfno okpyxakmou ocfanonku
nco fo nononino wcfpo hpunonuf k inyokou ymupofnoponnocfu,
ychokoonnocfu, npomofo. Cosnanuo nanunaof anancuponafi na ipa-
nu moxny poaninocfik u qanfasuou, koina nochpunfuo noucfnufoni-
nocfu noni inasa ocfakfcn hocfonnno ofkpwfwmu cmomunaofcn
c iposamu. Onnomy moxof hokasaficn, nfo sasnonon snonok; npyiou
ynunuf na hony nocymocfnykmux nacokomwx; fpofuu nooxunanno
nsnpoinof u uchwfaof nocfophumoo xonanuo honocafi yxo. co fu
hopoxunanun xapakfopnw nnn hopoxona n con.
Hoiann Hyniu, cosnafoni ayfoionnou fponuponku, nanknan sa
hononwmu nchwmkamu pasnoopasnwx hopoxunanuu y hoipyxonnwx
n honynpomofnoo cocfonnuo nknou, ohpononun hpupony u qynkuuu
fux hopoxunanuu. On nokasan, nfo onu nnnnkfcn cnoncfnuom oc-
fafonnoio nahpnxonun n nopnnou cucfomo nononoka. Hopomonnwo
konqnukfw, nookonnonnwo nona, noynonnofnoponnwo xonanun nco
fo opasyof n nopnnou cucfomo onaiu nosyxnonun. Hahpnxonuo
hpohnfcfnyof honnouonnomy ofnwxy u nopmaninou paofo mosia.
onpcfnonanuu nahpnxonnwo fonku no moiyf wfi paspnxonw us-sa
konfponupykmou paofw namoio cosnanun. o npomn inyokoio
paccnanonun cpoc nahpnxonun hpoucxonuf cam coou. Hyniu
nasnan hopoxunanun, cohponoxnakmuo nwxon nopnnou nopiuu,
ayfoionnwmu paspnnamu. Ocnooxnonuo of usnumkon nopnnoio
nosyxnonun umoof oipomnoo snanonuo nnn noccfanonnonun cun:
nnyfponnuo fopmosa, hoinomanmuo hpoxno ninunyk nonk nahpan-
nonnwx na paofy ycunuu, kak w ofknknakfcn.
i2i
Iasnoopasnwo, honnac noownnwo, hopoxunanun, o kofopwx
ynyf coomafi chopfcmonw hocno foio, kak nwhonnnf yhpaxnonuo
okana, ncoio numi honiofonufoninwu momonf n paofo. Ayfoion-
nwo paspnnw nosnukakf hpakfunocku y ncox ynacfnukon. Hx honisa
nocomnonna, onnako noownnocfi hopoxunanuu noponko nwswnaof
ochokoucfno. Kak hokaswnaof ohwf, ono hpoxonuf hocno ocyx-
nonun ayfoionnwx paspnnon n ipyhho. Yonunmuci, nfo hononoo
cnynaofcn u c npyiumu, fponupykmuocn nanunakf onoo fposno of-
nocuficn k fum nohpunwnnwm nnnonunm. Yhpaxnonuo okana
fum no ucnophwnaofcn: ayfoionnwo paspnnw no npomn honynpomof-
noio cocfonnun hocnyxaf nnn mnoiux hopoxonnou cfyhonik k npy-
iomy, onoo inyokomy u hpunfnomy, camoomymonuk.
Iocno foio kak hpousomno ocnooxnonuo of ocfafonnwx nopnnwx
nahpnxonuu, nacfyhaof kak w ckanok n poxumo paofw hcuxuku u
hpuxonuf ynunufoninan ncnocfi, noikocfi, nco okpyxakmoo nochpu-
numaofcn c nohpunwnnou cnoxocfik u nonusnou. Okpacka hponmo-
fon nanunaof kasaficn onoo nacwmonnou, snyku onoo myswkani-
nwmu, qopmw noownno oomnwmu, cnonno n kakom-fo qanfa-
cfunockom qunimo. Hokofopwm hpu nxoxnonuu n fy qasy yhpax-
nonun nanunaof kasaficn, nfo nopnynoci nofcfno fo samonafoni-
noo npomn, koina mup wn nahonnon hyiakmumu saiankamu, kam-
nu u noo moinu ionopufi, a sa honopofom nanunanaci nononoman
ckasonnan cfpana.
nn npyiux fof momonf hopoxona n nonoo cocfonnuo moxof cohpo-
noxnaficn nyncfnom aconkfnou ychokoonnocfu, nohokonoumocfu.
1pofiu ckaxyf, nfo camoo naxnoo hpu cnnfuu nahpnxonun fo
ofcyfcfnuo hocfonnno monikakmux n ionono mwcnou, kak w hpoyx-
nonuo of cna. Kfo-fo noomo no naunof honxonnmux cnon nnn ohu-
canun hopoxonnoio momonfa hpocfo ckaxof, nfo wno xopomo.
Ohucannwo cocfonnun kononnan uoni yhpaxnonun. Onnako
fponop no nonxon usnumno akuonfuponafi na nux nnumanuo ynacf-
nukon, hockoniky nkoo cfpomnonuo onnanofi umu hpunonof k o-
pafnomy qqokfy. Y chopfcmonon cnonyof honnopxunafi ycfanonky
na paofy, a no na nocfuxonuo kakux-fo konkpofnwx usmononuu n
poxumo qynkuuonuponanun hcuxuku.
onymuu nonxon umofi n nuny, nfo naynnwo uccnononanun ho-
kaswnakf nocomnonnyk honisy hononwx yhpaxnonuu. Hsnocfno,
nahpumop, nfo no npomn hoipyxonun n ncnwu hokou noccfanon-
nonuo qusuonoiunockux cucfom hpoucxonuf hpunusufonino n i,5 pasa
qqokfunnoo, nom no npomn cna. Iocno 2O-munyfnoio coanca cokpa-
maofcn npomn poakuuu u ymonimaofcn konunocfno mononnou kucno-
fw n kponu. Ioiynnpnan mocfunononinan hpakfuka fakux sannfuu
hpunonuf k honwmonuk ckopocfu oia na chpunfopckux nucfanuunx
(y nochopfcmonon), ynynmonuk spufonino-mofopnou koopnunauuu
u conopmoncfnonanuk nokofopwx kanocfn nunnocfu.
o ncom fom moxno yonuficn na cocfnonnom ohwfo. xono
poiynnpnwx sannfuu nco onoo ofnofnunwmu cfanonnfcn ynynmonun
camonyncfnun u cocfonnun hocno kaxnoio coanca. Kpomo foio, nop-
manusyofcn omuu qon camonyncfnun n hpomoxyfkax moxny coanca-
mu (monimo nahpnxonun, noino ocnaunaofcn nonwu mafopuan).
nn chopfcmonon, cknonnwx k camoananusy, moxof okasaficn
honosnou Cxoma cocfonnuu. Ofa cnooopasnan kapfa hokaswnaof
nauonoo xapakfopnwo qasw paofw u hopoxonw moxny numu.
Chopfcmon, xopomo ocnounmuu yhpaxnonuo okana, moxof
nochonisonaficn um kak hpu honiofonko k coponnonanunm, fak u no
npomn ux hponononun. hopnom cnynao yhpaxnonuo ynof cponcfnom
noccfanonnonun u hcuxunockou fponuponku, a no nfopom honcho-
piom n nacfpoo na hoony. Kpauno xonafonino, nfow yhpaxnonuo
nwhonnnnoci poiynnpno qqokfunnocfi ynof napacfafi ho mopo
honfoponun. 1ponop moxof nknknufi oio n oxonnonnyk fponuponky
u nwhonnnfi no npomn pasmunku unu n hayso ofnwxa.
i2J
7. KAK OAHH3O8ATb H HO8CTH
3AHRTHR {HOOHH)
OKCHHMHT, A H UHT
fou knuio conopxufcn honcofnu pasnunnwx uip u yhpaxno-
nuu. anw honponwo pokomonnauuu ho honony pasnoopasnwx
cufyauuu, nosnukakmux no npomn nwhonnonun fox unu unwx ohw-
fon. Ipunononw cxomw hopoxonon of onnou ipyhhw yhpaxnonuu k
npyiou. Ohucanw pasnunnwo hcuxunockuo kanocfna, nwpaafwnao-
mwo n yhpaxnonunx. H nco, kasanoci w, fonkaof k fomy, nfow pac-
cmafpunafi fof fokcf kak hponhucanuo. Ofoio, onnako, nonafi no
cnonyof.
Iaofa hcuxofoxnunockou ipyhhw usounyof nooxunannwmu ho-
nopofamu u xonamu. cnu noucfnonafi ho sapanoo namononnomy hnany
u no ofcfyhafi of noio nu hpu kakux ocfonfonicfnax, fo moxno
hpoufu mumo naxonok u usopofonuu ynacfnukon, hponnuiakmux
uccnononanuo cnoou hcuxuku na mnoio maion nhopon ho nonomy hyfu.
Hahpumop, na onnom us hopnwx sannfuu kypca konuonfpauuu u
noopaxonun hocno yhpaxnonun okycuponka ynacfnuk 1. ckasan:
H cocponofonunancn... Iofom nnpyi nco usmonunoci. Mno hokasa-
noci, nfo ionoca (sa nnopik kfo-fo mymon) cnonno copanuci n oni-
muo mapw u cfanu nofafi nokpyi monn. Y monn wno fakoo nyncfno,
ynfo n nnoni cfan manonikum maninukom u mno nfo-fo ionopuf mon
aymka... 1ono ucnosno... 3nopono! Io hnany nonymoio nooxonumo
wno omo nna unu fpu sannfun hocnnfufi pasnufuk nanwkon cocpo-
nofononun, a safom hopoxonufi k fponuniy noopaxonun. Iaofa c
usmononnwmu cocfonnunmu noomo no hnanuponanaci. wckaswna-
nunmu chopfcmona 1. saunfopoconanuci npyiuo ynacfnuku u cfanu
ohucwnafi cnou cxonnwo hopoxunanun. bwno ononunno, nfo sanuma-
kmuocn no foniko saunfopoconanw, no u nnyfponno iofonw k pao-
fo c foxnukamu yhpannonun cosnanuom. onymuu nahpanun nuckyc-
cuk n nyxnoo pycno, u nckopo ipyhha usopona opuiunaninoo
yhpaxnonuo, homoiakmoo hopoxonufi n nonoo cocfonnuo cosnanun.
i24
Cyfi yhpaxnonun cocfonna n fom, nfow onnonpomonno uchonnnfi nna
nona: cocponofonuficn na konnuko ykasafoninoio haniua u cnwmafi,
no nnukan n cmwcn cnon, nna ionoca. nn foio nnoo us chopfcmonon
canunuci ho nuamofpy kpyia u nofopohnuno ocononanu, n fo npomn
kak ocfaninwo nwhonnnnu sananuo. Y ynacfnukon honnuncn cocfnon-
nwu unfopoc k paofo: onu sanumanuci uccnononanuom nkohwfno-
io nnnonun, k kofopomy hpumnu camocfonfonino. snn unuuuafuny
n cnou pyku, ipyhha nononino wcfpo u ychomno hponnuianaci n
cnoom kchopumonfuponanuu. A kak xo nnumanuo u noopaxonuo,
kofopwo nnnnnuci uonik nonymoio 1pu nofnopfu sahnanuponannwx
yhpaxnonuu wnu nwhonnonw. Onnako nooxonumocfi paofw c
numu yxo no nannswnanaci fponopom, a ocfocfnonno nwfokana us fox
fpynnocfou, c kofopwmu cfankunanuci n cnoux ohwfax chopfcmonw.
Onu opamanuci sa conofom u camu nwupanu honxonnmuo uipw us
hponnaiaomoio uncfpykfopom naopa.
Iycfi nonymuu ynof usopofafoninwm n uchonisonanuu honpyn-
nwx cponcfn. cnu, nahpumop, sannfun hpoucxonnf n xonno, ino ocfi
fononusop, fo na pasnwx fahax on moxof wfi uchonisonan u kak
ucfonnuk homox, u kak ookf konuonfpauuu, u kak foma nnn no-
opaxonun u hoponanu nyncfn. cnu safonufi komnafy u ymonimufi
npkocfi usopaxonun nacfoniko, nfo kapfunka ynof onna nunna, fo
noohponononnocfi nochpunfun moxof cnyxufi xopomou humou nnn
qanfasuu (yhpaxnonun N ?, ii, 25, 5J). osmoxno, n snanuu, ino
hpononnfcn sannfun, ocfi nnunnwu kopunop on moxof wfi uc-
honisonan n xono paofw nan nnumanuom. nn foio hpu hocfohon-
nom ycnoxnonuu yhpaxnonun Conokfop moxno ynonununafi nuc-
fanuuk, usmopnn n mofpax cfohoni nocfuinyfoio konfakfa. Camo
coou pasymoofcn, nfo moxno hpononufi sannfun na ofkpwfom nos-
nyxo; pasnoopasufi uipw moxno fakxo c homomik mainufoqona u
nuahpookfopa.
cnu oman unon u nahpannonnocfi hcuxofoxnunockux sannfuu
nocfafonno ncnw, fo moxno no foniko nunousmonnfi hponnaiaomwo
yhpaxnonun, no u cmono nwnymwnafi nonwo. Iomomi n nono hpo-
opasonanun uip moiyf okasafi usnoxonnwo n hpunoxonuu ocnonnwo
hpuomw monuqukauuu yhpaxnonuu (cfp. iJ?).
Iouck nonoio, onnako, no osnanaof ofcyfcfnun hnana u opianu-
sauuu. onymuu hopon kaxnwm sannfuom nonxon fmafonino hpony-
mafi, kak on coupaofcn oio hponocfu, nsnomunan u paccnufwnan nco
nhnofi no nofanou. Iocno sannfun nooxonumo nchomnufi hpoucmon-
moo kak moxno honponoo u hocfapaficn ofmofufi nco nosmoxnocfu
i25
n nnuxonuu paofw, kofopwo no wnu poanusonanw. Ioniofonka u
honnononuo ufoion fo onimou u kpohofnunwu fpyn fponopa. o
npomn sannfuu, onnako, on nonxon hpoxno ncoio opuonfuponaficn
n hpoucxonnmom, poaiuponafi na usmononun n ipyhho, na nco noo-
xunannocfu u honopofw n mwcnnx u nyncfnax ynacfnukon. Inan u
hpoipamma nyxnw no nnn foio, nfow oipanununafi u honmunafi hon
con ocfocfnonnwo cfpomnonun ynacfnukon. Onu sanakf cucfomy
ohopnwx fonok, no no ucknknakf cnoonnwx hyfomocfnuu n pasnun-
nwx nahpannonunx u ocnoonun nonwx, nousynonnwx onacfou. cnu
no hpunopxunaficn fakoio ofnomonun k hpoipammam, fo chopfcmo-
nw nononino wcfpo houmyf, nfo onu uipakf poni cfafucfon n chok-
fakno, ino inannoo noucfnykmoo nuuo fponop. fakou hocfanonko
onu no cmoiyf ynacfnonafi nocfafonno uckponno.
CTHb YKO8OCT8A
Io omomy cfunk hponononun sannfuu fponop moxof hpunopxu-
naficn onnou us fpox ocnonnwx cfpafoiuu: cnoonnoo, fomafunockoo
u hpoipammnoo nononuo ipyhhw.
Cnuunuc nccnnc. Ipyhho c camoio nanana hponocfannona cno-
ona nwopa hponom u chocoa ux pomonun. 1ponop hopnwm no
hponnaiaof ynacfnukam nu uonou, nu cponcfn ux nocfuxonun. H fo
u npyioo nosnukaof n xono paofw camou ipyhhw. Ipu uchonisona-
nuu fakoio cfunn hponononun sannfuu fponop okaswnaofcn nom-fo
npono koncynifanfa, k kofopomy opamakfcn ho mopo nooxonumo-
cfu. Ofof nauonoo cnoxnwu, ho namomy mnonuk, cfuni pykonon-
cfna nouckymonnomy nanknafonk moxof hokasaficn cfpafoiuou
makcumaninou haccunnocfu. oucfnufonino, sannfun moiyf nanu-
naficn c foio, nfo nonymuu nononino nonio unoina nockoniko
coancon hpocfo cnymaof, nfo ionopnf ynacfnuku, no nanan nuka-
kux pykononnmux ykasanuu. osnukaof fakoo nhonafnonuo, ynfo nco
napom fpafnf npomn, a paofa ipyhhw no cnnuiaofcn c mopfnou fon-
ku. Ho nacfyhaof hoponom, u nco posko monnofcn. Cfanonufcn ncno,
nfo nwkpucfannusonanaci ohponononnan hponoma, na kofopou oc-
focfnonno cocponofonunakfcn ycunun ncox ynacfnukon, n fom nucno
u fponopa. fof momonf nopoxonafoninoo nnumanuo, hponnnon-
noo fponopom n hopnou qaso paofw, oio uckponnuu unfopoc k mno-
nuk chopfcmonon, ymonuo coinacuficn c ux honumanuom, ofonnu-
nyn na npomn n cfopony cnoo onuncfnonno nopnoo, nanunakf
i26
hpunocufi posynifafw. ocfuinyfoo nsaumohonumanuo u nonopuo,
pacfopmaxunan nyncfna ynacfnukon u inyoko nknknan ux n paofy,
hponpamaof hopocfpouky u pasnufuo hcuxunockux choconocfou n
poaninyk nosmoxnocfi.
Tcva1n4cckuc nccnnc. 1ponop hponnaiaof ohponononnyk fomy nnn
paofw. Ona moxof wfi nwpana us ocnonnwx fom fou knuiu (na-
hpumop, numanuo), unu nsnfa us fox sanan, kofopwo n nannwu
momonf cfonf hopon komannou unu chopfcmonom (nahpumop, Ymo-
nuo ofnwxafi), unu hopoxnona kakumu-fo npyiumu ocfonfonicfna-
mu (nahpumop, Kak wcfpo u xopomo nonafi ypoku nnn mkoninu-
kon). onymuu, hponnoxun fomy, nanunaof oo ocyxnonuo,
nahpannnn oio fakum opasom, nfow pano unu hosnno ono nwmno
na ypononi hpakfunockux kchopumonfon. Ipu fom on nonxon no
foniko xopomo honiofonuficn k nannomy sannfuk, no u cnoonno
opuonfuponaficn n pasnunnwx foxnukax u yhpaxnonunx, a hpu no-
oxonumocfu ymofi usopofafi nonwo. Ocoonno fo naxno n fox
cnynanx, koina ocyxnonuo sananu hpunonuf k ofkpwfuk nonwx ipa-
nou usnocfnou, kasanoci w, hponomw. 1omafunockoo nononuo ho-
snonnof saunfopoconafi chopfcmonon ohponononnou fomou u nhnof-
nyk honnocfu ux k yhpaxnonunm. Ynacfuo u cosnafoninoo ofnomonuo
chopfcmonon cfanonnfcn ocfocfnonnwm hpononxonuom ux cocfnon-
nwx hohwfok pomufi sanany, cqopmynuponannyk umu xo camumu.
Hpurpavvnuc nccnnc. Ofo nauonoo ohponononnwu u xocfkuu
cfuni hponononun sannfuu. 1ponop hponnaiaof chopfcmonam nwhon-
nufi fo unu unoo yhpaxnonuo, honcnnn oio snanonuo. K sannfunm,
hpononumwm ho ohponononnou hpoipammo, moxno sapanoo honiofo-
nuficn, sahnanuponan kypc u naxo paccnufan npomn na kaxnoo yh-
paxnonuo. axnan honoxufoninan nopfa foio cfunn nononun
nyncfno ohponononnocfu, nosnukakmoo u y nonymoio, u y ynacfnu-
kon. com ncno, kakuo uonu hpocnonykfcn, hpakfunocku no nwsw-
nakf comnonun u cponcfna ux nocfuxonun. Hukoina no nosnukakf
mynufoninwo, sahonnonnwo nahpnxonnwm pasmwmnonuom haysw,
xapakfopnwo nnn cnoonnoio nononun. Ho cnaou cfoponou nanno-
io cfunn nnnnofcn nuskan akfunnocfi ynacfnukon, nokana ux unu-
uuafunw, nonwcokan noponfnocfi cnoxux naxonok.
wop onnoio us fpox cfunou nononun sannfuu ohpononnofcn co-
opaxonunmu, kacakmumucn honiofonku fponopa, cocfonnun yna-
cfnukon u sanan, cfonmux hopon kypcom. Cnoonnoo nononuo q-
qokfunno n fom cnynao, ocnu ncn ipyhha osycnonno ynopona n honiso
i2?
sannfuu. 2onafonino, nfow kypc hpononuncn n fo npomn, koina
nannonuo cpokon no cosnaof chomku u xocfkoio paonoio nacfpon,
nahpumop no npomn osnoponufoninwx copon. Ofof cfuni nononun n
snanufoninou cfohonu ohpannwnaof con hpu paofo c ohwfnwmu
chopfcmonamu, nocfuimumu nocfafonnou sponocfu u camocfonfoni-
nocfu. Ipoipammnoo nononuo, na nam nsinnn, nynmo ncoio honxo-
nuf foina, koina ocfi oqopmunmancn ycfanonka na nocfuxonuo oh-
ponononnoio posynifafa n hcuxonoiunockou honiofonko chopfcmona.
cnu ocfi nofkan uoni (nahpumop, onnanofi foxnukou cocponofono-
nun), fo hpoipammnoo nononuo ynof honxonnmum chocoom oo noc-
fuxonun. Ono honosno fakxo hpu paofo c nanunakmumu chopf-
cmonamu. knknonnwo n pachucanuo oxonnonnwx fponuponok
nonunka, hcuxofoxnunockuo yhpaxnonun moiyf cfafi noofomnomou
nacfik oio chopfunnou honiofonku. 1omafunockoo nononuo, kak
nncfnyof us hponwnymoio, sanumaof hpomoxyfonnoo honoxonuo
moxny hpoipammnwm u cnoonnwm. io naxnoo nocfouncfno nos-
moxnocfi opianusonafi omon mnonunmu u cop unqopmauuu ho
ohponononnou fomo. Kpomo foio, ipyhha moxof naufu nonoo pomo-
nuo usnocfnou sananu. Hfoiom hpopaofku fomw moiyf wfi poko-
monnauuu ho paccmafpunaomomy nohpocy.
Ocoonnocfi fomafunockoio nononun cocfouf n fom, nfo hpu hpak-
funockom usynonuu ohponononnwx fom c sanunnou poiynnpnocfik
ncfakf nokofopwo knaccunockuo nohpocw hcuxofoxnuku: kak o-
poficn c ofnnononunmu nnumanun nfo nyxno nnn npkoio hponcfan-
nonun ookfa kak wcfpo ofnoxnyfi Ofu nohpocw nakf ocfocfnon-
nwu honon nnn hopoxona of onnou fomw k npyiou. 3a cnof foio
nosnukakf mnoionucnonnwo cnnsu yhpaxnonuu u uip. Iofomy fo-
mafunockoo nononuo moxof wfi nanafo c nkou hpousnoninou sa-
nanu u safom nopos hponomnwo hopoxonw fnnyficn of onnou ipyh-
hw yhpaxnonuu k npyiou. posynifafo ynyf safponyfw nco
ocnonnwo hcuxofoxnunockuo nanwku. hpunoxonuu (cfp. iJ) pac-
cmofponw nauonoo pachpocfpanonnwo mapmpyfw hopoxonon moxny
ipyhhamu yhpaxnonuu.
4OMb OAHH3AUHH
Icuxofoxnunockuo uipw moiyf hpononuficn n qopmo unfoncun-
noio kypca, poiynnpnwx sannfuu unu husonunockux ncfpon. Ofu
qopmw ofnunakfcn hpoxno ncoio oomom u hnofnocfik paofw.
Hnfoncunnwo kypcw moxno opianusonafi foniko n moxcosonio us-
i28
sa ux cuninoio nosnoucfnun; ocfaninwo sannfun moiyf wfi honosnw
kpyinoionunno.
Hn1cncnnnu kypc xapakfopusyofcn fom, nfo na ohponononnoo
npomn hcuxofoxnunockuo uipw cfanonnfcn ocnonnwm conopxanuom
paofw chopfcmona. Ha npomn hpokpamaofcn ocnoonuo nonoio ma-
fopuana n chopfunnou chouuanusauuu, fponupononnwo naipysku
ymonimakfcn unu cfanonnfcn monofonnwmu, no fpoykmumu oni-
mux safpaf nopnnou nopiuu. Icuxofoxnunockuo sannfun hpononnfcn
oxonnonno ho 26 nacon n fononuo i2 nononi. Hnfoncunnwu fpo-
nuni okaswnaofcn momnwm cfpoccopom, nwswnakmum hopou yp-
nwo usmononun n hcuxunockom yknano chopfcmona. Hanwku u ymo-
nun paofw c hcuxukou ycnaunakfcn wcfpo, yckoponno usmonnofcn
hponcfannonuo o cnoux nosmoxnocfnx u choconocfnx, hopocmafpu-
naofcn ofnomonuo ko mnoium momonfam chopfunnou xusnu u non-
foninocfu.
Hnfoncunnwu kypc honxonuf foniko nnn chopfcmonon, camocfo-
nfonino nonymux fnopnockuu houck. Ofu sannfun nocfaunusupykf,
nonakf cocfonnuo noycfoununwm u ofkpwnakf nonwo hopchokfunw.
cnu xo chopfcmon naxonufcn n qaso sakpohnonun yxo nocfuinyfo-
io ychoxa unu conopmoncfnonanun ho yxo usnocfnou hpoipammo, fo
ynacfuo n unfoncunnom kypco ynof nnn noio noxonafoninwm. Cno-
nyof opafufi nnumanuo fakxo u na fo, nfo honynonnwo no npomn
unfoncunnoio kypca nanwku paofw c hcuxukou moiyf okasaficn
noycfoununwmu. o usoxanuo ux paspymonun nyxno cnonufi sa fom,
nfow chopfcmon poiynnpno uchonisonan hpuopofonnwo ymonun na
fponuponkax, n honconnonnou xusnu u na coponnonanunx.
crynupnuc ianu1nu hosnonnkf cucfomafunocku u hocnononafonino
oynafi chopfcmonon nokofopwm hcuxofoxnunockum nanwkam. Ipu
fom chopfunnan, fponupononnan paofa ocfaofcn na hopnom mocfo.
Ioiynnpnwo sannfun moxno hpononufi oxonnonno ho iOJO munyf
unu i2 pasa n nononk ho ii,5 naca. Ononi naxno, nfow n fux
sannfunx fponopom wna oochonona hpoomcfnonnocfi u hocnonona-
foninocfi. 2onafonino, nfow kaxnan uipa honfopnnaci na hpofn-
xonuu nockonikux sannfuu. Mw cnufaom, nfo foniko nacfoo honfo-
ponuo (hpu ofnocufonino ponkux sannfunx) moxof nafi xopomuu
posynifaf.
Ioiynnpnwo sannfun moiyf hpononuficn co chopfcmonamu pasnwx
nospacfnwx u knanuqukauuonnwx kafoiopuu u n nkwo hopuonw.
i2
Onu hpunocyf honisy kak fom, kfo nahpnxonno umof nonwo nosmox-
nocfu, fak u fom, kfo ynopon n cnoou nohoipomumocfu u honxonuf
k sannfunm c yskumu mopkamu hpakfuuusma. Ofu sannfun moxno
hpononufi kak n chouuaninom kaunofo, fak u n fponupononnom sano
(fupo, manoxo), n hopopwnax moxny fponuponkamu, no npomn hays
ofnwxa. Ononunno, nfo n hocnonnom cnynao moxno uchonisonafi
foniko hpoipammnoo nononuo. Ipu paofo n kaunofo (knacco, iuh-
nofapuu) moxno hpumonnfi kak hpoipammnoo, fak u fomafunockoo
nononuo. nn poiynnpnwx sannfuu n ykasannom nwmo oomo no
honxonuf cnoonnoo nononuo sa npomn hopopwnon moxny ncfpona-
mu conopxanuo pasionopon ynof sawnaficn, u k omomy saknkno-
nuk nuckyccun fak u no hpunof.
Ouniun4ccknc nc1pc4n nauonoo noopomonufoninan us ncox
qopm opianusauuu hcuxofoxnunockux sannfuu. Hipw hpoucxonnf i
2 pasa n mocnu unu poxo, n sanucumocfu of ocfonfonicfn. Ipoxno
ncoio, nyxno cfpomuficn k fomy, nfow kaxnan ncfpona wna camo-
cfonfoninwm cowfuom, umokmum nanano, pasnufuo u konou. co
yhpaxnonun (uipw) nonxnw wfi nuo oocnonanw hponwnymumu
cowfunmu (cnynaom na coponnonanunx, nnononuom nonoio yhpax-
nonun n fponuponku), nuo honiofannunafi k hponcfonmum (hpunu-
xakmuocn cocfnsanun, hnanupyomoo ynonunonuo naipysok).
husonunockux ncfponax moiyf ynacfnonafi nco. Hauonoo hon-
xonnmuu cfuni ux nononun hpoipammnwu. 2onafonino uchoniso-
nanuo npkoio u pasnoopasnoio unnonfapn. o npomn hononoio
onnokpafnoio noucfna moiyf nwnnuficn chopfcmonw, xonakmuo co-
piosno sanumaficn hcuxofoxnukou. 1o ocfi husonunockuo ncfponu
moiyf hocfannnfi mafopuan nnn ofopa chopfcmonon na poiynnpnwo
unu unfoncunnwo kypcw.
Mw kocnynuci oomon, unfoncunnocfou u coofnofcfnykmux um
qopm opianusauuu hcuxofoxnunockux sannfuu. Iomumo foio noo-
xonumo paccmofpofi omyk ycfanonky na hponononuo sannfuu. Ias-
nunakfcn fpu ocnonnwo nosmoxnocfu: hcuxofoxnunockuo uipw kak
ynoa (fponuni), ofnwx (poaunufauun) u coponnonanuo (konkypc).
poaninwx kypcax fu fpu ycfanonku hopohnofakfcn, no xonafonino
xofn w n foopuu ux pasnunafi, nfow umofi nosmoxnocfi hpu no-
oxonumocfu nwnnuiafi na hopnwu hnan fof unu unou achokf.
Hcnxu1cxnn4ccknc nrpu kak y4cnuc vcpuupnu1nc {1pcnnnr) hpon-
honaiakf ocnoonuo ohponononnoio ooma snanuu u ymonuu, hosno-
nnkmux nocfuiafi ohponononnwx qqokfon n yhpannonuu hcuxu-
iJO
nockumu hpouoccamu. Ipu fakom honxono k sannfunm nooxonumo
ho mopo nosmoxnocfu nanunafi c hpocfwx yhpaxnonuu u foniko ho-
cfohonno hopoxonufi k onoo cnoxnwm, nnocufi makcumaninyk nc-
nocfi n foxnuky uchonnonun kaxnoio hpuoma.
cnu xo ucnxu1cxnn4ccknc nrpu ncuuntiy1cu kak gupva u1uxa
{pcannn1aunu), honxon k num nonxon wfi conopmonno npyium.
fom cnynao na hopnwu hnan nwxonnf no snpanoo honumanuo, a no-
ownnocfi, nohonnfnocfi, a hopou u saianonnocfi honynaomwx na
sannfunx qakfon. Ipu poaunufauuonnou opuonfauuu nyxno hpu-
nanafi yhpaxnonunm makcumanino nohpunyxnonnwu xapakfop, cno-
nafi ux saannwmu, cmomnwmu, npasnnmo-nohonnfnwmu. 1oina onu
homoiyf no foniko noccfanonuficn of fnxonwx naipysok unu nopnyfi
pasufwo hopaxonuom nanoxnw, no u ynunofi cnou mup n nonom
pakypco, cfpanno, a hopou u cmomno. Ofof onpnmuu fonnok no-
ownnocfu hosnonuf usanuficn of cfopoofuhon n ouonko cnooio co-
cfonnun, mopfnwx mfamhon n opamonuu c camum coou. Iaccfanun
akuonfw na komunockux u qanfacfunockux momonfax, nnonn pasno-
opasnwu u kpaconnwu mafopuan, hoompnn nyx uiponoio cohopnu-
nocfna, moxno nouficn foio, nfo sannfun ynyf nochpunnfw kak
hofoxa, hpunfnan, a moxof, u honosnan uipa, nocyi. Hof cmwcna n
fom cnynao cocponofonunaficn na poiynnpnocfu u hocnononafonino-
cfu n sannfunx: kchpomf, umhponusauun, nooxunannwu honopof u
cnynaunocfi n cuonapuu yhpaxnonuu moiyf c ychoxom samonufi
hocnononafoninwu honanfusm u paccynufoninyk hpanuninocfi.
Hcnxu1cxnn4ccknc nrpu, nakonou, moiyf wfi uchonisonanw kak
cupcnnunannc {kunkypc). nn foio ux nyxno hopoqopmynuponafi fak,
nfow n kaxnom yhpaxnonuu moxno wno nwnnufi hoonufonn unu
komanny-hoonufoninuuy. nokofopwx yhpaxnonunx (nahpumop,
boi accouuauuu) fo no cocfannnof fpyna (hoonufoni ouonunaof-
cn ho konunocfny hpanunino nochpousnononnwx cnon). npyiux
cnynanx (nahpumop, 3asopkanio) fo cnonafi namnoio fpynnoo.
1oina ouonunafi hponnaiaofcn uchonnonuo yhpaxnonun ipyhho kc-
hopfon, kofopwo nwnocnf cnou cyxnonun nahonouo foio, kak fo
nonaofcn n quiypnom kafanuu na konikax. nkom cnynao nooxo-
numo nouficn foio, nfow n kaxnom yhpaxnonuu (uipo) moxno
wno nwnnufi hoonufonn. cnu hcuxofoxnunockuo uipw uchonisy-
kfcn kak coponnonanuo, fo poni fponopa cymocfnonnwm opasom
monnofcn. On no onsan hpohonanafi u pasncnnfi hpuomw nocfu-
iJi
xonun nwcokux posynifafon n fom unu unom yhpaxnonuu. On naof
honnyk nosmoxnocfi cnoomy ynonuky cfpanafi u uckafi camomy. umi
hpu xonanuu chopfcmona hoynuficn nomy-nuo y fponopa fof moxof
honckasafi omy honxonnmuu napuanf pomonun.
O HOOTO8K THA
Tcupc1n4cckau uuru1unka. Mw hponhonaiaom snanuo hcuxonoiuu
n oomo kypca uncfufyfon quskynifypw. 1ponopy xonafonino wfi
n kypco ocnonnwx uccnononanuu ho hcuxonoiuu chopfa, poiynnpno
nufafi coofnofcfnykmyk hopuonunockyk nufopafypy. 3nanun, ho-
nynaomwo us foopofunockux knui, nooxonumo fmafonino hopopao-
fafi, hopoqopmynuponafi na nswk hpakfuku, coofnocfu co cnoum
ohwfom u ohpononufi, nfo hpuomnomo, a nfo noconmocfumo c fpo-
nopckum kpono.
Hpak1n4cckau uuru1unka nknknaof nna achokfa: usynonuo yhpax-
nonuu u chouuaninwo nanwku paofw c nknimu no npomn hcuxofox-
nunockux sannfuu. Hsynonuo yhpaxnonuu hponhonaiaof no foniko
ymonuo opianusonafi fy unu unyk uipy, no u nocfafonno onimou
oom hponnapufoninou paofw c nou. Ipoxno nom hponnoxufi cno-
um ynonukam kakyk-fo foxnuky, fponop onsan cam hopaofafi c nou
cymocfnonno onimo, nom fo ynyf nonafi onu. Konkpofnwo nop-
mafunw snoci nasnafi fpynno, onnako nnn hpunusufoninou opuon-
fuponku hponnaiakfcn cnonykmuo nonununw. 2onafonino, nfow
fponop wn chocoon cnonufi sa hopomomonunmu myxu okono iOO
xonon (Myxa), ynoponno nwxonufi us naupunfa n i2 xonon (a-
upunf), sahomunafi JO4O cnon (boi accouuauuu, omuno).
Ypononi uchonnonun npyiux yhpaxnonuu hpokonfponuponafi nocfa-
fonno cnoxno, hofomy pokomonnyofcn hpocfo c xonanuom paso-
paficn u hopaofafi c kaxnwm us nux ho nockoniko nacon. Mw cnu-
faom, nfo oom paofw c yhpaxnonuom fuha Ianiuw nonxon
cocfanufi okono 2 nacon (iOi5 coancon ho iO munyf), nfow fpo-
nop hpunnn ynacfuo n iOO onx (Ioqnokcun, Monofa), hpocu-
non, cnufan nwnoxu, n omou cnoxnocfu okono iO nacon (okana).
nn foio nfow nanafi paofy c ipyhhou chopfcmonon, nooxonu-
mo ho kpaunou mopo okono mocnua oxonnonno fponuponaficn (camo-
cfonfonino unu c hapfnopom) ho i2 naca. Ofof munumym paofw
iJ2
nonxon wfi hpononan onsafonino, unano mumo nonymoio hpounyf
nosamononnwmu mnoiuo naxnwo momonfw n paofo ynonukon.
Mw no comnonaomcn n fom, nfo fponop onanaof oipomnwm ohw-
fom u xopomo hocfannonnwmu nanwkamu paofw c nknimu. On
moxof hpocfo u noxonnuno oncnufi cyfi yhpaxnonun u nouficn
oio hpanuninoio nwhonnonun (ocnu hcuxofoxnunockuo sannfun pac-
cmafpunakfcn kak ynoa), cosnafi noconyk, nohpunyxnonnyk ocfa-
nonky (ofnwx) unu cfpoio ohpononufi pamku nosnononnoio (hcuxo-
foxnunockuo coponnonanun). nkou us fux cufyauuu on okaxofcn
na nwcofo. Mw no comnonaomcn fakxo u n fom, nfo fponop snaof,
kak ho-nonononocku honoufu k cnoomy honohonnomy, kak c nymon-
nwm fohnom honnfi oio hponomw u nyncfna. Cnonom, y fponopa ocfi
nco nooxonumoo nnn foio, nfow camocfonfonino hpononufi hcuxo-
foxnunockuo sannfun.
1ponopckan paofa, onnako, ofpaxaofcn na cfuno omonun. Ho-
cmofpn na pasnufoo ymonuo honumafi, fponopy unoina no xnafaof
nanwka nwcnymunafi npyioio. Ha fom nooxonumo saocfpufi nnu-
manuo hpu honiofonko k hponononuk sannfuu ho hcuxofoxnuko. Of
nonymoio hcuxofoxnunockuo sannfun fpoyofcn pasnufan choconocfi
fophonuno nwcnymunafi camwo pasnoopasnwo nwckaswnanun ynacf-
nukon sannfuu. Ho foniko nwcnymunafi no hopounan, no u hocfo-
nnno nahpnxonno cnonufi sa xonom mwcnu, cfapaficn nnuknyfi n
conopxanuo, ofpocun na npomn cnou cyxnonun u ouonku. Hooxo-
numo naynuficn nwknknafi omymonuo noswnomou hpanuninoc-
fu cnooio honumanun u ockopwcfno fpynuficn nan fom, nfow ys-
nafi mnonuo ynonuka. Okono hononunw npomonu sannfuu hpu
cnoonnom u fomafunockom nononuu yxonuf na ocyxnonuo, pasio-
nopw. oucfnun fponopa n fu hopuonw snanaf nunyfi no monimo,
nom no npomn oncnonun foxnuku camux yhpaxnonuu.
Hanwk nwcnymunanun cnonyof pasnunafi. nn foio hpoxno nco-
io nooxonumo ocosnafi, nfo nam noucfnufonino nyxno. Kpomo foio,
nooxonumo uckponnoo xonanuo pasopaficn n fom, nfo nam coo-
makf. Ionosnw fakxo chouuaninwo yhpaxnonun.
Jnpunenue !. am hapfnop coomaof nam nfo-fo, nahpumop:
Hfo-fo coionnn ononi nymno. w hoponaofo oio mwcni cnoumu
cnonamu, cfpomnci kak moxno honnoo u fonnoo nochpousnocfu oo:
am nohpunfno us-sa coionnnmnou xapw unu 1w cnufaomi, nfo
coionnn nyxofa onimo ownnoio. Iocno foio nam hapfnop naof
ouonky fomy, nackoniko fo nam ynanoci.
iJJ
Jnpunenue 2. am hapfnop nonaof nokofopoo yfnopxnonuo, na-
hpumop: nopa xonun n kuno. w nonxnw kak-fo ofnofufi na fo
yfnopxnonuo, nfow omy saxofonoci nam pacckasafi hoonimo. Ha-
hpumop, nw moxofo hpocfo kunnyfi iononou unu onopufonino xmwk-
nyfi, ckasafi: Hnfopocno unu Hy u kak posynifafo nonxon
nosnuknyfi pasionop. w uipaofo poni cnymafonn, c kofopwm xonofcn
hononuficn, cooconnuka, pachonaiakmoio k nonopufoninou oco-
no, nopoxonafoninoio sopkana. Ipu fom nyxno cnonufi sa fom,
nfow namu nohpocw naxo ckpwfwm opasom no oipanununanu co-
oconnuka. Hs foio honnfno, nfo nohpoc am honpanuncn qunim
hnox, hockoniky sacfannnof nwupafi moxny honpanuncn u no
honpanuncn. cnu nw chpocufo o nhonafnonuu, fo ynof nynmo.
Jnpunenue J. am hapfnop mouuonanino fpoyof of nac noio-
fo unu n nom-fo onunnof. Hahpumop, on ionopuf: onno fw kpu-
no sannswnaomi iancfyk! Koina nakonou naynumicn w nonxnw kak
moxno honponoo u fonnoo nwncnufi nco, nfo c num hpoucxonuf,
no ncfyhan n hpopokanun, oncnonun unu ohpannanun. w moxofo
chpocufi: w cnufaofo, nfo fof yson kpunou unu Hfo w nw
hoconofonanu am hapfnop moxof ycununafi nannonuo, nwnyxnan
nac k cohpofunnonuk. Ho nw nonxnw cfouko ynopxunaficn na ho-
suuunx nononoka, xonakmoio nwncnufi mnonuo npyioio.
Ofu fpu yhpaxnonun cnonyof paccmafpunafi kak chouuaninwo
kchopumonfw, hosnonnkmuo ynunofi nauonoo ynsnumwo fonku n
cnoou choconocfu k cnymanuk npyioio: ino u kak nw cnou mwcnu
nanunaofo nwnanafi sa nyxuo n kakou momonf nw ycfaofo nnumafoni-
no cnonufi honomy cockaniswnaofo c xonanun pasopaficn n npyiom
na cfpomnonuo nokasafi cnoo Ononunno, nfo n nucfom nuno fu
foxnuku nohpuomnomw n xunom omonuu, no onu hosnonnkf ynu-
nofi, nackoniko nacfo mw no cnymaom npyi npyia, u homoiakf na-
ynuficn nnukafi n mwcnu cooconnuka.
nn conopmoncfnonanun nanwkon nononun xunou oconw pokomon-
nyom cnonykmoo ananufunockoo yhpaxnonuo.
Jnpunenue 4. 3ahumufo na mainufoqon namy ocony c kom-nu-
yni. 2onafonino fo cnonafi nfauno of cooconnuka, na u camu
hocfapaufoci sawfi o namou xufpocfu. 3afom fmafonino nwhumufo
na nucf nco, nfo sahomnunu us pasionopa. Cpannufo cnou sahucu c
fom, nfo saqukcuponanu na hnonko.
iJ4
tnu+unue!
H: .4 ynpunenuu 9 om+eueni :oe:0ouiou. :mo uepi ^ 9, !, !J,
!9, 2!, J4, 4&, 49 u .4. 1pooe0enue ux mpeyem cneuuu:inou no0eo-
mooiu. :nuio+cmou c uymompenuneo+ u eunno:o+, :nunun qeno+enoo
epynnooou 0unu+uiu (ynpunenue ^ J4). Mi peio+en0ye+ ucno:i:ooumi
ux mo:iio o 0oyx c:yuunx.
i) n hpucyfcfnuu unu hon pykononcfnom chouuanucfa;
2) hocno kypcon chouuaninou honiofonku fponopa.
C HO HAHATb H HM 3AKOHHHTb
Ipoxno ncoio, nooxonumo saunfopoconafi ynacfnukon uip. On-
nux moxno hpunnoni pasncnonuom hponhonaiaomou honisw sannfuu,
npyium xonafonino hokasafi kakou-nuyni noownnwu qonomon (na-
hpumop, oosonunanuo unu mnomofoxnuky), fpofium nooxonumo
hpunocfu yonufoninwo hpumopw us chopfunnou hpakfuku. cnu
uipw hpononnfcn n qopmo coponnonanun, cfumynom ynof snanuo
hoonufonn u hpus; ocnu kak pasnnononuo nonusna u noownnocfi.
Iocno foio kak cocfan ipyhhw ohpononon u ynacfnuku saunfopo-
conanw, xonafonino copafi nokofopwo cnononun o honumanuu umu
cnoux sanan. Iponnoxufo kaxnomy (hucimonno unu ycfno) ofnofufi
na nohpocw: Hyxna nu mno hcuxonoiunockan honiofonka kakuo n
cfannk hopon coou sananu n fom hnano noio n oxunak of hpon-
cfonmux sannfuu Ionynonnan unqopmauun sanocufcn n nunnyk
kapfy ynacfnuka.
3afom nooxonumo cqopmynuponafi uoni u sahnanuponafi omoo
konunocfno sannfuu, ux nnu u npomn. Ohpononufi (nnn fomafunoc-
koio u hpoipammnoio nononun) chucok hpopaafwnaomwx fom u uip,
pachpononufi ux ho sannfunm. Moxno oipanunuficn foniko onnou
fomou, nahpumop oopaxonuo u camopoiynnuun, unu uchoniso-
nafi n kypco nockoniko fom unu naxo nco nmocfo.
Iopon kaxnwm sannfuom cnonyof cocfanufi hnan. Ipu cnoonnom
nononuu on hponcfannnof coou chucok ocnonnwx nohpocon, kofo-
pwo, noponfno, ynyf ocyxnaficn, u hponhonoxufoninwo fomw
yhpaxnonun. cnu nwpan fomafunockuu cfuni pykononcfna, noo-
xonumo hponycmofpofi ocnonnyk fomy u nosmoxnwo uipw. cnu no-
nonuo hpoipammnoo, fo nyxno ohpononufi npomn, ofnonumoo na
pasnwo nunw paofw.
iJ5
Konchokfunnwu hnan hpoipammnoio nononun moxof nwinnnofi fak:
3annfuo 5-io kypca numanuo u camokonfponi (ncoio iO sannfuu),
J qonpann i8J i., i2.OOi2.5O.
i. Ananus hponwnymoio sannfun: H. xanonancn na ycfanocfi.
nom hpununa Ocyxnonuo. osmoxnocfi cocponofonuficn noi-
ko u paccnanonno (iO munyf).
2. Yhpaxnonuo onfnu u fpyxonuk. Oncnonuo, nwhonno-
nuo u ocyxnonuo (2O munyf).
J. Ionfoponuo yhpaxnonun Conokfop (5 munyf).
4. Coponnonanun n nwhonnonuu yxo hpounonnoio yhpaxnonun
Myxa. Iponanknafi sa fom, no ynof nu nunop nahpniafi-
cn (iO munyf).
5. Ayfoionnan fponuponka (5 munyf).
Iocno sannfuu nyxno ho nosmoxnocfu honpono sahucafi n nnon-
nuk nco, nfo hpoucxonuno no npomn coanca, hpoananusuponafi, nfo
us sanymannoio ynanoci, a nfo nof, kakuo nonwo momonfw nank-
nanuci. 3afom cnonyof sahucafi n nunnwo kapfw ynacfnukon nauo-
noo unfopocnoo us ux honononun u nwckaswnanuu, hpocnonufi ho
nunnwm kapfam nunamuky ocnoonun hcuxofoxnuku kaxnwm us ynac-
fnukon. Ipu nooxonumocfu moxno honiofonufi unnununyaninwo
nohpocw unu uncfpykuuu, ohpononufi noncnwo momonfw.
Koina kypc sannfuu sakonnon, nooxonumo nnoni ohpocufi yna-
cfnukon. Ofo moxno cnonafi hynunno (n hpucyfcfnuu ipyhhw) u
naonuno. cnu ohpoc nonaofcn hynunno, fo ipyhha kak w honno-
nuf ufoiu konnokfunnwx ycunuu; ocnu ofnofw nakfcn naonuno, kax-
nwu ofnufwnaofcn sa cnok unnununyaninyk paofy. Ipoxno ncoio
nyxno ofnofufi na nohpoc: Hfo hpunocnu mno fu sannfun ony-
muu nonxon honnocfu ufoiu, sanocfu ufoionyk ouonky n nunnyk
kapfy.
Iocno kypca xonafonino cocfanufi ofnof u n nom kpufunocku ouo-
nufi nocfuinyfoo na sannfunx, nwnnufi cnou hpomaxu u naxonku,
hohwfaficn ohpononufi honynonnwu qqokf. Iocnonnuu nohpoc
ocoonno cnoxon, hockoniky nu nhonafnonun ynacfnuka, nu hpon-
cfannonun fponopa, nu nuxaumuo chopfunnwo posynifafw no mo-
iyf ofpasufi ncox usmononuu, kofopwo hpousomnu co chopfcmonom
naionapn hcuxofoxnunockou paofo.
Hfak, mw pokomonnyom fponopy nocfu cnonykmyk nokymonfauuk:
nnonnuk (c hnanamu sannfuu u ofnofamu), nunnwo kapfw ynacfnu-
kon (n nux ofmonaofcn unnununyaninwu hpoipocc), xypnan hocomo-
nuu. konuo kypca cocfanufi omuu ofnof.
3A CTHAMH OAHH
3annfun okonnonw. 1ponuponku hpononxakfcn, coponnonanun
hpunuxakfcn, xusni unof. Cmoxof nu chopfcmon nwnocfu us foh-
nunnwx ycnonuu ipyhhonou paofw cqopmuponannwo hcuxofoxnunoc-
kuo ymonun o mnoiom fo sanucuf of noio, no n nom-fo u of fpo-
nopa. Hom moxno homoni
i. Ias n onny-nno nononu pacchpamunafi chopfcmona o oio pao-
fo nan hcuxofoxnunockou honiofonkou.
2. Ipononufi nmocfo c num ananus coponnonanuu hon hcuxono-
iunockum yinom sponun.
J. Ias n mocnu unfopoconaficn hcuxofoxnukou chopfcmona n wfy,
ynoo, no npomn ofnwxa.
co fu oconw hpu ncfponnom unfopoco akfunusupykf oio houck
u homoiakf anahfuponafi nwpaofannwo ymonun k poaninwm ycno-
nunm.
iJ?
Hpuaoenun
HHMb MOH4HKAUHH
HCHXOTXHHHCKHX YHAHHHH
1. Hn1cpnupniaunu. Ioanino nwhonnnomwo nomonfw yhpaxnonun
samonnkfcn na noopaxaomwo. pnno cnynaon nunousmononnoo fa-
kum opasom yhpaxnonuo, nahpumop nopnonuo noopaxaomwx hani-
uon (yhpaxnonuo i) unu ionopuponanuo fonohafunockux homox
(yhpaxnonuo i2), fpoyof iopasno onimou konuonfpauuu nnumanun,
noxonu hopnonananinwu napuanf.
Cxcva cuc1uunn {cv. c1p. 119)
Cocfonnuo Conopxanuo Ocnonnan Choco oo Cocfonnuo
no npomn cosnanun fpynnocfi hpoonononun hocno okonna-
yhpaxnonun nun coanca
bonpcfno- Okpyxakman Ofnnononun Cocponofo- Ownnoo co-
nanuo ocfanonka, nonuo u yc- cfonnuo unu
nochpunuma- hokoonuo noikoo yfom-
oman own- nonuo
no; ofnnoka-
kmuo mwcnu
pomofa Ayfoionnwo 3acwhanuo, Ipononxo- Ychokoonuo,
paspnnw hofopn nuo cnofa omymonuo
konfponn nwxanun ofnwxa unu
nooniman
connunocfi
Hcnwu Cnoxoo, 2onanuo bospasnun- Ionom cun,
hokou noownnoo ynopxafi noo, chokou- hokou,
nochpunfuo unu nwsnafi ofnomo- cnoxocfi,
okpyxakmoio cocfonnuo nuo k nomy ncnocfi
mupa nnoni
iJ8
2. Okc1cpnupniaunu. Onomonfw yhpaxnonun, nwhonnnomwo own-
no n ymo, nuo osnynunakfcn, nuo mafopuanusykfcn n noucfnu-
nx c poaninwmu hponmofamu. C homomik foio hpuoma okaswnaofcn
nosmoxnwm nwnoc nokofopwx hcuxunockux hpouoccon na nnomnuu
kpan (nahpumop, hpu osnynunanuu yhpaxnonun i unu 5), a fak-
xo ocymocfnnonuo nonymum na mafopuanusonannwx mononnx konfponn
sa noucfnunmu ynacfnukon (yhpaxnonun i6, i?).
J. Hn1cpucpcunanniaunu. Onomonfw yhpaxnonun, nwhonnnomwo
ownno onnum nononokom, pachpononnkfcn moxny nockonikumu
ynacfnukamu. Ofa monuqukauun hosnonnof, n nacfnocfu, nahpanufi
paofy n pycno nocfuxonun onoo inyokoio konfakfa n ipyhho
unfonnokfyaninoio (nahpumop, sahomunanuo ocfanonku onnum us
ynacfnukon u hoponana um ncou nooxonumou nnn nochpousnononun
unqopmauuu npyiomy n yhpaxnonunx 4i u 42), mouuonaninoio (pas-
nufuo nockonikumu ynacfnukamu onnou fomw n yhpaxnonunx 25 u 26;
yhpannonuo omymonunmu hapfnopa hocponcfnom mouuonanino na-
cwmonnwx kapfun n yhpaxnonunx J, i8, i) unu nnuiafoninoio
(nahpumop, nwhonnonuo yhpaxnonun i hpu chnofonuu haniuon no-
nou pyku onnoio ynacfnuka c haniuamu hpanou pyku npyioio).
4. Hn1paucpcunanniaunu. Yhpaxnonuo, nwhonnnomoo ownno
nockonikumu ynacfnukamu, nosnaiaofcn uonukom na onnoio nonono-
ka. 1akoo nunousmononuo hosnonnof cnonafi mnoiuo ipyhhonwo yh-
paxnonun hpuionnwmu nnn camocfonfoninou unnununyaninou paofw
(nahpumop, yhpaxnonun 2, 6, i5, i?, 26).
5. pava1niaunu. Yhpaxnonuo, nakmoo n xono uchonnonun no-
kofopwu nocfyhnwu nnn poiucfpauuu posynifaf, hponpamaofcn n
cocfnsanuo komann unu ofnoninwx ynacfnukon, cfpomnmuxcn hpo-
nsoufu npyi npyia n fom posynifafo. Iponmofom coponnonafoninou
opiw moiyf wfi ckopocfi, fonnocfi, ohpononnomoo chouuaninou
ipyhhou kchopfon kanocfno nwhonnonun yhpaxnonuu u npyiuo nos-
moxnwo hokasafonu. Ofof hpuom noponko oochonunaof onoo hon-
nyk nknknonnocfi ynacfnukon n paofy sa cnof coponnonafoninoio
mofuna, a fakxo hosnonnof cocponofonufi nnumanuo u ycunun ipyh-
hw na posynifafunnwx achokfax yhpaxnonuu.
b. C1uxac1niaunu. Hofkoo sakpohnonuo qynkuuu unu hopnnka ux
ocymocfnnonun sa ofnoninwmu ynacfnukamu samonnofcn cnynaunwm.
Hahpumop, nnuxonuo ho kpyiy n yhpaxnonunx i6, i?, 22, 2J u 2?
moxno hpoopasonafi n nnuxonuo ho nohponckasyomwm fpaokfopu-
nm, a ponu n yhpaxnonunx ?, i2, J5 u 45 nooxunanno hopopachpo-
nonnfi moxny ynacfnukamu ho xony camou uipw. Ofo nnocuf nomonf
nooxunannocfu, nwnyxnan kaxnoio us ynacfnukon noucfnonafi os
honiofonku.
iJ
7. Hivcncnnc kun1ckc1a yupaxncnnu. Yhpaxnonuo nwhonnnofcn
ownno c uonik pasnufun kakou-fo nhonno ohponononnou choco-
nocfu. Onnako hpakfunocku :uoe ynpunenue moxno uchonisonafi
nnn pasnufun :uou u: ncuxuueciux cnoconocmeu. nn foio cocfnon-
Hpuncvnau kap1a ucnxu1cxnn4ccknx yupaxncnn
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i4O
no foxnunockan nacfi yhpaxnonun opamnnofcn coofnofcfnykmumu
nnononuom u saknknonuom. 1ak, yhpaxnonun i6 u i? moxno uchoni-
sonafi no foniko nnn fponuponku noopaxonun, no u nnn chnononun
ipyhhw; yhpaxnonuo 4 na usupafoninocfi nnumanun moxof wfi
uchonisonano nnn pasnufun konfakfa, a konfakfnwo yhpaxnonun
J5 u J8, nahpofun, ionnfcn u nnn fponuponku nnumanun.
8. npnniaunu. Honwo uipw koncfpyupykfcn us nomonfon yxo
usnocfnwx yhpaxnonuu. osmoxnw, nahpumop, napuanfw, hpu
kofopwx onno yhpaxnonuo ncfannnofcn n cxomy npyioio n kanocfno
chouuqunockoio conopxanun (yhpaxnonuo 2 nnyfpu yhpaxnonun i2;
yhpaxnonuo i? nnyfpu yhpaxnonun 45) unu cponcfna (yhpaxnonun
26 u 2? nnyfpu yhpaxnonuu i8 u i). osmoxno fakxo hocnonona-
foninoo unu onnonpomonnoo hpumononuo cpasy nockonikux us ohu-
cannwx nwmo monuquuupykmux hpuomon k kakomy-fo onnomy yhpax-
nonuk.
9. Hvupunniaunu. Honwo hcuxofoxnunockuo uipw moiyf chonfan-
no nosnukafi n xono ipyhhonoio nsaumonoucfnun. 1akona, nahpumop,
uoipaqun mnoiux yhpaxnonuu nacfonmou knuiu. nannom cny-
nao ucfonnukom opuiunaninwx unou u foxnuk cfanonufcn xapakfop-
nan nnn ipyhhw nanokfpusonannocfi nonymoio u ynacfnukon nyxom
usopofafonicfna.
H3 OTHTA O CO8HO8AHHRX
HO HCHXOTXHHHCKOMY MHOO6ObK
8 KOMAH CO8MHHOO
HRTH6ObR UCKA
Coponnonanun hpononunuci c uonik honwmonun hcuxonoiunoc-
kou nanoxnocfu chopfcmonon na copo ho OI Kpacnan honn-
na, fypasa MO (4i nnnapn i8J i.).
1. 3avuccn. Opianusauun hcuxonoiunockou honiofonku chopfcmo-
non n qopmo coponnonanuu hponnoxona namu ho cnonykmum hpu-
nunam:
i) cymocfnonnan cnoxnocfi hponononun paofw ho hcuxonoiunoc-
kou honiofonko n chopfo nocoofnofcfnuo moxny poaninou mofuna-
uuou chopfcmona (opia, hpoonononuo hpohnfcfnuu) u nopmafun-
nou mofunauuou nknou, onnanonakmux hcuxofoxnunockumu mofona-
mu (hosnanuo, camoconopmoncfnonanuo). Onun us nosmoxnwx cho-
coon paspomonun foio hpofunoponun saknknaofcn n cosnanuu fa-
i4i
kou qopmw oynonun, kofopan hosnonnna w chopfcmony nknknaficn
n paofy ho onnanonuk hcuxofoxnukamu sa cnof hpoonanakmou co-
ponnonafoninou mofunauuu;
2) sanana hcuxonoiunockou honiofonku hnfuopua honwmonuo
oio hcuxonoiunockou nanoxnocfu, hosnonnkmou chopfcmony onoo
honno uchonisonafi cnou nosmoxnocfu n kaxnom us hnfu nunon u
naunynmum opasom canancuponafi posynifafw hnfu nnou. Icuxo-
noiunockan nanoxnocfi chopfcmona no mnoiom ohpononnofcn oio cho-
conocfik yhpannnfi cnoum honononuom, mwcnnmu u nyncfnamu n
kcfpomaninou coponnonafoninou cufyauuu. Ownno fa choconocfi
hpuxonuf nmocfo c ohwfom ynacfun n coponnonanunx, onnako on
hpuopofaofcn chopfcmonom nononino monnonno (okono iO cfapfon
sa coson). Kpomo foio, fpynno wnaof nwnnonufi cocfnonno hcu-
xonoiunockuo momonfw n coponnonanuu, hockoniky omuku n camo-
poiynnuuu nacfo mackupykfcn nwcokumu foxnunockumu u qusunoc-
kumu hokasafonnmu, a fakxo pasnunnwmu cnynaunwmu nacnoonunmu
na posynifaf. Chopfcmon, fakum opasom, okaswnaofcn n kpauno
safpynnufoninom honoxonuu hpu ananuso ufoion coponnonanun.
On no moxof onnosnanno ohpononufi, nfo oycnonnono yponnom
oio chopfunnou qopmw, nfo hpoonamu n foxnuko, a nfo no-
ymonuom nnanofi coou. cnu w ynanoci kakum-fo opasom ocnoo-
nufi coponnonanun of aiaxa foxnunockux nanwkon u ipysa qusunoc-
kou honiofonku, fo moxno wno w nanknafi opiy xapakfopon u
camoonananuu n nucfom nuno. C npyiou cfoponw, mononuponanuo
hcuxonoiunockux achokfon coponnonanun n hpouocco honiofonku no-
naof nosmoxnwm yckoponnoo hpuopofonuo chopfcmonamu ohwfa
camopoiynnuuu n kcfpomaninwx ycnonunx opiw;
J) onnou us akfyaninwx hponom hcuxonoiunockou honiofonku n
chopfo nnnnofcn hponoma coinaconanun cymocfnonno pasnunakmuxcn
hponcfannonuu, kofopwmu honisykfcn n cnoou paofo fponop u hcu-
xonoi. Coponnonafoninan qopma hcuxonoiunockou honiofonku, ho-
ponon hcuxofoxnunockou paofw na hpunwnnwu hnaunapm honnfuu
fponuponku, hpukunku, opiw cosnakf ynukaninyk nosmoxnocfi
nsaumohonumanun moxny fponopom, hcuxonoiom u chopfcmonom.
osnukaof nswk, hpunonnmuu chopfunnyk u hcuxonoiunockyk fop-
munonoiuk k omomy snamonafonk hcuxofoxnunockomy posynifa-
fy, kofopwu hcuxonoiom paccmafpunaofcn kak hokasafoni focfupo-
nanun, usmoponun ohponononnou choconocfu nononoka, a fpono-
pom kak nunnoo nocfuxonuo chopfcmona.
i42
Icuxofoxnunockuo coponnonanun, fakum opasom, nnnnkfcn
nonou qopmou opianusauuu hcuxonoiunockou honiofonku chopfcmo-
non, hosnonnkmou usoxafi fakux fpanuuuonnwx safpynnonuu hcu-
xonoiunockou paofw, kak noanoknafnocfi mofunam, ofopnannocfi
of coponnonafoninoio ohwfa u nocoofnofcfnuo chopfunnomy honnfuu-
nomy ahhapafy.
2. Ocymcc1nncnnc iavucna. nn poanusauuu namononnoio hnana
wn nwpan cop ho omou qusunockou honiofonko, no npomn ko-
fopoio moxno wno hpononufi oxonnonnwo hcuxofoxnunockuo sann-
fun os nopnnou hopoipysku chopfcmonon. Iaofa wna pasnonona na
fpu faha: honiofonka k coponnonanunm u hpukunku (5iJ nnnapn),
hponononuo coponnonanuu (i4i5 nnnapn), ufoionoo ocyxnonuo (i6
nnnapn).
o npomn honiofonku wno hpononono ? sannfuu nnufoninocfik
of 45 munyf no i,5 naca. Ha fux sannfunx chopfcmonw snakomunuci
c pasnunnwmu nunamu hcuxofoxnunockoio mnoioopin, a fakxo usy-
nanu hpuionnwo nnn uchonisonanun na coponnonanunx hcuxofoxnu-
ku. Iopon chopfcmonamu cfanunaci uoni naunynmum opasom hon-
iofonuficn k coponnonanunm, uchonisyn hponnaiaomwo na sannfunx
cponcfna. Yhpaxnonun ho onnanonuk foxnukamu akfunusauuu noo-
paxonun, nnumanun, mhafuu nopononanuci c kopofkumu cocfnsa-
nunmu n fom unu unom nacfnom yhpaxnonuu, u hoonufonk npynancn
hpus (knuia, mannapun, kapannam u f.h.). Iomumo yhpaxnonuu,
nohocponcfnonno nxonnmux n hpoipammy coponnonanuu, uchoniso-
nanuci fakxo nokofopwo nchomoiafoninwo foxnuku. xono honio-
fonku nanknancn ohponononnwu hpoipocc n uchonnonuu ynacfnu-
kamu coponnonafoninwx yhpaxnonuu. nokofopwx nunax on wn
snanufoninwm (nahpumop, sahomunanuo 2O cnon: n nanano sannfuu
iOi2 cnon, n konuo i82O), n npyiux noonimum (houck
uuqp).
Onnonpomonno co chouuaninou honiofonkou k coponnonanunm
nonaci paofa ho honwmonuk ux snanumocfu. 1ponopw ionopunu
chopfcmonam, nfo ho posynifafam mnoioopin onu ynyf cynufi o
hcuxonoiunockou nanoxnocfu; hpoxonuno saonnoo coponnonanuo
moxny fponopamu u chopfcmonamu n ofnoninwx nunax hpoipammw;
cfanunuci pokopnw ckopocfu hponfonun fanuuw Hynifo Inafo-
nona. Cnonom, k momonfy nanana coponnonanuu nokpyi hcuxofoxnu-
nockoio mnoioopin wn cosnan nocfafonnwu axuofax.
Coponnonanun hpononunuci n fononuo nnyx nnou. hpoipammy
wno nknknono 5 nunon, kofopwo ho ananoiuu c nunamu hnfuopin
i4J
wnu nasnanw Konkyp, oxfonanuo (hpononunuci n i-u noni),
Inananuo, Cfponia u Kpocc (2-u noni). Iosynifafw ho kax-
nomy us nunon ouonunanuci n onkax. Ioonufoni ohpononnncn ho
cymmo 5 nunon.
Xonuyp
Unucunue. Ha hnomanko 4Ox4O cm pasmomakfcn nopof, opa-
sonannwx hapou cfonmux na fopuo iunis of manokanuopnoio hafpo-
na, na paccfonnuo okono 2O munnumofpon. opofa pachonoxonw
fakum opasom, nfo mapmpyf pachpononon ho ncou foppufopuu hno-
manku. noo ynacfnukon cannfcn y cfona. Onun us nux (koni)
cfanuf n nanano mapmpyfa hophonnukynnpno k cfony kapannam.
Kapannam ynopxunaofcn sa nopxnkk nacfi hpanou pykou, inasa sak-
pwfw. fopou ynacfnuk (ncannuk) opofcn hpanou pykou sa kucfi
nonou pyku hapfnopa u hpu homomu nanannunanuu, cxafuu u f.h.
hwfaofcn yhpannnfi nnuxonuom kapannama. 3anana fou hapw sak-
nknaofcn n fom, nfow sa munumaninoo npomn hpoufu ykasannwu
cyninmu mapmpyf, no cnnuian iunisw (os honanon) u no hofnnn
hopon hpohnfcfnunmu (os sakunok). Iocno osnakomnonun c map-
mpyfom naofcn npomn na pasmunky.
Iapw ynacfnukon ohpononnkfcn xopoionkou. 3a hpoxoxnonuo
mapmpyfa sa 4O cokynn os omuok naofcn iiOO onkon. 3akunka u
honan ouonunakfcn n 5O mfpaqnwx onkon. Kaxnan cokynna pas-
nuuw posynifafa of 4O cokynn naof coofnofcfnonno hnkc unu munyc
5 onkon. Iosynifafw kaxnoio ynacfnuka ohpononnkfcn kak cponnoo
nnyx hohwfok: n kanocfno ncannuka u n kanocfno konn.
Hncmpyiuun ocu0nuiy. o npomn pasmunku cfpomufoci honcfpo-
uficn hon cnooio hapfnopa. Amhnufyna oio nnuxonuu moxof okasafi-
cn onimo unu monimo namou, ckopocfi poaiuponanun na hocwn
moxof cunino pasnuficn. Ho pasnpaxaufoci, ocnu nam kaxofcn, nfo
hapfnop poaiupyof no fak, a umufo honxonnmuu choco honynufi
xonaomwu posynifaf fo nynmo, nom hwfaficn hopononafi oio po-
akuuu. Hchwfaufo cnooio hapfnopa n pasnwx poxumax, nfow no
wno nooxunannocfou na mapmpyfo. Ocoonno naxno ohpononufi
xapakfop honononun hpu fopmoxonuu hopon nopofamu. Xopomo, ocnu
nam ynacfcn nacfoniko hponyncfnonafi hapfnopa, nfo nosnuknof
omymonuo nohocponcfnonnoio yhpannonun oio pykou. Ha mapmpyfo
coxpannufo chokoucfnuo u ynoponnocfi. Hoynoponnocfi hoponaofcn
i44
hapfnopy. Cfapaufoci nnuiaficn pannomopno, akkypafno hpoxonufo
nopofa.
Hncmpyiuun ionu. o ncom cfapaufoci ofnonafi fpoonanunm
hapfnopa. Ho noucfnyufo of con. Ho copnufoci, ocnu nam hapf-
nop okaxofcn cnumkom ipywm unu nopomufoninwm, noni onku
ynyf honononw hoponny. Coxpannufo na mapmpyfo fo xo pachono-
xonuo nyxa, nfo u na pasmunko. Cnonufo sa fom, nfow kapannam
wn pachonoxon cfpoio hophonnukynnpno k nocko: fo honwmaof
mancw hpoufu mapmpyf nucfo.
Kpa1kau nngupvaunu u xuc cupcnnunann
cannuk
Ck.
.
b.
H.
Cf.
Ynacfnuk
Ck.
.
b.
H.
Cf.
Hnfopocno ofmofufi, nfo n fom nuno, nocmofpn na cuninoo non-
nonuo, b. cmoina ycfanonufi konfakf c H. u hokasafi nynmuu po-
synifaf. Ynacfnuk . wn ocfopoxon u hponhonon hpooxafi nuc-
fo, hycfi naxo uonou onimoio npomonu. Cf. hponnuna nopox-
nocfi, hocfanun kapannam c naknonom: fo moino w yxynmufi oo
posynifaf. Ha hocnonnom mocfo okasancn chopfcmon, naumonoo cun-
fonnwu n ofnomonunx c nknimu, na hopnom nauonoo cunfonnwu.
Koni
.
b.
H.
Cf.
Ck.
pomn
4O,6
46,2
J5,J
J6,4
J6,4
Ionanw
u sakunku
i
O
i
i
2
Onku
iO4?
iO6
iO?4
iO68
iOi8
Onku
cannuk
iO4?
iO6
iO?4
iO68
iOi8
Koni
iOi8
iO4?
iO6
iO?4
iO68
Cponnoo
iOJ2,5
iO58
iO?i,5
iO?i
iO4J
Mocfo
V
III
I
II
IV
i45
Hexmoounue
Unucunue. Iacnopnunaofcn hono us comu knofok, pachonoxonnwx
n onun pnn. Ha uonfpaninyk knofky cfanufcn qumka. Kaxnomy yna-
cfnuky naofcn ho onomy u nopnomy kamnk. Io xpouk ohpononn-
ofcn, kfo us nnyx ynacfnukon hoonunka uipaof na conhanonuo, a kfo
na paccoinaconanuo. Io komanno apufpa, honakmoucn kaxnwo iO
cokynn, ynacfnuku nwknanwnakf na cfon ho onnomy kamnk. cny-
nao conhanonun ux unofon (nna onwx unu nna nopnwx kamnn) qumka
hoponnuiaofcn na onny knofky k ynacfnuky, uipakmomy na conhano-
nuo. cnynao paccoinaconanun unofon (nopnwu u onwu kamnu)
qumka hoponnuiaofcn na onny knofky k uipakmomy na paccoinaco-
nanuo. Honi kaxnoio uipoka nwnocfu qumky sa hpononw honn na
cnok cfopony, fo ocfi cosnafi oochonunakmuu hoony paspwn n
nofwpo nwuipwma.
Kaxnwu ynacfnuk ncfponaofcn c kaxnwm ho fpu pasa. o npomn
hoonunka paspomaofcn nonafi samonanun hpofunnuky u hanfomumu-
nocku nwpaxafi cnou nyncfna. 3a 8 hoon naofcn iOOO onkon, kax-
nan hoona, nonocfakman no foio posynifafa unu hponwmakman
oio, cfouf iOO onkon.
Hncmpyiuun. Io nosmoxnocfu usynaufo uipy namux cohopnukon.
Iocfapaufoci ofnofufi na cnonykmuo nohpocw:
i. Kakou unof on hponhonufaof nwupafi n nanano uipw
2. Hipaof nu on n cfuno nopononanun unu coxpanonun unofa
J. Monnof nu on cnok fakfuky y hocnonnou nopfw (hopon hoo-
nou unu hopaxonuom)
nanano hoonunka cfpomufoci no cfoniko k manonikum nwuipw-
mam, ckoniko k fomy, nfow houmafi nufi uipw, ynonufi opas
mwcnu u noucfnun hpofunnuka. nn foio hpoyufo yianafi oio nw-
op no foniko hopon namum nwopom, no u hocno noio. Ynopxunaufo
honumanuo hpoucxonnmoio, ocoonno n cnynao nnufoninou opiw.
Ho hwfaufoci honaiaficn na cnynau n kpufunockux cufyauunx opi-
w. Ohwf hokaswnaof, nfo on namo wnaof hpofun nac. Cmonoo
kchopumonfupyufo! osnoucfnyufo na cnooio hpofunnuka pasnwmu
chocoamu. Hahpumop, conofyufo omy, kakou unof nwupafi, co-
omaufo (hpanny unu noxi) o cnoom ynymom xono, nomoncfpafun-
no hopoxunaufo unu nonaufo nuuo nohponuuaomwm. cnu nw saxna-
fufo unuuuafuny, nam noino ynof nahpanufi uipy n nyxnoo pycno.
i46
Kpa1kau nngupvaunu u xuc cupcnnunann
Ynacfnuk
Ck.
.
b.
H.
Cf.
i
i n fanuuo oosnanaof nwuipwm hoonunka, O hpouipwm.
Iopon nananom nfopoio nuna nco ynacfnuku umonu pannwo man-
cw u hpononxanu opiy c fom xo pnonuom, nfo u n nanano copon-
nonanuu. nufoninocfi hoonunkon napiuponana of 4O cokynn no ?
munyf.
Ck., nanunan c hopnoio fypa u no konua coponnonanuu ho qox-
fonanuk, nomoncfpuponan npkuu, noownnwu cfuni honononun.
ofnunuo of ocfaninwx ynacfnukon, nnumafonino cnonnmux sa nwpa-
xonuom nuua cohopnukon, Ck. nomoncfpuponan honnoo ospasnu-
nuo. On nafnnyn na nuuo mopcfnnyk mahonky u no foniko no cmof-
pon na konkyponfa, no u no hosnonnn omy sainnnyfi coo n inasa.
Ck. nacfoniko nxonun n cnok uipy, nfo n cnynao nwuipwma nacfo
naxo no hopocfannnn qumky. io nun y mnoiux nwswnan nonoymo-
nuo. Hokofopwo ynacfnuku fpoonanu, nfow on cnnn cnok mahon-
ky. Ho Ck. ocfanancn nohponuuaomwm. Ha myfku n cnou anpoc Ck.
no ofnonan. Onnum cnonom, c camoio nanana on noucfnonan ncom na
nopnw.
Conopmonno hpofunohonoxnwu cfuni honononun wn nwpan
chopfcmonkou Cf. Ona akfunno ynacfnonana no nsaumonoucfnunx c
hpofunnukom, hocfonnno ofhyckana myfku, yionapunana, cmomu-
na, nopiana hapfnopon. Hahpumop, ona moina ckasafi: Hy, ynw-
nuci! of xopomo. (wuipwm.) Hy-ka, omo pasok ynwnuci! unu:
Iocfani, hoxanyucfa, nopnwu. Chacuo! (Ipofunnuk cfanuf o-
nwu u hpouipwnaof.) Ha hpofnxonuu ncoio cocfnsanun Cf. coxpa-
nnna noconoo, ho-chopfunnomy snoo nacfpoonuo, nomoncfpafunno
oiopnanci hpouipwmy, panynci nwuipwmy, nanan cnoonnwu nwxon
cnoum hopoxunanunm. honononuu Cf. wn onun npkuu momonf,
xapakfopnwu nnn ncoio oo cfunn. Onnonpomonno c cohopnukom ona
knana sakpwfyk nanoni kamnom na cfon. Io komanno apufpa hpo-
funnuk ofkpwnan cnou kamoni a Cf. ofkpwnana oio foniko n fom
Ck.

OiO
Oii
iOO
OOO
.
iOi
i

Oii
iOi
Oii
b.
iOO
iOO

iOi
iii
H.
Oii
OiO
OiO

Oii
Cf.
iii
iOO
OOO
iOO

Ioona
8
4
5
6
?
Onku
iOOO
6OO
?OO
8OO
OO
Mocfo
I
V
IV
III
II
i4?
cnynao, ocnu nwuipwnana. cnynao hpouipwma ona numi usnanana
cfon pasonaponanun, u hpofunnuk noianwnancn o ucxono hohwfku.
Camwm noynonwm nnn Cf. okasancn conopmonno nohponuuaomwu
Ck., kofopomy ona hpouipana nco fpu on, a camou ynonou cun-
fonnan, conyncfnykman u ofkpwfan b. (y noo Cf. nwuipana c cy-
xum cnofom). Iocno coponnonanuu Cf. ckasana, nfo hopnwu fyp ona
paccmafpunana kak pasnonky, hofomy cnou nynmuo posynifafw ona
hokasana no nfopom u fpofiom fypax.
Chopfcmonka H. hpomna hopnwu fyp os hopaxonuu. Ona iuh-
nofusuponana cnoux hpofunnukon chokounou ynoponnocfik. o nfo-
pom fypo b., okasanmancn hocno nofwpox hopaxonuu n hopnom fypo
n ononi fpynnom honoxonuu, no no hofopnnman nonk k hoono,
cmoina pasnonfi muq o nohoonumocfu H. Ynoponnocfi H. wna
honopnana, nfo hpunono oo k nofwpom hopaxonunm no nfopom fypo.
Hauounue
Unucunue. nn nocfuxonun posynifafa n fom yhpaxnonuu noo-
xonumo ymofi yhpannnfi nacfofou copnonnwx cokpamonuu, nwswnan
n cnoom noopaxonuu nosyxnakmuo unu ychokaunakmuo kapfunw.
Apufp honcnufwnaof konunocfno ynapon hynica sa 2O cokynn. 3a-
fom honaofcn komanna osyxnonuo!, u nopos munyfy, n fononuo
kofopou nakfcn hponyhpoxnakmuo cuinanw (sa JO, 2O u iO cokynn
no konua paofw), hpousnonufcn nfopou samop nacfofw hynica.
Iocno foio cnonyof komanna Ychokoonuo!, a nopos munyfy fpo-
fuu samop nacfofw copnonnwx cokpamonuu. Iasnuua moxny hopnwm
u nfopwm samopamu (nosyxnonuo) cknanwnaofcn c pasnuuou moxny
nfopwm u fpofium samopamu (ychokoonuo), u ho cymmo nanucnnkf-
cn onku. Cymmapnan pasnuua n i5 ynapon ouonunaofcn n iOOO onkon,
u kaxnwu ynap pasnuuw of foio posynifafa coofnofcfnonno hnkc
unu munyc 5O onkon.
Hncmpyiuun. o npomn honiofonku u hopnoio samopa hocfapaufoci
makcumanino paccnauficn. Ocoonno fmafonino paccnaifo mwm-
uw nuua u hnon. Ychokoufoci, hponcfanifo coo nfo-nuyni ycwh-
nnkmoo u osmnfoxnoo. o npomn nosyxnonun noopasufo fo, nfo
ownno nwswnaof y nac cuninoo nonnonuo: coponnonanuo, npaky,
hoxap u f.h. knknan noopaxonuo, nanunaufo c manonaxnwx,
nfopocfohonnwx nofanou u ocfonfonicfn: nama onoxna, okpyxak-
man ocfanonka, snyku, sahaxu, ocnomonuo u f.h. Iponcfanifo nco
i48
ononi honpono u xuno fo homoxof honopufi n noucfnufoninocfi
nwmwcna. umi hocno foio hopoxonufo k nonnykmum kapfunam u
cowfunm: nac nwswnakf na cfapf unu honxonnf fpoo n kypfkax u f.h.
onnonuo nonxno nocfuni makcumyma n momonf nfopoio samopa hyni-
ca. Ipu honfopnom ychokoonuu cnanana paspomufo nonnykmyk
cufyauuk: coponnonanun okonnunuci, npaka okasanaci npyxockum
poswipwmom, hoxap hofymon, a hofom nnoni paccnaifoci u mwc-
nonno hoipysufoci n ychokaunakmyk kapfuny. Ho hopoycopncfnyu-
fo n hponcfannonuu nonnykmux cowfuu: hynic moxof no ychofi yc-
hokouficn sa munyfy.
Kpa1kau nngupvaunu u xuc cupcnnunannn
Ynacfnuku
Ck.
.
b.
H.
Cf.
Cf., nxonnman n nunupykmyk ipyhhy, no cmoina chpanuficn c
hponcfapfonou nuxopankou u umona n nanano yhpaxnonun camwu
nacfwu hynic. Ocfaninwo ynacfnuku hokasanu posynifafw n coofnof-
cfnuu co cnoumu choconocfnmu k yhpannonuk noiofafunnwmu qyn-
kuunmu.
1mpeaobu
Unucunue. fom mnomofoxnunockom yhpaxnonuu ynacfnuky
hponnaiaofcn sahomnufi pnn us 2O cnon. Cnona nwupakfcn opas-
nwo, oosnanakmuo noiko hponcfanumwo hponmofw. 1omh sanufw-
nanun pnna onno cnono n 5 cokynn. Iocno foio kak cnona sanufa-
nw, ynacfnuky naofcn 2 munyfw, nfow sahucafi nco, nfo on
sahomnun. 3a i8 hpanunino nochpousnononnwx cnon naofcn iOOO
onkon. Kaxnoo cnono pasnuuw of foio posynifafa cfouf iOO onkon.
Mocfo
IV
I-II
I-II
III
V
3amopw
i-u
25
24
2J
2J
2
2-u
Ji
J6
J5
J4
2?
J-u
24
25
24
2J
22
osyx-
nonuo
6
i2
i2
ii
2
Iokou
?
ii
ii
ii
5
Cymma
iJ
2J
2J
22
J
Onku
OO
i4OO
i4OO
iJ5O
4OO
i4
3a fo, nfo nna coconnux n pnny cnona nochpousnonnfcn n sahucu yna-
cfnuka n fom xo hopnnko, naofcn nohonnufonino 5 onkon.
Hncmpyiuun. Iopon nananom yhpaxnonun xonafonino ychokoufi-
cn, ypafi hocfoponnuo mwcnu u nacfpouficn na nohpunyxnonnoo
ocfpoymnoo qanfasuponanuo. o npomn nfonun cnon nynmo ncoio
npko hponcfannnfi coofnofcfnykmuo um hponmofw u cnnswnafi ux n
cowfun mynifuhnukauuonnoio qunima. Hahpumop, fpamnau-ny-
nok-nopona moiyf hpunocfu k cuonapuk fakoio mynifqunima: fpam-
nau c ipoxofom nkafwnaofcn n oipomnwu nynok, onof nnyfpu noio,
paspwnaof nocok, u oio! on hponpafuncn n nopony, c kapkaniom
nwnofakmyk us nwpku. cnu qanfasuu no xnafaof na cosnanuo
mynifqunima, paccfannnufo noopaxaomwo hponmofw ho kakomy-
nuyni xopomo usnocfnomy mapmpyfy unu snakomou komnafo. Koina
hohanakfcn monkuo hponmofw, ynonununaufo ux pasmopw: nahopcfok
cnonaufo nonununou c onky, uiny co mhaiy u f.h. Ofo homoxof
nam naufu hponmofw hpu nochomunanuu. am npai nomop onun
ofnnononuo mwcnou. pai nomop nna nonnonuo, nokupykmoo
qanfasuk.
o npomn sahucu, ocnu hofopnnu hocnononafoninocfi, nanunau-
fo c nkoio cnona.
Ofnannuo, oxnafunmoo chopfcmonky Cf. hocno fpofioio nuna,
hpunono k honnomy pasnany foxnuku n fom yhpaxnonuu. 3ahomu-
nan na fponuponkax i82O cnon, ona okasanaci aconkfno nocho-
conou k paofo na coponnonanunx. fom, nunumo, ckasanoci
ofcyfcfnuo ohwfa ynacfun n coponnonanunx ho hnfuopik, of kofo-
poio sanucuf ymonuo no ofnaunaficn hocno ofnoninwx noynan, a ox-
nafwnafi nco hnfi nunon onnonpomonno.
. xopomo nacfpouncn u hokasan cnou nynmuu posynifaf. H.
ocfananaci chokounou u hponomoncfpuponana fo, nfo ownno hoka-
swnana na fponuponkax. Hauonoo unfopocnwm wno nwcfyhnonuo
chopfcmonku b. Ona umona nocfafonnyk honiofonky nnn nomoncf-
pauuu aconkfnoio posynifafa. Onnako hpucymuo ou copannocfi
u cocponofononnocfi cocnyxunu ou n fom fonkom yhpaxnonuu hno-
xyk cnyxy. ono n fom, nfo cnona sahomunakfcn no mnoiom na-
ionapn iukou, packpohomonnou qanfasuu. o npomn sanufwnanun
chucka nyxno cosnanafi copuk npkux, noownnwx opason, nohpo-
pwnno fnopn mynifuhnukauuonnwu qunim. Cocponofononnocfi u
copannocfi b. okasanu nokupykmoo noucfnuo na oo qanfasuk,
ckonan honof noopaxonun. posynifafo nocfuxonun b. okasanuci
nuxo ownnoio. Ona sawna cnona us nanana chucka umonno n
i5O
fom mocfo chofknynaci oo qanfasun. Onnako, onnanon coou, b.
cmoina xopomo chpanuficn c ocfafkom sananun.
Kpa1kau nngupvaunu u xuc cupcnnunannn
Ynacfnuku
Ck.
.
b.
H.
Cf.
Xpocc
Unucunue. Ha nucfo ymaiu n fanuuo ? x ? pachonoxono 4 nu-
con of 4J no i. ucf noxuf pyamkou nnopx. Io komanno apuf-
pa chopfcmon hoponopanunaof nucf, ofwckunan i, ykaswnaof na noio
kapannamom u hpousnocuf ncnyx: onnnocfo onun. 3afom ofwc-
kunaof nucna O, 8 u fak nanoo no 4J. 3amopnofcn npomn nwhonno-
nun ncoio sananun. Iosynifaf J munyfw 4O cokynn naof iOOO onkon.
Kaxnan cokynna pasnuuw of foio posynifafa cfouf 5 onkon. Iopon
nananom coponnonanuu naofcn nosmoxnocfi pasmnficn na nkou
fanuuo, kpomo fou, nfo nwhana ho xpouk.
Hncmpyiuun. Iaofan c fanuuou, cfpomufoci oxnafufi nsinnnom
cpasy nockoniko nucon. Iocnononafoninwu houck, ocnonannwu na
hopoopo ncox snakon, caman monnonnan fakfuka. oucfnyufo w-
cfpo, no os cyofw. Ho nopnnunaufo u no oiopnaufoci, ocnu no
moxofo cpasy naufu nucno. Iocfapaufoci nnoni mupoko u chokou-
no hpocmofpofi nck fanuuy. Iokasan nucno, yopufo pyky c kapan-
namom ona moxof saiopaxunafi nam osop. Io xony houcka ofmo-
naufo nucna, kofopwo moiyf hpuionuficn na nuxaumux J4 maiax.
co npomn coxpannufo cnoxocfi u ocfpofy, no honnanaufoci ycfa-
nocfu.
Cnona
i8
i8
i?
2O
iO
Iopnnok
i6
i6
i5
i
J
Onku
iO8O
iO8O
?5
i25
2i5
Mocfo
II-III
II-III
IV
I
V
i5i
Kpa1kau nngupvaunu u xuc cupcnnunann
Ynacfnuku
Ck.
.
b.
H.
Cf.
Hauonimuu unfopoc hponcfannnkf cowfun, hpoucmonmuo co
chopfcmonom Ck. mo no npomn fponuponok on nanan saonnoo co-
ponnonanuo c fponopom Cn., kofopomy hpunannoxan pokopn n fom
yhpaxnonuu 2.5J. Ck. n onnou us fponuponok houn fof pokopn,
hokasan npomn 2.28. wson wn hpunnf Cn., kofopwu nopos noko-
fopoo npomn hocfanun nonwu pokopn i.58. Ck. yfnopxnan, nfo
cmoxof hponsoufu fo nocfuxonuo. o npomn pasmunku on wn n
nosyxnonnom, oonom nacfpoonuu u hokasan nonukonohnwu posyni-
faf 2.Oi. Iocno foio kak hpofonnonfka na hoony H. okonnuna
nucfanuuk, on honcnufan, nfo hpu posynifafo okono 2 munyf on
cmoxof cfafi hoonufonom hcuxofoxnunockoio mnoioopin. Ioona
cnofuna omy, on nco onoo nnoxnonnnncn, no... nunumo, hopoio-
pon. Hanan nucfanuuk n ofnunnom fomho, on nooxunanno sahnyn-
cn na ?5 u uckan fo snohonynnoo nucno onoo munyfw. Ofnannmuci,
on cfan chpamunafi okpyxakmux: cfi nu snoci ?5 u hocno
yfnopnufoninoio ofnofa nanan ho onnomy hpocmafpunafi nco nucna,
hoka no nafknyncn na ?5. Hacfpoonuo wno uchopnono, npomn hpo-
uipano, u Ck., onanafoni nynmoio npomonu, okasancn hocnonnum.
Iaccfpoucfno u hoponahpnxonuo hpunonu k fomy, nfo Ck. hopomon
of camou nwionnou fakfuku onnonpomonnoio houcka ho ncou fa-
nuuo k hocnononafoninomy ckanuponanuk nucon.
H. coxpannna ynoponnocfi u chokoucfnuo nyxa u hocfanuna nun-
nwu pokopn. b. yxo no moina paccnufwnafi na hoony u nwuipana
nun. Cf. cmonuna uoni ona hopocfana cfpomuficn k hoono, u oo
ochokouno numi fo, nfow no okasaficn hocnonnou. Hocnacfio Ck.
chacno oo of foio.
,unu+uiu opii no ou0u+ (hocno kaxnoio nuna coomanuci po-
synifafw cymm) wna fakona:
Mocfo
V
III
I
II
IV
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Kpnn Haxoioe
3AHATLLHL
AYTOTLHH
ip n ynpaueuns
e oy-eunn :exunke
peakcaunn
i55
88HH
Hacfonman knuia hponcfannnof coou copnuk yhpaxnonuu u uip,
hponnasnanonnwx nnn oynonun mwmonnomy paccnanonuk (ponak-
cauuu). Anpoconana ona hpohonanafonnm quskynifypw, fponopam,
uncfpykfopam ipyhh snoponin, a fakxo npanam u hcuxonoiam, pao-
fakmum n onacfnx hcuxohpoqunakfuku, hcuxonoiunockou koppok-
uuu u hcuxonoiunockou pasipysku. Ocnonnou onacfik hpunoxonun
nknknonnwx n copnuk yhpaxnonuu nnnnofcn oynonuo nananam ayfo-
ionnou fponuponku.
Ayfoionnan fponuponka nauonoo hohynnpnwu mofon conpomon-
nou hpakfunockou hcuxonoiuu. O nom cnwmanu nco, nufanu ononi
mnoiuo. H nco onimo cfanonufcn fox, kfo omymaof nacfonfoninyk
hofponocfi n hpakfunockom onnanonuu ayfofponuniom. Cosnannan
honnoka nasan nnn nyxn monuuunw, coionnn ayfoionnan fponupon-
ka mainyna nanoko sa hpononw npanonwx kaunofon. Ha hpousnon-
cfno cosnakfcn komnafw hcuxonoiunockou pasipysku, chouuanucfw
ho poiynnuuu hcuxunockoio cocfonnun honnnnkfcn n chopfunnwx
komannax, ayfoionnan fponuponka cfanonufcn omohpusnannou u
nosamonumou, hcuxoiuiuonou ownonnou xusnu. Cnnsano fo
hpoxno ncoio c fom, nfo sananu ayfofponunia, fakuo kak cnnfuo
nopnno-hcuxunockou nahpnxonnocfu, wcfpoo noccfanonnonuo cun,
yhpannonuo cnoumu mouuonaninwmu cocfonnunmu u np., nonxnw
pomaficn coionnn n camwx pasnunnwx cqopax nonfoninocfu.
Hsnoxum kpafko nokofopwo cnononun o ayfofponunio u cxonnwx
c num foxnukax camopoiynnuuu. iJ2 i. nwmno hopnoo usnanuo
knuiu nomoukoio hcuxuafpa Hoianna Ionpuxa Hyniua Ayfoionnan
fponuponka. Hnpo cucfomw Hyniua cocfannnnu mocfi hocnonona-
fonino pasynunaomwx yhpaxnonuu, nasnannwx um 1ohno, 1n-
xocfi, Copnuo, wxanuo, 2unof u o. Ocnaunan hop-
noo yhpaxnonuo, hauuonf nonxon wn n fononuo JO6O cokynn
cocponofonunafi nnumanuo na kakou-nuyni nacfu fona, nahpumop
na hpanou pyko, u mnoiokpafno honfopnfi hpo con qopmyny: Ipa-
nan pyka fohnan, hpanan pyka fohnan, hpanan pyka fohnan... Hockoni-
ko nnou poiynnpnwx mukposannfuu hpunocunu posynifaf: pyka nou-
i56
cfnufonino nanunana cnymaficn u cfanonunaci fohnou. Iocno foio
hopon hauuonfamu cfanunaci sanana naynuficn coiponafi cunou camo-
nnymonun nonyk pyky, oo pyku cpasy, noiu u, nakonou, nco fono.
Iocnonykmuo yhpaxnonun ayfofponunia ocnaunanuci cxonnwm o-
pasom. 3ahyckan onny sa npyiou mocfi qopmyn ayfofponunia, sanu-
makmuocn nononino wcfpo okaswnanuci n cocfonnuu ofpomonnoc-
fu of nnomnoio mupa, honyonpcfnonanun-honycna. Ipu fom
hpoucxonuno omoo osnoponnonuo opianusma, nopmanusauun pufmon
nwxanun u copnua.
Han mocfik ocnonnwmu yhpaxnonunmu ayfoionnou fponuponku
nancfpaunanuci npyiuo hpuomw camopoiynnuuu. Kak foniko opianusm
naynuncn honumafi u nwhonnnfi mwcnonnwo hpukasw, cfanonunoci
nosmoxnwm nahpannonnoo nmomafonicfno n napymonnyk onosnik
qynkuuk foio unu unoio opiana. nn foio uchonisykfcn chouu-
anino honopannwo npanom nononwo qopmynw. C ux homomik cfa-
no nosmoxnwm fakxo yhpannnfi manonocfyhnwmu ownnomy konfpo-
nk nnnonunmu hcuxunockou xusnu nyncfnamu, hpunwnkamu,
xonanunmu. Ayfoionnan fponuponka ohpononunaci yxo kak mofon no
foniko nononun, no u camonochufanun, usxunanun nponnwx hpunw-
nok u nopf xapakfopa.
K nacfonmomy npomonu cnoxunoci mnoxocfno monuqukauuu mo-
fona Hyniua. hocfpou kapfuno pasnwx, honnac naxo mano hoxo-
xux onna na npyiyk ayfoionnwx fponuponok moxno nwnonufi nockoni-
ko ocnonnwx nahpannonuu yconopmoncfnonanun foio mofona
(foxnuku). 1ak, okasanoci nosmoxnwm snanufonino yckopufi oy-
nonuo nanwky nwswnafi fohno u fnxocfi, ocnu uchonisonafi chouu-
aninwo qusunockuo yhpaxnonun na hponnapufoninoo nahpnxonuo
mwmu. Ofo cnnsano c fom, nfo hocno nahpnxonun fou unu unou
mwmuw sakonomopno nacfyhaof oo paccnanonuo. A omymonuo foh-
na u fnxocfu kak pas u nnnnofcn cyokfunnwm nwpaxonuom foio,
nfo mwmua paccnanona.
mo onoo noucfnonnwm nnn mnoiux nknou okasancn hopoxon c
nswka cnonocnwx qopmyn ayfofponunia na nswk npkux opason u
mofaqop. Hahpumop, hpu cocponofononuu nnumanun na hponcfan-
nonuu pasposannoio, ucfokakmoio cokom numona y nononoka fyf xo
nannofcn ouninoo cnknoofnononuo. 1akan nwpaxonnan poakuun
opianusma no nocfuiaofcn nu ycunuom nonu, nu camoyionopamu. Ha
fom qqokfo u ocnonano uchonisonanuo noopaxonun no mnoiux
napuanfax ayfofponunia.
i5?
Kpomo foio, n ocnoonuu foxnuk camopoiynnuuu moxno ohupafi-
cn na mupokoo uchonisonanuo na nananinwx fahax oynonun cno-
nocnwx nnymonuu npana unu uncfpykfopa fak naswnaomwu iofopof-
ponuni.
mo onna nofni mofonon camopoiynnuuu cnnsana c nocfuxonunmu
conpomonnou nokfponuku. nonononockom opianusmo hpofokaof
mnoxocfno hpouoccon, kofopwo mw no omymaom u n xon kofopwx no
moxom nmomunaficn. o mnoiux cnynanx, onnako, fakoo nmomafoni-
cfno cfanonufcn xonafoninwm u naxo nooxonumwm. Honi foxnuku
camopoiynnuuu naynufi nononoka honnunnfi noyhpannnomwo of-
hpannonun opianusma cnoomy nononomy konfponk. Ho fak nanno yno-
nwmu wno cnonano samonafoninoo ofkpwfuo: nnn foio nfow na-
ynuficn hpousnonino poiynuponafi nnyfponnuo hpouoccw, nocfafon-
no... cnonafi ux nunumwmu unu cnwmumwmu. nn foio uchonisy-
kfcn nokfponnwo hpuopw, hpoopasykmuo usmononun qusuono-
iunockux hokasafonou n nohocponcfnonno nochpunumaomwu cuinan.
Hanknan, nahpumop, sa cfponkou hpuopa, honknknonnoio k fou
unu unou nacfu fona, nononok nononino wcfpo namyhwnaof choco
sa cnof kakux-fo nnyfponnux ycunuu cmomafi cfponky na mkano, a
fom camwm yhpannnfi cfonmum sa nou qusuonoiunockum hpouoccom.
Onokfponnwo homomnuku hosnonnkf naynuficn yhpannnfi no foni-
ko fonycom mwmu, no u kponnnwm nannonuom, nokfpunockou ak-
funnocfik mosia u f.n.
honannnkmom onimuncfno pasnunnwx napuanfon ayfofponunia
uchonisyofcn inyokoo paccnanonuo ncox mwmu fona. Onnako ho-
ucfuno omum snamonafonom ncox ayfoionnwx mofonuk nnnnofcn no-
cfuxonuo fak naswnaomoio ponakcauuonnoio cocfonnun, hpu kofo-
pom xapakfopnan nnn cna safopmoxonnocfi nopnnou cucfomw
conofaofcn c hpucymou onpcfnonanuk ncnocfik u nohpopwnnocfik
cosnanun. Hmonno n ponakcauuonnom cocfonnuu sakonomopno nos-
nukakf ocnonnwo qqokfw ayfofponunia: noccfanonnonuo cun, cnn-
fuo mouuonaninoio nosyxnonun, nosmoxnocfi yhpannnfi hpouoc-
camu opianusma u hcuxuku c homomik mwcnonnwx camohpukason u
f.h. Iaccmofpum honponoo hcuxoqusuonoiunockuo moxanusmw ayfo-
ionnou fponuponku.
Iopnwu u camwu hpocfou us nux cocfouf n fom, nfo ayfoionnan
fponuponka fo onnonpomonno u fponuponka n hopoknknonuu u
cocponofononuu nnumanun. Honisn nymafi cpasy o mnoiom, nonisn
hopoxunafi ho honony cpasy nockonikux pasnunnwx nomou. numa-
nuo nononoka umoof oipanunonnwu oom, u ocnu ynaofcn sahonnufi
i58
oio nom-fo onnum, fo npyioo yxo hpocfo no homomaofcn. Iofomy
koina ookfom namoio nnufoninoio cocponofononun cfanonnfcn
omymonun fona, fo nnumanuo, konuonfpupynci na nux, kak w of-
knknaofcn of ncoio ocfaninoio. 3a cnof onnou foniko konuonfpauuu
nnumanun moxno ocfanonufi hofok noiafunnwx hopoxunanuu, ko-
fopwu n hpofunnom cnynao nanunaof pacfu kak cnoxnwu kom.
o npomn sannfuu ayfofponuniom hapannonino c hopoknknonuom
nnumanun cpaafwnaof moxanusm ocnooxnonun of mwmonnwx sa-
xumon. Icuxunockan xusni nononoka focno cnnsana c cocfonnuom
oio opianusma. Inon, nonnonuo unu pasnpaxufoninan ycfanocfi co-
hponoxnakfcn ownno cuninwm nahpnxonuom mwmu pyk, nuua u
mou. Cymocfnyof u opafnan sanucumocfi: paccnannn ipyhhw ho-
ponahpnxonnwx mwmu, mw hpounaom fom camwm pomi n uono-
cfnom mouuonanino-fonocnom cocfonnuu nahpnxonnocfu, pacma-
fwnaom u pasnanunaom oio.
Ho inannwo qqokfw ayfofponunia ocnonanw na cnuxonuu yponnn
onpcfnonanun. Ypononi onpcfnonanun ohpononnofcn mocfom hcu-
xoqusuonoiunockoio cocfonnun nononoka n pnny, nnxnc rpannuc
kofopoio ynof inyokuu con, ncpxnc nspwn nsomonnwx mouuu,
a upuvcxy1u4nuvn fonkamu honynpoma, chokoucfnuo, nacfopo-
xonnocfi u f.h. Ypononi onpcfnonanun naxonufcn n hpnmou sanu-
cumocfu of hpufoka nopnnwx umhynicon, unymux of hopuqopuu
nopnnou cucfomw k iononnomy mosiy. Hcfonnuku nosyxnakmou
umhynicauuu fo nosnoucfnuo poskoio snyka na opian cnyxa, cno-
fa na inas. Hahpnxonnan mwmua fakxo nnnnofcn momnwm ionopa-
fopom hononwx umhynicon. Ynonan hosa, fumuna, sakpwfwo inasa
u cyxonnwu oom nnumanun nco fo posko oipanununaof hpufok
nosyxnakmux cuinanon. Yinynonnoo paccnanonuo mwmu hopokpw-
naof hocnonnuu kanan nosyxnonun. Iononnou mosi hpuxonuf n co-
cfonnuo safopmoxonnocfu, ypononi onpcfnonanun hanaof. Ofo u ocfi
ponakcauuonnoo cocfonnuo. A nom nuxo ypononi onpcfnonanun, fom
hnacfunnoo opianusm, fom n onimou cfohonu honnaofcn on nnymo-
nunm u camonnymonunm. fom nofpynno yonuficn, ocnu cpan-
nufi, nahpumop, cuny nosnoucfnun kakou-nuo noopaxaomou ohac-
nocfu n cocfonnuu cna u n cocfonnuu ownnoio onpcfnonanun.
Iponcfannonnwu nanny opas oinonwmamoio npakona npnn nu sac-
fanuf copnuo uficn namo. Ho, nnunmuci no cno, fa xo kapfuna
nwsonof n opianusmo uonyk ypk pasnoopasnwx poakuuu.
1akum opasom, inyokoo mwmonnoo paccnanonuo cnuxaof ypo-
noni onpcfnonanun, hopocfpaunaof poxum paofw nopnnou cucfo-
i5
mw u nonaof opianusm onoo nyfkum k mwcnonninn hpukasam. Of-
kpwnaofcn nosmoxnocfi yhpannnfi nonocfyhnwmu hpoxno pwnaiamu
fona u hcuxuku. mocfo c fom ycfanonnono, nfo nwsnannoo paccna-
nonuom ponakcauuonnoo cocfonnuo camo ho coo nnnnofcn nwcoko-
qqokfunnwm cponcfnom noccfanonnonun nopiofuku nopnnou cuc-
fomw u ncoio opianusma.
Hanwk paccnanonun mwmu, pasnufuo kofopoio nnnnofcn uonik
hpunononnwx n nacfonmou knuio yhpaxnonuu, uonfpaninoo sno-
no ayfoionnou fponuponku. 1oxnuka ponakcauuu ocnaunaofcn n yh-
paxnonunx kak camocfonfoninwu hpuom camopoiynnuuu u onnonpo-
monno kak qynnamonf nnn onnanonun onoo cnoxnwm nomonfom
ayfofponunia foxnukou camonnymonun. Hipw u yhpaxnonun y-
nyf honosnw ncom, komy ho pony cnoou nonfoninocfu hpuxonufcn
oynafi nknou hpuomam camopoiynnuuu. 1ponop u chopfunnwu hcu-
xonoi, nahpumop, cmoiyf uchonisonafi hponnoxonnwo hpuomw n
honiofonko chopfcmonon nnn qopmuponanun y nux ymonuu wcfpo
noccfanannunafi cunw n hopuonw unfoncunnwx qusunockux naipysok,
cnumafi uswfonnoo nopnno-hcuxunockoo nahpnxonuo hopon copon-
nonanunmu. Cofpynnuky Cnyxw snoponin n nyso nknknonnwo n
copnuk yhpaxnonun ynyf honosnw hpu opianusauuu mop hpoqu-
nakfuku ynonwx hopoipysok, a hcuxonoiy na hpousnoncfno n hon-
iofonko paofnukon hponhpunfun k camocfonfoninwm hocomonunm
kaunofon hcuxonoiunockou pasipysku.
knuio paccmafpunakfcn mofonuku konnokfunnoio oynonun,
hofomy ona ynof honosna hpoxno ncoio fom, kfo umoof nono c ipyh-
hamu unu konnokfunamu. mocfo c fom nacfi yhpaxnonuu hpu
nokofopou monuqukauuu unu naxo os noo moxof wfi uchoniso-
nana u fomu, kfo ocnaunaof hpuomw ponakcauuu u ayfofponunia ca-
mocfonfonino.
1oxnunockan cfopona nwhonnonun kaxnoio yhpaxnonun usnoxo-
na nocfafonno honpono, cqopmynuponanw hpunuuhw ux honopa n
pamkax ofnoninoio sannfun unu kypca oynonun n uonom. Onnako
hpoipamma hponononun ynonwx sannfuu no hpunonufcn. o hocfpo-
onuo n kaxnom konkpofnom cnynao ocfaofcn sananou nnn camocfon-
foninoio pomonun u hponhonaiaof nocfafonnyk honiofonnonnocfi
nufafonn. Iofomy nauonimuu unfopoc knuia ynof hponcfannnfi
nnn fox, kfo yxo umoof ohwf oynonun foxnukam camopoiynnuuu unu
ho kpaunou mopo ohwf ux hpakfunockoio uchonisonanun.
Iomomonnwo n knuio yhpaxnonun hpononxakf fpanuuuk hcuxo-
foxnunockux uip, n paspaofko kofopwx anfop hpunuman ynacfuo
i6O
conmocfno c H. . Hsonom u . K. okynaonwm n i?i82 ii.
Cfohoni nonnononun hponnoxonnwx yhpaxnonuu n ynonwu hpouocc
moxof wfi pasnunnou of husonunockoio nknknonun n fpanuuu-
onnwo kypcw oynonun ayfofponuniy no honnoio hoponona paofw n
uiponoo pycno. Ioponucnum kpafko omuo ocoonnocfu hcuxofox-
nunockux uip, sa cnof kofopwx nosmoxna unfoncuqukauun oynonun.
o-hopnwx, okono hononunw yhpaxnonuu paccnufano na konnok-
funnoo nsaumonoucfnuo ynacfnukon. Konfakf u nsaumonoucfnuo oka-
swnakfcn opianunocku ncfpoonnwmu n camo oynonuo. nn ipyhhw
(ocoonno ocnu n nou copanuci nosnakomwo hpoxno nknu) fo o-
cfonfonicfno nposnwnauno naxno: ymono nahpannnoman nonymum
cufyauun conmocfnoio noucfnun noiko hpunonuf k qopmuponanuk
mnikoio mouuonaninoio knumafa, ycfanonnonuk nohpunyxnonnwx
u nopoxonafoninwx ofnomonuu. Ocfanonka nsaumnoio nonopun,
noni ofo nnn kpohnymoo nyncfno ipyhhonoio mw ucknknufoni-
no naiohpunfnwu hcuxonoiunockuu qon nnn sannfuu.
onnanonuu foxnukou ponakcauuu fof qakfop ocoonno naxon.
Mnoium us fox, kfo oynaofcn ayfofponuniy n ipyhhax, honanany
ocosnaof on fo unu nof cunino momaof hpucyfcfnuo nosnakomwx
unu manosnakomwx nknou. cfocfnonno, nosnukaof nokofopan na-
cfopoxonnocfi, saxafocfi. Hononok kak w hokpwnaofcn usnyfpu u
cnapyxu nonunumwm hanuupom hcuxonoiunockou samufw of hocfo-
ponnux, u fo no hosnonnof omy ofkpwfi mup nosnakomwx hpoxno
hopoxunanuu, ocnoufi nonwo ipanu cnooio fonocnoio H. Hahpo-
fun, chnononnan ipyhha cosnaof nnn oo nnonon konnokfunnyk hcu-
xonoiunockyk samufy, hosnonnn kaxnomy cfafi hpononino packpo-
homonnwm u n ofnomonunx c npyiumu, u c camum coou. Camonoc-
hpunfuo cfanonufcn xunwm u packonannwm, honnnnofcn oocfpon-
nan nochpuumnunocfi k hofaonnwm hnacfam nnyfponnoio ohwfa. A
nnn usynakmoio ayfofponuni fo honnac onoo naxno, nom nononu
cucfomafunockux fponuponok.
o-nfopwx, ocoonnocfi hponnaiaomoio honxona uiponan qop-
ma konnokfunnwx yhpaxnonuu. Hipakmuu nononok naxonufcn kak
w n cocfonnuu nofckou ossaofnocfu u nnyfponnou cnoonw. knk-
nonnocfi n noucfnuo, hpofokakmoo ho ycnonnwm hpanunam, ho fy
cfopony copiosnwx nopm u onsafonicfn omo onun momnwu pa-
cfopmaxunakmuu qakfop nnn ynacfnukon sannfuu.
H.. Hson, K.. Iaxomon. Icuxofoxnunockuo uipw n chopfo. M.: uC,
i85.
-fpofiux, ofnunuo nannoio hocoun of fpanuuuonnwx kypcon
ayfofponunia onimoo pasnoopasuo uchonisyomwx yhpaxnonuu,
hosnonnkmoo kaxnoo sannfuo cfpoufi nohoxoxum na npyioo. Iocfo-
nnnwu hpufok nonwx qopm conmocfnou paofw uipaof nohonnufoni-
nyk mofunupykmyk poni, hufan unfopoc ynacfnukon no foniko k
kononnomy posynifafy oynonun, no u k camomy hpouoccy.
Ipoxno nom hopoufu k camum yhpaxnonunm u uipam, cnonaom
kpafkoo samonanuo ofnocufonino omo onnoio nosmoxnoio ux hpumo-
nonun. Hanwku mwmonnoio paccnanonun umokf onimoo snanonuo
no foniko n hcuxopoiynnuuu, no u n qusunockou kynifypo u chopfo,
ymonuo hpousnonino paccnannfi mwmuw ofkpwnaof hyfi k uononah-
pannonnomy conopmoncfnonanuk nnuiafoninwx nanwkon, cnuxonuk
ux nopioomkocfu. Y nofponuponannwx, qusunocku nohoniofonnon-
nwx nknou nwhonnonuo camwx pasnoopasnwx nnuxonuu noponko
cohponoxnaofcn nahpnxonuom fox mwmu, kofopwo k nwhonnonuk
nannoio nnuxonun hpnmoio ofnomonun no umokf. C npyiou cfopo-
nw, naxo fo ipyhhw mwmu, ynacfuo kofopwx nooxonumo nnn conop-
monun foio unu unoio nnuxonun, ocoonno cnoxnoio, nonnokakf-
cn ownno n fo nnuxonuo hoonoponno, ocymocfnnnn numi kakyk-fo
onny us oio qas. Ofpaofan cnok nacfi nnuxonun, mwmuw kak w
ho unopuuu ocfakfcn omo na kakoo-fo npomn n nahpnxonnom cocfo-
nnuu. Ofo fakxo nonof k noohpannannwm nopiofunockum safpafam
opianusma, nnn cokpamonun kofopwx nooxonumo naynuficn mino-
nonno paccnannfi nwknknakmuocn us paofw mwmuw, ocfannnn um
makcumym npomonu nnn noccfanonnonun. mocfo c fom ocnooxno-
nuo of hapasufunockux nahpnxonuu mwmu hosnonnof snanufoni-
no ynynmufi fonnocfi u koopnunauuk nnuxonuu. Mwmonnoo pac-
cnanonuo, fakum opasom, okaswnaofcn naxnwm momonfom omou
qusunockou honiofonku nononoka. honiofonko xo chopfcmonon
hpousnoninoo paccnanonuo nooxonuman cocfannnkman n houc-
ko nauonoo konomunnwx napuanfon foxnuku nwhonnonun foio unu
unoio chopfunnoio nnuxonun. Ofo xopomo usnocfno fponopam, oco-
onno iofonnmum chopfcmonon kcfpaknacca n nunax chopfa, ocno-
nannwx na uuknunockux nnuxonunx, fakux, kak hnananuo, oi, ipo-
nn, nwxu u f.h..
Iponnaiaomwo nnumanuk nufafonn yhpaxnonun u uipw na pac-
cnanonuo mwmu n hpakfuko qusunockoio nochufanun no uchoniso-
nanuci. 1om no monoo, anfopy hponcfannnofcn nosmoxnwm nnononuo
nokofopwx us nux, ocoonno konnokfunnwx, n hpoipammw qusunoc-
kou honiofonku chopfcmonon, cfynonfon, mkoninukon.
onuukan A.H. Yhpaxnonun na paccnanonuo mwmu. M.: uC, i64, c. 4.
i62
1. HYTUCT8H 8HYTb C6R
Ipu ocnoonuu foxnuku ponakcauuu n hopnyk onoponi nooxonu-
mo naynuficn fonko omymafi cnoo fono u cnoonno hopomomafi nnu-
manuo c onnou oio nacfu na npyiyk. pnno cnynaon paccnanonuo
moxof wfi nwsnano yxo camou konuonfpauuou nnumanun na coof-
nofcfnykmou ipyhho mwmu.
1o, kfo poiynnpno sanumaofcn quskynifypou unu chopfom, nnn
koio nnuxonun u mwmonnwo ycunun cocfannnkf hpunwnnwu qon
honconnonnou xusnu, noponfno, ymokf fak unu unano nwnonnfi
n cnoom camoomymonuu pasnunnwo ipyhhw mwmu u nacfu fona. bonoo
ocnonafoninan honiofonka moxof honanouficn fom, kfo nanno of-
nwk of mwmonnou paofw.
nn foio nfow nochpunumafi okpyxakmuu mup, nam nanw spo-
nuo, cnyx, oonnnuo. Ho kak u nom nochpunumafi cocfonnuo cnoux
mwmu ux paccnanonnocfi unu nahpnxonnocfi nn hpakfunockoio
usynonun foio nohpoca ynacfnukam sannfuu moxno hponnoxufi...
Jnpunenue 1. "Mnmpocuon
Hasnanuo foio yhpaxnonun osnanaof: ycfpoucfno nnn cmofponun
nnyfpi. onymuu hponnaiaof kaxnomy cmonfuponafi fo ycfpou-
cfno n coo camom, paofan nan cnonykmumu sananunmu:
i. Ynono pachonoxuficn na cfyno unu n kpocno, sakpwfi inasa.
Ohpononufi, kakan pyka fohnoo hpanan unu nonan Ha pasmwmno-
nun i5 cokynn.
2. Kakan noia fohnoo
J. Kakan nacfi fona nauonoo fohnan
4. Kakan nauonoo xononnan
5. Kakan nacfi nuua nauonoo fohnan u f.n.
Iponnoxonnwo nohpocw cfannf ynacfnukon hopon pomonuom no-
ownnou sananu: onu fpoykf mounusauuu fonocnoio nnumanun
choconocfu, ponko uchonisyomou n honconnonnom ohwfo. Iopnwo
ofnofw n onimuncfno cnoom noynoponnwo. Hoponko ynacfnuku sa-
i6J
fpynnnkfcn nafi onnosnannyk ouonky: ux omymonun cnumkom pas-
mwfw u noynonumw. fakom cnynao nonymomy cnonyof homoni ipyhho
n hopnou hpoo cnoux cun: ofmofufi ychoxu chpanunmuxcn c sananu-
om, hononpufi comnonakmuxcn, mniko honfonknyfi nopomufoni-
nwx. Ipu honfopnwx hohwfkax cyxnonun ynacfnukon, kak hpanu-
no, cfanonnfcn onoo ohponononnwmu, nfo ionopuf o hpuopofonuu
nokofopoio nanwka nochpunumafi cnoo fono usnyfpu.
opmynuponku sananuu moiyf wfi pasnunnwmu, onnako unac1t
ccpua n fom yhpaxnonuu nnkura nc unxna c1anunn1tcu u&ck1uv
nn1puckuunn. Ofou xo pokomonnauuu cnonyof hpunopxunaficn u hpu
nwhonnonuu ncox ocfaninwx yhpaxnonuu, cnnsannwx c cocponofo-
nonuom nnumanun na pasnunnwx nacfnx fona.
Yhpaxnonuo Hnfpockoh moxno uchonisonafi kak honiofonu-
foninoo, nnonnmoo n kypc hpakfunockux sannfuu. Ono nacfpaunaof
ynacfnukon na paofy c fonocnwmu nochpunfunmu u naof um noko-
fopwu hopnonananinwu ohwf. ocyxnonuu cnonannwx no npomn
paofw c Hnfpockohom nanknonuu noponko onapyxunaofcn, nfo
ynacfnuku honmonakf mnoio fakux honponocfou, kofopwo no wnu
hponycmofponw sananuom nonymoio. Kfo-fo pacckaxof o hokanwna-
nunx n konnukax haniuon, nousmonno nosnukakmux hpu hohwfkax
ohpononufi onoo fohnyk pyky. nn koio-fo fpynno ynof onapyxufi
pasnunuo ho fohnofo, no safo nnno omyfumou okaxofcn pasnuua n
noco. onymuu sannfun no nonxon ocfannnfi hononwo nanknonun
os nnumanun. Onu moiyf okasaficn ucknknufonino naxnwmu, oco-
onno ocnu ynyf safpaiunafi chokfp omymonuu, xapakfopnwx nnn
paccnanonnoio cocfonnun mwmu.
Cpannunafi pasnunnwo nacfu fona moxno no foniko ho fohnofo,
no u ho fnopnocfu mnikocfu, nocomocfu nonocomocfu u f.n.
Opamonuo k fomy yhpaxnonuk c unfopnanom n 2J ncfponu ho-
noxufonino ckaswnaofcn na ynoponnocfu ncox nnonon ipyhhw n cno-
ux cunax, hockoniky kaxnwu honynaof nosmoxnocfi yonuficn, nfo
of sannfun k sannfuk oio unfpockoh cfanonufcn nco onoo fonnwm
u conopmonnwm uncfpymonfom camonochpunfun. Iocno foio kak
yhpaxnonuo ocnoono n ipyhho, ono moxof wfi pokomonnonano yna-
cfnukam u nnn camocfonfoninou paofw noma.
Honi Hnfpockoha u npyiux yhpaxnonuu inanw i fponuponka
nochpuumnunocfu k omymonunm fona. Onnako cponu sanumakmux-
cn, ocoonno n ipyhhax quskynifypnukon u chopfcmonon, noponko
ncfponakfcn nknu c nocfafonno fonkou fonocnou nyncfnufoninocfik.
Moxof cnoxuficn nhonafnonuo, nfo chouuaninwu fponuni fakoio
i64
pona um no nyxon. Ho no cnonyof sawnafi, nfo onnanonuo foxnukou
ponakcauuu fpoyof ymonun no foniko ycfanannunafi konfakf c fonom,
no u yinynnficn n noio, nanonio ofknknanci of okpyxakmou
ocfanonku. nufonino ynopxunafi nnumanuo n ipanuuax fona u no
ofnnokaficn na hocfoponnuo snyku, mwcnu u nochomunanun oco-
wu nanwk, nacfo ofcyfcfnykmuu naxo y fox, kfo hpokpacno omy-
maof cnoo fono. Opocfu oio homoiaof sanoxonnoo n yhpaxnonuo i
hponcfannonuo o ycfpoucfno, ofknknakmom nnumanuo of nnomno-
io mupa u honopanunakmom oio ocfpuom nnyfpi. xunanci n opas
onanafonn unfpockoha, ynacfnuku cfanonnfcn copannoo u noino
chpannnkfcn c sananunmu na konuonfpauuk. nokofopwx cnynanx
nosnukmoo onnaxnw hponcfannonuo o unfpockoho moxof c ycho-
xom uchonisonaficn na hpofnxonuu ncox hocnonykmux sannfuu.
Jnpunenue 2. "3ume0aennoe 0ouenue
onymuu hponnaiaof nnonam ipyhhw cocfi hoynonoo, hponhno-
nio hpanou pyku honoxufi na onpo u honopnyfi oo packpwfou nano-
nik k coo. co sakpwnakf inasa u nanunakf monnonno (kak moxno
monnonnoo) cxumafi haniuw hpanou pyku n kynak. co nnumanuo
nooxonumo cocponofonufi na nwhonnnomom nnuxonuu, kofopoo
nonxno wfi pannomopno pachpononono n cfpoio ohponononnom npo-
monnom unfopnano. pomn paofw nan sananuom onnnnofcn sapa-
noo u moxof konoaficn of i no 5 munyf. nn foio nfow ynacfnu-
kam wno noino opuonfuponaficn n fom npomonnom hpomoxyfko,
nonymuu ncnyx nonof ofcnof kaxnwx iO cokynn.
Io okonnanuu yhpaxnonun nonymuu pacchpamunaof ynacfnukon
o fox omymonunx, kofopwmu cohponoxnanoci nnuxonuo haniuon.
Iopoxunanun, nosnukakmuo no npomn samonnonnoio nnuxonun,
moiyf okasaficn nononino noownnwmu. Kfo-fo us ynacfnukon,
nahpumop, c ynunnonuom onapyxuf, nfo nonioo npomn on no omy-
man nunoio, kpomo cnoou hpanou pyku. pyiomy hokaxofcn, nfo
haniuw ciuakfcn no hnanno, a kakumu-fo mukpockohunockumu
pwnkamu. 1pofuu pacckaxof o fom, nfo cycfanw oio haniuon cfanu
kak w nanokfpusonannwmu, a nanoni cunino naiponaci. Cnunofoni-
cfnom inyokoio mwmonnoio paccnanonun, nacfyhakmoio unoina no
npomn foio ohwfa, moxof cnyxufi, nahpumop, fakoo nwckaswnanuo:
Cfpamnan noni oxnafuna nnpyi hpanyk pyky. axo no cmoi hponon-
xufi paofy nan sananuom: haniuw pasmnknu u no xofonu nnuiaficn.
i65
nannom yhpaxnonuu hpofunoocfocfnonno samonnonnwu fomh
fpoyof nosanfomafusauuu hpunwnnoio nnuxonun, nohpopwnnoio
cosnafoninoio konfponn sa oio nwhonnonuom. Iockoniky inasa yna-
cfnukon sakpwfw, onuncfnonnwm kananom opafnou unqopmauuu
okaswnakfcn koxno-mwmonnwo omymonun. 1akum opasom, cuni-
nan konuonfpauun fonocnoio nnumanun nosnukaof nohpousnonino u
numi honkpohnnofcn uncfpykuuou nonymoio.
mocfo cxumanun kynaka moxno uchonisonafi u npyiuo nnuxonun:
honnnfuo iononw, ofkpwnanuo u sakpwnanuo pfa u f.h. nkom us
fux yhpaxnonuu koxno-mwmonnwo omymonun ynyf oocfpnficn sa
cnof konuonfpauuu nnumanun.
1om us ynacfnukon, komy nwhonnonuo foio yhpaxnonun naof
npko nwpaxonnwu ponakcauuonnwu qqokf, moxno pokomonnonafi
hoyhpaxnnficn noma. cnu honnonuf nyncfno npomonu, hpu nwhon-
nonuu nomamnoio sananun cnonyof nochonisonaficn faumopom.
Ocyxnonuo ncox ocoonnocfou, cnnsannwx c nwhonnonuom fo-
io yhpaxnonun, kak, nhponom, u ocfaninwx yhpaxnonuu inanw i,
ucknknufonino naxnwu momonf ipyhhonwx sannfuu. Ocyxnonun
cfannf sanumakmuxcn hopon nooxonumocfik kak-fo ohucwnafi cnou
fonocnwo hopoxunanun. Onokanci n cnona, naxo cmyfnwo u mumo-
nofnwo omymonun cfanonnfcn noochopumwmu qakfamu uoipaquu
ynacfnukon, hponno nxonn n cqopy ux cosnafoninoio ohwfa. C npy-
iou cfoponw, conmocfnwo ocyxnonun nnnnkfcn qopmou omona
nunnwmu nocfuxonunmu u naxonkamu: ocnu choco, hosnonnkmuu
qqokfunno chpanuficn c fom unu unwm sananuom, ynof namyhan
onnum us ynacfnukon, fo nhocnoncfnuu on moxof wfi nsnf na noo-
pyxonuo u npyiumu nnonamu ipyhhw.
Ymonun no foniko cocponofonunafi mwmonnoo nnumanuo, no u
ohopafunno hopoknknafi oio hofpoyof...
Jnpunenue J. "Houycupoouu
Yhpaxnonuo nwhonnnofcn c sakpwfwmu inasamu. Io komanno
nonymoio 1ono! ynacfnuku cocponofonunakf nnumanuo na cnoom
fono, ho komanno Iyka! na hpanou pyko. 3afom unof hocnonona-
foninoo cocponofononuo na kucfu hpanou pyku ho komanno
Kucfi!, na ykasafoninom haniuo ho komanno Ianou! u, nako-
nou, na konnuko haniua ho komanno Konnuk haniua!. Hnfopnan
i66
moxny komannamu moxof cocfannnfi of iO cokynn no 2 munyf (n sanu-
cumocfu of nnanonun ynacfnukamu cnoum fonocnwm nnumanuom).
cnu hocno okonnanun paofw camo coou no sannswnaofcn ocyx-
nonuo, nonymomy cnonyof pacchpocufi nnonon ipyhhw o fom, chpa-
nuncn nu kaxnwu us nux c sananuom, kak um fo ynanoci u c kaku-
mu fpynnocfnmu onu cfonknynuci. Kak hpanuno, nom monimo oom
kakou-fo nacfu fona, fom fpynnoo ynacfnukam oo namyhafi u saxna-
fufi cnoum nnumanuom.
o npomn qokycuponku nonymuu moxof samofufi, nfo koo-kfo
us sanumakmuxcn nohpousnonino hpuoiaof k nnomnum mofonam
cocponofononun: hpuofkpwnaof inasa u ckamunaof ux n cfopony ook-
fa konuonfpauuu, cknonnof ionony, homoiaof coo mumukou u f.n.
Hnoina fu nnuxonun onoinakf nnyfponnoo nwnononuo nyxnou
onacfu. Hamo, onnako, wnaof naoopof: akfunnocfi nnomnoio
nochpunfun numi ocnoxnnof nono, cosnanan maccy nohonnufoninwx
homox.
Yhpaxnonuo nohyckaof pasnunnwo monuqukauuu. numanuo yna-
cfnukon moxof no foniko konuonfpunocku cyxaficn, kak n ohucan-
nom napuanfo yhpaxnonun, no u pacmupnficn unu xo hopoxonufi of
onnou nacfu fona k npyiou ho hpousnonino nwpannomy nonymum
mapmpyfy.
Jnpunenue 4. "uumunm
Ofo yhpaxnonuo no mnoiom hopoknukaofcn c hponwnymum. Io-
pon ynacfnukamu ycfanannunaofcn nonononockan quiypa (kykna, cfa-
fyfka) unu qofoipaqunockoo usopaxonuo. uiypa cnyxuf nony-
momy nnn ykasanun na fo nacfu fona, n kofopwx nonxnw nokanuso-
nafi cnoo nnumanuo sanumakmuocn. Hahpumop, nonymuu hpukaca-
ofcn ykaskou k hpanomy hnony quiypku u fyna xo hopomomaofcn
qokyc nnumanun ynacfnukon. O nwhonnonuu onoponnoio ykasanun
kaxnwu us ynacfnukon cuinanusupyof noikum honnnfuom ykasafoni-
noio haniua.
ukfanf moxof nwhonnnficn ipyhhou na npomn. Io cpannonuk
c okycuponkou fo yhpaxnonuo onoo fpynnoo, hockoniky nw-
honnnofcn c ofkpwfwmu inasamu. Iofomy hopoxonufi k nomy xo-
nafonino numi hocno foio, kak ipyhha ocnonafonino hopaofaof nan
okycuponkou.
i6?
Jnpunenue . "1ummu
onymuu naof ynacfnukam sananuo: omyfufi uonuo hynica n kon-
nuko ykasafoninoio haniua hpanou pyku. bonimuncfno sanumakmux-
cn, noponfno, cmoiyf cnonafi fo os ocoonnwx safpynnonuu. cnu
xo komy-fo sananuo yhopno no naofcn, n kanocfno nchomoiafoninoio
hpuoma moxno hopokomonnonafi hpukocnyficn haniuom k kakomy-
nuyni hponmofy unu naxo c cunou nananufi um na fnopnyk honopx-
nocfi, fo homoxof cocponofonufi nnumanuo. Cnonykmoo sananuo
nockoniko cnoxnoo: fpoyofcn namyhafi hynicauuk n musunuo hpa-
nou pyku. 3afom sanumakmumcn hponnaiaofcn hopomomafi hynic c
musunua na coconnuu, oswmnnnwu hanou, c oswmnnnoio na
cponnuu u f.n. C konnuka onimoio haniua hpanou pyku hynic ho-
pononufcn na onimou hanou nonou pyku u yxo ho nonou pyko noxo-
nuf no musunua.
Yhpaxnonuo fpoyof snanufoninoio nahpnxonun nnumanun. Ipu
oio nwhonnonuu nauonimuo fpynnocfu ynacfnuku uchwfwnakf n
fom, nfow copafi hynic n nyxnom haniuo. Iynicupykman o-
nacfi okaswnaofcn noyhpannnomou, nanunaof pacfokaficn ho nockoni-
kum haniuam cpasy unu xo namopfno hpunuhaof k onnomy us nux.
Onnako c kaxnou hocnonykmou hohwfkou chpannnficn co cnoum
hynicom cfanonufcn nco noino.
Y nokofopwx sanumakmuxcn hopoxon c haniua na hanou moxof
cohponoxnaficn cunxponnwm hokanunanuom iononw, monononuom iy
u f.h. Co npomonom nco fu nnuiafoninwo hponnnonun nnyfponnou
paofw ofmupakf sa nonanonocfik, u chouuanino opoficn c numu
no nano. Copiosnou homoxou n ocnoonuu Iammw moiyf cfafi numi
nohpousnoninwo nnuxonun haniuon: onu noiko hpunonnf k nosamof-
nou honmono omymonuu of hynicauuu omymonunmu of camux nnu-
xonuu.
Iockoniky npomn, nooxonumoo nnn nokanusauuu hynica, y pas-
nwx ynacfnukon pasnunno, kaxnwu us nux moxof paofafi n unnu-
nunyaninom fomho. cnu xo nonymuu sanaof omuu nnn ipyhhw fomh
hopoxona c haniua na hanou, fo nooxonumo copasmopnfi oio c nos-
moxnocfnmu kaxnoio nnona ipyhhw. nn foio nonymuu nonxon
nananufi opafnyk cnnsi c ipyhhou, hponnoxun kaxnomy, kfo yxo
ocymocfnun hopoxon, cuinanusuponafi o nom cnonom unu xocfom.
Io mopo fponuponku na houcku hynica n konnukax haniuon ynof
yxonufi nco monimo npomonu. co sanumakmuocn nonxnw cfpomuficn
k fomy, nfow kaxnwu hocnonykmuu ynap hynica ynannunancn umu
yxo n nonom haniuo. onymuu, onnako, no onsan xnafi, koina fo
i68
cnynufcn c kaxnwm. Ipu hocfanonko sanan on moxof opuonfuponafi
ipyhhy na nocfuxonuo makcumaninoio posynifafa. Ho sanopxunafi-
cn na ofpaofko yhpaxnonun no onnanonun ipyhhou quiypamu nwc-
moio hunofaxa nof nooxonumocfu. ono n fom, nfo Iamma u
npyiuo hpunononnwo n fou inano yhpaxnonun nocnf nchomoiafoni-
nwu xapakfop u ux ocnoonuo no nnnnofcn nooxonumwm nomonfom
uckyccfna ponakcauuu.
Yhpaxnonuo Iamma nohyckaof pasnunnwo monuqukauuu. Mox-
no, nahpumop, ocnoun Iammy haniuamu pyk, hpoonafi naynufi-
cn hpouipwnafi oo haniuamu noi. bonoo cnoonnwu napuanf yhpax-
nonun hponnoxufi ynacfnukam hpocfo hopocnufafi haniuw
usnyfpu, no yfonnnn, kak umonno fo nonafi.
Jnpunenue 0. "Xupnun
3anumakmumcn hponnaiaofcn pachonoxufi nanonu hapannonino na
noonimom paccfonnuu onna of npyiou u, nonan noikuo nnuxonun
cnuxonun u ynanonun, honyncfnonafi, nfo moxny pykamu. Kak
hpanuno, homumo omymonun fohna nnonw ipyhhw onapyxunakf u
npyiou qonomon: hpocfpancfno moxny nanonnmu nanunaof hpyxu-
nufi u kak w yhnofnnficn, hpohnfcfnyn cnuxonuk pyk. Ipanu-
uw cunonoio honn cfanonnfcn nco onoo ohponononnwmu, u n konuo
konuon mnoiuo nanunakf nyncfnonafi, ynfo ynopxunakf moxny
nanonnmu nonunumwu kuphun.
3afom sanumakmuocn paofakf n hapax. Onun mafopuanusyof
kuphun, cxuman nanonnmu oio nonyk u hpanyk ipanu. 3anana npy-
ioio namyhafi kuphun, honnonn cnou nanonu cnopxy u cnusy u
hocno foio nnuxonuom pyk na con sapafi oio y hapfnopa.
hocnonykmom ocyxnonuu onapyxunaofcn, nfo y mnoiux nno-
non ipyhhw noucfnufonino nosnukakf nncfnonnwo omymonun ho-
ponanu nonunumoio hponmofa kuphuna us pyk n pyku. Own-
no onu yfnopxnakf, nfo kuphun wn cunino naipofwm. Onc-
nnkfcn nco fu cfpannwo nnnonun fom, nfo hon nnunnuom ycfanon-
ku, nannou nonymum, omymonun of cocfnonnwx pyk nanunakf
nochpunumaficn ynacfnukamu kak nonfo nnomnoo.
Yhpaxnonuo nnocuf samofnoo oxunnonuo n sannfun: pasiopakfcn
chopw, nwckaswnakfcn nconosmoxnwo sa u hpofun, ynacfnuku
uipw camu nanunakf hponnaiafi pasnunnwo napuanfw hononwx xo
ohwfon. Kuphun nocof n coo momnwu unfpuiykmuu sapnn, ho-
ckoniky opamon nohocponcfnonno k hapanopmaninomy qonomony.
i6
o npomn uncfpykfuponanun nonymuu ncom cnoum nunom nonxon nafi
honyncfnonafi ipyhho copiosnocfi hponnoxonnoio sananun. Cnonyof
homnufi, nfo unnksuu koxno-mwmonnoio nochpunfun, naionapn
kofopwm honnnnofcn kuphun, nosnukakf ownno numi hpu ycno-
nuu copiosnoio ofnomonun sanumakmuxcn ko ncom hpousnonumwm
umu manuhynnuunm. Iofomy nnn nonymoio kpauno naxno sapasufi
ux cnoou ynoponnocfik, nfo moxny pykamu onsafonino nfo-fo ho-
nnufcn.
Ionyncopios nosnukakman nopa n poaninocfi cunonwx qqokfon
u nonunumwx nomou nosyxnaof nkohwfcfno ncou ipyhhw u cfu-
mynupyof paofy co cnoumu omymonunmu. Conmocfno hopoxufwu
nofckuu fpohof hpukocnononun k nyny umoof ucknknufoninoo sna-
nonuo nnn chnononun ipyhhw u hpoonononun nconosmoxnwx hcuxo-
noiunockux apiopon. Iponuknyfan afmocqopou fauncfnonnocfu,
nocnfuhnfnanuafumunyfnan paofa c kuphunom cnuxaof sanu-
makmuxcn no monimo, nom, nahpumop, conmocfno hponhpunnfan
hoosnka sa iopon.
Iocno foio kak ynyf nocfuinyfw nyxnwo qqokfw u yhpaxno-
nuo nannof con ucnophwnafi, nonymomy cnonyof oncnufi nnonam
ipyhhw, nfo kuphun ncoio numi hnon ux camonnymonun. Cno-
nafi fo nyxno onsafonino n fononuo foio xo sannfun, no ofkna-
nwnan na hofom.
Hapnny c nocomnonnwmu nocfouncfnamu yhpaxnonuo moxof umofi
u noiafunnwo cfoponw, kofopwo posko nwcfyhnf na hopnwu hnan n
cnynao hcuxonoiunockux hpocnofon nonymoio. nn nonymoio cnox-
nocfi foio yhpaxnonun cocfouf n fom, nfo omy hponcfouf ynnoni
sanumakmuxcn noxnou unoou, n konuo konuon pasnonnafi oo u n fo
xo npomn no nafi um honyncfnonafi con omanyfwmu. H nnonufi
ipyhhy n sanyxnonuo, u n ocoonnocfu nwnonufi oo cnonyof no-
nukafno, no hopoiuan hanky n hpofunnom cnynao moxno hopo-
nufi cponu nnonon ipyhhw no foniko ckohcuc n ofnomonuu foio
yhpaxnonun, no u nononopuo k nonymomy u sannfunm n uonom. nn
foio nfow pomufi, n kakou ipyhho u na kakom faho sannfuu ymo-
cfno fakoo yhpaxnonuo, nooxonumo nsnocufi mnoiuo ocfonfonicfna:
nsaumoofnomonun n ipyhho, ocoonnocfu xapakfopa u nosmoxnwo
poakuuu ofnoninwx oo nnonon, anfopufof nonymoio cponu nux u f.h.
Hnfyufunnoo comnonuo nonymoio n naiohonynnom ucxono moxno
cnufafi nopnwm hpusnakom foio, nfo of yhpaxnonun Kuphun nyn-
mo ofkasaficn.
i?O
co hpunononnwo n nacfonmou inano yhpaxnonun cnnsanw c mo-
unusauuou koxno-mwmonnou nyncfnufoninocfu u nahpannonw na
pasnufuo hpousnoninoio fonocnoio nnumanun. Onu ofkpwnakf co-
snanuk sanumakmuxcn nnyfponnkk kapfuny fona u qopmupykf
choconocfi ycfanannunafi konfakf c nkou us oio nacfou. Ipuo-
pofonuo foio nanwka no nnnnofcn, onnako, camouonik. Ionopani-
nan nunun nananinwx fahon sannfuu ayfofponuniom pasnufuo
nochpuumnunocfu no k nkwm fonocnwm omymonunm, a k omymo-
nunm nhonno ohponononnwm. bonoo foio, nposmopnoo ynnononuo
konuonfpauuou na fono os ycfanonku na mwmonnoo paccnanonuo
moxof umofi u ofpuuafoninwo hocnoncfnun, ocoonno nnn nuu mnu-
foninwx u cknonnwx k ochokoucfny sa cnoo snoponio. Iofomy no
cnonyof nwnonnfi fponuni fonocnoio nochpunfun n ocowu fah ipyh-
honou paofw. nokofopwx cnynanx hopnoo sannfuo ho foxnuko
ponakcauuu honosno uonukom hocnnfufi fou fomo. Ho n naninou-
mom yhpaxnonun inanw i xonafonino uchonisonafi onoo mupoko,
nnonn n nux fakxo unok omou hopoopuonfauuu cosnanun sanumak-
muxcn c nnomnou ocfanonku na cocfnonnoo fono. Kpomo foio,
nanunan co nfopoio sannfun fu yhpaxnonun uonocoopasno uchoni-
sonafi n conofanuu c pasnunnwmu napuanfamu yhpaxnonun Kon-
fpacf (cm. inany 2, cfp. i?2), a nhocnoncfnuu c yhpaxnonunmu
inanw J.
K hnfomymocfomy sannfuk ynacfnuku hponnunyfcn n foxnuko
ponakcauuu nacfoniko, nfo cocponofononuo na nkou onacfu fona
ynof anfomafunocku nwswnafi n nou omymonuo fnxocfu u fohna. Ha
fom faho i6-o yhpaxnonun moxno uchonisonafi concom n npyiom
konfokcfo, no ohacanci ofknonuficn of fomw. 3amonnonnoo nnuxo-
nuo ncoina ynof hpunonufi k naiponanuk u cyokfunno nochpu-
numaomomy pasyxanuk coofnofcfnykmux mwmu; paofan nan
okycuponkou u ukfanfom, sanumakmuocn no ynyf omymafi
n sono cocponofononun nunoio, kpomo paccnanonnocfu, a hpu uc-
honnonuu Iammw hynicauun cfanof fohnou u pasmninakmou kon-
nuku haniuon.
Kaxnoo us ohucannwx nwmo yhpaxnonuu, ocoonno ocnu ono
nwhonnnofcn ipyhhou nhopnwo, honosno sanopmufi ocyxnonuom
camonanknonuu sanumakmuxcn. nufoninocfi ocyxnonuu (n sa-
nucumocfu of ooma nakohnonnwx nhonafnonuu) moxof cocfannnfi
of nockonikux munyf no honynaca. Hooxonumo hosaofuficn, nfo-
w kaxnwu nnon ipyhhw umon nosmoxnocfi pacckasafi oo ncom, nfo
hokasanoci omy nocfounwm nnumanun. Hononopuo, ckohcuc u npy-
iuo qopmw ofpuuafoninoio ofnomonun k nyxum nwckaswnanunm no
ofnonakf nyxy ipyhhonwx sannfuu. ynmuu choco noufpanusonafi
ux camomy wfi cnoonnwm of nohpunfun. onymuu nonxon cfafi
nnn ipyhhw hpumopom saunfopoconannoio ofnomonun k nkwm mno-
nunm u posynifafam. mocfo c fom yhomunanun o chonfanno nosnu-
kakmux ponakcauuonnwx omymonunx xonafonino honkpohnnfi oco-
wm ynacfuom u nnumanuom. 1om camwm nonymuu honynaof nosmox-
nocfi uchonnoni nahpannnfi hponnuxonuo ipyhhw ho nousnonannou
onacfu n nyxnyk cfopony.
Ipu mnoiokpafnwx hpumononunx nkoo us hopnwx mocfu yhpax-
nonuu hopocfaof wfi ucfonnukom nonoio ohwfa, no coxpannof cnoo
snanonuo kak fponupononnoo unu konfponinoo. Hooxonumocfi n
ocyxnonunx n fakom cnynao ofhanaof. Opamonuo k onnomy u fomy
xo yhpaxnonuk na hpofnxonuu nockonikux sannfuu honpnn noxo-
nafonino, fak kak nonof k hpunwkanuk u hpufyhnnof y sanumakmux-
cn unfopoc.
Yhpaxnonun i, J u 5-o moiyf wfi uchonisonanw fakxo u n ca-
mocfonfoninwx sannfunx. Y kaxnoio us sanumakmuxcn nousoxno
ynyf qopmuponaficn cnou hponhonfonun n ofnomonuu fox unu unwx
yhpaxnonuu. Ho no npomn ipyhhonwx ncfpon ocymocfnnnfi unnunu-
nyaninwu honxon nocfafonno fpynno. Iofomy nomamnuo sananun
nonxnw hponycmafpunafi usnocfnyk cnoony n nwopo yhpaxnonuu.
Hnoina n nocfuxonunx sanumakmuxcn hpu nwhonnonuu yhpax-
nonuu onapyxunakfcn snanufoninwo hopohanw. fakom cnynao
xonafonino ho nosmoxnocfu unnununyanusuponafi paofy n ipyhho.
Moxno, nahpumop, n coofnofcfnuu c hpunuuhom hpoipammuponan-
noio oynonun uchonisonafi nockoniko monuqukauuu yhpaxnonun,
honupan ux n hopnnko nospacfanun fpynnocfu. 1oina ynacfnuku,
chpanunmuocn c hpocfwm napuanfom, na cnonykmom faho hopoxo-
nnf k onoo cnoxnomy sananuk, n fo npomn kak ux monoo hpoychon-
muo fonapumu ocfakfcn na hpoxnou cfyhonu. nonuman fakum o-
pasom ipanauun honnonuf kaxnoio sanumakmoiocn k ohfumaninomy
nnn noio yponnk fpynnocfu u nmocfo c fom cfumynupyof nomamnkk
paofy fox, y koio namofunoci ofcfananuo.
cnu oman nahpannonnocfi yhpaxnonuu nonymomy ncna, on
nonon usmonnfi u hopocfpaunafi ux ho cnoomy ycmofponuk. Ipu
nanunuu nokofopoio ohwfa nonafi fo moxno u n camom hpouocco
ipyhhonoio sannfun: samonanun sanumakmuxcn u fpynnocfu n nwhon-
nonuu uncfpykuuu noponko honckaswnakf, kak moxno c honisou nnn
nona monuquuuponafi fo unu unoo yhpaxnonuo.
i?2
2. 8KYC ACCA6HHOCTH
Oynonuo mwmonnou ponakcauuu wcfpo hponnuiaofcn hocno
foio, kak nonymomy ynaofcn n cqopo cocfnonnoio fonocnoio ohwfa
sanumakmuxcn hponomoncfpuponafi fo cocfonnuo ckonofnou mycky-
nafypw, kofopoo onu nonxnw naynuficn nwswnafi hpousnonino.
posynifafo fakoio hponnapufoninoio snakomcfna y nux honnnnofcn
nny1pcnnn a1anun nyxnuru umymcnnu, hosnonnkmuu um camocfon-
fonino koppokfuponafi cnou hohwfku nwswnafi paccnanonuo. Ia-
ofan co chopfunnwmu komannamu u quskynifypnwmu ipyhhamu,
nonymuu naxonufcn n nwuipwmnom honoxonuu, hockoniky chopf-
cmonw u quskynifypnuku yxo pachonaiakf oiafwm ohwfom fakoio
pona omymonuu. nn foio nfow nkycufi paccnanonuo, um noc-
fafonno nchomnufi, nahpumop, kak iynnf noiu hocno kpocca, kak
naxonno ofnwxaof hon nymom usnyponnoo fponuponkou fono u f.h.
Koina xo sanumakmuxcn hpuxonufcn snakomufi c paccnanonuom
nhopnwo, fo nosnukaof kaxymuucn hapanokc: hpoxno nom naynufi-
cn paccnannfi mwmuw, nyxno... paccnannfi ux. Onnako uckyccf-
nonno nwswnafi paccnanonuo ofnoninwx ipyhh mwmu u ocnoufi usy-
naomyk n ipyhho foxnuky camopaccnanonun nanoko no onno u fo xo.
Kononnan uoni fakux sannfuu ymofi paccnannfi mwmuw nnyf-
ponnum, hcuxunockum ycunuom. Ho paccnanonuo moxof wfi noc-
fuinyfo u nopos qusunockoo nahpnxonuo. Y onimuncfna nonunkon
osofkasno nwswnaof nyxnoo cocfonnuo mwmu...
Jnpunenue . "Xonmpucm
3anumakmumcn naofcn uncfpykuun: Cnnifo hoynonoo. Coxmufo
hpanyk pyky n kynak. Cxumaufo kpohno, honfu c makcumaninwm
ycunuom! Hopos iOi2 cokynn cnoonno pocifo pyky na onpo, sa-
kpoufo inasa u hpucnymaufoci k omymonunm n kucfu u hpanom hpon-
hnonio.
Io hpomocfnuu J4 munyf konuonfpauuu na hpanou pyko yhpax-
nonuo honfopnofcn, hocno noio nnonw ipyhhw hopoxonnf k ocyx-
i?J
nonuk. Chokfp omymonuu, nosnukakmux n mwmuax nckopo hocno
foio, kak c nux cnnfo cuninoo nahpnxonuo, nononino pasnoopa-
son. Hauonoo fuhunnwmu nnnnkfcn omymonun cfpynmoiocn fohna,
pasyxanun pyku, xxonun unu fnxocfu, nyncfno oxnafwnakmou
pyky nonunou ucfomw unu hynicauuu n mwmuax. co fu unu cxon-
nwo c numu omymonun cuinanusupykf o fom, nfo mwmuw pyku iny-
oko paccnanonw. Iaccnanonnan mwmua ncoina fohnan, fnxonan,
hynicupykman. hponom, y sanumakmuxcn nosmoxnw pasnoopas-
nwo unnununyaninwo offonku u napuauuu foio omymonun. Ho-
ckoniko camwx hopnwx hohwfok moiyf hpunocfu u k hpnmo hpofuno-
honoxnwm omymonunm hpoxnanw, noikocfu u f.h. onymomy no
cnonyof honpono ocfanannunaficn na ohucanuu oxunaomwx of Kon-
fpacfa qqokfon no foio, kak sanumakmuocn camu hohwfakfcn oio
nwhonnufi.
Iycfi hopnoo omymonuo paccnanonnocfu hpunof k num no kak
nannsannwu manon, a usnyfpu, n nuno cocfnonnoio ofkpwfun.
Yhpaxnonuo Konfpacf nnnnofcn cfopxnonwm nnn onimuncfna
cymocfnykmux mofonuk oynonun ponakcauuu. Ono ocnonano na
sakono manfnuka: nohpousnoninoo paccnanonuo fou unu unou
ipyhhw mwmu ncoina cnonyof sa oo nahpnxonuom. Hfow paccnaufi,
nahpumop, cfohw u iononu, nyxno nwsnafi n coofnofcfnykmux
mwmuax nahpnxonuo, nwfnnyn noiu u c cunou hofnnyn nocku na
con. Moxno paccnaufi onacfi nokpyi pfa, hponnapufonino c cu-
nou cxan nnn foio iyw. Moxno paccnaufi onpa, ocnu hopon fum
nananufi cfohamu na hon, kak w cunnci hpuhonnnfi con co cfyna.
Ycunuo, c kofopwm hpousnonufcn hponnapufoninoo nahpnxonuo,
no nonxno wfi hpononinwm. Hokofopwo ipyhhw mwmu hpu paofo
c yhpaxnonunmu fuha Konfpacf fpoykf ocoo ocfopoxnoio u
mnikoio opamonun. 1ak, nahpumop, conopmonno nonohycfumw
snanufoninwo nahpnxonun inasnwx mwmu, a nnn nknou, nanokux of
chopfa, u mwmu pkmnoio hpocca. cnu kakoo-nuo us yhpax-
nonuu nwswnaof nohpunfnwo unu onosnonnwo omymonun, sanuma-
kmomycn nynmo concom ofkasaficn of oio nwhonnonun. Komunu-
pyn u honupan nmocfo c nonymum nauonoo hpuomnomwo nnn con
yhpaxnonun, nnonw ipyhhw wcfpo oynakfcn paccnannfi pyku,
noiu, nuuo. nyfponnnn kapfuna paccnanonun cfanonufcn nco o-
noo npkou u ofnofnunou.
o npomn nwhonnonun yhpaxnonun, naipyxakmoio mwmuw nuua,
y sanumakmuxcn moxof nosnukafi nyncfno nononkocfu npyi hopon
npyiom. Ownno ono nwpaxaofcn n hpucfyhax cmoxa, ofkaso of sa-
i?4
nnfuu, n usoianuu ofnoninwx yhpaxnonuu unu n ochnonnwx ho-
hwfkax nwhonnnfi sananuo, no fopnn hpu fom honoakmoio nw-
paxonun nuua. Ocoonno nacfo fo cnynaofcn n ipyhhax, cqopmu-
ponannwx us hpoxno snakomwx moxny coou nknou. Cohpofunnonuo
u nonononicfno moxno hponofnpafufi unu snanufonino ocnaufi,
ocnu hofpoonafi of sanumakmuxcn nco yhpaxnonun na mwmuw nuua
nwhonnnfi foniko c sakpwfwmu inasamu. mo onoo panukaninoo
pomonuo hponomw nwknknufi cnof hpu nwhonnonuu fakux yhpax-
nonuu.
Yhpaxnonuo Konfpacf uonocoopasno nnonufi no hosxo nfopoio
sannfun. Iaofafi c num moxno poiynnpno na hpofnxonuu 2J sa-
nnfuu. Ipu fom sanumakmuocn nonxnw hocnononafonino hopoxo-
nufi of nauonoo nocfyhnwx nnn nux ipyhh mwmu k iopasno xyxo
omymaomou umu hopuqopuu fona. cnu n kakou-fo nacfu fona
paccnanonuo nwsnafi nukak no ynaofcn, no cnonyof hpunanafi fo-
my cnumkom onimoio snanonun: konfakf c noocnoonnou onacfik
moxof wfi ycfanonnon hosxo kakum-nuyni npyium chocoom.
Yhpaxnonuo moxno pokomonnonafi u nnn camocfonfoninwx sann-
fuu noma. Ipu paofo co chopfunnwmu komannamu u quskynifyp-
no-osnoponufoninwmu ipyhhamu Konfpacf n nockoniko monuqu-
uuponannom napuanfo moxof wfi ncfpoon nohocponcfnonno n
hpouocc fponuponku unu sannfun ho OI. nn foio fponop unu
uncfpykfop-mofonucf, hpononnmuu sannfun, hponnaiaof sanumak-
mumcn konuonfpuponaficn na paccnannkmuxcn mwmuax no npomn
hays ofnwxa hocno cunonwx yhpaxnonuu.
Hnoina nonymuu cfankunaofcn c aconkfnou nooynaomocfik
foio unu unoio nnona ipyhhw. wncnnofcn, nahpumop, nfo fono oio
ocfaofcn inyxum u nohponuuaomwm nnn nochpunfun, nocmofpn na
mnoionnonnwo fponuponku. Hnu nfo paofa nan sananunmu no hpu-
nocuf nunoio, kpomo nohpunfnwx omymonuu. Hoponko hpununw
hononwx noynan nocnf nucfo hcuxonoiunockuu xapakfop u cnnsanw
c inyunnwm nononopuom sanumakmoiocn nuo k camou unoo camo-
poiynnuuu, nuo k nonymomy sannfun, nuo k oio komhofonfnocfu
n nannou onacfu. Iomnn o fom, nonymuu nonxon nnumafonino
usynafi u ho nosmoxnocfu ycfpannfi noponfnwo hpununw nacfopo-
xonnoio k nomy ofnomonun.
xono sannfuu nonymomy nooxonumo opamafi nnumanuo na
mouuonaninyk okpacky fox opason paccnanonnocfu, kofopwo ckna-
nwnakfcn y nnonon ipyhhw. nn onnux omymonuo paccnanonnwx
mwmu cfanonufcn xonannwm cpasy, npyiuo nonio no moiyf oio pac-
i?5
hpoonafi, fpofiu xo cknonnw pacuonunafi fo omymonuo ckopoo
kak nohpunfnoo. Co npomonom ahhofuf k paccnanonuk fak unu
unano hpuxonuf ko ncom. nn yckoponun foio hpouocca na hopnwx
hopax xonafonino cfumynuponafi nwpaxonuo ynacfnukamu hpoxno
ncoio cnoux honoxufoninwx nyncfn u ouonok ofnocufonino ohwfa
ponakcauuu. 1oina omo no nomonmuo no nkyc nnonw ipyhhw cmoiyf
sapaxaficn fom ynononicfnuom of paccnanonun, kofopoo uchwfw-
nakf npyiuo. Kpomo foio, na ofnomonuo ynacfnukon k nohocpon-
cfnonno hopoxunaomwm umu omymonunm moiyf cymocfnonno honnu-
nfi hpunonumwo nonymum foopofunockuo honoxonun unu cnynau us
xusnu, fak unu unano yoxnakmuo n honiso mwmonnou ponakcauuu.
Iaccnaufi mwmuy snanuf nwsnafi n nou omymonuo paccna-
nonnocfu. Ofo omymonuo ynacfnukam snakomo ho yhpaxnonuk
Konfpacf. chomnufi oio, cosnafi n noopaxonuu xunou u nw-
pasufoninwu fonocnwu opas paccnanonun unoina okaswnaofcn
nocfafonnwm nnn foio, nfow paccnauficn nanny. Ho ynof oni-
mum hpoynonunonuom ckasafi, nfo fonocnoo nochomunanuo o paccna-
nonuu fo u ocfi paccnanonuo. opmuponafi ycfoununwu nnyfpon-
nuu opas paccnanonun moxno no foniko hocponcfnom qusunockux
yhpaxnonuu, no u nopos cfumynnuuk paofw mwmonnou hamnfu.
nn fou uonu nonymuu moxof hponnoxufi...
Jnpunenue &. "4ccouuuu
ocnono foio yhpaxnonun noxuf mupoko uchonisyoman n hcu-
xonoiunockux uccnononanunx, xofn u nnn npyiux uonou, mofonuka
comanfunockoio nuqqoponuuana. onymuu hponnaiaof nnonam
ipyhhw nchomnufi nyncfno paccnanonnou mwmuw u ohpononufi,
na nfo ono onimo hoxoxo: na nfo-fo okpyinoo unu na nfo-fo yino-
nafoo.
ohpoc moxof hocfanufi koio-fo us sanumakmuxcn n fyhuk: no-
honnfno, kak moxno cpannunafi cfoni nohoxoxuo u nanokuo nomu.
fakom cnynao honosno nahomnufi, nfo kaxnwu cfankunaofcn c
hononwmu cpannonunmu n mupo xynoxocfnonnwx mofaqop, ino no-
nononockuu ionoc, nahpumop, moxof wfi nonnnwm, iycfwm unu
apxafnwm, nsinnn oxuiakmum u konknum, nwpaxonuo nuua
kucnwm u f.h. Hswk accouuauuu, na kofopom foniko u moxof wfi
nan ofnof na nohpoc nonymoio, hosnonnof cnoonno nwpaxafi cnou
nyncfna nopos unofa, unofa nopos snyku, snyku nopos qopmw.
i?6
Iocno foio kak kaxnwu nwckaxof cnoo mnonuo ofnocufonino
hopnoio nohpoca, nonymuu fonno fakum xo opasom hpocuf coofno-
cfu paccnanonuo co cnonykmumu hapamu hpofunohonoxnwx kanocfn:
fomnoo cnofnoo, onimoo manonikoo, hnacfunnoo xpyhkoo,
inyokoo monkoo; mopmanoo inankoo; npkoo noknoo; ocfpoo
hpocnoo; nacwmonnoo pacconnnoo; nofkoo pasmwfoo u f.h.
Kak hpanuno, hocno nokofopou packanku sanumakmuocn nknk-
nakfcn n uipy c unfopocom. Ouonku ux na pasnunnwx mkanax moiyf
fo cnuxaficn, fo pacxonuficn. Ionnoo ux conhanonuo ho ncom
mkanam manonoponfno, no n hpononax ofnoninwx mkan cnynaofcn
nononino nacfo. 1akuo omuo nnn ipyhhw accouuauuu nonymuu
moxof uchonisonafi n hocnonykmux sannfunx, nahpumop hpu hpo-
nononuu coancon iofopofponunia.
Yhpaxnonuo Accouuauuu uipaof poni cnooopasnoio hponnu-
fonn nnyfponnoio ohwfa. xono mnoiokpafnoio cohocfannonun
mwmonnoio opasa paccnanonnocfu c honkcamu pasnunnwx mkan
sanumakmuocn nwnyxnonw cnona u cnona nosnpamafi oio us hamn-
fu, ncnymunaficn u ncmafpunaficn n noio. bnaionapn fomy
nochomunanuo cfanonufcn nco onoo ofnofnunwm u nmocfo c fom,
opacfan accouuauunmu (unofom, qopmou, nkycom u f.h.), hpon-
noo nhnofaofcn n fkani hpunwnnoio ohwfa.
Yhpaxnonuo Accouuauuu nnonufcn ownno kak uiponan qop-
ma nwpaxonun nhonafnonuu, honynonnwx hpu paofo nan yhpaxno-
nuom fuha Konfpacf. Ha onoo hosnnux fahax sannfuu nopnyficn
k fomy yhpaxnonuk moxno n cnnsu c ocyxnonuom ponakcauuon-
noio cocfonnun. pyium chocoom nohnomonun nonoio fonocnoio
ohwfa n opasax u accouuauunx nnnnofcn...
Jnpunenue 9. "Hecenuu
onymuu pasncnnof ynacfnukam, nfo nkan nomi u nkoo cow-
fuo moiyf wfi ouononw c fonku sponun ux mofaqopunockou pac-
cnanonnocfu unu nahpnxonnocfu. Hahpumop, mannan kama
onimuncfnom nknou ynof nochpunumaficn kak pasmninonnan, pac-
cnanonnan, a ockonok cfokna kak cocponofononnwu u nahpnxon-
Ownno ycfanonnonuo cosnynnwx fomy cocfonnuk accouuauuu okaswnaofcn
onoo fpynnou sananou: noni ponakcauuonnoo cocfonnuo fo no cfoniko paccna-
nonnocfi mwmu, ckoniko pasnunakmoocn na qono fou paccnanonnocfu cocfonnuo
hcuxuku, nwpasufi kofopoo no fak-fo hpocfo.
i??
nwu. Iocno foio nwupaofcn nokofopwu ucxonnwu hponmof, kak
hpanuno, noufpaninwu, no nanonakmuu nwpaxonnwx ponakcauuon-
nwx accouuauuu. Iopnwu us ncfyhakmux n uipy nnonon ipyhhw non-
xon nasnafi unu kpafko ohucafi hponmof (nnnonuo, cufyauuk), ko-
fopwu wn w n onimou cfohonu, noxonu ucxonnwu, nacwmon
nyxom paccnanonun. Cnonykmuu ynacfnuk oio cocon cnona
hponnaiaof nfo-fo omo onoo paccnanonnoo u f.n. Hipa nnuxofcn
ho kpyiy, ycfpomnnn noopaxonuo ynacfnukon k nco onoo u onoo
pasmninakmum u paccnannkmum opasam. cnu onoponnou
sanumakmuucn no moxof naufu nunoio onoo paccnanonnoio, on
ocfanannunaof uipy u, nopnynmuci k ucxonnomy hponmofy, nanuna-
of oo cnanana.
Ipu hponononuu fou uipw nonymuu nonxon pasncnufi, nfo ho
mkano paccnanonnocfu cnonyof hponnuiaficn ymoponnwm, no
cnumkom pasmamucfwm maiom. Hposmopno poskuo hopomomonun of
ucxonnoio hponmofa k nnno ponakcauuonnwm opasam wcfpo sa-
nonnf ipyhhy n fyhuk, u unfopoc k uipo y sanumakmuxcn hanaof.
Iofomy xonafonino pacfnnyfi hyfomocfnuo k honkcy paccnanonun
xofn w na onun honnwu kpyi, nfow kaxnwu us sanumakmuxcn cmoi
hpunnfi n nom ynacfuo.
Ha hpofnxonuu hopnwx nnyx-fpox kpyion nonymomy cnonyof hona-
nknafi sa poakuunmu ynacfnukon na kaxnwu onoponnou opas: nou-
cfnufonino nu on nochpunumaofcn ncomu kak omo onun mai k pac-
cnanonuk, no nwswnaof nu y koio-fo nonoymonun unu hpofocfa
cnu n ipyhho uapuf onunonymuo u cxoncfno ouonok, nonymuu mo-
xof honnopxafi fy fonnonuuk, monuquuuponan yhpaxnonuo cno-
nykmum hpanunom: hpano na ocfanonky umoof kaxnwu, kfo no co-
inacon c nnononuom onoponnoio opasa kak onoo paccnanonnoio,
nom hponmocfnykmuu. Ocfanonka hpousnonufcn komannou Cfoh!
u npyiumu ynacfnukamu no ochapunaofcn u no ocyxnaofcn. 1akou
napuanf uipw cfanuf nnonon ipyhhw hopon nooxonumocfik no foniko
qopmynuponafi cnou cocfnonnwo opasnwo nopcuu paccnanonnoc-
fu, no u saofuficn o fom, nfow kaxnwu ux opas wn hpunnf ipyh-
hou. 3anumakmuocn nanunakf uckafi u nwpaafwnafi omuu nswk
ponakcauuonnwx opason, kofopwu no foniko homoiaof chnofufi
ipyhhy, no u akfunno uchonisyofcn n xono hocnonykmux sannfuu.
Yhpaxnonuo oconka sacfannnof sanumakmuxcn usnnokafi nkyc
paccnanonnocfu us onacfu fonocnwx omymonuu u hpoouuponafi oio
nonno, nohnoman n hponmofax u nnnonunx nnomnoio mupa. Yhpax-
nnnci n fom, onu hpoxonnf cnooopasnwu fponuni noopaxonun.
Io oconko moxno nnuiaficn u n opafnom nahpannonuu: of
paccnanonnoio k nco onoo nahpnxonnomy. Ipoucxonnmoo hpu fom
cohpukocnononuo c mupom anfuponakcauuonnwx opason ynof oco-
onno honosnwm nnn sanumakmuxcn na faho ocnoonun nwxona us
ponakcauuonnoio cocfonnun (cm. inany 4).
Ipu nwhonnonuu yhpaxnonun, kak n oio ponakcauuonnom, fak
u n mounusykmom napuanfo, nauonoo ocfpwmu nnnnkfcn momon-
fw hpunuxonun k kpaunum fonkam opasnoio pnna. Hukfo no xo-
nof cnanaficn, kaxnwu cfpomufcn naufu omo onoo cuninwu, onoo
nwpasufoninwu opas. fou nahpnxonnou coponnonafoninou cu-
fyauuu unfoncunnan paofa noopaxonun nwswnaof k xusnu nooxu-
nannoo oiafcfno opason u accouuauuu. bopia cohponoxnaofcn
ownno panocfnwm hopoxunanuom fnopnockoio honoma.
Hipa moxof wfi hpononona u n qopmo cocfnsanun: onoponnou oo
ynacfnuk, no cymonmuu hpononxufi oconky, nwwnaof us kpy-
ia. fakou monuqukauuu uipa hpononxaofcn no nwnnnonun hoo-
nufonn.
Iaofan nan oconkou, nnonw ipyhhw nacfo hpuxonnf k na-
cfoniko nwpasufoninwm, npkum, mouuonanino nacwmonnwm kap-
funam, nfo fo opianunocku nxonnf n apconan ipyhhonwx u unnunu-
nyaninwx hpuomon paccnanonun unu mounusauuu. onymuu xo
moxof uchonisonafi nauonoo ynannwo naxonku sanumakmuxcn hpu
hponononuu n ipyhho coancon iofopofponunia.
i?
J. OT HCT8HR K MbCH
Iocno foio kak sanumakmuocn oynafcn paccnanonuk nopos hpon-
napufoninoo nahpnxonuo mwmu (cm. yhpaxnonuo Konfpacf), um
nooxonumo ocnoufi onoo hpnmou, munykmuu qusunockuo ycunun
hyfi n uapcfno nonu. osmoxno, k fpofiomy-nofnopfomy sannfuk
nokofopwo us nux u camu namyhanu choco nwswnafi paccnanonuo
sa cnof onnux foniko nnyfponnux, hcuxunockux ycunuu. Onnu, mo-
xof wfi, naynunuci paccnannficn c homomik mwmonnoio nocho-
munanun o paccnanonnocfu. pyium nnn foio, nfow nwsnafi foh-
no u fnxocfi, nocfafonno ckonuonfpuponafi nnumanuo na paccna-
nnomou onacfu. 1pofiu nocfuiakf nyxnoio cocfonnun mwmu,
mwcnonno hpoionapunan qopmynw, kofopwo uchonisyof nonymuu na
sannfunx iofopofponunia. Hofnopfwx nwpynaof npkoo noopaxonuo,
choconoo hponpamafi n nni fakmuu n noiax nock, fohno connonnwx
nynou na koxo unu fnxocfi cnunua n nokax. Onnako numi ononi no-
mnoiuo us sanumakmuxcn cmoiyf k fomy npomonu nocfuiafi c ho-
momik hcuxunockoio camonosnoucfnun cfoni xo inyokoio paccna-
nonun, kak u hpu uchonisonanuu qusunockux naipysok. onymuu
moxof yonuficn n fom, ocnu hponnoxuf ncom nnonam ipyhhw ho-
hpoonafi nwsnafi paccnanonuo mwmu, no hpuoian k hponnapufoni-
nomy nahpnxonuk. Ownno hopnwo hohwfku fakoio pona hpunocnf
sanumakmumcn numi nonnwo fonu nyxnwx omymonuu, a fo u non-
co okaswnakfcn osychomnwmu.
kanocfno mocfuka of yxo ocnoonnoio nnonamu ipyhhw paccna-
nonun mwmu k omo nohonnnacfnomy um paccnanonuk nopos ycunuo
nonu moxno uchonisonafi...
Jnpunenue 10. "3u0epuu
3anumakmuocn paccaxunakfcn n kpyxok, hpunakf fony ynonoo
honoxonuo u sakpwnakf inasa. Io komanno nonymoio nco cxumakf
ipyhhax chopfcmonon unu quskynifypnukon, fomh hponnuxonun kofopwx na
hopnwx hopax ocnoonun ponakcauuu snanufonino nwmo, hopoxon k yhpaxnonunm fou
inanw nosmoxon na nfopom sannfuu.
i8O
hpanyk pyky n kynak u, nahonnun oo paccnanonuom, nanunakf co-
cfnsaficn, kfo nonimo cmoxof ynopxafi pyky n paccnanonnom co-
cfonnuu. O yfopo ponakcauuonnoio omymonun kaxnwu cpasy xo naof
snafi ipyhho unu nonymomy. o usoxanuo nonyxnwx pasnoinacuu
cnonyof cpasy xo oionopufi, n kakou nacfu pyku ynopxunaofcn omy-
monuo u nfo cnufafi hofopou paccnanonnocfu honnoo yiacanuo
ncox cnonon, nanano ux ocnanonun unu nonfo cponnoo.
Io hpomocfnuu 45 munyf opiy xonafonino ocfanonufi nosa-
nucumo of foio, hoonun onun nononok unu nockoniko. bonoo nnu-
foninwo hohwfku nynmo ocfanufi nnn camocfonfoninou fponuponku
noma. cnu xo coponnykmuocn xofnf no nfo w fo nu cfano noufu
no konua, nonymomy nooxonumo nknknafi nwwnakmux us uipw
ynacfnukon n nwhonnonuo kakoio-fo nonoio sananun.
Ocyxnonuo hpumononnwx kaxnwm us nnonon ipyhhw fakfuk opi-
w c yfonkou paccnanonun nnnnofcn ucknknufonino naxnwm momon-
fom fou uipw, hockoniky n nom moxof onapyxuficn nomano un-
fopocnoio u honosnoio no foniko nnn sanumakmuxcn, no u nnn
nonymoio. Hnfopocno, nfo hokasanmuo nauonoo nwcokuo posyni-
fafw nacfo no moiyf fonno ohpononufi, konuonfpuponanu onu nnu-
manuo na iofonwx omymonunx unu xo cocfnonnwm ycunuom hponno-
nanu u noccfanannunanu ux. Ipani moxny camonochpunfuom u
camonosnoucfnuom okaswnaofcn nocima ycnonnou. Cnonyof saocfpufi
nnumanuo ipyhhw na fou cfpannocfu u honcnufi, nfo nnn pac-
cnanonun conhanonuo cosopuanun u noucfnun ocfocfnonno u sako-
nomopno.
Yhpaxnonuo 3anopxka moxno nwhonnufi 2J pasa honpnn,
monnn hpu fom paccnannomyk nacfi fona. osmoxno, nokofopwo
ynacfnuku uipw wcfpo pasonikf n coo choconocfi xpanufi inyo-
kyk paccnanonnocfi ckoni yionno nonio. Ofo cnunofonicfnyof o fom,
nfo ocnonnoo pycno camopaccnanonun umu yxo namyhano u oio nyx-
no foniko paspaafwnafi. Hnoina nnn cfpomufoninoio pocka nho-
pon nonymomy nocfafonno homoni um honopufi n fo, nfo onu yxo moiyf
paccnannficn camocfonfonino. 1om xo, komy 3anopxka no homoi-
na, concom no onsafonino hpounaficn ho cnonam cnoux ymonmux
nhopon fonapumou: fof hyfi k ponakcauuu no onuncfnonnwu u no nnn
ncox naukpafnaumuu. kanocfno omo onnou hpomoxyfonnou cfy-
honiku nnn hopoxona of foxnuku yhpaxnonun Konfpacf k nohoc-
poncfnonnomy paccnanonuk moxno hponnoxufi...
i8i
Jnpunenue 11. "Hpooo0nuu
Io ykasanuk nonymoio sanumakmuocn nahpniakf nauonoo oc-
noonnyk umu ipyhhy mwmu u safom nounakfcn ofnofnunwx omymo-
nuu fnxocfu u fohna. Iocno foio kak um ynanoci nokanusonafi ciy-
monuo paccnanonnocfu n kakou-nuo nacfu fona, nonymuu hponna-
iaof hohwfaficn hopomocfufi fof ciycfok, nahpumop, of nanonu
ho pyko hoponocfu oio n hnono, of cfohw k onpy unu opafno.
whonnonuo hononwx sananuu fpoyof nacfoununocfu u snanufoni-
nou konuonfpauuu nnumanun. Honi naynuficn cnoonno hopomo-
mafi onacfi paccnanonun ho ncomy fony. Ymonuo fo hpuxonuf k
sanumakmumcn no cpasy. 1uhunnwo fpynnocfu hpu ocnoonuu Ipo-
nonnuka sacfponanuo fnxocfu u fohna no npomn hpoxoxnonun
cycfanon, pasmaswnanuo unu naxo ucnosnononuo fux omymonuu,
hpunuhanuo onaia paccnanonun k mocfy oio nosnuknononun u f.h.
Onnako poiynnpnwo fponuponku hpunocnf omyfumwu posynifaf: pac-
cnannkman nonna cfanonufcn onoo konuonfpuponannou u hocnym-
nou hpakfunocku c kaxnou hocnonykmou hohwfkou.
nokofopwx cnynanx hpononufi paccnanonuo us onnou fonku n
npyiyk okaswnaofcn hpomo no ho konfypy fona, a kak w nopos hyc-
foo hpocfpancfno. Hahpumop, ocnu hwfaficn hohopomonno nahon-
nnfi paccnanonuom fo hpanyk, fo nonyk kucfu, fo fakou choco
nahpamunaofcn cam coou. Ipu onnanonuu um unoina honosno w-
naof hpusnafi na homomi noopaxonuo: hponcfanufi hoponunakmuucn
us cfakana n cfakan fohnwu mon u f.h. Co npomonom mnoiuo ynacf-
nuku onapyxaf, nfo onu moiyf nanunafi hopomomafi paccnanonuo
kak w c hycfoio mocfa, nfo nnn foio concom no onsafonino
mwmonnwm ycunuom nwxumafi us con hopnonananinyk nosy foh-
na u fnxocfu. 1ox, kfo ofkpwn n coo fakyk choconocfi, moxno
hosnpanufi: noni naynuficn ionopuponafi paccnanonuo nnyfponnum
ycunuom snanuf naynuficn inannomy.
Yhpaxnonuo Ipononnuk moxof wfi uchonisonano no foniko
n ipyhhonwx sannfunx, no u n camocfonfoninwx. Iocno foio kak
sanumakmuocn n nocfafonnou mopo ocnonf fo yhpaxnonuo, nony-
momy ynof honosno nopnyfi ipyhhy k yhpaxnonunm, hpunononnwm
n inano i, okycuponka, Iamma, 3amonnonnoo nnuxonuo.
Iaofan c konuonfpauuou u hopoknknonuom fonocnoio nnumanun,
nnonw ipyhhw, camu unu c homomik nonymoio, ofmofnf nooxunan-
nwu qqokf: nnyfponnoo cocponofononuo, nwnonnn fy unu unyk
nacfi fona, onnonpomonno u paccnannof oo! Ofo nnnonuo cnuno-
i82
fonicfnyof o snanufoninom hponnuxonuu ynacfnukon ipyhhw n fox-
nuko ponakcauuu. Ofnwno ponakcauuonnwo omymonun cfanu nnn
nux ocnonnwm conopxanuom nochpunfun cocfnonnoio fona u fom
nnyfponnum myhom, kofopwm fonocnoo nnumanuo saxnafwnaof
onacfi konuonfpauuu.
Yhpaxnonuk Ipononnuk moxno hpunafi konnokfunnwu u naxo
coponnonafoninwu xapakfop, monuquuuponan oio cnonykmum opa-
som. Ynacfnuku paccaxunakfcn n kpyi fak, nfow haniuw pyk kax-
noio us cunnmux naxonunuci kak moxno nuxo k haniuam coconou
cnona u chpana. Io komanno nonymoio nanunakmuu uipy konuonf-
pupyof paccnanonuo n cnoou hpanou kucfu, safom hpononuf oio ho
hpanou pyko k hnony, hopokafwnaof nopos ipyni u coupaof n kucfu
nonou pyku. oikum hpukocnononuom k pyko nonoio cocona on cui-
nanusupyof omy o okonnanuu cnooio faha. 1ohopi fonno fakoo xo
nnyfponnoo hopomomonuo hpononwnaof hpunnnmuu cfaqofy oio co-
con cnona, u fak nanoo. Konnokfunnocfi yhpaxnonun nnocuf nohon-
nufoninwu mounusykmuu momonf n paofy kaxnoio ynacfnuka ipyh-
hw, fak kak of oio noucfnuu sanucuf ychox ipyhhw n uonom. Kpomo
foio, konfakf nopos hpukocnononuo kak w oonunnof nnonon ipyh-
hw, cnuman cymocfnykmuo nsaumnwo nahpnxonun u nacfopoxon-
nocfi. cnu nonymuu samopuf ho nacam npomn, n fononuo kofopoio
nonna paccnanonun hpoxonuf honnwu kpyi, fo nhocnoncfnuu ynac-
fnuku ipyhhw cmoiyf cpannufi fof posynifaf c posynifafamu honfop-
nwx hohwfok.
mo onun napuanf yhpaxnonun Ipononnuk hoponana umhyni-
ca paccnanonun ho uohonko sanumakmuxcn, pyku kofopwx naxonnfcn
n hocfonnnom cohpukocnononuu. Ipu fom nnomnuu cuinan of on-
noio ynacfnuka ipyhhw k npyiomy no hoponaofcn: kaxnomy us nux
hponnaiaofcn nohocponcfnonno ynonufi hoponannwu omy umhynic u
nahpanufi oio nanimo ho uohonko. Yhpaxnonuo moxno nwhonnnfi
n hapax unu ncou ipyhhou. Ionono yhpaxnonuk ?, fo sananuo
nnnnofcn mucfuqukauuou, hockoniky ocnonano na noxnou unoo ho-
ponanu paccnanonun of onnoio nononoka k npyiomy nopos qusunoc-
kuu konfakf. 1om no monoo n ocyxnonuu ownno nwncnnofcn, nfo
mnoiuo noucfnufonino nochpunumanu hopofokakmoo k num of pyku
hapfnopa paccnanonuo. Iononwo hopoxunanun nousmonno nosyx-
nakf ocfpwu unfopoc k fakou uipo, hpunanan ou n kakou-fo cfoho-
nu xapakfop ynnokafoninoio hyfomocfnun n onacfi nooncnumwx
nnnonuu.
i8J
Moxny fom n ocnono foio qqokfa noxaf uckaxonnwo nnymonuom
u camonnymonuom nochpunfun cocfnonnou paccnanonnou pyku.
Iofomy sanopmufi ocyxnonuo nonymuu nonxon oncnonuom uc-
funnou hpuponw onapyxonnou hpononumocfu. Hnfopocno, nfo
nnn opianusauuu hoponanu paccnanonun ho uohonko concom no on-
safonino hpuoiafi k poswipwmy. Omanw nochpunfun ynyf nosnu-
kafi u n fom cnynao, ocnu nonymuu no cfanof honnopxunafi unok
hoponanu fohna u fnxocfu nopos pyky, a numi hponnoxuf sanumak-
mumcn na ohwfo hponopufi, nosmoxno fo unu nof.
Cucfomafunockan ipyhhonan u unnununyaninan paofa c yhpax-
nonuom Ipononnuk hosnonnof wcfpo hponnuiaficn n ocnoonuu
ponakcauuonnou foxnuku, ofpacwnan nonyxnwo hponnapufoninwo
qusunockuo ycunun. Ho houck nnyfponnux ucfonnukon paccnano-
nun moxno nocfu u n npyiux nahpannonunx. Ononi xopomuo posyni-
fafw n oynonuu paccnanonuk naof ohopa na ocfocfnonnwo pufmw
nahpnxonun u ponakcauuu n hpouocco nwxanun. Ofy nonyk nnn yna-
cfnukon ipyhhw fomy moxno nanafi c noonimoio ohwfa.
onymuu hponnaiaof ncom sanumakmumcn cocfi hoynonoo, sak-
pwfi inasa, nwmafi cnoonno u ocfocfnonno. 3afom kaxnwu nknk-
naof cnou unfpockoh u nanknaof sa fom, koina on onoo paccna-
non na nnoxo unu na nwnoxo.
Ipu ocyxnonuu onimuncfno ynacfnukon ipyhhw ownno ofmo-
nakf onoo paccnanonnoo cocfonnuo no npomn nwnoxa. onymuu
oncnnof, nfo fakou posynifaf nanknonuu sakonomopon: cnoon-
noo nwxanuo cohpnxono c cokpamonuom nwxafoninou myckynafypw
na nnoxo u oo paccnanonuom na nwnoxo. 1akum opasom, n momonf
nwnoxa omoo paccnanonuo ncoina ynof onoo honnwm u inyokum,
nom n momonf nnoxa. Iocno foio pasncnonun nnonw ipyhhw n fo-
nonuo J5 munyf camocfonfoninou paofw nounakfcn omo onoo
nwpaxonnwx omymonuu paccnanonun na nwnoxo. 3afom um moxno
hponnoxufi...
Jnpunenue 12. "Hucoc
Yhpaxnonuo nwhonnnofcn cunn c sakpwfwmu inasamu. Ynacfnu-
ku ipyhhw cocponofonunakfcn na cnoom nwxanuu no fox hop, hoka
no honyncfnykf, nfo c kaxnwm nwnoxom monnonnan pasmninakman
nonna hpokafwnaofcn ho ncomy fony. Hokofopoo npomn onu ynafcn
i84
hoipyxaficn n fof hynicupykmuu hofok paccnanonun, napamunafi
oio momnocfi.
3afom nonymuu hponnaiaof naynuficn yhpannnfi ocnooxnakmumcn
na nwnoxo paccnanonuom, hpousnonino nahpannnn oio k pasnunnwm
nacfnm fona. Cnanana ocnaunaofcn nwnox nopos pyky. nn foio
nyxno hponcfanufi coo, nfo nwnwxaomoo paccnanonuo yxonuf no
nopos nosnpu, a nopos noopaxaomwo ofnopcfun n konnukax haniuon
hpanou pyku. Ownno fo manonikoo hoponohnomonuo ynaofcn ncom
u hpoucxonuf nononino wcfpo.
o npomn ocnoonun foio sananun nonymuu moxof hoconofonafi
sanumakmumcn nocfu paccnanonuo cnanana ho hpnmou pyko, ho-
ckoniky fo noino, nom ho coinyfou. Iocno foio kak y nux nannyf
nosnukafi omymonun fohnonou nonnw, hpoxonnmou nnoni pyku no
konnukon haniuon, nonymuu hponnaiaof sakpwfi noopaxaomwo of-
nopcfun. Ipu fom fohno u fnxocfi nwnoxa nanunakf ckahnunaficn
n haniuax, nahonnnfi kucfi, nco onoo ciymanci, konuonfpupynci
u hocfohonno sahonnnn nck pyky cnusy nonopxy.
cnu kfo-fo us nnonon ipyhhw safpynnnofcn n ocnoonuu fou fox-
nuku, nonymuu moxof hopokomonnonafi omy nanafi c onoo hpocfwx
sananuu, nahpumop, ynannunafi hpununw paccnanonun kpwnion
noca. nannom cnynao nosnuknononuk nyxnwx omymonuu choco-
cfnyof nnomnuu qusunockuu qakfop, hockoniky no npomn nwnoxa
nopos noc fohnwu nosnyx noucfnufonino coiponaof nosnpu. pyian
manonikan xufpocfi: no npomn nwnoxa nopos pof honnocufi nfo-nu-
yni k iyam nanoni, knuiy u f.h. Ipu fom iyw u onacfi nok-
pyi pfa onaof nonnou ofpaxonnoio fohnoio nosnyxa. Iocfohonno
hpoipany na hyfu nosnymnoio hofoka moxno ofonnuiafi nco nanimo,
nounanci honnopxanun honynonnoio qqokfa c munumaninou oho-
pou na nnomnuu pasnpaxufoni.
Hokofopwm us ynacfnukon ipyhh nakanunanuo pyku fohnom u fn-
xocfik no naofcn, ocnu nonymuu hponnapufonino no oncnuf um,
nfo onu nonxnw omymafi. Iofomy hopnyk hohwfky paccnaufi pyky
nynmo ncoio cohponoxnafi coofnofcfnykmumu honckaskamu-nnymo-
nunmu, kofopwo nahpannnnu w noopaxonuo u nnumanuo n nyxnyk
cfopony. 3noci ononi xopomo homoiakf opasnwo cpannonun: ckah-
nunakmancn n haniuax pfyfi, sahonnnkman hycfyk posunonyk hop-
nafky fohnan xunkocfi u f.h.
Ocnoun paccnanonuo hpanou pyku, nnonw ipyhhw hopoxonnf k
nwnwxanuk n nonyk pyky. 3afom mumonik nnn paccnannkmoio
hofoka cfanonnfcn noiu, nuuo u f.n. nn sakpohnonun nanwka no-
i85
nymuu moxof hponnoxufi nochonisonaficn opasom nacoca paccna-
nonun, c kaxnwm nwnoxom sakanunakmoio fohno u fnxocfi n nk-
yk nacfi fona. Ipu homomu fou foxnuku moxno no foniko paccna-
nnfi fono ofnoninwmu nacfnmu, no u nahonnnfi oio paccnanonuom
nco uonukom, kak w nopnynmuci na nonom yponno k nananinou qaso
yhpaxnonun. nn foio unoina honosno hponcfannnfi con nco nuxo
hpoconakmum c kaxnwm nwnoxom, opymunakmumcn na nwnoxo
nnyfpi con, cxumakmumcn u pasxumakmumcn honono posunonou
ipymo, no n opafnom nwxanuk pufmo u f.h. ofnoninwx cnynanx
yxo n xono honiofonufoninwx ohwfon ynacfnuku ipyhhw nocfuiakf
nacfoniko inyokoio omoio paccnanonun, nfo naninouman paofa
c ofnoninwmu nacfnmu fona cfanonufcn yxo no nyxnou.
Yhpaxnonuo Hacoc qqokfunnwu hpuom ponakcauuu. nn
nokofopwx nnonon ipyhhw yhpaxnonuo nopos nwxanuo moxof okasafi-
cn onoo ocfocfnonnwm u inyokum, nom hpu uchonisonanuu napua-
uuu yhpaxnonun Konfpacf. Hacoc, a fakxo hocnonykmuo nna
yhpaxnonun onnw ipanufauuu u Ioipyxonuo c ychoxom
moiyf wfi uchonisonanw no foniko n ynonwx uonnx, no u n xus-
nu kak chocow ychokoonun, ofnnononun of nohpunfnwx hopoxu-
nanuu, cnooopasnoio onumonun u pasmainununanun cosnanun.
1ak, chopfcmonw, kofopwx iyuf na coponnonanunx nposmopnoo
mouuonaninoo nosyxnonuo, moiyf nknknufi onno us fux yhpax-
nonuu n hpoipammy cnoou hponcfapfonou hcuxonoiunockou honio-
fonku.
Cucfomafunocku paofan c Hacocom, ynacfnuku ipyhhw ownno
nanunakf nunousmonnfi no npomn camopaccnanonun ocfocfnonnwu
pucynok cnooio nwxanun. Hanknan sa fom, kfo kak nwmuf, nony-
muu moxof cnonafi nnn con nokofopwo nwnonw o ychoxax foio unu
unoio nononoka n ocnoonuu fou foxnuku. Hauonimum paccnann-
kmum qqokfom onanaof no ownnoo, a fak naswnaomoo nonopnoo
nwxanuo nnox ykopononnwu u nosamofnwu, a nwnox, nahpofun,
safnnyfwu u kak w c ynaponuom. Hononahpannonno nwpaafwnafi
fakou pufm nononino cnoxno: nnn foio nooxonumo no foniko ho-
cfonnno nwnopxunafi nohpunwnnoo coofnomonuo nnoxa u nwnoxa,
no u onnonpomonno nounaficn foio, nfow noikuo saupanu na nnoxo
cfoniko xo nosnyxa, ckoniko onu ofnakf na nwnoxo. Ofcnoxunafi
hpu fom omo u ponakcauuonnwo hpununw u ofnunw mnoium okasw-
naofcn no hon cuny. Iofomy hocfanonka nonopnoio nwxanun nwpa-
cfaof n ofnoninwu camocfonfoninwu fah paofw. Moxny fom ynac-
fnuku ipyhhw, unymuo n conopmoncfnonanuu cnooio Hacoca no of
i86
nnomnou nwxafoninou foxnuku, a of camoio paccnanonun, ownno
hpuxonnf k nonopnomy nwxanuk ocfocfnonno, nacfo naxo no ocos-
nanan foio. wxanuo nxonuf n nonopnuu pufm anfomafunocku, ho
mopo foio kak ynacfnuku ipyhhw ynafcn packanunafi n coo ponakca-
uuonnyk nonny, nco onoo u onoo ycununan hofok paccnanonun na
nwnoxo.
Hfow usoxafi onnoopasun, n xono usynonun u ofpaofku ca-
mopaccnanonun c ohopou na nwxanuo moxno uchonisonafi pasnun-
nwo monuqukauuu Hacoca. Hahpumop...
Jnpunenue 1J. "Boanm epuoumuuu
onymuu hponnaiaof ynacfnukam sakpwfi inasa, packpohocfufi
noopaxonuo u noufu n qanfacfunockuu mup c hopomonnwm honom
ipanufauuu. Konoanun cunw hpufnxonun conhanakf c pufmom
nwxanun nononoka: na nnoxo ona hanaof, nonan fono honfu nonoco-
mwm, a na nwnoxo wcfpo napacfaof, ckonwnan mwmuw nonunou
nohonnuxnocfik.
Yhpaxnonuo nwhonnnofcn n fononuo J4 munyf, hocno noio yna-
cfnuku nonnfcn cnoumu nanknonunmu. Xofn konoanun cnooio noca
nochpunumakf hpakfunocku nco, amhnufyna oio y pasnwx ynacf-
nukon moxof wfi pasnunnou. Kak hpanuno, onoo nwpaxonnoo
omymonuo fnxocfu na nwnoxo wnaof y nknou nnymaomwx, nhonaf-
nufoninwx, nanononnwx npkum noopaxonuom.
mo onun napuanf paofw c nwxanuom...
Jnpunenue 14. "Hoepyenue
onymuu hpocuf nnonon ipyhhw sakpwfi inasa, ckonuonfpupo-
naficn na cnoom nwxanuu u hohwfaficn omyfufi oio kak nnuxonuo
ho nopfukanu: nnox yhopno hpoonononakmuu somnoo fniofonuo
honom nnopx, nwnox cnoonnoo hanonuo nnus. Kak hpanuno,
ynacfnukam nononino ckopo ynaofcn packanafi n coo fu nocxoxno-
nun u hoipyxonun, hpunom ho nnyfponnum omymonunm noopaxa-
oman amhnufyna moxof n cofnu pas hponwmafi poaninwo honomw u
ohyckanun ipynnou knofku hpu nwxanuu.
Iocno fou nnonnou nacfu nonymuu hponnaiaof nnonam ipyhhw
hpononafi onnocfoponnoo nnuxonuo: hoipyxanci na nwnoxo, coxpa-
i8?
nnfi nocfuinyfwu ypononi hoipyxonun na nnoxo. Cnonyn fou uncf-
pykuuu, ynacfnuku c kaxnwm nwnoxom nonxnw hoipyxaficn nco
inyxo u inyxo.
3ananuo cnoxnoo: ynopxaficn na nocfuinyfou inyuno u no
nchnwfi no npomn nnoxa honanany kaxofcn nonosmoxnwm. Iocno
J4 munyf cocponofononnoio fponunia y nokofopwx ynacfnukon ipyh-
hw namonakfcn hopnwo hponocku: honomw na nnoxo nanunakf
omymaficn cnaoo u kaxyfcn monoo snanufoninwmu, nom hoipyxo-
nun na nwnoxo. Iasnunan fof ychox, nokofopwo nnonw ipyhhw na-
xonnf knkn k fpynnomy sananuk n fom, nfow ofnnonicn of nwxa-
nun n momonf nnoxa u naupafi n noikuo nosnyx mamunanino, kak w
faukom of con. cnu xo no npomn ocyxnonun nukfo no yhomunaof
o ocfanonko cosnanun na nnoxo, fo nonymomy cnonyof camomy na-
nocfu ipyhhy na fy xufpocfi. naninoumom ona homoxof onoo
honno uchonisonafi nosmoxnocfu nwxafoninoio paccnanonun n
nkom us oio napuanfon.
o npomn ocnoonun omoponakcauuonnwx yhpaxnonuu, fakux kak
Hacoc, onnw ipanufauuu, Ioipyxonuo, ynacfnuku ipyhhw
unoina nyncfnykf iononokpyxonuo, y nux nosnukakf nohpousnoni-
nwo honopiunanun mwmu, nnosahnwo omymonun ocfpoio noynocfna
hosw, hofopu pannonocun u f.h. Hnnonun fu sakonomopnw, u onc-
nufi ux moxno hpunusufonino fak. Ckomkannwu nucf ymaiu,
pomonnwu na hon, pachpnmnnofcn pwnkamu nonfo hoxoxoo hpo-
ucxonuf u c nononokom. nyfponno on ckomkan ckohunmumcn sa
noni nopnno-hcuxunockum nahpnxonuom. Ho hpu hoipyxonuu n co-
cfonnuo ponakcauuu on kak w nwnonuf cnok hcuxuky us cunonoio
honn noqopmupykmux oo ocfonfonicfn u hopoxunanuu. Onaiu no-
pnnoio nahpnxonun nanunakf paspnxafi cnok nopiuk nonno, nfo
u hponnnnofcn n nwhnockax pasnoopasnwx omymonuu. Ofnocuficn
k fum hopou manohpunfnwm omymonunm nano chokouno. Iocno
poiynnpnwx sannfuu onu ownno hpoxonnf.
Jnpunenue 1. "3epuuao
Iasunmuci na hapw u oocounmuci, ynacfnuku pachonaiakf-
cn na cfyninx npyi hpofun npyia. Io komanno nonymoio onu cocpo-
nofonunakfcn na omymonuu nonnw paccnanonun, pacxonnmoucn ho
fony c kaxnwm nwnoxom. 3afom hapfnopw nanunakf nanknafi sa
i88
nwxanuom npyi npyia, cfapanci nocfuni onnonpomonnoio nwnoxa u
onnonpomonnoio hpoxoxnonun paccnannkmou nonnw.
Inasa nonxnw wfi hpuofkpwfw, nfow kaxnwu nunon, kak hon-
numaofcn u ohyckaofcn n fakf nwxanuk ipyni oio fonapuma. Ofkpw-
fwo inasa, onnako, cosnakf nnn nnonon ipyhhw ohacnocfi ynnonicn
nunumwm mupom u yhycfufi ponakcauuonnwo pufmw cocfnonnoio
fona. Hfow usoxafi foio, na hopnwx hopax moxno hopokomonno-
nafi ynacfnukam ipyhhw pacqokycuponafi nsinnn, hponpafun hapf-
nopa n pasmwfoo usopaxonuo. cnu ynannunafi pufm nwxanun hapf-
nopa na cnyx, fo yhpaxnonuo moxno nwhonnnfi u c sakpwfwmu
inasamu. Ho cyokfunno hopoxunaomwo hpu fom qqokfw moiyf
wfi npyiumu.
3a qopmuponanuom hap n fom u npyiux hapnwx yhpaxnonunx no-
nymomy cnonyof honanknafi c ocoonnwm nnumanuom, hockoniky
cufyauun cnoonnoio nwopa hapfnopamu npyi npyia ownno packpw-
naof coofnomonuo cumhafuu u hponhonfonuu n ipyhho. Hauonoo
ofkpwfo hponnnfcn ofnomonun n fom cnynao, ocnu ynacfnukon ipyhhw
sapanoo hponyhponufi: of cfohonu hcuxonoiunockou conmocfumocfu
n hapax ynof sanucofi ychox paofw. Xofn fak ono u ocfi na camom
nono, no nnn honynonun onimoio pasnoopasun nanknonuu u n
uonnx omoio chnononun ipyhhw hpu honfopnwx hohwfkax hapfno-
pon xonafonino monnfi.
Ipu ocyxnonuu onimuncfno nnonon ipyhhw ofmonakf, nfo
paccnanonuo n ynucon naofcn noino u nocfuiaof onimou inyu-
nw, nom ownno. Y mnoiux nosnukaof ofnofnunoo omymonuo foio,
nfo hapfnop kakum-fo opasom homoian um paccnauficn. bwna-
of, nfo no npomn nwhonnonun foio yhpaxnonun hapfnopw nyncfny-
kf con ofnononnwmu inyxou cfonou of ncoio mupa, ohyckakmu-
mucn n nonpa paccnanonun n onnom nuqfo, onanakmumu omum
nwxanuom, nxonnmumu n posonanc u f.n. Hnoina um nanunaof
kasaficn, nfo nna ofnoninwx hofoka paccnanonun kak w cnunakf-
cn n onun, iopasno onoo hnofnwu u momnwu. Cnonom, yhpaxno-
nuo 3opkano ownno fak unu unano nomoncfpupyof hpoumymocfna
konnokfunnou paofw nan unnununyaninou.
ocnono cfumynupykmoio noucfnun hapfnopon npyi na npyia
moxof noxafi nockoniko pasnwx hcuxonoiunockux moxanusmon. Hnoi-
Ipu hnanuponanuu sannfuu nonymomy nooxonumo ynufwnafi cknanwnakmuocn
n ipyhho moxnunnocfnwo ofnomonun. mo onoo naxna nwnnnnoman fakum opasom
couuomofpunockan unqopmauun n fox cnynanx, koina nonymuu fponop hpononuf
sannfun co chopfunnou komannou.
i8
na pomakmum okaswnaofcn momonf coponnonanun, nnnoo unu no-
ocosnannoo cfpomnonuo no ycfyhufi hapfnopy. npyiux cnynanx
oniman copannocfi hpu paccnanonuu cnnsana c nospocmou ofnof-
cfnonnocfik, hockoniky cnoum coom unu ofnnononuom onun us hapf-
nopon no foniko napymaof cocfnonnoo noucfnuo, no u kak w hon-
nonuf fonapuma. Ipu conmocfnom paccnanonuu kaxnwu moxof
naxonufi n hapfnopo cnooopasnoio cyqnopa, nnomnkk pufmunoc-
kyk ohopy nnn cnooio nnyfponnoio noucfnun. mocfo c fom nopos
connoo ymupofnopnkmoo nwxanuo hapfnopw kak w sapaxakf npyi
npyia hokoom u paccnanonnocfik. nacfi cosnannoio omumu ycu-
nunmu pufma ocoonno omyfuma n fakom nunousmononnom napuanfo
yhpaxnonun, hpu kofopom nco nnonw ipyhhw opasykf omuu kpyi
u cunxponno paccnannkfcn.
Hs mocfu hpunononnwx nwmo yhpaxnonuu hopnwo nna nonyf k
ymonuk paccnannficn nopos hnannoo cnononuo na nof nchomoiafoni-
nwx mwmonnwx nahpnxonuu, a nofwpo hocnonykmux nopos kon-
uonfpauuk na nwxanuu. Ofo nna pasnunnwx honxona, u n kaxnom
moxno ynunofi cnou hnkcw u munycw. Hokofopwo chouuanucfw ho
foxnuko ponakcauuu paccmafpunakf oo no kak ymonuo hpousnonufi
paccnanonuo, a kak choconocfi onapyxunafi oio. Ho nyxno nw-
swnafi fohno u fnxocfi n fono: fohnwm u fnxonwm ono ncoina wno,
ocfi u ynof. Hyxno numi naynuficn opamafi na fo nnumanuo.
Ofou nocima pachpocfpanonnou n ayfofponunio unoo haccunnocfu n
onimou cfohonu cosnynno paccnanonuo nopos nwxanuo, n fo npo-
mn kak hocfohonnoo cnnfuo qusunockux ohop hponhonaiaof ckopoo
houck nokux akfunnwx nnyfponnux noucfnuu, samonnkmux mwmon-
noo ycunuo.
Ynacfnukam ipyhhw no onsafonino ocnaunafi oa fux honxona.
Iasymnoo nwpafi kakou-fo onun, nakmuu naunynmuo posynifafw.
Iofomy nnn konomuu npomonu u cun c yhpaxnonunmu, packpw-
nakmumu anifopnafunnwo hyfu k onnanonuk paccnanonuom, nno-
non ipyhhw nynmo snakomufi na onnom sannfuu. 1oina kaxnwu cmo-
xof cohocfanufi ux, hpumopufi na con u pomufi, kakou napuanf
omy onimo honxonuf. cnu hponhonfonun ynacfnukon no conhanyf,
nonymuu moxof pasnonufi ipyhhy u kaxnou us honipyhh hponnaiafi
cnou fponupononnwo yhpaxnonun. Onnako n ipyhhax, nucnonnocfi
kofopwx no hponwmaof iOi2 nononok, ynnokaficn pasnoninwm oy-
nonuom no cnonyof, fak kak fo moxof hpunocfu k nokofopomy pas-
omonuk.
iO
pyiou choco nnocfu nuqqoponuuponannocfi n oynonuo cocfo-
uf n fom, nfow na omom sannfuu snakomufi ynacfnukon ipyhhw c
pasnwmu cfpafoiunmu paccnanonun, a yinynonnoo ocnoonuo onnou
us nux ocfannnfi nnn camocfonfoninwx sannfuu noma. Hnoina nony-
muu, ocnonwnanci na cnoou unfyuuuu u snanuu kaxnoio nnona ipyh-
hw, moxof u cam pomufi, kakou napuanf nnuxonun k uonu ou hpon-
noxufi.
1pofium honxonom k onnanonuk ponakcauuou moxof cfafi...
Jnpunenue 10. "Hepeoonaoenun
Ynacfnuku ipyhhw ynono pachonaiakfcn n kpocnax. Onun us nux
honynaof of nonymoio sananuo: hponcfanufi coo hponmof, kofopwu
nwinnnon w kak camo onomocfnnonnoo paccnanonuo. nyfponnomy
nsopy nnnnkfcn hoposponan u onna no cpwnakmancn c nofku ipyma,
iuianfckuu manfnuk, honsyman ho cknony nynkana pachpannonnan
nana unu fakmoo macno. Iocno foio ynacfnuk, honynunmuu sana-
nuo, nonxon cunou noopaxonun hponpafufi con n fo, nfo on
hponcfanun, omyfufi con fou nomik, hoipysuficn n oo mup, hpo-
nuknyficn nacfpoonuom u nxuficn n xapakfop. Of nuua fou nomu
on nanunaof pacckas o fom, nfo hpoucxonuf c nou n nannwu momonf
u nfo ona hpu fom hopoxunaof. 3akonnun honocfnonanuo, ynacfnuk
hpukocnononuom hoponaof cnono cnoomy cocony cnona. 1of moxof
nuo hpononxufi pacckas, nuo nanafi nonoo hoponohnomonuo.
Hipa cfanuf kaxnoio us nnonon ipyhhw n cufyauuk pomonun fnop-
nockou sananu u ofkpwnaof onimyk cnoony nnn nwpaxonun cnoou
unnununyaninocfu.
2onafonino hpononufi uipy n safomnonnom homomonuu fo
oochonuf sanumakmumcn onimyk packonannocfi u hcuxonoiunoc-
kuu komqopf. Io mopo onnanonun uckyccfnom nxunaficn n opas
hoponohnomonun cfanonnfcn nco onoo npkumu u yonufoninwmu. Of
honopxnocfnwx, nucfo nnomnux ohucanuu ynacfnuku unyf n inyi
hponmofa, nco onoo u onoo ofoxnocfnnnnci c num u hopoxunan oio
usnyfpu. ofnoninwx cnynanx kapfunw wnakf nacfoniko nwpa-
sufoninwmu u cuninwmu, nfo ux nacfpoonuom hponukaofcn ncn ipyh-
ha. Hacfo nchnwnakf opasw, napaofannwo n uipo oconka.
Ha nokofopwx ynacfnukon ipyhhw yhpaxnonuo Ioponohnomo-
nun okaswnaof nwpaxonnoo ponakcupykmoo noucfnuo. Cosnannoo
qanfasuou uapcfno hokon u nonu saxnafwnaof ux uonukom, hpunom
ii
nacfyhaof no foniko mwmonnoo paccnanonuo, no u ocooo hcuxu-
nockoo cocfonnuo camoyinynonnocfu u nnyfponnou fumunw. Hnoina
paccnanonuo moxof nocfuiafi fakou cunw, nfo n kakou-fo momonf
ynacfnuky uipw, nonymomy pacckas, cfanonufcn noni ionopufi u on
nwnanunaofcn us uipw.
Ynacfnukam, cnymakmum pacckas, nknknuficn n pasnufuo opasa
wnaof naxo noino, nom ionopnmomy. Onnako nokofopwm moxof
momafi ochokoucfno sa cnoo hponcfonmoo nwcfyhnonuo. Hnoina xo
nohpunfuo nyxoio opasa wnaof cnnsano c noiafunnwm ofnomonu-
om k anfopy. H fo u npyioo ionopuf o nonocfafonnou mouuonani-
nou nknknonnocfu nnonon ipyhhw n omyk uiponyk cufyauuk.
Kpufunockuo samonanun ofnocufonino nioio-nuo pacckasa fakxo
nonakf hpononxonuo uipw nonosmoxnwm. cnu fakux ynacfnukon
okaxofcn onimuncfno, fo uipw no honynufcn. Iofomy nonymuu
nonxon wfi nocfafonno ocfopoxnwm n nwopo momonfa nnn hpono-
nonun foio yhpaxnonun. Ho cnonyof hponnaiafi oio ipyhho, nnyf-
pu kofopou omo no cosponu ofnomonun nsaumnoio hpunfun u nkyc k
conmocfnomy fnopnocfny. Hnoina nnn packanku ipyhhw nonymuu
moxof na hopnwx hopax hponocfanufi ynacfnukam hpano ho xonanuk
hpohyckafi cnok onoponi u hoponanafi nomonmoo no nux hpukocno-
nonuo nanimo. Kononno, hpu fom on nonxon wfi ynopon, nfo no
hponpafuf fom camwm nck ipyhhy n haccunnwx cnymafonou.
Yhpaxnonuo Ioponohnomonun no foniko snakomuf ynacfnukon
fou uipw c nonwm napuanfom ponakcauuonnou foxnuku, no u omo
cuninoo hcuxonoiunocku cnuxaof ux. Ipoucxonuf fo us-sa nwco-
kou nacwmonnocfu yhpaxnonun momonfamu fnopnocfna u cohopoxu-
nanun, a fakxo sa cnof cnooopasnoio camopackpwfun: ionopn of
hopnoio nuua o kakom-nuo hponmofo, kaxnwu ionopuf nfo-fo u o
coo.
axo ocnu ncn ipyhha ofnunno paccnannofcn hpu nwhonnonuu
Ioponohnomonuu, hocnonykmuo ocyxnonun unnununyaninou
paofw nan fou foxnukou noma hokaswnakf: qqokfunnocfi paccna-
nonun nopos nxunanuo n hponmof nnn pasnwx nnonon ipyhhw pasnun-
nan. Komy-fo, nahpumop, nnn hoipyxonun n paccnanonnocfi noc-
fafonno noccfanonufi n hamnfu onno us nauonoo ynannwx hoponoh-
nomonuu. bonimuncfno xo sanumakmuxcn n cnoux hopnwx camocfo-
nfoninwx hohwfkax uchonisonafi opas, kak hpanuno, no moiyf no-
cfuni fou inyunw paccnanonun, na kofopyk ynananoci hoipyxafi-
cn n ipyhho. hponom, fakan xo kapfuna xapakfopna u nnn ocfani-
nwx yhpaxnonuu, homomonnwx n fou inano. K nofnopfomy-mocfo-
i2
my sannfuk mnoiuo ofmonakf, nfo unnununyaninan paofa no hosno-
nnof um naxo hpunusuficn k fom qqokfam camopaccnanonun, ko-
fopwo noiko nosnukakf no npomn ipyhhonwx coancon. Hnomy ynacf-
nuky uipw nanunaof kasaficn, nfo nco hpoucxonnmoo c num na sa-
nnfunx fo nokuu mupax, cosnannwu nnunnuom ipyhhw unu iuh-
nosom nonymoio u occnonno ucnosakmuu nmocfo c num. onymo-
my nooxonumo sanumaficn hpoqunakfukou hononwx nacfpoonuu,
honnopxunan nopy nnonon ipyhhw n cocfnonnwo cunw, u fpoonafi
onoo akfunnou paofw noma. Ipyhha noucfnufonino cnyxuf ycu-
nufonom nunnwx nocfuxonuu, no nco hponnnnkmuocn n nou ponak-
cauuonnwo qqokfw ofnkni no hpuspaku. Conmocfnwo sannfun numi
hpunuxakf fo cfyhonu ponakcauuu, no kofopwx n camocfonfoninou
paofo omo hponcfouf noufu. omamnuo sananun nnnnkfcn nohpo-
monnwm ycnonuom nnn fox, kfo xonof hocfuni uckyccfno paccnano-
nun. H nom poxo hpoucxonnf ipyhhonwo ncfponu, fom naxnoo poiy-
nnpnocfi u cucfomafunnocfi camocfonfoninwx sannfuu. Homoukuo
chouuanucfw X. Knounsopio u I. Knkmuoc cpannunakf ocnoonuo
foxnuku ponakcauuu c nasanuom ho kanafy: cfouf na mui pasxafi
pyku u nw yxo n camom nusy, nanunaufo nco cnanana! Xopomo,
ocnu kaxnwu ynacfnuk hocfanuf coo uoni: no hosxo nom nopos no-
nonk nocfuiafi n nomamnou paofo fox nnyfponnux cocfonnuu, ko-
fopwo ofkpwna hopon num ipyhha.
pyiou naxnwu momonf, na kofopwu cnonyof opafufi nnuma-
nuo, fo cnoonpomonnwu hoponoc nwpaofannwx n xono sannfuu
nanwkon na honny poaninwx ycnonuu xusnu. cnu ynacfnuk ipyhhw
ynoponno nnanoof kakum-fo hpuomom paccnanonun, fo nonymuu
nonxon ncnnocku hoompnfi oio hohwfku uchonisonafi nannwu hpu-
om n honconnonnou xusnu unu n fou cqopo, panu conopmoncfnona-
nun kofopou usynaofcn ponakcauun (chopf, hpoqoccuonaninan non-
foninocfi u f.n.). mo no okonnanun kypca oynonun ipyhho naxno
honyncfnonafi poaninyk honisy of sannfuu. hpofunnom cnynao y
onnux ynacfnukon hpohanaof unfopoc k ipyhhonou paofo, a nnn
npyiux ona moxof hponpafuficn n oocononnwu mupok uckyccfna
nnn uckyccfna. Cufyauuu, n kofopwx ymocfna ponakcauun, nosnu-
kakf kaxnwu noni. Cnnfi ycfanocfi, ohycfomakmyk nymy u fono,
hocno nahpnxonnoio paonoio nnn. onpomn honanufi n coo nchwm-
ky inona unu nonny fponoxnoio ochokoucfna. Ynnfi npoxi n iono-
co hpu ofnofo na ksamonax. Ipuomw ponakcauuu ononi xopomo ho-
moiakf hpoonononafi hcuxunockyk unopuuk u ofknknaficn,
X. Knounsopio, I. Knkmuoc. 1oxnuka ponakcauuu. M.: Monuuuna, i65.
iJ
nahpumop, of pomonun hpousnoncfnonnwx hponom noma, of osa-
ononnocfu nomamnumu nonamu n kpyiy noconnmuxcn iocfou, of
ynopaxamux nochomunanuu munynmoio nnn hopon cnom.
Ipu hopoxono of camocfonfoninwx fponuponok n komqopfnwx yc-
nonunx nomamnoio yonunonun k oonwm noucfnunm n poaninwx
cufyauunx nosnukaof fpynnocfi hcuxonoiunockoio hopnnka: unopuun
hpunwnku. Koina nononok okaswnaofcn onun n iymo honconnonnwx
cowfuu, omy wnaof nonoiko ofnonufi con of hpunwnnwx choco-
on poaiuponafi na fo unu unwo ocfonfonicfna. 1poyofcn usnocf-
noo nacunuo nan coou, nfow kaxnwu pas, koina fo nyxno, yca-
xunafi con n kpocno u sacfannnfi sanumaficn paccnanonuom. A
noponko, saxnanonnwu xusnik npachnox, nononok naxo u no ncho-
munaof o fakou nosmoxnocfu.
Kak homoni n hpoonononuu fou fpynnocfu K hnfomy-mocfomy
sannfuk onimuncfnom ynacfnukon ynof ycnoon nooxonumwu nnn
camocfonfoninoio paccnanonun munumym nanwkon u ymonuu. C foio
npomonu ux ohwf n hpakfunockom hpumononuu ponakcauuu honosno
cnonafi hponmofom poiynnpnwx ipyhhonwx ocyxnonuu. onymuu
moxof fakxo onsafi kaxnoio oxonnonno nonafi coofnofcfnykmuo
sahucu n nnonnuko. Ofu mopw homoiyf wfi copannoo u sacfannf n
kakou-fo cfohonu omymafi con nnonamu ipyhhw n pasnunnwx xu-
fouckux cufyauunx. Iocfohonno ipani moxny sannfunmu ponakcauuou
u honconnonnocfik cofpofcn u ohopafunnoo hpumononuo mukpoco-
ancon paccnanonun nounof n hpunwnky.
Ownno n fox cnynanx, koina nonymuu ynonnof nocfafonno nnu-
manun nnonponuk ponakcauuonnou foxnuku n xusni, omo no okon-
nanun kypca sannfuu mnoiuo onapyxunakf n coo honoxufoninwo
hopomonw: onnu cfanu onoo ypannonomonnwmu, y npyiux samofno
honwcunaci paofochoconocfi unu cnusunaci konqnukfnocfi n o-
monuu, y fpofiux ynynmunuci con, camonyncfnuo, nacfpoonuo.
cnu oynonuo foxnuko ponakcauuu hpononufcn n chopfunnou
komanno fponopom, fo hponoma nnonponun nwpaofannwx na sann-
funx ymonuu n chopfunnyk hpakfuky no cfouf fak ocfpo. Iomomi u
pykononcfno nonymoio pachpocfpannkfcn n fom cnynao u sa hpono-
nw chouuaninwx sannfuu ponakcauuou.
baiax nwxonnmoio na xufouckuu hpocfop nnona ipyhhw nonxon,
onnako, nknknafi no foniko hpuomw paccnanonun, no u chocow
ocnooxnonun of noio. Ymonuo nwxonufi us paccnanonnoio cocfo-
nnun nooxonumo u na sannfunx. C foio momonfa, koina y nnonon
ipyhhw nannyf nosnukafi nocfafonno nwpaxonnwo cocfonnun ponak-
cauuu, paofo nan foxnukou nwxona us nux cnonyof ynonufi ocooo
nnumanuo. Iachpocfpanonnan omuka ocnaunakmux ponakcauuk
cocfouf n fom, nfo, nocfuinyn inyokoio paccnanonun, onu hofom
no cnumakf oio, a kak w hofuxoniky hopohonsakf n ownnoo co-
cfonnuo: pasnohnnkf inasa, c fpynom honnumakfcn, hnofyfcn kyna-
fo na nafnwx noiax. akfunocku fak u ocfakfcn n cocfonnuu pac-
cnanonnocfu. Hyncfnykf xo onu con hpu fom no ofnoxnynmumu,
a nnnwmu u connunwmu.
cnu c hopnwx xo sannfuu nonymuu hpakfukyof hponononuo co-
ancon iofopofponunia, hapannoninoo uipam, fo ynacfnuku ipyhhw
c foxnukou nwxona yxo snakomw u nyxno numi hoyhpaxnnficn n oo
camocfonfoninom uchonnonuu. cnu xo, nocfuinyn hopnwx ychoxon
n camopaccnanonuu, nnonw ipyhhw omo no snakf nopoiu opaf-
no, fo nooxonumo kak moxno ckopoo nochonnufi fof hpoon.
Iopoxon us ponakcauuonnoio cocfonnun n onpcfnonanuo nonxon
wfi cfpomufoninwm, kak honof nosnymnoio hyswpika us nonnwx
inyun k honopxnocfu. 3noci ononi naxno nnyfponno pomuficn na
nwxon us uapcfna cnankoio honysawfin. Okonnafonino u ochono-
pofno. 3afom nyxno nanafi cucfomafunockoo ocnooxnonuo fona of
okon paccnanonnocfu. nn foio moxno hpumonnfi foxnuky, hpn-
mo hpofunohonoxnyk yhpaxnonuk Hacoc: nwxanuo c akuonfom na
nnoxo. onymuu moxof honnopxunafi nnyfponnoo ycunuo sanumak-
muxcn cnonykmumu cnonamu: C kaxnwm nnoxom namo nuuo kak w
onaof hpoxnannwm nofopkom. Hyncfnyofo panocfnoo nosyxnonuo no
npomn nnoxa. mocfo c nosnyxom n noikuo nxonuf onpnman hpoxna-
na. bonpocfi u nopiun pacxonnfcn ho fony, pasionnn connyk noni.
oikumu cfanu pyku... Hoiu... Kaxnwu nnox nahonnnof nac noikoc-
fik u cunou. Yhpyian cuna pachupaof mwmuw. wxanuo cfanonuf-
cn namo u nopiofunnoo. H nakonou, na camom ipono nwnocnmou
nac k akfunnomy onpcfnonanuk nonnw nw xopomo-xopomo hofniu-
naofoci, nonaofo inyokuu nnox u nmocfo c poskum nwnoxom ofkpw-
naofo inasa! nn nokofopwx nhocnoncfnuu fu qopmynw nnomnoio
nnymonun moiyf cfafi qopmynamu camonnymonun. cnu na hopnwx
hopax nwxon no honynaofcn cpasy, moxno hopokomonnonafi sanuma-
kmumcn cnonafi omo nockoniko poskux nwnoxon. bonoo honpono
hpuomw camomounusauuu u nwxona us ponakcauuonnoio cocfonnun
ynyf paccmofponw n inano 6.
i5
4. HOHHHRTbCR HH HO88ATb?
Ownno k nofnopfomyhnfomy sannfuk ynacfnuku uip, omo no
naynunmuci nocfafonno inyoko paccnannfi con camocfonfonino,
yxo xopomo paccnannkfcn na coancax iofopofponunia. o npomn fux
coancon um hpuxonufcn paofafi foniko n poxumo hpuoma ponak-
cupykmux nosnoucfnuu, a n ponu hoponafnuka nwcfyhaof nonymuu.
Ononunno, nfo nonisn paccnannfi con camocfonfonino, no naynun-
muci conmomafi oo qynkuuu: nochpunumakmoio umhynicw paccna-
nonun u ionopupykmoio ux, nnymakmoio u honnakmoiocn nnymo-
nuk. cnu wfi paccnanonnwmu sanumakmuocn yxo moiyf, fo kak
um cfafi paccnannkmumu
hpakfuko oynonun ayfoionnou fponuponko, u n nacfnocfu n
chopfunnou hpakfuko, uchonisyofcn cnonykmuu hpuom: hpononn
iofopofponuni, nonymuu hponnaiaof sanumakmumcn mwcnonno ho-
nfopnfi nco hpousnocumwo um qopmynw. Of pasa k pasy nfopnmuu
cnonam nonymoio nnyfponnuu ionoc kaxnoio nnona ipyhhw nau-
paof cuny, hpuopofaof nooxonumyk ynoponnocfi u nyxnwo unfo-
nauuu. C kakoio-fo momonfa cosnannwu fakum opasom n cosnanuu
ynacfnuka nnyfponnuu nonymuu cfanonufcn quiypou nacfoniko ca-
mocfonfoninou, nfo nanunaof xufi cnoou xusnik. H nyxna n ho-
momu usnno hpu paccnanonuu cama coou ofhanaof.
Ofof choco oynonun nanno uchwfan, nacfo hpunocuf xopomuo
posynifafw, no unoina moxof nanafi u oconky. Inannwu oio nono-
cfafok n fom, nfo paofa na camonnymonuo okaswnaofcn ckpwfwm
hpouoccom, kofopwu nonosmoxno hpokonfponuponafi. Onnu honfo-
pnkf qopmynw hpo con nopoconocfno u cucfomafunocku, npyiuo
of cnynan k cnynak, fpofiux xo akkakman poni nonymoio pasmni-
naof nacfoniko, nfo conopmafi kakuo-fo nnyfponnuo noucfnun onu
yxo no n cunax. Hoynunufonino hofomy, nfo u hocno okonnanun
kypca ayfofponunia nacfi sanumakmuxcn noponko ocfaofcn n hcuxo-
noiunockou sanucumocfu of nonymoio u okaswnaofcn no iofonou k
camocfonfoninomy uchonisonanuk usynonnwx foxnuk.
pyiou hyfi pasnufun akfunnoio snona no nnyfponnom moxanusmo
camopaccnanonun cocfouf n fom, nfow na sannfunx hponocfanufi
i6
nnonam ipyhhw nosmoxnocfi n nnnou u nocfyhnou konfponk qopmo
nwhonnnfi qynkuuu ponakcauuonnwx hoponafnukon. Moxno,
nahpumop, honknknufi ofnoninwx nnonon ipyhhw k paofo nonymo-
io na coancax iofopofponunia. Ioiynnpnoo uchonisonanuo foio hpu-
oma no ncoina uonocoopasno, no moxno hpuoinyfi k oio uiponwm
monuqukauunm.
yhpaxnonunx fou inanw of sanumakmuxcn fpoyofcn fo, nfo
no cux hop nnnnnoci ucknknufoninou hpununoiuou nonymoio: nwpa-
afwnafi u conopmoncfnonafi hpuomw ponakcupykmoio nosnoucfnun
na npyiux. Kononno, nahpannonnoo na npyiux nosnoucfnuo no fo xo
camoo, nfo nosnoucfnuo, anpoconannoo camomy coo: k coo nononok
opamaof no snynamuu hofok qopmyn, a numi nokuu oio nnyfpon-
nuu ananoi. Cnnsi moxny numu, onnako, nacfoniko focnan, nfo
pasnufuo nnomnux choconocfou hpunonuf k cnnuiam u no nnyf-
ponnux.
Jnpunenue 1. "Teaenumun
onymuu hponnaiaof nnonam ipyhhw hpunnfi ynacfuo n hapahcu-
xonoiunockom ohwfo u naof cnonykmyk uncfpykuuk. 3anumakmu-
ocn pasunakfcn na hapw, n kaxnou hapo pachpononnkfcn ponu po-
uuhuonfa u unnykfopa. Iouuhuonf ynono pachonaiaofcn na
cfyno, sakpwnaof inasa. io sanana wfi nnumafoninwm u aco-
nkfno haccunnwm: nunoio no nonafi camomy, no nco ynannunafi,
nhufwnafi u sahomunafi. 3anana unnykfopa mwcnonno paccna-
ufi cnooio hapfnopa.
Io komanno nonymoio hapw nanunakf paofafi. Hopos kaxnwo J
5 munyf hpoucxonuf cmona ponou n hapax unu cmona hapfnopon. Iocno
2J coancon 1onohafuu nonymuu hponnaiaof pouuhuonfam ohu-
cafi nosnukmuo y nux omymonun. ocono ownno nwncnnofcn, nfo
mnoium unnykfopam noucfnufonino ynanoci pomufi cnok sanany.
Komy-fo honnocfik, onimuncfny numi nacfunno. Mnoiuo po-
uuhuonfw nakf npkuo u honponwo ohucanun ncoio xona paccna-
nonun, ofmonakf ocoonnocfu oio hopoxona of onnou nacfu fona k
npyiou. ononino nacfo moxno ycnwmafi o nosanopmonnwx nnunnunx
unnykfopa, koina paccnannkman nonna, nanan pachpocfpannfi-
cn ho fony, n kakou-fo momonf sacfpnna, ofcfyhuna unu pac-
connaci.
i?
Hcfunnwo moxanusmw nanknaomwx n fou uipo qonomonon noi-
ko oncnumw: fo konuonfpauun nnumanun na cocfnonnom fono,
nwsnannwo nnymonuom omanw nochpunfun, n nokofopwx cnynanx
noocosnanno nochpunumaomwo pufmw nwxanun unnykfopa. ony-
momy, onnako, nynmo no chomufi c pasnonnanuom fauncfnonnwx
nnnonuu, a, hponocfanun cnono unnykfopam, hocnnfufi cnonyk-
muu kpyi ocyxnonun hpuomam fonohafunockoio nosnoucfnun.
Ofa qasa uipw ocoonno naxna, hockoniky nwnnnnof u nonaof
omum nocfonnuom ipyhhw nco oiafcfno usupaomwx fom unu unwm
oo ynacfnukom cfpafoiuu ponakcupykmoio nosnoucfnun na npyiux.
o npomn hponononun uipw sanumakmuocn uchonisykf pasnwo cho-
cow paccnanonun na paccfonnuu, hpunom kaxnwu us nux nacfo
hpumonnof kakou-fo onun hpuom, naxo no honosponan o nosmoxno-
cfu npyiux pomonuu. Onnu mwcnonno yionapunakf hapfnopa pac-
cnauficn, cfapanci nonafi fo kak moxno onoo hponyncfnonanno u
yonufonino. pyiuo hpoykf npko hponcfanufi coo, kak pouuhu-
onf omnkaof u pachonsaofcn na cnoom cfyno. 1pofium naxno ho-
nyncfnonafi con cunnmum n kpocno hapfnopa, hoponohnofuficn n
noio u, paccnannnci camomy, noopasufi, nfo fo on paccnannof-
cn. Hofnopfwo naxonnf pomonuo n fom, nfow paccnauficn camum
u hpu homomu noopaxonun hopokanafi cnok paccnanonnocfi n
hapfnopa. Infwo, ncfpounmuci n pufm nwxanun pouuhuonfa u no-
unmuci omymonun konfakfa, uchonnoni nanunakf nannswnafi omy
cnou paccnannkmuu pucynok nwxanun samonnonnwu, c safnny-
fwm nwnoxom.
Kak hpanuno, no npomn coanca y unnykfopon nosnukakf nwpa-
xonnwo omymonun foio, nfo hapfnop honnaofcn unu cohpofun-
nnofcn. Ofnofnuno hopoxunakfcn momonfw ycfanonnonun unu yfo-
pu konfakfa, hpunom ohucanun unnykfopa u pouuhuonfa
noponko conhanakf. Chouuanino akuonfuponafi nnumanuo na fako-
io pona nanknonunx no cfouf, hockoniky cyfi 1onohafuu no n
usynonuu fux, ho onimou nacfu unnksopnwx qonomonon. Onu
moiyf wfi uchonisonanw nonymum, no numi n fou mopo, n kakou
ux ocyxnonuo hosnonnof unfoncuquuuponafi paofy unnykfopon
no npomn coanca. hponom, cama ocfanonka uipw u nooxonumocfi
paofw na hapfnopa yxo nnnnkfcn xopomumu nohonnufoninwmu cfu-
mynamu, hoyxnakmumu unnykfopa posko napamunafi momi cno-
oio nnyfponnoio ionopafopa ponakcauuu.
Ohwf, nakohnonnwu sanumakmumucn no npomn paofw n akfun-
nou ponu unnykfopa, homoxof um nwhonnufi...
i8
Jnpunenue 1&. "1unno1
3anumakmuocn pasunakfcn na hapw. Iachpononun moxny coou
ponu iuhnofusupyomoio u iuhnofusopa, hapfnopw hpucfyhakf
k yhpaxnonuk. Iuhnofusupyomwu ynono pachonaiaofcn na cfy-
no: hponhnonin na onpax, kucfu cnoonno cnucakf nnus; haniuw
hpanou pyku noiko, os ycunun ynopxunakf noonimou hponmof
kapannam, nacfuk u f.h.; inasa sakpwfw.
Ycfanonka nnn iuhnofusupyomoio honnan haccunnocfi, nu-
kakux hpousnoninwx nnuxonuu. io hapfnop nanunaof hpononufi
nnymonuo: Ipanan pyka fnxonoof... haniuw pasmninakfcn... fohno
cfpyufcn ho pyko, hopohonnnn oo nonunou ucfomou... u f.n. no fox
hop, hoka cfyk yhanmoio na hon kapannama no nosnocfuf o okon-
nanuu iuhnofunockoio coanca.
Hopos 2J munyfw fof momonf noucfnufonino nacfyhaof. boni-
muncfno iuhnofusupyomwx ponnkf hponmof, c ynunnonuom ona-
pyxunan n cnoux haniuax hapanusykmyk cnaocfi. Ocoonno no-
oxunannou okaswnaofcn ona nnn fox, kfo no umon nukakoio xonanun
honwipwnafi hapfnopy u naxo, wfi moxof, nnyfponno cohpofun-
nnncn omy.
Iopnwu ychox ownno noucfnyof na ynacfnukon uipw omonomnn-
kmo u posko oocfpnof ux unfopoc k yhpaxnonuk Iuhnos. Cka-
nok n hponcfannonunx o cnoux nosmoxnocfnx hpoucxonuf hpakfunoc-
ku y kaxnoio, kfo nhopnwo cymon cunou cnona sacfanufi nononoka
yponufi hponmof. A fakux, kak hpanuno, okaswnaofcn onimuncfno.
Cnynakfcn, kononno, u noynanu. Hamo ncoio onu cnnsanw c nono-
cfafonnwm nxoxnonuom iuhnofusupykmoio n cnok poni. 3afpyn-
nonun n honopo nyxnwx cnon, paspwnw n ponu u noynoponnocfi n
ionoco nco fo ionopuf o fom, nfo sanumakmuucn nco omo naxo-
nufcn nno uipw. Okasafi kakoo-nuo nosnoucfnuo na hapfnopa omy,
ocfocfnonno, no ynaofcn. Ychomnan paofa npyiux nnonon ipyhhw
ownno homoiaof nococfonnmomycn iuhnofusopy opocfu nooxo-
numwu nacfpou u nouficn cnooio n hocnonykmux hohwfkax. Hnoi-
na fof unu unou nnon ipyhhw nco xo sacfponaof na mopfnou fonko us-
sa noxnou ynoponnocfu n fom, nfo on no snaof qopmyn. osmox-
no, on okaxofcn n onoo nwuipwmnom honoxonuu hpu nwhonnonuu
nonopaninoio napuanfa foio yhpaxnonun (cm. yhpaxnonuo Cnof).
Ofkpwfuo n coo iuhnofunockux choconocfou nnnnofcn naxnwm
pyoxom n hponnuxonuu kaxnoio, kfo usynaof ayfofponuni, fak kak
ocnooxnaof oio of hyf hcuxonoiunockou sanucumocfu. Iymufcn
i
honchynno nosnukakmuu y mnoiux nnonon ipyhhw muq o noowk-
nononnwx choconocfnx nonymoio, kofopwu nkoio moxof paccna-
ufi. Hynoca iofopofponunia cfanonnfcn n pnn nomou hpocfwx u
ownnwx. Hmonno n fof momonf mnoiuo sanumakmuocn nhopnwo
ynoponno nwxonnf na hyfi copiosnwx u cucfomafunockux sannfuu ho
ponakcauuu.
Yhpaxnonuo Iuhnos hocfpoono fakum opasom, nfo nnyfpon-
nuu moxanusm ponakcauuonnoio camonosnoucfnun okaswnaofcn kak w
nwnoconnwm nonno u pachponononnwm moxny nnymn nknimu: onun
ocymocfnnnof nosnoucfnuo, npyiou nochpunumaof oio. Ofo hosnonnof
conopmoncfnonafi oo cfoponw ocnaunaomoio nanwka hoposni. Oco-
onno naxnw snoci momonfw fponunia cyiiocfunnwx choconocfou
sanumakmuxcn, a fakxo hpoucxonnmoo sa cnof cmonw ponou u ho-
poipyhhuponku hap hocfonnnoo nsaumooynonuo hapfnopon. Ono
cfanof omo onoo unfoncunnwm, ocnu n ocyxnonunx kaxnomy us
nnonon ipyhhw nonymuu hponnoxuf chouuanino ofmonafi cuninwo u
cnawo cfoponw n paofo fox, kfo oio iuhnofusuponan.
o npomn hponononun Iuhnosa nonymuu umoof nosmoxnocfi
hpucmofpoficn k kaxnou hapo u k kaxnomy ofnoninomy ynacfnuky
uipw. cnu nin-fo manopa paccnannfi hapfnopa hokaxofcn omy oco-
onno unfopocnou u hoynufoninou, on ncoina naunof choco hpo-
nomoncfpuponafi oo ipyhho. nn foio moxno, nahpumop, hponoc-
fu omuu coanc c onnum iuhnofusupykmum.
bonoo fpynnwu napuanf sananun nnn iuhnofusopa sacfanufi
hapfnopa hpuhonnnfi cnok noxamyk na onpo pyky (Iyka cfanonufcn
noikou, noino nosnyxa... o fnnof nnopx... 1nnof nco cuninoo... Iyka
nchnwnaof...). Ofy monuqukauuk honosno uchonisonafi hpu usyno-
nuu foxnuku nwxona us ponakcauuonnoio cocfonnun. Ychox snoci
nosmoxon numi n fom cnynao, ocnu iuhnofusupykmuu okaxof
ononi cuninwu u hpononxufoninwu hcuxonoiunockuu naxum na cno-
oio nahapnuka. Ynaofcn fo nanoko no ncom, onnako hpu nocfafon-
nom yhopcfno ynacfnukon akfunusupykmuo hpuomw moxno offa-
nunafi u na osychomnwx hohwfkax. mo onna monuqukauun
Iuhnosa...
Jnpunenue 19. "Xonmuum
3anumakmuocn pasunakfcn na hapw, ncfakf npyi hpofun npy-
ia. Onun us nux sakpwnaof inasa u knanof npyiomy pyku na hnonu.
io hapfnop c homomik honxonnmux cnonocnwx nnymonuu hwfaof-
2OO
cn kak moxno cuninoo paccnaufi u yfnxonufi kakyk-fo onny no-
xamyk na oio hnono pyky, nahpumop hpanyk. Ownno nopos 2J
munyfw ynacfnuk, nnymakmuu hapfnopy yfnxononuo hpanou unu
nonou pyku, nanunaof omymafi qqokf cnooio nnymonun na coo ca-
mom: nannonuo na coofnofcfnykmoo hnono samofno nospacfaof.
Ohponononnyk poni n usmononuu noca pyku moxof uipafi camo-
nnymonuo. bonoo noponfno, onnako, nfo pyka nochpunumaofcn ho-
fnxononmou naionapn poanino noucfnykmum qakfopam. C onnou
cfoponw, koina kononnocfi xopomo paccnanona, nononoky noino
sawfi o nou u honnocfik ofnafi noc ohopo. C npyiou cfoponw,
nwswnaomwo n pyko omymonun fohna u fnxocfu fo no foniko pac-
cnanonnocfi mwmu, no u cnnsannoo c nok pacmuponuo kpononoc-
nwx cocynon, onoo ouninoo nahonnonuo pyku kponik, a, cnono-
nafonino, u poaninoo ynonunonuo oo noca.
Hipa Konfakf unfopocna fom, nfo us-sa opasonannoio hapou
samknyfoio konfypa iuhnofusupykmuu honynaof nomonnonnyk
opafnyk cnnsi o posynifafax cnooio nosnoucfnun na hapfnopa. Ofo
hosnonnof omy iuko monnfi fakfuku ponakcupykmux nnymonuu u
namyhwnafi nauonoo noucfnonnwo us nux.
ocyxnonunx yhpaxnonuu Iuhnos u Konfakf sanumakmu-
ocn honfu ncoina ofmonakf, nfo paccnannkmoo unu, nahpofun,
mounusykmoo noucfnuo cnon iuhnofusopa sanucuf hpoxno ncoio
of foio, kak on ux hpousnocuf u nackoniko hpohyckaof nopos con
fo, nfo ionopuf. Hokofopwo ynacfnuku uipw yknanino nohnf o-
pasw paccnanonun us cocfnonnoio ionoca. 1omh ponu, oo unfona-
uun u snykonan okpacka ohpononnkf cuny mouuonaninoio nosnou-
cfnun cnon nunyfi no monimo, nom ux cmwcn. Iopaofafi c fumu
snykonwmu cocfannnkmumu ponu n nucfom nuno ynacfnukam ipyhhw
hponocfanuf nosmoxnocfi...
Jnpunenue 20. "1nem
Ynacfnuku opasykf hapw. Onun sanumaof mocfo n kpocno, npy-
iou nonxon oio paccnaufi. nuncfnonnoo, nfo paspomono nonafi
paccnannkmomy, fo cnufafi ncnyx.
Ycnonun sananun hoyxnakf nnonon ipyhhw akfunno uckafi nyx-
nyk fonaninocfi, pufm, snynanuo ionoca. kanocfno mononunoc-
koio opasua paccnannkmou ponu nwcfyhaof ownno cyiiocfunnan
poni nonymoio, c kofopou onu fak unu unano yxo snakomw. Ho onno
2Oi
nono hponcfannnfi coo paccnannkmoo noucfnuo ionoca u concom
npyioo hwfaficn nochpousnocfu oio camomy.
Kak u n hponwnymux yhpaxnonunx, nonymomy ho xony paofw
nooxonumo hpousnonufi cmony ponou u hapfnopon n hapax, a fakxo
opianusonwnafi opafnyk cnnsi of paccnannkmuxcn. Ofo homoia-
of sanumakmumcn wcfpoo hocfuiafi cokpofw snynamoio paccna-
nonun. ckopo poni ux opofaof nonunwu pufm nonopnoio nwxanun u
honsymuo nnus unfonauuu, cfanonufcn ononakunakmou u fniynou.
1omh cnofa hpu fom nco onoo samonnnofcn, a ionoc honuxaofcn.
ononino nacfo n xono hohwfok paccnaufi hapfnopa ynacfnuku
uipw nohpousnonino paccnannkfcn u camu. Hnoina paccnannkmuo
cfapakfcn chouuanino nnonufi con n cocfonnuo ponakcauuu, u fo
homoiaof um nynmo chpanuficn c sananuom. Inannwu xo posynifaf
paofw c yhpaxnonuom Cnof cocfouf n fom, nfo, ocnaunan snyko-
nyk cfopony cyiiocfunnou ponu nnn npyiux, nnonw ipyhhw noino
naxonnf u fo nnyfponnuo unfonauuu n opamonuu c coou, kofo-
pwo nooxonumw nnn camopaccnanonun.
Moxno monuquuuponafi fo yhpaxnonuo, hocfanun hopon ynac-
fnukamu ipyhhw sanany hocponcfnom cnofa akfunusuponafi hapfno-
pon, nwnocfu ux us cocfonnun paccnanonun. Ipu fom fomh ponu
ownno yckopnofcn, ionoc nanunaof snonofi u n nom honnnnkfcn
noikuo, nsnofakmuo nofku. osmoxno u npyioo nahpannonuo monu-
qukauuu: nmocfo noufpaninoio ho cnoomy conopxanuk cnofa uchoni-
sonafi onoo ocmwcnonnwo u unqopmafunnwo fokcfw. Hahpumop,
nonymuu hponnaiaof ynacfnuky paccnaufi hapfnopa ohucanuom nno-
mnocfu koio-fo us oio snakomwx unu pacckasom o fom, nfo on on
coionnn na sanfpak. 1akoio pona sananun nnocnf ownno n paofy
ipyhhw oxunnonuo u cmox. onymomy nooxonumo conknafi snoci
pasymnwu ananc moxny nnomnou pasnnokafoninocfik yhpaxnonun
u pomonuom saknknonnou n nom nonoikou sananu. Ocnonnan fpyn-
nocfi cocfouf n fom, nfo paccnannkmomy nyxno cosnanafi honfokcf,
posko pacxonnmuucn co cmwcnom hpousnocumwx um cnon. Ipu no-
snanufoninom usmononuu uncfpykuuu oio hapfnop moxof pomafi
sanany c npyioio konua: ofcfpaunaficn of ofnnokakmoio conopxanun
fokcfa u onnonpomonno cnymafi homoiakmuu omy paccnauficn io-
noc. Yhpaxnnnci n fom, hapfnop, naxonnmuucn n haccunnou ponu,
nakahnunaof ohwf ponakcauuu n ycnonunx nnomnux homox. Komusm
xo nosnukakmou hpu fou cufyauuu copiosnan nohonnufoninan
homoxa u nnn paccnannkmoio, u nnn paccnannkmoiocn.
2O2
oponfno, hocno hpow cnoux cun n nofwpox hpunononnwx nwmo
yhpaxnonunx nokofopwo nnonw ipyhhw cmoiyf nocfafonno qqokfun-
no hpononufi coancw iofopofponunia camu. Iponocfannnfi um fakyk
nosmoxnocfi uonocoopasno n fox cnynanx, koina sannfun ho ponak-
cauuu hpononnfcn no n uckyccfnonno napannwx nnn foio ipyhhax,
a c poanino cymocfnykmumu konnokfunamu chopfunnwmu, qus-
kynifypnwmu, hpousnoncfnonnwmu unu ynonwmu. Ofo hosnonuf
sanumakmumcn opocfu onimyk camocfonfoninocfi, honiofonuf ux
k konnokfunnou paofo nno sannfuu c nonymum unu naxo hocno sa-
nopmonun ncoio kypca oynonun.
Jnpunenue 21. "Boamebnun nuaonuu
Ynacfnuku ipyhhw pasunakfcn na hapw. Onun us nux canufcn n
ynonyk nnn paccnanonun hosy, inasa ocfannnof cnoika hpuofkpw-
fwmu. pyiou, nsnn n pyku nonmonyk hanonky (anfopynky, ka-
pannam u f.h.), honnocuf oo konou k haniuam pyku cunnmoio. o-
nymuu oncnnof, nfo hpu hpunuxonuu nonmonou hanonku
ynacfnuk uipw nonxon omyfufi usnynaomwu ok hofok paccnanonun.
Ownno fa unnksun nosnukaof nononino noiko. 3afom onanafoni
nonmonou hanonku nanunaof monnonno hopomomafi oo nnoni pyku
hapfnopa. Ipu fom paccnannomwu nonxon nnumafonino cnonufi sa
fom, kak hpoxonuf ncnon sa nynonoucfnonnwm hponmofom pasmnina-
kman mwmuw nonna. cnu sanannwu onanafonom nonmonou ha-
nonku fomh ohopoxaof nosnuknononuo omymonuu, paccnannomwu
hpocuf hapfnopa samonnufi nnuxonuo unu hpuocfanonufi oio. o-
unmuci ofnofnunwx omymonuu n pykax, nonmonuk hopomomaof
paccnanonuo nnoni fynonuma hapfnopa, safom hopononuf oio na noiu.
Kak fo nu cfpanno, hanonka noucfnufonino okaswnaofcn ny-
nocnwm opynuom ponakcauuu. C oo homomik honfu nco nnonw ipyh-
hw paccnannkfcn wcfpoo u inyxo. Mnoiuo us nux yfnopxnakf,
nfo hpu paofo c hapfnopom pachpocfpannkmuucn ho fony qponf
paccnanonun oosnanaofcn onoo ponioqno u noino nocfuiaof nono-
cfyhnwx hpoxno onacfou, nokofopwm kaxofcn naxo, ynfo onai
paccnanonnocfu nosnukaof nnusu ynunufoninoio hponmofa u hopo-
momaofcn nmocfo c num kak w cam cook, os kakux-nuo nnyfpon-
nux ycunuu c ux cfoponw. Ipu ocyxnonuu unoina nwncnnofcn, nfo
Kononno xo, u n fom cnynao ynacfnuk honwipwnaof cnoomy naponok-nahap-
nuky, no yxo nohpousnonino, noocosnanno.
koo-kfo us nonmonukon hwfancn no npomn yhpaxnonun okaswnafi
nnyfponnkk homomi hapfnopy hponcfannnn oio paccnannkmum-
cn, ycunuom nonu hopomoman cocfnonnoo paccnanonuo n hanonky
u f.n. Ychoxu paccnannkmoiocn, onnako, mano sanucnf of foio,
cohopoxunan omy nahapnuk unu hopomoman hanonky nucfo moxanu-
nocku. Onu nacfyhakf sakonomopno, nocmofpn na fo, nfo yhpax-
nonuo nwhonnnofcn c ofkpwfwmu inasamu, f.o. n xynmux ho cpan-
nonuk c ownnwmu ycnonunx.
nom xo snoci nono Ononunno, no n camou nonmonou hanon-
ko, a n fou xocfkou nucuuhnuno camoponakcauuu, kofopyk ona
nannswnaof ynacfnuky uipw. Yhpannnomoo nnomnum cfumynom, pac-
cnanonuo unof kak w hon nukfonky, nfo hpunaof omy naxo noko-
fopoo cxoncfno c iofopofponuniom.
Moxno nsinnnyfi na cufyauuk u unano. Onno nono, koina sanu-
makmuucn no npomn camopaccnanonun hponocfannon camomy coo u
cam hopon coou pachnanunaofcn sa cou, ofnnononun u hponuu pak
n paofo. Concom npyioo, koina n fo oio nnyfponnoo ycunuo ncfpa-
unaofcn hapfnop. 1oina camoponakcauuonnoo noucfnuo yfpanunaof
cnou anfonomnwu xapakfop u cfanonufcn snonom nokofopoio omo-
io, hycfi naxo muqunockoio, no nnn nannoio nnona ipyhhw hcuxo-
noiunocku poaninoio ycunun. o nfopom cnynao nocfuxonun ncoina
onoo snanufoninw. Konkpofnwo moxanusmw mounusauuu nnyfpon-
nux hpouoccon hpu nknknonuu n conmocfnyk paofy no ncoina ncnw,
no cpaafwnakf onu hpakfunocku no ncox cnynanx. Iononwu xo
qqokf onapyxunaofcn u n monuquuuponannom napuanfo yhpaxno-
nun 1onohafun, koina onun us ynacfnukon uipw honynaof sananuo
paccnauficn, a npyiou mwcnonno homoiafi omy n fom.
ocyxnonuu onmonou hanonku nonymomy naxno nouficn
ncnoio ocosnanun sanumakmumucn foio, nfo ckanok n inyuno u fom-
ho paccnanonun cosnan no hapfnopom, no nonmonou hanonkou,
a umu camumu. Xopomo, koina kaxnwu yxonuf c sannfuu c yoxno-
nuom, nfo n nuxaumoo xo npomn on moxof u nonxon nouficn fa-
kux xo posynifafon n camocfonfoninou paofo noma.
bonoo honpono o fom cm. na cfp. i88.
2O4
5. KOHKYC 63bHHKO8
nn foio nfow nnonw ipyhhw naynunuci onoo unu monoo inyo-
ko paccnannfi con camocfonfonino, nocfafonno wnaof n cponnom
6? sannfuu. K fomy npomonu y kaxnoio us sanumakmuxcn ckna-
nwnaofcn ownno cnon cocfnonnan manopa hoipyxaficn n paccna-
nonnoo cocfonnuo u coofnofcfnykman ou nnyfponnnn kapfuna ca-
moponakcauuu. Iocno foio kak konfypw ymonuu sanumakmuxcn
oosnanunuci, sananou ipyhhonou paofw cfanonufcn conopmoncfno-
nanuo hpuopofonnoio ohwfa: napamunanuo ckopocfu paccnanonun
u oio inyunw, honwmonuo hponnocfu u homoxoycfoununocfu cqop-
muponannwx nanwkon. Ipu fom konnokfunnwo sannfun nonxnw wfi
hocfpoonw fakum opasom, nfow cfumynupykmoo nnunnuo ipyhhw
na hponnuxonuo kaxnoio oo nnona uchonisonanoci makcumanino.
nacfnocfu, nonymuu moxof hycfufi n xon momnwo hcuxonoiunockuo
hpyxunw cohopnunocfna u ofnofcfnonnocfu, sanoxonnwo n cufya-
uunx coponnonafoninou opiw.
fou inano copanw yhpaxnonun (uipw), ocnonnan uoni kofo-
pwx mounusonafi noci aiax ponakcauuonnoio ohwfa sanumak-
muxcn n ycnonunx coponnonanuu.
Jnpunenue 22. "emoncmpumop
Io sananuk nonymoio onun us ynacfnukon uipw nanunaof uso-
paxafi con paccnannkmumcn: hponanunaofcn n kpocno, osnonino
packunwnaof pyku, ponnof ionony u f.h. Inannwm n fom yhpaxno-
nuu nnnnofcn no camo ho coo paccnanonuo, a paofa na spufonn.
Hchonnufoni ponu paccnannkmoiocn nonxon sacfanufi npyiux yna-
cfnukon ipyhhw honopufi u hponyncfnonafi, nackoniko inyoko on
ymon n ponakcauuk.
co ocfaninwo nnonw ipyhhw nwcfyhakf n ponu ouonmukon u
moiyf no foniko cosopuafi hponcfannonnoo um paccnanonuo, no u
myhafi oio. Moxno, nahpumop, hpuhonnnfi sa sahncfio pyky
paccnannkmoiocn u ona osxusnonno yhanof nnus. Moxno cnoika
2O5
kannyfi oio sa hnonu u fono ofsonofcn cfynonucfwm konwxanuom.
Iasymoofcn, qusunockuo nosnoucfnun na nomoncfpafopa no nonx-
nw wfi nposmopnwmu, u nonymomy hpu nwhonnonuu foio yhpax-
nonun nooxonumo ocoonno cfpoio cnonufi sa conknonuom fox-
nuku osohacnocfu.
Iocno foio kak manonikoo hponcfannonuo onnoio us nnonon ipyhhw
okonnono, poni paccnannkmoiocn opof na con npyiou nnon ipyh-
hw u f.n. 3anopmaofcn uipa ocyxnonuom, n kofopom honnonnfcn
ufoiu konkypca na nynmoo paccnanonuo, nwckaswnakf cnou mno-
nun kpufuku u nakf unfopnik akfopw.
Kak hpanuno, uipa hpoxonuf oxunnonno. o npomn oo hponono-
nun mnoium ynaofcn c hopnou xo hohwfku cosnafi npkuu hnacfunoc-
kuu opas, n kofopom nco ionopuf o paccnanonuu: ocqopmonnan
hosa, onucmuo moku, safymanonnwu nsop u f.h. Hokofopwo sanu-
makmuocn moiyf nxonufi n poni nacfoniko, nfo, innnn na nux, npyiuo
hononono nanunakf paccnannficn camu.
nn onimuncfna nomoncfpafopon uchonnonuo ponu paccna-
nnkmoiocn cohponoxnaofcn poaninwm nxoxnonuom n paccnanonnoo
cocfonnuo, u nom onimo cfapaofcn nuuonou kasaficn paccnanon-
nwm, fom n onimou cfohonu on cfanonufcn um. Hnoina ynacfnuku
uipw nocfuiakf naxo onoo inyokoio u honnoio paccnanonun, nom
ownno. Ipu ocyxnonuu nnonw ipyhhw nacfo ofmonakf, nfo, cfa-
panci nwpasufi n cnoom onuko unok paccnanonun, onu nononino
camu hponukanuci ok, a yoxnan npyiux n cnoou paccnanonnocfu,
yoxnanu fom camwm u con. 3a fumu nanknonunmu cfouf hcuxo-
noiunockan sakonomopnocfi. ono n fom, nfo cnnsi moxny nnyfpon-
numu cocfonnunmu nononoka u ux nnomnumu hponnnonunmu nocuf
nnycfoponnuu xapakfop. Ofo hosnonnof, nahpumop, hpuxonufi n
nosyxnonnoo cocfonnuo hpu homomu nnuxonuu unu yhpannnfi na-
cfpoonuom, monnn nwpaxonuo nuua.
Hmufupyn cnopxpaccnanonuo, ynacfnuku ipyhhw hpoxonnf xopo-
mo usnocfnwu akfopam hyfi of kohuponanun nnomnux nopf usopa-
xaomoio hopconaxa k oio noucfnufoninwm hopoxunanunm.
Ipu opianusauuu foio yhpaxnonun kaxnomy nnony ipyhhw na
uchonnonuo oio nomopa xonafonino ofnonufi no onoo 2J munyf,
a ocyxnonuo hpononufi hocno kaxnwx J4 nwcfyhnonuu. 1akou
hopnnok paofw hosnonuf spufonnm-kpufukam coxpanufi ofnofnu-
nocfi nhonafnonuu o uipo kaxnoio nomoncfpafopa. o npomn o-
cyxnonuu nonymomy cnonyof saocfpufi nnumanuo nnonon ipyhhw na
fox nofannx nnomnoio onuka nomoncfpafopon, kofopwo okasanuci
nauonoo ynannwmu u nwpasufoninwmu unu, nahpofun, no hosno-
2O6
nunu hpousnocfu nyxnoio nhonafnonun. Ofo homoxof sanumakmum-
cn ofnofnunoo ocosnafi nauonoo cosnynnwo paccnanonuk ocoon-
nocfu hosw, pachonoxonun nacfou fona u f.n., a nosmoxno, u uc-
hpanufi nokofopwo umokmuocn y nux n fom hnano nonocfafku.
Ipoucxonnmoo no npomn paofw nan nomoncfpafopom snakom-
cfno c fom, kak nwinnnuf paccnanonuo nnn ofnoninwx ynacfnu-
kon uipw, moxof okasaficn ucknknufonino honosnwm. ckopo hocno
nwhonnonun foio yhpaxnonun nokofopwo nnonw ipyhhw samonakf,
nahpumop, nfo ponakcauuonnwo hoipyxonun cfanonnfcn onoo yc-
homnwmu, ocnu onu cfapakfcn hpu fom ynunofi con paccnann-
kmumucn kak w co cfoponw unu n noopaxaomom sopkano. Hnoina
kfo-fo us nux onapyxunaof, nfo n paccnanonuu omy nousmonno
homoiaof ohponononnwu xocf mnikoo hokanunanuo iononw, nomon-
cfpafunnoo pocanuo pyk na kononu u f.h.
onymoio no nonxno cmymafi, koina n pnny ocosnannwx nomon-
cfpafopamu opason honnnnkfcn quiypw ofkpononno haponuunwo,
c nomonfamu ipofocka, moxof wfi, naxo usnonku. pasymnwx
hpononax fo nohycfumo, a unoina u xonafonino. Owipwnanuo
cmomnwx cfopon onuka paccnannkmuxcn xopoman paspnnka nnn
mnoiux ynacfnukon uipw: nwmynunanuo u nwcmounanuo ocnooxna-
of ux of honchynno nakahnunakmoiocn omymonun nononkocfu, ko-
fopoo nosnukaof ncnkuu pas, kak foniko onu nanunakf n hpucyfcfnuu
hocfoponnux nknou unu cnoux snakomwx sanumaficn fakum noown-
nwm nonom, kak camopaccnanonuo.
Ipu hponononuu fou uipw nosmoxnw fakxo cnynau, koina no-
moncfpafop ychomno chpannnofcn c sananou hokasa paccnanonno-
cfu, no no nwnopxunaof uchwfanun hpukocnononuom. Cfouf komy-
fo nofponyficn no noio u fyf xo fono nopononoof, nnuxonun
yfpanunakf xapakfopnyk mnikocfi u pasonfannocfi, hosa cfanonufcn
nahpnxonnou. Hamo ncoio fo cnunofonicfnyof o fponoxnom xapak-
fopo sanumakmoiocn, fononwmu ipannmu kofopoio nnnnkfcn nono-
nopuo, cfpax, hpunwnka hocfonnno nyncfnonafi con n ohacnocfu.
fakom cnynao ocfaofcn numi nanonficn, nfo honconnonnan hpak-
fuka ponakcauuu co npomonom cnonaof oio onoo nonopnunwm u of-
kpwfwm. pyian nosmoxnan hpununa nohpukacaomocfu moxof
kpwficn n fom, nfo sanumakmuucn no nyncfnyof con nocfafonno
hcuxonoiunocku samumonnwm umonno n nannou ipyhho, c nannw-
mu nknimu. 1akan nosmoxnocfi nonxna wfi fmafonino onymana
nonymum.
cfocfnonnwm hpononxonuom safponyfou n omoncfpafopo fomw
nnnnofcn...
2O?
Jnpunenue 2J. "Oucnepm
Ipyhha pasunaofcn na nno pannwo ho nucny ynacfnukon koman-
nw. kaxnou komanno nasnanaofcn kchopf. wpannwu na fy
poni nnon ipyhhw ofnopanunaofcn unu sakpwnaof inasa, a n fo npo-
mn komanna nwupaof nockonikux paccnannkmuxcn. Hx nucno oio-
napunaofcn sapanoo u ocfaofcn n ooux komannax ncoina onnum u fom
xo. Ynacfnuku paccaxunakfcn n kpyi, sanumakf ynonwo hosw u
sakpwnakf inasa. wpannwo nnonw ipyhhw nanunakf paccnannfi-
cn, n fo npomn kak ocfaninwo nnonw komannw hpocfo cunnf n kpoc-
nax. Hopos JO4O cokynn kchopf hpucfyhaof k paofo. io sana-
na nnumafonino oinnnofi ncox uipokon cnoou komannw u naufu
paccnannkmuxcn.
o npomn hponononun uipw nonymomy nooxonumo hocfonnno ynop-
xunafi n hono cnooio nnumanun oo komannw. On nonxon koopnu-
nuponafi noucfnun ynacfnukon fou uipw fakum opasom, nfow
paofa n komannax mna cunxponno u onnou us nux no hpuxonunoci
hononiy xnafi npyiyk.
Iocno kaxnoio fakfa uipw nwnonw kchopfon cohocfannnkfcn c
noucfnufoninwm pachponononuom ponou n komannax u nonymuu onn-
nnof cnof. Komanno hpucyxnaofcn onko, ocnu oo kchopf okasan-
cn nuxo k ucfuno, nom kchopf komannw cohopnukon. cnynao
onunakonoio konunocfna nopnwx yianwnanuu ooum komannam hpu-
cyxnaofcn ho hon-onka. Ipu hopoxono k nonomy fakfy nwupakfcn
nonwo kchopfw u nonwo paccnannkmuocn.
Ionanany na nokofopwx paccnannkmuxcn nknknonnocfi n copon-
nonafoninyk cufyauuk moxof okasafi nosopianusykmoo nnunnuo.
Iopn xonanuom no honnocfu komanny, onu opyfcn sa nono c fakou
kuhynou nopiuou, ynfo paccnanonuo fo nfo-fo npono oia na
cfomofponky unu nwxumanun mfaniu. Ho nom onimo hpuknanwna-
kf onu ycunuu, fom xyxo unof paccnanonuo. 1akoio pona noynanu
honfankunakf sanumakmuxcn k nwnony: cnumkom cuninoo xonanuo
paccnauficn camo nnnnofcn homoxou, hofomy, nfow hoonufi n
coponnonanunx, nyxno cfafi n kakou-fo cfohonu pannonymnwm k
hoono. posynifafo foio ocosnanun hpofunoocfocfnonnoo pac-
cnanonuo n hofo nuua cmonnofcn onoo mnikum cfunom paofw c
coou u onimou cnoonou of cufyauuu.
Cfpoio ionopn, hoony unu hopaxonuo komannw n onoponnom
fakfo uipw nonisn cnufafi hpnmwm cnoncfnuom paofw paccnannk-
muxcn. o-hopnwx, ohponononnyk poni snoci moiyf uipafi nohpo-
usnoninwo unu naxo namoponnwo honckasku kchopfy, kofopwo
2O8
hopou wnaof fpynno ofnunufi of poanino nwsnannwx paccnanonu-
om usmononuu n onuko cunnmux nnonon ipyhhw. o-nfopwx, posyni-
fafw kaxnoio fakfa no mnoiom sanucnf of nanknafoninocfu kchop-
fon. 1akum opasom, opia sa makcumaninoo paccnanonuo nnnnofcn
numi onnum us mnoiux nnunkmux na ucxon uipw qakfopon. ony-
momy xo nooxonumo umonno oo hocfanufi n uonfp nnumanun ipyh-
hw, kak ynfo of paccnannkmuxcn, u foniko of nux, sanucuf yc-
hox unu noynana kchopfon. Cnonafi fo moxno n ocnonnom sa cnof
coofnofcfnykmoio cmomonun akuonfon n ouonkax u kommonfapunx
xona coponnonanun.
axnoo ycnonuo ychomnoio hponononun yhpaxnonun Okchopf
xopomuu fomh uipw, cpaofannocfi oo ynacfnukon n conmocfnwx
yhpaxnonunx, wcfpoo hpunnfuo ipyhhonwx pomonuu. Ocoonno
naxna nofkocfi noucfnuu sanumakmuxcn hpu cmono fakfon uipw,
koina komannam hpuxonufcn hopopachpononnfi ponu. wcokan cko-
pocfi hopoxonon of onnoio fakfa k npyiomy no hosnonnof ynacfnukam
ipyhhw ocfwfi, nwknknuficn us uiponoio noucfnun na npomn pomo-
nun opianusauuonnwx nohpocon. Ionoiponaof chopfunnwo cfpacfu
sanumakmuxcn u ynnononnocfi camoio nonymoio, xunocfi oio poak-
uuu na xon coponnonanun. Hipa honynaof nohonnufoninwu mouuo-
naninwu sapnn, ocnu nonymuu no foniko ochpucfpacfnwu cynin, no
u asapfnwu ononimuk, u nahopucfwu chopfunnwu kommonfafop.
Honocfafkom ohucannoio napuanfa uipw nnnnofcn onimoo konu-
nocfno cfafucfon n kaxnom oo fakfo, f.o. ynacfnukon, no nknk-
nonnwx n akfunnwo ponu kchopfon unu paccnannkmuxcn. nn ho-
nwmonun koqquuuonfa honosnoio noucfnun ipyhhw hocno 2J
fakfon uipw uonocoopasno hopoxonufi k fakou oo monuqukauuu, hpu
kofopou nco nnonw komannw, kpomo kchopfa, cfanonnfcn paccna-
nnkmumucn. nn foio nfow osananufi kchopfa, ynacfnuku ipyh-
hw paccnannkf pasnunnwo onacfu: hpanyk unu nonyk pyky, nopx-
nkk unu nuxnkk hononuny fona u f.h. Innnn na uipokon cnoou
komannw, kchopf nonxon ohpononufi: n kakou nacfu fona noka-
nusonano paccnanonuo y kaxnoio us nux. Iopononi nosmoxnwx son
paccnanonun oionapunaofcn sapanoo u no nonxon npoufi fono na
cnumkom monkuo nacfu.
Jnpunenue 24. "Tepmomemp
Ipyhha pasunaofcn na hapw. Onun us ynacfnukon kaxnou hapw
canufcn, sakpwnaof inasa u hwfaofcn nwsnafi omymonuo fohna n cnoou
hpanou unu nonou pyko. Kak foniko omy ynaofcn coipofi pyky (a na
2O
fo fpoyofcn ownno okono munyfw), on cuinanusupyof o iofonno-
cfu. Iapfnop nnumafonino omyhwnaof oo oio pyku u hwfaofcn oh-
pononufi, kakan us nux fohnoo. Iocno kaxnou fakou hohwfku hpo-
ucxonuf cmona ponou n hapax unu cmona hapfnopon.
Kak hpanuno, ynacfnuku uipw ychomno chpannnkfcn c fum sa-
nanuom. bonoo ynoponno u noiko hpoucxonuf ofianwnanuo hpu naipo-
nanuu hpanou pyku (y hpanmou). Icuxoqusuonoiunockuu moxanusm,
hosnonnkmuu ynacfnukam ohpononnfi naipofyk pyky, nocfafonno
hpocf: paccnanonnan nacfi fona no foniko usnyfpu omymaofcn kak
onoo fohnan, no u noucfnufonino nockoniko fohnoof sa cnof ycunon-
noio kponocnaxonun. Kocnonnou honckaskou ofianwnakmomy mo-
xof hocnyxufi fakxo nohpousnoninwu naknon unu honopof iononw
hapfnopa n cfopony hpanou unu nonou pyku no npomn oo naiponanun.
Hfow hponofnpafufi fakyk nosmoxnocfi, nonymomy xonafonino
hponyhponufi o nou nnonon ipyhhw sapanoo.
Hipa 1opmomofp ownno hpousnonuf cuninoo nhonafnonuo na
sanumakmuxcn. 1ak xo kak u yhpaxnonuo Iuhnos, ona nochpu-
numaofcn kak npkan u sanacfyk nooxunannan nomoncfpauun poani-
nwx nosmoxnocfou nononoka n onacfu ponakcauuu. Omuku n oh-
ponononuu onoo naipofou pyku nosnukakf nuo us-sa nuskou koxnou
nyncfnufoninocfu ofianwnakmoio, nuo us-sa nonocfafkon n paofo
oio hapfnopa. Hauonoo pachpocfpanonnoo hpohnfcfnuo nnn fox, kfo
naiponaof pyky, nohpousnoninwu saxnaf fohnonwm hofokom npy-
iou pyku. Ofa nocannan homoxa ownno nosnukaof us-sa hnoxoio
yhpannonun nnumanuom, u opoficn c nou nononino fpynno. cnu
n honfopnwx hohwfkax ofcfpouficn of nfopou pyku sanumakmomycn
fak u no ynaofcn, moxno hopokomonnonafi omy hponcfanufi fy pyky
hokpwfou unoom unu, nahpumop, ohymonnou n xononnyk nony.
Hnoina n xono nwhonnonun yhpaxnonun c fpynnocfnmu foxnunoc-
koio hopnnka cfankunakfcn ofianwnakmuo. Koina ynacfnuk uipw
uchonisyof n kanocfno fopmonafnuka onny pyky, fo ynonufi fohno-
noo pasnunuo omy momaof npomonnou unfopnan moxny hpukocnono-
nunmu k pykam fonapuma. mocfo c fom onnonpomonnoo hpukocno-
nonuo k pykam hapfnopa ooumu pykamu moxof okasaficn nonanoxnwm
us-sa fomhopafypnou pasnuuw n pykax camoio ofianwnakmoio. wufu
us foio safpynnonun mnoium homoiaof cnonykman fakfuka uchoni-
sonanun fopmomofpa: ofianwnakmuu hpousnonuf nockoniko samo-
pon ooumu pykamu, no cnanana hpukacaofcn cnoou hpanou pykou k
nonou pyko hapfnopa, a nonou k hpanou, hofom hopokpomunaof
2iO
cnou pyku u hpukacaofcn hpanou k hpanou, a nonou k nonou, safom
nosnpamaof pyku n ucxonnoo honoxonuo u f.n.
xono hponononun uipw 1opmomofp paofy n hapax cnonyof
nopononafi c oo ocyxnonunmu ncomu nnonamu ipyhhw. Hfow hpu-
nafi ipyhhonou paofo nyxnoo nahpannonuo, nonymomy nooxonumo
honnopkunafi sanucumocfi posynifafon kaxnou hohwfku of ycunuu
fox, kfo naiponaof cnok pyky. Choconocfu xo ofianwnakmux nw-
nonnfi n camocfonfoninyk hponomy no cnonyof.
bonoo ocfpwu xapakfop uipa hpuopofaof n fom cnynao, koina hapw
nuo chonfanno, nuo honnanmuci na hponokauuu nonymoio, nuo
ho oio hpnmomy ykasanuk nanunakf coponnonaficn moxny coou n
fonnocfu ofianwnanun. cnu xo fonnocfi nacfoniko nwcoka, nfo
uipafi cfanonufcn yxo nounfopocno, sananuo moxno ycnoxnufi: hycfi
ofianwnakmuu ohpononnof naipofyk pyky na paccfonnuu, honnocn
cnok nanoni ckoni yionno nusko k pykam hapfnopa, no no kacanci
ux. fakom poxumo hpouonf nopnwx nuainoson posko yhanof. Own-
no fo honxnocfwnaof ynacfnukon ipyhhw, sacfannnof ux paofafi
onoo unfoncunno.
osmoxon omo onun coponnonafoninwu napuanf uipw 1opmo-
mofp. nn oio hponononun hofpoyofcn hopoipyhhuponka sanuma-
kmuxcn n fpouku. kaxnou fakou mukpoipyhho nnoo coponnykfcn
moxny coou n naiponanuu nanonou, fpofuu xo nwhonnnof qynkuuu
apufpa u hpucyxnaof hoony fomy, nin pyka hokaxofcn omy onoo
fohnou hpu hpukocnononuu. Iocno kaxnoio fakoio hoonunka poni
cyniu hopoxonuf k nonomy ynacfnuky uipw, a hpoxnuu cam ncfyha-
of n opiy. mo onoo ynnokafoninou cfanonufcn uipa, ocnu ou
sanaofcn xopomuu fomh. Oopofw ona moxof hofopnfi n ocnonnom
us-sa nopomufoninocfu cynou. Iofomy hpu hponononuu coponno-
nanuu inannoo nnn nonymoio nouficn of nux cmonocfu n pomonu-
nx nosanucumo of foio, ynannunakf onu na camom nono ofnofnunyk
pasnuuy moxny pykamu nnyx cohopnukon unu nof. ounaficn foio
nooxonumo ocfopoxno, nfow nu n koom cnynao no cnonafi cynouc-
kyk ouonky n inasax coponnykmuxcn nom-fo cnynaunwm u no sanu-
cnmum of ux ycunuu. Moxno, nahpumop, conofonafi cyninm oni-
mo honaiaficn na unfyuuuk, nonopnfi hopnomy nhonafnonuk,
kofopoo nukoina no omanof, u f.n.
cnu unfopoc k fopmunockum cocfnsanunm y nnonon ipyhhw no
ocfwnaof, pasnufi fy nunuk nanimo nonymomy homoxof...
2ii
Jnpunenue 2. "Xunnmuaonuu
onymuu ycfanannunaof na cfono unu cfyninx nna fasa, nanunaof
n kaxnwu us nux ho i2 nufpa nonw u hpuinamaof nnonon ipyhhw
nanafi coponnonanun. nn foio ipyhha pasunaofcn na nno pannwo
ho nucny ynacfnukon komannw (45 nononok). Hipoku kaxnou us
komann paccaxunakfcn nokpyi cnooio fasa. Io cuinany nonymoio onu
hoipyxakf kucfu pyk n nony u mwcnonnwm ycunuom nanunakf na-
iponafi oo. Ha hpofnxonuu 2J munyf, ofnononnwx nnn opiw sa
camyk fohnyk nony, nonymuu nockoniko pas hopoxonuf of komannw
k komanno. On hoipyxaof hanou fo n onun, fo n npyiou fas u ho
posynifafam cnoux samopon kommonfupyof xon coponnonanuu.
Ouonufi paofy cohopnunakmux komann ookfunno nonymuu npnn
nu cmoxof. Onnako nooniman uncuonuponka hosnonuf omy cosnafi
nunumocfi ocfpoumou opiw c npamafunockumu pwnkamu, nac-
fou cmonou nunopa u f.h. onymomy nooxonumo cfpomuficn naka-
nufi ocfanonky u makcumanino nknknufi ynacfnukon ipyhhw n no-
opaxaomyk hoionk npyi sa npyiom. nn foio on nonxon nopufi
cocfnonnwm cnonam, no no cnumkom ynnokaficn uipou nwmwcna,
ynopxunan oio n pamkax hpannohonoun.
Hfo xo kacaofcn poaninoio honwmonun fomhopafypw n kaxnom
fasy, fo ono moxof cocfannnfi of O,5 no J` u no mnoiom sanucuf of
nananinou fomhopafypw nonw n nux (nom xononnoo wna nona, fom
cuninoo ona ynof naipofa) u ux fohnoomkocfu (n hnacfmacconom fasy
nona naipoofcn cuninoo, nom n mofannunockom). fox cnynanx, koina
qusunockuo ycnonun naiohpunfcfnykf hponnnonuk poaninoio q-
qokfa, nonymuu moxof uchonisonafi n kanocfno ookfunnwx apuf-
pon nna nonnnwx fopmomofpa. Ofo usanuf oio of nooxonumocfu
mucfuquuuponafi nnonon komann. Iasymoofcn, nohpoc o fom, ka-
koio honwmonun fomhopafypw moxno oxunafi n nannwx konkpofnwx
ycnonunx u ymocfon nu snoci fopmomofp, nonxon wfi nwncnon no-
nymum omo no sannfuu c ipyhhou n copuu coofnofcfnykmux ohwfon.
Hipa Kuhnfuninuk nousmonno naof ipyhho unfopocnwu mafo-
puan nnn ocyxnonuu, hockoniky n nou hapanokcaninwm opasom
cfankunakfcn unon paccnanonun c unoou npocfnou opiw c xono-
nom. Chocow paofw nan sananuom moiyf wfi pasnunnwmu. Onnu,
hponpafun cnok pyky n paofakmuu na honnyk momnocfi ooipona-
foni, unyf ho hyfu nononoio ycunun hpu nwhonnonuu sananun onu
naxonnfcn n cocfonnuu nwcokou nnyfponnou nahpnxonnocfu. nn
npyiux xo onoo hpuomnomwm okaswnaofcn cosopuafoninwu honxon:
2i2
ofcfpouka nnumanun of xonona nokpyi pyku u cocponofononuo na
fohno nnyfpu noo. Hom xononnoo nona, fom fpynnoo sanumakmumcn
pomafi sanany nfopwm chocoom. Onnako umonno fa foxnuka naipo-
nanun nonw cnnsana c uchonisonanuom nanwkon paccnanonun. Io-
fomy hpu ocyxnonuu pasnunnwx hpunuuhon paofw kuhnfuninu-
ka nonymomy cnonyof hoompnfi u honnopxunafi hpoxno ncoio fox,
kfo noucfnufonino paccnannofcn no npomn nwhonnonun sananun.
Ananoiunnyk uipy moxno hponocfu u c uchonisonanuom concom
npyioio ocnamonun. nn foio nooxonumo sapanoo hpuiofonufi
non, a nohocponcfnonno hopon uipou pasufi oio na mnoxocfno oc-
konkon. Coofnofcfnonno nucny ynacfnukon uipw nonymuu ofupaof
hpunusufonino onunakonwo ho nonununo kyconku nina pasmopom
c nononou (O,iO,2 cm
J
). Io cuinany nonymoio kaxnwu knanof ninun-
ky coo na nanoni u cfapaofcn kak moxno wcfpoo pacfohufi oo.
Iooxnaof n fom coponnonanuu fof, kfo panimo npyiux hponpafuf
kyconok nina n nony. cponnom na fo fpoyofcn okono 2 munyf.
Hfow makcumanino ypannnfi mancw na hoony, n uipy nooxonumo
nnocfu oipanunonun: ynacfnuku no nonxnw cxumafi pyky co ninom
n kynak, hopokafwnafi ninunky ho honopxnocfu nanonu, nwmafi na
noo. Kyconok nina nooxonumo nopxafi na honopxnocfu packpwfou
nanonu fakum opasom, nfow on wn xopomo ocnomon u nunon.
cnu honusocfu of mocfa hponononun sannfuu nof xononuninu-
ka, non moxno hpunocfu us noma n fopmoco. sumnoo xo npomn oio
c ychoxom samonnf npaxo, nwnohnonnwo us cnoia.
bopia sa fohno no nnnnofcn onuncfnonno nosmoxnwm nunom cocfn-
sanuu moxny nnonamu ipyhhw. onymuu moxof hoponocfu ycunun
sanumakmuxcn n pycno opiw sa fnxocfi, ocnu on hponnoxuf um...
Jnpunenue 20. "Becm
Ynacfnuku pasunakfcn na hapw, cfanonnfcn npyi hpofun npyia.
Onun us nux knanof pyku na hnonu npyiomy, sakpwnaof inasa u nanu-
naof mwcnonno nainofafi fnxocfi n cnok hpanyk unu nonyk pyky.
ounmuci nyxnoio omymonun, on honaof cuinan iofonnocfu cno-
omy hapfnopy, u fof nonxon ofianafi, kakan pyka cfana fnxonoo.
Io omomy pucynky nsaumonoucfnun hapfnopon yhpaxnonuo no
mnoiom ananoiunno 1opmomofpy. Ipouonf nopnwx yianwnanuu n
Hnon yhpaxnonun hpunannoxuf H.H. Iofpony.
fou uipo fakxo ownno nononino nwcokuu. Ofo moxof wfi cnnsa-
no c poaninwm hofnxononuom pyku n posynifafo camonnymonun (cm.
yhpaxnonuo Konfakf). 3noci nosmoxno u noucfnuo unoomofopno-
io qakfopa: ynnokmuci noopaxaomou fnxocfik, ynacfnuk uipw
nanunaof honwipwnafi hapfnopy, ycyiynnn haccunnoo nannonuo
noca pyku na oio hnono nokofopwm nohpousnoninwm ycunuom. Kon-
fponuponafi fakoio pona occosnafoninwu oman hpakfunocku nonos-
moxno, na u nosanom: noni ocnonnoo nnyfponnoo ycunuo nahpanno-
no na fo, nfow noucfnufonino honyncfnonafi cnok pyky onoo
fnxonou.
2i4
b. "HO8K-MOHHR"
Yhpaxnonun fou inanw hponnasnanonw nnn ofpaofku u conop-
moncfnonanun foxnuku nwxona us ponakcauuonnoio cocfonnun.
nuncfnonnan cufyauun, no fpoykman nosnpamonun us paccnanon-
nocfu k akfunnomy onpcfnonanuk, fo paccnanonuo hopon cnom.
o ncox ocfaninwx cnynanx akfunusupykmoo sanopmonuo nnnnofcn
nooxonumwm nomonfom honnouonnoio coanca ponakcauuu. nnwu
unu ckomkannwu nwxon cnonuf na nof mnoiuo honoxufoninwo q-
qokfw paccnanonun. Ocoonno naxon nopiunnwu nwxon hpu
uchonisonanuu ponakcauuonnwx hoipyxonuu n kanocfno cponcfna
kpafkonpomonnoio ofnwxa u noccfanonnonun chopfunnou paofocho-
conocfu.
nomnuu pucynok foxnuku nwxona us ponakcauuu nocnoxon: nyx-
no cxafi kynaku, honnnfi pyku, hofnnyficn, opafun nuuo k hofon-
ky, safom cnonafi inyokuu nnox u nmocfo c poskum nwnoxom ofkpwfi
inasa u nwpocufi haniuw pyk nnopx. Onnako cokpof cfpomufonino-
io pocka us connou nohonnuxnocfu na nwcokuu ypononi onpcfno-
nanun no foniko n fom, kak u kakuo nwhonnnkfcn fononnuxonun.
Cymocfnyof omo u nnyfponnnn, hcuxonoiunockan, cfopona foio
noucfnun. Ocnonnoo oo conopxanuo fo ocnooxnonuo mwmu of
fnxocfu u fohna, napamunanuo nnyfponnoio fomha u nnyfponnou
copannocfu. ononwm ycunuom nononok kak w packanunaof, nop-
iofusupyof con, nainofaof hcuxoqusunockyk nahpnxonnocfi u io-
fonnocfi k akfunnomy noucfnuk. nn chopfcmonon fa nnyfponnnn
foxnuka camoakfunauuu moxof umofi u camocfonfoninoo snanonuo kak
choco hpoonononun hponcfapfonou ahafuu, hpunononun con n o-
onoo cocfonnuo.
Icuxonoiunockan honiofonka k nosnpamonuk n nunumwu mup
nonxna nanunaficn ho kpaunou mopo cokynn sa hnfnanuafi-nnanuafi
no sanopmonun nwxona nnomno nwpaxonnwm nnuiafoninwm nspw-
nn wcfpoio sacwhanun nyxno noni na chuny, pachonoxufi fono cummofpun-
no, nnocfu con n paccnanonnoo cocfonnuo u safom, honyncfnonan ononakunakmyk
npomofy, onsafonino honopnyficn na ok.
Ionponoo o fom cm. na cfp. iJ.
2i5
nom. Ona-fo u okaswnaofcn ownno nauonoo fpynnou. Inannoo
hpohnfcfnuo snoci cnooopasnan hpunnsannocfi k ponakcauuonnomy
cocfonnuk, hokunafi ykfnyk ckopnyhy kofopoio fak xo fpynno,
kak, ckaxom, honnumafi con yfpom us fohnou hocfonu unu sacfan-
nnfi cfanonuficn hon xononnwu nym. 3acfponafi n ponakcauuon-
nom cocfonnuu n onimou cfohonu cnoucfnonno nknnm nopomufoni-
nwm, haccunnwm, cknonnwm hyckafi nco na camofok, ofknanw-
nafi na sanfpa, fak unu unano yxonufi of pomonun cnoux nacymnwx
xusnonnwx hponom.
Ocoonno nwpaxonnwmu cumhfomw ponakcauuonnou napkoma-
nuu wnakf, koina sannfun n ipyhho hpononnfcn ho nonopam u sa-
numakmuocn yxo ycfanu. axo na coancax iofopofponunia n fof
momonf, koina nonymuu hopoxonuf k qopmynam akfunusupykmoio
conopxanun, nnonw ipyhhw, cfpomnci hponnufi nonunoo naxoncfno
ponakcauuu, noponko nanunakf okaswnafi omy nnyfponnoo cohpofun-
nonuo.
Hfow hponyhponufi fu noxonafoninwo nnnonun, nonymomy no-
oxonumo no foniko hpununafi ynacfnukam ipyhhw nkyc k paccna-
nonuk, no u pomafi hpnmo hpofunohonoxnyk sanany: ynufi ux na-
cnaxnaficn omymonuom cocfnonnou cunw u copannocfu. Haxonufi
panocfi n hpoyxnonuu, nahonnnkmom cosnanuo cnofom, mymom u
nnuxonuom nnomnoio mupa. Hanunafi fy paofy xonafonino cpasy
xo hocno hopnoio snakomcfna nnonon ipyhhw c cocfonnuom omou
paccnanonnocfu, f.o. hpunusufonino hocno 2J sannfuu.
Jnpunenue 2. "1npunm
onymuu hponnaiaof nnonam ipyhhw cnooopasnoo cocfnsanuo: kfo
wcfpoo cfo pas xnohnof n nanomu. Ipu fom onu nonxnw nonafi no
nacfonmuo, a noopaxaomwo xnohku. Io komanno nonymoio opof-
cn cfapf, a nnn onoo fonnou ouonku ucxona opiw hocnonnuu,
qunumnwu, xnohok nonaofcn no n noopaxonuu, a nanny.
Ipu ocyxnonuu nonymomy cnonyof opafufi nnumanuo sanuma-
kmuxcn na ux hcuxunockoo cocfonnuo n momonf qunuma, a fakxo
na ypononi nahpnxonnocfu-paccnanonnocfu. oponfno, mnoiuo us
nux ofmofnf, nfo fono hocno fakou hpooxku omymaofcn kak o-
nokofopwx cnynanx nwnononuo sanumakmuxcn us paccnanonnocfu okaswna-
ofcn nonocfafonnwm us-sa cnumkom poskoio hopoxona k hpoyxnonuk u cnumkom
kpafkonpomonnoio nosnoucfnun na nux qopmynamu akfunauuu.
2i6
noo copannoo u nahpnxonnoo, a nymy oxnafwnaof nonnonuo u oc-
hokoucfno. Ipu honfopnwx cfapfax nonymuu hponnaiaof hpocnonufi,
kak nosnukaof u pasnunaofcn fonusupykmuu qqokf yhpaxnonun.
axno kak moxno fonnoo sahonafnofi mononuk cmonw nnyfponnux
cocfonnuu hpu hopoxono of chokoucfnun k nosyxnonuk.
oponfno, nokofopwo nnonw ipyhhw cmoiyf nhocnoncfnuu nochpo-
usnocfu kpunyk napacfanun nnyfponnou nahpnxonnocfu os ohopw
na noopaxaomwo xnohku. osmoxno, kfo-fo nannof c ychoxom uc-
honisonafi mwcnonnwo nnuxonun n nwcokom fomho nnn foio, nfow
nohonnufonino honoiponafi con na nwxono us ponakcauuu.
paofo co chopfcmonamu yhpaxnonuo moxof wfi conmomono
c unoomofopnou fponuponkou. fom cnynao nmocfo xnohkon mwc-
nonno nochpousnonnfcn chopfunnwo nnuxonun u ux nomonfw unu xo
n noopaxonuu hpouipwnaofcn ckopocfnoo hpoxoxnonuo xopomo
snakomwx ynacfkon nucfanuuu (oiom, nhnani, na nwxax, na nono-
cuhono u f.n.). Kak u npyiuo yhpaxnonun nannou inanw, Chpunf
moxof uchonisonaficn nnonamu ipyhhw n ux unnununyaninwx camo-
cfonfoninwx sannfunx.
K unfopocnwm posynifafam hpuxonnf nnonw ipyhhw, koina kax-
nwu us nux hwfaofcn kak-fo nwpasufi cnou coponnonafoninwo
omymonun u wfi hpu fom honnfwm npyiumu. nn foio nacfo hpu-
xonufcn hpuoiafi k opasam, ananoiunm, accouuauunm. Hahpumop,
komy-fo us ynacfnukon moxof hokasaficn, nfo nmocfo c napacfanu-
om nahpnxonnocfu u ochokoucfna ncn okpyxakman ocfanonka na-
nunaof okpamunaficn n aiponwo fona. A npyiou ckaxof, nfo n fa-
kuo momonfw y noio honnnnofcn omymonuo, ynfo ino-fo n ipynu
nknknaofcn momnwu mofop.
cnu nyxnan fonaninocfi hofoka opason nosnukaof n camoofno-
fax cpasy xo, fo naninoumyk paofy c noopaxonuom moxno nocfu
yxo osofnocufonino k konkpofnomy ohwfy ynacfun n yhpaxnonuu
Chpunf. Moxno, nahpumop, hohpocufi sanumakmuxcn hpocfo
puconafi noopaxaomwo kapfunw ho cosnynuk c fomu, kofopwo yxo
wnu hponnoxonw. Hnon akfunusauuu ynof hpouipwnaficn ipyhhou
n pasnunnwx opasnwx nohnomonunx u nannof opacfafi hnofik xu-
nwx omymonuu u mouuu sa cnof nnyncfnonanun sanumakmuxcn n fu
opasw.
fou uipo moxno uchonisonafi yxo snakomoo ipyhho yhpaxno-
nuo Ioponohnomonun. Kapfun, mouuonaninou copnuonunou
kofopwx nnnnofcn foma napacfakmoio hofoka nyncfn, moxno naufu
nomano: monkuu noxnuk hopoxonuf n nunoni, omono pasionnofcn
2i?
hpunononnoo n nnuxonuo konoco, us fnokmoio yionika nwpacfaof
hnamn nocnoio hoxapa u f.h.
Onnum us nosmoxnwx napuanfon uchonisonanun npkux opason nnn
fonusauuu u honwmonun yponnn onpcfnonanun nnnnofcn...
Jnpunenue 2&. "Xon0encumop
onymuu pucyof hopon ynacfnukamu uipw noopaxaomyk kapfu-
ny nacwmonnoio nopiuou hpocfpancfna nokpyi nux. Hnonw ipyh-
hw sakpwnakf inasa, nfow nynmo hponcfanufi coo nanokfpusonan-
nwu, pwsxymuu uckpamu nosnyx, kofopwu nahpnxonno nupupyof,
hofpockunaof, hoponunaofcn u nchwxunaof ncomu unofamu panyiu.
cnu nonymomy ynanoci ynnoni ipyhhy cnoum pacckasom, kapfuna
cfanonufcn nnn oo ynacfnukon honfu qusunocku omyfumou: nosnyx
nanunaof oxuiafi nuuo, hokanwnafi nosnpu, noikum osnoom pac-
fokaficn ho koxo. onymuu konuonfpupyof nnumanuo ipyhhw na
nwxanuu. Kaxnwu nnox, ynfo inofok nokfpunocfna, uckpnmumcn
xononkom pacxonufcn ho fony. osnyx iynuf u nohaofcn n noikux. C
kaxnwm nnoxom opianusm kak w sapnxaofcn umhynicamu nopiuu,
nco onoo u onoo konuonfpupyn oo n coo. Hs nnomnoio hpocfpan-
cfna nopiofunockuu sapnn hopokanunaofcn nnyfpi, nahonnnn fono
snonnmou noikocfik u npocfik nunamufa... Hchonisyn fakoio pona
nopiofusupykmuo opasw, ynacfnuku ipyhhw sapnxakfcn n fo-
nonuo 2J munyf.
Yhpaxnonuo Konnoncafop ownno okaswnaof cuninoo akfunu-
supykmoo nosnoucfnuo na ncox nnonon ipyhhw. Hokofopwo us nux
nyncfnykf con hocno coanca fak, ynfo foniko nfo nwckonunu us
nonnnou nonw unu hpooxanuci hon noxnunkom. Hauonoo nwpaxon-
nwmu fu qqokfw wnakf n fox cnynanx, koina xonom hponmocfny-
kmux sannfuu onu yxo honiofonnonw k konnokfunnwm nxoxnonu-
nm n noopaxaomyk kapfuny. Hooxonumwu nnn sapnnku opianusma
opas pacfnoponnou n nosnyxo nopiuu moxof wfi cosnan no foniko
ycununmu nonymoio, no u konnokfunnwm fnopnocfnom ncox sanuma-
kmuxcn. Ipu hopoxono of ipyhhonou paofw c Konnoncafopom
k unnununyaninou posynifafw camoakfunauuu cfanonnfcn ownno
onoo ckpomnwmu. Onnako onu honfu ncoina omyfumw. Hchoniso-
nanuo opasa nnwxaomou nopiuu na faho nwxona us paccnanonun
Ipunuuh opianusauuu conmocfnou paofw nan opasom moxno hosaumcfnonafi
us yhpaxnonun Ioponohnomonun, hpunononnom na cfp. iO.
2i8
homoiaof nwxonufi n onpcfnonanuo onoo mouuonanino, hponyn-
cfnonanno, c xopomum nnyfponnum honomom. nn ofnoninwx yna-
cfnukon uipw opas chpocconannou na nnoxax nopiuu moxof oka-
saficn cnumkom fponoxnwm u ynopaxamum. unumo, um onimo
honounof...
Jnpunenue 29. "Bocxo0enue
1onusupykman foxnuka fou uipw nnnnofcn hoponopfwmom yhpax-
nonun Ioipyxonuo u hponnapnofcn ananoiunnou nnonnou qasou.
cnu oman unon hponnapufoninou packanku nonymomy ncna, fo
kohuponafi ohucannwu n Ioipyxonuu napuanf nnononun n paofy
no onsafonino. Ioniofonufoninwu fah moxof wfi, nahpumop, u
fakum.
Ynacfnuku paccaxunakfcn, sakpwnakf inasa. onymuu hponna-
iaof kaxnomy noopasufi con hyswpom, hpuhonnumakmumcn u
ohyckakmumcn n pufmo nwxanun. Ha nnoxo hyswpi cfanonufcn nco
onoo nonocomwm u nsnofaof nnopx, honono nosnymnomy mapuky,
na nwnoxo naupaof noc u maccunnwm ipysom hponanunaofcn nco
inyxo u inyxo.
Iocno 2J munyf paofw moxno omonnficn nhonafnonunmu u
nwncnufi, nahpumop, nfo onnomy us ynacfnukon uipw ynaofcn nsno-
fafi na nnoxo hon camwu hofonok, npyiomy hon kyhon noa, a
fpofuu onna-onna ofpwnaofcn of cnooio kpocna. 3afom ynacfnuku
hopoxonnf k ocnonnou nacfu yhpaxnonun. Ha nnoxo nonaofcn nnyf-
ponnuu honom, na nwnoxo haysa, no npomn kofopou inannoo
no chonsfu c nocfuinyfoio pyoxa, cnonykmuu nnox omo onun mai
nnopx u f.n.
1pynnocfu, c kofopwmu cfankunakfcn nnonw ipyhhw hpu ocnoo-
nuu ocxoxnonun, n ocnonnom fo xo, nfo u hpu paofo c Io-
ipyxonuom. Ionanany ononi mnoiuo fopnkf napannyk na nnoxo
nwcofy n momonf nwnoxa. Hnoina, nnn foio nfow ynopxaficn, no-
kofopwo us ynacfnukon uipw cfapakfcn nwnwxafi monnonno u ononi
ocfopoxno, fak nfo nwnox hpakfunocku noomyfum. Hamyhanmuo fy
xufpocfi cfonf na nopnom hyfu, u nonymomy nofpynno ynof honno-
cfu ux k cnonykmou mwcnu: inannoo no n fom, nfow cnonafi nwnox
nosamofnwm, a n fom, nfow no samonafi oio.
Cm. cfp. i86.
2i
Hoponko n paofo nan fum yhpaxnonuom sanumakmuocn cfuxuu-
no, camu foio no honosponan, qopmupykf y con akfunusupykmoo
yfponnoo nwxanuo c nonium nwpasufoninwm nnoxom u kopofkum
nosamofnwm nwnoxom.
Ha ipyhhonom sannfuu ynacfnukam uipw nocfafonno nokofopoio
munumaninoio ocnoonun cokpofon nnuxonun nnopx. aninoumyk
mnuqonky fou foxnuku moxno hpononxafi kak n ipyhho, fak u
noma. Hooxonumo hponyhponufi ynacfnukon ipyhhw, nfo nocxox-
nonun no nonxnw wfi cnumkom nnufoninwmu: nnn kaxnoio fako-
io mukpocoanca nocnfu-hnfnanuafu nnoxon nhonno nocfafonno.
1onusupykmuu qqokf uipw onapyxunaofcn nononino ckopo u
safpaiunaof no foniko omoo camonyncfnuo, no u mouuonaninyk
cqopy. opfukaninwu nsnof cohponoxnaofcn ownno panocfnwm
nosyxnonuom, hopoxunanuom noowknononnou noikocfu u cnoo-
nw. Mnoiuo sanumakmuocn no foniko c ynononicfnuom nwhonnnkf
fo yhpaxnonuo kak fponupononnoo, no u nanunakf hpumonnfi oio
n honconnonnou xusnu n kanocfno yfponnou hcuxunockou sapnnku,
nokapcfna of hnoxoio nacfpoonun u f.h. Chopfcmonamu fo yhpax-
nonuo, fak xo kak u hponwnymoo, moxof wfi uchonisonano nnn
hponcfapfonou nopiofusauuu.
Iocno foio kak ocxoxnonuo ynof ocnoono nocfafonno xopo-
mo, moxno hponnoxufi ynacfnukam ipyhhw hopaofafi c fum yh-
paxnonuom, kak c onnum us chocoon sanopmonun ponakcauuonnwx
coancon. oponfno, mnoiuo naunyf nnn con ynonwm fof cnooo-
pasnwu nuqf, nwnocnmuu us inyun paccnanonun na honopxnocfi
xusnu. Ho naxo ocnu komy-fo fakan qopma hpoyxnonun ononi ho-
npanunaci, houcku omo onoo qqokfunnwx chocoon camomounu-
sauuu moxno hpononxufi.
Jnpunenue J0. "Hyaoc
onymuu hponnaiaof nnonam ipyhhw namyhafi cnou hynic. Ofo
moxno cnonafi nuo knaccunockum chocoom, cxuman haniuamu
nonou pyku sahncfio, nuo nopos cocponofononuo nnumanun na hyni-
cauuu n kakou-nuyni nacfu fona, kak n yhpaxnonuu Iamma. Io
komanno Hananu! nonymuu nknknaof cokynnomop, a sanumakmu-
ocn nanunakf honcnufwnafi ynapw hynica. Ionno nopos 2O cokynn
nonymuu ocfanannunaof npomn, u kaxnwu sahomunaof cnou posyni-
faf. Iocno foio nnonw ipyhhw honynakf sananuo makcumanino yna-
22O
cfufi cnou hynic. Ipu fom no paspomaofcn hpuoiafi k homomu
nnomnux camonosnoucfnuu: nnuiaficn, nahpniafi mwmuw, uckyccf-
nonno ynamafi nwxanuo u f.h. Ynacfnuku nonxnw uckafi nnyfpon-
nuo, hcuxonoiunockuo, pwnaiu yhpannonun hynicom. Ha nwhonno-
nuo sananun ofnonufcn J4 munyfw, hocno noio nonymuu hpousnonuf
honfopnwu samop.
Ofo yhpaxnonuo uonocoopasno hponnaiafi ipyhho numi n fom
cnynao, ocnu nonymuu ynopon n osyhponnom cocfonnuu snoponin ncox
ynacfnukon. Xopomum posynifafom moxno cnufafi ynonunonuo nac-
fofw hynica na 6i2 ynapon n munyfy. ocyxnonuu nonymomy
naxno nwnnufi, sa cnof noio u kakum opasom kaxnwu us sanumak-
muxcn hwfancn pomafi hocfannonnyk hopon num sanany. Ocowu
unfopoc hponcfannnkf ownno ofnofw fox, kfo nynmo npyiux chpa-
nuncn c sananuom. oponfno, n honfopnwx uchonnonunx ocfaninwo
nnonw ipyhhw hohwfakfcn uchonisonafi hopononou ohwf cnoux fo-
napumou u cmoiyf nocfuni onoo omyfumoio posynifafa. A moxof
wfi, foio u no hpousounof, u onu hponhonfyf uckafi cnou co-
cfnonnwo honxonw k yhpannonuk hynicom. Ioucku hpu fom moiyf
nocfuci n camwx pasnunnwx nahpannonunx, u nukfo snoci no sacfpa-
xonan of ofkpwfuu. Komy-fo, nahpumop, nnn ynamonun copnuou-
onuu nyxno ynof noufu n pufm cnooio hynica u kak w usnyfpu
hocfapaficn nsnunfufi oio. Kfo-fo onapyxuf n coo choconocfi
nohocponcfnonno nainofafi nnyfponnkk nahpnxonnocfi. oucfnon-
nwm hpuomom moxof okasaficn fakxo hpoxunanuo n noopaxonuu
nwmwmnonnwx unu poanino umonmux mocfo n xusnu foio unu unoio
ynacfnuka cufyauuu, cnnsannwx c nwcokou mouuonaninou nahpn-
xonnocfik.
Hnon camoakfunauuu nopos noopaxonuo hpocfa u honnfna kax-
nomy. Ona noiko hpunnokaof k coo nnumanuo ipyhhw n xono ocyx-
nonun. cnu ipyhhonan paofa nnunofcn n fom nahpannonuu, fo
inannoo nnn nonymoio no nohycfufi uchonisonanun ynacfnukamu
ipyhhw opason u cuon, okpamonnwx noiafunnwmu nyncfnamu, fa-
kumu, kak oni, inon, uchyi u f.h. Opasw snoci nyxnw no hpocfo
cuninwo, sanonakmuo nononoka sa xunoo u nfniunakmuo n kakuo-
fo ocfpwo hopoxunanun. Io cnoomy cmwcny u nacfpok onu nonxnw
wfi onsafonino panocfnwmu, xusnoyfnopxnakmumu, nocymumu
momnwu umhynic k akfunnomy cosunafoninomy noucfnuk. Xopomo,
nahpumop, ocnu kfo-fo cmoxof okynyficn hamnfik n hpomnoo u sa-
Iaspaafwnan fy nunuk, nooxonumo hocfonnno homnufi o hponocfopoxonuu,
nannom na cfp. i6J.
22i
nono hpoxufi fof mui, koina on pomuncn na cmonwu hocfyhok.
Xopomo, ocnu kfo-fo cunou cnooio nwmwcna cymoof nkycufi nonno-
nuo apfucfa na cuono unu nocfopxonnyk npocfi chopfcmona, iofo-
nnmoiocn ufi muponou pokopn. bwfi moxof, koio-fo hpunonyf n
nonnonuo nonunocfnonnwo kapfunw hpuponw: ncfakmoo nan nonuna-
mu connuo, nocokpymuman cuna mfopmonwx nonn, yunoo fopxocfno
nunnou u ypaianon. A nio-fo copnuo saiofcn namo hpu mwcnu o
cnannwx cnopmonunx nknou, o cyniax, nxunanci n kofopwo nanu-
naomi nncfnonno cnwmafi sa chunou iyn nokon u omymafi hpunacf-
nocfi k ucfopuu cnooio napona. oikocfi ofckakunakmoio fonnuc-
noio mnnuka, yhpyian cuna nafnnyfou fofunw fakxo moiyf okasaficn
xopomumu akfunusupykmumu opasamu.
Chopfcmonam hpu paofo c fum yhpaxnonuom honosno mwcnon-
no hopomomaficn n ocfanonky hponcfapfonwx cokynn unu n cufya-
uuk pomakmoio nafucka, pwnka, ycunun n kakom-fo cmwcno fo
ooiafuf ux coponnonafoninwu ohwf.
xono houcka u kpucfannusauuu kapfun hpoyxnonun sanu-
makmumcn honosno ynof opafuficn k yxo usnocfnwm hpuomam ipyh-
honwx sannfuu. 1ak, yhpaxnonuo oconka moxof wfi uchoniso-
nano nnn opianusauuu ipyhhonoio ionopafopa anfuponakcauuonnwx
opason, yhpaxnonuo Ioponohnomonun kak foxnuka yinynon-
noio nxunanun n noopaxaomyk kapfuny. Hchonisyomwo n yhpax-
nonuu Iynic kapfunw nooxonumo ho nosmoxnocfu pasnoopa-
sufi, fak kak nacfoo opamonuo k onnum u fom xo hponcfannonunm
nonof k ux hcuxonoiunockomy usnocy, yfpafo cunw nosnoucfnuu.
nn packpohomonun opasnou cqopw moxno fakxo hponnoxufi
ynacfnukam ipyhhw chouuaninyk uipy, ho xony kofopou nyxno ho-
ponanafi us pyk n pyku nufi konnokfunnoio cnonunonun, f.o. pac-
ckasa os nasnanun, ckxofa u noiuku. Ofo cnoonnoo nyxnanuo ho
naupunfam nochomunanuu u accouuauuu, nfnnyficn n kofopoo mo-
xof numi nocfafonno chnononnan ipyhha, yxo umokman ohwf paofw
c noopaxonuom. Hnfopocnou ocoonnocfik konnokfunnoio cno-
nunonun nnnnofcn oio camoopianusauun hopoxon of xaoca u pas-
noon nnocumwx nnonamu ipyhhw nahpannonuu k conacfpoonnocfu
u honnnonuk ofnofnuno omymaomou kaxnwm omou nunuu.
Ipakfuka konnokfunnwx cnonunonuu u konnokfunnwx nochomu-
nanuu hosnonnof ynacfnukam ipyhhw pacmupufi ipanuuw cnooio
cosnanun nanoko sa hpononw akfyaninoio counac. Hnoina wnaof
nocfafonno ynacfun n onnom 2OJO-munyfnom coanco, nfow ncko-
nwxnyfi cnoxanmuocn hnacfw hpoxufoio u cnonafi xunwm u nonny-
kmum fo, nfo, kasanoci w, ymno nancoina. Cocfonnuo fo, nopo-
nfno, snakomo kaxnomy. cosnanuo ypno nfopiaofcn hpomnoo, u
nnoni nanunakf manufi safopnnnwo n nofcfno monfw o ioponx u hon-
nuiax. Iachupaof ipyni usnonannoo koina-fo no cno omymonuo ho-
nofa. C hponsufoninou ocfpofou onaxaofcn nnpyi cyfi nanno honok-
mux cfuxon u sawfou myswku. Iocno foio kak ynacfnuku ipyhhw
ocnonfcn n hofoko opason, nonymomy cnonyof mniko nahpanufi cno-
nunonuo n nyxnoo ipyhho hpuhonnnfoo, xusnoyfnopxnakmoo pyc-
no. Iaofa c nosnukakmumu n nom opasamu u hopoxunanunmu u
ynof qopmuponafi fof nnyfponnuu, hcuxonoiunockuu, opuonfup,
kofopwu nooxonum nnn hopoxona us ponakcauuonnou ofpomonnoc-
fu n hpuhonnnfoo, oonoo cocfonnuo akfunnoio noucfnun.
22J
7. ACCA6bTCb, 8b OHA3b8AT!
saknknonuo kypca sanumakmumcn honosno ocnoufi hpunonon-
nwo nuxo yhpaxnonun honwmonnou fpynnocfu, uckyccfnonno mo-
nonupykmuo ycnonun, naumonoo naiohpunfnwo nnn sannfuu ponak-
cauuou.
Jnpunenue J1. "Bunouu-ocmunouu
Hocfinocomi ynacfnukon uipw cfanonnfcn n kpyi, hnofno hpu-
xanmuci hnonamu npyi k npyiy. Onun us nnonon ipyhhw kykna
pachonaiaofcn n uonfpo kpyia (c sakpwfwmu inasamu). io sanana
makcumanino paccnaufi nco mwmuw, sa ucknknonuom ynopxunak-
mux n nwhpnmnonnom honoxonuu noiu u hosnononnuk. Cfonmuo n
kpyiy nnonw ipyhhw honnumakf pyku na ypononi ipynu u, opafun
ux nanonnmu k kykno, nanunakf mniko honfankunafi oo of onnoio
k npyiomy. Ipu fom ona no nonxna ciuafi kononu u ofpwnafi ho-
nomnw of hona. 1ono kyknw nonof con honono mapnupno coonu-
nonnomy c honom yhpyiomy cfopxnk. Ona hanaof cnoou nopxnou
nacfik na niu-fo nwcfannonnwo nanonu. Mnikum hpyxunnmum nnu-
xonuom nockoniko pyk hopokunwnakf oo na hpofunohonoxnyk cfo-
pony xunoio kpyia u f.n. o npomn ncox fux noucfnuu kykna non-
xna coxpannfi makcumanino nosmoxnyk omyk paccnanonnocfi.
Ipyhha packanunaof kykny us cfoponw n cfopony n fononuo ii,5
munyf, hocno noio n uonfp kpyia cfanonufcn nonwu ynacfnuk u uipa
hpononxaofcn.
Ipu nwhonnonuu foio yhpaxnonun ucknknufoninoo snanonuo
umoof conknonuo hpanun foxnuku osohacnocfu. Ho monoo hono-
nunw cfonmux n kpyiy ynacfnukon nonxnw wfi myxnunw. Onu pan-
nomopno pachpononnkfcn ho ncomy hopumofpy kpyia. Kaxnoo hano-
nuo fona kyknw hpunumakf na con 2J nononoka. Hfow mniko
hoiacufi unopuuk hanonun, onu nwcfannnkf nhopon hpyxunnmuo
nanonu na nokofopom paccfonnuu of con. Offankunakf hapfnopa
fakxo mniko u opoxno. Cuninwo u poskuo fonnku nonohycfumw,
224
fak kak moiyf hpunocfu k paspymonuk kpyia u hanonuk paccnann-
kmoiocn na hon. uamofp kpyia nonxon wfi honopan fak, nfow
makcumaninoo ofknononuo kyknw of nopfukanu no hponwmano 2O`.
o npomn hponononun uipw nonymomy nannoxuf wfi ocoonno nnu-
mafoninwm u ocfopoxnwm.
Kak hpanuno, anika-ncfanika hpoxonuf oxunnonno. Ofo yh-
paxnonuo unfopocno fom, nfo ipyhha moxof na omyhi nononino fon-
no ohpononufi, paccnauncn cfonmuu n uonfpo ynacfnuk uipw unu
xo naxonufcn n nahpnxonuu. Ownno nnonw ipyhhw nwpaxakf cnok
ouonky paccnanonnocfu kyknw omo n xono uipw unoina n qop-
mo myfok, unoina copiosno.
ipyhho nanopnnka naunofcn nockoniko ynacfnukon, kofopwo,
okasanmuci n uonfpo kpyia, nyncfnykf con ononi nahpnxonno u
ckonanno. Hm no naof paccnauficn cfpax hopon hanonuom, nacfo
umhynicunno nosnukakmuu nohpoku pasymnou ynoponnocfu n oso-
hacnocfu uipw. Iano unu hosnno um nco xo ynaofcn chpanuficn c
coou, u no hocnonnkk poni snoci uipaof uckponnnn honnopxka
fonapumou ho ipyhho. Y fox xo nnonon ipyhhw, kfo nocfafonno iny-
oko paccnannofcn n ponu naniku-ncfaniku, ocfakfcn ownno
hpunfnwo omymonun of hpownanun n kpyiy. Mnoium hpunfnw no
foniko ykanunanun camu ho coo, no u qusunocku hponnnnkmoo-
cn n nux saofnunoo u opoxnoo ofnomonuo co cfoponw npyiux yna-
cfnukon uipw.
Hipy anika-ncfanika moxno hpononufi foniko n fox ipyhhax,
ino yxo cnoxunuci nonopufoninwo ofnomonun moxny ynacfnukamu.
ipyhhax nonocfafonno chnononnwx ckonannocfi no npomn nwhon-
nonun foio yhpaxnonun moxof nosnukafi iopasno namo. Cnnsana ona
ownno c fom, nfo mnoiuo hcuxonoiunocku omo no iofonw nonopufi
ipyhho saofy o cnoou osohacnocfu. Y ofnoninwx nnonon ipyhhw
moxof hponnuficn fakxo onsni hpukocnononuu.
Jnpunenue J2. "1nnmue 1uumoo
onymuu hponnaiaof ynacfnukam uipw hpunnfi kakyk-nuo sano-
nomo noynonyk hosy: no honopanunan hnon u fynonuma, oinnnyfi-
cn, hpuxafi honoponok k knknuuo, honnnfi nnopx unu nwnnunyfi
nhopon hnonu, cocfi noocfocfnonno hpnmo, kocnyficn haniuamu pyku
ocnonanun sannou noxku cfyna u f.h. Ipu fom n ohponononnwx
mwmuax u cycfanax nosnukakf nokaninwo nahpnxonun saxumw.
225
Ynacfnukam naofcn sananuo: makcumanino fonno nwnonufi onacfi
nosnukmoio saxuma u, ckonuonfpuponan n fou onacfu paccnano-
nuo, cnnfi saxum.
Kak hpanuno, hpu nwhonnonuu foio yhpaxnonun nnonw ipyh-
hw ofnofnuno omymakf komok nahpnxonuu, kofopwu c kaxnou
hocnonykmou hohwfkou nco noino paccacwnaofcn, pacfnopnofcn n
hofokax nnyfponnoio fohna. Iasnnokafoninwm napuanfom fou uipw
nnnnkfcn houck u cnnfuo saxumon y xopomo usnocfnwx sanumak-
mumcn ckynihfyp nopos kohuponanuo ux hosw.
2onafonino kak moxno namo hpakfukonafi fo yhpaxnonuo n
honconnonnou xusnu, cfapanci cnumafi hpoxno ncoio saxumw chon-
fannwo, nosnukakmuo nohpousnonino. Iponpafunmuci n hpunwn-
ky, fa nomonfapnan qopma camokonfponn hosnonuf nnonam ipyh-
hw snanufonino honwcufi cnok paofochoconocfi, cfafi packonan-
noo, chokounoo u naxo... coopasufoninoo. Hfow hpounnkcfpupo-
nafi fo hocnonnoo, cfpannoo na hopnwu nsinnn honoxonuo, nony-
muu moxof hponocfu cnonykmuu nomoncfpauuonnwu ohwf.
Iycfi ynacfnuku ipyhhw hohpoykf hopomnoxafi nnysnannwo
nucna cnanana n ownnom cocfonnuu, a hofom c cunino cxafwmu
iyamu unu kakum-nuyni npyium uckyccfnonno cosnannwm onaiom
mwmonnoio nahpnxonun (cm. yhpaxnonuo Konfpacf). Mnoiuo
samofnf, nfo n ycnonunx uckyccfnonnoio saxuma chpannnficn c
sananuom iopasno fpynnoo: hamnfi cfanonufcn kopofkou, mwcnu na-
nunakf hyfaficn u pasoiaficn, nwnucnonun unyf monnonno, c omu-
kamu. oponfno, nonfo hononoo hpoucxonuf c namu n nooxunan-
nwx cufyauunx: nohpousnonino nosnukakmoo nahpnxonuo ckonwnaof
mwmuw u mw fopnomcn, sawnaom oo ncom na cnofo, no moxom
nonpomn coopasufi, nfo nonafi.
Ipunonom omo onny monuqukauuk Cnnfun saxumon...
Jnpunenue JJ. "1mon
Ynacfnuku ipyhhw cnoonno pasponakfcn ho komnafo. wpan
ynonwu momonf, nonymuu komannyof: Cfoh!. Io fou komanno
kaxnwu sacfwnaof n fou hoso, n kofopou oio sacfan cuinan. Iocno
foio, no napyman saqukcuponnnwx hos, ynacfnuku nwnnnnkf u
cnumakf y con mwmonnwo saxumw.
oucfnuo hpanun yhpaxnonun Cfoh moxno pachpocfpanufi na
nco ocfanmoocn npomn sannfuu. 1oina moxno ynof hpopwnafi um
226
ocfocfnonnwo nnuxonun sanumakmuxcn paccfanonky umu cfynion,
yknanwnanuo nomou u f.h. Iasymoofcn, hpu fom nonymuu nonxon
wfi ocoonno nnumafoninwm u ocfopoxnwm. 1ponopamu fo yhpax-
nonuo moxof wfi nknknono n ynonwo qpaimonfw chopfunnwx uip
unu onunoopcfn nnn paofw nan ycfpanonuom nonyxnwx nahpnxo-
nuu n hosax u hopomomonunx chopfcmonon.
Jnpunenue J4. "Hucmunnmu omxo0
Ynono pachonoxunmuci n kpocnax, nnonw ipyhhw paccnannkf-
cn. 3afom ho ykasanuk nonymoio kaxnwu cxumaof n kynak hpanyk
unu nonyk pyky u nopxuf kakoo-fo npomn kynak n nahpnxonnom co-
cfonnuu. co mwmuw, kpomo fox, kofopwo cxumakf kynak, nonx-
nw ocfanaficn hpononino paccnanonnwmu. Ipu knanuquuuponan-
nom nwhonnonuu yhpaxnonun us inyokoio paccnanonun nwnonnfcn
foniko kucfi u hponhnonio onnou pyku.
Hokofopwm nwhonnufi yhpaxnonuo ynaofcn cpasy, onimuncfny
xo foniko hocno fponuponku. xono omona nhonafnonunmu yna-
cfnuku ipyhhw noponko ofmonakf qonomon nopononanun quiypw u
qona. Koina nnumanuo cocponofonono na paccnanonuu, nahpnxon-
nan nacfi nochpunumaofcn kak ynanonnan, naxonnmancn ino-fo na
hopuqopuu fona, u nacfoniko manonikan, nfo oo moxno naxo no
samonafi. Ona kak w nwknknaofcn us nomunupykmoio omymo-
nun omou paccnanonnocfu. Ho cfouf nnumanuk sauohuficn sa
ipyhhy naipyxonnwx mwmu u fyf xo pyka cfanonufcn oipomnou u
of noo kapkac nahpnxonuu fyiumu nufnmu pacxonufcn ho ncomy fony.
Yhpaxnnnci n Hacfunnom nwxono, sanumakmuocn ynafcn hpo-
usnonino nopononafi chocow nochpunfun cnooio fona, cfniunafi n
onna omymaomyk fonky onacfi nwnyxnonnoio nahpnxonun, a nhoc-
noncfnuu u nockoniko fakux onacfou. fo yhpaxnonuo moxno
nknknufi noci apconan hpuomon cosnanun mocfnwx mwmonnwx naipy-
sok us yhpaxnonun Konfpacf.
Ymonuo ofknknaficn of nokaninwx ucfonnukon nahpnxonuu no-
samonumo n fox cnynanx, koina honnoo paccnanonuo mwmu nonos-
moxno (nwnyxnonnan noynonan hosa, fnxonwo nomu n pykax u f.h.).
Ownno hcuxunockoo noccfanonnonuo hpoucxonuf u n fox cnynanx,
koina cosnanuo hpohyckaofcn no nopos nco paccnanonnoo fono, a
numi nopos oio nacfi.
22?
onoo cnoxnwx monuqukauunx foio yhpaxnonun of sanumak-
muxcn fpoyofcn coxpannfi makcumaninyk paccnanonnocfi nopao-
fakmou myckynafypw hpu nwhonnonuu nnuxonuu pasnunnoio ypon-
nn cnoxnocfu u qusunockou nahpnxonnocfu. Moxno hpoonafi
honnumafi u ohyckafi pyku, cxumafi kucfonou channop, nwiuafi
quiypw us hpononoku, sannswnafi na noponko ysnw, paccfoiunafi u
sacfoiunafi hyionuuy u f.h. Hnoina nwhonnonuk fux sananuu ho-
moiaof noopaxonuo: opas hopofokanun fona us onnoio honoxo-
nun n npyioo unu hponcfannonuo o no kpaon nahonnonnou namo pac-
cnanonun, kofopyk nano hponocfu, no pachnockan nu kahnu.
Ocoonnwu unfopoc fo nahpannonuo hponcfannnof nnn chopfcmo-
non. 1ponuponku fakoio pona homoiakf usannnficn of hapasufu-
nockux nahpnxonuu hpu nwhonnonuu foio unu unoio noucfnun.
nuxonun cfanonnfcn onoo konomunnwmu, nfo hosnonnof noino
hoponocufi snanufoninyk qusunockyk naipysky.
Ipoxno nom hopoufu k cnonykmomy yhpaxnonuk, cnonaom no-
onimoo ofcfyhnonuo omomofonunockoio xapakfopa. Ohwf hoka-
swnaof, nfo hpu ncox cnoux nocfouncfnax camu ho coo yhpaxnonun
no oochonunakf wcfpoio ocnoonun hpuomon omou ponakcauuu. Hs
J4 hpunononnwx nwmo yhpaxnonuu numi nocnfi (i2, i4, i5, i6, i?,
2O, 2i, 22, 2J, Ji-o) moiyf wfi uchonisonanw nnn ofpaofku po-
nakcauuonnoio hoipyxonun n uonom, a no ofnoninwx oio nomonfon.
Ipu fom nosmoxnocfi ofpaafwnafi nanwku paccnanonun ncoio fona
n pamkax fux uip honnnnofcn no panimo nofnopfoio sannfun. Mox-
ny fom nnn wcfpoio hponnuxonun ipyhhw snakomcfno oo nnonon c
cocfonnuom omou mwmonnou paccnanonnocfu xonafonino nanunafi
iopasno panimo. Hanunan hpumopno co nfopoio sannfun, f.o. hoc-
no ocnoonun nomonfapnwx ponakcauuonnwx omymonuu, uipw non-
xnw wfi nohonnonw 8iO-munyfnwmu coancamu iofopofponunia.
Xapakfop fux coancon of sannfun k sannfuk nonxon monnficn. Ias-
nopnyfwo, nacwmonnwo npkumu opasamu paccnanonun qopmynw na
coancax nfopoionofnopfoio sannfun cfanonnfcn nco onoo kpafku-
mu u ckyhwmu na hocnonykmux coancax. Onnonpomonno napacfaof
nnufoninocfi hays moxny hpousnocumwmu qopmynamu. Iaysw hpon-
nasnanonw nnn camocfonfoninou paofw. Cnopnyfwu fokcf, uchoni-
syomwu nonymum k hnfomymocfomy sannfuk, moxof wfi hpumopno
fakum: ... Kucfu pyk paccnanonw... (Iaysa okono 5 c)... Iaccna-
nonw hponhnonin... (Iaysa)... Inonu... u f.n. Cfoni xo konchok-
funnwm cfanonufcn u fokcf nwxona us cocfonnun ponakcauuu: ...w-
xanuo inyokoo... (Iaysa 5 c)... Ipoxnana nnwxaomoio nosnyxa...
228
(Iaysa 5 c)... C kaxnwm nnoxom hpunun onpocfu u cunw... (Iay-
sa iO c)... wxanuo nacfoo u nopiunnoo... (Iaysa 5 c)... wxon!...
naninoumom ipani moxny coancom iofopofponunia u camocfon-
foninwmu sannfunmu nnonon ipyhhw moxof wfi cfopfa okonnafoni-
no. osmoxon, onnako, hocfohonnwu hoponon iofopofponunia no n
camocfonfoninyk paofy, a n cnooopasnwu anfuiofopofponuni.
Jnpunenue J. "Tpuncqopmumop
Ynacfnukon ipyhhw, yxo nocfafonno ocnounmux nanwku paccna-
nonun, hopon onoponnwm coancom iofopofponunia nonymuu hponyh-
poxnaof o samono qopmyn cuinanamu-xnohkamu. K momonfy nnono-
nun foio nonmocfna hocnononafoninocfi, n kofopou nonxnw
paccnannficn pasnunnwo nacfu fona, yxo xopomo snakoma nnonam
ipyhhw. bnaionapn fomy kaxnwu xnohok nonymoio cfanonufcn cui-
nanom, ho kofopomy sanumakmuocn hopoxonnf k paccnanonuk ono-
ponnou sonw, nahpumop of kucfu k hponhnonik u f.n. Xnohku cno-
nykf pannomopno c unfopnanom okono iO cokynn. Iocno i?i8
xnohkon cnonyof munyfnan haysa nnn chokounoio hpownanun n po-
nakcauuonnom cocfonnuu. 3afom nonymuu hponnaiaof ynacfnukam
uipw cnonafi camocfonfoninwu nwxon.
osmoxno, hopnwu hponononnwu fakum opasom coanc no nnn ncox
okaxofcn ynannwm. fakom cnynao nonymomy cnonyof ocoonno
honpono pacchpocufi o cnoux omymonunx fox, komy paccnanonuo
hon xnohku ynanoci c hopnoio pasa. Kak hpanuno, fo snanufonino
honwmaof posynifafw ipyhhw no nfopou hohwfko. Hnoina n ocyx-
nonunx nwncnnofcn, nfo nokofopwo us ynacfnukon uipw nochpunu-
makf xnohku no kak cuinanw k hopoknknonuk nnumanun na onopon-
nyk sony ponakcauuu, a kak umhynicw paccnanonun, nohocpon-
cfnonno nochpunumaomwo mwmuamu. Onopiun snyka, hponukan n
fono, kak w hpoopasyofcn n nom n fohno u fnxocfi. cnu nohoc-
poncfnonnoo hponpamonuo snykonou nopiuu kom-nuo us sanuma-
kmuxcn ofmonono, nonymomy cnonyof saocfpufi na fom nnumanuo
ocfaninwx, honnopknyfi naxnocfi foio qonomona nnn ponakcauuu
n ycnonunx snykonwx homox. cnu xo nukfo us nnonon ipyhhw o ho-
nonom nnnonuu no yhomunaof, nonymomy uonocoopasno camomy
pacckasafi o nom. Iocno foio moxno oxunafi, nfo qonomon hpo-
npamonun nopiuu honnufcn y mnoiux sanumakmuxcn n cnonykmux
hohwfkax.
22
cnu onimuncfny ynacfnukon uipw yxo ynaofcn hopoufu n poxum
fpancqopmauuu snykonou nopiuu n umhynicw paccnanonun, no-
nymuu moxof hponnoxufi onoo fpynnwo napuanfw: nochpunumafi,
nahpumop, n kanocfno onoponnou komannw nkou poskuu snyk
ckpuh ofonnuiaomoio cfyna, hanonuo anfopynku, hocfykunanuo ho
cfony, kamoni u f.h. Ionanany nokofopwo snyku cnumkom ipom-
kuo, cnumkom fuxuo unu nohpunwnnwo moiyf nwunafi sanuma-
kmuxcn us konou. Ho hocno nnyx-fpox honfopnwx hohwfok onimun-
cfno nnonon ipyhhw naynaofcn uchonisonafi nnn paccnanonun
hpakfunocku nkou akkomhanomonf. 1o xo, kfo fak u no cmoi oc-
noufi nnyfponnkk foxnuky fpancqopmauuu, c ychoxom hpuoia-
kf n fux ycnonunx k hpuomy ofcfpouku of homox.
Cnonykman, naunwcman cfyhoni anfuiofopofponunia ynof cocfo-
nfi n uchonisonanuu n kanocfno ucfonnuka paccnanonun apufmun-
nwx snykon u naxo hpukocnononuu. Iaofy c 1pancqopmafopom
moxno cnufafi ychomno sanopmonnou, ocnu ona okannunaofcn co-
ancom, no npomn kofopoio sanumakmuocn nomoncfpupykf choco-
nocfi no foniko nxonufi n ponakcauuonnoo cocfonnuo n ycnonunx
myma, no u opamafi hpu fom coo na honisy pasnoopasnwo nno-
mnuo homoxu.
mo onoo nwcokuo fpoonanun k homoxoycfoununocfu hponnn-
nnof...
Jnpunenue J0. "Xupyceao
Ipyhha pasunaofcn na nno pannwo ho nucny ynacfnukon koman-
nw. Iopnan paccaxunaofcn n kpyi u n fononuo i,52 munyf nnonuf
con n inyokoo paccnanonuo. fo npomn nfopan honynaof honpo-
nwo pasncnonun of nonymoio, safom nxonuf n uonfp kpyia, ino kax-
nwu oo nnon cfanonufcn nuuom k onnomy us cunnmux. Io cuinany
nonymoio pachonoxunmuocn nnyfpu kpyia ynacfnuku uipw nanuna-
kf ofnnokafi cnoux hapfnopon, hwfanci nwnocfu ux us cocfonnun
camohoipyxonun: fopmomaf, nwcmounakf, pacckaswnakf anoknofw
u unfpuiykmuo ucfopuu. Hopos munyfy cnonyof xnohok nonymoio,
u ofnnokakmuo cnnuiakfcn na onnoio nononoka nhpano fak, nfow
kaxnwu us nux cmonun cnok xopfny. Hipa unof nanimo no nono-
io xnohka. Iocno nockonikux fakux honopofon nonymuu ocfanannu-
naof Kapyconi. Ipyhha cpasy xo (unu hocno hpononxonun uipw n
nonom cocfano ofnnokakmux u paccnannkmuxcn) hopoxonuf k o-
cyxnonuk.
2JO
sanucumocfu of yponnn honiofonnonnocfu ipyhhw cfohoni no-
hycfumou unfoncunnocfu homox moxof wfi pasnou. Hncfpykfupyn
nnonon ipyhhw, nonymuu chouuanino oionapunaof paspomonnwo u
sahpomonnwo noucfnun ho ofnomonuk k paccnannkmumcn. usu-
nockuo nosnoucfnun no nonxnw hopoxonufi pasymnwx ipanuu nu hpu
kakux ocfonfonicfnax. Honisn, nahpumop, hpununnfi oni hapfno-
py, a fakxo numafi oio hosy pannonocun u ycfoununocfu.
Ohwf hokaswnaof, nfo hpu hopnom snakomcfno c uipou nanoko no
nco moiyf nwnopxafi nafuck ofnnononuu. Of qusunockux homox (na-
hpumop, hpukocnononuu, snykon) mnoiuo ofcfpaunakfcn cpannu-
fonino noiko. Hauonimyk xo fpynnocfi hponcfannnkf, kak hpanu-
no, homoxu cmwcnonoio xapakfopa. Ionanany mano komy ynaofcn
hpofunocfonfi fom us ofnnokakmux, kfo ymoof cnoum pacckasom unu
pohnukou cmyfufi, paccmomufi, saunfpuionafi, fak unu unano sa-
nofi sa xunoo. Moxny fom os nanwkon opiw c hononwmu homo-
xamu hpumononuo foxnuku ponakcauuu no mnoiux cnynanx okaswna-
ofcn hpocfo nonosmoxnwm.
Ipoxno ncoio fo kacaofcn fox cufyauuu, koina nononoky noo-
xonumo cnnfi usnumnoo mouuonaninoo nosyxnonuo. Hcfonnuku
fakoio nosyxnonun nannsnunwo coxanonun o nohymonnou omu-
ko, hopoxufwo uchyi unu ouna, mwcni o noofnpafumom uchwfanuu
u f.h. Omouuonanino okpamonnwo opasw u mwcnu saxnafwnakf
cosnanuo u nanunakf ykconafi n nom honono saonmou hnacfunko.
Ioipyxonuo n ponakcauuonnoo cocfonnuo nanoxno onumaof hcuxu-
ky of hpunuhnunwx hopoxunanuu. Ho ownno nononok wnaof na-
cfoniko saxnanon umu, nfo omy no no ponakcauuu. wxon us sakon-
nonannoio kpyia cocfouf n ymonuu ofnonnficn of cocfnonnwx
mouuu. 1ponuni camopaccnanonun n ycnonunx cmwcnonwx homox
kak pas u nahpannon na nwpaofky foio naxnoio ymonun. oponf-
no, co npomonom ynacfnuku ipyhhw cmoiyf nwpacfufi n cnoom cosna-
nuu nnyfponnoio konfponopa, kofopwu hosnonuf um ncouono no
ofoxnocfnnnficn c nosnukakmumu n ofnof na nnomnuo pasnpaxufo-
nu mouuonaninwmu umhynicamu.
Ha nwpaofky foio nanwka nahpannono fakxo...
Jnpunenue J. "onpoc
Hnonw ipyhhw pasunakfcn na hapw. Onun us ynacfnukon kax-
nou hapw canufcn, sakpwnaof inasa u n fononuo i2 munyf nouna-
ofcn honnoio mwmonnoio paccnanonun. io hapfnop pachonaiaofcn
2Ji
nahpofun u saionapunaof c num. 3anana hopnoio ofnonafi na nco
nohpocw u pohnuku hapfnopa, coxpannn hpu fom makcumaninyk
omyk paccnanonnocfi. 3anana oio cooconnuka cosnafi nnn pac-
cnaunmoiocn uipoka nahpnxonnyk cufyauuk u nwnocfu oio us po-
nakcauuonnoio cocfonnun.
onymuu oncnnof ynacfnukam uipw, nfo hpu nwhonnonuu foio
sananun unuuuafop nuanoia nonxon hocfohonno ynonununafi unfon-
nokfyaninyk u mouuonaninyk naipysky na cnooio cooconnuka.
Hahpumop, ocnu nuanoi hpoucxonuf n qopmo nohpocon u ofnofon,
fo of nomonfapnwx nohpocon fuha nnf nu koponw fpany sanak-
muu nohpocw hopoxonuf ko nco onoo cnoxnwm, houck ofnofa na
kofopwo fpoyof usnocfnwx unfonnokfyaninwx ycunuu. 3anopmufi
fof ksamon moxno hponnoxonuom ofianwnafi saianku, pomafi
cnoxnwo apuqmofunockuo hpumopw u sananu na coopasufoninocfi,
honpono nchomunafi cowfun nononinou nannocfu u f.h.
cnu xo nuanoi hpunumaof qopmy oconw, fo of omux pasiono-
pon o hoiono moxno hopoxonufi k nco onoo unfopocnwm u nonnyk-
mum cooconnuka fomam. Ipu fom hapfnop, paofakmuu co cno-
um paccnannkmumcn cooconnukom, nonxon fakxo umofi n nuny,
nfo ynopxaficn n cocfonnuu ponakcauuu nononoky fom fpynnoo, nom
onoo mouuonanina u nahopucfa opamonnan k nomy poni.
Ha sanopmakmux fahax fou uipw hapfnopw moiyf hopoxonufi of
mupnwx ocon k poswipwmam unu uncuonuponkam fakux konqnuk-
fon, coxpannfi nymonnoo pannonocuo n kofopwx okaswnaofcn nnn nux
fpynnoo ncoio.
Ionanany, hwfanci ncfyhufi n nuanoi us cocfonnun ponakcauu-
onnou hoipyxonnocfu, ynacfnuku ipyhhw onapyxunakf, nfo um
ononi fpynno ionopufi. Mnoiux nwnonuf us ponakcauuu yxo cama
nooxonumocfi ofnonafi na nohpocw. Onnako yxo hocno 2J hohw-
fok onimuncfno nnonon ipyhhw, kak hpanuno, naxonnf nosmoxnocfi
nocfu ocony, no nwxonn us paccnanonun. Ioni hpu fom cfanonuf-
cn nnnou, samonnonnou u ocunofnou, onnako hapfnopon fo ponko
cmymaof.
Ipu pomonuu n paccnanonnom cocfonnuu sanan cponnou fpynno-
cfu nokofopwo nnonw ipyhhw ofmonakf noownnyk ncnocfi u nof-
kocfi mwcnu (qonomon, opafnwu paccmofponnomy n yhpaxnonuu
Cnnfuo saxumon). Ipu fom cocfonnuo omou paccnanonnocfu
opasyof nokuu qon, kofopwu um ynaofcn nohpopwnno ofcnoxunafi
unu honnopxunafi. Ipu hopoxono k onoo cnoxnwm sananunm kap-
funa monnofcn. couono konuonfpupynci na ymcfnonnou paofo,
2J2
sanumakmuocn ownno fopnkf konfponi sa cocfonnuom mwmu na
onoo unu monoo nnufoninoo npomn. cnu xo onu nnoni noccfanan-
nunakf konfakf c fonom, fo, kak hpanuno, onapyxunakf: pac-
cnanonnocfi cmonunaci ownnwm camoomymonuom unu naxo nosnuk-
nu mocfnwo nahpnxonun u saxumw.
naninoumom onnum us nosmoxnwx nahpannonuu yhpaxnonuu
co cmwcnonwmu homoxamu moxof cfafi hocfohonnoo ynonunonuo fpyn-
nocfu sanan, kofopwo nnonw ipyhhw pomakf no nwxonn us ponakca-
uuonnoio cocfonnun. nuiaficn n fom nahpannonuu moxno nononi-
no nonio, u na ipyhhonwx sannfunx naxon ckopoo hopnwu fonnok,
noxonu cucfomafunockan fponuponka. Ioiynnpnwu fponuni moxof
wfi hpononxon n fom cnynao, ocnu sanumakmuocn umokf nosmox-
nocfi camocfonfonino fponuponaficn n hapax nno unu hocno ipyhho-
nwx ncfpon. pyioo nosmoxnoo hpononxonuo hpu nanunuu nocfa-
fonnoio npomonu nonymuu hocnnmaof fou fomo chouuaninwu uukn
us 45 sannfuu.
Ocyxnonuo paofw paccnannkmuxcn n ycnonunx mouuonani-
nwx naipysok fakxo naof ipyhho oiafwu mafopuan. Mnoiuo oo yna-
cfnuku samonakf, nfo na qono inyokou paccnanonnocfu u konf-
ponn sa fonom opianunockuo cocfannnkmuo mouuonaninwx
poakuuu nwnonnkfcn iopasno onoo nwhykno u posko, noxonu n own-
nom cocfonnuu. knu onapyxunakf, nfo na mouuoionnwo qpa-
sw u pohnuku opianusm poaiupyof nohpousnoninwmu mwmonnwmu na-
hpnxonunmu, umhynicamu hpoxonnmoio ho fony nokfpunocfna,
ynamonuom copnuouonuu, omymonuom cxumakmoiocn koma n ipy-
nu, napacfanuom nnyfponnoio pufma u f.h. Ocoonno unfopocnwmu
wnakf nanknonun n fox cnynanx, koina cnona ofnnokakmoio sa-
nonakf hapfnopa no nacfoniko cunino, nfow on sauuknunancn
na nux, u no nacfoniko nacfo, nfow on no ychonan chpannnficn c
poakuuou opianusma u noccfanannunafi hokou u paccnanonnocfi.
cnu xo ofnnokakmomy ynaofcn cosnafi nocfafonno hnofnwu hofok
cfpoccopon nnn cnooio hapfnopa, fo hocnonnomy hpononxufi nank-
nonuo sa cnoum opianusmom ownno no ynaofcn: cmwcn hpousnocu-
mwx cnon saxnafwnaof oio cosnanuo fonno fak xo, kak cnumkom cnox-
nan unfonnokfyaninan sanana.
1ponupynci n ynopxanuu ponakcauuonnoio cocfonnun n ycnonunx
mouuonaninwx hponokauuu, sanumakmuocn moiyf nunofi cnok sa-
nany n fom, nfow ofmohnnfi of con u nonafi ookfom camona-
nknonun nco onoo unfoncunnwo nnyfponnuo umhynicw u mouuu.
Kononno, paofa fa nousoxno ynof n snanufoninou cfohonu cny-
naunou u nokonfponupyomou, hockoniky nwnonufi nnn kaxnoio ipa-
nauuk nunnocfno snanumwx fom u nohpocon fpynno u n pamkax oy-
nonun foxnuko ponakcauuu npnn nu nosmoxno. honnou mopo fa
nunun moxof wfi nwnopxana numi hpu coonunonuu oynonun fox-
nuko ponakcauuu u ayfofponuniy c fakumu qopmamu hcuxonoiunoc-
kou honiofonku, kak couuanino-hcuxonoiunockuu fponuni unu fpo-
nuni consufunnocfu.
2J4
8. KAK HO8OHTb 3AHRTHR
Konunocfno sanumakmuxcn n ipyhho moxof wfi of 6 no i5 nono-
nok. Ipononxufoninocfi kaxnoio sannfun ii,5 naca. Omoo
konunocfno sannfuu ?iO. Hx moxno hpononufi oxonnonno, no-
pos noni, nna unu naxo onun pas n nononk. paofo co chopfun-
nwmu komannamu unu ipyhhamu osnoponufoninou qusunockou kyni-
fypw moxof okasaficn uonocoopasnwm no nwnonnfi chouuaninoo
npomn nnn oynonun ponakcauuu, a ncfpaunafi ofnoninwo ponakca-
uuonnwo yhpaxnonun n ownnyk fponuponky.
ycnonunx nonocfafka npomonu unu hpu opuonfauuu ipyhhw na
nacfunnoo onnanonuo ponakcauuou nonymuu moxof hpuoinyfi k co-
kpamonnomy napuanfy ynonoio kypca. 1ak, nnn foio nfow honiofo-
nufi ynacfnukon k hocomonuk coancon iofopofponunia, nocfafonno
hponocfu 2J sannfun c uchonisonanuom yhpaxnonuu foniko 2 u J-u
inan. cnu xo nyxno oynufi camoponakcauuu n komqopfnwx ycnonu-
nx, fo kypc moxof wfi hocfpoon us 6? sannfuu, os uchonisonanun
yhpaxnonuu ?-u inanw, kofopwo hponnasnanonw nnn fponuponku
yhpannonun cocfonnunmu n poaninwx cufyauunx.
C noio nanunafi sannfun Ipoxno ncoio, nooxonumo hpounqop-
muponafi ynymux nnonon ipyhhw o cymocfno mofona ponakcauuu, o
cpokax u oxunaomwx posynifafax oynonun. Cnonafi fo moxno n
qopmo oconw unu nokuuu. xono fakoio hponnapufoninoio osna-
komnonun ynymuu pykononufoni (nonymuu) nonxon nofko onopfufi
kpyi sanan, kofopwo moiyf wfi pomonw n ipyhho hon oio nananom.
Ofo homoxof kaxnomy us cnymafonou coofnocfu hponnaiaomwu um
mofon co cnoumu hponomamu u hofponocfnmu u ohpononufi, nyx-
na omy foxnuka ponakcauuu unu nof. fox cnynanx, koina nonymuu
no nnnnofcn npanom, omy cnonyof ocoo honnopknyfi hpoqunakfunoc-
kyk u hcuxoiuiuonunockyk nahpannonnocfi hponcfonmux sannfuu.
Oynonuo ponakcauuu hon pykononcfnom hcuxonoia unu omocfnon-
noio uncfpykfopa nu n koom cnynao no nonxno pacuonunaficn kak
nononan hpouonypa, u nohymonw k nomy moiyf wfi foniko snopo-
nwo nknu. axno fakxo, nfow hpanuninwo hponcfannonun o uo-
nnx u conopxanuu hponcfonmux ipyhhonwx sannfuu cnoxunuci y fox
2J5
cnymafonou, kofopwo yxo nfo-fo nufanu o ayfoionnou fponuponko
unu naxo hwfanuci sanumaficn ok camocfonfonino. nn foio ho-
nosno hokasafi cxoncfno u offonufi pasnunun uiponou qopmw oy-
nonun ponakcauuu u fox napuanfon ayfofponunia, kofopwo usnoxo-
nw n hohynnpnwx knuiax H.I. Hyniua, X. unnomana, .. onu,
A.. Anokcoona u npyiux anfopon.
Cnonykmoo naxnoo honiofonufoninoo mopohpunfuo fo hpono-
nonuo unnununyaninwx ocon c kannunafamu n ynonyk ipyhhy.
Ipononn c numu unnununyaninwo oconw, nonymuu, kak hpanuno,
pomaof cpasy nockoniko sanan.
o-hopnwx, on snakomufcn c kaxnwm nnonom ipyhhw. Ofo nax-
no nnn hnanuponanun nanana sannfuu: kak nopxafi con, kakuo yh-
paxnonun u n kakom nuno hponnaiafi ipyhho, k komy u c kakumu
nohpocamu opamaficn u of koio oxunafi akfunnocfu n ocyxnonuu
hopnwx ohwfon. Kpomo foio, yxo na hopnom sannfuu nonymuu non-
xon snafi kaxnoio ho umonu u ofnocfny.
Ycfanonnonuo nunnoio konfakfa c kaxnwm us ynacfnukon ipyh-
hw moxof cfafi nnn nonymoio chouuaninou sananou n fox cnynanx,
koina ipyhha qopmupyofcn us snakomwx moxny coou nknou unu naxo
us nnonon poanino cymocfnykmux konnokfunon, kak, nahpumop, n
chopfo. ono n fom, nfo, koina nknu coupakfcn na sannfunx n
snakomou komhanuu, n cuny ncfyhakf yxo cnoxunmuocn n fakom
konnokfuno noinacnwo hpanuna: kak cnonyof opamaficn npyi c npy-
iom u kak no cnonyof, o nom moxno ionopufi ofkpwfo u o nom nynmo
homankunafi, kakoo honononuo cnufafi ymocfnwm u ocfocfnonnwm,
a kakoo cmomnwm unu nonohwm. fou cufyauuu noiko hpoucxo-
nuf cmuka opianusyomwx nonymum nsaumonoucfnuu u hpunwnnwx
nnn ipyhhw qopm honononun. Ipu paofo c nokofopwmu yxo cno-
xunmumucn ipyhhamu, ocoonno ocnu ux nnonw mononw u mofuna-
uun k sannfunm no cnumkom nwcoka, nonymuu moxof hocfonnno
nafankunaficn na hcuxonoiunockoo cohpofunnonuo. Ipyhha n fakux
cnynanx cfanonufcn nco monoo yhpannnomou, u posynifafunnocfi sa-
nnfuu wnaof ownno nuskou. Hfow no okasaficn n honoxonuu
nyxoio cponu cnoux, nonymomy na hopnwx fahax pykononcfna ipyh-
hou nooxonumo kakum-fo opasom samknyfi sanumakmuxcn na coo,
ho nosmoxnocfu noufpanusonan ux cnnsu npyi c npyiom.
Onun us nosmoxnwx chocoon cnonafi fo cpasy sannfi n ipyh-
ho hosuuuk nukfafopa, nco fpoonanun kofopoio nonxnw noykoc-
nufonino nwhonnnficn. ocfuiaofcn fakan hosuuun sa cnof cnopxan-
nou manopw honononun u homaionoio, ucknknakmoio ncnkyk
2J6
noohponononnocfi, yhpannonun noucfnunmu oo nnonon. Hncfpykuuu
k kaxnomy yhpaxnonuk nonxnw wfi hpononino nofkumu u ncnw-
mu, a ocyxnonun poinamonfuponannwmu, cnopnyfwmu no kpaf-
kux ofnofon na nohpocw. Hooxonumo, onnako, homnufi, nfo xo-
cfkuu cfuni nononun ipyhhw ckonwnaof unuuuafuny u chonfannoo
camonwpaxonuo sanumakmuxcn. Hchonisonanuo nokofopwx yhpax-
nonuu (6, 8, , i5, i6-io u np.) cfanonufcn hpu fom safpynnufoni-
nwm unu naxo nonosmoxnwm. pyiuo xo yhpaxnonun moiyf wfi uc-
honisonanw numi qopmanino, honfu os poanusauuu ux uiponoio,
packpohomakmoio hofonuuana. akfunocku hpu xocfkou manopo
nononun sannfuu nknknonuo n ynonwu hpouocc uiponwx yhpaxno-
nuu mano nfo naof ho cpannonuk c fpanuuuonnwmu ipyhhonwmu
sannfunmu iofopofponuniom. Iofomy hocno hopnwx 2J ncfpon,
sannn nomunupykmoo honoxonuo n ipyhho u sahycfun ynonwu hpo-
uocc, nonymuu nonxon hopoxonufi k omonuk c ynacfnukamu na
pannwx, cosnanafi cufyauuu noohponononnocfu u hopononufi ipyh-
honyk paofy n onoo cnoonnoo u uiponoo pycno.
pyiou hyfi sanoonanun cnoxunmoiocn konnokfuna fo ycfanon-
nonuo nonopufoninwx ofnomonuu c kaxnwm us oio nnonon n ofnoni-
nocfu. Cnonafi fo nonymuu moxof foniko no npomn hponnapufoni-
nwx unnununyaninwx ocon. Ipononn coocononanun, on nonxon
pachonoxufi k coo kaxnoio sanumakmoiocn. C kaxnwm nooxonu-
mo honpono ocynufi fo oio fpynnocfu, panu hpoonononun kofopwx
on pomun onnanofi foxnukou ponakcauuu. Hoponko onu koponnfcn
no cfoniko no nnomnux ocfonfonicfnax, ckoniko n camom nonono-
ko. 1ak, nahpumop, hpununou honwmonnou yfomnnomocfu no npo-
mn fponuponok moxof wfi no fnxocfi naipysok, a xponunockan no-
ynonnofnoponnocfi conopxanuom fponuponok, ofnomonunmu c
fonapumamu ho komanno u f.h. 3a ounuom saof u hopoipyxonnoc-
fik moxof ckpwnaficn xaxna camoyfnopxnonun unu noxonanuo no-
nafi nwop, sa pasnpaxonnocfik noynoponnocfi n coo. wnonufi
cooconnuka na ocyxnonuo hponom oio xapakfopa u oio nsaumoof-
nomonuu c npyiumu nooxonumo mniko, fakfunno, os ipyoio na-
xuma u hochomnwx ouonok. Ofkpononnwu pasionop npnn nu nosmo-
xon fakxo os nohponnsnfoio honumanun u uckponnoio conyncfnun
co cfoponw nonymoio.
Ipununw opamonun k foxnuko ponakcauuu kaxnoio nnona ipyh-
hw u konkpofnwo xusnonnwo cufyauuu, kofopwo on hponhonaiaof
2J?
paspomufi c oo homomik, nonymomy nooxonumo nwncnufi omo u nnn
foio, nfow wfi onoo fonnwm n honopo yhpaxnonuu u nwopo
ocnonnwx nahpannonuu paofw na sannfunx. Kpomo foio, ocnonom-
nonnocfi o konkpofnwx sahpocax nnonon ipyhhw hosnonnof nonymo-
my onoo qqokfunno konfponuponafi hponnuxonuo cnoux honohon-
nwx. Ionnnnofcn nosmoxnocfi cnonufi no foniko sa onnanonuom
hpuomamu camopoiynnuuu na sannfunx, no u sa fom, kak cpaafw-
nakf fu hpuomw n poaninwx xusnonnwx cufyauunx, n nacfnocfu
no npomn chopfunnwx coponnonanuu.
mo onna qynkuun unnununyaninwx coocononanuu fo ofop
n ipyhhy nknou us onimoio konunocfna xonakmux u ofcon fox kan-
nunafon, hpucyfcfnuo kofopwx n ipyhhonou paofo noxonafonino.
Ofcon moxof okasaficn nooxonumwm naxo n fox cnynanx, koina nu-
kakoio konkypca cponu xonakmux nof. Ho cnonyof nohyckafi k
sannfunm nuu, cocfonnuo snoponin kofopwx noynonnofnopufonino (sa
ucknknonuom fox cnynaon, koina cam nonymuu monuk). Houono-
coopasno fakxo nknknafi n ipyhhy nknou cnynaunwx, no umokmux
nocfafonnou mofunauuu k onnanonuk mofonom. ono n fom, nfo
cfauninwu cocfan nnonon ipyhhw onno us naxnwx ycnonuu ychom-
nwx sannfuu. Hcnosnononuo onnoio unu nockonikux ynacfnukon
pacxonaxunakmo noucfnyof na ocfaninwx u fopmosuf pasnufuo nnyf-
puipyhhonwx ofnomonuu. Moxny fom, kak hokaswnaof ohwf, namo
ncoio hocno hopnwx ncfpon hpokpamakf hocomafi sannfun fo, kfo c
camoio nanana hpumon n ipyhhy os nocfafonno copiosnwx namopo-
nuu: onnoio hpunono nkohwfcfno, npyiou hpumon sa komhanuk u
f.n. onymomy no cnonyof paficn sa oynonuo fox, kfo xnof of sa-
nnfuu qqokfon sanonomo nopoaninwx unu manonoponfnwx. 1oxnu-
ka ponakcauuu cama ho coo npnn nu homoxof, nahpumop, fomy, kfo
xonof nananufi ofnomonun co cnoumu nuskumu, pocufi kypufi unu
hpoononofi sacfonnunocfi.
Ho cnonyof fakxo naupafi ipyhhy ynacfnukon, yxo nnanokmux
nanwkamu ponakcauuu. Ocoonno noxonafonino ux ynacfuo n sann-
funx n fox cnynanx, koina nonymuu no moxof iapanfuponafi um ocno-
onuo noio-fo nonoio unu cymocfnonnoo hponnuxonuo n nocfuinyfom.
Iasymoofcn, nco hpouonypw honiofonku nnonon ipyhhw k hponcfon-
mou paofo cymocfnonno yhpomakfcn unu cfanonnfcn nonyxnwmu
n fox cnynanx, koina sannfun hpononuf fponop co cnoumu ynonukamu
unu hpohonanafoni quskynifypw c ipyhhou, kofopyk on yxo nocfa-
fonno xopomo snaof.
2J8
Iocnonnnn naxnan sanana, kofopyk moxof pomafi nonymuu n xono
coocononanun, fo homomi sanumakmumcn n ocosnanuu naxno-
cfu nnn nux hponcfonmux sannfuu. Hnoina wnaof honosno hocfa-
nufi kannunafa n ipyhhy n fakoo honoxonuo, koina on cam ynof
nwnyxnon yoxnafi nonymoio n fom, nfo foxnuka ponakcauuu omy
noucfnufonino nooxonuma.
Ipucfyhan k opianusauuu hpouocca oynonun, nonymomy noo-
xonumo oochonufi sanumakmumcn qusunockuu komqopf, ocoon-
no na hpofnxonuu hopnwx nockonikux ncfpon. Iomomonuo nonxno
wfi nocfafonno fohnwm, no saipomoxnonnwm nonyxnou moonik,
c xopomou snykousonnuuou. pomn nnn sannfuu nynmo nwupafi
fakoo, nfow nnonw ipyhhw no hpuxonunu na nux iononnwmu unu
cpasy xo hocno hpuoma humu. Cnonyof fakxo hopokomonnonafi um
hpuxonufi n ynonou oynu u cnoonnou onoxno. o npomn sannfuu
nonymuu nonxon nonannsnuno cnonufi sa fom, nfow sanumakmuo-
cn cunonu ho nosmoxnocfu ynono u ocfocfnonno, no ckpomunanu
noi u no hopohnofanu haniuon pyk.
Kak paofafi c ipyhhou Y nufafonn moxof cnoxuficn nhonafno-
nuo, nfo hpunononnan n knuio hocnononafoninocfi uip u ocfi hpo-
ipamma kypca oynonun ponakcauuu. Onnako fo no fak. axo hpu
makcumaninom nacwmonuu ynonoio kypca konnokfunnwmu yhpax-
nonunmu nonymomy npnn nu honanoufcn onimo nom hononuna us
nux. Iocnononafoninocfi inan, n kofopwo cipyhhuponanw yhpaxno-
nun, ofpaxaof ohponononnwo fahw hponnuxonun sanumakmuxcn,
no n kaxnom konkpofnom cnynao sannfun moiyf cfpouficn co cmomo-
nuom, sahapannonunanuom unu hpohyckom ofnoninwx fahon. w-
op yhpaxnonuu, fakum opasom, ocfaofcn no mnoiom nonom nky-
ca, pacnofa u unfyuuuu nonymoio.
Iponymwnan yhpaxnonun nnn kaxnoio onoponnoio sannfun, no-
oxonumo ynufwnafi sahpocw nnonon ipyhhw, a fakxo ux unnununy-
aninwo ocoonnocfu u cfohoni onnanonun yxo snakomwmu ipyhho
nomonfamu ponakcauuu. nn foio na hpofnxonuu ncoio kypca oy-
nonun nonymomy nooxonumo hpucmafpunaficn k nnonam ipyhhw u
ofmonafi nnn con ux ychoxu u noynanu, ocoonnocfu ux fonocnoio
camonochpunfun, nnumanun, noopaxonun, manopw omaficn.
fox cnynanx, koina oynonuo ponakcauuu no nwnonono n camocfonfoninwu uukn
sannfuu, a hpononufcn ho xony chopfunnwx fponuponok unu sannfuu quskynifypou,
yhpaxnonun na paccnanonuo nwhonnnkfcn n hononwx ycnonunx.
2J
Ipu honopo yhpaxnonuu cnonyof pykononcfnonaficn no foniko
noiukou ycnoonun cnoxnwx nomonfon na ocnono yxo ocnoonnwx onoo
hpocfwx, no u noiukou usmononun hcuxonoiunockou nahpannonno-
cfu yhpaxnonuu ho mopo pasnufun ofnomonuu n ipyhho. cnu na
hopnwx fahax sanumakmuocn nwhonnnkf sananun n ocnonnom un-
nununyanino, fo nhocnoncfnuu nnonufcn nco onimo yhpaxnonuu,
ocnonannwx na nsaumonoucfnuu nnyx unu onoo nnonon ipyhhw (yh-
paxnonun 6, , i5 u f.h.). Kpomo foio, ho mopo chnononun konnok-
funa u ycfanonnonun nohpunyxnonnwx nopoxonafoninwx ofnomo-
nuu nonymuu ocymocfnnnof hopoxon of sananuu hpocfwx u xocfko
poinamonfuponannwx k nco onoo noohponononnwm, ocfannnkmum
nocfafonnyk cnoony nnn umhponusauuu, fnopnockoio camohponnno-
nun ynacfnukon ipyhhw (yhpaxnonun i6, 2i u np.).
Ononi naxno ynufwnafi cfohoni hcuxonoiunockou iofonnocfu ipyh-
hw k nknknonuk n fy unu unyk uipy. Honnno sananaomwu kaxnwm
yhpaxnonuom ypononi nunnocfnoio camopackpwfun, nonopufonino-
cfu u onuncfna noucfnuu nonxon naxonuficn n sono nuxaumoio
pasnufun nnyfpuipyhhonwx ofnomonuu. 1oina kaxnoo yhpaxnonuo
cfanonufcn kak w onoponnou cfyhonikou chnononun ipyhhw. fo
xo npomn cnumkom hochomnoo nnononuo nokofopwx uip (ocoonno
6, , i5, i6) moxof nwsnafi nonoymonuo u hpofocf u hocfanufi hon
yiposy no foniko naninoumoo hponnuxonuo ipyhhw, no u fo, nfo yxo
wno nocfuinyfo.
nokofopwx cnynanx cmninufi hcuxonoiunockoo cohpofunnonuo,
nosnukakmoo hpu nknknonuu n sananuo, ynaofcn sa cnof nucfo nno-
mnux hpuomon. Moxno, nahpumop, sapanoo honiofannunafi ynacf-
nukon k noownnocfu hponcfonmoio noucfnun fom, nfo ionopufi nyfi
fumo ownnoio, c nokofopwm honuxonuom unfonauuu. Moxno
fakxo uchonisonafi no npomn nwhonnonun yhpaxnonuu hpuinymon-
noo, cnaoo ocnomonuo.
axnwm kanocfnom, nooxonumwm nonymomy nnn paofw c ipyh-
hou, nnnnofcn iukocfi. Kaxnoo onoponnoo sannfuo nonxno fmafoni-
no hnanuponaficn. H nmocfo c fom nonymuu ncoina nonxon wfi io-
fon k umhponusauuu, k fomy, nfo chonfannoo pasnufuo cowfuu n
ipyhho unu kakuo-fo nooxunannwo ocfonfonicfna honckaxyf omy
nonwu honopof n nononuu ipyhhw u nwopo yhpaxnonuu. noko-
fopwx cnynanx nooxonumocfi nnononun no hponycmofponnwx sapanoo
yhpaxnonuu moxof ocfocfnonno nwfokafi us ocyxnonun fox fpynno-
24O
cfou, c kofopwmu cfonknynuci ynacfnuku hpu nwhonnonuu nomam-
noio sananun unu no npomn ipyhhonwx sannfuu.
Cfuni nononun sannfuu u pasnufuo moxnunnocfnwx konfakfon no
mnoiom sanucnf of cocfana sanumakmuxcn. 1ak, c ipyhhamu, co-
cfonmumu us onnux foniko myxnun unu onnux xonmun, a fakxo c
ipyhhamu, napannwmu us nknou cfapmoio nospacfa, sannfun hpo-
nonnfcn n onoo cfpoiou u cnopxannou manopo, noxonu c ipyhhamu
cmomannwmu unu cocfonmumu us mononwx u manosnakomwx moxny
coou nknou. Ipunonom n kanocfno unnkcfpauuu nna napuanfa ho-
cfpoonun ynonoio kypca ho foxnuko ponakcauuu u hohpoyom hpo-
cnonufi, kak mnu sannfun u nom pykononcfnonancn nonymuu hpu
nwopo pasnunnwx yhpaxnonuu n nnyx pasnwx ipyhhax.
Kak nunno us fanuuw, n hopnou ipyhho nonymuu nanan sannfun
c hocfohonnoio nnononun ynacfnukon n paofy nan ponakcauuou no-
pos fponuni mwmonnoio nnumanun. fopan ipyhha ho posynifafam
hponnapufoninwx ocon hokasanaci nonymomy onoo honiofonnonnou
u unqopmuponannou o ocnonax ayfofponunia, hofomy on cnon
nosmoxnwm cpasy xo hpucfyhufi k qopmuponanuk ponakcauuonnwx
omymonuu. Onnako nokofopan nocopannocfi oo nnonon u noycfou-
nunocfi posynifafon ux paofw sacfanunu nonymoio opafuficn k yh-
paxnonuk na nnumanuo Hnfpockoh.
nanano nfopoio sannfun nonymuu, honyncfnonan iofonnocfi
nnonon hopnou ipyhhw k onoo focnwm mouuonaninwm konfakfam,
hponnoxun um hopaofafi c yhpaxnonuom Kuphun. Ofo yhpax-
nonuo omo onoo packpohocfuno ynacfnukon u ykpohuno ux hcuxo-
noiunockoo onuncfno. o nfopou ipyhho moxny sanumakmumucn
cnoxunuci onoo cnopxannwo nsaumoofnomonun. Ouonun ux camo-
cfonfoninyk paofy nan yhpaxnonunmu hponwnymoio nnn kak ychom-
nyk, nonymuu hpononxun nnuxonuo ipyhhw n fom xo nahpannonuu.
Ha fpofiom sannfuu nnonw hopnou ipyhhw noiko ocnounu yhpax-
nonuo Accouuauuu u c ynononicfnuom hopaofanu nan yhpaxno-
nuom oconka. Ocyxnonun wnu oxunnonnwmu. u uiponou xa-
pakfop nsaumonoucfnun hpumoncn um ho nkycy. Iaofa no nfopou
ipyhho ofnunanaci onoo nwpaxonnou nahpannonnocfik na onnano-
nuo konkpofnwmu nanwkamu, noxonu na nsaumonoucfnuo npyi c
npyiom.
Iaccmafpunakfcn ipyhhw, nnonw kofopwx no wnu snakomw moxny coou no
nanana sannfuu.
24i
3annfun
Iopnoo
fopoo
1pofio
Hofnopfoo
Infoo
Hocfoo
Conimoo
ocimoo
Ipyhha
hopnan
Hnfpockoh
okycuponka
Iamma
okycuponka
Kuphun
Konfpacf
Konfpacf
Accouuauuu
oconka
Coanc iofopofponunia
Konfpacf
oconka
Coanc iofopofponunia
Hacoc
Ioipyxonuo
Coanc iofopofponunia
ocxoxnonuo
3opkano
Ioponohnomonun
omoncfpafop
Kuhnfuninuk
Ocyxnonuo ychomnwx
u noynannwx cnynaon
anika-ncfanika
Kapyconi
ohpoc
nfopan
Konfpacf
Hnfpockoh
Konfpacf
Hnfpockoh
Coanc iofopofponunia
Konfpacf
okycuponka
Coanc iofopofponunia
3amonnonnoo nnuxonuo
okycuponka
Konnoncafop
Coanc iofopofponunia
3anopxka
onmonan hanonka
Coanc iofopofponunia
Okchopf
1opmomofp
Cnnfuo saxumon
Cfoh
Hacfunnwu nwxon
1pancqopmafop
Kapyconi
242
Ha nofnopfom sannfuu hopnan ipyhha snanufoninoo npomn hocnn-
funa honkunmomycn ou yhpaxnonuk oconka. fopan ipyhha omo
onoo saocfpuna cnoo nnumanuo na nucfo foxnunockux momonfax.
Iaccnanonuo no npomn sannfun cfano nacfoniko inyokum, nfo no-
nymuu nonxon wn cponno nnocfu anfuponakcauuonnoo yhpaxnonuo
Konnoncafop.
Ocyxnonuo na hnfom sannfuu hokasano: nnonw hopnou ipyhhw
omo no naynunuci nocfafonno inyoko paccnannfi mwmuw hocpon-
cfnom yhpaxnonun Konfpacf. onymuu pomun nwnonufi ux na
paccnanonuo nopos nwxanuo. fo npomn nfopan ipyhha yxo hopo-
mna k ofpaofko nanwkon ocfocfnonnoio camopaccnanonun.
K mocfomy sannfuk hopnan ipyhha hpakfunocku ocnouna camopac-
cnanonuo nopos nwxanuo u yxo nyxnanaci n ofpaofko nanwka camo-
cfonfoninoio nwxona us ponakcauuu. Io-nunumomy, hoponohnomo-
nun hosnonunu mnoium nocfuni ponakcauuu cunou noopaxonun u
hpousnonu na nux cuninoo mouuonaninoo nhonafnonuo. fopan ipyh-
ha fakxo onnanona foxnukou camopaccnanonun, u oo nnonw c yno-
nonicfnuom nomoncfpuponanu fu nanwku n uipax-coponnonanunx.
Ha conimom sannfuu hopnan ipyhha, kak u nfopan na mocfom,
uchwfwnana hpuopofonnwo nanwku n coponnonafoninwx cufyauunx.
fopan xo ipyhha hpucfyhuna k usynonuk quiyp nwcmoio hunofaxa
ponakcauuu.
K nocimomy sannfuk hopnan ipyhha ho yponnk fpynnocfu poma-
omwx ok sanan okasanaci nhoponu nfopou ipyhhw. Ckopoo ncoio,
ycfanonunmancn n ipyhho afmocqopa onimou mouuonaninou pac-
kpohomonnocfu u cwipana poni hpyxunw, hosnonunmou oo nnonam
cfpomufonino hponnunyficn.
Iasopannwu hpumop numnuu pas honfnopxnaof, nackoniko nax-
no nonymomy saofuficn o cosnanuu naiohpunfnoio hcuxonoiunoc-
koio knumafa na sannfunx. On nonxon ynufwnafi, nfo hcuxonoiu-
nockoo cocfonnuo ipyhhw sanucuf no foniko of nnno opianusyomwx
nsaumonoucfnuu n pamkax foio unu unoio yhpaxnonun, no u of foio,
nahpumop, kak opianusonano hpocfpancfno no npomn sannfuu. cnu
na hopnwx ncfponax nonymomy naxno sannanofi nnumanuom ipyhhw u
usonuponafi ynacfnukon uip npyi of npyia, omy nynmo paccanufi ux
n pnn nuuom k coo u npyi k npyiy okom, ocfanun snanufoninwo
hpomoxyfku moxny cfyninmu. Koina nano oxunufi cnnsu moxny of-
noninwmu ynacfnukamu ipyhhw, pnn moxno hopocfpoufi n honykpyi,
fak nfow onu nopxanu n hono sponun no foniko nonymoio, no u npyi
npyia. cnu xo n ipyhho yxo nanana cknanwnaficn afmocqopa nono-
24J
pun u packonannocfu u nanuuo oman nacfpoonnocfi na paofy,
ynacfnukon nynmo paccanufi n kpyxok, nnyfpu kofopoio nonymuu yxo
no ynof sanumafi ocooio honoxonun.
nn yinynonun mouuonaninwx konfakfon moxny nnonamu ipyh-
hw naxno u fo, kak ouonunaof nonymuu posynifafw ux paofw nan
sananunmu u nwckasannwo umu n ocyxnonunx mnonun. Hfow yna-
cfnuku no wnu ckonanw n cnoux noucfnunx onsnik omuuficn,
hofophofi noynany na inasax y cnoux fonapumou, nooxonumo nosnop-
xunaficn of noiafunnwx ouonok, nkwx nwpaxonuu noonoponun n
anpoc foio unu unoio nnona ipyhhw. bonoo foio, n paofo kaxnoio
nonymuu nonxon hocfapaficn ynunofi u honnopknyfi nco hosufunnoo
u naxnoo nnn ocfaninwx. K kaxnomy camocfonfoninomy maiy unu
mnonuk cnoux honohonnwx nonymuu nonxon ofnocuficn c nopoxo-
nafoninwm nnumanuom, c iofonnocfik fophonuno nwcnymafi u ho-
nnfi. Ofo cosnaof nooxonumwo hcuxonoiunockuo ycnonun u nnn cno-
onnoio nwpaxonun, u nnn chnononun ipyhhw.
Ipu sannfunx c poaninwmu konnokfunamu (fakumu, nahpumop,
kak chopfunnwo komannw) nosmoxnocfu yhpannonun hcuxonoiunoc-
kum knumafom n ipyhho no mnoiom oipanunonw unopuuou yxo cno-
xunmuxcn ofnomonuu. Onnako u camu fu ofnomonun moiyf n kakou-
fo mopo monnficn n xono sannfuu u naionapn um. 1ak, nahpumop,
hpu ymonom uchonisonanuu konnokfunnwx yhpaxnonuu moxof wfi
honwmona chnononnocfi chopfunnwx komann, ocoonno nofckux u
knomockux.
fox cnynanx, koina ipyhhonwo sannfun hpononnfcn nocfafonno
ponko, ocooo snanonuo hpuopofakf ohponononnocfi u onsafoni-
nocfi nomamnux sananuu. konuo kaxnoio sannfun cnonyof honfo-
pufi ocnonnoo conopxanuo nonwx yhpaxnonuu, kofopwo moiyf wfi
uchonisonanw n camocfonfoninou honiofonko, nfow sanumakmuo-
cn cmoinu cnonafi nnn con nyxnwo sahucu. nn sannfuu noma mox-
no pokomonnonafi numi fo yhpaxnonun u ux monuqukauuu, kofopwo
nohyckakf unnununyaninoo nwhonnonuo. Camocfonfoninwo sannfun
xonafonino hpononufi oxonnonno, ynonnn um ho iOi5 munyf. Oco-
onno akfunnou nonxna wfi paofa nan nomamnumu sananunmu fox,
y koio n xono sannfun namofunoci ofcfananuo of omoio yponnn ipyh-
honwx nocfuxonuu. onymomy uonocoopasno fakxo hponnoxufi
ynacfnukam ipyhhw nocfu nnonnuk, n kofopwu nonxnw sanocuficn
npomn camocfonfoninwx sannfuu, nasnanun coofnofcfnykmux yhpax-
nonuu, nosnukakmuo no npomn ux nwhonnonun omymonun, fpynno-
cfu n paofo u oman ouonka ynonnofnoponnocfu ok. On moxof umofi
cnonykmuu nun.
afa, npomn,
n, mun.
JO nonpn
i4.OOi4.O6
Ha sanopmakmux ncfponax honosno wnaof hopopachpononufi npo-
mn sannfuu, hocnnfun snanufoninyk oio nacfi nnoynonwm momon-
fam, cnnsannwm c hpakfunockum uchonisonanuom ocnoonnwx n ipyh-
ho ymonuu.
Yhpaxnonuo
Konfpacf
(cxumanuo
kynakon)
1pynnocfu

Oqqokf
nanano nomokf kucfu,
nopos nokofopoo npomn
onu kak w nanunakfcn
cnunuom. Iofom honnnn-
ofcn fnxocfi n sahncfinx,
u noiu nahpniakfcn of ko-
non nnopx.
Ouonka
Yhpaxnonuo
honpanunoci
245
Hpuaoenun
H36HATbHb TXHOOHH
8 3KA H-HAOHH
Hsmononun, hpoucxonunmuo n namom omocfno n hocnonnuo
ionw, cohponoxnanuci nonnononuom onimoio konunocfna iymanu-
fapuon n honufunockoo koncynifuponanuo. Ho munyna cun nama u
monn. Onun mou ymynponnwu ohwfom konnoia kak-fo samofun: Inan-
noo n nkou usupafoninou kamhanuu fo hpouoccw nosyxnonun
qunanconwx hofokon (kannunafom u fomu, kfo oio honnopxunaof)
u honcfannonun kapmanon (fomu, kfo nonof kannunafa k hoono).
H opianusauuu noconou xusnu nokpyi ncoio foio, noanun n of
con, koina nnnsancn n fo nono. H hpucfyhun k cosnanuk komna-
fw cmoxa, n kofopou hpunnfwo mofonw paofw c usupafonnmu
moinu w nomnoxko hokpunnnficn, hokasafi con c nooxunannou
cfoponw. hponom, usnonku n fom myfnunom nanunanuu wno no
monimo, nom hpaimafusma. oni ononi nacfo nwuipwnaof fof, na
niou cfopono mononoxi. A mononwm, kak usnocfno, snopunan co-
piosnocfi no hpucyma. Hfak, hapa cynonupon, nwnoconnwx us oko-
ana honufunockux cfpacfou.
Hopmpem u1bpunnuuu
Iouck opasa kannunafa, ofnonakmoio unoanam u nannunm usu-
pafonou, nouswnnan iononnan oni umunxmoukopon. Iohpoyom
u mw houckafi nfo-nuyni honxonnmoo nnn con. nn uipw honano-
ufcn kpyionan mkana kanocfn honufunockoio nonfonn nuamofpom O,5
O,6 m, napuconannan na nucfo nafmana. Hahpumop, fakan:
246
Hipafi moiyf 58 nononok. Onun us uipokon, kofopomy ofnonufcn
poni occfpacfnoio uchonnufonn, nohpopwnnou nunuou qnomacfo-
pa pucyof nnyfpu kpyia cunyf. Ipu fom nnuxonuom oio pyku yh-
pannnkf ocfaninwo ynacfnuku. Kaxnwu us uipakmux ho onoponu
naswnaof onny us oosnanonnwx na kpyionou mkano nonononockux
nopf. Iycfi komy-fo xonofcn noanufi k onuky naponnoio kymupa
hoonimo aipoccunnocfu. On sannnnof o fom u fyf xo qnomac-
fop nanunaof monnonno nnuiaficn n cfopony coofnofcfnykmou puc-
ku. 3afom npyiou ynacfnuk naswnaof omo kakyk-fo nopfy xapakfo-
pa u unofnan nunun monnof nahpannonuo, ycfpomnnnci k npyiomy
nononuk mkanw. Io onoponu yhpannnn nnuxonuom qnomacfopa,
ynacfnuku nonxnw n konuo konuon honynufi hpoquni uspannuka
nohnomonuo ux konnokfunnou monfw o nononoko-unoano. cnu hop-
fpof honynuncn cmomnwm, yponnunwm unu nocypasnwm, oiopnafi-
cn no cfouf: n copiosnwx usupafoninwx kamhanunx cnynaofcn u no
fakoo.
bonoo cnoxnwu napuanf uipw fo oo opianusauun n nuno on-
nonpomonnou paofw nnyx komann, cocfnsakmuxcn n cnaxonnocfu
cnoux noucfnuu, ckopocfu puconanun u kanocfno posynifafa conmoc-
fnwx ycunuu. nn hponononun hononoio coponnonanun honanonf-
cn, coofnofcfnonno, nnnoo onimo ynacfnukon, nno mkanw kanocfn
u nna nopononiua na poni xynoxnuka-monuyma.
tepo:o+cmoo
Aepeccuonocmi
1eciopicmue
1opn0ounocmi
Xocnon:iuue
A:unocmi
Vunumu:+
1e:eycmpe+:ennocmi
Lumou 1u eoaocu
Hipa umufupyof opiy honufunockux nonfonou u hapfuu sa io-
noca usupafonou. nou moxof ynacfnonafi ipyhha nucnonnocfik
of iO no JO nononok. Iopnwu fah uipw pasmunka u osnakomno-
nuo c hpanunamu. Ipyhha pasunaofcn na hapw unu fpouku. Kax-
nan us hap hpunymwnaof cnono c sanannwm (onun, nna unu fpu)
konunocfnom cnoion. Io komanno nonymoio nco hapw onnonpomonno
nwkpukunakf saiofonnonnwo cnona. 3anana makcumanino sainy-
mufi cnona cohopnukon u nouficn foio, nfow cnoo cnono snynano
kak moxno ipomno. Iofponuponanmuci nockoniko pas n hopokpuku-
nanuu npyi npyia u nocfuinyn cunxponnocfu n nwhonnonuu koman-
nw, ynacfnuku hopoxonnf k ocnonnomy fahy uipw.
Ipyhha pasunaofcn na nno honipyhhw: usupafonu (no monoo 4
nononok) u aiufafopw (no monoo J komann ho 2J nononoka n kax-
nou). onymuu ofnonuf aiufafopam honfopw-nno munyfw nnn foio,
nfow kaxnan us komann cqopmynuponana nosyni cnoou hapfuu unu
kannunafa qpasy c sanannwm konunocfnom cnoion. Iocno foio
aiufafopw cfanonnfcn n kpyi fak, nfow nnonw onnou komannw no
coconcfnonanu npyi c npyiom. Hacfi ipyhhw, usopaxakman usu-
pafonou, saxonuf nnyfpi kpyia. Io komanno nonymoio aiufafopw
onnonpomonno nwkpukunakf nosyniu (kaxnan komanna cnou). 1of
us usupafonou, komy ynanoci paccnwmafi nou-nuo nosyni, nwxo-
nuf us coponunw no nnomnuu kpyi u hpucoonunnofcn k aiufafopam.
1ak nfo no npomn cnonykmou hohwfku nosyni, nocfuimuu oio cny-
xa, ynof snynafi na onny inofky ipomno. Hipa hpononxaofcn no fox
hop, hoka n uonfpo kpyia no ocfanofcn nu onnoio ynacfnuka. wui-
pwnaof komanna, cymonman nanoponafi nauonimoo konunocfno
cfoponnukon.
Ofkpok cokpof: y hopnou nwuipanmou fy uipy komannw na sna-
monu wn nanopfan cnoian Ham no qonu! Hfo w fo snanuno
248
Y HCTOKO8 HO8OH HO4CCHH
Onnum us nauonoo npkux nonmocfn, nnoconnwx ofonocfnonnw-
mu usopofafonnmu n apconan honufunockux foxnonoiuu konua XX
noka, nnnnofcn ynunnoo fononunonuo. Iponcfanifo coo: nw nwxonufo
us mofpo, cnonyofo hpunwnnwm hyfom na anfoycnyk ocfanonky...
npyi cnwmufo mnoiokpafno ycunonnwo nunamukamu ionoca. Iono-
panunaofo ionony u nunufo mukpoanfoyc, safom nuua ionopnmux
na nosnnuinyfom nan num onimom kpano. unufo hnofnwm koni-
uom cipynunmykcn y mukpoanfoyca fonhy. Ipopanmuci honuxo,
nw onapyxunaofo n uonfpo nknckoio koniua ohopafopa c nunooka-
mopou u nononoka c mukpoqonom, kofopwu naof nwckasaficn fo on-
nomy, fo npyiomy. knu nonnfcn cnoumu manonikumu panocfnmu.
Iyiakf nnacfi. Monyf monnuu onunonuu. Hchononykfcn. onyf
ofnannnwo cnonocnwo ou sa cnou yoxnonun. Ofo ynunnoo fono-
nunonuo.
Kak u us noio fo nco hpouspocno kfo nonaof Ionopnf, ynun-
noo fononunonuo nosnukno na cfwko fonoxypnanucfuku u hpakfuku
opianusauuonno-nonfoninocfnwx uip, a safom wno ycunono nosmox-
nocfnmu chyfnukonou cnnsu u cofu Hnfopnof. o mino ucfopuu pokf
ononnnwo noionnou umona Copiouuona, onunfona u npyiux hafpu-
apxon mofononoiunockoio coomocfna. Camoio monn hocnnman n fo
pomocno Copiou Hnanonun Kofoninukon. ono wno n Kuono, n i
iony. Hmonno foina nhopnwo nosnukna nooxonumocfi n opianusa-
uuu macconou honiofonku nonymux ynunnoio fononunonun.
Hfo fo sa hfuua fakan nonymuu Kak nw yxo, noponfno, no-
iananuci, fo fof camwu nononok c mukpoqonom. Hfow paofano
ynunnoo fononunonuo, nknnm nonxno wfi unfopocno pasionapunafi
npyi c npyiom. Hooxonumw ynnononnocfi, asapf. Ho hpu fom cho-
pw no nonxnw hopoxonufi n hofaconku, a opia yoxnonuu no
nsaumnwo ockopnonun. 1oma u nahpannonnocfi ocyxnonuu no non-
xnw nwxonufi us sapanoo namononnwx ipanuu. Ho inannoo ocyx-
nonuo nonxno hpunonufi oio ynacfnukon k nomy-fo, noio onu no
snanu panimo. K nonwm ipannm honumanun foio, o nom mna poni.
24
K nonwm comnonunm u nonou ynoponnocfu. Ho ynof nonymoio no
ynof u ncoio hoponucnonnoio nwmo.
Hfo xo fpoyofcn of nonymoio n oio paofo On nonxon wfi ak-
fopom: cnoou ponik, hnacfukou, ionocom ymofi hpunnoni hpoxoxux.
Hooxonuma u choconocfi honumafi nkoio cooconnuka, ckoni w
samwcnonafwmu nu wnu oio nwckaswnanun. Hooxonumo ymonuo
nnufoninoo npomn ynopxunafi cmwcnonyk nufi xaofunocku pachon-
sakmoiocn ocyxnonun. Ynnswnafi n uonoo konnuku pasposnonnwx
mwcnou u onnou qpasou honwfoxunafi cyfi nnufoninwx ofposkon
oconw. onymuu nonxon homnufi, kfo, o nom u kak ionopun u
fo n ycnonunx hpofonnou aynufopuu, koina sa fpu naca paofw ak-
funnwo ynacfnuku ocyxnonuu moiyf cmonnficn nocnfkamu. On non-
xon wfi chocoon cknosi kpuku onnux cnwmafi mohof npyiux, a
fakxo nonco no cnwmafi foio, nfo moxof homomafi oio paofo. on-
xon cnonufi sa poakuunmu copanmuxcn. Xopomuu nonymuu snaof,
nfo u kak ynof ckasano, hpoxno nom nononok ofkpwn pof. On n
cocfonnuu cnwmafi u honumafi nockonikux nknou, ionopnmux on-
nonpomonno. onymuu moxof nocono uipafi c aynufopuou, no on
xo moxof hocfanufi oo hopon copiosnoumum nwopom. Moxof pac-
cmomufi u moxof sacfanufi yxacnyficn. Kopono ionopn, nonymuu
ynunnoio fononunonun fo nononok, onanakmuu uonwm ykofom
cnopxocfocfnonnwx choconocfou.
Huxo hpunonufcn nockoniko uip-yhpaxnonuu, kofopwo poanino
uchonisonanuci hpu honiofonko hopnoio nwhycka nonymux ynunnoio
fononunonun. Hahpannonnocfi uip, naxo onnux u fox xo, n pasnwx
cufyauunx ux uchonisonanun wna pasnunnou. H qqokfw honyna-
nuci camwo pasnwo: of ycunonun chnononnocfu ipyhhw no ofnno-
nonun u ponakcauuu, of packpwfun noownnwx choconocfou no
ocnooxnonun of cnynakmuxcn n paofo cfpocconwx cufyauuu hyfom
ux okapukafypunanun, oipofocknnonun u noomo ocfpanonun.
1. Houmuu caooo
uipo ynacfnykf nnoo. Onun us uipakmux nanunaof hpousno-
cufi qpasy, npyiou no noxunanci oo okonnanun, nwkpukunaof
kakoo-fo cnono. 3anana hopnoio kak moxno wcfpoo sanopmufi
qpasy, onsafonino ncfanun n noo cnono, kofopoo on ycnwman of
cnooio hapfnopa.
25O
1o:ee c:oniu oupuunm uepu o mpouiux. nepoiu oiciu:iouem
neiomopoe cy0enue, omopou 0o:en nepeciu:umi eeo coou+u c:oou+u
e: uciuenun c+ic:u, u mpemuu o+up0upyem omopoeo c:oou+u,
iomopie mom 0o:en ocmuo:nmi o coou peui.
2. 1obepu puccuu1
uipo hpunumakf ynacfuo 6? nononok. Ocnonnan ipyhha oc-
faofcn n komnafo, n fo npomn kak nonnmuu na npomn nwxonuf. Ipyhha
pachonaiaofcn n pnn, hopnwu us uipakmux nanunaof honocfnonanuo.
Ipousnocn 2-3 qpasw, on hoponaof cnono cocony u fak nanoo, no fox
hop, hoka ncn ipyhha conmocfno no hocfpouf nonfo nahonouo pac-
ckasa. 3afom anfopw konnokfunnoio honocfnonanun hopocfpaunakf-
cn, cfapanci kak moxno cuninoo usmonufi ucxonnwu hopnnok ux
pachonoxonun. Ha nwhonnonuo sananun ipyhho ofnonufcn J muny-
fw. 3afom nonnmuu hpuinamaofcn n komnafy u nanunaof ho hopnn-
ky oxonufi uipokon, nwcnymunan qpaimonfw kaxnoio us nux. Iocno
foio kak sakonnufcn poni hocnonnoio, nonnmuu hocno munyfnoio
pasmwmnonun nwcfpaunaof ynacfnukon uipw n hpanuninou, kak omy
hponcfannnofcn, hocnononafoninocfu c fom, nfow honynunoci
cnnsnoo (ucxonnoo) honocfnonanuo. anoo hpoucxonuf hponopka:
nwcfpoonnwo nonnmum ynacfnuku hpousnocnf cnou ofpwnku u
cnnsnocfi unu occnnsnocfi foio, nfo honynunoci, cfanonufcn ono-
nunnou nnn ncox.
J. Xomno1uun
Ynacfnykf 5? nononok. Kaxnwu us uipakmux (kpomo nonnmo-
io) saiofannunaof ho onnou qpaso us fpox cnon. 1poonanun k qpa-
sam: konkpofnoo (nainnnnoo) conopxanuo u fpoxnnonnan cfpykfypa
(honnoxamoo, ckasyomoo, omo nfo-nuyni). Iocno foio kak kaxnwu
25i
us ynacfnukon nwckaxofcn, nonnmuu hocno munyfnoio pasmwmno-
nun nwcfpaunaof ux n nyxnom omy hopnnko. 3afom on nknknaof
kaxnoio us uipokon. Iocno foio kak hposnynuf ofpwnok onoponno-
io ynacfnuka, nonymuu cam hpousnocuf i2 qpasw-cnnsku u nknk-
naof cnonykmoio uipoka. ononn noucfno no konua, nonnmuu non-
xon honynufi ho nosmoxnocfu cnnsnoo honocfnonanuo unu pac-
cyxnonuo.
4. Bcmpennun peno
uipo ynacfnykf nnoo. Io cuinany uipakmuo n fononuo 2J
munyf nfo-fo pacckaswnakf npyi npyiy, cfapanci onnonpomonno cny-
mafi u honumafi nahapnuka. 3afom hpoucxonuf hponopka foio, na-
ckoniko fonno u honno hapfnopw wnu honnfw npyi npyiom.
bonoo cnoxnwo, omo no ahpouponannwo napuanfw:
a) nmocfo pacckasa nufaofcn nosnakomwu fokcf;
) uipakf no nnoo, a fpoo.
. Teump ubcyp0u
uipo ynacfnykf 56 nononok. Kaxnwu us ynacfnukon nwupa-
of fomy unu xufouckyk cufyauuk. co onu cfanonnfcn honykpyiom
nokpyi nonymoio u nanunakf ynufi kaxnwu o fom, nfo sany-
man (ucnophan conopxanuo sanymannoio, moxno honfopnfi oio uuk-
namu). Kak foniko nonymuu hpunuxaofcn k onnomy us nux, nfow
pacchpocufi, hoionopufi o oio cufyauuu, nco ocfaninwo nanunakf
ynufi ipomno, npocfnoo u nuxo k yxy nonymoio, cfapanci homo-
mafi pasionopy. onymuu oxonuf ncox u ionopuf c kaxnwm. 3afom
kpafko poskmupyof, c kom u o nom wn pasionop, a ynacfnuku ouo-
nunakf, nackoniko omy ynanoci nnuknyfi n fo, o nom ionopunoci (hpu
ouonko u honcnofo onkon ynacfnuku moiyf uchonisonafi hnfuanni-
nyk cucfomy, nwpacwnan nyxnoo konunocfno haniuon).
onimou ipyhho nosmoxnw napuanfw c ynacfuom nockonikux
onnonpomonno paofakmux nonnmux.
252
0. 3ueu0uu
uipo ynacfnykf 56 nononok. onnmuu sakpwnaof inasa. fo
npomn cfonmuo nokpyi noio ynacfnuku pachpononnkf ponu: nna-fpu
onanafonn pasianku (sanymwnakf hponmof, kofopwu ynof ofianw-
nafi nonnmuu c homomik na-nof nohpocon) u nco ocfaninwo
nonmonnomwo (ucfonnuk homox). cnu nonnmuu honxonuf k no-
nmonnomomy, fof nanunaof opafi kakou-nuyni nosyni unu xano-
y. cnu k onanafonk pasianku fof ofnonaof na oio nohpocw (no
onoo 4 ofnofon of kaxnoio hpu nnyx nopxafonnx saianku u no onoo
J hpu fpox), no nocfafonno fuxo, a n fo npomn nco ocfaninwo opyf
n ymu nonnmoio, cfapanci ofnnoni oio. Konunocfno nmonnomwx,
a fakxo konunocfno u choco pachponononun ofnofon nonnmomy no-
usnocfnw. Hopos J5 munyf (ocnu nonnmuu no ofianan hponmof omo
panimo) hohwfku ofianafi hpokpamakfcn u nonnmuu coomaof ipyh-
ho, kfo, na oio nsinnn, wn nmonnomwm u nokyna on cmoi noufu
n ofianwnanuu hponmofa.
onimou ipyhho nosmoxnw napuanfw c nockonikumu onnonpo-
monno paofakmumu nonnmumu. fom cnynao onoo nainnnno
moiyf hponnnnficn pasnunun moxny cfpafoiunmu nwnnnonun nmonn-
omwx u paofw c numu.
. Obauu eepon
no cohopnunakmuo komannw pachonaiakfcn nopos onnoio u na-
nunakf ho onoponu fnopufi konnokfunnoo honocfnonanuo (ho onnou
qpaso). 3anana onnux onopnufi inannoio iopon, sanana npyiux
oonufi oio, hponcfanufi n nauonoo nwionnom cnofo.
&. 1memomemuauu
uipo moiyf ynacfnonafi ?iO nononok. Ynacfnuku paccaxuna-
kfcn n kpyi, nonnmuu pachonaiaofcn n uonfpo. Cunnmuo n kpyiy
pasunakfcn na nno pannwo honipyhhw fakum opasom, nfow nno-
nw kaxnou us honipyhh cunonu nopos onnoio. Onun us cunnmux n
kpyiy nanunaof ncnyx conunnfi ucfopuk (ckasky, qanfacfunockuu unu
hpuknknonnockuu pacckas). Ipousnocn nockoniko qpas, on hopo-
25J
naof cnono cocony cnona, nnony npyiou honipyhhw. 1of nanunaof
hpunymwnafi kakyk-fo cnok ucfopuk. co noucfnuo nnuxofcn ho
naconou cfponko. 1pofuu ynacfnuk hpononxaof ucfopuk hopnoio,
nofnopfwu nfopoio u fak nanoo. 1akum opasom, kaxnan us hon-
ipyhh pasnunaof cnou ckxof, u oa ckxofa npasunky nnuxyfcn ho
kpyiy.
Hu cxe+e cn:omni+u u nynimupni+u cmpe:iu+u oo:nuueno 0oue-
nue 0oyx pu::uunix cuemoo. 1uqpu+u oo:nuuenu noc:e0ooume:inocmi
oiciu:iounuu.
nn foio nfow poiynuponafi hoponany cnona, moxno uchoniso-
nafi kakou-nuyni hponmof. Iocno foio kak kpyi sanopmufcn, no-
nnmuu nonxon hopockasafi oa ckxofa, no hopohyfan hpu fom ux
hopconaxou u ocnonnwo cowfun.
Ucnoonie :unuu oo:+onoeo yc:onenun u:u +o0uquiuuuu nepoo-
nuuu:inoeo oupuunmu uepi.
u) cuemi npoeeuum 0o cooeeo :uoepmenun ne o0un, u 0ou ipyeu;
) epynnu pu:uouemcn ne nu 0oe, u nu mpu no0epynni;
o) o ipyey cu0um ne o0un, u 0ooe oo0nmux, u epynnu ouenuouem mou-
nocmi oocnpou:oe0enun cuemoo iu0i+ u: nux;
e) :u0uuu oo0nmeeo ne nepeciu:ioumi ou cuemu nopo:ni, u
ooe0unumi ux o nooiu cuem, c0e:uo eeo npe0e:ino con:ni+, no ne
ympumuo npu :mo+ coimuunix no0ponocmeu ucxo0nix cuemoo;
0) epynnu puomuem e: oo0nmeeo u e: pu:uenun nu no0epynni.
1pocmo no ipyey :unyciuumcn cpu:y 0ou u:u mpu cuemu, u iu0iu
u: yuucmnuioo 0o:en omc:euoumi oce cuemi u ooope+n ocmpuu-
oumicn o iu0iu u: nux.
Ha ocnono hocnonnou monuqukauuu moxno hocfpoufi uonyk co-
puk ycnoxnnkmuxcn uip. Hx oman unon saknknaofcn n fom, nfo
i
2
J
4
5
6
254
paofakf nockoniko honipyhh, kaxnan us kofopwx pasnunaof cnou
ckxof. Ipu fom, onnako, nokofopwo ynacfnuku moiyf nxonufi
onnonpomonno n nno u onoo honipyhhw. Coofnofcfnonno, um hpu-
xonufcn paofafi cpasy c nockonikumu ckxofamu.
tupuunm !
Ynacfnuk, oosnanonnwu onoo cnofnwm kpyxkom, nknknon n
oa ckxofa u nonxon ho xony uipw ncfannnfi nyxnwo qpaimonfw-
hpononxonun n kaxnwu us nux. bonoo cnoxnan nnn noio sanana c
homomik kopofkux cmwcnonwx cnnsok ncfpaunafi qpaimonf, hpu-
monmuu k nomy n kanocfno cfaqofw us onnou ckxofnou nunuu n
npyiyk u naoopof. 1o ocfi, hoponocufi qpaimonfw us ckxofa n
ckxof, ocymocfnnnfi omon qpaimonfamu moxny honipyhhamu. mo
onna nohpocfan sanana hocfpoonuo ynunopcaninoio qpaimonfa,
kofopwu moxof cnyxufi hpononxonuom kak nnn hopnou, fak u nnn
nfopou ckxofnwx nunuu.
Hue, o nopn0ie nupucmunun c:onocmu, npuoo0nmcn 0pyeue oo:-
+onie cxe+i puomi c cuemu+u.
tupuunm 2
tupuunm J
tupuunm 4
hocnonnom napuanfo nnoo us mocfopwx ynacfnukon okaswnakfcn
na hopocononuu nnyx ckxofnwx nunuu, a onun na hopocononuu
cpasy fpox ckxofon!
256
COAHH
Hipw n ynymoo. 1pe0uc:ooue ..M. Xpo:n .....................................................
H.. Hson, K.. Iaxomon. ICHXO1XHHHCKH HIIb
CIOI1..................................................................................................... ?
i. Ipakfunockan hcuxonoiun n chopfo: hponomw, hponomw,
hponomw ........................................................................................................
Icuxonoiun nosnanan iocfin ..............................................................
fopan hpoqoccun fponopa .................................................................
Kak usiofonufi nomhuona ................................................................. ii
Icuxonoiun os hcuxuku .................................................................. i?
Hofnopfoo usmoponuo .............................................................................. 2O
Iponomw fponopa u hcuxofoxnuka nno chopfa .............................. 2O
unuu paofw.................................................................................... 25
Icuxofoxnunockuo uipw: fnopnocfno, omonuo, camohosnanuo .. 28
yxonnwu mup chopfa ....................................................................... JO
2. Kak opianusonafi u hponocfu sannfun ................................................... JJ
3a u hpofun ...................................................................................... JJ
Kpafkoo nnononuo n hcuxofoxnunockuo uipw........................................ J5
J. numanuo u camokonfponi ..................................................................... J8
Yhpaxnonuo i. Ianiuw ................................................................ J8
Icuxonoiun nnumanun ............................................................................ J
Yhpaxnonuo 2. Myxa .................................................................... 4O
Yhpaxnonuo J. okycuponka ....................................................... 4i
Yhpaxnonuo 4. Conokfop.............................................................. 42
Con nanny ................................................................................................ 42
Yhpaxnonuo 5. Xpoman oosinna................................................. 4J
Yhpaxnonuo 6. 3anynunmuucn pacckasnuk ............................... 46
Hona ofnnononun ..................................................................................... 4
Yhpaxnonuo ?. Ianan ................................................................... 4
3a ipanik ycunuu.................................................................................... 52
Yhpaxnonuo 8. onfnu u fpyxonuk ............................................ 5J
Yhpaxnonuo . wxanuo .............................................................. 54
Yhpaxnonuo iO. Hnqpakpacnwo nynu ......................................... 55
cfaninom koniuo cocponofononnocfu................................................ 55
Yhpaxnonuo ii. Cnopxnnumanuo ................................................. 56
Yhpaxnonuo i2. Kapyconi ............................................................ 5?
Yhpaxnonuo iJ. Iononwo fponuponku ........................................ 5
25?
4. oopaxonuo u camopoiynnuun .............................................................. 6i
boi noxa ................................................................................................... 62
Yhpaxnonuo i4. aupunf ........................................................... 62
Yhpaxnonuo i5. Akpoaf.............................................................. 64
Yhpaxnonuo i6. onmonwu kapannam ...................................... 64
Yhpaxnonuo i?. Hoxapna .............................................................. 6?
Knknu of nonononockoio moxanusma ..................................................... 68
Yhpaxnonuo i8. 1opmomofp ......................................................... 6
Yhpaxnonuo i. Iynic ................................................................. ?O
Yhpaxnonuo 2O. Anfunpomn ......................................................... ?i
Yhpaxnonuo 2i. 1onohafun .......................................................... ?i
onomonaninan hamnfi .......................................................................... ?2
Yhpaxnonuo 22. boi accouuauuu................................................. ?J
Yhpaxnonuo 2J. omuno .............................................................. ?4
Ha kpwninx noopaxonun ....................................................................... ?5
Yhpaxnonuo 24. Hynoca foxnuku ................................................. ?6
Yhpaxnonuo 25. Cunocfosuu ....................................................... ??
Yhpaxnonuo 26. Ioponohnomonun .............................................. ?
Yhpaxnonuo 2?. Ipyhhonan kapfuna ........................................... 8O
5. Ioqnokcun, mhafun, occnonocnoo omonuo...................................... 82
H na fnoom mocfo ..................................................................................... 82
Yhpaxnonuo 28. Ioqnokcun ......................................................... 8J
Yhpaxnonuo 2. Monofa .............................................................. 85
Yhpaxnonuo JO. Iomoocfaf .......................................................... 86
Yhpaxnonuo Ji. Hoponia ............................................................ 8?
Yhpaxnonuo J2. Cfona ................................................................. 88
Yhpaxnonuo JJ. Iooi ................................................................. 88
Yhpaxnonuo J4. wop ................................................................ 8
yma n nymy ............................................................................................ O
Yhpaxnonuo J5. Ioof ................................................................. O
Yhpaxnonuo J6. Knomnn.............................................................. i
Yhpaxnonuo J?. Cfwkonka ........................................................... 2
Yhpaxnonuo J8. Cnanom............................................................... J
Yhpaxnonuo J. Anauos ............................................................. J
Yhpaxnonuo 4O. 3opkano .............................................................. 4
Cmofpofi u nunofi ................................................................................... 6
Yhpaxnonuo 4i. 1axucfockoh ...................................................... 6
Yhpaxnonuo 42. Iasnonnuk .......................................................... 6
Yhpaxnonuo 4J. Cfoh ................................................................... ?
Ha cnoom nswko ....................................................................................... 8
Yhpaxnonuo 44. Ha cfpaxo ..........................................................
Yhpaxnonuo 45. uckyccun .........................................................
6. Cocfonnuo cosnanun ............................................................................. iOi
Yhpaxnonuo 46. Homhuon XXI noka.......................................... iO2
Yhpaxnonuo 4?. Hapuk u iupn ................................................. iO6
258
Yhpaxnonuo 48. iocfnx y Mopqon ........................................ iO8
Yhpaxnonuo 4. Cnona ............................................................... iO
Yhpaxnonuo 5O. Ky Hokkopa ................................................... ii2
Yhpaxnonuo 5i. Anfuhaniuw .................................................... iiJ
Yhpaxnonuo 52. Cnono ............................................................... ii6
Yhpaxnonuo 5J. 3asopkanio ....................................................... ii?
Yhpaxnonuo 54. okana.............................................................. ii
?. Kak opianusonafi u hponocfu sannfun (hpononxonuo) ....................... i2J
Okchopumonf, a no pouohf ................................................................... i2J
Cfuni pykononcfna................................................................................. i25
opmw opianusauuu ............................................................................. i2?
O honiofonko fponopa ........................................................................... iJi
C noio nanafi u nom sakonnufi ............................................................. iJ4
3a cfonamu opanxopou .......................................................................... iJ6
Ipunoxonun................................................................................................ iJ?
Ipuomw monuqukauuu hcuxofoxnunockux yhpaxnonuu .................... iJ?
Hs ofnofa o coponnonanunx ho hcuxofoxnunockomy mnoioopik
n komanno conpomonnoio hnfuopin HCKA........................................ i4O
K.. Iaxomon. 3AHHMA1bHbH AY1O1IHHHI
Hipw u yhpaxnonun n oynonuu foxnuko ponakcauuu............................. i5J
nononuo...................................................................................................... i55
i. Iyfomocfnuo nnyfpi con ...................................................................... i62
Yhpaxnonuo i. Hnfpockoh ........................................................ i62
Yhpaxnonuo 2. 3amonnonnoo nnuxonuo .................................... i64
Yhpaxnonuo J. okycuponka ..................................................... i65
Yhpaxnonuo 4. ukfanf ............................................................. i66
Yhpaxnonuo 5. Iamma ................................................................ i6?
Yhpaxnonuo 6. Kuphun .............................................................. i68
2. kyc paccnanonnocfu .......................................................................... i?2
Yhpaxnonuo ?. Konfpacf ........................................................... i?2
Yhpaxnonuo 8. Accouuauuu....................................................... i?5
Yhpaxnonuo . oconka ............................................................. i?6
J. Of noucfnun k mwcnu ............................................................................ i?
Yhpaxnonuo iO. 3anopxka.......................................................... i?
Yhpaxnonuo ii. Ipononnuk ...................................................... i8i
Yhpaxnonuo i2. Hacoc ............................................................... i8J
Yhpaxnonuo iJ. onnw ipanufauuu .......................................... i86
Yhpaxnonuo i4. Ioipyxonuo..................................................... i86
Yhpaxnonuo i5. 3opkano ............................................................ i8?
Yhpaxnonuo i6. Ioponohnomonun ............................................ iO
4. Ionnunnficn unu honononafi .............................................................. i5
Yhpaxnonuo i?. 1onohafun ........................................................ i6
Yhpaxnonuo i8. Iuhnos ............................................................. i8
Yhpaxnonuo i. Konfakf ........................................................... i
Yhpaxnonuo 2O. Cnof ................................................................. 2OO
Yhpaxnonuo 2i. onmonan hanonka ........................................ 2O2
5. Konkypc osnoninukon.......................................................................... 2O4
Yhpaxnonuo 22. omoncfpafop .................................................. 2O4
Yhpaxnonuo 2J. Okchopf ........................................................... 2O?
Yhpaxnonuo 24. 1opmomofp ....................................................... 2O8
Yhpaxnonuo 25. Kuhnfuninuk .................................................. 2ii
Yhpaxnonuo 26. ocw................................................................. 2i2
6. Hononok-monnun ................................................................................ 2i4
Yhpaxnonuo 2?. Chpunf ............................................................ 2i5
Yhpaxnonuo 28. Konnoncafop ................................................... 2i?
Yhpaxnonuo 2. ocxoxnonuo ................................................... 2i8
Yhpaxnonuo JO. Iynic ............................................................... 2i
?. Iaccnaifoci, nw ohasnwnaofo! ............................................................ 22J
Yhpaxnonuo Ji. anika-ncfanika ............................................. 22J
Yhpaxnonuo J2. Cnnfuo saxumon ............................................. 224
Yhpaxnonuo JJ. Cfoh ................................................................. 225
Yhpaxnonuo J4. Hacfunnwu nwxon ........................................... 226
Yhpaxnonuo J5. 1pancqopmafop ............................................... 228
Yhpaxnonuo J6. Kapyconi .......................................................... 22
Yhpaxnonuo J?. ohpoc ............................................................. 2JO
8. Kak hpononufi sannfun ......................................................................... 2J4
Ipunoxonun................................................................................................ 245
Hsupafoninwo foxnonoiuu n sopkano uip-haponuu........................... 245
Y ucfokon nonou hpoqoccuu ................................................................ 248
H.. Hson, K.. Iaxomon
ICHXO1IHHHI:
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H.t. Jenuiunu
Komhikfopnan nopcfka
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Inannwu ponakfop u usnafoni copuu
..M. Xpo:i
Haynnwu koncynifanf copuu
1... Muxuu:oou
Hsn. nuu. N O6i?4?
Iuiuonunockuu copfuqukaf
N ??..6.5J.I.i6.i.. of i.Oi.i i.
Ionhucano n honafi i6.O.i i.
opmaf 6O88/i6
Ycn. hon. n. i?. Yn.-usn. n. i2,8
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