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Map 58 Peloponnesus

Compiled by J. McK. Camp II and G. Reger (islands), 1994

Introduction

The Peloponnese has been the focus of considerable topographical research for a long time. Virtually every early European traveler to mainland Greece spent time visiting the sites there, and in the twentieth century it has been the subject of numerous excavations and survey projects. Laconia, Messenia, western Achaea, the area around Megalopolis, the southern Argolid, and the Nemea/Phleious valleys have all received notable attention in recent years. Other areas have been studied largely by individuals–among them, Phaklares, Pikoulas, Pritchett, Wiseman– rather than large teams. The resulting picture of occupation, and of numbers of ancient sites known from the various areas, is inevitably uneven. In addition, surface survey all too often cannot distinguish a site’s extent or nature. No sites known solely from survey are marked here, and likewise very few known only from excavation (their ancient names unattested in each instance).

Rather, the map’s primary goal is to mark the location of the mass of places and features mentioned in the literary sources and inscriptions. Given the scale, this alone constitutes a major challenge. The thirteen most significant authors for the purpose (Diodorus Siculus, Herodotus, Livy, Pausanias, Pliny, Plutarch, Polybius, Ptolemy, Scylax, Stephanus, Strabo, Thucydides, Xenophon), together with relevant inscriptions, between them preserve over 1,000 Peloponnesian toponyms; about 450 of these are marked. Among the authors, Pausanias dominates; seven of his ten books are devoted to the Peloponnese, and he preserves some 650 toponyms. The commentary on Pausanias by Papachatzes (1974-81) is a vital starting-point for further information, though more recent work by Phaklares, Pikoulas and the British Laconia survey team (Cavanagh 1996) should also be consulted.

For making the compilation, the excellent maps at 1:50,000 scale issued by the Greek army have proved invaluable. Modern toponyms are a problem. In the 1920s, and again occasionally since then, efforts have been made to rename modern settlements, rivers and other features with Turkish, Slavic or Albanian toponyms, replacing these with more Hellenic names (note, for example, AJA 87 (1983) 54; AJA 95 (1991) 196 (n. 10)). Consequently, the date of a modern map or bibliographic reference may have considerable bearing on which of two, or even three, modern names is used. In addition, an ancient toponym was often chosen as the new name, but not always appropriately applied. Thus an ancient name on a modern map may, or may not, be in its correct ancient location.

There are several areas where geomorphologic changes have, or may have, occurred. One of these is the lagoon around Pylos and its vicinity; another is the marshy area near Teichos Dymaion. In addition, Stymphalos and several of the upland plains of Arcadia (Orchomenos, Phleious, and near Nestane) may have had more standing water at those times when there was no active human intervention.

The explanation given in the Introduction to Map 55 for the deliberate omission of roads applies to this map likewise.

Islands

The map includes the westernmost islands of the so-called “western string” of the Cyclades (Keos, Kythnos, Seriphos, Melos) and several other minor islands. As usual, between them they have attracted very different levels of scholarly attention. Melos was the subject of a pioneering surface survey (Renfrew 1982), and Keos has been investigated intensively by several teams of scholars over the past two decades (Cherry 1991; Georgiou 1993; Mendone 1993). The results of these efforts can only be reflected very selectively at this scale. In contrast, Seriphos and Kythnos have hardly been touched; future work will undoubtedly improve our knowledge here.

For the principles adopted for the marking of farms and towers, see the Introduction to Map 61 (islands).

876

MAP 58 PELOPONNESUS

Directory

All place names are in Greece

Abbreviations

IG 12.5

F.H. von Gaertringen (ed.), Inscriptiones insularum maris Aegaei praeter Delum. Inscriptiones

Dar-Sag

Cycladum, Berlin, 1903 C. Daremberg and E. Saglio, Dictionnaire des antiquités grecques et romaines d’après les textes

Paus.

et les monuments, Paris, 1877-1919 See further N. Papachatzes, Παυσανίου ‛Ελλάδος Περιήγησις, 5 vols., Athens, 1974-81; vol. 1 (= Book 1), Αττικα, 1974; vol. 2 (= Books 2-3), Κορινθιακα-Λακωνικα, 1976; vol. 3 (= Books 4-6), Μεσσηνιακα-Ηλιακα, 1979; vol. 4 (= Books 7-8), Αχαικα-Αρκαδικα, 1980; vol. 5 (= Books 9-10), Φωκικα-Βοιωτικα, 1981

Names

Grid

Name

Period

Modern Name / Location

Reference

C4

Abia

HR

Avias

McDonald 1972, 316 (n. 545) ; Shipley 1997, 248-49 Paus. 7; Anderson 1954 Strabo 8.3.24; 8.7.1-5 See Map 59 Strabo 8.3.15; Baladié 1980, 52 Paus. 3.25.4 See Map 59 Sutton 1991, 99 RE Kythnos 1, col. 220 Renfrew 1982, 307 Renfrew 1982, 297-98 Mendone 1993, 104-106 Renfrew 1982, 304 Welter 1954, 88-92 Müller 1987, 733 Strabo 8.4.1 See Map 59 Müller 1987, 734-35 Paus. 3.21.5; Shipley 1997, 251-52 Paus. 4.17.1; Shipley 1997, 267-68 See Map 55 See Map 59 See Map 59 Müller 1987, 743-44; NPauly Wiseman 1978, 24-26 Thuc. 4.70.1

B1

Achaea

 

§

Aigialos

F1

Acharnai

 

B2

Acheron fl.

 

Ladikon harbor at Marmari

C5

Achilleios Limen

F2

Aegina Ins.

 

G2

Ag. Eirene

ACHRL

on Keos spring on Kythnos on Melos on Melos on Keos on Melos on Keos Akrata Aigaleon

G3

Ag. Eirene

G4

Ag. Helene Ag. Ioannes Ag. Ioannis Khalara Ag. Kyriake Ag. Marina Aigai Aigaleon M. Aigaleos M. Aigeira Aigiai Aigila Aigilia? Ins. Aigilia? Aigina Aigion Aigiplanktos/ Geran(e)ia M.

RL

H4

A

G2

ACH

G4

L

G2

C

C1

ACHR

B3

F2

 

C1

ACHR

Vitrinitsa

D4

ACHR

Aigiai

C4

HR

Kionia Kournou?

G1

 

F2

E2

C1

ACHR

Aigion

D1

Mt. Gerenion

§

Geranion M.

E1

Aigosthena

CHR

Porto Germano

Paus. 1.44.5; Benson 1895; NPauly Pikoulas 1988, 139-47 (n. 95); Shipley 1997, 232-33 Paus. 8.34.5

C3

Aigys

HR

W Kamara

C3

Aigytis Aimoniai = (H)Aimoniai Aithalidai/ Hybadai? Aixone Ak(r)itas Pr. Akriai

S Megalopolis

F1

 

See Map 59

F2

See Map 59 Paus. 4.34.12 Shipley 1997, 244

B4

 

Cape Akritas

D4

HRL

Kokkinia

§

Akraia

D2

Akrokorinthos

ACHR

Paus. 2.4.6 Xen., Hell. 3.2.30; 4.2.16; RE Paus. 3.26.11; Lauffer 1989, 95-96; Shipley 1997, 244

B2

Akroreia

A?C

C4

Alagonia?

CHR

Anatoliko

MAP 58 PELOPONNESUS

877

Grid

Name

Period

Modern Name / Location

Reference

C2

Alea

CHR

near Skotinou near Ag. Ioannis S Mantineia Alipheira

Lauffer 1989, 96 Paus. 3.20.2; Shipley 1997, 268 Paus. 8.10.1 SAGT 6, 41-46; Lauffer 1989, 97

C3

Alesiai

C2

Alesion M.

B2

Alipheira Alkyonis Sinus = (H)Alkyonis Sinus Alphe(i)os fl. Amathous = (Ps)Amathous (A)Meilichos fl. Aminios fl. Ampheia Amphiareion Amphidolia

ACHR

A2

Alpheios

SAGT 1, 122-30; Baladié 1980, 48-55

B1

R

Valitsiatikon

Paus. 7.19.4; 7.19.9; 7.20.1 Paus. 8.29.5 SAGT 5, 33-46; Shipley 1997, 259 See Map 55 Strabo 8.3.10, 24

C3

Ligatares

C3

ACHR

Gardiki

F1

 

B2

ACHR

§

Amphidolis

C3

Amyklai

ACHR

Slavochorion

Lauffer 1989, 111-12 See Map 59 See Map 59 See Map 59 Paus. 8.12.8 SAGT 5, 46-52 Paus. 8.35.9 Renfrew 1982, 308 See Map 59 SAGT 3, 105-10

F2

Anagyrous

 

F1

Anakaia?

F2

Anaphlystos

C2

Anchisia M.

 

Kouvelaki

B3

Andania

ACHR

Kallirhoe

C2

Anemosa

ACHR

near Piana

G4

Angathia

HR

on Melos

F2

Angele

 

D3

Anigraia

 

stretch of coast between Kiveri and Astros on Mt. Zavitsa

D3

Anthana? = Methana A(n)thene

CHR

on Mt. Zavitsa

SAGT 4, 75-79; 6, 91-101; Shipley 1997, 226

B1

Antigoneia = Mantineia Antirrhion Pr. Apelauron Aperopia Ins. Apesas M. Aphaia, T. Aphidna Aphrodision Aphrodision M. Apobathmoi = Genesion Apollo Korythos, T. Apollo Maleatas, T. Arachnaion M. Arainon Araphen Araxos Pr. Arcadia

 

See Map 55 SAGT 6, 9-12 Paus. 2.34.9 Paus. 2.15.3 See Map 59 See Map 59 Pikoulas 1988, 66-68 (n. 20) Paus. 8.25.1

C2

 

Phlious-Stymphalos pass Dokos Phoukas

E3

D2

ACHR

F2

 

F1

C3

ACHR

Marmaria / Ag. Ioannis Aphrodision

B2

B4

ACHR

Ag. Andreas Prophitis Ilias, Kosmas Mt. Arachnaion Ageranos

McDonald 1972, 312 (n. 504) Phaklares 1990, 178-83 Paus. 2.25.10 Paus. 3.24.10; Shipley 1997, 268 See Map 59 Paus. 6.26.10 Paus. 8, 8.1.6

D3

AC

D2

D4

ACHR

F1

 

A1

 

Cape Araxos

B2

ACHR

Arkadia

§

Pelasgia

D3

Argolicus Sinus

 

Argolic Gulf

Mela 2.50; Pliny 4.17 Paus. 2; Strabo 8.6.8-18

D2

Argolis

ACHR

Argolid

§

Argea

C2

Argon Pedion

 

Paus. 8.7.1, 4; SAGT 3, 33-35 Lauffer 1989, 128-31; StByz Πελασγία

D2

Argos

ACHR

Argos

§

Pelasgia

C3

Aris fl.

 

near Pedema

Paus. 4.31.2 Lauffer 1989, 635 Paus. 7.26.14 Strabo 8.3.14

E3

Aristera Ins.

Spetsopoula

D1

Aristonautai

ACHR

Xylokastro

B3

Arkadikos fl.

Anydron

§ Amathos fl.

 

§ Mamaos fl.

§ Pamisos fl.

H1

Arkhampolis

 

See Map 55 Paus. 8.18.7

C2

Aroania M.

 

Mt. Aroania

878

MAP 58 PELOPONNESUS

Grid

Name

Period

Modern Name / Location

Reference

B2

Aroanios fl.

Katsana-Mazaiika

Paus. 8.21.1

C2

Aroanios fl.

Phoniatiko

Paus. 8.14.3

§

Olbios fl.

B2

Arsen fl. Arsinoe = Koresia Arsinoe = Methana

NW Velimakhi

Paus. 8.25.1

G2

Artemis Brauronia, T. Artemis Limnatis, T. Artemis Limnatis, T. Artemision M. Asea Asinaeus/ Coronaeus Sinus

 

See Map 59 Leekley 1976, 94 Paus. 3.26.11 Paus. 2.25.3 Lauffer 1989, 136 Pliny 4.15

B2

CH?

on Lapithos M. NW Alagonia? Artemision Asea Messiniakos Kolpos

C4

ACHR

D2

C3

ACHR

C4

D2

Messeniakos Kolpos Asine

§

ACHR

Tolon / Asine

Strabo 8.2.2; 8.4.2 Paus. 2.36.4; Lauffer 1989, 136-38; Shipley 1997, 234-35 McDonald 1972, 314 (n. 512); Müller 1987, 751-52 Strabo 8.5.2; Shipley 1997, 240 PECS See Map 55 Paus. 3.22.9; Shipley 1997, 244-45 See Map 55 Paus. 2.5.2; Lauffer 1989, 138-39 Wiseman 1978, 136 Paus. 2.15.5 Ptol. 3.14.33; Shipley 1997, 265-66 See Map 59 See Map 59 Paus. 8.44.2; Pikoulas 1988, 65-66 (n. 18)

§

Asinaia

B4

Asine

ACHR

Koroni

D4

Asine

ACHR

Skoutari?

E2

Asklepieion, T.

CHR

Epidauros

E1

Askra

D4

Asopos

CHR

Plytra

E1

Asopos fl.

D2

Asopos fl.

Asopos

E2

Aspis Ins.

Evraionisos

D2

Asterion fl.

D3

Astron

CHR

Paralio Astros

F2

Atene

F2

Athenae

C3

Athenaion

CHR

Athenaion / Alika, ESE Megalopolis W Belmina

C3

Athenaion Athene = A(n)thene Athmonon Attica Aulon

C?H

SAGT 4, 61

F1

 

See Map 59 See Map 59 McDonald 1972, 316 (n. 601) ; Shipley 1997, 235-36 Paus. 8.4.3 See Map 59

F1

B3

CHR

N Kalo Nero

C2

Azania

ACHR

F1

Azenia?

B3

Balyra fl. Basilis Bassai

 

Mavrozoumeno / Basiliko E Kyparissia Bassai

Paus. 4.33.3 Paus. 8.29.5 Lauffer 1989, 156-57

C3

ACH

B3

ACHR

C3

T. Apollo Epikourios Bathos

§

ACHR

between Mauria and Kyparissia Ag. Georgios Chelmos

Paus. 8.29.1

F3

Belbina Ins.

RE 1 SAGT 4, 25-28; Pikoulas 1988, 117-18 (n. 71); Shipley 1997, 237 Polyb. 2.54.3 Paus. 8.27.4

C3

Belmina

CHR

§ Belbina?

§ Belemina

§ Blenina

C3

Belminatis

CHR

Livy 38.34.8; Pikoulas 1988, 115-18 (nn. 70-71)

§ Belminates Ager

§ Belbinates

§ Beliminates

§ Blaminae

§ Bleminatis

G2

Besa

See Map 59 Ptol. 3.14.32; Wace 1907, 162; Shipley 1997, 245 See Map 55

D4

Bia(n)dyna

CHR

Elia / Elaia

E1

Boeotia

MAP 58 PELOPONNESUS

879

Grid

Name

Period

Modern Name / Location

Reference

E4

Boia(i)

CHR

Neapolis

Lauffer 1989, 157; Shipley 1997, 226-27

§

Boea

B1

Bolinaios fl. Boreion M. Boudoron Boukephala? Pr. Boukephalos Boulis Bounali tou Barba Spiro Bouphagion? Bouporthmos M. Boura Bouraikos fl. Brenthe

 

Drepanaiiko or Platanaiiko Mt. Gravari

Paus. 7.23.4 Paus. 8.44.4 See Map 59 Paus. 2.34.8 Pliny, NH 4.18; Wiseman 1978, 136-40 See Map 55 Renfrew 1982, 297 Paus. 8.26.8 Paus. 2.34.8-9 Müller 1987, 753-54; Lauffer 1989, 160 Paus. 7.25.10 Paus. 8.28.7; Lauffer 1989, 306

C3

E2

 

E3

 

Kavo Koraka

E2

ACHR

Frankolimano?

D1

 

H4

AR?

on Melos Kryo Nero Mouzaki Kastro?, near Diakofto Ladopotamos Karytaina

B2

R

E3

C1

ACHR

C1

C3

CH

B3

Chaa?

CH?

Kalydona Megavouni Belbitsianiko / Bozaitiko Xeria Akr. Kyllinis

SAGT 6, 61-62 Paus. 2.24.6 Paus. 7.22.11 Paus. 2.25.2 Strabo 8.2.1 Ptol. 3.14.30 Ptol. 3.14.33 Paus. 4.1.1; 4.30.1 See Map 55 See Map 55

D2

Chaon M.

B1

Charadros fl.

D2

Charadros fl.

A2

Chelonatas Pr.

A2

Chelonatas Sinus

 

E2

Chersonesos Pr.

 

Loutron Elenis Lakonia / Messenia border

C4

Choireios fl.

D1

Chorsiai

 

E1

Cithaeron M.

D2

Corinthia

ACHR

Korinthia

Paus. 2

§ Col. Laus Iulia Corinthiensis

R

§ Ephyre

C1

Corinthiacus Sinus

 

Corinthian Gulf

RE Κορινθιακὸς Κόλπος; Wiseman 1978 Lauffer 1989, 338-43 Strabo 8.6.10; 8.7.1; Paus. 2.5.6 Paus. 7.1.1

D2

Corinthus

ACHR

Archaia Korinthos

§ Aigiales

 

§ Aigialos

§ Sicyonia

A2

Coronaeus Sinus = Asinaeus Sinus Cyllenius Sinus Cyparissius Sinus Cythera Ins.

Pliny 4.13 Mela 2.50; Pliny 4.15 RE Kythera 1

A2

 

Kyparissiakos Kolpos

inset

Kythera

C3

Dasea(i)

ACH

Apiditsa?

Paus. 8.36.9 See Map 59 See Map 59

G2

Deiradiotai?

 

F1

Dekeleia Delion = (Epi)Delion Delphinion Demetrias = Sicyon Denthaliates (Ager)

F1

See Map 55

H

C3

R

KlPauly Denthalioi

§

Denthalioi

B2

Diagon fl.

 

Tsemperoula

Strabo 8.3.15; Paus. 6.21.4; SAGT 4, 48

§

Dalion? fl.

E3

Didymoi

ACHR

Didyma? whirlpool S Kiveri

Paus. 2.36.3 SAGT 1, 131-34 Wiseman 1978, 45-80 Müller 1987, 754-55 See Map 54 See Map 55 McDonald 1972, 296 (n. 222); Lauffer 1989, 405; Shipley 1997, 255 Paus. 7.23.4 See Map 55 Müller 1987, 755-58; Lauffer 1989, 203-205

D2

Dine

ACHR

D2

Diolkos

ACHR

C2

Dipaia

ACHR

W Davia, near Piana

A1

Dolicha? Ins.

 

E1

Donakon?

B3

Dorion

A?

Malthi

B1

Drepanon Pr.

Drepano

G1

Dryopes

 

B1

Dyme

ACHR

Kato Achaia

§

Palea

880

MAP 58 PELOPONNESUS

Grid

Name

Period

Modern Name / Location

Reference

E3

Eileoi

ACHR

Iliokastro?

Paus. 2.34.6

§

Ilei

F1

Eilesion

 

See Map 55 Paus. 4.17.10; 4.22.1-4; Shipley 1997, 255-56

B3

Eira

AC

between Kakaletri and

§ (H)Ira

Stasimo

§ Ire

 

F1

Eitea

 

See Map 59 SAGT 7, 170-73 See Map 59 See Map 59 Paus. 8.36.7

D2

Elaious?

ACHR

WSW Speliotaki

F1

Elaious?

 

F2

Elaiousa Ins.

C3

Elaphos fl.

 

Pourligkorrema /

 

Potamolakka

B3

Elektra fl.

 

Chouchlotos

Paus. 4.33.6 Paus. 3.20.5 See Map 59 See Map 59 See Map 55 Paus. 5; 6 Müller 1987, 758-61; Lauffer 1989, 213-16

C3

Eleusinion

CHR

Kalyria Sochous

E1

Eleusiniakos Kolpos

 

F1

Eleusis

E1

Eleutherai

A2

Elis

ACHR

Elis Palaiopolis / Kalyvia Elidos on Keos E Levidi on Melos Lestenitsa

A2

Elis

CHR

G2

Elixos fl.

RE Keos 2, col. 184 Xen., Hell. 6.5.13 Renfrew 1982, 306 Strabo 8.3.32

C2

Elymia

C

G4

Emborio

RL

B2

Enipeus fl.

§

Barnichios fl.

B2

Ep(e)ion

ACH?

Tripiti?

Müller 1987, 763-65; SAGT 6, 50-57, 68-69 RE Ephyre 4 Lauffer 1989, 219-21 Paus. 2.25.7 Lauffer 1989, 221; Shipley 1997, 227 Paus. 3.23.3; Shipley 1997, 268 SAGT 6, 75-77; Shipley 1997, 251

G4

Ephyra? Ins.

Antimelos

E2

Epidauros

ACHR

Palaia Epidauros

§

Epidauria

E4

Epidauros Limera

ACHR

Palaia Monemvasia N Ag. Phokas Epitalio

E4

(Epi)Delion

CHR

A2

Epitalion

CHR

§

Thryon?

B3

Erana

HR

Marathoupolis?

McDonald 1972, 310 (n. 406) ; Shipley 1997, 249 Müller 1987, 766-67 See Map 59 See Map 59 Paus. 7.22.10 Paus. 8.24.3-5 Paus. 8.24.4 See Map 59 RE Suppl. 8 SAGT 3, 124-27; Shipley 1997, 241 Paus. 4.31.4

D2

Erasinos fl. Erasinos fl. Erchia Erineos Erymanthos fl. Erymanthos M. Erythrai Eschatiotis? L. Eua? Eua M. Euantheia? = Oiantheia Euboea Ins. Euboia M. Euboicus Sinus Euonymon Eurotas fl. Eutaia Eutresia? Eutresis

Kephalari

F2

 

F2

B1

ACHR

near Lampirion

B2

Erymanthos

B2

Erymanthos

E1

 

D1

D3

CHR

Helleniko

B3

Eva

G1

 

See Map 55 Paus. 2.17.1 See Map 59 See Map 59 Paus. 3.1.1 Pikoulas 1988, 70-73 (n. 24) Xen., Hell. 7.1.29 See Map 55

D2

 

Evia M.

F1

 

F2

C3

 

Evrotas

C3

CHR

Lianou

C2

C

E1

C3

Garates fl.

 

Dolianitiko

Paus. 8.54.4 See Map 59 Pikoulas 1988, 172-73 (n. 131)

F1

Gargettos

 

C3

Gatheai

HR

Chirades (Spherdouklolakka) Chiradaiiko / Beligosti S Kiveri

C3

Gatheatas? fl.

Paus. 8.34.5; Pikoulas 1988, 173 SAGT 1, 131-34; Shipley 1997, 266 SAGT 3, 104-105 StByz Γενέση

D2

Genesion/

ACHR

Apobathmoi

 

§

Genese

MAP 58 PELOPONNESUS

881

Grid

Name

Period

Modern Name / Location

Reference

H2

Geraistos Geraistos Pr. Geran(e)ia M. =

Aigiplanktos M.

ACHR

Porto Kastri

KlPauly

H2

Mandelo

KlPauly

 

C4

Geren(i)a

CHR?

Zarnatas? part of Mt. Kyllene Geraki

Paus. 3.26.8-11; Shipley 1997, 249 Paus. 8.16.1 Lauffer 1989, 231-32; Shipley 1997, 245

C2

Geronteon M.

D4

Geronthrai

ACHR

§

Geranthrai

B1

Glaukos fl.

 

Leuka / Glaukos Ag. Vasileios

Paus. 7.18.2 SAGT 7, 150-58; Shipley 1997, 262

D3

Glyppia

HR

§

Glympes

C2

Gortynios fl.

 

Lousios

Paus. 5.7.1; 8.4.8 Paus. 8.28.2 Lauffer 1989, 239

§

Lousios fl.

C2

Gortys

ACHR

between Atsicholo and

§

Gortyna

Helleniko Gythion

 

D4

Gyth(e)ion

ACHR

Lauffer 1989, 242-43; Shipley 1997, 237-38

F2

Hagnous

 

See Map 59 Pikoulas 1988, 90-93 (n. 45) See Map 59 See Map 59 Müller 1987, 767-69; Lauffer 1989, 255

C3

(H)Aimoniai

ACH

Perivolia / Rousvanaga

F2

Halai Aixonides

 

G2

Halai Araphenides

E3

Halieis

ACH?

Porto Cheli

§

Halike

F2

Halimous

 

See Map 59 RE Αλκυονὶς Paus. 8.25.2

 

E1

(H)Alkyonis Sinus

 

Alkyonidon Kolpos Palaiokastro of Mouria

Θάλαττα

C2

Halous/

CHR

 

Oryx

B2

Harpina

ACH

near Miraka

Paus. 6.21.8 See Map 59 See Map 59 Müller 1987, 769-70; Lauffer 1989, 258-59 Paus. 8.27.3, 7; 8.30.1 Paus. 2.12.2 Paus. 8.3.3; 8.29.5 Welter 1954, 92-93 Lauffer 1989, 259; Shipley 1997, 252-53

F1

Hekale?

 

G2

Helena Ins.

C1

Helike

AC

E Aigion

C2

Helisson

ACHR?

near Alonistaina

C3

Helisson fl.

Lechora

D2

Helisson fl.

Helisson

G2

Hellenika

C

on Keos

D4

Helos?

A?

Ag. Stephanos

§

Hele

B2

Heraia

ACHR

Ag. Ioannes

Lauffer 1989, 260; SAGT 6, 39-41 Wiseman 1978, 33-36 Lauffer 1989, 261-62 Paus. 6.22.7 SAGT 3, 127-34 Lauffer 1989, 267-68 FOA XII Paus. 3.25.9; Shipley 1997, 245 See Map 55 Strabo 8.3.10; Lauffer 1989, 174-75

D1

Heraion

ACHR

Perachora

D2

Heraion (Argolis)

ACHR

B2

Herakleia

ACHR

Brouma / Herakleia Phonemenoi Ermione Phalkonera Kipoula

D3

Hermai

ACHR

E3

Hermion(e)

ACHR

F4

Hierakia Ins.

C4

Hippola

ACH

D1

Hippotai?

 

A2

Hormina? M.

CHR

Chlemoutsi / Kounoupelli

§

Hyrmina

B3

Hyameia

ACHR?

between Messene and

Paus. 4.14.3; Shipley 1997, 260

§

Hyameitis

Androusa

Hybadai? = Aithalidai

 

F3

Hydroussa/

 

Hydra

Lauffer 1989, 272

Hydrea Ins.

 

F2

Hymettos M.

 

See Map 59 SAGT 6, 46-58 Paus. 3.22.10 Paus. 8.3.3; 8.35.7 Paus. 8.35.7 RE IX, cols. 1169-71; RE Suppl. 9, col. 1899 Lauffer 1989, 274-75 See Map 55

B2

Hypana

CH

Platiana Chasanaga Stemnita / Hypsous Klinitsa / Hypsous Chlemoutsi

D4

Hyperteleaton

ACHR

C2

Hypsous

ACH

C2

Hypsous M.

A2

Hyrmine

ACH?

D2

Hysiai

ACH

Akhladokampos

E1

Hysiai

 

882

MAP 58 PELOPONNESUS

Grid

Name

Period

Modern Name / Location

Reference

A2

Iasos? = Karyai? Ichthys Pr. Ikarion Ilissos fl. Inachos fl. Ioulis Ipnoi? M. Isthmia

 

Akr. Katakolon

Strabo 8.3.12 See Map 59 See Map 59 Paus. 2.15.5; 2.18.3 RE Keos 2, col. 186 IG 12.5, test. 1485 Wiseman 1978, 45-80; Lauffer 1989, 280-81 Wiseman 1978, 45-80 Lauffer 1989, 283-84

F1

 

F2

D2

 

Inachos Khora, on Keos Kaminia, on Keos

G2

ACHRL

G2

E2

ACHR

Kyra Vrisi

§

Isthmos

D2

Isthmos

 

Isthmos

B3

Ithome M.

ACHR

Ithome

E1

Kabeirion

 

See Map 55

C3

Kaiadas Spelaion

AC

prison cave at Trypi

SAGT 5, 58-60 Paus. 4.18.5

§

Keadas

C5

Kainepolis

R

Kyparissos

Paus. 3.25.9; Shipley 1997, 246

§

Kaine

C3

Kalamai

HR

Perivolakia / Sola

McDonald 1972, 288 (n. 140) ; Shipley 1997, 263 Paus. 3.26.11 Lauffer 1989, 561 Strabo 9.1.22; Ptol. 3.14.22

C4

Kalathion M.

Mt. Ag. Georgios Poros

E2

Kalaureia Ins.

ACHR

G2

Kale/

HR

Leuke Akte

 

G4

Kaminia

CR

on Melos

Renfrew 1982, 295 See Map 55 Paus. 8.23.2; SAGT 2, 120-32 Lauffer 1989, 301; Shipley 1997, 242 SAGT 5, 49-50 Paus. 8.34.5 Mendone 1985

H1

Kaphereus Pr.

 

C2

Kaphyai

ACHR

Chotoussa Kardamyle Polichne Xerilas Poles, on Keos

C4

Kardamyle

ACHR

B3

Karnasion

ACHR

C3

Karnion fl.

G2

Karthaia

ACHRL

D3

Karyai?

ACHR

Arachova

Lauffer 1989, 304; Shipley 1997, 238-39

§

Carya

C3

Karyai?/

AC

Analipsis

Paus. 7.13.7; Shipley 1997, 246

Iasos?

 

G1

Karystos

ACHR

settlement and marble quarries in Euboea on Keos on Keos on Melos Kale Syria / Kaukasos, on Keos Toporoviti

Vanhove 1996

G2

Kastanies

CHR

Georgiou 1985, 250-51 Manthos 1991, 49 Renfrew 1982, 298-99 IG 12.5, test. 1485

G2

Kastri

C?H?R?

H4

Kato Komia

L

G2

Kaukasos M.

B1

Kaukon fl.

Strabo 8.3.11; 8.7.5 Strabo 8.3.11 Strabo 7.7.1-2 RE; RE Suppl. 6 SAGT 2, 99

B1

Kaukones

ACHR

B3

Kaukones

ACHR

E2

Kekryphaleia Ins.

 

Kyra and Spalathronisi Megalovouni

D2

Kelossa M.

§

Kelusa M.

D2

Kenchreai

ACHR

Palaio-Skaphidaki, in Argolis Kechriai, in Corinthia Keos

SAGT 3, 58-64

D2

Kenchreai

ACHR

Lauffer 1989, 318 RE 2 See Map 59 See Map 59 See Map 59 See Map 59 See Map 59 Paus. 7.25.5 Paus. 7.25.5 See Map 60 See Map 60 Paus. 5.7.1; 6.20.6 Lauffer 1989, 331-32 Paus. 8.21.1

G2

Keos Ins.

F2

Kephale

 

F1

Kephisia

F1

Kephisos fl.

F2

Kephisos fl.

E1

Kerata M.

C1

Keryneia

ACHR

Mamousia

C1

Kerynitis fl.

Bouraikos

H4

Kimolos

 

H4

Kimolos Ins.

B2

Kladeos fl.

 

Kladeos

C2

Kleitor

ACHR

Kleitor

C2

Kleitor fl.

Mostitsaiiko

MAP 58 PELOPONNESUS

883

Grid

Name

Period

Modern Name / Location

Reference

D2

Kleonai

ACHR

Ag. Vasileios / Kleonai above Nestane Kastania

Lauffer 1989, 332 SAGT 3, 32-46 Paus. 8.23.4 See Map 55 Paus. 4.33.6 See Map 59 See Map 59 McDonald 1972, 312 ( n. 507) ; Shipley 1997, 249-50 Paus. 2.34.8

C2

Klimax

C2

Knakalos M.

G1

Koila?

 

B3

Koios fl.

 

Malthis

F2

Kolias Pr.

 

F1

Kolonai?

B4

Kolonides

CHR

Vournaria

E3

Kolyergia Pr.

Cape Miliaros

G2

Koresia/

ACHRL/

Livadi, on Keos

Robert 1960, 132-60; Cherry 1991

Arsinoe

H

B4

Korone

ACHR

Petalidhi

McDonald 1972, 312 (n. 502); Lauffer 1989, 343-44; Shipley 1997, 250 See Map 59 Renfrew 1982, 295-56

§

Korona

G2

Koroneia Pr.

 

G4

Korphos Koryphasion = Pylos Koryphasion Pr. Koryphos M.

AC

on Melos

B4

Akr. Koryphasiou

Paus. 4.36.1

E2

Prophitis Ilias

Paus. 2.28.2

§

Aion M.

B3

Kotilion M.

 

Paliovlatiza Daimonia Marathonisi, near Gythion grove near Corinth Krathis Zarouchlas

Paus. 8.41.7, 10 Thuc. 4.56; Shipley 1997, 241 Paus. 3.22.1 Paus. 2.2.4 Paus. 7.25.11; Müller 1987, 788-89 Paus. 7.25.11; 8.15.8 See Map 55 Paus. 7.27.11 Lauffer 1989, 355; Shipley 1997, 262 Lauffer 1989, 355

D4

Kotyrta

ACH

D4

Kranae Ins.

D2

Kraneion

CHR

C1

Krathis fl.

C2

Krathis M.

E1

Kreusis

 

D1

Krios fl.

 

Phonissa / Kamariou Krokees Ag. Theodori

D4

Krokeai

ACHR

E2

Krommyon

ACHR

§

Kremmyon

D2

Kromna

ACHR

W Ag. Demetrios Paradeisia-Martiakos

Wiseman 1978, 66-70 Pikoulas 1988, 161-66 (n. 121); Shipley 1997, 239 See Map 59 Lauffer 1989, 358-59 Paus. 8.4.4 Lauffer 1989, 291-93 See Map 59 See Map 59 Thuc. 4.56; StByz Κύνουρα Strabo 8.5.2; Shipley 1997, 246 Ptol. 3.14.31; Lauffer 1989, 360-61; Shipley 1997, 242-43 Lauffer 1989, 361; SAGT 7, 146-49; Shipley 1997, 233 Strabo 8.3.32; Paus. 6.22.7 Lauffer 1989, 362-63; Shipley 1997, 227-28 See Map 59 RE 2 RE 1

C3

Kromnos

ACH

§

Kromon

F1

Kropidai

 

A2

Kyllene

ACHR

Kyllini

C2

Kyllene M.

Mt. Kyllene

C1

Kynaitha(i)

ACHR

Kalavryta

F2

Kynosoura Pr.

 

G1

Kynosoura Pr.

D3?

Kynouria

ACHRL

D4

Kyparissia

CHR

Boza

B3

Kyparissia

ACHR

Kyparissia

D4

Kyphanta

ACHR

Kyparissi

B2

Kyther(i)os fl.

Pournaraiiko

inset

Kythera

ACHR

Kythera

F2

Kytherros

 

G3

Kythnos

ACHRL

Bruokastro

G3

Kythnos Ins.

La = La(s) Lacedaemon/ Laconia Laconicus Sinus Ladon fl. Ladon/ Selleis fl. Lampeia M. Lamptrai Hypenerthen Lamptrai Kathyperthen Lapithaion

Kythnos

C3

ACHR

Lakonia

Paus. 3; Müller 1987, 794-95; Shipley 1997, 272 (n. 3) Strabo 8.2.2; 8.5.1; 8.6.1; Mela 2.50 Strabo 8.8.4 Strabo 7.7.10, 8.3.6; Paus. 6.22.6

D4

Lakonikos Kolpos

B2

Ladon

B2

Ladon

B2

Mt. Kalliphoniou

Paus. 8.24.4 See Map 59 See Map 59 Paus. 3.20.7

F2

 

F2

C4

 

Anogeia?

884

MAP 58 PELOPONNESUS

Grid

Name

Period

Modern Name / Location

Reference

B2

Lapithos M.

 

Lapithas Larisas / Manna

Paus. 5.5.8 Strabo 8.7.5; Paus. 6.26.10; Baladié 1980, 67-68 Paus. 3.22.2 Lauffer 1989, 370-71, 515; Shipley 1997, 228-29 SAGT 6, 28-30 See Map 59 Lauffer 1989, 376-77 Ptol. 3.14.22 Lauffer 1989, 380 Lauffer 1989, 381-82 Lauffer 1989, 382-83 See Map 59 Paus. 2.25.10 Lauffer 1989, 580 Strabo 8.5.2; SAGT 7, 143-46; SAGT 8, 157-59; Shipley 1997, 246-47 Strabo 8.5.2

A1

Larisos fl.

D4

Larysion M.

Mt. Koumarou

D4

La(s)

ACHR

Passavas

B2

Lasion

ACHR

N Koumari

F2

Laureion

 

D2

Lechaion

ACHR

Lechaion

G1

Leon Pr.

Vigla

B1

Leontion

ACHR

Kastritsi

B3

Lepreon

ACHR

Lepreon

D2

Lerna

ACHR

S Myloi

F2

Leros Ins.

 

D2

Lessa

CHR

Kazarma Pyrgos? in S Lakonia

A2

Letrinoi

ACHR

D4

Leukai

H

D4

Leuke Leuke Akte = Kale Akte Leuktron

HR

C4

ACHR

Stoupa

Paus. 3.26.4; Shipley 1997, 247

§

Leuktra

E1

Leuktra

 

See Map 55 Pikoulas 1988, 131-35 (no. 92) ; Shipley 1997, 239 Paus. 6.21.5 McDonald 1972, 288 (n. 138) Manthos 1991, 145 (n. 422) Shipley 1997, 241 Paus. 8.18.7 RE Kythnos 1, col. 220 Wiseman 1978, 52-53, 56

C3

Leuktron

ACHR

Leontari

§

Leuktra

B2

Leukyanias fl.

 

C3

Limnai

ACH

Volimnos? on Keos Eva, Moni Loukous Lousiko / Chamakou spring on Kythnos Baths of Helen, S Kenchreai Lykaion Zarachova / Mainalo? spur of Megavouni Lykosoura Lykouria Melissi

G2

Liparos

C?H?R?

D3

Loukou

H?R

C2

Lousoi

ACHR

G3

Loutra

D2

Loutra Helenes

CHRL

B3

Lykaion M.

Paus. 8.38.2-8 Paus. 8.36.7 Paus. 2.24.5 Paus. 8.27.4-6 Paus. 8.19.4 SAGT 3, 12-17

C2

Lykoa

ACH

D2

Lykone M.

C3

Lykosoura

ACHR

C2

Lykouria?

ACHR?

D2

Lyrkeia

§

Lynkea

C2

Lyrkeion M.

 

Lyrkeion

Strabo 8.6.7, 17

C2

Mainalion M. Mainalion Pedion Mainalos? Makareia

Mainalon

Paus. 8.36.7

C3

 

Paus. 8.36.7

C2

ACH

near Daria

Paus. 8.36.8

C3

ACH

near Alpheios

Paus. 8.36.9

Makariai, Makareai Makistos Malea

§

 

B2

ACHR

Skilloundia / Mazi Boutsaras, formerly Zaime

SAGT 6, 65-69; Lauffer 1989, 401 Paus. 8.27.4; Pikoulas 1988, 129-31 (n. 91); Shipley 1997, 239 Müller 1987, 800-801 See Map 55 Paus. 8.36.1-2 Paus. 8.44.7 Lauffer 1989, 405-406

C3

AC

§

Malaia?

E5

Malea Pr.

 

Akr. Maleas

D1

Mali

A

C2

Maloitas fl.

 

near Methydrion Manthouria / Kapareli Mantineia

C3

Manthouria

ACH

C2

Mantineia /

ACHR

Antigoneia

 

F1

Marathon

 

See Map 59 Paus.3.22.8; SAGT 7, 137, 151; Shipley 1997, 247 Vanhove 1996

D3

Marios

 

Mari

G1

Marmarion

settlement and marble quarries on Euboea Koilada? Lykodemos

E3

Mases

AC

Paus. 2.35.11; 2.36.1-2 Paus. 4.34.4

B4

Mathia M.

MAP 58 PELOPONNESUS

885

Grid

Name

Period

Modern Name / Location

Reference

D2

Mausos

CHR

Mapsos?

Wiseman 1978, 81 See Map 55 Strabo 8.3.12; Lauffer 1989, 411-12 Paus. 1.40-43 Pliny, NH 4.57 Paus. 1.39-43 Paus. 7.23.5

E1

Mavrovouni

 

C3

Megalopolis

CHR

Megalopolis

E2

Megara

ACHR

Megara

E2

Megaricus Sinus

Megaron Kolpos

E2

Megaris

Megarid

C1

Meiganitas fl. Meilichos fl. = (A)Meilichos fl. Melangeia Melos Melos Ins. Melpeia Menelaion Messa Messene

Gaidaropnichtes

C2

Pikerni Klima Melos Is. on Mt. Lykaion Aphisiou Cape Tigani Mavromati

Paus. 8.6.4 RE 2, cols. 568-69 RE 2; Renfrew 1982 Paus. 8.38.11 Polyb. 5.18; 5.22 Paus. 3.25.9; Shipley 1997, 253 McDonald 1972, 314 (n. 529); Lauffer 1989, 424-25; Shipley 1997, 231-32 Paus. 4 Scylax 46

G4

ACHRL

G4

B3

ACHR

C3

ACH

C4

ACHR

B3

CHR

§

Ithome

B3

Messenia

ACHR

D3

Methana/

CH

Ag. Andreas

Anthana?

 

E2

Methana/

ACHR/

below Megalochori

Paus. 8.25.1; Lauffer 1989, 427-28

Arsinoe

H

B4

Methone/

CHR

Methoni

McDonald 1972, 310 (n. 412); Lauffer 1989, 428-29; Shipley 1997, 243-44 Lauffer 1989, 429-30 Lauffer 1989, 434 Thuc. 4.67; Paus. 1.44.3 Lauffer 1989, 440-41 Strabo 8.3.14

Mothone

 

C2

Methydrion ACHR

Nemnitsa / Methydrion near Dendra Pachakion Monemvasia Minthe

D2

Midea Minoa Ins. Minoa Pr. Minthe M. Mothone = Methone Musae Heliconiae, T. Mycenae Mylaon? fl. Myrrinous Myrsinos/ Myrtountion? Myrtoion Mare Myrtos Ins. Myrtountion? = Myrsinos Mysia

 

E2

ACHR

E4

HRL

B3

E1

 

See Map 55 Lauffer 1989, 443-48 Paus. 8.36.1-2 See Map 59 Strabo 8.3.9-10

D2

ACH

Mykenes

C2

 

F2

A1

ACH

70 stades from Elis

E3

Myrtoion pelagos

Burr 6-7 RE Suppl. 6 Myrto(s) 4

H2

Mandilou

D2

ACHR?

Phyktia?

Paus. 2.18.3

C2

Nasoi

Dara

SAGT 6, 19

§

Nesoi

D2

Nauplia

ACH

Nauplion Bouzi Nedon Herakleion Zapantis / Nemea Kato Doliana Nestane near Pachi S side of Lykaion Solos / Mesorrougi Ag. Marina?

Lauffer 1989, 457-59 Paus. 4.20.1-6; 8.41.3; Strabo 8.4.4 Strabo 8.3.29; 8.4.4 Lauffer 1989, 467-68 SAGT 2, 77-81 SAGT 3, 122-24; Shipley 1997, 262 Paus. 8.7.4; 8.8.1 Thuc. 4.69; Paus. 1.39.4 Paus. 8.38.11 Müller 1987, 806-807 Paus. 3.23.2

B3

Neda fl.

C3

Nedon fl.

D2

Nemea

ACHR

D2

Nemea fl.

D3

Neris?

CHR?

C2

Nestane

CH

E2

Nisaia

ACHR

B3

Nomia M.

C1

Nonakris

ACH

E5

Nymphaion

R

F2

Oai

See Map 59 See Map 55 See Map 59 See Map 55 See Map 55

G1

Oche M.

 

F1

Oe?

E1

Oeroe fl.

 

C1

Oiantheia/

Euantheia?

 

886

MAP 58 PELOPONNESUS

Grid

Name

Period

Modern Name / Location

Reference

D2

Oinoa

 

near Merkourion

SAGT 3, 2-12

§

Oine

E1

Oinoe

CH

Viokastro, in Corinthia fort

Wiseman 1978, 22-32 See Map 59 See Map 59 See Map 55 Plutarch, Lycurgus 6; Pelopidas 17

E1

Oinoe

F1

Oinoe

 

F1

Oinophyta?

C3

Oinous fl.

 

Kelephina, near Sellasia

§

Knakion? fl.

B4

Oinoussai Inss.

 

Sapientza, Schiza et al.

Paus. 4.34.12 Shipley 1997, 233-34 See Map 59 Lauffer 1989, 477; Shipley 1997, 229 Strabo 8.4.4 Müller 1987, 808-809 Wiseman 1978, 22, 28 Polyb. 4.11.5-6 Müller 1987, 809-13; Lauffer 1989, 479-88 Wiseman 1978, 52-56 Paus. 3.22.10 Paus. 8.8.4, 7 Lauffer 1989, 492 Müller 1987, 815-17; Pikoulas 1988, 102-104 (no. 60)

C3

Oion

A?CHR

F1

Oion Dekeleikon

C4

Oitylos

ACHR

Oitylos

§

Baitylos

B1

Olenos

ACH

Tsoukalaiika / Kamenitsa? Schinas Oligyrtos Archaia Olympia Stanotopi Ag. Maria / Elaphonisas Pheidias Kalpaki near Anemodouri

E1

Olmiai Pr.

C2

Olygyrtos M.

B2

Olympia

ACHR

D2

Oneon M.

CH

D5

Onougnathos Pr.

C2

Ophis fl.

C2

Orchomenos

ACHR

C3

Oresthasion

CHR

§ Oresthe(i)on

 

§ Oresteion

 

D2

Orneai Oropos Oryx = Halous Oryx(is) M. Oxeiai/ Thoai Inss.

CH

above Lyrkeia

SAGT 3, 19-32; Müller 1987, 818 See Map 59

F1

 

C2

 

S Pournaria

Paus. 8.25.2 See Map 54

A1

 

E1

Pagai

ACHR

Alepochori

Paus. 1.44.4 See Map 59 Paus. 3.22.6; Shipley 1997, 262

F2

Paiania Hypenerthen

 

D4

Palaia/

ACHR

SW Apidea

Pleiai

 

H4

Palaiokhori

L

on Melos

Renfrew 1982, 301-302 See Map 59 Lauffer 1989, 505 See Map 59 Strabo 8.4.6 Paus. 4.34.1 Polyb. 5.30.4 See Map 59 See Map 59 Paus. 7.22.10 Paus. 7.22.10 RE 9 SAGT 6, 20-21; Müller 1987, 818-19

E1

Palaiokoundoura

 

C3

Pallantion

ACHR

Berbati

F1

Pallene

 

C4

Pamisos fl.

 

Milia

B3

Pamisos fl.

Pamisos

B1

Panachaikon M.

Panachaikos

F1

Panakton

 

E2

Panhellenios M.

B1

Panormos

CH

Tekes harbor at Tekes Megaris Neon Paos

B1

Panormos

CH

E1

Panormos

ACHR

B2

Paos

ACHR

 

§

Paion

G2

Parameria

ACR

on Keos

Georgiou 1985, 250 See Map 59 Paus. 2.38.7 Paus. 8.35.6 SAGT 3, 111-14; 7, 171 Paus. 8.38.3 Thuc. 5.33 Paus. 6.21.7 Müller 1987, 820 Müller 1987, 821-22; Lauffer 1989, 518-22 Paus. 7.18.2-4

F1

Parnes M.

 

D3

Parnon M.

 

Parnon

C3

Paroria

Palaiomoiri?

D3

Parparos M.

Zavitsa

C3

Parrasia

 

§

Parrasii

C

B2

Parthenias fl.

 

Bakireiko

D3

Parthenion M.

Parthenion

B1

Patra(e)

ACHR

Patras

§ Patras

 

§ Patrai

 

§ Aroe

F2

Patroklou Charax Ins.

 

See Map 59

MAP 58 PELOPONNESUS

887

Grid

Name

Period

Modern Name / Location

Reference

B2

Pedion

 

Paus. 8.25.12 See Map 59 Wiseman 1978, 32-33; Lauffer 1989, 527-28

F2

Peiraieus

D1

Peiraion

ACHR

Perachora

§ Piraian

 

§ Peraia

 

§ Piraion