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Synthesis and characterization of tris-(8-hydroxyquinoline) aluminium

The fundamental principle of the synthesis of Alq3 is to combine 8-hydroxyquinoline (HQ) anion with Al3+ in its aqueous solution. Alq3 is precipitated under the optimum condition by adjusting pH value of solution. The aqueous solution of aluminum nitrate or aluminium sulphate was chosen as Al3+ ion. Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) was used to adjust the pH value of solution. The degree of chemical reaction depends on the acidity and alkalinity of reactive materials. The pH value of Alq3 when it is precipitated out completely ranged from 3 to 5. The chemical reaction during the synthesis of Alq3 is:

The concrete processes of synthesis are shown as follows: solution A was prepared by stirring 6.97 g HQ powder into 100 ml absolute ethanol and heating it up properly. Solution B was prepared by dissolving 15 g 9-H2O/Aluminium nitrate into 200 ml deionized water and mixing completely. Dissolving 5.3 g NaOH into 60 ml deionized water to prepare solution C. Add solution A into B with full stirring until it dissolved absolutely and wait for about 15 min. The pH value of the mixed solution is 4. The floccule of Alq3 is precipitated by adding solution C drop wise into the mixed solution. The pH was adjusted to give a final value of 5. The Alq3 filter cake was rinsed with deionized water. After repeating the process eight to ten times, transferred it into the vacuum chamber to dry at 150 oC. The prasinous Alq3 was obtained.

Characterization
1. X-ray diffraction 2. Infra-Red spectral analysis 3. Fluorescence spectroscopy 4. 1H-NMR

The chemical structure of Alq3 molecule

Materials Science and Engineering B 100 (2003) 40 - 46