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AAEKCAHP PAIYHKHH

10
3AHRTHH
no
anrunncxouy

CHPABOHHAR uACTI
Hocoue nx npenooaeauu n nx saumu
ua siroeix rvpcax
Cankr-Herepypr
OOO Yunan nuane1a
Mockna
AHPA-M
2005
COEPAHHE-YKA3ATEAL
Opamenne k npenoanarenxm ...................................................................... 7
O moe pvcuquupoeauuo rpanckpnnnnn ................................................ 8
Omne pekomenannn.................................................................................. 11
HEPBOE 3AHTHE
Muoxecmeeuuoe uncno cvecmeume.iuix ..................................... 13-14
Onpeoeueuue cymecrnnrentnoe ........................................................ 15
Heus+eue+ocmi rnarona ............................................ 17, 53, 54, 68, 70, 79
Hacmoauee npemx ...................................................................................... 20
Hmo mt yxe ymeem?......................................................................... 21-24
na '(e)S ...................................................................................... 24, 26, 29
On u+eem ., u+em ...................................................... 27, 46-48
Vrasymuue cnona ................................................................................... 27
em, utot xnrt ..................................................................................... 30
Ycranonount rekcr N1 ............................................................................ 31
Hepnt HAHPRI: xouy, utot on . .......................................... 32
B1OPOE 3AHTHE
Cxe+a nocrpoennx anrnnckoro npenoxennx,
Ieuuauoum cronnk......................................... 35
Onsa1eutnme onpeoe.ume.u ................................................... 35, 37-45
Apmur.i .............................................................................................. 40-45
Honxrne o PPm......................................................................................... 46
Bropo HAHPRI. 3amena cnona ceo .............................................. 49
Tpern HAHPRI. Tperte ' `S ............................................................ 50
Ycranonount rekcr N2 ............................................................................ 52
1PE1LE 3AHTHE
Tannna :acmu n o.e+eumoe.......................................................... 54
acmui................................................................................................. 54-62
Bonpocume.iuie cnona .............................................................................. 60
Ompuuameuoume :acmui........................................................................ 61
'My mine ............................................................................................ 63-65
Hpenorn 'of, 'by, 'with ............................................................... 66-68
HE1BP1OE 3AHTHE
O o.e+eumax ........................................................................................ 69-75
3 Hpaeuua parynknna ................................................................... 76-77
Byoyuee npemx ............................................................................................ 78
BBK 81.2Anru.
72
72 parynxnn A. H.
10 sanxrn no anrnnckomy. Hocone nx npenoanannx n nx sanxrn
na kypcax anrnnckoro xstka no meronke Anekcanpa parynknna. CH.:
Ymnax nnanera; Mockna.: AHPA-M, 2005. 208 c.
annax knnra npecrannxer coo napnanr Ma.oeo npiwra e aue.u-
cru, nepepaorannt nx npenooaeauu n usv:euu anrnnckoro xstka
na kypcax.
Hpenasnauena nx ncex npenoammnx n nsyuammnx anrnnckn.
ISBN 5-87852-???-?
Anropckne npana samnment.
Hmte nnt konnponannx nnn nocnponsneennx anno knnrn
moryr ocymecrnnxrtcx rontko c nnctmennoro paspemennx anropa.
Hpn nnrnponannn cctnkn na annym knnry n na ]amnnnm anropa
xnnxmrcx oxsarentntmn
parynknn A. H.
ISBN 5-87852-???-? OOO Ymnax nnanera, 2005
4
HR1OE 3AHTHE
8 rnaronon ................................................................................................ 79
uernprt HAHPRI: euwv, KAK ona mauuyem ..................... 80
Huroeoa ue ., uurmo ue . ....................................................... 82-84
'AAY ..................................................................................................... 84-87
HEC1OE 3AHTHE
Hpeepaueuue o.e+eumoe n e.aeo.i ................................................... 88
vop+i 'be ........................................................................................... 90-98
Ycranonount rekcr N3 ............................................................................ 98
Tam cmou m cron..................................................................................... 99
'Evervbodv, 'somebodv n p. ............................................................... 101
CELMOE 3AHTHE
CAMA IBABHAR TAFHHHA ................................................. 102-103
'(e)D ................................................................................................ 104, 107
ECHH . n ECHH BM ........................................................ 105-106
Haccnnnoe onpeoe.euue ........................................................................... 107
Henpaeu.iuie rnaront......................................................................... 108
ono.ueuu k Hpaeu.v N3..................................................... 112, 117
HACCHB .................................................................................................... 112
1-n mun ecrnn: Pasoeme oecmeu ............................................. 114
BOCLMOE 3AHTHE
'IAG ........................................................................................................ 116
2-n mun ecrnn: uauueca oecmeu .................................. 119-124
Coeouueuue cnon ................................................................................... 124
EBR1OE 3AHTHE
3-n mun ecrnn: ecrnnx 'K ..................................................... 126
4-n mun ecrnn..................................................................................... 130
Coomeemcmeue anrnncknx qop+ pyccknm ......................................... 134
ECR1OE 3AHTHE
Coueranne o.e+eumoe c roucmpvru+u .............................................. 136
Coueranne epe+u ................................................................................. 138
Bvovee n npoueoue+ ........................................................................ 139
Koceeuuaa peut ......................................................................................... 142
Kar orneuart na nonpoct? ....................................................................... 144
Hopaoroeme uncnnrentnte ..................................................................... 145
Cmeneuu cpaeueuu.................................................................................. 146
ononnnrentno o anrnncknx epe+euax ........................................... 150
CHPABOHHAR HACTL......................................................................... 151
10
3AHRTHH
no
anrunncxouy
Hocoue nx npenooaeauu n nx saumu
ua siroeix rvpcax
7
OBPAmEHHE k HPEHOABATEARM
Ynaxaemte konnern!
annt napnanr moero 10-nennoro kypca anrnnckoro, npe-
naraemt Bamemy nnnmannm (n nnnmannm monx n Bamnx yuenn-
kon), xnnxercx yxe cocroxnmecx pea.iuocmir, or koropo ormax-
nyrtcx nentsx (a n ne nyxno .)!
Hmenno no +mo+y kypcy x npenoanan n npenoam anrnnckn
nepntm nnnam namero rocyapcrna.
Hmenno no +mo+y kypcy x npenoam rpynnam yuennkon n Poccnn
n sa rpannne, kaxt pas ononnxx annym cxe+y nontm coep-
xannem n ontmnm konnuecrnom
qarmu:ecroeo +amepua.a.
Onako x cunram, uro +uoeo eo.oe .v:ue, :e+ ooua, n no+ro-
my xouy npeocrannrt kaxomy ns Bac nosmoxocrt peannsonart
cnon meurt, cosan na ase moero 10-nennoro kypca n Bamnx
cocrnenntx napaorok pasnnunte napnanrt onee nocmaouuix
yuentx nocon, paccunranntx na 2-3 mecxna npenoanannx ro
ecrt na 24-36 sanxrn.
B cnyuae npnnxrnx mnom Baueeo kypca, c Bamn yer nonncan
coornercrnymmn oronop, n rvpc +ror yer nsan n nne knnrn
c ntnnaro oxsarentnoro ronopapa.
Cnacno sa nnnmanne!
A. H. parynknn,
anrop n nsarent.
Anrycr 2005, Cankr-Herepypr
E-mail: fondvismail.ru
Car: www.dragunkin.ru
opo noxanonart!
9 8
! !! !! e.vxa cornacnax.
nx e npannutnoro nponsnomennx ntcyntre xstk
noantme ueay syaun n ntnyckare nosyx
(no 1outxo sect!!!)
BE3 IOHOCA!!!
3nyk nnora noxow na name c,
a nnora na name q;
seouru snyk.
H sect nyxno ntcynyrt xstk mexy syamn
n roxe ntnyckart nosyx (n roxe 1outxo sect!),
no yxe C IOHOCOM!!!
3nyk moxer trt noxow (no ne onee!!!) na name s,
no rakontm HE xnnxercx!!!;
w +ro kak +, no nponsnocnmoe HECOMKHVTBMH,
HECATBMH,
HEBBHBEHHBMH
ryamn !!!
Hnora +ror snyk noxox na name v, a nnora - na name e.

Voapeuue n rpanckpnnnnn x nokastnam,


oe.a yapnym rnacnym anpnon,
HE ntenxx e rvpcueo+,
n noupknnax e,
nanpnmep:
city cnmu ropo.

OHEHL BAHO !!!


B oasaaameuoueue+ nopaore Bt onxnt conmaaart
ooonroryyy e.aaacuix,
rak kak or oo.eomiii rnacno
+owem saeucemi axe c+mmmcu c.oea!
O MOEH PVCH0HHHPOBAHHOH TPAHCKPHHHHH
B +ro knnre (kak n n ocrantntx monx paorax) x nontsymct
rak nastnaemo pvcuquupoeauuo rpanckpnnnne,
ro ecrt sev:auue anrunncxnx c.oe
x nepeoar pyccxnun ovrea+u.
tn nepntm, kro cenan +ro n Poccnn n name npemx . 3ro
nponsomno em n 1998 roy, kora n npekpacnom kannnnrpackom
nsarentcrne nrapnt ckas x ntnycrnn cnom camym nepnym
knnry CvnepPvroeoocmeo o. v+uix .eumee.
Tora +ra mox mpaucrpunu
ntsnana npocro mknan napekann n neonontcrna n uro xe?!
Tenept c +oe nrko pykn pvcuquupoeauuo mpauc-
rpunue nontsyercx nc ontme n ontme pasnnuntx ocrontx
anropon n cocrannrene cnonape n nc n nopxke !
Onako c rex nop konrnnrenr monx unrarene snaunrentno pacmn-
pnncx, n coornercrnenno n cnxsn c onee ntcoknm ouu+ yponnem
nx aue.osnann, n +ro n n nocneymmnx cnonx ( +oux) paorax nx
onee rouno nepeaun aueuosevroe x nontsymct yxe c.eovru+
napnanrom ceoe rpanckpnnnnn ro+ouuupoeauui+ ro ecrt oco-
mun (omenpnnxrtmn) sna(u)kamn +ewovuapoouo mpaucrpun-
uu x nepeam re aue.osevru, koroptm uem ananoron n pycckom npo-
nsnomennn, n koropte uory1 nrpart c+ic.opas.u:ume.iuvr pont.
3rnx ocooix suaroe 4, nnmc ooi:uoe anrnnckoe 'w
n nor npnuepnme npaeu.a nx nponsnomennx:
e.acui snyk.
nx ero nponsnomennx npnrorontre pornk
k nponsnomennm i, no ckaxnre a;
e.acui snyk. Hnora noxow na name ,
no rakontm ue xnnxercx.
nx ero nponsnomennx npnrorontre pornk
k nponsnomennm 'i, no ckaxnre 'o;
11 10
10 3AHRTHH
HOCOBHE nx H3VHEHHR n OBVHEHHR
OFHE PEKOMEHAHHH:
cnauana npournre nect rekcr knnrn na onom txannn,
pasmertre ero mapkepom, ntennn camte naxnte nx Bac
mecra. Yenrect, uro n rekcre nmemrcx ornert nourn
na nce nonpoct, koropte moryr y Bac nosnnkart
no mepe urennx +roro noconx.
Vuume anrnnckne cuoea cpasy xe
npxmo n cocrane npu+epoe/oopasoe
u no mepe urennx +roro noconx,
u cpasy xe nocne nepnoro npourennx,
nockontky +rn cnona Bam ec paeuo oueuo uyxum .
Craparect sano+uuamo n nx npousuoueuue,
n nx uanucauue !!!
Takxe sayuueame nansycrt n camn npu+epm/oopasi,
rak kak onn xnnxmrcx nx Bac npomomuna+u,
n koroptx Bt nosnee c/moxere npocro
sa+euamo onn anrnnckne cuoea na pyrne,
nonyuax raknm opasom
maccy pasnoopasntx npenoxenn.
Yurnre, uro x ne mory nnnxrt na ro, c kako ckopocrtm Bt yere
sayunnart nonte anrnnckne cnona, no saro
+mo nocone acr Bam uouen1autnym nosmoxnocrt
crponrt ns ummx anrnncknx cnon
umme no cnoxnocrn
npannutnme anrnnckne npenoxennx.
Ho+romy ornecnrect k +ro knnre
ue kak k cokpamnnomy orcrvpcv n anrnnckn xstk,
a kak k nonnonennomy yueuo+y nocoum,
nocne koroporo Bam na 80 nyxno yer
rontko yuumo anrnnckne cuoea !!!

Hpnum, yurnre, uro


aue.osi:uie cumma1 +ry pasuuv
mexy oooo.eo n rpamro rnacntmn !!!
H nonropxm nenpnntunax un nac oo.eoma rnacno
moxer kapnnantno us+eumi c+mcu anrnnckoro cnona:
Cnono c rpamro Cnono c rako xe, no
rnacno: ooooueo rnacno:
full qy. nanonnennt, u: fool qyy. ypak,
shit uium eptmo, u: sheet uiuum nncr
(ov+aeu),
bitch oum: cyka, u: beach ouum: nnxx.

Ho ooo.eue e.acuie +ro HE aa n HE oo


ro ecrt +ro HE na a n HE na o,
nponsnecnnte ono sa pyrnm n orentno ne1 !!!
3ro OHH 3BYK, npocro +ror snyk npooraanyyr ...
H nmenno ua ueeo nourn ncera naaer yoapeuue !!!
To xe camoe ro ecrt oonrorvv snvvkaa
nokastnaer -y n ry.
NB!

OCOBOE nnnmanne oparnre n na ro, uro


n cnoe mpaucrpunuu
x sauacrym am cuumuoe nponsnomenne apmur.e
c cvecmeume.iui+u (nnn c nx onpeoe.euu+u),
a :acmui to c e.aeo.a+u,
ro ecrt mar, rar +ro n ecrt n peantno xnsnn!

13 12
HEPBOE 3AHTHE
HHmOPMAHHOHHAR HOIOTOBKA.
Hepnoe us+eueuue anrnnckoro cnona
Hpaeu.o S:
npn neoxonmocrn (nnn: no Bamemy xenannm)
r rouuy npakrnueckn umoeo (kpome ncero-ro 27 mryk
cmorpn nnxe) cvecmeume.iuoeo, nsxroro Bamn npxmo ns nmoro
cnonapx, Bt yere npnanun1t orou:auue
S, urot nocrannrt +ro cnono/ cvecmeume.iuoe
no" +uoxecmeeuuoe uncno !!!
Table " tableS Cron " cronM.
moo. moo.3 Cm. crp. 25 !

HKAHC !!!
Onako n anrnnckom ecrt n ntenennax mnom epvnna
ue-npaeu.iuix cnon n rom uncne n cvecmeume.iuix
ro ecrt cnon,
ue nounnxmmnxcx omnu nx ocrantntx cnon +roro knacca
npaeu.a+.
Taknx cnon ncero 4 euoa:
1) HE-npannntnte cvecmeume.iuie 27 mryk (crp. 14
n 180-182);
2) HE-npannntnte e.aeo.i 178 mryk (crp. 109);
3) HE-npannntnte :uc.ume.iuie 7 mryk (crp. 145);
4) HE-npannntnte onpeoe.euu 10 mryk (crp. 148).
Bce +rn # ue-npannntnte c.oea ue us+eurmc no
ceronxmnnm npaeu.a+ n nce nx ro1onme qop+i (ro ecrt npo-
cro cuoea) Bam nyxno nocrenenno sayuumo nansycrt.
CTPOIA PEKOMEHAHHR.
Yunre BC n CPA3Y em n noromy, uro n +rom komnakrnom noconn
ner mecra nx nonropon, rem onee, uro nn]opmannx, anaemax n +rom
noconn,
xnnxercx roueuuo n ca+ooocmamouuo
nx ocrnxennx cynepaue.opesyntrara.
Ho+romy, ne marect yptm, nanentrect na pesyntrar
n Om ooopa ooopa ue uume ..!

15 14
HAHHHAEM PABOTATL.
am nn]opmannm, uro
umoe anrnnckoe onpeoe.euue ($)
(n rom uncne ns 21 onpeoe.ume.,
annoro anee na crp. 35), nanpnmep: 'my +a uon,
moxno co:emami
c umm+ nensmennntm cnonom/ cvecmeume.iui+,
nsxrtm namn npnuo ns nmoro cuonapn,
uuu (coopasno spanomy cmtcny
xpoue, nanpnmep, onpeoe.ume.e this, that, such a, an/a)
co cnonom, nocrannenntm" namn
no +uowecmeeuuoe :uc.o ( S !),
rak kak camn onpeoe.euu HE nsmenxmrcx
uu no poam, uu no uncnam, uu no naexam
ro ecrt HHKAK !!!
3naunr,
mt moxem
cnoxnrt umoe onpeoe.euue/onpeoe.ume.i
c umm+ cymecrnnrentntm,
croxmnm n umo+ uncne !!!:
Pycckoe onpeoe.euue Anrnnckoe onpeoe.euue
$ us+euaemca $ ue us+euaemca!!!

$
$
Moa pyka MY hand +a xuo
Mo cron MY table +a moo.
Mo connne MY sun +a cau
Mou pykH MY handS +a xuo3
child
:a.o
foot
qvm
goose
evvc
louse
.avc
mouse
+avc
man
+u
woman
wy++u
ox
orc
tooth
mvv
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
children
:m.opou
feet
quum
geese
euuc
lice
.ac
mice
+ac
men
+ou
women
wn+uu
oxen
orcu
teeth
muu
Eouucme. uncno: " Muox. uncno:
erH
crynnH
rycH
nmH
mtmH
myxunnB
xenmnnB
nonB
syB;
) Oouuaroeaa qop+a cymecrnnrentnoro
n eouucmeeuuo+ n no +uowecmeeuuo+ uncne:
aircraft
deer
grand
quid
salmon
sheep
trout
+orpaaqm
ono
epuo
rwuo
caa+ou
uiuun
mpavm
camonr/-t
one/-nt/-nn
mryka (mic:a)
]ynr crepnnnron (aue..)
noco/-ct/-cn
onn/-a/-t
]ope/-nt/-nn;
HEnpaeuuoume cymecrnnrentnte (9+9 + 7 umvr):
a) Cymecrnnrentnte, nmemmne ue-npaeu.iuvr qop+v
+uoxecmeeuuoeo uncna:
17 16
Hnn axe:
Mou uncrme, enme n nexnme pykH
MY clean, white and tender handS.
+a r.uuu wam uo m+uoo xuo3
BHHTE,
us+euu.oci rontko cvecmeume.iuoe (" handS),
no n c.oeo (MY), n nce pyrne onpeoe.euu
ocrannct HEus+euuui+u !!!

CTHMYA
(urot y Bac cpasy xe ax pyukn saprannct!).
Bostmm, nanpnmep, pycckoe npenoxenne
1 2 3 4 4 5
R ynaaam uom/cnom xpacnnym n yunym cec1py.
urot ckasart ro xe camoe (#) no-anrunncxn, nam nyxno
rontko nsxrt cnonapt, orkptrt ero, narn nce nyxnte nam
(anrnnckne!) cnona n,
BOOFE HH OHO H3 HHX HE H3MEHRR
(ro ecrt HHHEIO c nnmn HE enax !!!),
cocmaeumi nx n npannutnoe n nopmantnoe anrnnckoe
npenoxenne:
1 2 3 4 4 5
I respect my beautiful and clever sister.
a pucn+rm +a omvmuqv. uo r.eeo cncmo
Ecnn xe Bt ynaxaere Bamux cecmP
(a nx +uoeo!),
ro nc panno c ocma.iui+u cnonamn
(xpoue cecmP sisterS)
H axe:
Moux pyr MY handS +a xuo3
(Bet naoewe-ro n anrnnckom HET !!!).
Mou+ pykam MY handS +a xuo3
Mou+u pykamn MY handS +a xuo3
A rakxe:
Moe pyku MY hand +a xuo
Moe pyko MY hand +a xuo
Moe pyke MY hand +a xuo
n r. .

AOIHKA:
Pas onpeoe.euu HE nsmenxmrcx
uu no pooa+, uu no :uc.a+, uu no naoewa+,
n acoum1no ueus+euuui+u
moryr co:emamic/ncnontsonartcx
c BKBMM cymecrnnrentntm ns .rooeo cnonapx
(n croxmnm n umo+ uncne) !!!,
ro, nsxn
umoe ueus+euuuoe onpeoe.euu-e/-
umoe cvecmeume.iuoe npnuo ns cuonapn
(nnn no +uowecmeeuuo+ uncne cnonoS,
mt yxe moxem ckasart:
1 2 3
Moa uncrax, enax n nexnax pyka
1 2 3
MY clean, white and tender hand.
+a r.uuu wam uo m+uoo xuo
19 18
BLYHHTE
4 cvoermuix anrnncknx +ecmou+euu,
nocne koroptx
n uacmoaue+ npemenn (cm. cne. crpannny)
anrnnckn rnaron nyxno ueus+euuui+
part npxmo ns cnonapx:
I a x,
you mv rt, Bt, nt,
we wn mt,
they o onn.
Takxe
n uacmoaue+ epe+euu
c anrnncknm rnaronom
noome HHHEIO enart HE nao
n nocne cvecmeume.iuix no +uoxecmeeuuo+ uncne
( nocne cnonoS):
epnre rnaron, kak on ecrt n ueus+euuum+ ncrannxre ero
n Bame anrnnckoe npenoxenne!
Hanpnmep:
HEus+euu. rnaron $
Mt PABOTAEM ouent ycepno We WORK very hard.
wn wr e+pu xaao
Te napHH TAHHVK1 sect kaxym nout.
Those guyS DANCE here every night.
ovs ea3 oaauc xno +epu uam
# HEus+euuui rnaron
rakxe uuueeo enart ue nao:
1 2 3 4 4 5
I respect my beautiful and clever sisterS.
a pucn+rm +a omvmuqv. uo r.eeo cncmo3
ynaxar moux kpacnnix n ymnix cecrp.
Hpnum sisterS cncmo3
snaunr n ccmpM, n cecmP, n ccmpAM,
n nce ocrantnte napnanrt,
koropte Bt c +rnmn ccrpAMH ( 1oae sisterS!)
moxere cee rontko noopasnrt!
A moxno n rak:
We solve many difficult problemS.
wn co.e ++uu onqur.m npoo.e+3
Mt pemaem mnoro rpyntx nponem
(n n +rom npenoxennn # us+eueuo 1outxo cnono 'problemS) !

NB.
Okonuanne 'S moxer nponsnocnrtcx u kak -C, u kak -3.
Ho nockontky +ra pasnnna n nponsnomennn ue nnnxer na cmtcn,
ro mt ne yem ceuac saocrpxrt na ne nnnmannx.

BHHMAHHE !!!
Camax us+eue+a uacrt anrnncko peun +ro euaeou.
Onako n orpomnom konnuecrne cnyuaen anrnnckn e.aeo.
us+eumi eoooe ue uyxuo !!!
21 20
(n uesaeucu+o or no.a/poa:
cnon cnonuxa, menet meneua,
nerep, nmont, cron, cner n r. . nc +ro IT).

H1O MI VE TEXHHuECKH VMEEM ?


(uepes 10 mnnyr nocne nauana urennx !!!).
Bor Bam $, nanpnmep, 37 anrnncknx c.oe $, ns koroptx
cnona n ro.ourax X 2, 4 n 5 nsxrt mnom npouseououo, n moryr
trt samenent
AKBLMH pyrnmn noomeHEus+euuui+u
anrnncknmn cnonamn npa+o us nmoro cuoeapa.
Hs +rnx cnon nnn ns nmtx pyrnx moxno ryr xe
cnoxnrt (no cxeme, anno na crp. 35) konoccantnoe konnuecrno
AKBLX ro+ouuau, koropte xnnxmrcx
npannutnmun sua:u+i+u anrnncknmn npenoxennxmn
mne npocro nent cunrart, crouoro u+euuo npenoxenn Bt moxere
ryr xe cnoxnrt
no x ymam, uro onee 20.000 ...
HAHAKHTE HA CMBCH
n
npocro cr.aoieame umme cnona c umm+u pyrnmn
cnonamn ns +roro $ cnncka (nnn ns cnonapx! ne ecnokoxct o
npaeu.iuocmu, rak kak o ne nosaornnnct epe+ n ) !!!
Tontko (ecnn nyxno!) npnannxre 'S k cymecrnnrentnomy !!!
Takxe nomnnre o pasnnne mexy:
this/that " cymecrnnrentnoe n eouucmeeuuo+ :uc.e
n 'these/those " cymecrnnrentnoe no +uoxecmeeuuo+
:uc.e ( S)!
A uacmoauee epe+ +ro kora uro-ro nponcxonr
ceeoou, ce:ac, menepi, ooi:uo, eceeoa,
$ e uauu ouu n r.n.
$
BIYuHTE CAOBA:
now uav cenuac, 1enept
today mvo+, moo+ ceronn
generally owieuopo.u omuno
usually mvwie.u omuno
always oo.wos ncera
as a rule s opyv. xax npannuo
nowadays uavooos n nac1onmee npeun
+
every ... ( minute, day, week, month, Sunday, year)
+epu +nuum oo wnur +au cauoo no
xaa.: mnnyra, ent, neenx, mecxn, nockpecente, ro
n r. .;
2) Bor Bam em 7 neoxonmemnx cnon 7 ooermuix
+ecmou+euu c nx snauennxmn
( cnona rnna +eu, eeo n r. n.).
H nockontky n anrnnckom HET naoewe,
ro +rn $ cnona (me, him n r..)
coomeemcmevrm nceu pyccknm eapuauma+, a nmenno:
ME +uu menx, mne, mnom
YOU mv rex, ree, room (na camom ene mi y nnx yxe uem!).
nac, nam, namn
HIM xu+ nm, emy, nnm, nemy, nm
HER x e, e, em, ne, ne, nem
IT * um ono, emy, nm, ona, e, em, on, emy *
US ac nac, nam, namn
THEM o+ nx, nm, nmn, nnx, nnm, nnmn.
* Y 'it rak mnoro snauenn/coomeemcmeu noromy, uro
+mu+ cnonom no-anrnnckn oosnauamrcx BCE n BC,
rpo+e myxunn n xenmnn (r.e. kpome umoe)
23 22
PACmHPEHHE X1.
KAACC !!! "
Ho ecnn n konen nnn n nauano Bamero anrnnckoro npenoxennx
Bt nocrannre ony ns cneymmnx $ c.oeecuix eouuu,
ro Bt nonyunre momenrantnym nosmoxnocrt onucauu ecrnnx,
npoucxooeeo
n yoyue+ !!!
BL3YBPHTE: " Tomorrow san1pa
mv+opov, mo+opov
The day after tomorrow nocuesan1pa
oo+ aaqmo mo+opov
Next ... ( week, Sunday, year, summer, Christmas).
uorcm wnur cauoo no ca+o rpnc+oc
B/na cueymmee: neenx, nockpecente, ro, nero, Poxecrno,
u m.n.
KOHKPETHKA:
$
Hmo ueus+euuui rnaron
I leave tomorrow.
You come the day after tomorrow.
We arrive next week.
They u m.o. ~ Sunday.
People ~ year.
These girls . ~ Summer.
u m.o. ~ Christmas, u m.o.
YCTAHOBOHHLE OBPA3HL CBOEHHR CAOB:
Onn yesxamm ( yeyr) saempa They leave tomorrow.
o .uue mo+opov
3rn napnH npumeamm
These guyS arrive

A K B O -H/-E
Cvoerm
Inaron Onpeoe.um. Onpeoe.euue Cymecrnnr.
1 2 3 4 5
I
You
We
They
People
nuun.
( umn)
These girls
u m.o.
respect
love
adore
hate
count
expect
carry
save
touch
touch
have*
u m.o.
my
no
any
this
that
these
those
( Cm.
crp. 35).
serious
clever
big
beautiful
white
u m.o.
friend/s
girl/s
dog/s
table/s
hand/s
face/s
house/s
monkey/s
book/s
room/s
u m.o.
{
B annom ntme cnncke (#) x nouepknyn 5 nponsnoutno
ntpanntx cnon n (nannenan na cmtcn!) npocro cuoanu +rn
cnona, cpasy xe nonyunn npn +rom
(rpammarnueckn) acoum1no npannutnoe
anrnnckoe npenoxenne!
YCTAHOBOHHLH HPHMEP/OBPA3EH
na nocrpoenne npenoxennx ns ntmenpnnenntx cnon:
I carry any clever monkey/s.
a rpu +uu r.eeo +auru/s
nomy nm... ymn... oestx/-ny/-n.
mYPYHTE H BI TAK E #
KTO/HTO BAM MEmAET ???
25 24
NB !
-E- noxnnxercx ueay rouo+ cnona n orou:auue+ S rora,
kora y Bac uem pyro eos+oxuocmu
IOBOCOM norasami +ro npnannennoe orou:auue S
a norasami-ro ero uaoo !!!
Kak, nanpnmep, es +roro -E- Bt nponsnecre cnono
bush ovui xyc1
no +uoxecmeeuuo+ uncne
( bushES oyuiH3 kycrM) ?
A cnono fixES qnrcH3 unnHT ?
Bet nponsnecrn qurcCCC rak, urot tno onosnauno
cumuuo, uro 'S npnanneno, noome nepeantno,
nockontky n anrnnckom uem onrnx coe.acuix ..!!!
BHHTE !
Ecnn t ne npo+ewvmo:uoe/ovqepuoe -E- n oonx
+rnx # cnyuaxx, ro orou:auue S cnnnanoct t c nocnennm
'-SH nnn c '-S (nnn, nanpnmep, c -Z),
n Bam coecennk ne nonxn t nnn npocro mor t ne ycntmart,
o OHOM nn rvcme, nanpnmep, mna peut,
nnn o MHOIHX rvcmax
nonpoyre, npousuecume cnono 'bushS ovuc!
He ncera net n nonyunrcx!!! A uanucami-ro moxno!
Ho+romy n noontx cnyuaxx ( nocne rak nastnaemtx
uunux coe.acuix
nocne SH-, S-, CH-, J-, X n Z-)
+ro '-E- nepe 'S u na konne cvecmeume.iuix,
u na konne e.aeo.oe (crp. 26)
oxsarentno n ncrannxercx !!!
Onn npumeamm ( npnyyr) cma e cueoymuee eocrpeceuoe.
They arrive here next Sunday.
o opae xno uorcm cauoo
Ero parLR norynamm nam om saempa.
( kynxr)
His brotherS buy our house tomorrow.
xus opaoC oa avo xavc mo+opov
Mnoro rocrEH npuoym nocuesaempa.
Many guestS come the day after tomorrow.
++uu eocmC ra+ oo+ aaqmo mo+opov

BAHAR HHmOPMAHHR.
B anrnnckom nce qvuruoua.iuie us+eueuu, nponcxoxmne
(nnn: koropte Bt moxere nponsnonrt) co cnonom,
xnnxmrcx 1outxo
eueuuu+u!
3rnx us+eueuu ncero 10 umvr, n saknmuamrcx onn
n npnanuennn r rouuy anrnnckoro cnona
onoro ns 8 orou:auu!
(Tannna +rnx 8 orou:auu ecrt na crp. 153-154).
Bnyrpn anrnnckoro cnona
mt HHHEIO c/enart HE moxem !!!
PE3KME " 3naunr, nocne +1oro sanxrnx Bam ocranercx
ntyunrt ncero-nancero 8 nosmoxntx us+eueuu !
(10 2 S 8)
A nepnte 2 us+eueuu +ro ono n ro xe 'S,
rontko nnora +ro 'S npnannxercx r rouuy anrnnckoro
cnona n n nne 'ES, ro ecrt c rak nastnaemtm
npomexyrountm/ ovqepui+ -e-!
27 26
nocue nnx
K rouuy anrnnckoro rnarona nyxno npuaeumo (e)S:
" " " "
He readS many bookS Ou unraE1 +uoeo knnI.
" "
She planS to leave Oua nnannpyE1 yexamo.
uiu n.us mv .uue
"
My dog barkS every night Mox coara naE1 kaxym nout.
+a ooe oaarc +epu uam

KPAHHE BAHO.
He orxox or kacct, npomy Bac nosnakomnrtcx em c onnm kpane
nyxntm cnonom/qop+o na 'S
... HAS ... x3 ... HMEE1 ...

#
OnC, onaC, onoC, KroC?, Mo korC haS .
(ro ecrt +ro 'HAveS, y koroporo cpeouuuoe -ve- npocro
co npemenem eiea.u.oci n norepxnoct):
V nero (ecmo) mnoro pyse He HAS many friendS.
On HMEE1 ... xu x3 ++uu qpouo3
H:
V nero HE1 xopomnx pyse He HAS NO good friendS.
xu x3 uov evo qpouo3

HOMOmL !
Em ona +oa paspaorka em ona epynna anrnncknx cnon,
oennnntx eouum+ npusuaro+:
VKA3VKHHE CHOBA
( cnona-noocrasru),
ro ecrt marue cnona,
koropte yrasmeamm Bam,
umo nyxno enart nocue nnx !!!
NB !!!
Ho nocne coe.acuo -th (kak t ona nn nponsnocnnact)
ovqepua -e- HE cmaeumc,
rak kak samertre !!! nx aue.osi:uix
(u ncropnueckn, u no npuuunv opasonannx)
coe.acua - unae x -1, uem k -c,
a coe.acua - unae x -, uem k -s !!!,
no+romy:
5 mecxnEB 5 monthS qae +auC, a ue 5 monthes.
3 ykH 3 boothS puu ovvC, a ue 3 boothes !!!

BA S:
1) (e)S npnannxre K rouuy nmoro (kpome 97 16
mryk cm. crp. 14) cymecrnnrentnoro ns cnonapx, urot
nocrannrt ero"
no" +uoxecmeeuuoe uncno:
table " tableS moo.3
bush " bushES oyuiH3
tax " taxES mrcH3 nanorH;

2) (e)S npnannxre K rouuy HRFOIO rnarona


n uacmoaue+ npemenn
HOCBE cymecrnnrentntx e eouucmeeuuo+ uncne
n
HOCBE mecronmenn HE, SHE, IT n WHO?
xu uiu um xvv
ro ecrt nocne Ou, Oua, Ouo n Kmo?,
koropte x pekomenym nepeuua:umi n mnnte c.oee:ru"
" OnC, OnaC, OnoC n KroC?
( o kyun Mo korC),
urot onn aemo+amuuecru nanomnnann Bam o rom, uro
29 28
Hepeno nepnoro npnmepa :
Ou nnH1 MHOIO xopomnx py3EH ...
Hepeno nroporo npnmepa :
Oua ncrpeuaE1 MHOIO mnntx enymEK ...

KPYTO !!!
Bt yxe cnokono moxere ckasart no-anrnnckn, nanpnmep, cneymmee:
OHA ncrpeuaE1 1AKHX kpacnntx napHEH ouent peko.
SHE meetS SUCH beautiful guyS very seldom.
HLH +uumC cam: omvmuqv. ea3 e+pu c+.oo+
K1O unraE1 HECKOBLKO nnrepecnMX knnI kaxym neenm?
WHO readS SEVERAL interesting bookS every week?
XVV puuo3 C3BP3B numpucmuue ovrC +epu wnur

YCTAHOBOuHIE HPHMEPL/OBPA3HL.
Bcnomnnaem, uro
n uacmoaue+ epe+euu c rnaronom
nnn HH:eeo HE uaoo enart:
Kaxtent MM cunraEM namnx kpacnntx coak.
Every day WE COUNT our beautiful dogS.
+epu o+ wn ravum avo omvmuqv. ooe3
Hx(-uue) pystR noK1 ouent rpomko.
Their FRIENDS SING very loudly.
+o qpouo3 cuue e+pu .avo.u
Hnn K eeo rouuy nyxno npocro npnannxrt (e)S
nocue He, She, It, Who?
( nocne OuC, OuaC, OuoC, KmoC?),
a rakxe nocue cvecmeume.iuix n eouucmeeuuo+ uncne
( nocue Mox coakaC):
HOCHE 12 yrasymuux cnon nnn c.oe-noocrasor,
npnnenntx nnxe,
Bt onsanm K rouuy nocneymmero anrnnckoro c.oea
npnannxrt orou:auue (e)S
(npnum CAMH +rn $ vrasvrue c.oea
uuroeoa HE nsmenxmrcx !!!):
HE
SHE
IT
WHO?
xu
uiu
um
xvv
on
ona
ono
Kro?
MANY
FEW
SEVERAL
A LOT OF
PLENTY OF
SUCH

THESE
THOSE
++uu
qmv
c+epo.
o.om oe
n.eumu oe
cam:
nus
ovs
unoro
uauo
necxoutxo
unoro
unoro
1axne, 1axnx
n r. .
+1n
1e

H1O n KAK CKHAIBATI:



" " " " " " " " "

" " "
# $
# Hmo $ # HEnsmennnoe Hmoe $
HE IuarouS MANY OHPEEBEHHE CYmECTBHT.S
n p. n p. ns cnonapx
$
KOHKPETHKA: $
" " " $ " " " "
# $ # $
HE seeS MANY good friendS very often.
She meetS a lot of nice girlS e+pu oqu
It . several . guyS ouent uacro.
Who? few . . .
plenty of
such
these
those
31 30
nokynam
ouent mnoro
nontx anrnncknx knnI
n xypnanOB
kaxt mecxn,
noromy uro
1 2
x xouy & && && snart nc.
3rn knnrH
nomoramr mne
ouent cnntno.
V +eu ner
nnsknx pysEH sect,
nockontky
nce mon crapte py3LR
xnnyr n pasntx mecrAX.
I buy
a oa
very many
e+pu ++uu
new English bookS
umv nue.uui ovrC
and magazineS
uo +eosuu3
every month,
+epu +au
because
ouroos
1 2
I want to know everything.
a woum mvuov +epuuue
These bookS
uus ovrC
help me
xo.n +uu
very much.
e+pu +am:
I have no (cm. crp. 39)
a xe uov
close friendS here
r.ovc qpouo3 xno
since
cuuc
all my old friendS
oo. +a ov.o qpouo3
live in different placeS.
.ue uu onqpoum n.+cu3
CMOTPHTE, H1O BI VE YMEETE !!!
(Bcero uepes 15 mnnyr nocne nauana urennx !!!).
YCTAHOBOHHLH TEKCT X1
OH uacro unraE1 MHOIO craptx anrnncknx xypnanOB.
HE often readS MANY old English magazineS.
xu oqu puuo3 ++uu ov.o nue.uui +eosuu3
Hama COBAKA kycaE1 ncex Our DOG biteS everyone.
( kaxoro) avo ooe oamC +epuwau
OOOHEHL BAHO !!!
Hepe xaamu emopi+, mpemiu+ n r..
anrnncknm rnaronom
n oasameuoueue+ nopxke
uyxuo cmaeumo cnoneuko/:acmu:rv to,
nocne koropo rnaron uuroeoa ue us+euaemca:
1 2 1 & 2
xouy & && && nptramo I want to jump.
a woum mv ow+n
OFAHEHHOE PACHHPEHHE.
acmua to mv (nepe e.aeo.o+) moxer em snaunrt
utot:
1 2 3
paoram, utot trt n cocroxnnn yunrtcx!
I work to be able to study!
a wr mv ouu oo. mv cmaou
Kaxt ent onn npnxoxr cma, utot nonnart nac.
Every day they come here to see us.
+epu o+ o ra+ xno mv cuu ac
utot cenart +ro, rt onxen trt cnntntm!
To do this you must be strong!
mv ovv uc mv +acm ouu cmpoue
33 32
xouy, :tooi ouu vexa.n! I want them to leave!
a woum o+ mv .uue
Onnxorxr, :tooi +i rvnu.n +ror crapt om!
$
They want us to buy this old house!
o woum ac mv oa uc ov.o xavc

NB. Takxe 'to moxno npnpannxrt n k namemy uto:


On nnannpyer, uto yey sanrpa.
He plans me to leave tomorrow.
xu n.us +uu mv .uue mo+opov
Ho nnora sect ronopx no-pycckn!
mt ncnontsyem cnono ceo, koroporo n anrnnckom uem!
(Cm. crp. 49).
H sect roxe nmeercx noc1onnoe coomeemcmeue
(coornecnre mao.u:rv $ c npnmepamn):
Coomeemcmevru emy
Ooermuoe sa+euumeuo
mecronmenne: cnona ceo:
me " my +a
you " your o
him " his xus
her " her x
it " its umc
us " our avo
them " their +o:
xouy, utot ou cen ceo sanrpak.
I want $ him to eat his breakfast op+rqocm
$
" " "
#
Mt xornm, utot ouu ypann ceor kponart.
We want $ them to remove their bed.
$
" " "
#
pu+yve +o ooo
HEPBIH HAHPRI.
A nor ceuac, oennnn npoennoe, Bt nayunrect cmpoumo
cnom/Bamy nepnym anrnnckym roucmpyruum!
1 2 3
Mm ronopnm: xouy, utot ou au mne ..
Y uux xe:

1) ue cvoermuoe mecronmenne, a ozermuoe (crp. 35)


(name ou " him);

2) pyron nopoor c.oe


1 2 " 2 1
(name . :tooi ou " him to );

3) emopo (n r..) rnaron ue us+eume (r.k. on nocne 'to),


a oepume ero npa+o us cuoeapa:
him to give me !!!

3ect nonesno yer cneymmax


Cxema nocmoauumx coomeemcmeu:
1 2 " 2 1
:tooi a " me to ueus+eu. rnaron
:tooi mm " you to
:tooi ou " him to
:tooi oua " her to
:tooi ouo " it to
:tooi +m " us to
:tooi ouu " them to .
To ecrt ouu ronopxr:
xouy eeo utot oami mne ..
I want him to give me :
35 34
CXEMA nocmpoeuua anrnnckoro npeouoxeuua:
1 2 3 4 5
$ $ $ $ $
CVB1EK1
(Kmo?
nnn mo?)
Amon
HEus+euu.
IAAIOA
OBR3A1.
OHPEE-
BH1EBL
Amoe
OHPEE-
BEHHE
(Karo?)
OB1EK1
(Koeo?):
I a x
YOU mv rt, nt
WE wn mt
THEY o onn
nnn
umoe
cvecmeume.iuoe
mouoro
no +uox. uncne
( CnonoS
nnn crp. 14
n crp. 180).
Cnono
AND uo n
MY +a mo
YOURo rno, nam
HIS xus ero, eeoui*
HER x e
ITS umc eeoui*, e
OUR avo nam
THEIR +o nx(-uu)*
NO uov ne, ner
ANY +uu nmo
THIS uc +ror
THAT m ror
EVERY +epu kaxt
EACH uum: kaxt
SOME ca+ nekn,
kako-ro
nekoropte; neckontko
SUCH A cam: o rako
SUCH cam: rakne
THESE nus +rn
THOSE ovs re
menx ME +uu
rex YOU mv
ero HIM xu+
e HER x
+ro IT um
nac US ac
nm, nx THEM
o+
nnn
umoe
cvecmeum.
n umo+
uncne.
AN-A u/o onn, kako-ro

r.n.
apmur.u
THE o ror camt, re camte (Crp. 40).
#
Ieuuauoum Hroro: 31 cnono.
cronnk
LOVE GOOD $
$ $
$
$
$
$
$
$
}
B1OPOE 3AHTHE
H1O CKHAIBATI n KAK CKHAIBATI,
urot nonyuart nonnte n npannntnte anrnnckne npenoxennx
Hpnum cpasy xe oparnre ocooe nnnmanne na ro, uro
anrnnckne euaeoum n +ro " cxe+e mt noome ue us+euae+ !
HPHMEPL paort c +ro " cxe+o
(n coomuecume nomepa na cnonamn $ c nomepamn nanepxy cxe+i ):
1 2 3 4 5
nmnm rnoero ymnoro para.
I love your clever brother.
a .ae o r.eeo opao
Tt nnnmt +rnx ontmnx koroe.
You see these big cats.
mv cuu uus oue rmc
Onn nokynamr rakne oporne mamnnm.
They buy such expensive cars.
o oa cam: urcn+ucue raac
Mon coaku kycamr e.
My dogs bite her.
+a ooes oam x
B +rnx # anrnncknx npenoxennxx us+eueui
1outxo cymecrnnrentnte, croxmne no +uoxecmeeuuo+ uncne
('cats, 'cars, 'dogs) !!!

BHHMAHHE !!!
1) B Cxe+e na crp. 35 cnpana y nac ecrt ooermi (X5),
a n nauane cxemt ecrt cvoermi (X1).
Cyzermo+ nnn ooermo+ moxer trt cvecmeume.iuoe n umo+
uncne ('cat nnn catS), +ecmou+euue (I, he, him n r..),
u+ coocmeeuuoe (Pete, Moscow n r..).
37 36
KPAHHE BAXHO !!!
2 Eouumx npusuara
no Ieuuauouo+y cronnky #:
1) OBR3A1EBLHOC1L npnmenennx
onoro ns oasameuoumx onpeoe.ume.e
nepe cyuecmeumeuoum+ !!!
Houemy cnona ns Ieuua.iuoeo cmo.oura
nasnant mnom oasameuoum+u onpeoe.ume.+u?
Horomy, uro
ecnn MM, nanpnmep, no-pyccru moxem npocro ckasart:
mory oxmypnrt & enymky!,
ro no-aue.ucru nmenno mar ckasart HEBL3R,
rak kak no-aueuucru nepe +ro oeevuro
(ecnn c ne nc okay!)
oasameuouo onxno croxrt xomo raroe-mo cnono
ns ntmenpnnennoro cmo.oura,
ro ecrt moxno/ nyano mouoro 1ax:
O F 3 A T$E H I H O !!!
HIS eeo ( eeouvr)
NO uurarvr* (crp. 39)
ANY .rovr
I can charm THIS omv girl.
a ru :aa+ SUCH A marvr
SOME uervr
A/THE oouv/mv ca+vr n r..

#
Bes +roro
kareropnueckn ueuosa !!!

$
THESE omux
I can charm THOSE mex girlS.
SUCH marux
}
}
* 31n cnona (sect n anee) ynorpenent mnom nx roro,
urot vmo:umi snauenne cnon aueuucrux!

NB 1 !!!
Yurnre, uro uu oouo ns 31 cnona +ro ' '' '' rpynnt
HHkak HE us+euemc !!!

NB 2 !!!
H e.aeo. nocne cyzermumx +ecmou+euu I/you/we/they
n nocne cvecmeume.iuix no +uoxecmeeuuo+ uncne
n uacmoaue+ npemenn (!) us+euamo HE uyxuo !!!

NB 3 !!!
Oparnre nnnmanne na pasuuuy (u n snauennn!)
mexy anrnncknmn onpeoe.ume.+u n ooerma+u
(pyccxne coomeemcmeu koroptm snyuar n ntrnxxr oouuaroeo):

(-uvr)
Onpeoe.ume.i
nnxy EIO coary I see HIS dog a cuu xu3 ooe
Ho: Ooerm
nnxy EIO " I see HIM a cuu xuM

(-uue)
Onpeoe.ume.i
Mt cntmnm HX eouoca We hear THEIR voices.
wn xno +3 eocus
Ho: Ooerm
Mt cntmnm HX " We hear THEM wn xno +M

(-ui)
Onpeoe.ume.i
nmnm EIO (o wvre) ueem I like ITS color ra.o
Ho: Ooerm
nmnm EIO (ca+oeo wvra) " I like IT.

PEKOMEHAHHR.
Kora Bt moxere samennrt cnona EIO- n HX- na" eeoum
n uxuu, ro no-anrnnckn cmeno ronopnre 'HIS n '1HEIR.
A ecnn +rnx sa+eu nponsnecrn ueuosa, no moxno ncrannrt cnona eeo
ca+oeo nnn ux ca+ux cmeno ronopnre 'HIM n '1HEM !!!

#
$
#
$
#
$
(ca+oeo )
(ca+ux)
39 38
1 2 3 4 5
nnxy 31OIO ontmoro kpacnnoro enoro cnona.
I see THIS big beautiful white elephant.
a cuu uc oue omvmuqv. wam +.uqoum
NB !!!
Oparnre ocooe nnnmanne # !!!
Ckontko t onpeoe.euu nn croxno nepe cvecmeume.iui+
( & oo.iuo, rpacuei, oe.i .), no
oasameuoum onpeoe.ume.i
nc panno cronr HEPE ncemn onpeoe.euu+u,
rak kak
nmo oasameuoum onpeoe.ume.i
+ro onpeoe.euue N1 !!!
BHHMAHHE !!!
Ecnn nepe cvecmeume.iui+
(nnn nepe eeo onpeoe.euu/-e+/-+u)
Bt nocrannre c.oee:ro 'AO uov He, Hem, Huraro,
ro Bt YE c/moxere ckasart o mnorom n
n ompuuameuouo qop+e
(npnum ouent rameeopuuuo !!!).
Ho yurnre, uro ecnn ecrt onpeoe.ume.i 'NO, ro pxom c nnm
yxe ontme ueuosa ncnontsonart
uurarux pyrnx onpeoe.ume.e n rom uncne
n HHKAKOIO apmur. !!!:
HE nnxy ontmnx komek I see NO big cats.
a cuu HOV oue rmc
Bvrea.iuo: nnxy HE ontmnx komek.
Ho koneuno xe onpeoe.ume.u an/a onn
ueuosa ncnontsonart nepe cvecmeume.iui+,
croxmnm no +uoxecmeeuuo+ uncne!
A snaunr:
HHKAKHX an apples nnn a girls !!!
To ecrt
uurarux oouu xnokH nnn ooua enouKH !!!
H +ro ror cnyua, kora cymecrnnrentnoe +oxem
ocrartcx es onpeoe.ume. ( cm. crp. 45) !;
2) B3AHMOBM1ECHEHHE.
BCE oasameuoume onpeoe.ume.u
(nnn xaamn ns unenon +roro # Ieuuauouoeo cronnka)
BM1ECHRK1/ samenxmr pyr pyra !!!
To ecrt,
ecnn nepe cymecrnnrentntm (nnn nepe eeo onpeoe.euu+u)
ecrt ono ns +rnx # 21 cnon ns onpeoeuumeue,
ro
paoo+ nnn noopao HE uoae1 trt
uuraroeo pyroro ns nnx !!!
A snaunr:
HHKAKHX my any, the your nnn a this !!!

Conmenne +moeo # +oeeo npannna npnnonr k nonno


aue.orpamornocrn, rak kak
onpeoe.ume.u emmecuamm/ samenxmr u apmur.i,
o koropom Bt nanepnxka yxe cntmann,
n koroporo Bt, nosmoxno, onrect!!!
Hanpnmep
(n samertre, onpeoe.ume.u HE nsmenxmrcx):
Mt nnmem BKBME knnrH We write ANY bookS.
wn pam +uu ovrC
41 40
kak k oouo+y us onsa1eutnmx onpeoe.ume.e
n kak k em onomy onpeoe.euur no k onpeoe.euur N1
(rak kak on eceeoa cronr nepeo pyrnmn onpeoe.euu+u).
Aue.osi:uie ontmne ovreoeoi, n onn nmxr nc vmo:umi
no+romy onn ncera
npn nomomn onpeoeuumeue 'a/n n 'the
n oasameuoueue+ nopxke norasiearm nam (nnn mt ronopx
no-anrnnckn oxsarentno ouanm norasieami)
o raro+ npemere nnn nnne ( cyzerme/ozerme)
nr peut ... ro ecrt na cmeneuo suaro+cmea c nnm!
Ecnn mt +ror npemer nnn, nanpnmep, +roro uenoneka VE
snaem nnn o nm VE kora-ro mna peut (ro ecrt on nx nac
onpeoeuu, useecmeu) ro mt (ronopx no-anrnnckn) n onxnt
onsa1eutno nocnontsonartcx onpeoeuuum+ apmur.e+
onpeoe.ume.e+, ro ecrt onsa1eutno ckasart:
1O1 ..., 1O1 camt ..., 1E camte ...
no-anrnnckn THE ... o.
H crannrcx +ro the nepe cyzerma+u/ozerma+u
n umou uncne
( u no +uoxecmeeuuo+ the boy/the boys) !!!
Ecnn xe +ror cyzerm/ozerm ncrpeuaercx nam nnepnme,
n mt o +roro o nm ne cntxann ro or nero onsa1eutno nyxno
na ncxkn cnyua omoopumic, onsa1eutno nocnontsonanmnct
HEonpeoeuuum+ apmur.e+ onpeoe.ume.e+ 'a/n:
OHH ..., KAKOH-1O ..., HEKHH ... AN
nnn A u/o,
uro pantme npocro snaunno OnH !!!:
Onpeoe.euue $
Mt HE :umae+ nontx knnr We read NO new books.
wn puuo HOV umv ovrc
Bvrea.iuo: Mt unr... HE nonte knnrn.
V moero pyra HE1 ener My Iriend has AO money.
Mo pyr HE u+eem ener.
BHHTE:
Mm ompuae+ ruarou ( ue :umae+ .),
a aue.osi:uie (npn nomomn NO)
ompuarm cymecrnnrentnoe
e+ecme c ero onpeoe.euu+u !!!
( NO new interesting books,
NO money).
To ecrt:
ueeo onn ue :umarm nnn ue u+erm
mo onn n ompuarm !!!
euame, pexra, u Bm rak xe
Bam uro, cnao , uro nn!

OBR3ATEALHLE OHPEEHHTEHH
AN, A n THE (r.n. apmur.u).
Ecnn o menx Bt nanepnxka crapannct voeeami or apmur.,
ro renept anare sa cur ncnoutsonannn apmur.
OBOIATHM Bam anrnnckn
n cenaem ero em onee orartm n npannntntm !!!
Bomic apmur. ne nyxno, rak kak on na camom-ro ene
ouent yoen npocro ornecnrect k nemy kak k cuoey
43 42
1) eno n rom, uro ykna h- n nauane anrnnckoro cnona
nnora mo.iro nuuemca, no ne nponsnocnrcx
n +rom cnyuae nyxno ncnontsonart AN, nanpnmep:
AN hour H avo uac,
no:
A hot dish 3 xom ouui ropxuee nmo;
2) ykna U- n nauane anrnnckoro cnona
nnora unraercx kak A-, a nnora kak Ky-.
Coornercrnenno:
AN umbrella H A+op+.o sonr(-nk),
n:
A union 3 Kvuuou coms.

A nor Bam 2 mercmura, nosnonxmmne nonxrt qvurur apmur.e


n cy1t nx yno1peuennn
(oparnre nnnmanne na nocueuu nocue rekcron):
$ oouoeo
Buepa x ncrpernn & opvea.
$ moeo $ oouo
Y & opyea tno & crapoe na.imo.
$ mo
& Hauomo tno sennoe.
*
Ha nm tnn & oipi.,
*
samnrte & senntmn nnrkamn.
Yesterday I met A friend.
ecmooo a +om oqp+uo
THE friend had AN old coat.
oqp+uo xo ouov.o rovm
The coat was green.
orovm wos epuuu
*
There were & holes on it.
+o w xov.s ou nm
*
mended with & green threads.
++uouo wn epuuu poos
1) 'I see A girl;
2) I see THE girl u ro, u ro
epa++amu:ecru npannutno,
no pasuua ecmo, n ona saknmuaercx n rom,
uro n nepnom cnyuae +ra oeevura nnmt ooua us +uoeux,
no nropom cnyuae u+euuo ma ca+aa, rourpemuaa oeevura !
Inannoe urot
xomo raro-mo onpeoe.ume.i/apmur.i BMB !!!
A nmnpa1t +ror onpeoe.ume.i
nyxno npocro coopasno sopaeo+y c+mcuy !!!

Hy a pas AN/A snaunr OHH,


ro ero (ecmecmeeuuo !!!) HEBL3R cmaeumo
nepe cvoerma+u/ooerma+u no +uowecmeeuuo+ uncne!!!
net Oouu cronM u no-pycckn npx nn kro-nnyt ckaxer ..!
To ecrt n +mo+ cnyuae #
ueonpeoe.uuoe cvecmeume.iuoe
(croxmee no +uoxecmeeuuo+ uncne!)
+oxem trt eo.i+ es onpeoe.ume. !!! (Crp. 45).

urot ueeue tno npousuocumo, nepe cnonamn, koropte


naunnamrcx c e.acuix, nyxno ronopnrt an ... u,
a nepe coe.acui+u nyxno ronopnrt a ... +ro n exy xcno:
A boy mantunk AN apricot apnkoc.
o oo u +npurom
Ho ecrt n napa nrknx uraucoe:
45 44
One day THE old man Onaxt (31O1 CAMMH) cmapur
wau oo oov.o +u
left THE house ymn ns (1OIO CAMOIO) oo+a
.eqm oxavc
and went into THE forest n nomn n (1O1 CAMMH) .ec
uo w+um numv oqopucm
$ ... * $ 0 *
to collect & mushrooms. (utot) conpart & rpnt.
mv ro.erm +auipvv+s
1HE mushrooms were tasty. (1E) rpnt tnn nkycntmn.
o +auipvv+s w m+cmu

* Kak nnnre, nepe +rnmn cnonamn,


crox mnmn no +uoxecmeeuuo+ :uc.e
HE1 nnkaknx apmur.e/onpeoe.ume.e!
Hponsomno +ro noromy, uro n o oipax, n o uumrax,
n o epuoax n +mux cnyuaxx ynomnnaercx enepeme a snaunr,
vuueepca.iuoe the crannrt sect ueuosa
(rak mt o nnx pauiue ue cntxann)
n n ro xe npemx nce +rn 3 cnona croxr no +uoxecmeeuuo+
:uc.e snaunr,
o nnx ueuosa ronopnrt n oouu ( an/a)
nor onn n ocrannct eo.i+u
Tak kak onpeoe.ume. oouu
n anrnnckom npocro uem !!!
$ oouu
Mt cenn n & aemoovc.
$ Tom
& Aemoyc tn nepenonnen.
Kak nnnre #, npocrtm rvpcueo+ (ro ecrt uar.ouui+
upuqmo+) ntenent cnona,
ncrpeuammnecx B HEPBBH PA3, n, coornercrnenno,
EHE nam HE3HAKOMBE.
Onn, ec1ec1nenno, o]opmnent HEOHPEEHHHBM apmur.e+
(an/a u/o).
anee 3TH E CAMLE cnona, ntenennte xupum+
rvpcueo+, oosnauamr VE 3HAKOMBE rontko uro (nnn
panee) ecmpeuaeuueca nam nonxrnx.
Coornercrnenno (rak kak o nnx VE ronopnnoct PAHBLE),
+rn cnona o]opmnxmrcx OHPEEBHHMM apmur.e+ (the o).
To ecrt, ecnn cnono nonropxercx emopo pas,
ro ono omuno oqop+.emc aprnknem 'the !!!
* Cm. crp. 45
H em onn rekcr:
AN old man lived (OHH) cmapur xnn
uov.o +u .ueo
in A small house n (OHOM) manentkom oo+e
uu oc+oo. xavc
near A forest. pxom c (OHHM) .eco+.
uno oqopucm
We took A bus.
wn mvr ooac
THE bus was overcrowded.
ooac wos oveorpavouo
47 46
V nnx HE1 ontmnx entx komek.
They HAVE NO big white cats.
o xe uov oue wam rmc
V +rnx cronon HE1 noxek These tableS HAVE NO legs.
3rn cronM HE HMEK1 uus moo.3 xe uov .ees

HBH (pacmnpenne!):
V menx/rex/nero/ne/nac/nac/nnx BMB/-a/-o/-n "
$
" /rt/on/ona/ono/mt/nt/onn HMEB/-a/-o/-n
$
I/you/he/she/it/we/they HAD ... Hpoueouee npemx
xo
( rak nastnaemax 2-n qop+a rnarona).
V ... HE BMB/-o (uuraro) komkn ... HAD NO cat.
xo uov rm

HBH:
V menx/rex/nero/ne/nac/nac/nnx BV/-er/-yr . "
$
" /rt/on/ona/ono/mt/nt/onn BV... HME1L
$ $
I/you/he/she/it/we/they WILL HAVE ....
... wn. xe
H: $ cm. crp. 53
V ... HE BVE1 (uuraro) komkn ... WILL HAVE NO cat.
wn. xe uov rm

OHOHHHTEHIHIE HPHMEPL
na qop+m rnarona 'have xe u+emi
(npnum +1n $ qop+i Bt moxere ncnontsonart
c ummun cvoerma+u,
n rom uncne n c ummun +ecmou+euu+u):
#
HMEK ...
Tt u+eeuo ...
Mt u+ee+ ...
Bt u+eeme ...
Onn u+emm ...
3ru enymku u+emm ...
I HAVE ...
You have ...
We have ...
You have ...
They have ...
These girls have
a xe
mv xe
wn xe
mv xe
o xe
e.s xe
* BAHO !!!
Hosnakomtrect c moe nono paspaorko no nasnannem
Pyccko-Pycckne 0opmynt u.u PPm !
Hx nent nomout Bam nonxrt npuuun,
no koropomy aue.osi:uie crpoxr nekoropte cnon roucmpvruu.
PPm +ro pyccxne ]past nnn ooopomi,
nonxrnte nx pvccrosi:uix,
n xnnxmmnecx 1ounmun ra.ira+u/konnxmn
]pas/ooopomoe anrnncknx!
(Cm. crp. 155 n Cnpaeo:uo :acmu).
BL3YBPHTE !!!
A nor Bam n nepnax Bama $ PPm:
Aue.osi:uie HE ronopxr: Y menx/rex/nac/nac/nnx ecrt ...!
Ouu ron$opxr:
YCTAHOBOHHLE HPHMEPL/OBPA3HL:
V nac EC1L mnoro entx komEK.
We HAVE many white catS.
wn xe ++uu wam rmC
Bvrea.iuo: Mt HMEEM ...
Ecnn xe y nx pyse, nanpnmep, uem rouer,
ro ouu orkponenno o +rom n saxnnxmr:
49 48
A nor BTOPOH HAHPRI,
cosannt rem, uro
Ooeeo cnona ceo n anrnnckom HET !!!
Ho+romy nmecro nero ncera
(n n oasameuoueue+ nopxke !!!)
ncnontsyre
noxonmee npumwame.iuoe +ecmou+euue,
nnn kak ronopm x
onn ns oasameuoumx onpeoe.ume.e
(cm. crp. 35).
To ecrt aue.osi:uie BCEIA vmo:urm,
HLK weuv ouu .rom nnn HLH uoeu ouu +orm!!!
Btop nyxnoro/noxoxmero npumwame.iuoeo +ecmo-
u+euu oasameuouoeo onpeoe.ume. sanncnr or cyzer-
muoeo mecronmennx, koroptm oosnauaercx oecmevree .uo
cyzerm.
To ecrt sect nmeer mecro cneymmax noc1onnnan
np+a (n oopamua!) saeucu+ocmi coomeemcmeue:
I '" MY +a mo
YOU '" YOUR o rno, nam, Bam
HE '" HIS xus ero, eeoui*
SHE '" HER x e
IT '" ITS umc ero eeoui*,
e, eui*
WE '" OUR avo nam
THEY '" THEIR +o nx(-uu*).
* Homnnm, uro +rn cnona (sect n panee) ynorpenent mnom
nx roro, urot vmo:umi snauenne cnon aueuucrux !
V menx BMBA (mox) kpacnnax nopyra.
I HAD (my) beautiful girlfriend.
a xo (+a) omvmuqv. e.qpouo
1 2
V nac HE BMBO ymntx pyse.
2 1
We HAD NO clever friends.
wn xo uov r.eeo qpouos
12
V ... BVE1 kyua nponem.
1 2
... WILL HAVE a lot of problems.
... wn. xe o.om oe npoo.e+s
#
Amoe +ecmou+euue
Amon cvoerm
3 12
V ... HE BVE1 nponem.
1 2 3
... WILL HAVE NO problems.
... wn. xe uov npoo.e+s
#
Amoe +ecmou+euue
Amon cvoerm

PE3KME.
3asypnnan npnmept/opasnt (#) n konnpyx nx, Bt
c nomomtm cnonapx VE moxere ckasart ouent unoroe
o ceoux, meoux, eauux, uauux u ux(-uux) oecmeux
n uacmoaue+ npemenn !!!
(A c rnaronom have xe u+emi no ecex 3 epe+euax
ro ecrt axe em n n npoueoue+ n n yoyue+ !!!).

51 50
Em pas oparnre, noxanycra, ocooe nnnmanne na pasuuuy
n nopxke cnon #$ n pycckom n n anrnnckom napnanrax.
Mt net moxe ronopnm:
1 2 3
3ro xe +oe +amepu reapmupa !!! ...

HEHHOE YKA3AHHE.
3asypnre pycckym ]pasy ( PPm)
1 2 3
MOEH MA1EP`H KBAPTHPA,
n crpore nce Bamn anrnnckne npenoxennx
c BBAEBLHEM npxmo no ne # !!!
HHraro apmur.i nepe me+, ue+ e.aoerm,
sect ue uyxeu:
1 2 " 2 1
My fatherS car +a qaaoc raa Mamnna moeeo orn`A.
My fatherS cars +a qaaoc raac Mamnnm moeeo orn`A.
BritainS foreign policy opumuc qopuu no.ucu
Bnemnxx nonnrnka Fpnrann`H.
" " " " " " " " " " "
# $ # $
OH otuno npoa1 mamnnM CBOEIO orn`A. $
HE usually sellS HIS fatherS carS.
xu mvwie.u co.3 xus qaaoC raaC
OHA uacro rnaH1 pykH CBOEIO myx`A.
SHE often strokeS HER husbandS handS.
uiu oqu cmpovrC x xasoouoC xuo3
HOCKA3KA k npnmepam $:
OnC (cm. crp. 26).
YCTAHOBOuHIE HPHMEPL / OBPA3HL
H KOHHPOBAHHR n HOPAAHHR:
Hpnmept na sa+euy cnona ceo:
R nnmy CBOH counnennx kaxt ent.
I write MY compositions every day.
a pam +a ro+nosnuius +epu oo
MM nmnm CBOHX ere n ponrene.
We love OUR children and parents.
wn .ae avo :m.opou uo n+opoumc
OHH unraK1 CBOH knnrH.
THEY read THEIR bookS o puuo +o ovrC
Mo KO1 ncera nnxE1 CBOH nanM.
My CAT always lickS ITS pawS.
+a rm oo.wos .urC umc noo3

H ryr xe TPETHH HAHPRI ( rperte 'S),


koropt saknmuaercx n us+eueuuu nopaora cuoe
(no cpannennm c pyccknm!).
Bostmm, nanpnmep, pycckym ]pasy:
1 2 3
Knaprnpa moe marepH.
Byreauoume anrnnckne oreuea.eum n nepeno ( PPm) +ro
]past ntrnxxr uyrt nnaue sa cu1 us+eueuua nopnxa cnon:
2 3 1 2 3 1
Moe marep`H knaprnpa My motherS flat.
Kro euaoeueu knaprnpt? Mart?
Tak nor nmenno r +amepu n npnannxercx +ro S !!!
53 52
1PE1LE 3AHTHE
Bor 29 cnyuaen HEus+eue+ocmu anrnnckoro e.aeo.a.
H sect Bam nyxno ntyunrt 2 rpynnm cnon (crp. 54)
ncero 34 cnona/eipaweuu
ncero 34 c.oeecuie eouuui,
HOCBE koroptx
anrnnckn e.aeo. epnre npnuo ns cuonapn
n noome ero HE nsmenxre !!!
EHHME HPH3HAKH,
u.u 3 HPABHBA HO HEPBOH HOIPVHHE cnon " !
OHO3HAHHEHmE !!!:
1) B3AHMOHEHPHMEHEHHE
BCE 26 uHEHOB 3TOH (") HOIPVHHB ( 26 cnon)
HEBL3R YHOTPEFHTI PYI C PYIOM!
To ecrt unent nce +ro nepnon nooepvnni
( 26 cnon)
pyr c pyrom HE ynorpenxmrcx !!!
A k o.e+euma+ ornocnrcx em n sakon
B3AHMOBM1ECHEHHR
ro ecrt onn emmecuamm pyr pyra ( cm. crp. 88);
2) Kpome +roro, caun unent +ro nooepvnni c.oe
noome HE nsmenxmrcx !!!;
3) Hocue BCEX unenon +ro nooepvnni
anrnnckn rnaron HE us+euaemca !!!!!
YCTAHOBOHHLH TEKCT N2
(ncero uepes 20 mnnyr nocne nauana).
Ham oren Our father
avo qaao
nokynaE1 n npoa1 buyS and sellS
oa3 uo co.3
pasnte crapte mamnnM. different old carS.
onqpoum ov.o raaC
Mt nomoraem emy We help him
wn xo.n xu+
mox cecrpa moE1 nx, my sister washES them,
+a cncmo wouiH3 o+
x pemonrnpym nx, I fix them,
a qurc o+
a nama mama and our mom
uo avo +o+
cunraE1 entrn. countS money.
ravumC +auu
Y nac ecrt mnoro We have many
wn xe ++uu
nocroxnntx knnenrOB, constant clientS,
roucmoum r.aoumC
nx konnuecrno their quantity
+o rwoumumu
nocroxnno pacr1. constantly growS
roucmoum.u epov3
n eno namero orn`A and our fatherS business
uo avo qaaoC onsuuc
ouent nomoraE1 nam. helpS us very much.
xo.nC ac e+pu +am:
55 54
CTPOIOE HAHOMHHAHHE !!!
Bo BCEX +rnx () 26 c.v:ax
nocue :acmu n o.e+eumoe
anrnnckne e.aeo.i noome HE us+eume,
a npocro epnre nx npnuo ns cuonapn !!!
H uurarux 'to !!!
Hockontky o.e+eumi HE aeuammca nepntmn rnaronamn !!!
To ecrt: HE enare noome HHHEIO !!!
Cmorpnre npnmept nnxe!

YCTAHOBOHHLE HPHMEPL/OBPA3HL
na :acmui n na o.e+eumi.
NB. Hpnum, yurnre, uro pasum+u HAC1HHAMH
mt norasmeae+ pasuoe BPEMR ecrnnx !!!
Hnn naoopor:
no HAC1HHAM mt euou+ BPEMR !!!
VCHBH1EBLHME :acmui (do !, does !, did !)
ovv oas ouo
+rnmn :acmua+u
mt noo:prueae+, ycuuueae+ name ntckastnanne!
(H cmorpnre, kak anrnnckoe do ! ovv
noxoxe na pycckoe a !):
262 (crp. 68) cnyuaen HEus+euae+ocmu
anrnncknx rnaronon.
HAC1HHM n 3BEMEH1M, nocue koroptx
anrnnckn rnaron HE us+euemc:
HAC1HHM: 3BEMEH1M:
... do ...! ovv
... does ...! oas
... did ...! ouo
Do ...? ovv
Does ...? oas
Did ...? ouo
Will ...? wn.
... dont ... ooum
... doesnt ... oasum
... didnt ... ououm
... wont ... woVum
Do ... ! cu.iui
HPHKA3
Dont ... ! 3AHPE1
CAN ru uout, yue1t
COULD rvo c/uor, c/yueu;
c/uor m, c/yueu m
MAY +o uoano
MIGHT +am nosuoano, ,
uoae1,
MUST +acm ouaen
OUGHT TO oom mv ouaen m
WILL wn. opasonarent
yoyu. npemenn
SHALL u. ro xe camoe,
no ynorpenxercx
1outxo c 'I n 'We
WOULD wvo ... m ...,
c1au m , ... m c1au
SHOULD uro ouaen (tn) m,
cueonauo m,
nyano (muo) m
NEEDNT uuuoum ne nyano ...,
ne nao ...
...d better ... uyume ...
oo+mo
...d rather ... cxopee ...
opaao
PACmHPHTEAL: than u , ueu :
Better than me Hyume, ue+ x.
o+mo u +uu
# Tontko ozermuoe mecronmenne !
V
c
u
.
u
m
e
.
i
u
i
e
B
o
n
p
o
c
u
m
e
.
i
u
i
e

H
p
e
o
n
o
u
m
e
u
u
e

c
r
n
n
x

O
m
p
u

a
m
e
.
i
u
i
e
57 56
NB: Em +rn :acmui moxno npupaeumi k uertpm
anrnncknm 3! nnn Pasee?, nocne koroptx cneyer ca+ nonpoc!
H nx xaaoro epe+euu cno 3! nnn cno Pasee?!!!:
HAC1ORHEE epe+ nokastnaem 2-mx :acmua+u
(Do ? n 'Does ?)
#
nx OnC/onaC/onoC/ mo korC:

Anrnnckn rnaron

A pycckn us+euu!
?
$
ueus+euu
$
DO you work? ? Tt paoraeuo ?
oyy mv wr
?
$
Anrnnckn HEus+euuui rnaron
DOES she work? ? Ona paoraE1 ?
oa3 uiu wr


#
nx
OnC/onaC/onoC/Mo korC

HPOHEHEE epe+ nokastnaem :acmue Did ?


( ooua nx ncex):
?
$ HEus+euuui rnaron
DID they work? ? Onn paoraBn?
ou o wr

+ 1 nonax :acmua
(Bt e yxe snaere (n) kak o.e+eum !)
nx BVVHEIO epe+euu: WILL ... ? Wn. ... ?:
?
$

HEus+euuui rnaron
WILL he work? ? BVE1 on paorart?
wnu xu wr

#
Pycckn rnaron
us+euu !

#
A pycckn us+euu !

nx HAC1ORHEIO epe+euu:
Anrnnckn rnaron
$
ue us+euu
A nmum xe x rex! = I DO love you!
$ a oyy .ae mv
$
" " " " " " " "
#
HEus+euuui rnaron
$
A paoraem xe on(c)! He DOES work!
$ $ xu oas wr
$
" " " " " " " " " "
#

nx HPOHEHEIO epe+euu:
HEus+euuui rnaron
$
A npnxonBa xe ona! She DID come!
$ $ $ uiu ouo ra+
$
" " " " " " " " "
#

KPYTO !!!
Ecnn Bt +1n ae caume :acmui
(Do ?, Does ?, Did ?)
nepenecre e uauauo npenoxennx,
ro onn cranyr
BOHPOCH1EBLHMMH :acmua+u
(nnn kak t eonpocume.iui+u suara+u,
nocrannenntmn u e ua:a.o nonpoca/npenoxennx).
H sect moxe mt +rnmn :acmua+u ue mouoro
ooosua:ae+ cam ]akr eonpoca,
no nmenno uacmuue
mt nokastnaem n BPEMR eonpoca !!!:
$
$ $
59 58
H em npocro uapaueae+:

3) WHY DO I know her?
Houe+y ? x snam e?

To ecrt nc +nemenrapno:
1) eina.u.u eonpocume.iuoe c.oeo (nnn eipaweuue);
2) uacmuue norasa.u BPEMR;
3) a antme ueus+euuui+ IHAIOHOM
nepeoaeame CMMCB eonpoca n nc !!!:
1 2 3 " 1 3
WHERE DO you go now? KVA rt ceuac nHL?
w+o ovv mv eov uav
1 2 3 " 1 3
WHAT DOES he know? H1O on snaE1?
wom oas xu uov
1 2 3 " 1 3
HOW DID you do that? KAK rt +ro cenaB?
xav ouo mv ovv m
1 23
KOIA rt BEPHHL mon entrn?
A y uux:
1 2 3
WHEN WILL you return my money?
w+u wn. mv pumu +a +auu

H:
1 2 3
KAK CHBLHO ? rt menx nmnmt?
1 2 3
HOW MUCH DO you love me?
xav +am: ovv mv .ae +uu
5 4 1 2 3

$
HEus+euuu. rnaron
WILL my brother live here?
wn. +a opao .ue xno
BVE1 mo par xnrt sect?

YCHAHM !!!
+eo
DO/DOES/DID/WILL you/ EVER wash your hands?
??? rt/ xomo roeoa-uuyoo wash ceou pykn?
woui mtrt

KPAHHE BAHO !!!


Onako, ecnn n nonpoce ecrt em
n eonpocume.iuoe cuoeo nnn eipaweuue (crp. 60),
ro C nero u naunnan1e nonpoc,
a nyxnym :acmuv crantre
CPA3Y E HOCAE eonpocume.iuoeo c.oea!
To ecrt mt uuueeo ue us+euae+, a npocro n camom nauane
eu crannm n eonpocume.iuoe c.oeo nnn eipaweuue.
NB.
H e umo+ cnyuae!
nc eonpocume.iuoe mt npocro cepeoae+
e camoe uauauo nonpoca !!!!!
CMOTPHTE:
1 2 3
1) snam e I know her a uov x
A renept uapauueae+:
4 1 2 3
2) DO I know her? ? snam e?
61 60
Coomeemcmeeuuo:
a kak on cmeE1 ...? How dareS he ...? ... o+o3 ...

2) Tt t (ne) xoren/-a ... ? Would you like to ... ?


Tt ne npornn ...? wvo mv .ar mv ...
Tt t ne xorena norn co mnom?
Would you like to come with me?
wvo mv .ar mv ra+ wn +uu

3) Tt ne npout ... ? Do you care to ... ?


ana, ..! ovv mv reo mv ...
ana, norannyem! Do you care to dance?
Tt ne npout norannenart? ovv mv reo mv oaauc
Coomeemcmeeuuo:
A on/-a ne npout ...? DoeS s/he care to ...?

Hocne ncex +mux # eipaweuu 1oae npocro crantre


IHAIOH H3 CHOBAP,
HE nsmenxx ero!
HOAHLH ATAC !!!
Ecnn K +1nu xe caumu :acmua+
(Do, Does, Did n Will)
npuoaeumi pycckoe
He(m) anrnnckomy 'NoT " NT,
ro onn npenpamamrcx"
n :acmui
O1PHHA1EBLHME ( pycckomy ... ue ... ) !!!
CHHCOK 23 BOHPOCH1EBLHMX CHOB
n BBPAEHHH:
Kro?
Koro?
ue?
Ie? Kya?
Orkya?
uro? uero...? Kako?
3auem? nx uero? 3a uro?
Kaknm opasom? Kak?
Koropt (ns)? Kako (ns)?
Kakoro rnna ... ?
Kakoro nnera...?
Kora?
Houemy? 3auem?
Kak?
a kak (xe) ... !?
Kak onro ... ?
Ckontko (c:umae+oeo)?
Ckontko (HEc:umae+oeo)?
Kak uacro?
... xort kora-nnyt ... ?
... kora yrono ...
Who?
Whom? Who?
Whose?
Where?
Where from?
What?
What for?
In what way?
Which (of)?
What kind of ... ?
What color ... ?
When?
Why?
How?
How come ... ?
How long?
How many?
How much?
How often?
... ever ... ?
xvv?
xvv+? xvv?
xvvs?
w+o?
w+o qpo+?
wom?
wom qoo?
uu wom w+?
wnm: (on)?
wom rauo oe ... ?
wom ra.o?
w+u?
wa?
xav?
xav ra+ ... ?
xav .oue ... ?
xav ++uu?
xav +am:?
xav oqu?
... +eo ... ?
Btpaxenne Kak, Kaknm opasom nmeer eme napnanr
In what manner? uu wom +uo?
}
3AHOMHHTE
em 3 ononnnrentntx eonpocume.iuix eipaweuu
oua yrpaueuua Bame aue.ope:u:
1) a kak rt cmeemt ...? How dare you ...?
xav o+o mv ...
a kak rt cmeemt ockopnxrt e?
How dare you insult her?
xav o+o mv uuca.m x
63 62
HEus+euuui rnaron $
Amon CVB1EKT HE Vnnnr ... WONT see.
... ue yoem euoemi woVum cuu
Em pas npocmorpnre nce :acmui # n yenrect n rom, uro
no HAC1HHAM mt moxem nnert BPEMR ecrnnx,
nnn xe n rom, uro
HAC1HHAMH mt nokastnaem BPEMR ecrnnx !!!

CHHIHOE HPHKA3AHHE
u 3AHPET
moxe opasymrcx +rnmn uacmuua+u:

Pycckn

Anrnnckn
$ us+euuum rnaron $ ueus+euuui rnaron
A nakaxn xe ero!!! DO punish him!!!
oyy nauuui xu+
$ HEus+euuui rnaron
HE nakastna ero! DONT punish him!
ooum nauuui xu+

HOBLH HKAHC !!!


3nax o cymecrnonannn S ( xosuu) crp. 50,
Bam nerue yer nonxrt n ycnonrt cneymmn ouent naxnt urauc.
3nare, uro n anrunncxou xstke nmemrcx
2 (BA) pasnmx muna npumwame.iuix +ecmou+euu.
To ecrt renept mt nmeem 4 anrnncknx ... ue ...,
nocue koroptx
cau rnaron 1oae noome HE us+euemc,
a eprcx npnuo ns nmoro cuonapn !
H sect 1oae omu+u (4-mx) pasnmun anrnncknmn ue
mt yem norasieami pasnoe BPEMR ompuauu !!!,
nnn xe
no omu+ ue mt yem nnert BPEMR
ompuauu !!!!!
Ecrt
2 ue nx HAC1ORHEIO epe+euu
ooum oasum
( dont n doesnt):
$ HEus+euuui rnaron
HE unraP I DONT read. $
a ooum puuo $
H: $
OnC/onaC/onoC HE snaE1 He/she/it DOESNT know.
xu/uiu/um oa3um uov

1 ue
nx HPOHEHEIO epe+euu ( didnt ououm):
HEus+euuui rnaron $
Amon CVB1EKT HE nneB/-a/-o/-n ... DIDNT see.
ououm cuu

H 1 ue
nx BVVHEIO epe+euu
(willnot " WONT wovum):
65 64
MY house, YOUR sisters, HIS cars n r..
+a xavc o cncmos xus raas
Mo ou, rnon cc1pm, ero uamnnm,
Moero oua, rnonx cec1p, ero uamnnau.
31o1 rnn anrnncknx npumwame.iuix +ecmou+euu
nonnocrtm coornercrnyer
pyccxnu npumwame.iui+ +ecmou+euu+.

Cnona xe 2-ro THHA ynorpenxmrcx CAMOCTOTEHIHO,


n otuno cnyxar kparknmn orneramn na nonpoct rnna
He omo oo+?, nnn xe koporknmn, pesknmn yrnepxennxmn:
3rn knnrn +ou These books are mine.
Te knnrn mowe +ou Those books are mine too.
ovs ovrc aa +au mvv
3rn knnrn meou These books are yours.
3rn knnrn meou? Are these books yours?
aa uus ovrc os
Whose house is this one? Its mine!, u.u npocro: Mine!
xyvs xavc us uc wau umc +au +au
ue om +ro(-r) Mon!.
nnxy, uro rt nocnmt crapte pyamkn! Bostmn MOH!
I see that you wear old shirts! Take MINE!
a cuu m mv w+o ov.o uimc mor +au
3ro HAHE! Its OURS! umc avos
The money is YOURS, and nobody will take it from you!
o+auu us O3 uo uovooou wn. mor um qpo+ mv'
entrn 1BOH, n nnkro ne saepr nx y (or) rex!

OTAHHHLH HPHMEP (n ouent annon !):


Scratch my back, and Ill scratch YOURS !!! Houemn mom
crpm: +a or uo a. crpm: O3 cnnnky,
a x meom!.
To ecrt: Tt mne, x ree!.
3AYHHTE !
I: II:
mo MY +a mine +au
rno, nam, Bam YOUR o yourS o3
ero(-ui) HIS xus hiS xus
e HER x herS x3
ero, e (o ueoovu.) ITS umc itS umC
nam OUR avo ourS avo3
nx(-uu) THEIR +o theirS +oC
Oparnnn nnnmanne? #
Bese (kpome mine) na konnax cnon npncy#rcrnyer S
( xosuu) !!!
Omee nx oenx epvnn cnono e? WHOSE? xyvs
Haemct, Bt nomnnre, uro, nanpnmep, 'MY +a snaunr
n +o, n +oa, n +o,
n +ou, n +oux, n +ou+ n r..
rak kak HH y rarux anrnncknx +ecmou+euu
(n rom uncne n y npumwame.iuix)
HET uu naexe, uu poon, uu uncen,
a snaunr, camn onn (kak n ece anrn. onpeoe.euu)
no pooa + n :uc.a+ HE nsmenxmrcx.
Ho ceuac eno ne rontko n +rom!

Hpumwame.iuie +ecmou+euu 1-ro THHA ynorpenxre


TOALKO c pyrnmn cnonamn/cvecmeume.iui+u,
nesanncnmo or nx :uc.a n r. n.:
67 66
Branches of trees Bernn epentEB
opaaum:is oe mpuus (-ee of).
Millions of dollars Mnnnnont, kak Bt ymaere, :eeo?
+n.iouc oe oa.os (onnapOB).
The companies of our Iamily (Te) ]npmt namEH cemtH.
o ra+nouus oe avo q+u.u

NB (n em pas nepnnrect cma nonosnee!).


Bos+oweu n concem yx, kasanoct t, ueeos+owui napnanr
coueranne npenora 'of euaoeuoua c 's na konne
(oosnauennoro, npenournrentno, npocro u+eue+ coocmeeuui+)
nnn
npenor 'of npumwame.iuoe +ecmou+euue 2-ro muna
(crp. 64)
n +rom cnyuae nc ntpaxenne npnoperaer ommeuor
oouu us .:
These friends OF JOHNS . 3rn pystx xonA
uus qpouos oe owous
She is a friend OF MINE Ona ona ns MOHX nopyr.
uiu us oqp+uo oe +au
He was a slave OF HERS On tn E paom;
xu wos oc.+e oe xs

2) Hpenor 'BY oa oosnauaer,


KEM nnn HEM uro-ro cenano:
A mistake made BY you.
o+ucm+r +oo BAH mv
Omnka, cenannax TOFOK Tnox omnka.
The house built BY this man om, nocrpoennt
oxavc ou.m BAH uc +u 3THM uEHOBEKOM;

PACmHPEHHE BO3MOXHOCTEH
(uyrt onepewaree moxere nepnyrtcx k nemy n nosnee!).
3 BAXHEHBHX HPEBOIA:
1) Oosnaunrt euaoeuoua nnn ntpasnrt omuoueuua
cocmeeuuocmu no-anrnnckn moxno em onnm cnocoom.
B +rom cnyuae HEPE BHAEHBHEM nnn nepe
nceun ero onpeoe.euu+u crannrcx ouent noxoxee na ero
pycckn oreuea.eum nekoe cnoneuko-npeo.oe.
3ro npeo.oe of oe nnn oq,
n emy n pycckom xstke ecrt ny npocro 100 -x napa..e.i
no rontko n nne ue npeo.oea, a cvqqurca -OB-:
FopncOBa mamnna the car OF Boris o raa OB oopuc
OrnOB om the house OF my father o xavc OB +a qaao
Ho ro, uro y pyccknx HPHCOEHHRE1CR r rouuy cnona,
y anrnnuan cmaeumc HEPE cnonom !!!
+
A KBAPTHPA of MOEH MATEPH,
nnn:
The KBAPTHPA of MOEH MATEPH.
E HPHMEPL:
My brothers car the car of my brother mamnna moero par`a,
+a opaoc raa o raa OB +a opao parOBa mamnna;
His sisters name the name of his sister nmx ero cecrp`m,
xus cncmos uo+ o uo+ OB xus cncmo cecrpOBo nmx.
3ror npeo.oe of noome ncnontsyercx nx opasonannx
coomeemcmeu romy, uro y nac nastnaercx pooumeuoum+ naoexo+,
npocro y enxxek-anrnnuan naoexoe HE1, nor nm n npnxonrcx
ncnontsonart oxonte mannpt:
69 68
HE1BP1OE 3AHTHE
OHEHL HOAE3HAR OHHHmOPMAHHR.
Tpaouuoua.ucmi nastnamr o.e+eumi +ooa.iui+u
e.aeo.a+u no, npeynpexam +ro nx ouura, rak kak
y o.e+eumoe HE1 HH oouoeo rnarontnoro npnsnaka !:
1) J.e+eumi (n ornnune or e.aeo.oe !!!)
noome HE us+euammca
(ro ecrt k nnm HE npnannxercx HH onoro orou:auu) !!!

2) HH cnena, HH cnpana or o.e+eumoe


(n ornnune or e.aeo.oe !!!)
HE cmaeumca :acmua to !!!

3) Hannune o.e+euma (n anrnnckom npenoxennn)


HE ucrumuaem ueooxoou+ocmu nannunx rnarona !!!

Bc eno n rom, uro 1000 ner nasa


+rn c.oea BMBH rnaronamn no onn nepecmauu nmn trt,
rouno rak xe kak
oepeeo, ntpocmee ns ce+e:ra, nepecmam trt ce+e:ro+ !!!!!
Moxere nastnart +rn c.oea +ooa.iui+u o.e+euma+u !!!

HOMHHTE !, uro
o.e+eum c o.e+eumo+
HE ynorpenxercx !!!,
r.k. nocue o.e+euma onxen nrn euaeou !
J.e+eumi ooc.vwuearm TOALKO rnaront !!!
3) Onako kora peut nr o um-nnyt,
uro mt paccmarpnnaem KAK HHC1PVMEH1,
ro ncnontsyre npeo.oe WITH wn
( pycckomy c ...):
To eat soup WITH a Iork Ecrt cyn nnnkOH.
mv uum cvvn wn oqoor
I built it WITH my own hands.
a ou.m um wn +a ovu xuos
nocrponn +ro cnoHMH cocrnennMMH pykAMH.

H CHOBA O IAAIOAAX .
Em 2 cnyuax ueus+eue+ocmu anrnnckoro rnarona:
X27) HPOCLBA nnn HPHKA3 Take this !:
Xouemt no-anrnnckn uro-nnyt nonpocumo nnn npurasamo
orkpo cnonapt, ntepn cnono/rnaron,
n npxmo +1nu cuonou npocu nnn npurasiea,
noome ero HE us+eu !!!.
A. parynknn.
a mne! Give me! eue +uu
X28) n eocr.uauux n n pumopu:ecrux nonpocax
nocne eonpocume.iuix c.oe:
Heus+euuui rnaron (n BE3 :acmui to !!!!!).

$
Why gamble? wa e+o. A sauem uepami?
cnpamnnaer cama cex K+pn n cepnane Cekc n ontmom ropoe,
nponrpan xa.euvr mryky akcon;
71 70
Oparnre nnnmanne:
rnaron be ouu mmo +ro rako xe rnaron,
kak n nce ocrantnte rnaront,
n ero yoyuee epe+ opasyercx
rouno rak xe kak n y ncex pyrnx rnaronon:
1 cnono " 2 cnona
BVV ram I WILL BE there a wn. onu +o
To ecrt: I will be yoy (mmo)
I will read yy uumamo
I will write yy nucamo
I will have yy u+emo/V menx yoem ,
n r..
HEus+euuui rnaron $
/mt BVV/BVEM ecrt I/we SHALL eat a/wn u. uum
/mt HOe+/HOeou+
NB !
Shall we ? moxer em oosnauart
n ouent nexnnnoe npue.aueuue r oecmeur:
u. wn eov mvo+o ono
SHALL we go to bed, dear? ana, npuuaxe+, oporax!
A ue npuueuo nn nam, oporo?
HEus+euuui rnaron $ H es 'to
On BM npnexan sanrpa He WOULD come tomorrow.
xu wvo ra+ mo+opov
$ HEus+euuui rnaron, H es 'to
Ona C1ABA BM nrp$art, ecnn t (ona) nmeua xort kakne-ro entrn.
She WOULD play if she had any money.
uiu wvo n.o uq uiu xo +uu +auu
Ona BM ., ec.u oi v ue muu .
3YBPHTE HE CTECHBBCB !!!!!
YCTAHOBOuHIE HPHMEPL/OBPA3HL
HA 3BEMEH1M ( ueus+euuuie rnaront).
!!!!! Hocue o.e+eumoe rnaront ue us+eurmc
n nepe rnaronom ue cmaeumca :acmua to !!!
(Horomy uro o.e+eumi ue aeuammca nepei+u rnaronamn !):
HEus+euuui rnaron $ H es 'to
MOIV/VMEK nnanart I CAN swim a ru cwn+
HEus+euuui rnaron $ H es 'to
C/MOI cenart +ro I COULD do it a rvo ovv um
HEus+euuui rnaron $ H es 'to
MHE* MOHO pnconart I* MAY draw a +o opoo
Bes 'to $ HEus+euuui rnaron
On, BO3MOHO, npnr He MIGHT come xu +am ra+
HEus+euuui rnaron $ H es 'to
Mt OBHM sannarnrt We MUST pay wn +acm no
Ona BM OBHA nrpart na ynnne
HEus+euuui rnaron $ H es 'to
She OUGHT TO play in the street.
uiu oom mv n.o uu ocmpnum
HEus+euuui rnaron $ H es 'to
Onn BVV1 erart They WILL run o wn. pau
Onn HOeryr
73 72
Ho+romy u nonpoct, u ompuauu oe.armc
CAMHMH 3BEMEH1AMH
BE3 no+ou
eonpocume.iuix n ompuame.iuix :acmu !!!
B nonpoce Bt (rouno kak no-pycckn !!!) npocro crantre
o.e+eum n ca moe uauauo npenoxennx,
ro ecrt uauuuame nonpoc c o.e+euma !!!
Bt moxere nsxrt umon ns Vcmauoeo:uix npu+epoe (crp. 70)
n npeepamumi umon npnmep n nonpoc:
1 2 3 " 2 1 3 2 1 3
I* MAY draw " MAY* I* draw? MOHO* mne* pnconart?
He MIGHT come " MIGHT he come?
BO3MOHO .u, uro on npnr?
1 2 3 " 2 1 3
We MUST pay " MUST we pay? OBHM mt
sannarnrt?
n r. .
ro ecrt Bt npocro emopoe" cnono enaere" nepem+,
a nepeoe" emopm+

Onako, ecnn n nonpoce


ecrt em n eonpocumeuouoe cuoeo nnn eipaweuue,
ro C ueeo n uauuuame nonpoc,
a o.e+eum crantre
CPA3V XE HOCBE eonpocume.iuoeo c.oea:
1 2 3
KOIA rt c/MOEHL nepnyrt mon entrn?
HAM* moxno nnanart n +rom accene nent ent.
WE* may swin in this pool all day long.
wn +o cwn+ uu uc nvv. oo. oo .oue
$ HEus+euuui rnaron, n es 'to
EMV* BM CBEOBABO nane$mart cnonx ponrene kaxym neenm.
HE* SHOULD visit his parents every week.
xu uro ensum xus n+opoumc +epu wnur
HEus+euuui rnaron $ H es 'to
EH* HE HVHO/ HE HAO pacc$rpannartcx!
SHE* NEEDNT be upset!
uiu uuuoum ouu anc+m
Houemy HM* HE HVHO yesxart sanrpa?
Why NEEDNT THEY* leave tomorrow?
wa uuuoum o .uue mo+opov
* Oparnre nnnmanne na anrunncxne npenoxennx n uertpx
nocnennx npnmepax n nnx e+ecmo ooermuix mecronmenn
ncnontsymrcx mecronmennx cyzermuie
n rak ncera!
Cmorpnre 1-e Basoeoe npaeu.o paevuruua (crp. 76) !

BOHPOCL n O1PHHAHHR
c 3BEMEH1AMH.
J.e+eumi n eonpocume.iuie n ompuame.iuie :acmui
xnnxmrcx unenamn ono rpynnt
no+romy nx nmecre ncnontsonart HEBL3R
( B3AHMOHEHPHMEHEHHE) !!!
Kpome +roro, net nocne :acmu onxnt nrn e.aeo.i,
a o.e+eumi +ro HE rnaront ...
75 74
NB 2. BOHPOCM c yuacrnem o.e+eumoe
moxno saanart n
corpauui+u ompuuameuoum+u qop+a+u o.e+eumoe:
COULDNT you do this for me?
rvoum mv ovv uc qoo +uu
HE MOI BM rt cenart +ro nx menx?
COKPAmHHLE ompuame.iuie qop+i o.e+eumoe:
CANT rum, raaum ue mory ..., ue ymem ...;
# Txnvvvrt nyxno onsa1eutno!!!
* 3ect ecrt ona manentkax onacuocmi nx pycckoro yxa
cnono 'wont woVum ue yo. nx mnornx pyccknx
snyunr nnn ntrnxnr
ouent noxoxe na cnono 'want woum xomemo
Fytre nnnmarentnee, +ro pasume cnona .:
I won`t want him to . ue saxouy, utot on .
COULDNT
MAYNT
MIGHTNT
MUSTNT
OUGHTNT to
SHANT
WONT*
WOULDNT
SHOULDNT
rvoum
+oum
+amum
+acmum
oomum mv
unaum
wovum*
wvoum
uroum
ue mor (t) ..., ue ymen ...;
ue cmor (t)..., ue cymen (t)...;
uentsx ...;
ue morno ..., ue moxer ...;
ue onxen ...;
ue onxen tn t ...;
ue yy, ue ye+;
ue y... (oo ecex);
... t ue ..., ue cran t ...,
t ue cran ...;
ue cneonano t ...,
ue cneyer ...,
ue nyxno (tno) t ...,
ue onxen (tn) t ...
Ho:
1 3 2
WHEN CAN you return my money?
w+u ru mv pumu +a +auu

!!!!!
Hpn ompuuauuu
roxe paoomarm CAMH o.e+eumi,
n anrnnckoe HE(r) 'NOT
nno cueye1 cpasy xe 3A o.e+eumo+,
nno npncoennne1cn K nemy
n cnoe corpauuuo qop+e NT nor n nce!!!:
Mt HE OBHM nnarnrt We MUST NOT pay.
wn +acm uom no
On BM HE npnexan sanrpa He WOULDNT come tomorrow.
xu wvoum ra+ mo+opov
Ona HE C1ABA BM nrpart, ecnn t (ona) nmena xort kakne-ro entrn.
She WOULDNT play if she had any money.
uiu wvoum n.o uq uiu xo +uu +auu
EMV* BM HE CBEOBABO nanemart e rak uacro!
HE* SHOULDNT visit her so often!
xu uroum ensum x cov oqu
* Cmorpnre 1-e Basoeoe npaeu.o paevuruua (crp. 76) !
NB 1.
Ecnn 'NO

T cronr ueuuro+ ( ue corpauuo)


n, coornercrnenno, omoeuouo,
ro VAPEHHE naaer HA HEIO !!!;
77 76
E+v/e (o xyke) " It wants.
Ha+ xouercx " We want.
Ba+ xouercx " You want.
H+ xouercx " They want;
2) B npannntnom anrnnckom npenoxennn
BCEIA npncyrcrnyer IAAIOA
n umon qop+e
(cm. rakxe crp. 90 n 94).
HO3TOMY cornacno Hpaeuuy paeyuruua X2 (#)
no-anrnnckn uyxuo ronopnrt nouuocmom:
Mt HAXOHMCR n necy (a HE Mt n necy)!
We ARE
12 1 2
Mt BVEM ram We WILL BE there n 1outxo rak !!!
J.e+eum# # Inaron
Horomy uro e.aeo.
onsa1eutno oo.weu npucvmcmeoeami
n anrnnckom npenoxennn,
a net 'will HE rnaron, a o.e+eum !!!;

3) Ha uaeeueuuoe ue uaeeuuea !!!.


To ecrt, ecnn Bt yae npnannnn k cnony ono orou:auue,
ro ontme k +romy cnony
npnannxrt yxe HHHEIO HEAL3R !!!
NB. 3ro Hpannno N3 cosano nx paort
co cmeneu+u cpaeueuu (crp. 146),
n k nemy ecrt 3 oono.ueuu cm. crp. 112 n 117.
3 FA3OBIX HPABHBA PAIVHKHHA:
1) B npannntnom n nouuo+ anrnnckom npenoxennn
BCEIA npncyrcrnyer CVB1EK1
(ro ecrt 'mom, rmo enaer).
Cvoerm moxer oosnauartcx n mecronmennem,
no TOHBKO koneuno xe! CVB1EK1HBM
( I, you, he, she, it, we, they).
HO3TOMY cornacno Hpaeuuy paeyuruua X1 (#)
c o.e+euma+u may, should n neednt nyxno/moxno
ncnontsonart
1outxo anrnnckne CVB1EK1HME mecronmennx
(xorx, ronopx no-pycckn, +i n +rnx cnyuaxx
nontsyemcx mecronmennxmn ooermui+u!):
MHE MOHO nnrt nnno " I MAY drink beer.
a +o opuur ono
$ Eeouvr (yrounxmr, uom?)
EMV CBEVE1 nomtrt cnom mamnny.
HE SHOULD wash his car.
xu uro woui xus raa
HAM HE HVHO yesxart " WE NEEDNT leave.
wn uuuoum .uue
To ecrt sect 1oae cymecrnyer
oxsarentnoe nocmoauuoe coomeemcmeue
mexy namnmn ooermui+u, n uxuu+u cyzermui+u
mecronmennxmn!
To ecrt $
Pycckne . nepexoxr n" Anrunncxne :
Mue xouercx " I want.
Teoe xouercx " You want.
E+v xouercx " He wants.
E xouercx " She wants.
79 78
HR1OE 3AHTHE
29- cnyua ueus+eue+ocmu anrnnckoro e.aeo.a.
BTOPAR nooepvnna cnon 8 rnaronon,
HOCBE koroptx opveue rnaront HE us+eurmc !!!
Takxe nocue +rnx $ 8 rnaronon
nepe noc.eovru+u rnaronamn
ue uyxuo crannrt :acmuv to !!!
Oxsarentno n cpasy xe ntyunre ece +rn 8 rnaronon,
rak kak onn e umo+ cuyuae nyxnt Bam no xnsnn !!!
HPHMEPL:
BE3 to $
$ $ Heus+euuui rnaron
Tt sacmaeuaeuo menx C1PAA1L!
You make me SUFFER!
mv +or +uu caqo
$ BE3 to
$
Ona sacrannxem nac HH1L +ro nekapcrno kaxt ent!
She makeS us DRINK this medicin every day!
uiu +orC ac opuur uc ++oucuu +epu o+
make
let
see
hear
feel
notice
observe
watch
+or
.em
cuu
xno
quu.
uovmuc
oose
wom:
sacrannxrt, npnnyxart
nosnonxrt, paspemart oaeami,
nnert
nvcmi
cntmart
uyncrnonart
sameuart
nanmart
cnenrt (sa)
Ca+u xe
#
+rn rnaront
+oeym nsmenxrtcx kak yrono !!!
Inaront
:vecmeeuuoeo
eocnpumu.
}
HAHOMHHAHHE.
Byoyuee epe+ ncex rnaronon
opasyercx npn nomomn o.e+eumoe
'will n 'shall:
She WILL be there.
uiu wn. ouu +o
Ona BVE1 ram.
My dog WILL bark all night.
+a ooe wn. oaar oo. uam
Mox coaka BVE1 naxrt ncm nout.
H:
We SHALL overcome this diIIiculty.
wn u. oveora+ uc onquro.mu
Mt HPEOOBEEM +ry rpynocrt.
I SHALL stav here in any case!
a u. cmo xno uu +uu roc
OC1AHVCL sect n nmom cnyuae!

NB.
J.e+eum 'shall ceronx ncnontsyercx peko, n ecnn nc xe
ncnontsyercx, ro mouoro c mecronmennxmn 'I n 'We
n ocnonnom, n ropxecrnenntx nnn o]nnnantntx cnyuaxx.
Onako ecrt ouent kpacnnoe ntpaxenne, koropoe x ouent peko-
menym Bam sanomnnrt:
'Shall we ueus+euuui rnaron
aea/-me ..! npnrnamenne k ecrnnm!
81 80
H uurarux 'to !!!
3ror uernprt 'Hanpae saknmuaercx (kak nnnre )
n rom, uro pycckax uacrt +ro roucmpvruu
( , rar ou . nnn . , umo oua )
HE nepenonrcx na anrnnckn ovrea.iuo,
a +1on uacrn pyccko roucmpvruu npocro ncera coornercrnyer
onpeennnoe anrnnckoe ozermuoe mecronmenne
(no HE cvoermuoe, kak n pycckom),
a nmenno,
CXEMA:
Anrnnckoe ozermuoe
" " " " " " +ecmou+euue $
# # $
..., rar/umo ou ... " anrnnckoe '... him ...,
a ..., rar/umo oua ... " anrnnckoe ... her ...,
n r.. !!!
3ro pycckoe c.oeoco:emauue ( rar oua ) moxer axe
ntrnxert n kak . sa me+, rar oua .
no no-anrunncxn
+ro nc panno yer npocro" her n np.:
Kaxt ent x uao.roar sa me+, rar oua yxonr k pyry.
$ $
Every day I watch " her go to her friend.
+epu oo a wom: x eov mv x qpouo
Ona uacro uao.roaE1 sa me+, rar ouu nrpamr.
She oIten watchES them play.
uiu oqu wom:us o+
#
n.o
Bes
#
'to !
$ BE3 to
$
He oa(ea) emy VH1H! Dont let him GO!
ooum .em xu+ eov
Hoseouo e
a e norannenart! Let her dance .em x oaauc
Inaron Let moxno em npnpannxrt k namemy Hycmo !
(no nocne 'Let nr 1outxo ozermuoe +ecmou+euue,
a ue cvoermuoe, kak n pycckom!):
Hs+euuum rnaron HEus+euuui rnaron!
$ $
Hycrt ou yxonr! Let him go! .em xu+ eov
Orcma nonyunnoct n ncem nsnecrnoe npue.aueuue r oecmeur
Lets .emc aea(-me) !:
HEus+euuui rnaron Hs+euuum rnaron!
$ $
Lets dance .emc oaauc aea(-me) norannyem!
YCTAHOBOuHIE HPHMEPL k 29-my cnyuam '
u
uETBPTIH HAHPRI
(" Bama nropax anrnnckax roucmpvru):
nnxy, KAK OH nenyem e pykH
$

Hoc.eovr. rnaron ue nsmenxercx
$
" " " "
$
# $
$
I see HIM kiss her handS.

" " " " "
# $
$
Mt cntmnm, H1O OHA nom " $
" We hear HER sing.
(Bvrea.iuo: Mt cntmnm E nert).
83 82
HHKOIA, HHKOIA HE ... NEVER u+eo
HHKTO, HHKTO HE ... NOBODY uovooou
nnn: NO ONE uovwau
NB. 'AO OAE ropaso onee oema.usupvree: uurmo ns . ue ..
HHuTO, HHuTO HE ... NOTHING uauue
HHIE, HHIE HE ...
NOWHERE uovwoo
HHKYA, HHKYA HE ...
1 2 12
HHKOIA HE pemct I NEVER shave.
a u+eo uiee
1 2 12
HHKOIA HE ymeu nnanart I could NEVER swim.
a rvo u+eo cwn+
1 2 12
HHKOIA HE nonmnm rex I will NEVER love you.
a wn. u+eo .ae mv
1 2 12
HE nnxy HHKOIO I see NOBODY a cuu uovooou
1 2 12
HHKOIO ns nnx HE nnen I saw NO ONE of them.
a coo uovwau oe o+
1 2 12
On HE nmeer HHHEIO He has NOTHING xu xs uauue
V nero HHHEIO HE1.
1 2 12
HE ronopn emy HHHEIO! Tell him NOTHING!
mo. xu+ uauue
1 2 12
HE (no-)mn HHKVA I went NOWHERE.
a w+um uovwoo

}
3HAHHT:
Fnaroapx +ro # mpaucqop+auu
Bt nonyuaere momenrantnym nosmoxnocrt
cmpoumi Bamy cneymmym anrnnckym roucmpvrur!!!
Coomam Bam, uro npn mpaouuouuo+ noxoe
oxcnenne nocrpoennx +ro roucmpvruu npecrannxer ns cex
nsnecrnym ( ontmym) cnoxnocrt nx npenoanarenx,
a e vceoeuue ne mentmym cnoxnocrt nx yuamerocx.

CTKOE YCAOBHE HPABHHIHOCTH !!!


B anrnnckom npenoxennn n umou epe+euu
moxer trt 1outxo ono ompuauue !!!:
HE unram knnr I read NO books.
a puuo uov ovrc
H.u: I DONT read books a ooum puuo ovrc
H.u: I DONT read ANY book/s a ooum puuo +uu ovr/c
# #
He uurarux ('any sa+euem n1opoe ompuauue).
Ho n anrnnckom ecrt cnona,
koropte cpasy xe coornercrnymr
namnm oeoum+ ompuauu+:
..., rar/umo a ...
..., rar/umo mm/em ...
..., rar/umo ou ...
..., rar/umo oua ...
..., rar/umo +m ...
..., rar/umo ouu ...
"
"
"
"
"
"
... me ...
... you ...
... him ...


Inaron
... her ...
ns cnonapx
... us ...
(Bes to !)
... them ...
}
85 84
OHEHL BAHO
u HHTEPECHO
Bcnomnnm, uro anrnnckne onpeoe.ume.u n onpeoe.euu
HE nsmenxmrcx
uu no pooa +, uu no naoewa+, uu no :uc.a+ !!!
A renept cnona npomy Bac oparnrt ocooe nnnmanne
na onn ns oasameuoumx onpeoe.ume.e
na yxe snakomoe Bam cnoneuko
ANY +uu BKBOH, KAKOH VIOHO,
nontsyxct koroptm
Bt moxere nonnocrtm satrt o apmur.e !!!:
mory ocrart BKBVK knnry I can get ANY book.
a ru eom +uu ovr

NB !
Onako n ompuuameuoumx npenoxennxx
ANY yxe snaunr HHKAKOH,
n ono ouent ycuuueaem Bame anrnnckoe ntckastnanne:
HE unram HHKAKHX knnr I DONT read ANY books.
a ooum puuo +uu ovrc
Ona HE nr HHkya She DOESA`1 go AAYwhere.
uiu oasum eov +uuwoo
HHKOIA HE nomy HHKAKOIO entx.
I AEJER wear AAY underwear.
a u+eo w+o +uu auoowoo

3HAHTE, uro:
1) NO NOT (u.u NT) ANY;
2) BCE ompuauu nocue nepnoro
oosnauamrcx n anrnnckom npenoxennn
cnonom 'ANY +uu
nnn anycoepxamnmn cnonamn ( crp. 87):
KTO VIOHO ANYBODY +uuooou
nnn: ANYONE +uuwau
uTO VIOHO ANYTHING +uuuue
IE VIOHO
ANYWHERE +uuwoo
KYA VIOHO
KOIA VIOHO ANYTIME +uuma+
CPABHHTE u 3A3YBPHTE!
Ho+romy, ecnn Bt ncnontsyere ony ns ompuame.iuix :acmu,
ro antme +ro onxno ntrnxert yxe no1 1ax $
(n coornecnre +rn 4 npnmepa c npetymnmn):
HE nnxy HHKOIO I DONT see ANYBODY.
a ooum cuu +uuooou
On HE nmeer HHHEIO He DOESNT have ANYTHING.
V nero HHHEIO HE1 xu oasum xe +uuuue
HE (no-)mn HHKVA I DIDNT go ANYWHERE.
a ououm eov +uuwoo
HE ronopn emy HHHEIO ! DONT tell him ANYTHING !
ooum mo. xu+ +uuuue

}
87 86
Tt nmeemt ...?
Y rex ecrt XO1L KAKHE-HHBVL entrn BOOBHE?
?DO you have ANY money AT ALL?
ovv mv xe +uu +auu moo.
Ona BOOBHE XO1L KAKHE-1O anrnnckne knnrn unraer?
? DOES she read ANY English books AT ALL?
oas uiu puuo +uu nue.uui ovrc moo.

OBOIAmEHHE.
3anomnnre em neckontko nonesnemnx cnon c ANY:
ANYHOW +uuxav kak yrono
ANYWAY +uuwo kak t ro nn tno, n umou cnyuae
ANY TIME +uuma+ kora yrono, n umoe npemx:
nay rex e umo+ cuyuae! Ill find you anyway !
a. qauo mv +uuwo
('I`ll ... a. ' 'I will ...).
Hpnxon roeoa yeoouo! Come any time!

H n eonpocumeuoumx npenoxennxx
ANY roxe upesntuano k mecry!
Ho n eonpocax
ANY yxe snaunr (XO1L) KAKOH-HHBVL:
Tt unraemt (XO1L) KAKHE-HHBVL anrnnckne knnrn?
?Do you read ANY English books?
ovv mv puuo +uu nue.uui ovrc

A nor renept cuo1pn1e:


ecnn Bt n Bame anrnnckoe npenoxenne eoomuuume
ompuame.iuvr nnn eonpocume.iuvr :acmuv,
no1ou emvq.:ume ANY,
a n xonen Bamero anrnnckoro npenoxennx em n
ecauoa.ume eipaweuiue at all eoooe-mo,
moo. coece+,
ro Bam anrnnckn (c roukn spennx nocroponnnx !!!)
moxno cunrart, uro cocroxncx !!!
(Tontko opamare ononnnrentnoe nnnmanne
na pasuuuy n nopxke cnon!):
HE cunram HHKAKHX coak COBCEM!
I DONT count ANY dogs AT ALL!
a ooum ravum +uu ooes moo.
Y menx BOOBHE HE1 HHKAKHX ener!
I doA`1 have AAY money A1 ALL!
a ooum xe +uu +auu moo.
89 88
TAFHHHA HPEBPAHEHHH.
3BEMEH1M " IAAIOAL: 3HAHEHHR:
1) CAN "
2) MAY "
2 a) MAY NO

T
3) MUST "
~ "
4) NEEDNT "
NB!
Oparnre ocooe nnnmanne na ne nepnte sa+eui
n nnx aue.osi:uie ]akrnueckn
nmecro +o:i ronopxr oimi n cocroxnnn
( be able to ),
a nmecro +owuo ronopxr oimi paspemnntm .
( be allowed to ).
#

Hs+euae+aa

cocmae.ra !!!

BE able to ... MOuI, YMETI


uu +o. mv ...
BE allowed to ... MOXHO ...
uu o.avo mv ...
BE NO

T allowed to ... HEHI3 ...


uu uom o.avo mv
HAVE to ... xe mv ... OHXEH ...
BE to ... uu mv ... OHXEH ...
Dont/doesnt/didnt/wont NEED to

#
3rnmn uacmuua+u mt nokastnaem BPEMR

#

0op+a+u be n have no ecex +rnx cnyuaxx
yere norasieami epe+a !
HEC1OE 3AHTHE
XHTPOYMHOCTL AHIHOB3BHBX.
OBXO sakonon B3AHMOHEHPHMEHEHHR
n/nn B3AHMOBM1ECHEHHR o.e+eumoe.
Hs ckasannoro na crp. 53 n 69 cneyer, uro no-anrnnckn
xkot ueuosa ckasart, nanpnmep, C+oey, rak kak norasame.u/
oopasoeame.u yoyueeo epe+euu o.e+eumi will n 'shall
rak xe kak n cnona, nanpnmep,
can +o:i, may +owuo n 'must oo.weu
xnnxmrcx unenamn ono rpynnt +ue+euma+u,
n no+romy pyr c pyrom HE coueramrcx !
Aue.osi:uie camn sarnann cex n rynnk
no camn xe n namnn ns nero
npocro n rennantnt ntxo!
Onn npocro npenpa1nun 4 nyxntx nm +ue+euma
n" 5 ruarouon,
ro ecrt comeopu.u nx o.e+eumoe cnnonnmt nnn
empaxeuua-oyupm
(koropte nyxno sanomnnrt ueuuro+)!
A ro, uro uenpe+euuo cocmaeuamue +rnx eipaweuu
xnnxmrcx euaeoum 'be n 'have,
ar nam nosmoxnocrt oeeami no epe+eua+ !
( Cm. crp. 90 !!!).
91 90
Tenept (ro ecrt nocne npeepaeuu) +rn tnmne o.e+eumi
(nepnee, nx cuuouu+i) +oeym us+eumic n ncnontsonartcx
rak, rar Bam/nam +ro nyxno n eoe Bam/nam +ro nyxno, noromy uro
n nnx noxnnnact/ecrt us+euae+aa uacrt
ruaroum BE n 'HAVE!
HPHMEPL/OFPA3HI:
1 2
Mne +oxuo BMBO nnanart 2 1
I WAS + allowed TO swim.
a wos o.avo mv cwn+
#
oouxeu BMB yexart I HAD TO leave .uue
# Kak nnnre,
2-mn qop+a+u rnaronon 'be n 'have
mt nokastnaem BPEMR ecrnnx # !!!
(2-e qop+i npoueouee npemx!).
3rn uoeie rnaront camn (no ue nx qop+i)
moryr k romy xe cnokono couerartcx
c AKBLMn o.e+euma+u:
12 1 2
C+oey erart I WILL BE able TO run.
a wn. ouu +o. mv pau
2 1 1 2
On oouxeu BVE1 yexart He WILL HAVE to leave.
xu wn. xe mv .uue
Emy BM PA3PEHHBH nonnanart, ecnn t ...
He WOULD BE ALLOWED TO swim if ...
xu wvo ouu o.avo mv cwn+ uq ...

J.e+eum
# #
HEus+euuui rnaron
#

BL3YBPHTE cnona 0OPMM rnarona BE ouu


mmo, aeuamoca; uaxooumoca,
pasoe.uuie no epe+eua+ ( crp. 92) n
oasameuoume nx ynorpenennx n anrnncknx npenoxennxx ( crp. 94):
AM +
ARE aa
IS us
WAS*

wos
WERE*

w
WILL BE

wn. onu
(x) ecrt, xnnxmct, naxoxyct ynorpenxercx
mouoro c I;
ecrt, xnnxemtcx, naxonmtcx; ynorpenxercx
ecrt, xnnxemcx, naxonmcx; mouoro c
ecrt, xnnxerect, naxonrect; you, we, they
ecrt, xnnxmrcx, naxoxrcx; nnn
c cymecrnnrentntmn
no +uoxecmeeu. :uc.e;
ecrt, xnnxercx, naxonrcx ynorpenxercx
mouoro c he, she, it
nnn c cymecrnnrentntmn
n eouucmeeuuo+ :uc.e;
tn, xnnxncx, naxonncx ynorpenxercx
mouoro c I, he, she, it,
nnn c cymecrnnrentntmn
n eouucmeeuuo+ :uc.e;
tnn, xnnxnnct, naxonnnct ynorpenxercx
mouoro c you, we, they
nnn c cymecrnnrentntmn
no +uoxecmeeuuo+ :uc.e;
yy/yemt/yer/yem/yere/yyr xnnxrtcx/
naxonrtcx;
yy/yemt/yer/yem/yere/yyr
re+-mo, :e+-mo nnn eoe-mo.
Ynorpenxercx co nceun mecronmennxmn n cvoerma+u.
* Cnona was n were xnnxmrcx rak nastnaemtmn
2-un qop+a+u qop+a+u npoueoueeo npemenn
anrnnckoro rnarona be oimi.
93 92
Bor +rnmn-ro qop+a+u ' (C npnannenno :acmue
to mv) Bt n yere nokastnart,
KOIA mt OHHB ...,
BMBH OHHB ...
nnn BVEM OHHB ...,
a rakxe
KOIA mt C-+owe+
nnn KOIA nam BVE1 moxno !!!
3ro n ecrt eouucmeeuuaa n ouent eawua qvuru
+rnx qop+ !!!
HOCKA3KA.
Tam, re n sa+euume.e ecrt be samenxre eeo qop+i
(am, is, are, was, were, will be),
ram xe, re n sa+euume.e ecrt have (must have to),
oeeame no epe+eua+ qop+a+u have
(have, has, had, will have) !!!

Anrnnckn rnaron to be rak xe, kak n ero pycckn coopam


rnaron m rt ( noxowecmi uaooopom !) oosnauaer
+ecmonouoxeuue :e.oeera nnn npeo+ema n +rom mnpe
(ne naxno coua.iuoe, ro ecrt K1O +ror ...?,
nnn eeoepaqu:ecroe ro ecrt IE +ror ...?),
a rakxe nepear ero CV1L
cy1t .ua, npeo+ema, noumu nnn e.euu.
B pycckom npenoxennn naunune rnarona
(n rom uncne n rnarona oimi)
ne ncera oxsarentno
(nanpnmep: R rpacuea nnn R e uecy re ryr rnaront?).
Tora kak (ncnomnnre!)
BE ouu m1t, nnun1tcn, naxon1tcn,
HAVE xe nue1t,
a BE to / HAVE to ... ouaen ....
Btyunre 0OPMM rnaronon 'be n 'have,
crpynnnponannte mnom no epe+eua+,
rak kak u+euuo u+u Bt n yere norasieami BPEMR:

nx HPOHEHEIO npemenn
( 2-e qop+i !!!):
WAS/ WERE; HAD;
wos w xo

nx HAC1ORHEIO npemenn:
AM / IS / ARE; HAVE/ HAS;
+ us aa xe xs

nx BVVHEIO npemenn:
WILL BE; WILL HAVE.
wn. onu wn. xe

A o npeepaeuux N3 (crp. 89) moxno ckasart n rak:


ecnn nocne rnaronon have n be mt nocrannm :acmuv to mv,
ro OBA +rnx rnarona naunnamr snaunrt OBEH !!!:
On OBEH nrn He HAS TO go xu xs mv eov
OBEH nrn I AM TO go a + mv eov
What AM I TO do? uro x OBEH enart?
wom + a mv ovv
opeunno cnpamnnaer Kurt Russel
n amepnkanckom ]nntme Pemenne ynnuroxnrt.
95 94
Bt HE upnte komkn You ARE NO black cats.
mv AA HOV o.r rmc
/on/ona/ono BMB/-a/-o ram I/he/she/it WAS there +o
Mt/nt/onn/komkn BMBH ram We/you/they/cats WERE there.
/rt/on/ona/ono/mt/nt/onn/cnont BVV1 ram
... WILL BE there.

J.e+eum
# #
Inaron
BOHPOCM n O1PHHAHHR
oe.armc CAMHMH qop+a+u rnarona 'be
BE3 yuac1nn
eonpocume.iuix n ompuame.iuix :acmu.
Kpome +roro, net nocne :acmu onxnt nrn
camn ueus+euuuie e.aeo.i, a HE nx qop+i ...
B BOHPOCE Bt npocro crantre qop+v be
n nauauo npenoxennx,
ro ecrt C ne n naunnan1e eonpoc !!!
Bt moxere nsxrt umon ns Vcmauoeo:uix npu+epoe (#)
n npeepamumi umon npnmep n" eonpoc:
1 2 " 2 1
I AM that white elephant " AM I that white elephant?
You ARE NO black cats " ARE you NO black cats?
I/he/she/it WAS there " WAS ... there?
We/you/they/cats WERE there! " WERE ... there?
1 2 3 " 2 1 3
... WILL BE there! " WILL ... BE there?
#
Amon cvoerm/mecronmenne
AEHTRHCKOE HPABHAO X2
( Basonoe Hpaeuuo paeyuruua X2) rnacnr, uro
B KAOM npannntnom n nonnom anrnnckom npenoxennn
(n ornnune or pvccroeo npenoxennx)
uauuuue HRFOIO IBAIOBA
n umon qop+e xnnxercx oasameuoueuu+ !!!
(H rnarona BE nnn nepnee, ero qop+ TOXE !
On uro, xyxe pyrnx rnaronon, uro nn?).
To ecrt aue.oeoeopu HE ckasan t, nanpnmep:
n necy!.
On oasameuouo ckasan t ueuuro+:
HAXOVCL n necy I AM in the forest.
a + uu o qopucm
Bvrea.iuo: EC1L n necy
n TOALKO rak !!!

YCTAHOBOuHIE HPHMEPL/OFPA3HI
(n nomnnm, uro nx roro, urot voewami or apmur.,
moxno/nyxno nepe cymecrnnrentntmn nnn nepe ux onpeoe-
.euu+u ynorpenxrt oouu us 18 ocrantntx
onpeoe.ume.e):
3ro nonnte n npannntnte npenoxennx,
rak kak n nnx ecrt
u rnaron, u onpeoe.ume.i !!!
$ $
& ror ent cnon I AM that white elephant.
a M m wam +.uqoum
Ona & nama mart She IS our mother.
uiu H3 avo +ao
97 96
Homnnm rontko, uro
oeyx ompuauu n anrnnckom npenoxennn
trt HE MOE1 !!!
Youre no t
mvp uom
Hes no t
xus uom
Shes no t
uius uom
Its no t
umc uom
Were no t
wnp uom
Theyre no t
op uom
... was no t
wos uom
... were no t
w uom
... have no t
xe uom
... has no t
xs uom
... had no t
xo uom
... will no t have
wn. uom xe
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
"
You arent
mv aaum
He isnt
xu usum
She isnt
uiu usum
It isnt
um usum
We arent
wn aaum
They arent
o aaum
... wasnt
wosum
... werent
wum
... havent
xeum
... hasnt
xsum
... hadnt
xoum
... wont have
wovum xe
Tt/nt ue ...
On ue ...
Ona ue ...
Ono ue ...
Mt ue ...
Onn ue ...
... ue tn ...
... ue tnn ...
V ... uem ...
V ... uem ...
V ... ue muo ...
V ... ue yoem ...
BOHPOCM c yuacrnem qop+ be
moxno saanart n ompuuameuoum+u qop+a+u be:
ISNT she lovely? (Pasne) Ona HE ( ecmo) xopomentkax?.
usum uiu .ae.u (Hs necnn Crnnn Yan+pa).

NB!
Onako, ecnn n nonpoce
ecrt em n eonpocumeuouoe cuoeo nnn eipaweuue,
ro nmenno C nero n naunnan1e nonpoc,
a qop+v be (umym) crantre
CPA3Y XE HOCAE BOHPOCHTEHBHOIO CHOBA:
1 2 1 2
WHO ARE you? KTO (EC1L) rt?
xvv aa mv
WHERE IS this tree? IE HAXOH1CR +ro epeno?
w+o us uc mpuu
WHEN WAS she there? KOIA BMBA ona ram?
w+u wos uiu +o

Hpn O1PHHAHHH
roxe paoomarm CAMH qop+i be,
n anrnnckoe HE(r) 'NOT
nno cueye1 cpasy xe 3A qop+o be (e.uro+),
nno npncoennne1cn K ne
n cnoe corpauuuo qop+e NT nor n nc !!!
Bor cnncok COKPAmHHLX qop+ rnaronon 'be n 'have,
n rom uncne n n ompuame.iuo qop+e
(Not nocne 'am ncera crannrcx omoe.iuo n e.uro+:
'I an no t a student! ue cryenr!.
99 98

PACmHPEHHE I.
Aue.osi:uie ue ronopxr ecmi, .ewum,
cmou m nnn . eucum n cmtcne . u+eemc !
Bmecro +roro ouu ncnontsymr nocmoauum ooopom
1 2 3 4
There is/are/was/were/will be uro-ro ram-ro,
+o Bpe+a !
Bor nouemy x OBEH
paorart n name nnnoreke,
re MHE PA3PEHEHO
( MOHO)
nontsonartcx nx komntmrepom.
Mne CBEOBABO BM
sapaorart nemnoro ener,
u1Ot kynnrt nmo komntmrep,
no o cnx nop
x ne C/MOI
narn HHKAKOH
npnnnuno paort.
That is why I HAVE TO
m us wa a xe mv
work in our library,
wr uu avo .aopopu
where IM ALLOWED TO
w+o a+ o.avo mv
use their computer.
mvs +o ro+nmvmo
I SHOULD
a uro
make some money
+or ca+ +auu
TO buy any computer,
mv oa +uu ro+nmvmo
but until now
oam aumn. uav
I COULDNT
a rvoum
find ANY
qauo +uu
decent job.
ouucum owio
Ho+romy, ecnn nepe cvecmeume.iui+ nnn nepe EIO
onpeoe.euu+u Bt nocrannnn 'NO,
ro uuraru+ pyrnm ompuauu+ mecra yxe uem !!!
Ecnn xe Bt pemnnn ncnontsonart
onee ynnnepcantnoe 'NOT/NT
(n nmo ero qop+e ',
n rom uncne n, nanpnmep, n cnoneukax isnt, dont n r. n.),
ro pekomenym n sect ecauoa.umi sameuarentnoe 'ANY,
u nx roro, urot onxrt xe voewami or apmur.,
u nx roro, urot ouent yrpacumo n uumeucuquuupoeamo
Bame aue.ontckastnanne:
HE (aeuamco) momennnk(-o+)!
IM NO crook! I AM NOT ANY crook! rpvr
#
HHKA#KOH x HE momennnk!
NOT moxno ncnontsonart nepe pasntmn uacrxmn peun:
Im NOT there! HE ram!
a+ uom +o
She is NOT ugly! Ona HE crpamnax!
uiu us uom ae.u

YCTAHOBOHHLH TEKCT N3
(ncero uepes 55 mnnyr nocne nauana urennx!):
I CANNOT work at home
a ruom wr mxov+
because
ouroos
I HAVE NO computer.
a xe uov ro+nmvmo
HE MOIV paorart oma,
noromy uro
V MEHR HE1 komntmrepa.
101 100
PACmHPEHHE II.
Ceuac Bt nocr.aoieaeme anrnnckne cnona,
pesko ynennunn npn +rom cno c.oeapui sanac:
BODY " +epuooou BCE
ONE " +epuwau BCE
Kaxt EVERY THING " +epuuue BC
+epu TIME " +epu ma+ KAMH PA3
WHERE " +epuwoo BE3E,
noecmoy
PLACE " +epun.oc BE3E
(a+epurauus+)
H:
BODY " ca+ooou K1O-1O
ONE " ca+wau K1O-1O
Hekn SOME THING " ca+uue H1O-1O
ca+ TIMES " ca+ma+s HHOIA
WHERE " ca+woo IE-1O,
KVA-1O
PLACE " ca+n.oc IE-1O,
KVA-1O
1) Cocmaeuie anrnnckne cnona c 'Some-
nmemr no-pycckn em n coomeemcmeu co cnonom
-uuyoo: rmo-uuyoo, :mo-uuyoo, eoe-uuyoo/
rvoa-uuyoo !!!;
2) Cnona c '-one ropaso onee oema.usupoeaui,
n nmemr orrenok raxom us ;
3) Cnona c '-place n.oc xnnxmrcx a+epurauus+a+u.

HPHMEP:
'EJERYBODY loves my body now....
+epuooou .aes +a ooou uav
BCE renept nmxr mo reno ...
(crpouka ns amepnkancko necnn).
{
{
n koropom BPEMR,
KOIA uro-ro u+eemc/oi.o/.ewa.o/cmo.o/euce.o
nokastnaercx ecrecrnenno !!! qop+o rnarona be !!!
Hpnum n anrnnckom npenoxennn nepeoe cnono 'there
ue ncknmuaer em ono there n konne npenoxennx!
3A3YBPHTE !!!
B uauaue B rouue
Ta+ & && && mnoro nme There is a lot of people there.
+o ns o.om oe nuun. +o
B uauaue B rouue
Ta+ HHroeo HE1 There is NOBODY there.
+o ns uovooou +o
3 1 2 " 1 2 3
Ha crone uexum komka There is a cat on the table.
+o ns orr ouom+o.
Ha crone HE1 komkn There is NO cat on the table.
There isnt ANY cat on the table.
Ta+ cmoau ontmo komntmrep.
1here was a big computer there.
+o wos oone ro+nmvmo +o
Bo nope muo ( u+e.oci) mnoro coak
There were many dogs in the yard.
+o w ++uu ooes uuonao
3anrpa n monx kapmanax yoem mnoro ener
There will be a lot of money in my pockets tomorrow.
+o wn. onu o.om oe +auu uu +a norumc mo+opov
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!
!
!
N
Cymo ecrnnx
1un ecrnnx:
OBPA3OBAHHE roucmpvru

cmeu:
n ero uaseauue:
AKTHB: HACCHB:
1. Hacm.: Inaron ns cnonapx
Ono-
nno Inaron(e)S

Bpe+*
mnoro-
pasoeme,
! Hpou.: Inaron(e)D BE H.O.**
uacro-
nnn ns 2-n kononkn
ecrnnx BAH!
Byo.: WILL Inaron
2.
nxmnecx, pacrxnyrte.

Bpe+

Bpe+
ecrnnx npouecca
. . .
BE A.O.***
BE being H.O.

(Kpo+e ovo. npemenn)
3.
ecrnnx 'K
Bpe+

Bpe+

"
$
HAVE H.O. HAVE been H.O.
4. uauueca Bpe+ Bpe+
.
ecrnnx 'K,
. . .
"
$

HAVE been A.O. HAVE been being


Hponecc 'o

H.O.
CAMAR IAABHAR TABAHHA
4 ecrnnx n 3 npemenax.
Kak nepeoaeami +rn oecmeu.
****
1
2
3
4
}
oe-
105 104
nuepa yesterday ecmooo
nosanuepa the day before yesterday oo+ ouqoo ecmooo
neanno recently pnucum.u
n 2005 roy in the year 2005 uu o no 2005
(n) nocuennn pas last .aacm
(n) npomumn pas last time .aacm ma+
n npomuym nxrnnny last Friday .aacm qpaou
n npomuoe Poxecrno last Christmas .aacm rpnc+oc
na npomuon neene last week .aacm wnur
n npomuou mecxne last month .aacm +au
npomuon necno last spring .aacm cnpuue
n npomuou roy last year .aacm no
npomuon ocentm last autumn (aue..) .aacm oomo+
last fall (a+epur.) .cm qoo.
5 mnnyr nasa 5 minutes ago qae +nuumc oeov
Hocne ncex +rnx # cnon n ntpaxenn
(ecnn onn ue conponoxamrcx kaknmn-nno ononnnrentntmn
vmo:ueuu+u rnna eeci oeui all day long oo. oo .oue,
koropte veoom nac n npoecc ynnnre!)
Bt ouanm ncnontsonart
nuenno 2-m qop+v rnarona
( (e)D nnn ns Tao.ui uenpaeu.iuix e.aeo.oe
crp. 109 n 165 ).

2 HYXHEHBHE BPE3KH:
a) Kpome +roro,
2-m qop+v rnarona ( (e)D nnn ns Tao.ui)
Bt onxnt ne ymax nn o um! ncnontsonart nocne cnoneuka
IF uq n ero snauennn Ecun BM ...
(ono Bam, kcrarn, yxe n npnmepax ncrpeuanoct!):
Ec.u BM x kynnB +ror om, .
IF I purchaseD this house, .
uq a n:+so uc xavc
4. HPH3EMAEHHE.
(uernprt +ran 15 mnnyr).
Bt yxe snaere 3 (e)S no pas n anrnnckom ecrt (ncero
nnmt!) 8 qvuruoua.iuix orou:auu (crp. 153-154), ro coorner-
crnenno nocne mpx onxno trt n
HETBPTOE OKOHHAHHE.
3ro orou:auue camo no cee ouent Bam nonesno, rak kak n
ono c mnnnmantnemnmn mpvoosampama+u camo snaunrentno
ynennunnaer Bam cnonapnt sanac ...
Hpnantre K rouuy rnarona
+ro 4-e orou:auue (e)D
(nponsnocnrcx n kak -uo, n kak -o, n kak -m
no uerounocrt nponsnomennx ue nnnxer na nonnmanne),
n Bt nonyunre 2 pesyntrara:
1) Tak nastnaemym 2-m qop+v rnarona,
ro ecrt qop+v npoueoueeo epe+euu +roro xe rnarona
snaunr, raknm opasom Bt nocrannre +ror rnaron"
n" npoueouee epe+:
punish " punisheD nakasart " nakas(tn)aB.
nauuui nauuui1
B anrnnckom ecrt neckontko nosmoxnocre ckasart o um-
nnyt n npoueoue+ epe+euu, no+romy nmenno +ry 2-m qop+v
( (e)D nnn cnono ns 2-ro cronnka Tao.ui uenpaeu.iuix
e.aeo.oe, o koropo npourre nnxe) x pekomenym ynorpenxrt
rora, kora Bt moxere ykasart,
roeoa e npou.o+ +ro ecrnne
npousouuo/cocmoauoco
ocoenno nocne yrasymuux c.oe rnna:
107 106
ECBH on(C) HPHEE1, IF he comeS ;
uq xu ra+3

BAHOOO !
2) Buo, npnannn 1o ae cauoe orou:auue (e)D,
Bt nonyuaere, coornercrnenno,
1o ae cauoe anrnnckoe cnono
no +ro yxe
3-n qop+a rnarona HACCHBHOE onpeoeueuue,
n +ro yxe yer ue ror, KTO uro-ro coe.a.,
a mom, KOIO coe.a.u
ro ecrt mom,
C KEM uro-ro coe.a.u nnn oe.arm:
repair " repairED unnnrt " nounnEH/-nt,
pun+o pun+o nounnxEMt.
3ro okonuanne 'D ouent nnsko pycckomy -1- n nonxrntx
ncem cnonax rnna norvca1/i, no.o+a1/i,
noapana1/i, noe.oea1/i, n r..
Hpnum, ecnn pyccrue cnona moryr nmert qop+v
n rpamrym: nakasaH,
n nouuym: nakasaH/nt,
ro anrunncxne naccueuie onpeoeueuua nmemr rontko
oouy yxe onee HEus+eue+vr qop+v, nanpnmep:
punishED nakasAH, nakasAH/nt ( nakasa1/t),
nauuui1 nakasAH/nax, nakasAH/nomy, nakasAH/no n r. .
H +rn uoeie cnona/onpeoe.euu ( Inaron(e)D)
Bt n 90 cnyuaen moxere opasontnart CAMH,
pesko ynennunnax rem camtm cnon c.oeapui sanac !!!
CMOTPHTE !
TOuHO KAK HO-PYCCKH:
ECBH BM x pnconaB IF I paintED uq a n+umH
ECBH BM x BMB ram IF I WERE there uq a W +o
# Hocne if

$
" " n ero snauennn ec.u m
" ns ncex qop+ rnarona be
n oueuo npannntnom anrnnckom
ncnontsyercx 1outxo qop+a were.

t ntnnn nokn, ECBH BM ona y menx BMBA.


I would drink vodka IF I HAD it.
a wvo opuur eoora Hv a X um
# 2-n qop+a!
Bvrea.iuo: ..., ECBH BM x HMEB e (HE xenmnny it!).

NB !
Em IF snaunr npocro ECBH
n kora BM saxornre ynorpenrt if n +1ou ero snaue-
nnn, ro nocne nero moxere cnokono crannrt otunoe nx mecro-
nmenn I n He
cnono WAS ( nc panno 2-n qop+a!):
ECBH x BMB ram, ... IF I WAS there ... uq a wos +o

) Hocne if nx opasonannx ovoveeo epe+euu


HEBL3R ncnontsonart o.e+eumi will n shall,
no+romy nocne if axe nx nepeaun ovoveeo npemenn
npocro crantre rnaron
n nyanon qop+e npemenn uacmoaueeo:
ECBH mt 3AHBA1HM, IF we PAY
uq wn no
109 108
Ho 178 anrnncknx rnaronon +romy npaeuuy HE noo:uurmc
ro ecrt y nnx ecrt ceou opyeue qop+i
H npoueoueeo epe+euu ( 2-n qop+a),
H naccnnnoro onpeoeueuua ( 3-n qop+a)
(nanpnmep: 1-n q.: 2-e q.: 3-n q.:
be was/were been).
3naunr, +mu 178 rnaronon HE-HPABHBBHB !!!
2-e n 3-n qop+i +rnx/raknx rnaronon nmemrcx
n cnennantntx Tao.uax uenpaeu.iuix e.aeo.oe (crp. 165 + ).
B 1-u cronnke rako Tao.ui amrcx rnaront
n cnoe 1-n cuoeapuo ]opme (ro ecrt, kak n cnonape),
no 2-u cronnke 2-e qop+i ( npoueouee epe+),
n 3-u cronnke (oraannct?!) 3-n qop+i
( naccnnnme onpeoe.euu)
n ncex nx npxmo orrya
eomoeeuiru+u n mn.euiru+u moxno n part!

YHBARKmAR HHuOPMAHH,
YHBHTEALHAR APHuMETHKA.
Hnuero crpamnoro!!!
Haunnaem cunrart ro, uro ecrt HA CAMOM EHE !!!
178 uenpaeu.iuix rnaronon;
22 rnarona, y koroptx BCE 3 qop+i
oouuaroem (crp. 165);
28 rnaronon, koropte Bam npakrnueckn
ue nyxnt (vcmapeeuue).

HPHMEPL:
Herx HOKPACHB +ry creny.
Pete PAINTED this wall nuum n+umuo uc woo.
(painted ax1nnnoe oecmeue).
Ho:
Crena, HOKPALEHHAB Here.
A wall PAINTED by Pete o woo. n+umuo oa nuum
(3ect ro xe # camoe painted yxe eui naccnn).
By oa coomeemcmeue pycckomy meopumeuouo+y naoewv:
by me oa +uu mnom,
by him oa xu+ u+ (Kem?),
by my father oa +a qaao mou+ orno+ n r. .

PA3BEHBAHHE MHuOB. AKCHOMA.


urot nonyunrt
qop+v npoueoueeo epe+euu ( 2-m qop+v)
nnn naccnnnoe onpeoeueuue ( 3-m qop+v)
or anrnnckoro rnarona,
K ue+y (ro ecrt K rouuy +roro rnarona)
nyxno npnannrt orou:auue (e)D.
3ro ro xe camoe # ovqepuoe -e-,
koropoe Bt ncrannxere n nepe 'S,
urot nmert nosmoxnocrt eouoco+
noras(ie)amo npnannennoe orou:auue:
(na-)pnconaB I paintEd a n+umHo
NB!
Hpnannenne D +ro HPABHBO !!!
111 110
Hepenecnre o ntmym uacrt +opa.iuo npoo.e+i
uenpaeu.iuix rnaronon n" npocroe sayunnanne
oono.uume.iuix (?) (ome.aeo.iuix) anrnncknx cnon/
onpeoeueuu 3-nx qop+ rnaronon,
o ntmax uacrt koroptx nc panno, nonropxm,
nyana Bam no ansnn !!!;
3) Tenept yurnre, uro 51 ns ncex +rnx 3-nx qop+
cuon/onpeoe.euu
+ro k romy xe em n qop+i npoueoueeo epe+euu
51-ro uenpaeu.iuoeo rnarona !!!
Cm. crp. 162.
A Bt nx yae moxere snart (?!) cm. ' n.2 n ne naxno,
n kako unocmacu !!!;
4) Tak uro na camom-ro ene nocne ntyunnannx
3-nx qop+ uenpaeu.iuix rnaronon
(naccnnntx) onpeoeueuu (#)
kak omunmx onpeoe.euu
(koropte Bam nc panno n koneunom nrore snart nao),
BCR nceeoonpoo.e+a uenpaeu.iuix rnaronon
cnonrcx k romy, uro
Bam nmenno onounn1eutno nyxno ntyunrt
makcnmym o 77 cnon 2-mx qop+ npoueoueeo epe+euu
or 77 uenpaeu.iuix rnaronon n Bt n amkax (nnn n oa+ax?)!
H ne mopoutre ontme cee (n nnkomy!) ronony !!!

Ocramrcx:
51 rnaron, y koroporo 2-n u 3-n qop+i oouuaroem
(1-x 2-x 3-e
find found ' found
narn namB naEH/nt);
77 rnaronon, y koroptx nce 3 qop+i pasume
(1-x 2-x 3-x
write wrOte written
nnca rt na/nncaB nanncAH/nt).

128 cnon.
TEHEPI CMOTPHTE:
1) 3ayunnanne 1-mx qop+ ummx rnaronon
xnnxercx HOPMOH, a ue nponemo
rak sauem nx noome cunrart?
(Bt xe nc panno nnkya ne enerect
es cnon rnna uaxooumi nnn mepmi npana?);
2) Bt c renxute paocrtm yunre cnona rnna
oe.i, cuuu nnn :pui
rak nouemy xe Bam camnm c rako xe roronnocrtm k camooraue
ne ntyunrt (oouopasoeo) 128 cnon rnna:
naneu/ui, nanncau/ui, xynueu/ui, npoau/ui n r.n.
( 128 mryk 3-nx qop+ uenpaeu.iuix rnaronon
128 nopuautnmx anrnncknx
(n. r.u. n naccueuix) onpeoeueuu,
koropte uu ueu ue xyae
cnon rnna oe.i nnn rpacui,
n koropte nc panno ouent nyanm Bam no xnsnn) ? cm. crp. 157.
113 112
ne ymax nn o um, nokastnare 0OPMOH be!!!
$
Knnra BMBA nanncaua The book WAS written.
Knnry HAHHCABH.
#
$
$
#
Knnra BVE1 nanncaua The book WILL BE written,
Knnry HAHHHV1. o ovr wn. onu pumu

J.e+eum
# #
Inaron
n r. .;

*) MOMEHTAALHOE PACBHPEHHE ( cm. crp. 119).


B +ry naccnnnym roucmpvrur (n umo+ npemenn) moxer
sarecartcx (nnn Bm camn moxere cnokono nn o um ne ymax!
ncrannxrt) em n cnoneuko 'being ouuue, koropoe cpasy xe
npnar +ro roucmpvruu snauenne npouecca ( ing!!!),
n koropoe camo moxer nepenonrtcx na pycckn xstk cnonamn:
u+euuo moeoa, (rar pas) e mo epe+a,
rar pas e +mom/mom +o+eum n r. n.:
Bpe+ $ $ Hpoecc
That picture WAS BEING painted at that particular time.
m nnrm:o wos ouuue n+umuo mm nomnrr.o ma+
Ty kaprnny PHCOBABH kak pas n ro npemx.
Ta kaprnna PHCOBABACL ...
A
K1O/H1O oi.o uanucau/-o nnn nuca.oci
n rak cpasy xe xcno, rak kak (no parynknny!)
CVB1EK1 n anrnnckom npenoxennn
oouxeu oimi eceeoa !!!
Bor Bam n v+euue roucmpvrur +ry cmpoumi!!!
BHHMAHHE !!!
HEPBOE oono.ueuue
k Basonouy Hpaeuuy paevuruua X3:
1) K +1on # qop+e ( c '(e)D) moxno em npnannxrt
6-e orou:auue LY .u, opasontnax npn +rom
nonme cnona (uapeuua), nanpnmep:
hurry " hurriED " hurriedLY
xapu xapuo xapuooBH
roponnrtcx roponnnnt roponnnnO, nroponxx.

KOHCTPVKHHB N1 ( Cm. crp. 102).


a) HOHHMAHHE.
Kro ne nomr napnanr/co:emauue:
$ Haccnnnoe onpeoe.euue
0op+a BE WRITTEN ouu pumu
BLTL HAHHCAHHIM
HACCHB
(n ue uepes nonroa oov:euu !!!)?
Hmo ryr nenonxrnoro-ro?
) HOCTPOEHHE.
CXEMA:
CVB1EKT

3naunr, KOIA rmo-mo nnn :mo-mo


mu/o (nnn yoem) uanucau/ntm
WAS/ WERE (npoueou.)
AM/ IS/ ARE (uacm.)
WILL BE (ovov.)
3-x 0OPMA
rnarona
( naccnnnoe
onpeoe.euue)
{
Bpe+ !
$
115 114
Bc +ro rakxe moxno nokasart n n nne nor rako nor
CXEML nocrpoennx 1px npocmix epe+u $:
HOHE3HOE HAHOMHHAHHE.
Ouent uacro +rn npocmie epe+euui e qop+i ynorpenxmr-
cx nocne cnon n ntpaxenn rnna ( rakxe nocmorpnre crp. 104):

WILL ...
$
CVB1EK1 $ LIVE' u.u LIVES
#
#
+(e)D

' Byymee
(saempa).
' Hac1onmee
(ceeoou).
' Hpomemee
(e:epa).
otuno
ceuac
ncera
uacro
peko
peko
usually
mvwe.u
now
uav
always
oo.wos
often
oqu
rarely
p+o.u
seldom
c+.oo+
noome
ceronx
kaxt ent,
exenenno
exenenno
nnora
pas n mecxn
generally
owieuopo.u
today
moo+
every day
+epu o+
daily
o+.u
sometimes
ca+ma+s
once a month
wauc o+au
n nacroxmee npemx nowadays uavooos
Hmte co:emauu/ooosua:euu epe+euu c yuacrnem cnona
every ... +epu xaa... (every Friday n r. n.):
We SAW this elephant every morning.
wn coo uc +.uqoum +epu +oouuue
Mt BHEBH +roro cnona raxooe yrpo.

1-n mun ecrnn (n crp. 102 n 104).


PA3OBLE oecmeu ( ecrnnx Bau!
One-Time Actions).
Ecnn ecrnne nponcxonr eceeoa, omuuo, raxom oeui
nnn peeyuapuo
(n ne naxno, n kakom epe+euu ro ecrt n umou ns 3 !),
xnnxercx oouo-/+uoeo-pasoei+, u+nyuocui+ (Bau! H nc!),
n ue cnxsanntm nn c kaknmn pyrnmn ecrnnxmn (ono oosnauaercx
kak t mouro na .uuuu epe+euu) +ro
npocmoe oecmeue ecrnne 'Bau!:

HPOHEHEE epe+ ( 2-e qop+i):


'Inaron(e)D
u.u ro1onan qop+a
ns 2-n kononkn Tao.ui uenpaeu.iuix e.aeo.oe:
Buepa x HOKPACHB/C1EB ro xno
Yesterday I PAINTED/ATE that egg;
ecmooo a n+umuo/om m oe

HAC1ORHEE epe+: C rnaronom HHHEIO HE enaem


nnn (e)S:
/on EM/EC1 ono xno kaxt ent
I/he EAT/S one egg every day.
a/xu uum/c wau oe +epu o+
ncera HOMHK nc! I always REMEMBER everything!
a oo.wos pu+++oo +epuuue

BVVHEE epe+: WILL/SHALL rnaron ns cnonapx:


C1EM ono xno sanrpa I WILL EAT one egg tomorrow.
a wn. uum wau oe mo+opov

117 116
Hnn naoopor:
ono n ro xe cnono c orou:auue+ ING (nanpnmep, smokING)
moxer coomeemcmeoeami pyccknm/ oimi nepeeeoeuo na pycckn:
1) u kak oeenpu:acmue (kypR);
2) u kak armueuoe onpeoe.euue (kypRHn);
3) u kak cvecmeume.iuoe (kypEHne)
nanpnmep, NO SMOKING
HET KYPEHHR.
NB-euue !!!
Homnnre, uro
-D +ro ncera PE3VBL1A1 !!!!!,
a
-ING +ro ncera HPOHECC !!!!!

BHHMAHHE !!!
E BA OHOBHEHHR k Hpannuy X 3:
! ! ! ! ! ! !
Hmenno +ra (#) rak nastnaemax INGoea qop+a n oam
em BA (ocranmnxcx) rex camtx oonouueuua
k Hpaeuuy paevuruua X3
( Ha uaeeueuuoe ue uaeeuuea''').
To ecrt +ry INGoevr qop+v +oxuo nocrannrt em n:

2) no" +uoxecmeeuuoe uncno, npnannn k ne 'S,


nanpnmep:
Inaron: " INGoeoe cymecrnnr.: " Ero +uox. uncno:
bless blessing blessingS
o.ec o.ecuue o.ecuue3
narocnonnxrt narocnoneuuE narocnoneuuR.

BOCLMOE 3AHTHE
Hy nor n HRTOE OKOHAHHE
(koropoe roxe cpasy xe ooo:eui ynennunr Bam cnonapnt sanac).
Ceuac, npnannn K KOHHV nmoro rnarona ING uue,
Bt sa +eoum epou kynnre nner n cema cemix
anrnncko rpammarnkn.
To ecrt: Bt yt1e cpasy 3-x sanen !!!:

a) Hyxno Bam
anrnnckoe coomeemcmeue pycckomy oeenpuuacmum
npnannxre 'ing K KOHHV nyxnoro Bam rnarona
n nc !!!:
smoke " smoking kypnrt " kypa;
c+ovr c+ovruue

) Hyxno Bam cyuecmeumeuouoe co cmtcnom kakoro-ro


rnarona
npnannxre K KOHHV +roro rnarona ing n nc !!!
smoke " smoking kypnrt " kypeuue
walk " walking nrn " xota
woor wooruue
ride " riding esnrt " esoa;
pao paouue

n) Kpome +roro, npnannenne 'ING ar Bam


em ono onpeoeueuue,
no renept yxe onpeoe.euue AK1HBHOE
(ro ecrt TOT, K1O oe.aem)
Inaroning n nc !!!:
smoke " smoking kypnrt " kypaun
walk " walking nrn " nyun, xoaun.

H nc +ro
npoueccm! }
119 118
BAXHEHBHH YHHBEPCAALHLH COBET !!!
Homnnre, uro
ING +ro ncera HPOHECC
n
AK1HBHOC1L.
Oasameuouo cm. crp. 150 !!!
2-n mun ecrnn (rakxe cmorpn crp. 102) Koucmpvru N2:
'PAC1RHV1ME, BRHHECR ecrnnx
( ecrnnx Hpouecca Prolonged Actions).
Ecnn ecrnne xnnxercx pacmauymm+, ouauu+ca,
nnn nponcxonr/cnyuaercx
HMEHHO n onpeoeuuum +o+eum ( poeuo e ...)
n/nn na nporxxennn onpeoeuuuoeo nepuooa
( c ... oo ..., ueum ..., eeco ),
ro no-pycckn n +rom cnyuae
Bi onnctnaere oecmeue n nontsyerect e.aeo.o+,
NB !!!
a ronopx no-anrnnckn, Bt n rakom cnyuae
npn nomomn INGoeoeo onpeoeueuua
oouxum, oasaum !!!
onncart COC1ORHHE cvoerma
(ro ecrt ckasart,
raru+ on n +ror +o+eum nnn n +ror nepuoo aeuaemca),
n nocnontsonartcx, coornercrnenno,
couemauue+
Huu xe:

3) cenart INGoevr qop+v em n uapeuue+,


npnannn k ne
(6-e orou:auue ) LY !!!,
nanpnmep:
Inaron: " INGoea qop+a: " Hapeuue:
seem seeming seemingLY
cuu+ cnu+uue cnu+uueBH
kasartcx kaxVHncx; rawaci kak yrO,
no-nnnmomy,
n r. .

3AOHO ! CELMOE OKOHAHHE.


Hpome nekya !!!
H ns cvecmeume.iuix Bt caun moxere enart onpeoeueuua,
npocro npnannxx K rouua+ +rnx cymecrnnrentntx
orou:auue Y u:
cloud " cloudY
r.avo r.avou
onako " onauum.
NB.
B anrnnckom (kak n nourn no ncex xstkax) ecrt
3 epe+euu ( npoueouee, uacmoauee n yoyuee).
Kpome +roro, anrnnckn eioe.em n mexuu:ecru oqop+.em
4 muna oecmeu:
1) pasoeie, 2) pacmuvmie n 3-4) coeepuuuie,
nnn:
1) npocmie;
2)3) oosnauaemte roucmpvru+u N2 n N3
(o He1np1ou mune ecrnn cm. na crp. 131),
npnum raxooe ns ecrnn moxer cocmomic
n nmom/ n raxoo+ ns 3-x epe+u.
121 120
uakrnueckn, eno saknmuaercx n rom, uro aue.osi:uie
noome ouent uacro vxoom or rnarona, n nmecro nero nontsymrcx
onpeoe.euue+, na cauou eue onuciea cex,
e+ecmo roro, urot ronopnrt, :mo onn oe.arm:
$
' Onpeoe.euu "
$
Buec1o cnami: be asleep mmo cnxmnm,
Buec1o vcma(ea)mi: be tired mmo ycrantm,
Buec1o onosoami: be late mmo onosanmnm,
n ecxrkn r.. (Cm. crp. 163)
A uem INGoeie onpeoe.euu xyxe, uem ocrantnte ?
Bor aue.osi:uie n nekoroptx konkperntx cnryannxx
n onucmeamm ceo npn nomomn INGoeix onpeoeueuu
nmecro nepeoa:u oecmeu
nor n nc !!!
( Cm. crp. 163)

To ecrt n rex # cnyuaxx, kora Bt nepeare kakoe-ro ouaueeca,


pacmauymoe ecrnne, Bt HE ouanm ronopnrt,
:mo kro-ro oeuau ..!
Bt onxnt onnca1t ceo nnn +ror cvoerm n ckasart,
umo x/on BMB ...KHu+ !!!
3ect n kauecrne vrasvmuux c.oe ( Indicating words)
moryr ntcrynart eipaweuu rnna:
right now pam uav npnuo cenuac
all (day, month u op.) long oo. (oo, +au) .oue
nect (ent, mecxn n p.)
at this (particular) moment m uc nomnrr.o +ov+oum
(nmenno) n +1o1 uouen1 ...
from ... till ... qpo+ ... mu. ...
c ... o ..., o1 ... o ...
n pyrne.
rnarona BE c OHPEEBEHHEM ( c INGoei+ !!!)
KOHCTPVKHHEH N2
( BM1L ...KHu+),
ro ecrt
couemauue+ 0OPM be c OHPEEBEHHEM !!!
C armueum+ !!!
nastnam +ror # mun ecrnn ecmeu+u npouecca
( crp. 113), rak kak onn ncera npecrannxmr coom
kako-nno npouecc ( pacmauymoe ecrnne ing)!:

HPOHEHEE npemx ( 2-n qop+a be ING):



$
" " " " " 2-n qop+a " " " "
# $
Buepa C 5 O 7 x HHCAB $
Yesterday from 5 till 7 I WAS WRITING.
ecmooo qpo+ qae mu. coeu a wos pamuue
mu nnmVHnm;

HAC1ORHEE epe+. " " " " " "



$

$
$
B AHHMH MOMEH1 x
$
HHHV.
AT THIS PARTICULAR MOMENT I AM WRITING.
m uc nomnrr.o +ov+oum a + pamuue
aeuamco nnmVHnm;

BVVHEE epe+: " " " " " "



$
$
3anrpa C 5 O 7 x BVV HHCA1L.
Tomorrow from 5 till 7 I WILL BE WRITING.
yoy (oimi) nnmVHnm .
# # #
J.e+eum Inaron Onpeoe.euue

123 122
Kora on nomn, x When he came in I Kora on nomn, x
BLAA MOKPOH, WAS wet, mua +orpo,
CHACTAHBOH happy c:acm.ueo
n HHAVHEH! and cryING! n HAAKAAA!
(3 onpeoe.euu #) (Toae 3 # Hnakingonana
onpeoe.euu !!!)
Camtm naxntm sect xnnxercx ocosnanne Bamn roro ]akra, uro
ram, re +i (no-pycckn!) onnctnaem EHCTBHE
n nontsyemcx nx +roro IHAIOHOM,
aueuosi:uie ropaso uame
onnctnamr COC1ORHHE,
n nontsymrcx nx +roro OHPEEBEHHEM !!!
(B rom uncne n omeuaeououm+ INGoei+!!!).
Ha pycckn +ra # roucmpvru nepenon1cn npocro ruarouou
(uecoeepueuuoeo nna) n rom nnn nnom epe+euu
a n raro+ epe+euu 1oae cpasy xe nnno
no qop+e rnarona 'be:
#
$ Bpe+a !!!
We ARE smoking
wn AA c+ovruue
We WERE smoking
wn W c+ovruue
We WILL BE smoking
wn WHH BHH c+ovruue
Mt KVPHM
( uacmoauee).
Mt KVPHBH
( npoueouee).
Mt BVEM KVPHTB
( yoyuee);
$
To ecrt, kora Bt n cnom pyccko-anrnnckom npenoxennn
ynorpenxere (nnn: +oweme ynorpenrt) ono ns +rnx # eipa-
weuu, nomorammnx nonxrt, uro Bt uaxooumeci e npouecce, ro
n roucmpvrur Bt ouanm ncnontsonart nuenno +ry (
BE INGoeoe onpeoe.euue), rak kak nourn ncera npenoxennx,
coepxamne +rn # cnona, nepeamr
npoueccm
nnn
pacmauymme, ouauueca ecrnnx !!!

OH.OBTRCHEHHE.
KOHCTPVKHHB N2.
a) HOHHMAHHE.
B +ro roucmpvruu
Bt (n ornnune or naccuea)
nmecro onpeoe.euu naccnnnoro
ncnontsyere onpeoe.euue ax1nnnoe:

$
0op+a BE WRITING ouu pa muue
BLTL HHBVHHM
n umou cnyuae +ro AK1HB
snaunr, n nmom cnyuae, rmo-mo :mo-mo oeuaem,
a rounee uaxooumc e npouecce oe.auua uero-ro!!!
# ing " #
Ho nomnnre, uro n n +mo+ cnyuae Bt nmenno onucmeaeme cex
npn nomomn anrnnckoro omeuaeououoeo onpeoe.euu !!!
a!
B pycckom xstke nuenno rako roucmpvruu ner,
no n nmom cnyuae ona nx pycckoro yxa nouu+aoe.iua ...:
125 124
nanpnmep:
game eo+ nrpa a GAME hall HIPOBOH san,

hall xoo. xonn, san, a HALL game nrpa HB 3AHA;


(3auiua nrpa)
border ooooo rpannna, a BORDER state
(HO-)IPAHHHOE rocyapcrno,
state cmom rocyapcrno, a STATE border
IOCVAPCTBEHHAB rpannna;
spring cnpuue ncrounnk, knmu, a SPRING water
KHPEBAB noa,
water woomo noa, a WATER spring
BOBHOH knmu.
To ecrt Bt caun moxere nerko oopasoeieami uoeie
co:emauu nocrannnn ono cymecrnnrentnoe nepeo pyrnm
n nc n nopxke, nanpnmep:
army division " army division aa+u ouenwiu
apmnx nnnsnx " ap+ecraa nnnsnx.
B pyccxou napnanre nopaoor cuoe moxer menxrtcx,
no nc panno cmorpnre, kak yono!:
house number " house number xavc ua+oo
om nomep " nomep oma !
Street name cmpuum uo+ nasnanne ynnnm,
n r..
na cnona moryr coennxrtcx n ono, opasyx nonoe
(cocmaeuoe) cnono, nanpnmep:
mail (+o.) box (oorc) " MAILBOX ++.oorc
noura xmnk " HOTOBBH HK.
Cocmaeuie cnona, opasonannte c yuacrnem INGoeix qop+,
moryr nncartcx :epes :pmo:rv, a moryr n npocro pasoe.iuo:
dining-hall oauuue xoo. crononax
smoking area c+ovruue +puo mecro nx kypennx.
) HOCTPOEHHE.
C1POH1L +ry roucmpvrur X 2
nyxno rouno rak xe, kak n HACCHB roucmpvrur X1,
rontko sauennn1e naccnnnoe onpeoe.euue " na ax1nnnoe
" 'InaronING.
CXEMA:
CVB1EKT
Hpnum (kak nnnre) 0OPMAMH be
Bt n sect (nn o um ne ymax!) yere npocro nokastnart
BPEMR nponcxoauero, ro ecrt,
KOIA cvoerm (, Bi, +i, ou, rom, romi n r.n.)
ECTB, BBH nnn BVET ...KH/VH/AH/VH-u+
ro ecrt BOT 1AKHM-mo n maru+-mo ...
Hmenno mar Bt n yere nepeeooumi
name oecmeue" n" nx cocmoauue
a nmenno +ro n nyxno ..!

3AOHO !
B HOMOI AEHTRRM.
Cnona n anrnnckom xstke noome OuEHI HEIKO
coeouurmc pyr c pyrom,
anax npn +rom onontno nnrepecnte pesyntrart,
npnum HEPBOE cnono n +rom couerannn
ncera OHPEEBRE1 nnn OHHCBBAET emopoe,
Bpeun oecmeu
$
WAS/ WERE (npou.)
AM/ IS/ ARE (uacm.)
WILL BE (ovov.)
InaronING
( Ax1nnnoe
onpeoe.euue).
{
C+mcu
$
127 126
2-n napnanr nepenoa +ro roucmpvruu:
He HAS STOLEN this car xu xs cmov.u uc raa
On V K P A B* +ry mamnny (n cm. * nnxe).
$ Byoyuee epe+ Byoyuee epe+ $
He WILL HAVE STOLEN this car On VKPA1
+ry mamnny.
To ecrt, necmorpx na ro, kak t yreauoum nepeno +ro
roucmpvruu nn sev:a. no-pycckn, anrunncxan roucmpvru
nc panno AKTHBHA
Bt nocmorpure, K1O n ne oecmevem?
(A uro x ronopnn?)
C V B 1 E K 1 !!! To ecrt nc panno ror, K1O ...,
a HE ror, roeo ...!!!
Ha pycckn +ra roucmpvru otuno nepenonrcx (kak Bt
camn nnnre!) rnaronom coeepueuuoeo euoa
(rynHB, rynBK n r. n.
no HE norvna. n HE ovov norvnami!).
* 3auacrym (axe ecnn rnaron 'have crour n ono ns cnonx
qop+ npemenn uacmoaueeo have nnn 'has) +ra roucmpvru
uoae1 nepenonrtcx na pycckn
n epe+eue+ uacmoauu+, n epe+eue+ npoueouu+:
He HAS LIVED
in this house
for 10 years already
1) On HB1 n +rom ome yxe 10
ner;
2) On HPOHB n +rom ome yxe ...

Bvrea.iuo: V nero npoxu1o (n +rom ome) .;


B +1on roucmpvruu nx oosnauennx npemenn nyxno ncnontsonart
npenor 'for qoo n reuenne.
}
#
#
#
#
EBR1OE 3AHTHE
3-n mun ecrnn (n cnona pucyuor na crp. 102).
COBEPHHHME ecrnnx KOHCTPVKHHB N3
( ecrnnx K BY-Actions).
Oxsarentno cerare na crp. 150 !!!
a) HOHHMAHHE.
Kmo ne nomr cneymmero ?
1-n napnanr nepenoa:
We HAVE already prepareD everything.
wn xe oo.p+ou npun+oo +epuuue
Y nac yxe HPHIOTOBHEHO nc.
$
Haccnnnoe onpeoe.euue 3-x q.
I HAVE WRITTEN a book a xe pumu ooyr
Y MEH HAHHCAHA knnra uanucaB knnry.
H.u.
Haccnnnoe onpeoe.euue
$
3-n qop+a or buy oa kynnrt
He HAS BOUGHT some paper On rynuB ymary.
xu xs ooom ca+ n+no
Y HEIO KYHAEHO nemnoro ymarn.
#
Haccnnnoe onpeoe.euue
Ho nnnre, necmorpx na ro,
uro sect # ncnontsyercx naccnnnoe onpeoe.euue,
roucmpvru nc panno AKTHBHA,
rak kak n anrnnckom npenoxennn
ecrnyer rontko cyzerm !!!
129 128
(B uacmoaue+, n npoueoue+ n n yoyue+
have/has had will have).
nastnam +ror mun oecmeu ecmeu+u K, noromy
uro +1n ecrnnx (nnn nx pesyuomam) ncera noronnm1cn
K onpeennno mo:re omc:ma a caua +ra mo:ra omc:-
ma moxer, nonropxm, naxonrtcx n umou epe+euu.
Mecronaxoxenne mo:ru omc:ma no npeuenn
(ro ecrt epe+a, K romopo+y noronxercx oecmeue)
Bt nn o um ne ymax! (yraare!)
nokaxere qop+o rnarona 'have:
HPOHEHEE epe+
( 2-n qop+a had 3-n qop+a cumcuonoro rnarona):
( ( ( ( ( ( (
$ #$
$ CBAPHB ror cyn euepa K 5 uacam.
I HAD COOKED that soup yesterday BY 5 oclock;
a xo rvrm m cvvn ecmooo oa 5 or.or
Bvrea.iuo:
$
V menx BMB CBAPEH ...; ' ' '

HAC1ORHEE epe+:
HBV n +rom ome yxe 10 ner
(uauau xnrt pauoue n xnny oo cux nop
Hacmoauee npemx K ceeoouuue+v +o+eumv).

$
I HAVE LIVED in this house for 10 years already.
a xe .ueo uu uc xavc qoo mou nos oo.p+ou
Bvrea.iuo:
V menx HPOH1O ...;

) HOCTPOEHHE.
CXEMA:
CVB1EKT
0OPMOH rnarona 'have
Bt n sect # cnokono nokastnaere
(nnn: no qop+e rnarona 'have Bt xcno nnnre)
BPEMR, o koropom nr peut,
a rounee,
BPEMR, e romopo+ naxonrcx
mo:ra omc:ma +o+eum,
K romopo+y nooeouemc
uanucauue +ro knnrn:
Buepa K 5.00
Y HEIO BLBA HAHHCAHA ra knnra.
He HAD WRITTEN that book.
pumu
3aempa K 5.00
V HEIO BVET HAHHCAHA ra knnra.
He WILL HAVE WRITTEN that book;
xu wn. xe pumu m ovr

OH.OBTRCHEHHE.
3ro ecrnnx, koropte nauaunct pauee kakoro-ro +o+eu-
ma nnn kako-nno mo:ru omc:ma, n camn +rn ecrnnx nnn
coeepuarmc K onpeennnomy +o+eumv, nnn oqqerm or nnx
npooo.waemc O onpeennnoro +o+euma no npemenn,
a cau +ror +o+eum nnn caua mo:ra omc:ma
moxer naxonrtcx n umou ns 3 epe+u!
HAD (npou.)
HAVE/ HAS (uacm.)
WILL HAVE (ovo.)
3-n 0OPMA rnarona
( Haccnnnoe
onpeoenenne)
{
131 130
PACmHPEHHE.
Hemepmm mun ecrnn ( cm. crp. 102)
Koucmpvru N4.
31o1 mun oecmeu ntpaxaercx no anrnnckn onontno-
rakn epo+osoro roucmpvrue, no roucmpvru +ra nacrontko
rpacuea, uro pan ne moxno n :vmor nonanpxutcx ..!!!
Ecnn ecrnne, nooeoue+oe noo onpeennnt +o+eum
no npemenn ( Koucmpvru N3 ecrnne 'K), xnnxercx/
xnnxnoct/yer xnnxrtcx k romy xe em n
Hpouecco+ O, PAC1RHV1MM, BRHHMCR
( INGoei+ Prolonged BY-Action)
n Bm xornre +ry ouumeuouocmo nouepknyrt
ro Bt moxere mexuu:ecru ouent nerko +ro cenart!
He ymare nn o um!, n n roucmpvrur N 3 npocro
eeeoume 2 onsa1eutnmx cnona:
HOC1ORHHOE: a) n kauecrne emopoeo cnona
cnono BEEN 3-m qop+v rnarona be,
urot opasonart roucmpvrur O, K,
n 3AMEHREMOE: ) INGoevr qop+v
c+mcuoeoeo rnarona
(koropo Bt renept n yere nepeanart n ouumeuouocmo,
n c+mcu roucmpvruu
ro ecrt camo oecmeue).
BPEMR xe roucmpvruu (ro ecrt, eoe naxonrcx moura,
r koropo Bt nooeoueme +ro ouumeuouoe ecrnne)
Bt kak n ncera nokastnaere qop+o have:
BVVHEE epe+:
$
$ CBAPK ror cyn K 5 uacam sanrpa.
I WILL HAVE COOKED that soup BY 5 oclock tomorrow.
a wn. xe rvrm m cvvn oa 5 or.or mo+opov
Bvrea.iuo:
V menx BVE1 CBAPEH ....

n) PACmHPEHHE.
HPOCTO BOCHPHMHTE u 3A3YBPHTE.
He ynnnxrect, no Bt moxere ncrpernrtcx n c vo.uuuui-
+u napnanramn +ro roucmpvruu, a uyrt nosnee Bm naemct
yere cmpoumo nx n ca+u !!! (Cm. crp. 102):
4- mun ecrnn (crp. 131).
Haccnnn. u.u Ax1nnn.
I HAVE/He HAS/HAD/WILL HAVE BEEN OHPEEBEHHE.
ouuu # 3-n qop+a be
I. Haccnnnoe onpeoe.euue " Haccnnnan roucmpvru:
$
I HAVE/He HAS/HAD BEEN PAINTED MEHR/EIO HOkpacnn/n.
ouuu n+umuo
I WILL HAVE BEEN PAINTED MEHR n r. . HApncymr;

II. Ax1nnnoe onpeoe.euue " Ax1nnnmn npoecc (crp. 131):


$
I HAVE/ He HAS BEEN PAINTING R pncym/ pnconau.
ouuu n+umuue
I HAD BEEN PAINTING R pnconau.
I WILL HAVE BEEN PAINTING R yoy pnconart
(oo.eo r ).
(H no ncex 3 epe+euax Bt +ro yere enart vwe ooueo n r ..!).

133 132
AHOmEO3.
A ceuac mt ykpacnm ocyxenne remt epe+u ropo.+
npu+epoe ]paso, koropym nponsnocnr na uncrom anrnnckom
Leonardo di Caprio n ]nntme e.oeer e we.esuo +acre,
n koropax nknmuaer n cex n xopomo emoncrpnpyer
CPA3Y neumx 3 muna oecmeu:
I HAVE BEEN in prison for 6 years npotB n rmptme 6 ner
a xe ouuu uu npusu qoo curc nos
(r.e. or ... n oo ceronxmnero nx),
you FREED me nt ocnoonBn menx
mv qpuuo +uu (oouopasoeoe ecrnne n npouuo+),
and now you ARE ASKING me a ceuac nt npocn1E menx
uo uav mv aa aacruue +uu (nmenno e oauum! momenr)
to enter another prison. cecrt n pyrym rmptmy.
mv +umo ouao npusu

Hacmoauee
$ Ooouent onro!!!
I HAVE BEEN WAITING for this money all my life!
a xe ouuu w+muue qoo uc +auu oo. +a .aq
A B +rnx ener ncm cnom xnsnt!
V ... uauau xart
kora-ro,
oxnanne tno ouumeuoum+
('all my liIe),
n xy x O uacmoaueeo +o+euma ( have) !!!

Em PA3.
0op+o have (have/ has had will have) Bt kak ncera
nokaxere, IE no npemenn naxonrcx ror +o+eum nnn ra mo:ra
omc:ma, noo koropym nooeouemc +ro Bame pacmuvmoe,
o.eec ecrnne ( nnrentnoe owuoauue) !
(B oauuo+ cnyuae +ra # mo:ra omc:ma naxonrcx
n ceuac n uacmoaue+ npemenn " ... have ... !!!).
A nor sect $ mo:ra omc:ma naxonrcx n yoyue+ !!!
K romy npemenn x yoy xart ( npowov) yxe 5 uacon.
By that time I will have been waiting for 5 hours already.
oa m ma+ a wn. xe ouuu w+muue qoo qae avos oo.p+ou
Cmorpnre, kak nc uoeuuuo:
will have been waiting !
# # #
Hokastnaem: Bpe+a K Hpouecc
( .ume.iuocmi).

135 134
K 5.00 x cocunrau/ceu I had
counted/eaten.
CEIOHR c 5 oo 7 x yoy cunrart/ecrt
I will be counting/eating.
K 5.00 x cocunram/czem I will
have counted/eaten;

3) WILL rnaron;
3AB1PA " WILL be ...ing;
WILL have 3-n qop+a:
... x yy cunrart/ecrt I will count/eat.
... x cocunram
c 5 oo 7
x yy cunrart/ecrt
3AB1PA
poeuo e 7.34
I will be counting/eating.
eeco ent
K 5.00 x cocunram/cem
I will have counted/eaten.

Bnnre #, eesoe n n umo+ cnyuae


BPEMR mt nokastnaem
2-o 0OPMOH camoro rnarona (1- mun ecrnn)
nnn xe 0OPMAMH be n/nn 'have (n roucmpvrux).
1HH xe ecrnnx n c+mcu ero (n roucmpvrux)
mt nokastnaem 3-en nnn INGoeo 0OPMOH
cmtcnonoro rnarona
(ro ecrt rem nnn nntm onpeoeueuue+) !!!

}
{
{
{
OHOHHHTEHIHIE PEKOMEHAHHH
HO COO1BE1C1BHK
nanonee ynorpenrentntx
AHIHHHCKHX 0OPM n KOHC1PVKHHH PYCCKHM
n HO HX VHO1PEBBEHHK:
1) BHEPA " 2-n vOPMA ( (e)D nnn ns Tao.ui):
... x nocunran/czen I counted/ate
2-n qop+a.
c 5 oo 7
BHEPA poeuo e 7.34 x cunran/en I was*
eeco ent counting/eating.
K 5.00 x nocunran/czen I had*
counted/eaten.
* WAS n HAD 2-e qop+i;

2)
CEIOHR "
HH:eeo HE enaem nnn S,
WAS/WERE/WILL be.
CEHHAC " AM / IS / ARE ...ing;
K ... " HAVE / HAS / WILL have 3-x qop+a:
... x cunram/em I count/eat ...
npxmo ceuac x cunram/em I am
counting/eating.
eeco ent x cunram/em I am
counting/eating.
CEIOHR
c 5 oo 7 x cunrau/eu I was
counting/eating.
$ na +mo npemx x cocunrau I have
( K +mo+y momenry) counted/eaten.
}
{
{
{
137 136

2-n mun ecrnn ecrnnx Hpouecca:


You SHOULD BE LIVING here.
mv uro ouu .neuue xno
Tee BM CBEOBABO H1L sect.

3-n mun ecrnn ecrnnx K:


I COULD HAVE EATEN this soup.
a rvo xe uumu uc cvvn
MOI (yxe) C1EC1L +ror cyn.

4-n mun ecrnn Hpoecc O:


I MIGHT HAVE BEEN WAITING for you all my life.
a +am xe ouuu w+muue qoo mv oo. +a .aq
MOI BM H P O A 1 L rex ncm cnom xnsnt.
$

+or

H yntnnrect, ncnomnnn, kak kora-ro esornercrnenno nenn


nerkomtcnennte Apaoecru:
We SHOULD BE THINKING about some drinking!.
wn uro ouu nuruue ooavm ca+ opnuruue
B cmtcne: A ne nopa nn nam noart?!.
A n Moe nperpacuo .eou 3nnsa yynnrn sannnanact:
I COULD HAVE DANCED all night,
And COULD HAVE BEGGED for more!.
uo rvo xe ooeo qoo +oo
MOIBA BM 1AHHEBA1L ncm nout,
H MOIBA BM HOHPOCH1L em!.

ECR1OE 3AHTHE
HOBLE BO3MOHOCTH.
BCE roucmpvruu n cnoe ueus+euuuo qop+e
(n nce muni oecmeu)
npekpacno moryr couerartcx
c (ummun) o.e+euma+u,
ro ecrt c rem, uro o menx nastnann +ooa.iui+u e.aeo.a+u
xorx, nonropxm, kakne xe +ro e.aeo.i,
ecnn onn noome ne nsmenxmrcx
n y nnx ne1 nn onoro e.aeo.iuoeo npusuara ???
(Cmorpnre mo Hoem ruaccum ca+oyuumeuo).
COuETAHH 3BEMEH1OB c KOHC1PVKHHRMH.
3 B E M E H 1 ...:

Haccue:
I CAN BE killED.
a ru ouu ru.o
MOIV BM1L vou1(-i+) Menx moxno ynrt.

1-n mun ecrnn ecrnnx Bau!:


I CAN READ any English book.
a ru puuo +uu nue.uui ovr
MOIV HPOHEC1L nmym anrnnckym knnry.

139 138
NB 1!
Ecnn xe rnaron euaeuoeo npenoxennx
cronr n onom ns uacmoauux nnn yoyuux epe+u,
ro rnaron emopoeo npenoxennx
moxer croxrt npakrnueckn n umo+ epe+euu
coopasno c neoxonmocrtm ronopxmero:
snam, uro on +ro ronopnu! I know (that) he said it!
a uov m xu coo um
nnkora ne nonepm, uro on rakoe ckasau I will never believe
(that) he said such a thing.
cntmau, uro on nosnpamaemcx.
I have heard (that) he is coming back;
a xe xo m xu us ra+uue or

NB 2!
OFHAXHBARHH HKAHC
CKOPEE H HH0OPMAHHH, uEM H EHC1BHR.
Onako, ecnn Bt ronopnre o um-ro oueuseecmuo+
nnn peeyuapuo noemopamue+ca,
ro moxno n ne conmart Hpannn coe.acoeauu epe+u:
I read that drinking IS not good for health.
a poo m opnuruue us uom evo qoo xo.
uumau, uro ntxncrno ne nonesno nx sopontx.
We didnt know what time the film usually BEGINS.
wn ououm uov wom ma+ oqn.+ mvwie.u ouenus
Mt ue snaun no ckontko otuno naunnaemcx ]nntm.

2) Bropoe OHEHL BAHOE nx Bac npannno


BVVHEE n HPOHEHEM:
ckasaB emy, uro npuoy I told him I would come.
a moyuo xu+ a wyo ra+
HETEOPETHuECKA HHmOPMAHHR
HO COHETAHHK BPEMH PYI C PYIOM
(nx HPAK1HHECKOIO HCHOHB3OBAHHB).
1) Bor IAABHOE nx Bac n onontno-rakn npocroe
HPABHAO X1:
Ecnn rnaron euaeuoeo npenoxennx ro ecrt nepeo
uacrn ncero npenoxennx cronr n npocmo+ npoueoue+
epe+euu no 2-n qop+e, ro n rnaron emopo uacrn +roro
npenoxennx onxen onsa1eutno croxrt 1oae n npoueoue+
epe+euu (nno c o.e+eumo+ would c+ompu oa.ee).
To ecrt:
ecnn no-pycckn uoano ckasart: ymaB, uro cxoV c yma
ro ecrt qop+a uacmoaueeo epe+euu (cxoV)
nny1pn npoueoueeo ecrnnx (ymaH),
ro no-anrnnckn OBA ecrnnx onxnt croxrt
n HPOHEHEM npemenn.

I THOUGHT (that) I WAS GETTING MAD.


a oom m a wos e+muue +o
yman, uro x cxoxy/cxonu c yma
ymaB, uro x CTAHOBHBC cymacmemnm.
Bor rakne npnmept na +ry remy anan npo]. B.K. Mmnnep
n epa++amu:ecro uacrn cnoero nsnecrnemero cnonapx:
cnpocnu, kak ero sony1 I asked what his name was.
a aacrm wom xus uo+ wos
ckasau emy, uro emy uoano (muo) cenart +ro.
I told him (that) he was allowed to do this.
a mov.o xu+ m xu wos o.avo mv ovv uc

141 140
H:
suau, uro ona (em pantme) crasaua emy +ro.
I knew she HAD TOLD him this.
a umv uiu xo mov.o xu+ uc
Mt suauu, uro onn ue saeoeopam no-anrnnckn.
We knew they WOULDNT speak English.
wn umv o wvoum cnuur nue.uui
Ham crasauu, uro onn yoym ronont.
We were told (that) they WOULD be hungry.
wn w+o mov.o m o wvo ouu xauepu
crasau, uro x ue nooy rya.
I said (that) I WOULDNT GO there.
a coo m a wvoum eov +o
uaoeauca, uro emy ue craxym.
I hoped they WOULDNT tell him.
a xovnm o wvoum mo. xu+

H nx nyme yenrentnocrn nor Bam ]pasa ns +nna Mop+na


( anropa Hepeo rpoeu):
Heres the postcard I THOUGHT I WOULD never SEND.
xnos onovcmraao a oom a wvo u+eo couo
Bor orkptrka, (koropym) x ov+aBa, (uro) nnkora ne HOHBK.

NB.
Ynaxaemte rocnoa!
Ocoeuuo pekomenym Bam cnom nonym knnry 5 ceucauu,
koropax (kpome ncero npouero) ykaxer Bam n npxmo nyrt
k sayuueauum anrnncknx cuoe!
Takxe ouent conerym npnoperart mon BHEOKVPCM !!!
ncera ymaB, uro CTAHY nrunkom.
I always thoughT (that) I WOULD become a pilot.
a oo.wos oom (m) a WV ura+ ona.om
Tt nnkora ne noospenaBa, uro on HPEACT rex.
You never suspecteD (that) he WOULD betray you.
mv u+eo cocn+rmuo (m) xu WV ump+ mv
On ne snaB, uro BYET aaue1t o +rom ncm cnom xnsnt.
He didnt know (that) he WOULD regret about it all his life.
xu ououm uov (m) xu WV puep+m ooavm um oo. xus .aq
( BYY OHXEH )
ne oxnaB, uro mne HPHTCR yexart.
I didnt expect (that) I WOULD HAVE TO leave.
a ououm urcn+rm (m) AH WV XB 1V .uue
Kak Bt, naemct, samernnn,
BVVHEE n HPOHEHEM
no ncex ntmenpnnenntx npnmepax
a noome-ro,
BCEIA
nr uepes ... WV ... ... WOULD ...,
a HE uepes will!
Kpome +roro, em pas opamam Bame nnnmanne na ro, uro
n monx anrunncxnx npnmepax () cnoneuko
... that ... m ..., uro ..., ..., koropt ...
sauacrym cronr n ckokax,
r.k. n anrnncknx npenoxennxx ono concem ue oxsarentno!

Em HPHMEPL H 3A3YFPHBAHH:
suau, uro ona craxem emy +ro.
I knew (that) she WOULD tell him this.
a umv m uiu wvo mo. xu+ uc
143 142
5) Hpn neoxonmocrn oooae.rmc cnona
whether w+o (nnn if uq) ... uu ...;
6) B noee.ume.iuo+ uar.oueuuu
rnaron n 1-n ( n c.oeapuo) qop+e
samenxercx" na rnaron c :acmue to ;
7) 3anpeara :acmua Dont
samenxercx" na npocroe ompuauue not.
Hocnenne 2 nynkra moxno cnecrn k npocro sa+eue
Dont " ... not to ....
HPHMEPL:
She said to me: " She told me (that)
We will leave " we would leave
tomorrow " the next day.
They asked us: " They asked us whether (nnn: if)
Have you " we had
read the book? read the book.
You asked me: You asked me
Where where
do you " I
go? " went.
He said to her: " He told her
Come " to come
to me! " to him.
She said to me: " She told me
Dont " not to
kiss her! kiss her.

HPEOFPA3OBAHHE HPRMOH PEuH


B" KOCBEHHVK.
Hpannna Coe.acoeauu/co:emauu epe+u ecrnymr
n npn nepeeooe np+o anrnncko peun n" roceeuuvr.
Inanntm npannnom n annom cnyuae xnnxercx oxsarentnocrt
nx oenx uacre npenoxennx
croxrt e oouo+ u mo+ xe npemenn.
Onako ecrt n ononnnrentnte 7 npannn +roro nepeeooa,
ne nmemmne npxmoro ornomennx k anrnncknm epe+eua+ n
roucmpvru+, n koropte moxno nepeuncnnrt nkparne n noxox,
(uyrt anee +rn npaeu.a
nornepxamrcx konkperntmn npnmepamn) :
1) Inaron 'say samenxercx" na rnaron 'tell
(ro ecrt say " tell);
2) 3anmie, raei:ru n eonpocume.iuie suaru onyckamrcx;
3) Cvoermuie mecronmennx ( cvoermi)
n npumwame.iuie +ecmou+euu
( onsa1eutnme onpeoe.ume.u)
samenxmrcx coornercrnenno cmtcny;
4) Hponcxonr cneymmax noc1onnnan sa+eua cnon:
will " would
this " that
these " those
now " then
today " that day
yesterday " the day before
tomorrow " the next day
ago " before
here " there;
145 144
HOPRKOBMH HOMEP.
urot oosnaunrt HOPRKOBMH uo+ep uero-nnyt,
Bam nyxno K uucuy ( K uqpe)
npocro npnannrt BOCLMOE orou:auue th ,
nanpnmep:
4 four qoo " uernprm fourTH qoo
B rex :uc.ume.iuix,
koropte cocroxr ns uecrouorux cnon axe n ouent nnnntx
th npnannxre 1outxo r HOCBEHEMV cnony
(1ouno kak no-pyccxn !!!):
24 twenty four me+umu qoo " nanart uernprm
twenty fourTH.
mw+umu qoo
HE-HPABHBLHME noporoeie uncnnrentnte (7 umyr):
(the) first qcm nepnt,
(the) second c+rouo nropo,
(the) third o rpern,
(the) fifth quq nxrt,
(the) eighth o noctmo,
(the) ninth uau enxrt,
(the) twelfth mwo.q nenanart.
Houemy ('the ...) ? Cmorpnre na 10 cm. anee!
Co nceun oc1autnmun uncnnrentntmn
nponem, nonropxm, HE1:
urot opasonart or nnx nopaoroeme uncnnrentnte,
Bam ocrarouno
K rouuy cnona K :uc.ume.iuo+v
npocro npnann1t cmauoapmuoe orou:auue th .
PEKOMEHAHH
HO OCTHEHHK FICTPOIO PE3YALTATA.
O1BEHAH1E me+ we, HEM CHPALHBAPT
(nno n vmeepoume.iuo, nno n ompuame.iuo qop+e):
DO you know him? YES, I DO! NO, I DONT !
DOES she know him? YES, she DOES! NO, she DOESNT !
DID they write this? YES, they DID! NO, they DIDNT !
WILL they come? YES, they WILL! NO, they WONT!
CAN she do this? YES, she CAN! NO, she CA

NNOT!
HAVE you a friend? YES, I HAVE! NO, I HAVENT!
HAS she a book? YES, she HAS! NO, she HASNT!
HAD they any money? YES, they HAD NO, they HADNT!
WILL we have a lunch? YES, we WILL! NO, we WONT!
IS our cat there? YES, it IS! NO, it ISNT!
WERE our cats there? YES, they WERE! NO, they WERENT!
WILL our cats be there? YES, they WILL! NO, they WONT!
HO:
DOA`1 you read it? YES, I DO! AO, I DOA`1!
ISA`1 she there? YES, she IS! AO, she ISA`1!
WOA`1 you come? YES, I WILL! AO, I WOA`1!
CAA`1 they play? YES, they CAA! AO, they CAA`1!
n r..
147 146
npnum -R ue nponsnocnrcx, a rontko nuuemca:
ontmOH " ontmE big " biggER,
mnnBH " mnneE nice " nicER n r..
Ecnn xe k anrnnckomy cnony VE :mo-nnyt roeoa-nnyt
tno npnanneno
(n ne naxno, o.uuuoe +ro cnono nnn ropomroe),
ro, ncnomnnn npekpacnoe Hpaeuuo paeyuruua X3, mt snaem,
uro Bououe uaeeuueamo vwe ueuosa!!!
no+romy mt HE ynnnxem cnono em onnm orou:auue+,
a enaem u +ro kak no-pycckn, ro ecrt ronopnm:
BOBEE ... MORE ... +oo:
nnn:
BOBEE ycrant " MORE tireD +oo maoo
Vxe npnannennte orou:auu $#
BOBEE nnrepecnt " MORE interestING.
A urot no-anrnnckn ckasart CAMMH ... nnn HAH...,
mt na rex xe camtx ycnonnxx onxnt r rouuy (ueus+euuuoeo)
cnona npnannrt orou:auue EST ucm,
a nepe cnonom onsa1eutno nocrannrt em
n onpeoeuuum apmur.i THE ... (nnn pyro oasam. onpeo.),
rak kak yx ecnn kro-ro, nanpnmep, ca+m +u.i,
ro yx xnno useecmuo, kro ...!
Ecnn xe cnono VE onn pas tno nsmeneno
( orou:auue), ro ncnomnnn n sect Hpaeuuo paevuruua
X3 mt onsa1eutno onxnt ynorpenrt anrnnckoe cnono
CAMMH ... (the) MOST ... o+ovcm
H nonyuaercx:
CAMMH mnnBH ... " THE nicEST ... o uacucm
Ca+m cnmnarnunt
CAMMH nnrepecnt " THE MOST interestING ...
Ca+m nnrepecnt
H kak x nncan n Peauu+amope Baueeo aueuucroeo:
B oouo mepenre moxer trt
TOHIKO OHH oeaouamo namm co.oam
snaunr, on xnno 'H3BEC1EH,
snaunr, onsa1eutno vrawume na +ro
'OHPEEBHHMM APTHKHEM !!!:
nostmy mpuoami ceoi+VK knnry.
Ill take THE thirty sevenTH book.
a. mor + mu c+eou ovr
To ecrt nopaoroeme :uc.ume.iuie otuno o]opmnxmrcx
OHPEEBH1EBEM '1HE !
CXEMA:
OBR3A1EBLHMH
HOPBKOBOE

OHPEEHHTEHB
HHCAHTEALHOE CAOBO.
(c 'th nnn ono ' ns 6-mu)
Kora n 1927 roy na sanoe uopa n Xan+n-Hapke c konneepa
comna 15-rnmnnnnonnax Mooeuo 1, n koropo exann cam X+npn
uop n ero ctn 3c+nt, na opry anromonnx n tno nanncano:
THE fifteen millionTH !!!

CTEHEHH CPABHEHHR.
Cpaeuumi uro-nnyt c uem-nnyt no-anrnnckn em nerue,
uem no-pycckn ...
Mm npnannxem k ropur cnona E
n aue.osi:uie enamr rouno rak xe
rontko nnmy1 onn uyrt nnaue: ER,
n npnannxmr onn +ro ER ne k ropur, a npxmo k cnony
149 148
Onako y cnona 'old nosmoxnt n qop+i
older crapme n 'the oldest camt crapmn,
ov.oo o ov.oucm
ecnn peut nr nuenno n 1outxo o BO3PACTE,
a HE o crapmnncrne.

HPHMEPI:
3ror om BOBLHE, uem ror.
This house is BIGGER than that (one).
uc xavc us oneo u m wau
Ona unraer XVE, uem mo par.
She reads WORSE than my brother.
uiu puuos wc u +a opao
3ro CAMMH XOPOHHH pecropan n ropoe.
This is 1HE BES1 restaurant in the city.
uc us o oocm p+cmpoue uu o cnmu
far
qaa
ankn,
aneko
old
ov.o
crapt
"
"
u.u:
"
"
farther
qaao
further
qo
antme,
anee
elder
+.oo
crapme,
crapee,
nspocnee
the farthest
+qaaucm
the furthest
oqucm
camt antnn,
camt ankn
the eldest
o +.oucm
camt crapmn,
camt nspocnt,
camt crapt,
crapemn,
nancrapemn.
"
H:
CAMMH ycrant " THE MOST tireD ...
o +ovcm maoo
Ca+m ycrant.

NB.
Ecrt 10 onpeoe.euu $, c koroptmn +rn # +auunv.uu nponsnonrt
neutsn.
Cmeneuu cpaeueuu or nnx ne opasym1cn nnxax
rak uro 14 cnon 14 uenpaeu.iuix cmeneue cpaeueuu
or +rnx 10 onpeoe.euu
nyxno npocro onopasono emsypumo !!!:
HE-HPABHHBHBE C1EHEHH CPABHEHHR:
well, good
w+., evo
xopomo, xopomn
bad, evil
oo, uue.
nnoxo, sno
many, much
++uu, +am:
mnoro
few, little
qmv, .um.
mano
"
"
"
"
better
o+mo
nyume
worse
wc
xyxe,
snee
more
+oo
ontme,
onee
less
.ec
mentme,
menee
"
"
"
"
the best
oo+cm
camt nyumn
nannyumn
the worst
owcm
camt nnoxo,
nanxymn
the most
o+ovcm
camt, nanonee,
nanontmee
the least
o.nucm
camoe manoe,
nanmentmee,
nanmenee
150
OHOAHHTEALHO !!!
O anrnncko cucme+e epe+u moxno ckasart cneymmee .
Mt yxe snaem, uro sauacrym aue.osi:uie ronopxr
ue coece+ mar, rar eoeopu+ +i
Ho ecrt oea konkperntx cnyuax,
koropte nmemr nenocpecrnennoe ornomenne
k epe+eua+,
n koropte nyxno npocro npnnxrt kak oauuocmi.
1) B nepeo+ cnyuae aue.osi:uie aconmrno urko vxoom or
nepeaun oecmeu n coornercrnenno yxooam or rnarona,
e+ecmo +roro onucmeaa cex (nnn nmo pyro cvoerm)
npn nomomn omeuaeououoeo INGonoro onpeoe.euu. enamr
onn +ro nmenno rora, kora peut nr o pacmauymmx, ouumeuoumx
ecrnnxx, koropte +i, ronopx no-pycckn, nepeam 1outxo npn
nomomn rnarona uecoeepueuuoeo euoa (oe.a., oe.ar, ovov
oe.ami) = Continuous nnn Progressive.
Ho+romy, e+ecmo:
Buepa x e.i ent paomau
Bt no-anrnnckn npocmo oasaum yere ronopnrt:
Buepa x e.i ent mu paoomamuu+ !!!;
2) Bo emopo+ cnyuae kora peut nr o kakom-nno ecrnnn,
nooeoue+o+ K kako-ro mo:re no npemenn, ouu e+ecmo
nepeaun oecmeu nontsymrcx nmemmecx u n pycckom xstke
roucmpvrue V menx yxe rynueu mka] Perfect.
To ecrt n Bt e+ecmo:
B yxe rvnu. mamnny
no-anrnnckn npocmo oasaum yere ronopnrt:
V menx mamnna yxe rynueua !!!