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Comparison between A106-B, A672-C70/Cl.22, A53-B and API 5L-B

March 5, 2002 Thomas J.C. Eun

   

Pipe Materials

 
 

Materials

A106-B

A672-C70/Cl22

A53-B

 

API 5L-B

 
 

Subject

Seamless carbon steel pipe for high-temperature service

Electric-fusion-welded (EFW) steel pipe for high-pressure service at moderate temperatures

Pipe, steel, black and hot- dipped, zinc-coated, welded and seamless

Seamless

and

welded

line

 

pipes

1. SCOPE

This specification covers seamless carbon steel pipe for high-temperature (Consideration should be given to possible graphitization of the material at the high temperatures at which it may be used.)

Fabricated from pressure- vessel quality plate Heat treatment may or may not be required to attain the desired properties or to comply with applicable code requirements. The specification nominally

NPS to NPS 26 inclusive

It covers seamless and weld steel line pipe. The purpose of this specification is to provide standards for pipe suitable for use in conveying gas, water, and oil in both oil and natural gas industries.

NPS to NPS 48

covers NPS 16 (405mm) in outside diameter or larger with wall thickness up to 3 in. (75 mm), inclusive.

inclusive, with nominal wall thickness as given in ASME

B36.10.

2.

Applied

-29 to 427

-49 to 427

-29 to 427

-29 to 427

 

Temperature

 

3.

Referenced

ASTM A520 specification for supplementary requirements for seamless and electric- resistance-welded carbon steel tubular products for high- temperature service conforming to ISO recommendations for boiler construction.

ASTM A516-60 specification for pressure vessel plates, carbon steel, for moderate-and lower- temperature service

   

Documents

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Pipe Materials

 

Materials

A106-B

 

A672-C70/Cl22

A53-B

 

API 5L-B

 

Subject

Seamless carbon steel pipe for high-temperature service

Electric-fusion-welded (EFW) steel pipe for high-pressure service at moderate temperatures

Pipe, steel, black and hot- dipped, zinc-coated, welded and seamless

Seamless

and

welded

line

pipes

4. Process

Made by killed steel Pipe NPS 1½ and under

Made by killed steel and fine

Types and Grades;

Types;

 

grain practice

Type F: Furnace butt welded

EFW, ERW, and Seamless

 

may be either hot finished or

The joints shall be double

(EFW), continuous welded

 

cold drawn

 

welded, full penetration welds.

Grade A

Unless otherwise specified,

RT : Full

Type E ; Electric-resistance

pipe NPS 2 and over shall be

 

welded (ERW), Grades A and B

furnished hot finished.

– UT & MT to be done for NPS

2 and larger

Type S; Seamless, Grade A

and B

5. Heat

Hot-finished pipe need not

Base Metal: As rolled (for 40

The weld seam of ERW pipe in

Pipe furnished to this

 

Treatment

be heat treated.

 

mm thickness and under),

grade B shall be heat treated

specification may be as-rolled,

Cold-drawn pipe shall be

normalized, and stress relieved

after welding to min. of

normalized, normalized and

 

heat treated after the final

Products: Class 22 shall be

1,000°F(540°C).

tempered, sub-critically stress

cold draw pass at a temperature of 1200

 

uniformly heated within the

relieved, or sub-critically age

post-weld heat-treatment

hardened.

(650) or higher.

temperature range indicated in

Not required normalizing

Table 2 for a minimum of 1

h/in. of thickness or 1 h,

whichever is greater.

6. Mechanical Properties

 

Ts, min psi (MPa)

60,000 (415)

 

70,000-90,000 (485-620)

60,000 (415)

 

60,000 (415)

 

Ys, min psi (MPa)

35,000(240)

 

38,000 (260)

35,000 (240)

 

35,000 (240)

 

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Pipe Materials

 

Materials

A106-B

A672-C70/Cl22

A53-B

API 5L-B

 

Subject

Seamless carbon steel pipe for high-temperature service

Electric-fusion-welded (EFW) steel pipe for high-pressure service at moderate temperatures

Pipe, steel, black and hot- dipped, zinc-coated, welded and seamless

Seamless

and

welded

line

pipes

7. Chemical Composition, product analysis

 
     

Seamless

ERW

Seamless

ERW

C, max A

 

0.30

0.27~0.31 as per thickness

0.30

0.30

0.27

0.26

Mn

0.29 ~ 1.06

0.79~1.30 as per thickness

1.20 max

1.20 max

1.15 max

1.15 max

P, max

 

0.035

0.035

0.050

0.050

0.030

0.030

S, max

 

0.035

0.035

0.045

0.045

0.030

0.030

Si, min

 

0.10

0.13~0.45

       

Cr, max B

0.40

These five

 

0.40

 

Cu, max B

0.40

elements

 

0.40

 

Mo, max

0.15

combined shall

 

0.15

 

Ni, max B

0.40

not exceed1%.

 

0.40

 

V, max B

0.08

 

0.08

 

Notes

A ; For each reduction of 0.01% below the specified carbon max., an increase of 0.06% Mn above the specified max, will be permitted up to a max. of

   

Cb, V, Ti, or combinations thereof, may be used by agreement between purchaser and manufacturer.

1.35%.

8. Results

Remark &

Even if it is for high

It will be additionally required the

Sometimes, min. 0.1 % Si is additionally required in the

 

Notes by

temperature, it can be

grain refinement, austenitic size

equipment/piping specifications of the purchaser.

This silicon will

Thomas Eun

extended its using range due to

five and over to improve the

be helpful to keep killed condition more or less, not sufficient and

improving the toughness by

toughness.

also to prevent to a certain extent the graphitization of the material

grain refinement, austenitic

at the high temperatures and hydrogen attack/ SSC/ HIC.

 

size five and over.

Normalizing is often required by the purchaser’s specifications.

4/4

   

Pipe Materials

 

Materials

A106-B

A672-C70/Cl22

A53-B

 

API 5L-B

 

Subject

Seamless carbon steel pipe for high-temperature service

Electric-fusion-welded (EFW) steel pipe for high-pressure service at moderate temperatures

Pipe, steel, black and hot- dipped, zinc-coated, welded and seamless

Seamless

and

welded

line

pipes

Results

A106-B has excellent properties in moderate and high temperature service because of hot finishing, chemical composition and additional requirements,

A672-C70/Cl.22 has excellent properties for high- pressure service at moderate temperature.

They are not in fully killed condition.

Conclusion for

The main difference between both materials is Strength, De-oxygen Treatment (Killing), and NDE.

Normally API 5L-B is not recommended

Deviation From

in Hydrocarbon Process area (including Suncor Standards) due to the quality and safety.

Especially there are a lot of brittle failure cases for

30” Sch.10

non-impact tested and non-killed steels in low temperature environment (-40°F to 32°F). I would like to agree the deviation only for utility and offsite lines but hydrocarbon process area.

 

SA672-C70/Cl.22

to API 5L-B