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# Determine the volume of a dished head.

T Head thickness, after forming Sp Spherical radius, internal Kr Knuckle radius, internal D Outside Head diameter Sf Straight flange Internal diameter, id = D - ( 2 T ! Head depth (less straight flange!, Hd = Sp - S"rt( # ( Sp - Kr ! 2 - ( ( id \$2 ! - Kr ! 2 % Knuckle, included angle = &rcSin( ( Sp - Hd ! \$ ( Sp - Kr ! ! Depth of Knuckle Section, H' = Kr Sin( Knuckle included angle ! Depth of Spherical Section, H2 = Hd - H' Temporar( )aria*le, & = ( id \$ 2 ! - Kr Temporar( )aria*le, + = S"rt( Kr2 - H'2 ! Diameter ,here spherical radius intersects the knuckle radius, D2 = id - ( 2 Kr ! - ( 2 + ! .olume' = /i & H' # & - S"rt( Kr2 - H'2 ! % - # /i ( Kr2 ! # H' - # & &rcSin( H' \$Kr ! %% - # ( /i \$0 ! H'0 %% .olume2 = H22 /i # Sp - ( H2 \$0 ! % .olume0 = # ( id2 /i ! \$1 % Sf 222)olume contained in straight flange H), head )olume ( not including straight flange portion ! H) = ( .olume' - .olume2 ! \$'333333 Total Head )olume, mm4 = ( .olume' - .olume2 - .olume0 ! \$'333333 5ead more6 http6\$\$,iki2ans,ers2com\$7\$Ho,8do8(ou8calculate8a8dish8end8dimensio ns9i ::';<=S >uO