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www.dhammaransi.net

t&Sifem,umvuFm& 1
bk&m;½Sifw\
dkY vu©Pmawmf(32)yg;

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vu©PmawmfBuD; bk&m;&Scd kd;
(1) okyÜwd|dwyg'wm vu©Pmawmf - aumif;pGmwnf&Sdaom ajcawmf&Sdjcif;?

(2) pauúeuÐwyg'wm vu©Pmawmf - trSwfwHqdyfcyfESdyftyfaom ajcawmf&Sdjcif;?

(3) 'DCyPSdwm vu©Pmawmf - &Snfaomzaemifhawmf&Sdjcif;?

(4) tm,w*Fkvdwm vu©Pmawmf - &SnfoG,faom vufacsmif;awmf&Sdjcif;?

(5) jA[®KZk*wåwm vu©Pmawmf - jA[®mrif;vkd ajzmifhrwfaom ukd,fawmf&Sdjcif;?

(6) owåKó'wm vu©Pmawmf - vufzrkd;awmf 2-buf? ajczrkd;awmf 2-


bufyckH;awmf 2-buf vnfukwfawmftm;jzifh 7-yg;aomt&yf wkdUü
jynfhNzdK;aomtom;awmf&Sdjcif;?

(7) rk'kwvkP[wåyg'wm vu©Pmawmf - ysKdaom EknHhaomvufawmf


ajcawmf&Sdjcif;?

(8) Zmv[w¬yg'wm vu©Pmawmf - ZmuGef,ufyrm nDpGmwnfaom


vufacsmif;ajcacsmif; awmf&Sdjcif;?

(9) OócFyg'wm vu©Pmawmf - atmufokdYrouf txufwufonfh


zrsuftaeajcawmf&Sdjcif;?

(10) O'¨*¾avmrwm vu©Pmawmf - a&SUrsufESmawmfzl;arSsmfvkdbd armfíMunfhokdY


tzsm;vSnfharmf arG;nSif;awmf&Sdjcif;?

(11) {PDZCFwm vu©Pmawmf - {PDrnfaom om;aumif\ ovkH;toGiftpOf


tqufvkH;í wufaomajcovkH;awmf&Sdjcif;?

(12) okckrpä0dwmvu©Pmawmf - EknHhodrfarGUaomtom;ta&awmf&Sdjcif;?

(13) ok0PÖ0PÖwmvu©Pmawmf - 0if;0gaomtom;ta&&Sdawmfrljcif;?

(14) aumaom[dw0w¬*k,Swm vu©Pmawmf - OobEGm; jrwft*FgZmwfokdU


ttdrfjzifhzkH;tyfaom t*FgZmwfawmf&Sdjcif;?

t&Sifem,umvuFm& 2
bk&m;½Sifw\
dkY vu©Pmawmf(32)yg;

(15) edaj*m"y&dr@v vu©Pmawmf - 0dkif;0ef;aom yifanmifyifuJhokdU


ukd,fawmfESifhtvH avsmfuefnDnD 0ef;0dkif;awmfrljcif;?

(16) ZmPky&more vu©Pmawmf - 'l;awmfukd okH;oyfukdifvkdawmfrlvSsif


rwfrwf&yfawmfrlvsuf ykqpf'l;0ef; 2-zufwkdUukd vufawmf 2-
zufjzifhxdatmifokH;oyfawmfrledKifjcif;?

(17) 0wåu©E¨wm vu©PmawmfBuD; - a&Trk&kd;pnfuJhokdY tnDywf0if;


vkH;aomvnfyif;awmf&Sdjcif;?

(18) pdwEå&wm vu©Pmawmf - vufjyif&kd; 2-zuftMum;ütom;jynfhykH


aemufausmjyif0,fvnfukyf\ atmufüay:xGufíaeaom t&kd;ESpfzuf&Sdjcif;?

(19) oD[AkAÁ'¨um,wm vu©Pmawmf - jcaoFhrif;\a&SUxuf0ufukd,fuJhokdY


txufatmufESpfXmeü jynfh0aom ukd,fawmf&Sdjcif;?

(20) &o*o*¾dw vu©Pmawmf - t&omukdaqmif ,ledKifaomtaMumwkdYwGif


tjrwfqkH;jzpfaom ckepfaxmifaomtaMumawmf&Sdjcif;?

(21) tbdeDvaewåwm vu©Pmawmf - rsufvkH;awmfonf ndKoifh&m t&yf0,f


atmufrJndKyef; ESrf;Muwfyef; taoG;uJhodkYndKaom rsufvkH;awmfvnf; &Sdawmfrljcif;?

(22) a*gyckrwm vu©Pmawmf - arG;pt&G,f EGm;eDi,f\ wifhw,fMunfat;


rsufvkH;uav;okdY rsufarG;pD&&D tvGefMunfaom rsufvkH;awmf&Sdjcif;?

(23) OPSDooDowm vu©Pmawmf - oif;uspftjym; zGJYywfxm;okdY oD;jcm;qef;xl;


r[mezl;aMumifh zl;& &TifaysmfvkH;aomOD;acgif;awmf&Sdjcif;?

(24) {auuavmrwm vu©Pmawmf - arG;wGif; wpfwGif;vSsif wpfyifpD aomtarG;


awmf&Sdjcif;?

(25) OPÖavmrwm vu©Pmawmf - rsufckH;awmf 2-yg;tv,fMum;ü


xl;jcm;ay:vGif tvGefjzLpif aomarG;awmf&Sif&Sdjcif;?

(26) orpwåmvDo'Eåwm vu©Pmawmf - trSsav;q,f vGefwifhw,faom


oGm;awmf&Sdjcif;?

(27) t0d&kVwm vu©Pmawmf - a&Tjym;tjyif 0&ZdefwifokdY tpOfruGJ rusJaom


oGm;awmf&Sdjcif;?

(28) y[lwZd0Swm vu©Pmawmf - &Snfvsm;Eke,f us,fjyeYfaom vSsmawmf &Sdjcif;?

t&Sifem,umvuFm& 3
bk&m;½Sifw\
dkY vu©Pmawmf(32)yg;

(29) jA[®ó&wm vu©Pmawmf - jA[®mrif;\ toHuJhokdY om,memaysmf toH


awmf&Sdonfaumif;? tma',s0paemp- trsm;MunfjzL em,lzG,f pum;awmf&Sdjcif;?
(30) oD[ [Ekwm vu©Pmawmf -jcaoFhrif;\atmufar;tvm; xufatmuftm;
jzifh 2-yg;xifay:jynfh0aom ar;awmf&Sdjcif;?

(31) or'Eåwm vu©Pawmf - 0&Zdefrsm; pDíxm;okdY xufzsm;pD&&DnDaom oGm;


awmf&Sdjcif;?

(32) ookuú'gXwm vu©Pmawmf - aomMumMu,f0ef; xGef;onfhtoGif tvGef


jzLpif aompG,fawmf&Sdjcif;?

jrefrmjynfrS xkwfa0aom bk&m;&Sdckd;trsKd;rsKd; pmtkyfukd bmoma&;ukd pdwf0ifpm;aom


yk*¾dKvfwkdif;awGUzl;Muygvdrfhrnf/ bk&m;&Sdckd;jcif;[lonf trSefawmhbk&m;&Sif\
*kPfawmftaygif;ukd pdwf0,frSef;q tm&kHjyKjcif;jzpfonf/ xkdUaMumifh,cktcg
vlodenf;aom jrwfpGmbk&m;\ vu©PmawmfBuD;bk&m;&Sdckd;ukd aus;Zl;awmf&Sif
awmifNrdKUr[m*E¨m&kHq&mawmfbk&m;BuD; a&;om;oDukH;xm;onfhrltwdkfif; jzefUa0
rnfjzpfygonf/ jrwfpGmbk&m;\ vu©PmawmfBuD;bk&m;&Sdckd;ukd wpfyk'fcsif;wifum
jzefUa0ay;ygrnf/ usufrSwfí aeUpOf&Sdckd;ylaZmfedKifygonf/

vu©P/ / vu©P[laomygVdpum;vkH;onf jrefrmvkdtrSwftom;[k t"dyÜg,f


xGuf\/ xkdtrSwftom;onf a&S;twduf b0uHESifhqkdif\/ rsufvkH;rsufckH; vufajc
paom ukd,fcE¨mtpdwftykdif;ESifh wpfukd,fvkH;ykHo@mefwkdU0,f a&S;uHtm;avsmfpGm
aumif;raumif;trSwftom;rsm; yg&Sd\/ xkdtrSwftom;ukdMunfhí a0'ynm&Sif
wkdUonf a,musFm;jrwf a,musFm;,kwf rdef;rjrwf rdef;r,kwf[k
twwfa[medKifMuukef\/

Ak'¨vu©Pm/ / a0'usrf;wkdUü Ak'¨jzpfxkdufaom (pMum0aw; rif;jzpf xkdufaom)


a,musFm;jrwf\vu©Pmrsm;ukd az:jyxm;ygonf/ xkdaMumifhAk'¨jrwfpGmukdzl;jrif&aom
aovtrnf&Sdaom a0'ynm&Sifonf Ak'¨ukdjrifaomtcg pMumrif; jzpfxkduf
aomyk*¾Kdvfygwum;? pMumrif;vkyfawmfrlyg[k avSsmufxm;avonf/

oyÜg,fawmfrljcif;\taMumif;/ / Ak'¨jrwfpGm\ oyÜg,fawmfrljcif;onf


,ckjytyfvwåHUaomvu©Pmawmfrsm;taMumif; t&mrsm;aMumifhomjzpf&um;
xkdvu©Pmawmf taMumif;&mwdkUukdod&avav igwkdUbk&m;[k tm;&yg;&udkuG,fí
aumif;avjzpf&kHomru Ak'¨gEkówdb0emur®|mef;ukd BudK;yrf;aoma,m*D
yk*¾dKvftwGufvnf; Ak'¨jrwfpGmukdtm&kHjyKí a,musFm;jrwf\ 32-yg;aomtxdrf;trSwf
vu©Pmawmfrsm;ukd bk&m;&Sdckd;tjzpfjzifh a&S;q&mwkdUa&;om;awmfrlcJhMu ygonf/

t&Sifem,umvuFm& 4
bk&m;½Sifw\
dkY vu©Pmawmf(32)yg;

okyw
Ü |d w
d yg'wm vu©Pmawmf
AkaAÁ ykanok orÁKa'¨g? orm'gaee 'VSawm?
okyw Ü |d w
d yga'gp? tu©raÇd ,mp wH ear/

a,m orÁKa'¨g- tMuifjrwfpGmbk&m;onf? ykaAÁ- b0rsm;pGm a&S;a&S;tcgü? ykanok-


'ge oDvponfaygif;pk ukokdvf aumif;rIwkdUü? 'VSawm- rwGefUqkwfbJ
ckdifjrJaomtm;jzifh? orm'gaee- tm;&&Tifaysmf aqmufwnfawmfrlcJhjcif;aMumifh?
okyÜwd|dwyga'gp- ajcawmfcs&m &yfwkdif;rSm0,f? aumif;pGmtnD
wnf&Sdaomajc&Sdonf vnfaumif;? tu© rÇda,mp- &vwåHU &NyD;usdK;oD;oD;0,f
b,f&efolrSs cGmírcsedKifonfvnf;aumif;? a[mwd- taMumif;tvkduf tusKd;qdkufí
okdufNrdKufxifay: jzpfxGef;awmfrl\/ wH orÁK'¨H- okyÜwd|dwyg'wmac:
vu©PmawmfBuD;ESifh jynfhpkHawmfrlaomxkdjrwfpGm bk&m;ukd? t[H- bk&m;wynfhawmf
(wynfhawmfr)onf/ ear ermrd- ,kHMunfjrwfedK;vufpkHrkd;í &Sdckd;uefawmhyg\
bk&m;/

jrwfpGmbk&m;\ajcawmfonfü rqkdeif;awmfrlaomtcg zaemifhawmfbufuvnf;


tvsifrus? ajczsm;awmfbufuvnf; tvsifrus? ajcz0g;wpfjyifvkH;wpfNydKifeufusí
wnf&mt&yfü z0g;wpfjyifvkH;wnf&Sdawmfrl\/ ,ckvlrsm;\ajcz0g;uJhokdU tv,fü
[mí[kdufraeyg/ Ak'¨ajcawmf&mykHukd zl;arSsmfMunfhyg/ jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif\ ajcawmf&m
onf ajcz0g;jyif wpfajy;nDwnf&Sd onfukd awGU&ygvdrfhrnf/

t&Sifem,umvuFm& 5
bk&m;½Sifw\
dkY vu©Pmawmf(32)yg;

jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif\ ajcz0g;jyifawmfaumif;pGmwnf&Sd? xl;jcm;pGmwnf&Sdjcif;onf Ak'¨


jrwfpGmtavmif;tvsm jzpfcJhaom b0rsm;wkdUü ukokdvfaumif;rIudpöpkukd jyKvkyf&m
0,f vGefpGmckdifjrJawmfrl\/ rdrdjyKaeaomukokdvfaumif;rIukd tjcm;ol wkdUu aemuf
qkwf atmifajymMuaomfvnf; rnfonfhtcgrSs wGefUqkwfjcif;r&Sdacs/ þokdUukokdvf
aumif;rIudpöü aemufr qkwfyJckdif;jrJawmfrljcif;aMumifh okyÜwd|dwyg'wm
vu©PmawmfBuD;ESifhjynfhpkHawmfrljcif;jzpfonf/

jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sif\ ajcawmf&monf jrwfpGmbk&m;MuGoGm;wkdif;aom ajcvSrf;wkdif;ü


xifusef&pfíraecJhyg/ajcawmf&mjrifap vkdaomtcgwkdUtcgü bk&m;ukd,fawmfwkdif
t"d|mefcsxm;rSomvSsif ajcawmf&monf xifusef&pfaeavonf/ xkdusef&pfcJhaom
ajcawmf&mukd jrifapvkdaomyk*¾dKvfrsm; rawGU&Sd&orSs b,fawmhtcg ysufpD;jcif;r&Sday/
rnfhonfh ewfjA[®m rm&fewfponfwkdUuvnf;aumif;? obm0ab; tEå&m,fjzpfonfh
rkd;a&av'PfwkdUaMumifhvnfaumif; rysufpD; oGm;ay/ jrwfAk'¨\ajcawmf&mrsm;
zl;jrif&onfhyk*¾dKvfrsm;ukd t&ifykdUpfrsm;ü az:jyzl;ygonf/

þuJhokdU xl;qef;tHhzG,f&SdvSaom jrwfpGmbk&m;\ okyÜwd|dwyg'-*kPfawmfukd pdwf


0,f rSef;um ajcawmf&mzl;jrif&wdkif; Ak'¨bmom0iftm;vkH; bk&m;&Sdckd; *gxmawmft&
usufí t"dyÜg,fodod tm;&yg;&ukokdvf,l yDwdjzpfedKifMuygaMumif;/

t&Sifem,umvuFm& 6
bk&m;½Sifw\
dkY vu©Pmawmf(32)yg;

pauúeuÐwyg'wm vu©Pmawmf
tMuifjrwfpGmbk&m;\ (32)yg;aom vu©PmawmfBuD;wdkUwGif pauúeuÐwyg'wm
vu©Pm awmfonf 'kwd,ajrSmufvu©PmawmfBuD;wpfckjzpfonf/ þvu©Pm
onfvnf; jrwfpGmbk&m;\xl;jcm;aom *kPft*Fgukdaz:jy xm;jcif;jzpfonf/
xkdUaMumifh þ'kwd, ajrSmuf vu©PmawmfBuD;bk&m;&Sdckd;*gxmawmfukdusufrSwfí
*kPfawmfukdrSef ykHawmfwrf;wvsuf &Sdckd;ylaZmfedKif&efaz:jyygrnf/

oy&d0g&u 'gaee? wxm*awm yka& ba0?


pauúeuÐÐwyga'gp? y&d0ga&m p wH ear/

a,m wxmuawm- tMuifjrwfpGmbk&m;onf? yka& ba0- b0rsm; a&S;a&S;tcgü?


oy&d0g&u 'gaee- qkdif&mrcsef tajcGt&HESifhwuG jyKtyfaomtvSL'geaMumifh?
pauúeuÐeyga'gp- trSwfwHqdyfcyfESdyftyfaom ajcawmf&Sdonfvnf; aumif;?
y&d0ga&mp- jA[®mvlewf y&dowfwkdU rjywfrSefrSef tjcHt&H&Sdonfvnf;aumif;
a[mwd-taMumif;tvkduf tusKd;qkdufí okdufNrdKufxifay: jzpfxGef;awmfrl\? wH
wxm*wH- pauúeuÐwyg'wmac: vu©PmawmfESifh jynfhpHk awmfrlaom
xkdjrwfpGmbk&m;ukd? t[H- bk&m;wynfhawmf (wynfhawmfr)onf? ear ermrd-
,kHMunfjrwfedK;vufpkHrkd;í &Sdckd;uefawmhyg\ bk&m;/

pauúeuÐwyg'-ukd pauúe-pufvu©Pmjzif?h tuÐw- trSwfwHqdyfcyfESdyftyfaom?


yg'-ajcawmf&m?[k yk'fcGJum t"dyÜg,f rSwfom;xm;yg/ jrwfAk'¨\ ajcz0g;awmf
tjyifü puf0kdif;ykHo@mefyg&Sdaom t&yf0,ftrsKd;trsKd;aomt&kyfrsm; ay:vGifxif&Sm;
aeonfukd puúvu©P- pufvu©Pmawmf[kac:onf/ xkdpufvu©Pmonf
vltrsm;\ajcz0g;ü rygbJbk&m;tavmif;? pMumrif;tavmifwkdUüom ygedKifaom
xl;jcm;aomvu©Pmawmfjzpfonf/ ykHawmfukd zl;arSsmf Munfhyg/

taMumif;aumif;rI
þvu©PmawmfESifhjynfhpkHawmfrljcif;\ taMumif;aumif;rIrSm Ak'¨jrwfpGmonf rsm;pGm
jzpfcJh&mü rsm;pGmaomb0wkdU0,f tvSL'gejyKvkyfaomtcg rlv'geukd tjcHt&H
tjzpfjzifh qkdif&mypönf;rsm;udkygxnfhí vSLawmfrlavh&Sd\/ Oyrm- ausmif;vSL
aomtcg ausmif;tokH;taqmifukdygxnfhvSLjcif;wnf;/

bk&m;jzpfaomtcgüvnf; ewfvljA[®mtjcHt&H bdu©K bdu©KeD[laom y&dowf


tjcHt&HwkdUjzifhjynfhpkHawmfrljcif;ukd&&Sdawmf onf/ xkdUaMumifh Ak'¨jrwfpGm\ þpuf
vu©Pm*kPfawmfukd tm&kHjyKí rdrdwkdUvnf; ukokdvf'gejyKvkyft&mtcgwkdUü 'ge
tjcHt&Hrsm; yg0ifatmifvSL'gef;avh&Sdaom tavhtusifhaumif;rsm;ukd usifhokH;Muyg/

t&Sifem,umvuFm& 7
bk&m;½Sifw\
dkY vu©Pmawmf(32)yg;

xl;jcm;csuf
þpu©Pmawmfyg&Sdaom ajcawmf&monf
eif;awmfrl&mt&yfwkdif;ü xifawmfrlyg/ bk&m;&Sif
xifapvkdawmfrlrSom xifawmfrlonf/ xkdokdUpuf
vu©PmawmftjynfhtpkH xifawmfrljcif; rSmvnf;
okyÜwd|dw yg'wm vu©Pm awmftwGuf ajccs
wmfrl&mt&yfü ajcz0g; jyiftnDtrSs xdawmf
rljcif;aMumifhom jzpfygonf/

,ckvlwkdUuJokdU tv,fü [maevSsif puf vu©m


awmfwkdUonf xifedKifrnfr[kwfyg/
þokdUvu©PmawmfESpfck qyfpyfaeykH udkvnf;
tm&kHjyKumAk'¨gEkówdyGm; rsm;edKifygonf/

t&Sifem,umvuFm& 8
bk&m;½Sifw\
dkY vu©Pmawmf(32)yg;

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d nfh vu©PmawmfBuD;(3)yg;
jrwfpGmbk&m;&SifawmfjrwfBuD;\ okH;q,fhESpfyg;aomvu©PmawmfwkdUwGif ,cktcg
(1) 'DCyPSdwmvu©Pmawmf (2) tm,w*Fkvdwmvu©Pmawmf (3)jA[®KZk*wå
wmvu©Pmawmf[k vu©PmawmfBuD;okH;yg;ukd eHygwftpOf 3-4-5 vu©Pmawmf
tjzpfpkaygif;í az:jyygrnf/

a&S;wGifaz:jyxm;onhfESpfyg;ESifhay:vSsifvu©PmawmfBuD; 5-yg;jzpfayrnf/
xkdUaMumifh 'DCyPSdwmvu©Pmawmftp&Sdaom vu©PmawmfBuD;okH;yg;ukd
pdwf0,frSef;í &Sdckd;Mu&atmif...

ygPCmw 0d&wd,m? 'DCyPSd ,w*Fkv?d


Aka'¨¨g jA[®KZk*awåmp? 'DCm,kaump wH ear/

a,m Ak'¨g- tMuifjrwfpGmbk&m;onf? yka& ba0- b0rsm;pGm a&S;a&S;tcgü?


ygPCmw0d&wd,m- olUtoufukd owfjcif;rS a&SmifMunfcJhjcif;aMumifh? 'DCyPSdp-
&Snfaomzaemifhawmf&Sdonfvnf;aumif;? tm,w*kFvdp- &SnfoG,f aom
vufacsmif;awmf&Sdonfvnf;aumif;? jA[®KZk*awåmp- jA[®mrif;vkd ajzmifhrwfaom
ukd,fawmf&Sdonfvnfaumif;? 'DCm,kaump- &Snfaomtoufawmf &Sdonf
vnf;aumif;? a[mwd-taMumif;tvkduf tuskd;qkdufí okdufNrdKufxifay:
jzpfxGef;awmfrl\? wH Ak'¨H- 'DCyPdSwm tpjzmonfh vu©Pm okH;az:jynfhpkH
awmfrlaom xkdjrwfpGmbk&m;ukd? t[H- bk&m;wynfhawmf (wynfhawmfr)onf? ear
ermrd- ,kHMunfjrwfedK; vufpkHrkd;í &Sdckd;uefawmh yg\ t&Sifbk&m;/

t&Sifem,umvuFm& 9
bk&m;½Sifw\
dkY vu©Pmawmf(32)yg;

'DCyPSw
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'DCyPSdwm[lonf &SnfoG,fvsaom zaemifhawmf[k t"dyÜg,f&ygonf/
jrwfpGmbk&m;&Sifawmf\ ajczaemifhawmfonf &SnfoG,faom ykHo@mef&Sdyg\/
zaemifhawmf\ tpGef;onfvkH;0ef;aom ykHo@mefjzifhvGefpGm wifhw,fawmfrl\/
ajcawmfukd av;zdkUcGJvSsif aemufwpfzkdUonf zaemifhawmfjzpfonf? 'kwd,wpfzkdUonf
ajcovkH;ay:xGufzkdUae&mjzpfonf? a&SUESpfzkdUonf ajcovkH;ae&m\ a&SUbufjzpfonf/

zaemifah wmf&n
S af wmfrljcif;\ taMumif;aumif;rI
jrwfpGmbk&m;onf urÇmrsm;pGmjzpfcJh&mü rsm;pGmaomb0wkdU0,f ygPmwdygwrS
a&SmifMuOfawmfrl\/ þokdUygPmwdygwrS a&SmifMunfawmfrlcJhjcif;aMumifh
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jA[®óa&mp orÁKa'¨g? tma',s0paem ear/

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t&Sifem,umvuFm& 34
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t&Sifem,umvuFm& 35
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t&Sifem,umvuFm& 36
bk&m;½Sifw\
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rdpämZD0 0d&wd,m? or'aEåm wxm*awm?


a[mwd okoku'ú gaXmp? 0do'k y¨ &daom ear/

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t&Sifem,umvuFm& 37
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