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Fossils

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15.

65 million years ago absolute age

How long ago the dinosaurs went extinct.

17.

Iridium

The rare element that can be found in a thin layer around the planet. Can be found in the K-T boundary. It marks the time of the extinction of the dinosaurs. _____________ appearing on earth may have affected the dinosaur population. A rock from space that collided with the Earth to help cause the extinction of dinosaurs. A type of body fossil that forms in rock when an organism with hard parts is buried, decays or dissolves, and leaves a cavity in the rock fossils in which the spaces inside are filled with minerals from groundwater In a sequence of undisturbed rocks, the oldest rocks will be at the bottom and the youngest rocks at the top.

10.

23.

Mammals Meteor

16.

4.

mold

the age of a rock given as the number of years since the rock formed
3.

2.

permineralized remains principle of Superposition radioactive decay

carbon film cast Cold Dust Erosion fossil

A type of fossil consisting of an extremely thin coating of carbon on rock A type of fossile created when sediments or mineral fill a hole left behind from a decaying organism. What happened to global temperatures after the meteor collision. One thing that was thrown into the air after the meteor collision. What has happened to carve valleys.

7.

5.

11.

18.

22.

21. 1.

Process in which some isotopes break down into other isotopes and particles
13.

radiometric dating

the process of measuring the absolute age of geologic material by measuring the concentrations of radioactive isotopes and their decay products

8.

relative age

Preserved remains or traces of ancient organisms.


12.

half-life

The age of a rock compared to the ages of rock layers


19.

Short

Compared to dinosaurs, humans have lived on Earth for a very __________ time.

The time it takes for half of the atoms in a radioactive element to break down
6.

index fossil

a fossil known to have lived in a particular geologic age that can be used to date the rock layer in which it is found

9.

unconformity

A place where an old, eroded rock surface is in contact with a newer rock layer
14. 20.

uniformitarianism Z-Coal Layer

Charles Lyell's idea that geologic processes have not changed throughout Earth's history. The layer that divides the time of mammals from the time of dinosaurs.