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CHE 301 Chemical Engineering Thermodynamics taught by Prof.

Van Wie Problem Set 2 Due Date: Wed, Sept, 12nd 1) For liquid water the isothermal compressibility is given by:

where c and b are functions of temperature only. If 1 kg of water is compressed isothermally and reversibly from 1 to 600 bar at 333 K, how much work is required? At 333 K (60C), b = 2700 bar and c = 0.13 cm3/g.
2) One mole of an ideal gas with Cp = (7/2)R and Cv = (5/2)R expands from P1 = 8 bar and T1

= 600 K to P2 = 1 bar by each of the following paths: (a) Constant volume; (b) Constant temperature; (c) Adiabatically. (d) Constant P at 8 bar with T2 = 300 K Assuming mechanical reversibility, calculate W, Q, U, and H for each process. Sketch each path on a single P V diagram. (Individual)
3) Calculate the molar volume of saturated liquid and the molar volume of saturated vapor

by the RedlichI-Kwong equation; then by the Rackett equation for the liquid; and for the vapor by the Pitzer correlation (see Ch. 3 equations); and then for the vapor and the liquid by the Lee-Kesler correlation (tables in back of book) for the following and compare results. (Individual) Sulfur dioxide at 363.15 K (90C) where Psat = 23.31 bar.

4) How much heat is required when 10,000 kg of CaCO3 is heated at atmospheric pressure

from 323.15 to 1153.15 K (50C to 880C)? (Individual)

5) Table

9.1 lists the thermodynamic properties of saturated liquid and vapor tetrafluoroethane. Making use of the vapor pressures as a function of temperature and of the saturated-liquid and saturated-vapor volumes, calculate the latent heat of vaporization by Eq. (4.11) at 80 (F) and compare the result with the value calculated from the enthalpy values given in the table.
6) Determine the standard heat of the following reactions at 298.15 K (25C):

6NO2(g) + 8NH3(g)

7N2(g) + 12H2O(g)

7) Saturated water vapor, i.e., steam, is commonly used as a heat source in heat exchanger applications. Why saturated vapor? Why saturated water vapor? In a plant of any reasonable size, several conditions for steam are often available; e.g., at 4, 5, 9, 17 and 33 bar. However, the higher the temperature, the lower the useful energy content (why?), and the greater the unit cost. Why then is higher pressure steam used?