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Caribbean Examination Council Social Studies Project


Name of Candidate: Samantha Gordon School: Norman Manley High School Centre #: 100085 Candidate #: 1000851262 Teacher: Miss Nelson

Title of Study: The possible causes of migration in Rose Town, the effects it has on the residents and ways in which the problem can be improved.

Table of Contents


Acknowledgements Introduction Statement of the Problem Reason for Selecting the Are of Research Method of Investigation Instrument used to collect Data Procedures used to collect Data Presentation of Data Analysis and Interpretation of Data Findings Recommendations and Implementations Bibliography

3 4 5 5 5 6-8 9 10-12 13-17 18 19 20

I would like to give the almighty great thanks for waking me up every day of my life and given me the strength to do this assignment. Thanks to my mother who pushed me to do my best. And, I would like to thanks to the residence of Rose Town who gave all the necessary information which helped me to complete the S.B.A.

Rose Town is a small community in the Kingston District. It is located in the Country of Jamaica which it is the capital of the country. Rose Town is one of the pits communities of the parish, but it has the minority of highly skilled and highly trained persons.

Map of Jamaica showing the location of Kingston

I have been a resident of Rose Town for the past sixteen years. Ultimately I have noticed that many people have been leaving the community. The aim of this research is to find the cause of migration in the community of Rose Town. I have found the population in the community to be a middle class community that is drastically suffering from a migration crisis. Thus, I came up with the idea to study the causes and the effects of migration in this community to create a suitable solution to stem the problem.

Statement of the Problem

What are the possible causes of migration in Rose Town the effects it has on the residents and ways in which the problem can be improved?

Reasons for Research

I am a member of this community and throughout these years I have observe that there is a high level of Migration in the community. This had leaded me to do an analysis on the problem, with the objective of bringing to light the possible causes and effects. I also hope to find viable clarification that will lessen the problem.

Method of Investigation
For the purpose of this investigation, I have chosen a questionnaire as the instrument of data collection. The advantages of using a questionnaire are: 1. It is easy to analyze. 2. It requires less time to be completed 3. It is less intrusive than to ask people face to face and confidentiality is guaranteed since they are not required to disclose personal information such as their name. The questionnaires were handed out using random selection. I have explained to participating residence why the research was being conducted. After I have explained to the residents the purpose of the questionnaires, the residents agreed to complete the questionnaires, from this time I have gave them one (1) week to do so. The questionnaires were handed out to citizens above the ages of eighteen (18) years old.

Instrument used to collect Data

Copy of Questionnaire

An inspection on Migration in the Community of Rose Town, Kingston

Dear, Community members, This is an inspection that is being carried out in the community of rose town to find out the purpose of migration and the effects it has on the people of the community and how it can be solved. I am presently finishing my School Based Assessment (S.B.A), and soliciting your help in answering this questionnaire based on the topic of migration. You are recommended to answer the following questions straightforward. The information given is confidential so you do not have to write your name. Most of the questions can be answered with a tick in a box. Precise instructions are given where necessary. Thank you for your co-operation in this important exercise.

Yours truly, S. Gordon

1. What is your gender? Male Female

2. How old are you? 18-21 22-26



39 and over

3. How long have you been living in Rose Town?


Less than a year

More than a year

over five years

4. How would you rate the community? Poor Needs Improvement




5. What is the most likely age group to migrate from the community? 10-15 15-20 20 and over

6. Would you like to leave the community? Yes No


If yes why would you migrate from the community? Better educational opportunities Superior job opportunities Better health care schemes I would not migrate

8. What are some of the reason for migration in Rose Town? Crime Better paying jobs Lack of educational opportunities If other specify____________________________________________________________

9. In what way does migration personally affecting you? Loss of friends Break down of social ties

Loss of religious ties

If other specify_________________________________________________________________

10. Why are qualified people leaving the community? Better jobs elsewhere Lack of services

Over Population

If other specify________________________________________________________________

11. How can the problem of migration in the community be solved? Create more job opportunities Create more community resources Crime control Increase public services efficiency

If other specify________________________________________________________________

Procedures Used To Collect Data

A total of 50 questionnaires were prepared for distribution to the fellow community members. It was expected that at least 75% of these questionnaires will be returned. I therefore I have decided to distribute these questionnaires by random selection to people that will cater for all the requirements mentioned above. The persons that I choose to answer the questions where supplied with the questionnaire the same day that I told them about my assessment, but some of the questionnaire where not ready in time so they distributed to the members home. In the case that the members where not at home, the questionnaire were left under the members front door with a note to return the completed questionnaire to my home at 3 Gordon Lane Kingston 13.

Presentation of Data
A total of 50 questionnaires were distributed to member of the community, out of which 45 were returned. Of these respondents, 40% were male and 60% were female.

45% 40% 35%

% of respondents

30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% 1 - 5 yrs 6 - 10 yrs over 10 yrs

Years of Residence
Fig 1: length of residence of respondents

Age Group that is Most Likely to Migrate from the Community Age Group 10 - 15 15 - 20 20 and over Table 1 Percentages (%) 12% 28% 60%

The Reason for Migration in Rose Town


Reasons for Migration

Other 7%

Lack of educational oppertunities 17% Better paying jobs 18%

Crime 58%

Fig. 2: Pie chart showing the various reasons for migration.

Way in which Migration Affects the Community.

Way in which Migration Affects the Community. 40% 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% 5% 0% Loss of friend Break down of social ties Loss of religious ties Others 14% 28% 20% 38%

Fig 3: The effects of migration on individuals in the community.


Why qualified people migrate

Better jobs elsewhere Lack of service Over-population Other

Percentages (%)
40% 9% 31% 20%

Table 2: The reasons why qualified people migrate

Create more job oppertunities


Create more community resourses


Increase public sevice efficiency

Crime Control


Percentages of respondents







Fig 4: The various ways in which the problem of migration in the community can be solved.


Analysis and Interpretation of Data

The interpretation and analysis of the data is information that is gathered from the SBA from the participants of the questioner and their views of the topic given and I should analyze the information gathered from the questionnaire to find strategies that can mend the problems. I utilized the use of bar graphs, pie charts and response tables to present the findings of this research. The information below reflects the response of forty-five (45) respondents response to eleven (11) items on a questionnaire. Although fifty questionnaires were handed out, only fortyfive of the questionnaires were collected because residents were not at home on the collection day. The first graph, figure I show how long respondents were residing in Rose Town. It can be seen that 40% or 18 of these respondents were living in the area for over 10 years, 28% or 13 of these respondent have been breathing in this community between 6 to 10 years and 32% or 14 of these respondent have been existing in this community between 1 to 5% years. However, table 1 shows that 12% of the respondent stated that the age group 10 to15 is likely to migrate from the community, 28% of the respondent avowed the age group 15 to 20 is liable to migrate from the community, and 60% of the respondent confirmed that the age group 20 and over is prone to migrate from the community. It can be seen that the age group 20 and over is the most likely possible age group to migrate from the community. Afterwards, figure 2 shows most of the respondent (58%) insist people migrate from the community because of Crime, 18% of the respondent attest that person migrate for better paying jobs, 17% of these respondent contend that people migrate since there is a lack of educational opportunities and 7% of these respondent averred that person migrate for many other reasons. On the other hand, figure 3 stated that there are many ways in which migration affects the community. 28% of the respondent stated that they have loss there friends, 38% of these respondent avowed that they have been breakdown by social ties, 14% of these respondent confirmed that they have loss their religious ties, while 20% of these respondent affirmed that they have other effect of migration. Next, table 2 declared why qualifies persons migrate from Rose Town. 40% or 18 of these respondents acknowledge that qualified person migrate because there are better jobs elsewhere, 9% or 4 of these respondent avowed that they skilled persons migrate since there is a lock of service in the community. 31% or 14 of these respondents affirmed that competent persons migrate since the community is over populated, while 20% or 9 of these respondents stated that eligible persons migrate for other reason.


Finally, figure 4 acknowledge the ways in which the problem of migration can be solved. 31% or 14 of these respondents asserted that creating more job opportunities is a superior means of reducing migration, 25% or 11 of these respondent suggest that creating more community resources is a good approach of reducing migration, 9% or 4 person insist that increasing public service efficiency is a fine way of reducing migration, while 35% or 16 of these respondent averred that controlling crime is a excellent approach of reducing migration.


The following excerpt from the Sunday gleaner explains some of the effects migration can have on a familys life.

Anyone meeting Janet Reid for the first time would be struck by her colorful personality, typically associated with women of inner-city communities. But underneath that exterior lies a shrewd woman who is constantly thinking of ways to survive and improve life for her two children and herself. Reid, who grew up in Greenwich Town, told The Sunday Gleaner that she had never experienced the true love of her parents, as they lived in Canada. She remembers being shifted between households. For many years, she never knew her parents, although they provided for her material needs, sent her to a prep school, and lavished gifts on her. "My mother and father always sent clothes. I never knew what my father looked like until he returned to Jamaica when I was nine years old, as he was always in Canada." A year later, Reid met her mother when she visited Jamaica to attend Reggae Sun splash. "My mother never spent much time with me when she came, as we were always driving up and down in a taxi, but she always gave me plenty money." Reid said on one occasion when her mother sought to take her to Canada, her father refused to hand her over, calling her mother an irresponsible woman. Instead, he promised he would take her to Canada on his return. However, several years passed and she grew tired of her father's constant promises, as she could not wait to travel abroad. Reid agreed to meet her mother, who secretly came to take her back when she was 14 years old. On arrival at her mother's house, she was in for a shock. She recalls police placing her mother in handcuffs and sending her back to Canada to face drug charges. It was at that moment she understood why her mother had been able to spend so lavishly on her over the years. Behavior

"At the time she received that big sentence, I didn't miss her, as I wasn't accustomed to her. I never knew anything about her. I felt it for her that she got locked up, but it was nothing for me." Reid's problems were further exacerbated when her father started showing interest in her 14year-old friends. She admits not being able to talk to him about his behavior, as she feared him. She said her father was arrested for drug possession shortly after he returned to Canada. At the time, she had been attending a private high school and had to drop out as her grandmother could not afford the fees. She was unable to finish her secondary-level education and subsequently went to work at a factory. By this time, she had lost interest in returning to school and became pregnant twice. After her second pregnancy, and with no steady income, a man approached her and asked if she was interested in earning some extra money. She became a drug courier and lived in Britain for several years. Since returning to Jamaica, she has been wary of migrating, again, noting the instability it had caused in her life. "If you're not going abroad to get a steady income and can build something, don't go. Take it from me," Reid said. The following excerpt explains the brain drain effect which a country can experience when qualified persons leave a country. The Caribbean Union of Teachers says teacher migration is having an adverse effect on the region's education system and has called for immediate action by regional governments to tackle the problem. Vice-president of the Caribbean Union of Teachers, Marvin Andall, said that teachers generally work under some of the most trying conditions - a factor pushing some of them to move overseas. "We find ourselves having to work under some of the most difficult conditions, which far from getting better, have deteriorated in certain countries," he told a regional educational symposium Friday. "One of the issues that some of our jurisdictions are confronted with is that of teacher migration, and one state that is most seriously affected is Guyana," he disclosed.


"These conditions are driving some of our best talent in the profession to greener pastures, and that as a region we cannot afford." The Caribbean Union of Teachers said one of the biggest problems for teachers employed in the region is that of salaries, which are relatively poor compared to those in other countries. In addition, he said there were other issues such as poor health and safety standards and bad working conditions. "The basic health and safety standards in some states are not good and it is depressing just to look at the state of some of the school buildings in some islands," he further added.


This survey has discovered a number of deficiencies with the esteem of migration in Rose Town, Kingston. These include: 1. According to figure 2 people in the community migrate most because of crime. 2. There is a lack of job opportunities, according to figure 4. 3. There is a lack of community resources, according to figure 4


Recommendations and Implementations

I would suggest that the problems of educational and employment opportunities in the community be cured by the applicable establishment. Both tribulations could be rectified by creating more courses at school colleges and universities. This would cause more persons to be qualified and ready to tackle the jobs which would be available to them within the community. The implementation of more courses in the school colleges gives students a better variety of courses to choose from and would cease people from leaving the community for wider range of educational needs.


Don't Go! Victim of migration encourages parents not to leave children Philip Hamilton, Gleaner writer Published: Sunday | May 2, 2010 http://jamaica-gleaner.com/gleaner/20100502/news/news5.html

Regional educators urge governments to tackle teacher migration

published: Monday | May 15, 2006
CASTRIES, St. Lucia (CMC):



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