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# Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman (Kampar Campus)

## Bachelor of Science (Hons) Biotechnology

Year 2 Semester 1

## UESB 2142 Laboratory 2A

(III) Microbiology

Experiment No. 5

## Title: Growth Curve

Objectives:

– To obtain the graphs of the microbial growth of different bacteria through optical

## – To compare the growth curve of the bacteria.

Results:
Table 1: Optical Density of Inoculated Nutrient Broth with Time of Pseudomonas
aeruginosa
Time (minutes) Optical Density, OD600 (A)
To, 0 0.013
T1, 15 0.015
T2, 30 0.017
T3, 45 0.020
T4, 60 0.022
T5, 75 0.026
T6, 90 0.031

Table 2: Optical Density of Inoculated Nutrient Broth with Time of Escherichia coli
Time (minutes) Optical Density, OD600 (A)
To, 0 0.023
T1, 15 0.020
T2, 30 0.074
T3, 45 0.085
T4, 60 0.226
T5, 75 0.262
T6, 90 0.223

## Table 3: Optical Density of Inoculated Nutrient Broth with Time of Staphylococcus

aureus
Time (minutes) Optical Density, OD600 (A)
To, 0 0.022
T1, 15 0.028
T2, 30 0.034
T3, 45 0.040
T4, 60 0.062
T5, 75 0.091
T6, 90 0.143

Note: Data in Table 1, 2, and 3 were plotted in “Semi-log Graph: Optical Density of

## Calculation of Generation Time:

Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Generation time = 45 minutes

= 21 minutes

## = (87 – 48) minutes

= 39 minutes

Discussion:

Based on the semi-log graph and the calculation, the generation time of

Escherichia coli was the shortest (21 minutes), followed by Staphylococcus aureus (39

minutes) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (45 minutes). With the shortest generation time,

Escherichia coli was expected to have the greatest growth rate under similar condition

among the three microorganisms, for every 21 minutes, the cell numbers of Escherichia

coli doubled.

## Theoretically, the photospectrometry measurement assumes that the bacterial cells

were distributed in the nutrient broth evenly; the optical density obtained can be

proportional to the population of the bacteria in broth only when the assumption

occurred.

However, all the three bacteria have the ability to form biofilm on the flask surface,

which can cause errors in the photospectrometry measurement regarding the total cell

## mass of the microorganisms in the nutrient broth.

Stirring of the nutrient broth during the incubation was solving the problem, but

during the incubation in the laboratory practical, non simultaneous timing of the students

from different subgroups made the incubation machine had to be turned on and off

repeatedly. That might lead to the uneven distribution of the bacteria in the broth.

Moreover, sometimes the incubation machine was also did not turned on by the students

after placing the flask into it, leaving the broth unstirred for several minutes.

This might be able to explain the unusual results shown by the Escherichia coli in which

the optical density was unexpectedly dropped at time 15 minute and 90 minute.

Conclusion:

The generation time was shortest for Escherichia coli, followed by Staphylococcus

References:

## Cappuccino, J. G. & Sherman, N. (2008). Microbiology. A Laboratory Manual, 8th ed.,

San Francisco, CA: Pearson Benjamin Cummings.

Escherichia coli. (2009, August 30). In Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved

## August 31, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Escherichia_coli

Madigan, M. T., Martinko, J. M., Dunlap, P. V., & Clark, D. P. (2009). Brock Biology of

## Retrieved August 31, 2009, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Staphylococcus_aureus

Attachment:
Semi-log Graph: Optical Density of Inoculated Nutrient Broth versus Time