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SAP2000

COMPUTERS &
ENGINEERING

CSI
, ,

6.1
, 1997

SAP2000
.
CSI.
,
CSI, .

:

Authorized Distributor for


Germany, Russian Fed. Rep. and Turkey:
COMPUTERS & ENGINEERING
Holzmhler Weg 87
D-35457 Lollar, GERMANY
Tel: 0049 6406 73667
Fax: 0049 6406 4745
E-Mail: Baser.Suat@nk.anzeiger.net

CS, Inc 1978-1997


CSI Logo. CSI
SAP2000 CS, Inc
WINDOWS -
CS, Inc 1978 1997

SAP 2000
ii


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SAP2000.
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SAP 2000
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SAP 2000
iv


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SAP2000

2.

20K
TYPICAL VERTICAL

10'

20K

10'

10'

20K
10'

20K

10'

10'

LOADING
0.1K/ft

EVERY LEVEL
ROOF

104

104

20K

211

176
LEVEL 7
15K

211

176
LEVEL 6
12.5K

257

211
131

10K

131

162

257
162

283

257
LEVEL 2
2.5K

211

283

257

162

257
162

283

257

5 @ 13'0"

131

131

7.5K
LEVEL 3
5K

211

257

211
LEVEL 4

176
104

104

LEVEL 5

176
104

104

2 @ 13'-6"
257

GROUND
GLOBAL Z

30'-0"

30"-0"

W14S
W24S
. = 0.49 kip-sec-sec/in
= 29500 ksi
1-1

SAP 2000
2

GLOBAL X

2.

SAP2000

1.


SAP2000. , Kip-ft.
:

2.

,
SAP2000 .

File New Model from Template.

3. .
4. , 13 ft .
.

1.
.
:


. ,
, .

1.

Draw Edit Grid.

2.

Z , .

3.

Glue Joints to Grid Lines.


.

4. OK
.
:

,
,
.
.

SAP 2000
3

2.


- .
1. Pointer Tool.
2.

3. Assign Joint Restraints


.
, Assign.


1. . Define

Frame Sections. ,
. 1-1.
:


ctrl.

2. Select .
, Pointer/Window Intersecting Line
.
3.
, Assign Frame Sections
.

1-2 .

SAP 2000
4

2.

1. , .
Define Static Load Cases.
DEAD,
Self Weight Multiplie 1.
2.
EQ QUAKE.
. Self Weight Multiplier 0.
3. , . 1-1 .
, Assign Frame Span Loads
.
4.
, Assign Joint Loads.
: ,
.



, SAP2000.
1. :
.
Assign Joint Constraints.
Add Diaphragm .
Diaphragm Constraint
DIA1 .
Z. ,
Z.
OK .
.
,
.
2.

.
.

SAP 2000
5

2.

3.

Kip-in, .. . 1-1
.

4.

Assign JointMasses
1 ( ).
.

5.

Kip-ft.



. , .
1.

Define Materials.

2.

Materials STEEL MODIFY/SHOW MATERIAL.


Material Property Data , .
, .


.
1.
2.

.
,
Analyze Set Options.
Analysis Options Plane Frame,
.
OK .

3.

Analyze RUN .
: ,
.
,
.

SAP 2000
6

2.




, .
:
1. , , ,
Q .
.

Assign Group Names

BASE SHEAR

ADD NEW GROUP NAME OK.

Display Show Group Joint Force Sums


, .

2.
, , ,
.

Display Show Deformed Shape


. Wire Shadow.
.
. 1-3 . 1-4.

.

START ANIMATION
(
, ).
*.AVI ,
File. (. help Export an AVI file.).
: +
, .

STOP ANIMATION .

, ,
.

SAP 2000
7

2.

1-3

1-4


,
. SAP2000
. ( SAP2000
).
1. Design
Start Design/Check of Structure.

, ,
.
. 1 100% .


Design Display Design Info.

2.

.

SAP 2000
8

2.

DETAILS
,
.

( , )
REDESIGN.
3.
, Udate Analysis Sections
Design
:

Refresh Window

,
.



SAP2000. .
1. Generate Output
Analysis Options. Select Output Options,
.
data file *.OUT .
2.
Display.
3. File : , ,
, .
:


,
. Selection Only.

4. SAP2000 . filename.EKO
. filename.OUT
, nalyzeSet Options.
:


. ,
, ,
.

SAP 2000
9

2.


, SAP2000
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, SAP2000.

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, :

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:

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User Comments and Session Log.

.

. SAP2000

.

, !

SAP 2000
10

. ,
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UBC94S2 , SAP2000

C
SAP2000

Help SAP2000

, .

2.


,
, .
. UBC94S2
SAP2000.
, help
.
Help
:


SAP2000 :

1.

Help Search.

2.

Index tab :

3.

1 Define. 2
. help ,
.
Define Response Spectrum Functions,
.

, Find help.

Find SAP2000,
Find Setup Wizard.

NEXT ,
.

FINISH .

1 Response Spectrum
3 Define Response Spectrum Functions,
help.
:


help.
WINHELP32.HLP
C:\WINDOWS\HELP folder.

SAP 2000
2

2.


1. , Lock/Unlock
Model .
2.

Kip-ft.

3.

Define Response Spectrum Case.

4.

ADD NEW SPECTRA Response Spectra.

Response Spectrum Case Data:


0.05 (5 %).

UBC94S2 U1 Scale Factor of 32.2 ft/sec2.


, . . UBC94S2
g.

OK .


,
.
1.

2.

Set Options Analysis.

Dynamic Analysis.

SET DYNAMIC PARAMETERS Number of


Modes 7. .

OK .
:

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,
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, .

SAP 2000
3

2.

3.

Run Minimized Analyze


:

,
, Run
Minimized SAP2000
.
.
,
cancel ,
, .


1.

,
.

Display Show Mode Shape,


. Wire Shadow ,
. . . 2-12-4 ,
.
:

2.


+ START
ANIMATION.

,
.

BASE SHEAR, 1,
,
. , ,
.
3.

, .

Display Show Deformed Shape.

Deformed Shape ,
.

OK.
,
.

SAP 2000
4

2.

4. ,
. SAP2000, filename.OUT,
, WordPad.

SAP2000 .

WordPad - .

WordPad filename.OUT. filename ,


.

MODAL PARTICIPATING MASS


RATIOS . 2-5.

CUMULATIVE SUM , 7
100% . , 7 ,
.

2-1. 1

2-2. 2

2-3. 3 .

. 2-4. 4 .

SAP 2000
5

2.

2-5


,
,
. ,
:
1. ,
32.2ft/sec 2.
.
2. .
3.

,
.


,
.
:


, .

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, .
SAP 2000
6

3

,

1 2
, .
. 3-1 N-S El Centro 1940 .
Time History
.


SAP2000

3.

3-1 El Centro , - ft/sec2



.
,
.
1.

Define Time History Functions.

2.

ADD FUNCTION FROM FILE .

Open File, ELCENTRO


EXAMPLES SAP2000.

ELCENTRO .

. , - .

Time and Function Values ( ).

OK .

OK .

SAP 2000
2

3.

3. Define Time History Cases,


.

ADD NEW HISTORY.

MODIFY/SHOW MODAL DAMPING,


0.05 (5%)
OK.

Number of Output Time Steps 500

Output Time Step Sizes 0,02().


10 .

Linear Analysis Type , .

Load Assignment:

ACC DIR1 Load.

Function ELCENTRO

Scale Function 386.4 in/sec 2,


Kip-in 32.2 ft/sec 2, Kip-ft.

Arrival Time Angle Zero.

ADD,
OK.

, .


.

.


1.

2.

Analyze Set Options.

3.

, Dynamic Analysis 2.

Run Analyze .
SAP 2000
3

3.



,
.
1. , .

Display Show Time History Traces .

Time History Display Definition DEFINE


FUNCTIONS.

Time History Functions Add Base Functions


.

OK, Time History Display


Definition
,
Plot Functions.

DISPLAY,
. .
. 3-2.

.
:


,
Add Group Summation Forces Add Base
1.

2. , .

Display, Show Time History Traces

DEFINE FUNCTIONS Time History


Functions ,
MODIFY/SHOW THFUNCTION.

Time History Joint Function DISPL Vector Type


UX Vector Direction.

OK .

OK, Time History


Display Definition.
SAP 2000
4

3.

List of Functions
Plot Functions,
.

3. DISPLAY .
..3


Time History Display Definition .

Time History Display Definition


DEFINE FUNCTIONS
Time History Functions Add Joint Disps/Forces.

Time History Joint Function Joint ID (


).

Vector Type Vector Direction.

OK, Time History


Display Definition,
List of Functions .

3-2 , - Kips

SAP 2000
5

3.

3-3 , - in


.
, SAP2000.

1.

2. Display Show Response Spectrum Curves.



3. Response Spectrum Generation .

Define X Vector Direction.

Axes Period Abscissa PSA (


) Ordinate.

Options Arithmetic Abscissa Ordinate. Ordinate


1/g (g=32.2 ft/sec 2),
.03106 sec 2 /ft, kip-ft.
:


. ,
g,
,
.
SAP 2000
6

3.

4.

Period Default Structural,


.
Default , Structural -
.

Damping .05 Damping Value.


5% . .

DISPLAY .

El Centro 5%
. . . 3-4.

3-4
5. Response Spectrum Curves File Print
Tables to File. , .
, PSA .

RS-ELCEN.TXT


RS-ELCEN.TXT ,
SAP2000. ,
.
.
1.

RS-ELCEN.TXT , WORDPAD
NOTEPAD.

. 3-5 .
SAP 2000
7

3.

RS-ELCEN.TXT, .

2. , PSA,
SAP2000.

3-5


, SAP2000 ,
.
1. , Lock/Unlock Model
. .
2. Response Spectrum Functions Define
3.

Response Spectrum Functions the Add Function


from File

RSELCEN

Open File RS-ELCEN.TXT Pick


File

Number Of Points Per Line 1 ..


.

Period and Acceleration Values .

OK .
SAP 2000
8

3.

4.

Response Spectrum Cases Define

5.

Response Spectrum ADD NEW SPECTRA.

Modal Damping to 0.05.

Input Response Spectra RSELCEN U1


32.2 ft/sec 2 .

OK .


,
.
1.

2.

Analyze Run Minimized .



,
. ,
.
, , .

1.

2.

Display Display Deformed Shape.

Deformed Shape ,
.

OK.

SAP 2000
9

3.


BASE SHEAR 1
, .
.
1. ,
.
2. Plot Functions Base Shear X
List of Functions Time History Display
Definitions.
3-1

Max
Max .

1.6 in
72.5 Kips

5.5 in
306 Kips

5.9 in
286 Kips


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SAP 2000
10


.
1.


SAP2000

P-Delta

4.

20K
10'

20K

20K
10'

10'

10'

20K
10'

10'

0.1K/ft
ROOF
20K
LEVEL 7
15K
LEVEL 6
12.5K
LEVEL 5
10K
LEVEL 4
7.5K
LEVEL 3
5K
LEVEL 2
2.5K

BEAM

BEAM

COLUMNCOLUMN
BEAM

COLUMN
BEAM

COLUMNCOLUMN
BEAM

COLUMN
BEAM

COLUMNCOLUMN
BEAM

COLUMN
BEAM

COLUMNCOLUMN
BEAM

COLUMN
BEAM

COLUMNCOLUMN
BEAM

COLUMN
BEAM

COLUMNCOLUMN
BEAM
COLUMNCOLUMN

5 @ 13'0"

COLUMN
BEAM

2 @ 13'-6"

COLUMN

GROUND
GLOBAL Z
30'-0"

30"-0"

ALL COLUMNS ARE W14'S


ALL BEAMS ARE W24'S
TYPICAL STORY MASS = 0.49 kip-secMODULUS OF ELASTICITY = 29500 ksi
STEEL STRENGTH (f'y) = 36ksi

W14S
W24S
. = 0.49 kip-sec-sec/in
= 29500 ksi
4-1

SAP 2000
2

GLOBAL X

4.

SAP2000
1 .

.
1.

, Kip-in.

2.

Define Materials.

3.

STEEL Material MODIFY/SHOW MATERIAL

4.

Steel Yield Stress 36 Ksi.

5.

Modulus of Elasticity E 29,500 Ksi.

6.

OK .

1. 1
DEAD . (. . 4-2 Static
Loads Cas).
.

. ,
. SAP2000
.

2.

DEAD Self Weight Multiplier 0.

Type DEAD
Self Weight Multiplier 1.

LIVE Type
LIVE.

, DEAD
LIVE. ,
. (. 1 ).

SAP 2000
3

4.

4-2


SAP2000
.

, ,
. , COLUMN
W14 BEAM W24. , ,
COLUMN,
W14
,
. , ,

.
, BEAM COLUMN
,
, .
: .
1.

Define Frame Sections.

2.

Frame Sections W14x61 W14x283.

3.

IMPORT I/WIDE FLANGE.

W14x283.

SHIFT W14x61
OK. W14x61 W14x283.

Frame Sections .

SAP 2000
4

4.

, .

4. Frame Section Auto Select,


Add

Auto Section Name COLUMN.

Auto Selections W14s.


Remove. , ,
COLUMN
W14 Auto Selections . (. . 4-3).

4-3
COLUMN Auto Selection
, 2 4:

5.

6.

W24x55 W24x162.

, W 24 ,
BEAM.
, COLUMN
.
BEAM (c. 1 ).
:

, , ,
, ,
.

1.

Section Property file.
SAP 2000
5

4.


, .
1.

2.

Analyze Set
Options.

Include P-Delta.

Analysis Optionsorm Plane Frame


,
.

SET P-DELTA PARAMETERS


.

10 Maximum Iterations.

P-Delta DEAD SELF


1.

LIVE 1.

3.


,

.

OK , .

Analyze Run .
:

,
, SAP2000
.

,
.

SAP 2000
6

4.


, ,

1.

Options Preferences.

2. Preferences Steel .
, , AISC-ASD-89.

Section Properties file,


.

4-4

,
, .
1. , Design Steel Design
. SAP2000,
.
2.

Design Select Design Combos.

SAP 2000
7

4.

3.


Design Combos, SHOW.

, .
Define,
SelectDesign Combos Design
Combos

Design Design/Check, Start Design/Check of Structure.

,
.
SAP2000
.

,
.
:

,
,
Start Design Check of Structure.


Design/Check
.
1. ,
. .
2. Steel Stress Check Information
, (. . 4-5).

, .
, .


.
:

.
Assign menu Frame
Output Segments .

.

SAP 2000
8

4.

3. Details.
(. .
4-6)
4. ReDesign, Element Overwrite
Assignments. :
:

Element
Overwrite Assignments ReDesign,
Refresh Window
,
.

,
.
:

Auto Selection
,
. , Auto
Selection .

Moment Resisting Element Brace.

, ,
. .

Overwrite Allowable Stresses.



.

OK.
:

SAP2000 ReDesign


Steel Stress Check. ReAnalyzing
.

5. ReDesign Design
Update Analysis Sections . ,
.

SAP 2000
9

4.

4-5

6.
Design Display Design Info.
.
:

, ,
.
.

4-6

SAP 2000
10

4.

4-7 .

7. File Print Design


Tables. ,
, File Print Design Tables.


.4-1 , 1/3 .
,
, . , ,
, .
.
1. . Intersecting Line SelectMode.
2.

3.

Design ReDefine Element Design Data.

Element Overwrite Assignments


Unbraced Length Ratio L22 0.33,
1/3 (
1-2) . ( . 4-8).

OK . SAP2000
Design/Check .

, .

SAP 2000
11

4.

Base Shear
( ).

.
filename.EKO.

4-8


.
, ,
.
1. , Design
Update Analysis Sections.
.
2. ,
.
3.

, Design
Replace Auto w/ Optimal Sections.
() , BEAM
COLUMN .

SAP 2000
12

4.

LRFD
LRFD ASD.
LRFD,
. LRFD Design/Check
.
1.

P-Delta .

2.

Preferences AISC-LRFD93 .

3.

SAP 2000
13

4.


().
.
.
, , . ,
.
.
1. Auto Selection .
2. 3 BOTTOM.
3. 5 3
MIDDLE.
4. TOP.
5. .
6. Design Select Design Group.
,
.
Design Groups TOP, MIDDLE
BOTTOM. ,
.
:

Design Group,
.

OK, SAP2000
.
3.


, ,
.


, ,
.
. ,
SAP 2000
14

4.

, SAP2000 .
Member End Offsets,
, . ,
. , ,
, . .
1.

2.

Assign FrameEnd Offsets.

End Offset Update Lengths From Current


Connectivity.
, .
1 Rigid Zone Factor. , 100%
End Offset.
OK.
3. Element Shrink Set Elements,
, End Offsets.
:

,
End Offsets.


, End
Offsets ,
. ,
End Offset ,
.

SAP 2000
15

4.


SAP2000
. , :
1. , . ,
, . .
,
K (Unbraced Length Ratios).
Display Design Results.
.
2. ,
. ,
.
3.
.
4. , P-Delta
.
5.

, .
.

6.


1.

7.
.
8.

filename.EKO .
.

SAP 2000
16

A
.

New Model

Open *.SDB file

SAP2000 .

Save Model

Undo

Redo

Undo.

Refresh Window
Lock/Unlock Model


.
.

Run Analysis

Zoom

Restore Previous View


.

.
.

Zoom In

Zoom Out

Pan

Show 3-d view

Show 2-d View of X-Y/r Plane

Show 2-d View of X-Z/rZ Plane

Show 2-d View of Y-Z/Z Plane

Perspective Toggle


.

.
3- .

Restore Full View

Shrink Elements
Set Element
Up One Gridline
Down One Gridline


.

.

SAP 2000
17

Pointer Tool
Select All


.
.

Restore Previous Selection

Clear Selection

Set Intersecting Line Select


Mode

Reshape Element

,
- .
.

Add Special Joint

Assign Frame Sections


.

.

.

.

.

Assign Shell Sections

Assign Joint Load

Assign Frame Span Loading

Assign Shell Uniform Loading

Show Undeformed Shape

Display Static Deformed Shape


Display Mode Shapes


.
.

Display Element Force/Stress


Diagram

Set Output Table Mode

Draw Frame Element


Draw Shell Element
Quick Draw Frame Element
Quick Draw Shell Element
Assign Joint Restraints

SAP 2000
19