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Baroid

II, I



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,
.............................................................................................. 9
............................ 10
API ............ 10
................................... 11
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? ................ 20
...... 21

........................................................................ 21

,


:
1. ,
2. ,
3. ,
4. ,
5. .

.
.
,
2
.
, 2
.
, .
2
, 2
.
2
,
.
.

.
, ,
, 2
.

(. 12):
1. ,
2. ,
3. ,
4. ,
5. .

,
, . 2

. 1

, /
; 2
.
2
2
. 2
,
, ,
2
( ) .
2
,
, 2

. 2
,


,
, 2
.
, ,

:3

R=

:
R =
K =
W =
Wo=
N =
D =
S =
=
C =
H =
Q

=
=
=
=
=

=
=

KN ( W Wo )(R o P ) Q

R o D S2(1 + CH )
d

Ro =








(
, 0,5)4

(0
; 1 2
)




( 2
: 0,271)5

2

= 0.

, 2
S
.

,
. 2
, , 2

a

, .
d
2


, 2
. ,
2
2
. 2
2
6,7,
8,9. 2
,

2
,
.
2
2
. 2. 8. ,

652
80%,
Pm Pf
1200 psi.
2
2
2
. 3 48.
2
. 2
, 2

. 2


D = 9W7/8
W = 45000
N = 160 /

/2 =
3,98

(Pm Pf) , 100 psi


. 3
.
. 2
, . 4.

1
2

(Pm Pf) , 100 psi

. 2 .

.
4

,
.
. 3 4 ,
2
. 2
, . 3,
70%, 2
2
0 1000 psi. , , 2
2
, 2

, /

, 2
.

2
2

.
,
,
.

,
. , 2
,
,
.


. , 2
,
,
,
.

.

C
D = 12W1/4
W = 50000
N = 150 /

/2 =
3,85

, .

, /


Dm , /
Pf ( ) /
,

. 4
.
2
2
. 59. ,
. 5, 2 2
12000
. 2
; 2
,

INVERMUL .
,
INVERMUL
2
,

. 2
2
.

.
,
2 ,

, , 2


.
,

2
.

2
2
. , 2
20000 2
8660 psi. . 6 ,

. 5

,
, .

. 6

, .

(Pm Pf) , 100 psi

(/)

,
PSI
5

180 psi,
180 1250 psi. 2

2
. ,

(
,
), , , 2
,
, . 2
,
, ,

, .
2

.
, KCl
2
2
(SURFLO S236)
, 2
.

. 7 810. ,
2

(. 7),

(. 8).

. 8

2
2

1000 . /
5?12 /
1%?
300 ./

2200 . /
18 /
1%?

14?3/4

160



11?3/4


8,6 /

11?3/4

. 7

2
2


2
2
.



400 . /
.

II

1, 20
256 42?1/4


700 . /, 12 /
3/4%?
40 /, 60000

, 200 ./

2 20 ,
493 42?1/2


16

1400 . /, 20 /
1%?
3 20 ,
227 26?1/2

16


2
,
, 2
22
. 2
2
.
2
, . 2
2
, 2
.
,
, 2
2

11. 2
,
, 2
. , 2

dv ,  / dv 1 dv 1
=
, =
,c
dr, 
dr dr

(b)

DRISPAC

1 - 2
= ,
1 - 2

()

* , 21:
,
, 2

, . .:

.

, ,
2
. 2
2

. ,
, 2
2
, .

,
. ,

, 2


.
2

. 94,5. 2
,
2
,
.

() = 2
.


2
.
. 102 ,
2
. ,
2

,
() 2
.

. 10
.
, 2
,
. 2
, 2
2
. 2
2

. 9

, 1

, /

2
, 2

W = 1000 N = 75 /
= 500 psi
10,5 /
d = 1/8


, ,

. 11

.
7

Vs  =

53,5(Wc - W)D2V
,
6,65YP( dh dp) + PVV

Vs   =

D(Wc - W)
W

:
Vs =
Wc =
W =
V =
D =
YP =
dh =
dp =
PV =

, /
, /
, /
2
, /
,
, /100
.
( ), 2

,
,

, 2
(Vs)
(D)
(YP).
, 2

,
.
2
,
. 2
, 2
, 2
2
. , 2
120 / 2
2
13. , 2

.
, , 2
2
. ,
,

2
.


. , ,
2
120 / 2
10 , 2
5 ,

5 60 /, 2
1321/4 .
2
. 2
2
. 1214. , 2
,


2
.



I. 2
,
,
. ,
2
,
2
2
.
, 2
, 2
.
2
,
224 /
, , 2
. 2
,
(10230 .)
.
, 2
,

.

2
, 2

YP


16
. 14
8

37
21
8
0

, %

. 2
:

10 .
13
29
13
22
2
3
0
0

, /

. 12
(
, ,
123W1/2 ,
12 /).
, 2
.
2
. 2

2
.

FLOSAL, 8 /. ()
, 20 /.
, 20 /.

16/13
12/25
36/47

PV/YP
12/13
8/12
8/57

*,

1
15

* . 7,2 25 Drig. Spec., 1964

2
.
2

.
,
2
.

:
( ) =
Pdp + Pdc + Pb + Pdca + Psc
:
Pdp
Pdc
Pb
Pdca

=
=
=
=

,
,
,
2
,
Pdpa = 2
,
Psc = .

2
:
Pdp , psi ( ) =

fLWV 2
,
25,8d

Pdpa , psi ( ) =
PVLV
YPL
+
1000(dh - dp)2 200( dh dp )
:
f
L

=
=

, ,
( 2
), ,
W =
, /,
V =
, /,
d =
, ,
dh2dp = ,
,
PV =
, ,
YP =
, /
100 . .
2
2
,
.
2 2
2

.
,
2

.

2
2
.
2

.
. 9. , 2
, ,
2
.
. 2

2
:
1.

2

.
2. 2

.
3. 2
, ,
(. . 8).
, 2
2
, 2
2
.

III

,

, 2
, ,
2
. 2
(BARAFLOC) 2
.
,
. 2
2
2
.
9

, 2
, 2
2
. 2
, 2
2
(CHDP)15,16.
, 2
,
, 2
2
.
2
, , :
1. .
, 2
, 2
.
2. 2
.
2
, 2

,
() .
3. 2
.
2

2
()
.
, ,

, :
()
(b)
.

(
) ,
2
. 2

2
.
, 2

.

. 2
. 2
2
.
.
2
17,18,19.
,
, 2
, 2

2
.
2
,
. 2
2
, 2
. ,
API (
30 )
, 2
,
.

API


, .
131. 19502 .,
,

,
.

19502
., . 1420. ,
,
2
7900 8400 (2
, ). ,
2
20 ,
API
15 5.


API .
, 2
2
, %

,

, :
1. :
()
API,
(b)
API.
2. :
()
,
(b)
.

API, . 30 .

. 13 ,
.

10

,
STORMER

:
3000 5000 PSI

Rp, , /

, /

(. )

. 14 .
1W1/4
750 , 50 /



24
(

),
.
,
API,
. 1519. 2
1000 psi. 2
. 2

30
API 50 10 .

, 2
, API. 2
. 2
. 13
, 2
API
, .
, , 2
2
, .

, 2
, 2
.
, 2
.

.
2
, 2
. , 2
2
.

Q, API, /30

. 15
API; 1000 psi .
,
,
,
, 2
2
. 2
, 2
2
,
.
2
, 2
,
. 16 1721. ,
,
.

2
, 2
2
, .

. 1822. 2
, 2
2
, .
2

. 2

,

11

, /

2
.

,

. 2


.

IV

,
,
( )
.

60 /
180 /





1?1/4
1000
1000 PSI

H,
, .
. 18

. 16

.

, /




1?1/4
1000
1000 PSI

Sun Smith 5
( )

Sun Bell 1
()

Delta Jackson 1
(
)

60 /
180 /

. 17
.
12


, 2
.
2
, . 2

.

. 1923. 2
2
,
.
2
, 2
2
, .

2
, 2
,
. 19, ,
, 2
.
. 2024, 2
2
2
.
2 19502 . 2
2,4
. 4,35
. 2
3,0
11,5 / 9000

250
. 2
, 2
2,4 2,7, 2
400
500 .
20 2

. 2

. 2

.


:
1. ,
2. 2
,
3.
,

:
* 97/8

. 20

, , /

. 19

( )

, % .

4.
.
2
; 2
2
. 2
,
( ).
, 2
2
, , 2
!
. 2

( 2
). 2

.
, 2
2
13


.
,
2
. (
2
) 2
,
2
.


.

. 2


.

2
(TRIMULSO).
2
,
,

. 2


2
, ,



,

:
.


(BARAFLOC),
2
(TRIMULSO).
2
, 2
.

II25, 2
,
, . 2125.
2

. 2
2
.
2
2
. 22 2326.
2
2
,

. 21

, . .

II

14






+

+

0,0175 /.

0,5

0,0175 /.
4 /.
10%
4 /.
10%
0,35 /.
0,35 /.

0,5
8,0
6,5
7,5
7,0

4800,0

. 2427. 2
2
2
2.

,
, .

2

. ,
, 2
, 2
2
.
2
.
,

, .


DEXTRID.
2
2

2.

. 22 ,
.
.

4900

4900

4900

4900

8547

8516

8516

8550



, .
596

448

381

375

? ?

36

23

23

19

9,06

7,61

6,25

6,17

30?45

35?70

40?70

40?70

? ? ?
6300
? ? ?
. . .
. . .
9547

. 24


CELEX DRISPAC.
2
2
(KCl) (NaCl).

KCl. NaCl

2
.
.
,
2
, . 25. 10 2
/
DEXTRID 2
. 2

(BEN2EX)
8 9% . ,
2
DEXTRID 30%
, 2

.
2
(BARAFLOC, X2TEND, BEN2EX)
2
2
.
, 2
2
, 2
,
23,28. 22
2
,
, 2
,
.



. 23 ,

,
.

2


( ).

15

, .

(3) 4% + :
500 /.

(2) 4% +
: 200
/.

(1) 4%

, /.
, . 

,

, 2
(.
). 2

, 2
, 2
.
,

. .



.
(on mud),
/
7,8
3,3
.
(on mud),
/
400
260
. 4 22S32E . 20 20S
33E

1973
1973

. 25
.
. 2
2
2
.



, III30. 2
2

79% , 70%
46% 2

.
, 2
2
, 2
. K2PLUS 2

16

. 26

,

().

(BEN2EX). 2

. 26. ,
2
,
, . 2

, , 2
2

,
2
. 2
2
!
,


.
!

, ,
,
31.
. 2
, 2
2
.



,
(. .,
)
.
,
2
, 2
.
, 2
,
.

III


(/)
W
. , /
W
/ (.)
/
(.)
/ (.)

. 1
W

. 2
W

. 3
W

. 4
W

9,9W16,3
23
4,2
59,7
53,06

11,0W16,7
15
4,0
56,6
55,08

10,1W15,9
44
3,2
91,4
81,17

10,4W15,8
38
3,3
92,1
72,37

15,29

26,34*

15,03

19,96

68,34

81,41*

96,19

92,32

* .


.
, 2
,
.
2
,
.
2

2
, IV.

8799 9490 ,
. , 2
, 2
,

2
.
2
2
,
V23. 2
, 2
. 2


16218 /.
, 2
2
, ,
2
, 2
.

IV
INVERMUL

,
, /
.
, /.

8799
11,6
3,70
59

9490*
11,7*
3,20*
124*

9700 9930 10050


12,0 12,0
12,3
3,35 3,73
4,03
114
59
27

* 9600 ; 80

, /
, API
PV/YP
, ././

80
15,3
3,5
45/10
0,149

20
16,4
15,3
3,5
4,8
50/22
30/12
0,294
0,310

W,

17

, /

, 2
, . 27
2833. ,
,
,

, 2
.
, 2
2
. 2
2
,
2
,
1502200%
.

,
2
, . 28. 2
, 2

, ,
, 2
2
.


23



(9?10,0 /)

6
1

. 27



(10?10,6 /)

. 1

. 2

, .

6 6

34 4

. 28

2
2

.
2

.


(
), 2
, 2
, .

VI
INVERMUL
,
, /
, /
150F 500 psi,
,

Hansford Co., ()

18

5716
7,7
42
4,2
320
77/23

6367
7,9
43
5,0
360
78/22

6920
7,8
45
5,2
320
78/22

7255
7,9
57
4,4
400
79/21


VI34. , 2
2
,
. 2
, .
2
2
,
30%
, 2
.

2
2
.
2
2
, 2
.
,
2
,
.
,
2
.

, 2
. ,
2

2
, 2
,
. , 2
,
2
.

. 3020. 2

, .
2
2
, 2
. 2
.
, 2
,
.

.
15% 2
,
. . 30
, 2

,
.



. 291.
2


. ,
, 2
, , 2
, %
,

. 30
.
. 3
. 4 ,

, % .

. 29 ,

; .

, . 29 30
19502 .
2
2
. ,

19

VII

./.
...........................
0,1
..............
0,1
........................
0,1
6 ............................
0,1
W .................
0,1
...............................
0,1




0,13
0,07
0,07
0,07
0,07
0,13

2
.



?

35:
1. ,
2. 2
,
3. ,
4. .
,
,
.

340

26
0

, /

210


525 /

110 /

, .

. 31
.
20


W


0,23
0,23
0,23
0,23
0,23
0,23

VII36. 2

, 2
. 22 23.
, 2
2
, 2

.
,
.
2
, . 2
. 3137. 2
2
2
2
,
, 2
. 2
, , , 2

.
,
.
, 2
,
. 2
. ,
,
, 2
.
,
2
,
.

2
2
:
1.
2
;
2. 2
(2
) , 2
2
;
3. 2
2
2 2

, 2
2 2
.

()

2
. 2
, , 2
,

.
2

,
.
VIII.
TORQ2TRIM, 2
, 2
. 2
,
.

, %

()

VIII

TORQWTRIM
;
16,5 /


200 AMPS
TORQWTRIM 5,6 /
; 70 amps;

20000 .
;
23
36 /
2

TORQ2TRIM 2
50%. 2
2
, . .
, .



2
2

. 3218, , 2
2
,
.
,
2
2
.

, % .

. 32 .

2
2
.

2
,
,
2
. 2
, 2
.

. 4,

IX



. .


(
; )
0,24


0,09

(
; )
0,22


0,08
21

. 33


11 7?7/8

?, .

FREMONT CO.
T36N R90?91W

, .



2
38.
. 3339, ,


,
.
2
2
2
2


.
2
. 16 17. 2
,
, 2
,
, 2
, 2
,
.
2
. 2
2



1?1/4
1000
1000 PSI


60
/

180
/
60
/
180
/
540 / ( 6?1/4 110 /)

, /

. 34




.

36

35
44

.
40:
1.
2
, 2
2
.

22

60
/

, . 2


.


IX.
2
, 2
, 2
,
, 2
.
,
.


2

19302 . 19602 .
2
1960 . , ...
2
, 2


1?1/4
1000
1000 PSI

180
/

60
/
180
/

, /

. 35




.

2. , ,
2
2
,
2
.
3.

2
. 2
,
2
2
.
2
. 2
2
2
2
. 2
, ;
2
.

, 2
.
. 34 3521. . 34 ,
2

2

2
. . 35 ,
2
2
2
. 2
2
2

.
2
, 2
2
10 18 /
400F.
2
, 2
. ,
, 2
2
.
2
, 2
.
2
,
2
. 2
2

.

1.

J. R. Eckel, OGJ, April 12, 1954, 131236.

2.

S. O. Hutchison and G. W. Anderson, Wld. Oil, Oct.


1974, 84294.

3.

G. R. Gray and F. S. Young, Proc. VIII World Petr. Con2


gress (1970), Moscow.

14. T. R. Sifferman, G. M. Myers, E. L. Haden and H. A.


Wahl, JPT, Nov. 1974, 129521302.
15. A. J. Gamier and N. H. van Lingen, JPT, Nov. 1959,
23229.
16. H. C. H. Darley, JPT, April 1965, 465270.
17. C. P. Lawhon, W. M. Evans and J. P. Simpson, JPT, May
1967, 688294.

4.

W. C. Maurer, JPT, Nov. 1962, 1270274.

5.

J. R. Eckel, OGJ, June 17, 1968, 69273.

6.

R. A. Cunningham and J. G. Eenink, Trans. AIME,


(1959) 216, 9217.

7.

W. C. Maurer, JPT, Dec. 1965, 1433242.

8.

D. J. Vidrine and E. J. Benit, JPT, July 1968, 676282.

20. R. A. Cunningham and W. C. Coins, Drill. Prod. Prac.,


API (1957) 75.

9.

G. R. Gray and N. K. Tschirley, Proc. IX World Petr.


Congress (1975), Tokyo.

21. J. E. Fontenot and J. P. Simpson, JPT, May 1974,


507214.

18. C. P. Lawhon, W. M. Evans and J. P. Simpson, JPT, July


1967, 943248.
19. F. S. Young and K. E. Gray, JPT, Sept. 1967, 1209222.

10. S. O. Hutchison and G. W. Anderson, OGJ, May 15,


1972, 74279.

22. K. M. Chambers, World Oil, Nov. 1961, 103.

11. W. C. Maurer, JPT, Nov. 1962, 1270.

23. J. L. Lummus and L. J. Field, Petr. Engr., March 1968,


59265.

12. J. R. Eckel, JPT, April 1967, 54126.


13. C. E. Williams and G. H. Bruce, Petr. Trans. AIME
(1951) 192, 111220.

24. K. D. Tanner, Baroid News Bulletin, 25 (2), 1974,


30232.
25. J. P. Callus, J. L. Lummus, and J. E. Fox, Petr. Trans.,
AIME (1958), 70275.
23

26. E. McGhee, OGJ, Aug. 13, 1956, 110212.


27. H. E. Mallory, Petr. Engr., April 1957, B221224.
28. D. E. Lanham and R. W. Willingham, World Oil, Aug.
1, 1970, 49252.
29. D. B. Anderson, OGJ, March 26, 1973, 65270.
30. D. B. Anderson and K. W. Gates, Drilling DCW, June
1974, 66272.
31. J. A. Gill, World Oil, Oct. 1966, 121224.
32. D. L. Coins and Bob Albin, Baroid News Bulletin, 20
(1) 1966, 10214.
33. V. D. Stone, OG], Oct. 12, 1964, 136239.
34. W. M. Evans and F. A. Scearce, Baroid News Bulletin,
15 (l), 1963, 9213.
35. J. P. Weichert, Petr. Engr., Sept. 1952, B2972106.
36. T. C. Mondshine, OGJ, Dec. 7, 1970, 70277.
37. J. W. Speer, OGJ, March 31, 1958, 90296.
38. G. A. Trimble, JPT, Feb. 1960, 23230.
39. B. Emerson, K. Tanner and S. Weeks, API Paper No.
8752172A, Casper, Wyo., April 1963.
40. N. K. Tschirley, API Paper No. 906282A, Ft. Worth,
Texas, March 1963.

BARAFLOCK, CELLEX, DEXTRID, INVERMUL TRIMULS0


Baroid
Division NL Industries, Inc. KWPLUS, SURFLO, TORQWTRIM XW
TEND Baroid Division NL
Industries, Inc. BENWEX
Rotary Drilling Services Co. DRISPAC FLOSAL
Drilling
Specialities Co.

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