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882

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S3 S3
.. (natali0112@ngs.ru)

1.
6- S 3 S 3.
(. [1]) ,
S1
, S 2 n +1
CP n .
S 1 S 1
. S 3 S 3
CP 1 CP 1
. CP1 J1X=iX J-1X= iX, X CP1,
T2=S1 S1 :
a
1
Ja,c Ux= Ux+ Vx ,
c
c
2
2
a +c
a
Ja,c Vx=
Ux Vx ,
c
c
a c , c0; U V S3 S3,
S1 S3 S3, .
,
, ,
S3 S3. (J1, J1) Ja,c ,
Ja,c.
S3 S3 U(2)/U(1)
U(2)/U(1), , ,
U(2)U(2). , U(2)U(2)-
. S3S3
SU(2)SU(2). SU(2)SU(2)
U(2)U(2), ,

I : su(2)su(2) su(2)su(2), I2= 1


. ,
SU(2)SU(2) S3S3 18, U(2)U(2) 2-.
,
SU(2)SU(2) , .

:
(, [2]).
M
V F.
,
, , S3 S3,
, .
. SU(2) SU(2)
,
.

http://zhurnal.ape.relarn.ru/articles/2004/081.pdf

883

2. .
J SU(2)SU(2).
su(2)su(2) R13R23,

I : R13R23 R13R23, I2= 1


(e1, e2, e3, e4, e5, e6) R13R23.
I :
A B
,
I=
C D
a1

A= a 4
a
7

a3
b1

a 6 , B= b4
b
a 9
7

a2
a5
a8

b2
b5
b8

b3
c1

b6 , C= c 4
c
b9
7

c2
c5
c8

c3
d1

c 6 , D= d 4
d
c 9
7

d2
d5
d8

d3

d6 .
d 9

1 SU(2)
SU(2) , (e1, e2,
e3, e4, e5, e6) :
0
A
,
I=AIa,c A-1, A= 1
0
A
2

a
c

1
c

Ia,ce1= e1+ e4, Ia,ce4=

a
a2 + c2
e1- e4, Ia,ce2= e3, Ia,ce5= e6, AiSO(3), i=1,2.
c
c

: ,
, . I
, , det C0. I,
:
A ( A 2 + 1)C 1

I =
CAC 1
C
,
I:
[IX, IY]- [X, Y]- I[IX, Y]- I[X, IY] = 0
1. c4c8 c5c7 a1c3 + a7c1 a5c3 + a8c2=0,
2. c4c9 c6c7 + a1c2 a4c1 a6c3 + a9c2=0,
3. c5c9 c6c8 + a2c2 + a3c3 a5c1 a9c1=0,
4. c2c7 c1c8 a1c6 + a7c4 a5c6 + a8c5=0,
5. c3c7 c1c9 + a1c5 a4c4 a6c6 + a9c5=0,
6. c3c8 c2c9 + a2c5 a5c4 + a3c6 a9c4=0,
7. a4a8 a5a7 a1a3 + a1a7 a3a5 + a2a8=0,
8. a2a7 a1a8 a1a6 + a4a7 a5a6 + a5a8=0,
9. a1a5 a2a4 1 a1a9 + a72 a5a9 + a82=0,
10. a4a9 a6a7 + a1a2 a1a4 a3a6 + a2a9=0,
11. a3a7 a1a9 + 1 + a1a5 a42 + a5a9 a62=0,
12. a1a6 a3a4 + a1a8 a4a7 a6a9 + a8a9=0,
13. a5a9 a6a8 1 a1a5 + a22 a1a9 + a32=0,
14. a3a8 a2a9 + a2a5 a4a5 a4a9 + a3a6=0,
15. a2a6 a3a5 + a2a8 a5a7 a7a9 + a3a9=0.

884

http://zhurnal.ape.relarn.ru/articles/2004/081.pdf

det C0, C
, c1.
c 4 c9 c6 c7
c 4 c8 c5 c 7

c 5 c 9 c 6 c8

a5 a9
a4
+ a7

c1
c1
c1

a2

a1 + a 9
a8

a3
a6
a1 a 5
v1 =
v2 =

v3 =
0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

1, 2, 3 Iv1, Iv2, Iv3 ,


:
a1 (c 4 c 9 c 6 c 7 )
a1 (c 5 c 9 c 6 c8 )

+ a6 a7 a 4 a9
+ 1 + a 6 a8 a 5 a 9

c1
c1

a 4 (c 4 c 9 c 6 c 7 )
a 4 (c 5 c 9 c 6 c 8 )

+ a1 a 9 a 3 a 7 1
+ a 2 a 9 a 3 a8

c1
c1

a
c
c
c
c
a
c
c
(
)
(
7 4 9

6 7
7
5 9 c 6 c8 )
+ a 3 a 4 a1 a 6
+ a3 a5 a 2 a6

Iv
=
Iv1=
2
c1
c1

c (c c c c 0)
c (c c c c 0)

4
4 9
6 7
4
5 9
6 8

+ c1 c 9 c 3 c 7
+ c 2 c 9 c 3 c8

c1
c1
c 7 (c 4 c 9 c 6 c 7 )
c 7 (c 5 c 9 c 6 c 8 )

+ c 3 c 4 c1 c 6
+ c 3 c 5 c 2 c 6

c1
c1

a1 (c 4 c8 c 5 c 7 )

+ a5 a 7 a 4 a8

c1

a 4 (c 4 c 8 c 5 c 7 )

+ a1 a 8 a 2 a 7

c1

a 7 (c 4 c 8 c 5 c 7 ) + 1 + a a a a
2 4
1 5
Iv3=
c1

c (c c c c 0)

4
4 8
5 7

+ c1 c8 c 2 c 7

c1
c 7 (c 4 c 8 c 5 c 7 )

+ c 2 c 4 c1 c 5

c1

3
3
3
2 : R1 R2 R2 , 2(Iv1), 2(Iv2), 2(Iv3) .
, det C 0 , 2(Ivi)0, , 1, 2, 3
, 12(Iv1)+ 22(Iv2)+ 32(Iv3)=0. 20
( 6 7 )
( 6 8 )
( 5 7 )
a= 4 4 9
+ c1c9 c3c7, b= 4 5 9
+ c2c9 c3c8, c= 4 4 8
+ c1 c8
1
1
1
( 6 7 )
( 6 8 )
( 5 7 )
c2c7, d= 7 4 9
+ c3c4 c1c6, e= 7 5 9
+ c3c5 c2c6, f= 7 4 8
+
1
1
1
c2c4 c1c5. ,

885

http://zhurnal.ape.relarn.ru/articles/2004/081.pdf

1 a + 2 b + 3 c = 0,

1 d + 2 e + 3 f = 0

(*)
.
a
det
d

2 bf ce
1
=

af cd ae bd
3
+ +
1= 1 2 2 4 2 5 27 8 2;
1 + 4 + 7

c (c12 c 42 c 72 )det C
=
0, det C 0;
f
c1

bf ce= det C

1 2 + 4 5 + 7 8
,
1

+ +
ae bd= det C 1 3 4 6 7 9 ,
1

3 =

13 + 4 6 + 7 9
2.
12 + 42 + 72

2(I(1v1+ 2v2+ 3v3))=0, : det C=0 1(1v1+


2v2+ 3v3 ) C,
, 1v1+ 2v2+ 3v3=0. det C 0, 1v1+ 2v2+ 3v3=0.
:
(a a )(c c + c c + c c ) + ( a a )(c c + c c + c c ) = 0,
2 1 2
4 5
7 8
7
3 1 3
4 6
7 9
4

2
2
2
(a 4 a 2 )(c1 c 4 c 7 ) + (a8 a 6 )(c1c 3 + c 4 c 6 + c 7 c 9 ) = 0,

(a 7 a 3 )(c12 c 42 c 72 ) + ( a8 a 6 )(c1c 2 c 4 c 5 c 7 c8 ) = 0.

,
(a a 6 )(c1 c 3 + c 4 c 6 + c 7 c 9 )
(a a 6 )(c1 c 2 + c 4 c 5 + c 7 c8 )
(**) a4a2= 8
, a7a3= 8
2
2
2
c1 + c 4 + c 7
c12 + c 42 + c 72
, det C 0,
, c5 ( 4 c6,
). u1, u2, u3:
a4
a5 a9
a7

c
c
c
c

c
c
c
c
c
c
c
c
1 9
2 9
1 8
a2 + 3 8
a8 + 2 7
a1 + a 9 + 3 7

c5
c5
c5

a
a
a
, u3=
, u2 =
u1=
6
3
1
5

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

4, 5, 6 2(Iu1), 2(Iu2), 2(Iu3)


.
:
(a a 3 )(c1 c 2 + c 4 c 5 + c 7 c8 )
(a a 3 )(c 2 c 3 + c 5 c 6 + c8 c 9 )
a8 a6= 7
, a4 a2= 7
2
2
2
c 2 + c 5 + c8
c 22 + c 52 + c82
(**) :
(a8 a 6 )(c1 c 2 + c 4 c 5 + c 7 c8 ) 2
a8 a6=
(c12 + c 42 + c 72 )(c 22 + c 52 + c82 )
a8 =a6 (c12+c42+c72)( c22+c52+c82)=(c1c2+ c4c5+ c7c8)2.
a8 =a6, a2 =a4, a3 =a7. 7-15
:

886

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7. a2a6=a3a5,
8. a2a3=a1a6,
9. a1a5 a221a1a9+a32a5a9+a62=0,
10. a2a9=a3a6,
11. a1a9+a32+1+a1a5a22a62+a5a9=0,
12. a1a6=a2a3,
13. a5a9a621a1a5+ a22+a32a1a9=0,
14. a2a9=a3a6,
15. a2a6=a3a5.
9, 11 13 a22, a32, a62 : a22=a1a5+1, a32=a1a9+1, a62=a5a9+1.
7, 8 10, 7- 8-, 8-
10- 7- 10-, :
(a 5 a 9 )(a 5 + a 9 a1 ) = 0,

(***)
(a 5 a1 )(a 5 + a1 a 9 ) = 0,
(a a )(a + a a ) = 0,
1
9
1
5
9
7-15. (***)
:
1. a1=a5=a9, a22= a32= a62= a12+1, 12
;
2. a5=a9, a1=0, a62= a52+1, a22= a32=1, 8
;
3. a1=a5, a9=0, a22= a12+1, a32= a62=1, 10 ;
4. a1=a9, a5=0, a32= a12+1, a22= a62=1, 9 .
a6=a8
.
(c1c2+ c4c5+ c7c8)2=(c12+ c42+ c72)( c22+ c52+ c82). n1=(c1, c4, c7),
n2=(c2, c5, c8), : (n1, n2)2=( n1, n1)( n2 , n2),
, cos2 (n1; n2)=1 n1=0 n2=0. det C=0.
, I
, det C=0.
det C=0, v1R13{0}, C1(v1)=0, 2(I
v1)=0. I2= 1 Iv1 v1 ,
rankC1. =0, I2= 1 , A2= 1, det2 A= 1,
. rankC=1.
rankC=1, C.
, c1. v2=(-c2, c1, 0, 0, 0, 0),
v3=(-c3, 0, c1, 0, 0, 0) R13{0},
I.
v1=(c1, c2, c3, 0, 0, 0), ,
R13 R23, < v2, v3>.

(Iv1, v2) = 2 (a1c1+ a2c2+ a3c3)+ a4c1+ a5c2+ a6c3=[ 3


1

2]=

1
(2(59-68)+ 1(49-67))=0, rankC=1.
1

(Iv1, v3) =0.


, det B=0, rankB=1
{0} R23 I < v5,

887

http://zhurnal.ape.relarn.ru/articles/2004/081.pdf

v6>. v4{0} R23,


Iv4 < v5, v6>. , Iv1=1v1+1v4+1v5+1v6,
Iv4=2v1+2v4+2v1+2v2, i, i, i, iR, i=1,2. I2=-1
, 1=1= 2=2=0, , v1, v4
I.
,
<v2, v3>, < v5, v6>.
u1=v1/||v1||, u4= v4/||v4||, u2, u3 <v2, v3>, u5, u6 <v5, v6>, (u1, u2, u3,
u4, u5, u6) ,
[u2,u3]=u1, [u1,u2]=u3, [u1,u3]=-u2, [u5,u6]=u4, [u4,u5]=u6, [u4,u6]=-u5.
, :
a '1 0

0 a' 5
0 a'
8
I=
c'1 0
0 0

0 0

0
a' 6
a'9
0
0
0

0 0 0
0 0 0
. , I
d '1 0
0
0 d '5 d '6

0 d '8 d ' 9
b'1

0 0

a5=a9=d5=d9=0; a6=-a8=1, d6=-d8=1.


, . , A1
1(e1), 1(e2), 1(e3) 1(u1), 1(u2), 1(u3), A2 2(e4), 2(e5), 2(e6)
2(u4), 2(u5), 2(u6), A1, A2SO(3)
0
A
.
I=AIa,cA-1, A= 1
0 A2
1
,
1.
6 .
: a c. A Ia,c
1 0
, OiSO(2). , u1, u2, u3,
Ai :
0 Oi
u4, u5, u6
.
:

[1] ., . . .:, .2,


1981
[2] Grauert H., Remmert R. ber kompakte homogene komplexe Mannigfaltigkeiten.Arch.Math., 1962, 13, S. 498-507