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, AKVA group, 30
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Eurofish
H.C. Andersens Boulevard 44-46
DK-1553 Copenhagen V
Denmark

The FAO Sub-regional Office


for Central and Eastern Europe
Benczur utca 34
H-1068 Budapest, Hungary

Tel.: (+45) 333 777 55


Fax: (+45) 333 777 56
info@eurofish.dk
www.eurofish.dk

Tel.: (+36) 1 4612000


Fax: (+36) 1 3517029
fao-seur@fao.org
www.fao.org/regional/seur

, 2010 .


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, AKVA group.
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(FAO SEUR) AKVA group.

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AKVA group.
AKVA group
30 .
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AKVA group,
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25-
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:
AKVA group Denmark A/S
Teknikervej 14
DK-7000 Fredericia, Denmark
Tel.: +45 7551 3211
Mob.: +45 2068 0994
Fax: +45 7551 4211
www.akvagroup.com


1.. ......7
2. ....................11

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-........................................................25

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- pH....................................................27

-...............................................................28

-............................................................28

-, .........................30

- ......................................................31

- .......................................................32
3. ............................................................33
4. ........................................39
5. .............................................................................45
6. ........................................................................49
7.................................................................................55
8. ..............................................................63

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NH4 () + 1.5 O2 NO2 () + H2O + 2H+ +
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NH4 + 2 O2
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90

10

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20

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30

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pH

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pH.
pH 7,0 pH
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pH

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pH 7
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CO2
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pH

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80

TAN-N [mg/L]

70
60
50
40
30
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6

6.5

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pH

2.9 pH TAN,
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NaOH.

pH
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Flow [m3/hour]

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1000

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500
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2

Lifting height [m]

2.17 ,
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(Salmons, trouts, smelts: , , ; Mussels: ;
Miscellaneous freshwater fishes: ; Shrimps,
prawns: ; Carps, barbels and other cyprinids: ,
; Oysters: ; Tilapias and other cichlids:
; Miscellaneous coastal fishes: ; Clams,
cockles, arkshells: ; Freshwater crustaceans:
; Cods, hakes, haddocks: , ,
; Tunas, bonitos, billfishes: , , ; Sturgeons,
paddlefishes: ; Other: )
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Construction

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(Project idea: ; Market survey: ; Business plan: ; Pre project/Design: /;
Construction: ; Production: ; Sales: )
- 39 -


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:
www.businesslink.gov.uk/bdotg/
action
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www.bplans.co.uk/sample_business_
plans.cfm (Palo Alto Software Ltd).

4.2
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( Palo Alto ,
Software Ltd.)

- 40 -

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- 41 -


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100%
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4.

4.5
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300-500 .
2 /.

4 ( 8 ) (Feed
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and Sales: ; Oxygen: ; Maintenance
and Insurance: ; Chemicals: )
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Risk of nitrite toxicity: ; Ammonia: ; Nitrite:
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- 47 -

O2

70100

< 40 > 250

N2

80100

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CO2

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> 15

NH4+

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6.5-7.5

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1-5

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6.1 .
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6.2 Hydrotech,
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- 50 -

6.

6.3 ,
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100
(50% )
N:

P:

: 1,1
: 91
N:

2,7

P:

0,45

N: 0,8

N: 4,5

P: 0,25

P: 0,3

6.4 (N) ()
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- 51 -

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50-75

40-70

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20-25

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15-22

50-80

45-75

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55-85

50-80

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6.6
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: , Danish Aquaculture.
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- 67 -


Fundamentals of Aquaculture, A Step-by-Step Guide to Commercial Aquaculture
by James W. Avault Jr., AVA Publishing Company Inc., Baton Rouge, Louisianna
70884-4060 USA, 1996, ISBN 0-9649549-0-7
Recirculation Aquaculture by M.B. Timmons & J.M. Ebeling, NRAC Publication
No. 01-007, Cayuga Aqua Ventures, USA, 2002, ISBN 978-0-9712646-2-5
Recirculating Aquaculture Systems by R.A.M. Remmerswaal, INFOFISH
Technical Handbook 8, 1997, ISBN 983-9816-10-1
Aquaculture, Volume 1 & 2, Edited by Gilbert Barnab, Ellis Horwood Limited,
Chichester, West Sussex, PO19 !EB, England, 1990, ISBN 0-13-044108-2
Aquacultural Engineering by Fredrick W. Wheaton, Krieger Publishing Company,
Malabar, Florida, 32950 USA, 1993, ISBN 0-89464-786-5
Biology of Microorganisms by Thomas D. Brock, David W. Smith and Michael T.
Madigan, Prentice-Hall International, USA, 1984, ISBN 0-13-078338-2
Aquaculture for Veterinarians: Fish Husbandry and Medicine, Edited by Lydia
Brown, Pergamon Press Ltd., Oxford, UK, 1993. ISBN 008-040835
Manual on Effluent Treatment in Aquaculture: Science and Practise. Outcome
of the EU supported Aquatreat project, 2007: www.aquaetreat.org
The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture 2006, FAO Fisheries and
Aquaculture Department, Viale delle Terme de Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy,
2007, ISBN 978-92-5-105568-7

- 68 -


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- 69 -

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- 70 -


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Eurofish
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