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REALISM Art that attempt to describe human behavior and surroundings or to represent

figures and objects exactly as they act or appear in life. Attempts at realism have been made periodically throughout history in all the arts; the term is, however, generally restricted to a movement that began in the mid-19th century, in reaction to the highly subjective approach of romanticism. Realism is concerned directly with what is absorbed by the senses; naturalism, a term more properly applied to literature, attempts to apply scientific theories to art. Frequently used to describe scenes of humble life, the term implies a criticism of social conditions. It is called SOCIAL REALISM. Social Realism Paintings: The Stonebreakers

(Gustave Courbet, French Artist)

The Angelus

(Jean Franois Millet) The Third Class Carriage

(Honor Daumier French Artist)

references: "Realism

(art and literature)," Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2000 http://encarta.msn.com 1997-2000 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.