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. , .

Harold BENJAMIN

Martine PIQUET

Agrege d!ans
Professeur an hjcee
Camiile Pissarro de Pontoise

Agrege d! anglais
Docteur d'Etat
Maitre de conferences
a I'universite de Cergy-Pontoise

LEXIQUE
ECONOMIE
ET COMMERCE
Anglais


~ m Tecknique

- -

" '
1993

65.5
46
Ouvrage realise avec I'appui et le soutien de la Cooperation Technique
frangaise:
Ambassade de France a Moscou
Ministere des Affaires Etrangeres

Mission
Interministerielle
pour
I'Europe Centrale et
Orientale
(MIECO)

ISBN 5-7133-0783-2
( )
ISBN 2-01-019291-5 ()

Hachette 1992, 79, boulevard SaintGermain, F 75006 Paris


..
, 1993

"
", 1993


--
--

7
.

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.
, 5,
.


.


GB
US
FR
sing.
coll.
ind.
PI
adj.
adv.
subst.
fam.
Pej.

--

to abide/abode/abode by
the law
respecter la loi

aboard
0 bord

abortion
avortement

above quota
hors contingent

above-the-line costs
depenses media

!

a Vetranger

abundant
abondant

to accept delivery of sth.


prendre livraison de qqch.

an acceptance bill
traite contre acceptation

to accommodate
loger

an accommodation bill
traite de complaisance

(
)
accommodation (inden.)
hebergement, logement

accordance with order (-in)


conforme a la commande

an account
l.compte, position
2. budget d'annonceur
3. compte-client
4. liquidation
1.
2. ()
3.
4. ,

the account director


directeur de la clientele

the account executive


responsable client
,

the account group
groupe de budget

account purchases
compte ''achat"

account sales
compte "ventes"

accountancy
comptabilite (matiere,
profession)

an accountant
comptable

the accounts department,


the accounting
department
services comptabilite

accounts payable
comptes clients, comptes
crediteurs
,

the accounts payable book
livre des effets a payer

an accounts plan
plan comptable

accounts receivable
comptes fournisseurs,
effets a recevoir
,

the accounts receivable book
livre des effets a recevoir

to achieve sth.
atteindre (un but),
realiser qqch,
-.,

acknowledgement of an
order
accuse de reception de
commande

acreage
superficie (mesuree en
acres)
( )
an Act
loi (votee)
()
an act of God
1. cas de force majeure
2. cause naturelle
1. -

2.

actual tare
tare reelle

an ad, an advertisement
annonce publicitaire
,

an adult
adulte

ad valorem duties
droits ad valorem
" ",

addicted to sth. (to be -)


ne pas pouvoir se passer
de qqch.
,

-.

an adverse balance
balance deficitaire

addiction
besoin, accoutumance
,

an advertiser
annonceur

an additional clause
avenant

adequate
suffisant

an adjuster
expert (en avaries)
,

the Administration (US)
l,gouvernement
2. Etat
1.
2.

administrative devices
dispositions administratives

advertising
publicite (commerciale)

an advertising agency
agence de publicite

an advertising agent
agent de publicite

advertising appropriation
budget publicitaire

an advertising consultancy
conseil en publicite
no
advertising content
contenu publicitaire

the after-sales service


advertismg expenditure
service apres-vente
investissements, depenses

publicitaires


an advertising space
espace publicitaire

to age
vieillir
,

an adviser
conseiller

an age group
groupe d'age

advocacy
defense (d'une idee,
d'une cause)

to advocate
proner
,

affluence
opulence, abondance
,
affluent
opulent, aise
,
to afford sth.
se payer qqch.

after date, a/d
hors delai

after-sales(s)
apreS'vente

10

an agency
agence, organisme

an agent
representant

agreement (by mutual -)


d'un commun accord
(c ~)
an agreement
accord

an agriculturalist
agronome

agriculture
agriculture

an agronomist
agronome

an ag(e)ing population
population vieillissante

air copies
numeros achemines par
poste aerienne
,

to aid s.o.
aider qqn (aide economique,
an air freight company
materielle)
messageries aeriennes
()
-
ailing

malade, mal en point

air freighting
fret aerien
an aim

objectify but, fin

an airline
compagnie aerienne
to aimatsth.

viser qqch., avoir pour


but qqch.
air time
temps d'antenne
,

to aim to do sth.
( )
viser a faire qqch.
airtransport

transport aerien

air-borne freight
fret aerien
an air waybill

lettre de transport aerien,
air4:onditioned
LTA
climatise

an aircraft
avion

an airway bill of lading


lettre de transport par avion

an air consignment note


lettre de transport par
avion

an alien (GB)
etranger (par la culture
ou la civilisation)
,

an all-in policy
police tous risques

an all-in tariff
tarif tout compris
,

to alleviate
soulager (la douleur, etc.)
()
to allocate
allouer, repartir
,
to allow sth. in
laisser entrer qqch.
,

an allowance
abattement (fiscal)

an allowance
allocation

amortization
amortissement (dette,
batiments, etc.)
(
,
)
an analysis, (PI) analyses
analyse

anemia
anemie

an announcer
annonceur

an annualized rate
taux annualise

allowance for tare


tarage
,

answerable to court
(to be -)
1. repondre de qqch.
devant un tribunal
2. relever d'un tribunal
1.
2.

alongside (the quay)


a quai
,

ante-natal leave
conge de maternite
no

an alteration
modification

12

an altematiye solution
solution de rechange

an antibiotic
antibiotique

to anticipate
prevoir, s'attendre a
,

anticipationof(in ~)
en prevision, en vue de
,
antiseptic
antiseptique

the appeal
attrait

an appointment
rendez'vous
,
an approach
demarche, methode
,
approval (on -)
a condition

an approval
approbation

to approve
approuver

arrival time
heure d'arrivee

an art buyer
acheteur d'art

the art director


directeur artistique

an art gallery
galerie de peinture

an articulated vehicle
vehicule semi-remorque

artifacts
produits de Vartisanat
local

the artwork
elements de creation

as per invoice
suivant facture

to ascertain the tare
/aire la tare

ashamed of (to be -)
avoir honte de

13

ashore
a terre
,
to assess
evaluer

assets (PI)
actif

assets and liabilities


actif et passif

assistance
assistance, aide

an associate member
membre associe

an attempt
tentative

auctioned off the highest


bidder
adjuge au plus offrant


an auctioneer
commissaire priseur

an audience
public

audience cumulation
accroissement d'audience

audience duplication
duplication de couverture

an audimeter
audimetre

an audit
controle, verification
des comptes
()

to attend to a customer
servir, s'occuper d'un client to audit the accounts
verifier, apurer les comptei


an attested cheque
cheque certifie
the audited circulation
diffusion controlee

an attractive price
()
prix interessant

an audited circulation report
etat de controle de la
an auction sale
diffusion
vente aux encheres
0

14

an auditor
commissaire aux comptes
,
austere times
periode d'austente

& (Bed and Breakfast)


chambre et petit dejeuner

to back a draft
avaliser une traite

authorised capital
capital social
.

backward

bacteria (PI)
bacteries

authoritarian
autoritaire

a
the authorities
pouvoirs publics

bad debts
creances irrecouvrables
, '^

automatic debiting
prelevement automatique

average tare
tare moyenne

awaiting delivery
en souffrance (paquets,
etc.)

()

bad cheque
cheque sans provision

badly off
gene, a court d'argent
.

baggage tag
etiquette dHdentification
des bagages

to bail out
renflouer, sauver
(une societe)

15

bank account
compte bancaire

to bail out of a company


retirer sa participation
d'une societe

a

bank balance
solde d'un compte

bailiff
huissier

bank base rate


taux de base bancaire

the balance
solde (d'un compte)
,

bank charges
agios, commissions sur
operations bancaires
1

the balance of invisibles


balance des invisibles
no

(,
)

bank prime rate (US)


taux de base bancaire

the balance of payments


balance des paiements

the balance of trade


balance commerciale

bank statement
releve de compte
( )

bank transfer
virement bancaire

banknote
billet de banque

bankrupt
failli (subst.)

balance-sheet
bilan

ban
interdiction

to ban
interdire

16

bandage
bandage
, ,

bankrupt (to go/wenl/gonQ/-'),


to go bust (fam.)
/aire faillite

bankruptcy
faillite, banqueroute

bargain
bonne affaire,
bonne occasion

to bargain
marchander

bargain sale
vente en soldes

barge
peniche

to barter sth, for sth, else


troquer qqch. pour qqch.
d^autre
,

the baseline
ligne de base

basis
assiette (fiscale)
(
)

beach
plage

bear
baissier

barren
sterile

to bear/bore/bome interest
barter
1. troc
2. negociation
1. ,
2.

rapporter un interet

bear market
marche a la baisse
,

bearish trend
tendance la baisse

to barter
troquer

barter agreement
accord reciproque

barter sale
vente avec rabais


to beg
mendier

17

to beg one's bread


quemander son pain

a

beggar
mendiant

to benefit s.o.
beneficier a qqn
,
-.

behaviour
comportement

behind schedule (GB, US)


en retard

a

benevolent
charitable

bell boy
groom, chasseur
,

to belong somewhere
etre originaire de

belt-tightening policy
politique de restriction

beneficiary
beneficiaire
,

big/great spender
personne qui depense
beaucoup

bilingual dictionary
dictionnaire bilingue

to biU
1. annoncer, programmer
l.facturer
1.
2.
,

to benefit from sth.


beneficier de qqch.

-.
18

berth
couchette (sur un bateau)
( )
bi-monthly
bimensuel
()

below-the-line costs
depenses hors media

a

benefit
allocation, indemnitee
avantage
,

l.facture
2. affiche
1.
2.

bffl(US),anote(GB)
billet (de banque)
,

projet de lot
,

the black market


marche noir

of exchange, b/e
lettre de change
,

bleak market
marche morose

of lading, B/L
connaissement

bleak prospect
morne perspective

billboard
panneau d'affichage

billing
1. depenses publicitaires
2. facturation
1.
2.

to

bind/bound/bound
Her, engager
,
binding (to be -)
etre obligatoire

the birthrate
taux de natalite

birth-control
controle des naissances

black (to be in the ~)


avoir un solde crediteur

blind (to go -)
devenir aveugle

blister pack
emballage sous bulle
transparente

the blood group, the blood type


groupe sanguin

blue-chips (US)
valeurs vedettes

blurb (pej.)
baratin publicitaire

board (on -)
a bord

19

the Board of Trade (GB)


ministere du Commerce

to book
reserver

boarding house
pension de famille

to book an order
enregistrer une commande

boat hire
location de bateau

body
organisme
,

the booking office


service de reservation
,

bold print
caractere(s) gras

a

bond
obligation

bond( -in)
sous douane

bond goods ( -in)
marchandises sous douane

bond holder
titulaire de bons

bonded warehouse
entrepot, magasin general
de douane

20

booking
reservation

bookkeeper
aide-comptable
,
bookkeeping
comptabilite

bookkeeping departments
services comptabilite

bookkeeping entries
ecritures comptables

bookshop
librairie

boom
prosperite, relance,
periode d'expansion
,

boost
relance, forte augmentation
,

to boost
pousser, developper,
stimuler
,
to boost demand
relancer, augmenter la
demande

a

booster
rappel de vaccin

(
)

to bottom out
atteindre son niveau le plus
bas
(
)
the bought ledger
grand(')livre des achats

a

to borrow at short term


emprunter a court terme

to borrow from
emprunter a
-.
a

borrower
emprunteur

borrowing costs
loyer de Vargent
no ,

the bottom line


1. derniere ligne d'une
feuille de bilan
2. prix nets
1.
( )
2.

bottom of the range


basdegamme

bought note
avis d'achat

,

bound by law (to be -)


etre tenu par la hi

to brainwash
/aire du lavage de cerveau
,

branch
succursale, agence
,

brand
marque (de biscuits,
whisky, etc.)

brand awareness, brand
indentification
connaissance d'une marque

21

brand image
image de marque

brand leader
marque, article pilote
,
brand loyalty
fidelite a une marque

brand name
de marque

brand name recall
memorisation d'une
marque

brand preference
preference pour une
marque

brand recognition
identification, notoriete
d'une marque
,

breach of the law


infraction a la loi

the breadbasket of the world


grenier a du monde

22

breadline
soupe populaire

the breadline (to be on -),


on the cheese-line
sans le sou

to break even
rentrer dans sesfrais

to break into a market
penetrer un marche

to break the law
enfreindre la loi

to break in
penetrer par effraction

break-even point
seuil de rentabilite

breakable
cassable
,
breakage
casse, bris
,
breakdown
ventilation des depenses,
decompte
()

brief
instructions pour une
tache donnee

brokerage fee
droit de courtage

to

bring/brought/brought
sth. about
amener qqch. (un resultat)
()

broking firm
societe de bourse

brisk
actif
,

to brush up a copy
peaufiner, ameliorer
un texte

brisk market
marche vif

broadcast
emission (radio ou TV)
(no , )

to broadcast/broadcast/
broadcast
diffuser

to budget for sth.


prevoir qqch. au budget

budget forecast
prevision budgetaire

bulk goods
marchandises en vrac
.

brochure
imprime, brochure

broke (fam.)
fauche

buck (fam.) (US)


dollar

bulky
volumineux
,

broker
courtier

buU
haussier
^

brokerage (inden.)
courtage, commission
,

bull market
marche la hausse

1
23

business is brisk
les affaires marchent

bullish trend
tendance a la hausse

crop
recolte exceptionnelle

business reply card


carte reponse,
coupon-reponse

buoyant market
marche anime

business-to-business
advertising
publicite professionnelle
et industrielle

burden
fardeau, charge

bureau de change
bureau de change

burglary
cambriolage

business (to go out of -)


se retirer des affaires

to buttress
etayer, renforcer
,
to buy/bought/bought
acheter

business class
classe affaires
-
business connections
relations d'affaires

business is at a standstill
les affaires sont au point
mort

24

bminess trip
voyage d'affaires

buyer
acheteur

to buy on credit
acheter a credit

to buy space
acheter de Vespace
(publication)

( )

to buy sth, from s.o.


acheter qqch, a, chez qqn
-. -.
to buy sth. on Hire Pmchase
onH.P.(GB)
acheter qqch. a credit
-.

to buy sth. retail


acheter qqch. au detail
-.
to buy sth. wholesale
acheter qqch. en gros
-.
to buy time
acheter du temps (emission)
(
)
to buy time on the air
acheter un creneau horaire

a

buzzword
mot, slogan a la mode

bypass
deviation
,

call
1. visite
2. appel telephonique
1.
2.

to call at
desservir, /aire escale a,
s'arreter a
,
a

call report
rapport de visite
0

calorie
calorie

campaign
campagne

camper
l.campeur
2. camping-car
1.
2.

camp(ing) site
terrain de camping

to cancel an order
annuler une commande

a

cabin
cabine

cancellation
annulation

25

to canvass
quadhller (secteur,
clientele)
(,
)
capital
capital, capitaux

the captain
capitaine

capital expenditure
depenses d'investissement,
d'equipement
a

capital funds
capital social, capitaux
propres

capital gains tax, CGT
impot sur les plus-values

caption
legende (sous-titre)

captive audience
audience captive

(
)

to capture attention
attirer Vattention

car hire
location de voiture

capital goods
biens d'equipement

car insurance
assurance auto

capital inflow
afflux de capitaux

carpark
parking

capital-intensive
capitalistique

the capital market


marche financier,
des capitaux

26

capital outflow
fuite, sortie de capitaux

caravan
caravane
,
caravanning
caravaning

carriage paid, CP
port , franco de port

careers officer (GB)


conseiller d'orientation

careless
negligent

carrier
transporteur

theJ carrier's liability


cargo boat
cargo

responsabilite du trans
porteur

carrier's risk ( -at), CR


aux risques du transporteur

cargo
cargaison

carriage forward
port du

the carriage of qoods
transport de marchandises

carriage paid and packing
extra
franco de port, emballage
ensus
,

caniage paid and packing
free
franco de port et
d'emballage


carriage paid to...
port jusqu'a...
...

to carry
transporter

to carry a safety guarantee


e^e homologue (du point
de vue securite)

to carry an article
avoir un article (en stock)
( )

cartoon
1. caricature
2. bande dessinee
3. dessin anime
1.
2.
3.
case of damage (in -)
en cas d'avarie

27

cash crops
cultures d'exportation

case worker
assistant(e) social(e)

cash
argent liquide, especes

the cash desk


caisse

cash (in -)
en especes

to cash (in)
toucher, encaisser
,

cash (to be in -)
etre en fonds

cash (to be out of ~)
etre a court d'argent

cash discount
escompte de caisse
(paiement au comptant)

a

the cash-flow
marge brute d'autofinancement, MBA
-

to cash a cheque
encaisser un cheque

cashflowproblems
difficultes de tresorerie

cash on deUvery, COD
paiement a la livraison

cash against documents


comptant contre documents

cash-and-carry price
prix emporte

the cash book


livre de caisse

28

cash dispenser
distributeur d'argent
no

cash sUp
bordereau de versement

cash with order, CWO
paiement comptant a la
commande

cashier
caissier

the casting
selection des acteurs pour
un film

a

casualty
victime (d'accident,
d'attentat)

catalog (US), a cata


logue (GB)
catalogue

catch phrase
slogan

to catch up with
rattraper

categorical
categoriel

chain store
chaine de magasins,
magasin a succursales
multiples
,

the Chancellor of the


Exchequer (GB)
ministre des Finances

to change
changer

change
monnaie ("petite^

to charge
I,/aire payer
2. mettre sur un compte
1.
2.
to charge interest
prelever des interets

a

cattle
betail

charity
organisation humanitaire
(privee)

census
recensement

to charter
affreter

certificate of insurance C/I


certificat d'assurance

charter company
compagnie de charters

29

charter flight
vol charter

charter party, C/P
charte-partie

chartered accountant
expert'Comptable

cheap
bon marche

to check out
payer en sortant

to check out
reglersa note (a Thotel)

to check s.o. out


faire payer sa note a qqn
(a I'hotel)

-.

to check
controler, arriter.
faire echec a
, ,

to check in
1. arriver a rhotel, remplir
une fiche d'hotel
2. se presenter a
Venregistrement
(a raeroport)
1.

2.

the check-informalities
formalites d'enregistrement

the check4)ut
caisse (supermarche)
(
)
30

check (US), cheque (GB)


cheque

chemical additive
additif chimique

chemist (GB),
a druggist (US)
pharmacien

cheque (GB), a check (US)


cheque

cheque (to make out a -)


libeller cheque

cheque book
chequier, carnet de cheques

cheque stub
talon de cheque

cheque to bearer
cheque au porteur

cheque without cover


cheque sans couverture

chief accountant
chef comptable

the chief cameraman


chef operateur

child benefits
allocations familiales

the Civil Service (GB)


Fonction publique

to claim compensation
demander reparation,
demander des
dedommagements

( )
to claim damages
demander des dommages
et interets

cholera
cholera

circulation
tirage, diffusion
,
a

class (A, B, etc.)


categorie socioprofessionnelle
(superieure,
moyenne,
etc.)
( )

cinema
cinema

to circulate
faire circuler, mettre en
circulation

civil servant (GB),


a government employee
(US)
fonctionnaire

claimant
assure
,

the classified ads


petites annonces

a

clause
clause
()
clean net
sans reserves

31

clean B/L
clinic
connaissement net,
dispensaire
clause, sans reserves


the close
cloture
to clear goods
dedouaner des marchandises ,

,
fb< : n\t\ctna
/lofo
to

clearance sale
vente liquidation

clearing agent
agent en douane
no
clearing bank
banque de depots

clearing house
chambre de compensation

client
client

the client report


rapport sur le client

a

32

date de fermeture
(limite d'acceptation
d'ordres ou de documents)
,

clear goods through the


customs
dedouaner des marchandises

,

climate
climat

the closing price


cours de fermeture

coach tour
voyage en car

code of practice
code de conduite,
deontologie

coin
piece (de monnaie)

to coin
frapper, battre (monnaie)
()
coinage
l.frappe
2. systeme monetaire
1.
2.

cold-storage unit
chambre froide

to come to maturity
venir a echeance
( )
comfort
confort

to collapse
s'effondrer

collapse
effondrement

collateral
nantissement, caution pour
un pret
,

commerce
commerce

commercial
spot publicitaire (radio
etTV)

( )

commercial paper (US)


billet de tresorerie

to collect
toucher, percevoir
,
collection at source
perception a la source

colonialism
colonialisme

colony
colonic

column
colonne, rubrique
,

to come into force


entrer en vigueur

comic strip
bande dessinee

to commission
commissionner

commission
commission

commission agent
agent commissionnaire
,

to commit oneself to something


s'engager a /aire qqch.

-.
33

commodity
1. marchandise
2. produit de base,
matiere premiere
1.
2. ,
commodity broker
commissionnaire agree

the commodity exchange


Bourse des matieres
premieres et denrees
-

the Community budget


budget communautaire

comparative advertising
publicite comparative

to compel
contraindre, forcer

to

compensate
indemniser, compenser

the commodity futures market


marche a terme des
marchandises

to compete with
concurrencer, /aire
concurrence a
,

commodity market
1. Bourse de commerce
2. marche de matieres
premieres
1.
2.

competition
concours

competition (inden)
concurrence

the Common Agricultural


Policy, CAP
Politique Agricole
Commune,
c-x

competitive
concurrentiel, competitif,
performant

the Common Market


Marche commun

to communicate
communiquer

to complain of sth.
se plaindre de qqch.
-.

34

competitor
concurrent

complainant
plaignant
,

complaint
plainte
,

to compute
calculer

computer banking
services bancaires
electroniques

to comply with
se conformer a
,
a

composite
fiche mannequin

composition
concordat preventif (a la
faillite), arrangement,
accommodement (avec
creanciers)

,
(

)
comprehensive (GB),
senior high school (US)
lycee
,

computer shopping
achats par ordinateur

to confirm a booking
confirmer une reservation


a

confirmation
confirmation

connection
correspondance
,

to conquer a market
conquerir un marche

a

consensus decision
decision collective en
accord
,

to

consign
expedier

compulsory
obligatoire

compulsory schooling
scolarite obligatoire

35

the consigner
expediteur

consignment
envoi, expedition
,

consignment note
bordereau d'expedition

consular invoice
facture consulaire

to consult
consulter

consultant
consultant, conseil
,

to consume
consommer

consumer
consommateur

consumer durables
biens, produits de
consommation durables

36

consumer goods
biens de consommation

consignee
l.depositaire
2. destinataire
1.
2.

consumer habits
habitudes de consommation

consumer movement
mouvement de
consommateurs
()

consumer panel
groupe test de
consommateurs
,

consumer patterns
habitudes de consommation

the Consumer Price Index, CPI


indice des prix

the consumer profile


profil du consommateur

consumer protection
protection des
consommateurs

consumer relations
relations avec les clients,
suivi des contacts

consumer resistance
resistance de la part des
consommateurs


consumer response
reaction des
consommateurs

contagious disease
maladie contagieuse

container
conteneur

container ship
navire porte-conteneurs
-

the consumer society


societe de consommation

container shipping
transport par cadres

consumer spending
depenses de consommation
des menages

containerisation
transport par cadres

a

consumer trends
tendances de consommation

consumerism
defense des consommateurs
,

consumers' association
association de defense du
consommateur

contango
1. operation en report
2. taux de report
1. ,

2. ,

contango day
jour des reports


( )

consumers' rights
droit des consommateurs

the content
contenu (sens abstrait)

consumption
consommation

the contents
contenu (materiel)

37

contest
concours

continental breakfast
petit dejeuner continental

continuation operation
operation en report

contribution
cotisation
,
control
controle, encadrement

controlled economy
economie dirigee

the continuation rate


prix du report

convenience foods
aliments prets a la
consommation
,

continuing care
soins prolonges

()

convenient
commode

contraband
contrebande

conversant with sth.


(to be ~)
etre au courant de qqch.

contraband goods
marchandise de contrebande

contratrade, countertrade
commerce compense, avec
contre-partie

to contravene sth.
contrevenir a qqch.

to contribute
cotiser

,
38

to

convey
acheminer, transporter
,

conveyance
acheminement, transport
,

convincing
convaincant

cooked breakfast
petit dejeuner complet

a I'anglaise

-
a

corporate advertising
publicite institutionnelle

cooling-off period
delai de reflexion

to cope with
faire face a qqch., venir a
bout de qqch.
,
a

to comer market
accaparer marche

the corporate sector


secteur prive

copy
1. exemplaire, numero
(journal, magazine, etc.)
2. texte de message
publicitaire
1. ,
(, )
2.

copy strategy
strategie de creation

copy testing

corporation tax
impot sur les societes

cost

cout

to

cost/cost/cost

1. couter
2. etablir un prix de
revient
1.
2.

pretests

Cost and Freight, & F


cout et fret

copyright

()

droits d'auteur, propriete

litteraire

the copywriter

cost cutting
reduction des couts

redacteur, le concepteur-

redacteur

,

cost-effective
rentable

39

cost-efficiency
rentabilite

Cost, Insurance and


Freight, GIF
cout assurance etfret, CAF
, ,
,
the cost of living
cout de la vie

cost per thousand
cout par mille (lecteurs)

()
cost price
prix de revient

council flats (GB), muni


cipal housing (US)
HLM

the Council of Ministers
Conseil des ministres

a

counter
guichet, comptoir
( )

to

counterfeit
contrefaire

counterfeiter
faussaire

cost-push inflation
inflation par couts
,

countervailing duties
droit supplementaires

costly
cher, couteux

a coupon
1. coupon, bon
2. bon de reduction
1. ,
2.

costs
couts, frais

cottage
maison de campagne

cotton wool
coton
, -
40

couchette
wagon-couchettes

courier
l.accompagnateur
2. representant local
d'agence de voyage
1.
2. ,

courtesy call
visite de courtoisie,
de remerciement

coverage
couverture (sociale)
,

to cover risks

couvrir des risques


to crack down on
reprimer
,
craft
artisanat

credit (inden.)
credit

credit
avoir (subst.)
(
)
credit balance
solde crediteur

credit card
carte de credit

credit facilities
facilites de paiement,
lignes de credit

crash
effondrement des valeurs
,

credit note
avoir (subst.)

crate
cageot, caisse a claire-voie

credit purchase
achat a credit

craze
mode, engouement
,

the creative director


directeur de la creation

credit rating
reputation de solvabilite

credit sale
vente a credit

the creative services


services de creation

credit squeeze
gel, resserrement du credit

creditor
creancier

creche
creche

41

the crew
equipage
,
a

cripple
infirme

crisis, (PI) crises


chse

criterion, (PI) criteria


critere

crop
moisson, recolte

crop failure
mauvaise recolte

to cross a cheque
un cheque

a

cruise
croisiere
,
crumbling
effritement

to cultivate
cultiver (la terre, les
plantes)

to curb
freiner

cure
remede

to cure s.o. of an illness


guerir qqn d'une maladie
-.

currency (hard/soft)
devise, monnaie
(forte/faible)

currency unit
unite monetaire

crossed cheque
cheque bane

the crossing
barrement d'un cheque

a crossing
traversee

CRS (Computer Reservation


Systems)
services de reservation
electronique

42

current account
compte courant

current bssets
actif circulant

current liabilities
dettes

the current market price


coursdujour

to curtail
diminuer, reduire, tronquer

customs procedure
formalites de douane

custom duties
droits de douane

the Custom House
douane

customer
client

customer behaviour
comportement du consommateur

customer service
service apres-vente

the customs
douanes

customs officer
douanier

customs union
union douaniere

a

cut
reduction, compression

to

cut/cut/cut
reduire

cutback
reduction, compression

cutback on sth.
reduction sur qqch.
-.

customs clearance
dedouanement

cut-price fare
billet a prix reduit
no

customs duties
droits de douane

cuts
reductions

customs excise
droits de douane

CWT (hundredweight)
50, 80 kg

43

day camp
centre de loisirs, centre
agree

day care centre


garderie

day nursery
creche

dead (to be ~)
etre mort

dead loss
perte seche

daily
quotidien

daily
quotidien (subst.)

dairy farm
ferme laitiere

dairy farming, dairying
industrie laitiere

to damage
nuire, porter prejudice

damage (inden.)
degats
,
damaged
endommage

damages (PI)
dommages et interets

data processing
informatique

date of maturity
date d'echeance

44

the deadline
ultime delai (reception de
documents)

deaf (to go -)
devenir sourd

deal
operation, transaction

to deal/dealt/dealt
/aire, conclure des opera
tions

a

dealer
concessionnaire, un revendeur
,

dealing
operation, transaction
,

debt servicing
service de la dette

death
mort

debt-ridden
crible de dettes

the death rate


taux de mortalite

to debase
alterer, deprecier
,
a

debenture
obligation (non garantie)

debenture holder
obligataire

debit balance
solde debiteur

debit note
note de debit

to debit s.o. with a sum


debiter qqn d'une somme
-.

debt
dette,

debt (in ~)
endette

debtor
debiteur

decay
deperissement

to decay
deperir

decease
deces
,
to deceive
tromper, induire en er
,

decent
decent, convenable

to decide on sth.
prendre une decision
sujet de qqch.

a

decline
baisse
,
45

to decrease
reduire, diminuer
,
deeds
titres

to default
etre en etat de cessation de
paiement

to deliver a promise
remplir un engagement

to deliver
livrer

defective
defectueux

delivery dates
delais de livraison

deferred payments (by -)


en paiement differe, par
acomptes

a

delivery order form


bulletin de livraison

deflation
deflation, desinflation

delivery price
prix rendu

retard

deUvery time
delai de livraison

deUvery within a month
delai de livraison d'un mois

delegate
delegue

demand (inden.)
demande

deflationary package
plan antiinflationniste

delay

46

delivery note
bon de livraison

deferred share
action differee
on

delivery
livraison

delivery charges
frais de livraison
no

denominations
coupures, valeurs
,

demand
revendication

densely populated areas


zones a forte densite de po
pulation

to demand
revendiquer, exiger

demand-ptdled
inflation
inflation par la demande
,

demanding
exigeant
,

department store
grand magasin

departmental
committee
comite ministeriel

demographer
demographe

demographic coverage
couverture d'un segment
demographiqtie

to demonetize
demonetiser

the Department of Trade and


Industry, DTI (GB)
ministere du Commerce
et de I'lndustrie

demonstration model
modele de demonstration

demurrage
surestahes
()

to denationalize
denationaliser

departure time
heme de depart

to depend on sth. or s.o.
dependre de qqch. ou qqn
-.
a

dependant
personne a charge
,

dependent on (to be - )
1. etre dependant de
2. etre a la charge de qqn
1.
2.
47

deplete
amenuiser

depletion
amenuisement

deposit
acompte
,
to

deposit
deposer (des fends)

deposit account
compte de depdts

to

deposit money with a bank


deposer de Vargent dans
une banque

deposit slip
bordereau de versement
0
depositor
deposant
,
depreciation
amortissement, deprecia
tion, moins'value
,

to

48

depress
deprimer, faire baisser
,

depressed market
marche deprime

deprived
desherite
-.

to deregulate
dereglementer

description (by -)
sur catalogue
no
desequilibrium
desequilibre

design
creation, conception
,
to despise s.o.
mepriser qqn

destitute
miserable

destitution
misere, indigence
,
to destroy
detruire

to deter
dissuader qqn de faire
qqch.

diarrhea
diarrhee

in delicit
deficitaire

deficit (in-)
deficitaire

deterrent
moyen de dissuasion

to devalue
devaluer

to devastate

dictatorship
dictature

to die
mourir

to die of starvation
mourir defaim

devaster

a developing country
pays en voie de developpement

development
amenagement du territoire

the DHHS (Department of
Health and Human
Services) (US)
ministere de la Sante et
des Affaires sociales



the DHHS (Department of
Health and Social
Security) (GB)
ministere de la Sante et des
Affaires sociales


dining-car
wagon-restaurant
-
diphtheria
diphterie

dire straits (in-)


dans la gene totale

direct mail shot


publipostage, un "mailing
direct-mail advertising
publicite par correspondance, publipostage

directions
instructions

49

directives
directives

dirty jobs
tdches ingrates, sales boulots

discount house
magasin a prix reduits
,

discount rate
taux d'escompte

disability
incapacite

disease
maladie

disgrace
honte

disgraceful
honteux, scandaleux
,

the disabled (PI)


les invalides, handicapes
,
disablement
incapacite

to discard
mettre au rebut
,
a

discount
remise, rabais, ristourne.
escompte
, ;

discount (to get ~)


obtenir une reduction

to discount
escompter

to discount a bill
escompter une traite

50

to dispatch
envoyer, expedier, acheminer
,
display
exposition, un etalage
,
to display
presenter, exposer
,

display-stand, a displayrack
presentoir

disposable
jetable

documentary credit
credit documentaire

disposable income
revenu disponible

to dispose of sth.
se debarrasser de qqch.
-.
a

dispute
litige
,
disputed claims
reclamations litigieuses

to disrupt
perturber
,
distress
detresse
,
distribution
distribution

distribution channel
circuit de distribution

the division of labour


division du travail

a

doctor
medecin

documentary bill
traite documentaire

documentary draft
traite documentaire

the documents
illustrations et textes

Documents against Accep
tance d/a
documents contre accepta
tion

Documents against Pay


ment, d/p
documents contre paiement

dog-eared

(
)
the dole
allocation chomage

the dole (to be on-)
percevoir I'allocation cho
mage

51

dollar
dollar

domestic flight
vol inteheur

to donate sth.
/aire don de qqch.
-.
a

donor
donneur, donateur
,

down market
bas de gamme
,

down payment
versement comptant
,

downbeat (on~)
la baisse
,

downcast market
marche de bas de gamme
,

downswing
baisse d'activite

door-to-door sales
vente a domicile

double-entry bookkeeping
comptabilite en partie
double

double-page spread
annonce double page

downturn
baisse d'activite

double room
chambre pour deux personnes (un grand lit)

downward trend
tendance a la baisse

draft
1. traite
2. lettre, effet de change
1.
2.

the Dow Jones index


indice des valeurs cotees a
h/all Street

the Dow Jones industrial ave
rage
Indice Dow Jones des vale
urs industrielles

52

to draw/drew/drawn a bill
tirer une traite

to draw up
elaborer (un projet)
()

dropout
eleve qui abandonne ses
etudes

to draw up a protest
dresser un protet

to draw money
tirer Vargent

drought
secheresse

the drawee
tirey payeur
,

druggist (US), a pharmacist


(GB)
pharmacien

the drawer
tireur

drugs (PI)
1. drogue(s)
2. medicaments
1.
2.

drinking water
eau potable

a

drive
operation, campagne
,

dud cheque
cheque en bois

driven out of business


pousse a la faillite

a

driving force
force motrice, moteur

driving licence
permis de conduire

due
du, exigible

drop
baisse, chute
,

to drop
baisser, chuter
,

dull market
marche terne

to

dump
ecouler a perte

duplicate (in-)
en double exemplaire

durability
longevite

53

durables
biens de consommation
durables

dustbin (GB), a garbagecan (US)


poubelle

dustman (GB), a garbage


man (US)

dutiable (to be -)
etre passible de droits

dutiable goods
marchandise soumise aux
droits de douane
,

duty
droit (douane, taxe)
,

duty paid
dedouane

to dwindle
s'affaiblir
,
dysentry
dysenterie

E
earnest money
arrhes

earnings
gains (d'un travail)

easy terms
facilites de paiement

the economic outlook


conjoncture economique

duty free allowance

quantite autorisee de marchandises en detaxe


an economic situation
,
conjoncture economique

duty-free goods
marchandises hors-taxes
economy class
,
classe touriste


54

economy size
de fotmat economique

the editorial content
contenu redactionnel

to embark
embarquer

embezzlement
detournement de fonds

effective
efficace

an emergency

effectiveness
efficacite

to emigrate

efficient
efficace, competent

an elderly person
personne agee

the elderly (PI)
personnes agees

elementary school (US),
junior school (GB)
ecole primaire

eligible for sth. (to be -)
remplir les conditions pour
qqch.

-.
embargo, (PI) embargoes
embargo

urgence

emigrer, migrer

an end
but, fin
,
an endorser
endosseur

to enforce a law
appliquer une loi

to enquire about
se renseigner sur
,

to enter
entrer (dans la CE)

to enter in the book


passer les ecritures

entertainment
animation
,
55

to

entice
seduire, allecher
,
entitled to (to be~)
avoir droit a

entitled to sth. (to be -)
avoir droit a qqch.

entries
ecritures comptables

entrusted with sth. (to be -)


se voir confier qqch.

an epidemic
epidemie

equipment
materiel

equities (GB), shares (US)


actions cotees en bourse
,

the equity, equity capital


fonds, capitaux propres
,

the equity market


marche des valeurs

56

to erect tariff barriers


eriger, dresser des barrieres
douanieres

an estimate
devis

estimated time of arrival.


ETA
date prevue d'arrivee

estimated time of departure,


ETD
date prevue de depart

the European Coal and Steel


Community
Communaute Europeenne
du Charbon et de VAcier,
CECA


the European Community, EC
Communaute Europeenne,
CE

, EC
the European Economic Com
munity, EEC
Communaute Economique
Europeenne, CEE

,

the Free Trade As


sociation, EFTA
Association Europeenne de
Libre-Echange


the Parliament
Parlement

excess luggage
excedent de bagage

excess weight
excedent de poids

to evade taxation
frauder le fisc

to evade the law


contourner la loi

evidence (to give -)
foumir des preuves

Ex4Juay
marchandises debarquees
-
Ex-Ship
marchandises a bord
- ,

excess (in~)
en excedent

exchange advertising
publicite par echange (ser
vices ou produits)

()
an exchange
bureau de change
()
exchange control
controle des changes

an exchange dealer
cambiste

ex-warehouse (prix)
en magasin
( )
ex-works (prix)
depart usine

()

an exchange rate
taux de change

exchanges
echanges

the Exchequer (GB), the Treasy(US)


ministere des Finances

57

excise duty
impot de monopole d'etat,
droits de regie

an excmsion
excursion

an exhibition
exposition

to expand
1. s'etendre, se developper
2. se diversifier
1. ,

2.
expansion
expansion, croissance, developpement
, ,

expenditure
depenses, frais, investissements
, ,
expenditure tax
impot sur les depenses

expense
depense, cout
,
an expense account
note de frais

58

expenses
frais, depenses

expensive
cher, couteux

an export (GB), an exporta


tion (US)
exportation

to export
exporter

export credit
credit a ^exportation

an export department
service export

an export licence
licence d'exportation

exportation (US), export
(GB)
exportation

an exporter
exportateur

exports
exportations

exposure
risque

to extend
1. etendre
2. s'etendre
1.
2.
the extra coverage of a medium
couverture supplementaire
d'audience

factory outlet
vente directe d'usine

fad
mode, engouement
,

to fail to do sth.
ne pas reussir a faire qqch.,
omettre
-.
failure
echec
,

extra tare
surtare

fair
juste, equitable

extreme poverty
misere

eye catching
qui attire I'oeil

fair average quality, FAQ


qualite commerciale rante

,
I

F
to face sth.
faire face a
-.
to face up to sth.
faire face a qqch., se rendre
a I'evidence
-.
facilities
equipements

fake
faux

*I

faU
baisse
,

to

fall/fell/fallen
arriver a echeance

to fall sharply
baisser brutalement

59

farm spending
depenses agricoles
c-x

to faUsUghtly
baisser faiblement

to fall behind

prendre du retard

fall in population
baisse demographique

farming
agriculture, culture (activite)

family allowances
allocations familiales

family planning
planning familial

fasten your seat-belts


attachez vos ceintures

famine
famine

to farm
cultiver, exploiter (la
terre)

farm
ferme, exploitation agricole
, c-x
farm cooperative
cooperative agricole
c-x
farm labourer
ouvrier agricole
c-x
farm products
produits de la ferme
c-x

60

farmer
fermier, exploitant agricole.
agriculteur

faulty goods
marchandises defectueuses

a

favourable balance
balance excedentaire

feature
caracteristique, particularite
,

to

feed/fed/fed
1. nourrir
2. se nourrir
1.
2.
feedback
reaction, retour dUnformations

fee(s)
honoraires

fertile
fertile

to fill in a document
remplir un document

fertilizer
engrais

festival
festival

film
film

films
typons, films

fever
fiewe

field survey
marketing, mercatique

field work
travail sur le terrain

to file
classer

filing
classement
().

1^

to file petition in 1
deposer bilan

to file (law) suit


deposer plainte (en jus
tice)
,

to finance
financer

financial assistance
aide financiere

the Financial Times index (FT
index) (GB)
Vindice du Financial Times
" "
the financial year
exercice financieK

fire insurance
assurance incendie

to firm
se raffermir
()

61

flat
forfaitaire
,

finn market
marcheferme

first rate
de premiere qualite, de pre
mier ordre

flat demand
demande etale

fleet of vehicules
pare de vehicules

ffight
vol (aerien)

first-class carriage
wagon de premiere classe

fiscal period
exercice financier

fish farm
etablissement piscicole

to float a loan
emettre un emprunt

a

fish farming
pisciculture

five-year plan
plan quinquennal

fixed annuity
rente fixe

to flood a market
saturer un marche

to

flourish
prosperer

fixed assets
immobilisations

to focus attention
fixer Inattention

fixed capital
capital immobilise

fixed interest securities


obligations


62

flood
inondation

folder
depliant
,

the follow-up
relance (campagne)
()

food
nourriture, alimentation

food composition
composition alimentaire

forecast
prevision, projection

to

forecast/forecast/forecast
prevoir

food crops
cultures viwieres

forecasting
prevision

the food industry


Industrie alimentaire

a

food manufactmer
fabricant de produits co
mestibles

foreign
etranger (par la nationalite)

foreign agent
agent a Vetranger

foreign currency
devise etrangere

foreigner
etranger (par la nationalite)

food production
production alimentaire

food stamps
bons d'alimentation

foreign exchange (US)


devises etrangeres

food supplies
ravitaillement

food surpluses
excedents alimentaires

foodstuffs
produits, denrees alimentai
res
,

for delivery
au comptant

foreign exchange reserves


reserves de changes

the foreign market
marche exterieur

foreign trade
commerce exterieur

to

forfeit
perdre ses droits a

63

to forge
/aire un faux

fortune (to make/made/ma


de-)
/aire fortune

the forward market


marche au comptant, a terme
no

forward sales
ventes a terme

forwarder agent, forwar


ding agent
transitaire

forwarding agent's receipt,


FAR
regu d'un transitaire

the forwarding station


gare de depart

a

foster home
famille d'accueil
,

foul
flvec reserves
,

64

foul B/L
connaissement clause, avec
reserve
"" (
)

founder's share
action defondateur

Franco Dom.
franco domicile
-
fraudulent bankruptcy
faillite frauduleuse

free
1. libre
2. gratuit
1.
2.

to free
liberer

free alongside ship, FAS


franco le long du navire,
franco sous palan
,
free circulation
libre circulation

free delivery
envoi livraison franco
-

free to the receiving station


franco gare d'arrivee
-

free in and out, FIO


charge et decharge au frais
du chargeur


free of charge
gratuit, sans frais

Free of Charge
franco

Free of Particular Average,


FPA
franc d'avaries particulieres

Free on Board, FOB


franco a bord
-,
free on rail, FOR
franco wagon
-,
free schooling
scolarite gratuite

free to the customer's ware
house
franco domicile du client
-

free to the forwarding sta


tion
franco gare de depart
-

free trade
libre-echange
,

free trade area


zone de libre-echange

free trader
libre-echangiste

free zone
zonefranche

freelance journalist, photo


grapher
pigiste

freeway (US), a motorway


(GB)
autoroute

freeze
gel, blocage, resserrement
,

freeze period
periode d'austerite

freight charges
frais de transport

65

freight collect forward


fret a destination


from rags to riches
de la misere a I'opulence

the FT-30(GB)
indice des 30 valeurs repre
sentatives du Financial
Times
30 "
"
the FT-SE (*Tootsie", Financial
Times Stock Exchange)
index (GB)
I'indice boursier du Finan
cial Times
" "
full board
pension complete
,

full breakfast
petit dejeuner complet a
Vanglaise
-

full container load, FCL


chargement complet en
conteneurs

full service agency


agence de publicite a ser
vices complets

66

fully equipped holiday flat


appartement de vacances
entierement equipe

to fund
financer, placer de Vargent
dans
,

funds
fonds, capitaux
,
further education
formation continue

fuss (to make -)


faire des histoires

fussy customer
client difficile

future goods
marchandises a terme

the futures market


marche de contrats a terme
no

gap
fosse, decalage
,

garbage (US)
ordures menageres
,

germ
microbe, germe
,

garbage man (US), a dust


man (GB)
eboueur

gift
cadeau

garbage-can (US), a dustbin


(GB)
poubelle

to gather information
rassembler des donnees

gimmick
true, astuce
,

GATT (General Agreement


on Tariffs and Trade)
GATT (accord general sur
les tarifs et le commerce)
,

gloomy market
marche morne

gloomy outlook
sombre perspective

general average
avarie generale

glut
surplus, surabondance, saturation
,

General Practitioner, GP
medecin generaliste

genuine
veritable, authentique
,

gilt-edged securities (gilts)


(GB)
,
emprunt d'Etat

(
)

geometrical ratio
progression geometrique

glutted (to be ~)
etresature

a

glutted market
marche encombre

goal
but, objectif

67

governments (US)
titres d'Etat

the gold standard


etalon or

a

good buy
bon achat, bonne affaire

good condition (in -), in
good repair
en bon etat

grace copies
exemplaires de promotion

the grading
calibrage

good for insert


bon a insurer

goods
marchandises, biens

granary
grenier a grains

goods to declare
marchandises a declarer

goods train (by ~)


en petite Vitesse
,

grant
allocation, aide, prime
, ,

grant (GB), a scholarship


(US)
bourse

the government
gouvernement

government employee (US),


a civil servant (GB)
fonctionnaire

government stocks
titres d'Etat

68

grain/cereals
cereales

to grant
accorder

to grant a discount
accorder une remise

to grant a loan
accorder un pret

the green card


carte verte

gross
bmt

the guaranteed circulation


circulation
, ,

the Gross DcMnestic Product, GDP


Produit Interieur Brut, PIB
,

the Gross National Product, GNP a


pToduit National Brut, PNB
,

a
gross weight
poids brut

a
a grouping
groupement

a
to grow/grew/grown
/aire pousser, cultiver (le
ble, etc.)
,
a
growth
croissance

guerilla
guerillero

guerilla warfare
guerilla

guest
c//en^ (a 1'hotel)
( )
guest country
pays d'accueil

guest house
pension de famille

guest worker
travailleur immigre, migrant
-
guide
guide

growth rate
taux de croissance

hail
grele

guarantee
garantie

half board
demi-pension

69

harmful
nocif

half term
conge de mi-trimestre

to harmonize
to halt
1. cesser, se terminer
2. suspendre (une valeur)
1. ()
2.

harmoniser

harvest
moisson, recolte

handiaaft
artisanat

to harvest

handling
manutention
,

moissonner, recolter

haul
^rfl7e^(routier)
,

to haul
a

handout
aumone

transporter par larroute


hard cash
especes sonnantes

haulage
transport routier

hard up
a court d'argent

to harm s.o.
nuire a, causer du tort a qqn
-.
70

haulier
transporteur routier

the haves
possedants, nantis
,

the have-nots
demunis

hazardous
dangereux
,
the head cameraman
chef operateur

a

headline
1. accroche
2. titre
1.
2.
,

heads
face (sur une piece de monnaie)
,

to heal
cicatriser, guerir
( )
Health and Immunization
record
carnet de sante

(
.)

health fund
caisse d'assurance maladie

health hazard
danger pour la sante

hearsay
communication
communication par oui-dire
no

to hedge against
proteger, couvrir

hedging
contrata terme
,

height
taille, hauteur
,
an heir
heritier

held over (to be -)


etre suspendu, etre differe

hepatitis
hepatite

hoisting device
appareil de levage

higher education
enseignement superieur

to highjack
detourner (un avion)

a highjacker
pirate de Vair

a

highway (US), a motorway


(GB)
autoroute

hiking
randonnee pedestre

to holdAield/held sth. down/


back
empecher la progression de
qqch.

the holder
titulaire

to hitch-hike
faire de Vauto-stop

a

72

hoarding
panneau de Vaffichage

hole-in-the-wall
billeterie automatique
-
holiday (on -)
en vacances
,

hire-purchase
location-vente

to hit/hit/hit
frapper, s'abattre sur
,

hold
cale (de navire)

holiday
vacances

holiday brochure
catalogue de vacances

holiday camp
colonic de vacances

holiday-van
camionnette amenagee

holidaymaker
vacancier, estivant

housekeeper
aide menagere, gouvernante
,

housing
logement
;

home for the aged


foyer pour personnes agees

a

hovercraft
aeroglisseur

home health aide


aide soignante a domicile

home trade
commerce interieur

hunger
faim

to honom
honorer (un cheque, etc.)
,

hungry
affame

hostel
the hungry (Pi)
foyer
les affames

hot money
capitaux flottants, speculahunting
tifs
chasse

hotel room
chambre d'hotel
a hurricane
ouragan

household consmnption
consommation des menages
to hurt/hurt/hurt

blesser, faire mal
,
homehold name
marque bien connue, famihygiene
Here
hygiene

73

/
idle
inemploye, oisif
,
illiteracy
analphabetisme

illiterate
analphabete

an illness

maladie

an image

image (de marque)


,

imbalance
desequilibre
,

an immigrant
immigre

to immigrate
immigrer

an immigration officer
officier d'immigration


to immunize
immuniser qqn

74

to implement sth.
mettre qqch. en oeuvre
,

implements
instruments
,

an import(GB), an importation
(US)
importation

to import
importer

import controls
controle des importations

import credit
credit a importation

an import licence
licence dHmportation

import quotas
contingents d4mportation

importation (US), import
(GB)
importation

an importer
importateur

to impose
imposer
, ,

an income bracket
tranche de revenus

to impose a duty on sth.


soumettre qqch. a un droit
de douane

the income chargeable


revenu imposable

to impose quotas
contingenter

to impoverish
appauvrir

impoverished
appauvri

to improvement
amelioration, perfectionnement
,

impulse buying
achat impulsif

an in-store display
exposition promotionnelle
surle point de vente


an incentive
incitation, encouragement

an income group
categorie socio-professionnelle
-

income tax
impot sur le revenu

an incomes policy
politique des revenus

inconvenience
derangement
,

to increase
augmenter
,
to increase sharply
augmenter fortement

to incur debt
contracter des dettes

indebted
endette
,

75

indebtedness
endettement

an indent
commande (regue
de
Tetranger)
(-
)
to

an

to

an

an

an

76

mexpensive
bon marche

infancy
petite enfance

the infant mortality rate


taux de mortalite infan
tile
indent on s.o. for sth.

passer une commande de

qqch. a qqn
-. an infection
-.
infection

individual
particulier
inflation

inflation

induce s.o. to do sth.


inflationary
inciter qqn a faire qqch,
inflationniste
-. -.

inflationary trends
inducement
tendances inflationnistes
incitation

influenza, the flu'


industrial shares
grippe
valeurs industrielles

to infringe
transgresser, enfreindre
industrialist
,
industriel

an infringement
industry
transgression, infraction
,
industrie

to initiate a bill
introduire un projet
hi

de

injection (to give s.o. an -)


faire une piqure a qqn

an injury
blessure

the Inland Revenue, (GB)


administration des impots

inland traffic
transports interieurs


an insert
encart
,
to insert an ad
inserer une annonce

insider dealing, insider tra


ding

delitd'initie
,

insolvency
insolvabilite

insolvent
insolvable

inspection (on -)
sur verification
,
instalments (by ~)
en paiements echelonnes,
par acomptes
,
institutional investors
investisseurs institutionnels
(les ''Zinzins'O

an insert card
carte encart
-

an instrument of trade
effet de commerce

(, )

the insertions timetable


calendrier des insertions

an insurance company
compagnie d'assurances

77

insurance policy (to take


out an -)
contracter une police
d'assurance

an insurance policy
police d'assurance

to

intervene
intervenir
,

an introductory discount
prix de lancement

inventories
stocks

the insurer
assureur

an interest rate
taux d'interet

interim dividends
dividendes interimaires

an intermediate broker
intermediaire, remisier

the Internal Revenue Service,
IRS(US)
administration des impots

an international flight
vol international

an interpreter
interprete
()

78

()
to invest
investir

investment
investissement, placement
,

an investment trust (GB)


SICAViFR)

an investor
investisseur

invisibles
invisibles ^(suhst)


an invoice
facture
-

an invoice (to make out ~)


etablir, /aire unefacture
-
to invoice
facturer
-
an invoice book
factuher, livre des achats
,

issues
emissions, titres emis, valeurs emises
,

,
an issuing bank
banque d'emission
,
-
ITC (Inclusive Tour Char
ters)
forfaits voyage

the invoice of origin


facture originalc
-

an item
article (d 'une liste, etc.)
, ,
(, )

invoicing
facturation

an irrevocable letter of credit
lettre de credit irrevocable

to issue
emettre
,

jet plane
avion reaction

to issue a licence
delivrer une licence

jetlag
troubles dus au decalage
horaire
,

to issue a model
sortir un modele

to jettison
Jeter par dessus bord

to issue directives
donner des directives

jingle
sonal, logotype sonore
,
79

jobber
intermediaire
;

jobber'stum
marge d'un intermediaire

to join
adherer a

the journal
journal (comptable)
()
a

journal entry
ecriture comptable

journey
voyage, trajet (long)
,
jumbo loan
pretgeant

jumbo pack
paquetgeant

to jump
augmenter rapidement,
faire un bond
,
junior high school (US)
college

80

junior school (GB), ele


mentary school (US)
ecole primaire

to keep/kept/kept the books


tenir les livres

to keep sth. out
empecher qqch, d'entrer

kind (in -)
en nature

kindergarten (US), nursery
school (GB)
maternelle

to label
etiqueter

a

label
etiquette
,

lack of
manque de
-.

to lack sth.
manquer de qqch,
,

lagging
a la traine
,

large family
famille nombreuse

large print
gros caracteres

lame duck
canard boiteux (affaire qui
periclite)
to launch a loan
(
emettre un emprunt
)

to land
to launch sth. on the market
atterrir
lancer qqch. sur le marche


the land
launching price
terre, terroir
prix de lancement

OCJVlJl^

land reform
reforme agraire

a

landing
atterrissage

landing card
carte de debarquement

landlord
prophetaire fonder
; ,

landowner
proprietaire terrien

law
loi

the law (to get/got/got


around ~)
contourner la hi

the law of supply and demand
loi de I'off re et de la demande

law-maker
legislateur

law-making
legislatif

81

lawyer
juriste

to lay/laid/laid dovm rules


fixer des regies

lay days
jours de planche, d'estarie
()

to leave/left/left a deposit
laisser des arrhes

a

the Ledger
grand(') livre, livre de
comptabilite generale

the layout
a
1. document mis en page.
maquette
2. mise en page
1. ()
2.
the layout artist
maquettiste

lead-free
sans plomb
,

leading brand
marque pilote, de premier
plan

leaflet
imprime, prospectus
,

the least developed countries


pays les moins developpes

82

ledger
livre de comptes

ledger-clerk
employe aux ecritures

legal
l^gal, juridique
,
legal tender
monnaie legale

to legislate
legiferer

legislative
legislatif

legislator
legislateur

leisure (ind.)
loisirs

to lend/lent/lent
preter

to levy tax on sth.


lever, percevoir un impot
sur qqch.
-.

lender
preteur

UabiUties (PI)
passif
,

leper
lepreux

liability insurance
assurance
responsabilite
civile

leprosy
lepre
,
a
a

Less Developed Country,


LDC
pays sous'developpe, PVD

life assurance
assurance-vie

letter of credit, 1/c


lettre de credit

life expectancy
esperance de vie

the lettering
1. texteimprime
2. type de caracteres
1.
2. ,

light trading
marche peu anime

lightning
foudre

to level
egaliser

a
a

level crossing
passage a niveau
,

life annuity
rente a vie

line
1. gamme de produits
2. ligne d'annonce
1. ,

2.

83

liner
paquebot

liquid assets, liquidities


liquidites, disponibilites,
tresorerie

listed share
action cotee en bourse
,

listener
auditeur

to load
charger

loan
pret, emprunt

lobby
groupe de pression

the local government


autorites locales

a

consigne
;
loco price
prix lieu de depart
no

literature (inden.)
documentation
,

a
to Utter
laisser des ordures
,
to live from hand to
mouth
vivre aujour lejour

livestock
betail

Lloyd's
Lloyd's (compagnie d 'as
surances)

84

locker

locomotive
influenceur
,

to lodge a claim
deposer une reclamation
.

to lodge claim against a
company
porter plainte contre une
societe

logo
logotype, logo

to lower

long ton, It
1016 kg
()

abaisser

the lower deck


pont infeheur

look
aspect, style
, ,

a
to look down on s.o.
mepriser qqn
-.

loss
perte

to lure
attirer, leurrer
,

loss (to make good ~)


dedommager

luxury hotel
hotel de luxe

luxury product
produit de luxe

lottery (premium) bond


obligation a lots

luxury tax
impdt sur le luxe

lounge
salon
,

a
low-calorie
basse calorie

the luggage allowance


quantite de bagages autorisee

lorry (GB), a track (US)


vamion

loss leader
article vendu a perte
,

low-paid job
travail peu

maid
femme de chambre, femme
de menage
,
85

mail order
vente par correspondance,
VPC

malnutrition
malnutrition

mail4)rder business
societe de vente par corres
pondance
,


mail-order selling
vente par correspondance


a

mailing list
liste de clients

the maker
souscripteur

malaria
malaria

86

mandatory
obligatoire

to

male nurse
infirmier

manufacture
fabriquer

manufactured goods
produits manufactures

mailshot
publipostage, un "mailing^'*
no

make
marque (voiture, machine,
etc.)
()

mandate
obligation legale
,

manufacturer
fabricant
,

manufacturing
fabrication
,

margin
marge
; ,

a market
marche

to market
mettre sur le marche, commercialiser
,

market analysis, (PI) analyses


analyse de marche

marketing
mercatique, marketing
commercialisation, dist
ribution

the market appeal


impact sur la clientele
potentielle

,

marketing mix
1. dosage de produits
2. gamme de produits
1.
2.

market forecast
prevision de marche

market leader
influenceur

marred
endommage

marshalling yard
gare de triage

mass production
production en serie

market penetration
implantation sur le mar
che

mate's receipt, m/r


regu, certificat de bord

market research, market


survey
marketing,
mercatique,
etude de marche
,

market segment
secteur du marche

market share
part de marche

maternity grant
prime de maternite
no
maternity leave
conge de maternite
no
to

mature
arriver a echeance
(
)

87

maturity
date d'echeance

the media planner


analyste media

meals on wheels
repas livres a domicile

media planning
plan des supports et stra
tegies

means of
moyen(s) de transport

a

means of payment
moyen de paiement

measure
mesure

meat
viande

the media
media
(
)
a

88

media analysis, (PI) ana


lyses
etude, une analyse
,

media audience analysis,
(PI) analyses
etude de Vaudience des
medias

Medicaid (US)
programme d' assistance
medicale

medical check-up
bilan de sante

Medicare (US)
programme d'assistance
medicale

medication
medication, emploi des me
dicaments

medicines (PI)
medicaments

medium of exchange
moyen d' echange

medium, (PI) media


support, un moyen d'information

medium-priced hotel
hotel de categorie moyenne

the mentally deficient (PI)


les handicapes mentaux

merchandising
marchandisage, suivi de
vente

to meet/met/met an order
executer une commande

a

merchant
negociant

merchant bank
banque d'affaires

merger
fusion (de societes)
()

message across (to get-)


faire passer un message

middleman
intermediaire

migrant worker
travailleur immigre, mtgrant
-

minister
ministre

meeting
reunion, rencontre
,
to meet the needs
satisfaire les besoins

to meet the quality standards
satisfaire aux normes de
qualite

to meet the repayments


honorer les remboursements
,

member state
etat membre
-
membership
appartenance

mental hospital
hopital psychiatrique

89

to mint
frapper, battre (monnaie)
()
minting
frappe

misleading advertising
publicite mensongere
,

to miss
rater (un train, un avion)

mixed ecomomy
economie mixte

mixed farming
polyculture

model
modele

moderate trading
marche moderement anime

the money market


marche monetaire

money on contango
capitaux en report
no ,
a

90

money order
mandat

the money supply


masse, disponibilite mone
taire

a

monument
monument

mortgage
1. hypotheque
2, emprunt'logement
1.
2.

modem amenities
confort moderne

monetary help
aide financiere

monetary inflation
inflation monetaire

money back guarantee


remboursement garanti

to mortgage
hypothequer

mosquito
moustique

the mostfavourednation
pays le plus favorise

the mother-country
metropole (puissance coloniale)

motorway (GB), a highway


(US)
autoroute

to move freely
circuler librement

moves
mesures
,
a

movie (US), a film (GB)


film

movie-theater (US), a ci
nema (GB)
cinema

multi-storey car park


parking a plusieurs niveaux

multiple chain store


magasin a succursales mul
tiples
,

multiple shop
magasin a succursales mul
tiples
,

municipal housing (US),


council flats (GB)
HLM

museiun
musee

mutual fund (US)


fonds commun de place
ment
;

mutual insurance fund


mutuelle

the National Health Service,


NHS (GB)
Securite sociale (FR)

national insurance (sche
me)
assurances sociales

National Insurance (GB)
Securite sociale (FR)

91

native
habitant du pays, autochtone
,
need
besoin

need (in ~)
dans le besoin

niche market
creneau

NICs (Newly Inductrialised Countries)
MP (Nouveaux Pays Indu
strialises)

needy
necessiteux

nil growth
croissance nulle

to negotiate
negocier

a

no vacancies
complet

negotiation
negociation

cash
en nature
,
)

net weight
poids net

net worth
fonds propres, capitaux propres

92

network
reseau (de vente)
()
new deal
nouvelle donne
,

newsstand copies
numeros vendus en kiosque
,

non-smoking department
compartiment non-fumeurs

non-tariff barrier
barriere tarifaire

notary public
notaire

nothing to declare
rien a declarer

notice of transfer
avis de virement

an offer
offre

novelty
nouveaute

to

nurse
infirmiere
,
nursery school (GB), kin
dergarten (US)
maternelle

to obey
obeir

obsolescence
vieillissement, desuetude,
obsolescence
,
an occupational disease
maladie professionnelle

occupational health ser


vices
medecine du travail

an offender
delinquant

offer
offrir, proposer

officialese
jargon des documents offidels

off-peak
aux hemes creuses
,

old age
vieillesse, troisieme age

old age assistance


fonds de vieillesse

old age insurance
assurance-vieillesse
no
old age pension
allocation vieillesse
no

an on-board bill of lading


connaissement a bord

on the air
a Vantenne
,

93

one-way ticket (US), a


single ticket (GB)
aller (subst.)

open all year
ouvert toute Vannee

the opening price


corns d'ouverture

,

an opera
opera (roeuvre)

out of print
epuise (publication)

Opportunities To See, OTS


Occasions De Voir, ODV

an order
commande

94

the OTC (Over The Counter)


market
marche hors cote


out of control
maltrise

an opera-house
opera (le theatre)

to oppose sth.
s'opposer a qqch,

an order form
bon de commande

ordinary shares
actions ordinaires admises a
la cote

an opening
debouche

operating costs
couts d'exploitation

to order
commander

out of stock
en rupture de stock,
epuise

outdoor advertising
publicite exterieure

an outlay
mise defonds, depense
,

an outlet
1. debouche,
2. point de vente
1. ,
2. ,

to overcharge (on) an account


majorer unefacture

overchargen (to be ~)
avoir un excedent de facturation

an outlook
perspective, conjoncture
,
outmoded
demode, depasse

an outside broker
courtier autorise, marron
-
,

an outstanding debt
dette, creance a recouvrer

an overcharge
excedent,
surmarquage,
survente
,

to overcharge
surmarquer, survendre

to overcharge s.o.
/aire payer trop cher un
article a qqn
-.

overcrowded
bonde, surpeuple

an overdraft
decouvert
,

to

overdraw/overdrew/over
drawn
tirera decouvert

an overdue deUvery
livraison en retard

overhead costs
frais generaux

overland
par voie de terre
no , no
overleaf
au verso
()
overpopulation
surpopulation

95

overpriced
trop Cher

an owner
proprietaire

ownership
propriete

overproduction
surproduction

owner's rick (at -), OR


aux risques du proprie
taire

an overrun
tire a part

an overseas bank
banque d'outremer

an overseas customer
client a Vetranger

to pack
faire ses bagages

the overseas market


marche exterieur

oversight
negligence

an overview
vue d'ensemble
,

pace
allure
,

package
emballage

package deal
forfait

package holiday
sejour, voyage organise
,

package of demands
ensemble de revendications

overweight
trop lourd

to owe s.o. money


devoir de Vargent a qqn
-.

96

package tour
voyage organise

Parliament
Parlement

packaging
emballage, conditionnement
;

part shipment
expedition partielle

packed lunch
panier-repas

panel
"panel"
();

paper money
papier-monnaie

particular average
avarie particuliere

a

to pass a Bill
adopter une hi

a

passbook
livret
,

passenger fare
tarif voyageur

passenger train
train de voyageurs

paper wrapping
emballage en papier

a

paperback
livre de poche

paperwork
paperassehe

parcels service
messageries
,

parent
parent (pere ou mere)

party leader
guide, accompagnateur
de groupe

passenger train (by ~)


en grande Vitesse

a

passport
passeport

97

passport control (to go


through ~)
se soumettre aux formalites de police

passport photo
proto d'identite

pauper
indigent

to pay by monthly instal


ments
payer par mensualites

to pay cash
payer comptant

to pay down
1. payer comptant
2. verser un acompte
1.
2.
to payforsth.
payer qqch.
-.

to pay/paid/paid
payer

pay-as-you-eam, PA YE (GB) to pay in


prelevement direct sur saverser (sur un compte)
laire
no
to pay in cash

payer en especes

to pay back
rembourser qqn, qqch.
to pay off

1. etrepayant
2. rembourser qqn, qqch,
1.
2. -.
-.

to pay by cheque
payer par cheque

to pay by credit card
payer avec une carte de
credit

to pay by instalments
payer a temperament

to pay on credit
payer a credit

98

pay-off
rendement (d'un portefeuille)
(),
,

penniless
sans le sou

to pay s. o. for sth.


payer, regler, verser qqch, a
qqn
-. -.
a

pay slip
bulletin de salaire
no

the payee
beneficiaire

payer of contango
reporte

payment at sight
paiement a vue

the payroll ledger
grand (-) livre de paie

peasant
paysan

the pegging
positionnement (d'un produit)
,
the penetration of a medium
pourcentage de la cible
touchee par le support

pension fund
caisse de retraite

pension scheme
plan de retraite

pensioner
retraite(e)

the per capita income


revenu par habitant

per diem account
frais au forfait par jour

perpetusd
perpetuel

personal income tax


impotsur le revenu des personnes physiques


personal property
biens meubles

to petition the Court
saisir le tribunal

99

pharmacist (GB), a druggist


(US)
pharmacien

physician (US)
medecin

planned economy
economic planifiee

planned obsolescence
obsolescence planifiee,
calculee

planning
planification

to pick up
redemarrer

planning timetable
calendrier d'organisation de campagne

pickups
reprises en main

pilferage
chapardage, coulage

a

plaster
albuplast
;

pill
pillule
,

platform
quai (gare)

pill (to be on the -)


prendre la pillule

a

pilot
pilote

to place an order
passer une commande

the place of issue
lieu d'emission

100

play
piece de theatre

plight
situation difficile

to

plough back
reinvestir

to

plug
forcer la vente

population density
densite de population

to plummet
chuter fortement, s'ecraser
,

population growth
croissance demographique

point of sale
point de vente

pointer
valeur indicative

population increase
accroissement
demogra
phique

policy
politique (action, strategie)

port dues
droits de port

policy holder
titulaire (de police d'assurance)

politician
politicien,
tique

homme

poli

politics
politique (science, domaine)

poll
sondage, une enquete

the port of discharge


port d'arrivee, de destina
tion
,

the port of loading


port d'embarquement

the port of sailing
port de depart

a

poor
1. pauvre
2. de mauvaise qualite
1.
2.

port of call
escale

portofoUo
1. por^e/eui7/e (boursier)
2. dossier photographique
1. ()
2. ,

101

portfolio management
gestion de portefeuille

the positioning
posmonnement (,a un produit)
,

postal order
mandat-poste
ne

the poverty line, the poverty


threshhold
seuil de pauvrete

poverty-stricken
indigent, miserable
,
a

predicament
situation difficile

preference share
action privilegiee

poster
affiche

postponement
report (d'une commande,
etc.)
()
poultry farm
exploitation avicole,
vage de volailles

e/e-

poultry farming
aviculture, elevage de volailles

preferential
preferen tiel

the Premier
Premier Ministre
-
the premises
locaux
,
a

premium
prime (d'assurance)
()

pound
livre

poverty
pauvrete

102

to prescribe
prescrire

prescription
ordonnance

primary school
ecole primaire

presentation
1. expose
2. presentation de vente
1.
2.

prime rate (US)


taux d'escompte reserve
aux grosses societes
-,

preservative
conservateur (chimique,
etc.)

press release
communique de presse

the Prime Minister


Premier ministre
-
prime time
hemes de grande ecoute
(radio et TV)

( )

pressure group
groupe de pression

prevention
prevention, prophylaxie
,

to price
etablir prix de vente

a

price
prix

price control
encadrement des prix

the price-list
prix courant, tarif

pride
fierte, amour-propre

principal
commettant
,

priority
priorite

private bath
salle de bain privee

to privatize
privatiser

pro forma invoice


facture pro forma

103

profit
benefice, profit
,

produce (ind.)
produits agricoles
c-x

profit (to make ~)


faire du benefice

producer
producieur

profit and loss account


compte de profits et pertes

product
produit (industriel)

the profit margin


marge beneficiaire

to produce
produire

profit-taking
prise de benefice

product cycle
cycle de vie d'un produit

profitability
rentabilite

product life
longevite d'un produit

a

profitable
rentable

product line, a product


range
gamme de produits

profits
benefices

product safety
securite d'emploi d'un pro
duit


production costs
couts de production

104

profits tax
impotsur les benefices

a

program (US), a programme


(GB)
programme

prompt cash
comptant d'usage

to progress
progresser

progress (inden.)
progres

proof of purchase
preuve d'achat

progressive taxation
impdt progressif

project finance
financement de grands
projets

a

projection problem
inadequation d'image

promising venture
operation prometteuse

promissory note, p/n


billet a ordre

to promote a product
lancer un produit

( )

proofs
epreuves (typographiques,
photographiques)

to prorate
calculer au prorata
,

prosecuted (to be -)
etre poursuivi

a

prospect
client potentiel

prospect (bright, gloomy)


perspective (brillante,
sombre)
(
, )

prospective buyer
acheteur eventuel

promotion
promotion

the promotion of overseas trade


promotion du commerce
exterieur

proposal
proposition

105

prospective customer
client eventuel

to provide that
prevoir, stipuler que

prosperity
prosperite

public (to go ")


etre introduit en Bourse

prosperous
prospere

protectionism
protectionnisme

proud
fier

public housing
logement social

to provide
offrir (des services, etc.)
()

to provide s.o. with sth., to


provide sth. to s.o.
fournirqqch, a qqn

-.
-.
106

publication format
format de publication

public expenditure
depenses publiques

protest
protet

to provide for
1. pourvoira
2. prendre des dispositions
pour
1.
2.

provision
disposition
()

public relations, PR
relations publiques

public revenue
recettes publiques

the public sector
secteur public

a

public-service corporation
(US)
entreprise de service public

public spending
depenses publiques

to purchase
acheter

public transport
transports en commun

a

publicly quoted companies


societes admises a la cote
officielle
,


to publish
publier, editer

pull advertising
publicite de lancement

purchasing motives
motivations d'achat

public utility undertaking


entreprise d'utilitepublique
-

publicity
publicite (non commerciale)
(
)

purchase
achat

purchaser
acheteur

pmchasing power
pouvoir d'achat

to pursue a protectionist
policy
mener une politique protectionniste


to push a sale
forcer une vente
,

to put/put/put a message over
faire passer un message
,

Q
to

qualify
remplir les conditions

107

quoted price
prix cote

the quality of life


qualite de la vie

a

quango
(quasi-autono
mous non-govemmental
organisation)
organisation paraetatique
op
quarter
trimestre

R
racial disciimination
discrimination raciale

a

quarterly
trimestriel

racial prejudice (inden.)


racisme

quarterly
trimestriel (subst.)

racialism
racisme (theorie)

quid (GB)(fam.)
livre (sterling)
()

racism
racisme
tude)

quota
quota, contingent

quotation
1. devis, evaluation de
cout
2. cotation, cours, prix
1.
2. , ,
to

108

quote price
fournir un prix

racial prejudice
prejuge racial

(pratique,

racist, a racialist
raciste (subst.)

ia

rack
presentoir
,
rags
haillons

atti

railroad line (US), a railway


line (GB)
ligne de chemin de fer
-

rate
taux
,

base rate
tarifde base de publicite

rate of exchange
taux de change

rate of return
taux de rendement

railway bill
lettre de voiture
-
railway line (GB), a railroad
line (US)
ligne de chemin defer
-
to

raise
1. re/ever (prix, etc.)
2. elever (des pores)
3. cultiver
1. ()
2. 1 ()
3.

to

raise loan
contracter pret

to

raise funds
se procurer des fonds

rates
tarifs

rates (GB)
impots locaux

i

to raise money / capital

trouver de Vargent, se
procurer des capitaux
,

rally
reprise (en Bourse)
( )
range
gamme de produits

rating
1. classement
2. mesure d'impact
3. taux de popularite
1.
2. ,
3. (
)
rationing
rationnement

raw materials
matieres premieres

109

razor point
prise de courant pour rasoir

razor socket
prise de courant pour rasoir

received for shipment bill


of lading
connaissement regu pour
embarquement
,

receiving order
ordonnance de mise sous
sequestre
(
)

reach and frequency


couverture et repetition

the readership
lectorat, audience

real estate
biens immobiliers

the reception
reception
,

to rear
elever (des bovins)
(
)
a

rebate
remise, ristourne, rabais

recall
memorisation

receipt
1. regu, recepisse
2. ticket de caisse
1. ,
2.
receipts
recettes

recipient
beneficiaire, prestataire

the recommended retail price


prix conseille a la vente

record price
cours record

record profits
benefices records

recorded delivery
envoi recommande

to recover
1, recouvrer, recuperer
2. se retablir, recouvrer la
sante
1.
2.

reflationary package
plan de relance economique

reflationary policy
politique de relance
(
)

recovery
reprise
,

refrain from smoking


cessez de fumer

recreation
detente
,

to

red (to be in the ~)


avoir un decouvert

refund
rembourser
,

refund
remboursement
,

red tape
tracasseries administratives
,
redeemable
remboursable

redeemable at par
remboursable a parite

refuse (inden.)
ordures, dechets
,
regional coverage
couverture regionale

to register
inscrire, immatriculer

to reflate the economy


relancer I'economie

registered (to be -)
etre inscrit

reflation
relance economique

the registered capital


capital nominal

111

Registered Trademark, (R)


marque deposee
,

regular customer
client regulier, fidele

to release goods
dedouaner des marchandises


reliable
ftable

to regulate
reglementer

relief
1. soulagement
2. assistance, aide
3. degrevement
1.
2.
3.

regulated (to be ~)
etre regi

regulation
reglement
,

regulations
reglements
,

to relieve
secourir, soulager (qqn, la
douleur, etc.)
,
a

to reimburse
rembourser
,
to reject
rejeter, ne pas accepter
(un cheque, etc.)
,
()

relative
parent (membre de la famille)

to release from bonds


dedouaner


112

remedy
remede

to remit
envoyer, donnerde Vargent
,

remittance
envoi de fonds, versement
,

removal van
camion de demenagement

to remove
supprimer

rent
location, loyer
,
a

repatriation grant
prime de rapatriement

to repeal
abroger
,

to reschedule (GB, US)


reechelonner

to rescue s.o. from sth.


sauver qqn de qqch.
-. -.

repeat purchase
achat repetitif

replaceable
remplagable
,
to report
declarer

representative
representant

reprisals
represailles, retorsion
;

to require
demander, exiger
,
requirements
exigences

rerun
repetition d'une publicite
,

research
recherche, etude (de
Taudience etc.)
,
a

resort
lieu de villegiature
,

to resort to sth.
recourir a qqch,
-.
to restrain
contenir, restreindre

restraint
1. restriction
2. moderation
1.
2.
to restrict
restreindre
,

113

restriction
restriction, limitation

retirement
retraite (situation)

to retail
vendre au detail

retirement age
age de la retraite

retirement pension
retraite (pension)

retail outlet
point de vente au detail

return
1. retour, article rapporte
2. rapport, rendement
1. ()
2. ,

retail trade
commerce de detail

a

retailer
detaillant

to retaliate
exercer des represailles

to return sth.
rapporter qqch.
-.
a

retaliation
represailles, retorsion
,

retaliatory measure
mesure de retorsion

to retire
prendre sa retraite

retired
retraite, a la retraite
!!
114

return ticket (GB), a round


trip ticket (US)
aller-retour

returnable
consigne (bouteilles, etc.)

()

the revenue office


perception (le bureau)

revival
reprise, relance, redemarrage
,

rock-climbing
escalade

to revive
relancer, reprendre
,

rocket
monter en fleche
( )

to revoke
revoquer, annuler, abroger
,

to

revolving credit
credit renouvelable

the rocks (to be on -) (fam.)


etre sur la paille

reward
recompense

the roll on / roll off system


/e roulage

the rh factor
facteur rhesus
-

roUback (US)
baisse des prix imposee

riches (inden.)

room overlooking the sea


chambre avec vue sur la
mer

rider
avenant
,

room with view


chambre avec vue
...

riot
emeute
,

to rise / rose / risen


crottre, augmenter
,

round trip ticket (US), a


return ticket (GB)
aller-retour

route
itineraire

richesse

rock-bottom price
prix sacrifie
,

the Royal Mint


Hotel de la Monnaie

115

rubbish (inden.)
ordures, dechets
,

run-offs
resultats secondaires

rubella
rubeole

running costs
frais d'exploitation

rucksack
sac a dos

running out of stock (to


be-.)
avoir un stock qui s^epuise

rule
regie

run (in the long ~)


a long terme

to run a farm
diriger une exploitation,
fermiere

to run into debt


s'endetter

run-down
delabre
,

116

runup
augmentation
,
runway
pfste d'envoi

to run / ran / run a business


dinger une affaire
,

to run errands
faire des commissions
,

^>

safe
coffre-fort

to sag
flechir
,

sailboat
voilier

sailor
marin

sale
vente, soldes

sales technique
technique de vente

sale (to make ~)


reussir une vente

sales terms
conditions de vente

sales
soldes
,

salesman
vendeur (professionnel)
()

sales argmnent
argument de vente

sales efficiency
efficacite de vente

salesman, a saleswoman, a
salesperson
vendeur, vendeuse, representant
,

sample
echantillon

sales for cash


ventes au comptant

by sample
sur echantillon
no

sales incentives
primes a I'achat

the sales ledger
grand(-) livre des ventes

a

sales meeting
reunion de la force de vente

sampling
echantillonnage
no
to save
epargner, economiser

savings book
livret
!

sales on credit
ventes a credit

scarce
rare (qui fait defaut)
!! ()

sales promotion
promotion des ventes

scarcity
penurie

117

scheduIe(on-.)(GB,US)
a I'heure
, no
a

schedule (US), a timetable


(GB)

seaside resort
station balneaire

season-ticket
abonnement

hoTQire

,
a

scheduled flight
vol regulier
no

scheme
plan, projet
,

second-class carriage
wagon de deuxieme classe

second-hand
d'occasion
no ()

scholarship (US), a grant


(GB)
bourse

secondary school
ecole secondaire

school attendance
frequentation de Vecole

sector
secteur

schooling
scolahsation

secured debt
dette garantie

scurvy
scorbut

secured loan
pretsur titres, pretgaranti

sea-borne freight
fret, transport maritime

security
titre, valeur

sealed wagons (waggons)


wagons scelles

118

seasonal
saisonnier

seed
semence, graine
,

seedy
miteux
11

self-catering accommodati
on, SC
logement de vacances en
location
,

self-reliance
autonomie

self-service store
magasin en libre-service

to sell off/out
ecouler, trader

to sell sth. to S.O.


vendre qqch, a qqn
-. -.
to sell like hot cakes
se vendre comme des petits
pains

seller
vendeur

selling policy
politique de vente

senior citizen
personne Sgee

senior civil servant


haut fonctionnaire

self-sufficiency
autosuffisance

self-sufficient
autosuffisant

to sell / sold / sold


vendre

to sell by weight
vendre au poids

senior high school (US), a


comprehensive (GB)
lycee
,

to sell at a loss
vendre a perte

septic (to go -)
s'infecter

to sell at cost price


vendre a prix coutant
no

to set /set /set sth. up


etablir qqch., mettre qqch.
sur pied
,
119

to set standards
etablir, fixer des normes

to settle
1. regler, rembourser,
fixer (une dette)
2. s'itablir
1.
2. ,

the share of voice


part de presence publicitaire sur le marche

to settle a debt
regler une dette

sharecropper
metayer
,

shareholder
actionnaire

shares (US), equities (GB)


actions cotees en Bourse

to settle down
s'installer
,

shelf life
duree d'exposition a la
vente

shame
honte

shantytown
bidonville

the share capital


capitaux propres

120

shaving point
prise de courant pour rasoir

sheep farming, sheep rai


sing
elevage de moutons

settled in cash
regie en numeraire, en
especes

cake/pie

to settle a dispute
regler un differend

to settle an invoice
regler une facture
-

share of the
part du gateau

shelf, (PI) shelves


etagere, rayon

to shelter
abriter

shipping order
commande
(regue
I'etranger)
(- )

to ship
expedier
,
the ship's master
commandant (d'un bateau
de commerce)
(
)
a

shipment
expedition, envoi
,

shipowner
armateur

de

shipping terms
conditions d'expedition

to

shoot/shot/shot
filmer

to shop at
faire ses courses chez

shipped bill of lading


connaissement a bord

shop-window
vitrine

shipper
expediteur, agent d'expedition

shopkeeper (GB), a store


keeper (US)
commergant
,

shoplifter
voleura Vetalage

shopper
acheteur

shipping agent
agent maritime
(
)
shipping company
compagnie, messagehe
maritime

shipping docmnents
documents d'expedition

shopping (to go ~)
faire lessourses, ses achats

shipping invoice
facture d'expedition

shopping centre
centre commercial

121

shopping mall
galerie marchande

short
manquant

short of money
a court d'argent

short of sth. (to be -)
manquer de qqch.
-.
short supply (- in)
manquant

shoulder bag
sac a bandouliere
,

shower
douche

to

shrink/shrank/shrunk
diminuer, retrecir
,

to shun sth.
evzYer, bouder qqch.
,

sick leave (to be on -)


en conge maladie

short ton, St
907 kg

sickness benefit, sickness


pay
allocation, assurance-maladie
no

short-dated debt
dette a court terme

sightseeing
tourisme
,

shortage
penurie

122

shortcomings
insuffisances
,

sightseer
touriste

sign
enseigne, panneau

shot
prise de vue

shot (to give s.o. ~)


faire une piqure a qqn

the signature
identification de la marque
,

skating
patinage

silo

silo

sketch

single European market


marche unique europeen

1. esquisse, croquis
2. saynete

1. ,
2.

single room
chambre simple

ski-lift
remonte-pente

single ticket (GB), a one


way ticket (US)
aller (subst.)

skiing
ski (sport)

skiing resort
station de ski

single-/double-digit infla
tion
inflation a un/deux chiffre(s)
,

/

slack

stagnant, ralenti
,
slack

ralentissement des activi-

single-crop farming
monoculture

single-entry bookkeeping
comptabilite en partie
simple

to

sink/sank/sunk
couler, sombrer
,

tes

slack market
marche soutenu

to slap duty on sth.


frapper qqch. d'un droit de
douane
-.

123

to slash prices
casser les prix
,
a

to smuggle
faire de la contrebande

sleeping-berth
couchette
( )
sleeping-car
wagon-lit

slogan
slogan

smuggled goods
marchandise de contrebande

a

smuggler
contrebandier

to soar
monter en fleche, grimper

sluggish market
marchepeu actif, ralenti

social benefits
prestations sociales

slum
taudis

social coverage
couverture sociale

slump
marasme, tassement, de
pression
, ,
small print
petits caracteres

smallpox
variole

124

smoking compartment
compartiment fumeurs

social work
assistance sociale

a

social worker (GB), a wel


fare worker (US)
assistant(e) social(e)

the soil
sol, terre (matiere)
,
sold note
note de vente

sold on auction (to be -)


etre vendu aux encheres

sovereignty
souverainete

space
espace, emplacement

sole agent
agent exclusif

to solicit
solliciter
,

space broker
organisme specialise dans la
commande aux medias

solve problem
resoudre

space buying
achat d'espace
( )

solvency
solvabilite

special delivery
livraison par express

sort out
trier

sound
sain

sound effects
effets sonores, bruitages

sound investment
investissement sur

soup kitchen
soupe populaire

special interests
enterets particuliers

a

special offer
offre speciale

special risks
risques particuliers

specific duties
droits specifiques

to speculate
speculer

125

the spot market


marche au comptant, a
terme

speculator
speculateur

to

spend/spent/spent/
depenser

spending patterns
tendances en matiere de
depenses

spin-offs
resultats secondaires

spread
ecart (entre des taux)
,

squeeze
resserrement
,

to squeeze a profit margin


reduire une marge beneficiaire

spoilt goods
marchandises avariees

a

sponsor
commanditaire
; ,

to sponsor
parrainer, commanditer

sponsoring
parrainage
,

spot
spot publicitaire

spot cash
comptant compte

126

stable
stable
,
stagnation
stagnation

stake
1. enjeu, mise
2. participation
1.
2.

standard
norme

to standardize
normaliser

standards of eligibility
conditions d'eligibilite

standing order (GB)


ordre de virement, de
prelevement permanent

standstill
arret
,
staple food
nourriture de base

to starve

1. souffrir de la faim
2. affamer
1.
2.
to starve to death

mourirdefaim

the State
Etat

state4)wned
national, d'etat
,
a

station
gare

statistics (PI)
staistiques, chiffres

status (US)
1. statut
2. condition legale
1.
2. ,
status symbol
symbole de reussite

Statutory Maternity Pay,


SMP(GB)
indemnites de maternite

Statutory Sick Pay, SSP


(GB)
indemnites maladie
no
steady market
marche regulier

statement of affairs
bilan defaillite

steamship, SS
navire (a vapeur), paquebot
,

statement of invoice
releve de factures

stepping stone
tremplin
;

127

steward
steward

stewardess
^oto5e

to stick to the rules


respecter les regies

sticker
autocollant

sticky customer
client difficile

the Stock Exchanqe


Bourse des valeurs

the Stock Exchange List


cote des valeurs

stock farming
elevage de betail
,

stock fluctuations
ecarts bcursiers

stockholder (US)
actionnaire

stiff competition
rude concurrence

stitch
point de suture
,

the stock-in-hand
stock comptable

stock (US)
action

stock (in -)
en magasin, en stock, en
depot
,

to stock
avoir en stock

128

stock-broker
agent de change

stocks
stocks

a

stock shortage
rupture de stock

stock-taking
inventaire

to stop a cheque
faire opposition a un
cheque

strong growth
forte croissance

stop-over
escale

storekeeper (US), a shopkeeper (GB)


commergant
,

to stunt
arreter qqch. dans sa crois
sance

the storyboard
maquette de presentation

to stow
arrimer
()
a

subject to
soumis a
,

stowaway
passager clandestin
, nac
stranded (to be ~)
etre echoue

strapped (fam.)
sur la paille

a

strategy
strategie

strike
greve

subheading
sous-titre

to strike/struck/struck the ba
lance
faire la balance

subliminal advertising
publicite subliminale
,

subscription
abonnement
,

subsidiary
filiale

to subsidize
subventionner

the subsiduary books


livres auxiliaires

a

subsidy
subvention

129

supplies
provisions, fournitures

to succeed in doing sth.


reussir a /aire qqch.
-.
sue S.O. at law
poursuivre qqn en justice
no
to suffer from sth.
souffhr de qqch.
-.
sugar free
sans Sucre

a

suggestion
suggestion, proposition

suitcase
valise

summit
sommet (rencontre)

supply
offre

to supply
fournir

to supply a need
repondre a un besoin

to supply S.O. with sth.
fournir qqch. a qqn
-. -.
supply (inden.)
1. offre
2. approvisionnement, fourniture
1.
2. ,

summit meeting
rencontre au sommet

to support a family
subvenir aux besoins
d'une famille

sundry expenses
frais divers

to support prices
soutenir les prix

supermarket
supermarche

surfboard
planche de surf

supplier
fournisseur

surge
reprise
,

130

surgeon
chirurgien

surplus population
excedent de population

survey
etude, enquete
,

to suspend payments
suspendre les paiements

to tackle a foreign market


aborder un marche exterieur

to tackle a problem
s'attaquer a un probleme

a

to sustain a loss
subir une perte

swollen
enfle
,

sworn broker
courtier assermente

to take/took/taken legal ac
tion
intenter un proces

to take delivery of sth.
prendre livraison de qqch.
,
to take off
decoller
( )
a

table of priorities
liste des priorites

tag
etiquette (de prix)
,
tails
pile (sur une piece de
monnaie)
(
)

to swap
troquer, echanger
,
to sway public opinion
influencer Vopinion publique

tablet
comprime

take-off
decollage

to take office
entrer en fonction

131


to take over
prendre le controle, acheter
,

takeover
rachat (de societe)
()

takeover bid
Offre Publique d'Achat,
OPA

the tare
tare

to take s,o. to court


assigner qqn en justice

to take steps
prendre des mesures

talent buyer, a talent scout


responsable du recrutement
de comediens

target audience
public cible
,

tariff barrier, tariff wall


barriere tarifaire

tariffs
droits de douane

132

tanker
1. camion-citerne
2. petrolier
1.
2. ;
-

tax
impot, taxe, contribution

the tax administration


fisc

a

target
cible

to target
cibler

to take sth. back


rapporter qqch.
,
to take stock
/aire I'inventaire

tapering rate
tahf degressif

tax-collector
percepteur

tax-deductible
deductible des impots

tax dodger, a tax evader


/ lideur (fiscal)

tax evasion
fraude fiscale

tax exemption
exoneration fiscale

tax form
feuille d'impots

tax return
declaration d'impot

tax write-off
deduction fiscale

the taxable income


revenu imposable

taxation
imposition, fiscalite

tax-free
1. non-imposable
2. hors-taxe
L
2.

test
test antituberculinique

tax haven
paradis fiscal
" "

television channel
chaine de television

tax-man
percepteur

teller
caissier

temperature (to run ~)


avoir de la temperature

tax payable
impot a payer
,

temporary admission
admission temporaire
.

taxpayer
contribuable

a
tax policy
politique fiscale

ten-dollar bill
billet de dix dollars

133

tenant
locataire

tender
soumission
, ,

the third world


tiers monde
" "

to tender
faire une soumission

a

third world aid


aide au tiers monde
" "

tent
tente

through bill of lading


connaissement direct
11

termination
expiration
()

through train
train direct

the terms of trade


termes de Vechange

to test products
tester les produits

to throw/threw/thrown away
Jeter

to throw overboard
Jeter par dessus bord

testing
evaluation par tests

,

the ticket-office
service de reservation

the theatre (GB), the thea


ter (US)
theatre

to tide over
aider a joindre les deux
bouts

theft
vol (delit)

134

third party insurance


policy
police d'assurance au tiers

tight money
resserrement monetaire

to till the land


cultiver la terre

time difference
decalage horaire

to named person B/L


connaissement nominatif

time draft
traite a echeance

to bearer B/L
connaissement au porteur

time policy
abonnement
(
)
time sharing
multipropriete
,

timetable (GB), schedule


(US)
horaire

timing
1. duree de temps impartie
2. synchronisation
1. ,

2.

to order B/L
connaissement a ordre

to treat
traiter (un malade, une
maladie)
( )
a

toll
peage
,
toll road (GB), a turnpike
(US)
route a peage
,

token
jeton
,
x^ll

tinfoil
papier aluminium

tip
tuyau (conseil)

title deed
titre de propriete
,

tollgate
poste de peage

135

to top
depasser un chiffre, franchir une limite
-.
a

tough competition
rude concurrence

tour operator
voyagiste

tourism
tourisme

the Trade Courts


tribunaux de commerce

trade discount
escompte d'usage

a

trade magazine
publication specialisee

trade war
guerre commerciale

trademark
1. marque de fabrique
2. marque protegee
1.
2.

trader
1. marchand, commergant
2. operflteur (en Bourse)
1.
2.

tradesman
commergant

tourist
touriste

tourist infonnation centre


syndicat d'initiative
no

trade
commerce, echanges
,
the trade balance
balance commerciale

a

trade barrier
barriere commerciale

to trade commodities
speculer sur les matieres
premieres

136

the trading account


compte d'exploitation

trading partners
partenaires commerciaux

a

trading stamp
timbre prime


trailer
remorque, semi-remorque
,

transfer
transfert
;

transit passengers
passagers en transit

traveller's cheque
cheque de voyage

travelling documents
documents de voyage
(passeport, billet, etc.)

(, )

tramp
caboteur

to transfer
transferer
,

travelling salesman
voyageur de commerce,
VRP

the Treasury
Tresor public

the Treasury (US), the Exchequer (GB)
ministere des Finances

transportation (US), trans


port (GB)
transport(s)
,

trash (US)
ordures, dechets
,

Treasury bill (US)


bon du Tresor

travel
voyage

treatment
traitement, soins
,

treaty
traite

trend
tendance

trial offer
offre a Vessai

travel agency
agence de voyage

travel agent
agent de voyage

137

to trigger
declencher
,
a

trip
voyage, trajet (court)

triplicate {- in)
en triple exemplaire

trolley
chariot, ''caddie'^
,
troublesome (to be ~)
etregenant, encombrant

,

track (US), a lony (GB)


camion

trastee
administrateur
,

to try out a new product


essayer un nouveau produit

138

to turn a profit
faire du benefice

a

turn-key factory
usine cles-en-main

turnaround
retournement de situation

the turnover
1. chiffre d'affaires
2. roulement des stocks
3. rotation du personnel
1. ,

2.
3.

turnpike (US), toll road


(GB)
route a peage
,

TV lounge
salle de television

twin room
chambre a deux lits

tuberculosis,
tuberculose

type (by -)
sur specimen, surpied
no

tug
remorqueur

typesetting
(photo)composition

typhoid fever
fievre typhoi'de

the underground market


marche parallele, marche
clandestin

typhus
typhus

undernourishment
sous-alimentation

underprivileged
defavorise
,

unchecked
incontrole, libre

to
an unclean B/L
connaissement clause, avec
reserve
,
""
undercharged (to be ~)
avoiT etefacture en moins

to

undercut/undercut/under
cut prices
CQSser les prix

underdeveloped
sous'developpe

underdevelopment
sous'developpement

underfed
sous-alimente

underreport
declarer moins (d'impots)

,
under-used
sous-employe

to

underwrite/underwrote/
underwritten a share
issue
1. souscrire
2. garantir une emission
d'action
1.
2.

an underwriter
assureur (maritime)
,

unemployment
chomage

139

unemployment benefits
allocations de chdmage
no

unstable
instable
,

Unique Selling Proposition,


USP
proposition exclusive et
vendeuse

unused
inemploye

the unlisted securities market


second marche


to unload
decharger

to unpack
defaire ses bagages

an upheaval
bouleversement
,
up-market
hautdegamme


the upper deck
pont superieur

unreported
declare

an uprising
soulevement

unrest
agitation, malaise
,

an upswing
remontee

unsafe
dangereux

an unsecured loan
pret sans garantie

140

an unwed mother
mere celibataire
-

up to sample
conforme a Vechantillon

an upturn
redressement, revirement a
la hausse

vacancies
chambres disponibles;
emplois disponibles

venture
entreprise, operation, affai
re qui comporte des
risques
, ;

venture capital
capital risque

vacation (US)
vacances
,

vaccine
vaccin

vessel
navire

valuables
valeurs

viewer
telespectateur

value
valeur

visa
visa

vitamin
yntamine

to value
evaluer

Value Added Tax, VAT


Taxe a la Valeur Ajoutee,
TYA

value for money


bon rapport qualite/prix
/

VAT invoicing
facturation de la TYA

vocational guidance
orientation professionnelle

vocational school
ecole profissionnelle

vocational training
formation professionnelle

141

volume discount
remise de quantite
" '"

wallet
portefeuille

the volume of sales


volume des ventes

want
hesoin, manque
,

voluntary
delibere

warehouse
entrepot, magasin
,

voucher
bon
,

warehouse keeper
magasinier

voucher copy
justification d'insertion

warehousing
entreposage

voyage
croisiere, voyage (par mer)

warrant
1. autorisation
2. recepisse

3. titre

voyage policy
police d'assurance pour un
seul voyage

w
wage freeze
gel, blocage dessalaires

Wall Street
bourse de New York
-,

142

1.
2. ,
3.

warrant, warranty
garantie

the wastage factor


facteur gaspillage, element
perte
,
to waste
gaspiller
,

weight
poids

waste (inden.)
1. gaspillage
2. dechets
1. ,

2. ,

weight watchers
ceux qui surveillent leur
poids

wastefully
en perte
,

weight when empty


poids a vide

waterproof
etanche

waybill
lettre de voiture, feuille de
route
;

weights and mepsures


poids et mesures

to welcome s.o.
accueillir qqn
-.
welfare
aide sociale

wealth
richesse

welfare (to be on ~)
etre assiste

wealthy
riche

welfare benefits
prestations sociales

weekly
hebdomadaire

a
a

weekly
hebdomadaire (subst.)

to weight
peser

welfare check (US)


cheque d'assistance

welfare fund
caisse de solidarite

143

welfare programme
programme d'aide sociale

welfare rolls
liste des prestataires

windfall profit
benefice inattendu et tres
eleve

the Welfare State


Etat'providence

welfare worker (US), a


social worker (GB)
assistant(e) social(e)

window-dressing
decoration de vitrine

windsurfing
planche a voile (le sport)

144

winter resort
station de sports d'hiver

With Particular Average,
WPA
avec avarie particuliere

well-being
bien-etre

window
1, vitrine
2. guichet
1.
2.

well-off
a Vaise

to

well-to-do
aise, prospere
,

withdraw/withdrew/
withdrawn
retirer (des fonds)
, ;

wholesale trade
commerce de gros

withdrawal
ratrait, remboursement

withdrawal slip
bordereau de rembourse
ment
(no
)

wholesaler
grossiste

to

woo

courtiser, seduire
,

the world market


marche mondial

worth (to be -)
valoir

word of mouth
de bouche a oreille
,
wording
formulation

work permit
permis de travail

Workers' Compensation Act
(GB)
loi sur les accidents du
travail
0

workfare program
Travail d'Utilite Collective,
TUC
-

the workin capital


fonds de roulement

the working population
population active
,

the world food crisis


probleme de la faim dans le
monde

wound
blessure

to wrap
envelopper

the wrapping
emballage

to write/wrote/written off
mettre au chapitre des
profits et pertes

to write a cheque
faire, emettre un cheque

a

write-off
1. perteseche

2. deduction fiscale
1.
2.
writing (in -)
par ecrit

XYZ
an xrate
tarif reduit pour x inser
tions

X
145

the young (PI)


yacht
lesjeunes
voilier, bateau de plaisance

yellow fever
fievrejaune

a

yield
rendement
,

to yield
1. rapporter
2. dormer, rendre (pour
une terre)
1. ,

2. ( ),

youth
jeune (subst.)

zero growth
croissance zero

zero issue
numero zero
()
zooming prices
prix qui montent en fleche

--

abaisser
to lower
,
abattement (fiscal)
an allowance

abattre (s' ~ sur) (fleau)


to hit/hit/hit
,
abondance
affluence

abondant
abundant

abonnement
a subscription, a season-ticket
(tourisme), a time policy
(assurances)
, ,
()
aborder (marche, )
to tackle
,
abriter
to shelter

abroger
to repeal, to revoke
,
accaparer un marche
to corner a market

accommodement (avec les
creanciers)
a composition
,
)

((

accompagnateur courier
party leader
,
,

accord, accord reciproque
an agreement, a barter agree
ment
,

accord (d'un commun ~ )


by mutual agreement

accorder (remise, pret)
to grant
(,
)
accoutumance
addiction
,
147

accroche (publicite)
a headline
()
accroissement d'audience
audience cumulation

accroissement demographique
a population increase

accueillir qqn
to welcome s,o.
,

accuse de reception de
commande
acknowledgement of an
order

achat
a purchase

achat a credit
0 credit purchase

achat d'espace
space buying
(
)
achat impulsif
impulse buying

148

achat repetitif
repeat purchase

achats (faire ses - )
to go/went/gone shopping

achats par ordinateur
computer shopping

acheihiner
to convey, to dispatch
,
acheminement
conveyance, a dispatch

acheter
to buy/bought/bought, to
purchase, to take over (entreprise)

acheter a credit
to buy on credit, to buy/
bought/bought sth. on Hire
Purchase, on H.P. (GB)

acheter de I'espace (publica
tion)
buy space
( )
acheter du temps (emission)
to buy time
()

acheter qqch. a / chez qqn


to buy sth, from s,o,
-. -.

actif circulant
current assets

acheter qqch. au detail


tobuysth, retail

actif et passif
assets and liabilities (PI)

acheter qqch. en gros


to buy sth, wholesale

action
a share, a stock (US)

acheter un creneau horaire


to buy time on the air

action cotee en Bourse


an equity (GB), a share (US), a
listed share
,

acheteur
a buyer, a purchaser, a shopper

acheteur d'art
the art buyer

achetem eventuel
a prospective buyer

acompte
a deposit

action de fondateur
a founder's share

action diff
a deferred share

action ordinaire
an ordinary share

action privilegiee
a preference share

acomptes (par - )
by deferred payments, by
instalments

actionnaire
a shareholder, a stockholder
(US)

actif (marche)
brisk
, ( )

additif chimique
a chemical additive

149

adherer a
to join

affaiblir (s' ~)
to dwindle

adjuge au plus offrant


auctioned off to the highest
bidder

,

affame
hungry

administrateur
trustee

administration des impots


the Inland Revenue, IR (GB),
the Internal Revenue Servi
ce, IRS (US)

admis a la cote offidelle
publicly quoted
,

admission
admission
,
adopter une loi
to pass a Bill

adulte
an adult

aeroglisseur
a hovercraft

150

affamer
to starve

affames (subst.)
the hungry (PI)

affiche
a bill, a poster

afflux de capitaux
capital inflow

affreter
to charter

agence
an agency, a branch

agence de publicite
an advertising agency

agence de publicite a services
complets
0 full service agency

agence de voyage
0 travel agence

agent a Tetranger
a foreign agent

agent commissionnaire
a commission agent
,
agent d'expedition
a shipper

agent de change
a stockbroker

agent de publicite
an advertising agent

agent de voyage
a travel agent

agios
bank charges

agitation
unrest
,
agriculteur
farmer

agricultme
farming, agriculture
,

agronome
an agronomist, an agricultura
list

aide
a grant (individuelle), assistan
ce, re//e/(collective)
, ,

agent en douane
clearing agent
no
agent exclusif
0 sole agent

agent maritime
a shipping agent
(
)

aide au tiers monde


third world aid
" "
aide-comptable
a bookkeeper

aide finaciere
financial assistance

151

aide menagere
a housekeeper, home help
,

aller, aller simple (subst.)


a one-way ticket (US), a single
ticket (GB)

aide sociale
welfare

aller-retour (subst.)
a return ticket (GB), a round
trip ticket (US)

aide soignante a domicile


a home health aide

allocation
an allowance, a benefit, a grant

aider a joindre les deux bouts


to tide over

allocation chomage
the dole, unemployment bene
fits
no

aider qqn (aide economique,


materielle)

allocation maladie
sickness benefit, sickness pay
no

to aid 5.0.

-.
aiseCar -)
well-off

allocations familiales
child benefits, family allowan
ces

aise
affluent, well-to-do
,

allocation vieillesse
old age pension
no

albuplast
plaster
;

allouer
to allocate
,

alimentation
food
,

allure
pace
,

allecher
to entice
,

ameliorer
to improve

152

amelioration
an improvement

analyse de marche
a market analysis

amenagement du territoire
development

analyste media
the media planner

amener qqch. (un resultat)


to bring/brounght/brought
sth. about
()

anemie
anemia

amenuiser
to deplete

animation
entertainment
,

amenuisement
depletion

anime (marche)
buoyant, brisk
,

amortissement
amortization (dette, bStiments),
depreciation
;

annonce publicitaire
an ad, an advertisement

amour-propre
pride
,

annoncer (programmer)
to bill
;

analphabete
illiterate

annonceur
an advertiser, an announcer

analphabetisme
illiteracy

annuler
to cancel, to revoke

analyse
an analysis, (PI) analyses

annulation
a cancellation

153

antenne (a ~ )
on the air

apres-vente
after'Sale(s)

anti-inflationniste
deflationary

apurer les comptes


to audit the accounts

antibiotique
an antibiotic

argent (a court d' - )


badly off hard up, short of
money

antiseptique
antiseptic

appartenance
membership
,
appauvrir
to impoverish

appel telephonique
a call

appliquer une loi
to enforce a law

argent (etre a court d* -)


to be out of cash

argent liquide
cash

argument de vente
a sales argument

armateur
a shipowner

approuver
to approve

arrangement (avec les creanciers)


acomposition
(
)

approbation
an approval

arret (production, etc.)


a standstill

approvisionnement
supply (inden.)

arrhes
a deposit, earnest money

154


backward

arrimer
to stow
()
arriver a echeance
to fall/fell/fallen, to mature
( )
article (d'une liste, etc.)
an item

article pilote
0 brand leader
,
article rapporte
a return
()
article vendu a perte
a loss leader
,
artisanat
craft, handicraft

artisanat local (produits)


artifacts

assiette (fiscale)
a basis, bases
()
assigner qqn en justice
to take/took/taken s.o. to
court

assistance
relief
;

assistance medicale
Medicaid (US), Medicare (US)

assistance sociale
social work

assistant(e) social(e)
a social worker (GB), a welfare
worker (US), a case worker

assiste
on welfare

aspect
a look

Association europeenne de libre-echange


the European Free Trade Asso
ciation, EFTA

assermente (courtier, etc.)


sworn

assurance
insurance

155

assurance incendie
fire insurance

assurance-maladie
sickness benefit, sickness pay
,

assurances sociales
national insurance (scheme)

assurance-vie
life assurance

assurance-vieillesse
old age insurance

assure
a claimant
,
assureur
the insurer

attaquer (s* - a) (marche probleme)


to tackle
,
atteindre (un but)
to achieve sth.

atteindre son niveau le plus bas


to bottom out

attendre (s' - a)
to anticipate
,
atterrir
to land

atterrissage
a landing

attirer (client, etc.)


to lure
()

assureur (maritime)
an underwriter
,

attirer I'argent
to draWdrew/drav\^n money

astuce
a gimmick
,

attirer I'attention
to capture attention

attachez wos ceintures


fasten your seat-belts

attrait
the appeal
;

156

audience
an audience

auto-suffisant
self-sufficient

audience captive
a captive audience
(
)

auto-suffisance
self-sufficiency

audimetre
an audimeter

auditeur
a listener

augmenter
to rise/rose/risen, to increase

augmentation
an increase, a runup

augmenter fortement
to increase sharply

augmenter rapidement
to jump, to soar

aumone
0 handout

autocar
a coach

autochtone
a native
,
autocollant
a sticker

autonomic
self-reliance

autorisation
a warrant

autoritaire
authoritarian

autorites locales
the local government

authentique
genuine

autoroute
a motorway (GB), a freeway, a
highway (US)

auto stop (faire de ~ )


to hitch-hike

avaliser une traite


to back a draft

157

avantage (materiel)
a benefit
,
avantages
perks

avis d'achat
a bought note
,

avis de virement
notice of transfer

avarie (avec - particuliere)


With Particular Average,WPA avoir (subst.)
a credit, a credit note


avarie (en cas d* ~ )
in case of damage
avortement
abortion

avarie generale
general average

avarie particuliere
particular average

avenant
an additional clause, a rider
( )
aviculture
poultry farming

Haof^rioc

bacteria (PI)

bagages (faire ses - )


to pack

baisse
a decline a drop, a fall
,
baisser
to decline, to fall, to drop
,

avion
an aircraft, a plane

baisse (a la - )
on a downbeat

avion a reaction
a jet plane

baisse (a la ~ ) (Bourse)
bearish

158

baisse d'activite
a downswing, a downturn

bandage
a bandage
, ,

baisse demographique
a fall in population

bande dessinee
a (strip) cartoon, a comic strip

baisse brutalement
to fall/fell/fallen sharply

banque d'affaires
a merchant bank

baisser faiblement
to fall slightly

banque de depots
a clearing bank

baissier
a bear

banque d'emission
an issuing bank

balance commerciale
the balance of trade, the trade
balance

banqueroute
bankruptcy

balance deficitaire
an adverse balance

balance des invisibles
the balance of invisibles
no
(
, )
balance des paiements
the balance of payments

balance (faire la - )
to strike/struck/struck the
balance

baratin publicitaire
blurb (pej.)

barrement d'un cheque
the crossing

barter un cheque
to cross a cheque

barriere commerciale
a trade barrier

barriere non tarifaire
a non-fariff barrier

159

barriere tarifaire
a tarif barrier, a tariff wall

bas de gamme
bottom of the range, down
market

basse calorie
low-calorie

bateau de plaisance
a yacht

battle (monnaie)
to mint
()
benefice
a profit

beneficier a qqn
to benefit s.o.

-.
beneficier de qqch.
to benefit from sth.

-.
besoin
need, want
,
besoin (accoutumance)
addiction
,
besoin (dans le - )
in need

betail
cattle, livestock

benefice (faire du ~ )
to make/made/made a profit.
to turn a profit

bidonviile
a shantyiown

benefices records
record profits

bien-etre
well-being

beneficiaire (adj.)
a beneficiary

biens
goods

beneficiaire (subst.)
the payee, the recipient

biens de consommation
consumer goods

160

biens de consommation durab


les
durables


biens d'equipement
capital goods

biens immobiliers
real estate

biens meubles
personal property

bilan
a balance-sheet

bilan de faillite
a statement of affairs

bilan de sante
medical check-up

billet a prix reduit


a cut-price fare
no
billet de banque
a banknote

billet de tresorerie
a commercial paper (US)

billeterie automatique
a cash dispenser, a hole-in-thewall
no
bimensuel
bi-monthly

blesser
to hurt/hurt/hurt

blessure
an injury, a wound

bilingue
bilingual

blocage
a freeze
,

billet (de banque)


a bill (US), a note (GB)
()

blocage des salaires


a wage freeze

billet a ordre
a promissory note, p/n

bon (de reduction, etc.)


a coupon, a voucher
,

161

bon achat
a good buy

bon a inserer
good for insert

bond (faire un - ) (tendance)
to jump, to soar
,
bonde
overcrowded
()
bon de commande
an order form

bon de livraison
delivery note

bon du Tresor
a Treasury bill (US)

bon marche
cheap, inexpensive

bonne affaire
a bargain, a good buy

bon rapport qualite/prix
value for money
: /

bons d'alimentation
food stamps

162

bord (a - )
aboard, on board
,
bordereau d'expedition
a consignment note

bordereau de remboursement
a withdrawal slip
(
)
bordereau de versement
a cash slip, a deposit slip

bouche (de - a oreille)
by word of mouth
,
bouleversement
an upheaval
,
bourse (etudes)
a grant (GB), a scholarship (US)

Bourse (etre introduit en - )


to go public

Bourse de commerce
a commodity market

Bourse de New York
h/all Street
- ,

Bourse des matieres premieres


et denrees
the commodity exchange

Bourse des valeurs
the Stock Exchange

brader
to sell/sold/sold off/out

bris
breakage
,
brochure
a brochure

bulletin de sedaire
a pay slip
no
bureau de change
a bureau de change, an exchan
ge bureau
()
but
an aim, an end, a goal

but (avoir qqch. pour ~ )


toaimatsth.

bruitages
sound effects

cabine
a cabin

brut
gross

caboteur
a tramp

budget communautaire
the Community budget

"caddie" (faux anglicisme)


a trolley
,

budget d'annonceur
an account

cadeau
a gift

budget publicitaire
advertising appropriation

cageot
a crate

bulletin de livraison
delivery order form

caisse
the cash desk
()
163

Caisse (supermarche)
the check out
( )
caisse a claire-voie
a crate

caisse d'assurance maladie


a health fund

caisse de retraite
a pension fund

caisse de solidarite
a welfare fund

calendrier d'organisation de
campagne
a planning timetable

calibrage
the grading

calorie
a calorie

cambiste
an exchange dealer

cambriolage
a burglary

caissier, caissiere
a cashier, a teller

camion
a lorry (GB), a truck (US)

calculer
to compute
,

camion-citeme
a tanker

calculer au prorata
to prorate

camion de demenagement
a removal van

cale (de navire)


ahold

camionnette
van

calendrier des insertions


the insertions timetable

campagne
campaign
,

164

campagne (publicitaire)
a drive

capitaux en report
money on contango
no ,

campeur
a camper

capitaux flottants
hot money

camping-car
a camper

capitaux propres
capital funds, the (equity) capi
tal, the share capital, net
worth
,
,

canard boiteux (affaire qui periclite)


a lame duck
( )
capitaine
the captain

capital, capitaux
capital, funds

capital immobilise
fixed capital

capital nominal
the registered capital
^

capital risque
venture capital

capital social
authorised capital, capital funds

capitalistique
capital-intensive

capitaux speculatifs
hot money

car
a coach
;

caractere(s) gras
bold print

caracteristique
a feature
,
caravane
a caravan
,
cargaison
cargo

cargo
a cargo boat

165

caricature
a cartoon

cassable
breakable
,

carnet de cheques
a cheque book

casser les prix


to undercut/undercut/undercut prices, to slash prices

carnet de sante
a Health and Immunization
record
(
.)

catalogue
a catalog (US), a catalogue (GB),
a brochure

carte de credit
credit card

catalogue (sur - )
by description
no

carte de debarquement
a landing card

carte encart
an insert card
,

categorie socio-professionnelle
(superieure moyenne)
an income group, class (A,B,
etc.)
-

carte reponse
a business reply card

categoriel
categorical

carte verte
the green card

cause naturelle
an act of God
-

cas de force majeure


an act of God
-

causer du tort a qqn


to harm s,o,
-.

casse
breakage

caution pour un pret


a collateral
no

166

centre
a day camp
,

chambre avec vue...


a room mth a view,,.
...

centre commercial
a shopping centre

chambre avec vue sur la mer


a room overlooking the sea

centre de loisirs
a day camp, a leisure centre

chambre de compensation
a clearing house

cereales
grain, cereals
,

chambre d'hotel
a hotel room

certificat d'assurance
a certificate of insurance, C/I

chambre et petit dejeuner


B&B (Bed and Breakfast)

certificat de bord
a mate's receipt, M/R

chambre froide
a cold-storage unit

cessation de paiement (etre en


etat de - )
to default

chambre pour deux personnes


(un grand lit)
a double room

cesser
to halt

chambre simple
single room

chaine de magasins
0 chain store

chambres disponibles
vacancies

chaine de television
a television channel

changer
to change

chambre a deux lits


a tmn room

chapardage
pilferage

167

charge (a ~ ) (personne)
dependent
()

chef comptable
a chief accountant

charge (etre a la ~ de qqn)


to be dependent on

chef operateur
the chief cameraman, the head
cameraman

charge et decharge au frais du


chargeur
free in and out, FIO

cheque
a cheque (GB), a check (US)

cheque (faire un - )
to write a cheque

chargement complet en conteneurs


a full container load, FCL

cheque au porteur
a cheque to bearer

charger
to load

cheque barre
crossed cheque

chariot
a trolley
,

cheque sertifie
an attested cheque

charitable
benevolent
,

cheque d'assistance
a welfare check (US)

charte-partie
charter party, /

cheque de voyage
a traveller's cheque

chasse
hunting

cheque en bois
a dud cheque, a bad cheque
,

chasseur (d'hotel)
a bell boy
,

cheque sans couverture


a cheque without cover

168

cheque sans provision


a bad cheque, a dud cheque
,

chequier
cheque book

cher
costly, expensive

chiffre d'affaires
the turnover
,
chirurgien
a surgeon

cholera
cholera

chomage
unemployment

chute
a drop

chuter
to drop

chuter fortement
to plummet

cible
a target

cibler
to target

cicatriser
to heal
,
( )
cinema
movie-theatre (US), a cinema
(GB)

circuit de distribution
a distribution channel

circulation (mettre en ~ )
to circulate
,
circulation garantie
the guaranteed circulation
.

circular librement
to move freely

classe (de premiere ~ )
first-class

classe affaires
business class
-
classe touriste
economy class

169

classer
to file
, ;

classement
filing, rating (evaluation)
,
;
clause
clause
()
cUent ( I'hotel)
guest
()
client
client, customer
,

coffre-foit
safe

college
middle-school (GB), junior high
school (US)

colonie
a colony

colonialisme
colonialism

colonie de vacances
a holiday camp
,

comite ministeriel
client eventuel, potential
a departmental committee
a prospective customer, a pros
pect

commandant (d'un bateau de
commerce)
climat
the ship's master
( )
a climate

commande
climatise
an order

air-conditioned

commander
cloture
to order

the close

commande (regue de I'etranger)


code de conduite
an indent, a shipping order
a code of practice
(-

)
170

commanditer
to sponsor
,

commercialiser
to market
,

commanditaire
a sponsor
; ;

commettant
principal
,

commergant
a shopkeeper (GB), a store
keeper (US), a trader, a
tradesman
,
commerce
commerce, trade

commerce compense
contratrade, countertrade

commerce de detail
retail trade

commerse de gros
wholesale trade

commerce exterieur
foreign trade

commerce interieur
home trade

commercialisation
marketing

commissaire aux comptes


an auditor
,
commissaire priseur
an auctioneer

commission (a la Bourse)
brokerage (inden.)
,

commission
a commission

commissionner
to commission

commissionnaire agree
a commodity broker
no
commissions (courses)
errands

commissions (faire des - )


to run/ran/run errands, to
go/went/gone shopping
,

171

commissions sur operations bancaires


bank charges

commoae
convenient, practical
,
Communaute Economique
Europeenne, CEE
the European Economic Communite, EEC

,

compagnie de charters
a charter company

compagnie maritime
a shipping company

compartiment fumeurs
a smoking compartment

compenser
to compensate

Communaute Europeenne, CE
the European Community, EC
, EC

competent
efficient

Communaute Europeenne du
Charbon et de Acier, CECA
the European Coal and Steel
Community

competitif
competitive

communique de presse
a press release
, -

communiquer
to communicate

compagnie aerienne
an airline

compagnie d'assurances
an insurance company

172

complet (pare de stationnement,


etc.)
novacancies
,

comportement
behaviour

composition ()
typesetting

composition alimentaire
food composition, ingredients

compression (effectifs, budget)


a cut, a cutback
, ,

comprime
a tablet

compte
an account
,
compte (mettre sur un ~ )
to charge
,

comptabilite
bookkeeping, accountancy (matiere, profession)

compte "achat"
account purchases

comptabilite en partie double


double-entry bookkeeping

compte bancaire
bank account

comptabilite en partie simple


single-entry bookkeeping

compte client
an account

comptable
an accountant, bookkeeper

comptant (au ~ )
for delivery, for cash

comptant compte
spot cash

compte courant
a current account

compte de depots
a deposit account

compte de profits et pertes
a profit and loss account

comptant contre documents


cash against documents

compte d'exploitation
the trading account
,

comptant d'usage
prompt cash

compte "ventes"
account sales

173

comptes crediteurs
accounts payable
,

comptes foumisseurs
accounts receivable
,

comptoir
counter

174

concurrence
competition (inden.)

concurrencer
to compete with

concurrent
a competitor

concurrentiel
competitive

concepteur-redacteur
the copywriter
.

condition (a - )
on approval

conception
design

condition legale
status (GB, US)

concessionnaire
dealer
,

conditionnement
packaging

conclure des operation


to deal/dealt/dealt

conditions d'eligibilite
standards of eligibility

concordat preventif (a la
faillite),
a composition

(

)

conditions d'expedition
shipping terms

conditions de vente
sales terms

concours
competition, contest

confier qqch. a qqn


to entrust s,o, with sth.
-. -.

confirmer
to confirm

connaissement
a bill of lading, B/L

confirmation
a confirmation

connaissement a bord
an on-board bill of landing, a
shipped bill of landing

confonne a la commande
in accordance with order

conforme I'echantillon
up to sample

conformer (se ~ a)
to comply with

confort
comfort, (PI) amenities

conge (en ~ maladie)


on sick leave
no
conge de matemite
ante-natal leave,
maternity
leave

conjoncture
an outlook
,

connaissement a ordre
to order B/L
,

connaissement au porteur
to bearer B/L

connaissement clause, avec re
serve
afoul B/L, an unclean B/L
"" (
)
connaissement direct
a through bill of lading

connaissement net, non clause,
sans reserves
a clean B/L

connaissement nominatif
to a named person B/L

connaissement regu pour embarquement


a received for shipment bill of
connaissance d'une marque
lading
brand awareness, brand identi
,

fication


175

conquerir un marche
to conquer a market

conseil
a consultant
;
Conseil des ministres
the Council of Ministers

conseil en publicite
advertising consultancy
no
conseiller
an adviser

conseiller d'orientation
a careers offices (GB)

conservateur (chimique)
a preservative
()
consigne
a locker

consigne (bouteilles, etc.)
returnable
(
.)
consommation des menages
household consumption

176

consommer
to consume

consommation
consumption

consommateur
a consumer

consulter
to sonsult

consultant
a consultant

conteneur
a container

contenir (tendance)
to restrain
()
contenu (materiel)
the contents

contenu (sens abstrait)


the content

contenu publicitaire
advertising content

contenu redactionnel
the editorial content

contingent
a quota

contrebande
smuggling, contraband

contingenter
to impose quotas

contrebandier
a smuggler

contingent (hors ~ )
above quota

contrebande (faire de la - )
to smuggle

contingents d'importation
import quotas

contrefaire
to counterfeit

contoumer la loi
to get/got/got around the
/aw; to evade the law

contrevenir a qqch.
to contravene sth.

contracter des dettes


to incur debt (det)

contracter un pret
to raise a loan

contracter une police d'assurance
to take out an insurance policy

contraindre
to compel
,
contrat a terme
hedging
,

contribuable
a taxpayer

contribution
a tax
,
controle (prendre le - )
to take over
,
controle des changes
exchange control

controle des comptes
an audit

contr51e des naissances


birth-control

177

controler
to check

couchette
a sleeping-berth

conyaincant
convincing

couchette (sur un bateau)


a berth
( )

convenable
1. decent
2. suitable
1.
2.

coulage
pilferage

cooperative agricole
a farm cooperative
c-x
cotation
a quotation
,
cote des valeurs
the Stock Exchange List

cote
quoted, listed

cotiser
to contribute
,
cotisation
a contribution
,
coton
cotton (wool)
, -
178

couler
to sint/sank/sunk

coupon (de reduction, etc.)


a coupon

coupon-reponse
a business reply card

coupures (billets)
denominations

courant (etre au ~ de qqch.)


to be conversant with sth,

cours
a quotation
,
cours de fermeture
the closing price

cours d'ouverture
the opening price

cours du jour
the current market price

courses (faire ses - )
to run/ran/run errands, to
go/went/gone shopping

courses (faire ses
to shop at,,.
...

chez...)

courtage
brokerage (inden.)
,

courtier
a broker

courtier marron, non autorise


an outside broker
-
,

courtiser
to woo
,
cout
cost, expense
,

cout de la vie
the cost of living

cout et fret
Cost and Freight, C&F
,
cout par mille (lecteurs)
cost per thousand
()
couter
to cost/cost/cost

couteaux
costly, expensive
,
couts de production
prodiction costs

couts d'exploitation
operating costs

couverture (sociale)
coverage
,
couverture d'un segment demographique
demographic coverage

cout assurance et fret, CAF


Cost, Insurance and Freight, CIF couvertiu-e et repetition
,
reach and frequency
,

179

couverture supplementaire
d'audience
the extra coverage of a medium

couvrir (proteger)
to hedge against
()
couvTir des risques
to cover risks

creance
a debt

creance a recouvrer
an outstanding debt

credit rexportation
export credit

credit rimportation
import credit

credit documentaire
documentary credit

credit renouvelable
a revolving credit

creneau
a niche (market), an outlet

crible de dettes
debt-ridden

creances irrecouvrables
bad debts
,

crise
a crisis, (PI) crises

creancier
a creditor

critere
a criterion, (PI) criteria

creation
artwork, design
,

croisiere
a cruise, a voyage
, ,

creche
a creche, a day nursery

croissance
expansion, growth

credit
credit {inden.)

croissance demographique
population grawth

180

croissance nuUe
nil growth

croissance zero
zero growth

croitre
to rise/rose/risen, to grow/
grew/grown
,
croquis
0 sketch

cultiver (la terre)


to farm, to till the land
()
cultiver (/^/ to)
to cultivate, to grow/grew/
grown

culture (activite)
farming

V
danger pour la sante
a health hazard

dangereux
hazardous, unsafe

date d'echeance (date of)


maturity

date de fermeture
the closing date
(
)
date prevue d'arrivee
estimated time of arrival, ETA

date prevue de depart


estimated time of departure,
ETD

cultures d'exportation
cash crops

debarrasser (se - de qqch.)


to dispose of sth, to get rid of
sth.
-.

cultures vivrieres
food crops

debiter qqn d'une somme


to debit s,o, with a sum
-.

cycle de vie d'un produit


product cycle

debiteur
a debtor

181

debouche
an opening, an outlet
, ,

declarer
to report

decalage
a gap

declencher
to trigger
,

decalage horaire
jetlag, a time difference

decoller
to take/took/taken off
( )

decent
decent

decoUage
a take-off

deces
a decease
,

decompte
breakdown
()

decharger
to unload

decoration de vitrine
window-dressing

dechets
decouvert (bancaire)
refuse (inden.), rubbish (inden.), an overdraft
waste (inden.), trash (US)
,


decision (prendre line -au
sujet de qqch.)
to decide on sth,

...

decouvert ( ~)(compte)
overdrawn
()

declaration d'impot
a tax return

decouvert (avoir un -)
to be in the red

declarer moins (d'impots)


to underreport
( )
,

dedommager
to make/made/made good
a loss

182

dedouane
duty paid

defense des consommateurs


consumerism

dedouanement
customs clearance

deficitaire
in deficit

dedouaner
deflation
to clear, to release from bonds deflation

degats
dedouaner des marchandises
damage
(inden.)
to clear goods (throjugh the cus
,
toms), to release goods

degrevement

relief
deductible des impots
; ;
tax-deductible


delabre
deduction fiscale
run-down
a (tax) write-off
,


defaire ses bagages
to unpack

defavorise
underprivileged

defectueux
defective, faulty

defense (d'une idee, d'une
cause)
advocacy
(, )

delai(hors -)
after date, a/d

delai de livraison
a delivery time, delivery dates

delai de livraison d'un mois
delivery within a month

delai de reflexion
a cooling-off period

183

delegue
a delegate

demander reparation
to claim compensation

delibere
voluntary

demarche
an approach
, ,

delinquant
an offender

demi-pension
half board

demi-tarif pour les enfants


delit d'initie
insider dealing, insider tradinghalf price for children
,


demode
delivrer une licence
outmoded
to issue a licence


demographe
demande (economie)
demographer
demand (inden.)

demonetiser
demander
to demonetize
to require

demimis
demander des dedommagethe have-nots
ments

to claim compensation
denationaliser

to denationalize
demander des dommages et
interets
to claim damages
denrees alimentaires
foodstuffs

184

depenses de consommation
des menages
consumer spending

densite de poptdation
population density

deontologie
a code of practice

depart usine
ex-v\;orks

depasse
outmoded

depasser un chiffre
to top
-.
dependant (etre - deqqn)
to be dependent on
-.
dependre de qqch. ou qqn
to depend on sth. or s.o.
-.
depense
expense, an outlay
,

depenses medias
above-the-line costs

depenses publicitaires
billing

depenses publiques
public expenditure,
public
spending

deperir
to decay

depliant
a folder
,

expenses,

depenses hers media


below'the-line costs

deperissement
decay

depenser
to spend/spent/spent

depenses
spending,
diture

depenses d'investissement.
d'equipement
capital expenditure

expen

deposant
a depositor

185

deposer (des fends)


to deposit

depression
slump
,

deposer de I'argent dans line


banque
to deposit money with a bank

deprimer (tendance)
to depress

deposer un bilan
to file a petition in bankruptcy

deposer une plainte (en justice)


to file a (law) suit
,

deposer une reclamation


to lodge a claim
,

depositaire
a consignee
,

depot (en -)
in stock

depreciation
depreciation

deprecier
to debase
;

186

derangement
inconvenience
,
dereglementer
to deregulate

desequilibre
disequilibrium, imbalance

desherite
deprived

desinfiation
deflation

desservir (transports)
to call at
( )
dessinanime
a cartoon

destinataire
a consignee, an adressee
,

desuetude
obsolescence
, ,

dettes
current liabilities

detaillant
retailer

detente
recreation
, ,

dette garantie
a secured debt

devaluer
to devalue

detoumement de fends
embezzlement

detouraer (un avion)


to highjack

detresse
distress
, ;
detruire
to destroy

dette
a debt

dette a recouvrer
an outstanding debt
,

developper
to boost, to expand
,
developpement
expansion, a boost

developper (se -)
to expand

devenir aveugle
to go blind

devenir sourd
to go deaf

deviation
a bypass

devis
an estimate, a quotation
,
devise (f orte/f aible)
a currency (hard/soft)

187

devises etrangeres
foreign exchange (US)

devoir de Targent a qqn
toowes.o, money

-.
diarrhee
diarrhea

dictature
a dictatorship

differe(etre -)
to be held over

difficile (client)
fussy

difficultes de tresorerie
cash flow problems

diffuser
to broadcast/broadcast/broad
cast
(no )
diffusion
circulation
,
diffusion controlee
the audited circulation

188

diminuer
to curtail, to decrease,
shrink/shrank/shrunk
,

to

diphterie
diphtheria

directeur artistique
the art director

directeur de la clientele
the account director

directeur de la creation
the creative director

directives
directives

diriger une affaire


to run/ran/run a business
,
discrimination raciale
racial discrimination

dispensaire
a clinic

disponibilite monetaire
the money supply

disponibilites
liquid assets, liquidities

division du travail
the division of labour

disposition
a provision
()

documentation
literature (inden.)

dispositions (prendre des pour)


to provide for

dispositions administratives
administrative devices

dissuader qqn de faire qqch.
to deter s.o. from doing sth.
-. -.
dissuasion
a deterrent

distributeur d'argent
a cash dispenser
no

documents contre acceptation


Documents against Acceptance,
d/a

documents contre paiement
Documents against Payment,
d/p

documents de voyage (passeport, billet, etc.)
travelling documents

(, )
documents d'expedition
the shipping documents

dollar
a dollar, a buck (fam.) (US)

distribution
distribution, marketing
(
)

dommages et interets
damages (PI)

diversifier (se -)
to expand

don (faire - de qqch.)


to donate sth,

dividendes interimaires
interim dividends

donateur
a donor
,
189

donner (terre, investissement)


to yield
,
donner des directives
to issue directives

donnem
a donor

dosage de produits
a marketing mix

dossier photographique
a portfolio

douane
the Custom House

douanes
the customs

douanier
customs officer

dresser des barrieres douanieres


to erect tqriff barriers

dresser un protet
to draWdrew/drawn up a pro
test

drogue(s)
drugs (PI)

droit (douane, taxe)


a duty

droit (avoir ~a qqch.)


to be entitled to sth.
...
droit ad valorem
ad valorem duties
" ",


droit de courtage
a brokerage fee

double page (annonce)


a double-page spread

droits (etre passible de -)


to be dutiable
!!

douche
a shower

droits d'auteur
copyright

190

droits de douane
custom(s) duties, customs
excise, tariffs
,

dysenteric
dysentry

droits de port
port dues

eau potable
drinking water

droits de regie
excise duty
!

eboueur
a dustman (GB), a garbage man
(US)

droits des consommateurs


consumers' rights

droits specifiques
specific duties

droits supplementaires
countervailing duties

du
due

duplication de couverture
audience publication

dtiree de temps impartie
timing
,

duree d'exposition a la vente


shelf fife

ecart (entre des taux)


a spread
()
ecarts boursiers
stock fluctuations

echanger
to exchange, to swap
,
echanges
exchanges, trade
,
echantillon
a sample

echantillonnage
a sampling
no
echantillon (sur -)
by sample
no
191

echec
failure
,

dog-eared
( )

echec (faire -a)


to check
,

ecouler
to sell/sold/sold off/out
,

echoue(etre -)
to be stranded

ecouler perte
to dump

ecole primaire
elementary school (US), junior
school (GB)

ecole primaire
primary school

ecole professionnelle
a vocational school

ecole secondaire
secondary school

economie mixte
a mixed economy

economie planifiee
a planned economy

economiser
to save

192

ecraser(s' ~) (tendance)
to plummet
,
ecrit(par ~)
in writing

ecriture comptable
a journal entry

ecritures comptables (book


keeping)
entries

editer
to publish

effet de change
a draft

effet de commerce
an instrument of trade

)

(.

effets a recevoir
accounts receivable
,

elevage de betail
stock farming, cattle raising
,

effets sonores
sound effects

elevage de moutons
sheep farming, sheep raising

efficace
effective, efficient

elevage de volailles
a poultry farm

efficacite
effectiveness

elever (des bovins)


to rear
( )

effondrement
a collapse
,
effondrement des valeurs
a crash
,

elever (des pores)


to raise
()
emballage
a package, packaging, wrapping

effondrer(s' -)
to collapse
,

emballage sous buUe transparente


a blister pack

effritement
a crumbling
, ,

embargo
embargo, (PI) embargoes

egaiiser
to level

embarquer
to embark
;

elaborer (un projet)


to draw/drew/drawn up

emettre
to issue

193

emettre un cheque
to write a cheque

emprunteur
a borrower

emettre un emprunt
emprunt d'Etat
to float a loan, to launch a loangilt-edged securities (gilts)

(GB)

emeute
a riot
emprunt-logement
,
a mortgage

emigrer
to emigrate
emprunter a

to borrow from

emission (radio ou TV)


a broadcast
emprunter a court terme
(no , )
to borrow at short term

emissions (finance)
issues
encadrement (prix, etc.)

a control
empecher qqch. d'entrer
to keep/kept/kept sth. out

emplacement
space
,
emplois disponibles
vacancies
,
employe aux ecritures
a ledger-clerk

emprunt
a loan

194

,
encaisser
to cash (in)
,

encart
an insert

encheres
an auction (sale}

encombrant
troublesome
,
,

encombre (marche)
glutted
,

engager (promesse, etc.)


to bind/bound/bound

encouragement
an incentive
,

engager (s' -a faire qqch.)


to commit oneself to something

(-. )

endette
in debt, indebted

engouement
craze, fad
,

endettement
indebtedness

engrais
fertilizer

endetter(s' -)
to run/ran/run into debt

enjeu
a stake

endommage
damaged, marred
,

enquete
a poll, a survey
, ;

endosseur
an endorser

enregister une commande


to book an order

enfle
swollen
,

enseigne
a sign

enfreindre
to infringe
,

enseignement superieur
higher education

enfreindre la loi
to breake/broke/broken
law

the

entreposage
warehousing

195

entrepot
a (bonded) warehouse

entreprise (qui comporte des


risques)
a venture
()
entreprise de service public
a public-service corporation
(US)


entreprise d'utilite publique
a public utility undertaking
-

entrer (dans la CEE, etc.)


to enter

entrer en fonction
to take/took/taken office

entrer en vigueur
to come into force

envellopper
to wrap

envoi (marchandises)
a consignment, a shipment
,
196

envoi de fonds
a remittance
,
envoi livraison franco
free delivery

envoi recommande (marchan
dises)
recorded delivery

envoyer
to dispatch
,
envoyer (de I'argent)
to remit

epargner
to save

epidemie
an epidemic

epreuves (typographiques,
photographiques)
proofs

epuise (article)
out of stock
,
epuise (publication)
out of print
,
(
)

epuiser(s* -) (stock)
to run out

equipage
the crew
,
equipements (locaux)
facilities

equitable
fair

eriger des barrieres douanieres


to erect tariff barriers

escalade
rock-climbing

escale(faire -a)
to call at
( )
escale
a port of call, a stop-over

escompte de caisse (paiement


au comptant)
cash discount

escompte d'usage
trade discount

espace
space

especes
cash

especes (en -)
in cash

especes sonnantes
hard cash

esperance de vie
life expectancy

esquisse
a sketch
,

escompte
a discount
(), ;

essai (a -)
on trial
,

escompter
to discount
()

essayer un nouveau produit


to try out a new product

197

estivant
a holidaymaker

etablir (normes, regies)


to set (standards, rules)

etablir (s'-)
to settle
,
etablir line factme
to make/made/made out an
invoice
-
etablir un prix de revient
to cost/cost/cost

etablir un prix de Yente
to price

etagere
a shelf, (PI) shelves

Etat
the State, the Administration
(US)

etat (en bon -)


in good condition, in good re
pair
()
etat de controle de la diffu
sion
an audited circulation report

etat membre
a member state
-
Etat-proYidence
the h/elfare State

etayer
to buttress
,
etendre
to extend

etaiage
a display
,

etendre (s' -)
to expand, to extend

etalon or
the gold standard

etiquette
a label
,

etanche a I'eau
waterproof

etiqueter
to label

198

etiquette (de prix)


a tag

evaluer
to assess, to value

etiquette d'identification des


bagages
0 baggage tag

eviter qqch.
to shun sth.
-.

etranger (par la culture ou la


civilisation)
ana//ea(GB)(pej.)

etranger (par la nationalite)


foreign

excedent (prix, facturation)


an overcharge, overcharging
;
excedent (en -)
in excess

excedent de bagage
excess luggage

etranger (par la nationalite)


(subst.)
a foreigner

excedent de population
surplus population

etranger (a -)
abroad

excedentaire (balance)
favourable
()

excedents alimentaires
etude de marche
market research, market surveyfood surpluses


etude
research, survey

excursion
an excursion

evaluation de cotit
a quotation

executer une commande


to meet/met/met an order

evaluation par tests


testing
,

exemplaire (journal, magazine,


etc.)
a cope
()
199

exemplaire (en double -)


in duplicate

exoneration fiscale
tax exemption

exemplaire (en triple -)


in triplicate

a boom, expansion

exemplaires de promotion
grace copies

expansion
,

expedier
to consign, to dispatch, to ship
,

exemplaires yend en kiosque


newsstand copies

expediteur
the consigner, the shipper
,

exercer des represailles


to retaliate

expedition
a consignment, a shipment
,

exercice financier
the financial year, the fiscal
period

exigences
requirements

exiger
to demand, to require

exigeant
demanding

exigible
due
,

200

expedition partielle
part shipment

expert (en avaries)
an adjuster
(
)

expert-comptable
chartered accountant

expiration
termination
()
exploitation (agricole)
farm

exploitant
a farmer

fabriquer
to manufacture

exploitation avicole
a poultry farmer

fabrication
manufacturing

exploiter (la terre)


to farm

exportateur
an exporter

exporter
to export

exportation
an export (GB), an exportation
(US)

expose
a presentation
;
exposer
to display
,
exposition
an exhibition, a display
,

face (sur une piece de mennaie)


hend^

( )
face(faire -aqqch.)
to face sth,, to cope with sth.
-.,
;
fadlites de paiement
credit facilities, easy terms

facteur rhesus
the rh factor
-
facturation
billing, invoicing

facturation de la TVA
VAT invoicing


facture
bill, an invoice
-

fabricant
manufacturer

facturer
to bill, to invoice

201

facture consulaire
a consular invoice

faire payer
to charge
,

factme d'expedition
the shipping invoice

faire payer sa note a qqn (a


I'hotel)

facture originale
the invoice of origin

facture pro forma
forma invoice

facturier
an invoice book

failli (subst.)
a bankrupt

faiUite
bankruptcy

faillite (faire -)
to go/went/gone bankrupt,
to go/went/gone bust (fam.)

to check s.o. out

-.
( )
faire payer trop cher un article
a qqn
to overcharge s.o,

faire pousser (le ble, etc.)


to groWgrew/groh^n
()
famille d'accueil
a foster home

famille nombreuse
a large family

famine
famine

fardeau
a burden

faim
hunger

fauche
broke (fam.)

faire baisser
to depress

faussaire
a counterfeiter

202

faux
a fake

fiable
reliable

faux(faireun -)
to forge

fiche maimequin
a composite

femme de chambre
a maid
,

fidelite h une marque


brand loyalty

ferme
a farm

fier
proud

ferme (marche)
firm
,

fierte
pride

ferme laitiere
a dairy farm

fermier
a farmer

fertile
fertile

festival
a festival

feuille d'impot
a tax form

feuille de route
a waybill
,

fievre
fever

fievre jaune
yellow fever

fievre typhoide
typhoid fever

filiale
a subsidiary

film (pellicule)
a film
(, )
film
a movie (US), a film (GB)

203

filmer
to shoot/shot/shot

fin
an aim, an end

financer
to finance, to fund

fisc
the tax administration

fonctionnaire
a civil servant (GB), a govern
ment employee (US)
,
fends
funds

fends (etre en ~)
to be in cash

fiscalite
taxation

fends cemmun de placement


a mutual fund (US)
;

fixer (normes, regies)


to set (standards)

fends de reulement
the working capital

fixer (une dette)


to settle
()

fends de vieillesse
old age assistance

fixer des regies


to lay/laid/laid down rules

fixer Tattention
to focus attention

fends prepres
the equity, equity capital, net
worth
,

flechir (tendance)
to sag
,

forcer la vente
to plug, to push a sale
,

Fonction publique
the Civil Service (GB)

forfait
a package deal

204

forfaitaire
flat
,

fosse
a gap
,

fOffaits voyage
Inclusive Tour Charters, ITC

foudre
lightning

fonnalites de douane
customs procedure

formalites d'enregistrement
the check-in formalities

format (de pulbication)


a format

format economique
economy size

foumir
to supply

foumisseur
a supplier

foumitures
supply (inden.), supplies

foumir des preuves


to give evidence

formation continue
further education

foumir qqch. a qqn


to provide s.o. with sth., to
provide sth. to s.o.
-. -.

formation professionnelle
vocational training

foumir un prix
to quote a price

formulation
wording

foyer
a hostel

fortune (faire -)
to make/made/made a fortune

foyer pour personnes agees


a home for the aged

205

frais
costs, expenditure, expenses

franco de port
carriage paid, CP
-

frais au forfait par jour


per diem account

franco de port, emballage en sus


carriage paid and packing extra
!! ,

frais de transport
freight charges

franco de port et d'emballage


carriage paid and packing free

frais d'exploitation
running costs

franco domicile
Franco .
-

frais diTers
sundry expenses

franco domicile du client


free to the customer's ware
house
- ,

frais generaux
overhead costs

franco gare d'arrivee


free to the receiving station
-

franc d'avaries particulieres


Free of Particular Average, FPA franco gare de depart
free to the forYfarding station

-
franchir tine limite
to top

franco le long du navire


free alongside the ship, FAS
,

franco
free of charge
,

franco sous palan


free alongside the ship, FAS
,

franco bord
Free On Board, FOB
,

franco wagon
free in rail, FOR
-,

206

frappe (monetaire)
coinage, minting
()

fret
freight

frapper (maladie, crise, etc.)


to hit/hit/hit
( , )

fret aerien
air freighting, air-borne freight

frapper (monnaie)
to mint, to coin
()

fret a destination
freight collect forward

frapper qqch. d'un droit de


douane
to slap a duty on sth.

fraude fiscale
tax evasion

frauder le fisc
to evade taxation

fraudeur (fiscal)
a tax dodger, a tax evader

frauduleux
fraudulent

freiner
to curb

frequentation (ecole, etc.)


attendance

fuite de capitaux
a capital outflow

fmion (de societes)
a merger
()

G
gains (d'un travail)
earnings

galerie de peinture
an art gallery

galerie marchande
a shopping mall

gamme de produits
a line, a range, marketing mix

garantie
a guarantee, a warrant, a war
ranty

207

garantir una emission d'action genant


to underwrite/underwrote/un troublesome
derwritten a share issue
,

gene (dans la -totale)

in dire straits

garderie

day centre

gene (financierement)
badly off
gare

station

germe
gare de depart
germ
the forwarding station


gestion de portefeuille
portfolio management
gare de triage

a marshalling yard

gouYemement
the government, the Adminigaspiller
stration (US)
to waste

graine
gaspillage
a seed
waste (inden.), wastage (inden.)
;

grand(-) livre de paie


the payroll ledger
GATT (accord general sur les
tarifs et le commerce)

GATT (General Agreement on


Tariffs and Trade)
grand(-) livre des achats
the bought ledger
,
gel (salaires, etc.)
freeze

208

grand(-) livre des ventes


the sales ledger

grand(-) livre
the Ledger

grossiste
a wholesaler

grand magasin
a department store

groupe d'age
an age group

gratuit
free (of charge)

grele
hail

grenier a du monde
the breadbasket of the world

grenier a grains
a granary

greve
a strike

groupe de budget
the account group

groupe de pression
a lobby, a pressure group

groupe sanguin
the blood group, the blood type

groupe test de consommateurs
a consumer panel
,

grimper (tendance)
to soar

groupement
grouping

grippe
influenza, the flu'

guerilla
guerilla warfare

groom
a bell boy

guerillero
a guerilla

gros caracteres
large print

guerir
to heal

209

guerir qqn d'une maladie


to cure s.o. of an illness
-.

harmoniser
to harmonize

guerre commerciale
a trade war

hausse(ala -) (Bourse)
bullish

guichet
a counter, a window
( )

haussier
a bull

guide
a guide

haut de gamme
up-market

guide (accompagnateur)
a party leader
/
(.
)

haut fonctioimaire
senior civil servant

hebdomadaire
weekly

habitudes (de vie, de consommahebdomadaire (subst.)


tion)
patterns
a weekly

()
haillons
rags

handicapes (subst.)
the disabled (PI)
,
handicapes mentaux
the mentally deficient (PI),
the mentally handicapped

210

hebergement
accommodation (inden*)
,


hepatite
hepatitis

heritier
an heir

heiire(ar ~)
on schedule (GB, US)
BO , no
heure d'arriyee
arrival time

heme de depart
departure time

heures(aux -creuses)
off-peak

hemes de grande ecoute (radio
etTV)
time

()
histoires (faire des -)
to make a fuss
,
HLM
council flats (GB), municipal
housing (US)

honorer (dettes, remboursement, etc.)


to meet/met/met
(),

honorer (un cheque, etc.)


to honour
no
honte
a disgrace, shame

honteux
disgraceful

honte (avoir -de)


to be ashamed of

hopital psychiatrique
a mental hospital

horaire
a schedule (US), a timetable
(GB)

hors-taxe
tax-free, duty-free
,

homologue (etre -) (du point de


vue securite)
to carry a safety guarantee
()

hotel de la Moimaie
the Royal Mint (GB)

honoraires
fee(s)

hotesse
a stewardess

211

huissier
a bailiff

immatriculer
to register

hygiene
hygiene

immigrer
to immigrate

hothque
a mortgage

immigre
an immigrant

hypothequer
to mortgage
()

/
identification (d'une marque)
the signature, brand recogni
tion
,

illustrations et textes
the documents
(
)
image (de marque)

immobilisations
fixed assets

immuniser qqn
to immunize

impact (sur la clientele)
the market appeal
,
implantation sur le marche
market penetration

importation
an import (GB), an importation
(US)

an image
,

importer
to import

image de marque
a brand image
,

importateur
an importer

212

imposer
to impose
;

impots locaux
municipal taxes, rates (GB)

impot
a tax

imprime
a brochure, a leaflet
,

imposition
taxation

inadequation d'image
a projection problem

impot progressif
progressive taxation

incdpacite
a disability, a disablement
,

impot sur le revenu


imcome tax

incitation
an incentive, an inducement
;

impot sur le revenu des personnes physiques


personal income tax

inciter qqn a faire qqch.


to induce s.o. to do sth.
-. -.

impdt sur les benefices


profits tax

incontrole
unchecked

impot sur les depenses


expenditure tax

indemniser
to compensate

impot sur les plus-values


capital gains tax, CGT

indemnite
a benefit

impot sur les societes


corporation tax

indemnite de matemite
Statutory Maternity Pay, SMP
(GB)
no

213

indemnite maladie
Statutory Sick Pay, SSP (GB)
no

industriel (subst.)
an industrialist

indice boursier du Financial inemploye (materiel)


Times (GB)
unused
the FT'SE ("Footsie") index,
the FT index
" inemploye (personne)
"
idle
,
indice de popularite
a rating
infecter(s' -)
,
to go/went/gone septic

indice des prix


infection
the Consumer Price Index, CPIan infection

indice Dow Jones (GB)
the Dow Jones index

indigence
destitution
,
indigent (subst.)
a pauper
,
indigent
poverty-stricken
,
Industrie
an industry

Industrie laitiere
dairy farming, dairying

214

infinne
a cripple

infirmier, infirmiere
a male nurse, a nurse
, ,
inflation
inflation

inflation a un/deux chiffre(s)


singleVdouble-digit inflation
,

inflation par la demande
deland'pulled inflation
,

inflation par les cotits


cost-push inflation
,

inflationniste
inflationary

influencer Fopinion publique


to sway public opinion


influenceur
locomotive, market leader
,
informatique
data processing
,

insolYable
insolvent

insolvabilite
insolvency

instable
unstable

installer (s' -)
to settle down
,
instructions (mode d'emploi)
directions

instructions (pour une tache)


a brief
,

infraction
an infringement, a breach of
the law

instruments
implements
,

inondation
a flood

insuffisances
shortcomings
,

inscrire
to register

intenter un proces
to take/took/taken legal action

inserer une annonce


to insert an ad
,

interdire
to ban

215

interdiction
a ban

investir
to invest
,

interessant (prix, etc.)


attractive
,

investissement
an investment

inyentaire (faire -)
to take/took/taken stock

Jeter
to throw/threw/thrown away
,

investisseur
intermediaire (subst.)
an investor
an intermediate broker, a midd,
leman

inyestissements
expenditure
intermediaire (a la Bourse)
(subst.)
a jobber
inrisibles (subst.)
;
invisibles



interprete
an interpreter
itineraire

route

intervenir
to intervene
,
/
introduire un projet de loi
jargon (des documents offito initiate a bill

ciels)
officialese
inYalides (subst.)

the disabled (PI)

,
jetable
inyentaire
disposable
stock-taking

216

Jeter par dessus bord


to throw/threw/thrown
board, to jettison

over-

jeton
a token

jeune (subst.)
a youth

jeunes (subst.)
the young (PI)

joindre les deux bouts


to make both ends meet

juriste
a lawyer

juste
fair

justification d'unsertion
a voucher copy

laisser des arrhes


to leave/left/left a deposit

laisser entrer qqch.
to allow sth. in

jour des reports


contango day

(
)

lancer qqch. sur le marche


to launch sth. on the market

jour 1 jour ( -)(in[yre)


from hand to mouth

lancer un produit
to promote a product

journal (comptable)
the journal

lavage de cerveau
brainwashing
,

jours d'estarie, jours de planche


lay days
( ,
)

lectorat
the readership

juridique
legal

legal
legal

217

legende (sous-titre)
a caption

legiferer
to legislate

legislatem
a law-maker, a legislator

legislatif
law-making, legislative

lepra
leprosy
,
lepreux
a leper

lettre de transport par avion


an air consignment note, an
airway bill of lading

,
lettre de voiture
a railway bill, a waybill

leurrer
to lure
,
leyage (appareil)
hoisting

libeller un cheque
to make out a cheque, to write
out a cheque

liberer
to free

lettre de change
a bill of exchange, b/e, a draft librairie
, a bookshop


lettre de credit
a letter of credit, l/c

libre
free

libre (incontrole)
lettre de credit irrevocable
an irrevocable letter of credit unchecked
,

lettre de transport aerien, LTA libre circulation
free circulation
an air waybill

218

libre-echange
free trade

lignes de credit
credit facilities

libre-echangiste
a free trader

limitation
a restriction

libre-service
self-service

licence
a licence

lier
to bind/bound/bound

liquidation
an account
,
liquidites
liquid assets, liquidities
,
liste de clients
a mailing list
,

lieu d'emission
the place of issue
,

liste des prestataires


welfare rolls

lieu de villegiature
a resort
,

litige
dispute

ligne d'aimonce
a line

livraison
delivery

ligne de base
the base line

livraison (prendre -deqqch.)


to take delivery, to accept de
livery of sth.

ligne de chemin de fer


a railroad line (US), a railway livraison par expres
special delivery
Line (GB)


219

(moimaie)
pound

livret
a passbook
,

livre (sterling)
a quid (GB) (fam.)

livret (d'epargne)
a savings book


livre de caisse
the cash book
,
livre de comptabilite generale
the Ledger

livre de comptes
a ledger

livre de poche
a paperback
11
livre des achats
an invoice book
,
livre des effets a payer
the accounts payable book

livre des effets a recevoir
the accounts receivable book

Lloyd's (compagnie d'assurance)


Lloyd's

locataire
a tenant

location
hire (vehicule, bateau), rent
,
location-vente
hire-purchase

locaux
the premises (PI)

logement
accommodation (inden.), housing
,

livrer
to deliver

logement social
public housing

livres auxiliaires
the subsidiary books

loger
to accommodate
,

220

logo (type)
a logo

loyer
rent
,

logotype sonore
a jingle
,

loyer de Targent
borrowing costs

loi (etre tenu par la -)


to be bound by law

luxe
luxury

loi

a law
,
loi (votee)
an Act

lycee
0 comprehensive (GB), senior
high school (US)

loi de I'offre et de la demande


the law of supply and demand

magasin
a warehouse
,

loi sur les accidents du travail


Workers' Compensation Act
(GB)

magasin (en -)
in stock, ex-warehouse

loisirs
leisure (inden.)

magasin a prix reduits


a discount house
,

longevite
durability

magasin succursales multiples


chain store, a multiple shop
,

longevite d'un produit


product life

magasin general de douane


a bonded warehouse

221

magasinier
a warehouse keeper

malnutrition
malnutrition

'mailing" (faux anglicisme)


a (direct) mail shot
no

mandat-poste
a postal order, a money order

maison de campagne
a cottage
,
majorer
to overcharge (on)

mal(faire -)
to hurt/hurt/hurt
,
malade
ailing

maladie
a disease, an illness

manquant
short, in short supply
,
manque
want
,
manque de
a lack of

manquer de qqch.
to lack sth., to be short of sth.
,
manutention
handling

maquette
the layout

maladie professioimelle
an occupational disease

maquette de presentation
the storyboard

malaise
unrest

maquettiste
the layout artist

malaria
malaria

marasme
a slump
; ,

222

marchand
a trader

marchandises avariees
spoilt goods

marchander
to bargain

marchandises debarquees
Ex-Quay
-

maichandisage
merchandising
,

(
,
.)
marchandise
commodity
,
marchandise de contrebande
smuggled goods, contraband
goods

marchandises
goods

marchandises a bord
Ex-Ship
- ,
marchandises declarer
goods to declare

marchandises terme
future goods
,

marche
a market

marche (mettre sm le -)
to market

marche a la baisse
a bear market
,

marche terme
the forward market, the spot
market
no
marche a terme des marchandi
ses
the commodity futures market

marche au comptant
the forward market, the spot
market
no
marche clandestin
the underground market
,
223

Marche Commun
the Common Market

marche noir
the black market

marche de contrats a terme


the futures market

marche parallele
the underground market

marche de matieres premieres marche teme


a commodity market
dull market

,
marche deprime
a depressed market
,

marche unique europeen


single European market

marche des valeurs


the equity market
,

marche vif
a brisk market
,

marche exterieur
the foreign market, the overseas market

marge
margin
; ;

marche financier
the capital market

marge (d'un intermediaire)


jobber's turn

marche hors cote


the OTC (Over The Counter)
market
:

marge beneficiaire
the profit margin

marche mondial
the world market

marge d'autofinancement,
MBA
the cash-flow
-

marche monetaire
the money market

marin
a sailor

224

marketing
marketing, field survey, market
research, market survey
,

marque (de biscuits, whisky,


etc.)
a brand
,
marque (voiture, machine,
etc.)

( .)
marque de fabrique
a trademark

maternelle
kindergarten (US),
school (GB)

nursery

matiere premiere
a commodity

matieres premieres
raw materials

medecin
a doctor, a physician (US)

medecin generaliste
a General Practitioner (GP)

marque deposee
a Registered Trademark,

medecine du travail
occupational health services

marque pilote
a brand leader, a leading brand
,

media
media
(,
)

marque protegee
a trademark

medicaments
drugs (PI), medicines (Pi)

masse monetaire
the money supply

medication
medication

materiel
equipment

membre associe
an associate member

225

memorisation
recall
,

messagerie maritime
a shipping company

memorisation d'une marque


brand name recall

messageries aeriennes
an air freight company

mendiant
a beggar

mendier
to beg

mener une politique
to pursue a policy

mepriser qqn
to despise s.o., to look down
on s.o.
-.
mercatique
field survey, marketing, market
research, market survey

mere ceiibataire
an unwed mother
-

mesure
a measure

mesure d'impact
a rating

mesure de retorsion
a retaliatory measure

mestues
moves

mesures (prendre des ~)


to take/took/taken steps

metayer
a sharecropper
;
methode
an approach

message (faire passer un -)


to put/put/put a message over,
to get a message across

metropole (puissance coloniale)


the mother-country

messagerie
a parcels service
,

microbe
a germ

226

ministere de la Sante et des


Affaires sociales
the DHSS (Department of
Health and Social Security)
(GB), the DHHS (Department
of Health and Human Ser
vices) (US)

ministere des Finances


the Exchequer (GB), the Trea
sury (US)

ministere du Commerce
the Board of Trade desuet (GB)

ministere du Commerce et de
rindustrie
the Department of Trade and

Industry, DTI (GB)


mise en page
the layout

mise sous sequestre


the receiving order
(
)
misere
destitution

miserable
destitute, poverty-stricken,
wretched
,
miteux
seedy
,
mode
a craze, a fad
,

ministre
a minister

modele
a model

ministre des Finances


the Chancellor of the Exche
quer (GB)

modele de demonstration
a demonstration model

mise
a stake

moderation
restraint

mise de fonds
an outlay

modification
an alteration
,
227

moins-value
depreciation

moteur (sens figure)


a driving force

moisson
a crop, a harvest

motiyations d'achat
purchasing motives

moissonner
to harvest

moiirir
to die

monnaie (forte/faible)
a currency (hard/soft)
;

mourir de faim
to die of starvation, to starve
to death

monnaie (petite)
change

moustique
a mosquito

monnaie legale
legal tender

moyen d'echange
a medium of exchange

monoculture
single-crop farming

moyen de transport
a means of conveyance

monter en fleche
to rocket, to soar, to zoom

moyen d'information
a medium, (PI) media

monument
a monument

moyens de paiement
a means of payment

mome (marche, perspective)


gloomy, bleak
(,
)

multipropriete
time sharing
,

228


museum

necessiteux
needy

mutuelle
mutual insurance fund
;

n^ge

N
nantis
the haves

nantissement
collateral
,
nation la plus favorisee
the most favoured nation

national
state-owned
,

nature (en -)
in kind, cash
,

careless

negligence
oversight

negocier
to negotiate

negociant
a merchant

negociation
barter, a negotiation
,
net (connaissement)
clean
;
niveaux (a plusieurs ~) (
de stationnement)
multi-storey

navire
vessel; steamship, SS (a vapeur)
, ,

nocif
harmful

navire porte-conteneurs
a container ship
-

nom de marque
a brand name
,
229

clause
clean
,

nourriture
food

declare
unreported

nourrir (se -)
to feed/fed/fed

imposable
tax-free

nourriture de base
staple food

non-fumeurs
non-smoking

nouveaute
novelty
,

normaliser
to standardize

norme
a standard
,

nouvelle donne
a new deal

notaire
a notary public

NPI (Nouveaux Pays Industria


lises)
NICs (Newly Industrialised
Countries)

note de debit
debit note

nuire
to damage

note de frais
an expense account

nuire a qqn
to harm s.o.
-.

note de vente
a sold note

numeraire (en -)
in cash
,

nourrir
to feed/fed/fed

numero (journal, magazine, etc.)


a copy
( .)

230

zero
zero issue
()

obeir
to obey

objectif
an aim, goal

obligataire
a debenture holder

,
obligation ( garantie)
debenture

obsolescence
obsolescence
,
occasion (d' ~)
second-hand
( )
Occasions De Voir, ODV
Opportunities To See, OTS

occuper(s' -d'un client)
to attend to a customer

officier d'immigration
an immigration officer

offre
an offer; supply (inden.)

offre a I'essai
a trial offer
obligation (titres)
bond, fixed interest securities

Offre Publique d'Achat, OPA


obligation a lots
a takeover bid
a lottery (premium) bond

obligation legale
a mandate
,

offrir (des services, etc.)


to offer, to provide

obligatoire
compulsory, mandatory

oisif
idle

obligatoire (etre -)
to be binding

opera (le thetre)


an opera-house

231

opera (I'oeuvre)
an opera

operateur (en bourse)


a trader

operation
fl deal, a dealing, a venture
(avec risques)
,

ordures
re/ii5e (inden.), rubbish (inden.),
trash (US)
, ,
ordures menageres
garbage (US)

organisation humanitaire (privee)


a charity

operation en report
a contango, a continuation ope
ration
, organisme
an agency, a body

,
opposer(s' -aqqch.)
to oppose sth.
orientation professionnelle
, vocational guidance

opposition (faire -a un ciieque)

to stop a cheque
-dire

hearsay

opulent
affluent
ouragan
,
a hurricane

opulence
affluence
outremer
,
overseas
,
ordonnance
prescription
oeuvre (mettre en - )

to implement
ordre de virement, ordre de
prelevement permanent
a standing order
ouvrier agricole
0 a farm labourer

c-x
232

panneau d'affichage
fl billboard, a hoarding

paiement(en -differe)
by deferred payments

paiment h la liirraison
cash of delivery, COD

paiement vue
payment at sight

paiement compant a la commande
cash v^ith order, Ch/0


paiements(en -echelonnes)
by instalments

paille(siirla ~)
on the rocks (fam.), strapped
(fam,)

"panel"
a panel
();

paperasserie
paperwork
,
papier d'almninium
tin foil

papier-monnaie
paper money

paqueBot
a liner, a steamship, SS (vapeur)
,
paradis fiscal
a tax haven

pare de yehicules
a fleet of vehicles

parent (membre de la famille)
a relative

parent (pere ou mere)


a parent

panier-repas
a packed lunch

parking
a car park, parking lot

panneau
a sign

Farlement
Parliament (GB), Congress (US)

233

Parlement europeen
the European Parliament

pas d'embauche
no vacancies

parrainage
sponsoring
,

passage a niveau
a level crossing
,

parrainer
to sponsor

part de marche
a market share

part de presence publicitaire
sur le marche
the share of voice

part du gateau
a share of the cake, a share of
the pie

partenaires commerciaux
trading partners

participation
a stake
,
particularite
a feature
,
particulier (subst.)
an individual

234

passager clandestin
stowaway
,
passagers en transit
transit passengers

passeport
a passport

passer les ecritures


to enter in the book

passer une commande
to place an order

passer une commande de qqch.
aqqn
to indent on s. o. sth.
(- )

passif (comptes)
liabilities (PI)
,
patinage
skating

pauYre
poor

payer qqch. a qqn


to pay 5. o. for sth.
-. -.

paurrete
poverty

payer qqch.
to pay for sth.
-.

payant(etre -)
to pay / paid / paid off

payer
to pay/paid/paid

payer (se -qqch.)


to afford sth.
-.
payer a credit
to pay on credit

payer h temperament
to pay by instalments

payer comptant
to pay cash, to pay / paid / paid
down

payeur
the drawee

pays d'accueil
0 guest country

pays en voie de developpement,
PVD
a developing country

pays les moins developpes
the least developed countries

pays sous-developpe, PSD
a Less Developed Country, LDC

paysan
a peasant

payer en especes
to pay in cash

peage
atoll
,

payer par cheque


to pay by cheque

peaufiner un texte
to brush up a copy

payer par mensualites


to pay by monthly instalments

penetrer par effraction


to break / broke / broken in

235

penetrer un marche
to break into a market

peniche
a barge

pension complete
full board
,
pension de famille
a boarding house, a guest house

penune
scarcity, shortage
,
percepteur
a tax-collector, a tax-man
()
perception (le bureau)
the revenue office

perception la source
collection at source

percevoir un impot sur qqch.


to levy a tax on sth.
-.
perdre ses droits
to forfeit one's rights

perfectionnement
an improvement

performant
competitive

periode d'austerite
austere times, a freeze period

permis de conduire
a driving licence

permis de travail
a work permit

perpetuel
perpetual
,

percevoir (indemnites, impots)


to collect
,

personne agee
an elderly person, a senior
citizen, an old age pensio
ner, OAP

parcevoir I'allocation chomage


to be on the dole

personne qui depense beaucoup


a big /great spender
,

236

perspective (brilliante, sombre)


an outlook, a prospect (bright,
gloomy)

perte
0 /055

perte (en pure - )


waste fully
, ,
perte seche
0 dead loss, write-off

perturber
to disrupt
,
peser
to weigh

petit dejeuner complet a


Tan^aise
a cooked breakfast, a full break
fast
-

petites annonces
the classified ads

petits caracteres
small print

petrolier
a tanker
,
peu actif (tendance, affaires)
a sluggish market
,
pharmacien
a pharmacist, a chemist (GB)
0 druggist (US)
,
photocomposition
typesetting
()
photo d'identite
a passport photo

piece (de monnaie)


a coin

petit dejeuner continental


a continental breakfast

piece de theatre
a play

petite enfance
infancy

pied (mettre qqch. sur -)


to set / set / set / sth. up
,
237

pied (sur -)
by type
no

placement
investment
,

pigiste
a free-lance journalist/photo
grapher
,

placer de I'argent dans


to fund

pile (sur une piece de monnaie)


tails
( )
pillule
a pill
,
pillule (prendre la -)
to be on the pill

pilote
a pilot

piqure
a shot

pirate de Fair
a highjacker

pisciculture
fish farming

piste d'envol
a runway

238

plage
a beach

plaindre(se -deqqch.)
to complain ofsth.
-.
plainte
a complaint
,
plaignant
a complainant, a plaintiff
,
plan
a scheme
,
plan (mesures)
a package
,
plan comptable
accounts plan

plan de re^ance economique
a reflationary package

plan de retraite
a pension scheme

poids net
net weight

plan des supports et strategies


media planning

point de suture
a stitch

plan quinquennal
a five-year plan

point de yente
an outlet, a point of sale

planche a voile (le sport)


windsurfing

point de vente au detail


a retail outlet

planche de surf
a surfboard

point mort (au -) (negociations)


at a standstill
()

planification
planning

police d'assurance
an insurance policy

planning familial
family planning

police d'assurance au tiers


a third-party insurance policy

poids
weight

poids a vide
weight when empty

poids brat
gross weight

poids et mesures
weights and measures

police d'assurance pour un seul


voyage
a voyage policy

police tous risques


an all-in-policy

politicien
politician

politique (action, strategic)


a policy
()
politique (science, domaine)
politics

population active
the working population
,

port d'arrivee
the port of discharge
,

Politique agricole commune,

the Common Agricultural


Policy, CAP
c-x

port de depart
the port of sailing

politique de relance
a reflationary policy
()

port de destination
the port of discharge

politique de vente
a selling policy

port d'embarquement
the port of loading

politique des revenus


an incomes policy

portdii
carriage forward

politique fiscale
a tax policy

port
carriage paid, CP

polyculture
mixed farming

port jusqu'a...
carriage paid to,.,
...

pont inferieur
the lower deck

portefeuille
a wallet

pont superieur
the upper desk

portefeuille (boursier)
a portfolio
( )

240

porter plainte contre


a lodge a claim against

porter prejudice
to damage

position (d'un compte)
an account

positionnement (d'un produit)
the positioning, the pegging
,

possedants
the haves

poste de peage
a tollgate

poubelle
a dustbin (GB), a garbage-can
(US)

pourcentage de la cible touchee


par le support
the penetration of a medium

pounroir
to provide for
,
pousse a la faillite
driven out of business
,

pouvoir d'achat
purchasing pov^er

pouvoirs publics
the authorities

preferentiel
preferential

prejuge racial
a racial prejudice

prelevement automatique
automatic debiting

prelevement direct sua: salaire
pay-as-you-earn, PAVE (GB)

prelever % interets
to charge interest

poursuivi (etre -) (en justice)


to be prosecuted
( )

premier (de -ordre)


first rate

poursuivre qqn en justice


to sue s. 0. at law
-. no

premiere (de -qualite)


first rate

241

Premier ministre
the Premier, the Prime Minister
-

pret sans garantie


an unsecured loan

prescrire
to prescribe

pret sur titres


a secured loan

presentation de vente
a presentation

preter
to lend/lent/lent

presenter (marchandises, etc.)


to display
,

pretests
copy testing

presentoir
a rack, a display-rack, a displaystand

presenter (se -aTenregistrement) (a raeroport)
to check in

preteur
a lender

preuve d'achat
proof of purchase

prestataire
a recipient

prevention
prevention
,

prestations sociales
social benefits, welfare benefits

prevision
a forecast, forecasting
,

pret
a loan

prevision (en -de)


in anticipation of

pret garanti
a secured loan

prevision budgetaire
a budget forecast

242

preyoir
to forecast/forecast/forecast,
to anticipate
,

prevoir que
to provide that
,
prime
La grant
2. a bonus
1. ,
2. ,
prime (d'assurances)
a premium

prime de matemite
a maternity grant
no
primes a I'achat
sales incentives

priorite
a priority

prise de benefice
profit-taking

prise de courant
a socket

prise de vue
a shot

priyatiser
to privatize

prix
a price

prix (cours)
a quotation
,
prix conseffle a la yente
the recommended retail price,
RRP

prix comant
the price-list

prix de lancement
a launching price, an intro
ductory discount

prix de revient
a cost price

prix du report
the continuation rate

prix emporte
a cash-and-carry price

prix lieu de depart


loco price
no

243

prix nets
the bottom line
-,

prix rendu
delivery price

procurer (se -des capitaux)
to raise money/capital/funds

Produit National Brut, PNB


the Gross National Product, GNP
,

produits agricoles
produce (inden.)
c-x
produits alimentaires
foodstuffs

production alimentaire
food production

produits de consommation
durables
consumer durables

production en serie
mass production

produits de la ferme
farm products
c-x

produire
to produce

produits manufactures
manufactured goods

producteur
a producer

produit (industriel)
a product

produit de base
a commodity

Produit Interieur Brut, PIB


the Gross Domestic Product,
GDP
,

244

profil
a profile

profit
a profit
,
profits et pertes (mettre au
chapitredes -)
to write/wrote/written off

programme
a programme (GB), a program
(US)

programme d'aide sociale


a welfare programme

prophylaxie
prevention
,

programmer
to bill
,
;

proposer
to offer

progres
progress (inden.)

proposition
a proposal, a suggestion

progresser
to progress
,

proposition exclusive et
vendeuse
Unique Selling Proposition,
(

progression geometrique
a geometrical ratio

proprietaire
an owner

projection
a forecast
,

propriete (fait de posseder)


ownership

projet
a scheme

proprietaire fonder
a landlord
,

projet de loi
a Bill

proprietaire terrien
a landowner

promotion
promotion

propriete litteraire
copyright

proner
to advocate

prospectus
a leaflet
,

245

prospere
prosperous, thriving, well-to-do

publicite (commerciale)
advertising

prosperer
to flourish, to thrive

publicite (non commerciale)


publicity

prosrperite
a boom, prosperity
,

publicite comparative
comparative advertising

protectionnisme
protectionism

publicite de lancement
pull advertising

proteger
to hedge against

protet
a protest

provisions
supplies

public (subst.)
an audience
,
public (entreprise, etc.)
state-owned

public cible
a target audience
,

publication specialisee
trade magazine

246

publicite exterieure
outdoor advertising

publicite institutionnelle
corporate advertising

publicite mensongere
misleading advertising
,
,
publicite par correspondance
direct-mail advertising

publicite par echange (services
ou produits)
exchange advertising

()
publicite professionnelle et
industrielle
business-to-business advertising

publier
to publish
,

quotidien
daily

quotidien (subst.)
publipostage, ''mailing'*
a mailshot, a direct mail shot, a daily
direct-mail advertising

Q
quadriller (secteur, clientele)
to canvass
(.
)
quai (gare)
a platform
()
qnai(h -)
alongside (the quay)

qualite (de mauvaise ~)
poor

qualite commerciale courante
fair average quality, FAQ

qualite de la vie
the quality of life

quemander son pain
to beg one's bread

quota
a quota

R
rabais
a discount, a rebate

rachat (de societe)


a takeover
, ()

racisme
racial prejudice (inden.)
()
racism (pratique, attitude)
racism
()
racisme (theorie)
racialism
()
raciste (subst.)
a racist, a racialist

raffennir(se ~)
to firm
,
ralenti (tendance, affaires)
slack, sluggish

247

ralentissement des actiyites


a slacking

randonnee pedestre
hiking

rapatriement
repatriation

rappel de vaccin
a booster
(
)
rapport (rendement)
return
,
rapport de visite
a call report

rapport sur le client
a client report

rapporter (terre, investissement)
to yield
,

rare (qui fait defaut)


scarce

rassembler
to gather

rater (un train, un avion)


to miss
()
rationnement
rationing

rattraper
to catch up with
,
ravitaillement
food supplies

rayon
a shelf, (PI) shelves

reaction
a response, the feedback
,
realiser qqch.
to achieve sth,

rapporter qqch.
to return sth., to take/took/
taken sth, back
-.

rebut (mettre au -)
to discard
,

rapporter un interet
to bear/bore/borne interest

recensement
a census
,

248

recepisse
a receipt, a warrant
,

recouvrer (creance, sante)


to recover
;

reception
the reception
:

regu
receipt

recettes
receipts

regu (transports)
mate's receipt, m/r

recettes publiques
public revenue

regu d'un transitaire


forwarding agent's receipt, FAR

recherche
research

reclamations litigiemes
disputed claims

recolte
a crop, a harvest

recolter
to harvest

recolte exceptionnelle
a bumper crop

recuperet
to recover

redacteur
the copywriter
,

redemarrage
revival

redemarrer (tendance)
to pick up
,

recompense
a reward

redressement (tendance)
an upturn
,
,

recourir a qqch.
to resort to sth.

reduction
a cut, a cutback

249

reduction des cotits


cost cutting

regler sa note (a Tnotel)


to check out
(no )

reduire
to curtail, to cut/cut/cut, to
decrease

reduire une marge beneficiaire


to squeeze a profit margin

regler un differend
to settle a dispute

reechelonner
to reschedule (GB, US)
,
reforme agraire
land reform

regir
to regulate
,
regie
a rule

reglement
a regulation

250

regler une facture


to settle an invoice
no
regulier (tendance)
steady
,
reinvestir
to plough back

rejeter (un cheque, etc.)


to reject
,
relance
a boom, a boost, a revival
, ,

relance
reflation

reglementer
to regulate

relancer (reconomie)
to reflate, to revive
,

regler (dette, affaire)


to settle
,

relance (campagne, client)


a follov\^-up
()

regler qqcn. a qqh


to pay/paid/paid s. o. for sth.
-. -.

relancer (demande)
to boost
()

relations avee les clients


consumer relations

remboursement garanti
a money back guarantee

relations d'affaires
business connections

rembourser
to refund, to reimburse

relations publiques
public relations, PR
( 11, )

rembourser qqn, qqch.


to pay/paid/paid, to pay off
-. -.

releve de compte
bank statement

releve de factures
statement of invoice
-
relever (prix, etc.)
to raise

relever d'un tribunal


to be answerable to a court

remboursable
redeemable
,

remboursable parite
redeemable at par

remboursement
refund
,

rembourser une dette


to settle a debt

remede
a cure, a remedy

remise
a discount, a rebate

remise de quantite
volume discount
" "
remisier
an intermediate broker

remonte-pente
ski-lift

remontee
an upswing
,
remorque
trailer

251

remorqueur
a tug
,

rendement (d'un portefeuille)


a pay-off
(),
,

remplagable
replaceable
,

rendez-vous
an appointment
,

remplir (un engagement, etc.)


to deliver a promise
()

rendre (terre, investissement)


to yield
, ,

remplir les conditions


to qualify

remplir les conditions pour
qqch.
to be eligible for sth,
(
)
remplir un document
to fill in a document

remplir une fiche d'hotel
to check in
(
)
rencontre
meeting

rencontre au sommet
a summit meeting

rendement
return, a yield
,

252

renflouer (une societe)


to bail out

renforcer
to buttress

renseigner (se -sur)


to enquire about
,

rentabilite
cost-efficiency, profitability

rentable
cost-effective, profitable

rente a vie
a life annuity

rente fixe
a fixed annuity

rentier dans ses frais


to break/broke/broken even

repartir
to allocate
,
repetition d*tme publicite
a rerun

repondre un besoin
to supply a need, to meet a
need

repondre de qqch. devant un
tribunal
to be answerable to a court
-.

representant (e)
a salesman, a saleswoman, a
salesperson

(-)
representant local d'agence de
voyage
a courier


reprise
recovery, a revival, a surge
,
reprise (en Bourse)
a rally
( )
reprise en mains
pickup

report (d'une commande),


the postponement
,

reputation de solvabilite
credit rating

reporte
payer of contango

reseau (de vente, etc.)


a network

reservation
a booking
,

reprendre (tendance)
to revive

represailles
reprisals, retaliation

representant
an agent, a representative

reserver
to book

reserves (avec -)(connaissement)


foul
""
253

reserves de changes
foreign exchange reserves

resoudre un probleme
to solve a problem

respecter la loi
to abide/abode/abode by
the law

respecter les regies
to stick to the rules

responsabilite civile
liability

()
responsabilite du transportem
the carrier's liability

resserrement monetaire
tight money

restreindre
to restrict, to restrain
,
restriction
restriction, restraint, belttrightening

resultats secondaires
run-offs, spin-offs

retablir(se -)
to recover
,
retard
fl delay

responsable client
the account executive
,

retard (en -)
behind schedule (GB, US)
,

resserrement
freeze
,

retard (en -) (livraison, paiement)


overdue
( )

resserrement (credit, etc.)


a squeeze
,
( )

retard (prendre du -)
to fall/fell/fallen behind

resserrement du credit
a credit squeeze

retirer (des fonds)


to withdraw/withdrew/
withdrawn
yiiTH, ,

254

retirer (se -des affaires)


to go/went/gone out of business
,

retraiteC^la -)
retired

retirer sa participation d'une


societe
to bail out of a company

retraite (prendre sa -)

retraite
retired

retorsion
1 c^iiuui;y,

to retire

icLuimiiun

,
retour (article)
return

retour d'informations
the feedback

retoumement de situation
a turnaround

retrait
0 withdrawal
, ,

retraite (e) (subst.)


a pensioner

retrecir
to shrink/shrank/shrunk
,
reunion
meeting

reussir a faire qqch.


to succeed in doing sth,
-.
reussite
success

retraire (pension)
pension

revendeur
a dealer
( )

retraite (situation)
retirement

revendications
a package of demands

255

revendiquer
to demand

revendication
a demand

renyeu disponible
disposable income
,

revenu imposable
the taxable income, the income
chargeable

revenu par habitant
the per capita income

reyirement la hausse
an upturn

revoquer
to revoke
,
riche
wealthy

rishesse
riches (inden.) wealth

risques (aux -du proprietaire)


at owner's risk, OR

risques (aus -dutransporteur)
at carrier's risk, CR

risques particuliers
special risks

ristoume
a discount, a rebate
, ;
rotation du personnel
the turnover

roulage
the roll on/roll off system

roulement des stocks
the turnover

route a peage
a toll road (GB), a turnpike
(US)
,

rien a declarer
nothing to declare

rubeole
rubella

risque
exposure

rubrique
a column, a heading
,

256

rade (concurrence, etc.)


stiff, tough
,

salle de televisidn
a TV lounge

rupture de stock
a stock shortage

salon (piece)
0 lounge
,

s
sac a bandouliere
a shoulder bag

sac hdos
a rucksack

sacrifie (prix)
rock-bottom
,

sain
sound

saisir le Tribunal
to petition the Court

saisonnier
seasonal

salon (professionnel)
ashov^
,
sans frais
free of charge

sans le sou
on the breadline, on the cheeseline, penniless

sans plomb
lead-free
,
sans reserves (connaissement)
clean
()
sans Sucre
sugar free

satisfaire (besoins, normes, etc.)
to meet/met/met

sales boulots
dirty jobs

saturation
a glut

salle de bain privee


a private bath

sature(etre ~)
to be glutted

257

saturer tin marche


to flood a market

sauver qqn de qqch.
to rescue s. o. from sth.
-. -.
saynete
a sketch

scandaleux
disgraceful

scelle
sealed

scolarisarion
schooling

scolarite gratuite
free shooling

scolarire obligatoire
compulsory schooling

scorbut
scurvy

secheresse
drought

258

second marche
the unlisted securities market

secourir
to relieve

secteur
sector

secteur du marche
a market segment

secteur prive
the corporate sector
,

secteur public
the public sector

securite d'emploi d'un produit
product safety

Securite sodale
the National Health Service,
NHS {GB\ National
Insurance (GB)

seduire
to entice, to woo

selection des acteurs (pour un


film)
the casting

semence
a seed
,

servir un client
to attend to a customer

semi-remorque
an articulated vehicle, a trailer seuil de pauvrete
the poverty line, the poverty

threshhold


service apres-vente
the after-sales service, the seuil de rentabilite
customer service
a break-even point

SICAV (FR)
service de la dette
an investment trust (GB)
debt servicing



service de reservation
the booking office, the ticket- silo
office
silo


service bancaires electroniques
situation difficile
computer banking
predicament, plight

services comptabilite
ski (sport)
the accounts department, the skiing
accounting department, the
bookkeeping department

slogan

catch phrase, a slogan


service de creation

the creative services



slogan a la mode
a
buzzh/ord
services de reservation elec

tronique
Computer Reservation Systems,
societe de Bourse
CRS
a broking firm

259

societe de consommation
the consumer society, the
affluent society

soins
treatment
,
soins prolonges
continuing care

sol
the soil

solde (d'un compte)


the balance

solde crediteur
a credit balance

solde crediteur (avoir un -)
to be in the black

solde debiteur
a debit balance

soldes
sales

solvabilite
solvency

sombre (perspective)
gloomy

sombrer
to sink/sank/sunk

somment (rencontre)
a summit
;
sonal
jingle
,
sondage
poll

sortie de capitaux
a capital outflow

sortir un modele
to issue a model

souffrance (en ~) (colis, etc.)
awaiting delivery
()

solidter
to solicit

souffrir de la faim
to starve

solution de rechange
an alternative solution

souffrir de qqch.
to suffer from sth.
-.

260

soulager (qqn, la douleur, etc.)


to relieve, to alleviate

soulagement
relief

sous-alimente
underfed

soulevement
an uprising

soumettre (se ~aux fonnalites


de police)
to go/went/gone through
passport control

soumettre qqch. a un droit de
douane
to impose a duty on sth.

soumisi
subject to
,

sous-alimentation
undernourishment

soumission (offre)
a tender
, ,

sous-developpement
underdevelopment

sous-developpe
underdeveloped

sous-employe
under-used

sous-titre
a subheading

souscripteur
a subscriber, an applicant
(actions), a drawer (cheques)

soumission (faire une -)


to tender

souscrire
to suscribe, to underwrite/
underwrote/underwritten

soupe populaire
a breadline, a soup kitchen

soutenir les prix


to support prices

sous douane
in bond

souverainete
sovereignty

261

specimen (sur -)
by type
no

station de sports d'hiver


a winter resort

speculer sur les matietes


premieres
to trade commodities
,

statistiques
statistics (PI)

speculer
to speculate

speculateur
a speculator

statut
status (GB, US)

sterile
barren

steward
a steward

spot publicitaire (radio et TV)


a commercial

stimuler
to boost

stable
stable
,

stipuler que
to provide that

stagnant (tendance, affaires)


slack
,

stok (avoir en ~)
to stock, to carry an article

stagnation
stagnation
,

stock (en -)
in stock

station balneaire
a seaside resort

stock (en rupture de ~)


out of stock

station de ski
a skiing resort

stock comptable
the stock'in-hand

262

stocks
stocks, inventories

strategie
a strategy

strategie de creation
copy strategy

style
a look

subir line perte


to sustain a loss

subliminal (message, publicite)
subliminal

subvenir aux besoins d'une
famille
to support a family

subvention
subsidy

subventionner
to subsidize

succursales (a -multiples)
(magasin)
multiple chain
()

suffisant
adequate

suggestion
a suggestion
,
suivant facture
as per invoice

suivi des contacts
consumer relations

suivi de vente
merchandising

superficie
surface, acreage (mesuree an
acres)

supermarche
a supermarket, a supermart
(US)

succes
success

support (presse, TV, etc.)


a medium, (PI) media

)

succursale
a branch
,

supprimer
to remove
,

(,

263

siir (placement, etc.)


sound

survendre
to overcharge

surabondance
a glut
,

suspendre (une valeur)


to halt
()

surestaries
demurrage
()

smpendre les paiements


to suspend payments

surmarquage
an overcharge
,
sunnarquer
to overcharge

surpeuple
overcrowded
()
surplm
a glut

surpopulation
overpopulation

surproduction
overproduction


suspendu (etre -)
to be held over

symbole de reussite
a status symbol

synchronisation
timing
,
syndicat d'initiatiye
tourist information centre
no

systeme monetaire
coinage, currency

surtare
extra tare

taches ingrates
dirty jobs

survente
an overcharge

talon de cheque
a cheque stub

264

tarage
allowance for tare

tarif voyageur
a passenger fare

tare
the tare

tassement
a slump
( );

tare(fairela -)
to ascertain the tare

taudis
slum

taie moyenne
average tare

taux
rate
,

tare reelle
actual tare

taux annualise
an annualized rate

tarif
the price-list, the rate
,
tarif de base de publicite
a base rate

tarif degressif
a tapering rate

tarif reduit pour x insertions
an X rate
X

tarif tout compris


an all-in tariff
,

taux de base bancaire


a bank base rate, the bank
t
prime rate (US)

taux de change
an exchange rate, a rate of
exchange

taux de croissance
a groy^th rate

taux de mortalite
the death rate

taux de mortalite infantile
the infant mortality rate

265

taux de natalite
the birth rate

telespectateur
viewer

taux de popularite
a rating
,

temperature (avoir de la -)
to run a temperature

taux de rendement
a rate of return

taux de report
a contango

taux d'escompte
a discount rate

taux d'escompte reserve aux
grosses societes
prime rate (US)
-,

taux d'interet
an interest rate

temporaire
temporary

temps d'antenne
air time

tendance
a trend

tendance a la baisse
a bearish trend, a downward
trend

tendance a la hausse
a bullish trend, an upward
trend

tendances (depenses, mode de
vie, etc.)
patterns

a la Valeur Ajoutee, TVA


Value Added Tax, VAT

tenir les livres


to keep/kept/kept the books

taxe
tax

tentative
an attempt

266

tente
tent

tester les produits


to test products
()

terme(acourt -)(dette)
short-dated

termed long -)
in the long run

tennes de Techange
the terms of trade

terminer (se -)
to halt

terrain de camping
a camp(ing) site

terre (agricole)
the soil

terre (terroir)
the land

terre (u -)
ashore
,
test antituberculinique
a test

texte de message publicitaire


a copy

texte imprime (publicite)


the lettering

theatre
the theatre

ticket de caisse
a receipt
,
tiers monde
the third world
" "
timbre prime
a trading stamp



tirage
circulation

tire (subst.)
the drawee
,

267

tire part
an overrun

titulaire de bons
a bond holder

tirer line traite


to dravs^/drew/draw a bill

toucher (fends)
to cash (in)

tireur
the drawer
,

tourisme
sightseeing, tourism

titre
a headline (presse); a security
(valeur); a warrant, a deed
(droits)
; ;
,

touriste a sightseer
a tourist

titre de propriete
a title deed
, !

titres d'Etat
goverment stocks, governments
(US)

titres 6mis
issues
,
titulaire
the holder
,
titulaire (de police d'assurance)
a policy holder

268

tracasseries administratives
red tape
,
train de voyageurs
a passenger train

train direct
a through train

trame(ala -)
lagging

traite
a draft
,
traite
a treaty

traite h echeance
a time draft

traite centre acceptation


an acceptance bill
,

traite de complaisance
an accommodation bill
(
)
traite documentaire
documentary bill, a documen
tary draft

traitement
a treatment
; ;
traiter (un malade, une maladie)
to treat
( )
trajet
a trip (court); a journey (long);
a haul (routier)
; ;
tranche de
an income bracket

transaction
a deal, a dealing

transferer
to transfer
(-.)
transfert
a transfer

transgresser
to infringe

transgression
an infringement

transitaire
a forwarder agent, a forwar
ding agent

,
transport
transport, conveyance

transport aerien
air transport

transport des marchandises
the carriage of goods

transporter
to carry, to convey
,

transporter par la route


to haul

transporteur
a carrier

transporteur routier
a haulier

269

transport par cadres


container shipping,
containerisation

tresorerie
liquid assets, liquidities

transport routier
haulage

transport (s)
transportation (US), transport
(GB)

Tresor public
the Treasury

transports en commun
public transport

transport interieurs
inland traffic

tribunaux de commerce
the Trade Courts
;

trier
to sort out

trimestre
a quarter
()

trimestriel
quarterly

trimestriel (subst.)
Travial d'Utilite Collective, TUC a quarterly
a workfare program (US)
(
-
)

troc
travailleur immigre
barter
a guest worker, migrant worker ,
-
troisieme age
traversee
old
age
a crossing

,
travail sur le terrain
field work

tremplin
a stepping stone
;

270

tromper
to deceive

tronquer
to curtail
,
trop Cher
overpriced

trop lourd
overfreight

troquer
to barter, to swap

troquer qqch. contre qqch.


d'autre
to barter sth. for sth. else
-. -.
trouver de Targent
to raise money

true
a gimmick
,
tuberculose
tuberculosis,

tuyau (conseil)
a tip

type de caracteres
the lettering

typhus
typhus

typons
films

V
ultime delai
documents)
the deadline

(reception

de


union douaniere
customs union

unite monetaire
a currency unit

urgence
an emergency

usine cles-en-main
a turn-key factory

V
vacances
a holiday, a vacation
,
271

Yacances(en -)
on holiday

yacancier
a holidaymaker

vaccin
a vaccine

1
value

1 (en Bourse)
a security

yaleur indicatiye
a pointer

yaleurs (objets precieux)


valuables

yaleurs emises
issues

yalise
a suitcase

yaloir
to be worth

yariole
smallpox

yendeur, yendeuse
a salesman, a saleswoman, a
salesperson, a seller
,
yendre
to sell/sold/sold

yendre (se -comme des petits


pains)
to sell like hot cakes
,

yendre perte
to sell at a loss

yendre a prix coutant
to sell at cost price
no

yaleurs industrielles
industrials shares

yendre au detail
to retail

yaleurs yendettes
blue-chips (US)

yendre au poids
to sell by weight

272

vendre aux encheres


to sell on auction

vente directe d'usine


a factory outlet

vendre qqch. a qqn


to sell sth, to s. 0., to sell s. o.
sth.
-. -.

vente en soldes
a bargain sale

venir a bout de qqch.


to cope with
-.

vente liquidation
a clearance sale
(
)

Yenir a echeance
to come to maturity
( )

vente par correspondance, VPC


mail-order (selling)
no

vente
sale

ventes a terme
forward sales

vente a credit
a credit sale

ventes a credit
sales on credit

ventilation des depenses


breakdown

verification (sur -)
on inspection
no

vente a domicile
door-tO'door sales

verification des comptes


an audit
,

vente aux encheres


an auction sale

verifier les comptes


to audit the accounts

vente avec rabais


a barter sale

veritable
genuine

273

versement
a remittance
,
versement comptant
a down payment
,
verser (sur un compte)
to pay/paid/paid in

Yerser qqch. a qqn


to pays, o,forsth.
-. -.
verser un acompte
to pay down

verso (au -)
overleaf

viande
meat

victime (d'accident, d'attentat)


a casualty

vieillesse
old age

vieillir
to age, to grow/grew/grown old

274

vieillissement
ag(e)ing, (personne),
obsolescence (materiel)
,
virement bancaire
a bank transfer

visa
a visa

viser a faire qqch.


to aim to do sth.
-.
viser qqch.
to aim at sth.
-.
visite
a call

visite de courtoisie
a courtesy call

vitamine
a vitamin

Vitesse (en grande -)


by passenger train

Vitesse (en petite ~)
by goods train
,

vitrine
a shop-mndov^, a window

vol regulier
a scheduled flight (GB, US)
no

voie(par -deterre)
overland
no

volume des ventes


the volume of sales

voilier
a sailboat (US), sailing boat
(GB)
,

vulmnineux
bulky

vol (aerien)
a flight

voyage
a journey, travel (long), a trip
(court)
,

vol (delit)
theft

vol a I'etalage
shoplifting

voleur a Tetalage
a shoplifter

vol charter
a charter flight

vol interieur
a domestic flight

vol international
an international flight

voyage {par mer)


a voyage
(no )
voyage d'affaires
a business trip

voyage organise
a package holiday, a package
tour

voyageur de commerce, VRP
a travelling salesman
,

voyagiste
a tour operator

vrac (en ~) (marchandises)
(in) bulk
()
275

vue (en -de)


in anticipation of

wagon-couchettes
couchette

vue d'ensemble
an overview

wagon-lit
sleeping car

wz

wagon-restaurant
dining-car
-

wagon
a carriage

zone de libre-echange
a free trade area

wagon de deuxieme classe


a second-class carriage

zone Tranche
a free zone

ASSURANCES
INSURANCE

AC
an additional clause

to break/broke/broken in

avenant
,

an adjuster

penetrer par effraction

burglary
cambriolage

car insurance
assurance auto

expert (en avaries)


,

agreement (by mutual -)
d'un commun accord

to claim compensation

demander reparation

an all-in policy

police tous risques


to claim damages
demander des dommages et
interets

an alteration

modification

to assess

to cover risks

evaluer

to bind/bound/bound
Her, engager
,

couvrir des risques


crop failure
mauvaise recolte

277

DJ
damages (PI)
dommages et interets

general average
avahe generale

decease
dices
,

hail
grele

disability
incapacite

disablement
incapacite

family allowances
allocations familiales

fire insurance
assurance incendie

flood
inondation

free of charge
gratuity sansfrais

Free of Particular Average,


FPA
franc d'avaries particulieres

278

an heir
heritier

an insurance company
compagnie d'assurances

an insurance policy
police d'assurance

an insurance policy (to
takeout -)
contracter une police
d'assurance

the insurer
assureur

to jettison
Jeter par dessus bord

LR
an occupational disease
maladie professionnelle

liability insurance
assurance responsabilite
civile

old age insurance


assurance-vieillesse

life annuity
rente a vie

particular average
avarie particuliere

life assurance
assurance-vie

personal property
biens meubles
,

lightning
foudre

Lloyd's
Lloyd's (compagnie
d'assurances)

the National Health Sendee,


NHS (GB)
Securite sociale (FR)

policy holder
titulaire (de police
d'assurance)

premium
prime (d'assurance)

a rider
avenant
,

sz
to

sickness benefits
assurance maladie

social coverage
couverture sociale

sink/sank/sunk
couler, sombrer
,

special risks
risques particuliers

279

stranded (to be ~)
etre echoue

an underwriter
assureur (maritime)
()

theft
vol (delit)

third party insurance


policy
police d'assurance au tiers
CTpaxoBoii

to throw overboard
Jeter par dessus bord

a

time policy
abonnement

voyage policy
police pour un seul voyage

With Particular Average,
WPA
avec avarie particuliere


Workers' Compensation Act
(GB)
loi sur les accidents du
travail
.

BANQUE
BANKING

AB
bank charges
agios, commissions sur
operations bancaires

assets (PI)
actif
, ,
a

bad cheque
cheque sans provision

to bail out
renflouer, sauver (une
societe)

()
to bail out of a company
retirersa participation
d^une societe

the balance
solde
,
a

bank account
compte bancaire

bank balance
solde d'un compte

bank base rate


taux de base bancaire

bank prime rate (US)


taux de base bancaire

bank statement
releve de compte
( )

bank transfer
virement bancaire

banknote
billet de banque

bankrupt (to go ")


/aire faillite

bankruptcy
faillite, banqueroute

to barter sth. for sth. else


troquer qqch. contre qqch.
d'autre
-. -.
281

barter
troc

to bear/bore/bome interest
rapporter un interet

a

biU(US),anote(GB)
billet (de banque)

to borrow at short term


emprunter a court terme

to borrow from
emprunter a

a

bill of exchange
lettre, effet de change

black (to be in the -}


avoir un solde crediteur

capital expenditure
depenses d'investissement,
d'equipement

capital funds
capital social, capitaux
propres
,

capital inflow
afflux de capitaux

282

borrower
emprunteur

branch
agence

buck(fam.)(US)
dollar

to buy on credit
acheter a credit

the capital market


marche financier, des
capitaux
,

capital outflow
fuite, sortie de capitaux

cash
argent liquide, especes

to cash (in)
toucher, encaisser
,

cash (to be in ~)
etre en fonds

cash (to be out of -)


etre a court d'argent

to cash a cheque
encaisser un cheque

a

cash dispenser
distributeur d'argent
no

cashier
caissier

change
monnaie (petite)

to change
changer

to charge interest
prelever des interets

a

check (US), a cheque (GB)


cheque

to make out a cheque


libeller un cheque

cheque book
chequier, carnet de cheques

cheque stub
talon de cheque

to circulate
/aire circuler, mettre en
circulation

a

clearing bank
banque de depots

clearing house
chambre de compensation

coin
piece (de monnaie)

to coin
frapper, battre (monnaie)

coinage
l.frappe
2. systeme monetaire
1.
2.
collateral
nantissement, caution pour
un pret

(,
)
283

credit
avoir
(
)

commercial paper (US)


billet de tresorerie

to compensate
indemniser, compenser
,

credit balance
solde crediteur

computer banking
services bancaires
electroniques

counter
guichet
( )

to counterfeit
contrefaire

credit card
carte de credit

credit facilities
facilities de paiement,
lignes de credit

creditor
creancier

credit rating
reputation de solvabilite

counterfeiter
faussaire

currency (hard/soft)
devise, monnaie
(forte/faible)

credit (inden.)
credit

currency unit
unite monetaire

to

284

dead loss
perte seche

debenture
obligation

debase
alterer, deprecier
,

debit balance
solde debitcur

to debit s.o with a sum


debiter qqn d'une somme
-.

debt servicing
service de la dette

debt
dette, creance

debtor
debiteur

to deposit money with a bank


deposer de VaTgent dans
une banque

depositor
deposant
,

deposit slip
bordereau de versement
0

to devalue
devaluer

discount
escompte
, ;

deeds
titres

to

to

default
etre en etat de cessation
de paiement

demonetize
demonetiser

to discount
escompter

to discount a bill
escompter une traite

a

denominations
coupures, valeurs
,

documentary credit
credit documentaire

to deposit
deposer (de fonds)

deposit account
compte de depots

discount rate
taux d'escompte

dollar
dollar

285

draft
1. traite
2. lettrcy effet de change
1.
2.

drawee
tire, payeur
,

drawer
tireur

to draw/drew/dravm
money
tirer de Vargent

due
du, exigible

EF
an endorser
endosseur

equity capital
fands propres, capitaux
propres
,

an exchange dealer
cambiste

fixed capital
capital immobilise

to float a loan
emettre un emprunt

foreign currencies
devises etrangeres

an exchange rate
taux de change

foreign exchange (US)


devises etrangeres

export credit
credit a I'exportation

exposure
risque

286

fake
faux

to

forge
faire un faux

CI
the gold standard
etalon or

to grant a loan
accorder un pret

hard cash
especes sonnantes

heads
face (sur une piece de
monnaie)
( )
a

hole-in-the-wall
billeterie automatique

to honour
honorer (un cheque, etc.)
;
import credit
credit a Vimportation

to incur debt
contracter des dettes

indebted
endette

indebtedness
endettement

an individual
particulier

insolvent
insolvable

an interest rate
taux dHnteret

to invest
investir

investment
investissement, placement

an investor
investisseur

to issue
emettre

an issuing bank
banque d'emission

287

JM
a

jumbo loan
pretgeant

to launch a loan
emettre un emprunt

legal tender
monnaie legale

to lend/lentAent
prefer
,
a

loan
pret, emprunt

losses
,
a

288

means of payment
moyen de paiement

merchant bank
banque d'affaires

to mint
frapper, battre (monnaie)
()
minting
frappe
()
the money market
marche monetaire

the money supply
masse, disponibilite
monetaire

a

pertes

medium of exchange
moyen d'echange

to meet/met/met the
repayment
honorer les remboursements
,

lender
preteur

liabilities
passif
,

mortgage
1. hypotheque
2. emprunt'logement
1.
2.

to mortgage
hyporhequer

NP
net worth
fonds propres, capitaux
propres

to pay by credit card


payer avec une carte de
credit

outstanding debt
dette a recouvrer

to pay cash
payer comptant

an overdraft

decouvert
,

to

to pay in cash
payer en especes

a

overdraw/overdrew/
overdrawn
tirer a decouvert

pay-off
rendement (d'un
portefeuille)
;
portfolio management
gestion de portefeuille

an overseas bank

banque d'outremer

paper money
papier-monnaie

postal order
mandat-poste

pound
livre

passbook
livret
,

to

pay/paid/paid/back
rembourser
,

to

pay by cheque
payer par cheque

profits
benefices

project finance
financement de grands
projets

a

promising venture
operation prometteuse

289

QR
a

quid (fam.), (GB)


livre (sterling)

to reimburse
rembourser
,

to raise a loan
contracter un pret

to reject
rejeter, ne pas accepter
(un cheque, etc.)
,
()

to raise funds
se procurer desfonds
,

to remit
envoyer, donner de Vargent
,

to raise money/capital
trouver de Vargent, se
procurer des capitaux
,
a

rate of return
taux de rendement

real estate
biens immobiliers

to recover
recouvrer, recuperer

red (to be in the -)
avoir un decouvert, etre
dans le rouge

to refund
rembourser

290

remittance
envoi defonds
,

to reschedule (GB, US)


reechelonner

to retaliate
exercer des represailles

a return
rapport, rendement
,
a

revolving credit
credit renouvelable

the Royal Mint


Hotel de la Monnaie

to run into debt

endetter

safe
coffre

savings book
livret

secured debt
dette garantie

secured loan
pretsur titres, pretgaranti

to speculate
speculer

solvency
solvabilite

speculator
speculateur

stake
1. enjeu, mise
2. participation
1.
2.

standing order (GB)


ordre de virement
permanent
0

to suspend payments
suspendre les paiements

sound investment
investissement sur

to swap
echanger
,

TZ

to

tails
pile (sur une piece de
monnaie)
( )

teUer
caissier

takeover
prendre le controle,
acheter

ten-dollar bill
billet de dix dollars

291

token
jeton

traveller's cheque
cheque de voyage

to

underwrite/underwrote/
underwritten a share
issue
l.souscrire
2. garantir une emission
d'actions
1.
2.

to withdraw/withdrew/
withdrawn
retirer (des fends)
,

withdrawal
Tetrait, remboursement
,

withdrawal slip
bordereau de
remboursement
(no
)
working capital
fonds de roulement

an unsecured loan
pret sans garantie

value
valeur

venture
operation, affaire qui
comporte des risques

venture capital
capital risque

worth (to be -)
valoir

to write a cheque
faire, emettre un cheque

yield
rendement
, ,

to yield
rapporter
,

BOURSE
STOCK EXCHANGE

AB
borrowing costs
loyer de Vargent
no

an annualized rate
taux annualise

the authorized capital
capital social
,

brisk market
marche vif

broker
courtier

bear
baissier

bearish trend
tendance a la baisse

bear market
marche a la baisse
,

broking firm
societe de bourse

bleak market
marche

buU
haussier

bullish trend
tendance a la hausse

bull market
marche a la hausse

buoyant market
marche anime

blue-chips (US)
valeurs vedettes

bond
obligation

bond holder
titulaire de bons

brokerage
courtage, commission
,

293

the close
cloture
,

the closing price


corns defermeture

collapse
effondrement
,

commission agent
agent commissionnaire

commodity broker
commissionnaire agree
no

the commodity exchange


Bourse des matieres
premieres et denrees
-
the commodity futures market
marche a terme des
marchandises

294

commodity market
1. Bourse de Commerce
2. marche de matieres
premieres
1.
2.

contango
1. operation en report
2. taux de report
1. ,

2. ,

contango day
jour des reports


( )

continuation operation
operation de report

the continuation rate


prix du report

the corporate sector
secteur prive
,

crash
effondrement des valeurs
,
crumbling
effritement

currency (soft, weak/hard,


strong)
devise (faible/forte)
(, )

file current market price


cours du jour

cuts
reductions

DE

deal
operation, transaction

to

deal/dealt/dealt
/aire, conclure des
operations

the Dow Jones industrial


average
indice Dow Jones des
valeurs industrielles


downbeat (on ~)
la baisse
,

dealing
operation, transaction
,
a

debenture
obligation (non garantie)

debenture holder
obligataire

deferred share
action differee

deflationary package
plan anti'inflationniste

the

Dow Jones index


indice des valeurs cotees a
h/all Street

downward trend
tendance la baisse

dull market
marche terne

the economic outlook


conjoncture economique

equities (GB), shares (US)


actions cotees en Bourse

the equity market


marche des valeurs

295

FG
a

faU
baisse

Financial Times.Index
(FT index) (GB)
Vindice du Financial
Times
"
"
to

finn
se raffermir
()

firm market
marche ferme

fixed annuity
rentrefixe

fixed interest securities
obligations

flat demand
demande etale

foreign exchange reserves
reserves de changes

the forward market


marche au comptant,
a terme
no

296

founder's share
action defondateur

the FT-SECTootsie'',
Financial Times Stock
Exchange) index (GB)
I'indice boursier general
du Financial Times

" "
the FT-30(GB)
indice des 30 valeurs
representatives du
Financial Times
30 "
"
to fund
financer, placer de Vargent
dans

the futures market


marche de contrats a terme
no

gilt-edged securities
(gilts) (GB)^
emprunt d'Etat

a

gloomy market
marche morne

glutted market
marche encombre

govemment stocks
titres d'Etat

govemments (US)
titres d'Etat

H-L

interim dividends
dividendes interimaires

to halt
suspendre (une valeur)

to hedge against
proteger, couvrir de

hot money
capitaux flottants,
speculatifs

industrial shares
valeurs industrielles

inflationary trends
tendances inflationnistes

insider dealing, insider


trading
delit d'initie
,

institutional investors
investisseurs institutionnels
(les "Zinzins'O

an intermediate broker
intermediaire, remisier

an investment trust (GB)
SICAV^FR

issues
emissions, titres emis,
valeurs emises
,

jobber
intermediaire
;

jobber's turn
marge d'un intermediaire

lagging
a la trafne

light trading
marche peu anime

297

lottery (premium) bond


obligation a lots

listed share
action cotee en Bourse
,

merger
fusion

the opening price


cours d'ouverture

moderate trading
marche moderement
anime

ordinary shares
actions ordinaires admises
a la cote

money on contango
capitaux en report
no ,

money supply
masse monetaire

moves
mesures

the (Over The Counter)


market
marche hors cote

mutual fund (US)


fonds commun de
placement
;

an outside broker
courtier autorise.
marron
-
,

PR
payer of contango
reporte

298

perpetual
perpetuel

to plough back
reinvestir

pointer
valeur indicative

portfolio
portefeuille

preference share
action privilegiee

prime rate (US)


taux d'escompte reserve
aux grosses societes
-,

profir-taking
prise de benefice

public (to go -)
etre introduit en Bourse

publicly quoted companies
societes admises a la cote
officielle
,

quarter
trimestre

quotation
cotation, corns
,
quoted price
prix cote

rally
reprise (en Bourse)
( )
record price
cours record

redeemable
remboursable

redeemable at par
remboursable a parite


reflation
relance economique

reflationary package
plan de relance
economique

runup
augmentation
,

299

to sag
flechir
,

steady market
marche regulier

scarcity
penurie

stock (US)
action

security
titre, valeur

stock-broker
agent de change

shareholder
actionnaire

shares (US), equities (GB)


actions cotes en Bourse

shortage
manque

the spot market


marche au comptant,
a terme

300

the Stock Exchange List


cote des valeurs

stock fluctiations
ecarts boursiers

slack market
marche peu soutenu

sound
sain

the stock exchange


bourse des valeurs

spread
ecart (entre des taux)
,

stockholder (US)
actionnaire

surge
reprise
,

sworn broker
courtier assermente

TZ
a

takeover
rachat (de societe)
()

Treasury bill (US)


bon du tresor

takeover bid
Offre Publique d'Achat,
OPA

turnaround
retournement de situation

tax exemption
exoneration fiscale

termination
expiration

tip
tuyau (conseil)

to trade commodities
speculer sur les matieres
premieres

a

trader
operateur (en Bourse)

the turnover
volume des affaires
,

the unlisted securities


second marche

an upturn
redressement, revirement
a la hausse
,
WaU Street
Bourse de New York
-,
-

COMMERCE INTERNATIONAL ET DOUANE


INTERNATIONAL TRADE & CUSTOMS

ad valorem duties
droits ad valorem
" ",

administrative devices
dispositions administratives

an associate member
membre associe

the balance of payments
balance des paiements

the balance of trade
balance commerciale

an advene balance
balance deficitaire

binding (to be -)
etre obligatoire

bond (in -)
sous douane

an agreement
accord

to allow sth. in
laisser entrer qqch.
,

to charge
/aire payer

302

bonded warehouse
magasin general de douane

to circulate freely
circuler librement

contraband goods
merchandise de
contrebande

clause
clause

to clear goods through the


customs
dedouanerdes
marchandises

,
to come into force
entrer en vigueur

contratrade, countertrade
commerce compense, avec
contre-partie

the Council of Ministers


Conseil des ministres

countervailing duties
droits supplementaires

the Common Agricultural


Policy, CAP
Politique Agricole
Commune,

the Common Market
Marche Commun

the Community budget
budget communautaire

to comply with
se conformer a

consignment
envoi, expedition
,
consular invoice
facture consulaire

contraband
contrebande

custom duties
droits de douane

the Custom House
douane

the customs
douane

customs excise
droits de douane

a

customs officer
douanier

customs procedure
formalites de douane

303

customs union
union douaniere

to cut
reduire

DE
to decide on sth.
prendre une decision au
sujet de qqch.

to deliver
livrer

delivery
livraison

desequilibrium
desequilibre

to dump
ecouler a perte

dutiable (to be ~)
etre passible de droits
(
)
dutiable goods
marchandises soumises
aux droits de douane
,

304

duty-free goods
marchandises hors-taxes

duty paid
dedouane

embargo, (PI) embargoes
embargo

to enter (the EC)


entrer (dans la CE)
( EEC)
to erect tariff barriers
eriger, dresser des barrieres
douanieres

the Coal and Steel


Community
Communaute Europeenne
du Charbon et de I'Acier,
CECA

exchange control
controle des changes

exchanges
echanges
,

the European community, EC


Communaute ,


the European Economic
Community,^EEC
Communaute Economique
Europeenne, CEE

,

the European Free Trade


Association, EFTA
Association Europeenne
de Libre-Echange, AELE


the European Parliament
Parlement

excise duty
impot de monopole d'Etat

an export (GB),
an exportation (US)
exportation

to export
exporter

an exporter
exportateur

FG
farm spending
depenses agricoles
c-x
favourable balance
balance excedentaire

the foreign market


marche exterieur

free circulation
libre circulation

free trade
libre-echange

a

free trade area


zone de libre-echange

free trader
libre-echangiste

GATT (General Agreement
on Tariffs and Trade)
GA TT (accord general sur
les tarifs et le commerce)
,


305

goal
but

grouping
groupement
,

HL
to

harmonize
harmoniser
,

imbalance
desequilibre

to implement sth.
mettre qqch. en oeuvre
,

an import (GB), an importation


(US)
importation

to import
importer

import controls
controle des importations

an importer
importateur

306

an import licence
licence d'importation

import quotas
contingents d'importation

to impose a duty on sth.
soumettre qqch. a un droit
de douane

to impose quotas
contingenter

invisibles
invisibles (subst.)

to issue a licence
delivrer une licence

to issue directives
donner des directives

to join
adherer a

to keep/kept/kept sth. out


empecher qqch. d'entrer
-.

to levy taxes
prelever des taxes

to level
egaliser

to lower
abaisser

MO
market penetration
implantation sur le marche

to move freely
circuler librement

NICs (Newly Industrialised
Countries)
MP (Nouveaux Pays
Industrialises)

membership
appartenance

member state
Etat membre
-

the mostfavourednation
pays le plusfavorise

non-tariff barrier
barriere tarifaire

the overseas market


marche exterieur

PR
to

pursue a protectionist
policy
mener une politique
protectionniste

policy
politique

preferential
preferentiel
,

to produce a document
fournir, produire un
document

307

to promote exports
promouvoir les exportations

to release from bonds


dedouaner

the promotion of overseas


trade
promotion du commerce
exterieur

to remove
supprimer

protectionism
proterctionnisme

to provide for
l.pourvoira
2. prendre des dispositions
pour
1.
2.
to provide that
prevoir, stipuler que
,
a

provision
disposition
()
qouta
quota, contingent

reprisals
represailles, retorsion
,
to restrict imports
restreindre les importations

a

308

restriction
restriction, limitation

to retaliate
exercer des represailles

retaliation
represailles, retorsion
,

to raise
relever

regulations
reglements

representative
representant

retaliatory measure
mesure de retorsion

sea-borne freigth
transport maritime
,

sealed wagons (waggons)


h^agons scelles

smuggled goods
marchandise de
contrebande

a

sovereignty
souverainete

to shelter
abriter
,

specific duties
droits specifiques

to ship
expedier

a
a

shipment
expedition, envoi
,
single European market
marche unique

to slap a duty on sth.


frapper qqch, d'un droit
de douane

-.

to smuggle
passer en contrebande

smuggler
contrebandier

standard
norme
,

to subsidize
subventionner

summit meeting
rencontre au sommet

to supply
fournir

to support prices
soutenir les prix

309

TZ
a

target
cible

tariff barrier, a tariff wall


barriere tarifaire

trade barrier
barriere commerciale

trade war
guerre commerciale

tariffs
droits de douane

temporary admission
admission temporaire

the terms of trade
termes de Vechange

a

title deed
litre de propriete
,

trade
commerce, echanges

the trade balance


balance commerciale

trading partners
partenaires commerciaux

a

treaty
traite

the Treaty of Rome


Traite de Rome

a

warrant
l.autorisation
2. recepisse
3. titre
L
2. ,
3.

the world market


marche mondial

COMPTABILITE FINANCES
ACCOUNTING & FINANCE

an account
1. compte, position
2. liquidation
1.
2. ()
accountancy
comptabilite (matiere, pro
fession)

an accountant
comptable

the accounts department


service comptable

the accounts payable book


livre des effets a payer

,
accounts payable
comptes clients, comptes
crediteurs
,

accounts plan
plan comptable

accounts receivable
comptes fournisseurs, ef
fets a recevoir
,

the accounts receivable


book
livre des effets a recevoir

amortization
amortissement (dette, batiments, etc.)
(
,
)
assets (PI)
actif

assets and liabilities


actif et passif

audit
verification des comptes
()
311

an auditor
commissaire aux
comptes
,

authorised capital
capital social
,

bad debts
creances irrecouvrables
,

benefit
indemnitee avantage
,

facture

the balance
solde (d'un compte)

balance-sheet
bilan
,

bankrupt
failli (subst.)

to
facturer

a

bankrupt (to go/went/


gone - )
/aire faillite

bankruptcy
faillite

312

bank transfer
virement bancaire

bookkeeper
aide-comptable
,
bookkeeping
comptabilite

the bought ledger


grand (') livre des achats

breakdown
ventilation des depenses,
decompte
(
)

capital
capital, capitaux

chartered accountant
expert'Comptable

capital expenditure
depenses d'investissement

chief accountant
chef comptable

capital goods
biens d'equipement

composition
concordat preventif ( la
faillite), arrangement,
accommodement (avec
les creanciers)

(

)

capital-intensive
capitalistique

cash book
livre de caisse

cost
cash-flow
cout
marge brute d'autofinan
cement, MBA
- to cost/cost/cost

1. couter
2. etablir un prix
cash flow problems
1.
difficultes de tresorerie
2.

cost-effective
cash slip
rentable
bordereau de versement

a cost-price
prix de revient
charge

1. /aire payer
2. mettre sur un compte
costs
1.
frais
2.

313

credit note
avoir (subst.)

credit purchase
achat a credit

credit sale
vente a credit

current assets
actif circulant

current liabilities
dettes

DG
a

debt
dette

debtor
debiteur

depreciation
amortissemeni, deprecia
tion, moinS'Value
,

double-entry bookkeeping
comptabilite en partie
double


embezzlement
detournement de fonds

to enter in the book


passer les ecritures

314

entries
ecritures comptables

the equity
fonds, capitaux propres
,

an estimate
devis

expenditure
depenses, sorties

an expense account
notedefrais

expenses
frais, depenses

to file a petition in bankrupt*


cy
deposer un bilan

to

fixed assets
immobilisations

fraudulent bankruptcy
faillite frauduleuse

finance
financer

the financial year


exercice financier

funds
fonds, capitaux
,

gross
brut

fiscal period
exercice financier

HO
investment
investissement, placement
,
an invoice
facture

the journal
journal (comptable)

journal entry
ecriture comptable

to keep/kept/kept the books


tenir les livres

the Ledger
grand(')livre, livre de comptabilite generale

a ledger
livre de comptes

a

ledger-clerk
employe aux ecritures

liabilities
passif

liquid assets, Uquidities


liquidites, disponibilites,
tresorerie
,

315

outstanding debts
creances a recouwer

to mature
arriver a echeance
(
)

overhead costs
frais generaux

maturity
date d'echeance

to

an outlay
mise de fonds
,

owe s.o. money


devoir de Vargent a qqn

-.

PR
to pay/paid/paid s.o. for sth. the payroll ledger
grand(-)livre de paie
payer, regler, verser qqch.

a qqn

to

pay back
rembourser qqn, qqch.
,

to

pay down
1. payer comptant
2. verser un acompte
1.
2. ,

to petition the Court


saisir le tribunal

to

to

316

pay in
verser (sur un compte)
no
pay off
1. etrepayant
2. rembourser qqn, qqch.
1.
2.

pay slip
bulletin de salaire
no

the) premises (PI)


locaux

price-list
tarif
,
production costs
couts de production

profit
benefice, profit
,
profitable
rentable

profit and loss account


compte de profits et pertes

refund
remboursement
,

to

refund
rembourser
,

the registered capital


capital nominal

the profit margin


marge beneficiaire

return
rapport, rentabilite
,

to prorate
calculer au prorata

receipts

to run/ran/run a business
diriger une affaire
,

recettes

to run into debt


s'endetter

receiving order
ordonnance de mise sous
sequestre
(
)

rurming costs
frais d'exploitation

sz
the sales ledger
grand(-)livre des ventes

to settle
regler, rembourser, fixer
(une dette)
,

the share capital


capitaux propres

short-dated debt
dette a court terme

317

single-entry bookkeeping
comptabilite
en
partie
simple

sold in auction (to be - )


etre vendu aux encheres

to take/took/taken stock
/aire Vinventaire

the trading account


compte d'exploitation

a

statement of affairs
bilan de faillite

the stock-in-hand
stock comptable

stock-taking
inventaire

to strike/struck/struck the
balance
/aire la balance

the subsidiary books
livres auxiliaires

sundry expenses
frais divers

trustee
administrateur
,

the turnover
1. chiffre d'affaires
2. rotation du personnel
1.
2.
the venture capital
capital-risque

the working capital


fonds de roulement

to write/wrote/written off
mettre au chapitre des
profits et pertes
CO
a

write-off
1. perteseche
2. deduction fiscale
1.
2.

CONSOMMATION
CONSUMPTION

AB
abundant
abondant

to

afford sth.
se payer qqch,
-.

the after-sales service


service apres-vente

to attend to a customer
servir, s'occuper d'un
client

branch
succursale

to cancel an order
annuler une commande

brand
marque (de biscuits, whis
ky, etc.)
,
breakable
cassable

to buy/bought/bought sth.
form s.o.
acheter qqch. a, chez qqn
-. -.
to buy sth. on Hire Purchase,
onH.P.(GB)
acheter qqch. a credit
-.
to buy sth. retail
acheter qqch. au detail

to buy sth. wholesale
acheter qqch. en gros

careless
neglige

319

to

carry an article
avoir un article (en stock)
( )

to

carry safety guarantee


etre homologue (du point
de vue securite)

cash-and-carry price
prix emporte

cash desk

check4)ut
caisse (supermarche)
( )
chemical additive
additif chimique

to claim compensation
demander des dedommagements

commercial
spot publicitaire (radio et
TV)
(no )

complainant
plaignant

caisse

cashier
caissier

cash on delevery, COD


paiementa la livraison

catalog (US), a catalogue
(GB)
catalogue

chain store
chaine de magasins

change
monnaie (petite)

to

320

check out
payer en sortant

to complain of sth.
se plaindre de qqch.
,

complaint
plainte
,
computer shopping
achats par ordinateur

condition (in good ~ ), in


good repair
en bon etat

to consmne
consommer

consumer protection
protection des consomma
teurs

consumer resistance
resistance de la part des
consommateurs

consumer
comommateur

consumer goods
biens de consommation

consumer habits
habitudes de consommation
,

consumerism
defense des consommateurs

,

consumer response
reaction des consommate
urs

the consumer society
societe de consommation

consumers' rights
droits des consommateurs

consumer movement
mouvement de consomma
teurs
()

consumer panel
groupe test de consomma
teurs
,

consumer patterns
habitudes de consommation

the Consumer Price Index, CPI


indice des prix

consumer trends
tendances de consomma
tion

consumption
consommation

container
conteneur

the contents
contenu

cooling-off period
delai de reflexion

321

to cost/cost/cost
coiiter

the cost of living


cout de la vie

a

craze
mode, engouement
,
cmtomer
client
,
customer service
service apres-vente

( )

coupon
bon de reduction

D
defective
defectueux

to deliver
livrer

demaged
endommage

demanding
exigeant

department store
grand magasin

to discard
mettre au rebut
,
a

322

discount
remise

to get a discount
obtenir une reduction

a

display-stand, a displayrack
presentoir

disposable
jetable

to dispose of sth.
se debanasser de qqch.
-
disputed claims
reclamations litigieuses

dog-eared
ecorne

()

door-to-door sales
vente a domicile

durables
biens de consomrr ation
durables

durability
longevite

dustbin (GB), a garbagecan (US)


poubelle

EL
entitled to (to be - )
avoir droit a

free of charge
gratuit

factory outlet
vente directe d'usine

fad
mode, engouement
,

fuss (to make/made/ma


de - )
faire des histoires

a

faulty goods
marchandises defectueuses

fussy customer
client difficile

garbage (US)
ordures menageres

to file a (law) suit


deposer une plainte (en
justice)
,

garbage-can (US), a dust


bin (GB)
poubelle

first rate
de premiere qualite,
premier ordre

good buy
bon achat, bonne affaire

guarantee
garantie

food composition
composition alimentaire

de

323

to

harmful
nocif

to leave/left/left a deposit
laisser des arrhes

location-vente

household consumption
consommation des menages

to litter
laisser des ordures
,

inconvenience
derangement

to lodge a claim
deposer une reclamation

issue a model
sortir un modele

line of products
gamme de produits

loss
perte

label
etiquette
,

to make good a loss


dedommager

lead-free
sansplomb

low-calorie
basse calorie

MR
mail-order selling
vente par correspondance
no

make
marque (de voitures, machines a lavei', etc.)
(
.)
324

marred
endommage

to meet/met/met the quaUty


standards
satisfaire aux normes de
qualite

misleading advertising
publicite mensongere

,

preservative
conservateur
etc.)

model
modele

product safety
securite d'emploi d'un
produit

money back guarantee


remboursement garanti
,

multiple chain store
magasin a succursales mul
tiples

(chimique,

purchasing power
pouvoir d'achat

rack
presentoir
,

range of products
gamme de produits

oversight
negligence
,

rebate
remise
,

packaging
emballage

receipt
1. regu
2. ticket de caisse
1.
2.

to

overpriced
trop Cher

paper wrapping
emballage en papier

to

pay/paid/paid for sth.


payer qqch,
-.

refund
rembourser
,

to

pay by instalments
payer a temperament

refuse (inden.)
ordures, dechets

325

regular customer
client fegulier, fidele

reimbursed
rembourse
,

reliable
fiable

replaceable
remplagable

to

require
demander, exiger

requirements
exigences

return
retour, atricle rapporte
,

returnable
consigne (bouteiiles, etc
()

to return sth.
rapporter qqch.
-.
rubbish (inden.)
ordures, dechets
,
to run/ran/run errands
faire des commissions

sw
sales technique
technique de vente

a

326

sample
echantillon

self-service store
magasin en libre-service

scarce
rare (qui fait defaut)
,

to sell/sold/sold like hot


cakes
se vendre comme des petits
pains
,

second-hand
d'occasion
no

to sell sth, to s.o.


vendre qqch. a qqn
-. -.

to set standards
etablir, fixer des normes

a

shelf, (PI) shelves


etagere, rayon
,

to shop at...
/aire ses courses chez.,.
...
a

shoplifter
voleur a Vetalage

shopper
acheteur

to sue s.o at law


poursuivre qqn en justice
no
sugar free
sans Sucre

a

supermarket
supermarche

supermart (US)
supermarche

tag
etiquette (de prix, etc.)
,

to take/took/taken legal
action
intenter un proces

shopping (to go/went/


gone - )
faire les courses, ses achats to take s.o. to court
assigner qqn en justice


shopping mall
to take sth. back
galerie marchande
rapporter qqch.

,

shop-window
vitrine
to test products

tester les produits


,
sticky customer

client difficile

to throw/threw/thrown
away
stock (out of - )
Jeter
en rupture de stock


327

waste (inden.)
gaspillage
,

tinfoil
papier aluminium

trash (US)
ordures, dechets
,
a

to

waste

gaspiller
,

trolley
chariot, ''caddie'*
,

to try out a new product


essayer un nouveau produit

unsafe
dangereux

weight watchers
ceux qui surveillent leur
poids
,

worth (to be - )
valoir

value for money


bon rapport qualite/prix
/

to wrap
envelopper

warrant, a warranty
garantie

the wrapping
emballage

CRISE ALIMENTAIRE
FOOD CRISIS

AC
acreage
superficie (mesuree en
acres)
( )
an agency
organisme
,

barren
sterile

the breadbasket of the world


grenier a du monde

a

an agriculturalist
agronome

cattle
betail

agriculture
agriculture

a

charity
organisation humanitaire
(privee)

climate
climat

crop
moisson, recolte

an agronomist
agronome

to aid s.o.
aider qqn (aide economique, materielle)
-.
an alternative solution
solution de rechange

an attempt
tentative

bumper crop
recolte exceptionnelle

to cultivate
cultiver (la terre, les plantes)

329

DE
dairy farm
ferme laitiere

to

devastate
devaster

dairy fanning, dairying


industrie laitiere

developing country
pays en voie de developpement

dependent on (to be - )
etre dependant de

-.

to die of starvation
mourir de faim

drouglit

to depend on sth. or s.o.

dependre de qqch. ou qqn

secheresse

-.

to destroy
detruire

an emergency
urgence

to fail to do sth.
a
ne pas reussir a /aire qqch.,
omettre
,
failure
echec
,
famine
famine

330

farm
ferme, exploitation agricole

to farm
cultiver, exploiter (la terre)
;
()
a

farm cooperative
cooperative agricole
c-x

farmer
fermier, exploitant agricole, agriculteur
, c-x
farming
agriculture, culture (activite)

farm labourer
ouvrier agricole
c-x
farm products
produits de la ferme
c-x

food crops
cultures vivrieres

the food industry


Industrie alimentaire

to feed/fed/fed
se nourrir
,
to feed
nourrir

food manufacturer
fabricant de produits co
mestibles

food production
production alimentaire

engrais

foodstuffs
produits, denrees alimentaires

food supplies
ravitaillement

fish farm
etablissement piscicole

food surpluses
excedents alimentaires

fertile
fertile

flood
inondation

food
nourriture, alimentation

fertilizer

fish farming
pisciculture

fund
fonds

331

GL
a

glut of
surabondance de
,

hunger
faim

glutted (to be - )
etre sature
,

hungry
affame

grain/cereals
cereales

the hungry (PI)


les affames

granary
grenier a grains
,

to grow/grew/grown
faire pousser, cultiver (le
ble, etc.)

to harm s.o.
nuire a, causer du tort a
qqn
-.
a

harvest
moisson, recolte

to harvest
moissonner, recolter

to hit/hit/hit
frapper, s'abattre sur
,
-.
332

hurricane
ouragan

implements
instruments

lack of
manque de

to lack sth.
manquer de qqch.

the land
terre, terroir

landlord
proprietaire fonder
,

landowner
proprietaire terrien

land reform
reforme agraire

least developed countries
pays les moins developpes

ia

Less Developed Country,


LDC
pays sous-developpe, PVD

livestock
betail

iI

loan
pret

MR
malnutrition
malnutrition

poultry farming
aviculture, elevage de vo
lailles

meat
viande

produce (ind.)
produits agricoles

to meet/met/met the needs


satisfaire les besoins

mixed farming
polyculture

to produce
produire

product
produit (industriel)
(
)

program (US), a programme


(GB)
programme

monetary help
aide financiere

peasant
paysan

poultry farm
exploitation avicole, elevage de volailles

to provide s.o. with sth.


fournir qqch. a qqn
-. -.
333

to provide sth. to s.o.


fournir qqch. a qqn
-. -.
to raise
1. e/ever (des pores)
2. cultiver
1. ()
2.
to rear
e/ever (des bovins)
(
)
relief
1. soulagement
2. assistance, aide
1.
2.

seed
semence, graine
,
self-sufficiency
autO'Suffisance

self-sufficient
autO'Suffisant

sharecropper
metayer
,
sheep farming, sheep rai
sing
elevage de moutons

334

to relieve
soulager (qqn, la douleur,
etc.)
,

to rescue s.o. from sth.


sauver qqn de qqch.
-.
-.

to nm/ran/run a farm
dinger une exploitation

shortage
penurie
;
short of sth. (to be - )
manquer de qqch.

silo
silo

single-crop farming
monoculture

the soil
sol, terre (matiere)
,

to solve a problem
resoudre un probleme

to succeed in doing sth.


reussir a faire qqch.
-.

staple food
nourriture de base

success
succes, reussite

to starve
1. souffrir de la faim
2. affamer
1.
2.

supplies
provisions, fournitures

supply (inden.)
approvisionnement,
niture

to starve to death
mourirdefaim

stock farming
elevage de betail

four-

to supply S.O., with sth.


fournir qqch. a qqn
-. -.

TZ
a

tenant
locataire

the third world


tiers-monde
" "
third world aid
aide au tiers-monde
"
"
a

third world country


pays du tiers-monde
" "

to till the land


cultiver la terre

underdeveloped
sous-developpe

underdevelopment
sous-developpement

underfed
sous-alimente
,

335

undernourishment
sous-alimentation

the world food crisis
probleme de la faim dans
le monde

to yield
donner, rendre (pour une
terre)
,
, (
)
the yield
rendement
,

DHiOGRAPHIE
POPULATION

AC
abortion
avortement

abroad
a Vetranger

to ban

ban
interdiction

interdire

to belong somewhere

accommodation (inden.)
hebergement, logement

etre originaire de

the black market
marche noir

to age
vieillir

to compel
contraindre, forcer

an ag(e)ing population

population vieillissante

an alien
etranger (par la culture ou
la civilisation)
,

compulsory
obligatoire

cutback on sth.
reduction sur qqch.
,

DC
a

demographer
demographe

dependant
personne a charge

337

family planning
planning familial

dependent on (to be - )
etre a la charge de qqn

to despise s.o.
mepriser qqn
-.

foreign
etranger (par la nationalite)

dirty jobs
tdches ingrates, sales bou- a
lots

a

dustman (GB), a garbage


man (US)
eboueur

the elderly (PI)


personnes agees

an elderly citizen
personne ugee

garbage man (US), a dus


tman (GB)
eboueur

geometrical ratio
progression geometrique

guest country
pays d'accueil

guest worker
travailleur immigre, mig
rant
-

to emigrate
emigrer, migrer

foreigner
etranger (par la nationalite)

fall in population
baisse demographique

HO
an immigrant
immigre

3X

to immigrate
immigrer

migrant worker
travailleur immigre, migrant
-

the infant mortality rate


taux de mortalite infantile

to look down on s.o.


mepriser qqn
,

low-paid job
travail

native
habitant du pays, autochtone
,

overcrowded
bonde, surpeuple

overpopulation
surpopulation

to lure
attirer, leurrer

PR

parent
parent (pere ou mere)

racial discrimination
discrimination raciale

population density
densite de population

racial prejudice
prejuge racial

population growth
croissance demographique

racial prejudice (inden.)


racisme

population increase
accroissement demogra
phique

racism
racisme (pratique, attitu
de)
()

the quality of life


qualite de la vie
,

racialism
racisme (theorie)
()
339

racist, racialist
raciste

remittance
envoi de fonds, versement
,

racist, a racialist
raciste (subst.)

repatriation grant
prime de rapatriement
no

relative
parent (membre de la famille)

to save
epargner, economiser (de
I'argent)

to revoke
revoquer, annuler, abroger
,

to shmn sth.
eviter, bonder qqch.
-.,
statistics (PI)
statistiques

senior citizen
personne agee

to settle
s'etablir
,

to support a family
subvenir aux besoins d'une
famille

surplus population
excedent de population

to settle down

sHnstaller

TZ
troublesome (to be ~ )
jetregenant, encombrant

340

the underground market


marche parallele, marche
clandestin

to welcome s.o.
accueillir qqn

-.
the working population
population active

work permit
permis de travail

the young (PI)
lesjeunes

a youth
jeune (subst.)

EXPEDITIONS
SHIPPING

aboard
a bord

air freighting
fret aerien

above quota
hors contingent

an airline
compagnie aerienne

an act of God
1. cas de force majeure
2. cause naturelle
I. -

2.
after date, a/d
hors delai

air-borne freight
fret aerien

air transport
transport aerien

an air waybill
lettre de transport aerien,
LTA

an airway bill of lading


lettre de transport par avion

alongside (the quay)


an air consignment note
a quai
lettre de transport par avion


an articulated vehicle

vehicule semi-remorque

an air freight company

messageries aeriennes
,
ashore

a terre


342

barge
peniche

to book

bearer (to -) B/L


connaissement au porteur

reserver
,

a
of lading, B/L
connaissement

cargo boat
cargo

car hire
location de voiture

booking
reservation

bulk goods
marchandises en vrac

bond (in -)
sous douane

cargo
cargaison

breakage
casse, bris

board (on -)
abord

to call at
desservir, /aire escale a,
s'arreter a
,

bonded warehouse
entrepot sous douane

bulky
volutnineux

carpark
parking

carriage forward
port du

the carriage of goods


transport de marchandises

carriage paid, CP
port , franco de port
, -
343

carriage paid and packing


extra
franco de port, emballage
ensus
,

carriage paid and packing
free
franco de port et d'emballage

to charter
affreter

clean
net, sans reserves
,
a

clean B/L
connaissement net,
clause, sans reserve (s)

cold-storage unit
chambre froide

carriage paid to...


port jusqu 'a...
...
a

carrier
transporteur

the carrier's liability


responsabilite du transpor
teur

carrier's risk (at ~), CR


aux risques du transporteur

to carry
transporter

cash aqainst documents


comptant centre documents

344

certificate of insurance, CA
certificat d'assurance

charter party, C/P


charte-partie

to consign
expedier

consignee
destinataire

the consigner
expediteur

consignment note
avis d'expedition

consular invoice
facture consulaire

containersation
transport par cadres

container
navire porte-conteneurs
-

cmtoms
douanes

container shipping
transport par cadres

Cost and Freight, & F
cout etfret
,
Cost, hisurance and Freight,
CIF
cout, assurance etfret, CAF
,
,
crate
cageot, caisse a claire-voie

cmtoms clearance
dedouanement

customs duties
droits de douane

customs excise
droits de douane
,

cut-price fare
billet a prix reduit
no
CWT (hundredweight)
50,80 kg

DE
delay
retard
,
delivery time
delai de livraison

demurrage
surestaries
()
distribution channel
circuit de distribution

documentary bill
traite documentaire

documentary draft
traite documentaire

diplicate (in -)
en double exemplaire

345

exportation (US), export


(GB)
exportation

estimated time of arrival,


ETA
date prevue d'arrivee

estimated time of departu


re, ETD
date prevue de depart

an exporter
exportateur

^
marchandises debarquees
-
Ex-Ship
marchandises a bord
- ,

excess (in -)
en excedent
,
an export department
service export

ex-warehouse
en magasin (prix)
CO

an export licence
licence d'exportation

ex-works
depart usine (prix)

FG
fair average quality, FAQ
qualite commerciale rante

flight
vol (aerien)

foreign agent
agent a Vetranger

forwarder agent, a forwar


ding agent
transitaire

flat
forfaitaire
,
fleet of vehicles
pare de vehicules

346

Free on Board, FOB


franco a bord
-,

forwarding agent's receipt,


FAR
regu d'un transitaire

free on rail, FOR


franco wagon
-,

the forwarding station


gare de depart

foul
avec reserves
"",

free on the forwarding sta


tion
franco gare de depart
-

fotdB/L
connaissement clause, avec
reserve (s)
""

free to the customer's wa


rehouse
franco domicile du client
-
,

Franco Dom.
franco domicile
-
free alongside the ship, FAS
franco le long du navire,
franco sous palan

,

free to the receiving sta


tion
franco gare d'arrivee
-

free in and out, FIO


charge et decharge au frais
du chargeur


Free of Charge
franco
,

free trade
libre-echange

free zone
zonefranche

347

GATT (General Agreement


on Tariffs and Trade)
GATT (accord general sur
les tarifs et le commerce)


,

freight collect forward


fret a destination

full container load, FCL


chargement complet en
conteneurs

goods train (by-)


en petite Vitesse
,

HL
handling
manutention
,
a

haul
trajet (routier)
;

to haul
transporter par la route

highway (US), a motorway


(GB)
autoroute

hoisting device
appareil de levage

hold
cale (de navire)

haulage
transport routier

the holder
titulaire
,

haulier
transporteur routier
,

hedging
contrata terme
,

348

hovercraft
aeroglisseur

importation (US), import


(GB)
importation

an importer
importateur

an indent
bon de commande a Vetranger
(-
)

to load
charger
,

inland traffic
transports interieurs


lay days
jours de planche, d^estarie
()

level crossing
passage a niveau

liner
paquebot

loco price
prix lieu de depart
no
a

long ton. It
1016 kg
()

lorry (GB), a truck (US)


camion

MP
marshalling yard
gare de triage

mate's receipt, m/r
regu, certificat de bord

means of conveyance
moyen(s) de transport

motorway (GB), a tiighway
(US)
autoroute

an on-board bill of lading


connaissement a bord

order (to-)B/L
connaissement a ordre

overland
par voie de terre
no
an overseas cmtomer
client a Vetranger

349

port dues
droits de port

owner's risk (at ~), OR


aux risques du proprietaire

parcels sendee
messageries
,

port of call
escale

the port of discharge


port d'arrivee

part shipment
expedition partielle

the port of loading


port d'embarquement

passenger fare
tarif voyageur

passenger train (by ~)
en grande Vitesse

( )
person (to a named -) B/L
connaissement nominatif

the port of sailing


port de depart

a

pro forma invoice


facture pro forma

promissory note
billet a ordre

public transport
transports en commun

pilferage
chapardage, coulage

QR
quota
quota, contingent

to quote a price
fournir un prix

a

quotation
prix, cotation
,
350

railway bill
lettre de voiture

the roll/on roll off system


/e roulage
.

receipt
recepisse

received for shipment bill


of lading
connaissement reQu pour
embarquement
,

removal van
camion de demenagement

S
sea-borne freight
fret maritime

shipment
envoi, expedition

shipowner
armateur

shipped bill of lading


connaissement a bord

shipper
expediteur, agent d'expedition

shipping company
compagnie, messagerie
maritime

route
itineraire

runway
piste d'envoi

shipping docimient
document d'expedition

shipping terms
conditions d'expedition

ship's master
commandant (d'un bateau
de commerce)
(

)
short
manquant

short ton, St
907 kg
()

to smuggle
faire de la contrebande

351

to

spoilt goods

stow

arrimer
()

marchandises avariees

stowaway

passager clandestin
,

steamship, SS
na)4re (a vapeur), paquebot

TZ
a

time draft
traite a echeance

tapering rate
tarif degressif

timetable
horaire, programme

toU

tariff barrier
barriere douaniere

trailer
remorque, semi-remorque
,

tender
soumission
, ,

tramp
caboteur

tanker
1. camion-citerne
2. petrolier
L
2.

peage
,

faire une soumission


transportation (US), trans


port (GB)
transport (s)

through bill of lading


connaissement direct

triplicate (in -)
en triple exemplaire

through train
train direct

to tender

352

track (US), a lorry (GB)


camion

tug
remorqueur

an unclean B/L
connaissement clause, avec
reserve(s)

to unload
decharger

a vessel
navire

waterproof
etanche

lettre de voiture, feuille de


route
,

wrapping paper
papier d'emballage

FLUCTUATIONS ECONOMIQUES
ECONOMIC FLUCTUA TIONS

AB
ailing
malade, mal en point
,
anticipation of (in ~)
en prevision, en vue de
,

amtere times
periode d'austerite

banknq>t (to go/went/gone -X
to go bust (fam.)
faire faillite

bankruptcy
faillite, banqueroute

to boost
pousser, developper, stimuler
,
to bottom out
atteindre son niveau le plus
bas

to break/broke/broken even
rentrer dans ses frais

a

belt-tightening policy
politique de restriction

big/great spender
personne quidepense beaucoup
,
boom
periode d'expansion
,
354

boost
poussee, augmentation, relance
,

break-even point
seuil de rentabilite

brisk
actif
,

ja

burden
fardeau, charge

business (to go out of -)


se retirer des affaires

business is at a standstill
/e5 affaires sont au point
mort

business is brisk
les affaires marchent

to buttress

etayer, renforcer
,

to check
controler, arreter, faire
echec a
,

crisis, (PI) crises


crise

to curb
freiner
,

to collapse
s'effondrer

competitive
concurrentiel, ccmpetitif
performant

to curtail
diminuer, reduire, tronquer
,

a
consumer spending
depenses de consommation
des inenages
to
cost-push inflation
inflation par les couts
,

cut
reduction, compression
,
cut/cut/cut
reduire

cutback
reduction compression
,

D
to damage
nuire, porter prejudice

debt (in -)
endette

355

debt-ridden
crible de dettes

to depress

decay
deperissement

depressed market
marche deprime
, 5

downswing
baisse d'activite

downturn
baisse d'activite

to decay
deperir

a

depletion
amenuisement

debt
dette

decline
baisser

deprimer, /aire baisser

to decrease
reduire, diminuer
,
deficit (in ~)
deficitaire

driving force
force motrice, moteur

deflation
deflation, desinflation

drop
baisse, chute
,

demand-pulled inflation
inflation par la demande
,

to deplete
amenuiser

356

driven our of business


pousse a la faillite

to drop
baisser, chuter
,
to dwindle
s'affaiblir

EL
growth
croissance

conjoncture economtque

to expand
1. s'etendre, se developper
2. se diversifier
1. ,

2.

growth rate
taux de croissance

to halt
cesser, se terminer
,

expansion
to hold/held/held sth. down/
expansion, croissance, deveback
loppement
empecher la progression de
, ,
qqch.

,
to fall/fell/fallen sharply
to increase
baisser brutalement
augmenter

to fall slightly
to increase sharply
baisser faiblement
augmenter fortement


a freeze period
inflation
periode d'austerite
inflation

a glut
excesy surplus
inflationary
,
inflationniste
the Gross Domestic Product, GDP

Produit Interieur Brut, PIB


to jump
the Gross National Product, GNP
Produit National Brut, PNB

augmenter
rapidement.
/aire un bond
,

357

lame duck
canard boiteux (affaire qui
periclite)
,

loss
perte

an outlook
perspective, conjuncture

monetary inflation
inflation monetaire

nil growth
croissance nulle

obsolescence
vieillissement, desuetude,
obsolescence
, ,

outmoded
demode, depasse

out of control
maitrise

PR
pace
allure
, ,
to pick up
redemarrer

planned obsolescence
obsolescence planifiee, calculee

to plummet
chuter fortement, s'ecraser
,
358

prosperity
prosperite

public spending
depenses publiques

record profits
benefices records

recovery
reprise
,

to reflate the economy


relancer Veconomie

revival
reprise, relance, redemarra

reflationary policy
politique de relance

to revive
relancer, reprendre

to

to restrain
contenir, restreindre
,
restraint
1. restriction
2. moderation
1.
2.
to restrict
limiter

to shrink/shrank/shrunk
diminuer, retrecir
,
single-/double-digit infla
tion
inflation a un/deux chiffres (s)
,

-

slack
stagnant, ralenti
,

rise/rose/risen
crottre, augmenter
,

to rocket
monter en fleche

a

roUback (US)
baisse des prix imposee

to nm/ran/nm into debt


s'endetter

slack
ralentissement des activites

sluggish market
marche peu actif, ralenti

slmnp
baisse, depression
, ,

to

soar
monter en fleche, grimper
,

359

stagnation
stagnation

to stunt
arreter qqch. dans sa crois
sance
,

standstill
arret
,
strong growth
forte croissance
,

to subsidize
subventionner

TZ
to take/took/taken off again
decoller, (re) demarrer
,

to top
depasser (un chiffre, une
quantite)
,

to trigger
declencher
,
to turn a profit
/aire du benefice

unchecked
incontrole, libre

an upswing
remontee

an upturn
remontee

windfall profit
benefice inattendu et tres
eleve


zero
croissance zero

INTERVENTION DE L'ETAT
STATE INTERVENTION

AB
to abide/abode/abode by the
law

to aim at sth.
viser qqch.

respecter la hi

to aim to do sth.
viser a /aire qqch.
-.

an Act
loi (votee)
,

the Administration (US)


1. gouvernement
2. Etat
1.
2.
advocacy
defense (d'une idee, d'une
cause)
(, )

to advocate

to allocate
allouer, repartir
,

an allowance

abattement (fiscal)
()

to anticipate
prevoir, s'attendre a
,

to assess
evaluer

proner
,

an agency
agence, organisme
,

the authorities
pouvoirs publics

a
an aim
out

basis
assiette (fiscale)

(
)

361

breach of the law


infraction a la hi

BiU
projer de hi

body
organisme
,

to

capital gains tax, CGT


impdt sur les plus-values

to compel
obliger

the Chancellor of the Exchequer


(GB)
ministre des Finances

a

civil servant (GB), a govern


ment employee (US)
foncionnaire

the Civil Service (GB)


Fonction publique

a

code of practice
code de conduite, deontohgie

to collect
percevoir

collection at source
perception a la source

362

break/broke/broken the law


enfreindre h hi

to comply with
se conformer a
-.
to compute
calculer

to consult
consulter
,

to contravene
contrevenir a qqch.

control
controle, encadrement

controlled economy
economie dirigee

corporation tax
impot sur les societes

credit squeeze
gel, resserrement du credit

customs duties
droits de douane

DE
to denationalize
denationaliser

departmental committee
comite ministeriel

to deregulate
dereglementer

to

evade taxation
frauder le fisc

to

evade the law


contourner la hi

the Exchequer (GB), the Trea


sury (US)
to deter s.o. from doing sth.
ministere des Finances
dissuader qqn de /aire qqch.

-.,

excise duties
droits de regie
deterrent

de dissuasion

to expand the public sector
development
developper le secteur pub
amenagement du territoire
lic


directions
instructions
,
directives
directives

duty
droit (douane, taxe)

expenditure tax
impot sur les depenses

to extend
1. etendre
2. s'etendre
1.
2.
363

FG
financial assistance
aide fananciere

five-year plan
plan quinquennal

prevoir
,

forecasting
prevision

to free

to impose
imposer
;
an incentive
incitation

freeze
gel, blocage, resserrement

goal
but

government employee (US),


a civil servant (GB)
fonctionnaire

,
grant
aide
,

an incomes policy
politique des revenus

income tax
impot sur le revenu

an income bracket
tranche de revenus

to induce s.o. to do sth.


inciter qqn a /aire qqch.
-. -.

the income chargeable


revenu imposable

an inducement
incitation

364

to infringe
transgresser, enfreindre
,

Inland Revenue, IR (GB)


administration des impots

an infringement
transgression, infracion
,

Internal Revenue Service,


IRS(US)
administration des impots

to initiate a Bill
introduire un projet de loi

to

intervene
intervenir

legislative
legislatif

law
loi

to get/got/got around
the law
contourner la loi

law-maker
legislateur

to levy a tax on sth.


/ever, percevoir un impot
sur qqch,

law-making
legislatif

to lay/laid/laid down
rules
fixer des regies

to legislate
legiferer

legislator
legislateur

lobby
groupe de pression
,

the local government


autorites locales

luxury tax
impot sur le luxe

365


mandate
obligation legale
,

mixed economy
economie mixte

mandatory
obligatoire

to obey
obeir

officialese
jargon des documents officiels

measure
mesure

minister
ministre

ownership
propiete

paperwork
paperasserie

planned economy
economie planifiee

Parliament
Parlement

planning
planification

to pass a Bill
adopter une hi

pay-as-you-earn, PAYE (GB)
prelevement direct sur salaire

personal income tax


impot sur le revenu des
personnes physiques

366

policy
politique (action, strategie)
,

politician
politicien, homme politique

politics
politique (science, domaine)
()

the Prime Minister


Premier ministre
-

the Premier
Premier ministre
-
a

pressure group
groupe de pression

public revenue
recettes publiques

price control
encadrement des prix

a

provision
disposition
()
public expenditure
depenses publiques

the public sector


secteur public

priority
priorite

to privatize
privatiser

public-service corporation
(US)
entreprise de service public
pep5^

public spending
depenses publiques

profits tax
impot sur les benefices

progressive taxation
impot progressif

public utility undertaking


entreprise d'utilite publiqie
-

QR
a

quango (quasi-autonomous
non-governmental orga
nisation)
organisation paraetatique

quota
contingent, quota

rate
taux
,
rates (GB)
impots locaux

rationing
rationnement

367

red tape
tracasseries administratives
,
to regulate
reglementer
,

regulation
reglement
,
relief
degrevement
,

to repeal
abroger
,
to report
declarer

to restrict
restreindre

the: reirenue office


Perception (le bureau)

a

rule
regie

scheme
plan, projet
,

to standardize
normaliser

senior civil servant


haut fonctionnaire

the State
Etat

special interests
interets particuliers

a

squeeze
resserrement
,

standard
norme
,

368

State-owned^
national, d'Etat

to stick to the rules


respecter les regies

subject to
soumis a
,

to subsidize
subventionner

subsidy
subvention

tax-collector
percepteur

table of priorities
liste des priohtes

to take/took/taken office
entrer en fonction

tax-deductible
deductible des impots

to take steps
prendre des mesures

tax dodger, a tax evader


fraudeur (fiscal)

target
cible

tax evasion
fraude fiscale

tax
impdt, taxe, contribution

tax form
feuille d'impdt

the taxable income


revenu imposable

tax-free
imposable

the tax administration


fisc

tax-free
hors taxe

taxation
imposition, fiscalite

tax haven
paradis fiscal

369

tax-man
percepteur

tight money
resserrement monetaire

tax payable
impot a payer
,

taxpayer
contribuable

tax policy
politique fiscale

tax return
declaration dHmpot

tax write-off
deduction fiscale

the Treasury
Tresor public

the Treasury (US), the Exchequer (GB)
ministere des Finances

vz
to underreport

value-added tax, VAT


taxe a la valeur ajoutee, TVA

declarer moins

,

unreported
declare

to value
evaluer

voluntary
delibere

wage freeze
gel, blocage des salaires

wording
formulation

PAIEMENTS
PAYMENTS

AC
an acceptance bill
traite contre acceptation

an accommodation bill
traite de complaisance
(



)
an attested cheque
cheque certifie

automatic debiting
prelevement automatique

to back a draft
avaliser une traite

a

bill of lading, B/L


connaissement

to cash a cheque
encaisser un cheque

cash on delivery, cod
paiement comptant a la
liyraison

cash with order, cwo


paiement comptant a la
commande

ch^ck (US), a cheque (GB)


cheque

cheque (GB), a check (US)

bailiff
huissier

cheque

bill of exchange, b/e


lettre de change

cheque to bearer
cheque au porteur

371

cheque without cover


cheque sans couverture

to cross a cheque
barrer un cheque

to come to maturity

venir a echeance
( )
to commit oneself to sth.

s'engager a [aire qqch,


-.

creditor
creancier

crossed cheque
cheque bane

the crossing
barrement d'un cheque

current account
compte courant

documentary draft
traite documentaire

DL
date of maturity
date d'echeance

a

debt
dette

debtor
debiteur

to discount a bill
escompter une traite

discount rate
taux d'escompte

372

Documents against Accep


tance, d/a
documents contre accep
tation

Documents against Pay


ment, d/p
documents contre accepta
tion

draft
traite

to draw/drew/drawn a bill
tirer une traite

to draw/drew/drawn up a pro
test
dresser un protet

the drawee
tire, pay em
,
the drawer
tireur
,

dud cheque
cheque en hois
,

to

fall/fell/faUen
arriver a echeance
(
)

an instrument of trade
effet de commerce
(,
)
an irrevocable letter of credit
lettre de credit irrevocable

a

letter of credit, 1/c


lettre de credit

MZ
payment at sight
paiement a vue

the maker
souscripteur

money order
mandat

the place of issue


lieu d'emission
,

notary public
notaire

notice of transfer
avis de virement

the payee
beneficiaire

promissory note, p/n


billet a ordre

prompt cash
comptant d'usage

prosecuted (to be ~)
etre poursuivi

373

protest
protet

quotation
cotation cours
, ,
standing orders
ordres de prelevements
0

to stop a cheque
/aire opposition a un
cheque

trade discount
escompte d'usage

PAYS EN VOIE DE DEVELOPEMENT


DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

AB
to achieve sth.
atteindre (un but), realiser
qqch.
-.

to approve
approuver

addicted to sth. (to be -)


ne pas pouvoir se passer
de qqch.
,
-.

authoritarian
autoritaire
,

addiction
besoin, accoutumance
,

backward
arriere

an adviser
conseiller

an agreement
accord

an aim
but, fin

an approach
demarche, methode
,

to benefit from sth.


beneficier de qqch.
,
to benefit s.o.
beneficier a qqn

-.

bleak prospect
morne perspective

to

an approval
approbation

bring/brought/brought
sth. about
amener qqch. (un resultat)
()
375


commodity
1. marchandise
2. produit de base, matiere
premiere
1.
2.

capital goods
biens d'equipement

cash crops
cultures d'exportation

to

cope with
faire face a qqch., venir
a bout de qqch.
,

to

crack down on
reprimer

to catch up with
rattraper

colonialism
colonialisme

colony
colonie

crop
recolte, moisson

DG
a

delegate
delegue

the division of labour


division du travail

demand
revendication

to draw/drew/drawn up
elaborer (un projet)
()

to demand
revendiquer, exiger

dictatorship
dictature

to disrupt
perturber

376

earnings
gains (d'un travail)

an end
but, fin

equipment
materiel

to

face sth.
/aire face a
,

to

face up to sth.
faire face a qqch, se rendre
a Vevidence
-.

to

fall/fell/faUen behind
prendre du retard

to

flourish
prosperer

the government
gouvernement

the Gross Domestic Product,


GDP
PIE (Produit Interieur
Brut)

the Gross National Product,


GNP
PNB (Produit National Brut)

growth
croissance

food crops
cultures vivrieres

gap
fosse, decalage
,

gloomy outlook
sombre perspective

guerilla
guerillero

guerilla warfare
guerilla

HO
harvest
moisson, recolte

illiterate
analphabete

idle
inemploye, oisif
,

impoverished
appauvri

illiteracy
analphabetisme

an industrialist
industriel

377

an industry
Industrie

negotiation
negociation

manufactured goods
produits manufactures

new deal
nouvelle donne

manufacturing
fabrication

meeting
reunion, rencontre

an offer
offre

the mother-country
metropole (puissance coloniale)

to offer
offrir, proposer

to oppose sth.
s'opposer a qqch.
,

to negotiate
negocier

an outlook
perspective

PR
a

package of demands
ensemble de revendications

the per capita income


revenu par habitant

policy
politique (action, strategic)

priority
priorite

378

progress (inden.)
progres

to progress
progresser
,

a proposal
proposition

prospect (bright, gloomy)


perspective (brillante,
sombre)

prosperous
prospere
,

to resort to sth.
recourir a qqch.
-.
a

revival
redemarrage, renouveau
,

to reject
rejeter

riot
imeute

run (in the long -)


a long terme

raw materials
matieres premieres

representative
representant

sz
self-reliance
autonomie

to set/set/set sth. up
etablir qqch., mettre qqch.
sur pied
,
shortcomings
insuffisances

stable
stable

suggestion
suggestion, proposition
,

summit
sommet (rencontre)

to tackle a problem
s'attaquer a un probleme

a

target
objectif

transfer
transfert
(-.)

to transfer
transferer
(-.)
a

turn-key factory
usine cles-en-main

under-used
sous-employe

379

unrest
agitation, malaise
,

an uprising
soulevement

unstable
instable

waste (inden.)
dechets
,

unused
inemploye

en pure perte

an upheaval
bouleversement

wastefully
,

waste of
gaspillage de
,

PROBLEMES SANITAIRES
HEALTH PROBLEMS

AC
an adult
adulte

to alleviate
soulager (la douleur, etc.)

anemia
anemie

the blood group, the blood type


groupe sanguin

a

booster
rappel de vaccin

calorie
calorie

casualty
victime (d'accident, atten
tat)

chemist (GB), a druggist


(US)
pharmacien
,

an appointment
rendez'Vous
,
bacteria (PL)
bacteries

birth-control
controle des naissances

the birthrate
taux de natalite

blind (to go -)
devenir aveugle

cholera
cholera

contagious disease
maladie contagieuse

cripple
infirme

381

cure
remede

to cure s.o. of an illness


guerir qqn d'une maladie
-.

DG
dead (to be -)
etre mort

to donate sth.
/aire don de qqch.

deaf (to go -)
devenir sourd

death
mort

the death rate


taux de mortalite

to die
mourir

diphtheria
diphterie

the disabled (PI)


les invalides, handicapes
,

donor
donneur, donateur
;
drinking water
eau potable

druggist (US), a pharmacist


(GB)
pharmacien
,
drugs (PI)
1. drogue (s)
2. medicaments
1.
2.
dysentry
dysenterie

disease
maladie

an epidemic
epidemie

doctor
medecin

fever
fievre

382

General Practitioner, GP
medecin generaliste

germ
microbe, germe

HL
hazardous
dangereux

to immunize
immuniser qqn

to heal
cicatriser, guerir
,

( )

infancy
petite enfance

infant mortality
mortalite infantile

Health and Immunization


record
carnet de sante

(
.)
health hazard
danger pour la sante

height
taille, hauteur
,
hepatitis
hepatite

to hurt/hurt/hurt
blesser, faire mal
,
hygiene
hygiene

an illness
maladie

influenza, the flu'


grippe

an injection (to give s.o.-)


faire une piqure a qqn

an injury
blessure

leper
lepreux

leprosy
lepre
,
life expectancy
experance de vie


383

MR
malaria
malaria

physician (US)
medecin

male nurse
infirmier

pillule

medical check-up
bilan de sante

medication
medication, emploi des me
dicaments
(
)

to be on the pill
prendre la pillule

to prescribe
prescrire

medicines (PI)
medicaments

mental hospital
hopital psychiatrique

the mentally deficient (PI)


les handicapes mentaux

a

nurse
infirmiere

pharmacist (06), a druggist


(US)
pharmacien

384

prescription
ordonnance

prevention
prevention, prophylaxie
,

to raise money
reunir des fonds, recueillir
de Vargent

to recover
se retablir, recouvrer la
sante
,

remedy
remede

the rh factor
facteur rhesus
-

rubella
rubeole

sz
scurvy
scorbut

treatment
traitement, soins
,

shot (to give S.O. -)


/aire une piqure a qqn

tuberculosis,
tuberculose

smallpox
vahole

typhoid fever
fievre typhoide

typhus
typhus

to suffer from sth.


souffrir de qqch.
-.
a

surgeon
chirurgien

tablet

test
test antituberculinique

temperature (to run -)


avoir de la temperature

to treat
traiter (un malade, une maladie)

vaccine
vacciti

vitamin
yntamine

weight
poids

wound
blessure

yellow fever
fievre jaune

PUBLCITE
ADVERTISING

above-the-line-costs
depenses medias

an account
1. budget d^annonceur
2. compte-client
1. ()
2.
the account director
directeur de la clientele

advertising
publicite (commerciale)

an advertising agency
agence de publicite

an advertising agent
agent de publicite

advertising appropriation
budget publicitaire

the account executive


responsable de client
,

advertising consultancy
conseil en publicite
no

the account group


groupe de budget

advertising content
contenu publicitaire

an ad, an advertisement
annonce publicitaire

advertising expenditure
in vestissements, depenses
publicitaires

an advertiser
annonceur

386

an advertising space
expace publicitaire

after-sales(s)
apres'vente

an age group
groupe d'age

an aim
objectif, but

to aim at sth.
viser, avoir pour but qqch.

air copies
numeros achemines par
poste aerienne
,

air time
temps d'antenne

an analysiSyCPl)) analyses
analyse

an announcer
annonceur

the appeal
attrait

the art buyer


acheteur d'art

the art director


directeur artistique

the artMrork
elements de creation

an audience
public
,
audience cumulation
accroissement d'audience

audience duplication
duplication de couverture

an audimeter
audimetre

an audit
controle, verification des
comptes
()
the audited circulation
diffusion controlee

()

an audited circulation report

etat de controle de la dif


fusion
0

387

bargain
bonne affaire, bonne occa
sion

barter
negociation

to biU
1. annoncer, programmer
2. facturer
1.
2.
a

barter agreement
accord reciproque

billing
1. depenses publicitaires
2. facturation
1.
2.

barter sale
vente avec rabais
;

bi-montMy
bimensuel
051

the base line


ligne de base

388

billboard
panneau d'affichage

base rate
tarifde base de publicite

blister pack
emballage sous bulle transparente

behayiour
comportement

(pej.)
baratin publicitaire

below-the-line costs
depenses hors medias

bold print
caractere(s) gras

biU
affiche

boost
relance, forte augmentation
,

to boost demand
relancer, augmenter
demande

a
la

brand name recall


memorisation d'une marque

the bottom line


1. derniere ligne d'une
feuille de bilan
2. prixnets
1. (
)
2.

brand preference
preference pour une mar
que

bottom of the range


bas de gamme

brand recognition
identification,
notoriete
d'une marque
,

to brainwash
/aire du lavage de cerveau
,

brand
marque

brand awareness, brand
identification
connaissance d'une marque

brand image
image de marque

brand leader
marque, article pilote
,
brand loyalty
fidelite a une marque

brand name
de marque

to break/broke/broken
into
a market
penetrer un marche

a

brief
instructions pour une tache
donnee
,

broadcast
emission (radio ou TV)
(no , )

to

broadcast/broadcast/broad
cast
diffuser
,

389

to brush up a copy
peaufiner, ameliorer un
texte

a

business-to-business
ad
vertising
publicite professionnelle
et industrielle

brochure
imprime, brochure

budget forecast
prevision budgetaire

to budget for sth.


prevoir qqch. au budget

buy/bought/bought space
acheter de Fespace (publi
cation)

to buy time
acheter du temps (emission)
(
)
to buy time on the air

acheter horaire

business reply card


carte reponse, coupon a
reponse

caU

1. vi5/Ye

2. appel telephonique
1.
2.
call report
rapport de visite
0
a

390

campaign
campagne

buzzword
mot, slogan a la mode

cancellation
annulation

to canyass
quadriller (secteur, clien
tele)
(
)
a

caption
legende (sous-titre)

captive audience
audience captive
(

)

to capture attention
attirer Inattention

a

cartoon
1. caricature
2. bande dessinee
3. dessinanime
1.
2.
3.

class (A, B, etc.)


categorie socio-professionnelle
(superieure,
moyenne, etc.)
A, B, (
)
the classified ads
petites annonces

the client report


rapport sur le client

the closing date


date de fermeture (limite
d'acceptation d'ordres
ou de documents)
the casting
,
selection des acteurs pour

un film

code of practice
deontologie
a catch phrase

slogan

coltmm
colonne rubrique
a census
,
recensement

comic strip
the chief cameraman
bande dessinee
chef operateur


a commercial
circulation
spot publicitaire
tirage, diffusion

( )
391

consultant
consultant, conseil
,

to commission
commissionner

commission
commission

consumer durables
biens, produits de consommation durables

to communicate
communiquer

comparative advertising
publicite comparative

to

compete with
concurrencer
,
competition
concours

consumer goods
biens, produits de consommation durables

the consumer profile
profil du consommateur

Consumer relations
relations avec les clients,
suivi des contacts

competition (inden.)

composite
fiche mannequin

to conquer a market
conquehr un marche

a

392

consensus decision
decision
collective
en
accord
,

consumer
consommateur

consumers' association
association de defense du
consommateur

consumption
consommation

the content
contenu (sens abstrait)

the contents
contenu (materiel)

contest
concours

copywriter
redacteur, le concepteurredacteur

,

to comer a market
accaparer un marche

convenience
corporate advertising
aliments prets a la consommation
publicite institutionnelle

convincing
convaincant

to cost/cost/cost
1. couter
2. etablir un prix de revient
1.
2.

copy
1. exemplaire, numero
(journal, magazine, etc.)
2. texte de message publicitaire
1. ,
2.

cost-efficiency
rentabilite

cost per thousand


cout par mille (lecteurs)
(
)

copyright
droits d'auteur, propriete
litteraire

copy strategy
strategie de creation

copy testing
pretests

costs
couts, frais

coupon
coupon, bon

courtesy call
visite de courtoisie, de remerciement

393

customer
client
,

the coverage

couverture
,
the creative director
directeur de la creation

the creative services


services de creation

customer behaviour
comportement du consommateur

daily
quotidien

demand
demande

daily
quotidien (subst.)

demographic coverage
couverture d'un segment
demographique

data processing
informatique

the deadline
ultime delai (reception de
documents)
(
)
to deceive
tromper, induire en erreur
,

to deliver a promise
remplir un engagement

394

demonstration model
modele de demonstration

design
creation, conception
,
direct-mail advertising
publicite par correspondance, publipostage
no
direct mail shot
publipostage, un ''mailing"

to display
exposer
,

disposable income
revenu disponible

discount house
magasin a prix reduits
,

distribution
distribution

display
exposition, etalage
,

the documents
illustrations et textes

display
presentoir

display stand
presentoir

double-page spread
annonce double page

down market
bas de gamme

drive
operation, campagne

easy terms
facilites de paiement

effective
efficace

economy size
de format economique

effectiveness
efficacite

the editorial content


contenu redactionnel

efficient
efficace, competent

395

to entice
seduire, allecher
,

an expense account
notedefrais

exchange advertising
publicite par echange (ser the extra coverage
vices ou produits)
of a medium

couverture supplementaire
d'audience
()
!!
expenditme

depenses, frais, investissemerits

eye-catching
qui attire Voeil
expense
,
depense, cout

F-G
a

feature
caracteristique, particularite
,

films
typons, films

,

to flood market
the feedback
saturer marche
reaction, retourd'informa
tions
to focus attention

fixer Inattention

fee(s)
a folder
honoraires
depliant

,
field work
the follow-up
travail sur le terrain
relance (campagne, client)

()
396

forecast
prevision, projection

gift
cadeau

to

forecast/forecast/forecast
prevoir
,

gimmick
true, astuce
,

goal
but, objectif

free
1. libre
2. gratuit
1.
2.
a

free-lance journalist, pho


tographer
pigiste

full service agency
agence de publicite a ser
vices complets

to gather information
rassembler des donnees

genuine
veritable, authentique

good for insert


bon a insurer

goods
marchandises, biens

grace copies
exemplaires de promotion

growth
croissance
,
the guaranteed circulation
circulation garantie

397

HI
the head cameraman
chef operateur

an incentive
encouragement (a achat)
( )

an income group
categorie socio-professionnelle

headline
1. accroche
2. titre
1.
2.
,

an insert
encart
,

hearsay communication
communication par oui-dire
,
to insert an ad

insurer une annonce

hoarding

d'affichage

an insert card
homehold name
carte encart
-
marque bien connue, familiere
the insertions timetable

calendrier des insertions

an image
image (de marque)
,
an in-store display
exposition promotionnelle
an improvement
sur le point de vente
amelioration, perfection
nement

impulse buying
achat impulsif

398

an introductory discount
prix de lancement

JL
a

jingle
sonal, logotype sonore
,

jumbo pack
paquetgeant

to label
etiqueter

a label
etiquette
,
large print
pros caracteres

a launching price
prix de lancement
,

the layout
1. document mis en page,
maquette
2. miseenpage
1.
2.
the layout artist
maquettiste

a leading brand
marque pilote, de premier
plan

a leaflet
imprime
,

the lettering
1. texte imprime
2. type de caracteres
1.
2.
a

line
1. gamme de produits
2. ligne d'annonce
1. ,

2.
listener
auditeur

literature (inden.)
documentation
,

locomotiye
influenceur
,
logo
logotype, logo

look
aspect, style
, ,
loss leader
article vendu a perte
,

luxury product
produit de luxe

399

mailing list
liste de clients
,

the market a{)peal


impact sur la clientele
potentielle

mail order
vente par correspondance. a
VPC

mailshot
publipostage, ''mai
ling''

make
marque (voiture, machine,
etc.)
( .)

manufacturer
fabricant

margin
marge
; ,

market
marche

400

market analysis, (PI) ana


lyses
analyse de marche

market forecast
prevision de marche

marketing
mercatique, marketing,
commercialisation
,

marketing mix
1. dosage de produits
2. gamme de produits
1.
2.

market leader
influenceur

market research
etude de marche
,

market segment
secteur du marche

market share
part de marche

media planning
plan des supports et stra
tegies

market sunrey
etude de marche

media
media
(
)

medium, (PI) media


support, moyen d'information
()

media analysis, (PI) ana


lyses
etude, analyse des medias
,

merchandising
marchandisage, suivi de
vente

media audience analysis,


(PI) analyses
etucle de raudience des
medias

message across (to get -)


faire passer un message

misleading advertising
publicite mensongere
,
,

the media planner


analyste media

NO
network
reseau de vente

newsstand copies
numeros vendus en kiosque
(),

niche market

novelty
nouveaute
,

an offer

offre

on the air
a Vantenne
,

401

out of print
epuise (publication)

Opportunities To See, OTS


Occasios De Voir, ODV

overleaf
au verso
()

outdoor advertising
publicite exterieure

an outlet
1. debouche, creneau
2. point de vente
1. ,
2. ,

package
emballage

an overview
vue d'ensemble
,

the per capita income


revenu par habitant

packaging
conditionnement
;

per diem
frais au forfait par jour

panel
''
();

pickups
reprises en main

the pegging
positionnement (d'un produit)
,
the penetration of a medium
pourcentage de la cible par
le support


402

an overrun
tire a part

planning timetable
calendrier d'organisation
de campagne

to plug
forcer la vente

poU
sondage, enquete

portfolio
dossier photographique
,

the positioning
positionnement (d'un produit)
,

poster
affiche

postponement
report (d'une commande)
,
()

product
produit (manufacture)

product cycle
cycle de vie d'un produit

product life
longevite d'un produit

product line, a product ran
ge
gamme de produits

profitable
rentable
,
profits
benefices
,

presentation
1. expose
2. presentation de vente
1.
2.

press release
communique de presse

to promote a product
lancer un produit
( )

to price
etablir un prix de vente

prime time
heures de grande ecoute
(radio et TV)

(, )

projection problem
inadequation d'image

promotion
promotion
,

proof of purchase
preuve d'achat

403

pull advertising
publicite de lancement

proofs
epreuves (typographiques,
photographiques)

prospect
client potentiel

publication format
format de publication

purchasing motives
motivations d'achat

the purchasing power
pouvoir d'achat

publicity
publicite (non commerciale)
to push a sale

forcer une vente


public relations, PR
,
relations publiques


to put/put/put a message over
faire passer un message
to publish
publier, editer
,
,

QR
quarterly
trimestriel

quarterly
trimestriel (subst.)

quote, quotation
evolution de cout
, ,

range
gamme de produits

404

rate
taux
, ,
rates
tarifs

rating
1. classement
2. mesure d'impact
3. taux de popularite
1.
2. ,
3. (
)

reach and frequency


couverture et repetition

repeat purchase
achat repetitif

the readership
lectorat, audience

recall
memorisation

the recommended retail price


prix conseille a la vente

refund
remboursement
,

Registered Trademark,(R)
rtiarque deposee
, 11

rerun
repetition d'une publicite
,

research
recherche, etude (de au
dience, etc.)
,

to retail
vendre au detail

to refund
rembourser
,

retailer
detaillant

the regional coverage


couverture regionale

reward
recompense
,
run-offs
resultats secondaires

the regional edition


edition regionale

sale
vente

to make/made/made a sale
reussir une vente

sales
soldes
,
sales argument
argument de vente

405

shelf life
duree d'exposition a Ic
vente

sales efficiency
efficacite de vente

sales incentives
primes a Vachat

salesman, a saleswoman, a
salesperson
vendeur, vendeuse, representant
,
sales meeting
reunion de la force de
vente

to shoot/shot/shot
filmer

shot
prise de vue

sign
enseigne, panneau

sales promotion
promotion des ventes

the signature
identification de la marQue
,

sample
echantillon

sketch
1. esquisse, croquis
2. saynete
1. ,
2.

slogan
slogan

small print
petits caracteres

sampling
echantillonnage
no

sector
secteur

the share of voice


part de presence publicitaire sur le marche

406

shelf, (PI) shelves


etagere
,

to solicit
solliciter
,

sound effects
effets sonores, bruitages

to sponsor
parrainer, commanditer

sponsoring
parrainage
,

space
espace, emplacement
,
a

space broker
organisme specialise dans
la commande aux
medias


space buying
achat d'espace
(
)

to

special offer
offre speciale

spend/spent/spent
depenser

spending patterns
tendances en matiere de
depenses

spin-offs
resultats secondaires
,

sponsor
commanditaire
; ;

spot
spot publicitaire

status (GB), (US) symbol


symbole de reussite

sticker
autocollant

to stock
avoir en stock
,

the storyboard
maquette de presentation

a

strategy
strategie

subhead
sous'titre

subliminal advertising
publicite subliminale
,


407

subscription
abonnement
,
supplies
fournitures

supply
offre

survey
etude
.

to sway public opinion


influencer I'opinion publique

talent buyer, talent scout


responsable de recrutement
de comediens

target
cible

to target

timing
1. dureede temps
impartie
2. synchronisation
1. ,

2.
a

trade magazine
publication specialisee

trademark
1. marque de fabrique
2. marque protegee
1.
2.

trend
tendance

cibler

target audience
public cible
,

television channel
chaine de television

testing
evaluation par tests
,

408

Unique Selling proposi


tion, USP
proposition exclusive et
vendeuse

trial offer
offre a Vessai

typesetting
(photo) composition
(
)

up-market
hautdegamme

vz
value for money
rapport qualite/prix
/

the wastage factor


facteur gaspillage, element
perte
,

viewer
telespectateur
()

weekly
hebdomadaire

volume discount
remise de quantite
" "

weekly
hebdomadaire (subst.)
()

the volume of sales


volume des ventes

a

voucher
bon
,

voucher copy
justification d'insertion

wholesaler
grossiste
no

window-dressing
decoration de vitrine

to woo
courtiser, seduire
,
409

word of mouth
de bouche a oreille
,
the wrapping
emballage

an X rate
tarifreduitpourx insertions
^

zero issue
numero zero
()

TOURISME
TOURISM

abroad
a Vetranger

an antibiotic
antibiotique

to accommodate
loger

antiseptic
antiseptique

air-conditioned
climatise

arrival time
heure d'arrivee

an aircraft
avion

an art gallery
galerie de peinture

an all-in fariff
tarif tout compris
,

artifacts
produits de Vartisanat local

& (Bed and Break-


fast)
chambre et petit dejeuner

a
a

baggage tag
etiquette d'identification
des bagages

bandage
bandage
,
beach
plage

behind schedule (GB, US)


en retard

411

bell boy
groom, chasseur

berth
couchette (sur un bateau)
(
)

bilingual dictionary
dictionnaire bilingue

boarding house
pension defamille

bookshop
librairie

brochure
brochure

bulky
volumineux
,

boat hire
location de bateau

to book
reserver

business class
classe affaires
-
a

business trip
voyage d'affaires

bypass
deviation
,

booking office
service de reservation

cabin
cabine

camper
1. campeur
2. camping-car
1.
2.

412

bureau de change
bureau de change
()

camp(ing) site
terrain de camping

the captain
capitaine

car hire
location de voiture

caravan
caravane
,
caravanning
caravaning

charter company
compagnie de charters

cinema
cinema

coach tour
voyage en car

to confirm a booking
confirmer une reservation

confirmation
confirmation

connection
correspondance

continental breakfast
petil dejeuner continental

charter flight
vol charter

to

check in
1. arriver a I'hotel, remplir
une fiche d'hotel
2. se presenter a Venregistrement (a raeroport)
1.

2.

the check-informalities
formalites d'enregistrement

to check-out
reglersa note (a I'hotel)
no (
)
to check s.o. out
faire payer sa note a qqn
(a Thotel)

-.

convenient
commode
,
cooked breakfast
petit dejeuner complet a
Vanglaise

cottage
maison de campagne

cotton wool
coton
, -

413

couchette
wagon-couchettes

counter
comptoir

courier
1. accompagnateur
2. representant local
d'agence de voyage
1.
2. ,

craft
artisanat

the\ crew
equipage
,
a

crossing
traversee
,

CRS (Computei Reservation Systems)


services de reservation
electronique

cruise
croisiere

customs officer
douanier

DE
delay
retard
,
departure time
heme de depart

domestic flight
vol interieur
no

double room
chambre pour deux personnes (un grand lit)

driving licence
permis de conduire

diarrhea
diarrhee

dining-car
wagon-restaurant
-
414

excess luggage
excedent de bagage

duty free allowance


quantite autorisee de marchandises en detaxe

,
economy class
classe touriste

to embark
embarquer

entertainment
animation
,

an exchange bureau
bureau de change
()
an excursion
excursion

an exhibition
exposition

FG
first4Jass carriage
wagon de premiere classe
B^roH

facilities
equipements

fasten your seat-belts


attachez vos
ceintures

a

flight
vol (aerien)

foreign
etranger (par la nationalite)

foreign currency
devise

festival
festival

fever
fiewe

film
film

foreigner
etranger (par la nationalite)

415

goods to declare
marchandises a declarer

freeway (US), a motorway


(GB)
autoroute

full board
pension complete

the; green ciird


carte verte

full breakfast
petit dejeuner complet
a ranglaise
-

guest
c//en^ (a I'hotel)

guest house
pension de famille

guide
guide

fully equipped holiday flat


appartement de vacances
entierement equipe

HI
half board
demi'pension

handicraft
artisanat

to

highjack
detourner (un avion)

highjacker
nirntp dp Vnir

to

416

holiday
vacances
,
on holiday
en vacances

holiday brochure
catalogue de vacances


hiking
randonnee pedestre

holiday camp
colonic de vacances

hitch-hike
[aire de Vauto-stop

holidaymaker
vacancier, estivant

holiday-van
camionette amenagee

hotel room
chambre d'hotel

an inexpensive hotel
hotel bon marche

an infection
infection

an international fUght
vol international

hunting
chasse

an immigration officer
officier d'immagration

an interpreter
interprete

ITC (Inclusive Tour Char


ters)
forfaits voyage

inexpensive
bon marche

JL
jetlag
troubles dus au decalage
horaire
,

idL landing
atterrissage

jet plane
avion reaction

journey
voyage, trajet (long)
,

to land
atterrir

landing card
carte de debarquement

leisure (ind.)
loisirs

ji

liner
paquebot

417

locker
consigne

lounge
salon
,

the luggage allowance


quantite de bagages autorisee

luxury hotel
hdtel de luxe

the lower deck


pont inferieur

maid
femme de chambre

malaria
malaria

medium-priced hotel
hotel de categorie moyenne

to miss
rater (un train, un avion)

modem amenities
confort moderne

monument
monument

418

mosquito
moustique

motorway (GB), a highway


(US)
autoroute

movie (US), a film (GB)


film

movie-theater (US), a ci
nema (GB)
cinema

multi-storey car park


parking a plusieurs niveaux

museum
musee

non-smoking department
compartiment non-fumeurs

nothing to declare
rien a declarer

off-peak
hemes creuses

an opera
opera (I'oeuvre)

one-way ticket (US),


single ticket (GB)
aller (subst.)

an opera-house
opera (le theatre),
()

open all year


ouvert toute Vannee

to

pack
faire ses bagages

package deal
forfait

package holiday
sejour, voyage organise

overweight
tTop lourd

party leader
guide, accompagnateur de
groupe

passenger train
train de voyageurs

passport
passeport

passport control (to go


through -)
se soumettre aux formalites de police

package tour
voyage organise

packed lunch
panier-repas

paperback
livre de poche

passport photo
photo d'identite

pilot
pi7o^e
,

419

plaster
albuplast

prescription
ordonnance

platform
quai (gare)
,

private bath
salle de bain
privee

play
piece de theatre

QR
a

railroad line (US), a railway


line(GB)
ligne de chemin defer

railway line (GB), railroad
line (US)
ligne de chemin defer

rate of exchange
taux de change

razor point
prise de courant pour rasoir

a razor socket
prise de courant pour rasoir

the reception
reception

420

recreation
detente
,
refrain from smoking
cessez de fumer

to rent a villa/flat
louer une villa, un appartement
,
resort
lieu de villegiature
,
return ticket (GB) a round
trip ticket (US)
aller-retour

rock-<dimbing
escalade

room oyerlooking the sea


chambre avec vue sur la
mer

room with a view


chambre avec vue

roimd trip ticket (US),
a return ticket (GB)
aller-retour

sailboat
voilier

sailor
marin

schedule (US), timetable


(GB)
horaire

on schedule (GB, US)


a Vheure
no

scheduled flight (GB),


US)
vol regulier
no

seaside resort
station balneaire

seasonal
saisonnier

season-ticket
abonnement

route
itineraire

rucksack
sac dos

second-class carriage
wagon de deuxieme classe

self-catering accommodation.
SC
logement
de
vacances
en location
,

septic (to go/went/gone -)


s'infecter

shaving point
prise de courant pour rasoir

shoulder bag
sac a bandouliere

shower
douche

sightseeing
tourisme

,
421

sightseer
touriste

smoking compartment
compartiment fumeurs

single room
chambre simple

station
gare

single ticket (GB), a one


way ticket (US)
alter (subst.)

skating
patinage

skiing
ski (sport)

steward
steward

stewardess
hdtesse

stitch
point de suture
,

skiing resort
station de ski

stop-over
escale

ski-lift
remonte-pente

suitcase
valise

sleeping-berth
couchette

surfboard
planche de surf

sleeping-car
wagon-lit

to take/took/taken off
decoller
( )
422

swollen
enfle

take-off
decollage

tent
tente

the theatre (GB), the theater


(US)
theatre

the tourism and leisure indust


ries
industrie du tourisme et
des loisirs

tourist
touriste

the ticket-office
service de reservation

tourist information centre


syndicat d'initiative
no

time difference
decalage horaire
1.). JO\J JOJJK.ivxv/jnjrx

time sharing
multipropriete

transit passengers
passagers en transit

timetable (GB), a schedule


(US)
horaire

tollgate
poste de peage

toll road (GB), a turnpike


(US)
route a peage
,

tourism
tourisme

tour operator
voyagiste

travel
voyage
,
a

travel agency
agence de voyage

travel agent
agent de voyage

traveller's cheque
cheque de voyage

423

travelling documents
documents de voyage (passeport, billet, etc.)

(, )

turnpike (US), a toll road


(GB)
route a peage
,

trip
voyage, trajet (court)

TV lounge
salle de television

trolley
chariot, ''caddie''
,

twin room
chambre a deux lits

uz
to unpack
defaire ses bagages

voyage
croisiere, voyage (par me

the upper deck


pont superieur

wallet
portefeuille


vacancies
chambres disponibles

no vacancies
complet

a

vacation
vacances

vaccine
vaccin

visa
visa

window
guichet

windsurfinq
planche a voile (le sport)

winter resort
station de sports d'hiver

yacht
voilier

VENTE
SELLING
-

A
to accept delivery of sth.
prende livraison de qqch.

accordance vrith order (in -)
conforme a la commande

accounting departments
services comptabilite

account purchases
compte ''achat"

account sales
compte "ventes"

acknowledgement of an
order
accuse de reception de
commande

an agent
representant

allowance for tare


tarage
,

answerable to a court
(to be -)
1. repondre de qqch.
devant un tribunal
2. relever d'un tribunal
1.
2.
approval (on -)
condition

as per invoice
suivant facture

actual tare
tare reelle

to ascertain the tare


faire la tare

advertising
publicite

an attractive price
prix interessant

425

to audit
verifier, apurer les comptes

an auction sale
vente aux encheres

auctioned off to the highest
bidder
adjuge au plus offrant

average tare
tare moyenne

awaiting delivery
en souffrance (paquets,
etc.)

an auctioneer
commissaire priseur

the balance of invisibles


balance des invisibles

the balance of payments


balance des paiements

the balance of trade
balance commerciale

a

bargain
bonne affaire, occasion

to bargain
marchander

a

426

bargain sale
vente en soldes

to barter
troquer

bill of exchange
lettre de change
,
a

biU of lading, B/L


connaissement

the Board of Trade (desuet)


(GB)
ministere du Commerce

bond goods (in ~)
marchandises sous douane

to book an order
enregistrer une commande

bookkeeping departments
services comptabilite

bookkeeping entries
ecritures comptables

boom
prosperite, relance
,

brand
marque (de biscuiis,
whisky, etc.)
(, )

broker
courtier

brokerage fee
droit de courtage
,

bought note
avis d'achat

,

bminess connections
relations d'affaires

bound by law (to be -)


etre tenu par la hi

to

buy/bought/bought
acheter

branch
succursale

buyer
acheteur

to cancel an order
annuler une commande

cash of delivery, COD


contre remboursement

case of damage (in ~)


en cos d'avarie

cash with order, CWO


comptant a la commande

cash discount
escompte de caisse
(paiement au comptant)

chain store
magasin a succursales
multiples

427

competition
concurrence
,

cheap
bon marche

check (US), a cheque (GB)


cheque

clearance sale
vente liquidation

to clear goods
dedouanerdes
marchandises

competitive prices
prix concurrentiels

competitor
concurrent

complaint
plainte
,

consignee
l.depositaire
2. destinataire
1.
2.

clearing agent
agent en douane

a.

client
client

expedier des marchandises


commerce
commerce

consignment note
bordereau d'expedition

commission agent
commissionnaire

consumer
comsommateur

to compete with
concurrencer, /aire
concurrence a
-.

428

to consign goods

consumer goods
biens de consommation

consmnerism
defense du consommateur
,

cost cutting
reduction des couts

cost of living
cout de la vie

consumer society
societe de consommation

cost price
prix de revient

consmnption
consommation

costly
Cher, couteux

conversant with sth.


(to be -)
etre au courant de qqch.
-.
to

convey
acheminer, transporter
,
conveyance
acheminement, transport
,

credit card
carte de credit

customer
client

customs duties
droits de douane

D
damage (inden.)
degats

deferred payments (by ~)


en paiements differes,
par acomptes

dealer
concessionnaire,
un revendeur

delivery charges
frais de livraison
no

debit note
note de debit

delivery dates
delais de livraison

429

delivery note
bon de livraison

to discount
escompter

description (by -)
sur catalogue
no

delivery order form


bulletin de livraison

delivery price
prix rendu

delivery within a month
delai de livraison d'un mois

to demand
exiger

the Department of Trade and


hidustry, DTI (GB)
ministere du Commerce et
de ^Industrie

430

department store
grand magasin

deposit
acompte
,

discount
remise, rabais, ristoume

to dispatch
envoyer, expedier,
acheminer
,

to display
presenter, exposer
,

to dispose of sth.
se defaire de qqch.
-.

dispute
litige

distribution
distribution

downcast market
marche de bas de gamme
,

down payment
versement comptant
.

EF
earnest money
arrhes

fees
honoraires

to

enforce a law
appliquer la hi

field survey
marketing, mercatique
,

to

enquire about
se renseigner sur
,
0 -.
entrusted with sth.
(to be -)
se voir confier qqch.
,

-.
evidence (to give -)
fournir des preuves

excess weight
excedent de poids

expensive
cher, couteux

to

file
classer
,

filing
classement
(),

to fill in document
remplir un document

foodstuffs
produits alimentaires

for delivery
au comptant

exports
exportations

foreign trade
commerce exterieur

extra tare
surtare

forwarding agent
transitaire

431

freight charges
frais de transport
no

forward sales
ventes a terme

future goods
marchandises a terme

free delivery
envoi liwaison franco

GI
glut
surabondance, saturation
,

home trade
commerce interieur

good condition (in -)


en bon etat

imports
importations

the grading
calibrage

to grant a discount
accorder une remise

gross weight
poids brut

held over (to be -)
etre suspendu, etre differe

the hire-purchase system
systeme de locationvente

432

an indent
commande (regue de
Tetranger)
(
- )
to indent on s.o. for sth.

passer une commande de


qqch. a qqn
-. -.
inexpensive
bon marche

insolvency
insolvabilite

inspection (on -)
sur verification

instalments (by -)
en paiements echelonnes,
par acomptes

insurance company
compagnie d'assurances

inventories
stocks

to make out an invoice


etablir, faire unefacture
-
to invoice
facturer
-
an invoice book
facturier, livre des achats

the invoice of origin
facture ohginale

invoicing
facturation

to invest
investir
,

an item
article (d'une liste, etc.)
, ,
(, )

an invoice
facture
-

/M
to launch sth. on the market
lancer qqch. sur le marche

the law of supply and demand
loi de I'offre et de la
demande

lawyer
juriste

leaflet
prospectus
,

legal
legal, juridique
,
line
gamme (de produits)

to load
charger
,
to lodge a claim against a
company
porter plainte contre une
societe


433

market research
marcketing, mercatique
,

loss
perte

mail4)rder business
societe de vente par
correspondance
,

market survey
etude de marche

mass production
production en serie

make
marque (de voitures,
machines a laver, etc.)
()
a

merchant
negociant

middleman
intermediaire

multiple shop
magasin a succursales
multiples

to manufacture
fabriquer

to market
mettre sur le marche,
commercialiser

marketing
commercialisation,
distribution
, ,

NO
net weight
poids net
,
network
reseau

an opening
debouche
,
434

operation costs
couts d'exploitation

an order form
bon de commande

an order
commande

to meet/met/met an order
executer une commande

to overcharge
surmarquer, survendre

to order
commander

an outlet
debouche

out of stock
epuise

to overcharge on an account
majorer unefacture

overcharged (to be -)
avoir un excedent de
facturation

to overcharge s.o.
/aire payer trop cher un
article a qqn
-.

an overdue delivery
livraison en retard

overproduction
surproduction

an overcharge
excedent, surmarquage,
survente
,

an owner
proprietaire
,

to pay/paid/paid
payer

to pay on credit
payer a credit

to pay by monthly
instalments
payer par mensualites

to place an order
passer une commande

to pay cash
payer comptant

point of sale
point de vente

435

port of discharge
port de destination

price
prix

pro-forma invoice
facture pro-forma

promissory note
billet a ordre
,
51

the price-list
prix courant

principal
commettant
,

producer
producteur

r\rt\fH- t'ttx m i 1 r ^ / v n o / 1 ^ /

prompt cash
comptant d'usage

prospective buyer
acheteur eventuel

prospective customer
client eventuel

purchase
achat

profitable
rentable
,

to

purchase
acheter

profits
benefices

purchaser
acheteur

made -), to turn a profit


/aire du benefice

profitability
rentabilite
,

Q-R
quotation
devis
, ,

436

range
gamme (de produits)

rebate
remise, ristourne, rabais

rent
location, loyer
,

receipt
regu

representative
representant

recorded delivery
envoi recommande

retailer
detaillant

to refund
rembourser

registered (to be -)
etre inscrit

regulated (to be -)
etre regi

to release goods

retail outlet
point de vente au detail

retail trade
commerce de detail

rock-bottom price
prix sacrifie
,

dedouanerdes
marchandises

running out of stock


(to be -)
avoir un stock qui s'epuise

sale
vente

salesman
vendeur (professionnel)
,

sales for cash


ventes au comptant

sales on credit
ventes a credit

437

sales promotion
promotion des ventes

to sell off
ecouler, trader

sales terms
conditions de vente

to sell out
ecouler, brader

sample
echantillon

by sample
sur enchantillon
no

to seU/sold/sold
vendre

to settle a debt
regler une dette

to settle a dispute
regler un differend

to settle an invoice
regler unefacture
no
settled in cash
regie en numeraire,
en especes

to sell at a loss
vendre a perte

to sell at cost price
vendre a prix coutant
no

share of the cake/pie


part du gateau

shelf, (PI) shelves


rayon, etagere
,

shipment
expedition, envoi
,

shipping agent
agent maritime
,

to sell by weight
vendre au poids

438

seller
vendeur

selling policy
politique de vente

sole agent
agent exclusif

the shipping documents


documents d'expedition

the shipping invoice
facture d'expedition
,

to sort out
trier

special delivery
livraison par expres

shipping order
commande (regue de
Tetranger)
(- )
shopkeeper (GB),
a storekeeper (US)
commergant

shopping centre
centre commercial

shortage
penurie

spot cash
comptant compte

to squeeze a profit margin


reduire une marge
beneficiaire

statement on invoice
releve de factures

-

short supply (in -)


manquant
,

status (GB, US)


l.statut
2. condition legale
1.
2. ,

to slash prices

casser les prix


stepping stone
tremplin
;

stiff competition
rude concurrence

slump
marasme, tassement
, ,
sold note
note de vente

439

stock (in -)
en magasin, en stock,
en depot
,

stockbroker
agent de change

subsidiary
filiate

supplier
fournisseur

to supply a need
repondre a un besoin

stocks
stocks

to supply s.o. with sth.


fournir qqch. a qqn
-. -.

stock shortage
rupture de stock

storekeeper (US),
a shopkeeper (GB)
commerqant

survey
etude, enquete
,

to sustain a loss
subir une perte

to swap

strike
greve

troquer, echanger

TV
to tackle a foreign market
aborder un marche
exterieur

to take delivery of sth.


prendre livraison de qqch.

the) tare
tare

440

to top
depasser un chiffre.
franchir une limite
,
tough competition
rude concurrence

trade
commerce

the turnover
chiffre d'affaires
,

the Trade Courts


tribunaux de commerce

a

trader
marchand, commergant
,

the turnover
roulement des stocks

tradesman
commerQant

type (by ~)
sur specimen, surpied
no

trading stamp
timbre prime


travelling salesman
voyageur de commerce,
VRP
,

trolley
chariot, ''caddie''
,

undercharged (to be -)
avoir etefacture en moins

( , )
to

undercut/undercut/
undercut prices
casser les prix
,
up to sample
conforme a I'echantillon

vz
VAT invoicing
facturation de la TVA

Value Added Tax, VAT


Taxe a la Valeur Ajoutee,
TVA

valuables
valeurs

venture
entreprise

441

warehouse
entrepot, magasin

warehome keeper
magasinier

warehousing
entreposage

weights and measmes


poids et mesures

wholesale
commerce de gros

a

wholesaler
grossiste

to weigh
peser

weight
poids

weight when empty


poids a vide

writing (in -)
par ecrit

zooming prices
prix qui montent en fleche

.,
..
,,

2201
1.10.93.
5.11.93.
84 X 1072- ^ .
"-".
.
... 23,52.
. .. 23,52.
... 12,55.
N338
.11-/93.

" "
107078, , -, 20
-,
" **
,
300600, . , . , 109

46

., .
/. .
.. . - .: . , 1993.-448 .
ISBN 5-7133-0783-2

.
.

^0604000000-083 ^
^
^
003(0193 ^ ' ^ ' ' ^

,,,.
^^^-5