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ORDER No.

03-SM-004

Service Manual
Colour Television

TX-21AT1P
Z8T Chassis

SPECIFICATIONS
Power Source:

220-240V a.c., 50Hz

Power Consumption:

48W

Stand-by Power
Consumption:

0,8W

Aerial Impedance:

75 unbalanced, Coaxial Type

Receiving System:

PAL B/G, PAL D/K ,PAL-60


SECAM B/G, SECAM D/K
M.NTSC (AV)
NTSC (AV only)

Receiving Channels:
VHF E2-E12
VHF H1-H2 (ITALY)
VHF A-H (ITALY)
VHF R1-R2
VHF R3-R5
VHF R6-R12
UHF E21-E69
CATV (S01-S05)
CATV S1-S10 (M1-M10)
CATV S11-S20 (U1-U10)
CATV S21-S41 (HYPERBAND)

AV FRONT

Audio (RCAx1)
Video (RCAx1)

High Voltage:

27kV 1kV

Picture Tube:

A51ERF135X71

Audio Output:

1 x 5W RMS, 1 x 10W MPO


8 Impedance

Headphones:

8 Impedance

Accessories
supplied :

500mV rms 10k


1V p-p 75

51cm

Remote Control
2 x R6 (UM3) Batteries

Dimensions:
Height:
Width:
Depth:

476mm
524mm
473mm

Intermediate Frequency:
Video/Audio
Video
38,9MHz
Audio
32,4MHz, 33,4MHz
Colour
34,47MHz (PAL),
34,5MHz (SECAM),
34,65MHz (SECAM)

Net weight:

22kg

Terminals:

NOTE: This Service Manual should be used in conjunction with


the Z8 Technical guide.

AV1 IN

Video (21 pin) 1V p-p 75


Audio (21 pin) 500mV rms 10k
RGB (21 pin) 0,7V p-p 75

AV1 OUT

Video (21 pin) 1V p-p 75


Audio (21 pin) 500mV rms 1k

Specifications are subject to change without notice.


Weights and dimensions shown are approximate.

CONTENTS
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS ......................................................................................................................................................... 2
SERVICE HINTS ...................................................................................................................................................................... 3
ADJUSTMENT PROCEDURE AND SELF-CHECK .................................................................................................................. 4
WAVEFORM PATTERN TABLE ............................................................................................................................................... 5
ALIGNMENT SETTINGS .......................................................................................................................................................... 6
BLOCK DIAGRAMS.................................................................................................................................................................. 7
PARTS LOCATION................................................................................................................................................................. 10
REPLACEMENT PARTS LIST................................................................................................................................................ 11
SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS....................................................................................................................................................... 17
CONDUCTOR VIEWS ............................................................................................................................................................ 20

SAFETY PRECAUTION
GENERAL GUIDE LINES
1.
2.

3.

4.
5.

6.

It is advisable to insert an isolation transformer in the


a.c. supply before servicing a hot chassis.
When servicing, observe the original lead dress in the
high voltage circuits. If a short circuit is found, replace
all parts that have been overheated or damaged by
the short circuit.
After servicing, see that all the protective devices
such as insulation barriers, insulation papers, shields
and isolation R-C combinations are correctly
installed.
When the receiver is not being used for a long period
of time, unplug the power cord from the a.c. outlet.
Potentials as high as 28kV are present when this
receiver is in operation. Operation of the receiver
without the rear cover involves the danger of a shock
hazard from the receiver power supply. Servicing
should not be attempted by anyone who is not
familiar with the precautions necessary when working
on high voltage equipment. Always discharge the
anode of the tube.
After servicing make the following leakage current
checks to prevent the customer from being exposed
to shock hazard.

4.
5.

6.

2.
3.

a.c. VOLTMETER

2k 10 Watts

2.
3.

WATER PIPE
(EARTH)

TO INSTRUMENT'S EXPOSED
METALLIC PARTS

Fig. 1.

Unplug the a.c. cord and connect a jumper between


the two prongs of the plug.
Turn on the receivers power switch.
Measure the resistance value with an ohmmeter,
between the jumpered a.c. plug and each exposed
metallic cabinet part on the receiver, such as screw
heads, aerials, connectors, control shafts etc. When
the exposed metallic part has a return path to the
chassis, the reading should be between 4M ohm and
20M ohm. When the exposed metal does not have a
return path to the chassis, the reading must be
infinite.

the receiver should be repaired and rechecked before


it is returned to the customer.

X-RADIATION WARNING
1.
2.

The potential sources of X-Radiation in TV sets are


the high voltage section and the picture tube.
When using a picture tube test jig for service, ensure
that the jig is capable of handling 28kV without
causing X-Radiation.

NOTE: It is important to use an accurate periodically


calibrated high voltage meter.
1. Set the brightness to minimum.
2. Measure the high voltage. The meter should indicate:
27kV 1kV.
If the meter indication is out of tolerance, immediate
service and correction is required to prevent the
possibility of premature component failure.
3. To prevent any X-Radiation possibility, it is essential
to use the specified tube.

LEAKAGE CURRENT HOT CHECK


1.

The potential at any point should not exceed


1,4 Vrms. In case a measurement is outside the limits
specified, there is a possibility of a shock hazard, and

HOT CHECK CIRCUIT

LEAKAGE CURRENT COLD CHECK


1.

Check each exposed metallic part and check the


voltage at each point.
Reverse the a.c. plug at the outlet and repeat each of
the previous measurements.

Plug the a.c. cord directly into the a.c. outlet. Do not
use an isolation transformer for this check.
Connect a 2k 10W resistor in series with an
exposed metallic part on the receiver and an earth,
such as a water pipe.
Use an a.c. voltmeter with high impedance to
measure the potential across the resistor.

SERVICE HINTS
How to remove the rear cover
1. Remove the 5 screws as shown in Fig.2.

Screws

Screws

Fig.2.

LOCATION OF CONTROLS

Y-Board

E-Board

Focus

Fig. 3

Screen

ADJUSTMENT PROCEDURE
Item / Preparation
+B SET-UP
1.
2.

Adjustments
Confirm the following voltages.

Receive a Greyscale signal.


Set the controls :
Brightness

Minimum

Contrast

Minimum

Volume

Minimum

B1
B2
B3
B4
B8
B11

CUT OFF / Ug2 Test


1.
2.
3.
4.

3,3
190
16
10
5
127

0,3V
10V
1V
1V
0,3V
10V

B13
B14
B15
B16
B17
B18

-16
27,5
28
13
8
5

1V
1,5V
1,5V
1V
1V
0,3V

Set Contrast on maximum, set Brightness on center, switch


on AV mode.
Enter Service mode. Set Sub-Brightness to 31. Select Ug2
Test. Press "+" and adjust screen Vr till sharp vertical line is
visible and LED switches off. Then reduce screen Vr till LED
is just switched on.

Receive a Greyscale signal.


Degauss the tube externally.
Set the TV into Service Mode 1.
Select Cut off mode.

SELF CHECK
Self-check is used to automatically check the bus lines and hexadecimal code of the TV set.To enter Self-Check mode, press
the STATUS
button on the remote control and at the same time press the down (-/v) button on the customer controls at
the front of the TV set. To exit Self Check, switch off the TV set at the power button.

OPTION 1

E0

OPTION 2

02

If the CCU ports have been checked and found to be incorrect or not located then " - - " will appear in place of "O.K.".

Service Aids
To aid in the service of our current chassis there are a number of Service Aids which have been made available.

LUCI interface kit (Linked Utility Computer Interface)


Part number: TZS6EZ002
This contains interface and cables for connecting TV service connector and a PC as well as diagnostic software. As new
models are introduced upgrade software will become available.

VICI (Visual Interactive Computer Information)


These C.D.'s contain multimedia documentation providing quick access to service information.
Part No. TZS7EZ006, TZS7EZ005, TZS8EZ001 & TZS9EZ001
1. Service Manuals
2. Instruction Books
3. Technical Information

TASMIN (Technically Advanced System for Multimedia Interactive Notes)


As well as providing a first step towards more interactive training this product also achieves quick access to Technical
Information.

WAVEFORM PATTERN TABLE

CONDITIONS:
Contrast:
Brightness:
Colour:
Sharpness:

MAX
MID
MID
MID

ALIGNMENT SETTINGS
To access Service Mode select program position 99 and set sharpness to minimum.
Press MUTE button on remote control and at the same time press the "V" button on the customer controls at the front of
the TV, this will place the TV set into Service Mode.
Press / buttons to step up / down through the functions.
Press + / - buttons to alter the function values.
Press STR button on the customer controls at the front of the TV after each adjustment has been made to store the
required values.
To exit Service Mode press N button.
Alignment Function
1. Cut off (Ug2)

Setting indication
Note: All setting values are approximate
LED ON/OFF

Settings / Special features


LED to be just ON

2. Vertical slope

V-SLO 029

Optimum setting.

3. Vertical Position

V-POS 035

Optimum setting.

4. Vert. Amplitude

V-AMP 054

Optimum setting.

5. Horizontal Shift

H-CTR 034

Optimum setting.

6. Horizontal Parallelogram

H-PAR 035

Optimum setting.

7. Horizontal Bow

H-BOW 025

Optimum setting.

8. R-Cut

R-CUT 008

Optimum setting.

9. G-Cut

G-CUT 008

Optimum setting.

10. R-Drive

R-DRV 039

Optimum setting.

11. G-Drive

G-DRV 031

Optimum setting.

12. B-Drive

B-DRV 031

Optimum setting.

13. AGC

AGC 028

Optimum setting.

14. Sub Colour

S-COL 015

Optimum setting.

15. Sub Brightness

S-BRI 026

Optimum setting.

16. Horizontal Width

EW-WD 049

Optimum setting.

17. EW Parabola

EW-PR 009

Optimum setting.

18. EW Upper Corners

EW-UC 037

Optimum setting.

19. EW Lower Corners

EW-LC 051

Optimum setting.

20. EW Trapezoid

EW-TP 022

Optimum setting.

To access Option Bytes input remote code "FA" followed by key 5 (14 hex) or to access from Service Mode press "Status
button" on remote control.
(numerical keys 0-7 to change value, TV/AV button to store on remote control):
Option Byte 1
Bit No.
Value
0

Option Byte Table


Functions
0
NO
French model
1
YES
0
NO
Irish model
1
YES
0
NO
NICAM
1
YES
0
NO
A2 Stereo
1
YES
0
MACO
Tuner manufacturer
1
ALPS
0
NO
E-W circuit
1
YES
0
NO
Q-link
1
YES
0
YES
TOP TEXT
1
NO

Option Byte 2
Bit No.
Value

Option Byte Table


Functions
0
Sound AI
1
0
CATS
1

NO
YES
YES
NO

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

--

JK3101

Q3102

Q3101

X102

44

38
35

QSS OUT

40

42

VIDEO OUT

VIDEO IN

VIDEO EXT

AUDIO OUT

28 AUDIO OUT

23 IF1
24 IF2

53 B OUT

IC601
UOC

52 G OUT

IF2

51 R OUT

IF1

TUNER

11 G IN

6 AUDIO IN
7 B IN

B IN 48

3 AUDIO OUT

R IN 46

HEADPH
AV 21 PIN SCART

Q3104

Q602

SOUND TRAP

X602

Q601

E-BOARD

AUDIO OUTPUT IC

IC251

AUDIO OUT

VIDEO & MONO AUDIO BLOCK DIAGRAM

5 AUDIO IN

20 VIDEO IN
19 VIDEO OUT

15 R IN

G IN 47

1 AUDIO OUT
2 AUDIO IN

1
2
3

1
2
3

E7

Y2

E8

SP
-

Y-BOARD

IC351

1 2 3
7
8
9

D372

D371

D370

Q351

CRT

E2

F801 S801

IC1202

Mains In

P1

P2

T801

S1

S2

Degauss Coil

E3

D801

Line
Filter

R1202

RL801

D1202

D802

~
+

R804

POWER
SUPPLY

D812

Q1204

R1205

IC801

IC1201

Q1201

5V STANDBY

VCC

D813

D804
1

D805

D811

IC802

IC601 PIN 1

POWER ON/OFF

UOC

IC601

D806

61 VDDP

56 VDDC

54 VDDA

20 AVL/EW

14 VCC

21

EAROM

IC1103

REMOTE IN

IC1104

D003

D1205

39 VP

IC851

IBL 50

S3

S5
S4

B2

P2
B1

S1

S2

T802

P1

Q701

F852

F853

IC702

IC701

Q702

Q552

FBI/SCO 34

HOUT 33

Q603

PROT 36

BCL 49

5V
3

D852

D853

D851

D403

Q402

AUDIO
OUTPUT

IC251

Q852

Q753

Q751

Q851

D751

D701

+5V

D601

F851

+190V

D603

+8V

IC852

Q401

D606

8V

Q752

D752

Q501

D501

D552

4
9

10

T553

D510

D553

FBT

HOT

D557

D556

Q551

D554

T552

POWER SUPPLY & DEFLECTION BLOCK DIAGRAM

V-

33V

D002

5V

22

D1201

TU2

TUNER

MB

V+

Y2
5
6

E8
5
6

E1

+5V
STANDBY

D559

D401

D402

Y3

E5

Q351

CRT

E4

Y-BOARD

E-BOARD

VERTICAL
OUTPUT

G1

TO RGB
INPUTS

D350

7
8
9

IC451

IC351

HEATER

E1

Q1107

Q1110

Q1109

Q1102

D1107

Q1204

SCL

EAROM

IC1103
SDA

Q1201

D1106

RL801

16 FAST SW

AGC

SLOW SW

AV 21 PIN SCART

D1104

SDA

SWITCHING
MATRIX

+5V
STANDBY

TUNER

SCL

10 Q-LINK

1 STANDBY

27 AGC

11 MUTE2

8 SLOW SW

6 KEYSCAN

3 SDA

2 SCL

45

36

FBL

PROT

49

50

BCL

IBL

59
58

XTAL

XTAL

IC601
UOC

63
62

Q-LINK IN

64

Q-LINK OUT

REM IN

REMOTE IN

IC1104

Q603

X601

Q253

Q401

Q402

Q255

3 MUTE

AUDIO
OUTPUT

IC251

T552
FBT

E-BOARD

Y2
5
5

Y-BOARD

Q1105

Q1104

E8

IC351

Q1103

Q1106

CONTROL BLOCK DIAGRAM

7
8
9

D350

CRT

PARTS LOCATION
NOTE:
The numbers on the exploded view below
refer to the exploded view section of the
Replacement Parts List.

16

20

5
13

6
19

18
11

17

15
1

14
4

2
10

12

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16

SCHEMATIC DIAGRAMS FOR MODEL


TX-21AT1P
(Z8T CHASSIS)
IMPORTANT SAFETY NOTICE
Components identified by
mark have special characteristics
important for safety. When replacing any of these components, use
only manufacturers' specified parts.

NOTE
1.
2.
3.

RESISTOR
All resistors are carbon W resistor, unless marked otherwise.
Unit of resistance is OHM () (k=1,000, M=1,000,000)
CAPACITORS
All capacitors are ceramic 50V unless marked otherwise.
Unit of capacitance is F unless otherwise stated.
COIL
Unit of inductance is H, unless otherwise stated.

4.

TEST POINT
Test Point Position

5.

EARTH SYMBOL
Chassis Earth (Cold)
Line Earth (Hot)

6.

VOLTAGE MEASUREMENT
Voltage is measured by a d.c. voltmeter.
Measurement conditions are as follows:
Power source
a.c. 220V-240V, 50Hz
Receiving Signal
Colour Bar signal (RF)
All customer controls Maximum position

7.
Indicates the Video signal path
Indicates the Audio signal path
These schematic diagrams are the latest at time of printing and are subject to change without notice.

REMARKS
a.

Do not touch the hot part, or the hot and cold parts at the same time, as you are liable to a shock hazard.

b.
c.

Do not short circuit the hot and cold circuits as electrical components may be damaged.
Do not connect an instrument, such as an oscilloscope, to the hot and cold circuits simultaneously as this may cause
fuse failure. Connect the earth of the instruments to the earth connection of the circuit being measured.
Make sure to disconnect the power plug before removing the chassis.

d.

NOTE
1. The Power Supply Circuit contains a circuit area, which uses a separate power supply to isolate the earth connection.
The circuit is defined by HOT and COLD indications in the schematic diagram. All circuits, except the Power Circuit, are
COLD.

17

18

19

CONDUCTOR VIEWS

FOR MODEL TX-21AT1P

E - BOARD TNP8EE011

TRAN'S
Q253
E4
Q255
E4
Q401
A4
Q402
A4
Q501
B6
Q551
C8
Q552
A5
Q601
B2
Q602
A2
Q603
A2
Q701
B5
Q702
C5
Q751
C6
Q752
C7
Q753
C7
Q851
E5
Q852
E6
Q1102 F5
Q1103 B3
Q1104 B3
Q1105 B3
Q1106 B3
Q1107 F7
Q1109 F6
Q1110 F6
Q1201 E6
Q1204 F6
Q3101 D1
Q3102 D1
Q3104 A3
DIODES
D002
A5
D003
A5
D260
E4
D261
E4
D262
E4
D401
A5
D402
A5
D403
A4
D501
C5
D502
B5

D510
D551
D552
D553
D554
D555
D556
D557
D559
D601
D603
D606
D701
D702
D703
D704
D705
D706
D751
D752
D753
D754
D755
D801
D802
D803
D804
D805
D806
D807
D808
D809
D810
D811
D812
D813
D814
D851
D852
D853
D1101
D1104
D1106

B6
A6
B7
A6
B6
A6
B8
C8
A6
A2
A2
A1
C5
B5
C5
B5
B5
B5
C6
C7
C6
C6
C6
E7
E7
D7
D6
D6
E6
D6
D7
C7
D6
D7
D6
D7
D6
D4
E5
E5
D3
F8
F6

D1107
D1201
D1202
D1205
D3101

F6
F6
F6
F5
A4

I.C.'S
IC251 E4
IC451 A5
IC601 B2
IC701 C5
IC702 C4
IC801 D7
IC802 D6
IC851 B4
IC852 C4
IC1103 D3
IC1104 F7
IC1201 F5
IC1202 F5

T.P.S
TP1
F5
TP2
A7
TP3
A6
TP4
B6
TP5
D1
TP6
A6
TP8
F5
TP10
E1
TP13
B6
TP14
E5
TP15
E5
TP16
D4
TP17
B4
TP18
B4
TP19
A5
TP20
A1
TP21
C3
TP22
A7
TPE11 D8

20

Y - BOARD TNP8EY015

TRAN'S
Q351
B1
DIODES
D350
A1
D351
B1
D352
A2
D353
A3
D370
B1
D371
B1
D372
B1

I.C.'S
IC351 A1
T.P.'S
TPY4 B2
TPY5 A3

21

NOTES

22