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ISBN 3-923904-44-4 (.)


ISBN 3-923904-40-1 (.)
ISBN 5-89888-016-X (.)

German United Nations Association, 2002 .


, 2003 .


.................................................................................................. 5
I. ............................................................ 8
I.1
I.2
I.3
I.4
I.5
I.6
I.7
I.8
I.9
I.10
I.11
I.12
I.13
I.14
I.15
I.16
I.17

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II.2 ............................................ 70

III. ....................................... 86
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III.2 .......................... 94

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IV.1
IV.2
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IV.4
IV.5
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............................... 131
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................................................................... 169

V. ....................................... 17

V.1 .................................................................................
V.2 ..................................19

VI. . ....................................... 20

VI.1
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VI.2 ............................................................235
VI.3

.................................................................................................243
VI.4 ................24
VI.5
..............................................................................................258
VI.6 .....................26
VI.7 .....................................26

VII. . .................................................... 26

VIII. ........... 29

VIII.1 ............................................29
VIII.2 ..............................31
VIII.3 .........................33

IX. : .......... 37

X. .......................................................................................... 374

X.1
..........................................................................................
X.2 []....................37
X.3 .....................................................381
X.4 ,

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X.5 ........................................................397
X.6 ........53

.................................................................................. 548
................................................................................... 550
............................................................................................... 551


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United Nations Office at Geneva
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United Nations
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http://www.unhchr.ch/

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116

2




( )
Date: ...........................................
:

Present address

..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
Address for exchange of confidential correspondence (if other than present address)
(
)

..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
Submitting the communication as:
:

Communication to:

(a) Victim of the violation or violations set forth below ............................... B

() ,

(b) Appointed representative/legal counsel of the alleged victim(s) ............. B

Human Rights Committee


c/o Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
United Nations Office at Geneva
8-14 avenue de la Paix
CH 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland
Fax: +41 (22) 917 9022,

(b) / ()

(c) Other ......................................................................................................... B


(c)

If box (c) is marked, the author should explain:

(), :



, ,

(i) In what capacity he/she is acting on behalf of the victim(s) (e.g. family
relationship or other personal links with the alleged victim(s)):

submitted for consideration under the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

I.

(ii) () :

Name ......................................

First name(s) .............................................

Nationality ..............................

Profession..................................................

..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
(ii) Why the victim(s) is (are) unable to submit the communication himself/herself (themselves):

I. Information concerning the author of the communication

/ () (, )

..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
An unrelated third party having no link to the victim(s) cannot submit a
communication on his/her (their) behalf.
,
, .

Date and place of birth


...........................................................................................................................

117

118

, ()
,
( , ):

II. Information concerning the alleged victim(s)


(if other than author)
II.
( )

Name .......................................... First name(s) .............................................

Nationality................................... Profession..................................................

..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
If domestic remedies have not been exhausted, explain why:

, , :

..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................

Date and place of birth


...........................................................................................................................
IV. Other International procedures
IV.

Present address or whereabouts

...........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................

Has the same matter been submitted for examination under another procedure of international investigation or settlement (e.g. the InterAmerican Commission on Human Rights, the European Court on Human
Rights)? If so, when and with what results?

(,
)? , ?

III. State concerned/articles violated/domestic remedies

III. / /

Name of the State party (country) to the International Covenant and the
Optional Protocol against which the communication is directed:

..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................

- , :

V. Facts of the claim


V.

...........................................................................................................................
Articles of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights allegedly violated:

Detailed description of the facts of the alleged violation or violations (including relevant dates)

...........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................

..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................

, ,
, :

(
)1

Steps taken by or on behalf of the alleged victim(s) to exhaust domestic


remedies recourse to the courts or other public authorities, when and
with what results
(if possible, enclose copies of all relevant judicial or administrative
decisions):

Author's signature: .....................................


:

119

120

, .

6: :


-
. 40 (1, 2)


. 40 (3)
()

1. :

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,

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. 40 (5)

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2.

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4.

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. 4 (1)

5. . 42 ()


. 45

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2.
. 2, 3 5 (2)

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1985 .
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...

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121

16 17: -
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146 - (
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, 63 5 . ,

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, . 123


:
) ; )

; )
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,
,
.

, .
,
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1993 . ,
(E/1994/23; E/C.12/1993/19, VII, 354).
2000 . , , , , ,
(E/2001/22;
E/C.12/2000/21, V). , : ) -; )
; ) . . :

124


Secretary to the Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights
Office 1-025, Palais Wilson
Palais des Nations
8-14 Avenue de la Paix
CH-1211 Geneva 10
Switzerland
.: +41 (22) 9179321
: +41 (22) 9179046 / 9022
E-mail: atikhonov.hchr@unog.ch


.
: 1) , 2) . :
(XIII XV ),
(XVI ),
(XVII ),
, (XVIII ), (XIX ),
,
,
, (XXIV ), , , (XXVIII ).

, - .
:

125

1 (1989) ,
2 (1990) ,
3 (1990) (. 2 . 1 ),
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),
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7 (1997) (. 11 . 1
): ,
8 (1997)
, ,
9 (1988) ,
10 (1988) , ,
11 (1999) (. 14 ),
12 (1999) (. 11
),
13 (1999) (. 13 ),
14 (2000) (. 12 ),
15 (2002) (. 11 12 ).

,
, 1993 .
,
, .
,
(. V.1, .178) (. V.2, .193), 126

1503 (. III.1, .86). , ,


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.
1996 , 1997 . . 1998 .
-
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1. .. - ( ). .:
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3. : . /
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128

4. . .:
, 1994.
5. .

2001 . .: ,
, 2002. 272 .
6. .
. 3.
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130


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36.
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40.
41.

, , :

Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD)
c/o Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
United Nations Office at Geneva
CH 1211 Geneva, Switzerland
: +41 (22) 9179022
http://www.unhchr.ch/
; . , , . -

, .

, , -. , -
. - .
134

, 1984 .
2003 . 28
-. 14
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,
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135

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136



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. : , 2003. 96 .
3. :
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, 2002. 152 .
4.

. - , , 1996.
137

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.
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1981 . - ( 2003 . 17; .
X.6, .534) . 1997 .,
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. .
139

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;
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142



, .
, , :
-
UN Commission on the Status of Women
c/o Division for the Advancement of Women
Room DC-2, 12th Floor
United Nations Secretariat
2 United Nations Plaza
New York, N.Y. 10017, United States
: +1 (212) 9633463
, , .
,
,
.
16/II:

: ,
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:

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143

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. .
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17. :
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. . / . .: -,
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18. .
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3




( )
Communication to:
:

Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women


c/o Division for the Advancement of Women
Department of Economic and Social Affairs
United Nations Secretariat
2 United Nations Plaza
DC-2/12th Floor
New York, NY 10017, USA
Fax: +1 (212) 963 3463,

, -, ,

submitted for consideration under the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women.

1. Information concerning the author of the communication


1.

Family name ............................

First name ................................................

Date and place of birth


..........................................................................................................................

Nationality/citizenship ....................................................................................

Passport/identity card number (if available) ...................................................


/ ( )

149

150

Sex ..........................................

Marital status/children...............................
/

2. Information concerning the alleged victim(s) (if other than author)


2.
( )

Profession..........................................................................................................

Family name ............................

First name ................................................

Ethnic background, religious affiliation, social group (if relevant)

Date and place of birth

...........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................

..........................................................................................................................

, ,

Nationality/citizenship ....................................................................................

Present address

...........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................

Passport/identity card number (if available) ...................................................

Mailing address for confidential correspondence (if other than present


address)

Sex ..........................................

/ ( )

( )

...........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................

Marital status/children .............................


/

Profession..........................................................................................................

Ethnic background, religious affiliation, social group (if relevant)

, ,

Fax ..........................................

Telephone..................................................

..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................

E-mail................................................................................................................

Present address

Indicate whether you are submitting the communication as:

..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................

(a) Alleged victim(s) ..................................................................................... B


(If there is a group of individuals alleged to be victims, provide basic
information about each individual)
() /
( , , )

(b) On behalf of the alleged victim(s) ........................................................... B


(Provide evidence showing the consent of the victim(s), or reasons
that justify submitting the communication without such consent)
(b) /
( ()
, )

151

Mailing address for confidential correspondence (if other than present


address)

( )

..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
Fax ..........................................

Telephone .................................................

E-mail................................................................................................................

152

Who initiated the action

3. Information on the State party concerned

3.

..........................................................................................................................
Name of the State party (country)

- ()

Which authority or body was addressed

...........................................................................................................................

..........................................................................................................................
4. Nature of the alleged violation(s)

4. /

Name of court hearing the case (if any)

? ( )

Provide detailed information to substantiate your claim, including:

,
:

..........................................................................................................................
If domestic remedies have not been exhausted, explain why:

, , :

Description of alleged violation(s) and alleged perpetrator(s)

..........................................................................................................................

...........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................

Please note: Enclose copies of all relevant documentation.

/ /

: .

6. Other International procedures

Date(s) and Place(s)

6.

...........................................................................................................................
Provisions of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women that were allegedly violated. If the communication refers to more than one provision, describe each issue separately

, , , .
,

...........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................
5. Steps taken to exhaust domestic remedies

Has the same matter already been examined or is it being examined under
another procedure of international investigation or settlement? If yes,
explain:


? , :

Type of procedure(s)

..........................................................................................................................
Date(s) and Place(s)

5. ,

Describe the action taken to exhaust domestic remedies; for example,


attempts to obtain legal, administrative, legislative, policy or programme
remedies, including

, , , , , ,
,

..........................................................................................................................
Results (if any)

( )

..........................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................
Please note: Enclose copies of all relevant documentation.

Type(s) of remedies sought (including relevant date(s) and place(s))

: .

( () ())

...........................................................................................................................
153

154

IV.5

7. Date and signature


7.

Date and Place:


...........................................................................................................................
Signature of author(s) and/or victim(s):
/ / ():

...........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................
8. List of documents attached
(do not send originals, only copies)

8.
( , )

...........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................
...........................................................................................................................

1948 .

. 1966 .
1984 . ,
. ,
, .
-
,

(. 1 . 2). , , , , (. 2 . 2). ,
. 1 . 3: -
, -
, , .

, ,
.

.
, 1984 . 1987 .
2003 . 132 ( . X.6,
.534). 46 -
, -. , -

155

156

- ( ,
, ) -, - (,
) (. ).
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, - .
- .
2000 .
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. 2002 .
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.

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157

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, - , . 20 . , , - . 17 2002 .
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:
158

1.
2.
3.
4.

5.
6.
7.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
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15.
16.
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18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
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159

26.
27.
28.
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30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.
44.
45.
46.
47.
48.
49.


.
.
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. 22;
.
160

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.
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- .
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.
, , .

. , , , .

,
, .
. 22 (. 4, .165) ; .
, - .
2002 . 221 , 21 ( , ). 55 38
.
74 , 22 . 43 ,
.
161

:

Committee against Torture
c/o Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
United Nations Office at Geneva
8-14 avenue de la Paix
CH 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland
: +41 (22) 9179022
http://www.unhchr.ch/

1982 .
.
, ,
, , , . , , . , .
.

.
, . .
19 2001 . , , 8 . ;
187
70 . 26
, .
162


, :
, CH:

2000 .
2003 . .


The United Nations Geneva General Fund
c/o UBS AG
Case postale 2770, CH-1211
Geneva 2
Switzerland
:
240-C-590-160.1
240-C-590-160.0

1. . .
. .:
, 1997.
2. .
: . .: , 1995.
3. , ().
.: , 2000. 192 .
4. . . .: , 1998.
5. (). .: , 2001. 252 .
6. . .: , 1999.
7. . , . - , , 1994.
8. . , , 2000. 255 .
9. .
, - ( ) 14-19 1992 . . .:
, 1993.
10. : / . : , 1999.

: Trsorerie, Nations Unies, Palais


des Nations, CH-1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland.
:

10 1985 .
21 1987 . :
, 20 ;

1 30 .
:
1989 ., 1991 .
26 1987 .
,
21 22 ,
5 1991 .
-
, .
163

164

4
. 22

,


( )
Date:

Present address

....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
Address for exchange of confidential correspondence (if other than present address)
(
)

....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
Submitting the communication as:
:

Communication to:

(a) Victim of the violation or violations set forth below ..........................B

() ,

(b) Appointed representative/legal counsel of the alleged victim(s) ........B

The Committee against Torture


c/o Office of the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights
United Nations Office at Geneva
8-14 avenue de la Paix
CH 1211 Geneva 10, Switzerland,
: +41 (22) 9179022

(b) / ()

(c) Other .................................................................................................... B


(c)

If box (c) is marked, the author should explain:

(), :

(i) In what capacity he/she is acting on behalf of the victim(s) (e.g. family
relationship or other personal links with the alleged victim(s)):

submitted for consideration under Article 22 of the Convention against


Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment
or Punishment.

. 22
,
.

I. Information concerning the author of the communication


Name .................................

First name(s)..............................................

Nationality..........................

Profession..................................................

....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
(ii) Why the victim(s) is (are) unable to submit the communication himself/herself (themselves):

I.

/ () (,

)

(ii) () :

....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................

An unrelated third party having no link to the victim(s) cannot submit a


communication on his/her (their) behalf.

Date and place of birth


.....................................................................................................................
165

, , .

166

If domestic remedies have not been exhausted, explain why:

II. Information concerning the alleged victim(s)


(if other than author)

, , :

II.
( )

Name .................................

Nationality..........................

....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................

First name(s)..............................................

IV. Other International procedures

IV.

Profession..................................................

Date and place of birth


.....................................................................................................................
Present address or whereabouts

Has the same matter been submitted for examination under another procedure of international investigation or settlement (e.g. the InterAmerican Commission on Human Rights, the European Commission on
Human Rights)? If so, when and with what results?

(,

)? , ?

.....................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................

III. State concerned/articles violated/domestic remedies

V. Facts of the claim

III. / /

V.

Name of the State party (country) to the Convention against Torture and
Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment against
which the communication is directed:

- , , :

.....................................................................................................................

Detailed description of the facts of the alleged violation or violations (including relevant dates)

(
)1

....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
Author's signature: .....

Articles of the Convention against Torture allegedly violated:

, :

.....................................................................................................................
Steps taken by or on behalf of the alleged victim(s) to exhaust domestic
remedies recourse to the courts or other public authorities, when and
with what results (if possible, enclose copies of all relevant judicial or
administrative decisions):

, ()
, ( , ):

.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
167

168

, .

IV.6
, , 1945 .
11 1946 .
(),
.
, 1966 . , .

2000 . :
, . 2002 .
300 .
35 ; 85
18 . 18 , - , , 16 17 .


, ,
1959 . ,
, , , . 30 , 20 1989 .,
. 61
( !) ,
, 26 1990 .
2 1990 .
2003 . - 191
( . X.6, .534)
:
. -
. , , , 69 -
.
2003 . 10 .
,
-. ,
, , .

169

43:
43 , , 10 2003 .
18 ,
. - . ( , - -)
. , - ,
. ,
; , .
44:
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,
, , ;
-, .
,
- . 170

2003 . 146 -, 61 .
22 1999 .

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,
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.

171



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,

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.

,
. ,
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,
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:

26 1990 .
13 1990 . .
15 1990 .
-
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1998 . . :
172


,

, -,
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,
.

, ,
, .
, , .

, 19 .
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173

174

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1980 ,
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,

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.
, , , ,
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, . ,
, , .
2003 . .

3. -.
. , , 1994.
4. . . .:
(), 1999.
5. : . .: , 1998.
6. .
. .: -, 1997.
7. . . .
, / . /. .: , 2000. 271 .
8. .. .

. .:
( ), 1999.
9. . . , .
.
. .: , 1999.
10. , 2000 . -,
, 2000.
11. .
: , , - . /
... .:
, 2001. 187 .
12.
.
.: , 1998.

1. . .
. .: ,
2000. 116 .
2. . 1998 . .:
, 2000.
175

176


, , .

V.1


()

,
,

( )

.14

,



.22


(CEDAW)
(CERD)
(CAT)


(CCPR)
1503

8:

V.

177

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.

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; . , . 7 (1960 .) ,
- , ,
. 6 ,
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178

.
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,
. , 2001 .

,
.

, .
,
, 1978 .
, , , , (. 9). ,
,
104 EX/3.3. 1978 2001 .
488 , , 300 .
?
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179

?
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(.26);

(. 27);

(. 27);
, (. 19).

, :
, (.18);
, (. 19);
,
,
(.27);
(. 20)
, , ,
.

, , , ,
, , , .. ,
,
,
.
?
, ,
:
180


Director of the Office of
International Standards and Legal Affairs of UNESCO
7 Place de Fontenoy
F 75352 Paris 07 SP, France
http://www.unesco.org/

, ,
( ).

(. 5, .188).
, ,
. , :
.

?

.
( ).
. , .14 (a) 104 EX/3.3.
,
. , ,
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;
,
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, ;
, 181

182

, ;
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;

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. 1503
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.
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.
, .
, , . .
,
.
,
183

, .
.
. , ,
. , . .
, . ,

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.
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1978 . 1999 . 478 , 289 .

, ,
. 22
184

,
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.

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58 -. 30 , -, .
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.

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185

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, ;
,
.
, ,
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2002 .
186

, , ,

. ,

.

5


( )
For UNESCO use only:

1. . , , , , . / . ... .: , 1993. 640 .


2. : , , / . ...
.: , 1991. 632 .
3. : , , . ,
. - . ..
.: , 2002. 399 .

Date of communication:
:

Number of communication:
:

Date of dispatch of this form:


:

To be filled by the author of the communication:


:

I. Information concerning the author


I.

Name ..................................

First name(s) .............................................

Nationality...........................

Profession..................................................

Date and place of birth


....................................................................................................................
Present address

....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
Address for exchange of confidential correspondence (if other than present address)
(
)

....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................

187

188

Indicated, by ticking the appropriate box, in which capacity you are acting:
, :

III. INFORMATION CONCERNING THE ALLEGED FACTS


III. 1

B victim of the violation or violations described below


,

B representative of the victim or victims of the violation or violations


described below

Name of the country considered by the author to be responsible for the


alleged violation:
, , ,
:

B person, group of persons or organization with reliable knowledge of


the violation or violations described below

....................................................................................................................

B in another capacity. Specify

Human rights allegedly violated (refer, if possible, to the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights)

, , ,

(
, ,

II. Information concerning the victim or victims of the alleged


violations

....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................

II.

B If the author is the victim, tick here and turn directly to Part III.

Connection between the alleged violation and education, science, culture


or information

, III.

Give the following particulars for each victim, adding as many pages as
necessary:

, :

Name .................................

Nationality..........................

, ,

....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................

First name(s)..............................................

Facts of the claim

Profession..................................................

....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................

IV. INFORMATION CONCERNING MEANS OF REDRESS USED


IV.

Date and place of birth


.....................................................................................................................

What steps have been taken to exhaust domestic remedies (recourse to the
courts or other public authorities), by whom, when and with what results?

( ), , ?

Present address or whereabouts

.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................

....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
,
.
1

189

190

Has the same matter been submitted to another international authority


concerned with protection of human rights? If so, when and with what
results?
, ? ,
?

.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................

9: , ,
(
104 EX/3.3 26 1978 .)
, ,
, ,

V. PURPOSE AND AIM OF THIS COMMUNICATION


V.

.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
VI.

Does the author agree to his/her communication being examined in accordance with the procedure approved by the Executive Board of
UNESCO in its 104 EX/Decision 3.3 and, in particular, is he/she willing
for to be divulged and for the communication to be transmitted to the
government concerned and brought to the notice of the UNESCO Executive Board Committee on Conventions and Recommendations?
, , 104 EX/3.3 , , , ,
?

,
, /
. 14 (b) (i) (ii)

VI. DECLARATION BY THE AUTHOR

. 10 () (b)

. 14 (b) (iv)

,
,

,
. 14 (b) (iii)



. 14 (i)

Date: ...........................................................................................................
:

Name, first name .........................................................................................


,

, ,


. 14 (k)

, ,
,

,

. 14 (j)

Signature of author ......................................................................................


.15

191

192

. 18

V.2
(),
1919 ., 1946 , . . , , , ,
, ,

. ,
. , .

-, ,
, , . 2003 . 184 , 194 5 . 7 100. 10.

. , - (
: 2
),

.


, - , (.22 ).
193

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20

.
,
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, (
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24:
. 24
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( 194

)
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,


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26:
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. , (. ).
, .
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, .

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195

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.
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).
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1974 . ,

1

196


. .
. ,
111
1958 . ( 158
13 2003 .) , , , , , , , , , ,
.
,
. , , , , , , .

. , :
1966 .;

1997 .
,
.
11 15 2000 .
2001 .

CEART
.

CEART.

1. ,
. 1919-1990. 2- . :
, 1991.
2. .
-. . .:
, 1999.
3.
. . , 1996.



, .. .
. ,
,
,
,
.
/
/ , (CEART)
12
197

198

10:
( )

11:



, ,


(,
, 144)

24

26

1 ,



2
3

1

( 1951 .)
2

2
3

: Swapston, Lee Human Rights Complaint Procedures of the International Labour Organization In Hannum, Hurst (Ed) Guide to International Human
Rights Practice London Macmillan, 1984, p 79


,
()
/
( )

: International Labour Office: International Labour Standards A Workers Educational Manual. Geneva: ILO, 1990, p. 29.

199

200

VI. .


, .
, . ().
.
,
,

.

1949 . . 10 - 45 - ( 2003 ).
, ,
, ,
.
:

;
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201

;

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202

14 1992 .
. 7 1992 . . 1995 . 25 1996
193
. 8 1996

.
, :
( 6 );

;

;
.

28 1996 .

. .

:

., 76
., 119454
.: (095) 434-90-77
: (095) 434-90-75
e-mail: coemoscow@dionis.iasnet.ru
http://www.coe.ru/

203


.
( )

. . 21
. , 620066
: (3432) 459225, 744422, 457232
: (3432) 459225
e-mail: sovural@rest.ru


. (
)


. . 16
., 410028
: (8452) 252843
: (8452) 241671
e-mail: litovtchenko@overta.ru


.-
(-
)

. 7/9
.-, 199034
: (812) 2766116
: (812) 2766229
e-mail: barydmit@dip.pu.ru


. . 14
., 150000
/: (0852) 303208
E-mail: albina@uniyar.as.ru


( )
. . 25
., 690000
: (4232) 259306, : (4232) 257200, 265586
E-mail: gavrilov@ext.dvgu.ru

204


( )
. . 4
. , 603115
: (8312) 342232
: (8312) 341753


( )
. . 18
., 420008
: (8432) 361352, 315101
: (8432) 380994
e-mail: lenaris.mingazov@ksu.ru

1. 5- 25-
( . , 14-15 2001 ). .: , 2002. 144 .
2. . :
. , 1998. 96 .
3. .. - . . - . 1999.
4. .. : -
. : , 1998.
5. ., ., . ( ). . .
.: , 1997.
6. . , , 1998 .

205

7. :
/ . .. . .:
. , 2000. 400 .
8. . , 10-13 , 2000 . ., 2001. 160 .
9. :
. .: , 1990.
10. .
. 2. .:
, 1993.
11. . . .: , 1998.
12. .. .
.: , 1998.
13. . .
. 19.
., 1998.
14. .
.: , 1995.
15. . . , .
16. . .
.: , 1990.
17. : . .
., .: , 1996.
18. : . . . / .
.. .: , 1999. 1146 .
19. . , 1996.
20. : . (17-18 1997 ). : , 1998. 232 .
21. : :
. .: , 2001. 318 .

206

22.
. . .. . .: , 1998.
23. . /
. . .: - , 1995. 176 .
24. .. :
/ . . ... .: , 1995
25. ..
. ., 1995.
26. .. :
. ., 1997.

207

VI.1
.


4 1950 . 3
1953
2003 . 44 -
(, ). , ,
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-,
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,
. 1963 . , .
( (1994 .), . 5).
.
1985 . 600 ,
,
2002 30,8 . 1950 1994 .
19 .
,
,
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. 2003 . -

208

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, , ,

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209


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Council of Europe
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: +33 (3) 88 41 20 18
: +33 (3) 88 41 27 30
http://www.echr.coe.int/
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12: :

EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS


(. 29 35)

(. 38)

Council of Europe, Strasbourg, France


, ,

APPLICATION

under Article 34 of the European Convention on Human Rights and


Rules 45 and 47 of the Rules of Court

34
45 47


.
:

IMPORTANT: This application is a formal legal document and may


affect your rights and obligations.
: , .

I. The parties
I.

The applicant

(Fill in the following details of the applicant and the representative,


if any)
( , )

1. Name of applicant ............


2. First name(s)

()

Sex: male/female

: /

3. Nationality........................

4. Occupation

5. Date and place of birth ............................................................................


225

226

6. Permanent address...................................................................................

III. Statement of alleged violation(s) of the Convention


and of relevant arguments

7. Tel. ......................................................................................................

8. Present address (if different from 6.)

( . 6)

() , , () /

15. ...............................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................

IV. Statement relative to Article 35 1 of the Convention


35 1

9. Name of representative1 ..........................................................................


16. Final decision (date, court or authority and nature of decision)

( ,
)

10. Occupation of representative.................................................................


11. Address of representative ......................................................................


12. Tel. ......................Fax ...................................................................


....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
17. Other decisions (list in chronological order, giving date, court or authority and nature of decision for each of them)

( , ,
)

The High Contracting Party

(Fill in the name of the State(s) against which the application is directed)

....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................

( , )

13.................................................................................................................

18. Is there or was there any other appeal or other remedy available to
you which you have not used? If so, explain why you have not used it.
- , ?
, , ?

II. Statement of the facts


14.................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
, , .
1

227

....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
V. Statement of the object of the application

19. ...............................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
228


,
34

VI. Statement concerning other international proceedings


,

20. Have you submitted the above complaints to any other procedure of
international investigation or settlement? If so, give full details.
, , ? , .

.....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
VII. List of documents

(No original documents, only photocopies)

( , )

Include copies of all decisions referred to in Parts IV and VI above. If


you do not have copies, you should obtain them. If you cannot obtain
them, explain why not. No documents will be returned to you

, IV VI.
, . ,
. .

21. )............................................................................................................

,
. , , ,
.

34 .
. , , .
8 .
, ,
.
, 45 47
.

b) .................................................................................................................

)..................................................................................................................
I.
(1-13)

VIII. Declaration and signature


22. I hereby declare that, to the best of my knowledge and belief, the information I have given in the present application form is correct.
, , , , () , .

Place/ ................................................................................................
Date/ ....................................................................................................
Signature of the applicant or of the representative ......................................

229

47 1 (), (b) ()

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Secretariat of the European Social Charter
Directorate General of Human Rights DGII
Council of Europe
F-67075 Strasbourg Cedex
France
.: +33 (3) 88413258
: +33 (3) 88413700
E-mail: social.charter@coe.int
http://www.coe.int/T/E/Human_Rights/Esc/



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CPT Secretariat
Human Rights Building
F-67075 Strasbourg Cedex, France
.: +33 (3) 88413939
: +33 (3) 88412772
E-mail: cptdoc@coe.int
http://www.cpt.coe.int/

:

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Secretariat of the Framework Convention
for the Protection of National Minorities and of the DH-MIN
Directorate General of Human Rights DG II
Council of Europe
F-67075 Strasbourg Cedex
France
.: +33 (3) 88412963
: +33 (3) 90214918
E-mail: minorities.fcnm@coe.int
http://www.coe.int/T/E/human_rights/minorities/

1. .. . .:
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:

Human Rights Information Centre
Council of Europe
F-67075 Strasbourg Cedex
France
.: +33 (3) 88412024
: +33 (3) 88412704
E-mail: humanrights.info@coe.int
http://www.coe.int/T/E/Human_rights/

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European Commission against Racism and Intolerance
Conseil de l'Europe
F-67075 Strasbourg Cedex
France
: +33 (3) 88413987
http://www.coe.int/ecri/

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Office of the Commissioner for Human Rights
Council of Europe
F 67075 Strasbourg Cedex
France
: +33 (3) 90 21 50 53
E-mail: commissioner.humanrights@coe.int
http://www.coe.int/T/E/Commissioner_H.R/Communication_Unit/

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OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights
Aleje Ujazdowskie 19
00-557 Warsaw, Poland
.: +48 (22) 520 0600
: +48 (22) 520 0605
http://www.osce.org/odihr/
Email: office@odihr.pl



. , 1992 1 1993 , ,
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OSCE Representative on Freedom of the Media
Krntner Ring 5-7, Top 14, 2.DG
1010 Vienna, Austria
.:+43 (1) 51221450
: +43 (1) 512 21 459
http://www.osce.org/fom/
E-mail: pm-fom@osce.org


OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities
P.O. Box 20062
2500 EB, The Hague, the Netherlands
.:+31 (70) 312 55 00
: +31 (70) 363 59 10
http://www.osce.org/hcnm/high_commissioner/
E-mail: hcnm@hcnm.org

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OSCE Parliamentary Assembly
Rdhusstrde 1
1466 Kbenhavn K, Denmark
. +45 (33) 378040
: +45 (33) 378030
E-mail: osce@oscepa.dk
http://www.osce.org/pa/

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. (3952) 34-32-92, 32-40-73; e-mail: formika@angara.ru

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./ (87822) 2-89-44 51-50-03, 24-25-14;
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349

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351

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e-mail: agorelik@krasline.ru

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e-mail: hrkursk@glasnet.ru


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e-mail: hrloph@lipetsk.ru

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e-mail: sm297@saransk.sitek.net

352


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. (095) 206-09-23, 206-88-53, (095) 206-88-53;
e-mail hrcenter@online.ru

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./ (095) 478-95-15; e-mail: comitet@cityline.ru



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e-mail: pravo@mail.com, a505@ngs.ru



: ,

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e-mail: uniturope@mail.ru, united-europe@hotmail.ru

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e-mail: prpc@perm.raid.ru; prpc@psu.ru


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. (4232) 41-91-74; e-mail: justus@osi.dvgu.ru


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353

354


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: ,

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e-mail: rightdefence@sakhalin.ru

355

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e-mail: srdu@hptmts.tvcom.ru



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e-mail: our-right@mail.ru

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e-mail: hrtyum@sibtel.ru



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e-mail: csci@mail.cita.ru

357

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359

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371

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548

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549

550


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- .
- . ,
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, .

Contents

Foreword ......................................................................................................... 5
I. Introduction to the Human Rights Theory. ..................................................

I.1 Moral and Legal Norms .................................................................................10


I.2 To the Beginnings: Natural Human Rights ....................................................11
I.3 Human Dignity ..............................................................................................14
I.4 Inalienability / Inherence of Human Rights ...................................................15
I.5 Universality....................................................................................................16
I.6 Indivisibility, Interdependence and Interrelation ...........................................1
I.7 Fundamental, Constitutional Rights...............................................................19
I.8 Limitation of Human Rights ..........................................................................21
I.9 Human Rights, Human Freedoms: Similarity and Distinctions .....................2
I.10 Human Rights: Objective and Subjective Senses.........................................2
I.11 Instruments, Standards, Mechanisms, Procedures .......................................2
I.12 Classification of Human Rights ...................................................................32
I.13 Freedom, Responsibilities and Duties..........................................................36
I.14 The Rule of Law ..........................................................................................38
I.15 The Civil Society .........................................................................................40
I.16 Human Rights as a Ground for Peace ..........................................................41
I.17 Human Rights: Ideals and Realities .............................................................43

II. The United Nations and Human Rights.................................................... 4

II.1 Towards a System of Human Rights Protection .............................................


II.2 United Nations and Non-Governmental Organizations ................................7

III. The Central UN Human Rights Bodies................................................... 8

III.1 The UN Commission on Human Rights........................................................


III.2 The UN Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human
Rights ..................................................................................................................94

IV. Bodies Created to Supervise the Implementation of Treaties (Treaty


Bodies) ...................................................................................................... 103

IV.1 The Human Rights Committee..................................................................104


IV.2 The Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights........................12
IV.3 The Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination ...................13
IV.4 The Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against
Women .............................................................................................................138
IV.5 The Committee Against Torture ...............................................................156
IV.6 The Committee on the Rights of the Child................................................169

557

V. Other Procedures Within the UN System............................................... 178


V.1 The UNESCO Procedures..............................................................................
V.2 The ILO Procedures................................................................................... 193

V. Regional Agreements. Council of Europe .............................................. 201


VI.1 The European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and
Fundamental Freedoms. European Court of Human Rights ..................... 208
VI.2 The European Social Charter..................................................................... 235
VI.3 The European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman
or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.................................................... 243
VI.4 The Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities..... 249
VI.5 The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages ..................... 258
VI.6 The European Commission Against Racism and Intolerance.................... 262
VI.7 The Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights......................... 266

VII. Regional agreements. OSCE................................................................ 268

Annotation
Anatoly Azarov, Wolfgang Reuther, Klaus Hfner
Human Rights. International and Russian Mechanisms of Protection.
Moscow: Moscow School of Human Rights, 2003. 560 p.
ISBN 5-89888-016-X
The manual presents a general review of the international and Russian mechanisms of human rights protection. The UN treaty bodies, Council of Europe conventions, the work and order of reference to the European Court of Human Rights
as well as the human rights protection system of Russia are taken up. The forms
of application to the international bodies and legal acts of Russia are included.
The book is intended for individuals as well as for human rights nongovernmental organizations. It may also be used in human rights education.

VIII. The System of Human Rights Protection in the Russian


Federation ......................................................................................... 290
VII.1 Judicial System of Human Rights Protection........................................... 294
VII.2 The State Institutions of Non-Judicial Protection..................................... 311
VII.3 Human Rights Non-Governmental Organizations ................................... 339

IX. Conclusions: The Increasing Role of Human Rights NGOs ................. 373
X. Annexes.................................................................................................. 374
X.1 Chronological List of International Human Rights Documents......................
X.2 Excerpts from the Charter of the United Nations........................................ 378
X.3 The Universal Declaration of Human Rights.............................................. 381
X.4 The Declaration Declaration on the Right and Responsibility of
Individuals, Groups and Organs of Society to Promote and Protect
Universally Recognized Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms ....... 389
X.5 Some Relevant Documents of Russia ......................................................... 397
X.6 Status of International Human Rights Instruments ..................................... 534

List of Abbreviations................................................................................... 548


List of Documents ....................................................................................... 550
List of Charts............................................................................................... 551

.., . . ., .
..
.
.

065668 10.02.1998
:
101000 , . 4, 3, . 2

/ (095) 577-69-04
E-mail: mshr@mshr.ru
http://www.mshr.ru/