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AUTOMATED POLYHOUSE

Sponsored by:
Shriroz polyhouses, Pune

Under the guidance of


Prof. C.B. Kadu
INTRODUCTION
• Poly House is a climate regulated
environment to increase QUALITY&
PRODUCTION of corp.
• Microcontroller based system is a
economical option to achieve above
requirements.
• Manually Controlled System or Semi
Automatic Controlled System requires a
lot of attention and care.
• Microcontroller based Control System is
the solution to come over this problem
and to maximize returns.
BASIC REQUIREMENTS OF
POLYHOUSE
• Starting and closing of Micro Irrigation
System.
• Application of Liquid Fertilizer or Water
Soluble Fertilizer (N:P:K) and other
Nutrients to the plant.
• Operation of Misting System as
required.
• Opening and closing of ventilators and
side wall roll up curtains as needed.
• Operation of cooling pad and fan.
• Climate Control, Temperature,
Humidity, Heat Radiation, Control PH
level in irrigation water etc. as required
BLOCK DIAGRAM
PARAMETERS &
CONTROLLING ACTION
Sr. Parameter Control Action Description
No.

1 Humidity Sprinkler Humidity drops below the set point then sprinkler
(Air) motor motor turns ON. Droplets maintains Humidity

2 Wetness Drip system motor As water contain in soil decreases drip system
(Soil) takes control action according to schedule.

3 Temperature Fan & Pad system Balanced environmental temperature inside the
(Atmosphere) poly house.

4 Light Intensity Curtains Intensity of light is maintained by either curtain


(Photo synthesis) movement or auxiliary light source.

5 pH electrode (Liquid Valve Balances the % of water & fertilizer mixture.


fertilizer) Actuator
SENSOR SELECTION
• Temp – RTD (PT-100)
• Humidity – HS-220
• Soil moisture – Metal probes
• Light – LDR (LM-35)
• pH- pH electrode
 
FAN & PAD SYSTEM
• Evaporative cooling is a process that
reduces air temperature by evaporation of
water into the airstream
• Fan and pad systems consist of exhaust
fans at one end of the greenhouse and a
pump circulating water through and over a
porous pad installed at the opposite end of
the greenhouse.
• Typical fan and pad greenhouse
arrangement. The coolest area of the
greenhouse is adjacent to the evaporative
cooling pads. As this cooled air moves along
the width of the greenhouse it picks up heat
so that the exhaust air is warmer than the
inlet air.
• Evaporative cooling pad. Water flows along
the distribution pipe and drains down into
the pad material.
Humidity Control

Set
point
Light Intensity Control

Set
point
pH Control
Set
point
Temperature Control
Set
point
ADVANTAGES
• Yield increases by 5 - 15 times or even more.
• Reduction in labour cost
• Less fertilizer requirement, thus reduction in
fertilizer cost.
• Low water requirement thus saving in water.
• Less chances of disease attack, thus reduction
in disease control cost.
• Higher Efficiency of Water & Fertilizer Use.
• Cultivation in problematic topography.
• Cultivation in problematic soil conditions.
• Cultivation in problematic climate conditions.
• Requires less area to get yield and benefits.
• Easy to operate, maintain & control
FUTURE SCOPE
1)The Status of the different
parameters can be displayed on the
computer using serial interface with PC
with the help ofRS232 Protocol.
2) The Records for the different
readings can be maintained by adding
memory chip in the system. It can be
also stored in PC.
3) The Status of the different
parameters can be send on Mobile
through SMS to the concern person.
BIBLIOGRAPHY
• www.srirozpolyhouse.com
• www.jains.com
• www.atmel.com
• www.dallassemi.com

1) The 8051 micro controller -Kenneth J.


Ayala
2) The 8051 micro controller and embedded system
– M. Mazidi and J. Mazidi
3) Atmel data book
4) Operational Amplifier -Ramakant
Gaikwad
5) Basic Electronics -V.K. Mehta