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Chapter 12 - North

Section 3

Transportation Revolution
During the 1800s, the United States was transformed
by a Transportation Revolution A period of rapid growth in the speed and convenience of
travel because of new methods of transportation. Created a boom in business. Reduced shipping time and cost.

Two New Forms

Steamboats & Steam-powered trains
Enabled goods, people & information to travel rapidly and
efficiently across the US

Robert Fulton
American steamboat designer Tested the full-sized commercial steamboat

Could travel upstream Did not rely on wind power Increased trade and profits because goods could be
moved more quickly and cheaper

Gibbons v. Ogden
Ill read page 397.

Steam-powered Trains
Great Britain early 1800s

Peter Cooper
Tom Thumb Showed the power and speed of just a small locomotive Helped lead the railroad fever

Economy surged forward

Hauled more freight Faster form of transportation Linked many major cities