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Jake Nicastro English for future educators 11/10/13 Literary Analysis In one of Martin Luther Kings contributions to the

world of literature, The Ways of Meeting Oppression, the readers eyes are opened to the easily overlooked subject of beating oppression. In this essay, the three main ways that people generally deal with oppression are compared, broken down, and critically analyzed through a varied use of effective literary tools. Of the three characteristic ways of meeting oppression, the practice of non-violent resistance is elected the best and most healing solution. This solution is compared with the response of acquiescence and the retaliation of violence, and, with the use of parallel structure and enlightening imagery, non-violent resistance is determined affective above all else. The first main idea of the essay is the response of acquiescence, which is broken down to reveal the counter-productiveness of this actionor non-action. By using allusions of the enslaved Israelites of Egypt paralleled by some famous words from Shakespeare, Dr. King highlights the dangers of acquiescence, which can lead to loss of hope and total surrender. Also, there is the idea that some have been down so long that down dont bother [them], which completely negates one of the pillars that America was built upon: The Pursuit of Happiness. The second way of meeting oppression described in Kings essay is physical violence and corroding hatred. This can be a difficult behavior to stay away from, however, because violence can bring, temporary victories, but never, permanent

peace. There is a great amount of parallelism in Kings analysis of violence; He uses words like impractical and immoral, survivors and destroyers, and bitterness and brutality to create not only an aesthetically pleasing read, but also to effectively convey his message. There is also an allusion to the belief of, an eye for an eye leaves the whole world blind, which perfectly reflects his point of view on the subject. Though violence is about as bad of a way to handle oppression as acquiescence, they are not completely destructive. The most healing strategy of meeting oppression comes from a mixture of the two; the passiveness of acquiescence and the rebel mindedness of violence can mix to become non-violent resistance. This allows the people to act in a way that utilizes the advantages of these behaviors without the, extremes and immoralities of both. This way of thinking can also be seen in history when Gandhi utilized non-violent resistance in India. The theme of Kings essay has been achieved through the function of parallel ideas. This highly affective method of writing can be found in every paragraph of this impressive, convincing essay. Breaking down and analyzing acquiescence, violence and non-violent resistance, along with paralleling numerous ideas from each, Dr. King creates and solves an affective, compelling, and legitimate argument.