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Bidentate ligand-protected Ag nanocrystals

Hu Zhou1*, Lianghui Huang1, Longhai Piao2, Sang-Ho Kim2 1. School of Materials Science and Engineering, Wuhan Textile University, Wuhan, 430073, P. R. China 2. Department of Chemistry, Kongju National University, Kongju, 314-701, Korea Stable dispersions of nanocrystals were highly required for their practical applications, regarding the ease of processing, storage stability and product performance. Nanocrystals, however, often showed a strong agglomeration/aggregation due to their high surface energy, causing the fast sediment. Such strong interactions between nanocrystals were easily reduced by surface modification or protection to generate a stable dispersion. The dispersion stability of nanocrystals were found to strongly depend on the thickness and the conformation of adsorbed surfactant layers. Here we reported a new strategy based on the use of a bidentate ligand to exchange the long alkyl chain surfactants adsorbed on Ag nanocrystals to facilely achieve stable dispersions of Ag nanocrystals in alcohol. Interestingly, bidentate ligand-protected Ag nanocrystals showed a poor dispersion in water. We found that just one functional group in a bidentate ligand was adsorbed on Ag nanocrystals, therefore leading to an unusual dispersion ability. The presence of another free functional group provided the potential reactivity for further modification.

Fig.1 photo (left) and UV-vis spectra (right) of nanocrystal dispersions after rested for 24 h. Inserts showed TEM images of nanocrystals