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06.

April 2006

Introduction to UMTS
Radio KPI
3G network planning introduce
www.huawei
www.huawei.com
.com

Huawei Northwest Africa Region


RNP Solution Manage: William.chen
William.chen@huawei.com

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

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Agenda

n UMTS Radio KPI overview


n 3G Network Optimization
n Case Study of KPI Optimization

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3G KPIs Principle: S.M.A.R.T

the KPI has clear and complete definition and


Specific formula, include check point and procedure.

KPIs are measurable by given condition,


Measurable
measurement equipment and procedure.

all the KPIs should be reachable, it is refer to the


Attainable commercial network.

Relevant the KPI can show the subscriber experience

Time-bound the KPI target should be on the base of time-bound

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3G KPIs : Specific
Complete KPI definition include the formula combine with the check point or
procedure.

The example: RRC Connection Successful Rate

n formula
RRCConnectionSuccessservice
RRCS_SRService = ×100%
RRCConnectionAttempt service
n Check point

The number of “RRC Connection Attempt” is A1 or


A2?
A2 represent the effective number of “RRC
Connection Attempt”.

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3G KPIs : Measurable – Drive Test

n Field Test -> Drive Test Driver test route is based on


cluster, it is involved about 20
Evaluate the overall network sites in one cluster usually.
performance, usually on the network
pre-launch phase and initial stage of
commercial launch.

Test platform
Multiple test model
UEs can perform
different tests.

Data analysis
Probe & Assistant is used
for analyzing test data

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3G KPIs : Measurable – Stationary test
System KPI is suggested to be
n Field Test ->stationary Test test by stationary:
Evaluate the system / equipment performance. n Throughput KPI
n Delay KPI
n Quality KPI
Core Network
Stationary test condition is fixed,
NodeB and usually used in indoor test
scenario.
RNC
NodeB Radio Network KPI test is
suggested to be test by drive test
System performance Radio Network
performance n Call drop rate
nEquipment ability
nRadio network n Handover successful rate
nTransmission
planning
nNetwork construct
nSpecial environment
n…. condition

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3G KPIs : Measurable – Statistic test
n Statistic Test
Nastar
server

Monitoring & analysis


center

Recommended for security Essential


Optimization team
OM system

Pre-Condition for Statistic Test


Subscriber care center

There must be enough statistic sample, that


Terminal: ordinary PC or laptop, no distance
mean network traffic should be reach high
limitation
Local networks level.
Any corresponding dept.

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Huawei KPI test platform
comprehensive analysis of the iManagerTM M2000
performance, configuration,
alarm obtaining test data
GENEX Nastar 3G op para
tim me
iza
tion ter
fil au
es to
de matic
sharing of l ive
ry
analysis results Node B
RNC
v GENEX Probe
GENEX Assistant
v AGILENT 3G Node B
v QUALCOMM HLR/AC
multiple test data
v HUAWEI RNC
Node B

RNS
R NC PSTN
GENEX Probe te
d a ta s t MSC/SSP/ PLMN
wireless test data WCDMA ISDN
VLR
Node B

RNC
GMSC/SSP

CN
GENEX U- Node B
Net
Node B RNS

network pre-planning/planning

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3G KPIs: Relevant
Examples of User Experience (QoE)

completion of a End-to-end response The voice and video


download file is fast is Clare

Voice, Video Phone, MMS, WAP, Email, FTP, HTTP…


Service Performance

Radio Network KPI


AMR12.2, CS64k,PS64k/128k/384k, HSDPA/HSUPA

Accessibility Retainability Integrity Mobility Utilization Availability

Statistic / Measurement data

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Huawei 3G KPIs Architecture

3G KPIs

Accessability Retainability Service Integrity Mobility Delay/Latency Availability

• Call Setup • Call Drop • PS Throughput • SHO • Call Setup Delay • Worst Cell
Success Rate Rate Success (Voice/VP) Rate
(Voice/VP) (Voice/VP) Rate
• PDP Context
• PDP Context • PDP • Hard Activation Time
Activation Context Handover
• RTT
Success Rate Drop Rate Success
Rate
• SMS/MMS
Success Rate • Inter-RAT
Handover
Success
Rate

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3G KPIs: It is not only a value
3G KPI is not only a value, but a system, for example of CDR (Call Drop Rate)

Network Planning Network Construct Transmission optimization

Coverage Root cause drop-call

Hand Pilot Neighbor


over pollution cell Others
Transport 2G
problem
Interference Scramble congestionresource
Call drop
cause
59.45% 10.02% 7.29% 4.56% 0.68% 0.68% 3% 2.28% 11.94%

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3G KPIs: Attainable
3G KPI is output of combination with investment include technology, HR,
cost, competition strategy etc. Cost

Huawei KPI comply principle:


n Huawei will be responsibility for every complied KPI;
Reasonable
n Cooperate with Mobilis to work out a Competitive
KPIKPI;
target
n Use the experience from other commercial network;
Competition

Attainable Common target for Mobilis and Huawei Technical

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3G KPIs: Time-bound
nMature Network
100

ü Drive Test KPIs


100
90
90

nOngoing Optimization
80
80
70
70
60
60
50

ü Stationary test KPIs


4050
3040
2030
1020
010

0
0

3
ü Network Statistics

6
9

12
0

15
3

18
6

21
9

24
12

27
15

30
18

33
21

36
24

27

39

42
30

33

45

48
Number of Sites

36

39

42

45

48
Number of Sites

ü Network Statistics
nCommercial Launch ü Benchmark test
Nastar
Probe & Assistant
Probe & Assistant

Ea
lif c h K
n Pre-Launch ed P
Probe & Assistant ur I h
KPI Acceptance at a s
io
n

ü Drive Test KPIs


ü Stationary test KPIs

nNetwork construct
ü Site verification

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Recommend test methodology
Test Methodology Pre-launch Acceptance On-going Optimization
RRC connection success rate Drive Test -

Call setup success rate Drive Test Statistic Test

PDP activation success rate Drive Test Statistic Test

CS Call drop rate Drive Test Statistic Test

PS Call drop rate Drive Test Statistic Test

CS Call complete rate - Statistic Test

PS Call Complete rate - Statistic Test

HSPA Call drop rate Stationary Stationary

R99 PS Throughput Stationary Stationary

HSPA Throughput Stationary Stationary

Soft handover success rate Drive Test Statistic Test

Inter-RAT handover success Drive Test Statistic Test


rate

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Contents

• UMTS Radio KPI overview


• 3G Radio Network Optimization
• Case Study of KPI Optimization

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Optimization throughout Life Cycle

Subs. Number
Drop call • RF adjustment

Congestion • Para. adjustment


• Maintenance and upgrade
Poor quality
• Contingency planning
Access failure
Pre-launch optimization • Network expansion

tio is
……
• …….

s
n
es nal y
olu
a
an lem
Customized and

dr
differentiated

ob
services

Pr
Single site verification
Billing strategies

Investment Return

RF plan review DT & CQT KPI Complaints


analysis
Construction
phase Commercia Booming phase Mature phase Time
l launch Optimizing Balancing
Troubleshooting

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Network Optimization Phases

Optimization
preparation
RF optimization

New site integrated Service test and


parameter optimization

Routine drive test and


Single site verification stats. analysis

Acceptance criteria
N satisfied?
80% sites in the Y
Y
N cluster ready?

Acceptance

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RF Optimization Target

n To optimize coverage

n To minimize pilot pollution

n To optimize cell dominance

n To optimize neighbor cell list

n To resolve RF-related drop calls

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RF Parameters Optimization

n Engineering parameters adjustment


To adjust antenna down tilt
To adjust antenna azimuth
To adjust antenna location
To adjust antenna height
To replace antenna
To replace site
To add new cell

n Radio part parameters adjustment


To optimize neighbor cell list

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Pilot Pollution Minimization
Pilot pollution definition:
n SHO candidates (A) Pilot pollution will result in:
(1) low signal quality
n Active set size (B)
(2) decreased system
n If A>B, pilot pollution exists capacity
(3) Call drops easier
-60

-65 Margin

-70
RSCP (dBm)

Ways to optimize:
-75 (1) Antenna adjustment
-62
-64 -66 (e.g. azimuth or down tilt)
-68 -69
-80
(2) Pilot power optimization
-85 -81

-90
SC1 SC2 SC3 SC4 SC5 SC6

Not
Active Set Pilot Pollution
Pilot Pollution

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Pilot Pollution: Example

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RF-related Drop Calls
Problems Appearance

n Poor coverage Poor RSCP & Ec/Io

n High interference Poor Ec/Io or RTWP

n Poor UL coverage UE max Tx power

n Poor dominance many SHO events

n Pilot pollution many cells present

n Missing neighbors

Fast change of RF conditions usually


causes drop calls, e.g. turning a corner.

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Para. Optimization Target

n To reduce access failures Para. optimization


is an important step
after RF optimization
n To reduce drop calls

n To enhance service quality

Service quality and network resources


utilization will be improved after para.
optimization

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Parameters to be Optimized

n CCCH power allocation para.

n RL maximum power para.


Seldom
n Cell re-selection para. adjusted

n Intra-freq. handover para.


An effective way to
n Inter-RAT handover para. reduce drop calls

n Power control para.

n Access power para. The influence caused by the


cell parameters adjustment
n Other related para. should be analyzed carefully.

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Intra-freq. Re-selection Para.
Optimize Treselection, Qhysts and Sintrasearch so as to
have minimum ping-pong and minimum camped onto
wrong cell

The black dotted line


Qhyst2 CPICH_Ec/Io is the serving cells.
CPICH_Ec/Io
Qhyst2
Qhyst2
Qhyst2
Qhyst2

The black dotted line


UE doesn’t camp is the serving cells.
onto the best cells. Sintrasearch
UE doesn’t camp
onto the best cells.
Qqualmin
Qqualmin
Treselection Treselection
Treselection Treselection
Treselection Treselection Time

Treselection, Qhyst2, Sintrasearch = 0 Treselection, Qhyst2, Sintrasearch != 0

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Contents

• UMTS Radio KPI overview


• 3G Radio Network Optimization
• Case Study of KPI Optimization

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Case study from commercial projects

• Example of Accessibility KPI analysis


• Example of Call Drop KPI issue & solution
• Example of Throughput KPI issue analysis

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Example of accessibility KPIs issue

Trouble-shooting of RRC
setup and RAB assignment Breakdown of CS RAB failure (Counters)
problems:
VS.RAB.FailEstCS.I VS.RAB.FailEstabCS. VS.RAB.FailEstPS.
• STEP1: Identify the counter with the UB.Band Other.Cell RIPFail
highest number
• STEP2: Identify the Top 10 cells with
Breakdown of CS RRC failure (Counters)
the same problem

VS.RRC.Rej.R VS.RRC.Rej.Cod VS.RRC.Rej.UL.C RRC.FailConnEstab.


Definition of Counters L.Fail e.Cong E.Cong NoReply
l VS.RAB.FailEstPs.IUB.Band: The number of
RABs unsuccessfully established in a cell due
to IUB resource congestion causes. • VS.RAB.FailEstabCS.Other.Cell: • VS.RRC.Rej.UL.CE.Cong: RRC
Pre-admission control module reports setup failure due to lack of UL CE
a resource congestion. resources

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Analysis

The “worst” sites (cells) that have been found to have both IUB and CE
congestion issues:

n0109TO (cell id 578/579/580)


n0111TO (3882/3883/3884)
n0070TO (18641/18642/18643)

NodeB UL CE Occupation Rate


Name
2007-02-19 2007-02-20 2007-02-21 2007-02-22

0070TO 120.83% 132.29% 132.29% 171.88%

0109TO 142.71% 175.00% 175.00% 180.21%

0111TO 158.33% 132.29% 132.29% 148.96%

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Suggested solution
A comparative analysis shows that, if excluding the problematic sites,
the KPI would improve substantially, say, AMR RAB assignment success
rate from 97.79% to 98.09%:
KPIs (including IUB KPIs (without IUB
Congestion sites) Congestion sites)

RRC Connection Setup Success


99.17%(313992/316615) 99.35%(256449/258126)
Rate (CS)(>98%)

AMR RAB Assignment Success


97.79%(294499/301169)
Suggested action plan:
98.09%(241127/245815)
Rate(>98%)
• CE/IUB expansion
Video Call RAB Assignment
98.31%(3314/3371) 98.67%(2891/2930) • Perform regular neighbour list
Success Rate(>98%)
check to further tune the
PS64 RAB Assignment Success
84.93%(2462/2899) 83.10%(1981/2384)
performance
Rate(>97%)

PS128 RAB Assignment


98.48%(16674/16932) 98.80%(13638/13803)
Success Rate(>97%)

PS384 RAB Assignment


97.53%(58114/59584) 97.81%(48854/49946)
Success Rate(>97%)

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Case study from commercial projects

• Example of Accessibility KPI analysis


• Example of Call Drop KPI issue & solution
• Example of Throughput KPI issue analysis

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Example of Call drop rate issues
Drop Call Rate Voice(3G)
AMR12.2 Call Drop Rate Drop Call Rate Video(3G)
Drop Call Rate (2G)

3.5%

3.0%
Voice call drop rate
2.5% changes over a three-
2.0% month optimization
1.5% period
1.0%

0.5%

0.0%
2006-01-16
2006-01-18
2006-01-20
2006-01-22
2006-01-24
2006-01-26
2006-01-28
2006-01-30
2006-02-01
2006-02-03
2006-02-05
2006-02-07
2006-02-09
2006-02-11
2006-02-13
2006-02-15
2006-02-17
2006-02-19
2006-02-21
2006-02-23
2006-02-25
2006-02-27
2006-03-01
2006-03-03
2006-03-05
2006-03-07
2006-03-09
2006-03-11
2006-03-13
2006-03-15
2006-03-17
2006-03-19
Zone1 Zone2
Solving Voice call drop Zone3
rate problems in Top 3
zones

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What measures were taken to solve
the call drop problems?

Zone Action time Call drop rate Optimization measures


reduction
Zone 1 Feb. 14-17 1.57%->1.27% ü Scrambling code planning
adjustment
ü System/handover
Zone 2 Feb. 23-25 1.38%->1.21%
parameter tuning
ü Neighbour list optimization
ü RF optimization, etc.
Zone 3 Mar.2-6 1.34%->1.10%

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Case study from commercial projects

• Example of Accessibility KPI analysis


• Example of Call Drop KPI issue & solution
• Example of Throughput issue analysis

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Example of throughput KPI issues

45 Huawei sites
provide coverage
for DT route
(Madrid South
East)

Group Service Target Valid calls Successful KPI


I/B PS
FTP application UL > 300 kbps 118 (UL) 118 (UL) 319 (UL)
UL:384
throughput DL > 361 kbps 87 (DL) 87 (DL) 293 (DL)
DL:384
Minimum application
HSDPA > 384 Kbit/s 87 87 280
throughput DL

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Analysis: coverage problems

RNC 123

RNC 122

Areas that lack


dominant pilot

Drive test route


involves 3 Huawei
RNCs and 1 Nortel
RNC

RNC 121

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The impact of missing neighbours
• DL R99 throughput has been impacted by the interference generated by missing
neighbors, mostly concerning the new sites that had been recently put on air
• Areas with low throughput corresponds to bad Ec/Io figures and HHO to 2G

Low throughput

UE handover to GSM

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Other causes
In addition to coverage and missing neighbour causes, the HSDPA
minimum throughput problem is due to:
• DT route crosses the IUR area where HSDPA calls are reconfigured to DCH
(H2D)
• UE moves from a non-hotspot to a hotspot site in HSDPA connected mode

RNC 122
RNC 123 RNC 122
RNC 123

RNC 121 RNC 121

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06.April 2006

Thank You
www.huawei.com

www.huawei
.com

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

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