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È • 
  The dog pointed at the
bird¶s nest.

È j 
its right front paw curled up

È   
The dog, its right front paw curled up,
pointed at the bird¶s nest.
Ã
  

È • 
 
• sister ran across the
countr road.

È j 
her tennis shoes making imprints
in the gravel

È   
• sister ran across the countr
road, her tennis shoes making imprints in the
gravel.
à ploring the thinking:
È 

  
 
  
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=
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È    
 
 
à ploring the thinking (cont¶d)
È You know that the side image is
that of a clock, an alarm clock to
be specific. How do ou know?

È You know a clock¶s =. It has a


face with numbers or marks that
indicate numbers. It has hands
which move around its face.

È mnd ou know a clock¶s = 

what it does. m clock tells time.

È You use =


and =  all the
time to make decisions about our
ever da life.
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È The dog, 

=
È • sister ran across the

 
, pointed countr road, 


at the bird¶s nest. 






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È = 



È =   

È =
È = 
orm?
The = of an absolute phrase is that it is almost a
sentence. If ou removed the bold print word in each of
the sentences below, each would become an absolute
phrase.

Her tennis shoes  making an imprint in the gravel.--


her tennis shoes making an imprint in the gravel

Its right front paw  curled up.-----its right front paw


curled up.
unction?
The =  of an absolute phrase is that, most
often, it zooms in on a detail of a noun or
pronoun in a sentence. Remember the camera
idea.
Tennis shoes are a detail of m sister.
Paw is a detail of dog.
È • sister ran across the countr road, her tennis
shoes making imprint in the gravel.
È The dog, its right front paw curled up, pointed at
the bird¶s nest.
Having trouble?
È If ou¶re having trouble, stop and look again at the
e ample sentences.
È Tr to make an =   about both the =
and
= 
of the absolute phrase in each.
È mn =  
is an e planation that comes as a result of
looking at a situation, idea, person, etc. It might be
helpful to think about the idea of a camera and that the
writer, in writing absolute phrases, acts like a camera
moving in on his or her subject. mlso, think about how
the absolute phrase, the close-up, in each of the above
sentences is related to the main part of the sentence, the
medium or long shot.
•edium shot
jlose-up
• 

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