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Perjury: Lying under oath.

*The crowns star witness has also made a statement admitting perjury

Pork barrel Legislation: Laws the congress pass to appropriate money for local federal projects. *Pork Barrel politics

Expressed powers: enumerated powers (article one, section 3) *Expressed Powers are those delegated powers of the National Government that are spelled out, expressly, in the Constitution.

Necessary and proper clause: Elastic clause, last clause of section 8. Implies that congress has powers beyond those expressed in the first 17 Clauses. *The "Necessary and Proper" clause of the Constitution allowed Congress to establish the national bank system.

Appropriations Bill: Proposed laws to authorize spending money * Yes, that was when the Appropriations Bill was signed.

Interstate commerce: Commerce among states * The federal government has the right to regulate motor carriers The federal because they are involved in interstate commerce

25th amendment: When office of VP becomes empty, president appoints a replacement * Yes, the 25th amendment is when the office of the vice president becomes empty and the president appoints a replacement

Rider: a provision on a subject other than the one covered by a bill. Usually dont have anything to do with the bill and occurs at the end of the session. * The campaign is in response to the increasing number of collisions sustained by young and inexperienced moped riders.

Veto: When a president refuses to sign a bill and returns it to congress including reasons for the actions. *Russia opposes the new plan, and has threatened a veto at the un security council.

Standing committee: a permanent committee

*The joint standing committee on electoral matters, whose report into the election was tabled on Thursday, has split on party lines.

Select Committee: a temporary committee *The Select Committee on Energy Independence and Global Warming is working

everyday to make a difference in our environment.

Joint Committee: A committee made up of members of both chambers in a bicameral legislature. *The two parties agree to form a joint committee to settle the issue of the armed groups in the factions of the nda.

Cloture: closes a debate *The cloture motion, which passed 60 to 40, capped months of work by Obama and Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid

Ways and means committee: A committee that has total jurisdiction on taxation, tariffs and other revenue-raising bills. They cannot serve on any other committees. * The ways means committee has total jurisdiction on taxation

Appropriation: an approval of government spending. This is congressional responsibility *Operating appropriations in aid could therefore be much greater, or less, than the related cash receipts in any one year.

Lobbying: The work the lobbyist does to persuade officials to support their view. *Programs that permit the donation of good, unused drugs to the needy owe their existence to the lobbying by families of patients.

PACs: political actions committees. Fund-raising organizations established by corporations, labor unions and other special-interest groups. Funds come voluntarily by company employees, stockholders and union members. Use funds to support lawmakers who favor their position on issues. *

Concurrent Resolution: Deals with matters where laws arentt needed. Require actions of the House and Senate. * The judge informed him that his prison sentences would be concurrent; so with good behavior he'd be freed in a few years.

Speaker of the House: Member, who presides, appoints some members to committees, refers bills to standing committee, puts questions to vote and follows up in succession. * The speaker of the house appoints members to committees.

The Great Compromise: a bicameral legislature with a House of representatives based on population, and a senate with equal representation for all states.

* The Great Compromise is a bicameral legislature

The necessary and proper clause: allows congress to make all laws that appear to be necessary and proper, also known as the elastic clause. * The Necessary and Proper Clause allows congress to make the laws that appear to be necessary and proper

Federalism: The system of government under which the national government and local governments legislation * Federalism is a system of the government

Confederation: a system in which many decisions are made by and external member-state legislation * The confederation is a system in which many decisions are made by an external member- state legislation

Reserved powers: powers that belong exclusively to the states * Reserved powers are powers that belong exclusively to the states

Concurrent powers: powers shared by the nation and states governments

* Concurrent powers are powers that are shared by the nation and states governments

Judicial review: the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws and executive actions unconstitutional

* Judicial Review is the power of the Supreme Court to declare laws

Conservative: individuals should be responsible for their own well being and should not rely on government assistance * Individuals should be conservative

Liberal: Believe that the government should be used to remedy thee social and economic injustices of the marketplace, support government regulation of the economy * That man over there is a liberal

Political Parties: group of people with common political goals which helps it influence policy throughout the election process, run candidates for office who represent the political agenda of party members * Political Parties are a group of people with the same political goals

Super Tuesday: Many primaries are held on the same Tuesday early in march * This coming Tuesday is known as Super Tuesday

Electoral College: Created by the farmers as a mean of insulating the government from whims of a less educated public * The farmers chose the Electoral college

Voting Rights Act of 1965: encourage states to take measures to increase minority representation in congress * The Voting Rights Act took place in 1965

Earmarks: Provisions within legislation that appropriate money to a specific project * Earmarks are provisions

Pocket veto: If a president doesn't sign a bill during the 10 days before a congressional session ends * The Pocket Veto is used if the president doesnt sign a bill during the 10 days needed

Plea-bargaining: an agreement with the prosecution to agree to a les serious crime and sentence * Plea-bargaining isnt very much fun

Appellate Jurisdiction: Can only decide issues of law, not the facts of the case * The Appellate Jurisdiction is only used to decide issues of the law

Judicial Restraint: When judges are reluctant to overturn the acts of legislature * The judge used Judicial Restraint

Judicial Activist: A judge who has no qualms overturning legislature * That judge is a Judicial Activist

Writ of certiorari: a legal document used to request the lower court transcripts of a * They have a writ of certiorari

McCulloch V. Maryland: National Supremacy * The McCulloch vs. Maryland decided National supremacy

Miranda V. Arizona: Rights of the accused, self-incrimination * The Miranda vs. Arizona case decided the rights of the accused

Mapp V. Ohio: Exclusionary rule, warrantless search * The Mapp vs. Ohio case decided the exclusionary rule

Gideon V. Wainwright: Right to counsel, Due process * The Gideon vs. Wainwright case decided the right to counsel

Dred Scott V. Sandford: Slaves equal property * The Dred Scott vs. Sandford case decided slaves had right to equal property

Gibbons V. Ogden: Commerce clause, States rights * The Gibbons vs. Ogden case decided commerce clause

Tinker V. DesMoines: Symbolic speech * The Tinker vs. Desmoines case decided symbolic speech

Hazelwood V. Kuhlmeier: Student speech, censorship * The Hazelwood vs. Kuhlmeier case decided student speech

Texas V. Johnson: Symbolic speech * The Texas vs. Johnson case also decided symbolic speech

Regents V. Bakke: Affirmative action * The Regents vs. Bakke case decided affirmative action

Korematsu V. United States: Equal protection * Korematsu vs. Untied states case decided equal protection

Engel V. Vitale: Prayer, Wall of separation * Engel vs. Vitale made the wall of separation

Gitlow V. New York: Speech, Incorporation of the 1st to the states * Gitlow vs. New York decided the incorporation of the 1st states

Lemon V. Kurtzman: Separation of church and state, Lemon Test * Lemon vs. Kurtzman case decided the separation of church and state