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2014

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373.167.1:94(47)
63.3(2)72
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ISBN 978-5-222-22490-8

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373.167.1:94(47)
63.3(2)72

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- www.phoenixbooks.ru

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I. ......................................................................3
1. ......................3
2. IX XII . .........................................................................4
2.1. .
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2.2. ......................................................................7
3. XII XV . .............................8
3.1. . .............8
3.2. . . ........10
3.3. ........................................................................12
3.3.1. ..........................12
3.3.2. .
.....................................................................................13
3.3.3. XIVXV . ....................15
4. XVIXVII . .................16
4.1. IV 15331584 . ..................................16
4.1.1.
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4.1.2. IV .......................................17
4.1.3.
....................................................................................18
5. 15981613 . ...................................................................19
6. ......................................................................................20
6.1. . ...................20
6.2. XVII . .............................................22
6.3. XVII . .....................................................23
7. XVIXVII . ..............................24
II. .............................................................................................26
1. ...............................................................................26
1.1. I ...............................................................................26
1.2. I ..............................................................27
2. 17251762 . .........................................28
3. XVIII . ......................................................30
3.1. . II (17621796 .) ...........30
3.2. XVIII . ...........31
4. XIX . ...........................................................33
4.1. I ................................................33
4.2. I.....................................................34
4.3. .....................................................................36
92

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5. I (18251855 .) .......................................................37
5.1. I .....................................................37
5.2. I ..........................................................37
5.3. . .
.....................................................39
6. XVIII
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7. XVIII XIX . ............................41
8. II (18551881 .) ................................................43
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9. III (18811894 .). .............45
10. XIX .: ................46
11. II (18941917 .) .....................................47
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11.3.
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11.5. 19051907 . ....................................51
11.6. ................................52
11.7. .. 19061911 . .....................54
11.8. 19141918 . ...........................54
III. ................................................................................57
1. ..............................................57
1.1. 1917 . ......................................................57
1.2. .............................................58
1.3. .........................................59
1.4. ...........................60
1.5. .....................................62
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........................................................69
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3. 19411945 . ..........................................70
3.1. ...........................................70
3.2. ...........................................73
3.3. ..............................................73
3.4. ...........74
4. 1945 80- . . ..................................75
4.1. ...............................................................75
4.2. 1940- . ..................................76
4.3. .................................................................................77
4.4. 19501960- .,
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4.5. 19541964 . ........................................80
4.6. . 19641982 . .....................................................80
5. 19851990 . ..................................................82
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5.2. 8090- . . .......................84
5.3. .......................84
6. 19501980- . .............85
7. ..................................................................................86
7.1. 19912000 . ............................................86
7.2.
19911993 . .........................................................................87
7.3. 20002013 . ....................................................88
......................................................................................................91

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