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The Finite Element Method using MATLAB Young UW. Hwon Hyochoong Bang CRC Press CRC MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SERIES Edited by Frank A. Kulacki, University of Minnesota Published Entropy Generation Minimization Adrian Bejan, Duke University The Finite Element Method Using MATLAB Young W. Kwon, Naval Postgraduate School Hyochoong Bang, Korea Aerospace Research Institute To be Published Fundamentals of Environmental Discharge Modeling Lorin R. Davie, Oregon State University Mechanics of Composite Materials Autar K. Kaw, University of South Florida Nonlinear Analysis of Structures M, Sathyamoorthy, Clarkson University Mechanics of Solids and Shells Gerald Wempter, Georgia Institute of Technology Viscoelastic Solids Roderic Lakes, University of lowa LIMITED WARRANTY RC Press warrants the physical diskete(s) enclosed herein to be free of defects in materials and workmanship for a petiod of thirty days from the date of purchase. If within the warranty period CRC Press receives written notification of defects in materials or workmanship, and such notification is determined by CRC Press to be correct, ‘CRE Press will replace the defective disketets), ‘The entire and exclusive liability and remedy for breach ofthis Limited Warranty shall be limited to replacement of defective diskette(s) and shall not include or extend to any claim for o right to cover any other damages, including ‘but not Himited to, loss of proft, data, or use ofthe software, or special, incidental or consequential damages or other similar claims, even if CRC Press has been specifically advised of the possibility of such damages. In no event will the liability of CRC Press for any damages to you or any other person ever exceed the lower suggested lst price or actual price paid for the software, regardless of any form of the claim. ‘CRC Press specifically disclaims all other warranties, express or implied, including but not limited to, any implicd warranty of merchantability or fitness fora pasticular purpose. Specifically, CRC Press makes no representation or ‘warranty that the software is fit for any particular purpose and any implied warranty of merchantability is limited to the thiny-day duration of the Limited Warranty covering the physical diskerte(s) only (and not the software) and is otherwise expressly and specifically disclaimed, Since some states do not allow the exclusion of incidental or consequential damages, or the limitation on how long. an implied warranty lasts, ome of the above may not apply to you DISCLAIMER OF WARRANTY AND LIMITS OF LIABILITY: The author(s) ofthis book have used their best efforts in preparing this material. These efforts include the development, esearch, and testing ofthe theories and programs to determine their effectiveness. Neither the authors) nor the publisher make warranties of any kind, express or implied, with regard to these programs or the documentation contained in this book, including without limitation warranties of merchantability or fitness fora particular purpose. No liability is accepted in any event for any damages, including incidental or consequential damages, lost profits, costs of lot data or program material, of otherwise in connection with or arising out of the furnishing, performance, o use of the programs in this book. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Kwon, Young W. The inte clement method using MATLAB /by Young W. Kwon and Hyochoong Bang. . cm, — (The mechanical engineering series) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 0-8493-9653-0 (alk. paper) 1, Finite element method-—Data processing. 2, MATLAB I. Bang, Hyochoong. IL Title MT. Series: Advanced topics in mechanical engineering series TA347.PSK86 1996 624.1°7028553—de20 96-19091 ae ‘This book contains information obtained from authentic and highly regarded sources. Reprinted material is quoted ‘with permission, and sources are indicated, A wide variety of references ar listed. Reasonable efforts have been made to publish reliable data and information, but the author(s) and the publisher cannot assume responsibility for the validity ofall materials or for the consequences of their use, Neither this book nor any part may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic oF mechanical, including photocopying, microfilming, and recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, without prior permission in writing from the publisher. ‘The consent of CRC Press LLC does not extend to copying for general distribution, for promotion, for creating new works, or for resale. Specific permission must be obtained in writing from CRC Press LLC for such copying. Direct all inquiries to CRC Press LLC, 2000 Corporate Blvd. N.W., Boca Raton, Florida 33431 © 1997 by CRC Press LLC No claim to original {1S Govemment works International Standard Book Number 0-8493-9653-0 Library of Congress Card Number 96-19091 Printed in the United States of America 34567890 Printed on acid-free paper