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Douglas TBD Devastator

[ | ]

TBD Devastator

Douglas TBD-1 Devastator, 1937

Douglas

Douglas, -

15 1935

1937

1944

1937 1939

1 129

TBD (. Douglas TBD Devastator, )


.

Douglas Aircraft Company .


XTBD-1 15 1935 . 1937 .
. 130 .
. 1937
114 . 1938 , , ,
14 .
,
. 1942
.
.

[]

2.1

2.2 -

3.1 TBD-1A

3.2

4.1 ,

4.2

4.3

4.4

4.5

4.6

4.7

10

[ | ]
1934 CV-2
CV-3 , CV-4 [1].

.
Great Lakes TG-2 (.).
108 (200 /) 330 . (610 ). ,
. BM-1 BM-2 (.), [2].
1931 CV-4
, CV-5 CV-8 [3]. CV-1
CV-7 [4]. -
. 30 1934
TG-2. ( SD-1193)[5] Mark 13, 227- ,
227- 45- [1].
. XTBG-1 (.)
(.) .
, .
, [1].
(. Hall)
XPBTH-2 (.). ,
. XTBD-1[6].
-, .
(. Fred Herman).
(. Frank Fleming). .
.(. A. E. Raymond)[5]

XTBD-1

XTBD-1 .
.
, .
15 ,
.
3,65 , [1].

, TG-2, , - -.
.
, .
,
.
. ,
. ,
- . 7,62-
. , -,
. , ,
[7][8].
- XR-1830-60 (.) 800 . .[9]
XTBD-1 9720 (. Bureau of Aeronautics
Number 9720, BuNo 9720)[10][11]. 15 1935
-, . 24
, , 150- [10].

TBD -

12 .
(.). 13 XTBD-1
(), 17 . 30 20

(.) [11].
Mark 15 mod 3. 45, 227, 454 908
2100 220 /[12]. 4 9 XTBD-1
[11]. Mark 7
7,5 9 , [13].
26 1935
. XTBD-1
- ().

5- (VB-5B). 13
[11].
, 320 /, 193
/ 160 / Mark 7.
700 , 1125 . 6500 [14].
XTBD-1
,
, [13].
, ,
.
. - [15].
[9],
[15]. XR-1830-60 800 . . - R-1830-64 900 . .[9]

[ | ]
TBD-1
.
[16]
, .
[17].

. 14 - R-1830-64 900 .
. 3,12 ,
[18].
.
.
. , ,
. ,
[19].

,
. .
Mk.3 .
-, ,
Norden Mark 15 mod 3 (.).
. ,
. -.
M1 7,62 .
, [18].
,
. ,
.
[18].

. NACA 22[20].
784 . 3,65
.
. , ,
, .
, [18].
,
.
.
. .
, [18].
.
NACA N-69,
NACA 0012[20]. ,
. .
.
, .
[18].
, , .
, .
,
. ,

. .
.
, ,
[18].
,
. .
, [21].
,
.
7,62- ,
, , . 1000 , 600. -
.
12,7- 500 .
.
[21][18].
VT-8 7,62- .
[22].
Mark 13 908 ,
.
45 227 45 147 . XTBD-1
908- , .
45
- .
45-
12 .

TBD Devastator
7,62 12,7

[ | ]

.
. ,
. 1937 1941 [23]:

CV-2 - (. lemon yellow)

CV-3

(. insignia white)

CV-4

(. willow green)

CV-5

(. insignia red)

CV-6 (. true blue)

CV-7

CV-8 1941 , ,
.
[24]. , , .

E, ,
. [24].
,
. . ,
. 1 1937
, , (
, ).
S ( . Scout), T
. , 2-T-10 VT-2
, 71-S-8 VS-71
.
.
[23] 406 [24].

1397 [24].
, [25].
.
. [23]:

1- ( 13)

2- ( 46)

3- ( 79)

(. true blue)

4- ( 1012)

5- ( 1315) (. Willow Green)

6- ( 1618) -

18 [24],
20 [24]
, .
, .
[23].

1940
. 0320 0339 VT-2 ,
, VT-5. -
. .
-, -,
- . ,
90 ,
, [26].
1940 (. glossy
grey). 1941 .
(. non specular grey), (. medium grey).
, .
. [25].
.
. ,
( 5-T-1 T-1 1).
.
1942 ,
. . [. 1] [27].

- [ | ]

TBD

[20][28][17]

: 3

: 10,67

: 15,2

: 4,59

: 39,21

: 2540

: 4213

: 4624

: 1 Pratt & Whitney R-1830-64 Twin Wasp

: 1 900 . . 2400 (1 671 )

: 3,12

: 322 /

: 205 /

: 296320

Mark 13: 700

454- : 1152

: 6000

: 3,7 /

: 107 /

-:

: 1 7,62- M1

: 1 12,7- M1

: 1 7,62- M1

: 2 7,62- M1

: 1362 (3454 )

1 Mark 13

[ | ]
TBD-1A[ | ]

TBD-1A

- ,
TBD-1 ( 0268). 21 1939
. 14
1939 , TBD-1A.
EDO
. 8,84 .
.
EDO ,
[29].
.
-, , -.
, ,
32 /.
. , .
, , 0268
[30].
TBD-1A ,
TBD-1. . 1942
1943 2- (. Experimental
Squadron Two) 1- (. 1st Naval District)
Mark 13. 22 1943
[31][32].

[ | ]
1939 TBD-1A .
De Vliegende Hollander ( ).
1200- GR-1820-G105A[. 2],
, .
1940 [31][32].

[ | ]

, [ |
]

VT-5 . 5-T-1

TBD-1.
46330[33] 114 , 0268
0381. BuNo 0268 25 1937 [33] (
, 3 1937[34]). BuNo 0268 BuNo 0269
[9], .
1938 .
Devastator () TBD-1 1 1941 ,
- , ,
.
SBD Dauntless (), F4F Wildcat ( )[35].
CV-2 , CV-3
CV-5 CV-6 . CV-4
- TBD-1 [36]. 1
1937 .
. , VT-1
VT-2, VT-2B VT-3.
VT-5 VT-6[37].
5 1937 VT-3 TBD-1[36],
. 1937 1938 - (
) 20 [37]. VT-2 21[36][38][. 3]
1937 [37]. 1938 [36].
, VT-5 VT-6, 1938 .
20 [36][39][. 4]. 1938
24 [37].
18 - .
.
. : .
2-T-10. 2 , T

, 10 . , ,
-, - ,
. (. bull)
, .
TBD 15 , 12. , .
-, .
- . (. non-commissioned officer), Naval Aviation Pilot (NAP).
NAP , [40].
1939 TBD-1 .
.
, .
.
. , 28 1938 ,
. ,
, , , .
, , -
[41][36].
-
CV-7 CV-8
15 [36]. 62278 16 1938 .
15051519[42]. , 1
129 .
,
, ,
. VS-41 VS-42 3 TBD.
VS-71 [43][44].
, . TBD-1 1518 26 5
1941 VMS-2 .
VT-3, VT-6, 29 1942 VT-8.
, 0342, 19 4 1940 VJ-3,
AR-11 (.).
. TBD-1 ,
, 1938 [36].

[ | ]
TBD-1 1941 [45]


CV-4
CV-5
CV-7
CV-8
,
,
,

VT-2
CV-2
VT-3
CV-3
VT-6
CV-6
(. Battle Force)
-,

-,

-,

Naval Proving Ground
,
- (. Naval Aircraft Factory)
,
- (. Naval Inspector)
Bethpage, -
(. Naval Torpedo Station)
, -

VT-4
VT-5
VS-71
VT-8
(. Com Air Lant)

3
14
2
8
8
2
1 XTBD-1
14
12
22
2
6
1
3
1
1
1 TBD-1A
101

99 .
75 . 16
8 , 8
2 - 6 -. , ;
. CV5 [46].

VT-8

7 1941 -,
. 100 - ,
. VT-6
SBD VB-6 .
, ,
[47]. TBD-1 10 1941 . 700 -
I[. 5] TBD
. , 15 .

. ,
[47].

. 1 1942 (.)
, .
.
. 36 SBD,
. SBD TBD VT-6,
454- . SBD, ,
. TBD
SBD , . -
TBD,
. ,
. , .
,
. TBD [48][49][50].
11 TBD 17 SBD . TBD
.
, .
. VT-5 . 5-T-6 ( 1516) 5-T-7 ( 0298), ,
. 5-T-8 ( 0352) 5-T-10 ( 1507)
- [51].
24 .
, 45- .
. 4
, TBD [51].
10 1942
(.).
. .
-. 104 , 13 TBD
VT-2, 12 VT-5 454- [52].
, (.),
, 25 .
[53][54].
SBD TBD ,
. ,
.
, . ,

. TBD ,
43004900 454- ,
[55][56].

[ | ]

CV-4 CV-7 . VT-4 17 1941 ,
VT-7 2 1942 . TBD
,
[44].
. TBD .
. VT-7
VT-2 .
. , 1942
30 .
-.
[57].

[ | ]
:
2 TBD I-21,
[58]. 1942
-
[59]. 4 TBD , , .
12 . ,
[. 6], .
90 , 11 .
. 36 - TBD
[58].
, ,
78 1942 . -. 11
.
.
5-
. , 17-
[59].
7 .
.

, .

,
.
93 . 12 TBD VT-2 10 TBD VT-2.
. .
,
.
[60][61].
,
B-17 [62][61].

.
.
. SBD TBD .
,
. TBD .
, . ,
, .
. SBD . , ,
[62].
15
. .
, . VT-5 10 ,
. , ,
. . TBD
[63].
8 ,
. .
. VT-5 ,
. SBD ,
, . TBD

. ,
9001800 , ,
. VT-5 ,
. [64].
12 VT-2 1800 .
. SBD
. TBD - .
11 4
6 . ,
,
. TBD , SBD.
,
. TBD , .
[65].
, , ,

. , ,
.
, .
, VT-2 12 2 , 10
[66].

[ | ]
:

TBD

, TBD, .
, ,
, .
, - .
, 200 ,
,

TF-16 - ,
TF-17, . -[67].
.
.
VT-5 VT-3[68].

. , VT-8

4 1942 .
.
9:00 100 . , ,
,
[69].
175- .
15 TBD VT-8, - , 14 TBD
VT-6 - [70].
, ,
. ,
, SBD
. ,
VF-6 .
, 12 VT-3 . TBD [71].

, , . VT-6 VF-6
, , ,
. VF-6 VT-6 VT-8
. VT-8 , , 9:25
. , ,
. 27 .
VT-8 7,62- ,

.
. T-14 .
, TBD [72].
15 VT-8 VT-6. ,
, , .
VF-6 , .
, 34.
, . ,
. 4 [73].
10:00 VT-3 .
SBD .

40 . 5 TBD , , 5
. , [74][75].
.
. VT3 SBD , , .
,
. ,
. TBD .
. 6 1942 TBD VT-6
.
, TBD [76].

TBD 4 1942 [77]

, 4 ,


(

)


VT-4

CV-4

0296, 0305, 0306, 0326, 0346,


0355, 0360

0282, 0331, 0362


VT-3
VT-5

CV-5
-,

-,

13

VT-6

CV-6

14

VT-8

CV-8

15

0285, 0286, 0303, 0310, 0340,


0341, 0343, 0354, 0361, 0375[.
7]
, 0381, 1511, 1517[. 8]
0318, 0319,0336, 0353, 0357,0374,
0379
0304, 0376
0279, 0289, 0294, 0327, 0338[.
9]
0342, 0350[. 9], 0365, 0366,
0367, 0368[. 9], 0378, 1505,
1512
0276, 0284, 0293, 0295, 0297,

0308, 0311, 0321, 0324, 0329,


0362, 0372, 1506,1509, 1518



(. Advanced Carrier
Training Group)
,

-,

Commander Fleet Air


Pacific

0307, 0347

0356

0277, 0328, 0349,0363

0325


Naval Proving
Ground
Naval
Torpedo
Station

9720 (XTBD-1), 0269, 1510, 1519

, -

0268 (TBD-1A)

-,

(. Mastin Field, Pa.)

0269 ()

75

36

[ | ]
1939 , TBF
. 1942 , 1942
, .
TBF VT-8 , .
.
TBF. 1942
TBF. 1942 ,
VT-3, VT-7 VT-8 TBF[78].
1942
. TBD .
1942 . TBD
1943 . (. NAS Glenview)
1944 . 1944
(.), [79]. TBD 0325,
(.)
(. Commander Fleet Air West Coast) VT-6,
30 1944 . [78].

[ | ]
2013 [17][80].
,
:


5-T-7 VT-5
CV-5 , -

[81][82]
.
[83]. 1990 32
150 .
2

-
BuNo.0353 , ,
1943
.
.
.
[84][85]
VT-2 CV-2 .
. [86]. 2011
,
4
8 180 .
BuNo.0377
Mission Beach,
1941
- ,

, ,
[87]
, 5-T-6 VT-5
1
,
CV-5 , -
BuNo.1515


1942

[81][88]
1
BuNo.0298
1942

,
,

[ | ]
1941 VT-3 T-13, 14 15
Warner Bros. . ,
- . TBD
F3F (.) SB2U.
, .
-[89].

[ | ]
TBD .
, F2A SBD
SB2U .
. TBD
[90]. , 19301940-
TBD
. ,
, 1940-
. .
160 [44].
, ,
- Mk.1
. , ,
- .
B5N2 200-

370 / 3 650 [44]. ,


. ,
,
[66].
.


TBD-1
TBF-1

B5N2 [92]
[20]
[91]
Mk.1[93]

,
,
,

, . .

, /

, /

,

1938

1942

1939

1936

3
10 668
15 240

3
12 192
16 510

3
10 400
15 518

3
11 000
13 900

3803

6199

3800

2132

4624

7214

4300

4196

900

1700

1000

690

332

436

378

224

206

233

259

700

1955

1280[. 10]

1010

1 7,62-

1 7,62-

1 7,69-

1 7,62-

1 12,7-
1 7,62-

1 7,62-

1 7,69-

,
. VT-6,
TBD[79].
Mark 13 . 1940
, ,
[94]. .
19421943 Mark 13 ,

[95].
, Mark 13 (mod 0 mod 1),
TBD, - .
Mark 13 5200 ,
30 .
, , ,
, .

200 / 15
. , Mark XII 40
277 /. 91 2 40
481 /[96]. TBD
.
Mark 13 1944 ,
[32].


Mark XII[96]Campbell, John. Naval Weapons
91
Mark 13 Mark 13
of World War Two. London: Convay
2[98]
mod 0[97] mod 1[97]
Maritime Press, 2002. P. 87.

,
,



, (
, .)

( )

1938

1941

1937

1941

569
4180

569
4089

450
4953

450
5486

884

874

702

935

181
181 TNT
TNT

5500
4100 (30)
(33,5)
200 / 200 /
(15 )[94] (15 )[94]

176 TNT

205
97[. 11]

1370 (40)
3200 (27)

2000 (4143)

277 /

481 /[96]

,
.
, .

[99]. , .
, ,
, 90
. , ,
.
.
.

[2].
, .
, ,
. , , [79]:

1. ,
;
2. ,
;
3. ;
4. ;
5. .
, TBF
VT-8,
, .
, , Mark 13[28].
, TBD .
,
.

[ | ]
1. , , .
2. . -, GR-1820G105A (.) 1100 . .
.
G105A . GR-1820-G205A
1200 . ., ,
-.
3. Tillman, TBD Devastator Units, p. 31 24 ., , .
4. Tillman, TBD Devastator Units, p. 31, 18 .
5. I , ,
, I-9 I-15.
6. .
7. , .
8. 4 , .
9. :

1 2 3

10. 1020 .
11. , 40 % TNT 60 % . 7 % TNT.

[ |
]

1. :

1 2 3 4

130, 2005, . 2

2. :

1 2

Tillman. TBD Devastator Units, 2000, p. 6

3. Friedman. Aircraft Carriers, 1983, p. 79


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5. :

1 2

Tillman. TBD Devastator Units, 2000, p. 7

6. Aircraft in Profile 171, 1967, p. 34


7. 130, 2005, . 3
8. . 1996 6, 1996, . 11
9. :

1 2 3 4

10. :

1 2

11. :

1 2 3 4

130, 2005, . 7

Tillman. TBD Devastator Units, 2000, p. 9


Aircraft in Profile 171, 1967, p. 4

12. Tillman. TBD Devastator Units, 2000, p. 10


13. :

1 2

Tillman. TBD Devastator Units, 2000, p. 11

14. 130, 2005, . 6


15. :

1 2

. 1996 6, 1996, . 1213

16. Adcock. Devastator in Action, 1989, p. 4


17. :

1 2 3

18. :

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

-. 2002 9, 2002, . 39
-. 2002 9, 2002, . 40

19. 130, 2005, . 20


20. :

1 2 3 4

21. :

1 2

Aircraft in Profile 171, 1967, p. 9

Adcock. Devastator in Action, 1989, p. 7

22. Adcock. Devastator in Action, 1989, p. 48


23. :

1 2 3 4

24. :

1 2 3 4 5 6

25. :

1 2

Tillman. TBD Devastator Units, 2000, p. 83


Jackson, Doll. Aero Series 23, 1973, p. 34

Tillman. TBD Devastator Units, 2000, p. 85

26. Tillman. TBD Devastator Units, 2000, p. 8485


27. Tillman. TBD Devastator Units, 2000, p. 86
28. :

1 2

. 1996 6, 1996, . 17

29. 130, 2005, . 2021


30. 130, 2005, . 2122
31. :

1 2

32. :

1 2 3

33. :

1 2

130, 2005, . 22
Adcock. Devastator in Action, 1989, p. 14

Aircraft in Profile 171, 1967, p. 5

34. Tillman. TBD Devastator Units, 2000, p. 15


35. 130, 2005, . 3839
36. :

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

37. :

1 2 3 4

Adcock. Devastator in Action, 1989, p. 17

Tillman. TBD Devastator Units, 2000, p. 31

38. Jackson, Doll. Aero Series 23, 1973, p. 16


39. Jackson, Doll. Aero Series 23, 1973, pp. 1719

40. Tillman. TBD Devastator Units, 2000, p. 33


41. Tillman. TBD Devastator Units, 2000, p. 37
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43. Jackson, Doll. Aero Series 23, 1973, p. 19
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1 2 3 4

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1 2

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52. Lundstrom, 2005, p. 131


53. Lundstrom, 2005, pp. 126129
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1 2

Tillman. TBD Devastator Units, 2000, p. 5758

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1 2

, . , . 2003. . 2240.

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1 2

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1 2

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63. Tillman. TBD Devastator Units, 2000, p. 61


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1 2

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67. , . , . 2003. . 135146.


68. Tillman. TBD Devastator Units, 2000, p. 6667
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1 2

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- , . 12
2013.

86. Tillman. TBD Devastator Units, 2000, p. 39


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. . . . 49. 51 .
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1 2 3

97. :

1 2

Tillman. TBD Devastator Units, 2000, p. 46

Torpedo Mark 13, Ordnance Pamphlet 629(A), Description, Adjustment, Care, and

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