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CHECKING FOR DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES


CHECK ENGINE LAMP
To diagnose electronic control module (ECM) or ignition control module (ICM) system problems, start by observing the behavior of the check engine lamp.

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NOTES See Figure 2-1. Key ON means that the ignition key is turned to ON and the engine stop switch is set to RUN (although the engine is not running). When the ignition switch is turned ON, the check engine lamp will illuminate for approximately four seconds and then turn off. If the check engine lamp is not illuminated at Key ON. See 2.2 INITIAL DIAGNOSTIC CHECK: SPEEDOMETER. If the check engine lamp comes on late (after 20 seconds). See 2.2 INITIAL DIAGNOSTIC CHECK: SPEEDOMETER. If the check engine lamp fails to turn OFF after the initial four second period. See 2.2 INITIAL DIAGNOSTIC CHECK: SPEEDOMETER. See Figure 2-3. After lamp turns off after being illuminated for the rst four second period, one of three situations may occur. a. The lamp remains off. This indicates there are no current fault conditions or stored diagnostic trouble codes currently detected by the ignition control module (ICM) or electronic control module (ECM). The lamp stays off for only four seconds and then comes back on for an eight second period. This indicates an diagnostic trouble code is stored, but no current diagnostic trouble code exists. If the lamp remains on beyond the eight second period, then a current diagnostic trouble code exists. 1. 2. 3. Ignition OFF Lock position Unlock position Open switch cover Figure 2-1. Ignition Switch Accessory

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1.

b.

c. 2.

See CODE TYPES which follows for a complete description of diagnostic trouble code formats. Figure 2-2. Check Engine Lamp

NOTE Some diagnostic trouble codes can only be fully diagnosed during actuation. For example, a problem with the ignition coil will be considered a current fault even after the problem is corrected, since the ECM/ICM will not know of its resolution until after the coil is exercised by vehicle start sequence. In this manner, there may sometimes be a false indication of the current diagnostic trouble code.

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SECURITY LAMP
To diagnose TSM/TSSM system problems, start by observing the behavior of the security lamp. NOTES

1.

See Figure 2-3. After lamp turns off after being illuminated for the rst four second period, one of three situations may occur. a. The lamp remains off. This indicates there are no current fault conditions or stored diagnostic trouble codes currently detected by the ignition control module (ICM) or electronic control module (ECM). The lamp stays off for only four seconds and then comes back on for an eight second period. This indicates an diagnostic trouble code is stored, but no current diagnostic trouble code exists. If the lamp remains on beyond the eight second period, then a current diagnostic trouble code exists.

To provide an indication of TSM/TSSM diagnostic codes, the security lamp is enabled on all models. See Figure 2-1. Key ON means that the ignition key is turned to ON and the engine stop switch is set to RUN (although the engine is not running). When the ignition switch is turned ON, the check engine lamp will illuminate for approximately four seconds and then turn off. If the check engine lamp is not illuminated at Key ON, see 2.2 INITIAL DIAGNOSTIC CHECK: SPEEDOMETER. If the check engine lamp comes on late (after 20 seconds), see 2.2 INITIAL DIAGNOSTIC CHECK: SPEEDOMETER. If the check engine lamp fails to turn OFF after the initial four second period, see 2.2 INITIAL DIAGNOSTIC CHECK: SPEEDOMETER. 2.

b.

c.

See CODE TYPES which follows for a complete description of diagnostic trouble code formats.

NOTE Some diagnostic trouble codes can only be fully diagnosed during actuation. For example, a problem with the turn signals will be considered a current fault even after the problem is corrected, since the TSM/TSSM will not know of its resolution until after the turn signals are activated. In this manner, there may sometimes be a false indication of a diagnostic trouble code.

ON

A
OFF Key ON

4 Sec.

Lamp OFF: No Current or Historic DTCs

Lamp ON 8 Seconds: Only Historic DTCs Exist


ON
4 Sec. 8 Sec.

B
OFF Key ON
4 Sec.

Lamp OFF

Lamp Remains ON: Current DTC *


ON OFF Key ON
4 Sec.

C
4 Sec.

* Historic DTCs May Also Exist

Figure 2-3. Check Engine and Security Lamp Operation

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CODE TYPES
There are two types of diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs): current and historic. If a DTC is stored, it can be read using speedometer self diagnostics. See 2.3 SPEEDOMETER SELF DIAGNOSTICS. NOTE To differentiate between current and historic diagnostic trouble codes a computer based diagnostic package called DIGITAL TECHNICIAN (Part No. HD-44750) must be employed. All DTCs reside in the memory of the ECM/ICM, TSM/TSSM or speedometer until the DTC is cleared by use of the speedometer self diagnostics. See 2.3 SPEEDOMETER SELF DIAGNOSTICS. A DTC is also cleared after a total of 50 trips has elapsed. A trip consists of a start and run cycle. After the 50 trip retention period, the DTC is automatically erased from memory providing that no subsequent faults of the same type are detected in that period.

RETRIEVING DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES


The speedometer provides two levels of diagnostics.

The most sophisticated mode employs a computer based diagnostic package called DIGITAL TECHNICIAN (Part No. HD-44750). The second mode requires using the speedometer self diagnostics. See 2.3 SPEEDOMETER SELF DIAGNOSTICS.

MULTIPLE DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES


While it is possible for more than one fault to occur and set more than one DTC, there are several conditions which may result in one fault setting multiple DTCs: Serial data DTCs (U1016, U1064, U1097, U1255, U1300 and U1301) may be accompanied by other DTCs. Always correct the serial data DTCs before resolving the other DTCs. For proper resolution to multiple DTCs refer to diagnostic code priority chart page 2-6, Table 2-2.

Current
Current DTCs are those which presently disrupt motorcycle operation. See the appropriate ow charts for solutions.

Historic
If a particular problem happens to resolve itself, the active status problem is dropped and it becomes a historic fault rather than a current fault. Historic DTCs can only be retrieved using a computer based diagnostic package called DIGITAL TECHNICIAN (Part No. HD-44750). Historic DTCs are stored for a length of time to assist in the diagnosis of intermittent faults. The check engine lamp will not indicate the existence of only historic DTCs. It is important to note that historic DTCs may also be present whenever the system indicates the existence of a current fault. See MULTIPLE DIAGNOSTIC TROUBLE CODES if multiple DTCs are found. Diagnostic charts are designed for use with current DTCs and as a result they frequently suggest part replacement. When diagnosing a historic DTC the charts can be helpful but should not lead to part replacement without verication the part is faulty.

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INITIAL DIAGNOSTIC CHECK: SPEEDOMETER


GENERAL

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4
Constant power is supplied to the speedometer through terminal 5 of connector [39]. The speedometer turns on when power is applied to terminal 1 of connector [39]. The speedometer goes through an initialization sequence every time power is removed and re-applied to terminal 6. The visible part of this sequence is the check engine lamp (in run mode), security lamp (models with security only), backlighting, odometer and fuel level (EFI only). Upon key ON, the check engine lamp and security lamp will illuminate for 4 seconds and then (if parameters are normal) go out. To locate faulty circuits or other system problems, follow the diagnostic ow charts and tests in this section. For a systematic approach, always begin with INITIAL DIAGNOSTICS which follows. Read the general information and then work your way through the ow chart box by box. Loss of power on any of the four power inputs will change speedometer behavior. Refer to Table 2-1. Speedometer Function Chart-Loss Of Input.

3 2

1. 2. 3. 4.

Fuse block Starter relay System relay Spare fuses Figure 2-4. Fuse Block Location

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Diagnostic Notes
1
If a numbered circle appears adjacent to a ow chart box, then more information is offered in the diagnostic notes. Many diagnostic notes contain supplemental information, descriptions of various diagnostic tools or references to other parts of the manual where information on the location and removal of components may be obtained.

4 5 6

7 8 9
9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

12 10 11 13 14
Lights Start Relay System Relay (EFI) Spare 15 Amp Spare 15 Amp Empty

2 3
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Circuit Diagram/Wire Harness Connector Table


When working through a ow chart, refer to the illustrations, the associated circuit diagram and the wire harness connector table as necessary. The wire harness connector table for each circuit diagram identies the connector number, description, type and general location. In order to perform most diagnostic routines, a Breakout Box and a digital volt/ohmmeter (DVOM) are required. See 2.5 BREAKOUT BOX: SPEEDOMETER. To perform the circuit checks with any degree of efciency, a familiarity with the various wire connectors is also necessary.

ECM* 15 Amp Fuel Pump* 15 Amp Headlamp P&A (2 Amp max) Battery Accessories Instruments Ignition

*EFI Fuses

Figure 2-5. Relay/Fuse Panel (top view)

Reprogramming ICM/ECM
Diagnostic charts frequently suggest ECM/ICM replacement. In the event an ignition control module (ICM) or electronic control module (ECM) needs to be replaced, it must be reprogrammed using a computer based diagnostic package called DIGITAL TECHNICIAN (Part No. HD-44750). See your dealer. Password learn procedure must also be performed. See 3.23 PASSWORD LEARN.

Job/Time Code Values


Dealership technicians ling warranty claims should use the job/time code values printed in bold text underneath the appropriate repair.

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INITIAL DIAGNOSTICS
Diagnostic Tips

If speedometer reads BUS Er with the ignition key turned ON (engine stop switch at RUN with the engine off), check data bus for an open or short to ground. between data link connector [91A] terminal 3 and ICM connector [10B] terminal 12 (carbureted models), ECM connector [78B] terminal 5 (EFI models), TSSM connector [30B] terminal 3 or speedometer connector [39B] terminal 2. Check for an open diagnostic test terminal between diagnostic link connector [91A] terminal 3 and TSM/TSSM connector [30B] terminal 3. With ignition key turned ON, serial data bus voltage should be typically 0.6-0.8 volts. The range of acceptable voltage is greater than 0 and less than 7.0 volts. To identify intermittents, wiggle instrument and/or vehicle harness while performing steps in the Diagnostic Check charts.

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Diagnostic Notes
The reference numbers below correlate with the circled numbers on the diagnostic check ow charts. See page 2-9. 1. Connect BREAKOUT BOX (Part No. HD-42682) and INSTRUMENT HARNESS ADAPTERS (Part No. HD46601) between wire harness and speedometer. See 2.5 BREAKOUT BOX: SPEEDOMETER.

All speedometer diagnostic codes are listed on page 2-6 in Table 2-2.

Other Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTCs)


See 3.9 INITIAL DIAGNOSTIC CHECK: TSM/TSSM for any codes related to the turn signal module (TSM) or turn signal security module (TSSM). See 4.4 INITIAL DIAGNOSTIC CHECK: ICM for any codes related to the ignition control module (ICM). See 5.5 INITIAL DIAGNOSTIC CHECK: EFI for any codes related to the electronic control module (ECM).

Table 2-1. Speedometer Function Chart-Loss Of Input


Terminal 5 (Constant)
Security lamp

Terminal 1 (IGN)
Will not wow Turn signals still functional Speedometer will indicate

Terminal 6 (ACC)
Speedometer

Terminal 7 (GRD)
Speedometer com-

Terminal 8 and 11 (Reset Switch)


No reset switch

glows dimly during 4-second bulb check

vehicle speed (zero)


Tachometer unaffected Security lamp still func-

will be non-functional in accessory and ignition modes


Security lamp

pletely non-functional
Diagnostics absent

function
Will not wow

tional
Check engine lamp and

battery lamp non-functional


Diagnostics absent

still performs 4second bulb check in ignition mode

Table 2-2. Speedometer Diagnostic Trouble Codes (DTC) Priority Chart


DTC BUS Er U1300 U1301 U1016 U1064 U1255 B1007 B1006 B1008 B1004 B1005 RANKING 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 FAULT CONDITION Serial data bus shorted low/open/high Serial data bus shorted low Serial data bus shorted high Loss of ECM serial data Loss of TSM/TSSM serial data Missing response from other module (TSM/TSSM and/ or ICM/ECM) at startup Ignition line overvoltage Accessory line overvoltage Reset switch closed Fuel level sending unit low Fuel level sending unit high/open SOLUTION 2.14 DTC U1300, U1301 or BUS ER 2.14 DTC U1300, U1301 or BUS ER 2.14 DTC U1300, U1301 or BUS ER 2.12 DTC U1016, U1255 2.13 DTC U1064, U1255 2.13 DTC U1064, U1255 2.10 DTC B1006, B1007 2.10 DTC B1006, B1007 2.11 DTC B1008 2.9 DTC B1004, B1005 2.9 DTC B1004, B1005

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BK 12V Accessory LtGN/V O BN/GY GY LtGN/V O/W BN/GY LtGN/V

[30B] [30A]

12V Battery

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

[39B] [39A]

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

TSM/TSSM Speedometer
12V instrument

Data link connector


1
BK GY

2 3 4

[91A]
12V Ignition

[78B] [78A]

LtGN/R

1
Flash pin

LtGN/V

5
Serial data

ECM

Figure 2-6. Diagnostic Check: EFI Models

Table 2-3. Wire Harness Connectors in Figure 2-6.


NO. [30] [39] [78] [91] DESCRIPTION turn signal/security module speedometer electronic control module (ECM): EFI models data link connector TYPE 12-place Deutsch 12-place Packard 36-place Packard 4-place Deutsch LOCATION electrical panel behind fender extension back of speedometer under seat under seat

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BK

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BK 12V Accessory LtGN/V O BN/GY GY LtGN/V O/W BN/GY BK

[30B]
12V Battery

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

[39B] [39A]

[30A]

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

TSM/TSSM Speedometer
12V instrument

Data link connector


1
BK LtGN/V GY

2 3 4

LtGN/V

[91A]
12V ignition

ICM [10B]
12
Serial data

[10A]

Figure 2-7. Diagnostic Check: Carbureted Models

Table 2-4. Wire Harness Connectors in Figure 2-7.


NO. [10] [30] [39] [91] DESCRIPTION ignition control module (ICM): carbureted models turn signal/security module speedometer data link connector TYPE 12-place Deutsch 12-place Deutsch 12-place Packard 4-place Deutsch under seat electrical panel behind fender extension back of speedometer under seat LOCATION

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Diagnostic Check (Part 1 of 3)

Does engine start?

YES. Starts and runs.

YES. Starts, then stalls.

NO. Cranks, but will not start.

NO. Engine will not crank.

Check for diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs). See 2.3 SPEEDOMETER SELF DIAGNOSTICS DTCs found?

For carbureted models, see 4.10 STARTS, THEN STALLS. For EFI models, see 5.12 STARTS, THEN STALLS.

For carbureted models, see 4.9 ENGINE CRANKS, BUT WILL NOT START. For EFI models, see 5.10 ENGINE CRANKS, BUT WILL NOT START.

See 1.2 STARTING SYSTEM DIAGNOSIS.

NO YES With ignition switch OFF, press and release odometer reset switch. Does odometer display appear?

Refer to applicable DTC priority chart. All DTCs are listed on page 2-6 in Table 2-2. DTCs are listed by priority.

YES NO

STOP
Go to Diagnostic Check (Part 2 of 3).

Check for continuity to ground on terminal 7 of speedometer. Wiggle harness during continuity check. Continuity present?

YES

NO

Check for battery voltage at terminal 5 of speedometer while wiggling harness. Battery voltage continuously present?

Locate and repair open between terminal 7 and ground.

YES

NO

With connector [39] disconnected from speedometer, check continuity (with ignition switch OFF) between terminals 8 and 11 on Breakout Box. Continuity present when speedometer reset switch is depressed and infinity when released?

Locate and repair open between terminal 5 and battery fuse.

YES

NO

Replace speedometer.

Replace speedometer reset switch.

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Diagnostic Check (Part 2 of 3)

Continued from Diagnostic Check (Part 1 of 3).Turn ignition switch ON, is odometer backlight present?

YES Perform wow test. See 2.3 SPEEDOMETER SELF DIAGNOSTICS. The following features should be functional 1) backlight should illuminate 2) needle should sweep its full range of motion 3) LEDs that should illuminate: check engine battery security (all models) 4) LEDs that may illuminate: low fuel (EFI models) cruise (although not cruise equipped) Are all features functional?

NO

Replace Speedometer.

YES Turn key to ACC. Is backlight present?

NO With ignition switch turned to IGN, check for battery voltage at terminal 1 of Breakout Box. Battery voltage present?

NO YES Replace speedometer. NO Is instrument fuse blown?

Check for battery voltage at Breakout Box terminal 6. Battery voltage present?

YES

NO Is accessory fuse blown?

YES

NO Locate and repair open between terminal 1 of connector [39] and instrument fuse.

Replace speedometer.

Locate and repair source of fault. Replace fuse.

YES YES NO Locate and repair open on O/W wire between terminal 6 of connector [39] and accessory fuse.

STOP
Go to Diagnostic Check (Part 2 of 3).

Locate and repair source of fault. Replace fuse.

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Diagnostic Check (Part 3 of 3)

Continued from Diagnostic Check (Part 2 of 3). Is problem intermittent?

YES

NO Remove and inspect vehicle speed sensor. Debris present?

Repeat Diagnostic Check while wiggling harnesses. Intermittent present?

YES Locate and repair intermittent.

NO

YES Remove debris. Reinstall vehicle speed sensor. NO Check for damaged wiring/loose connection between vehicle speed sensor and ECM/ICM. Is wiring damage/loose connection present?

No trouble found.

YES Locate and repair source of fault.

NO

Replace Speedometer.

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SPEEDOMETER SELF DIAGNOSTICS


GENERAL
The speedometer is capable of displaying and clearing speedometer, TSM/TSSM, and ICM/ECM trouble codes (DTCs) (diagnostic mode).
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DIAGNOSTICS
Diagnostic Tips

2 1

4 5

For a quick check of speedometer function, a wow test can be performed. See Figure 2-8. Press and hold odometer reset switch then turn ignition switch ON. Release reset switch. See Figure 2-8. Background lighting should illuminate, speedometer needle should sweep its full range of motion, and indicator lamps [battery, security, low fuel (EFI models) check engine and cruise] should illuminate. Some lamps may illuminate even though they do not apply to the vehicle. For example, the cruise lamp may illuminate although this feature does not apply to Softail models. If instrument module fails wow test, check for battery, ground, ignition, speedometer reset switch and accessory wiring to speedometer. If any feature in the speedometer is non-functional, see 2.2 INITIAL DIAGNOSTIC CHECK: SPEEDOMETER.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Cruise (not used) Check engine Low fuel Battery Security Figure 2-8. Speedometer

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Diagnostic Notes
Use of speedometer self diagnostics assumes that the DIGITAL TECHNICIAN (Part No. HD-44750) is not available. The reference numbers below correlate with the circled numbers in the Speedometer Self Diagnostics (chart) 1. 2. To exit diagnostic mode, turn ignition switch OFF. On Softail models with an accessory tachometer, no rsp will be displayed during speedometer self diagnostics if tachometer module is chosen because accessory tachometer does not utilize the serial bus. To clear DTCs for selected module, press instrument module reset switch for more than 5 seconds when code is displayed. This procedure will clear all DTCs for selected module. Ignition OFF 1. 2. 3. Lock position Unlock position Open switch cover Figure 2-9. Ignition Switch

Accessory

3.

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Speedometer Self Diagnostics (chart)

While holding odometer reset switch in, turn ignition switch to IGN. Make sure Run/Stop switch is in RUN position.

Release reset switch. Does diag appear?

YES Press and release reset switch. PSSPT appears. To display DTCs for the ECM/ICM, press and hold reset switch for more than 5 seconds.

NO

See 2.2 INITIAL DIAGNOSTIC CHECK: SPEEDOMETER.

P flashing.

To choose TSM/ TSSM, press and release reset switch.

S flashing.

To display DTCs for TSM/TSSM, press and hold reset switch for more than 5 seconds.

To choose Speedometer, press and release reset switch.

Device response? NO YES no rsp displayed.* Tachometer malfunction. See 2.4 SPEEDOMETER.

SP flashing.

To display DTCs for speedometer, press and hold reset switch for more than 5 seconds.

*
none displayed.

Models not equipped with a tachometer will display no rsp.

To choose Tachometer, press and release reset switch.

2
T flashing. To display DTCs for tachometer, press and hold reset switch for more than 5 seconds. Press and release reset switch. Part number of module will be displayed.

DTC displayed. Press and release reset switch. Are more DTCs displayed?

NO

To choose ICM/ECM, press and release reset switch.

YES end displayed. To clear all DTCs for selected module hold reset switch for more than 5 seconds. If DTCs are not to be cleared, Press and release reset switch. Part number of module will be displayed.

Press and release reset switch again to continue to next module.

Figure 2-10. Speedometer Self Diagnostics

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SPEEDOMETER
GENERAL
NOTE Some icons may illuminate during wow test though the icon has no functionality on that vehicle. The speedometer consists of a speedometer display and several icons. The icons include: check engine, security, battery, and low fuel (EFI only).
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Reset Switch
See Figure 2-12. Pressing the odometer reset switch provides the following capabilities:

Change the odometer display between mileage, trip A and trip B values (press and immediately release). Reset an individual trip odometer (press and hold 2-3 seconds). Gain access to the diagnostic mode, clear diagnostic codes and exit diagnostic mode. See 2.3 SPEEDOMETER SELF DIAGNOSTICS. Display odometer while key is OFF. Press and hold reset switch while key is OFF and odometer mileage will be displayed. On models with dual scale speedometers, toggle between miles/kilometers on odometer and trip odometer display. To toggle display, turn key ON. Press and hold reset switch while odometer is displayed. Release switch when change is noted. (If reset switch is held while trip odometer is displayed, trip odometer will reset.)

Figure 2-11. Speedometer

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SPEEDOMETER THEORY OF OPERATION


The speedometer consists of a vehicle speed sensor, ICM/ ECM, odometer reset switch and the speedometer. The vehicle speed sensor is mounted on the right side of transmission case below the starter. The sensor circuitry is that of a HallEffect sensor that is triggered by the gear teeth of 4th gear on the transmission mainshaft. The output from the sensor is a series of pulses that are interpreted by ICM/ECM circuitry, converted into serial data inside the ICM/ECM then sent to the speedometer to control the position of the speedometer needle and the liquid crystal (LCD) odometer display. The vehicle speed serial data is also transmitted to the TSM/TSSM for turn signal cancellation. The odometer mileage is permanently stored and will not be lost when electrical power is turned off or disconnected. The odometer reset switch allows switching between the odometer, trip odometer A and trip odometer B displays. To zero the trip odometer, have the desired trip odometer display visible, press and keep the reset switch depressed. The trip odometer mileage will be displayed for 2-3 seconds and then the trip mileage will return to zero miles. The odometer can display six numbers to indicate a maximum of 999999 miles/kilometers. The trip odometers can display six numbers with a tenth of a mile accuracy for a maximum of 99999.9 miles/kilometers.

7495

Figure 2-12. Reset Switch

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BREAKOUT BOX: SPEEDOMETER


GENERAL
The BREAKOUT BOX (Part No. HD-42682) and INSTRUMENT HARNESS ADAPTERS (Part No. HD-46601) connect to the speedometer connector [39]. Used in conjunction with a DVOM, it allows circuit diagnosis of wiring harness and connections without having to probe with sharp objects NOTE See wiring diagrams for speedometer terminal functions.
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2.5

INSTALLATION
1. 2. 3. See Figure 2-13. Depress latch on connector [39B]. Connect Harness Adapters (HD-46601) to connectors [39A] and [39B]. Attach connectors from Breakout Box to Harness Adapters.

REMOVAL
Figure 2-13. Speedometer Connector [39] 1. 2. 3. Detach connectors from Breakout Box to Harness Adapters. See Figure 2-13. Detach Harness Adapters from connectors [39A] and [39B]. Install connector [39B] to speedometer.

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SPEEDOMETER PERFORMANCE CHECK


GENERAL
See Figure 2-14. Use the SPEEDOMETER TESTER (Part No. HD-41354) for speedometer diagnostics. These diagnostics may include:

hd41354

2.6

Checking speedometer operation. Testing speedometer needle sweeping action. Verifying serial data message to speedometer.

The tester generates a simulated vehicle speed sensor signal which is sent to the ICM/ECM. The ICM/ECM interprets the signal then sends a message to the speedometer. This signal aids in determining whether speedometer replacement is necessary.

NOTES Use the following procedures in conjunction with the manual supplied with the speedometer tester. Test results may be inaccurate if tester battery is low.

Figure 2-14. Speedometer Tester

TESTING
NOTE The SPEEDOMETER TESTER (Part No. HD-41354) cannot be used to verify the calibration of a speedometer and it will not verify the speedometers function to support legal proceedings. Its purpose is to verify speedometer function when performing service diagnosis or repair. It can also assist in determining if speedometer replacement is necessary.

5087

Speedometer Operation Test


1. See Figure 2-15. Locate the 3-place vehicle speed sensor connector [65] under the seat and disconnect. Attach speedometer tester connector. Place speedometer tester power switch in the ON position. Place signal switch in the OUT position. Turn vehicle ignition switch ON and Run/Off switch to Run. When speedometer tester displays P_ _ _ _1: a. b. Press 1 and ENTER on the tester keypad. Enter a frequency from Table 2-5. (For FXSTD models, use Table 2-6.) Note that different markets use different frequencies. Verify that speedometer display reads the corresponding speed. To change the test frequency, press CLEAR to cancel and enter the new frequency. Press ENTER to begin and reverify.

2. 3. 4.

1. 2.

Tester connector Vehicle speed sensor (VSS) connector [65] Figure 2-15. Speedometer Sensor Connector

c.

NOTE The speedometer should be accurate within -0 to +4 MPH (0 to +6.5 KPH).

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Speedometer Needle Sweep Test


The testers sweep function moves the speedometer needle through the full range of movement. This allows for testing the smoothness of operation and checking for hesitancy or a stuck needle. 1. See Figure 2-15. Disconnect vehicle speed sensor connector. Attach speedometer tester connector to speedometer sensor connector. Place speedometer tester power switch in the ON position. Place signal switch in the OUT position. Turn vehicle ignition switch ON. Begin test by pressing 0 on the tester keypad and then pressing ENTER. The tester will scan for two seconds, then the tester will put out a 1 Hz signal. Select a test range. a. b. c. 6. Press 2 to select LO range (1-20 Hz). Press 5 to select CEN range (21-999 Hz). Press 8 to select HI range (1000-20,000 Hz).

2. 3. 4.

5.

After selecting a range, use the corresponding arrow keys to accelerate through the range. As you move through the speed range, check for smooth needle movement. a. b. c. If testing LO range, press 1 or 3. If testing CEN range, press 4 or 6. If testing HI range, press 7 or 9.

Table 2-5. Speedometer Test Frequency in Hertz (Hz): All But FXSTD
MARKET Domestic (mile) Canada (kilo) HDI (kilo) Great Britain (mile/kilo) Japan (kilo) 20 MPH 451 451 40 MPH 903 903 60 MPH 1354 1354 80 MPH 1806 1806 30 KPH 421 421 421 450 60 KPH 842 842 842 901 100 KPH 1403 1403 1403 1501 130 KPH 1824 1824 1824 1952

Table 2-6. Speedometer Test Frequency in Hertz (Hz): FXSTD Only


MARKET Domestic (mile) Canada (kilo) HDI (kilo) Great Britain (mile/kilo) Japan (kilo) 2-18 20 MPH 445 445 40 MPH 889 889 60 MPH 1334 1334 80 MPH 1779 1779 30 KPH 415 415 415 452 60 KPH 829 829 829 904 100 KPH 1382 1382 1382 1506 130 KPH 1797 1797 1797 1958

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Vehicle Speed Sensor Test


If the speedometer is inoperative, but backlighting and odometer work, the vehicle speed sensor may not be working. See Figure 2-16. Fabricate a test harness using the following parts. This harness can also be used to test the tachometer.

1. 2.

Deutsch socket housing (2) Deutsch pin housing

Two Deutsch 3-place socket housings (Part No. 7211394BK) and six socket terminals (Part No. 72191-94). Deutsch 3-place pin housing (Part No. 72103-94BK) and three pin terminals (Part No. 72190-94). Six lengths of 18 gauge wire, each 6.0 in. (15 cm) long.

2 1 1
d0318x8x

Before attempting the actual speedometer sensor check, two system checks must be made. Install the test harness at the speedometer sensor connector.

Test for voltage to sensor by checking for 8-12 volts on red wire in connector [65B]. Then check for continuity to ground on black wire in connector [65B]. Raise rear wheel off oor. Install the test harness between the speedometer sensor connectors. Place speedometer tester power switch in the ON position. Place signal switch in the IN position. Plug the speedometer tester into the test harness. Turn vehicle ignition switch ON. Press ENTER on the tester keypad. Rotate the motorcycles rear wheel. a. b. If reading on speedometer tester changes as wheel is rotated, speedometer sensor is OK. If reading does not change on carbureted models, see 4.15 DTC P0501, P0502. If reading does not change on EFI models, see 5.25 DTC P0501, P0502.

Figure 2-16. Test Harness

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

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FUEL GAUGE OPERATION


THEORY OF OPERATION
See Figure 2-17. With ignition switch ON, the fuel gauge (1) is connected to +12 volts. Current ows through the gauge and variable resistor (4) in the fuel gauge sending unit (3) to ground. The sending unit oat (2) controls the amount of resistance in the variable resistor. Inoperative gauges may be caused by three circumstances.

d0718x8x

2.7

To speedometer

Sender or fuel gauge not grounded. Malfunction in sender or fuel gauge. Broken or disconnected wire from ignition switch to fuel gauge.

6 X 4
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Fuel gauge Float Sending unit Variable resistor Gauge winding +12 volts wire Figure 2-17. Fuel Gauge Schematic

Use the FUEL GAUGE AND SENDER TEST to test suspect components.

FUEL GAUGE AND SENDER TEST


NOTE Always refer to the applicable wiring diagram (at the rear of this manual) when troubleshooting instruments or gauges. 1. See Figure 2-18. Remove gauge. Ground Y/W wire of fuel gauge sender located at bottom of gauge. Turn ignition switch ON. a. Fuel gauge must indicate FULL. If gauge indicated FULL, gauge is functioning correctly. Proceed to step 2. If gauge did not indicate FULL, proceed to step 3.
7494

b. 2.

Set MULTI-METER (Part No. HD-35500) to RXI scale to measure the resistance of the sending unit. Place one probe on Y/W and the other probe on a good ground. a. If fuel tank is full, the reading should be 27-40 ohms. An empty tank should have a 240-264 ohm resistance. A half full tank will be approximately 97-118 ohms. If a very high resistance or innity is indicated on the meter, the sender may be open or not grounded. Check that sender and fuel tank are grounded by placing one probe of Multi-Meter on sender ange and the other probe on crankcase. Meter must indicate one ohm or less. Replace sender if one ohm or less was present. If a higher resistance is present, check for poor connection on ground wire.

Figure 2-18. Fuel Gauge Connector 3. Check voltage to O/W (+) and BK (-) wire of fuel gauge connector [117] if gauge did not indicate FULL. a. b. Correct reading is equivalent to battery voltage. If battery voltage is not present check for broken or disconnected wire. Replace gauge if wiring problem is not found.

b.

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INDICATOR LAMPS
GENERAL
Softails are equipped with Light Emitting Diode (LED) indicators. The indicator lamp assembly is not serviceable. If one LED is bad, the entire assembly must be replaced. See DIAGNOSTICS which follows for troubleshooting procedures.
d0321x8x

2.8

Table 2-7. Connector [21] Pins


TERMINAL ON [21] WIRE COLOR 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Violet White Green/yellow Brown Tan Orange Black Not used FUNCTION left turn high beam oil pressure right turn neutral neutral/oil pressure left turn/high beam n/a 1. 2. 3. Nut @ 80-100 in-lbs (9.0-11.3 Nm) Console LED assembly Figure 2-19. Indicator Lamp Assembly

Table 2-8. LED Assembly Wiring


INDICATOR LAMP Oil pressure Neutral High beam Right/left turn CONNECTION ground through switch ground through switch 12 volts when active 12 volts when active
7357

3 2 2

1. 2. 3.

LED assembly Clips (2 pair) Connector [21] Figure 2-20. Connector [21]

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DIAGNOSTICS
Oil Pressure or Neutral Indicator Will Not Function

Check for 12 volts at Terminal 6 of connector [21A]. Is 12 volts present?

YES

NO

Check for continuity to ground on connector [21] at Terminal 5 (neutral) and Terminal 3 (oil pressure). Is continuity present?

Check for blown fuses or find open.


5048

YES

NO

Replace indicator lamp assembly.


5191

Check each terminal for continuity to ground through switch. Is continuity present?

YES

NO

NO

Repair open in GN/Y wire (oil pressure) or TN wire (neutral).


5048

Replace oil pressure switch.


5161

Replace neutral switch.


5157

High Beam or R/L Turn Signal Indicator Will Not Function

Check for ground at Terminal 7 of connector [21A]. Is ground present?

YES

NO

Check for 12 volts when circuit is active. Use Terminal 1 (left turn), Terminal 4 (right turn) and Terminal 2 (high beam). Voltage present?

Locate and repair open in circuit.


5048

YES

NO

Replace indicator lamp assembly.


5191

Locate and repair open in circuit.


5048

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DTC B1004, B1005


GENERAL
The fuel level is monitored by the speedometer terminal 9 of connector [39] (Y/W).

10086

2.9

If the voltage on terminal 9 of connector [39] exceeds the lower limit for greater than or equal to 15 seconds a DTC B1004 will set. If the voltage on terminal 9 of connector [39] exceeds the upper limit (or is open) for greater than or equal to 15 seconds a DTC B1005 will set.

Table 2-9. Code Description


DTC B1004 B1005 DESCRIPTION Fuel level sending unit low. Fuel level sending unit high/open. Figure 2-21. Speedometer Connector [39]

DIAGNOSTICS
Diagnostic Tips
If fuel gauge is performing erratically (possible false codes), inspect for unobstructed movement of sending unit arm. Repair or align as necessary.

Diagnostic Notes
The reference numbers below correlate with the circled numbers on the test 2.9 ow chart. 1. 2. Use HARNESS CONNECTOR TEST KIT (Part No. HD41404), brown pin probe and patch cord. Connect BREAKOUT BOX (Part No. HD-42682) and ADAPTERS (Part No. HD-41606) between wire harness and speedometer.

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s0582a8x

Y/W BK

To accessory fuse To battery fuse To Instrument fuse


GY

O/W BN/GY

To system relay

Y/GN BK

[86B] [86A]
LtGN/V

1 1

2 2

3 3

[39B] [39A]

12 12

56 7 567

9 9

O Y/W BK

Fuel pump and sender


motor

LtGN/R BK LtGN/V GY

1 2 3 4

Data link connector

Speedometer
12V

[91A]

LtGN/R

[78B] [78A]
1 5

LtGN/V

ECM

Figure 2-22. Fuel Sender Circuit

Table 2-10. Wire Harness Connectors in Figure 2-22.


NO. [39] [78] [86] [91] DESCRIPTION speedometer electronic control module (ECM): EFI models fuel pump (EFI) and sender (EFI and carbureted) data link connector TYPE 12-place Packard 36-place Packard 3-place Mini-Deutsch 4-place Deutsch LOCATION back of speedometer under seat top of fuel tank under seat

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Test 2.9: DTC 1004


FUEL LEVEL SENDING UNIT

Disconnect speedometer connector [39]. Check continuity between Terminal 2 of connector [86B] and ground. Continuity present?

YES

NO

Locate and repair short to ground.

Repair/replace fuel level sending unit.

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Test 2.9: DTC B1005


FUEL LEVEL SENDING UNIT

Disconnect Speedometer connector [39]. Measure voltage on terminal 2 of connector [86B] (Y/W). Should be 0 volts. Is it?

YES

NO

1 2

Check continuity between terminal 2 of connector [86B] (Y/W) and Breakout Box terminal 11 (BK). Continuity present?

Locate and repair short to voltage.

NO YES Locate and repair open on Y/W wire.

Check continuity to ground on terminal 3 of connector [86B] (BK). Is continuity present?

YES

NO

Repair/replace fuel level sending unit.

Locate and repair open on BK wire (ground circuit).

Clear codes using speedometer self diagnostics. See 2.3 SPEEDOMETER SELF DIAGNOSTICS. Conrm proper operation with no check engine lamp.

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DTC B1006, B1007


GENERAL
Accessory Or Ignition Line Overvoltage
Ignition and accessory voltage is constantly monitored by the speedometer (terminal 1-ignition and terminal 6-accessory). If the battery voltage fails to meet normal operating parameters, a code is set.

2.10

Code B1006 is displayed when accessory line voltage is greater than 16.0 volts for longer than 5 seconds. Code B1007 is displayed when ignition line voltage is greater than 16.0 volts for longer than 5 seconds.

NOTE ICM/ECM or TSM/TSSM may also set a battery voltage diagnostic codes.

Table 2-11. Code Description


DTC B1006 B1007 DESCRIPTION Accessory line overvoltage Ignition line overvoltage

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Test 2.10
ACCESSORY OR IGNITION LINE OVERVOLTAGE: DTC B1006/B1007

Is battery charger connected?

YES.

NO

Disconnect battery charger. Clear codes. NOTE Sometimes battery charger may cause overvoltage condition which will set codes. Start vehicle. Run at 3000 RPM for 5 seconds. Does code reset? Diagnose charging system. See Charging System.

YES

NO Clear codes using speedometer self diagnostics. See 2.3 SPEEDOMETER SELF DIAGNOSTICS. Conrm proper operation with no check engine lamp.

System normal. Diagnose charging system. See Charging System.

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DTC B1008
GENERAL
Reset Switch Closed
Code B1008 will be set if switch terminals are in a constant shorted state.
7495

2.11

Table 2-12. Code Description


DTC B1008 DESCRIPTION Reset switch closed

DIAGNOSTICS
Diagnostic Notes
The reference numbers below correlate with the circled numbers on the 2.11 ow chart. 1. Connect BREAKOUT BOX (Part No. HD-42682) and ADAPTERS (Part No. HD-41606) between wire harness and speedometer, leaving speedometer disconnected. Figure 2-23. Reset Switch

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d0723x2x

[39A] Speedometer

[39B]

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

BK

BK

Reset Switch

Figure 2-24. Reset Switch Circuit

Table 2-13. Wire Harness Connector in Figure 2-24.


NO. [39] DESCRIPTION speedometer TYPE 12-place Packard LOCATION back of speedometer

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Test 2.11
RESET SWITCH CLOSED: DTC B1008

Remove reset switch rubber boot. Clear codes using 2.3 SPEEDOMETER SELF DIAGNOSTICS. Codes still present?

YES

NO

With speedometer disconnected, measure resistance between terminals 8 and 11 (black) on Breakout Box. Resistance should be less than 1 ohm with switch depressed and innity ohms when released. Is it?

Replace boot.

YES

NO

Replace speedometer.

Replace switch.

Clear codes using speedometer self diagnostics. See 2.3 SPEEDOMETER SELF DIAGNOSTICS. Conrm proper operation with no check engine lamp.

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DTC U1016, U1255


GENERAL
Loss of ICM/ECM Serial Data
The serial data connector provides a means for the ignition control module (ICM) or electronic control module (ECM), TSM/TSSM and speedometer to communicate their current status. When all operating parameters on the serial data link are within specications, a state of health message is sent between the components. A DTC U1016 indicates that the ICM/ECM is not capable of sending this state of health message Figure 2-25. ECM
7775

2.12

Table 2-14. Code Description


DTC DESCRIPTION Loss of all ICM/ECM serial data (state of health) U1016 Loss of vehicle speed Loss of vehicle inhibit motion Loss of powertrain security status U1255 Serial data error/missing message
6924

1 5

3 2

DIAGNOSTICS
Diagnostic Notes
The reference numbers below correlate with the circled numbers on the Test 2.12 ow chart. 1. Connect BREAKOUT BOX (Part No. HD-42682) (gray) between TSM/TSSM connector [30A] and wire harness connector [30B]. See 3.11 BREAKOUT BOX: TSM/ TSSM. Connect BREAKOUT BOX (Part No. HD-42682) (black) between ICM connector [10A] and wiring harness connector [10B]. See 4.6 BREAKOUT BOX: ICM Connect BREAKOUT BOX (Part No. HD-43876) between wire harness and ECM. See 5.7 BREAKOUT BOX: EFI. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Terminal 1: ash pin-EFI models (Lt GN/R) Terminal 2: ground (BK) Terminal 3: serial data (Lt GN/V) Terminal 4: power (GY) Protective cap Figure 2-26. Data Link Connector

2.

3.

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d0700c8x

BK 12V Accessory LtGN/V O BN/GY GY LtGN/V O/W BN/GY LtGN/V

[30B] [30A]

12V Battery

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

[39B] [39A]

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

TSM/TSSM Speedometer
12V instrument

Data link connector


1
BK GY

2 3 4

[91A]
12V Ignition

[78B] [78A]

LtGN/R

1
Flash pin

LtGN/V

5
Serial data

ECM

Figure 2-27. Serial Data Circuit: EFI Models

Table 2-15. Wire Harness Connectors in Figure 2-27.


NO. [30] [39] [78] [91] DESCRIPTION turn signal/security module speedometer electronic control module (ECM): EFI models data link connector TYPE 12-place Deutsch 12-place Packard 36-place Packard 4-place Deutsch LOCATION electrical panel behind fender extension back of speedometer under seat under seat

2004 Softail: Instruments

BK

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d0721c8x

BK 12V Accessory LtGN/V O BN/GY GY LtGN/V O/W BN/GY BK

[30B]
12V Battery

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

[39B] [39A]

[30A]

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

TSM/TSSM Speedometer
12V instrument

Data link connector


1
BK LtGN/V GY

2 3 4

LtGN/V

[91A]
12V ignition

ICM [10B]
12
Serial data

[10A]

Figure 2-28. Serial Data Circuit: Carbureted Models

Table 2-16. Wire Harness Connectors in Figure 2-28.


NO. [10] [30] [39] [91] DESCRIPTION ignition control module (ICM): carbureted models turn signal/security module speedometer data link connector TYPE 12-place Deutsch 12-place Deutsch 12-place Packard 4-place Deutsch under seat electrical panel behind fender extension back of speedometer under seat LOCATION

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Test 2.12
LOSS OF ECM SERIAL DATA: DTC U1016

Can you read ECM/ICM hardware P/N? See 2.3 SPEEDOMETER SELF DIAGNOSTICS.

NO or No Rsp YES

1 1
Install Breakout Box on TSM/TSSM.

Install Breakout Box on TSM/TSSM

CARBURETED MODELS

EFI MODELS

CARBURETED MODELS

EFI MODELS

Check continuity between Breakout Box terminal 3 (gray) and Breakout Box terminal 12 (black). Continuity present?

Check continuity between terminalnal 3 (gray) 2 (black) of TSM/TSSM of speedometer Breakout Breakout Box and Box terminal and terminal 5 of ECM 5 of ECM Breakout Breakout Box. Box. Continuity present?

YES NO Repair open on Lt GN/V wire.

YES Replace ECM. Reprogram and learn password.

Replace ICM. Reprogram and learn password.

While wiggling harness, check continuity between Breakout Box terminal 3 (gray) and Breakout Box terminal 12 (black). Continuity present?

While wiggling harness, check continuity between terminal 3 (gray) of TSM/TSSM Breakout Box and terminal 5 of ECM Breakout Box. Continuity present?

YES NO Clear codes. Test ride. Does DTC U1016 return? Repair intermittent on Lt GN/V wire.

YES

Clear codes. Test ride. Did DTC U1016 return?

YES Replace ECM. Reprogram and learn password.

NO

YES Replace ICM. Reprogram and learn password.

NO No trouble found.

No trouble found.

Clear codes using speedometer self diagnostics. See 2.3 SPEEDOMETER SELF DIAGNOSTICS. Conrm proper operation with no check engine lamp.

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DTC U1064, U1255


GENERAL
Loss of TSM/TSSM Serial Data
The serial data connector provides a means for the ignition control module (ICM) or electronic control module (ECM), TSM/TSSM and speedometer to communicate their current status. When all operating parameters on the serial data link are within specications, a state of health message is sent between the components. A diagnostic trouble code (DTC) U1064 indicates that the TSM/TSSM is not receiving this state of health message.
7844

2.13

Table 2-17. Code Description


DTC U1064 U1255 DESCRIPTION Loss of TSM/TSSM serial data Serial data error/missing message Figure 2-29. TSM/TSSM

DIAGNOSTICS
Diagnostic Notes
The reference numbers below correlate with the circled numbers on the Test 2.13 ow chart. 1. Connect BREAKOUT BOX (Part No. HD-42682) as follows: a. Mate black socket housing on Breakout Box with speedometer connector [39] using SPEEDOMETER HARNESS ADAPTER (Part No. HD-46601). Mate black pin housing on Breakout Box with speedometer harness connector [39B] using SPEEDOMETER HARNESS ADAPTER (Part No. HD-46601. Mate gray socket housing on Breakout Box with TSM/TSSM connector [30A]. Mate gray pin housing on Breakout Box with harness connector [30B].

6924

1 5

3 2

b.

c. d.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Terminal 1: ash pin-EFI models (Lt GN/R) Terminal 2: ground (BK) Terminal 3: serial data (Lt GN/V) Terminal 4: power (GY) Protective cap Figure 2-30. Data Link Connector

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d0700c8x

BK 12V Accessory LtGN/V O BN/GY GY LtGN/V O/W BN/GY LtGN/V

[30B] [30A]

12V Battery

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

[39B] [39A]

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

TSM/TSSM Speedometer
12V instrument

Data link connector


1
BK GY

2 3 4

[91A]
12V Ignition

[78B] [78A]

LtGN/R

1
Flash pin

LtGN/V

5
Serial data

ECM

Figure 2-31. Serial Data Circuit: EFI Models

Table 2-18. Wire Harness Connectors in Figure 2-31.


NO. [30] [39] [78] [91] DESCRIPTION turn signal/security module speedometer electronic control module (ECM): EFI models data link connector TYPE 12-place Deutsch 12-place Packard 36-place Packard 4-place Deutsch LOCATION electrical panel behind fender extension back of speedometer under seat under seat

2004 Softail: Instruments

BK

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d0721c8x

BK 12V Accessory LtGN/V O BN/GY GY LtGN/V O/W BN/GY BK

[30B]
12V Battery

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

[39B] [39A]

[30A]

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

TSM/TSSM Speedometer
12V instrument

Data link connector


1
BK LtGN/V GY

2 3 4

LtGN/V

[91A]
12V ignition

ICM [10B]
12
Serial data

[10A]

Figure 2-32. Serial Data Circuit: Carbureted Models

Table 2-19. Wire Harness Connectors in Figure 2-32.


NO. [10] [30] [39] [91] DESCRIPTION ignition control module (ICM): carbureted models turn signal/security module speedometer data link connector TYPE 12-place Deutsch 12-place Deutsch 12-place Packard 4-place Deutsch under seat electrical panel behind fender extension back of speedometer under seat LOCATION

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Test 2.13
LOSS OF TSM/TSSM SERIAL DATA: DTC U1064, U1255

Can you read TSM/TSSM hardware P/N? See 2.3 SPEEDOMETER SELF DIAGNOSTICS.

NO or No Rsp YES

Install Breakout Box on speedometer. While wiggling harness, check for continuity between terminal 3 (gray) and terminal 2 (black) of Breakout Box. Continuity present?

Install Breakout Box on speedometer. Check for continuity between terminal 3 (gray) and terminal 2 (black) of Breakout Box Continuity present?

YES

NO

YES

NO

Repair intermittent on Lt GN/V wire. Clear DTCs. Test ride. Does DTC U1064 return?

Replace TSM/TSSM. Learn password.

Repair open on Lt GN/V wire.

Clear codes using speedometer self diagnostics. See 2.3 SPEEDOMETER SELF DIAGNOSTICS. Conrm proper operation with no check engine lamp. YES Replace TSM/TSSM. Learn password. NO No trouble found.

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DTC U1300, U1301 OR BUS ER


GENERAL
Serial Data Low or Serial Data Open/High
See Figure 2-33. The typical serial data voltage range is 0 volts (inactive) to 7 volts (active). Due to the short pulse, voltages will be much lower on a DVOM. In analog mode, a DVOM reading serial data will show continuous voltage when active, typically 0.6-0.8 volts. The range for acceptable operations is 0-7.0 volts.
7774

2.14

Table 2-20. Code Description


DTC U1300 U1301 Serial data low Serial data open/high Figure 2-33. Data Link Connector [91A] DESCRIPTION 1. 2. Data link connector [91A] Protective rubber plug

DIAGNOSTICS
Diagnostic Tips

If serial data is shorted, these codes will automatically cause the check engine lamp to illuminate. The odometer will read Bus Er in this condition. Diagnostic trouble codes (DTCs) P1009 and P1010 may accompany DTCs U1300 and U1301.

Diagnostic Notes

If a U1300, U1301 or BUS Er is present on carbureted models, perform diagnostic procedures listed in 4.10 STARTS, THEN STALLS. If a U1300, U1301 or BUS Er is present on EFI models, perform diagnostic procedures listed in 5.12 STARTS, THEN STALLS.

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