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(International Dispute Resolution Procedures),
, (Code of Ethics for
Arbitrators in Commercial Disputes) (www.adr.org; www.icdr.org).
ABA = American Bar Association .
abuse of right = abus de droit (.) = Rechtsmissbrauch (.) ,
,
- (
, ), (

,
(estoppel)). . 1.9, 3.7.
ACAS = Advisory, Conciliation and Arbitration Service ,
, ,
.
ACIArb = associate of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators
(Chartered Institute of Arbitrators).
acte de mission (.)= terms of reference. . 3.7.

484

.. . . 2

action to set aside = plea in nullity = vacatur


.
,

, ,
(arbitrability)
(public policy) .

, .

,
,

(waiver agreement).
,

(. estoppel), . . 4 . . 4.5, 5.2
5.10.
ad

hoc arbitration ad hoc ( ).


,
(arbitral institution) ,
(appointing authority).
ad hoc
(UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules),
15 1976 ., ad hoc
,
. . 2.11.

ad hoc panels of CAS ad hoc (CAS),



,
. ,
(institutional arbitration),
ad hoc.
ad valorem (amount in dispute).
additional award ,
(award), . . 3.10
Additional Facility

(investment disputes) ,
18 1965 . (ICSID
Convention). . 1.6.
adjudication 1. ,
, .. (
); 2. ,

485

.. . . 2

,
.
administered arbitration (institutional arbitration)
, ,
, ,
, , ,
(ICAC at the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation).
(. ICC Rules)
(ICC Court of International Arbitration)

(award), . scrutiny of the award. . 3.10.
ADR = Alternative Dispute Resolution : 1.
(amicable) ,
.
(arbitration) ADR ; 2.
,
,
(arbitration).
advance on costs ,
(arbitration costs), ,
.
(institutional
arbitration)

. ad hoc
-
,
, . . 3.3.
adversarial system ,

.
(inquisitorial
system).
.
adverse interference
, , / ,
, ,
, .
affidavit , .
(witness statement),
, . ,
,

,

486

.. . . 2

.

, (
) .
advocate ,
.
(litigator).
agreement to arbitrate . arbitration clause arbitration agreement. . 2.1, 2.2 2.11.
agreed bundle , (,
), .
,
, (.
exhibits). . 3.7.
agreed terms . consent award.
alternative dispute resolution . ADR.
amendment to an award 1. ( , )
; 2.
(additional award). . 3.10.
amiable compositeur (.) , amiable composition
(.).
amiable composition (.) 1. ,
ex aequo et bono; 2. ,
,
, ,
ex aequo et bono.
amicable settlement . settlement.
amicus brief ,
,
(arbitral tribunal). amicus curiae (
).
amount in dispute .

,
.
a-national arbitration . delocalized arbitration.
an debeatur , - ,
, (quantum debetur).

487

.. . . 2

anglo-american -.
annulment 1. = action to set aside; 2.
. .
4.5.
answer = counter-memorial = rponse (.) = response = Klageantwort (.)
.
applicable law = governing law = proper law , ,
.
, (lex contractus), ,
, ,
(lex arbitri), ,
,
(lex societatis).
,
, ,
, ,
.
,
voie directe . .
2.7.
appointing authority 1. ,
(UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules), ,
6-8 12
. .

,
(Recommendations to assist arbitral institutions and other
interested bodies with regard to arbitrations under the UNCITRAL Arbitration rules),
Yearbook of the United Nations Commission on International Trade
Law, 1982, Volume XIII, P. 420,
www.uncitral.org, Stockholm Chamber of Commerce Procedures and Services
under UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules, www.chamber.se,

, www.tpprf-mkac.ru; 2. ad hoc,
,
, ,
(lex arbitri),

. . 1 . 6
-
.
appointment of an arbitrator ,
. (.,
),

488

.. . . 2

. (.,
, ICC Rules),
(nomination of an arbitrator),
(ICC Court of
International Arbitration).
arbitrable, arbitrability = arbitrabilit (.) = Schiedsfhigkeit (.)
.

lex arbitri,
(.
. b) . 2 . V - ). . 1 ,

- ,
, ,
,
,
. . 2.10 5.7.
arbitral award = award.
arbitral

institution = institution arbitrale (.) = Schiedsinstitution (.)


.
(institutional arbitration) ,
, .
(administered
arbitration) .

(arbitration rules).

arbitral tribunal = tribunal arbitral (.) = Schiedsgericht (.) = colegio arbitral (.) =
collegio arbitrale (.) .
, (arbitration rules)

(., . . 3 6
, 1 2007 .).
arbitration = arbitrage (.) = Schiedsgerichtsbarkeit (.) ,
,
(arbitration agreement)
. (
), ADR
( )
( , , ).
,
(., , .
investment disputes).
, ,
.

489

.. . . 2

Arbitration Act 1996 1996 ., .


,
(UNCITRAL
Model Law). ,
.
arbitration agreement = compromise arbitral (.) = Schiedsvereinbarung (.)
,
(arbitration).
, (arbitration clause),
,
, ,
,
(. . 7 ).
( , )
.
,

(. . II
- (New York Convention) . 148 ). . 2.
arbitration clause = clause compromissoire (.) = Schiedsklausel (.)
, , .

(arbitration agreement). (. separability).
, lex arbitri,
, ,
(. applicable law). . 2.7.
arbitration costs = frais darbitrage (.) = Schiedskosten (.) ,
. (fee),
,
/ (. administered
arbitration, appointing authority, institutional arbitration), ,

, , , ,
.. ,
(party representation costs). . 3.3.
arbitration law = lex arbitri.
arbitration rules = rglament darbitrage (.) = Schieds(gerichts)ordnung (.)
, ,

(institutional arbitration)
,
, ,
(impartiality of arbitrators)
,
lex arbitri.

490

.. . . 2

arbitrator = arbitre (.) = Schiedsrichter (.) = arbitro (., .) = arbiter ,


. (presiding
arbitrator), (co-arbitrator)
(sole arbitrator).
ASA = Association Suisse de lArbitrage (.) .
www.arbitration-ch.org.
assessment of the evidence ,
(. proof
procedure). . 3.8. 3.9.
assignment , , (assignor)
(assignee),
. ,
,
(arbitration clause). . 2.6.
attachment = saisie-arrt (.) = Arrest (.) = beslag (.) ,
.
, ,

(. . 9 ). . 1.8.
audiatur et altera pars ,
,
(arbitral tribunal) (. equal treatment of the parties). . 3.6.
award = sentence (.) = Schiedsspruch (.) = laudo (.) = lodo (.) = vonnis
(.) , (arbitral tribunal)
(merits)
(prayers for relief). (ICC)
(scrutiny),
-
.
(order) ,
.
. action to set aside.
: preliminary award, interim award, partial award, additional
award, consent award, default award, declaratory award, money award. .
correction of award, interpretation of award. . 3.10.

B
bias , (. impartiality of arbitrators).
, ,
. 1 . V - . 1) . 2 . 34 . 1) . 1. . 36
.

491

.. . . 2

(. action to set aside)


(. d) . 1 . V
- ), (. challenge).
. 3.6.
bifurcation of proceedings . ,
,
, ( ) , ,

(. jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal),
(merits),
,
.
,
,
, ,
,
. . 3.7.
bilateral investment treaty, BIT ,

, , ,
,
(. host country).

, . . 1.6.
boilerplate ,
, .
bona fide .
brainstorming ,

.
, .
brief = written submission. . 3.8.
bundle = binder , , . agreed bundle.
burden of proof , , ,
. (action
to set aside)
(enforcement of awards)
,
, ex
officio. . 5.2.

492

.. . . 2

capitalization of interest = compound interest


, .
CAS = Court of Arbitration for Sport , /
.
case officer (intstitutional arbitration) ,

. (ICC Rules)
counsellor = conseiller (.).
caucus 1. (mediation),
; 2.
.
caucusing caucus.
CCI (.) = Chambre de commerce internationale (.) = ICC.
CCIG = Chambre du Commerce et de lindustrie de Genve
,

(www.cci.ch/geneve).
CEDR = Center for Dispute Resolution ,
(www.cedr.co.uk).
CEO = Chief Executive Officer of a company ,

.
CEPANI (.) = CEPINA (.)
(www.cepani.be).
certified ,
,
.
chair = chairperson = presiding arbitrator.
challenge 1. of arbitrator , ,
,
, ,
(. . 12 13
), . bias, partiality, removal of arbitrator.
, (. estoppel, . 4
); 2. of award = action to set aside. . 3.6. 4.2.

493

.. . . 2

Chartered Arbitrator , ,
(Chartered Institute of Arbitrators).
Chartered Institute of Arbitrators , ,
. ACIArb,
FCIArb (www.arbitrators.org).
chess clock system , ,

, , .
CHF .
choice of law 1. ,
; 2.
() ,
. . 3.8.
CIETAC = China International Economic and Trade Arbitration Commission
,
,
.
CIArb = Chartered Institute of Arbitrators.
CISG = (Vienna) Convention on the International Sale of Goods, 1990 ()
- (www.cisg.law.pace.edu).
ISG Advisory Council = CISG (AC)
- , ,
,

.
,
. 2001 .
(Opinions) CISG.
civil law 1. (private law), ; 2.
, ,
, =
, (common law).
claimant . plaintiff
.
Claims Resolution Tribunal on Dormant Accounts in Switzerland
, ,
,
(www.crt-II.org).

494

.. . . 2

clause compromissoire (.) = arbitration clause.


clausula rebus sic stantibus = hardship clause.
closing order = ordonnance de clture (.) Abschreibungsberchluss (.)
(order), (arbitral tribunal)

(merits). ., ., 45 2006 .
closing statement = summation.
closure of proceedings = clture des dbats (.) = cierre de la instruccion (.)
(arbitral tribunal)
,
(arbitral award).
co-arbitrator 1. , , ,
(presiding arbitrator); 2. = fellow
arbitrator .
comit restraint
(ICC Court of International Arbitration),
.
comitas gentium ,
,

,
,
/ .


. . 1.5.
commodity arbitration , ,
.
quality arbitration.
common law 1. - ,
, . stare decisis, statutory law; 2. , .
common law systems - .
company , ,
,
,
.
(partnership).
- .

495

.. . . 2

complaint = statement of claim , . (written


submission), (claimant). . 3.8.
complementary dispute resolution
, , ,
,
.
compound interest (. capitalization of interest).
compromis (.) = arbitration agreement.
conciliation 1. = mediation; 2. , ,
, (,
mediation), caucusing.
(rights-based),
(interest-based); 3.
. ., .,
. reconciliation ( ,
-
).
concilio-arbitration 1. , ,
,
,
; 2. = med-arb.
Concordat ,
(domestic arbitration) .
concurring opinion . separate opinion.
confidentiality of arbitration ,
,
, , ,
, .
conflict , ,
. (dispute).
conflict of interests , , ,

,
(c. independence), (arbitrator).
, ,
;
, (. challenge of arbitrator,
removal of arbitrator), (. action to set
aside). . 3.6.

496

.. . . 2

conflict of laws , . private international law.


contingency fee ,
, ,
.
.
.
consensual processes = non-binding dispute resolution, ADR
, ,
(litigation)
(arbitration).
consent award = sentence daccord parties (.)
,
(settlement). ,
,
, (award),
. ., ., 41
2006 . . 3.10.
consolidation
. .
constitution of arbitral tribunal .

(jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal).
, ,
(. removal of arbitrator),
(. action to set aside).
constitution order ad hoc, (Zurich
Chamber of Commerce)
(institutional arbitration) ,
.
,
(. constitution of arbitral tribunal),

(. directions). . terms of reference
(ICC Rules). . 3.7.
construction arbitration ,
, ,
.
consultative case procedure ,

.

497

.. . . 2

contemporary documents , ,
, ,
. ,
.
contra bonos mores , ,

.
contract , ,
.
contractual 1. , ; 2. ,
.
contradictoire (.) ,
(. equal treatment of the parties
audiatur et altera pars).
correction of an award ,
, .
( , ..),
., ., . 1 . 43 2006 . . additional
award, amendment to an award. . 3.10.
costs , , arbitration costs party representation costs. . 3.3.
cotes de plaidoiries (.) = notes de plaidoiries (.) ,
,
, ,

. pleading notes
.
counsel 1. in-house counsel; 2. (barrister),
, , . Q.C.
counsellor = conseiller (.) (ICC Rules) ,
.
counterclaim = demande reconventionnelle (.) = Widerklage (.) ,
(. prayers for relief),
.
- (., ., 13
2006 .) - (. . 174 )
.
counter-memorial = answer = rponse (.) = Klageantwort (.) = Klageerwiderung
(.) (brief) (respondent),
(counterclaim).

498

.. . . 2

court-annexed arbitration = court-ordered arbitration ,


(neutral),
, .
court-annexed mediation = court-ordered mediation ,
,
, , ,
.
CPR = Center for Public Resources
().
critical path analysis
.
cross-examination = cross-questioning = Kreuzverhr (.) ,
, ,
. cross-examination
(leading questions). direct examination. . 3.8.
culpa in contrahendo ,

,
.

, .
curial law , ,
1. lex fori; 2. lex arbitri; 3. ,
.

D
damage , (damnum emergens) / (lucrum
cessans).
damages = compensatory damages ,
, ..
, .
(punitive damages, exemplary damages),
,
/ , treble damages
( ,
).
,
.
damnum emergens ,
. (lucrum cessans).

499

.. . . 2

deadline , ,
.
decision (order) (award)
.
declaration = Festellung (.) = declaratory award. . 3.10.
declaratory award .
(. enforcement of awards),
(. recognition of award). . 3.10.
default of a party to appear .
default award. ,
(action to set aside)

(. . 34 36 ), ,
, ,
. . 3.5.
default award , ,
, , . ,

(adversarial system),

, default award. . 3.5.
defense , , -,
, .
deliberation
(. order) (. award). . issue by issue voting.
demande (.) complaint.
dpeage (.) ,
, (. applicable
laws).
deposit = advance on costs. . 3.3.
deposit of an award
, lex arbitri
. ;
, , .
,
. ,
, ,
lex arbitri

500

.. . . 2

(. action to set aside).



.
deposition , ,
,
, ,
. ,
, ,
.
(transcript) . ,
deposition ,

(. testimony). . 3.9.
dictum = obiter dictum.
direct examination = direct questioning = examination-in-chief ,
, ,
, .
(witness statement)
(experts report),
.
. . 3.8, 3.9.
direct testimony = evidence in chief ,
(direct examination).
directions ,
, terms of reference, constitution order
order for directions.
DIS = Deutsche Institution fr Schiedsgerichtsbarkeit
, ,
(www.dis-arb.de,
DIS).
discovery ,
,
, ,

.
. . 3.8.
dispositif (.) = Dispositiv (.) = operative part of an award or procedural order.
dispute ,
(. arbitrable).

501

.. . . 2

dispute resolution (negotiation)


, ,
.
dissenting opinion ,
, majority award ( ,
), ., ., . 2 38
2006 . majority award unanimous
award, , .


.
documents ,
,
.
documents only arbitration ,
, .
.
domain name arbitration ,
,
(,
WIPO).
domestic arbitration = arbitrage national (.) = Binnenschiedsgerichtsbarkeit (.)
, (. . I - ),
(international arbitration)
/ .
,
24 2002 . 102-.

, ,
(., ., , www.mttp.org.) , . 2 . 1

,
.
domestic public policy , ,
,

( ).
(public policy,
transnational public policy). . 5.8.
dormant arbitration , .

502

.. . . 2

DRB = dispute review board.


due process , ,

, . contradictoire, equal treatment of the parties, natural justice. . 3.5.
duplique (.) = Duplik (.) = rejoinder (brief)
(respondent),
(reply). . 3.8.

E
e.g. = exempli gratia .
effect , .
enforcement of awards = exequatur = exequatur (.) = Vollstreckung (.) = esecuzione
(.) = tenuitvoerlegging (.)
.
, ,
. 36 30 ,
-
(New York Convention),
1961 . (European Convention on international commercial arbitration),
. 36 31 .
,
, ,

, . . burden of proof. .
(recognition of award). . 5.1.
equal treatment of the parties = galit de traitement des parties (.) = prozessuale
Gleichbehandlung der Partein (.) ,

. . . 18 .


(adversarial system). . 3.5.
quit (.) 1. , ; 2. en quit
(.) = ex aequo et bono.
equity 1. - ,
, , ; 2. = quit
(.) , .
estoppel = venire contra factum proprium ,
(common law) ,
,

503

.. . . 2

,
,
.
. . abuse of right, fraus legis.
. 4 . . 3.6.
ethics for arbitrators , ,
,
(IBA Ethics for Arbitrators, AAA/ABA Code of
Ethics),
(. bias impartiality of arbitrators). . 3.6.
European Convention on international commercial arbitration
, 21 1961 .,
1 1964 .
. (New York Convention)

,
ad hoc (ad hoc arbitration)
(. pathological arbitration clause),
(arbitration agreement)
, .

. . 1.2. 2.7.
evidence = proof .
(adversarial system)
.
evidence-in-chief = direct examination.
evidentiary hearing = main hearing = audience principale (.) = Hauptverhandlung (.)
,
, cross-examination.
. . 3.8.
ex aequo et bono
,
. . amiable composition.
examination-in-chief , (direct
questioning).
exclusion agreement
(. action to set aside).
. ,

, exclusion
agreement

504

.. . . 2

.



. . waiver agreement.
exception fori (alieni) ,
(forum).
executive .
exhibits = annexes (written submissions),
,
.
,
,
,
.
ex officio ,
() ,
.
, , ,
. . 5.6.
ex parte proceedings ,
.
expert = expert (.) = Sachverstndiger (.) = perito (.) , ,

.
(tribunal-appointed expert) (party-appointed expert). .
3.8.
expertise , , (expert).
experts report = expertise (.) = Sachverstndigengutachten (.) = perizia (.)
(expert). ,
, ,
, , ,
. . 3.8.
expert-witness -, ,
(party-appointed expert).
,
, , -
, - ,

, . (. experts report),

505

.. . . 2

(cross-examination).
, ,

, . . 3.8.
expressis verbis .
extra petita = ultra petita.
extra-contract liability = torts.
extract from the Register of Commerce = extrait du register du commerce (.) = Kbis
(.) = Handelsregisterauszug (.) , ,
, .
ex turpi causa = ex turpi causa oritur action
, ,
, ,
.

F
facilitation , , ,
.
fact v. law ,
, .
, ,
,
, .
factual matrix , .
fast track arbitration .
(arbitration clause),
(brief)
(award).
, ,


.
favor arbitri .
favor validatis ,
.
FCIArb = Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators
.

506

.. . . 2

fee ,
, ad valorem
. . contingency fee. . 3.3.
FIDIC = Fdration Internationale des Ingenieurs Conseils
-, (www.fidic.org).
final award . ,
(award) ,
, ,
.
preliminary award partial award. . 3.10.
file = dossier (.) = Akten (.) = Akt (,
) , ,
, (written
submissions), (exhibits), (witness statements),
(experts reports), (transcript),
(orders) (award).
forum ,
, , .
forum

shopping ,
,
. . . II . . 1.9.

frais (.) = costs.


fraus legis = fraude a la loi (.) = Gesetzesumgehung (.) ,
, .
functus officio , , .

G
GBP .
general principles of law ,
.
Geneva Rules CCIG.
good faith = bona fide.
group of companies , .
group of companies theory ,
(arbitration agreement),

507

.. . . 2

, (group of companies),
,
, . .
piercing of the corporate veil. . 2.6.

H
hardship clause = clausula rebus sic stantibus
() , , ,
,
, ,
,
, ,

.
hearing file , (),
( ,
,
). . 3.9.
hearing, hearings , .
meeting.
high-low contract ,
,
. ,
.
host country, host state (. investment disputes, BITs),
, .
. 1.6.

I
IBA = International Bar Association ,
,
: IBA Rules of Evidence (
), IBA Ethics for International Arbitrators (
, ), IBA Guidelines on Conflicts of
Interest in International Arbitration (
). . 3.6.
ICAC = International Commercial Arbitration Court
,
, -
, .
ICAC at the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Russian Federation
-

508

.. . . 2

,
,
1 (www.tpprf-mkac.ru).
ICC

= International Chamber of Commerce ,


, , ,
, . ICC Court of
International Arbitration, ICC Rules,

(. lex mercatoria) (www.iccwbo.org).

ICC Court of International Arbitration


, ,
(ICC Rules).
100 , ,
. . comit restraint.
ICC Rules = Rules of Arbitration of International Chamber of Commerce
, 1 1998 ., 1
2012 . .
ICCA = International Council for Commercial Arbitration
(), ,
. ICCA Yearbook
.
ICSID Convention = the Washington Convention on the settlement of investment disputes

, .
18 1965 ., ,
. ,
, .


(. Additional Facility)
BIT, . .
1.6.
i.e. = id est , .
IHK (.) 1. Internationale Handelskammer = ICC; 2. Industrie- und Handelskammer
- .
immunity of arbitrators -
.
impartiality of arbitrators = impartialit (.) = Unparteilichkeit (.)
, (.
bias, independence). . 3.6.

509

.. . . 2

impasse strategies ADR ,


.
implied terms . ,
,
.
in camera , .
. . confidentiality of arbitration.
in-house counsel , .
outside counsel.
in limine litis .
independence = independence (.) = Unabhngigkeit (.) ,
/
, , .

, , . 1 . V . 1) . 2 . 34 . 1) . 1. . 36
.

(. action to set aside)
(. . d) . 1 . V - ),
(. challenge). . 5.4.
infra petita ,
(prayers for relief).
injunction ,
, - .
. . 1.11.
inquisitorial system
,
, (adversarial
system). .
inspection = on site inspection = local inspection = Augenschein (.)
, ,
, .
institutional arbitration ( ) ,

(arbitral institution), .
ad hoc (. ad hoc arbitration). . 2.11.
instructing solicitors , (barrister)
advocate counsel.

510

.. . . 2

interest , (. compound
interest).
interest-based ,
(. win-win solution), rights-based.
interim adjudication ,
,
.
interim award = interlocutory award = sentence interimaire (.) = Zwischenschiedsspruch
(.) (award),
.
,

. . 3.10.
interim measures of protection = provisional and conservatory measures
, ,
, ,
.
,


, . . 9 . 2006 .


. . 1.8.
international arbitration ,
, .. , ,
, , ,
,
, ( ) ,
.
(. domestic arbitration). .
transnational arbitration.
International Arbitration Court of the Austrian Federal Economic Chamber
, .
(
( ) . www.wk.or.at.
international award . ,
,
(
, . domestic arbitration), ,
- . . 3.10.

511

.. . . 2

international public policy = ordre public international (.)


, . public policy, transnational public policy.
domestic public policy. . 5.8.
interpretation 1. , ; 2. ,
.
.
interpretation of award ,
. ., ., . 35
(UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules).
interrogatory , ,
. .
investment dispute
, (host country). . bilateral investment
treaty, ICSID Convention. . 1.6.
ipso facto , .
issue by issue voting ,
.
, ,
, ,
, .
issues for arbitration , .
(terms of reference). ,
(prayers for
relief), ,
(. an debeatur).
(preliminary
award).
iura novit curia ,
,
. .
sua sponte.
iure

gestionis ,
,
. iure imperii. (.
..
//. 2004. 3. . 5.)

iure imperii ,
. , ,
(. sovereign immunity).

512

.. . . 2

ius dispositivum . . gap-filling law.


(mandatory law).

J
joinder 1. , ,
; 2. ,
. ,
, ,
,
.
joint and several liability .
judicial assistance (. juge dappui),
, ,
(. letters of
request).
juge dappui (.)
(. seat of the arbitration),
, (.
interim measures of protection),

(. letters of request). . 1.8 1.11.
judgment ,
(award) ,
..
jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal = competence (.) = Zustandigkeit (.)
.

(merits),
, ,
.
, ,
. ,

,
. )
. 1 . V - . .
(separability)
(Kompetenz-Kompetenz). . 2.3.

K
Kbis .
Klage (.) = complaint.

513

.. . . 2

Klageantwort (.) = Klageerwiderung (.) = answer.


Kompetenz-Kompetenz (.) ,

,
(.
jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal).
. 16 . .
(separability). . 2.3.
Kostenvorschuss (.) = advance on costs.
Kuala Lumpur Regional Centre for Arbitration (www.klrca.org).

L
lack of independence = partiality. . 3.6.
language of arbitration ,
,
.

,
.
,
,
.
,
,
, .
laudo (.) = award. . 3.10.
LCIA = London Court of International Arbitration
, (www.lciaarbitration.com).
leading question , ,
, . cross-examination. . 3.8.
letter of intent , (
),
,
, . .
memorandum of understanding.
lex anterior . lex posterior.

514

.. . . 2

lex arbitri ,
(. seat of the arbitration).
,
,

(. action to set aside).
. .
2.7.
lex contractus , .
lex fori , (. seat of arbitration).
,

(. recognition and enforcement)
(. action to set aside).
,
.
lex loci actus ,
.
lex loci contractus , ,
, (. applicable
law).
lex loci domicilii = lex societatis.
lex mercatoria , ,
. (.:
2004 / . . .. . .: , 2006.)
lex posterior , lex anterior.
lex

societatis , ,
, ,
. lex contractus, lex
societatis
. . . 1202 .

lex specialis ,
(lex generalis).
lieu de larbitrage (.) = seat of arbitration.
liquidated damages ,

, (penalty).

515

.. . . 2

lis pendens 1. , ,
, , ,
; 2. = lis alibi pendens
, ,
. . . 3 . II .
list system ,
,
.
litigation ,
(arbitration) ADR.
litigator .
, ,
.
LME = London Metal Exchange .
lodo (.) = award.
lost profits = lucrum cessans . damnum emergens.
lucrum cessans = lost profit.
Lugano Convention = Lugano Convention on Jurisdiction and the Enforcement of Judgments in
Civil and Commercial Matters, 1988

, 1988.

M
main hearing , evidentiary hearing. . 3.9.
mala fide .
managing director , ,
.
mandatory law = zwingendes Recht (.) = droit impratif (.) 1. ,
( ),

, (applicable
law), ; 2. = mandatory rule of law
, = jus cogens,
,

,

516

.. . . 2

,
(. . 53 1969 .).
maritime arbitration , ., .,
, 1 2007 .
med-arb , (mediation)
(arbitration). ,
, ,
.
mediation ,
. ,
(interest-based),
(rights-based). , ,
(conciliation).
meeting , (hearing).
memorandum of understanding ,
, .
, .
letter of intent.
memorial = mmoire (.) = written submission. . 3.8.
merits . ,
,
(jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal).
,
/
.
mock arbitration 1. = mock case ,
,
; 2.
,

.
model clause (arbitration clause),
, , ,

(arbitration rules).

(pathological arbitration
clause). . 2.11.

517

.. . . 2

Model

Law (UNCITRAL) 1.
,
. 2. .

money award = monetary award ,


.
declaratory award. . 3.10.
moot = arbitration moot , . mock
arbitration.
motion ,
.
(prayers for relief). . 3.7.
MOU = memorandum of understanding.
multi-modal arbitration clauses ,
,
,
(.
jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal). . 2.11.
multi-party arbitration ,
.
. . 3.6.

N
NAFTA = North American Free Trade Agreement -
,
.
National Committee
(ICC), , (. nomination of an arbitrator)
.
nationality , (
) .
natural justice ,
due process international public policy.
negative public policy , ,


,
,
.
(positive public policy). . 5.8.

518

.. . . 2

negotiation , ,
,
.
, . 2.11.
Netherlands Arbitration Institute ,
(. www.asser.nl/nai-rules).
neutral 1. ; 2.
,
ADR ( , ).
New York Convention = the United Nations Convention of 1958 on the Recognition and
Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards = bereinkunft (.)
1958 .
. ,
,
(. recognition and enforcement),
,
,
ex officio.
(Model
Law), .
, 140 ,

. ( .
www.uncitral.org/English/texts/arbitration/NY-conv.html.
.
:
..
. - 1958 .
30 31 2002 . .: , 2008.)
nomination of an arbitrator , ,
,
. . . 12 13 2012 .
(ICC Rules).
(appointment of an arbitrator). .
3.6.
notes de plaidoiries (.) = pleading notes.
notice of arbitration . ,
,
() (., ., . 3
, UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules)
(arbitral institution) (., ., 15 16
2006 .).
, default award. ,
,
(arbitration agreement), ,

519

.. . . 2

,
, . . 3 . . 3.1, 3.5.

O
Obfrau, Obmann (.) = presiding arbitrator .
obiter dictum ,
,
(operative part), stare decisis.
opening statement
, ,
. skeleton argument
,
. . 3.9.
operative part of an award or procedural order = dispositif (.) = Tenor (.)
,
, .
, ,
(prayers for relief)
(motion) .
oral argument , /
.
order

1. ,
pendente lite. : constitution order, order for directions; 2.
(award),
,
declaratory award, money award.

order for directions , ,


,
.
ordinary court = state court = tribunal tatique (.) = staatliches Gericht (.)
. ,
(arbitration clause)

, (arbitration).
ordre public (.) = public policy. . 5.8.
outside counsel ,
, .
. in-house
counsel.

520

.. . . 2

P
panel , .
(arbitral tribunal).
par in parem non habet imperium ,
,

. - ,
iure gestionis,
, (. sovereign
immunity).
pari passu ; .
partial award (award), ,
(prayers for
relief).
, , partial award,
,
(. correction of an award)
(. additional award). Partial award,

,
- .
partial award (
) , final award
,
(costs). . 3.10.
partiality = lack of independence /
. , ,
. 1 . V - . 1) . 2 . 34 . 1)
. 1. . 36 .

(. action to set aside)
(. d) . 1 . V
- ), (. challenge).
. bias, impartiality of arbitrators, independence. . 3.6.
partisan , ( ),

,
. . removal of arbitrator, bias, impartiality of arbitrators, independence.
. 3.6.
party autonomy 1. ,
,
- ; 2.

521

.. . . 2

,

. . arbitration agreement. . 2.1.
party representation costs = frais de representation (.) = Parteivertretungskosten (.)
,
.
(. fee),
. ,
,
. arbitration costs. . 3.3.
party-appointed expert = expert witness ,
. . 3.8.
party representative 1. = counsel ,
, ; 2. ,
. . 3.4.
pathological arbitration clause ,
1.
(arbitration) -
; 2.
(seat of arbitration); 3. ad hoc
(ad hoc arbitration), ,
(appointing authority),
(institutional arbitration); 4.
.


(model clause).

. 3 . II - ,


. d) . 1 . V - .

. 1) . 2 . 34 . 1)
. 1. . 36 . . 36 . IV
(European Convention on international commercial
arbitration)

,
,
. . 2.8.
PDG = Prsident Directeur Gnral (.) = CEO.
penalty 1. = peine contractuelle (.) = Vertragsstrafe (.)

, ;

522

.. . . 2

2. ,
, ,
.
pendente lite , .
per diem : 1. ,

, .
-
; 2. = per diem fine ,
, ,
. . penalty.
Permanent Court of Arbitration , ,
.
,
.
. 6 (UNCITRAL
Arbitration Rules)
(appointing authority)
, ,
, (www.pca-cpa.org).
petita = prayers for relief.
piercing of the corporate veil , ,
,
,
,
.
,
/ ,
, ,
,
.
PIL Statute = Swiss Federal Statute on Private International Law
,
. ( .
: .: , 2000. . 628.)
place of arbitration .
seat of arbitration. ,
, , (.
venue). . 2.7.
plaintiff , claimant.
plea in nullity = action to set aside. . 4.2.

523

.. . . 2

plea of lack of jurisdiction


,
, ,
(., , assignment),
,
,
(. multi-modal arbitration clauses).
,

(. arbitrable). . 2 . 16

, ,
,
,
(. . 4 ,
estoppel). ,
,

. . 3.7, 5.3.
pleading notes , ,
,
.
plural claimants, respondents , , ,
/ , . multi-party arbitration.
positive public policy , ,

(
,
) (. mandatory rule of law),


. (. public policy).
. 5.8.
post-hearing brief = closing written submission = closing memorial
, (. evidentiary hearing).

(summation) ,
(.
transcript).
, ,
. .
3.9.

524

.. . . 2

power of attorney = procuration (.) = Vollmacht (.) ,


,
.
prayers for relief = relief requested = conclusions (.) = Klagebegehren (.) =
Rechtsbegehren (.) = petita
, -,
(operative
part of the award) .
motion. . ultra petita, infra
petita. . 3.8.
precedent , ,

stare decisis.
pre-hearing conference
,
, (evidentiary hearing).
.
IBA Rules of Evidence UNCITRAL Notes on planning
arbitral proceedings. . 3.7.
preliminary award = sentence prliminaire (.) = Vor(ab)schiedsspruch (.)
,
, ,

(prayers for relief).
,
.

- .
, preliminary award,
,
(. partial award, final award). preliminary award
,
. preliminary award
, , . 3
. 16
(. action to set aside) . 1) . 2 . 34
, .
. 3.10, 4.3.
preliminary hearing pre-hearing conference (hearing).
. 3.7.
preliminary order ,
(. provisional and conservatory measures),
ex parte (ex parte proceedings) ,

525

.. . . 2

, 2006 .
(Model Law) . . 1.8.
preparation of a witness (testimony),
(party representative).
,
(cross-examination). . 3.8.
prescription = prescription (.) = Verjhrung (.)
( ). . statute of
limitations.
president 1. ; 2. = presiding arbitrator = chairperson =
chair = prsident (.) = Prsident (.) ,

, .
, ,
majority award,
.
prima facie .

. ., ., . 6 ICC Rules.
principal 1. ,
. (interest); 2. , ,
.
principle 1. , ; 2. ,
(an debeatur). ,
(quantum debetur).
private international law, PIL = droit international priv, DIP (.) = Internationales
Privatrecht, IPR (.) ,
(conflict of law).

, (substantive law)
, .
privilege , ,
,
.
.
procedural .
procedural law , ,
.
,
(seat of the arbitration), lex arbitri,

526

.. . . 2

.
(. substantive law). . 2.7.
procedural order
().
procedure ,
(arbitral tribunal). proceedings.
proceedings , .
production of documents ,
,
, ,

. production of
documents discovery. . 3.8.
proof procedure = procedure de prevue (.) = Beweisverfahren (.)
.
(brief).
(hearing) (witnesses).
(party-appointed experts)
.
(inspection).
(summation),
(post-hearing briefs).
provision 1. , ; 2.
, .
provisional and conservatory measures = interim measures of protection. . 1.8.
public international arbitration ,
(Permanent
Arbitration Court).
.
public law = droit public (.) = ffentliches Recht (.) ,

.
public policy = ordre public (.) , ,
.
,
,
(. . 1193
).
:

527

.. . . 2

1. , ,
()
(negative public policy) ,
, ,
, ()
(positive public policy),
,
(
, ) (.
mandatory rule of law),

;
2.
,

(.,
.,
. 2)
. 2
. 34

);
3.
(. . 2 . V )
(. . 2) . 1 . 36 ).
. (arbitrability), ,
,

.
.


(domestic public policy)
(transnational public policy).

,
, ,
, ,
. ,
,
,
(merits), .
,


. . 5.8.

Q
quaere , , .
Q.C. = a Queens Counsel , ,
(High Court),
. . 3.4.
quadruplique (.) = surrebutter ,
rebutter.
quantum debetur , , ,
an debeatur .

528

.. . . 2

R
reasons , ,
.
(. operative part), obiter dictum.
reasoned award , ,
, ,
(. operative part).
,
.
,
(order).
rebutter = triplique (.) .
Rechtsmissbrauch (.) = abuse of right. . 3.5.
recital , /whereas clauses
,
.

,
, ,
.
recognition of award .
.

( 31 ),

. . 4.8, 5.1.
recognition and enforcement 1.
, -
(New York Convention); 2.
,
(. . 1 . 241 ). .
5.1.
record = file.
re-cross examination, questioning (cross-questioning),
re-direct examination.
re-direct examination, questioning (direct questioning).

529

.. . . 2

Rechtsstaat (.) = etat de droit (.) , ,


, . . . 1
. 1 .
rfr (.) ,

, . .
interim measures of protection. . 1.8.
reframing ,
.
rejoinder = duplique (.) = Duplik (.) ,
reply . . 3.8.
relief requested = prayers for relief. . 3.8.
removal of an arbitrator ,
(challenge of arbitrator)
(. appointing authority)
, lex arbitri. . 3.6.
replacement of an arbitrator (., ., . 15 ), ,
, ,
. ,
,
.
reply = rplique (.) = Replik (.) . . 3.8.
request for arbitration , ,
/ (.
. 4 ICC Rules),
.
.
(statement of claim). . 3.7.
res judicata ,
,
. res judicata

(. 5 . 148 )
, ,
,
(. 3 . 1 . 150 ). . 1.9.
resolution of a dispute = dispute resolution.
respondent , ,
defendant.

530

.. . . 2

rule of law , . Rechtsstaat (.) = etat de droit (.).


rules of law = rgles de droit (.) = Rechtsregeln (.) ,
.
1. , ; 2.
lex mercatoria, (Model Law), ,
.

S
Sachverstndiger (.) = expert.
S.C. = Senior Counsel , ,
Q.C.
Schiedsauftrag (.) = terms of reference. . 3.7.
scrutiny of the award (. ICC Rules)
(ICC Court of International
Arbitration), (
) . .
. 27 1998 . . 33 2012
(ICC Rules). . 3.10.
seat of the arbitration ( ,
), , lex arbitri .
(.
venue),
.
,
, ,
. . 2.7.
secret du dlibr (.) , ,
deliberation, . , ,
, ,
. . 3.10.
secretariat , ., ., . 4
, 6
.
secretary of an arbitral tribunal , ,
,
, .
security for costs , , . costs, party representation
costs, arbitration costs. (
, arbitration costs)

531

.. . . 2

(. advance on costs)
. ,
. ,
, ,
, ,
, ,

,
, . .
3.3.
separability = severability , ,
,
, , ,
, lex arbitri, lex contractus. ,
. 1 . 16 ,
,
,
. . Kompetenz-Kompetenz, arbitration clause,
arbitration agreement.
, ,
. . 2.3, 2.8.
separate opinion ,
, ,
, ,
.
concurring opinion.
(dissenting opinion),
, ,
. . 3.10.
setting aside (award),
(. action to set
aside). . remission. . 4.2.
set-off . .
,
, (. 5
,
).
severability = separability.
shuttle diplomacy , , ,
.
sige (.) = seat of arbitration.

532

.. . . 2

Singapore Arbitration Centre ,


(www.siac.org.sg).
silk , Q.C.
skeleton argument
, ,
,
.
.
sole arbitrator = arbiter unique (.) = Einzelschiedsrichter (.) ,
, .
(arbitral tribunal),
.
sovereign immunity = state immunity , ,

.
, . iure imperii, iure gestionis.

,
,
. (.:

- //
. 2007. 3. . 31.)
standing to sue or to be sued = locus standi
- ,
.
standstill agreement ,
,
,
,
.
breather.
stare decisis , ,
, , ,

.
state court 1. , , ,
,
(arbitration), ; 2. , ,
Federal Court,
.

533

.. . . 2

statement of claim , request for


arbitration. . 3.7.
statement of costs ,
, . party
representation costs. . 3.3.
status of arbitrator .
statute of limitations = prescription = time-bar = Verjhrung (.) ,
,
(limitation period) .
statutory law , ,
(common law), equity.
stay of proceedings = Sistierung (.) .
,
,
(. seat of the arbitration).
Stockholm Arbitration Institute of the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce
,
(www.chamber.se). C 1 2007 .
(www.sccinstitute.com).
substantive law = droit applicable au fond (.) = Sachrecht (.) = ,
.
(procedural law).

(private international law). . 3.8.


sua sponte .
,
. . ex officio. . 5.6.
sui generis , .
summation ,
.
(post-hearing briefs).
surrebutter = quadruplique (.) = Quadruplik (.) ,
rebutter .
suspensive effect
,
(. action to
set aside).
, ,

534

.. . . 2

. ,

. 1 . VII , ,

,
,
,
. . 5.5.

T
taking of evidence ,
.
TAS = Tribunal Arbitral du Sport (.) = CAS.
Tenor (.) = operative part of the award.
terms of reference = acte de mission (.) = Schiedsauftrag (.) ,

. (ICC Rules)
, , , ,
(. . 18
1998 ., . 23 2012 .). . 3.7.
testimony = tmoinage (.) = Zeugenaussage (.)
, ,
(expert witness). , ,
,
, ,
, ,

. . 3.8.
three-person arbitral tribunal = Dreierschiedsgericht (.) ,
, .
(sole arbitrator).
time limit = deadline .

.
time-bar = prescription = statute of limitations.
time-table ,
(. . 18
1998 ., . 24 ICC Rules 2012 .).

535

.. . . 2

tolling agreement ,
, .
tort = delict = extra-contractual liability , ,
.
, . ,
,
, ,
,
(arbitration clause), ,
.
trade dispute ,
, , .
NAFTA.
trade tribunal , (trade disputes).
trade usages , ,
.
,
.
. 5 . 5 . 421
2000,
- 28
2001 . 117-13 (. 4). . 4.
6 8 01.07.1996
, 5
, ,
,
, ,
-
, , ..
,
- ( ,
,
, ..).
transcript , ,
.
,
.
, ,
.
translation .
interpretation.
(language of arbitration).

536

.. . . 2

transnational , ,
,
.
transnational public policy = truly international public policy
(domestic public policy), ,
,

, (.
action to set aside) (. recognition and enforcement)
.
(public policy),
, ,

,
. . 5.8.
tribunal-appointed expert , .
triplique (.) = rebutter .
TRO = temporary restraining order ,
,
ex parte proceedings
,

(injunction)
.
tronc commun (.) ,
.
truncated arbitral tribunal = tribunal arbitral tronqu (.) = Rumpfschiedsgericht (.)
,
, . ,
,
,
, .

U
ultra petita ,
(prayers for relief).

.
umbrella clause , BIT ,
(host country)

. . 1.6.

537

.. . . 2

UN bereinkunf (.) = New York Convention. . 1.2.


unequivocal , . ,
, exclusion
agreement, waiver agreement, ,
lex arbitri.
UNCITRAL = United Nations Commission on International Trade Law
.
-
, New York
Convention, CISG,
(. Model Law), (Conciliation Rules),
(Notes on Organizing
Arbitral Proceedings) (www.uncitral.org).
UNCITRAL Arbitration Rules ,
15 1976 ., 2010 .
, 15 2010 .
ad hoc (. ad hoc
arbitration). . 2.11.
unconditional appearance

(jurisdiction of arbitral tribunal) ,
(constitution of arbitral tribunal).
, . 2 . 7 (
,
, ).
,
,
(. . 4, . 2 . 16 ). . 3.6.
Unerlaubte Handlung (.) = tort.
UNIDROIT = International Institute for the Unification of Private Law =
, , .
, lex
mercatoria (www.unidroit.org. .:
2004 / . . .. . .: , 2006).

V
vacate = set aside ,
, . action to set aside. . 4.2,
5.3.
vacatur ,
. action to set aside. . 4.2, 5.3.

538

.. . . 2

VAT = value added tax = impt sur la valeur ajoute (.) = Mehrwertsteuer (.)
.
venire contra factum proprium . estoppel. . 3.7.
venue ,
. ,
(seat of the arbitration). . . 20
.
verbatim .
verbatim transcript .
Vienna Convention = CISG.
Vienna Rules ,

,
(www.wk.or.at. .: .
. .: , 2006).
voie directe (.) , ,
,
-
. ., ., . 1 . 24
. voie indirecte.
. 2.7.
voie indirecte (.) , ,
,

, , .
., ., . 2 . 28 .

W
waiver agreement , ,
,
, ,


(. action to set aside).

,
, (seat of the
arbitration).
,
.

539

.. . . 2

waiver agreement ,
. Waiver agreement
,
(public policy).
. . 4.4.
Washington Convention = ICSID Convention.
whereas clauses recital.
WIPO

= World Intellectual Property Organization


(, )
.
,
(www.arbiter.wipo.int).

witness statement , .

(direct examination).
,
. . 3.8.
written submission = brief = written pleadings = mmoire (.) = Rechtschrift (.)
.
,
-,

,
,
,
.
, (.
exhibits). . 3.8.
writing, in writing (arbitration
agreement) (. . 2 . 7 ).
, ,
.
. 2.2.
WTO = World Trade Organization , .
. .

Y
yield , , ,
.

540

.. . . 2

Z
zone of agreement ,
. , ,
..

541