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28

. IS-LM
AD-AS
()
. ISLM .
() , , , .
IS-LM ( , ) - , , . R Y,
.
ISLM ADAS.
ISLM:
1) Y = + I + G + .
2) = + b(Y ) , ' = + (Y.
3) / = dR .
4) g m'Y nR .

AD-AS IS-LM.
IS
LM.
IS-LM

5)

=kY-hR .

: Y(), (), /(),


( ), R ( ).
: G ( ),
Ms ( ), / ( ).
(, , , d, g, m', , k, h) .
,
(Yi= Y*), (), R Y . = const,
.
, (* Y*), . Ms
( ) , .
IS .
, Y R,
, , . IS . IS (Investment = Savings).
IS (. 28.1).

28. .
ISLM

299

. 28.1, : Yt Y2
S: S2.
. 28.1,6 :
R: R2 /, 1 1 = S,,
aI2 = S2.

. 28.1, IS: ,
.

)
^

) IS

*2 Y
,

. 28.1

(. 28.2).
. 28.2, : Rt
R2 I(R^) I(R2).
. 28.2,6 : , Y2 .
. 28.2, IS: , .

300

II.

. 28.2. AS
IS
/ (2),
(3) (4)
RnY.
IS R :

T=Ta+tY.
IS Y :

T=Ta+tY.

IS -

Y,
.

28. .
ISLM
)

301

) LM

. 28.3. LM

IS , :
1) (d) () ;
2) () ;
3) (t) ;
4) (1) ;
G IS . t
. IS
, , .
(d, n ') ,
.
LM . Y R,
s. IM . LM (liquidity Preference = Money Supply) (. 28.3).
.
. 28.3, : , , , , Rl R2.
. 28.3,/) LM: ,
.
,
..
, .,
LM

LM 5 .
LM :
t

( R);

( Y).

302

II.


/./ Y, IS

.
LM
, :
1)
(h) ;
2) . 28.4
() .
Ms LM .
IS LM
(. 28.4).

R IS LM
Y.

( , = + tY).
/" . R YB IS LMu R.

- . -

,
(. 28.5).

28. .
ISLM

303

G , , . , , Y, . MD,
.

R. / . Y,
. , ,
.
,
Y- ( ) (Y0Y2).
Y
(YQY).
- .
, .
Ms R (. 28.6),
. /.
Y, .
: Y, , , .
R,
' .
- -
:
) ( dun);
)
( ).

304

II.

. ,
, , ,
.
:
*
J. , d . R / 1 , . IS
(. 28.7). LM .
2.
R, .
R , ( / !
R). LM
(. 28.8). IS .

LM ()

IS'

()
. 28.7

( )
. 28.8


IS LM (. 28.9).
, , dun
.
IS' ()

. 28.9

, .
, :
1) , dnn .
R -

28. .
ISLM

()

. 28.10

305

( )

. 28.11

/ . IS (. 28.10) LM
.
2) R. ,
, R.

dun.
LM (. 28.11). IS .
IS LM. Y, (Y^), ,
, d
. 28.12
(. 28.12).


. - - - .

/ 2 :
LM'
1. /
.
IS
(. 28.13). R
/ , Y.
LM
.

*
()
2. . 28.13
R. -

306

II.

LM'
()

()

. 28.14

. 28.15

LM(. 28.14). , / ! dun.


IS .
-
LM IS (. 28.15). -

dun . Y, (0,), .
-
R, .
LM ,
R . / !
R,
,
. (. 28. 16).
IS , R
, d .
-

LM,

LM'

( )

. 28.16

()

. 28.17

28. .
ISLM

307


(. 28.17).

IS LM. R
,
/ ! .

; (. 28.18).

AD-AS
IS-LM

Ji

. 28.18

7 ISLM (. 1 )
. :

, (3, 9 .
/>, 2 ,
LM (. 28.19,). R, / X. Y
Yt Y2 (. 28.19,6).
) ISLM

LM(P = 2)

I
IS

Yi

. 28.19. ISLM
,
.
AD IS LM,
- - (. 28.20 . 28.21).

308

II.
LM,
LM^

. 28.20.
-

. 28.21.
-

-
(. 28.22).
G ( 7) IS
IS', AD'. AD
Pv
LM
( LM').
.
: .
.
AS -

28. .
ISLM

309

. AS ( )
[ 2. LM" , LM. ,
( i^ /. -
, , . .
-
(. 28.23).
LM
LM', AD AD'. AD
.
LM' LM". .
: AS AS'. } 2
LM" LM, . ' , \ 2 . ,
. .
, ( ). .
,
, . , , - -
.
.
, ,

. 28.23

310

II.

.
. .

(IS) ^
(LM)
IS-LM
- -




-
-

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