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# -

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" " (..01.07)
511600

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2008

1. -
1.1.
:

,
Ansis Femlab.

.
Mathematica,
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,
,
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,
.

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1.2. .

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1.3. :
,
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1.4. ,

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, . ,
, ;
,
;
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,
,
;

,
,
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.

2. :
.

2.1. .
, .
1.
Pn (x ) , x n t n .
2. (1+k)/2(k-1-(a k)/3k k 1 5000
(1+k)/2(k-1-(a k)/3k k 1 50 .
3. 1-x/(Pi k)6 k 1
.
4. BesselJ[n,z] z=1 n 1
10 /
5. 3- .
6. ty PolyLog[1,t] t.
7.
0 1.
8. Sin[x t]/(1+t2) t
0 x 0 .

9. ,
y2, PolyLog[1,t] y2 0 1
.
10. (x-Sin[x])/x3 x->0.
11. a x4+b x3+c x2+d x +e x 0 1 0
a.
12. a Cos[x]2+b Sin[x]2+c Sin[x] Cos[x]=0
x.
13. ,
x= 2t 2 1 ,y=t3+t-4,
x=2 s2+s+5, y= s 2 7s 2 .
14. Sin[x2]-Pi, x=1+i.
15. Exp[z]/(z2+a2) a a.
16. ,
f[x]=1/((x-1) (4 q-p2))
(2 y+p)/(y^2+p y+q)(x-1+(2 (2 x-3))/((x-1) (4 q-p2)) f[x-1].
17. BesselJ[1,z]=0.1 z=a,
0 6 Pi Pi.
18. z2 y+z y-(z2+n2) y=0 c y
(0)=1,
y' (0)=0.
19. eSin[50 x]+Sin[60 ey]+Sin[70
Sin[x]]+Sin[Sin[80 y]]-Sin[10 (x+y)]+1/4 (x2+y2)

.
20. x1+13 x2+ 2 x3+ 17 x4+3 x5 3
x1+x2+2 x3=5, -x1+3 x3+x5=9, x1-4 x3+x4=1, xi>=0.

## 21. BesselJ (1, t )e st dt s=1,

0

2

22. -
.
23. Sin (t2).
24. z- (z (z+1))/(z-1)3.
25. ex/5 x 1 7.
{1,x,x^2}.
26. , {{0,0},{1,2},{2,6}}.
27. {{1,8}, {1,4},
{3,1}, {5,3}, {7,9}, {11,14}}.
.
z

1

## (LegendreP[n+1,z]-LegendreP[n-1,z])/(2 n+1) n>0 1+z n=0.

29., In(z)
z2 y''+z y-(z2+n2) y=0.

## 30. , I n ( z )dz = I n 2 ( z )dz n>=0.

31., z2 y''+z y'+(z2n2) y=2/Pi z(n+1/(2 n-1)!! , , n=2 z -
0-1.
32.
HypergeometricPFQ[{a1, a2, a3}, {b1, b2}, z] z
.
33., - ,
, EllipticThetaPrime.
34. == //FullSimplify, (a) (b)/ (a+b).
35. Gamma[1 + nu] MeijerG[{{}, {nu+ 1}}, {{0}, {0}}, z]
LaguerreL[nu, z].
36., Fn [x]=x Fn-1[x]+Fn2[x].
37. -.
38.
.
39.
. .
40. 2,1,4,3,-1,5,2,6,12.
. .
41. x + 4 y + 2 z = 6, x + 3
y+3z=8
2 x + 3 y + 4 z = 9.
41. : Abs[x^2-1]<=7 E^x-x<=2.
42. [(z+i)^2+Exp[i z]].
43. u[x,y]+(2+y) u(0,1)[x,y]+x u(1,0)[x,y]+3 u(1,0)[x,y]2=0.
44. Exp[t^2]/(1+Abs[t]) =2.
45.
( ) (
).
, - 2 2
46. , div (f (r),rv)=0 ,
rv={r,theta,phi}.
47. ,
theta ( ).
48. , .

## 49. u[x]=(2 (x+1) (c z+d) u[x+1])/x-((x+2)

u[x+2])/x
50. x,y,z ,
51. r2
. z -1
1.
52. 2- 4-
, (exp(t),t),
, .
.
53. , ,
Table[n2+ n ,{n,0,7}]. .
54. Zeta[s]-1/(s-1) s->2,
,
55. 5-
0
.
56. {1,4,9,16,25,36,50} ,

57. 0 2Pi
2Pi/7, - Cubic
.
58. m=4
n=1, x 0 2Pi
2Pi/7.
59. - .
60.
.
61. {1.2, 9.1, 2.3, 15.4, 71.8}.
2.2. .
Mathematica
, ,
,
.

. .
1. x'= f (t, x) (FirstIntegrals)
2. (VariationalBound)
3. Basic Operations, File Input, File Output Input and
Output
4. Import and Export, Format Types, Box Types, Box Options
Input and Output

## 5. Number Formatting, Formatting Functions, Date Reading

Options, Output Options Input and Output

## 6. assignements, tests, logical operations, functional

programming (Programming)

7. pattern matching, rule application, string manipulation
(Programming)

## 8. scoping, evaluation control, debugging

(Programming)
9. attributes, pattern matching, expression structure
(Programming)
10.

" Animation"
.
11. PiecewiseExpand

12. Graphics`InequalityGraphics`
13. Export c HTML TeX
14. ,
15. ,
16. ,
Notebook Launcher

18. GeneralizedSolve
19. , Yl,m( , )

2 l (l 1)
c
m.
3.

,
, ()

.
.
(

.
.,
/

4
7

2
3
4
5

6
7
8
9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

1. .
.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.
7.

8.

9.
.
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10.
.
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11.
.
.
12.
.
.
13.
.

.
14.
.
.
15.
.
.
16.
.
.
17.

4. .

2
2

1
2

3
4

2
2

5
6

22

70

32

16

4.1

Mathematica

I. Mathematica
1.
.
Mathematica
2.
.
.
notebooks.
2.1
. File. Edit.
. Print.
2.2
. Cell. .
. .
2.3
Input. . .
, . .
.
2.4
Kernel. .
.
2.5
2.6
- Help. .
. .
.
3.
3.1
. . .
. . , .
. .
3.2
. . .
. .
. .
3.3 .
.
. . .
3.4 .
. .
. .
.
.

.
. .
4.
4.1 - Sum,NSum
.
.
4.2 - Product, NProduct
.
.
4.3 - D
4.4 -Integrate, NIntegrate
.
. .
. .
4.5 - Limit
4.6
- Solve,NSolve, Roots, FindRoot,
Reduce, RSolve, Residue, FindInstance
. .
. Solve.
. . .
.
. .
4.7 - DSolve, NDSolve
.
.
4.8 - Max, Min, FindMinimum, NMinimize,
LinearProgramming.
.
.
5.
5.1 - Series, Collect, Normal
.
.
5.2
, z- - Fourier,
InverseFourier, FourierTransform, InverseFourierTransform, LaplaceTransform,
Ztransform.
. .
z-.
5.3
,

-Interpolation,
InterpolatingPolynomial, InterpolatingFunction, FindFit.
.
. .
6.
-HermiteH, ChebyshevT, JacobiP, GegenbauerC,
LaguerreL, LegendreP, SphericalHarmonicY.

- Erf, Erfi,
- - Gamma, GammaRegularized,
InverseGammaRegularized, LogGamma, PolyGamma, Multinomial, Binomial,n!!,
- BesselJ, BesselI, BesselK, BesselY
- StruveH

- Hypergeometric0F1, Hypergeometric1F1,
HypergeometricU, HypergeometricPFQ, Hypergeometric1F1Regularized

EllipticPi,
EllipticLog, EllipticE, EllipticF
-AiryAi, AiryBi, AiryAiPrime
- - Beta
- BernoulliB, Fibonacci, HarmonicNumber,
EulerE, ClebschGordan, ThreeJSymbol
KroneckerDelta, DiracDelta, UnitStep, Piecewise
7.
/. .
. .
.
. .
.
8.
8.1
Plot , ListPlot .
.
8.2
. .
- Plot3D .
ListPlot3D . .
.
9.
9.1
. .
. .
.
. . .
.
9.2
Simplify FullSlmplify.
Expand .
Collect .
. Factor .
.
.
9.3 - rray,Matrix Operations

, .
. .
.
10.
10.1 .
10.2 . . .
10.3 . FixedPoint Catch .
10.4

.
.
.
10.5
11.
11.1

Relm . FiniteFields .
- Rootlsolation .
.
11.2

DSolvelntegrals .

Limit.
VectorAnalysis . VariationalMethods.
11.2

Combinatorica

CombinatorialFunction . .
ComputationalGeometry .
Permutations. RSolve .
Tree.
11.3
Polytopes .
Rotations.
11.4

GaussianElimination .

- MatrixManipulation .
Ortogonalization.
- TridiagonalSolve.
11.5
- FactorIntegerECM .
, Recognize.
11.6
Approximations .
InterpolateRoot .
Listlntegrate .
- BesselJZeros. NLimit .
NResidue .

NSeries
.
- PolinomialFit .

SplineFit .

TrigFit.
11.7
11.8

.
12.
PhysicalConstants.
. .
Chemical Elements .
Calendar.
13. Graphics
Animation .
ArgColor . Colors .
Arrow .
ComplexMap .

ContourPlot3D .
FilledPlot . Graphics .
Graphics3D .
ImplicitPlot .
Legend .

MultipleListPlot . D -

PorametricPlot3D . PlotField .
PlotField3D .
Shapes . ,
Spline. SurfaceOfRevolution.
14.
14.1 C - ConfidenceIntervals.
14.2 C - ContinuousDistributions.
14.3 C - .
14.4 C - .
15. 6- Mathematica
. .
. . .
. .
, . .
. . . GraphPlot GraphData.
. FlipView. . .
. . TreePlot.
IntegerString. .
. .

. .
RegionPlot.
. .

. CreateDialog. .
.
II.
Mathematica
1.
.
2. .
3. e
R 2 h.
4.
.
.
5.
,
, ,

.
6. , .
7. ,
..
8. ,

Eo sin[t].
9. .
10.
j, R.
r=R.
11.
.
12.
R, ,
.
13.
R .
14.
.
15.
R, .
16.
,
.
17. .

18. .
19.
, .
20. .
e2/(2 a) ,
[r]=e (1/r+1/a) Exp[-(2 r)/a], a .
21. , +d,

E=EoExp[- t] os[o t].
22. .
23. .
24. .
25. R
.
26.
.
27. .
28. .
29.
.
30. .
31. .
32. -.
33. .
34. .
4.4. .

( ).
1.

q1
( x a) y z
2

q1
( x a) y 2 z 2
2

.
2. :
div( A ) div( A ) A grad ( )
rot ( A ) rot ( A ) [ A grad ( )]
div[ A B ] B rot ( A ) A rot ( B ) .

3.

e
a

(r ) e

2r
a

a
1 .
r

.
4. (r)
, - (r)/4 D2+q (r),
D - , (r) - -, q - , q
r

. () =0, (r 0) = .
5.
i
.
( i ) 2 02

6. R
2h. - .
7. :
exp(a x by) 7, 3c2 x y 2 .
8.
.
9. ,
x1

## y' ( x) 2 / 2 a cos(y ( x))dx .

x0

10. 2000 .
.
10 15 .
(..)-
01.01-2.83; 03.01-7.22; 05.01-4.14; 07.01-2.91; 09.01-7.20; 11.01-4.35; 12.01-0.84
1. n
t n . t ,
.
12. 1

x
k 1 .
( k ) 6

,
.
13. x
Li v (x) . v
v=2.345 x=0.5.
1 t n
0 1. ,
1 t
1 n
DivisorSigma[0, i ] 1 , n n i 1

14.

n 2.

15.

x 2 Ai ( x)
0 5 x
cos(x y 1) 5

y MaxPoints ->5,
: GaussKronrod, DoubleExponential, Trapezoidal,Oscillatory,
MultiDimensional, MonteCarlo QuasiMonteCarlo. Ai(x)- .
16. x 4 y 2 1 , x 3 y 3 2 x y.
17. exp( x) J 1 ( x) x 2 , J 1 ( x) -
, .
18. y(x+2)=a y(x+1)+c y(x)
y(0)=0, y(1)=1 a=3 =-1
.
19.
,
5 / 2
5 / 2
Bx ( x, y) M x 2 y 2 2 x 2 y 2 , B y ( x, y) M x 2 y 2 3xy
- x - , 3 4.
M - , 1.
20. .
2 x1 13 x 2 21 x3 17 x 4 3x5
: 3x1 x 2 2 x3 7 , x1 3x3 x5 19 ,
x1 4 x3 x 4 11 , xi 0 .
21. ()
y ' ( x) y ( x) 4 y( x) 2 exp( x) / 5 y(0)=1/2 x
-1 1 .
22. x 2 ( y 0.5) 2 B x (2,4), B x - , , y 0 y x.
23.
x, x f ( x, z) z, z f ( x, z) k 2 f ( x, y) 0

f ( x, z )

1
2

(q, z) exp(iqx)dq .

24.
:
H r (r, , )=a(R^2/3-r^2/5) cos( )
H (r, , )=-a(R^2/3-2 r^2/5) sin( )
H (r, , )=0, (r R).
25.

1
.
1 s s4 s6
2

.
26.

u ( x, y ) (2 y )u ( x, y ) x u ( x, y ) 3(u ( x, y )) 0 .
27. :x+4y+2z=6, x+3y+3z=8,
2x+3y+4z=9.
( 0 ,1)

(1, 0 )

(1, 0 )

.
28. Do For.
5. -
5.1. , .
1. - .
2. ,
.
5.2.

.
,
.
5.3. ,

1. ,
,
, .
2. , .
3.

( )
Pentium IV
WindowsXP
4.
Mathematica .
5.4. :

(15 ).
5.5. ,
, :

.., ..:
-5 , .,
2007, 111 .
5.6. :
5.7. ,
,
:
.
5.8. .
1. .. 4. . . . 2001.

2. .. . .
.1977
3. .., ... . .
" ". 2002
4. ... . . .1969
5. ... . .
.1978
6. ., .. . . . 2005
7. .., ... . . . . 1991
8. .. , ... . .
. 1992.
9. .. , .. . . . . 1978.
10.. , . , . . .
.6. . . . 1966.
11... . . . 1989.
12... . . . . 1987.
13.. . . .
. . 1980.
14... . . . . 1979.
2008

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