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Chemistry

Name _______________________________ Period ___ Date ___/___/___


T h e M o l e C o n c e p t U n i t 4

Moles, Molecules, and Grams Lab


As weve already discussed in class its easy to ma!e conversions "etween moles molecules/#ormula units and $rams% &or e'ample i# we want to $o #rom moles to $rams we use the molar mass to ma!e this conversion% (# we want to $o #rom moles to molecules we use Avo$adros num"er or )%*+ ' ,*+-% &inally i# we want to $o #rom $rams to molecules/#ormula units we .ust use a two step process where we #irst convert #rom $rams to moles and then #rom moles to molecules/&%U% /isually it loo!s li!e this0 Molar mass 1rams Units )%*+ ' ,*+Moles Molecules/&ormula

(n this la" we will "e wei$hin$ out #ive di##erent su"stances then #indin$ out how many moles and molecules/&%U% o# each one we have%

Prelab0 (# you measure out +2%* $rams o# Na34 in this la" how many moles o# Na34 would you have5 4ow many #ormula units5

Lab0 (n this la" there are #ive di##erent "alances set up each o# which has a la"eled su"stance in a little .ar ne't to it% 6our .o" is to #ind out how many moles and how many molecules o# each su"stance are in the canister% 7ome in#ormation you mi$ht #ind use#ul0 7and 87i3+9 "a!in$ soda 8Na4C3-9

Ma!e

chal! 8CaC3-9 ta"le salt 8NaCl9 su$ar0 sucrose 8C,+4++3,,9 sure that your la" has a data ta"le that contains the #ollowin$0 The name o# each o# these su"stances The #ormula #or each o# these su"stances The molar mass o# each o# these su"stances The mass in $rams o# each o# these su"stances%

:hen you are done wei$hin$ each material calculate the num"er o# moles o# each material and the num"er o# molecules o# each one and put them in the ri$ht space% All calculations must "e shown on lined paper with all conversion #actors and unit cancellin$%

Data Table: Name: 7and Chal! 7alt 7u$ar =a!in$ 7oda Formula: Molar Mass: Mass (g): 2+%*- $ ;%4) $ ,2,%,, $ ;;%;< $ 4+%4< $

Post Lab Questions: ,% :hich o# the materials we wor!ed with had the lar$est num"er o# molecules/#ormula units5 :as this the material that had the lar$est wei$ht5 :hy5 The material we wor!ed with that had the lar$est num"er o# molecules/#ormula units was sand 87i3+9 where 2+%*- $ o# 7i3+ was e>ual to 2%+, ? ,*@+- #ormula units% 4owever this was not the material that had the most wei$ht which was salt%

+% :ater has a molecular #ormula o# 4+3% (# ( have 2*%* $ o# water how many moles o# water do ( have5 4ow many molecules5 4+3 A +8,%**;9 B 8,)%**9 A ,;%*,) $/mol 2*%* $ 4+3 ? 8, mol/,;%*,) $ 4+39 A +%C; mol 4+3 +%C; mol 4+3 ? 8)%*+ ? ,*@+- &%U%/, mol 4+39 A ,%)C ? ,*@+4 &%U%

-% =utane has a molecular #ormula o# C44,*% (# ( have 2*%* $rams o# "utane how many moles o# natural $as do ( have5 4ow many molecules5

4% ( had the same wei$ht o# water and "utane in pro"lems - and 4% :hy didnt the answer come out the same5 D'plain% The answers were not the same "ecause they had a di##erent molar mass%