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Section 4 & 5

Americans Oppose Slavery

Ben Franklin was the president of the first anti-slavery society in America
Pennsylvania Society for Promoting the

Abolition of Slavery
Complete end to slavery

Differences Among Abolitionists

Quakers
Among the first groups to challenge slavery

on religious grounds

Differed on how much equality they thought African Americans should have.
Receive same treatment as white Americans Against full political and social equality.

Spreading the Message


John Greenleaf
Wrote abolitionist literature & poetry

William Lloyd Garrison


Published abolitionist newspaper Liberator American Anti-Slavery Society Immediate emancipation and racial equality for African Americans.

Relied on free African Americans support

Spreading the Message

Angelina & Sarah Grimke


Two white southern women
Antislavery activists Recruited other white southern women

African American Abolitionists

Frederick Douglass
Escaped from slavery at 20
One of the most important African American

leaders of 1800s Secretly learned to read and write

Sojourner Truth
She became legendary in the antislavery

movement

Underground Railroad
Not an actual railroad, but a network of people who arranged transportation and hiding places for escaped slaves Travel along freedom trails to northern states or Canada Often wearing disguises, fugitives moved along the railroad at night Stopped at station masters during the day to rest.

Hid and fed fugitives

Harriet Tubman
Most famous and daring conductor Escaped slavery in 1849

Left behind her family

Returned to the south 19 times


Led her whole family back to the north to

freedom Led more than 300 slaves to freedom

Reward for her capture


$40,000

Opposition to End Slavery


North agreed with the South and supported slavery Others disliked slavery, but opposed equal rights for African Americans Freed slaves would move north and take jobs from the white workers Gag Rule

Forbade members of Congress from discussing

any petitions for antislavery John Quincy Adams was able to get this rule overturned.

Opposition to End Slavery


White southerners saw slavery vital to the Souths economy and culture After Nat Turners rebellion, racism and fear made emancipation all but possible in the South.

Womens Rights

Sarah Grimke
Argued for equal rights for women
Equal educational opportunities Equal pay for equal work

Sojourner Truth
Powerful supporter of abolition and womens

rights Traveler, spread truth

Opposing Womens Rights

Some women did not believe they needed new rights


Not unequal as men, but different

Thought that women lacked the mental and physical strength without mens protection Despite opposition, women continued their goal of greater rights

Seneca Falls Convention (1840)

Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Lucrieta Mott


Attended a convention in which all women

were treated unequal

Seneca Falls Convention


First public meeting about womens rights

held in the US

Declaration of Sentiments
Detailed beliefs about social injustice toward

women. Much like the Declaration of Independence

Womens Rights Leaders

Lucy Stone
Well known

Especially concerned

spokesperson for the Anti-Slavery Society First woman who really Elizabeth Cady stirred the nations heart Stanton on the subject of Wrote many of the womens wrongs. documents and speeches Susan B. Anthony Founder and leader of Brought strong the National Woman organizational skills to Suffrage Association the womens rights movement.

with laws that affected womens control of money and property